LidlA Lidl in Cornwall, UK
Lidl (either leed-ul as pronounced in recently-launched British TV commercials, or lid-ul) is a European discount supermarket chain of German origin that operates 5,000 stores. In Germany it is the most important competitor of Aldi. The full name of the company is Lidl Stiftung & Co KG. It belongs to the holding group Schwarz, which also owns the store chains Handelshof and Kaufland.
It was founded in the 1930s by a member of the Schwarz family, then called Schwarz Lebensmittel-Sortimentsgroßhandlung. In the 1970s the first Lidl stores of today's incarnation opened.
Lidl is the fifth largest supermarket chain in Germany (2004), and has established itself in over 17 countries around the world.
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Lidl has received critical attention in Germany over their treatment of workers, with trade unionists said to be blacklisted (refusal to employ union members). Lidl faces allegations about unpaid overtime, low wages and management by threats. The German trade union Ver.di has taken Lidl to task for its supposed bad labour practices.
Lidl is also said to use aggressive strategies against their suppliers to enforce low prices.
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Lidl is also said to use aggressive strategies against their suppliers to enforce low prices. Wins by Country (Runners-up in brackets). The German trade union Ver.di has taken Lidl to task for its supposed bad labour practices. Total wins (Runners-up in brackets). Lidl faces allegations about unpaid overtime, low wages and management by threats. Final Results. Lidl has received critical attention in Germany over their treatment of workers, with trade unionists said to be blacklisted (refusal to employ union members). For more information see Super 12 Champions.
. The 2005 Super 12 Trophy was taken back by the Crusaders, who defeated the NSW Waratahs 35-25. Lidl is the fifth largest supermarket chain in Germany (2004), and has established itself in over 17 countries around the world. The 2004 Super 12 Trophy was taken by the ACT Brumbies, who defeated the Crusaders 47-38 in the final. In the 1970s the first Lidl stores of today's incarnation opened. The South African region that is not participating in the Super 14 is also guaranteed regular competition with the other five South Africa regions. It was founded in the 1930s by a member of the Schwarz family, then called Schwarz Lebensmittel-Sortimentsgroßhandlung. The Spears, as well as the relegated region from 2007, will play in a series against the national teams of Argentina, Fiji, Samoa and Tonga.
It belongs to the holding group Schwarz, which also owns the store chains Handelshof and Kaufland. There will be a similar test match in following years, with the Spears subject to possible relegation starting at the end of the 2008 season. The full name of the company is Lidl Stiftung & Co KG. After the 2007 season, the lowest-finishing South African team in that year's Super 14 table, other than the Spears, will play a promotion/relegation test match against the team that was relegated in 2006. In Germany it is the most important competitor of Aldi. The Spears are also guaranteed a place in the 2008 Super 14. Lidl (either leed-ul as pronounced in recently-launched British TV commercials, or lid-ul) is a European discount supermarket chain of German origin that operates 5,000 stores. In 2007, the Southern Spears, based in Port Elizabeth, will replace the lowest-finishing South African team in the 2006 table.
Kwiksave (UK only). For more details regarding the areas from which each Super 14 team draws its players, see Super 14 franchise areas. Netto (1200 stores). In 2006, the competing teams will be:. Aldi (7000 stores). The fallout from the controversy surrounding the addition of the fifth South African side resulted in the creation of a competitive series involving Argentina, the Pacific Islands and at least one South African side, slated to begin in 2006. Switzerland. South Africa will establish a promotion/relegation system to determine the five sides that will compete in the Super 14 each year.
Slovenia. The Spears will replace one of the five existing South Africa sides for 2007 and 2008. Romania. However, a sixth South African team, the Southern Spears, will be formed in the Southern and Eastern Cape region. Lithuania. Finally, the five teams for 2006 were confirmed to be the country's existing four teams, plus the Central Cheetahs, which will draw its players from the Free State and Northern Cape Provinces. Latvia. The addition of the new South African team led to considerable controversy, including government involvement.
Estonia. It has been confirmed that the new Australian team in the competition will be based in Perth and is to be called the Western Force. Croatia. However, Argentina and the Pacific Islands remain shut out of the competition proper under this proposal (but see the following paragraphs for more information). Canada. The proposal also included the possibility of splitting the updated Super 14 into two seven-team divisions, but it was decided to keep the competition in its traditional single-table format. United Kingdom. Under the new deal, Australia and South Africa each got one extra team in the competition, and a third round of fixtures will be added to the Tri Nations Series.
Sweden. SANZAR remains free to negotiate separate deals for other markets, such as France, Japan and the Americas. Spain. It covers international fixtures as well as the Super 14. Slovakia. . Portugal. The contract is worth USD 323 million over five years, which is a 16% annual increase compared to the previous deal.
Poland. That December, SANZAR announced that a new TV deal had been signed, with News Corporation winning the rights for the UK, Australia and New Zealand and Supersport winning rights for South Africa. Norway (the first ten stores opened September 23, 2004). In September 2004, SANZAR began negotiations for a new television deal to take effect in 2006. The Netherlands. However, until 2006, the competition remained as it began. Italy. Argentina was also pushing for inclusion in the Super 12.
Republic of Ireland. There was also discussion of including a team from the South Pacific Island nations, such as Fiji; or a combined Pacific Islanders team from Fiji, Samoa, and Tonga. Hungary. In recent years (2001 onwards), Australia had pushed unsuccessfully for the inclusion of a fourth Australian team (this has been now confirmed as Western Australia), and South Africa for another team from its country (two extra teams were added, for a total of six, but only five will compete in any given year). Greece. Therefore by setting up the Super 12, the Unions had a product that was in demand from viewers, enabling them to sell a 10 year contract for exclusive television rights to News Corp for USD 555 million , giving them both coverage and financial support. Germany. Another reason is that with the establishment of the Super League, the Rugby Unions were concerned that they would lose players, who were switching codes to follow the high salaries.
France. A key part of the business model for the Foxtel pay TV network in Australia was to attract subscribers by offering an exclusive product (such as rugby union) which could not be seen on free-to-air broadcast television. Finland. One significant reason for the development of the Super 12 competition was the introduction, in Australia especially but also in other nations, of pay (or subscription) television. Denmark. Australia, New Zealand and South Africa formed SANZAR (South African, New Zealand and Australian Rugby) to administer an annual 12-team provincial competition and Tri-Nations Test Series between the three countries. Czech Republic. It was born out of the success of 1995 Rugby Union World Cup, pitting regional teams of the then three strongest rugby nations against each other.
Belgium. The first Super 12 series was held in 1996, although it has its origins in the Super 10, Super 6 and South Pacific championships. Austria. The Australian teams also play each other for the National Ricoh Championship (or State of the Union), the winner of which is awarded the Bob Templeton trophy. The two winners then play the final at the home ground of the top surviving seed. The top four teams at the end of the round-robin phase then play semifinals, with the first placed team hosting the fourth placed team and the second placed team hosting the third placed team.
A bonus point is also earned by a team that loses a game by seven points (a converted try) or less. Teams also receive a bonus point for scoring four tries, regardless of the final result. A team receives four points for a win, two for a draw, and none for a loss. Games are held over 14 weekends with each team receiving one bye.
There are 91 regular season games in total. The Super 14 is a round-robin competition with each team playing every other team once, with six or seven home games and six or seven away games. The naming rights for the competition are different in the three countries:. .
From 1996 through 2005, the competition was known as Super 12; the name change came about after two teams were added for the 2006 season. The Super 14 is a rugby union championship competed for by teams from New Zealand, Australia and South Africa. Penalties: 43 – Andrew Mehrtens, Crusaders, 1999. Conversions: 39 – Stirling Mortlock, Brumbies, 2000.
Tries: 14 – Joe Roff, Brumbies, 1997, Rico Gear, Crusaders, 2005. Points: 206 – Andrew Mehrtens, Crusaders, 1998. Penalties: 195 – Andrew Mehrtens, Crusaders. Conversions: 148 – Matt Burke, Waratahs.
Tries: 57 – Joe Roff, Brumbies. Points: 926 – Andrew Mehrtens, Crusaders. First Super 12 penalty: Cameron, Wellington v Auckland, Palmerston North, 1996. First Super 12 conversion: Cameron, Wellington v Auckland, Palmerston North, 1996.
First Super 12 try: Alama Ieremia, Auckland v Wellington, Palmerston North, 1996. Fewest wins in a season: 0 – Bulls, 2002 regular season. Most wins in a season: 11 – Crusaders, 2002 regular season. Fewest tries in a season: 15 – Auckland, 1999, 2000.
Most tries in a season: 56 – Auckland, 1996/7, 1998. Most tries in a match: 14 – Crusaders v Waratahs, 2002. Most consecutive losses: 11 – Bulls, 2002. Most consecutive wins: 15 – Crusaders, 2002/03.
Highest score away: 60 – Blues v Hurricanes (7), 2002. Highest winning margin: 77 – Crusaders v Waratahs (96-19), 2002. Lowest score: 0 – Bulls v Brumbies (15), 1999; Cats v Brumbies (64), 2000. Highest score: 96 – Crusaders v Waratahs (19), 2002.
South Africa 0 (2). Australia 2 (4). New Zealand 8 (4). Waratahs 0 (1).
Highlanders 0 (1). Sharks 0 (2). ACT Brumbies 2 (3). Blues 3 (1).
Crusaders 5 (2). 2005 Crusaders 35-25 Waratahs. 2004 ACT Brumbies 47-38 Crusaders. 2003 Blues 21-17 Crusaders.
2002 Crusaders 31-13 ACT Brumbies. 2001 ACT Brumbies 36-6 Sharks. 2000 Crusaders 20-19 ACT Brumbies. 1999 Crusaders 24-19 Highlanders.
1998 Crusaders 20-13 Blues. 1997 Blues 23-7 ACT Brumbies. 1996 Blues 45-21 Sharks. Stormers - Cape Town (plus northern Western Cape).
Sharks - Durban (KwaZulu-Natal). Central Cheetahs - Bloemfontein (Free State Province plus Northern Cape). Cats - Johannesburg (plus Mpumalanga and North West). Bulls - Pretoria (plus East Rand and Limpopo Province).
Chiefs - central North Island, plus South Auckland. Blues - Northland Peninsula and most of metropolitan Auckland. New Zealand
Queensland Reds. New South Wales Waratahs. Brumbies - Australian Capital Territory (plus southern New South Wales). Australia
In South Africa, telecommunications company Vodacom has naming rights and the competition is referred to as the Vodacom Super 14. In Australia, the Tooheys brewery has naming rights and the competition is referred to as the Tooheys New Super 14, named after its Tooheys New brand. Previously Ubix and then Telecom New Zealand (TNZ). In New Zealand, sporting goods retailer Rebel Sport has naming rights and the competition is referred to as the Rebel Sport Super 14.