National Hockey League

The modernized NHL shield logo debuted in 2005, replacing the orange and black shield, which had been used since the league's inception. The silver color is a homage to the Stanley Cup, the trophy awarded to the NHL champion.

The National Hockey League (NHL) is a professional sports organization composed of hockey teams in the United States and Canada, where it is also known by its French name, Ligue Nationale de Hockey (LNH). It is generally regarded as the premier professional ice hockey league in the world. The NHL is one of the major professional sports leagues of North America.

History

The beginnings to The Original Six

The National Hockey League was founded in 1917 in Montreal after a series of disputes within the (Canadian) National Hockey Association (NHA) between the Toronto Blueshirts' owner Edward J. Livingstone and the owners of the other teams. The owners met in Montreal's Windsor Hotel to consider the league's future on February 11, 1917. Livingstone, unable to attend the meeting because of illness, was shocked to learn that owners had chosen to effectively eject him and the Blueshirts from the NHA. Arguments and discussions ensued which eventually led to the formation of the National Hockey League at on November 26, 1917, with the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs and newly-renamed Toronto Arenas as founding members.

The classic NHL shield logo, used until the end of the 2004 lockout.

The NHL endured a rocky inaugural season in 1917-18, starting with the temporary shuttering of the Bulldogs. On January 2, 1918, the Westmount Arena in Montreal, home to the Wanderers and Canadiens, was destroyed in a fire. The Wanderers, already a shadow of its former self, folded in the wake of the fire, ending one of the most storied franchises in the early years of Canadian professional hockey. With the Bulldogs and Wanderers out, the NHL operated with just three teams for the remainder of its opening year, and through the second season.

Though the league struggled to stay in business during its first decade, NHL teams were quite successful on the ice, winning the Stanley Cup seven out of its first nine years. (The 1918-19 competition was cancelled because of the Spanish Flu epidemic that had hit Seattle). By 1926, having increased player salaries to a level that couldn't be matched by other Canadian leagues, the NHL was alone in Stanley Cup competition. The league had also expanded into the United States, with the Boston Bruins in 1924, the New York Americans and the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1925 and the New York Rangers, Detroit Cougars (later to become the Red Wings), and Chicago Blackhawks in 1926. Canadian additions included the Montreal Maroons and Hamilton Tigers. By the end of the 1930-31 season, the NHL featured a total of 10 teams. However, the Great Depression took a toll on the league; teams such as the Pirates, Americans and Ottawa Senators folded. With these developments and the onset of World War II, the NHL was reduced to six teams during its 25th anniversary year of (1942) – six teams still known today, if somewhat inaccurately, as the Original Six: The Canadiens, Maple Leafs, Red Wings, Bruins, Rangers, and Blackhawks.

Expansion: 1967 and beyond

The rise of the Western Hockey League, which many pundits thought planned to transform into a major league and challenge for the Stanley Cup, spurred the NHL in 1967 to undertake its first expansion since the 1920s. Six new teams were added to the NHL roster, and placed in their own newly-created division. They were the Philadelphia Flyers, St. Louis Blues, Minnesota North Stars, Los Angeles Kings, Oakland Seals, and Pittsburgh Penguins. Three years later, the NHL added the Vancouver Canucks and Buffalo Sabres as franchises.

In 1972, the World Hockey Association (WHA) was formed. Though it never challenged for the Stanley Cup, its status as a viable NHL rival was unquestionable. In response to that, the NHL decided to rush its own expansion plans by adding the New York Islanders and Atlanta Flames that year, along with the Kansas City Scouts and Washington Capitals two years later. The dilution of the talent pool, however, caused the overall quality of play to suffer. The two leagues fought for the services of hockey players and fans until the WHA folded in 1979. Four of the remaining six WHA teams merged with the NHL: The Hartford Whalers, Québec Nordiques, Edmonton Oilers, and Winnipeg Jets. As of 2005, the Oilers are the last remaining original WHA franchise still playing in the city where they began in the NHL.

In the early 90's the NHL expanded further with five new franchises. The San Jose Sharks debuted in 1991, a season later the Ottawa Senators would join the NHL along with the Tampa Bay Lightning. In 1993, the NHL added an additional two teams, the Anaheim Mighty Ducks and the Florida Panthers. Approaching the new millennium, the NHL added another four teams; the Nashville Predators (1998), the Atlanta Thrashers (1999), the Minnesota Wild and the Columbus Blue Jackets (both added in 2000) bringing the total to 30 teams.

Labour Issues

There have been three work stoppages in NHL history, all happening between 1992 and 2005.

The first was a strike by the National Hockey League Players Association in April 1992 which lasted for 10 days, but the strike was settled quickly and all affected games were rescheduled.

A lockout at the start of the 1994-95 forced the league to reduce the schedule from 84 games to just 48, with the teams playing only intra-conference games during the reduced season. The resulting collective bargaining agreement was set for renegotiation in 1998 and extended to September 15, 2004.

Negotiations to replace the contract that expired in 2004 turned into one of the most contentious collective bargaining sessions in the history of professional sports. The league vowed to install what it dubbed "cost certainty" for its teams, but the National Hockey League Players Association countered that the move was little more than a euphemism for a salary cap, which the union initially said it would not accept. With no new agreement in hand when the existing contract expired on September 15, 2004, league commissioner Gary Bettman announced a lockout of the players union and cessation of operations by the NHL head office, causing the NHL to lose an entire season.

A new collective bargaining agreement was ratified in July 2005 with a term of six years with an option of extending the collective bargaining agreement for an additional year at the end of the term, allowing the NHL to resume as of the 2005-06 season.

Post Lockout

On October 5, 2005, the first post-lockout NHL season got under way with 15 games. Of those 15 games, 11 were in front of sell out crowds. The NHL, despite negative press generated during the lockout, has success attracting fans to the initial games of the season and extends fan bases into non-traditional markets in the US such as Nashville, Atlanta, and the Carolinas.

Current organization

The National Hockey League currently has 30 teams divided into two conferences, and 6 divisions, an organization that started in the year 2000. Over the years many different organizations have existed. For a list of previous teams see List of defunct NHL teams.

Eastern Conference

Western Conference

Season structure

Regular season

Each team in the NHL plays 82 regular season games, 41 games at home and 41 on the road. Teams play 32 games within their division (8 games against four other teams), 40 games against non-divisional, conference opponents (4 games against 10 other teams) and 10 interconference games, 1 game against each team in two of the three divisions in the opposite conference. The two divisions from the opposite conference which each team plays against will be rotated every year, much like interleague play in baseball.

Points are awarded for each game as follows:

  • Two points are awarded for a win
  • One point for losing in overtime or a shootout
  • Zero points for a loss in regulation time.

At the end of the regular season, the team that finishes with the most points in each division is crowned the division champion.

Stanley Cup playoffs

At the end of the regular season, the three division champions and the five other teams in each conference with the highest number of points, 8 teams in each conference, qualify for the Stanley Cup playoffs. The division winners are seeded one through three, and the next five teams with the best records in the conference are seeded four through eight.

The Stanley Cup Playoffs is an elimination tournament, where two teams battle to win a best-of-seven series in order to advance to the next round. The first round of the playoffs, or conference quarterfinals, consists of the first seed playing the eighth seed, the second playing the seventh, third playing the sixth, and the fourth playing the fifth. In the second round, or conference semifinals, the NHL re-seeds (unlike the NBA) the teams, with the top remaining conference seed playing against the lowest remaining seed, and the other two remaining conference teams pairing off. In the third round, the conference finals, the two remaining teams in each conference play each other, with the conference champions proceeding to the Stanley Cup Finals.

In each round the higher-ranked team is said to be the team with the home-ice advantage. Four of the seven games are played at this team's home venue - the first and second, and, where necessary, the fifth and seventh, with the other games played at the lower-ranked team's home venue.

During playoff games if the score is tied at the end of the third period an overtime period is played. If the score is tied at the end of an overtime period, additional overtime periods are played until a winner is determined. Overtimes are also full periods of twenty minutes (of five-on-five hockey), rather than the five minutes (of four-on-four hockey, followed by a shootout) in the regular season. The overtime is sudden death with the game ending when either team scores a goal.

Rules

While the National Hockey League follows the general rules of Ice hockey, it differs slightly from those used in international games organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation such as the Olympics.

Game timing

Each game is 60 minutes composed of three 20 minute periods. Between each period there is a 15 minute intermission. Between stoppages of play, teams have 25 seconds before substituting their players except for referee stoppages for TV commercials.

Each team may also take one 30 second time-out which may only be taken during a normal stoppage of play.

Hockey rink

The hockey rink is an ice rink which is rectangular with rounded corners and surrounded by a wall . The red line divides the ice in half lengthwise. The red line is used to judge icing violations. There are two blue lines that divide the rink roughly into thirds. They divide the ice into zones. Near each end of the rink, there is a thin red goal line spanning the width of the ice. It is used to judge goals and icing calls.

Scoring and winning

A goal is scored when the puck passes the goal line and enters the net. The team that has the most goals at the end of 60 minutes wins the game. If the game is tied at the end of regulation time, a 5 minute, 4-on-4 sudden death overtime period is played, where the first team that scores a goal wins the game. If the game is still tied at the end of overtime, the game enters a shootout. Three players for each team in turn perform a penalty shot. The team with the most goals during this shootout wins the game. If the game is still tied after the three shootout rounds, the shootout continues, but becomes sudden death.

Offside

In ice hockey, play is said to be offside if a player on the attacking team enters the attacking zone before the puck. When an offside violation occurs, the linesman blows play dead, and a faceoff is conducted in the neutral zone.

The NHL in 2006 removed the offside pass or two-line pass which was a pass from inside a team's defending zone that crosses the red line.

Icing

Icing occurs when a player shoots the puck across both the red line and the opposing team's goal line without the puck going into the net. When icing occurs, a linesman stops play. Play is resumed with a faceoff in the defending zone of the team that committed the infraction. A short handed team is not penalized for clearing the puck out of its zone during a powerplay. If the goalie on the side of the ice where the puck is being sent touches the puck, the icing is waved off.

Under the rules following the 2004-2005 lockout, if a team ices the puck under five-on-five conditions, they are not allowed to make a line change for the following faceoff.

Penalties

A penalty is a punishment for inappropriate behaviour. A referee makes all penalty calls. A linesman may call only obvious technical infractions such as too many men on the ice. In the NHL, the Linesman may call major intent-to-injure penalties that the referee may have missed.

During a penalty, the player who committed the infraction is sent to the penalty box. In most cases, the penalized team cannot replace that player and is thus shorthanded for the duration of the penalty. Normally, hockey teams have five skaters (excluding the goaltender), so if one penalty is called, play becomes five-on-four.

This is called a power play for the attackers and a penalty kill for the defenders. A team is far more likely to score on a power play than during normal play. If the penalized team is scored on during a minor penalty, the penalty immediately ends.

Trophies and awards

Stanley Cup on display at the Hockey Hall of Fame

The National Hockey League presents numerous trophies per year; some are given to teams, and other are given to players.

Trophies awarded to teams

  • Stanley Cup -- overall playoff champion.
  • Clarence S. Campbell Bowl -- Western conference playoff champion.
  • Prince of Wales Trophy -- Eastern conference playoff champion.
  • Presidents' Trophy (1986 - present) - best regular season by a team
  • The O'Brien Trophy was awarded in the NHL before it was retired following the 1949-50 NHL season.

Trophies awarded to individuals

  • Art Ross Memorial Trophy (1948 - present) -- regular season league scoring champion
  • Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy (1968 - present) -- perseverance and sportsmanship
  • Calder Memorial Trophy (1933 - present) -- rookie of the year
  • Conn Smythe Trophy (1965 - present) -- most valuable player during the playoffs
  • Frank J. Selke Trophy (1978 - present) -- top defensive forward
  • Hart Memorial Trophy (1924 - present) -- most valuable player during the regular season
  • Jack Adams Award (1974 - present) -- coach of the year
  • James Norris Memorial Trophy (1954 - present)-- most outstanding defenceman
  • King Clancy Memorial Trophy (1988 - present) -- leadership and humanitarian contribution
  • Lady Byng Memorial Trophy (1925 - present) -- player combining ability and sportsmanship
  • Lester B. Pearson Award (1971 - present) -- most outstanding player as selected by peers
  • Maurice 'Rocket' Richard Trophy (1999 - present) -- to the goal-scoring leader during the regular season
  • NHL Plus/Minus Award (1968 - present) -- highest plus/minus statistic
  • Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award (2000 - present) -- best save percentage by a goalkeeper
  • Vezina Trophy (1927 - present) -- voted to be the most outstanding goaltender
  • William M. Jennings Trophy (1982 - present) -- goalkeeper(s) for the team with the fewest goals against them
  • The Lester Patrick Trophy has been presented by the National Hockey League since 1966 to honour a recipient's contribution to hockey in the United States.

Three years after retirement, players are eligible to be voted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. In the past, if a player was deemed significant enough, the pending period would be waived. However, only 10 individual have been honoured in this manner. In 1999 Wayne Gretzky became the last player to have the three years waived. After Gretzky's induction, the NHL declared that he would be the last one to have the waiting period omitted.

NHL: An International League

NHL is very proud of its players coming from all around the world. Since the 1990s, the league has tried to promote itself throughout Europe with ads, media, and magazines. The league also voluntarily stops its season so that its players can play in the Winter Olympics to have the players represent their own country. While the league has always had a strong Canadian majority, the percentage of Canadian players has gone down slowly in the past 20 years since the arrival of European players.


This page about nhl includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about nhl
News stories about nhl
External links for nhl
Videos for nhl
Wikis about nhl
Discussion Groups about nhl
Blogs about nhl
Images of nhl

While the league has always had a strong Canadian majority, the percentage of Canadian players has gone down slowly in the past 20 years since the arrival of European players. Spongebob Superpants Z. The league also voluntarily stops its season so that its players can play in the Winter Olympics to have the players represent their own country. The Misadventures of Spongebob Squarepants. Since the 1990s, the league has tried to promote itself throughout Europe with ads, media, and magazines.
. NHL is very proud of its players coming from all around the world. He also likes to blow bubbles, surf, sun bathe, play the ukulele, watch his favorite TV show, The New Adventures of Mermaidman and Barnacleboy and do his job at the Krusty Krab.

After Gretzky's induction, the NHL declared that he would be the last one to have the waiting period omitted. Many times he sings some songs in a different voice, probably by a different voice actor. In 1999 Wayne Gretzky became the last player to have the three years waived. In several episodes, most SpongeBob video games, and The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, it is suggested he has brilliant guitar and singing skills. However, only 10 individual have been honoured in this manner. She then takes it back realizing how much chaos he could cause with his license. In the past, if a player was deemed significant enough, the pending period would be waived. Puff becomes so frustrated she gives SpongeBob his boating license by allowing him to do "extra credit".

Three years after retirement, players are eligible to be voted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. At one point, Mrs. The National Hockey League presents numerous trophies per year; some are given to teams, and other are given to players. Puff. If the penalized team is scored on during a minor penalty, the penalty immediately ends. Despite this, he perpetually and continuously attends boating school in an attempt to get his license (and because he enjoys it), much to the woe and frustration of his boating instructor Mrs. A team is far more likely to score on a power play than during normal play. Puff's Boating School, mainly due to a tendency to become nervous once behind the wheel (he has been shown to know what he's doing everywhere but inside the boat).

This is called a power play for the attackers and a penalty kill for the defenders. SpongeBob has yet to keep a boating license (analogous to a driver's license) because he fails every driver's test at Mrs. Normally, hockey teams have five skaters (excluding the goaltender), so if one penalty is called, play becomes five-on-four. To date, he has caught (and let go) every jellyfish in Bikini Bottom. In most cases, the penalized team cannot replace that player and is thus shorthanded for the duration of the penalty. He spends his free time with his friend Patrick Star (a rather dimwitted Starfish), and especially enjoys practicing karate with his other friend Sandy Cheeks (a squirrel from Texas who wears a space suit to breathe underwater), as well as catching jellyfish at Jellyfish Fields. During a penalty, the player who committed the infraction is sent to the penalty box. And SpongeBob has never been a minute late ever for his job (except in "Hooky" he was two minutes late because he got hooked, and in "Have You Seen This Snail" he was fifteen minutes late because he was so tired from searching for Gary.).

In the NHL, the Linesman may call major intent-to-injure penalties that the referee may have missed. In another episode, he is offered a job as Neptune's fry cook, but turns it down because Patrick couldn't come too. A linesman may call only obvious technical infractions such as too many men on the ice. In an episode where SpongeBob and Squidward go on strike, he is referred to as a "legend" by a young fry cook who wants to take his job and is asked to sign the young boy’s spatula. A referee makes all penalty calls. SpongeBob, in some episodes, seems to have attained a celebrity like status in Bikini Bottom for his masterful fry cooking. A penalty is a punishment for inappropriate behaviour. Eugene Krabs.

Under the rules following the 2004-2005 lockout, if a team ices the puck under five-on-five conditions, they are not allowed to make a line change for the following faceoff. He works alongside Squidward (much to Squidward's dismay), who manages the cash register for his money obsessed boss, Mr. If the goalie on the side of the ice where the puck is being sent touches the puck, the icing is waved off. Because of labor laws, this puts his minimum age around 52 years, 2 months. A short handed team is not penalized for clearing the puck out of its zone during a powerplay. Then, in The Spongebob Squarepants Movie, he has had 374 consecutive employee-of-the-month awards, which would mean he has worked there for at least 31 years and 2 months. Play is resumed with a faceoff in the defending zone of the team that committed the infraction. He was employee of the month over twenty six times, which would mean he has worked there at least two years.

When icing occurs, a linesman stops play. He takes his job very seriously and is very good at it. Icing occurs when a player shoots the puck across both the red line and the opposing team's goal line without the puck going into the net. SpongeBob has a career as a fry cook at the Krusty Krab restaurant, home of the Krabby Patty. The NHL in 2006 removed the offside pass or two-line pass which was a pass from inside a team's defending zone that crosses the red line. Gary and SpongeBob live together in a pineapple under the sea. When an offside violation occurs, the linesman blows play dead, and a faceoff is conducted in the neutral zone. Gary's meows are generally understood by most all residents of Bikini Bottom.

In ice hockey, play is said to be offside if a player on the attacking team enters the attacking zone before the puck. SpongeBob has one pet, a snail named Gary (the analogous of a cat on land, it is also thought that a worm is the analogous of a dog on land). If the game is still tied after the three shootout rounds, the shootout continues, but becomes sudden death. His skeleton varies from a simple spine to a perfect square. The team with the most goals during this shootout wins the game. when he appears 'dead' in some future 'flashbacks'), but every time they appear different. Three players for each team in turn perform a penalty shot. SpongeBob's insides and skeleton have been shown various times (eg.

If the game is still tied at the end of overtime, the game enters a shootout. Normally though he can function at a reasonable level. If the game is tied at the end of regulation time, a 5 minute, 4-on-4 sudden death overtime period is played, where the first team that scores a goal wins the game. He has been known to have enormous difficulty lifting even the lightest of objects. The team that has the most goals at the end of 60 minutes wins the game. Although malleable, SpongeBob's body is generally incredibly weak. A goal is scored when the puck passes the goal line and enters the net. Puff and Squidward Tentacles.

It is used to judge goals and icing calls. This, along with his repetitive talking and loud dolphin-like laughter makes him a huge annoyance to others, especially Mrs. Near each end of the rink, there is a thin red goal line spanning the width of the ice. SpongeBob is very easily overexcited about almost everything, like many different or simple/regular tasks, or even things he doesn't know what they mean (like when Squidward invited him to a strike, SpongeBob celebrated for it although he never heard the word before). They divide the ice into zones. Although a good-natured and loving sponge, many characters seem to avoid him. There are two blue lines that divide the rink roughly into thirds. Although he is an adult, he has a very childish nature.

The red line is used to judge icing violations. He dislikes scary things and stinky things. The red line divides the ice in half lengthwise. However, he has been known to shout and curse (even "obscenities") when angry or frustrated. The hockey rink is an ice rink which is rectangular with rounded corners and surrounded by a wall . SpongeBob will rarely knowingly do wrong or harm to anyone and never without remorse. Each team may also take one 30 second time-out which may only be taken during a normal stoppage of play. He has a buck-toothed grin, tremendously expressive face and square body that complement his pure and good nature.

Between stoppages of play, teams have 25 seconds before substituting their players except for referee stoppages for TV commercials. SpongeBob is extremely sweet, generous, friendly, and most of all, trusting. Between each period there is a 15 minute intermission. He also wears a red bowtie in exchange for his necktie on special occasions, such as his house party or at the Krusty Krab telling Squirrel Jokes. Each game is 60 minutes composed of three 20 minute periods. When he goes "swimming", he wears a pair of blue swimming trunks (although he still wears his underpants underneath). While the National Hockey League follows the general rules of Ice hockey, it differs slightly from those used in international games organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation such as the Olympics. At night, he sometimes has a green bathrobe on but mostly goes to sleep with his underwear and nothing else.

The overtime is sudden death with the game ending when either team scores a goal. He usually wears a pair of white briefs underneath his pants, although he has been seen wearing blue, green, and red briefs (all at the same time, nonetheless) and even pink to honor his best friend, Patrick. Overtimes are also full periods of twenty minutes (of five-on-five hockey), rather than the five minutes (of four-on-four hockey, followed by a shootout) in the regular season. As a part of the attire, his shoes are shining black, with a spheric bulge at the front (although still a part of the shoe proper, unlike the balls of the clown shoes). If the score is tied at the end of an overtime period, additional overtime periods are played until a winner is determined. SpongeBob typically wears a white business shirt, red tie and brown pants, although he has been known to run naked or in his underwear. During playoff games if the score is tied at the end of the third period an overtime period is played. Like the rest of SpongeBob's body (excluding his eyes, mouth and brain), his hands and feet are made of sponge.

Four of the seven games are played at this team's home venue - the first and second, and, where necessary, the fifth and seventh, with the other games played at the lower-ranked team's home venue. He has six long black wiry eyelashes, and his eyes have sky-blue irises with very dilated pupils. In each round the higher-ranked team is said to be the team with the home-ice advantage. His arms can become variable in length and shape at will, are retractable, and can be re-grown at will. In the third round, the conference finals, the two remaining teams in each conference play each other, with the conference champions proceeding to the Stanley Cup Finals. SpongeBob has the ability to transform into other shapes at will, absorb physical blows as well as large amounts of water, and reassemble pieces which fall off of him. In the second round, or conference semifinals, the NHL re-seeds (unlike the NBA) the teams, with the top remaining conference seed playing against the lowest remaining seed, and the other two remaining conference teams pairing off. He has disproportionally thin and short extremities extending from his body (arms and legs), and resembles a kitchen sponge more than a sea sponge.

The first round of the playoffs, or conference quarterfinals, consists of the first seed playing the eighth seed, the second playing the seventh, third playing the sixth, and the fourth playing the fifth. SpongeBob is an anthropomorphic, yellow, porous, sponge with a face. The Stanley Cup Playoffs is an elimination tournament, where two teams battle to win a best-of-seven series in order to advance to the next round. . The division winners are seeded one through three, and the next five teams with the best records in the conference are seeded four through eight. The character was designed by marine biologist and animator Stephen Hillenburg, and is voiced by Tom Kenny. At the end of the regular season, the three division champions and the five other teams in each conference with the highest number of points, 8 teams in each conference, qualify for the Stanley Cup playoffs. SpongeBob SquarePants is the principal character in the animated television series SpongeBob SquarePants, which first aired in July 1999 on Nickelodeon.

At the end of the regular season, the team that finishes with the most points in each division is crowned the division champion. The Spanish theme song on the British SpongeBob DVD is not the same as the American DVD Spanish version of the theme song. Points are awarded for each game as follows:. Before he was drawn like a luffa. The two divisions from the opposite conference which each team plays against will be rotated every year, much like interleague play in baseball. SpongeBob wasn't always a square. Teams play 32 games within their division (8 games against four other teams), 40 games against non-divisional, conference opponents (4 games against 10 other teams) and 10 interconference games, 1 game against each team in two of the three divisions in the opposite conference. The creator of SpongeBob SquarePants, Stephen Hillenburg says he didn't want SpongeBob to just be named Bob, because then people would confuse him with a piece of cheese.

Each team in the NHL plays 82 regular season games, 41 games at home and 41 on the road. SpongeBob was originally going to be called SpongeBoy, but the name was already trademarked. For a list of previous teams see List of defunct NHL teams. SpongeBob's character was influenced by Jerry Lewis, Pee Wee Herman, and Charlie Chaplin. Over the years many different organizations have existed. SpongeBob's voice is described as a combination of the mayor of Munchkinland from The Wizard of Oz and Elroy Jetson from The Jetsons. The National Hockey League currently has 30 teams divided into two conferences, and 6 divisions, an organization that started in the year 2000. SpongeBob's name is written in the CamelCase word style.

The NHL, despite negative press generated during the lockout, has success attracting fans to the initial games of the season and extends fan bases into non-traditional markets in the US such as Nashville, Atlanta, and the Carolinas. It should be noted, however, that in this case "Esponja" is the character's last name, while the "Squarepants" portion of the original english name is dropped altogether. Of those 15 games, 11 were in front of sell out crowds. In the Latin America version of the show, SpongeBob's name is "Bob Esponja", which is a literal translation of the English name. On October 5, 2005, the first post-lockout NHL season got under way with 15 games. In the French version of the show, SpongeBob's name is Bob L'éponge, which literally means Bob the Sponge. A new collective bargaining agreement was ratified in July 2005 with a term of six years with an option of extending the collective bargaining agreement for an additional year at the end of the term, allowing the NHL to resume as of the 2005-06 season. In the German version of the show, SpongeBob's last name is "Schwammkopf" meaning "SpongeHead".

With no new agreement in hand when the existing contract expired on September 15, 2004, league commissioner Gary Bettman announced a lockout of the players union and cessation of operations by the NHL head office, causing the NHL to lose an entire season. Sherm SquarePants, SpongeBob's uncle (also voiced by Tom Kenny). The league vowed to install what it dubbed "cost certainty" for its teams, but the National Hockey League Players Association countered that the move was little more than a euphemism for a salary cap, which the union initially said it would not accept. Grandma SquarePants, SpongeBob's grandmother (voiced by Marion Ross). Negotiations to replace the contract that expired in 2004 turned into one of the most contentious collective bargaining sessions in the history of professional sports. Grandpa SquarePants, SpongeBob's grandfather (also voiced by Tom Kenny). The resulting collective bargaining agreement was set for renegotiation in 1998 and extended to September 15, 2004. SquarePants, SpongeBob's mother (voiced by Sirena Irwin).

A lockout at the start of the 1994-95 forced the league to reduce the schedule from 84 games to just 48, with the teams playing only intra-conference games during the reduced season. Mrs. The first was a strike by the National Hockey League Players Association in April 1992 which lasted for 10 days, but the strike was settled quickly and all affected games were rescheduled. SquarePants, SpongeBob's father (voiced by Tom Kenny). There have been three work stoppages in NHL history, all happening between 1992 and 2005. Mr. Approaching the new millennium, the NHL added another four teams; the Nashville Predators (1998), the Atlanta Thrashers (1999), the Minnesota Wild and the Columbus Blue Jackets (both added in 2000) bringing the total to 30 teams.

In 1993, the NHL added an additional two teams, the Anaheim Mighty Ducks and the Florida Panthers. The San Jose Sharks debuted in 1991, a season later the Ottawa Senators would join the NHL along with the Tampa Bay Lightning. In the early 90's the NHL expanded further with five new franchises. As of 2005, the Oilers are the last remaining original WHA franchise still playing in the city where they began in the NHL.

Four of the remaining six WHA teams merged with the NHL: The Hartford Whalers, Québec Nordiques, Edmonton Oilers, and Winnipeg Jets. The two leagues fought for the services of hockey players and fans until the WHA folded in 1979. The dilution of the talent pool, however, caused the overall quality of play to suffer. In response to that, the NHL decided to rush its own expansion plans by adding the New York Islanders and Atlanta Flames that year, along with the Kansas City Scouts and Washington Capitals two years later.

Though it never challenged for the Stanley Cup, its status as a viable NHL rival was unquestionable. In 1972, the World Hockey Association (WHA) was formed. Three years later, the NHL added the Vancouver Canucks and Buffalo Sabres as franchises. Louis Blues, Minnesota North Stars, Los Angeles Kings, Oakland Seals, and Pittsburgh Penguins.

They were the Philadelphia Flyers, St. Six new teams were added to the NHL roster, and placed in their own newly-created division. The rise of the Western Hockey League, which many pundits thought planned to transform into a major league and challenge for the Stanley Cup, spurred the NHL in 1967 to undertake its first expansion since the 1920s. With these developments and the onset of World War II, the NHL was reduced to six teams during its 25th anniversary year of (1942) – six teams still known today, if somewhat inaccurately, as the Original Six: The Canadiens, Maple Leafs, Red Wings, Bruins, Rangers, and Blackhawks.

However, the Great Depression took a toll on the league; teams such as the Pirates, Americans and Ottawa Senators folded. By the end of the 1930-31 season, the NHL featured a total of 10 teams. Canadian additions included the Montreal Maroons and Hamilton Tigers. The league had also expanded into the United States, with the Boston Bruins in 1924, the New York Americans and the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1925 and the New York Rangers, Detroit Cougars (later to become the Red Wings), and Chicago Blackhawks in 1926.

By 1926, having increased player salaries to a level that couldn't be matched by other Canadian leagues, the NHL was alone in Stanley Cup competition. (The 1918-19 competition was cancelled because of the Spanish Flu epidemic that had hit Seattle). Though the league struggled to stay in business during its first decade, NHL teams were quite successful on the ice, winning the Stanley Cup seven out of its first nine years. With the Bulldogs and Wanderers out, the NHL operated with just three teams for the remainder of its opening year, and through the second season.

The Wanderers, already a shadow of its former self, folded in the wake of the fire, ending one of the most storied franchises in the early years of Canadian professional hockey. On January 2, 1918, the Westmount Arena in Montreal, home to the Wanderers and Canadiens, was destroyed in a fire. The NHL endured a rocky inaugural season in 1917-18, starting with the temporary shuttering of the Bulldogs. Arguments and discussions ensued which eventually led to the formation of the National Hockey League at on November 26, 1917, with the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs and newly-renamed Toronto Arenas as founding members.

Livingstone, unable to attend the meeting because of illness, was shocked to learn that owners had chosen to effectively eject him and the Blueshirts from the NHA. The owners met in Montreal's Windsor Hotel to consider the league's future on February 11, 1917. Livingstone and the owners of the other teams. The National Hockey League was founded in 1917 in Montreal after a series of disputes within the (Canadian) National Hockey Association (NHA) between the Toronto Blueshirts' owner Edward J.

. The NHL is one of the major professional sports leagues of North America.

. It is generally regarded as the premier professional ice hockey league in the world. The National Hockey League (NHL) is a professional sports organization composed of hockey teams in the United States and Canada, where it is also known by its French name, Ligue Nationale de Hockey (LNH).

The Lester Patrick Trophy has been presented by the National Hockey League since 1966 to honour a recipient's contribution to hockey in the United States. Jennings Trophy (1982 - present) -- goalkeeper(s) for the team with the fewest goals against them. William M. Vezina Trophy (1927 - present) -- voted to be the most outstanding goaltender.

Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award (2000 - present) -- best save percentage by a goalkeeper. NHL Plus/Minus Award (1968 - present) -- highest plus/minus statistic. Maurice 'Rocket' Richard Trophy (1999 - present) -- to the goal-scoring leader during the regular season. Pearson Award (1971 - present) -- most outstanding player as selected by peers.

Lester B. Lady Byng Memorial Trophy (1925 - present) -- player combining ability and sportsmanship. King Clancy Memorial Trophy (1988 - present) -- leadership and humanitarian contribution. James Norris Memorial Trophy (1954 - present)-- most outstanding defenceman.

Jack Adams Award (1974 - present) -- coach of the year. Hart Memorial Trophy (1924 - present) -- most valuable player during the regular season. Selke Trophy (1978 - present) -- top defensive forward. Frank J.

Conn Smythe Trophy (1965 - present) -- most valuable player during the playoffs. Calder Memorial Trophy (1933 - present) -- rookie of the year. Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy (1968 - present) -- perseverance and sportsmanship. Art Ross Memorial Trophy (1948 - present) -- regular season league scoring champion.

The O'Brien Trophy was awarded in the NHL before it was retired following the 1949-50 NHL season. Presidents' Trophy (1986 - present) - best regular season by a team. Prince of Wales Trophy -- Eastern conference playoff champion. Campbell Bowl -- Western conference playoff champion.

Clarence S. Stanley Cup -- overall playoff champion. Zero points for a loss in regulation time. One point for losing in overtime or a shootout.

Two points are awarded for a win.

09-22-14 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php PAD File Directory Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Display all your websites in one place HereIam.tv Celebrity Homepages Charity Directory Google+ Directory Move your favorite Unsigned Artist to the Top of the List