Oprah Winfrey

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Oprah Winfrey (born January 29, 1954) is an American talk show host and an Academy Award nominated actress. She is one of the most successful entrepreneurs and television personalities in the world. She is currently involved in many business ventures, but is most identified with her massively popular and eponymous talk show. She is currently ranked as the most powerful celebrity by Forbes magazine[1] as well as the ninth most powerful woman in the world.[2]She is the first African-American woman to become a billionaire.

Youth and early career

Winfrey was born Orpah Winfrey in Kosciusko, Mississippi to a moderately wealthy, Baptist family. The name on Winfrey's birth certificate is Orpah, after the Moabite woman in the Old Testament Book of Ruth, but her family and neighbours would often transpose the R and the P when pronouncing and writing her name; as a result, Oprah eventually became her accepted name.

Her mother, Vernita Lee, was a housemaid, and her father, Vernon Winfrey, a coal miner and later a barber. Her parents were unmarried and still teenagers when Oprah was born. After Winfrey was born, her mother travelled north for better job opportunities, and Winfrey spent her first six years living with her grandmother. Winfrey's grandmother taught her to read and took her to the local church, where she was nicknamed "The Preacher" for her ability to recite Bible verses.

As a child, Oprah showed signs of extraordinary intelligence and drive, such as learning to read at age two. At age six, Winfrey moved in with her mother, who was less supportive and encouraging than her grandmother. While there, she suffered abuse from her comparitively darker skin, such as being forced to sleep on the porch in the cold and other forms of verbal abuse based on her features. Oprah was raped at age 9, and was repeatedly molested by her mother's cousin's boyfriend. Oprah became progressively sexually premiscuous, and at age 14, she became pregnant and her mother sent her to live in better conditions with her father, Vernon, in Nashville, Tennessee. Winfrey gave birth to a premature boy who soon died. Vernon was strict but encouraging, and made her education a priority. Winfrey became an honors student and received a full scholarship to Tennessee State University, a historically Black institution, where she studied communications. At age 18, Winfrey won the Miss Black Tennessee beauty pageant.

Winfrey's grandmother has said that ever since Oprah could talk, she was "on stage". In her youth she played games interviewing her corncob doll and the crows on the fence of her family's property. But her true media career began at age seventeen, working at her high school radio show.

Working in local media, she was both the youngest news anchor and the first black female news anchor at Nashville's WTVF-TV. She moved to Baltimore's WJZ-TV in 1976 to co-anchor the six o'clock news. She was then recruited to join Richard Sher as co-host of WJZ's local talk show, People Are Talking, which premiered on August 14, 1978.

Career and success

Television

Oprah on the first national broadcast of The Oprah Winfrey Show in 1986.

In 1983, Winfrey relocated to Chicago, Illinois to host WLS-TV's low-rated half-hour morning talk show, AM Chicago. Her first episode aired on January 2, 1984. With Winfrey as the host, the show was so successful that it was renamed The Oprah Winfrey Show, expanded to a full hour, and broadcast nationally beginning September 8, 1986. Originally, the show followed traditional talk show formats. By the mid-1990s the shows adopted a more serious format, addressing issues that Winfrey thought were of direct importance and of crucial consequence to women. Winfrey began to do a lot of charity work, and her show featured people suffering from poverty or the victims of unfortunate accidents.

The Oprah Winfrey Show is extremely successful and popular, in large part due to the fact that Oprah is able to relate to her audience. She overcame numerous difficulties in her childhood, including sexual abuse, which has made her want to be an advocate for children as well as women. She often interviews celebrities or other issues that involve the celebrity in some way, such as cancer, charity work, or substance abuse, although more often she focuses on ordinary people that have done extraordinary things or been involved in important current issues. Oprah frequently features the plight of others around the world in her show, and uses the show to promote charitable causes. Oprah's trademark in recent years has been her "Wildest Dreams" tour, which fulfills the dreams of many deserving people, be it a new house, an encounter with a favourite performer, or a guest role on a popular TV show, who have been reported to her producers by loving friends and family. As well as the hour-long regular show, she tapes informal discussions or Q&A sessions with celebrity guests after the show, which are broadcast as Oprah After The Show on her Oxygen network.

During a lawsuit against Winfrey (see Influence), she hired Dr. Phil McGraw's company Courtroom Sciences, Inc. to help her analyze and read the jury. Dr. Phil made such an impression on Winfrey that she invited him to appear on her show. He accepted the invitation and was a resounding success. McGraw appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show for several years before launching his own show, Dr. Phil, in 2004, which is produced by Winfrey's production company, Harpo Productions.

Perhaps Oprah's most famous recent show was the first episode of the nineteenth season of The Oprah Winfrey Show in the fall of 2004. During the show each member of the audience received a new Pontiac G6 Sedan; the 276 cars were donated by Pontiac as part of a publicity stunt.

Winfrey recently made a deal to extend her show until the 2010 – 2011 season, by which time it will have been on the air for twenty-five years. She plans to host 140 episodes per season, until her final season, when it will return to its current number, 130. [3]

The 2004 Nobel Peace Prize Concert was hosted by Oprah and Tom Cruise. There were musical performances by Patti Labelle, Andrea Bocelli, Joss Stone, Chris Botti, Diana Krall, Tony Bennett and others. The concert was broadcasted in the United States on Dec. 23, 2004 by E!. An unofficial Oprah fanclub, also organized a petition drive [4] in 2005, to nominate Oprah for the Nobel Peace Prize.

As well as hosting and appearing on television shows, Winfrey co-founded the women's cable television network Oxygen. She is also the president of Harpo Productions (Oprah spelled backwards).

Film

In 1985, Winfrey co-starred in Steven Spielberg's epic adaptation of Alice Walker's award-winning novel The Color Purple. She earned immediate acclaim as Sofia, the distraught housewife. The following year Winfrey was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, but she lost to Anjelica Huston. Many believe this was due in part to the Academy's "anti-Spielberg" bias, thinking the film would have been better directed by an African-American. The Color Purple has now been made into a Broadway musical and opened late 2005, with Oprah credited as a producer.

In October 1998, Oprah produced and starred in the film Beloved, based upon Toni Morrison's Pulitzer Prize winning novel of the same name. To prepare for her role as Sethe, the protagonist and former slave, Oprah experienced a 24-hour simulation of the experience of slavery, which included being tied up and blindfolded and left alone in the woods. Critics said this would not even come close to the experience. In the run-up to filming, and in an attempt to break the only field she hadn't conquered -- film stardom -- Oprah lost a great deal of weight and underwent rejuvenative plastic surgery, becoming the Oprah that the public is now accustomed to seeing. However, despite major advertising, including two episodes of her talk show dedicated solely to the film, it opened to sour critical reviews and poor box-office results, losing approximately $30 million.

In 2005, Harpo Productions released another film adaptation of a famous American novel, Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937). The made-for-television film Their Eyes Were Watching God was based upon a teleplay by Suzan-Lori Parks, and starred Halle Berry in the lead female role.

Winfrey was the recipient of the first Bob Hope Humanitarian Award at the 2002 Emmy Awards for services to television and film. In 2004, Oprah and her team filmed and episode of her show entitled Oprah's Christmas Kindness, in which Oprah, her best friend Gail, Stedman, and some crew members travelled to South Africa to bring attention to the plight of young children affected by poverty and AIDS. During the 21-day whirlwind trip, Oprah and her crew visited schools and oprhanages in poverty-stricken areas, and at different set-up points in the areas they visited distributed christmas presents to 50,000 children, with dolls for the girls and soccer balls for the boys. In addition, each child was given a backpack full of school supplies and received two sets of school uniforms for their sex, two sets of socks, two sets of underwear, and a pair of shoes. Throughout the show, Oprah appealed to viewers to donate money to Oprah's Angel Network for poverty-stricken and AIDS-affected children in Africa, and she personally would oversee where that money is spent. From that show alone, viewers around the world donated over (US)$7,000,000.

Books and magazines

Winfrey publishes her own magazines, O, The Oprah Magazine and O at Home. She is also a prolific author.

Online

Oprah.com is a premiere women's lifestyle website, offering advice on everything from the mind, body and spirit to food, home and relationships. It provides comprehensive resources related to The Oprah Winfrey Show and exclusive interactive content based on O, The Oprah Magazine. In addition, the website has unique original content, including Oprah's Book Club, which offers free in-depth reading guides for each book selection, online discussion groups and Q&A sessions with literary experts. In 2003, Winfrey relaunched Oprah's Book Club with an online component and it quickly became the largest book club in the world, attracting more than 670,000 members. That same year, Oprah.com also launched Live Your Best Life, an interactive multimedia workshop based on her sold-out national speaking tour that features Oprah's personal life stories and life lessons along with a workbook of thought-provoking exercises.

Since then, Winfrey has also used Oprah.com to continue her crusade to help those in need and against pedophiles by raising over 3 million dollars for Katrina victims and helping to capture 3 convicted child predators. Oprah.com averages more than 100 million page views and more than three million users per month. The book club has since grown to over 800,000 members.

Future projects

Winfrey's latest television project will be developing and producing a new talk show for popular Food Network celebrity chef, Rachael Ray, which will begin airing sometime in 2006.

Recently, Winfrey has been interviewed several times by Anderson Cooper, with whom she has completed several side projects. This has fueled a rumour that Winfrey and Cooper are planning to make a movie together.

Personal life

Oprah Winfrey is believed to own a net worth over $1.3 billion USD according to the 2005 Forbes Magazine Issue. She currently lives on "The Promised Land", her 42 acre (170,000 m²) ocean view estate in Montecito, California, outside of Santa Barbara. Rumors state that Winfrey was at a party the previous owners were throwing and so fell in love with the estate that she was reported to have purchased it by writing a personal check for $50,000,000 USD, although it was not for sale. Winfrey also owns a house in Lavalette, New Jersey.

Winfrey has never married but it is widely assumed that she has lived with her partner Stedman Graham for almost twenty years. The relationship of Oprah and Stedman has been documented through the years with numerous romantic tabloid articles often accompanied by color spreads of the couple at home and on lavish vacations. While most people are convinced the relationship is genuine, some speculate that it is more likely a matter of public relations, and, in fact, Graham is the co-founder and owner of his own public relations firm.

Her celebrity status notwithstanding, the billionaire Winfrey served on the jury of a murder trial jury in 2004. The trial was held in Chicago, Illinois, and involved a man accused of murder after an argument over a counterfeit fifty-dollar bill. The jury voted to convict the man of murder.[5] [6]

In June 2005, Winfrey was allegedly denied access to the Hermès company's flagship store in Paris, France. Winfrey arrived fifteen minutes after the store's closing time, and the doors were locked while the last of the shoppers were being attended to. Winfrey felt she could enter the store after closing time, but when told that they were indeed closed, she claimed she was mistaken for a poor black woman and denied entrance because the store had been "having problems with North Africans lately." In September 2005, Hermès USA CEO Robert Chavez was a guest on The Oprah Winfrey Show and sincerely apologized for not catering to "O" on behalf of the store. In a later show, Winfrey changed her report of the event and no longer claimed she was denied entrance on account of her race.

On December 1, 2005, Oprah appeared on The Late Show with David Letterman to promote the new Broadway musical The Color Purple, of which she was a producer, joining the host for the first time in sixteen years. The episode was hailed by some as the "television event of the decade" and helped Letterman attract his largest audience in more than 11 years: 13.45 million viewers.[7] Although a much-rumored feud was said to have been the cause of the rift, both Winfrey and Letterman balked at such talk. "I want you to know, it's really over, whatever you thought was happening," said Winfrey.

In 1998, Oprah began Oprah's Angel Network, a charity aimed at encouraging people around the world to make a difference in the lives of underprivileged others. Accordingly, Oprah's Angel Network supports charitable projects and provides grants to nonprofit organizations around the world that share this vision. To date, Oprah's Angel Network has raised more than (US)$27,000,000. Oprah personally covers all administrative costs associated with the charity, so 100% of all funds raised go to charity programs. The Angel Network

Oprah's show is based in Chicago, Illinois, so she spends time there but otherwise resides in California. Reportedly, she has recently purchased several properties on Maui, Hawaii.

Influence

Winfrey's prominence as a media personality has led her to be highly influential, both intentionally and unwittingly.

In the late 1990s, Winfrey introduced a new segment on her television show: Oprah's Book Club. The segment focused on new books and classics, and often brought obscure novels to popular attention. The book club became such a powerful force that whenever Winfrey introduced a new book as her book-club selection, it instantly became a best-seller (known as the Oprah Effect); for example, when she selected the classic John Steinbeck novel East of Eden, it soared to the top of the book charts. Being recognized by Oprah often means a million additional book sales for an author.

The sign in front of Oprah Winfrey's Chicago based Harpo Studios.

Oprah's show often contributes to the fabric of American pop culture. Many of her guests have become instant celebrities.

Such heavy influence upon both America and the world has led many to become conscious of her effect on culture. Some feel as if Oprahs influence is irresponsible. Either way, there seems to be no slowing down for Oprah whose followers seem to support her no matter what. During a show about mad cow disease with Howard Lyman (aired on April 16, 1996), Winfrey exclaimed, "It has just stopped me cold from eating another burger!" Texas cattlemen sued her and Lyman in early 1998 for "false defamation of perishable food" and "business disparagement," claiming that Winfrey's remarks subsequently sent cattle prices tumbling, costing beef producers some USD$12 million. After a trial spanning over two months in an Amarillo, Texas court in the thick of cattle country, the jury found on February 26 that Winfrey was not guilty, did not act with malice, and was not liable for damages. After the trial, she received a postcard from Rosie O'Donnell reading, "Congratulations, you beat the meat!"

Criticism

Some believe there to be a gender bias in some of Winfrey's shows. Those about infidelity, for example, often focus either on cheating men or on cheated-on wives. Some critics say Winfrey makes inadequate reference to women who cheat or may only make cursory comments.

Oprah's Book Club has occasionally chosen books which have proven to be modestly controversial. Most notably, one of its attempted selectees, Jonathan Franzen objected to his book The Corrections being chosen, believing that its selection as an Oprah's Book Club book would demean his literary reputation. "She's picked some good books, but she's picked enough schmaltzy, one dimensional ones that I cringe. . ." he said in a www.Powells.com interview.

Oprah confronts James Frey, January 26, 2006

In a more recent controversy, Winfrey's selection of the drug rehab book A Million Little Pieces is under scrutiny, with the online publication The Smoking Gun arguing that its author James Frey is guilty of subterfuge and deceit in composing his allegedly autobiographical memoir. While Winfrey initially supported Frey, she reversed only ten days later, confronting him on her show with barely concealed outrage. She also expressed dismay with the publisher for not telling her about the embellishments. Winfrey removed the references to Frey's work on the main page of her webpage but left references in the Oprah's Book Club section earlier in the week.

It has also been noted that the occasions on which various guest celebrities on her show "reach out" and perform charitable acts (such as performing for sick children) seem to nearly always coincide with a release of a project in which they have a prominent role (such as starring in a movie or releasing a music album). Some have said that this trivializes and degrades the various causes they help by turning them into vessels for marketing and have even suggested that it verges on exploitation, especially when children are involved.

Winfrey is also charged with being too self-focused and also very insecure. For instance, Harpo Productions makes employees sign contracts prohibiting them from disclosing anything about their time employed with her. Many staffers have said off the record that she can be egotistical and difficult to work with.

Works

Television

  • Before Women Had Wings (1997) (also producer)
  • There Are No Children Here (1993)
  • Lincoln (1992) (documentary) (narrator)
  • Brewster Place (1990-1991)
  • The W Brewster Place (1989) (also executive producer)

Movies

  • Bee Movie (2007) (voice) (currently in pre-production)
  • Charlotte's Web (2006) (voice) (currently filming)
  • Emmanuel's Gift (2005) (documentary) (narrator)
  • Brothers of the Borderland (2004) (short subject) (narrator)
  • Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives (2003) (documentary) (narrator)
  • Beloved (1998)
  • The Lives of Quincy Jones (1990) (documentary)
  • Throw Momma from the Train (1987) (Cameo)
  • Native Son (1986)
  • The Color Purple (1985)

Books by Oprah

  • Make the Connection : Ten Steps to a Better Body and a Better Life, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1999; ISBN 0786882980.
  • Journey to Beloved, by Oprah Winfrey and Ken Regan, 1998; 0786864583.
  • The Uncommon Wisdom of Oprah Winfrey : A Portrait in Her Own Words, by Bill Adler (ed) and Oprah Winfrey, 1997; ISBN 1559724196.
  • A Journal of Daily Renewal : The Companion to Make the Connection, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1996; ISBN 0786882158.
  • In The Kitchen With Rosie: Oprah's Favorite Recipes, by Rosie Daley and Oprah Winfrey, 1994; ISBN 0679434046.

Books about Oprah

Oprah has many books written about her such as

The Gospel according to Oprah by Marcia Z. Nelson


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Nelson.
. The Gospel according to Oprah by Marcia Z. A recently proposed theory suggests that some earthquakes may occur in a sort of earthquake storm, where one earthquake will trigger a series of earthquakes each triggered by the previous shifts on the fault lines, similar to aftershocks, but occurring years later. Oprah has many books written about her such as. These oscillations of the earth are either due to the deformation of the Earth by tide caused by the Moon or the Sun, or other phenomena. Many staffers have said off the record that she can be egotistical and difficult to work with.
Another type of movement of the Earth is observed by terrestrial spectroscopy.

For instance, Harpo Productions makes employees sign contracts prohibiting them from disclosing anything about their time employed with her. Earthquakes such as these, that are caused by human activity, are referred to by the term induced seismicity. Winfrey is also charged with being too self-focused and also very insecure. Thus scientists have been able to monitor, using the tools of seismology, nuclear weapons tests performed by governments that were not disclosing information about these tests along normal channels. Some have said that this trivializes and degrades the various causes they help by turning them into vessels for marketing and have even suggested that it verges on exploitation, especially when children are involved. Finally, ground shaking can also result from the detonation of explosives. It has also been noted that the occasions on which various guest celebrities on her show "reach out" and perform charitable acts (such as performing for sick children) seem to nearly always coincide with a release of a project in which they have a prominent role (such as starring in a movie or releasing a music album). Earthquakes have also been known to be caused by the removal of natural gas from subsurface deposits, for instance in the northern Netherlands.

Winfrey removed the references to Frey's work on the main page of her webpage but left references in the Oprah's Book Club section earlier in the week. Such earthquakes occur because the strength of the Earth's crust can be modified by fluid pressure. She also expressed dismay with the publisher for not telling her about the embellishments. at certain geothermal power plants and at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal). While Winfrey initially supported Frey, she reversed only ten days later, confronting him on her show with barely concealed outrage. A rare few earthquakes have been associated with the build-up of large masses of water behind dams, such as the Kariba Dam in Zambia, Africa, and with the injection or extraction of fluids into the Earth's crust (e.g. In a more recent controversy, Winfrey's selection of the drug rehab book A Million Little Pieces is under scrutiny, with the online publication The Smoking Gun arguing that its author James Frey is guilty of subterfuge and deceit in composing his allegedly autobiographical memoir. Some earthquakes are also caused by the movement of magma in volcanoes, and such quakes can be an early warning of volcanic eruptions.

." he said in a www.Powells.com interview. Deep focus earthquakes, at depths of 100's km, are possibly generated as subducted lithospheric material catastrophically undergoes a phase transition since at the pressures and temperatures present at such depth elastic strain cannot be supported. "She's picked some good books, but she's picked enough schmaltzy, one dimensional ones that I cringe. Eventually when enough stress accumulates, the plates move, causing an earthquake. Most notably, one of its attempted selectees, Jonathan Franzen objected to his book The Corrections being chosen, believing that its selection as an Oprah's Book Club book would demean his literary reputation. Where these plates meet stress accumulates. Oprah's Book Club has occasionally chosen books which have proven to be modestly controversial. The Earth is made up of tectonic plates driven by the heat in the Earth's mantle and core.

Some critics say Winfrey makes inadequate reference to women who cheat or may only make cursory comments. Most earthquakes are powered by the release of the elastic strain that accumulate over time, typically, at the boundaries of the plates that make up the Earth's lithosphere via a process called Elastic-rebound theory. Those about infidelity, for example, often focus either on cheating men or on cheated-on wives. For example it has been calculated that the average recurrence for the United Kingdom can be described as follows:. Some believe there to be a gender bias in some of Winfrey's shows. Larger earthquakes occur less frequently than smaller earthquakes, the relationship being exponential, ie roughly ten times as many earthquakes larger than 4 occur in a particular time period than earthquakes larger than magnitude 5. After the trial, she received a postcard from Rosie O'Donnell reading, "Congratulations, you beat the meat!". As a result the moment magnitude (MW) scale was introduced by Hiroo Kanamori, which is comparable to the other magnitude scales but will not saturate at higher values.

After a trial spanning over two months in an Amarillo, Texas court in the thick of cattle country, the jury found on February 26 that Winfrey was not guilty, did not act with malice, and was not liable for damages. The values of moments for different earthquakes ranges over several order of magnitude. During a show about mad cow disease with Howard Lyman (aired on April 16, 1996), Winfrey exclaimed, "It has just stopped me cold from eating another burger!" Texas cattlemen sued her and Lyman in early 1998 for "false defamation of perishable food" and "business disparagement," claiming that Winfrey's remarks subsequently sent cattle prices tumbling, costing beef producers some USD$12 million. The seismic moment is calculated from seismograms but can also by obtained from geologic estimates of the size of the fault rupture and the displacement. Either way, there seems to be no slowing down for Oprah whose followers seem to support her no matter what. Seismologists now favor a measure called the seismic moment, related to the concept of moment in physics, to measure the size of a seismic source. Some feel as if Oprahs influence is irresponsible. They are still useful however as they can be rapidly calculated, there are catalogues of them dating back many years and are they are familiar to the public.

Such heavy influence upon both America and the world has led many to become conscious of her effect on culture. However as each is also based on the measurement of one part of the seismogram they do not measure the overall power of the source and can suffer from saturation at higher magnitude values (larger events fail to produce higher magnitude values).These scales are also empirical and as such there is no physical meaning to the values. Many of her guests have become instant celebrities. Each of these is scaled to gives values similar to the values given by the Richter scale. Oprah's show often contributes to the fabric of American pop culture. Other more recent Magnitude measurements include: body wave magnitude (mb), surface wave magnitude (Ms) and duration magnitude (MD). Being recognized by Oprah often means a million additional book sales for an author. It is obtained by measuring the maximum amplitude of a recording on a Wood-Anderson torsion seismometer (or one calibrated to it) at a distance of 600km from the earthquake.

The book club became such a powerful force that whenever Winfrey introduced a new book as her book-club selection, it instantly became a best-seller (known as the Oprah Effect); for example, when she selected the classic John Steinbeck novel East of Eden, it soared to the top of the book charts. This is known as the “Richter scale”, “Richter Magnitude” or “Local Magnitude” (ML). The segment focused on new books and classics, and often brought obscure novels to popular attention. Richter devised a simple numerical scale (which he called the magnitude) to describe the relative sizes of earthquakes in Southern California. In the late 1990s, Winfrey introduced a new segment on her television show: Oprah's Book Club. In the 1930s, a California seismologist named Charles F. Winfrey's prominence as a media personality has led her to be highly influential, both intentionally and unwittingly. The first attempt to qualitatively define one value to describe the size of earthquakes was the magnitude scale (the name being taking from similar formed scales used on the brightness of stars).

Reportedly, she has recently purchased several properties on Maui, Hawaii. If you feel an earthquake in the US you can report the effects to the USGS. Oprah's show is based in Chicago, Illinois, so she spends time there but otherwise resides in California. For some tasks related to engineering and local planning it is still useful for the very same reasons and thus still collected. The Angel Network. The problem with these scales is the measurement is subjective, often based on the worst damage in an area and influenced by local effects like site conditions that make it a poor measure for the relative size of different events in different places. Oprah personally covers all administrative costs associated with the charity, so 100% of all funds raised go to charity programs. No structural damage.

To date, Oprah's Angel Network has raised more than (US)$27,000,000. Damage is slight in poorly built buildings. Accordingly, Oprah's Angel Network supports charitable projects and provides grants to nonprofit organizations around the world that share this vision. Trees and bushes shake. In 1998, Oprah began Oprah's Angel Network, a charity aimed at encouraging people around the world to make a difference in the lives of underprivileged others. Plaster in walls might crack. "I want you to know, it's really over, whatever you thought was happening," said Winfrey. Furniture moves.

The episode was hailed by some as the "television event of the decade" and helped Letterman attract his largest audience in more than 11 years: 13.45 million viewers.[7] Although a much-rumored feud was said to have been the cause of the rift, both Winfrey and Letterman balked at such talk. Pictures fall off walls. On December 1, 2005, Oprah appeared on The Late Show with David Letterman to promote the new Broadway musical The Color Purple, of which she was a producer, joining the host for the first time in sixteen years. Objects fall from shelves. In a later show, Winfrey changed her report of the event and no longer claimed she was denied entrance on account of her race. People have trouble walking. Winfrey felt she could enter the store after closing time, but when told that they were indeed closed, she claimed she was mistaken for a poor black woman and denied entrance because the store had been "having problems with North Africans lately." In September 2005, Hermès USA CEO Robert Chavez was a guest on The Oprah Winfrey Show and sincerely apologized for not catering to "O" on behalf of the store. Everyone feels movement.

Winfrey arrived fifteen minutes after the store's closing time, and the doors were locked while the last of the shoppers were being attended to. The value 6 (normally denoted "VI") in the MM scale for example is:. In June 2005, Winfrey was allegedly denied access to the Hermès company's flagship store in Paris, France. These assign a numeric value (different for each scale) to a location based on the size of the shaking experienced there. The jury voted to convict the man of murder.[5] [6]. In the United States the Mercalli (or Modified Mercalli, MM) scale is commonly used, while Japan (shindo) and the EU (European Macroseismic Scale) each have their own scales. The trial was held in Chicago, Illinois, and involved a man accused of murder after an argument over a counterfeit fifty-dollar bill. The first method of quantifying earthquakes was intensity scales.

Her celebrity status notwithstanding, the billionaire Winfrey served on the jury of a murder trial jury in 2004. Earthquakes that occur below sea level and have large vertical displacements can give rise to tsunamis, either as a direct result of the deformation of the sea bed due to the earthquake or as a result of submarine landslips or "slides" directly or indirectly triggered by it. While most people are convinced the relationship is genuine, some speculate that it is more likely a matter of public relations, and, in fact, Graham is the co-founder and owner of his own public relations firm. Just as a large loudspeaker can produce a greater volume of sound than a smaller one, large faults are capable of higher magnitude earthquakes than smaller faults are. The relationship of Oprah and Stedman has been documented through the years with numerous romantic tabloid articles often accompanied by color spreads of the couple at home and on lavish vacations. The total size of the fault that slips, the rupture zone, can be as large as 1000 km, for the biggest earthquakes. Winfrey has never married but it is widely assumed that she has lived with her partner Stedman Graham for almost twenty years. The location on the surface directly above the hypocenter is known as the "epicenter".

Winfrey also owns a house in Lavalette, New Jersey. That point is called its "focus" or "hypocenter" and usually proves to be the point at which the fault slip was initiated. Rumors state that Winfrey was at a party the previous owners were throwing and so fell in love with the estate that she was reported to have purchased it by writing a personal check for $50,000,000 USD, although it was not for sale. Using such ground motion records from around the world it is possible to identify a point from which the earthquake's seismic waves appear to originate. She currently lives on "The Promised Land", her 42 acre (170,000 m²) ocean view estate in Montecito, California, outside of Santa Barbara. The Rayleigh waves from the Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake of 2004 caused ground motion of over 1 cm even at the seismometers that were located far from it, although this displacement was abnormally large. Oprah Winfrey is believed to own a net worth over $1.3 billion USD according to the 2005 Forbes Magazine Issue. Ground motions caused by very distant earthquakes are called teleseisms.

This has fueled a rumour that Winfrey and Cooper are planning to make a movie together. The power of an earthquake is distributed over a significant area, but in the case of large earthquakes, it can spread over the entire planet. Recently, Winfrey has been interviewed several times by Anderson Cooper, with whom she has completed several side projects. While almost all earthquakes have aftershocks, foreshocks are far less common occurring in only about 10% of events. Winfrey's latest television project will be developing and producing a new talk show for popular Food Network celebrity chef, Rachael Ray, which will begin airing sometime in 2006. Most large earthquakes are accompanied by other, smaller ones, that can occur either before or after the principal quake — these are known as foreshocks or aftershocks, respectively. The book club has since grown to over 800,000 members. S-waves (secondary or shear waves) and the two types of surfaces waves (Love waves and Rayleigh waves) are responsible for the shaking hazard.

Oprah.com averages more than 100 million page views and more than three million users per month. There are four types of seismic waves that are all generated simultaneously and can be felt on the ground. Since then, Winfrey has also used Oprah.com to continue her crusade to help those in need and against pedophiles by raising over 3 million dollars for Katrina victims and helping to capture 3 convicted child predators. In a particular earthquake, any of these agents of damage can dominate, and historically each has caused major damage and great loss of life, but for most of the earthquakes shaking is the dominant and most widespread cause of damage. That same year, Oprah.com also launched Live Your Best Life, an interactive multimedia workshop based on her sold-out national speaking tour that features Oprah's personal life stories and life lessons along with a workbook of thought-provoking exercises. liquefaction, landslide), and fire or a release of hazardous materials. In 2003, Winfrey relaunched Oprah's Book Club with an online component and it quickly became the largest book club in the world, attracting more than 670,000 members. Large earthquakes can cause serious destruction and massive loss of life through a variety of agents of damage, including fault rupture, vibratory ground motion (i.e., shaking), inundation (e.g., tsunami, seiche, dam failure), various kinds of permanent ground failure (e.g.

In addition, the website has unique original content, including Oprah's Book Club, which offers free in-depth reading guides for each book selection, online discussion groups and Q&A sessions with literary experts. Some deep earthquakes may be due to the transition of olivine to spinel, which is more stable in the deep mantle. It provides comprehensive resources related to The Oprah Winfrey Show and exclusive interactive content based on O, The Oprah Magazine. At subduction zones where plates descend into the mantle, earthquakes have been recorded to a depth of 600 km, although these deep earthquakes are caused by different mechanisms than the more common shallow events. Oprah.com is a premiere women's lifestyle website, offering advice on everything from the mind, body and spirit to food, home and relationships. Where the crust is thicker and colder they will occur at greater depths and the opposite in areas that are hot. She is also a prolific author. Most earthquakes occur in narrow regions around plate boundaries down to depths of a few tens of kilometres where the crust is rigid enough to support the elastic strain.

Winfrey publishes her own magazines, O, The Oprah Magazine and O at Home. Large numbers of earthquakes occur on a daily basis on Earth, but the majority of them are detected only by seismometers and cause no damage . From that show alone, viewers around the world donated over (US)$7,000,000. . Throughout the show, Oprah appealed to viewers to donate money to Oprah's Angel Network for poverty-stricken and AIDS-affected children in Africa, and she personally would oversee where that money is spent. Seismic waves including some strong enough to be felt by humans can also be caused by explosions (chemical or nuclear), landslides, and collapse of old mine shafts, though these sources are not strictly earthquakes. In addition, each child was given a backpack full of school supplies and received two sets of school uniforms for their sex, two sets of socks, two sets of underwear, and a pair of shoes. Most earthquakes are tectonic, but they also occur in volcanic regions and as the result of a number of anthropogenic sources, such as reservoir induced seismicity, mining and the removal or injection of fluids into the crust.

During the 21-day whirlwind trip, Oprah and her crew visited schools and oprhanages in poverty-stricken areas, and at different set-up points in the areas they visited distributed christmas presents to 50,000 children, with dolls for the girls and soccer balls for the boys. Earthquakes related to plate tectonics are called tectonic earthquakes. In 2004, Oprah and her team filmed and episode of her show entitled Oprah's Christmas Kindness, in which Oprah, her best friend Gail, Stedman, and some crew members travelled to South Africa to bring attention to the plight of young children affected by poverty and AIDS. Events located at plate boundaries are called interplate earthquakes; the less frequent events that occur in the interior of the lithospheric plates are called intraplate earthquakes (see, for example, New Madrid Seismic Zone). Winfrey was the recipient of the first Bob Hope Humanitarian Award at the 2002 Emmy Awards for services to television and film. The highest stress (and possible weakest zones) are most often found at the boundaries of the tectonic plates and hence these locations are where the majority of earthquakes occur. The made-for-television film Their Eyes Were Watching God was based upon a teleplay by Suzan-Lori Parks, and starred Halle Berry in the lead female role. Earthquakes occur where the stress resulting from the differential motion of these plates exceeds the strength of the crust.

In 2005, Harpo Productions released another film adaptation of a famous American novel, Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937). The Earth's lithosphere is a patch work of plates in slow but constant motion (see plate tectonics). However, despite major advertising, including two episodes of her talk show dedicated solely to the film, it opened to sour critical reviews and poor box-office results, losing approximately $30 million. The word earthquake is also widely used to indicate the source region itself. In the run-up to filming, and in an attempt to break the only field she hadn't conquered -- film stardom -- Oprah lost a great deal of weight and underwent rejuvenative plastic surgery, becoming the Oprah that the public is now accustomed to seeing. Earthquakes typically result from the movement of faults, planar zones of deformation within the Earth's upper crust. Critics said this would not even come close to the experience. Earthquakes result from the dynamic release of elastic strain energy that radiates seismic waves.

To prepare for her role as Sethe, the protagonist and former slave, Oprah experienced a 24-hour simulation of the experience of slavery, which included being tied up and blindfolded and left alone in the woods. An earthquake is a sudden and sometimes catastrophic movement of a part of the Earth's surface. In October 1998, Oprah produced and starred in the film Beloved, based upon Toni Morrison's Pulitzer Prize winning novel of the same name. Lake Tanganyika earthquake (2005). The Color Purple has now been made into a Broadway musical and opened late 2005, with Oprah credited as a producer. Many more at risk from the Kashmiri winter. Many believe this was due in part to the Academy's "anti-Spielberg" bias, thinking the film would have been better directed by an African-American. Killed over 79,000 people.

The following year Winfrey was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, but she lost to Anjelica Huston. Kashmir earthquake (2005). She earned immediate acclaim as Sofia, the distraught housewife. Fukuoka earthquake (2005). In 1985, Winfrey co-starred in Steven Spielberg's epic adaptation of Alice Walker's award-winning novel The Color Purple. Sumatran Earthquake (2005). She is also the president of Harpo Productions (Oprah spelled backwards). Triggered a tsunami which caused nearly 300,000 deaths spanning several countries.

As well as hosting and appearing on television shows, Winfrey co-founded the women's cable television network Oxygen. Epicenter off the coast of the Indonesian island Sumatra. An unofficial Oprah fanclub, also organized a petition drive [4] in 2005, to nominate Oprah for the Nobel Peace Prize. One of the largest earthquakes ever recorded at 9.0. 23, 2004 by E!. Indian Ocean Earthquake (2004). The concert was broadcasted in the United States on Dec. Chuetsu Earthquake (2004).

There were musical performances by Patti Labelle, Andrea Bocelli, Joss Stone, Chris Botti, Diana Krall, Tony Bennett and others. Not large (6.0), but the most anticipated and intensely instrumented earthquake ever recorded and likely to offer insights into predicting future earthquakes elsewhere on similar slip-strike fault structures. The 2004 Nobel Peace Prize Concert was hosted by Oprah and Tom Cruise. Parkfield, California earthquake (2004). [3]. Bam Earthquake (2003). She plans to host 140 episodes per season, until her final season, when it will return to its current number, 130. Dudley Earthquake (2002).

Winfrey recently made a deal to extend her show until the 2010 – 2011 season, by which time it will have been on the air for twenty-five years. Gujarat Earthquake (2001). During the show each member of the audience received a new Pontiac G6 Sedan; the 276 cars were donated by Pontiac as part of a publicity stunt. Nisqually Earthquake (2001). Perhaps Oprah's most famous recent show was the first episode of the nineteenth season of The Oprah Winfrey Show in the fall of 2004. Chi-Chi earthquake (1999). Phil, in 2004, which is produced by Winfrey's production company, Harpo Productions. Düzce earthquake (1999).

McGraw appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show for several years before launching his own show, Dr. İzmit earthquake (1999) Killed over 17,000 in northwestern Turkey. He accepted the invitation and was a resounding success. Killed over 6,400 people in and around Kobe, Japan. Phil made such an impression on Winfrey that she invited him to appear on her show. Great Hanshin earthquake (1995). Dr. Damage showed seismic resistance deficiencies in modern low-rise apartment construction.

to help her analyze and read the jury. Northridge, California earthquake (1994). Phil McGraw's company Courtroom Sciences, Inc. Revealed necessity of accelerated seismic retrofit of road and bridge structures. During a lawsuit against Winfrey (see Influence), she hired Dr. Severely affecting Santa Cruz, San Francisco and Oakland in California. As well as the hour-long regular show, she tapes informal discussions or Q&A sessions with celebrity guests after the show, which are broadcast as Oprah After The Show on her Oxygen network. Loma Prieta earthquake (1989).

Oprah's trademark in recent years has been her "Wildest Dreams" tour, which fulfills the dreams of many deserving people, be it a new house, an encounter with a favourite performer, or a guest role on a popular TV show, who have been reported to her producers by loving friends and family. Killed over 25,000. Oprah frequently features the plight of others around the world in her show, and uses the show to promote charitable causes. Armenian earthquake (1988). She often interviews celebrities or other issues that involve the celebrity in some way, such as cancer, charity work, or substance abuse, although more often she focuses on ordinary people that have done extraordinary things or been involved in important current issues. Whittier Narrows earthquake (1987). She overcame numerous difficulties in her childhood, including sexual abuse, which has made her want to be an advocate for children as well as women. 8.1 on the Richter Scale, killed over 6,500 people (though it is believed as many as 30,000 may have died, due to missing people never reappearing.).

The Oprah Winfrey Show is extremely successful and popular, in large part due to the fact that Oprah is able to relate to her audience. Great Mexican Earthquake (1985). Winfrey began to do a lot of charity work, and her show featured people suffering from poverty or the victims of unfortunate accidents. The official death toll was 255,000, but many experts believe that two or three times that number died. By the mid-1990s the shows adopted a more serious format, addressing issues that Winfrey thought were of direct importance and of crucial consequence to women. The most destructive earthquake of modern times. Originally, the show followed traditional talk show formats. Tangshan earthquake (1976).

With Winfrey as the host, the show was so successful that it was renamed The Oprah Winfrey Show, expanded to a full hour, and broadcast nationally beginning September 8, 1986. Caused great and unexpected destruction of freeway bridges and flyways in the San Fernando Valley, leading to the first major seismic retrofits of these types of structures, but not at a sufficient pace to avoid the next California freeway collapse in 1989. Her first episode aired on January 2, 1984. Sylmar earthquake (1971). In 1983, Winfrey relocated to Chicago, Illinois to host WLS-TV's low-rated half-hour morning talk show, AM Chicago. Caused a landslide that buried the town of Yungay, Peru; killed over 40,000 people. She was then recruited to join Richard Sher as co-host of WJZ's local talk show, People Are Talking, which premiered on August 14, 1978. Ancash earthquake (1970).

She moved to Baltimore's WJZ-TV in 1976 to co-anchor the six o'clock news. Good Friday Earthquake (1964) Alaskan earthquake. Working in local media, she was both the youngest news anchor and the first black female news anchor at Nashville's WTVF-TV. Biggest earthquake ever recorded, 9.5 on Moment magnitude scale. But her true media career began at age seventeen, working at her high school radio show. Great Chilean Earthquake (1960). In her youth she played games interviewing her corncob doll and the crows on the fence of her family's property. Kamchatka earthquakes (1952 and 1737).

Winfrey's grandmother has said that ever since Oprah could talk, she was "on stage". On the Japanese island of Honshu, killing over 140,000 in Tokyo and environs. At age 18, Winfrey won the Miss Black Tennessee beauty pageant. Great Kanto earthquake (1923). Winfrey became an honors student and received a full scholarship to Tennessee State University, a historically Black institution, where she studied communications. San Francisco Earthquake (1906). Vernon was strict but encouraging, and made her education a priority. Largest earthquake in the Southeast and killed 100.

Winfrey gave birth to a premature boy who soon died. Charleston earthquake (1886). Oprah became progressively sexually premiscuous, and at age 14, she became pregnant and her mother sent her to live in better conditions with her father, Vernon, in Nashville, Tennessee. Fort Tejon Earthquake (1857). Oprah was raped at age 9, and was repeatedly molested by her mother's cousin's boyfriend. New Madrid Earthquake (1811). While there, she suffered abuse from her comparitively darker skin, such as being forced to sleep on the porch in the cold and other forms of verbal abuse based on her features. Lisbon earthquake (1755).

At age six, Winfrey moved in with her mother, who was less supportive and encouraging than her grandmother. Kamchatka earthquakes (1737 and 1952). As a child, Oprah showed signs of extraordinary intelligence and drive, such as learning to read at age two. Cascadia Earthquake (1700). Winfrey's grandmother taught her to read and took her to the local church, where she was nicknamed "The Preacher" for her ability to recite Bible verses. Deadliest known earthquake in history, estimated to have killed 830,000 in China. After Winfrey was born, her mother travelled north for better job opportunities, and Winfrey spent her first six years living with her grandmother. Shaanxi Earthquake (1556).

Her parents were unmarried and still teenagers when Oprah was born. San Andreas Fault. Her mother, Vernita Lee, was a housemaid, and her father, Vernon Winfrey, a coal miner and later a barber. New Madrid Fault Zone. The name on Winfrey's birth certificate is Orpah, after the Moabite woman in the Old Testament Book of Ruth, but her family and neighbours would often transpose the R and the P when pronouncing and writing her name; as a result, Oprah eventually became her accepted name. North Anatolian Fault Zone. Winfrey was born Orpah Winfrey in Kosciusko, Mississippi to a moderately wealthy, Baptist family. Hayward Fault Zone.

. Calaveras Fault. She is currently ranked as the most powerful celebrity by Forbes magazine[1] as well as the ninth most powerful woman in the world.[2]She is the first African-American woman to become a billionaire. Alpine Fault. She is currently involved in many business ventures, but is most identified with her massively popular and eponymous talk show. Earthquake prediction. She is one of the most successful entrepreneurs and television personalities in the world. Seismic retrofit.

Oprah Winfrey (born January 29, 1954) is an American talk show host and an Academy Award nominated actress. Household seismic safety. In The Kitchen With Rosie: Oprah's Favorite Recipes, by Rosie Daley and Oprah Winfrey, 1994; ISBN 0679434046. Emergency preparedness. A Journal of Daily Renewal : The Companion to Make the Connection, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1996; ISBN 0786882158. an earthquake of 5.6 or larger every 100 years. The Uncommon Wisdom of Oprah Winfrey : A Portrait in Her Own Words, by Bill Adler (ed) and Oprah Winfrey, 1997; ISBN 1559724196. an earthquake of 4.7 or larger every 10 years.

Journey to Beloved, by Oprah Winfrey and Ken Regan, 1998; 0786864583. an earthquake of 3.7 or larger every 1 year. Make the Connection : Ten Steps to a Better Body and a Better Life, by Bob Greene and Oprah Winfrey, 1999; ISBN 0786882980. The Color Purple (1985). Native Son (1986).

Throw Momma from the Train (1987) (Cameo). The Lives of Quincy Jones (1990) (documentary). Beloved (1998). Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives (2003) (documentary) (narrator).

Brothers of the Borderland (2004) (short subject) (narrator). Emmanuel's Gift (2005) (documentary) (narrator). Charlotte's Web (2006) (voice) (currently filming). Bee Movie (2007) (voice) (currently in pre-production).

The W Brewster Place (1989) (also executive producer). Brewster Place (1990-1991). Lincoln (1992) (documentary) (narrator). There Are No Children Here (1993).

Before Women Had Wings (1997) (also producer).

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