Lidl

A Lidl in Cornwall, UK

Lidl (either leed-ul as pronounced in recently-launched British TV commercials, or lid-ul) is a European discount supermarket chain of German origin that operates 5,000 stores. In Germany it is the most important competitor of Aldi. The full name of the company is Lidl Stiftung & Co KG. It belongs to the holding group Schwarz, which also owns the store chains Handelshof and Kaufland.

It was founded in the 1930s by a member of the Schwarz family, then called Schwarz Lebensmittel-Sortimentsgroßhandlung. In the 1970s the first Lidl stores of today's incarnation opened.

Lidl is the fifth largest supermarket chain in Germany (2004), and has established itself in over 17 countries around the world.

Criticism of Lidl

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Lidl has received critical attention in Germany over their treatment of workers, with trade unionists said to be blacklisted (refusal to employ union members). Lidl faces allegations about unpaid overtime, low wages and management by threats. The German trade union Ver.di has taken Lidl to task for its supposed bad labour practices.

Lidl is also said to use aggressive strategies against their suppliers to enforce low prices.

Countries with Lidl shops

Current

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Republic of Ireland
  • Italy
  • The Netherlands
  • Norway (the first ten stores opened September 23, 2004)
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Slovakia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom

Planned

  • Canada
  • Croatia
  • Estonia
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Romania
  • Slovenia
  • Switzerland

Competitors

  • Aldi (7000 stores)
  • Netto (1200 stores)
  • Kwiksave (UK only)

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Lidl is also said to use aggressive strategies against their suppliers to enforce low prices. Landline (in order of size). The German trade union Ver.di has taken Lidl to task for its supposed bad labour practices. Wireless (in order of size). Lidl faces allegations about unpaid overtime, low wages and management by threats. Sprint Nextel also holds naming rights to the Sprint Center in Kansas City, Missouri. Lidl has received critical attention in Germany over their treatment of workers, with trade unionists said to be blacklisted (refusal to employ union members). It is expected that the name of the series will be changed to the Sprint Cup for 2007.

. Sprint Nextel is the major title sponsor of NASCAR’s top racing series, called the NEXTEL Cup. Lidl is the fifth largest supermarket chain in Germany (2004), and has established itself in over 17 countries around the world. Below are some of those companies which Sprint Nextel has agreed to acquire:. In the 1970s the first Lidl stores of today's incarnation opened. In several cases the newly formed company was forced to acquire affiliated companies in exchange for them dropping their opposition of the merger. It was founded in the 1930s by a member of the Schwarz family, then called Schwarz Lebensmittel-Sortimentsgroßhandlung. Some had even threatened to push for the outright blocking of the merger.[3] In order for Sprint Nextel to allay some of this opposition by affiliates, they were forced to initiate discussions of either acquiring some of these affilates or renegotiate existing agreements.

It belongs to the holding group Schwarz, which also owns the store chains Handelshof and Kaufland. Following the announcement of the merger agreement, some of of these affiliates came forward with a strong opposition to the Sprint Nextel merger on the grounds that the merged company may violate existing agreements or significantly undercut earnings to these affiliates. The full name of the company is Lidl Stiftung & Co KG. Prior to the merger, the Sprint Corporation and Nextel Communications were dependent on a network of affiliated companies. In Germany it is the most important competitor of Aldi. NII Holdings owns Nextel-branded networks in many Latin American countries, under license by Sprint Nextel, which owns 18% of that company. Lidl (either leed-ul as pronounced in recently-launched British TV commercials, or lid-ul) is a European discount supermarket chain of German origin that operates 5,000 stores. According to documentation filed earlier by Sprint, iDEN was, at that time, to be sold.

Kwiksave (UK only). By 2010, Sprint Nextel plans to absorb the Nextel brand into the Sprint PCS brand. Netto (1200 stores). Currenty Sprint PCS has a push-to-talk service called ReadyLink which is based on the SIP VoIP protocol but cannot currently make or receive calls with the iDEN based PTT system. Aldi (7000 stores). The new push to talk platform will be based on Qualcomm's Qchat product, which has been under development between Nextel and Qualcomm since January 2002. Switzerland. The push-to-talk feature with which Nextel has gained its fame is also expected to be released on the CDMA network in 2006 when Sprint deploys their successor to the first phase of their high speed wireless network EV-DO.

Slovenia. However, Sprint Nextel has assured its customers that both the current iDEN and CDMA technologies will continue to be supported and that dual-band phones are being researched to work on both networks simultaneously. Romania. Initially, speculation that current Nextel subscribers would be required to replace their existing handsets due to incompatibility between Nextel technology and Sprint technology was put forth. Lithuania. subscribers, particularly popular in the south. Latvia. The Nextel brand has over 18.5 million U.S.

Estonia. A downside of this sole-source (Motorola) and proprietary standard has been a lack of innovation in handset size and weight, compared to mobile telephony industry trends, though this too is changing. Croatia. Some of Nextel's special features include its push to talk feature, which simulates the half-duplex operation of a two-way radio. Canada. Unlike other cellular operators, Nextel utilizes the specialized mobile radio band (SMR) and was one of the first operators in the United States to offer a national digital cellular coverage footprint. United Kingdom. Nextel is the former wireless brand of NEXTEL Communications, and it operates on Motorola's iDEN protocol that uses time division multiple access (TDMA) technology.

Sweden.
SprintPCS also offers WiFi 802.11 service in some major airports, cafes, hotels and convention centers. Spain. Sprint also has more roaming agreements then any other US carrier, *offering service in more then 150 countries World Wide. Slovakia. Giving them the largest coverage area of any US carrier. Portugal. Along with 295 Million through roaming agreements (290 Million with a Digital Only phone).

Poland. Sprint also covered over 250 Million people in the US on it's own native network. Norway (the first ten stores opened September 23, 2004). At the end of Q105, there were Sprint 28 million wireless subscribers. The Netherlands. (See Merger of Sprint and NEXTEL section above) [2]. Italy. Alamosa PCS is the largest of its affiliate carriers, the others are Ubiquitel, iPCS, Shentel, Enterprise, Northern PCS, and Swiftel.

Republic of Ireland. In most cases, these affiliate carriers are transparent to the end user or consumer. Hungary. In exchange, the smaller companies receive usage of Sprint's brand, radio spectrum, customer service and billing. Greece. These smaller companies, in agreement with Sprint, build network infrastructure as well as operate retail stores. Germany. Sprint Nextel maintains its nationwide PCS presence with the help of affiliates.

France. Qualcomm collects royalties for anything related to Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA). Finland. GSM's upgrade path of UMTS *Wide-Band Code Division Multiple Access (W-CDMA) is based on the CDMA protocal. Denmark. CDMA 1X data speeds can reach 144 Kbps, while EV-DO has speeds of 2 Mbps. Czech Republic. The speeds will be slower on the 1X network though.

Belgium. Unlike Verizon's EV-DO offering, Sprint's Power Visions content is available off of Sprint's EV-DO network. Austria. It is currently being offered in 41 states in the US. Sprint's EV-DO (Power Visions) offering includes Sprint TV, Sprint Radio (Both Streaming and SIRIUS Satellite Music ) Stations, Sprint's Music Store, Sprint On-Demand, Unlimited Web Access, Video and Picture Mail, Wireless Chat, Games and More. They expect to spend over two and one half billion dollars upgrading the existing network to EV-DO technology.

Sprint is currently rolling out a higher speed wireless network using EV-DO technology. The Sprint PCS network operates a 3G wireless network, using the 1xRTT standard, which is part of the Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) standard. Sprint PCS is the main wireless brand of Sprint Nextel, and was the main brand of the former Sprint Corporation. The company also continues to reinforce the idea of a combination of brand strengths on several levels of marketing including a voice over exclaiming "Sprint, together with Nextel" or "Nextel, together with Sprint" as a way to play on the idea of a merger of equals.

[1]. The logo is a blend of the former Sprint "pin drop" marketing image as well as the colors of Nextel's bright yellow and black logo design with its cellular service level bars that, from past marketing would get 'typed' from a single vertical black line. The new logo of the Sprint Nextel Corporation was one of the first attempts at seamlessly meshing the initial brands of both the Sprint Corporation and NEXTEL Communications. On September 1, 2005, Sprint Nextel combined plan offerings of its Sprint PCS and Nextel brands to bring more uniformity across the company's offerings.

Analysts speculate that Sprint Nextel will acquire additional affiliates. In 2005, Sprint Nextel acquired three of its wireless affiliates, US Unwired (deal closed in August), Gulf Coast Wireless (deal closed in October), and IWO Holdings (deal closed in October). The new local phone company will be the fifth largest local exchange carrier in the United States (under the Baby Bells) and the largest independent local provider, serving customers in 18 states and providing local, long distance and high-speed data services to residential and business customers. Sprint Nextel is expected to spin off its local telephone division into a separate company officially named Embarq Corporation and traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol EQ.

Sprint Nextel has also announced other upcoming MVNO partnerships, including ESPN, Movida Wireless, and Disney. Current MVNOs using the PCS network to provide coverage include Virgin Mobile, EarthLink, Working Assets, Telispire, Excel Wireless, STI Mobile, Liberty, Powernet Global, Platinum Tel, ConnexOne, and Qwest. The MVNOs resell wireless services using their own brand. Sprint Nextel wholesales capacity on its PCS wireless network to companies called Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO); this means the MVNO uses the Sprint PCS network for coverage.

Sprint Nextel also offers pre-paid services through the Boost Mobile brand, and it provides services in the Philippines through the Next Mobile brand. It is also a provider of landline, long distance, business telecommunications, and Tier 1 internet service provider under the name SprintLink. Sprint Nextel currently offers cellular phone service under its Sprint PCS and Nextel brands. Nextel is known for its free incoming call plan.

Other affiliates have also filed lawsuits against Sprint Nextel. Sprint Nextel has made a settlement with an affiliate named Ubiqutel that Sprint won't be providing any Nextel service within the Ubiqutel service limits. These regional affiliates felt that the new company would be violating non-compete agreements that the former companies had made with the affiliates. Sprint and NEXTEL both faced opposition to the merger, mostly from regional affiliates that provide wireless services on behalf of the companies.

Sprint Nextel was officially formed on August 12, 2005, when the deal was completed. The FCC placed a condition on the merger that Sprint Nextel is to provide wireless service within the 2.5 GHz band within the next four years. Department of Justice on August 3, 2005. The merger deal was approved by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and U.S.

Sprint and NEXTEL shareholders overwhelmingly approved the merger on July 13, 2005. 5 leading providers in the US mobile phone industry. 3 and No. At the time of the merger announcement Sprint and NEXTEL were the No.

While billed as a merger of equals, the transaction was actually the purchase of NEXTEL Communications by Sprint Corporation. On December 15, 2004, Sprint and NEXTEL announced they would merge to form Sprint Nextel Corporation. NEXTEL was formerly traded on the NASDAQ under the ticker "NXTL". Mark Warner, a former Virginia Governor and possible 2008 presidential candidate was one of the company's co-founders.

In 1995, wireless pioneer Craig McCaw became a significant investor in the company. O'Brien, a Washington, DC, communications attorney, and changed its name to NEXTEL Communications in 1993. NEXTEL was founded as FleetCall in 1987 by Morgan E. In 2005, Sprint merged by buying out competitor Nextel, forming Sprint Nextel,.

(FON meaning "Fiber Optic Network", which was Sprint's bragging right.). In April 2004, the separately traded wireless tracking stock, "PCS", was absorbed into the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) "FON" ticker, Sprint's former ticker. In 2003, Sprint began recombining their local telecom, long distance, wireline, and wireless business units into a new company, marketing the combined company as "One Sprint". However the deal did not go through because of pressure from the United States Department of Justice and the European Union on concerns of it creating a monopoly.

The deal would have been the largest corporate merger in history at the time. On October 5, 1999 Sprint and MCI WorldCom announced a $129 Billion dollar merger agreement between the two companies. In 1995, the company began to offer wireless service under the Sprint PCS brand. That same year United Telecom changed its name to Sprint (dropping the US).

In 1991 United Telecom completed its acquisition of US Sprint. In 1989 United Telecom purchased controlling interest in US Sprint. This was a partnership owned by GTE and United Telecom. In 1986, Sprint was merged with US Telecom (the long distance arm of United Telecom) to form US Sprint.

Southern Pacific Communications became part of GTE in 1982. Some claim it was a acronym for "Southern Pacific Railroad Information NeTwork or Switched PRIvate Network Telecommunications.". According to company employees, Sprint was a name chosen by a contest sponsored within the company by Rex Hollis, the VP of Marketing at the time. Prior attempts at offering long distance service were disapproved by the Federal Communications Commission, though the company's fax service (SpeedFAX) had been permitted.

The Railroad had extensive rights of way that could be used to lay long-distance communications. Southern Pacific Communications Company (SPCC), a unit of the Southern Pacific Railroad began offering their dial-up service shortly after the Execunet II decision late in 1978. That company changed its name to United Telecommunications in 1972, as it began to offer a more diversified product range. In the mid 20th century, Brown changed its name to United Utilities.

The company was a landline telephone company that operated as a competitor to the Bell System. The Sprint Corporation was founded in 1899 by Cleyson Brown under the Brown Telephone Company in the small town of Abilene, Kansas. . The company maintains operational headquarters in Overland Park, Kansas.

The new company, formerly known as Sprint Corporation, was created from the $35 billion purchase of NEXTEL Communications by Sprint, though the entire deal was billed as a merger of equals. It also operates landline and long distance business, as well as several units that provide businesses and governments with communications services. With 45.6 million subscribers, under the Sprint PCS and Nextel brands—behind Cingular Wireless and Verizon Wireless. based on total wireless customers.

It operates the third largest wireless network in the U.S. With a combined market cap of *$68.99 billion as of early 2006. Sprint Nextel Corporation (NYSE: S), headquartered in Reston, VA, is one of the largest telecommunications companies in the World. Qwest.

Verizon. AT&T (recent merger of SBC and AT&T). Cellular. U.S.

Alltel. T-Mobile. Verizon Wireless. Cingular.

Once completed the Nextel Partners deal will add more than 2 million customers directly to the Sprint Nextel company. [8]. [7] finally reach an agreement for a $6.5B deal where the Sprint Nextel Corporation will acquire the largest of Nextel's affilates to end Nextel Partners' opposition to any changes by Sprint in relation to the NEXTEL merger. December 21, 2005: Sprint Nextel Corporation and Nextel Partners, Inc.

[6] - (velocitawireless.com). The transaction will enhance the iDEN network's 900 MHz spectrum position. December 16, 2005: Sprint Nextel announces acquisition of non-affiliate Velocita Wireless. December 16, 2005: Sprint Nextel announces a $98 million agreement to acquire Enterprise Communications of Columbus, Georgia, thus adding over 52,000 customers to the company's PCS Wireless division.[5].

Potentially adding an additional 1.48 million customers to Sprint Nextel. acquisition agreement for Texas-based Sprint PCS affilate Alamosa Holdings. November 21, 2005: Sprint Nextel announces a $4.3B. (With that closing on October 3, 2005).

Another acquisition forced by Gulf Coast Wireless, added an additional 95,000 customers mainly in Louisiana and Mississippi to Sprint Nextel's CDMA network. (This acquisition closed on October 20, 2005.). August 30, 2005: Sprint Nextel announces the intention to acquire IWO Holdings, Inc. a mainly New England-based network affiliate for the Sprint PCS business. [4].

Thus adding some 500,000 additional direct customers to the Sprint Nextel company. August 12, 2005: Sprint acquires the Sprint PCS affiliate US Unwired for $1.3B. Sprint EV-DO/1X coverage maps.

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