Mappy

Mappy is a 1983 arcade game by Namco. In the U.S. it was manufactured and distributed by Bally/Midway. Mappy is a side-scrolling platformer that features cute cartoony characters. It was re-released as part of the Famicom Mini Series in 2004, only in Japan. Mappy runs on Namco Super Pac-Man hardware.

History

However, MGM/UA sued Namco over copyright violations, claiming that Mappy was a copy of Tom and Jerry. If victorious, this lawsuit would have crushed Namco of America, and the history of videogames would have been drastically altered. Namco's lawyer, Howard Lincoln, who would go on to become a Senior Vice President of the company, discovered that MGM didn't own the copyright to Tom and Jerry either, and was able to not only win the lawsuit, but got MGM to pay the legal costs. Ironically, it was MGM/UA that previously won a lawsuit declaring Tom and Jerry was in the public domain. This incident was selected as #2 "MGM Goes Cop" in GameSpy's The 25 Dumbest Moments in Gaming.

Game play

The player guides Mappy the police mouse through the mansion of the cats called Mewkies (Meowky in the U.S. version) to retrieve stolen goods. The mansion has six floors of long hallways in which the items are stashed. Mappy and the Mewkies can move between the floors by jumping on trampolines at the ends and middle of the hallways, and landing on a floor on the way up (but not on the way down). In addition to the Mewkies, there is also the boss cat Nyamco (Goro in the U.S. version) on every level. If Mappy tarries too long, the fearsome ancestral cat coin (Gosenzo) shows up. A level is completed when all the loot is retrieved.

Many of the hallways have doors which Mappy can slam open or shut to temporarily knock out the Mewkies or Nyamco. Some of these are special "microwave doors" which release a wave which sweeps away any cat in its path (even off the edge of the screen).

If Mappy gets caught by the Mewkies or Nyamco in the hallways he dies. However, he can safely pass them in the air while jumping on the trampolines. If Mappy bounces on a trampoline four consecutive times without landing on a floor, it breaks, and he dies unless there is another trampoline underneath.

The third level and every fourth level after that is a bonus round. Mappy, unbothered by the cats, must bounce across a series of trampolines, popping suspended balloons along the way. A bonus is awarded if all the balloons are popped before the music ends.

The player uses a left-right joystick to move Mappy and a single button to operate the doors.

Ports and Sequels

A Japan-only port of the game was released for the Famicom (Japanese version of the NES) in 1984. This was followed by a console-only sequel called Mappy Land in 1986 (released in the U.S. by Taxan). In the late 90s, it was released as part of Microsoft's Revenge of the Arcade PC collection. Also, Mappy had several Japan-only sequels, including Hopping Mappy in 1986 for the arcades and Mappy Kids for the Famicom in the late 1980s. There is also a version called Mappy Arrangement which was released in 1995 as part of Namco Classic Collection vol.1 for the arcade.

Trivia

  • "Mappy" is likely derived from mappo, a Japanese slang term (slightly insulting) for a policeman.
  • "Nyamco", besides being a play on "Namco", comes from nyanko, the Japanese equivalent of "kitty cat".
  • Nyamco was renamed "Goro" in the U.S. release.
  • Mappy's hat is an equippable item in Namco x Capcom
  • In Ridge Racer, there are two cars that share the racing team name of this game. The blue car is named "RT Blue Mappy" while the pink car is named "RT Pink Mappy". They were used in Ridge Racer, Ridge Racer 2, Rave Racer, Ridge Racer Revolution, and Ridge Racer 64.
  • In R4: Ridge Racer Type 4, there is a racing team that uses this game's name, and in Ridge Racer 64 there is a car that shares this game sponsor used in R4: Ridge Racer Type 4. In R4: Ridge Racer Type 4, "Micro Mouse Mappy" is a racing team that can be selected from the get-go, but Ridge Racer 64 requires that you win Stage 4 (the novice "EXTRA" courses) and beat the car in a Car Attack on Ridge Racer Novice EXTRA.

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There is also a version called Mappy Arrangement which was released in 1995 as part of Namco Classic Collection vol.1 for the arcade. It remains to be seen whether DivX will, like the XviD team have with their XviD AVC CODEC, release a new CODEC based on the newer specification. Also, Mappy had several Japan-only sequels, including Hopping Mappy in 1986 for the arcades and Mappy Kids for the Famicom in the late 1980s. These CODECs, due to the more advanced features of MPEG-4 Part 10, already beat DivX in the 2005 quality test, despite being at a relatively early stage of development. In the late 90s, it was released as part of Microsoft's Revenge of the Arcade PC collection. Since the standardisation of H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, AKA MPEG-4 Part 10, a new generation of CODECs have been created, such as x264. by Taxan). In a series of subjective quality tests at Doom9.org, DivX has been beaten by XviD in the 2003[1], 2004[2] and 2005[3] tests.

This was followed by a console-only sequel called Mappy Land in 1986 (released in the U.S. While DivX was once renowned for its excellent quality, competing CODECs based on MPEG-4 Part 2 (the same as DivX) have in recent years improved such that they now provide higher quality. A Japan-only port of the game was released for the Famicom (Japanese version of the NES) in 1984. The main competitors in the for-license video compression software market are Microsoft's Windows Media Video series, Apple Computer's QuickTime, and the RealNetworks RealVideo series. The player uses a left-right joystick to move Mappy and a single button to operate the doors. An open source version of the codec—called OpenDivX®—was released by DivX in early 2001, and this version served as the basis for the open source XviD codec, the source code of which is maintained by an independent group. A bonus is awarded if all the balloons are popped before the music ends. Development of Dr DivX 2 OSS has also begun.

Mappy, unbothered by the cats, must bounce across a series of trampolines, popping suspended balloons along the way. Recently DivX have also previewed the DivX Browser Plug-In via the DivX Labs website, demonstrating 720p HD playback live inside major browsers for Windows and Mac OS. The third level and every fourth level after that is a bonus round. DivX and associated encoding tools (such as the Electrokompressiongraph™, or EKG, which helped increase the viewability of highly compressed high-motion scenes). If Mappy bounces on a trampoline four consecutive times without landing on a floor, it breaks, and he dies unless there is another trampoline underneath. Paying customers can access additional features of the DivX codec in the registered version, known as DivX Pro, and can also use DivX Converter, a one-click encoding application as a revamp of Dr. However, he can safely pass them in the air while jumping on the trampolines. The DivX codec and Player are available for free at the DivX website.

If Mappy gets caught by the Mewkies or Nyamco in the hallways he dies. The latest version of DivX for Mac OS X is version 6.0.0, released December 8th, 2005. Some of these are special "microwave doors" which release a wave which sweeps away any cat in its path (even off the edge of the screen). The current version of DivX (version 6.1) is available from DivX.com for Windows 2000/XP. Many of the hallways have doors which Mappy can slam open or shut to temporarily knock out the Mewkies or Nyamco. Of course, the traditional method of creating standard AVI files is still supported. A level is completed when all the loot is retrieved. The methods of including multiple audio and even subtitle tracks involve storing the data in RIFF headers and other such AVI hacks that have been around for quite a while, such that even VirtualDubMod supports them.

If Mappy tarries too long, the fearsome ancestral cat coin (Gosenzo) shows up. However, despite the use of the ".divx" extension, this format is simply an AVI file renamed. version) on every level. Much in the way that media formats such as DVD specify MPEG-2 video as a part of their specification, the DivX Media Format specifies MPEG-4-compatible video as a part of its specification. In addition to the Mewkies, there is also the boss cat Nyamco (Goro in the U.S. While in previous generations, video encoded with DivX was analogous to video formats such as MPEG-2, in its 6.0 generation, the new DivX Media Format is analogous to media container formats such as Apple's QuickTime. Mappy and the Mewkies can move between the floors by jumping on trampolines at the ends and middle of the hallways, and landing on a floor on the way up (but not on the way down). DivX 6 introduces a new file format called "DivX Media Format" (with a .divx extension) that includes support for the following DVD-like features:.

The mansion has six floors of long hallways in which the items are stashed. The latest generation, DivX 6, was released on 15 June 2005 and expands the scope of DivX from being just a codec to including a full media container format. version) to retrieve stolen goods. The next major version, DivX 5.0, was released in March 2002. The player guides Mappy the police mouse through the mansion of the cats called Mewkies (Meowky in the U.S. has been granted patents on parts of the DivX codec, which is fully MPEG-4-Advanced Simple Profile compliant. This incident was selected as #2 "MGM Goes Cop" in GameSpy's The 25 Dumbest Moments in Gaming. Regardless, DivX, Inc.

Ironically, it was MGM/UA that previously won a lawsuit declaring Tom and Jerry was in the public domain. However when the page was pulled and the source was closed to become the commercial DivX 4.0, many of the unpaid and unacknowledged developers saved the last CVS snapshot of the OpenDivX code and from there worked to create XviD, rivaling DivXNetworks' commercial efforts. Namco's lawyer, Howard Lincoln, who would go on to become a Senior Vice President of the company, discovered that MGM didn't own the copyright to Tom and Jerry either, and was able to not only win the lawsuit, but got MGM to pay the legal costs. It was actually the result of the work of many open-source developers put into it back when it was known as the "OpenDivX" project. If victorious, this lawsuit would have crushed Namco of America, and the history of videogames would have been drastically altered. It is worth noting, however, that DivX 4.0 did not come from scratch. However, MGM/UA sued Namco over copyright violations, claiming that Mappy was a copy of Tom and Jerry. The company released a clean room version of the codec as DivX 4.0 in July 2001.

. in 2005) to improve DivX and steward its development. Mappy runs on Namco Super Pac-Man hardware. In early 2000, Rota created a company (originally called DivXNetworks, Inc., renamed to DivX, Inc. It was re-released as part of the Famicom Mini Series in 2004, only in Japan. One notable tool is Nandub, a modification of the open-source VirtualDub, which features two-pass encoding (termed "Smart Bitrate Control" or SBC) as well as access to internal codec features. Mappy is a side-scrolling platformer that features cute cartoony characters. From 1998 through 2002, independent enthusiasts within the DVD-ripping community created software tools which dramatically enhanced the quality of video files that the DivX ;-) 3.11 Alpha codec could produce.

it was manufactured and distributed by Bally/Midway. The Microsoft codec, which originally required that the compressed output be put in an ASF file, was altered to allow other containers such as AVI. In the U.S. DivX ;-) 3.11 Alpha and earlier versions generally refer to a hacked version of the Microsoft MPEG-4 Version 2 video codec, extracted around 1998 by French hacker Jerome Rota (also known as Gej). Mappy is a 1983 arcade game by Namco. . In R4: Ridge Racer Type 4, "Micro Mouse Mappy" is a racing team that can be selected from the get-go, but Ridge Racer 64 requires that you win Stage 4 (the novice "EXTRA" courses) and beat the car in a Car Attack on Ridge Racer Novice EXTRA. Early versions of DivX included only a codec, and were named "DivX ;-)", where the winking emoticon was a tongue-in-cheek reference to the failed DIVX system.

In R4: Ridge Racer Type 4, there is a racing team that uses this game's name, and in Ridge Racer 64 there is a car that shares this game sponsor used in R4: Ridge Racer Type 4. Many newer "DivX Certified" DVD players are able to play DivX encoded movies, however, "DivX" is not to be confused with "DIVX", an unrelated attempt at a new DVD rental system employed by the US retailer Circuit City. They were used in Ridge Racer, Ridge Racer 2, Rave Racer, Ridge Racer Revolution, and Ridge Racer 64. As a result, DivX has been a center of controversy because of its use in the replication and distribution of copyrighted DVDs. The blue car is named "RT Blue Mappy" while the pink car is named "RT Pink Mappy". It is one of several codecs commonly associated with ripping, where audio and video multimedia are transferred to a hard disk and transcoded. In Ridge Racer, there are two cars that share the racing team name of this game. DivX uses lossy MPEG-4 Part 2 compression, where quality is balanced against file size for utility.

Mappy's hat is an equippable item in Namco x Capcom. (formerly DivXNetworks, Inc.), which has become popular due to its ability to compress lengthy video segments into small sizes while maintaining relatively high visual quality. release. DivX® [daɪvˈeks] is a video codec created by DivX, Inc. Nyamco was renamed "Goro" in the U.S.
. "Nyamco", besides being a play on "Namco", comes from nyanko, the Japanese equivalent of "kitty cat". Multiple format.

"Mappy" is likely derived from mappo, a Japanese slang term (slightly insulting) for a policeman. Other metadata. Chapter points. Multiple audio tracks. Multiple subtitles.

Interactive video menus.

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