Microsoft Office

Microsoft Office is a suite of productivity programs created by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows and Apple Macintosh operating systems. As well as the office applications, it includes associated servers and Web-based services. Recent versions of Office are now called the 'Office System' rather than the 'Office Suite' to reflect the fact that they include Servers as well.

Office made its first appearance in the early '90s, and was initially a marketing term for a bundled set of applications that were previously marketed and sold separately. The main selling point was that buying the bundle was substantially cheaper than buying each of the individual applications on their own. The first version of Office contained Word, Excel and Powerpoint. Additionally, a "Pro" version of Office included Microsoft Access and Schedule Plus. Over the years the Office applications have grown substantially closer together from a technical standpoint, sharing features such as a common spell checker, OLE data integration and the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications scripting language. In recent years, Microsoft has attempted to position Office as a development platform in its own right, but has had mixed results with this.

Office is currently the most popular office suite in the world and considered to be the de facto standard for productivity programs, although its market share is currently decreasing with the rise of viable free and open source alternatives. It has certain features not present in other suites, and other programs have capabilities Office lacks. The next version, 12.0, will have a radically different user interface from the older versions.


Office programs

These programs are included in all editions of Microsoft Office 2003, except Microsoft Office Basic Edition 2003. Microsoft Office Basic Edition includes Word, Excel and Outlook only.

Office Word

Microsoft Word is a word processor. It is considered to be the main program of Office. It possesses a dominant market share in the word processor market. Its proprietary DOC format is considered a de facto standard, although its most recent version, Word 11.0/2003, also supports an XML-based format. Word is also available in some editions of Microsoft Works. It is available for the Windows and Macintosh platforms. Its main competitors are OpenOffice.org Writer, StarOffice, Corel WordPerfect, Apple Pages and AbiWord.

Office Excel

Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet program. Like Microsoft Word, it possesses a dominant market share. It was originally a competitor to the dominant Lotus 1-2-3 but it eventually outsold it and became the de facto standard. It is available for the Windows and Macintosh platforms. Its main competitors are OpenOffice.org Calc, StarOffice, Corel Quattro Pro and Gnumeric. SPSS is often used for advanced statistical applications.

Office Outlook

Microsoft Outlook, not to be confused with Outlook Express, is a personal information manager and e-mail communication software. The replacement for Microsoft Mail starting in the 1997 version of Office, it includes an e-mail client, calendar, task manager and address book. Its e-mail program's main competitors are Mozilla Thunderbird/Mozilla, and Eudora. Its personal information manager's main competitors are Mozilla, Lotus Organizer, and Novell Evolution. It is available for Windows; a version is also included with most Pocket PC handhelds. Its Macintosh equivalent is Microsoft Entourage.

Office PowerPoint

Microsoft PowerPoint is a popular presentation program for Windows and Macintosh. It is used to create slideshows, composed of text, graphics, movies and other objects, which can be displayed on-screen and navigated through by the presenter or printed out on transparencies or slides. Windows Mobile 2005 (Magneto) will have a version of this program. It possesses a dominant market share. Its main competitors are OpenOffice.org Impress, Corel WordPerfect and Apple Keynote.

Other programs included in the Windows versions

An office dinosaur, as depicted in a Microsoft Office ad encouraging businesses to update.
  • Microsoft Access – database manager. For the 2003 version, included in Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2003, and Microsoft Office Professional Enterprise Edition 2003.
  • Microsoft InfoPath – application that enables users to design rich XML-based forms. Included in Microsoft Office Professional Enterprise Edition 2003.
  • Microsoft Publisher – Desktop publishing software. For the 2003 version, included in Microsoft Office Small Business Edition 2003, Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2003, and Microsoft Office Professional Enterprise Edition 2003.
  • Microsoft FrontPage – web design software (also requires its own server program). Offered only as a stand-alone program for the 2003 version (not part of the office suite).
  • Microsoft Visio – diagram software.
  • Microsoft Office Picture Manager – basic photo management software (similar to a basic version of Google's Picasa or Adobe's Photoshop Elements).
  • Microsoft Photo Editor – photo editing/raster graphics software in older Office versions, and again in XP. It was temporarily supplemented by Microsoft PhotoDraw in Office 2000 Premium edition.
  • Microsoft Project – project manager.
  • Microsoft OneNote – note taking software for use with tablet PCs or regular PCs.
  • Microsoft Office Communicator 2005 - [1]
  • Developer Tools – (included only with developer editions)

Other programs included in the Mac versions

  • Microsoft Entourage – Personal information manager and communication software for Macintosh only (similar to Outlook).
  • Virtual PC – Emulates a standard PC and its hardware. Included with Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2004

Web services associated with Microsoft Office

  • Microsoft Update – Web site. Similar to Windows Update, but also encompasses other Microsoft applications.
  • Microsoft Office Live – Web service. An online Office suite as part of Microsoft's Windows Live initiative.
  • Microsoft Office Online – Web site. Included in all versions of Microsoft Office 2003.
  • Microsoft Office Update – Web site. Patch detection and installation service for Office 2000, XP, and 2003. - [2]

Older programs no longer included

  • Microsoft Binder – incorporates several documents into one file.
  • Microsoft Schedule Plus – released with Office 95. It featured a Planner, To do list, and Contact Information. Its functions were incorporated into Microsoft Outlook.
  • Microsoft Mail – mail client (in old versions of Office, later replaced by Microsoft Outlook).
  • Microsoft Outlook Express – mail client (in Office 98 Macintosh Edition, later replaced by Microsoft Entourage).
  • Microsoft Vizact 2000 – a program that "activated" documents using HTML, adding effects such as animation. The main reason for its unpopularity was because many people had no idea what it did by looking at its box alone, and therefore did not buy it.

Since 1997 Office has included Office Assistant, a system that uses animated characters to offer unrequested context-sensitive suggestions to users and access to relevant parts of the help system. Intended to make the software less intimidating to new users, it is typically disabled by experienced users. The Assistant is often dubbed "Clippy" or "Clippit," due to its default to a paperclip character, coded as CLIPPIT.ACS. The Assistant is the main use of Microsoft Agent technology.

Also, beginning with Macintosh Office 4.2, the Macintosh and Windows versions of Office share the same file format. Consequently, any Macintosh with Office 4.2 or later can read documents created with Windows Office 4.2 or later, and vice-versa.

Office 11.0/2003 introduced a new, optional file format for the entire suite, built on XML technology. Office X for Mac is also built to handle this file format.

Other related companion servers

  • Microsoft Office Live Communications Server - real time communications server
  • Microsoft Office Project Server - project management server
  • Microsoft Office SharePoint Portal Server collaboration server

Editions

The Windows version of Microsoft Office 11.0/2003 is available in six editions: (Please note that for the most part, pricing reflects installation on only a single computer.)

  • Microsoft Office Student and Teacher Edition 11.0/2003 (MSRP New User Price $149 US)
  • Microsoft Office Basic Edition 11.0/2003 (bundled with new computers only)
  • Microsoft Office Standard Edition 11.0/2003 (MSRP New User Price $399 US; Upgrade Price $239 US)
  • Microsoft Office Small Business Edition 11.0/2003 (MSRP New User Price $449 US; Upgrade Price $279 US)
  • Microsoft Office Professional Edition 11.0/2003 (MSRP New User Price $499 US; Upgrade Price $329 US)
  • Microsoft Office Professional Enterprise Edition 11.0/2003 (volume licensing only)

The Macintosh version, Microsoft Office for Mac 2004, is available in three editions. All include Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Entourage. They are identical except for pricing and the inclusion of Virtual PC in the Professional Edition.

  • Office for Mac 2004 Standard Edition (MSRP New User Price $399 US; Upgrade Price $239 US)
  • Office for Mac 2004 Student and Teacher Edition (MSRP New User Price $149 US)
  • Office for Mac 2004 Professional Edition (MSRP New User Price $499 US; Upgrade Price $329 US)

Pricing as of April 9, 2005 [3] [4]

Cross-platform use

Microsoft develops Office primarily for Windows and secondarily for Macintosh. However, most versions of the suite can also be run on Unix-like operating systems through the use of a compatibility layer such as CrossOver Office or WINE.

The older, simpler versions tend to run considerably better on WINE than newer ones. However, all versions are known to work to some extent.

Versions

Major Microsoft Windows versions

  • Office 3.0 (CD-ROM version: Word 2.0c, Excel 4.0a, PowerPoint 3.0, Mail) - released August 30, 1992 (repackaged as Office 92)
  • Office 4.0 (Word 6.0, Excel 4.0, PowerPoint 3.0) - released January 17, 1994
  • Office for NT 4.2 (Word 6.0 [32-bit, i386 and Alpha], Excel 5.0 [32-bit, i386 and Alpha], PowerPoint 4.0 [16-bit], "Microsoft Office Manager") - released July 3, 1994
  • Office 4.3 (The last 16-bit version; Word 6.0, Excel 5.0, PowerPoint 4.0 and in the pro version: Access 2.0) - released June 2, 1994
  • Office 7.0/'95 (Word '95, etc.) - released August 30, 1995
  • Office 8.0/'97 (Word '97, etc.) - released December 30, 1996 (was published on CD-ROM as well as on a set of 45 3½-inch floppy disks)
  • Office 9.0/2000 (Word 2000, etc.) - released January 27, 1999
  • Office 10.0/2002/XP (Word 2002, etc.) - released May 31, 2001
  • Office 11.0/2003 (Word 2003, etc.) - released November 17, 2003
  • Office 12.0 - due to be released simultaneously, or near simultaneously with Windows Vista, Microsoft's next major consumer operating system.

There are variants of more recent versions such as Small Business Edition, Student and Teacher Edition, Professional Edition and Developer Edition with different collections of applications and pricing points.

Apple Macintosh versions

  • Office 1 (Word 3, etc.) - released 1990
  • Office 2 (Word 4, etc.) - released 1992
  • Office 3 (Word 5, etc.) - released 1993
  • Office 4.2 (The first Power Mac-aware version; Word 6.0, etc.) - released June 2, 1994
  • Office 98 (Word 98, etc.) - released March 15, 1998
  • Office 2001 (Word 2001, etc.) - released October 11, 2000
  • Office v.X (The first Mac OS X/Aqua edition; Word X, etc.) - released November 19, 2001
  • Office 2004 (Word 2004, etc.) - released May 11, 2004

Add ins

A major feature of applications in the Office suite is the ability for users and third party companies to write Office COM add-ins. Component Object Model (COM) add-ins are supplemental programs that extend the capabilities of an application by adding custom commands and specialized features that can accommodate specific tasks.

Trivia

Screenshot of Word 97 running on Windows NT 3.51

For some reason, most versions of Microsoft Office (including 97 and later, and possibly 4.3) use their own widget set, and as a result do not exactly match the native operating system.

Whereas Windows uses "Service Packs", Office used to release "Service Releases". However, after Office 2000 Service Release 1, Office releases only Service Packs. Service Releases are not cumulative (i.e. it is necessary to install each release in turn) whereas Service Packs are. This means that any copy of the original Office 2000 ("RTM" or "Gold" in Microsoft documentation) requires Service Release 1 to be installed before a Service Pack can be installed.

Alternatives

There are also several alternative office suites available, including:

  • OpenOffice.org, a completely free and open-source suite available for download to Windows, Linux, and Macintosh users. It includes practically full compatibility with Microsoft Office (with the exception of lack of full support for Microsoft Office Publisher (pub) files and a lack of a mail client à la Microsoft Office Outlook, however, there are many alternative mail clients to choose from.)
    • NeoOffice, an open-source OpenOffice.org port for Mac OS X that integrates into its Aqua interface.
    • StarOffice, based on the OpenOffice code.
  • Corel's WordPerfect Office.
  • iWork, Apple's Mac-only office suite. Includes Pages, for word-processing, and Keynote, for presentations.
  • KOffice, an open-source office suite which is part of the KDE Desktop Environment.
  • GNOME Office, a loosely coupled group of open-source applications including Abiword and Gnumeric, which is targetted for the GNOME desktop environment.
  • Lotus SmartSuite, provided by IBM contains a word-processing program called Word Pro, spreadsheet program called Lotus 1-2-3, a program similar to Microsoft's PowerPoint, Lotus Freelance Graphics and a database program called Lotus Approach. Lotus Notes provides the email/PIM portion of the Lotus offering.
  • ThinkFree Office, a free web-based alternative office suite. It is almost fully compatible with Microsoft Office files.

Microsoft Office Converters and Viewers, provided by Microsoft. It is not designed to replace MS Office, and has only compatibilities of reading Office files. It is for Windows, free-of-charge. [5]


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[5]. In Canada, the Thanksgiving in the United States is sometimes referred to as Yanksgiving to distinguish it from the Canadian holiday (Yank being a nickname for a resident of the U.S.). It is for Windows, free-of-charge. These nicknames include:. It is not designed to replace MS Office, and has only compatibilities of reading Office files. In certain parts of the United States, the name for Thanksgiving can be shortened or changed. Microsoft Office Converters and Viewers, provided by Microsoft. A very similar dinner is often served on Christmas.

There are also several alternative office suites available, including:. Those of the vegetarian or vegan persuasion have been known to come up with alternative entree centerpieces such as a large vegetable pie or a stuffed and baked pumpkin. This means that any copy of the original Office 2000 ("RTM" or "Gold" in Microsoft documentation) requires Service Release 1 to be installed before a Service Pack can be installed. Irish-Americans have been known sometimes to substitute the turkey with prime rib of beef. it is necessary to install each release in turn) whereas Service Packs are. For example, Italian-Americans often have lasagna on the table and Ashkenazi Jews may serve noodle kugel, a sweet pudding. Service Releases are not cumulative (i.e. Other dishes reflect the region or cultural background of those who have come together for the meal.

However, after Office 2000 Service Release 1, Office releases only Service Packs. These eating patterns are very similar in Canada. Whereas Windows uses "Service Packs", Office used to release "Service Releases". One or several of the following may be added: oysters, apples, chestnuts, raisins, celery and/or other vegetables, sausage or the turkey's giblets. For some reason, most versions of Microsoft Office (including 97 and later, and possibly 4.3) use their own widget set, and as a result do not exactly match the native operating system. Southerners generally make theirs from cornbread, while in other parts of the country white bread is the base. Component Object Model (COM) add-ins are supplemental programs that extend the capabilities of an application by adding custom commands and specialized features that can accommodate specific tasks. There are also regional differences as to the "stuffing" (or "dressing") traditionally served with the turkey.

A major feature of applications in the Office suite is the ability for users and third party companies to write Office COM add-ins. For dessert, various pies are served, particularly pumpkin pie, apple pie and pecan pie. There are variants of more recent versions such as Small Business Edition, Student and Teacher Edition, Professional Edition and Developer Edition with different collections of applications and pricing points. Other commonly served dishes include sweet potatoes, mashed potatoes, green beans or green bean casserole, and a Waldorf salad. However, all versions are known to work to some extent. Many Americans would say it's "incomplete" without cranberry sauce, stuffing, and gravy. The older, simpler versions tend to run considerably better on WINE than newer ones. Traditional Thanksgiving foods are sometimes specific to the day, and although some of the foods might be seen at any semi-formal meal in the United States, the meal often has something of a ritual or traditional quality.

However, most versions of the suite can also be run on Unix-like operating systems through the use of a compatibility layer such as CrossOver Office or WINE. Many other foods are served alongside the main dish—so many that, because of the amount of food, the Thanksgiving meal is sometimes served midday or early afternoon to make time for all the eating, and preparation may begin at the crack of dawn or days before. Microsoft develops Office primarily for Windows and secondarily for Macintosh. Vegetarians or vegans may try tofurkey, a tofu based dish with imitation turkey flavor. Pricing as of April 9, 2005 [3] [4]. Sometimes a variant recipe for cooking turkey could be used, for example a Chinese recipe for goose could be used on the similarly-sized American bird. They are identical except for pricing and the inclusion of Virtual PC in the Professional Edition. On the West Coast of the United States, Dungeness crab is common as an alternate main dish, as crab season starts in early November.

All include Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Entourage. Goose and duck, foods which were traditional European centerpieces of Christmas dinners before being displaced by ham, are now ironically sometimes served in place of the Thanksgiving turkey. The Macintosh version, Microsoft Office for Mac 2004, is available in three editions. Foods other than turkey are sometimes served as the main dish for a Thanksgiving dinner. The Windows version of Microsoft Office 11.0/2003 is available in six editions: (Please note that for the most part, pricing reflects installation on only a single computer.). Deep-fried turkey is rising in popularity as well, requiring special fryers to hold the large bird, and reportedly leading to fires and bad burns. Office X for Mac is also built to handle this file format. Turducken, a turkey stuffed with a duck stuffed with a chicken, is becoming more popular, from its base in Louisiana.

Office 11.0/2003 introduced a new, optional file format for the entire suite, built on XML technology. The USDA estimated that 269 million turkeys were raised in the country in 2003, about one-sixth of which were destined for a Thanksgiving dinner plate. Consequently, any Macintosh with Office 4.2 or later can read documents created with Windows Office 4.2 or later, and vice-versa. Because turkey is the most common main dish of a Thanksgiving dinner, Thanksgiving is sometimes colloquially called Turkey Day. Also, beginning with Macintosh Office 4.2, the Macintosh and Windows versions of Office share the same file format. The centerpiece of contemporary Thanksgiving in the United States and Canada is a large meal, starring a large roasted turkey. The Assistant is the main use of Microsoft Agent technology. British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.

The Assistant is often dubbed "Clippy" or "Clippit," due to its default to a paperclip character, coded as CLIPPIT.ACS. Thanksgiving is a statutory holiday in New Brunswick. Intended to make the software less intimidating to new users, it is typically disabled by experienced users. downtown Toronto - Eaton Center) are allowed to conduct business with shorter business hours. Since 1997 Office has included Office Assistant, a system that uses animated characters to offer unrequested context-sensitive suggestions to users and access to relevant parts of the help system. Only designated tourist areas (e.g. Its main competitors are OpenOffice.org Impress, Corel WordPerfect and Apple Keynote. Thanksgiving in Ontario is a public holiday, which means most stores and business are closed for the day.

It possesses a dominant market share. In 1957, it was proclaimed by the Government of Canada that Thanksgiving for an abundant harvest was to be observed on the second Monday in October for every year thereafter. Windows Mobile 2005 (Magneto) will have a version of this program. Every year prior to 1957, parliament proclaimed the date annually, resulting in the date being different annually. It is used to create slideshows, composed of text, graphics, movies and other objects, which can be displayed on-screen and navigated through by the presenter or printed out on transparencies or slides. Official records do not show that Thanksgiving was observed again until the year when parliament declared Thanksgiving to be an annual national holiday to give thanks and ask for blessings for an abundant harvest. Microsoft PowerPoint is a popular presentation program for Windows and Macintosh. The first Thanksgiving Day in Canada after Confederation was observed on April 5, 1872 to celebrate the recovery of the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) from a serious illness.

Its Macintosh equivalent is Microsoft Entourage. Canadians trace the holiday to a feast held by Martin Frobisher in Newfoundland in 1578. It is available for Windows; a version is also included with most Pocket PC handhelds. Since 1970, a group of Native Americans and others have held a controversial National Day of Mourning protest on Thanksgiving at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Its personal information manager's main competitors are Mozilla, Lotus Organizer, and Novell Evolution. In 2005, they were named Marshmallow and Yam; 2004's turkeys were named Biscuit and Gravy; in 2003, Stars and Stripes. Its e-mail program's main competitors are Mozilla Thunderbird/Mozilla, and Eudora. Since 2003 the public has been invited to vote for the two turkeys' names.

The replacement for Microsoft Mail starting in the 1997 version of Office, it includes an e-mail client, calendar, task manager and address book. In more recent years, two turkeys have been pardoned, in case the original turkey becomes unavailable for presidential pardoning. Microsoft Outlook, not to be confused with Outlook Express, is a personal information manager and e-mail communication software. Both stories have been quoted in more recent presidential speeches. SPSS is often used for advanced statistical applications. Still others claim that that the tradition dates back to Abraham Lincoln pardoning his son's pet turkey. Its main competitors are OpenOffice.org Calc, StarOffice, Corel Quattro Pro and Gnumeric. While it is commonly held that this tradition began with Harry Truman in 1947, the Truman Library has been unable to find any evidence for this.

It is available for the Windows and Macintosh platforms. The live turkey is pardoned and lives out the rest of its days on a peaceful farm. It was originally a competitor to the dominant Lotus 1-2-3 but it eventually outsold it and became the de facto standard. Since 1947, or possibly earlier, the National Turkey Federation has presented the President of the United States with one live turkey and two dressed turkeys. Like Microsoft Word, it possesses a dominant market share. law. Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet program. On November 26 that year President Roosevelt signed this bill into U.S.

Its main competitors are OpenOffice.org Writer, StarOffice, Corel WordPerfect, Apple Pages and AbiWord. Congress in 1941 split the difference and established that the Thanksgiving would occur annually on the fourth Thursday of November, which was sometimes the last Thursday and sometimes the next to last. It is available for the Windows and Macintosh platforms. The U.S. Word is also available in some editions of Microsoft Works. Roosevelt persisted in 1940 to celebrate his "Franksgiving," as it was termed. Its proprietary DOC format is considered a de facto standard, although its most recent version, Word 11.0/2003, also supports an XML-based format. Other states, like Texas, could not decide and took both weeks as government holidays.

It possesses a dominant market share in the word processor market. However, Roosevelt's declaration was not mandatory; twenty-three states went along with this recommendation, and 22 did not. It is considered to be the main program of Office. At the time, it was considered inappropriate to advertise goods for Christmas until after Thanksgiving. Microsoft Word is a word processor. Increasing profits and spending during this period, Roosevelt hoped, would aid bringing the country out of the Depression. Microsoft Office Basic Edition includes Word, Excel and Outlook only. With the country still in the midst of The Great Depression, Roosevelt thought this would give merchants a longer period to sell goods before Christmas.

These programs are included in all editions of Microsoft Office 2003, except Microsoft Office Basic Edition 2003. Roosevelt declared that Thanksgiving would be the next to last Thursday of November rather than the last. . In 1939, President Franklin D.
. Since 1863, Thanksgiving has been observed annually in the United States. The next version, 12.0, will have a radically different user interface from the older versions. In the middle of the Civil War, prompted by a series of editorials written by Sarah Josepha Hale, the last of which appeared in the September 1863 issue of Godey's Lady's Book, President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day, to be celebrated on the final Thursday in November 1863:.

It has certain features not present in other suites, and other programs have capabilities Office lacks. In some of the Southern states there was opposition to the observance of such a day on the ground that it was a relic of Puritanic bigotry, but by 1858 proclamations appointing a day of thanksgiving were issued by the governors of 25 states and two Territories. Office is currently the most popular office suite in the world and considered to be the de facto standard for productivity programs, although its market share is currently decreasing with the rise of viable free and open source alternatives. One was annually appointed by the governor of New York from 1817. In recent years, Microsoft has attempted to position Office as a development platform in its own right, but has had mixed results with this. Madison declared the holiday twice in 1815; however, none of these were celebrated in Autumn. Over the years the Office applications have grown substantially closer together from a technical standpoint, sharing features such as a common spell checker, OLE data integration and the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications scripting language. President Madison, in response to resolutions of Congress, set apart a day for thanksgiving at the close of the War of 1812.

Additionally, a "Pro" version of Office included Microsoft Access and Schedule Plus. President John Adams declared Thanksgivings in 1798 and 1799. The first version of Office contained Word, Excel and Powerpoint. George Washington again proclaimed Thanksgivings, as President, in 1789 and 1795. The main selling point was that buying the bundle was substantially cheaper than buying each of the individual applications on their own. The Continental Congress proclaimed annual December Thanksgivings from 1777 to 1783, except in 1782. Office made its first appearance in the early '90s, and was initially a marketing term for a bundled set of applications that were previously marketed and sold separately. George Washington, leader of the revolutionary forces in the American Revolutionary War, proclaimed a Thanksgiving in December 1777 as a victory celebration honoring the defeat of the British at Saratoga.

Recent versions of Office are now called the 'Office System' rather than the 'Office Suite' to reflect the fact that they include Servers as well. During the American Revolutionary War the Continental Congress appointed one or more thanksgiving days each year, except in 1777, each time recommending to the executives of the various states the observance of these days in their states. As well as the office applications, it includes associated servers and Web-based services. The Dutch in New Netherland appointed a day for giving thanks in 1644 and occasionally thereafter. Microsoft Office is a suite of productivity programs created by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows and Apple Macintosh operating systems. The Massachusetts Bay Colony celebrated Thanksgiving for the first time in 1630, and frequently thereafter until about 1680, when it became an annual festival in that colony; and Connecticut as early as 1639 and annually after 1647, except in 1675. It is almost fully compatible with Microsoft Office files. This did not occur on any set day or necessarily on the same day in different colonies in America.

ThinkFree Office, a free web-based alternative office suite. Gradually an annual Thanksgiving after the harvest developed in the mid-17th century. Lotus Notes provides the email/PIM portion of the Lotus offering. Irregular Thanksgivings continued after favorable events and days of fasting after unfavorable ones. Lotus SmartSuite, provided by IBM contains a word-processing program called Word Pro, spreadsheet program called Lotus 1-2-3, a program similar to Microsoft's PowerPoint, Lotus Freelance Graphics and a database program called Lotus Approach. The Pilgrims did not hold Thanksgiving again until 1623, when it followed a drought, prayers for rain, and a subsequent rain shower. GNOME Office, a loosely coupled group of open-source applications including Abiword and Gnumeric, which is targetted for the GNOME desktop environment. Edward Winslow, in Mourt's Relation:.

KOffice, an open-source office suite which is part of the KDE Desktop Environment. William Bradford, in Of Plymouth Plantation:. Includes Pages, for word-processing, and Keynote, for presentations. Two American colonists have personal accounts of the 1621 Thanksgiving in Massachusetts:. iWork, Apple's Mac-only office suite. The Pilgrims set apart a day for thanksgiving at Plymouth immediately after their first harvest, in 1621. Corel's WordPerfect Office. This often means celebrating a meal with one group of relatives on one day, and another meal with a different group of relatives on another day.

StarOffice, based on the OpenOffice code. While the actual Thanksgiving holiday is on a Monday, Canadians might eat their Thanksgiving meal on any day of that three day weekend. NeoOffice, an open-source OpenOffice.org port for Mac OS X that integrates into its Aqua interface. In Canada, Thanksgiving is a three-day weekend (although some provinces choose to observe a four day weekend, Friday–Monday). It includes practically full compatibility with Microsoft Office (with the exception of lack of full support for Microsoft Office Publisher (pub) files and a lack of a mail client à la Microsoft Office Outlook, however, there are many alternative mail clients to choose from.)

    . Some of the details of the American Thanksgiving story are myths that developed in the 1890s and early 1900s as part of the effort to forge a common national identity in the aftermath of the Civil War and in the melting pot of new immigrants. OpenOffice.org, a completely free and open-source suite available for download to Windows, Linux, and Macintosh users. tradition associates the holiday with a meal held in 1621 by the Wampanoag and the Pilgrims who settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

    Office 2004 (Word 2004, etc.) - released May 11, 2004. U.S. Office v.X (The first Mac OS X/Aqua edition; Word X, etc.) - released November 19, 2001. Additionally, many college and high school football games are played over Thanksgiving weekend, often between regional or historic rivals. Office 2001 (Word 2001, etc.) - released October 11, 2000. Louis Cardinals hosted. Office 98 (Word 98, etc.) - released March 15, 1998. The Dallas Cowboys have hosted every Thanksgiving Day since 1966, with the exception of 1975 and 1977 when the then-St.

    Office 4.2 (The first Power Mac-aware version; Word 6.0, etc.) - released June 2, 1994. The Detroit Lions of the American National Football League have hosted a game every Thanksgiving Day since 1934, with the exception of 1939–1944 (due to World War II). Office 3 (Word 5, etc.) - released 1993. In Canada, these are the only games played on a Monday except for the Labour Day classic, and on the Civic Holiday. Office 2 (Word 4, etc.) - released 1992. Professional games are traditionally played on Thanksgiving Day in both countries; until recently in the U.S., these were the only games played during the week apart from Sunday or Monday night. Office 1 (Word 3, etc.) - released 1990. and likewise Canadian football in Canada.

    Office 12.0 - due to be released simultaneously, or near simultaneously with Windows Vista, Microsoft's next major consumer operating system. American football is often a major part of Thanksgiving celebrations in the U.S. Office 11.0/2003 (Word 2003, etc.) - released November 17, 2003. A few stage Buy Nothing Day protests at shopping centers. Office 10.0/2002/XP (Word 2002, etc.) - released May 31, 2001. Many Americans are uncomfortable with the ever-longer shopping season and try to put more "thanks" into Thanksgiving, whatever that means for them. Office 9.0/2000 (Word 2000, etc.) - released January 27, 1999. While the biggest day of shopping of the year in the U.S., as measured by customer traffic, is still the Friday after Thanksgiving (the biggest by sales volume is either the Saturday before Christmas or December 23), most shops start to stock for and promote the December holidays immediately after Halloween, and sometimes even before.

    Office 8.0/'97 (Word '97, etc.) - released December 30, 1996 (was published on CD-ROM as well as on a set of 45 3½-inch floppy disks). The North American holiday season (generally the Christmas shopping season in the U.S.) traditionally begins when Thanksgiving ends, on "Black Friday" (the day after Thanksgiving); this tradition has held forth since at least the 1930s. Office 7.0/'95 (Word '95, etc.) - released August 30, 1995. Because of the earlier date, Santa Claus parades in Canada do not fall on Thanksgiving; the only major parade on that day in Canada is the Oktoberfest parade in Kitchener-Waterloo. Office 4.3 (The last 16-bit version; Word 6.0, Excel 5.0, PowerPoint 4.0 and in the pro version: Access 2.0) - released June 2, 1994. Thanksgiving parades also occur in other cities such as Plymouth, Houston, Philadelphia (which claims the oldest parade), and Detroit (where it is the only major parade of the year). Office for NT 4.2 (Word 6.0 [32-bit, i386 and Alpha], Excel 5.0 [32-bit, i386 and Alpha], PowerPoint 4.0 [16-bit], "Microsoft Office Manager") - released July 3, 1994. It always ends with the image of Santa Claus passing the reviewing stand.

    Office 4.0 (Word 6.0, Excel 4.0, PowerPoint 3.0) - released January 17, 1994. The parade features moving stands with specific themes, scenes from Broadway plays, large balloons of cartoon characters and TV personalities, and high school marching bands. Office 3.0 (CD-ROM version: Word 2.0c, Excel 4.0a, PowerPoint 3.0, Mail) - released August 30, 1992 (repackaged as Office 92). In New York City, the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held annually every Thanksgiving Day in Midtown Manhattan. Office for Mac 2004 Professional Edition (MSRP New User Price $499 US; Upgrade Price $329 US). In Canada, it is a three-day weekend, as Thanksgiving is observed on the second Monday of October every year. Office for Mac 2004 Student and Teacher Edition (MSRP New User Price $149 US). Thanksgiving is usually celebrated almost entirely at home, unlike the Fourth of July or Christmas, which are associated with a variety of shared public experiences (fireworks, caroling, etc.).

    Office for Mac 2004 Standard Edition (MSRP New User Price $399 US; Upgrade Price $239 US). The Thanksgiving holiday is often a "four-day weekend" in the United States, in which Americans are given the relevant Thursday and Friday off. Microsoft Office Professional Enterprise Edition 11.0/2003 (volume licensing only). In both Canada and the United States, it is an important family gathering, and people often travel long distances to be with relatives for the celebration. Microsoft Office Professional Edition 11.0/2003 (MSRP New User Price $499 US; Upgrade Price $329 US). Thanksgiving is traditionally celebrated with a large dinner shared among friends and family. Microsoft Office Small Business Edition 11.0/2003 (MSRP New User Price $449 US; Upgrade Price $279 US). It is this Thanksgiving tradition that is ultimately the immediate ancestor to both American and Canadian Thanksgiving - having been transported to Canada by United Empire Loyalists after the American War for Independence.

    Microsoft Office Standard Edition 11.0/2003 (MSRP New User Price $399 US; Upgrade Price $239 US). In the autumn of 1621, they celebrated a three-day thanksgiving feast with the native Wampanoag people, without whom they would not have survived the winter of 1620. Microsoft Office Basic Edition 11.0/2003 (bundled with new computers only). In 1620, a group of Puritans, who were heading for Virginia, got blown off-course and landed at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts, instead. Microsoft Office Student and Teacher Edition 11.0/2003 (MSRP New User Price $149 US). Most Americans recognize the first American Thanksgiving as taking place on an unremembered date, sometime in the autumn of 1621. Microsoft Office SharePoint Portal Server collaboration server. Having been recruited from Gloucestershire to establish a colony in the New World, the men were under orders to give thanks when they arrived, so the first thing they did was to kneel down and do so.

    Microsoft Office Project Server - project management server. Schlesinger, Jr., point out that the first time colonists from Europe gave thanks in what would become the United States was on 1619-12-04, in Berkeley, Virginia, when the thirty-eight members of The Stanford Company landed there after a three-month voyage in the Margaret. Microsoft Office Live Communications Server - real time communications server. Some, including historian Arthur M. The main reason for its unpopularity was because many people had no idea what it did by looking at its box alone, and therefore did not buy it. The first North American celebration of these traditional festivals by Europeans was held in Newfoundland by Martin Frobisher and the Frobisher Expedition to find the Northwest Passage in 1578, and Canadians trace their Thanksgiving to that festival. Microsoft Vizact 2000 – a program that "activated" documents using HTML, adding effects such as animation. Thanksgiving is related to harvest festivals that had long been a traditional holiday in much of Europe.

    Microsoft Outlook Express – mail client (in Office 98 Macintosh Edition, later replaced by Microsoft Entourage). Don Juan de Onate celebrated April 30, 1598 today known as El Paso, Texas with the Manso Indians. Microsoft Mail – mail client (in old versions of Office, later replaced by Microsoft Outlook). Later, the aboriginal people called themselves "apple-tangerines" (which may or may not indicate those fruits were on the menu at that "Thanksgiving"). Its functions were incorporated into Microsoft Outlook. When Pedro Menéndez de Avilés landed, he and his men shared a feast with the aboriginal peoples. It featured a Planner, To do list, and Contact Information. Augustine, Florida.

    Microsoft Schedule Plus – released with Office 95. The next was apparently celebrated a quarter-century later on September 8, 1565 in St. Microsoft Binder – incorporates several documents into one file. Some hold this to be the true first Thanksgiving in North America. - [2]. The first known thanksgiving feast or festival in North America was celebrated by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado and the Teya people on 23 May 1541 in Texas' Palo Duro Canyon, to celebrate his expedition's discovery of food supplies. Patch detection and installation service for Office 2000, XP, and 2003. .

    Microsoft Office Update – Web site. In Canada, Thanksgiving is celebrated on the second Monday in October. Included in all versions of Microsoft Office 2003. In the U.S., the holiday is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. Microsoft Office Online – Web site. Thanksgiving is an annual holiday observed in the United States and Canada to celebrate being thankful for the things one has. An online Office suite as part of Microsoft's Windows Live initiative. This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain..

    Microsoft Office Live – Web service. She tells Lewis, "You find me some cranberries and I'll sauce them!" She succeeds in making something, but it doesn't impress the daughter. Similar to Windows Update, but also encompasses other Microsoft applications. The daughter insists on cranberry sauce but the cook doesn't know what that is. Microsoft Update – Web site. Lewis marries an American woman, and he and his cook try to prepare a Thanksgiving dinner for her and her daughter. Included with Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2004. S.

    Virtual PC – Emulates a standard PC and its hardware. In the movie Shadowlands, British author C. Microsoft Entourage – Personal information manager and communication software for Macintosh only (similar to Outlook). "Alice's Restaurant" is played by many radio stations across the country at least once on that day. Developer Tools – (included only with developer editions). In the U.S., the song "Alice's Restaurant" by Arlo Guthrie is associated with Thanksgiving, as the precipitating events described in the song occurred on Thanksgiving of 1965. Microsoft Office Communicator 2005 - [1]. Also, the series of specials taken from the popular comic strip Peanuts includes A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving, the holiday's most noted animated offering.

    Microsoft OneNote – note taking software for use with tablet PCs or regular PCs. From 1989 to 1997, Mystery Science Theater 3000 aired an all-day "Turkey Day Marathon" on Thanksgiving. Microsoft Project – project manager. Friends, a program that aired on Thursday nights in the U.S., was especially noted for this. It was temporarily supplemented by Microsoft PhotoDraw in Office 2000 Premium edition. television programs have featured Thanksgiving Day specials. Microsoft Photo Editor – photo editing/raster graphics software in older Office versions, and again in XP. A number of U.S.

    Microsoft Office Picture Manager – basic photo management software (similar to a basic version of Google's Picasa or Adobe's Photoshop Elements). The reverse situation is at the core of the more recent Pieces of April, which details an estranged older daughter hurriedly preparing to welcome her family for the holiday. Microsoft Visio – diagram software. A popular American film about a character trying to get home to his family for Thanksgiving is Planes, Trains & Automobiles. Offered only as a stand-alone program for the 2003 version (not part of the office suite). As the holiday most associated with family gatherings in the U.S., Thanksgiving is often humorously portrayed in movies and television as an occasion for extended family members to bicker with one another. Microsoft FrontPage – web design software (also requires its own server program). Macy's Day (exclusive to New York City, a reference to the parade, above, as in "Macy's Day Parade" instead of the proper "Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade").

    For the 2003 version, included in Microsoft Office Small Business Edition 2003, Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2003, and Microsoft Office Professional Enterprise Edition 2003. T-Day (abbreviation of either "Thanksgiving" or "Turkey"). Microsoft Publisher – Desktop publishing software. Turkey Day (after the traditional Thanksgiving dinner). Included in Microsoft Office Professional Enterprise Edition 2003. Microsoft InfoPath – application that enables users to design rich XML-based forms.

    For the 2003 version, included in Microsoft Office Professional Edition 2003, and Microsoft Office Professional Enterprise Edition 2003. Microsoft Access – database manager.

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