Ostern

The Ostern (Eastern) or Red Western was the Soviet Union and Iron Curtain countries' take on the Western movie.

It generally took two forms:

  1. Proper Red Westerns, set in America's 'Wild West', such as Czechoslovakia's Lemonade Joe (Limonadovy Joe, 1964), or the East-German The Sons of the Great Mother Bear (Die Söhne der großen Bärin, 1966) or The Oil, the Baby and the Transylvanians (Pruncul, Petrolul Si Ardelenii, Romania, 1981) involving radically different themes and genres. These were much more common in Eastern Europe, rather than the USSR itself.
  2. Easterns (Osterns), which took place usually on the steppes or Asian parts of the USSR, especially during the Russian Revolution or following Civil War. Examples of these include The Burning Miles (Ognennie Versti/Огненные вёрсты, 1957), The Bodyguard (Telokhranitel/Телохранитель, 1979), At Home among Strangers (1971), and famous Soviet film White Sun of the Desert (Beloye Solntse Pustynt/Белое солнце пустыни', 1970). While some of these are obviously influenced by Westerns, in some cases, the material can be seen as a parallel formation.

Naturally many of these contained political messages, but they can still be watched impartially as action films, comedies etc, and it is certainly true to say that American director John Ford imbued his films with controversial political messages too.

'Red Westerns' in an international context

'Red Westerns' of the first type are often compared to 'Spaghetti Westerns' (although technically these are 'Paella Westerns' being shot in Spain, rather than Italy), in that they use local scenery to double up for the American West. In particular, Yugoslavia, Mongolia and the Southern USSR were used.

'Red Westerns' provide a counterpoint to familiar mythologies and conventions of the original genre, particularly as the makers were on the other side of a propaganda war without parallel, the Cold War, and this is partially why many have never been shown in the west, at least not until after the Cold War ended. In a war in which many fabrications were made on both sides, there was often a lingering fascination with the cultural developments in enemy countries.

Westerns have proven particularly transferrable in the way that they create a mythology out of relatively recent history, a malleable idea that translates well to different cultures. In Russia, the Ostern uses the generic calling cards of the American Western to dramatise the civil war in Central Asia in the 1920s and 30s, in which the Red Army fought to maintain their country against Islamic Turkic 'Basmachi' rebels. By substituting, 'red' for 'blue' and 'Turk' for Mexican, there are the same opportunities for a sweeping drama played out against a backdrop of wide-open spaces. The Ural Mountains can be equivalent to Monument Valley, the Volga river for the Rio Grande. Add the gun slinging ethos, horse riding, working the land, pioneers of a sort (ideological often in this case!), the bounty hunter traversing difficult terrain with outlaw in tow, railroading and taming the wild frontier and you have a generic mirror image of the American genre.

Red Westerns which use the actual American west as a setting include, the Romanian The Oil, the Baby and the Transylvanians (Pruncul, Petrolul Si Ardelenii, 1981) which dramatises the struggles of Romanian and Hungarian settlers in a new land. The Czech Lemonade Joe and the Soviet A Man from the Boulevard des Capuchines plump for pastiche or satire, making fun of the hard worn conventions of the American films. The German The Sons of the Great Mother Bear (Die Söhne der großen Bärin, 1966) turned the traditional American "Cowboy and Indian" conventions on their head, casting the Native Americans as the heroes and the American Army as the villains, with some obvious Cold War overtones... it started a series of "Indian films" by the East German DEFA studios which were quite successful.

Interestingly, many of the non-Soviet examples of the genre were international co-productions akin to the Spaghetti Westerns. The Sons of the Great Mother Bear for example was a co-production between East Germany and Czechoslovakia, starring a Yugoslav, scripted in German, and shot in a number of different Eastern Bloc countries and used a variety of locations including Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Mongolia and Czechoslovakia. The Oil, the Baby and the Transylvanians was a Romanian film, but featured emigrant Hungarians heavily in the storyline.


This page about ostern includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about ostern
News stories about ostern
External links for ostern
Videos for ostern
Wikis about ostern
Discussion Groups about ostern
Blogs about ostern
Images of ostern

The Oil, the Baby and the Transylvanians was a Romanian film, but featured emigrant Hungarians heavily in the storyline. Rutinas is the first single. The Sons of the Great Mother Bear for example was a co-production between East Germany and Czechoslovakia, starring a Yugoslav, scripted in German, and shot in a number of different Eastern Bloc countries and used a variety of locations including Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Mongolia and Czechoslovakia. “Nada es igual" it's not only a sample of her musical evolution, but also of her new personal challenge. Interestingly, many of the non-Soviet examples of the genre were international co-productions akin to the Spaghetti Westerns. In this pop-rock CD we find a new direction in Chenoa’s music, as it has been produced by Dado Parisini (Laura Pausini, Nek, Tears for Fears), and recorded in Milan. it started a series of "Indian films" by the East German DEFA studios which were quite successful. November was the month chosen for the release of Chenoa's third studio album "Nada es igual".

The German The Sons of the Great Mother Bear (Die Söhne der großen Bärin, 1966) turned the traditional American "Cowboy and Indian" conventions on their head, casting the Native Americans as the heroes and the American Army as the villains, with some obvious Cold War overtones.. Venezuela has also awarded Chenoa in 2005 with the Mara de Oro 2005 to the best new international artist of the year. The Czech Lemonade Joe and the Soviet A Man from the Boulevard des Capuchines plump for pastiche or satire, making fun of the hard worn conventions of the American films. In April 2005 the Spanish Radio and Television Associations Federation awarded her the Micrófono de Oro 2005. Red Westerns which use the actual American west as a setting include, the Romanian The Oil, the Baby and the Transylvanians (Pruncul, Petrolul Si Ardelenii, 1981) which dramatises the struggles of Romanian and Hungarian settlers in a new land. In December she visited Panama, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic and Venezuela. Add the gun slinging ethos, horse riding, working the land, pioneers of a sort (ideological often in this case!), the bounty hunter traversing difficult terrain with outlaw in tow, railroading and taming the wild frontier and you have a generic mirror image of the American genre. In May and June 2004 she started “Soy Mujer” promotional tour around Venezuela, Puerto Rico and Argentina.

The Ural Mountains can be equivalent to Monument Valley, the Volga river for the Rio Grande. In 2004 she was nominated for the Tu Música award as best new artist, in Puerto Rico. By substituting, 'red' for 'blue' and 'Turk' for Mexican, there are the same opportunities for a sweeping drama played out against a backdrop of wide-open spaces. Chenoa was nominated again for the Premios Amigo award as best female artist and completed an 80-date tour in Spain. In Russia, the Ostern uses the generic calling cards of the American Western to dramatise the civil war in Central Asia in the 1920s and 30s, in which the Red Army fought to maintain their country against Islamic Turkic 'Basmachi' rebels. En tu cruz me clavaste, Soy lo que me das, Siete Pétalos, Dame and Soy Mujer were the singles released. Westerns have proven particularly transferrable in the way that they create a mythology out of relatively recent history, a malleable idea that translates well to different cultures. Pop, rock, and latin, arab and anglosaxon sounds are mixed in this CD, which reached number 1 in the Spanish album chart, and sold more than 230,000 copies after 47 weeks in the Top 100.

In a war in which many fabrications were made on both sides, there was often a lingering fascination with the cultural developments in enemy countries. “Soy Mujer” was the chosen title for her second studio album, recorded in Miami and Madrid in 2003. 'Red Westerns' provide a counterpoint to familiar mythologies and conventions of the original genre, particularly as the makers were on the other side of a propaganda war without parallel, the Cold War, and this is partially why many have never been shown in the west, at least not until after the Cold War ended. This CD+DVD was released on a limited edition of 100,000 copies for fans. In particular, Yugoslavia, Mongolia and the Southern USSR were used. It was recorded in Barcelona in April 2003, and included some of her favorite songs, such as: Man in the mirror, Respect, Chain of fools or Love of my life. 'Red Westerns' of the first type are often compared to 'Spaghetti Westerns' (although technically these are 'Paella Westerns' being shot in Spain, rather than Italy), in that they use local scenery to double up for the American West. The unplugged album “Mis canciones favoritas” was Chenoa’s second CD.

Naturally many of these contained political messages, but they can still be watched impartially as action films, comedies etc, and it is certainly true to say that American director John Ford imbued his films with controversial political messages too. Her great stage presence led her to victory. It generally took two forms:. In April 2003 Chenoa took part in Eurobest, an European song contest in which she performed "It's raining men”. The Ostern (Eastern) or Red Western was the Soviet Union and Iron Curtain countries' take on the Western movie. Year 2002 finished with a Spanish tour that included more than 70 dates. Examples of these include The Burning Miles (Ognennie Versti/Огненные вёрсты, 1957), The Bodyguard (Telokhranitel/Телохранитель, 1979), At Home among Strangers (1971), and famous Soviet film White Sun of the Desert (Beloye Solntse Pustynt/Белое солнце пустыни', 1970). While some of these are obviously influenced by Westerns, in some cases, the material can be seen as a parallel formation. “Chenoa” sold over 500,000 copies in Spain after 61 weeks in Top 100 chart, and she was nominated for the Spanish music industry awards Premios Amigo as best female new artist, and best female artist.

Easterns (Osterns), which took place usually on the steppes or Asian parts of the USSR, especially during the Russian Revolution or following Civil War. The first single was Atrévete, a song whose English version is also included in the album as Mystify, but the greatest hit of this CD was Cuando tu vas, danced all over Spain in the summer of '02. These were much more common in Eastern Europe, rather than the USSR itself. Her first album was “Chenoa”, released in April 2002 in Spain. Proper Red Westerns, set in America's 'Wild West', such as Czechoslovakia's Lemonade Joe (Limonadovy Joe, 1964), or the East-German The Sons of the Great Mother Bear (Die Söhne der großen Bärin, 1966) or The Oil, the Baby and the Transylvanians (Pruncul, Petrolul Si Ardelenii, Romania, 1981) involving radically different themes and genres. Chenoa adquired there a good stage presence before entering the first edition of the Spanish TV show Operación Triunfo in 2001. She graduated as a teacher in nursery school, and started performing in the Casino de Mallorca shows when she was 20.

Her mother fell ill and Chenoa had to stand in for her. At the age of 16, Chenoa began to sing professionally taking part in her parent's show. Her parents were both musicians and they used to work in hotels as singers in live music shows, so Chenoa has lived and breathed music since birth. Chenoa was born in Mar de Plata (Argentina) on June 25, 1975, although her family moved to Spain when she was 8.

. In 2005, her song Rutinas (Routines) from her new album released in Nov 2005 reached number 4 on its first week, which is a great achievement. In 2004, her song Dame topped the Spanish charts for three weeks. Chenoa has still been going strong in the Spanish Charts, although most other reality TV show stars die out soon after.

Although her albums are not readily availible in the US record shelves as they are in Spain, you can find them on the Internet. Most of her music is in Spanish, although a few tracks on each album were recorded in English. Her music style could be described in the United States mostly as "pop". María Laura Corradini popularly known as Chenoa (born June 25, 1975 in Mar del Plata, Argentina) is one of the most famous female music artists in Spain.

2006 (TBA). 2005 "Rutinas" - (TBA). 2004 "Dame" - #1 SP. 2004 "Soy Lo Que Me Das" - #2 SP.

2003 "Siete Pétalos" - #2 SP. 2003 "En Tu Cruz Me Clavaste" - #1 SP. 2003 "Desnuda Frente A Tí" - #5 SP. 2002 "Cuando Tu Vas" - #1 SP.

2002 "Atrévete (Mystify)" - #1 SP. 2005 Nada Es Igual - #3 SP. 2003 Soy Mujer - #1 SP. 2003 Mis Canciones Favoritas (Unplugged Album) - #10 SP.

2002 Chenoa - #1 SP.

12-22-14 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php PAD File Directory Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Display all your websites in one place HereIam.tv Celebrity Homepages Charity Directory Google+ Directory Move your favorite Unsigned Artist to the Top of the List