Mappy

Mappy is a 1983 arcade game by Namco. In the U.S. it was manufactured and distributed by Bally/Midway. Mappy is a side-scrolling platformer that features cute cartoony characters. It was re-released as part of the Famicom Mini Series in 2004, only in Japan. Mappy runs on Namco Super Pac-Man hardware.

History

However, MGM/UA sued Namco over copyright violations, claiming that Mappy was a copy of Tom and Jerry. If victorious, this lawsuit would have crushed Namco of America, and the history of videogames would have been drastically altered. Namco's lawyer, Howard Lincoln, who would go on to become a Senior Vice President of the company, discovered that MGM didn't own the copyright to Tom and Jerry either, and was able to not only win the lawsuit, but got MGM to pay the legal costs. Ironically, it was MGM/UA that previously won a lawsuit declaring Tom and Jerry was in the public domain. This incident was selected as #2 "MGM Goes Cop" in GameSpy's The 25 Dumbest Moments in Gaming.

Game play

The player guides Mappy the police mouse through the mansion of the cats called Mewkies (Meowky in the U.S. version) to retrieve stolen goods. The mansion has six floors of long hallways in which the items are stashed. Mappy and the Mewkies can move between the floors by jumping on trampolines at the ends and middle of the hallways, and landing on a floor on the way up (but not on the way down). In addition to the Mewkies, there is also the boss cat Nyamco (Goro in the U.S. version) on every level. If Mappy tarries too long, the fearsome ancestral cat coin (Gosenzo) shows up. A level is completed when all the loot is retrieved.

Many of the hallways have doors which Mappy can slam open or shut to temporarily knock out the Mewkies or Nyamco. Some of these are special "microwave doors" which release a wave which sweeps away any cat in its path (even off the edge of the screen).

If Mappy gets caught by the Mewkies or Nyamco in the hallways he dies. However, he can safely pass them in the air while jumping on the trampolines. If Mappy bounces on a trampoline four consecutive times without landing on a floor, it breaks, and he dies unless there is another trampoline underneath.

The third level and every fourth level after that is a bonus round. Mappy, unbothered by the cats, must bounce across a series of trampolines, popping suspended balloons along the way. A bonus is awarded if all the balloons are popped before the music ends.

The player uses a left-right joystick to move Mappy and a single button to operate the doors.

Ports and Sequels

A Japan-only port of the game was released for the Famicom (Japanese version of the NES) in 1984. This was followed by a console-only sequel called Mappy Land in 1986 (released in the U.S. by Taxan). In the late 90s, it was released as part of Microsoft's Revenge of the Arcade PC collection. Also, Mappy had several Japan-only sequels, including Hopping Mappy in 1986 for the arcades and Mappy Kids for the Famicom in the late 1980s. There is also a version called Mappy Arrangement which was released in 1995 as part of Namco Classic Collection vol.1 for the arcade.

Trivia

  • "Mappy" is likely derived from mappo, a Japanese slang term (slightly insulting) for a policeman.
  • "Nyamco", besides being a play on "Namco", comes from nyanko, the Japanese equivalent of "kitty cat".
  • Nyamco was renamed "Goro" in the U.S. release.
  • Mappy's hat is an equippable item in Namco x Capcom
  • In Ridge Racer, there are two cars that share the racing team name of this game. The blue car is named "RT Blue Mappy" while the pink car is named "RT Pink Mappy". They were used in Ridge Racer, Ridge Racer 2, Rave Racer, Ridge Racer Revolution, and Ridge Racer 64.
  • In R4: Ridge Racer Type 4, there is a racing team that uses this game's name, and in Ridge Racer 64 there is a car that shares this game sponsor used in R4: Ridge Racer Type 4. In R4: Ridge Racer Type 4, "Micro Mouse Mappy" is a racing team that can be selected from the get-go, but Ridge Racer 64 requires that you win Stage 4 (the novice "EXTRA" courses) and beat the car in a Car Attack on Ridge Racer Novice EXTRA.

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There is also a version called Mappy Arrangement which was released in 1995 as part of Namco Classic Collection vol.1 for the arcade. Alternatively, it was suggested that the pension cheques were used as a way to get away with the murder, by them not being declared as dead. Also, Mappy had several Japan-only sequels, including Hopping Mappy in 1986 for the arcades and Mappy Kids for the Famicom in the late 1980s. It was hypothetised that one of the main motivations for the murders was to take their pension cheques and hence increase their income. In the late 90s, it was released as part of Microsoft's Revenge of the Arcade PC collection. In 1999, when the Snowtown murders, also known as the "bodies in the barrel" case was first brought to public attention, it was discovered that many of the people murdered had continued to collect their Centrelink pensions or unemployment cheques for years after their murders, and hence were not declared dead. by Taxan). Centrelink operates one of the largest and highest throughput OLTP database systems in Australia, and is one of the largest users in Australia of Model 204.

This was followed by a console-only sequel called Mappy Land in 1986 (released in the U.S. However, upon release or discharge from imprisonment or psychiatric hospitalisation of more than two weeks, the claimant is entitled to an additional payment equal to seven days of their regular payment, to help with adjustment. A Japan-only port of the game was released for the Famicom (Japanese version of the NES) in 1984. (However, it may be payable if a psychiatric stay is classed as rehabilitation.) The benefits resume upon release or discharge. The player uses a left-right joystick to move Mappy and a single button to operate the doors. If you are imprisoned or admitted to a psychiatric institution, you are not eligible to receive your benefits for the duration of your imprisonment or admission. A bonus is awarded if all the balloons are popped before the music ends. The following concession cards are issued by Centrelink:.

Mappy, unbothered by the cats, must bounce across a series of trampolines, popping suspended balloons along the way. However, no one who has been awarded a Masters or Doctorate is eligible for PES. The third level and every fourth level after that is a bonus round. You are still eligible for PES for study even if you have completed previous studies. If Mappy bounces on a trampoline four consecutive times without landing on a floor, it breaks, and he dies unless there is another trampoline underneath. However, Masters and Doctorate degrees are not approved. However, he can safely pass them in the air while jumping on the trampolines. Bachelor's degrees and many TAFE courses are approved courses of study.

If Mappy gets caught by the Mewkies or Nyamco in the hallways he dies. It only applies to approved courses of study. Some of these are special "microwave doors" which release a wave which sweeps away any cat in its path (even off the edge of the screen). An additional payment, for those on a disability pension who are studying, to help cover the cost of study. Many of the hallways have doors which Mappy can slam open or shut to temporarily knock out the Mewkies or Nyamco. A very small payment for those receiving Pension payments only, to help cover the cost of telephone bills. A level is completed when all the loot is retrieved. A small payment for those receiving another payment, to help cover the cost of prescription medicines.

If Mappy tarries too long, the fearsome ancestral cat coin (Gosenzo) shows up. Verification of the rent details are required either a lease or by completing a Rent Certificate every six months. version) on every level. This payment is paid as part of the income support payment. In addition to the Mewkies, there is also the boss cat Nyamco (Goro in the U.S. Income support recipients who are classed as non-homeowners and pay more than a required amount of board or rent for accommodation are eligble for Rent Assistance payments. Mappy and the Mewkies can move between the floors by jumping on trampolines at the ends and middle of the hallways, and landing on a floor on the way up (but not on the way down). A payment for those providing full time care to their own children.

The mansion has six floors of long hallways in which the items are stashed. A payment for those providing full time care to someone who is ill, injured or has a disability. version) to retrieve stolen goods. A payment for those receiving another payment, and currently suffering an illness. The player guides Mappy the police mouse through the mansion of the cats called Mewkies (Meowky in the U.S. Newstart with a medical certificate to cover the activity tests) while the payment is being assessed; once granted it is backdated to the claim date at the higher DSP rate. This incident was selected as #2 "MGM Goes Cop" in GameSpy's The 25 Dumbest Moments in Gaming. DSP can take a while to process, so as a temporary measure claimants are placed on another payment (e.g.

Ironically, it was MGM/UA that previously won a lawsuit declaring Tom and Jerry was in the public domain. However, if you are permanently blind, you can receive DSP without income and assets tests, and without needing to prove any inability to work, etc. Namco's lawyer, Howard Lincoln, who would go on to become a Senior Vice President of the company, discovered that MGM didn't own the copyright to Tom and Jerry either, and was able to not only win the lawsuit, but got MGM to pay the legal costs. It is more than you get on Newstart, and is income and assets-tested. If victorious, this lawsuit would have crushed Namco of America, and the history of videogames would have been drastically altered. Provides income support for people who suffer a long-term disability, which in the opinion of a medical professional they will not recover from in the next two years, and which will render themselves unable to support themselves. However, MGM/UA sued Namco over copyright violations, claiming that Mappy was a copy of Tom and Jerry. Abstudy is tailored according to income tests, and the status of partners, guardians, and dependents.

. To qualify as Indigenous, a student must be of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent by Centrelink standards and be a current Australian citizen. Mappy runs on Namco Super Pac-Man hardware. All Indigenous students at secondary or tertairy institutions, as well as those studying by correspondence, and primary students who turned 14 prior to January 1 of their current year of study. It was re-released as part of the Famicom Mini Series in 2004, only in Japan. Abstudy is a welfare payment for Indigenous Australians undergoing some form of study. Mappy is a side-scrolling platformer that features cute cartoony characters. The major differences between the Austudy payment and Youth Allowance payment is that the rate does not vary based on 'living at home'; and that Austudy recipients are not eligible for rent assistance.

it was manufactured and distributed by Bally/Midway. Like most Centrelink payments, Austudy is subject to an income test. In the U.S. However, students who were receiving Youth Allowance prior to turning 25 and are still pursuing the same course of study continue to receive Youth Allowance until they finish (or otherwise terminate) their course. Mappy is a 1983 arcade game by Namco. To qualify, one must be an Australian resident, over 25, and studying full time at an approved education institution. In R4: Ridge Racer Type 4, "Micro Mouse Mappy" is a racing team that can be selected from the get-go, but Ridge Racer 64 requires that you win Stage 4 (the novice "EXTRA" courses) and beat the car in a Car Attack on Ridge Racer Novice EXTRA. Austudy was originally an all-ages study allowance, but since the introduction of Youth Allowance (see above) it has been reserved for the over 25s.

In R4: Ridge Racer Type 4, there is a racing team that uses this game's name, and in Ridge Racer 64 there is a car that shares this game sponsor used in R4: Ridge Racer Type 4. Youth Allowance was introduced from July 1998 and replaced previous unemployment and study benefits for those under 25. They were used in Ridge Racer, Ridge Racer 2, Rave Racer, Ridge Racer Revolution, and Ridge Racer 64. In cases where young people are deemed independent (eg on the basis of their own past income, or unreasonable to live at home), they are provided with Newstart as per other recipients. The blue car is named "RT Blue Mappy" while the pink car is named "RT Pink Mappy". As eligibility is based on parent's income or independence from parents, there is an assumption that parents of 16-24 year old students or under 21 year old job seekers will support their children. In Ridge Racer, there are two cars that share the racing team name of this game. The payment is only available to dependents of low-income earners or young people 'independent' of their families.

Mappy's hat is an equippable item in Namco x Capcom. 'Youth' is defined as 16-25 for full-time students, or 16-21 for job seekers. release. Youth Allowance is an alternative to Newstart tailored specifically to young Australians in full-time study, an apprenticeship, or actively looking for employment. Nyamco was renamed "Goro" in the U.S. Centrelink provides many services for the unemployed at Job Search including job listings, résumé building and other information distribution to clients. "Nyamco", besides being a play on "Namco", comes from nyanko, the Japanese equivalent of "kitty cat". This network of providers covers the country and is designed to provide unemployed people with numerous benefits such a training workshops, photocopying, internet access, printers, fares assistance and reimbursements for uniform or clothing that may be required on the job.

"Mappy" is likely derived from mappo, a Japanese slang term (slightly insulting) for a policeman. Most of the changes are related to the outsourcing of job search services to private job network providers, including some religious organisations and charities, for direct assistance. The so-called "Employment Sector" continues to be generously subsidised. For recipients of unemployment benefits, called Newstart Allowance, the service provision and conditions are constantly altered. Other benefits such as sickness and disability payments were affected with similar economic rationing.

Penalties were increased for breaches, a strict job search diary was introduced and the Work for the Dole program began. Under the coalition policy of mutual obligation the body has undergone a series of major changes, placing greater restrictions and conditions on recipients. This ensures that only those that require assistance receive it. Unlike pension payments of many other countries, workers do not contribute to a pension or insurance within Australia, and the payment is available subject to means testing.

Women currently becoming eligible for Age pension is 63 years old. The age for women to become eligible is being progressively phased upward from 60 to 65 years, in line with males. It is available to men aged 65 years and over. The Age pension was the first payment issued from the Commonwealth Government and dates back to 1909.

The FAO also administers the "baby bonus". It is payable to low income earners either as a payment or through a tax reduction. Family Tax Benefit Parts A and B are administered by the Family Assistance Office within Centrelink. In addition, lump sum crisis payments are payable in certain situations, such as release from prison, discharge from a psychiatric institution, or having to leave home due to domestic violence.

Telephone Allowance only for people on Pensions) are paid on a quarterly or other basis. Most are payable on a fortnightly basis, although some small allowances (e.g. . The structure of student payments under Youth Allowance is notable in that full-time students between the ages of 21-25 are actually paid considerably less then they would be as unemployed Newstart Allowance recipients, thereby making studying more difficult for young people.

There have been numerous complaints about the quality of Centrelink services, and scandals surrounding fraud and abuse of the welfare payment system, competency of staff, and quality of governmental employment conditions. Centrelink operates under the Commonwealth Services Delivery Agency Act 1997. It claims to offer 140 different products and services, which it supplies to around one third of Australian citizens. Additionally, Centrelink supplies numerous Commonwealth services to the Australian Community, such as assistance and education for people receiving welfare payments.

It is the central body responsible for the dispensation of all Commonwealth welfare payments including pensions, student allowances, and unemployment benefits (the 'dole'). Centrelink (formerly the Department of Social Security (DSS)) is the Australian Commonwealth government's welfare agency. Pensioner Concession Card - this offers additional benefits to the HCC, including pensioner transportation fares (in some areas), and a certain number of free country rail journeys within the holder's state. Commonwealth Seniors Health Card- a HCC issued to senior citizens.

This card has secondary benefits, including cheaper public transport in some areas not including Queensland. Most recipients of a payment are entitled to this. Health Care Card - primarily entitles holder to PBS medications at the concession rate. Youth Allowance - for full-time students or New Apprentices aged 16 to 24 and people aged under 21 who are undertaking job search or a combination of approved activities.

Student Financial Supplement Scheme - no longer available. Pensioner Education Supplement - helps certain income support recipients with education expenses. Parenting Payment - for parents or guardians to help with the cost of raising children. Maternity Payment - for help with those extra costs after the birth of a new baby.

Newstart Allowance - for people who are looking for employment or who are forced off DSP onto a lower income to look for employment. Maternity Immunisation Allowance - for fully immunised children or those exempt from immunisation. Family Tax Benefit Part B - for single income families or sole parents. Family Tax Benefit Part A - for parents or carers to help with the cost of raising children.

Double Orphan Pension - for people who are raising children who have lost both parents. Disability Support Pension - for people unable to work for 2 years due to illness, injury or disability. Child Care Benefit - for families to help with the cost of child care. Carer Allowance (Child) - for people who care for a child with a disability at home.

Carer Allowance - for people who care for a child with a disability at home. Austudy Payment - for full-time students and New Apprentices aged 25 years or over. Assistance for Isolated Children - if your child cannot attend school locally because you live in a remote area or your child has special needs. Assistance for Isolated Children - for families with a child who cannot attend school locally because of distance or special needs.

ABSTUDY - offers a range of allowances to assist Indigenous students and New Apprentices.

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