SpongeBob SquarePants

SpongeBob SquarePants is an popular American animated television series shown on Nickelodeon, YTV, and Nicktoons Network created by marine biologist and animator, Stephen Hillenburg. SpongeBob SquarePants is a comedy set under the Pacific Ocean that uses puns (including the names of certain characters), non sequiturs, double-talk, breaking of the fourth wall, some crude humor, and other such antics to entertain the audience. The pilot episode first aired in the United States on Nickelodeon after the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards on May Day (May 1), 1999. SpongeBob SquarePants officially aired on July 17 of the same year with the second episode, "Bubblestand/Ripped Pants." Most episodes take place in the town of Bikini Bottom or the surrounding lagoon floor.

Popularity

SpongeBob is the first "low budget" Nickelodeon cartoon, according to the network, to become extremely popular. Low-budget cartoons had not garnered as much esteem as higher-rated (and higher-budgeted) shows, such as Rugrats, although when SpongeBob aired in 1999, it had obtained a substantial amount of viewers in the ratings to be considered popular. SpongeBob follows some other Nickelodeon shows that have attracted "older" followers: The Ren & Stimpy Show, Rocko's Modern Life, the Kablam! skits, Action League Now!, and The Angry Beavers. Other shows have followed in this trend as well: The Fairly OddParents and Invader Zim took a similar role when they aired in 2001, and the former is now second only to SpongeBob in popularity.

Broad appeal

The cartoon is designed to appeal to children as well as older viewers. This has a lot to do with the way underwater life and situations are represented, absurdly, as though they are almost equivalent to normal terrestrial lifestyles. Instead of cars, the residents of Bikini Bottom drive boats (with wheels). Once, while out in the wilderness, Patrick questions how they could have a camp fire on the lagoon bottom—the fire is immediately extinguished with a sizzle. A flurry of bubbles accompany many actions, just to remind the viewer everything is underwater. The main character, SpongeBob lives in a pineapple, while his neighbor Squidward lives in an Easter Island head and his other neighbor and best friend, Patrick lives under a rock. The suggestion is that both the head and the pineapple have fallen from a tropical island to become underwater habitats. SpongeBob's house-pet is a snail named Gary, who meows like a cat (though characters have shown signs of being able to understand him). In relation to this, underwater worms bark (and act) exactly like dogs, and are kept on chains. Jellyfish are the equivalent of bees (buzzing and stinging), but are collected or appreciated like butterflies and are used for their delicious jelly. Clams behave like birds, propelling themselves through the water with their shells and tweeting. In addition to this, instead of peanut butter, SpongeBob SquarePants uses what is called in Bikini Bottom "Sea-Nut Butter". SpongeBob's telephone is shaped like a conch and referred to as a "shell phone". Aside from the many undersea puns, some common products from the surface world have somehow found their way into Bikini Bottom, such as Canned Bread, Roast Beef, and even Pizza. SpongeBob works at the Krusty Krab, a restaurant seemingly based on McDonald's or Burger King.

SpongeBob is one cartoon in a long line of shows to put in more "adult" references, and has become so popular with the adult crowd that it has been shown on MTV and Spike TV. A certain quote by Patrick ("It's gonna rock!") has been used as a promo for rock stations. Ren and Stimpy, among others, had followed a similar path. The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, released on November 19, 2004, features a cameo appearance by actor David Hasselhoff, reprising his role from the Baywatch TV series.

Part of the show's appeal has to do with the childlike nature of SpongeBob and his best friend, Patrick, both of whom are idiots and display an innocence typical of human children. However, the characters are not immune from more adult avocations, including rock musicianship in a stadium performance reminiscent of a hard rock concert.

When naming reasons why many fans believe Nickelodeon has gone downhill in recent years, SpongeBob is often listed as an exception. Its appeal to older audiences, as mentioned earlier, can be contributed to the show's crazy but witty and at times even sophisticated humor. The show also, unlike many current Nickelodeon cartoons, is not "mainstream" or "cliche". While many newer cartoons revolve around pre-adolescents with strange lives and feature massive amounts of pop-culture references (eg. Fairly Oddparents), SpongeBob chooses to go for a more teen/adult friendly formula that was used in highly sucessful older Nick cartoons such as Ren and Stimpy and Rocko's Modern Life, non-human young adults in crazy, unrealistic situations, with minimal pop culture references.

Unlike its mainstream-culture-promoting network, SpongeBob features many semi-obscure musicians who contribute to its soundtrack. Non-mainstream alternative rock bands such as Wilco, The Shins, The Flaming Lips and perhaps most notably Ween (who have contributed two original songs to the show and their 1997 classic "Ocean Man" to the movie soundtrack), as well as metal bands Pantera, Motorhead, and Twisted Sister have made appearances on the show and movies soundtracks, and classic thrash metal group Metallica even released a T-shirt featuring cartoon versions of them playing live with Spongebob & Patrick [1] (leading to as of yet unproven rumors that the band will appear on a future episode of the show). However, in a more typical Nickelodeon-style move, Avril Lavigne did the movie theme song.

Merchandising and marketing

Merchandise based on the show ranges from Kraft SuperMac & Cheese, Kellogg's cereal, and video games to boxer shorts, pajamas, and t-shirts. The show also spawned a large and popular merchandise line at Hot Topic, Claire's, RadioShack, Target, Wal-Mart, and Toys "R" Us stores. There have been kids meal tie-ins at Wendy's for SpongeBob's House Party Special in 2002 and at Burger King restaurants in 2001, 2003, and for the movie in 2004; in 2004, thieves stole nine-foot-high by nine-foot-wide SpongeBob inflatables from the Burger King restaurant franchises, demanding Krabby Patties as ransom. The ransom note was signed by someone in Minneapolis, Minnesota claiming to be Sheldon J. Plankton, a character from the show. SpongeBob was also featured on VH1's I Love the 90s: Part Deux: 1999 as part of a commentary by Michael Ian Black. More recently, a tie-in beverage for 7-Eleven convenience stores has been created, a pineapple-flavored Slurpee. Events in the past with the SpongeBob SquarePants theme include an exhibit at Underwater Adventures Aquarium in the Mall of America called SeaCrits of Bikini Bottom during the summer of 2003. In October 2004, a NASCAR Busch Series race was named The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie 300, presented by Lowe's and broadcast on TNT featuring Jimmie Johnson's #48 Lowe's stock car and Kyle Busch's #5 stock car painted for the race with the SpongeBob Movie paint schemes. There were contests tied in with the movie where you could win SpongeBob-related items or a trip to the Cayman Islands. LEGO recieved license to produce SpongeBob SquarePants building sets, beginning to sell them in August 2006.

History

Origin (1993–1999)

SpongeBob's history can be traced back to 1993 when Rocko's Modern Life first aired. One of the producers was Stephen Hillenburg, a cartoon worker/marine biologist who loved both his careers. When Rocko's Modern Life was cancelled in 1997, Hillenburg began working on SpongeBob (although some sketches trace back to 1996). He teamed up with creative director Derek Drymon, who had worked on shows such as Doug, Action League Now!, and Hey Arnold!. Drymon had worked with Hillenburg on Rocko's Modern Life as well, as did many SpongeBob crew members, including writer Tim Hill and voice actors Tom Kenny and Doug Lawrence. Another crew member with previous Nickelodeon cartoon experience was former Angry Beavers story editor Merriwether Williams, who worked on that show for its first few seasons and switched to SpongeBob in July 1999.

During production of the show, Hillenburg provided a concept of short comics with the same style of the show, but the characters looked different. SpongeBob used to be named SpongeBoy, and used to wear a red hat with a green base and a white business shirt with a tie. The name "SpongeBoy" did not make it into the show since the name was already officially trademarked by Bob Burden, creator of Flaming Carrot. Hillenburg later chose the alternative name "SpongeBob." The original name was once referenced in the show by Mr. Krabs' line, "SpongeBoy, me Bob!." The Krusty Krab was originally spelled with the letter C rather than K, but Stephen Hillenburg thought K's were funnier.

Rise to popularity (1999–2000)

SpongeBob blowing the sand off Squidward with his reef-blower.

In 1999, SpongeBob aired its first episode, "Help Wanted/Reef Blower/Tea at the Treedome", after the 1999 Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. At this time, Rugrats was at the height of its popularity and had already outlived dozens of other lower-budget cartoons. SpongeBob, with its generally lower-class animation and humor style more rooted in clever word-play and culture-references unlike the potty humor that made Rugrats so popular, was expected to be just another one of those shows. Although it struggled in its early days, its ratings flew up. After about a year, it surpassed Rugrats as Nick's most highly rated show. SpongeBob's signature voice (provided by Kenny) and humorous style was enjoyable to both younger and older audiences. Many people attribute the "Fall Of Rugrats/Klasky-Csupo/Rise Of Low-Budget Cartoons" to SpongeBob.

Peak years (2000–2003)

The show began its second season in 2000 with more high-quality animation and even more popular episodes. By then it was clear to the world that SpongeBob had opened the door to many other cartoons to use more "adult" senses of humor and come from smaller companies. In 2001, The Fairly OddParents aired from the then-small Frederator company. It focused on a sense of humor similar to SpongeBob’s, only more realistic, slightly crazier (and more suggestive to "adult" topics), and with more pop culture references; this show managed to become a hit as well and currently ranks behind SpongeBob as Nick's second most popular show. That same year, Invader Zim aired, created by comic book writer Jhonen Vasquez; it had a dark but silly sense of humor (similar to Vasquez's other comic books) that managed to attract a very loyal cult following consisting more of teens and adults than young children (though also containing a moderate amount of preteens). SpongeBob, however, was the leader of all these shows and had by this time started its now famous merchandise line.

2002 also saw a bright side, as the first part of that year saw SpongeBob at its peak. The beginning of the third season produced many classic episodes and focused on the same style and animation concepts. The year also saw another more low-budget show with popularity (The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius), but things changed late in the year. Due to rumors of a movie, there was high speculation that the show would be cancelled and that 2003/2004 would feature the last season of new episodes. Fans were devastated and online petitions were widely distributed to convince Nickelodeon to produce more episodes by showing continuing fan support. SpongeBob Meets The Strangler/Pranks A Lot" was the last episode of this season, and aired in October of 2004. Following this, the movie was released in November of that year.

Hiatus/Movie Era (2003–2005)

The show continued to gain high approval ratings despite a lack of new episodes, and many fans feared they would never air. The president of Nickelodeon announced that the show would continue without Hillenburg featuring Paul Tibbitt as supervising producer and Derek Drymon taking over Hillenburg's spot as executive producer. As its movie only achieved over $85,000,000 in revenue in the United States, perhaps because of the shows popularity showing something of a decline at the time of it's release. The Rugrats Movie, on the other hand, earned over $100,000,000 in the United States. (It was around this time that the animated series which it is based on, Rugrats, was at the height of its popularity. Ironically, that movie would also be considered Rugrats' jump the shark moment by many fans.)

See Controversy for more information.

The Big Comeback (2005- )

Fear of a Krabby Patty

TV advertisements for SpongeBob's fourth season first aired publicly during the 2005 Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. The new episodes began airing on May 6, 2005. So far, four new episodes and nine segments of new episodes have aired, with more upcoming including a sixth Mermaidman & Barnacle Boy.

The first new episode of Season 4, "Fear Of A Krabby Patty/Shell Of A Man", was a huge hit with many fans who had long been bored with the show and many more faithful ones who have been waiting for new episodes for years.

After airing three new episodes on Fridays from May 6 to May 20, Nickelodeon did not premiere any new SpongeBob episodes until September 2005.

For the first time in SpongeBob's run, Nickelodeon began airing 11-minute segments of new episodes separately, spread over two weeks. This practice began with the airing of the episode "Selling Out" on September 23; its companion episode, "Funny Pants," premiered the following week on September 30 (Nickelodeon did air "Selling Out" and "Funny Pants" together as a rerun on October 9, 2005). Many fans are outraged, but it should be noted that the change in format is at Nickelodeon's insistence, rather than the SpongeBob creators.

The Star Online eCentral reports that Nickelodeon has ordered 20 more episodes of SpongeBob Squarepants, bringing the show’s total amount of episodes to 100. The episodes are projected to have finished airing sometime in 2007. Regarding the new order of SpongeBob cartoons, Cyma Zarghami, Nickelodeon’s chief executive, responded, “It just doesn’t feel like we should stop yet.” This is quite relevant, as recently the show has seen some of it's highest ratings since it's peak years in the early 2000's, and, while some more observant fans are skeptical, has returned without an excessive amount of fans believing it has "jumped the shark".

SpongeBob has been picked up for a fifth season on Nickelodeon, with potential for a sixth season; new episodes will air from 2006 to 2007.

Characters

  • Main article SpongeBob SquarePants characters

Voice actors and their characters

  • Tom Kenny: SpongeBob SquarePants, Gary the Snail, French Narrator, Patchy the Pirate, Mr. SquarePants, Uncle Sherm SquarePants, Grandpa SquarePants, Fred (Home Sweet Pineapple), Tom
  • Dee Bradley Baker: Squilliam Fancyson, Various squids, customers, vendors
  • Rodger Bumpass: Squidward Tentacles, Mama Tentacles, the Doctorfish,
  • Bill Fagerbakke: Patrick Star
  • Carolyn Lawrence: Sandy Cheeks
  • Clancy Brown: Eugene Krabs
  • Doug Lawrence (a.k.a. Mr. Lawrence): Sheldon J. Plankton, Larry Lobster, Fred, Tom
  • Lori Alan: Pearl Krabs, Patrick's mother
  • Mary Jo Catlett: Mrs. Poppy Puff, Mrs. SquarePants
  • Sirena Irwin: Mrs. SquarePants, Mama Krabs (Enemy In-Law-present)
  • Lauren Tom: Mrs. SquarePants (No Free Rides)
  • Paul Tibbitt: Mama Krabs (Sailor Mouth, Mid-Life Crustacean)
  • Stephen Hillenburg: Polly the Parrot
  • Brian Doyle-Murray: The Flying Dutchman
  • Marion Ross: Grandma SquarePants
  • Jill Talley: Karen (Plankton's computer wife)
  • Carlos Alazraqui: Additional Voices (Seasons 1-3)
  • Thomas F. Wilson: Additional Voices
  • Clea Lewis: Additional Voices (Seasons 2-)

Guest Voices and Stars in Some Episodes

  • Tiny Tim: Himself (Musical Performer) (Help Wanted)
  • Ernest Borgnine: Mermaid Man
  • Tim Conway: Barnacle Boy
  • Charles Nelson Reilly: The Dirty Bubble (Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy II/Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy V)
  • John Rhys-Davies: Man Ray
  • John O'Hurley: King Neptune (Neptune's Spatula)
  • Sergio Ristie: King Neptune (SpongeBob's House Party (Party Pooper Pants))
  • Kevin Michael Richardson: King Neptune (voice in SpongeBob's House Party (Party Pooper Pants))
  • Thomas F. Wilson: The Tattle-Tale Strangler, Reg, Marty, Patrick's father, others

Guest Voices and Stars in the Movie

  • Jeffrey Tambor: King Neptune
  • Scarlett Johansson: Princess Mindy
  • Alec Baldwin: Dennis the Hitman
  • David Hasselhoff: Himself

Theme song

The theme song, primarily based on the sea shanty, "Blow the Man Down", is the principal song used in the series. It is sung by Patchy the Pirate, voiced by Pat Pinney, and can be found on the soundtrack, SpongeBob SquarePants: Original Theme Highlights. A cover of the song by Avril Lavigne can be found on The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie (soundtrack). A choral version was recorded for the SpongeBob Christmas special where the last words, "SquarePants", were replaced by "Christmas special". The song can also be found on The Yellow Album.

Controversy

Despite the show's popularity, SpongeBob has had to endure much controversy. This is not new for Nickelodeon. Many of its cartoons, including Ren & Stimpy, Rocko's Modern Life, The Angry Beavers, Invader Zim, and The Fairly OddParents, have sparked controversy in one way or another. However, SpongeBob's popularity has made the controversy surrounding it more noticeable and of a larger scale.

Notably, SpongeBob's cheerful attitude and his close friendship with Patrick led some viewers to the conclusion that the sponge was the next gay icon. Around the beginning of the third season, SpongeBob and Patrick were frequently depicted holding hands. In the 2002 episode "Rock-a-Bye Bivalve", SpongeBob and Patrick adopt a baby scallop, furthering the rumours because of the implications that the two made major life decisions together, as a couple would. This episode was never aired in the Philippines India, Israel, and Italy because the people there may have thought the episode resembles homosexuality. In three episodes, SpongeBob is portrayed for brief moments in women's clothing, although it should be noted that other cartoon and slapstick characters, such as Bugs Bunny, have done the same; in this regard, SpongeBob falls squarely in the pantheon of characters who have actively gone above the limits and endured controversy as a result.

Stephen Hillenburg, creator of the show, states SpongeBob to be asexual, as he is a sponge. In support of this statement, in early episodes it's revealed that SpongeBob reproduces by budding and making baby sponges come out of his holes; this is not so different than what real sponges do. But some fans argue that SpongeBob has a human-like sexual identity, because sometimes he will panic when he's shown not wearing underwear, as if he were a human, and run back to his pineapple and hide.

There are actually many heterosexual relationships on the show (eg. Mr. Krabs/Mrs. Puff, SpongeBob's parents, Pearl/Octavious Rex, Plankton/Mama Krabs, Gary/Snellie, Plankton/Karen, Patrick/Mindy, and in many early episodes there is a slight romantic relationship between SpongeBob and Sandy, automatically disproving any rumors that Spongebob could ever be homosexual); aside from the "Rock-a-Bye Bivalve" controversy there are arguably no gay relationships at all.

More recently, SpongeBob was featured in the pro-tolerance "We Are Family" commercial, along with many other cartoon characters. The video has sparked controversy because some conservative Christian groups believe that the We Are Family Foundation was using it to promote the normalization of homosexuality in American schools. A spokesman for the foundation suggests that anyone who thought the video promoted homosexuality "needs to visit their doctor and get their medication increased."[2]. Many fans have also pointed to the fact that many more characters besides SpongeBob were featured in the commercial, and SpongeBob's appearance is only a few seconds long. It has been incorrectly reported that James Dobson, a leading figure among many conservative Christians, believes SpongeBob is homosexual or promotes a homosexual lifestyle.

Stephen Hillenburg announced publicly that SpongeBob and Patrick are not gay.

Main Crew

  • Stephen Hillenburg: Creator/Executive Producer (1999-2004; Remains Active In Production Team, But No Longer Producer Of Show)
  • Paul Tibbitt: Writer/Storyboard Director/Supervising Producer (2004- )
  • Derek Drymon: Creative Director/Writer/Story Editor
  • Sherm Cohen: Storyboard Supervisor/Writer
  • Caleb Muerer: Art Director/Storyboard Artist
  • Merriwether Williams: Story Editor/Writer
  • Doug Lawrence (a.k.a. Mr. Lawrence): Writer/Story Editor
  • Chuck Klein: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • Jay Lender: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • Sam Henderson: Writer/Storyboard Director
  • Kaz: Writer/Storyboard Artist
  • Aaron Springer: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • C.H. Greenblatt: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • Steven Banks: Head Writer (2004—)
  • Tim Hill: Writer
  • Eric Wiese: Writer/Storyboard Artist
  • Mark O'Hare: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • Steven Fonti: Writer/Storyboard Director (1999)
  • Chris Mitchell: Writer/Storyboard Artist (1999)
  • Mike Bell: Writer/Storyboard Director (2005—)
  • Vincent Waller: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director/Technical Director (2005—)
  • Bradley Carow: Music
  • Sage Guyton: Music
  • Steven Belfer: Music
  • Jeremy Wakefield: Music
  • Nicholas Carr: Music
  • David Wigforss: Special Effects (CG visual effects animator)
  • Andy Rheingold: Executive in Charge of Production
  • Alan Smart: Animation Director
  • Tom Yasumi: Animation Director
  • Andrew Overtoom: Animation Director
  • Jimmy Stone: Animation Director
  • Sean Dempsey: Animation Director

Episodes, movies, and spin-offs

SpongeBob SquarePants episodes

SpongeBob SquarePants movies

  • The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie

SpongeBob SquarePants theatrical shorts

  • There will be a SpongeBob SquarePants theatrical short playing before the computer-animated 2006 film, Barnyard.

SpongeBob SquarePants spin-offs

  • Astrology With Squidward is a spin-off short from SpongeBob SquarePants. It features the character Squidward explaining astrological stereotypes, through characters on the show. Featured characters have included:
    • Patrick: Taurus (stereotype: thick-headed)
    • SpongeBob: Sagittarius (stereotype: overly enthusiastic, optimistic, and foolish)
    • Plankton: Leo (stereotype: diabolical and plotting), among others. In one short, Plankton is depicted as a Leo.
    • Squidward: Capricorn (on the Tropical zodiac) or Libra (stereotype: likes the finer things in life, taking it easy, wants to do no work (on the Sidereal zodiac))
    • Mr. Krabs: Cancer

Trivia

  • The pirate in the painting saying "Are you ready kids?" - "I can't hear you" in the beginning theme sequence had a chroma key used for the moving lips.
  • In the episode "Help Wanted", SpongeBob can be seen with a pet scallop in a cage next to his bed. It can also be seen in the episode "Something Smells", along with many others. According to the Season 1 DVD, its name is Shelly.
  • According to the insider book SpongeBob Exposed, the creator of the show, Steve Hillenburg, said that the policy of his show is to not do jokes about or reference pop culture and current events; the show's characters are isolated from the real world. He wants his cartoon to be a timeless classic. Hillenburg has said that he intends to pass that concept over to the new people in charge of the show. Although the show occasionally does make reference to pop-culture, the examples are never specific.
  • The show is "timeless" since the episodes have no dates that are set into stone and very few topical references or instances of continuity (the Krusty Krab is destroyed quite often).
  • In the first series, it was possible to hear one fish scream "my legs!" in most or all episodes, usually at some point of inconsequential destruction, such as a boating school

incident involving Mrs. Puff, who is a blowfish expanding into an air balloon.

  • In "Bubble Buddy," Spongebob celebrates Leif Erikson Day, which is a real US observance held on October 9th; the narration indicated that Spongebob actually invented the day.
  • Nearly every episode contains one still or motion non-animated sequence.
  • The events in the SpongeBob SquarePants Movie are not canonical with the events in the TV series. In the movie there is a second Krusty Krab (Krusty Krab 2), SpongeBob gets a promotion towards the end of the movie and dons a large "MANAGER" hat during the credits as well as other details.

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Puff, who is a blowfish expanding into an air balloon. Inroads have also been made by television (especially "mega serials" and cartoons) and the Internet.[53] Yet Keralites also have high rates of newspaper subscription — 50%[54] — spend some seven hours per week reading novels and other books,[53] host a thriving "people's science" movement, and participate in such activities as writer's cooperatives.[45]. incident involving Mrs. These are viewed by Keralites at dozens of stadiums across the state, including Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Kochi and Chandrashekaran Nair Stadium in Thiruvananthapuram. Stephen Hillenburg announced publicly that SpongeBob and Patrick are not gay. In modern times, attention to these activities has been largely supplanted by more modern sports such as cricket, kabaddi, soccer, badminton, and others. It has been incorrectly reported that James Dobson, a leading figure among many conservative Christians, believes SpongeBob is homosexual or promotes a homosexual lifestyle. Other popular ritual arts include theyyam and poorakkali.

Many fans have also pointed to the fact that many more characters besides SpongeBob were featured in the commercial, and SpongeBob's appearance is only a few seconds long. Kalarippayattu (kalari ("place", "threshing floor", or "battlefield") and payattu ("exercise" or "practice")) is attributed by oral tradition to Parasurama and is among the world's oldest martial arts. A spokesman for the foundation suggests that anyone who thought the video promoted homosexuality "needs to visit their doctor and get their medication increased."[2]. Several martial arts are also native in origin. The video has sparked controversy because some conservative Christian groups believe that the We Are Family Foundation was using it to promote the normalization of homosexuality in American schools. Kerala's cuisine — pachakam — is typically served as a sadhya on green banana leaves; such spicy dishes as idli, payasam, pulisherry, puttucuddla, and puzhukku, rasam, and sambar are typical. More recently, SpongeBob was featured in the pro-tolerance "We Are Family" commercial, along with many other cartoon characters. Kerala has its own Malayalam calendar — this used for timing agricultural and religious activities.

Puff, SpongeBob's parents, Pearl/Octavious Rex, Plankton/Mama Krabs, Gary/Snellie, Plankton/Karen, Patrick/Mindy, and in many early episodes there is a slight romantic relationship between SpongeBob and Sandy, automatically disproving any rumors that Spongebob could ever be homosexual); aside from the "Rock-a-Bye Bivalve" controversy there are arguably no gay relationships at all. The popular music of Kerala — as in the rest of India — is dominated by the filmi music of Indian cinema. Krabs/Mrs. Kerala also has various styles of folk and tribal music. Mr. Panchavadyam is a different form of percussion ensemble where up to one hundred artists use five types of percussion instruments. There are actually many heterosexual relationships on the show (eg. Up to 150 musicians may comprise Melam ensembles, and performances may last up to four hours.

But some fans argue that SpongeBob has a human-like sexual identity, because sometimes he will panic when he's shown not wearing underwear, as if he were a human, and run back to his pineapple and hide. Melam (including the paandi and panchari variants), is a more percussive style of music; it is performed at temple-centered festivals using the chenda. In support of this statement, in early episodes it's revealed that SpongeBob reproduces by budding and making baby sponges come out of his holes; this is not so different than what real sponges do. South India's carnatic tradition dominates Keralite classical music; this was the result of Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma's popularization of the genre in the 19th century.[51][52] Additionally, raga-based renditions known as sopanam accompany kathakali performances. Stephen Hillenburg, creator of the show, states SpongeBob to be asexual, as he is a sponge. Kerala's music also has ancient roots. In three episodes, SpongeBob is portrayed for brief moments in women's clothing, although it should be noted that other cartoon and slapstick characters, such as Bugs Bunny, have done the same; in this regard, SpongeBob falls squarely in the pantheon of characters who have actively gone above the limits and endured controversy as a result. Later, such contemporary writers as Booker Prize winner Arundhati Roy (whose 1996 semi-autobiographical bestseller The God of Small Things is set in the Kottayam town of Ayemenem) have garnered international recognition.

This episode was never aired in the Philippines India, Israel, and Italy because the people there may have thought the episode resembles homosexuality. Parameswara Iyer) are recognized for moving Keralite poetry away from archaic sophistry and metaphysics and towards a more lyrical mode. In the 2002 episode "Rock-a-Bye Bivalve", SpongeBob and Patrick adopt a baby scallop, furthering the rumours because of the implications that the two made major life decisions together, as a couple would. The "triumvirate of poets" (Kavithrayam: Kumaran Asan, Vallathol Narayana Menon, and Ulloor S. Around the beginning of the third season, SpongeBob and Patrick were frequently depicted holding hands. Malayalam literature is ancient in origin, and includes such figures as the 14th century Niranam poets (Madhava Panikkar, Sankara Panikkar and Rama Panikkar), whose works mark the dawn of both modern Malayalam language and indigenous Keralite poetry. Notably, SpongeBob's cheerful attitude and his close friendship with Patrick led some viewers to the conclusion that the sponge was the next gay icon. The men wear a lose piece of cloth around their waist called mundu, while the women wear a golden bordered strip of cloth called saree.

However, SpongeBob's popularity has made the controversy surrounding it more noticeable and of a larger scale. The clothing of malayali people are variations of the unstiched drape for both men and women. Many of its cartoons, including Ren & Stimpy, Rocko's Modern Life, The Angry Beavers, Invader Zim, and The Fairly OddParents, have sparked controversy in one way or another. Additionally, Malayalam cinema has provided Keralites an alternative to both Bollywood and Hollywood. This is not new for Nickelodeon. These people look to more contemporary art and performance styles, including those employing mimicry and parody. Despite the show's popularity, SpongeBob has had to endure much controversy. However, many of these artforms largely play to tourists or at youth festivals, and are not as popular among most ordinary Keralites.

The song can also be found on The Yellow Album. Native to Malabar, oppana combines dance, rhythmic hand clapping, and ishal vocalizations. A choral version was recorded for the SpongeBob Christmas special where the last words, "SquarePants", were replaced by "Christmas special". These include oppana, popular among Keralite Muslims. A cover of the song by Avril Lavigne can be found on The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie (soundtrack). Other arts are more religion- and tribal-themed. It is sung by Patchy the Pirate, voiced by Pat Pinney, and can be found on the soundtrack, SpongeBob SquarePants: Original Theme Highlights. Later, Kerala's culture was elaborated upon by centuries of contact with overseas lands.[50] Native performing arts include koodiyattom, kathakali (from katha ("story") and kali ("performance")) and its offshoot Kerala natanam, koothu (akin to stand-up comedy), mohiniaattam ("dance of the enchantress"), thullal, padayani, and theyyam.

The theme song, primarily based on the sea shanty, "Blow the Man Down", is the principal song used in the series. Kerala's culture is mainly Dravidian in origin, deriving from a greater Tamil culture region known as Thamizhagom. SpongeBob has been picked up for a fifth season on Nickelodeon, with potential for a sixth season; new episodes will air from 2006 to 2007. Indeed, a steadily aging population — 11.2% of Keralites are over age 60[23] — and low birthrate[37] makes Kerala (together with Cuba) one of the few regions of the Third World to have undergone the "demographic transition" characteristic of such developed nations as Canada, Japan, and Norway.[24]. Regarding the new order of SpongeBob cartoons, Cyma Zarghami, Nickelodeon’s chief executive, responded, “It just doesn’t feel like we should stop yet.” This is quite relevant, as recently the show has seen some of it's highest ratings since it's peak years in the early 2000's, and, while some more observant fans are skeptical, has returned without an excessive amount of fans believing it has "jumped the shark". These propagate via gurukula discipleship.[48] They comprise a fusion of both medicinal and supernatural treatments,[49] and are partly responsible for drawing increasing numbers of medical tourists. The episodes are projected to have finished airing sometime in 2007. Aside from ayurveda (both elite and popular forms),[46] siddha, and unani, many endangered and endemic modes of traditional medicine — including kalari, marmachikitsa,[47] and vishavaidyam — are practiced.

The Star Online eCentral reports that Nickelodeon has ordered 20 more episodes of SpongeBob Squarepants, bringing the show’s total amount of episodes to 100. Kerala's above-unity female-to-male ratio — 1.058 — also distinguishes it from the rest of India.[41][45] The same is true of its sub-replacement fertility level and infant mortality rate of 12 per 1000 births.[20] Indeed, the state's healthcare system has garnered international acclaim, with UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO) designating Kerala the world's first "baby-friendly state". Many fans are outraged, but it should be noted that the change in format is at Nickelodeon's insistence, rather than the SpongeBob creators. This is the result of efforts begun before 1911 by Cochin and Travancore states to boost social welfare.[42][43] This focus was maintained by Kerala's post-independence government.[44][23][25] However, Kerala's unemployment and suicide rates are unusually high by Indian standards. This practice began with the airing of the episode "Selling Out" on September 23; its companion episode, "Funny Pants," premiered the following week on September 30 (Nickelodeon did air "Selling Out" and "Funny Pants" together as a rerun on October 9, 2005). For example, Kerala's literacy rate — 91%[41] — and life expectancy — 73 years[41] — are now the highest in India. For the first time in SpongeBob's run, Nickelodeon began airing 11-minute segments of new episodes separately, spread over two weeks. Kerala's social development indices — elimination of poverty, primary-level education, and healthcare — are among the best in India.

After airing three new episodes on Fridays from May 6 to May 20, Nickelodeon did not premiere any new SpongeBob episodes until September 2005. However, Christians, Muslims, and some Hindu castes such as the Namboothiri and Ezhava follow makkathayam, a patrilineal system.[39] Kerala's gender relations are among the most equitable in India and the Third World.[40] However, this too is coming under threat, this time from such forces as patriarchy-enforced effeminization of women, global capitalism, modernization, and "Sanskritization" (the subaltern poor's emulation of higher castes).[38]. The first new episode of Season 4, "Fear Of A Krabby Patty/Shell Of A Man", was a huge hit with many fans who had long been bored with the show and many more faithful ones who have been waiting for new episodes for years. Nevertheless, there have been signs of increasing influences from religious extremist organisations.[35][36] Kerala's society is also less patriarchical than the rest of the Third World.[37][38] Many Keralites — especially the Nair caste — follow a traditional matrilineal system known as marumakkatayam. So far, four new episodes and nine segments of new episodes have aired, with more upcoming including a sixth Mermaidman & Barnacle Boy. In comparison with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism. The new episodes began airing on May 6, 2005. Kerala's people are most densely settled in the coastal region, leaving the eastern hills and mountains comparatively sparsely populated.[7] Kerala's principal religions are Hinduism (56.1%), Islam (24.7%), and Christianity (19%),[34] as well as remnants of a once substantial Cochin Jewish population — most of which made aliyah to Israel or emigrated to other First World nations.

TV advertisements for SpongeBob's fourth season first aired publicly during the 2005 Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Whereas Kerala's population more than doubled between 1951 and 1991 — adding 156 lakh (15.6 million) people to reach a total of 291 lakh (29.1 million) residents in 1991 — the population stood at less than 320 lakh (32 million) by 2001. See Controversy for more information.. However, Kerala's population growth rate is far lower than the national average. Ironically, that movie would also be considered Rugrats' jump the shark moment by many fans.). Kerala is home to 3.44% of India's people, and — at 819 persons per km²[33] — its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. (It was around this time that the animated series which it is based on, Rugrats, was at the height of its popularity. Kerala is also home to 321,000 indigenous tribal Adivasis (1.10% of the populace), who are mostly concentrated in the eastern districts.[31][32] Malayalam is Kerala's official language; Tamil and various Adivasi languages are also spoken by ethnic minorities.

The Rugrats Movie, on the other hand, earned over $100,000,000 in the United States. Other than Dravidians, thousands of Arabs, Jews, Portuguese, Dutch, and British have settled in Kerala. As its movie only achieved over $85,000,000 in revenue in the United States, perhaps because of the shows popularity showing something of a decline at the time of it's release. Virtually all of Kerala's 3.18 crore (31.8 million)[30] people are of Malayali Dravidian ethnicity. The president of Nickelodeon announced that the show would continue without Hillenburg featuring Paul Tibbitt as supervising producer and Derek Drymon taking over Hillenburg's spot as executive producer. Kerala's unemployment rate is 19.2%,[27] althought underemployment of those classified as "employed" is a significant problem.[28][29]. The show continued to gain high approval ratings despite a lack of new episodes, and many fans feared they would never air. Tourism, manufacturing, and business process outsourcing comprise other significant economic sectors.

Following this, the movie was released in November of that year. Home gardens and animal husbandry also provide work for hundreds of thousands of people. SpongeBob Meets The Strangler/Pranks A Lot" was the last episode of this season, and aired in October of 2004. Some six hundred varieties[6] of rice are harvested from 310,521 ha of paddy fields; 688,859 tonnes are produced per annum.[26] Other key crops include coconut (899,198 ha), tea, coffee, rubber, cashew, and spices — including pepper, cardamom, vanilla, cinnamon, and nutmeg. Fans were devastated and online petitions were widely distributed to convince Nickelodeon to produce more episodes by showing continuing fan support. Agriculture dominates Kerala's economy. Due to rumors of a movie, there was high speculation that the show would be cancelled and that 2003/2004 would feature the last season of new episodes. However, Kerala's Human Development Index and standard of living statistics are the nation's best.[23] This seeming paradox is often dubbed the "Kerala phenomenon" or the "Kerala model" of development,[24][25] and arises mainly from Kerala's unusually strong service sector.

The year also saw another more low-budget show with popularity (The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius), but things changed late in the year. This has resulted in slow economic progress compared to neighbouring states, and relatively few major corporations and manufacturing plants choose to operate in Kerala.[20] This is mitigated by the remittances of overseas Keralites contributing 20% of State Domestic Product (SDP) .[21] Kerala's economic productivity and per capita GDP — 11,819 INR[22] — lags behind that of the rest of India. The beginning of the third season produced many classic episodes and focused on the same style and animation concepts. Kerala has a democratic socialist welfare economy. 2002 also saw a bright side, as the first part of that year saw SpongeBob at its peak. Keralites, when compared to most other Indians, participate highly in the political arena. SpongeBob, however, was the leader of all these shows and had by this time started its now famous merchandise line. Nevertheless, Kerala numbers among India’s most left-wing states.

That same year, Invader Zim aired, created by comic book writer Jhonen Vasquez; it had a dark but silly sense of humor (similar to Vasquez's other comic books) that managed to attract a very loyal cult following consisting more of teens and adults than young children (though also containing a moderate amount of preteens). At present, the UDF is the ruling party and Oommen Chandy is the current Chief Minister. It focused on a sense of humor similar to SpongeBob’s, only more realistic, slightly crazier (and more suggestive to "adult" topics), and with more pop culture references; this show managed to become a hit as well and currently ranks behind SpongeBob as Nick's second most popular show. Kerala hosts two major political alliances: the United Democratic Front (UDF — led by the Indian National Congress) and the Left Democratic Front (led by the — Communist Party of India (Marxist)). In 2001, The Fairly OddParents aired from the then-small Frederator company. In addition, auxilliary authorities — panchayats, for which elections are regularly held — govern local affairs. By then it was clear to the world that SpongeBob had opened the door to many other cartoons to use more "adult" senses of humor and come from smaller companies. In turn, the Council of Ministers answers to the Legislative Assembly.

The show began its second season in 2000 with more high-quality animation and even more popular episodes. Lastly, the executive authority — composed of the Governor of Kerala (the de jure head of state and appointed by the President of India), the Chief Minister of Kerala (the de facto head of state; the Legislative Assembly's majority party leader is appointed to this position by the Governor), and the Council of Ministers (appointed by the Governor, with input from the Chief Minister). Many people attribute the "Fall Of Rugrats/Klasky-Csupo/Rise Of Low-Budget Cartoons" to SpongeBob. The judiciary is composed of an apex High Court of Kerala (including a Chief Justice combined with twenty-six permanent and two additional (pro tempore) justices) and a system of lower courts. SpongeBob's signature voice (provided by Kenny) and humorous style was enjoyable to both younger and older audiences. In turn, Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker (or the Deputy Speaker, if the Speaker is absent). After about a year, it surpassed Rugrats as Nick's most highly rated show. The legislature — the Legislative Assembly — is composed of elected members as well as special offices (the Speaker and Deputy Speaker) elected by assemblymen.

Although it struggled in its early days, its ratings flew up. There are three branches of government. SpongeBob, with its generally lower-class animation and humor style more rooted in clever word-play and culture-references unlike the potty humor that made Rugrats so popular, was expected to be just another one of those shows. Like other Indian states, Kerala is governed via a parliamentary system of representative democracy with universal suffrage granted to residents. At this time, Rugrats was at the height of its popularity and had already outlived dozens of other lower-budget cartoons. In lakes, wetlands, and waterways, fish such as kadu (stinging catfish — Heteropneustes fossilis)[18] and choottachi (orange chromide — Etroplus maculatus; valued as an aquarium specimen) can be found.[19]. In 1999, SpongeBob aired its first episode, "Help Wanted/Reef Blower/Tea at the Treedome", after the 1999 Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. Kerala's birds are legion — Peafowl, the Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis), Indian Grey Hornbill, Indian Cormorant, and Jungle Myna are several emblematic species.

Krabs' line, "SpongeBoy, me Bob!." The Krusty Krab was originally spelled with the letter C rather than K, but Stephen Hillenburg thought K's were funnier. Other flora includes bamboo, wild black pepper (Piper nigrum), wild cardamom, the calamus rattan palm (Calamus rotang — a type of giant grass), and aromatic vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides).[16] Among them, such fauna as Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius), Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), and Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Protoxerus stangeri).[16][17] Reptiles include the king cobra, viper, python, and crocodile. Hillenburg later chose the alternative name "SpongeBob." The original name was once referenced in the show by Mr. Here, sonokeling (binomial nomenclature: Dalbergia latifolia — Indian rosewood), anjili (Artocarpus hirsuta), mullumurikku (Erthrina), and caussia number among the more than 1,000 species of trees in Kerala. The name "SpongeBoy" did not make it into the show since the name was already officially trademarked by Bob Burden, creator of Flaming Carrot. Eastern Kerala’s windward mountains shelter tropical moist forests and tropical dry forests, which are common in the Western Ghats. SpongeBob used to be named SpongeBoy, and used to wear a red hat with a green base and a white business shirt with a tie. These forests are protected by a decades-old blanket ban on clearfelling.

During production of the show, Hillenburg provided a concept of short comics with the same style of the show, but the characters looked different. Altogether, 24% of Kerala is forested.[16] Two of the world’s Ramsar Convention-listed wetlands — Lake Sasthamkotta and the Vembanad-Kol wetlands — are also in Kerala, as well as 1455.4 km² of the vast Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Another crew member with previous Nickelodeon cartoon experience was former Angry Beavers story editor Merriwether Williams, who worked on that show for its first few seasons and switched to SpongeBob in July 1999. Its 9,400 km² of forests include tropical wet evergreen and semi-evergreen forests (lower and middle elevations — 3,470 km²), tropical moist and dry deciduous forests (mid-elevations — 4,100 km² and 100 km², respectively), and montane subtropical and temperate (shola) forests (highest elevations — 100 km²). Drymon had worked with Hillenburg on Rocko's Modern Life as well, as did many SpongeBob crew members, including writer Tim Hill and voice actors Tom Kenny and Doug Lawrence. Kerala harbours significant biodiversity,[15] most of which is concentrated in the east. He teamed up with creative director Derek Drymon, who had worked on shows such as Doug, Action League Now!, and Hey Arnold!. The city of Ernakulam (on Ernakulam district's coast) is the state's judicial capital.

When Rocko's Modern Life was cancelled in 1997, Hillenburg began working on SpongeBob (although some sketches trace back to 1996). Kochi is the largest city and considered the commercial capital of the state. One of the producers was Stephen Hillenburg, a cartoon worker/marine biologist who loved both his careers. Thiruvananthapuram is the state capital. SpongeBob's history can be traced back to 1993 when Rocko's Modern Life first aired. Mahe, a part of the union territory of Pondicherry, is an enclave within Kerala. LEGO recieved license to produce SpongeBob SquarePants building sets, beginning to sell them in August 2006. Lastly, the Travancore region (southern Kerala) is composed of Idukki, Alappuzha (Alleppey), Kottayam, Pathanamthitta, Kollam (Quilon), and Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum).

There were contests tied in with the movie where you could win SpongeBob-related items or a trip to the Cayman Islands. Kochi (central Kerala) includes Thrissur (Trichur) and Ernakulam (Cochin) districts. In October 2004, a NASCAR Busch Series race was named The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie 300, presented by Lowe's and broadcast on TNT featuring Jimmie Johnson's #48 Lowe's stock car and Kyle Busch's #5 stock car painted for the race with the SpongeBob Movie paint schemes. Malabar (northern Kerala) includes (from north to south) Kasargod, Kannur (Cannanore), Wayanad (Wynad), Kozhikode (Calicut), Malappuram, and Palakkad (Palghat). Events in the past with the SpongeBob SquarePants theme include an exhibit at Underwater Adventures Aquarium in the Mall of America called SeaCrits of Bikini Bottom during the summer of 2003. The districts are distributed between Kerala's three historical regions: Malabar, Kochi, and Travancore. More recently, a tie-in beverage for 7-Eleven convenience stores has been created, a pineapple-flavored Slurpee. Fourteen districts comprise Kerala.

SpongeBob was also featured on VH1's I Love the 90s: Part Deux: 1999 as part of a commentary by Michael Ian Black. It is also prone to occassional droughts,[11] as well as rises in sea level and cyclonic activity resulting from global warming.[12][13] Kerala’s average maximum daily temperature is around 36.7 °C; the minumum is 19.8 °C.[7] Mean annual temperatures range from between 25.0–27.5 °C in the coastal lowlands to between 20.0–22.5 °C in the highlands.[14]. Plankton, a character from the show. In summers, most of Kerala is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, and torrential downpours accompanying dangerous cyclones coming in off the Indian Ocean. The ransom note was signed by someone in Minneapolis, Minnesota claiming to be Sheldon J. As a result, Kerala averages some 120–140 rainy days per year. There have been kids meal tie-ins at Wendy's for SpongeBob's House Party Special in 2002 and at Burger King restaurants in 2001, 2003, and for the movie in 2004; in 2004, thieves stole nine-foot-high by nine-foot-wide SpongeBob inflatables from the Burger King restaurant franchises, demanding Krabby Patties as ransom. Kerala's rains are mostly the result of seasonal monsoons.

The show also spawned a large and popular merchandise line at Hot Topic, Claire's, RadioShack, Target, Wal-Mart, and Toys "R" Us stores. Parts of Kerala's lowlands may average only 1,250 mm annually while the cool mountainous eastern highlands of Idukki district — comprising Kerala's wettest region — receive in excess of 5,000 mm of orographic precipitation (4,200 mm of which are available for human use) annually. Merchandise based on the show ranges from Kraft SuperMac & Cheese, Kellogg's cereal, and video games to boxer shorts, pajamas, and t-shirts. This compares to the all-India average of 1,197 mm. However, in a more typical Nickelodeon-style move, Avril Lavigne did the movie theme song. Kerala receives an average annual rainfall of 3,107 mm — some 70.3 km3 of water. Non-mainstream alternative rock bands such as Wilco, The Shins, The Flaming Lips and perhaps most notably Ween (who have contributed two original songs to the show and their 1997 classic "Ocean Man" to the movie soundtrack), as well as metal bands Pantera, Motorhead, and Twisted Sister have made appearances on the show and movies soundtracks, and classic thrash metal group Metallica even released a T-shirt featuring cartoon versions of them playing live with Spongebob & Patrick [1] (leading to as of yet unproven rumors that the band will appear on a future episode of the show). In eastern Kerala, a drier tropical wet and dry climate prevails.

Unlike its mainstream-culture-promoting network, SpongeBob features many semi-obscure musicians who contribute to its soundtrack. Kerala's climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical,[10] heavily influenced by the seasonal heavy rains brought by the Southwest Summer Monsoon. Fairly Oddparents), SpongeBob chooses to go for a more teen/adult friendly formula that was used in highly sucessful older Nick cartoons such as Ren and Stimpy and Rocko's Modern Life, non-human young adults in crazy, unrealistic situations, with minimal pop culture references. Most of the remainder are small and entirely fed by monsoon rains.[7] These conditions result in the nearly year-round waterlogging of such western regions as Kuttanad, 500 km² of which lie below sea level. While many newer cartoons revolve around pre-adolescents with strange lives and feature massive amounts of pop-culture references (eg. Indeed, around 8% of India's waterways (measured by length) are found in Kerala.[9] The most important of Kerala’s forty-four rivers include the Periyar (244 km in length), the Bharathapuzha (209 km), the Pamba (176 km), the Chaliyar (169 km), the Kadalundipuzha (130 km), and the Achankovil (128 km). The show also, unlike many current Nickelodeon cartoons, is not "mainstream" or "cliche". Lake Vembanad — Kerala’s largest body of water — dominates the Backwaters; it lies between Alappuzha and Kochi and is over 200 km² in area.

Its appeal to older audiences, as mentioned earlier, can be contributed to the show's crazy but witty and at times even sophisticated humor. Kerala’s western coastal belt is relatively flat, and is crisscrossed by a network of interconnected brackish canals, lakes, estuaries, and rivers known as the Kerala Backwaters. When naming reasons why many fans believe Nickelodeon has gone downhill in recent years, SpongeBob is often listed as an exception. Here, rolling hills and valleys dominate.[7] Generally ranging between elevations of 250–1,000 m, the eastern portions of the Nilgiri and Palni Hills include such formations as Agastyamalai and Anamalai. However, the characters are not immune from more adult avocations, including rock musicianship in a stadium performance reminiscent of a hard rock concert. Just west of the mountains lie the midland plains, comprising a swathe of land running along central Kerala. Part of the show's appeal has to do with the childlike nature of SpongeBob and his best friend, Patrick, both of whom are idiots and display an innocence typical of human children. The Western Ghats rises on average to 1,500 m elevation above sea level, while the highest peaks may reach to 2,500 m.

The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, released on November 19, 2004, features a cameo appearance by actor David Hasselhoff, reprising his role from the Baywatch TV series. Here, the Western Ghats form a wall of mountains interrupted only near Palakkad; here, a pass known as the Palakkad Gap breaks through to access the rest of India. Ren and Stimpy, among others, had followed a similar path. Forty-one of Kerala’s west-flowing rivers — as well as three of its east-flowing ones — originate in this region. A certain quote by Patrick ("It's gonna rock!") has been used as a promo for rock stations. Eastern Kerala lies immediately west of the Western Ghats's rain shadow; it consists of high mountains, gorges, and deep-cut valleys. SpongeBob is one cartoon in a long line of shows to put in more "adult" references, and has become so popular with the adult crowd that it has been shown on MTV and Spike TV. Located at the extreme southern tip of the Indian subcontinent, Kerala lies near the center of the Indian tectonic plate; as such most of the state (notwithstanding isolated regions) is subject to comparatively little seismic or volcanic activity.[8] Geologically, pre-Cambrian and Pleistocene formations comprise the bulk of Kerala’s terrain.

SpongeBob works at the Krusty Krab, a restaurant seemingly based on McDonald's or Burger King. These include the eastern highlands (rugged and cool mountainous terrain), the central midlands (rolling hills), and the western lowlands (coastal plains). Aside from the many undersea puns, some common products from the surface world have somehow found their way into Bikini Bottom, such as Canned Bread, Roast Beef, and even Pizza. Geographically, Kerala roughly divides into three climatically distinct regions. SpongeBob's telephone is shaped like a conch and referred to as a "shell phone". Kerala’s coast runs some 580 km in length, while the state itself varies between 35–120 km in width. In addition to this, instead of peanut butter, SpongeBob SquarePants uses what is called in Bikini Bottom "Sea-Nut Butter". Situated between north latitudes 8°18' and 12°48' and east longitudes 74°52' and 72°22',[7] Kerala lies well within the humid tropics, near the equator.

Clams behave like birds, propelling themselves through the water with their shells and tweeting. Kerala’s 38,863 km² (1.18% of India’s landmass) are wedged between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats — identified as one of the world's twenty-five biodiversity hotspots[6] — to the east. Jellyfish are the equivalent of bees (buzzing and stinging), but are collected or appreciated like butterflies and are used for their delicious jelly. Subsequent radical reforms introduced by the Namboodiripad government favoured tenants and labourers — this facilitated, among other things, improvements in living standards, education, and life expectancies. In relation to this, underwater worms bark (and act) exactly like dogs, and are kept on chains. Namboodiripad. SpongeBob's house-pet is a snail named Gary, who meows like a cat (though characters have shown signs of being able to understand him). These resulted in a communist-led government[4] — one of the world's first[5] — headed by E.M.S.

The suggestion is that both the head and the pineapple have fallen from a tropical island to become underwater habitats. Finally, the Government of India's 1956-11-01 States Reorganisation Act inaugurated a new state — Kerala — incorporating Malabar District, Travancore-Cochin, and the taluk of Kasargod, South Kanara.[4] A new Legislative Assembly was also created, for which elections were held in 1957. The main character, SpongeBob lives in a pineapple, while his neighbor Squidward lives in an Easter Island head and his other neighbor and best friend, Patrick lives under a rock. In the same time, the Madras Presidency became Madras State in 1947. A flurry of bubbles accompany many actions, just to remind the viewer everything is underwater. After India's independence in 1947, Travancore and Kochi were merged to form the province of Travancore-Cochin on July 1, 1949 — on 1950-01-26 (the date India became a republic), Travancore-Cochin was recognized as a state. Once, while out in the wilderness, Patrick questions how they could have a camp fire on the lagoon bottom—the fire is immediately extinguished with a sizzle. Due to this pressure, outcastes were allowed admittance to temples across Kerala.

Instead of cars, the residents of Bikini Bottom drive boats (with wheels). Kerala saw little mass defiance against the Raj — nevertheless, several rebellions occurred, including the October 1946 Punnapra-Vayalar revolt.[3] Many mass actions instead protested such social mores as untouchability; these included the 1924 Vaikom Satyagraham. This has a lot to do with the way underwater life and situations are represented, absurdly, as though they are almost equivalent to normal terrestrial lifestyles. Meanwhile, Malabar and South Kanara became part of the Madras Presidency. The cartoon is designed to appeal to children as well as older viewers. The Raj then forged tributary alliances with Kochi (1791) and Travancore (1795). Other shows have followed in this trend as well: The Fairly OddParents and Invader Zim took a similar role when they aired in 2001, and the former is now second only to SpongeBob in popularity. However, Tipu Sultan was ultimately forced to cede Malabar District and South Kanara, (including today’s Kasargod District) to the Raj in 1792 and 1799, respectively.

SpongeBob follows some other Nickelodeon shows that have attracted "older" followers: The Ren & Stimpy Show, Rocko's Modern Life, the Kablam! skits, Action League Now!, and The Angry Beavers. Ali’s successor, Tipu Sultan, launched in the late 18th century numerous campaigns against the growing British Raj, resulting in two of the four Anglo-Mysore Wars. Low-budget cartoons had not garnered as much esteem as higher-rated (and higher-budgeted) shows, such as Rugrats, although when SpongeBob aired in 1999, it had obtained a substantial amount of viewers in the ratings to be considered popular. Meanwhile, Mysore’s Hyder Ali conquered northern Kerala, capturing Kozhikode in 1766. SpongeBob is the first "low budget" Nickelodeon cartoon, according to the network, to become extremely popular. In turn, the Dutch were ousted at the 1741 Battle of Kulachal by Marthanda Varma of Thiruvithamcoore (Travancore), who received aid from the British. . Later conflicts between the cities of Kozhikode (Calicut) and Kochi (Cochin), however, provided an opportunity for the Dutch oust the Portuguese.

SpongeBob SquarePants officially aired on July 17 of the same year with the second episode, "Bubblestand/Ripped Pants." Most episodes take place in the town of Bikini Bottom or the surrounding lagoon floor. While seeking to convert Nasranis to Roman Catholicism, they also established fortresses and settlements, thereby ending an Arab trade monopoly. The pilot episode first aired in the United States on Nickelodeon after the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards on May Day (May 1), 1999. More than 1,100 years later, Vasco da Gama’s 1498-05-20 arrival inaugurated a period of Portuguese colonial administration, with the goal of controlling a lucrative spice trade. SpongeBob SquarePants is a comedy set under the Pacific Ocean that uses puns (including the names of certain characters), non sequiturs, double-talk, breaking of the fourth wall, some crude humor, and other such antics to entertain the audience. Later, in 345 CE, Kerala’s Nasrani community was founded by Jewish Christian settlers under a Jewish merchant Knai Thomman. SpongeBob SquarePants is an popular American animated television series shown on Nickelodeon, YTV, and Nicktoons Network created by marine biologist and animator, Stephen Hillenburg. Later arrivals included Muslim Arab merchants in the 8th century, while a disputed theory has Christianity arriving with Apostle Thomas in 52 CE.

In the movie there is a second Krusty Krab (Krusty Krab 2), SpongeBob gets a promotion towards the end of the movie and dons a large "MANAGER" hat during the credits as well as other details. In subsequent centuries, settlers from abroad established Kerala's Jewish community. The events in the SpongeBob SquarePants Movie are not canonical with the events in the TV series. Later, figures such as Katyayana, Patanjali, Pliny the Elder, and the unknown author of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea all displayed familiarity with Kerala. Nearly every episode contains one still or motion non-animated sequence. In written records, Kerala was first mentioned in the Sanskrit epic Aitareya Aranyaka. In "Bubble Buddy," Spongebob celebrates Leif Erikson Day, which is a real US observance held on October 9th; the narration indicated that Spongebob actually invented the day. A Keralite identity, distinct from the Tamils and associated with the second Chera empire and the development of Malayalam, evolved during the 8th–14th centuries.

In the first series, it was possible to hear one fish scream "my legs!" in most or all episodes, usually at some point of inconsequential destruction, such as a boating school. Allied with the Pallavas, they continually warred against the neighboring Chola and Pandya kingdoms. The show is "timeless" since the episodes have no dates that are set into stone and very few topical references or instances of continuity (the Krusty Krab is destroyed quite often). The ancient Chera empire, whose court language was Tamil, ruled Kerala from their capital at Vanchi and was the first major recorded kingdom. Although the show occasionally does make reference to pop-culture, the examples are never specific. Later, Kerala became a linguistically separate region by the early 14th century. Hillenburg has said that he intends to pass that concept over to the new people in charge of the show. These were produced by speakers of a proto-Tamil language.[1] Thus, Kerala and Tamil Nadu once shared a common language, ethnicity, and culture.

He wants his cartoon to be a timeless classic. Legend states that Kerala was created by an act of Parasurama, an avatar of Mahavishnu.[1][2] Meanwhile, historians note the 10th century BCE emergence of prehistoric pottery and granite burial monuments — which resemble their counterparts in Western Europe and the rest of Asia. According to the insider book SpongeBob Exposed, the creator of the show, Steve Hillenburg, said that the policy of his show is to not do jokes about or reference pop culture and current events; the show's characters are isolated from the real world. . According to the Season 1 DVD, its name is Shelly. Another theory has the name originating from the phrase chera alam ("land of the Chera"). It can also be seen in the episode "Something Smells", along with many others. Natives of Kerala — "Keralites" — thus refer to their land as Keralam.

In the episode "Help Wanted", SpongeBob can be seen with a pet scallop in a cage next to his bed. Accounts of the etymology underlying "Kerala" differ; according to the prevailing theory, it as an imperfect portmanteau that fuses kera ("coconut palm tree") and alam ("land" or "location"). The pirate in the painting saying "Are you ready kids?" - "I can't hear you" in the beginning theme sequence had a chroma key used for the moving lips. More than a millennium of overseas contact and trade culminated in four centuries of struggle between and among multiple colonial powers and native Keralite states, a period whose end saw on January 11, 1956 the final formation of the modern-day state of Kerala. Krabs: Cancer. Subsequent contact with the Mauryan Empire spurred development of new Keralite polities, including the Cheran kingdom and feudal Namboothiri Brahminical city-states. Mr. Only then did tribes of megalith-building proto-Tamil speakers from northwestern India settle in Kerala.

Squidward: Capricorn (on the Tropical zodiac) or Libra (stereotype: likes the finer things in life, taking it easy, wants to do no work (on the Sidereal zodiac)). Prehistoric Kerala's rainforests and wetlands, then thick with malaria-bearing mosquitoes and man-eating tigers, were largely avoided by Neolithic humans; indeed, no evidence of habitation prior to around 1,000 BCE exists. In one short, Plankton is depicted as a Leo. With a 73-year life expectancy and a 91% literacy rate, Kerala is also one of India's healthiest and best-educated states. Plankton: Leo (stereotype: diabolical and plotting), among others. With a population of around 3.18 crore (31.8 million) and 819 persons per km², Kerala is among India's most densely populated regions. SpongeBob: Sagittarius (stereotype: overly enthusiastic, optimistic, and foolish). Kerala also envelops Mahé, a coastal exclave of the Union Territory of Pondicherry.

Patrick: Taurus (stereotype: thick-headed). Kerala borders Tamil Nadu and Karnataka to the east and northeast; to the west and south lie the Indian Ocean islands of Lakshadweep and the Maldives, respectively. Featured characters have included:

    . Kerala (IPA: ['kɛrʌɹlʌ]; Malayalam: കേരളം — Keralam) is a state on the southwestern tropical Malabar Coast of India. It features the character Squidward explaining astrological stereotypes, through characters on the show. Astrology With Squidward is a spin-off short from SpongeBob SquarePants.

    There will be a SpongeBob SquarePants theatrical short playing before the computer-animated 2006 film, Barnyard.. The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie. Sean Dempsey: Animation Director. Jimmy Stone: Animation Director.

    Andrew Overtoom: Animation Director. Tom Yasumi: Animation Director. Alan Smart: Animation Director. Andy Rheingold: Executive in Charge of Production.

    David Wigforss: Special Effects (CG visual effects animator). Nicholas Carr: Music. Jeremy Wakefield: Music. Steven Belfer: Music.

    Sage Guyton: Music. Bradley Carow: Music. Vincent Waller: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director/Technical Director (2005—). Mike Bell: Writer/Storyboard Director (2005—).

    Chris Mitchell: Writer/Storyboard Artist (1999). Steven Fonti: Writer/Storyboard Director (1999). Mark O'Hare: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director. Eric Wiese: Writer/Storyboard Artist.

    Tim Hill: Writer. Steven Banks: Head Writer (2004—). Greenblatt: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director. C.H.

    Aaron Springer: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director. Kaz: Writer/Storyboard Artist. Sam Henderson: Writer/Storyboard Director. Jay Lender: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director.

    Chuck Klein: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director. Lawrence): Writer/Story Editor. Mr. Doug Lawrence (a.k.a.

    Merriwether Williams: Story Editor/Writer. Caleb Muerer: Art Director/Storyboard Artist. Sherm Cohen: Storyboard Supervisor/Writer. Derek Drymon: Creative Director/Writer/Story Editor.

    Paul Tibbitt: Writer/Storyboard Director/Supervising Producer (2004- ). Stephen Hillenburg: Creator/Executive Producer (1999-2004; Remains Active In Production Team, But No Longer Producer Of Show). David Hasselhoff: Himself. Alec Baldwin: Dennis the Hitman.

    Scarlett Johansson: Princess Mindy. Jeffrey Tambor: King Neptune. Wilson: The Tattle-Tale Strangler, Reg, Marty, Patrick's father, others. Thomas F.

    Kevin Michael Richardson: King Neptune (voice in SpongeBob's House Party (Party Pooper Pants)). Sergio Ristie: King Neptune (SpongeBob's House Party (Party Pooper Pants)). John O'Hurley: King Neptune (Neptune's Spatula). John Rhys-Davies: Man Ray.

    Charles Nelson Reilly: The Dirty Bubble (Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy II/Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy V). Tim Conway: Barnacle Boy. Ernest Borgnine: Mermaid Man. Tiny Tim: Himself (Musical Performer) (Help Wanted).

    Clea Lewis: Additional Voices (Seasons 2-). Wilson: Additional Voices. Thomas F. Carlos Alazraqui: Additional Voices (Seasons 1-3).

    Jill Talley: Karen (Plankton's computer wife). Marion Ross: Grandma SquarePants. Brian Doyle-Murray: The Flying Dutchman. Stephen Hillenburg: Polly the Parrot.

    Paul Tibbitt: Mama Krabs (Sailor Mouth, Mid-Life Crustacean). SquarePants (No Free Rides). Lauren Tom: Mrs. SquarePants, Mama Krabs (Enemy In-Law-present).

    Sirena Irwin: Mrs. SquarePants. Poppy Puff, Mrs. Mary Jo Catlett: Mrs.

    Lori Alan: Pearl Krabs, Patrick's mother. Plankton, Larry Lobster, Fred, Tom. Lawrence): Sheldon J. Mr.

    Doug Lawrence (a.k.a. Clancy Brown: Eugene Krabs. Carolyn Lawrence: Sandy Cheeks. Bill Fagerbakke: Patrick Star.

    Rodger Bumpass: Squidward Tentacles, Mama Tentacles, the Doctorfish,. Dee Bradley Baker: Squilliam Fancyson, Various squids, customers, vendors. SquarePants, Uncle Sherm SquarePants, Grandpa SquarePants, Fred (Home Sweet Pineapple), Tom. Tom Kenny: SpongeBob SquarePants, Gary the Snail, French Narrator, Patchy the Pirate, Mr.

    Main article SpongeBob SquarePants characters.

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