Juventus F.C.

Juventus Football Club (Latin for Youth, pronounced yoo-VEHN-toos) is one of Italy's oldest and greatest football clubs, based in Turin, Piedmont. It competes in Serie A. Juventus are widely regarded as one of the world's top clubs.

The team typically plays in black-and-white striped shirts and black shorts (but for decades in white shorts), and is nicknamed la Vecchia Signora (the Old Lady), bianconeri (black-and-white's), zebre (zebras), or deprecatively gobbi (humpbacks) by the opponents. The team gets its black-and-white striped kits from English side Notts County. Originally the team played in pink shirts (pink being the cheapest material available) with a black tie.

When the club decided to change these, it was decided to import kits in the red of Nottingham Forest, but a mix-up by the supplier meant that the team got the Notts County black and white instead. The club's stadium is the 69,041-seat Stadio Delle Alpi, which it currently shares with Torino Calcio. This arrangement will end after the 2004–05 season, when Torino Calcio will open a new ground of its own.

Juventus F.C. was founded in November 1897 by students from Massimo D'Azeglio Lyceum, in a "legendary" bench in one of Turin's boulevard, Re Umberto boulevard. The team won a previous version of the national league titles as early as 1905, but did not win their second until 1926. In 1923, the Agnelli family (owners of Fiat) gained control of the club, and built a private stadium in Villar Perosa (near Turin) and a complete series of facilities and services.

From 1931, the club won five consecutive Italian league championships (Italian scudetto). In 1933, they began playing at the Stadio Comunale. Post-war the club was very successful domestically, winning its tenth championship in 1961, but did not win any European titles until 1977 with the UEFA Cup.

The height of European success was not reached until 1985, when they won the European Champions Cup, but this success was largely overshadowed by the Heysel disaster that had occurred during the final between Juventus and Liverpool. Juventus repeated the success by winning the Champions League for a second time in 1996, and have not won it again since, the closest chance being when they lost to AC Milan in the 2003 final due to losing in a penalty shootout.

Juventus also won the Cup Winners' Cup in 1984 and two more UEFA Cup (1990, 1993). However, in 1999, due to their poor domestic season, they were forced into the ignominy of entering the UEFA Intertoto Cup in order to qualify for Europe. They have won 28 Italian titles and nine Coppa Italias to date, both national records. The club is also one of only four to have won all three major European trophies.

Until recently, Juventus' players had to wear short (and regular) hair; the club also provided the team with official formal wear (made by famous tailors) and forced them to complete their educational studies. Most of its players remained with Juventus until the end of their careers; many still work for the club or for Fiat (or related companies).

The two stars on the Juventus shirt signify they have won the Scudetto over 20 times. In fact, Juventus won the Italian Championship 28 times, more than any other Italian club; no other club has won the championship over 20 times, but the closest one to that objective is AC Milan.

Juventus is now a corporation, listed on the Borsa Italiana. The sale of Zinedine Zidane to Real Madrid of Spain was the most expensive in football to date, costing the Spanish club over $64 million (US), which is accurately £48 million.

On January 10, 2006 Alessandro Del Piero became the all time leading goalscorer for Juventus when he scored three times in a match against Fiorentina and took his total goals for the club to 185. The previous record holder was Giampiero Boniperti, who scored 182 goals for the club.

The previous Juventus logo

Current first team squad

As of January 31, 2006

Team honours

In terms of league championships (called Albo d'Oro (palmarés) ), the club is the most successful in Italian football.

Greatest players

The following is a list, divided in historical periods, of the greatest players in the history of Juventus.

The champions of the years 1931-1935

The '50s and '60s

The period of Boniperti and Trapattoni

The 1982 world champions

The Lippi era

The present


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The following is a list, divided in historical periods, of the greatest players in the history of Juventus. Orbitzgames.com was launched in September 2005 as a showcase of all the promotional orbitz games produced to date. In terms of league championships (called Albo d'Oro (palmarés) ), the club is the most successful in Italian football. Claiming that, because Orbitz had violated their own contractual agreements, some readers - whose emails are also posted on that article - vowed never to use Orbitz. As of January 31, 2006. Additionally, Maddox readers were further alienated due to this exchange, since Orbitz had shared information with other parties regarding an unsettled customer dispute. . This is assuming there are no further airline or traffic delays.".

The previous record holder was Giampiero Boniperti, who scored 182 goals for the club. Ouzonian's response to Orbitz's reply: "Hey, good point Orbitz, except that having 3 hours and 6 minutes to "connect to the other airport" is misleading because I don't need to simply "connect," I need to check in at least 2 hours before my flight...not to mention the time it would take to locate and walk to my terminal, check in my luggage, and stand in line. On January 10, 2006 Alessandro Del Piero became the all time leading goalscorer for Juventus when he scored three times in a match against Fiorentina and took his total goals for the club to 185. [This happened] in May of 2002 [and all sales] meet airline requirements for appropriate "minimum connection times"...there are significant inaccuracies in the information he provides...His flight was actually scheduled to depart at 12:45 pm so he had a total of 3 hours and 6 minutes to connect to the other airport, as opposed to the 2 hours and 21 minutes he claimed. The sale of Zinedine Zidane to Real Madrid of Spain was the most expensive in football to date, costing the Spanish club over $64 million (US), which is accurately £48 million. The readers forwarded those emails to Maddox, who posted it on his site:. Juventus is now a corporation, listed on the Borsa Italiana. Orbitz responded to the many thousands of emails that Maddox readers sent to them.

In fact, Juventus won the Italian Championship 28 times, more than any other Italian club; no other club has won the championship over 20 times, but the closest one to that objective is AC Milan. This story was read by over a hundred thousand people within less than a week, and instigated a boycott against the company by many of these readers. The two stars on the Juventus shirt signify they have won the Scudetto over 20 times. Maddox, recounted a less than satisfactory experience with Orbitz in which he was given an impossible itinerary which could not physically be fulfilled, and was not given a refund. Most of its players remained with Juventus until the end of their careers; many still work for the club or for Fiat (or related companies). The author, George Ouzounian a.k.a. Until recently, Juventus' players had to wear short (and regular) hair; the club also provided the team with official formal wear (made by famous tailors) and forced them to complete their educational studies. In March, 2005, Orbitz.com received email complaints numbering in the thousands from readers of a website called The Best Page in the Universe.

The club is also one of only four to have won all three major European trophies. Given Cendant's spate of acquisitions in Europe, there has been some speculation about Orbitz being exported to Europe as a brand or the continued use of acquired Cendant brands like ebookers and Octopus Travel. They have won 28 Italian titles and nine Coppa Italias to date, both national records. On September 29, 2004 Orbitz was acquired for $1.2 billion by New York-based Cendant Corporation. However, in 1999, due to their poor domestic season, they were forced into the ignominy of entering the UEFA Intertoto Cup in order to qualify for Europe. Additionally, changes in the marketplace had eroded both the advantages of the Most Favored Nation clause and the initial technological superiority of the Orbitz engine. Juventus also won the Cup Winners' Cup in 1984 and two more UEFA Cup (1990, 1993). Orbitz's rapid growth had leveled off, its online competitors' businesses had continued to grow apace, and no evidence was found of price fixing.

Juventus repeated the success by winning the Champions League for a second time in 1996, and have not won it again since, the closest chance being when they lost to AC Milan in the 2003 final due to losing in a penalty shootout. In July 2003, the Department of Justice ruled that Orbitz was not a cartel and did not pose a threat to competition. The height of European success was not reached until 1985, when they won the European Champions Cup, but this success was largely overshadowed by the Heysel disaster that had occurred during the final between Juventus and Liverpool. In July, it withdrew its fares from Orbitz altogether. Post-war the club was very successful domestically, winning its tenth championship in 1961, but did not win any European titles until 1977 with the UEFA Cup. Southwest, which had opposed the project from the outset, claimed Orbitz misrepresented its prices and used its trademarks without permission. In 1933, they began playing at the Stadio Comunale. Separately, Southwest Airlines filed a lawsuit against Orbitz for trademark infringement and false advertising in May 2001.

From 1931, the club won five consecutive Italian league championships (Italian scudetto). Partly in response, Orbitz announced in May 2002 it would make its fares available to travel agents offline. In 1923, the Agnelli family (owners of Fiat) gained control of the club, and built a private stadium in Villar Perosa (near Turin) and a complete series of facilities and services. The Interactive Travel Services Association (ITSA), an organization of Internet travel agencies, issued a report in December 2001 arguing that Orbitz was stifling its members. The team won a previous version of the national league titles as early as 1905, but did not win their second until 1926. Among the concerns raised were these:. was founded in November 1897 by students from Massimo D'Azeglio Lyceum, in a "legendary" bench in one of Turin's boulevard, Re Umberto boulevard. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

Juventus F.C. When the DOT permitted the company to move ahead in April 2001, the effort was switched to the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice and the U.S. This arrangement will end after the 2004–05 season, when Torino Calcio will open a new ground of its own. Several consumer organizations lobbied the United States Department of Transportation to block the project from the outset, and some 23 state attorneys general also voiced concerns. The club's stadium is the 69,041-seat Stadio Delle Alpi, which it currently shares with Torino Calcio. Even before the site began operating, however, the company faced intense antitrust scrutiny— after all, five of the six oligopolist "major" airlines, controlling 80 percent of the US air travel market, were collaborating. When the club decided to change these, it was decided to import kits in the red of Nottingham Forest, but a mix-up by the supplier meant that the team got the Notts County black and white instead. Beta testing began early the next year, and Orbitz.com officially launched in June 2001.

Originally the team played in pink shirts (pink being the cheapest material available) with a black tie. It was code-named T2— some claimed, meaning "Travelocity Terminator"— but adopted the name Orbitz when it commenced corporate operations in February 2000. The team gets its black-and-white striped kits from English side Notts County. Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Northwest Airlines, and United Airlines, subsequently joined by American Airlines, invested a combined $145 million to start the project in November 1999. The team typically plays in black-and-white striped shirts and black shorts (but for decades in white shorts), and is nicknamed la Vecchia Signora (the Old Lady), bianconeri (black-and-white's), zebre (zebras), or deprecatively gobbi (humpbacks) by the opponents. Orbitz constituted the airline industry's response to the rise of online travel agencies such as Expedia and Travelocity and trailed its major competitors by several years. Juventus are widely regarded as one of the world's top clubs. .

It competes in Serie A. As such, it searches the entire inventory of available prices simultaneously, rather than retrieving a representative subset. Juventus Football Club (Latin for Youth, pronounced yoo-VEHN-toos) is one of Italy's oldest and greatest football clubs, based in Turin, Piedmont. Orbitz differs from competitors in that it neither consolidates inventory (such as Priceline.com) nor provides a gateway to a so-called global distribution system (GDS) (such as Travelocity), but directly searches for inventory in and retrieves information for bookings from the computer reservation systems (CRSs) or inventory management systems of travel suppliers such as airlines. Robert Kovac. Katz, Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer, has led the company since July 2000; he had previously served as President and CEO of Swissair. David Trézéguet. It was traded on the NASDAQ exchange under the ticker symbol "ORBZ." Jeffrey G.

Mauro Camoranesi. Its flagship site, Orbitz.com, utilizes the QPX search ITA Software and a proprietary booking system originally called "Direct Connect", and now know as "Supplier Link", given the name "Orbot." Orbitz also operates portals for business purchasers of travel and travel vendors, and is a partner of "opaque" booking site Hotwire.com. Lilian Thuram. is an Internet travel company based in Chicago, since 2004 a part of the Cendant Corporation. Fabio Cannavaro. Orbitz, Inc. Zlatan Ibrahimović. Cendant.

Pavel Nedvěd. drops investigation into Orbitz. Patrick Vieira. MSNBC: U.S. Emerson. Information Week: Cendant Buys Orbitz For $1.2 Billion. Gianluca Zambrotta. technical problems on Orbitz.com were misrepresenting the true costs of tickets to customers.

Gianluigi Buffon. that the airlines would coordinate efforts secretly to reduce discounts. Alen Boksic. that Computer Reservation System fee discounts extended to partner airlines would undermine competitors and damage the fledgling online travel industry. Paolo Montero. the airlines' agreement to release certain discount fares only to Orbitz, at the expense of its online and offline competitors. Edgar Davids. above all, the so-called Most Favored Nation provision, by which the airlines agreed not to cut deals with competing sites under more favorable terms than with Orbitz.

Filippo Inzaghi. Christian Vieri. Antonio Conte. Fabrizio Ravanelli.

Alessandro Del Piero. Angelo Di Livio. Roberto Baggio. Gianluca Vialli.

Zinédine Zidane. Didier Deschamps. Ciro Ferrara. Angelo Peruzzi.

Paolo Rossi. Marco Tardelli. Franco Causio. Gaetano Scirea.

Antonio Cabrini. Claudio Gentile. Dino Zoff. Andreas Möller.

Stefan Reuter. Thomas Häßler. Jürgen Kohler. Michael Laudrup.

Stefano Tacconi. Liam Brady. Michel Platini. Zbigniew Boniek.

Franco Causio. Pietro Anastasi. Giuseppe Furino. Fabio Capello.

Antonello Cuccureddu. Roberto Bettega. Roberto Boninsegna. Helmut Haller.

Luis Del Sol. José Altafini. John Charles. Omar Sivori.

Giampiero Boniperti. Ermes Muccinelli. Carlo Parola. Felice Borel.

Giovanni Ferrari. Luis Monti. Raimundo Orsi. Umberto Caligaris.

Virginio Rosetta. Giampiero Combi. First team in Europe to win Champions League/Cup Winners Cup/UEFA Cup. 1985, 1996.

Intercontinental Cups: 2

    . 1999. Intertoto Cups: 1
      . 1985, 1996.

      European Super Cups: 2

        . 1976-77, 1989-90, 1992-93. UEFA Cups: 3
          . 1983-84.

          Cup Winners' Cups: 1

            . 1984-85, 1995-96. European Cups: 2
              . 1995, 1997, 2002, 2003.

              Italian Supercups: 4

                . 1937-38, 1941-42, 1958-59, 1959-60, 1964-65, 1978-79, 1982-83, 1989-90, 1994-95. Italian Cups: 9
                  . 1905, 1925-26, 1930-31, 1931-32, 1932-33, 1933-34, 1934-35, 1949-50, 1951-52, 1957-58, 1959-60, 1960-61, 1966-67, 1971-72, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1976-77, 1977-78, 1980-81, 1981-82, 1983-84, 1985-86, 1994-95, 1996-97, 1997-98, 2001-02, 2002-03, 2004-05.

                  Italian Championships: 28

                    .

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