Pumpkin

Pumpkins Pumpkin attached to a stalk

A pumpkin is a vegetable, most commonly orange in colour when ripe, that grows as a fruit (gourd) from a trailing vine of the genus Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae). Cultivated in North America, continental Europe, as well as in English cottage gardens, Cucurbita varieties include Curcurbita pepo, Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita mixta, or Cucurbita moschata — all plants native to the Western hemisphere. The pumpkin varies greatly in form, being sometimes nearly globular, but more generally oblong or ovoid in shape. The rind is smooth and very variable in colour. The larger kinds acquire a weight of 40 to 80 lb (18 to 36 kg) but smaller varieties are in vogue for garden culture. Pumpkins are a popular food, with their innards commonly eaten cooked and served in dishes such as pumpkin pie. Pumpkins are traditionally used to carve Jack-o'-lanterns for use as part of Halloween celebrations.

Pumpkins and squashes

Pumpkins on sale at a Caribbean market

The name "squash" is applied in America to this and other species of the genus Cucurbita. The name is adapted from an American Indian word (see L. H. Bailey, Cyclopaedia of American Horticulture, for a fuller account of the squashes).

Summer squashes, like pumpkins, are mostly varieties of Cucurbita pepo; if picked while immature they are eaten as summer squash or marrow, but if left to mature on the vine will form a hard fruit like winter squash. Winter squashes are either C. maxima or C. moschata, and are not eaten in immature form. The varieties of pumpkins and squashes are numerous and great variety in size and shape; it is difficult to keep them pure if various kinds are grown together, but the true squashes (C. maxima) do not hybridize with the true pumpkin (C. pepo) species. If carefully handled to avoid cracking of the skin, and kept dry and fairly warm, winter squashes may be kept for months.

Wagon full of pumpkins

Studies by the Royal Military College of Canada show promise for pumpkins and other members of the Cucurbita pepo family to be viable candidates for DDT phytoremediation. (see Scientific American, October 25, 2004)

Cultivation

Pumpkins have historically been pollinated by the native squash bee Peponapis pruinosa, but this bee has declined, probably due to pesticide sensitivity, and most commercial plantings are pollinated by honeybees today. One hive per acre (4,000 m² per hive) is recommended by the US Department of Agriculture. Gardeners with a shortage of bees, however, often have to hand pollinate.

Inadequately pollinated pumpkins usually start growing but abort before full development. Often there is an opportunistic fungus that the gardener blames for the abortion, but the solution to this problem of abortion tends to be better pollination rather than fungicide.

Placing honeybees for pumpkin pollination Mohawk Valley, NY

Pumpkins are grown today in the US more for decoration than for food, and popular contests continually lead growers to vie for the world record for the largest pumpkin ever grown. Growers have many techniques, often secretive, including hand pollination, removal from the vines of all but one pumpkin, and injection of fertilizer or even milk directly into the vines with a hypodermic needle.

Cooking

When ripe, the pumpkin can be boiled, baked and roasted, or made into various kinds of pie, alone or mixed with other fruit; while small and green it may be eaten in the same way as the vegetable marrow.

Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Pumpkin
  • Pumpkin soup
  • Pumpkin pie
  • Mashed pumpkin


Chunking

Pumpkin chunking is a competitive activity in which teams build various mechanical devices designed to throw a pumpkin as far as possible. Catapults, trebuchets, ballistas and air cannons are the most common mechanisms. Some pumpkin chunkers grow special varieties of pumpkin, which are bred and grown under special conditions intended to improve the pumpkin's chances of surviving being thrown.

Pumpkin seeds

The hulless or semi-hulless seeds of pumpkins are eaten as a snack, similar to the sunflower seed. They are a good source of essential fatty acids, potassium, and magnesium. In Latin America these are often greenish in color and known as pepitas. One of the typical pumpkin products of Austria is pumpkin seed oil.

Pumpkin trivia

  • The pumpkin is related to the cucumber.
  • The largest pumpkin ever grown weighed 1,469 lb (666 kg). Raised by Larry Checkon from Northern Cambria, Pennsylvania in 2005, it is technically a "squash," Cucurbita maxima, and was of the public variety "Atlantic Giant," which is the "giant" variety - culminated from the simple hubbard squash by enthusiast farmers through intermittent effort since the mid 1800's.
  • Pumpkins are orange because they contain massive amounts of lutein, alpha- and beta-carotene. These nutrients turn to vitamin A in the body.
  • Using pumpkins as lanterns at Halloween is based on an ancient Celtic custom brought to America by Irish immigrants. All Hallows Eve on 31 October marked the end of the old Celtic calendar year, and on that night hollowed-out turnips, beets and rutabagas with a candle inside were placed on windowsills and porches to welcome home spirits of deceased ancestors and ward off evil spirits and a restless soul called "Stingy Jack," hence the name "Jack-o'-lantern".
  • The town of Keene, New Hampshire currently holds the world record for the most lit pumpkins in one location.
  • 90% of all pumpkins sold in the United States are used for Jack-o'-lanterns.
  • Illinois produces more pumpkins than any other state in the United States.
  • Pumpkins were among the first foods from the "New World" adopted in Europe, probably due to a European cousin: Lagenaria
  • "Pumpkin" is sometimes used as an affectionate term, often referring to one's significant other. For example: "I love you, Pumpkin!"

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One of the typical pumpkin products of Austria is pumpkin seed oil. Disney's ABC network bought rights to the show, courtesy of Grammnet (of Paramount, owned by former Cheers star Kelsey Grammar). In Latin America these are often greenish in color and known as pepitas. In the fall of 2005, he was in negotiations to star in a teleivison sitcom that is loosely based on his upbringing as the youngest of three in a large Greek-American family of New York. They are a good source of essential fatty acids, potassium, and magnesium.
. The hulless or semi-hulless seeds of pumpkins are eaten as a snack, similar to the sunflower seed. His set list included well-known songs he did in the past, from Hedwig and the Angry Inch[8], Rent, Jesus Christ Superstar[9], and American Idol.

Some pumpkin chunkers grow special varieties of pumpkin, which are bred and grown under special conditions intended to improve the pumpkin's chances of surviving being thrown. Before the album release date, he performed in four live shows in Manila, Philippines and New Jersey, USA. Catapults, trebuchets, ballistas and air cannons are the most common mechanisms. He is also working on an upcoming solo album. Pumpkin chunking is a competitive activity in which teams build various mechanical devices designed to throw a pumpkin as far as possible. He only took a temporarily leave of absence, returning after he was the seventh finalist voted off.
. Contrary to what was portrayed in the fourth season debut, he did not quit his band.

When ripe, the pumpkin can be boiled, baked and roasted, or made into various kinds of pie, alone or mixed with other fruit; while small and green it may be eaten in the same way as the vegetable marrow. Maroulis currently fronts the hard rock band, Pray For the Soul of Betty, based in New York. Growers have many techniques, often secretive, including hand pollination, removal from the vines of all but one pumpkin, and injection of fertilizer or even milk directly into the vines with a hypodermic needle. Mr. Pumpkins are grown today in the US more for decoration than for food, and popular contests continually lead growers to vie for the world record for the largest pumpkin ever grown. Maroulis later recorded a studio version of the track for Killer Queen: A Tribute to Queen[7], which was released on August 9, 2005 on Queen's label, Hollywood Records, a division of Universal. Often there is an opportunistic fungus that the gardener blames for the abortion, but the solution to this problem of abortion tends to be better pollination rather than fungicide. His rendition of the Queen classic "Bohemian Rhapsody" also earned him the praise of judges, including the usually harsh Simon Cowell.

Inadequately pollinated pumpkins usually start growing but abort before full development. Maroulis' was featured on the American Idol Season 4: The Showstoppers compilation with "My Funny Valentine" on the American Idol RCA record label, a division of Sony BMG. Gardeners with a shortage of bees, however, often have to hand pollinate. Less than a week before his elimination, Maroulis's pre-Idol band, Pray For The Soul Of Betty, announced the May 10 release of their epynomic debut of their pre-recorded, self-produced audio compact disc on their own record label, Baby Julius, through a distribution deal with Koch[6]. One hive per acre (4,000 m² per hive) is recommended by the US Department of Agriculture. His sixth-place ouster surprised some afficionados, including a tearful Paula Abdul. Pumpkins have historically been pollinated by the native squash bee Peponapis pruinosa, but this bee has declined, probably due to pesticide sensitivity, and most commercial plantings are pollinated by honeybees today. Maroulis, who received over 35 million votes over the course of the season, was voted off American Idol after he performed Nickelback's "How You Remind Me" during the 2000's music round.

(see Scientific American, October 25, 2004). On April 27, 2005, Mr. Studies by the Royal Military College of Canada show promise for pumpkins and other members of the Cucurbita pepo family to be viable candidates for DDT phytoremediation. Throughout Idol, Maroulis was compared alongside another rocker, Bo Bice. If carefully handled to avoid cracking of the skin, and kept dry and fairly warm, winter squashes may be kept for months. He was the first contestant of the season supported by the Vote for the Worst online campaign[5] before the campaign switched focus to Scott Savol, as a result of fan complaints. pepo) species. In August 2004, upon an ex-girlfriend's suggestion, Maroulis traveled to Washington DC to audition for the television show American Idol.

maxima) do not hybridize with the true pumpkin (C. Since Idol, Maroulis is now represented by the Creative Artists Agency. The varieties of pumpkins and squashes are numerous and great variety in size and shape; it is difficult to keep them pure if various kinds are grown together, but the true squashes (C. Since he had no agent representing him, he was allowed on the show American Idol. moschata, and are not eaten in immature form. His role as Roger was non- equity. maxima or C. After graduating the Conservatory, Maroulis trained as a director's apprentice at the Williamstown theatre festival[3] in Boston and toured in the Broadway international touring of Rent as the lead role Roger Davis[4].

Winter squashes are either C. He has a cavalcade of off-Broadway roles from the Conservatory, along with a series of independent films. Summer squashes, like pumpkins, are mostly varieties of Cucurbita pepo; if picked while immature they are eaten as summer squash or marrow, but if left to mature on the vine will form a hard fruit like winter squash. Maroulis competed on the dating show Elimidate[2] and was an extra in NBC's Law and Order: SVU and the WB's Astro Boy. Bailey, Cyclopaedia of American Horticulture, for a fuller account of the squashes). Many years prior to Idol, Mr. H. He moved on to The Boston Conservatory as a young adult, receiving his Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 2002, majoring in musical theater with a minor in voice performance from Berklee College of Music.

The name is adapted from an American Indian word (see L. He graduated from Ramapo High School in 1993. The name "squash" is applied in America to this and other species of the genus Cucurbita. By age eleven he studied the trumpet at Eisenhower Middle School and later sang in high school garage bands (i.e, Lady Rain). . At that time he developed an interest in music education: following his older brother's lead who was performing in professional bands and pursuing a career in the record business; being influenced by the piano; and exposed to records his family listened to[1]. Pumpkins are traditionally used to carve Jack-o'-lanterns for use as part of Halloween celebrations. Maroulis was 5 years old his family moved to Wyckoff, New Jersey, a very affluent suburb of New York City.

Pumpkins are a popular food, with their innards commonly eaten cooked and served in dishes such as pumpkin pie. When Mr. The larger kinds acquire a weight of 40 to 80 lb (18 to 36 kg) but smaller varieties are in vogue for garden culture. They also have 20 cousins. The rind is smooth and very variable in colour. Maroulis (born 1968) is a New York schoolteacher. The pumpkin varies greatly in form, being sometimes nearly globular, but more generally oblong or ovoid in shape. Older brother Athanasios Demetrios Maroulis (born 1964) is a record producer and sister Anastacia P.

Cultivated in North America, continental Europe, as well as in English cottage gardens, Cucurbita varieties include Curcurbita pepo, Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita mixta, or Cucurbita moschata — all plants native to the Western hemisphere. Maroulis (born 1938). A pumpkin is a vegetable, most commonly orange in colour when ripe, that grows as a fruit (gourd) from a trailing vine of the genus Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae). Maroulis was born in Brooklyn, New York to Greek parents, James Constantine Maroulis and Constance P. For example: "I love you, Pumpkin!". . "Pumpkin" is sometimes used as an affectionate term, often referring to one's significant other. The lead vocalist of the hard rock band Pray For The Soul Of Betty, he was a finalist on the fourth season of the reality television series American Idol.

Pumpkins were among the first foods from the "New World" adopted in Europe, probably due to a European cousin: Lagenaria. Constantine James Maroulis (born September 17, 1975 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American rock singer (tenor), actor, and writer. Illinois produces more pumpkins than any other state in the United States. (Bauhaus) and Killing Joke members on later albums. 90% of all pumpkins sold in the United States are used for Jack-o'-lanterns. They also collaborated with David J. The town of Keene, New Hampshire currently holds the world record for the most lit pumpkins in one location. Spahn Ranch toured throughout the Northern American continent with various other Industrial/Gothic music groups.

All Hallows Eve on 31 October marked the end of the old Celtic calendar year, and on that night hollowed-out turnips, beets and rutabagas with a candle inside were placed on windowsills and porches to welcome home spirits of deceased ancestors and ward off evil spirits and a restless soul called "Stingy Jack," hence the name "Jack-o'-lantern". His brother, Athan Maroulis joined the Industrial music group Spahn Ranch in 1993. Using pumpkins as lanterns at Halloween is based on an ancient Celtic custom brought to America by Irish immigrants. Attended Eisenhower Middle, Ramapo High, Boston Conservatory, Berklee. These nutrients turn to vitamin A in the body. Placed sixth in American Idol. Pumpkins are orange because they contain massive amounts of lutein, alpha- and beta-carotene. Lead singer of Pray For The Soul Of Betty.

Raised by Larry Checkon from Northern Cambria, Pennsylvania in 2005, it is technically a "squash," Cucurbita maxima, and was of the public variety "Atlantic Giant," which is the "giant" variety - culminated from the simple hubbard squash by enthusiast farmers through intermittent effort since the mid 1800's. Fluent in Greek and English [citation needed]. The largest pumpkin ever grown weighed 1,469 lb (666 kg). Born in Brooklyn, raised in Wyckoff. The pumpkin is related to the cucumber. Zodiac: Rabbit. Mashed pumpkin. Sign: Virgo.

Pumpkin pie. Eyes: Brown. Pumpkin soup. Nationality: American. Ethnicity: Greek. Hair: Dark Brown.

Height: 6 '3 " (190 cm).

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