Oprah Winfrey

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Oprah Winfrey (born January 29, 1954) is an American talk show host and an Academy Award nominated actress. She is one of the most successful entrepreneurs and television personalities in the world. She is currently involved in many business ventures, but is most identified with her massively popular and eponymous talk show. She is currently ranked as the most powerful celebrity by Forbes magazine[1] as well as the ninth most powerful woman in the world.[2]She is the first African-American woman to become a billionaire.

Youth and early career

Winfrey was born Orpah Winfrey in Kosciusko, Mississippi to a moderately wealthy, Baptist family. The name on Winfrey's birth certificate is Orpah, after the Moabite woman in the Old Testament Book of Ruth, but her family and neighbours would often transpose the R and the P when pronouncing and writing her name; as a result, Oprah eventually became her accepted name.

Her mother, Vernita Lee, was a housemaid, and her father, Vernon Winfrey, a coal miner and later a barber. Her parents were unmarried and still teenagers when Oprah was born. After Winfrey was born, her mother travelled north for better job opportunities, and Winfrey spent her first six years living with her grandmother. Winfrey's grandmother taught her to read and took her to the local church, where she was nicknamed "The Preacher" for her ability to recite Bible verses.

As a child, Oprah showed signs of extraordinary intelligence and drive, such as learning to read at age two. At age six, Winfrey moved in with her mother, who was less supportive and encouraging than her grandmother. While there, she suffered abuse from her comparitively darker skin, such as being forced to sleep on the porch in the cold and other forms of verbal abuse based on her features. Oprah was raped at age 9, and was repeatedly molested by her mother's cousin's boyfriend. Oprah became progressively sexually premiscuous, and at age 14, she became pregnant and her mother sent her to live in better conditions with her father, Vernon, in Nashville, Tennessee. Winfrey gave birth to a premature boy who soon died. Vernon was strict but encouraging, and made her education a priority. Winfrey became an honors student and received a full scholarship to Tennessee State University, a historically Black institution, where she studied communications. At age 18, Winfrey won the Miss Black Tennessee beauty pageant.

Winfrey's grandmother has said that ever since Oprah could talk, she was "on stage". In her youth she played games interviewing her corncob doll and the crows on the fence of her family's property. But her true media career began at age seventeen, working at her high school radio show.

Working in local media, she was both the youngest news anchor and the first black female news anchor at Nashville's WTVF-TV. She moved to Baltimore's WJZ-TV in 1976 to co-anchor the six o'clock news. She was then recruited to join Richard Sher as co-host of WJZ's local talk show, People Are Talking, which premiered on August 14, 1978.

Career and success

Television

Oprah on the first national broadcast of The Oprah Winfrey Show in 1986.

In 1983, Winfrey relocated to Chicago, Illinois to host WLS-TV's low-rated half-hour morning talk show, AM Chicago. Her first episode aired on January 2, 1984. With Winfrey as the host, the show was so successful that it was renamed The Oprah Winfrey Show, expanded to a full hour, and broadcast nationally beginning September 8, 1986. Originally, the show followed traditional talk show formats. By the mid-1990s the shows adopted a more serious format, addressing issues that Winfrey thought were of direct importance and of crucial consequence to women. Winfrey began to do a lot of charity work, and her show featured people suffering from poverty or the victims of unfortunate accidents.

The Oprah Winfrey Show is extremely successful and popular, in large part due to the fact that Oprah is able to relate to her audience. She overcame numerous difficulties in her childhood, including sexual abuse, which has made her want to be an advocate for children as well as women. She often interviews celebrities or other issues that involve the celebrity in some way, such as cancer, charity work, or substance abuse, although more often she focuses on ordinary people that have done extraordinary things or been involved in important current issues. Oprah frequently features the plight of others around the world in her show, and uses the show to promote charitable causes. Oprah's trademark in recent years has been her "Wildest Dreams" tour, which fulfills the dreams of many deserving people, be it a new house, an encounter with a favourite performer, or a guest role on a popular TV show, who have been reported to her producers by loving friends and family. As well as the hour-long regular show, she tapes informal discussions or Q&A sessions with celebrity guests after the show, which are broadcast as Oprah After The Show on her Oxygen network.

During a lawsuit against Winfrey (see Influence), she hired Dr. Phil McGraw's company Courtroom Sciences, Inc. to help her analyze and read the jury. Dr. Phil made such an impression on Winfrey that she invited him to appear on her show. He accepted the invitation and was a resounding success. McGraw appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show for several years before launching his own show, Dr. Phil, in 2004, which is produced by Winfrey's production company, Harpo Productions.

Perhaps Oprah's most famous recent show was the first episode of the nineteenth season of The Oprah Winfrey Show in the fall of 2004. During the show each member of the audience received a new Pontiac G6 Sedan; the 276 cars were donated by Pontiac as part of a publicity stunt.

Winfrey recently made a deal to extend her show until the 2010 – 2011 season, by which time it will have been on the air for twenty-five years. She plans to host 140 episodes per season, until her final season, when it will return to its current number, 130. [3]

The 2004 Nobel Peace Prize Concert was hosted by Oprah and Tom Cruise. There were musical performances by Patti Labelle, Andrea Bocelli, Joss Stone, Chris Botti, Diana Krall, Tony Bennett and others. The concert was broadcasted in the United States on Dec. 23, 2004 by E!. An unofficial Oprah fanclub, also organized a petition drive [4] in 2005, to nominate Oprah for the Nobel Peace Prize.

As well as hosting and appearing on television shows, Winfrey co-founded the women's cable television network Oxygen. She is also the president of Harpo Productions (Oprah spelled backwards).

Film

In 1985, Winfrey co-starred in Steven Spielberg's epic adaptation of Alice Walker's award-winning novel The Color Purple. She earned immediate acclaim as Sofia, the distraught housewife. The following year Winfrey was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, but she lost to Anjelica Huston. Many believe this was due in part to the Academy's "anti-Spielberg" bias, thinking the film would have been better directed by an African-American. The Color Purple has now been made into a Broadway musical and opened late 2005, with Oprah credited as a producer.

In October 1998, Oprah produced and starred in the film Beloved, based upon Toni Morrison's Pulitzer Prize winning novel of the same name. To prepare for her role as Sethe, the protagonist and former slave, Oprah experienced a 24-hour simulation of the experience of slavery, which included being tied up and blindfolded and left alone in the woods. Critics said this would not even come close to the experience. In the run-up to filming, and in an attempt to break the only field she hadn't conquered -- film stardom -- Oprah lost a great deal of weight and underwent rejuvenative plastic surgery, becoming the Oprah that the public is now accustomed to seeing. However, despite major advertising, including two episodes of her talk show dedicated solely to the film, it opened to sour critical reviews and poor box-office results, losing approximately $30 million.

In 2005, Harpo Productions released another film adaptation of a famous American novel, Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937). The made-for-television film Their Eyes Were Watching God was based upon a teleplay by Suzan-Lori Parks, and starred Halle Berry in the lead female role.

Winfrey was the recipient of the first Bob Hope Humanitarian Award at the 2002 Emmy Awards for services to television and film. In 2004, Oprah and her team filmed and episode of her show entitled Oprah's Christmas Kindness, in which Oprah, her best friend Gail, Stedman, and some crew members travelled to South Africa to bring attention to the plight of young children affected by poverty and AIDS. During the 21-day whirlwind trip, Oprah and her crew visited schools and oprhanages in poverty-stricken areas, and at different set-up points in the areas they visited distributed christmas presents to 50,000 children, with dolls for the girls and soccer balls for the boys. In addition, each child was given a backpack full of school supplies and received two sets of school uniforms for their sex, two sets of socks, two sets of underwear, and a pair of shoes. Throughout the show, Oprah appealed to viewers to donate money to Oprah's Angel Network for poverty-stricken and AIDS-affected children in Africa, and she personally would oversee where that money is spent. From that show alone, viewers around the world donated over (US)$7,000,000.

Books and magazines

Winfrey publishes her own magazines, O, The Oprah Magazine and O at Home. She is also a prolific author.

Online

Oprah.com is a premiere women's lifestyle website, offering advice on everything from the mind, body and spirit to food, home and relationships. It provides comprehensive resources related to The Oprah Winfrey Show and exclusive interactive content based on O, The Oprah Magazine. In addition, the website has unique original content, including Oprah's Book Club, which offers free in-depth reading guides for each book selection, online discussion groups and Q&A sessions with literary experts. In 2003, Winfrey relaunched Oprah's Book Club with an online component and it quickly became the largest book club in the world, attracting more than 670,000 members. That same year, Oprah.com also launched Live Your Best Life, an interactive multimedia workshop based on her sold-out national speaking tour that features Oprah's personal life stories and life lessons along with a workbook of thought-provoking exercises.

Since then, Winfrey has also used Oprah.com to continue her crusade to help those in need and against pedophiles by raising over 3 million dollars for Katrina victims and helping to capture 3 convicted child predators. Oprah.com averages more than 100 million page views and more than three million users per month. The book club has since grown to over 800,000 members.

Future projects

Winfrey's latest television project will be developing and producing a new talk show for popular Food Network celebrity chef, Rachael Ray, which will begin airing sometime in 2006.

Recently, Winfrey has been interviewed several times by Anderson Cooper, with whom she has completed several side projects. This has fueled a rumour that Winfrey and Cooper are planning to make a movie together.

Personal life

Oprah Winfrey is believed to own a net worth over $1.3 billion USD according to the 2005 Forbes Magazine Issue. She currently lives on "The Promised Land", her 42 acre (170,000 m²) ocean view estate in Montecito, California, outside of Santa Barbara. Rumors state that Winfrey was at a party the previous owners were throwing and so fell in love with the estate that she was reported to have purchased it by writing a personal check for $50,000,000 USD, although it was not for sale. Winfrey also owns a house in Lavalette, New Jersey.

Winfrey has never married but it is widely assumed that she has lived with her partner Stedman Graham for almost twenty years. The relationship of Oprah and Stedman has been documented through the years with numerous romantic tabloid articles often accompanied by color spreads of the couple at home and on lavish vacations. While most people are convinced the relationship is genuine, some speculate that it is more likely a matter of public relations, and, in fact, Graham is the co-founder and owner of his own public relations firm.

Her celebrity status notwithstanding, the billionaire Winfrey served on the jury of a murder trial jury in 2004. The trial was held in Chicago, Illinois, and involved a man accused of murder after an argument over a counterfeit fifty-dollar bill. The jury voted to convict the man of murder.[5] [6]

In June 2005, Winfrey was allegedly denied access to the Hermès company's flagship store in Paris, France. Winfrey arrived fifteen minutes after the store's closing time, and the doors were locked while the last of the shoppers were being attended to. Winfrey felt she could enter the store after closing time, but when told that they were indeed closed, she claimed she was mistaken for a poor black woman and denied entrance because the store had been "having problems with North Africans lately." In September 2005, Hermès USA CEO Robert Chavez was a guest on The Oprah Winfrey Show and sincerely apologized for not catering to "O" on behalf of the store. In a later show, Winfrey changed her report of the event and no longer claimed she was denied entrance on account of her race.

On December 1, 2005, Oprah appeared on The Late Show with David Letterman to promote the new Broadway musical The Color Purple, of which she was a producer, joining the host for the first time in sixteen years. The episode was hailed by some as the "television event of the decade" and helped Letterman attract his largest audience in more than 11 years: 13.45 million viewers.[7] Although a much-rumored feud was said to have been the cause of the rift, both Winfrey and Letterman balked at such talk. "I want you to know, it's really over, whatever you thought was happening," said Winfrey.

In 1998, Oprah began Oprah's Angel Network, a charity aimed at encouraging people around the world to make a difference in the lives of underprivileged others. Accordingly, Oprah's Angel Network supports charitable projects and provides grants to nonprofit organizations around the world that share this vision. To date, Oprah's Angel Network has raised more than (US)$27,000,000. Oprah personally covers all administrative costs associated with the charity, so 100% of all funds raised go to charity programs. The Angel Network

Oprah's show is based in Chicago, Illinois, so she spends time there but otherwise resides in California. Reportedly, she has recently purchased several properties on Maui, Hawaii.

Influence

Winfrey's prominence as a media personality has led her to be highly influential, both intentionally and unwittingly.

In the late 1990s, Winfrey introduced a new segment on her television show: Oprah's Book Club. The segment focused on new books and classics, and often brought obscure novels to popular attention. The book club became such a powerful force that whenever Winfrey introduced a new book as her book-club selection, it instantly became a best-seller (known as the Oprah Effect); for example, when she selected the classic John Steinbeck novel East of Eden, it soared to the top of the book charts. Being recognized by Oprah often means a million additional book sales for an author.

The sign in front of Oprah Winfrey's Chicago based Harpo Studios.

Oprah's show often contributes to the fabric of American pop culture. Many of her guests have become instant celebrities.

Such heavy influence upon both America and the world has led many to become conscious of her effect on culture. Some feel as if Oprahs influence is irresponsible. Either way, there seems to be no slowing down for Oprah whose followers seem to support her no matter what. During a show about mad cow disease with Howard Lyman (aired on April 16, 1996), Winfrey exclaimed, "It has just stopped me cold from eating another burger!" Texas cattlemen sued her and Lyman in early 1998 for "false defamation of perishable food" and "business disparagement," claiming that Winfrey's remarks subsequently sent cattle prices tumbling, costing beef producers some USD$12 million. After a trial spanning over two months in an Amarillo, Texas court in the thick of cattle country, the jury found on February 26 that Winfrey was not guilty, did not act with malice, and was not liable for damages. After the trial, she received a postcard from Rosie O'Donnell reading, "Congratulations, you beat the meat!"

Criticism

Some believe there to be a gender bias in some of Winfrey's shows. Those about infidelity, for example, often focus either on cheating men or on cheated-on wives. Some critics say Winfrey makes inadequate reference to women who cheat or may only make cursory comments.

Oprah's Book Club has occasionally chosen books which have proven to be modestly controversial. Most notably, one of its attempted selectees, Jonathan Franzen objected to his book The Corrections being chosen, believing that its selection as an Oprah's Book Club book would demean his literary reputation. "She's picked some good books, but she's picked enough schmaltzy, one dimensional ones that I cringe. . ." he said in a www.Powells.com interview.

Oprah confronts James Frey, January 26, 2006

In a more recent controversy, Winfrey's selection of the drug rehab book A Million Little Pieces is under scrutiny, with the online publication The Smoking Gun arguing that its author James Frey is guilty of subterfuge and deceit in composing his allegedly autobiographical memoir. While Winfrey initially supported Frey, she reversed only ten days later, confronting him on her show with barely concealed outrage. She also expressed dismay with the publisher for not telling her about the embellishments. Winfrey removed the references to Frey's work on the main page of her webpage but left references in the Oprah's Book Club section earlier in the week.

It has also been noted that the occasions on which various guest celebrities on her show "reach out" and perform charitable acts (such as performing for sick children) seem to nearly always coincide with a release of a project in which they have a prominent role (such as starring in a movie or releasing a music album). Some have said that this trivializes and degrades the various causes they help by turning them into vessels for marketing and have even suggested that it verges on exploitation, especially when children are involved.

Winfrey is also charged with being too self-focused and also very insecure. For instance, Harpo Productions makes employees sign contracts prohibiting them from disclosing anything about their time employed with her. Many staffers have said off the record that she can be egotistical and difficult to work with.

Works

Television

  • Before Women Had Wings (1997) (also producer)
  • There Are No Children Here (1993)
  • Lincoln (1992) (documentary) (narrator)
  • Brewster Place (1990-1991)
  • The W Brewster Place (1989) (also executive producer)

Movies

  • Bee Movie (2007) (voice) (currently in pre-production)
  • Charlotte's Web (2006) (voice) (currently filming)
  • Emmanuel's Gift (2005) (documentary) (narrator)
  • Brothers of the Borderland (2004) (short subject) (narrator)
  • Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives (2003) (documentary) (narrator)
  • Beloved (1998)
  • The Lives of Quincy Jones (1990) (documentary)
  • Throw Momma from the Train (1987) (Cameo)
  • Native Son (1986)
  • The Color Purple (1985)

Books by Oprah

  • Make the Connection : Ten Steps to a Better Body and a Better Life, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1999; ISBN 0786882980.
  • Journey to Beloved, by Oprah Winfrey and Ken Regan, 1998; 0786864583.
  • The Uncommon Wisdom of Oprah Winfrey : A Portrait in Her Own Words, by Bill Adler (ed) and Oprah Winfrey, 1997; ISBN 1559724196.
  • A Journal of Daily Renewal : The Companion to Make the Connection, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1996; ISBN 0786882158.
  • In The Kitchen With Rosie: Oprah's Favorite Recipes, by Rosie Daley and Oprah Winfrey, 1994; ISBN 0679434046.

Books about Oprah

Oprah has many books written about her such as

The Gospel according to Oprah by Marcia Z. Nelson


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Nelson. Many gamers even credit Halo CE with single-handedly propping up the Microsoft Xbox's image and sales through its first generation of games. The Gospel according to Oprah by Marcia Z. While Halo 2 has won many awards and raked in colossal profits, debate has risen over the merits of such success, especially when faced with comparisons to the immense impact on the console market that the first Halo had. Oprah has many books written about her such as. The update also fixes a teleporter glitch on the map, Relic. Many staffers have said off the record that she can be egotistical and difficult to work with. Any players who are detected using modified content would be automatically banned from Matchmaking on Xbox Live.

For instance, Harpo Productions makes employees sign contracts prohibiting them from disclosing anything about their time employed with her. Modified versions of the downloadable maps would allow people to use cheats such as 'autoaim' and 'automatic reload' during matches on Xbox Live. Winfrey is also charged with being too self-focused and also very insecure. The update added a detection tool that would automatically detect and ban 'modders' using modified content on their Xboxes. Some have said that this trivializes and degrades the various causes they help by turning them into vessels for marketing and have even suggested that it verges on exploitation, especially when children are involved. Another update was added in July, 2005 (a week or so after the release of the map pack). It has also been noted that the occasions on which various guest celebrities on her show "reach out" and perform charitable acts (such as performing for sick children) seem to nearly always coincide with a release of a project in which they have a prominent role (such as starring in a movie or releasing a music album). For further information on the map packs and their contents, see the list of downloadable maps.

Winfrey removed the references to Frey's work on the main page of her webpage but left references in the Oprah's Book Club section earlier in the week. The Map Pack disk (below) was also released on that date. She also expressed dismay with the publisher for not telling her about the embellishments. On the 5th, 5 new maps were made available in a pack for $11.99, and were similarly made free to download on August 30th. While Winfrey initially supported Frey, she reversed only ten days later, confronting him on her show with barely concealed outrage. Two of these were immediately free to download (the "Bonus Pack"), while the other two (the "Killtacular Pack") had a charge attached (US$5.99, £2.99) until July the 5th (in actuality, late June), when they too became free to download. In a more recent controversy, Winfrey's selection of the drug rehab book A Million Little Pieces is under scrutiny, with the online publication The Smoking Gun arguing that its author James Frey is guilty of subterfuge and deceit in composing his allegedly autobiographical memoir. Four maps were made available to download on Monday, April 25th, 2005.

." he said in a www.Powells.com interview. Halo 2 also supports downloadable content, with Bungie making various new multiplayer maps available. "She's picked some good books, but she's picked enough schmaltzy, one dimensional ones that I cringe. This brings Halo 2 up to Version 1.1. Most notably, one of its attempted selectees, Jonathan Franzen objected to his book The Corrections being chosen, believing that its selection as an Oprah's Book Club book would demean his literary reputation. A full list of changes can be seen here. Oprah's Book Club has occasionally chosen books which have proven to be modestly controversial. The battle rifle is now more accurate.

Some critics say Winfrey makes inadequate reference to women who cheat or may only make cursory comments. For example, the melee attacks and grenades are now far more powerful. Those about infidelity, for example, often focus either on cheating men or on cheated-on wives. 30-50, reducing the number of players who play matchmaking at that level), slimmed down split-screen HUD information, and rebalanced various weapons to promote use of single-wield weapons, grenades, and melee attacks. Some believe there to be a gender bias in some of Winfrey's shows. In response to these complaints, Bungie released an automatic update for Halo 2 (a mandatory patch) on Monday, April 18th, 2005, which fixed many of the various bugs and cheats in the game (though some inevitably persist, most of the time among the MM levels i.e. After the trial, she received a postcard from Rosie O'Donnell reading, "Congratulations, you beat the meat!". Users exploited bugs in the game and vulnerabilities of the network to win ranked games and thus increase their matchmaking rank.

After a trial spanning over two months in an Amarillo, Texas court in the thick of cattle country, the jury found on February 26 that Winfrey was not guilty, did not act with malice, and was not liable for damages. A common complaint regarding Halo 2's online play has been the widespread cheating which occurred almost immediately upon the game's release. During a show about mad cow disease with Howard Lyman (aired on April 16, 1996), Winfrey exclaimed, "It has just stopped me cold from eating another burger!" Texas cattlemen sued her and Lyman in early 1998 for "false defamation of perishable food" and "business disparagement," claiming that Winfrey's remarks subsequently sent cattle prices tumbling, costing beef producers some USD$12 million. Halo 2 Soundtrack: Volume 2, will be available in Spring of 2006. Either way, there seems to be no slowing down for Oprah whose followers seem to support her no matter what. The song Blow Me Away is considered the most popular of these contributions, however, Incubus's contributions better reflect the overall mood of the game. Some feel as if Oprahs influence is irresponsible. The bands Incubus, Breaking Benjamin, and Hoobastank also feature on the official soundtrack and to a certain extent, in the game.

Such heavy influence upon both America and the world has led many to become conscious of her effect on culture. "Halo Theme Mjolnir Mix " is the signature theme tune for Halo 2. Many of her guests have become instant celebrities. Additional tracks were also provided by various outside musicians, such as Joe Satriani (for the remixed theme song, which includes new guitar solos). Oprah's show often contributes to the fabric of American pop culture. Steve Vai provided guitar backing for many tracks. Being recognized by Oprah often means a million additional book sales for an author. The Halo 2 soundtrack was mostly composed by Martin O'Donnell, who had also composed the music of Halo.

The book club became such a powerful force that whenever Winfrey introduced a new book as her book-club selection, it instantly became a best-seller (known as the Oprah Effect); for example, when she selected the classic John Steinbeck novel East of Eden, it soared to the top of the book charts. The stage is set for the final battles of the Human-Covenant and Covenant civil wars in Halo 3. The segment focused on new books and classics, and often brought obscure novels to popular attention. The game ends with a cliffhanger, with the last cutscene showing the Master Chief about to enter the battle to save Earth while Cortana meets Gravemind on High Charity for unknown reasons. In the late 1990s, Winfrey introduced a new segment on her television show: Oprah's Book Club. Meanwhile, the Forerunner vessel arrives near Earth, with the Master Chief on board. Winfrey's prominence as a media personality has led her to be highly influential, both intentionally and unwittingly. However, a letter, found in the extra booklet in the special Limited Edition, from a member of an archaelogical dig on the planet Reach that has uncovered a large alien object suggests The Ark may be on Reach.

Reportedly, she has recently purchased several properties on Maui, Hawaii. However, the Halo and its counterparts across the galaxy are left on standby alert, awaiting a trigger signal from "The Ark", whose location is yet unknown, but is believed to be on Earth. Oprah's show is based in Chicago, Illinois, so she spends time there but otherwise resides in California. Uniting the separatist faction of the Covenant on Delta Halo, and with the help of Sergeant Johnson, the Arbiter succeeds in preventing Tartarus from activating the installation. The Angel Network. However, at the end, Cortana not only fails to destroy High Charity, but she also chooses to answer the questions of Gravemind. Oprah personally covers all administrative costs associated with the charity, so 100% of all funds raised go to charity programs. This will destroy Delta Halo and High Charity, stopping Tartarus from activating it, while preventing the Flood's escape across the galaxy.

To date, Oprah's Angel Network has raised more than (US)$27,000,000. The Master Chief stows away on board, but Cortana stays behind in order to detonate the In Amber Clad's engine reactors as a last resort. Accordingly, Oprah's Angel Network supports charitable projects and provides grants to nonprofit organizations around the world that share this vision. The only remaining High Prophet, Truth, escapes on a Forerunner vessel. In 1998, Oprah began Oprah's Angel Network, a charity aimed at encouraging people around the world to make a difference in the lives of underprivileged others. After capturing the In Amber Clad, the Flood, led by the Gravemind, arrive on the city and begin to try and capture it. "I want you to know, it's really over, whatever you thought was happening," said Winfrey. The Master Chief finds himself upon the nearby Covenant Holy City, High Charity, a gargantuan space station, and pursues the remaining Prophets.

The episode was hailed by some as the "television event of the decade" and helped Letterman attract his largest audience in more than 11 years: 13.45 million viewers.[7] Although a much-rumored feud was said to have been the cause of the rift, both Winfrey and Letterman balked at such talk. A mysterious Flood creature called the Gravemind sends the Arbiter and Master Chief in separate directions to prevent The High Prophets from activating Delta Halo. On December 1, 2005, Oprah appeared on The Late Show with David Letterman to promote the new Broadway musical The Color Purple, of which she was a producer, joining the host for the first time in sixteen years. The Master Chief and the Arbiter meet upon the release of the Flood and the discovery of the Prophets' true objective: driven by their ancient religion, they seek to activate Delta Halo, which would cause the death of every sentient being in the galaxy. In a later show, Winfrey changed her report of the event and no longer claimed she was denied entrance on account of her race. His first mission, to silence a heretic who doubts the Prophets' teachings, starts him on a path which will make him question his beliefs. Winfrey felt she could enter the store after closing time, but when told that they were indeed closed, she claimed she was mistaken for a poor black woman and denied entrance because the store had been "having problems with North Africans lately." In September 2005, Hermès USA CEO Robert Chavez was a guest on The Oprah Winfrey Show and sincerely apologized for not catering to "O" on behalf of the store. Meanwhile, the fleet commander who led the Covenant forces in Halo is stripped of his rank, only to assume the role of the Arbiter, the greatest of the Covenant warriors.

Winfrey arrived fifteen minutes after the store's closing time, and the doors were locked while the last of the shoppers were being attended to. There, the Master Chief kills one of the Covenant's three High Prophet leaders, which ultimately triggers a civil war inside the Covenant. In June 2005, Winfrey was allegedly denied access to the Hermès company's flagship store in Paris, France. It continues across another ring world, Installation-05, dubbed "Delta Halo", as the crew of the UNSC vessel In Amber Clad attempt to discover the reason for the Covenant's incursion. The jury voted to convict the man of murder.[5] [6]. They then head to Earth where the Covenant attack the city of New Mombasa, repelled with the assistance of the Master Chief. The trial was held in Chicago, Illinois, and involved a man accused of murder after an argument over a counterfeit fifty-dollar bill. Master Chief finds and disarms the bomb with the help of Cortana, then sends it to one of the Covenant ships and detonates it.

Her celebrity status notwithstanding, the billionaire Winfrey served on the jury of a murder trial jury in 2004. These boarding parties are carrying heavy explosives designed to take out the MAC (Magnetic Accelerator Cannon) guns capable of destroying the Covenant flagships. While most people are convinced the relationship is genuine, some speculate that it is more likely a matter of public relations, and, in fact, Graham is the co-founder and owner of his own public relations firm. This ceremony is cut short when a Covenant flagship jumps out of slipspace and sends boarding parties towards the weapons platforms. The relationship of Oprah and Stedman has been documented through the years with numerous romantic tabloid articles often accompanied by color spreads of the couple at home and on lavish vacations. Halo 2 opens with an awards ceremony on the Cairo weapons platform orbiting Earth. Winfrey has never married but it is widely assumed that she has lived with her partner Stedman Graham for almost twenty years. Halo 2's addition of dual wielding will defeat most powerups if used correctly..

Winfrey also owns a house in Lavalette, New Jersey. One common mistake for new players is to mix the overshield and the active camo: this creates a faint halo around the player, caused by the overshield, even though they have active camo. Rumors state that Winfrey was at a party the previous owners were throwing and so fell in love with the estate that she was reported to have purchased it by writing a personal check for $50,000,000 USD, although it was not for sale. Gametype Settings: In some gametypes, the overshield and/or active camo are always active on one or all of the players, and if disabled, will recharge over time. She currently lives on "The Promised Land", her 42 acre (170,000 m²) ocean view estate in Montecito, California, outside of Santa Barbara. There are two types of powerups available in Halo 2 Multiplayer. Oprah Winfrey is believed to own a net worth over $1.3 billion USD according to the 2005 Forbes Magazine Issue. The player has a regenerating shield, but now has regenerating health as well.

This has fueled a rumour that Winfrey and Cooper are planning to make a movie together. The damage system in Halo 2 is slightly different from that in Halo: Combat Evolved. Recently, Winfrey has been interviewed several times by Anderson Cooper, with whom she has completed several side projects. (see "Xbox Live updates"). Winfrey's latest television project will be developing and producing a new talk show for popular Food Network celebrity chef, Rachael Ray, which will begin airing sometime in 2006. Another common criticism is the dominance of dual-wielding weapons over single-wielding combined with grenades, although attempts have been made to address these issues with the April 18th automatic update, however these updates were inefficient on dealing with the power of dual wielding. The book club has since grown to over 800,000 members. This primarily affects team games and one-on-one games; in free for alls, a player with a "power weapon" will become a priority target for the other players, meaning that the weapon will change hands frequently.

Oprah.com averages more than 100 million page views and more than three million users per month. Much game time may be consumed attempting to seize the weapons in question from the opposition to shift the balance of power; in some cases it may not even be possible to do so. Since then, Winfrey has also used Oprah.com to continue her crusade to help those in need and against pedophiles by raising over 3 million dollars for Katrina victims and helping to capture 3 convicted child predators. Should a team acquire these weapons, it becomes more difficult for their opponents to score kills or attain objectives. That same year, Oprah.com also launched Live Your Best Life, an interactive multimedia workshop based on her sold-out national speaking tour that features Oprah's personal life stories and life lessons along with a workbook of thought-provoking exercises. Many players feel that game strategies are too dependent upon controlling the "power weapons" in each map such as the Rocket Launcher, Sniper Rifle, Shotgun, or Energy Sword, which leads to the overshadowing of the other weapons in the game. In 2003, Winfrey relaunched Oprah's Book Club with an online component and it quickly became the largest book club in the world, attracting more than 670,000 members. Regular players have expressed concerns regarding the game balance of Halo 2.

In addition, the website has unique original content, including Oprah's Book Club, which offers free in-depth reading guides for each book selection, online discussion groups and Q&A sessions with literary experts. Bungie keeps these stats for several hundred games per player at a time, then games begin to be purged to save space, and they are used as evidence when banning suspected cheating players (see "Xbox Live Updates", below). It provides comprehensive resources related to The Oprah Winfrey Show and exclusive interactive content based on O, The Oprah Magazine. For example: for each kill, the attacker and target's locations and the attacker's weapon are displayed, and the paths taken by flags in Capture the Flag games are shown. Oprah.com is a premiere women's lifestyle website, offering advice on everything from the mind, body and spirit to food, home and relationships. This presents an image of the level that was played from the player's choice various angles, superimposed with a summary of the crucial game events. She is also a prolific author. If a player logs in with a Microsoft Passport, they can also access the "Gameviewer".

Winfrey publishes her own magazines, O, The Oprah Magazine and O at Home. Bungie.net records every single statistic that is displayed on-screen in the end-of-game "Postgame Carnage Report."(if mods were used in that game and were reported the game will not file correctly) Anyone can visit Bungie.net and look at any Xbox Live player's stats. From that show alone, viewers around the world donated over (US)$7,000,000. Players may still choose to set up games for their own party to their own specification, and invite others into that game from their Friends and Clan lists, however these games are not made publicly available. Throughout the show, Oprah appealed to viewers to donate money to Oprah's Angel Network for poverty-stricken and AIDS-affected children in Africa, and she personally would oversee where that money is spent. Parties can also play in "Rumble Training" games, which is an unranked version of "Rumble Pit" If the Xbox console hosting the game drops out, the Xbox Live service automatically selects a new host from among the remaining players so the game can continue. In addition, each child was given a backpack full of school supplies and received two sets of school uniforms for their sex, two sets of socks, two sets of underwear, and a pair of shoes. Players can create small "parties" with their friends and enter games together as teammates in Team based games.

During the 21-day whirlwind trip, Oprah and her crew visited schools and oprhanages in poverty-stricken areas, and at different set-up points in the areas they visited distributed christmas presents to 50,000 children, with dolls for the girls and soccer balls for the boys. The Xbox Live servers create games automatically from the pool of players that have chosen each playlist, choosing a game type and map automatically and selecting one player to serve as the game's host (it is a common belief that this person has a bit of an advantage over the other players, which can be true in some gametypes, leading to a method people use to get host called bridging). In 2004, Oprah and her team filmed and episode of her show entitled Oprah's Christmas Kindness, in which Oprah, her best friend Gail, Stedman, and some crew members travelled to South Africa to bring attention to the plight of young children affected by poverty and AIDS. Other playlists allow head-to-head play and matches between different clans. Winfrey was the recipient of the first Bob Hope Humanitarian Award at the 2002 Emmy Awards for services to television and film. For example, the "Rumble Pit" playlist offers a variety of "every man for himself" game types, primarily Slayer or variations thereof; "Team Skirmish" offers a number of 4-on-4 team games, which are primarily objective-based games like Capture the Flag; "Big Team Battle" is similar to Team Skirmish but allows teams of up to 8 players. The made-for-television film Their Eyes Were Watching God was based upon a teleplay by Suzan-Lori Parks, and starred Halle Berry in the lead female role. Instead, players select "playlists" that are geared to different styles of play.

In 2005, Harpo Productions released another film adaptation of a famous American novel, Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937). In Halo 2, Xbox Live players do not choose to host public games, and they do not get to specify individual maps and options to search for. However, despite major advertising, including two episodes of her talk show dedicated solely to the film, it opened to sour critical reviews and poor box-office results, losing approximately $30 million. The game software then uses a service like GameSpy to advertise the game to the world at large; other players choose which game to join based upon criteria such as the map and game options each host is offering as well as the ping times they are able to receive. In the run-up to filming, and in an attempt to break the only field she hadn't conquered -- film stardom -- Oprah lost a great deal of weight and underwent rejuvenative plastic surgery, becoming the Oprah that the public is now accustomed to seeing. Traditionally, one player sets his or her computer or console up as a game server (or host), specifying the game type and map and configuring other settings. Critics said this would not even come close to the experience. Halo 2's Xbox Live mode offers a unique and, some would say, innovative approach to online gaming that is intended to alleviate some of the problems that have plagued online first-person shooters in the past.

To prepare for her role as Sethe, the protagonist and former slave, Oprah experienced a 24-hour simulation of the experience of slavery, which included being tied up and blindfolded and left alone in the woods. Unlike its predecessor, Halo 2 allows players to compete with each other via the Xbox Live online service, in addition to the original's support for split-screen and System Link multiplayer. In October 1998, Oprah produced and starred in the film Beloved, based upon Toni Morrison's Pulitzer Prize winning novel of the same name. Of the preset variations present in the original game, only Race is missing. The Color Purple has now been made into a Broadway musical and opened late 2005, with Oprah credited as a producer. All of these modes can be twisted and changed in many unpredictable ways, resulting in incredibly varied multiplayer gameplay. Many believe this was due in part to the Academy's "anti-Spielberg" bias, thinking the film would have been better directed by an African-American. They are:.

The following year Winfrey was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, but she lost to Anjelica Huston. There are varying modes, several of which have returned from the original Halo game. She earned immediate acclaim as Sofia, the distraught housewife. The Legendary difficulty also allows skilled players to find hidden "skulls", which activate special abilities. In 1985, Winfrey co-starred in Steven Spielberg's epic adaptation of Alice Walker's award-winning novel The Color Purple. An increase in difficulty will result in an increase in the health of opponents, an increase in their accuracy, a reduction of duration and an increase in recharge time for the Arbiter's active camouflage, and a reduction of health in the player. She is also the president of Harpo Productions (Oprah spelled backwards). There are four levels of difficulty: Easy, Normal, Heroic and Legendary, the latter of which has been described as "suicide" by the game's developers.

As well as hosting and appearing on television shows, Winfrey co-founded the women's cable television network Oxygen. Additionally, the story line while playing as the Arbiter changes to one of fighting an internal faction within the Covenant, with the elites, hunters and grunts forming one team and the brutes, jackals, prophets and drones forming the other. An unofficial Oprah fanclub, also organized a petition drive [4] in 2005, to nominate Oprah for the Nobel Peace Prize. Another possibility is that the Arbiter was designed to be less of a battering ram than the Master Chief, which subsequently requires different tactics. 23, 2004 by E!. His shield is also weaker than the Master Chief's. The concert was broadcasted in the United States on Dec. Aside from variations caused simply by switching sides in the conflict, most notably The Arbiter is different from Master Chief in that his armor lacks a flashlight and is equipped with a short duration rechargeable form of active camouflage that will drop if the player attacks or is shot.

There were musical performances by Patti Labelle, Andrea Bocelli, Joss Stone, Chris Botti, Diana Krall, Tony Bennett and others. Some of these episodes require the player to compete as a Covenant Elite called The Arbiter, while some, but not the majority are still played as the Master Chief. The 2004 Nobel Peace Prize Concert was hosted by Oprah and Tom Cruise. When playing in this mode the player(s) must complete a series of episodes. [3]. This mode follows the story to the Halo series and is the second of the three games (the third and final part of the series is still not published). She plans to host 140 episodes per season, until her final season, when it will return to its current number, 130. The game is playable in campaign mode either single-player or cooperative.

Winfrey recently made a deal to extend her show until the 2010 – 2011 season, by which time it will have been on the air for twenty-five years. Since Halo 2 was a successful killer app for the Xbox and its Live online service, Microsoft took advantage of Halo 2 to ban modded (modified) Xboxes from the network when they tried to log on for online gaming. During the show each member of the audience received a new Pontiac G6 Sedan; the 276 cars were donated by Pontiac as part of a publicity stunt. It also won "Game of the Year 2004" at GPhoria, among other awards (Best Boss Battle, etc.), including different award shows.. Perhaps Oprah's most famous recent show was the first episode of the nineteenth season of The Oprah Winfrey Show in the fall of 2004. Some observers saw this as another milestone in the emerging dominance of the video game industry; a few years earlier, the video game industry had surpassed the movie industry in total revenues for the first time and had never relinquished its lead since then. Phil, in 2004, which is produced by Winfrey's production company, Harpo Productions. According to a contemporary Wired Magazine issue, Halo 2 had a more profitable opening day than did the then-highest-grossing Hollywood film, "Muffin-Man.

McGraw appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show for several years before launching his own show, Dr. [3] As of 1 January 2005, the game had sold 6.3 million copies. He accepted the invitation and was a resounding success. The game sold 2.4 million copies and earned up to $125 million US in its first 24 hours on store shelves, thus out-grossing the film Spider-Man 2 as highest grossing release in entertainment history. Phil made such an impression on Winfrey that she invited him to appear on her show. This was followed by releases on November 10 in France and other European countries, and November 11 in the UK. Dr. Anticipation for game was high; three weeks before this release, a record 1.5 million copies had already been pre-ordered [2].

to help her analyze and read the jury. The first official release of Halo 2 was in New Zealand on November 9, 2004. Phil McGraw's company Courtroom Sciences, Inc. Microsoft, the parent company of Bungie Studios, tried to contain the spread, and pledged to bring legal action against anyone who spread the leaked version.[1] Fortunately, the leak failed to have a significant effect on Halo 2 sales, due in part to a supportive Halo community which was determined to honor the original release date and which was instrumental in curbing the spread of the leaked version. During a lawsuit against Winfrey (see Influence), she hired Dr. On the morning of October 14, a leak of the French version of the game was posted on the Internet, and circulated widely. As well as the hour-long regular show, she tapes informal discussions or Q&A sessions with celebrity guests after the show, which are broadcast as Oprah After The Show on her Oxygen network. ARGS have become increasingly popular in the early 21st century, and this popularity is owed in large part to I Love Bees.

Oprah's trademark in recent years has been her "Wildest Dreams" tour, which fulfills the dreams of many deserving people, be it a new house, an encounter with a favourite performer, or a guest role on a popular TV show, who have been reported to her producers by loving friends and family. Players are invited into a part of the story they might not otherwise see. Oprah frequently features the plight of others around the world in her show, and uses the show to promote charitable causes. For those who are not familiar with the "ARG" premise: a story is put forth on webpages and other media devices. She often interviews celebrities or other issues that involve the celebrity in some way, such as cancer, charity work, or substance abuse, although more often she focuses on ordinary people that have done extraordinary things or been involved in important current issues. The story line was entirely unique in the Halo universe, but was at the same time very engaging and tied in seamlessly with the game itself. She overcame numerous difficulties in her childhood, including sexual abuse, which has made her want to be an advocate for children as well as women. Of particular note regarding the release of Halo 2 was an estimated one million dollar Alternate Reality Game project titled I Love Bees.

The Oprah Winfrey Show is extremely successful and popular, in large part due to the fact that Oprah is able to relate to her audience. . Winfrey began to do a lot of charity work, and her show featured people suffering from poverty or the victims of unfortunate accidents. Halo 2, released for the Xbox game console on November 9, 2004, and its predecessor are both backwards-compatible for the Xbox 360, including its Xbox Live functionality. By the mid-1990s the shows adopted a more serious format, addressing issues that Winfrey thought were of direct importance and of crucial consequence to women. Halo 2 is the sequel to the blockbuster and critically-acclaimed Halo: Combat Evolved, and features a newly built game engine and the Havok physics engine, new weapons and vehicles, new multiplayer maps, and a storyline that continues the story begun in Halo: Combat Evolved. Originally, the show followed traditional talk show formats. Webby for best "Games Related Website" (I Love Bees).

With Winfrey as the host, the show was so successful that it was renamed The Oprah Winfrey Show, expanded to a full hour, and broadcast nationally beginning September 8, 1986. Game of the Year. Her first episode aired on January 2, 1984. Best Boss (Scarab Battle). In 1983, Winfrey relocated to Chicago, Illinois to host WLS-TV's low-rated half-hour morning talk show, AM Chicago. Best Male Performance (David Cross). She was then recruited to join Richard Sher as co-host of WJZ's local talk show, People Are Talking, which premiered on August 14, 1978. Best Original Soundtrack.

She moved to Baltimore's WJZ-TV in 1976 to co-anchor the six o'clock news. Best Sound Design. Working in local media, she was both the youngest news anchor and the first black female news anchor at Nashville's WTVF-TV. Best Multiplayer Game. But her true media career began at age seventeen, working at her high school radio show. Best Shooter. In her youth she played games interviewing her corncob doll and the crows on the fence of her family's property. Gphoria, 2005

    .

    Winfrey's grandmother has said that ever since Oprah could talk, she was "on stage". Game of the Year 2004. At age 18, Winfrey won the Miss Black Tennessee beauty pageant. Best Shooter of 2004. Winfrey became an honors student and received a full scholarship to Tennessee State University, a historically Black institution, where she studied communications. Best Multiplayer/Online Game of 2004. Vernon was strict but encouraging, and made her education a priority. Best Game of E3 2004 Nominee.

    Winfrey gave birth to a premature boy who soon died. Best Shooter of E3 2004. Oprah became progressively sexually premiscuous, and at age 14, she became pregnant and her mother sent her to live in better conditions with her father, Vernon, in Nashville, Tennessee. Best Xbox Game of E3 2004. Oprah was raped at age 9, and was repeatedly molested by her mother's cousin's boyfriend. Best Visuals of E3 2004. While there, she suffered abuse from her comparitively darker skin, such as being forced to sleep on the porch in the cold and other forms of verbal abuse based on her features. 1UP, 2004

      .

      At age six, Winfrey moved in with her mother, who was less supportive and encouraging than her grandmother. Best Online Multiplayer Game. As a child, Oprah showed signs of extraordinary intelligence and drive, such as learning to read at age two. Best Action Game. Winfrey's grandmother taught her to read and took her to the local church, where she was nicknamed "The Preacher" for her ability to recite Bible verses. Best Console Game. After Winfrey was born, her mother travelled north for better job opportunities, and Winfrey spent her first six years living with her grandmother. E3 2004 Game Critics Awards

        .

        Her parents were unmarried and still teenagers when Oprah was born. Best Console Game of E3 2004. Her mother, Vernita Lee, was a housemaid, and her father, Vernon Winfrey, a coal miner and later a barber. Game Revolution 2004

          . The name on Winfrey's birth certificate is Orpah, after the Moabite woman in the Old Testament Book of Ruth, but her family and neighbours would often transpose the R and the P when pronouncing and writing her name; as a result, Oprah eventually became her accepted name. Game Innovation Spotlights (I Love Bees). Winfrey was born Orpah Winfrey in Kosciusko, Mississippi to a moderately wealthy, Baptist family. Excellence in Audio.

          . 2005 Game Developers Choice Awards

            . She is currently ranked as the most powerful celebrity by Forbes magazine[1] as well as the ninth most powerful woman in the world.[2]She is the first African-American woman to become a billionaire. Favorite Shooter Game. She is currently involved in many business ventures, but is most identified with her massively popular and eponymous talk show. Favorite Xbox Game. She is one of the most successful entrepreneurs and television personalities in the world. Favorite Game of the Year.

            Oprah Winfrey (born January 29, 1954) is an American talk show host and an Academy Award nominated actress. 2005 GameFly Q Awards

              . In The Kitchen With Rosie: Oprah's Favorite Recipes, by Rosie Daley and Oprah Winfrey, 1994; ISBN 0679434046. Favourite Video Game. A Journal of Daily Renewal : The Companion to Make the Connection, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1996; ISBN 0786882158. 2005 Spacey Awards
                . The Uncommon Wisdom of Oprah Winfrey : A Portrait in Her Own Words, by Bill Adler (ed) and Oprah Winfrey, 1997; ISBN 1559724196. Spec-Ops Command Leader Half-Jaw.

                Journey to Beloved, by Oprah Winfrey and Ken Regan, 1998; 0786864583. 343 Guilty Spark. Make the Connection : Ten Steps to a Better Body and a Better Life, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1999; ISBN 0786882980. 2401 Penitent Tangent. The Color Purple (1985). Tartarus. Native Son (1986). High Prophets of Truth, Mercy and Regret.

                Throw Momma from the Train (1987) (Cameo). Arbiter. The Lives of Quincy Jones (1990) (documentary). Miranda Keyes. Beloved (1998). Sergeant Johnson. Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives (2003) (documentary) (narrator). Cortana.

                Brothers of the Borderland (2004) (short subject) (narrator). Master Chief. Emmanuel's Gift (2005) (documentary) (narrator). The Envy skull gives Master Chief access to the built-in generator, and with a glitch can be made permanent until you turn the Xbox off. Charlotte's Web (2006) (voice) (currently filming). The power-up is not available in Campaign (the Arbiter can activate it for a short time), and the built-in generator is not available in Multiplayer. Bee Movie (2007) (voice) (currently in pre-production). This feature is included in the Arbiter's armor, though its effect only lasts a few seconds and is cancelled by firing a weapon or taking fire.

                The W Brewster Place (1989) (also executive producer). However, the Energy Sword and the charging bolt of plasma from a Plasma Pistol remains clearly visible even if the player is using camouflage. Brewster Place (1990-1991). This effect (which is almost identical to that of the alien armor in the Predator movies) is reduced if the player is hit by weapons fire, or if he fires a weapon. Lincoln (1992) (documentary) (narrator). Active Camouflage: Drastically reduces the player's visibility for a period of time, making all but a faint outline of him invisible. There Are No Children Here (1993). In certain Multiplayer gametypes, one or more players start with a regenerating overshield.

                Before Women Had Wings (1997) (also producer). However, the Black Eye Skull will enable the player to charge his/her shield into the overshield range. The overshield is no longer present in the campaign mode of Halo 2. In multiplayer Halo 2, the overshield gradually depletes over time, can be used as a default shield that recharges and can be completely taken out with a charged up plasma pistol shot. In addition, when a overshield is picked up, the player is invulnerable until it finishes charging, which takes a second or two.

                The overshield functions on top of the regular shield – when it is active, the normal shield does not take damage. Overshield: An enhanced, non-regenerating shield which is three times the strength of the normal one. The amount of health left is not visible to the player, and is also marginally larger than in the original game, although the health takes around 2.5 sec constant fire to reduce the health to 0. Unlike the first Halo, health regenerates after the shield.

                Health: In Halo 2, once the shields run out, the player also has a buffer of health. Like in the original Halo, once the shields become low an alarm informs the player that they are out. The power is displayed above the motion tracker in the bottom-left of the screen. After it takes damage, it starts to recharge 4 seconds after the last time damage was sustained.

                It covers the player's entire body, and slowly decreases in power as it sustains damage. Shields: The shield in Halo 2 is much stronger, and recharges at a higher rate than the ones in the original Halo. Territories, which bears some resemblance to King of the Hill, but with multiple hills. King of the Hill, where players race to control a specified area of the map.

                A game extrapolated from the children's game of tag, called Juggernaut. A more esoteric free-for-all (FFA) or team game of keep-away, called Oddball. A game in which players plant a bomb in their enemies' base to score, called Assault. A team-based Capture The Flag game.

                A typical classic free-for-all or team deathmatch game known as Slayer.

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