Juventus F.C.

Juventus Football Club (Latin for Youth, pronounced yoo-VEHN-toos) is one of Italy's oldest and greatest football clubs, based in Turin, Piedmont. It competes in Serie A. Juventus are widely regarded as one of the world's top clubs.

The team typically plays in black-and-white striped shirts and black shorts (but for decades in white shorts), and is nicknamed la Vecchia Signora (the Old Lady), bianconeri (black-and-white's), zebre (zebras), or deprecatively gobbi (humpbacks) by the opponents. The team gets its black-and-white striped kits from English side Notts County. Originally the team played in pink shirts (pink being the cheapest material available) with a black tie.

When the club decided to change these, it was decided to import kits in the red of Nottingham Forest, but a mix-up by the supplier meant that the team got the Notts County black and white instead. The club's stadium is the 69,041-seat Stadio Delle Alpi, which it currently shares with Torino Calcio. This arrangement will end after the 2004–05 season, when Torino Calcio will open a new ground of its own.

Juventus F.C. was founded in November 1897 by students from Massimo D'Azeglio Lyceum, in a "legendary" bench in one of Turin's boulevard, Re Umberto boulevard. The team won a previous version of the national league titles as early as 1905, but did not win their second until 1926. In 1923, the Agnelli family (owners of Fiat) gained control of the club, and built a private stadium in Villar Perosa (near Turin) and a complete series of facilities and services.

From 1931, the club won five consecutive Italian league championships (Italian scudetto). In 1933, they began playing at the Stadio Comunale. Post-war the club was very successful domestically, winning its tenth championship in 1961, but did not win any European titles until 1977 with the UEFA Cup.

The height of European success was not reached until 1985, when they won the European Champions Cup, but this success was largely overshadowed by the Heysel disaster that had occurred during the final between Juventus and Liverpool. Juventus repeated the success by winning the Champions League for a second time in 1996, and have not won it again since, the closest chance being when they lost to AC Milan in the 2003 final due to losing in a penalty shootout.

Juventus also won the Cup Winners' Cup in 1984 and two more UEFA Cup (1990, 1993). However, in 1999, due to their poor domestic season, they were forced into the ignominy of entering the UEFA Intertoto Cup in order to qualify for Europe. They have won 28 Italian titles and nine Coppa Italias to date, both national records. The club is also one of only four to have won all three major European trophies.

Until recently, Juventus' players had to wear short (and regular) hair; the club also provided the team with official formal wear (made by famous tailors) and forced them to complete their educational studies. Most of its players remained with Juventus until the end of their careers; many still work for the club or for Fiat (or related companies).

The two stars on the Juventus shirt signify they have won the Scudetto over 20 times. In fact, Juventus won the Italian Championship 28 times, more than any other Italian club; no other club has won the championship over 20 times, but the closest one to that objective is AC Milan.

Juventus is now a corporation, listed on the Borsa Italiana. The sale of Zinedine Zidane to Real Madrid of Spain was the most expensive in football to date, costing the Spanish club over $64 million (US), which is accurately £48 million.

On January 10, 2006 Alessandro Del Piero became the all time leading goalscorer for Juventus when he scored three times in a match against Fiorentina and took his total goals for the club to 185. The previous record holder was Giampiero Boniperti, who scored 182 goals for the club.

The previous Juventus logo

Current first team squad

As of January 31, 2006

Team honours

In terms of league championships (called Albo d'Oro (palmarés) ), the club is the most successful in Italian football.

Greatest players

The following is a list, divided in historical periods, of the greatest players in the history of Juventus.

The champions of the years 1931-1935

The '50s and '60s

The period of Boniperti and Trapattoni

The 1982 world champions

The Lippi era

The present


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The following is a list, divided in historical periods, of the greatest players in the history of Juventus. Sunset is also a symbol of ending, closure and old age. In terms of league championships (called Albo d'Oro (palmarés) ), the club is the most successful in Italian football. Sunclipse is the word, collectively coined by Buckminster Fuller's family, to replace the geocentric term sunset, and better guide intuition, as the sun is not the body which is actually moving in a sunset. As of January 31, 2006. This may be due in the first instance to people spending more time outdoors in the evening during summer than during winter, and also because pictures of sunsets over the sea are often more spectacular than daytime beach scenes (see images below). . As a visual motif, sunset is often associated with summer, and (particularly when paired with a coconut palm) beach living and surfing culture.

The previous record holder was Giampiero Boniperti, who scored 182 goals for the club. Sometimes just before sunrise or after sunset a green flash can be seen. On January 10, 2006 Alessandro Del Piero became the all time leading goalscorer for Juventus when he scored three times in a match against Fiorentina and took his total goals for the club to 185. This effect is a daily illusion along with sunrise. The sale of Zinedine Zidane to Real Madrid of Spain was the most expensive in football to date, costing the Spanish club over $64 million (US), which is accurately £48 million. Further, because the light from the Sun is bent by the variable density of the Earth's atmosphere, the Sun is still seen after it is below the horizon. Juventus is now a corporation, listed on the Borsa Italiana. As sunrise and sunset are calculated from the leading and trailing edges of the Sun, and not the center; this slightly increases the duration of "day" relative to "night".

In fact, Juventus won the Italian Championship 28 times, more than any other Italian club; no other club has won the championship over 20 times, but the closest one to that objective is AC Milan. This effect is plotted by an analemma. The two stars on the Juventus shirt signify they have won the Scudetto over 20 times. Even on the equator, sunrise and sunset shift several minutes back and forth through the year, along with solar noon. Most of its players remained with Juventus until the end of their careers; many still work for the club or for Fiat (or related companies). (The dates may be swapped for sunset timings in the Southern Hemisphere.) For one or two weeks surrounding both solstices, both sunrise and sunset get slightly later each day. Until recently, Juventus' players had to wear short (and regular) hair; the club also provided the team with official formal wear (made by famous tailors) and forced them to complete their educational studies. Likewise, the latest sunset is not around June 21 (the summer solstice), but in early July.

The club is also one of only four to have won all three major European trophies. Changes in timing of sunset are driven by the axial tilt of Earth and the planet's movement around its orbit, however in the Northern Hemisphere (for example), the earliest sunset is not at the winter solstice around December 21, but rather in early December. They have won 28 Italian titles and nine Coppa Italias to date, both national records. The timing of sunset varies with the time of year and the latitude of the location from which it is viewed (and, in local time, with the location's precise longitude). However, in 1999, due to their poor domestic season, they were forced into the ignominy of entering the UEFA Intertoto Cup in order to qualify for Europe. For example, on an west-facing coastline, sunset occurs over water while sunrise occurs over land. Juventus also won the Cup Winners' Cup in 1984 and two more UEFA Cup (1990, 1993). However, differences between sunrise and sunset may in some cases depend more on the geographical particulars of the location from which they are viewed.

Juventus repeated the success by winning the Champions League for a second time in 1996, and have not won it again since, the closest chance being when they lost to AC Milan in the 2003 final due to losing in a penalty shootout. During the day, the Sun heats the surface of the Earth, lowering the relative humidity and increasing wind speed and turbulence, which serves to lift dust into the air. The height of European success was not reached until 1985, when they won the European Champions Cup, but this success was largely overshadowed by the Heysel disaster that had occurred during the final between Juventus and Liverpool. In particular, there tends to be more dust in the lower atmosphere at the end of the day than at the beginning. Post-war the club was very successful domestically, winning its tenth championship in 1961, but did not win any European titles until 1977 with the UEFA Cup. The atmosphere responds in a number of ways to exposure to the Sun during daylight hours. In 1933, they began playing at the Stadio Comunale. The sunset is often more brightly coloured than the sunrise.

From 1931, the club won five consecutive Italian league championships (Italian scudetto). A number of eruptions in recent times, such as those of Mount Pinatubo in 1991 and Krakatoa in 1883, have been sufficiently large to produce remarkable sunsets (and sunrises) all over the world. In 1923, the Agnelli family (owners of Fiat) gained control of the club, and built a private stadium in Villar Perosa (near Turin) and a complete series of facilities and services. The color of a sunset may be enhanced by atmospheric phenomena such as clouds, smoke and smog produced by natural processes or human activity, and by ash from volcanic eruptions. The team won a previous version of the national league titles as early as 1905, but did not win their second until 1926. Relatively little red light is scattered in this way, and so the sky often takes on shades of red, orange and yellow. was founded in November 1897 by students from Massimo D'Azeglio Lyceum, in a "legendary" bench in one of Turin's boulevard, Re Umberto boulevard. The red hues of the sky at sunset are caused by the Rayleigh scattering of blue light by atmospheric dust.

Juventus F.C. It should not be confused with dusk, which is the (variously defined) point at which darkness falls, some time after the Sun itself sets (which begins twilight). This arrangement will end after the 2004–05 season, when Torino Calcio will open a new ground of its own. Sunset, also called sundown in some American English dialects, is the time at which the Sun disappears below the horizon in the west. The club's stadium is the 69,041-seat Stadio Delle Alpi, which it currently shares with Torino Calcio. When the club decided to change these, it was decided to import kits in the red of Nottingham Forest, but a mix-up by the supplier meant that the team got the Notts County black and white instead.

Originally the team played in pink shirts (pink being the cheapest material available) with a black tie. The team gets its black-and-white striped kits from English side Notts County. The team typically plays in black-and-white striped shirts and black shorts (but for decades in white shorts), and is nicknamed la Vecchia Signora (the Old Lady), bianconeri (black-and-white's), zebre (zebras), or deprecatively gobbi (humpbacks) by the opponents. Juventus are widely regarded as one of the world's top clubs.

It competes in Serie A. Juventus Football Club (Latin for Youth, pronounced yoo-VEHN-toos) is one of Italy's oldest and greatest football clubs, based in Turin, Piedmont. Robert Kovac. David Trézéguet.

Mauro Camoranesi. Lilian Thuram. Fabio Cannavaro. Zlatan Ibrahimović.

Pavel Nedvěd. Patrick Vieira. Emerson. Gianluca Zambrotta.

Gianluigi Buffon. Alen Boksic. Paolo Montero. Edgar Davids.

Filippo Inzaghi. Christian Vieri. Antonio Conte. Fabrizio Ravanelli.

Alessandro Del Piero. Angelo Di Livio. Roberto Baggio. Gianluca Vialli.

Zinédine Zidane. Didier Deschamps. Ciro Ferrara. Angelo Peruzzi.

Paolo Rossi. Marco Tardelli. Franco Causio. Gaetano Scirea.

Antonio Cabrini. Claudio Gentile. Dino Zoff. Andreas Möller.

Stefan Reuter. Thomas Häßler. Jürgen Kohler. Michael Laudrup.

Stefano Tacconi. Liam Brady. Michel Platini. Zbigniew Boniek.

Franco Causio. Pietro Anastasi. Giuseppe Furino. Fabio Capello.

Antonello Cuccureddu. Roberto Bettega. Roberto Boninsegna. Helmut Haller.

Luis Del Sol. José Altafini. John Charles. Omar Sivori.

Giampiero Boniperti. Ermes Muccinelli. Carlo Parola. Felice Borel.

Giovanni Ferrari. Luis Monti. Raimundo Orsi. Umberto Caligaris.

Virginio Rosetta. Giampiero Combi. First team in Europe to win Champions League/Cup Winners Cup/UEFA Cup. 1985, 1996.

Intercontinental Cups: 2

    . 1999. Intertoto Cups: 1
      . 1985, 1996.

      European Super Cups: 2

        . 1976-77, 1989-90, 1992-93. UEFA Cups: 3
          . 1983-84.

          Cup Winners' Cups: 1

            . 1984-85, 1995-96. European Cups: 2
              . 1995, 1997, 2002, 2003.

              Italian Supercups: 4

                . 1937-38, 1941-42, 1958-59, 1959-60, 1964-65, 1978-79, 1982-83, 1989-90, 1994-95. Italian Cups: 9
                  . 1905, 1925-26, 1930-31, 1931-32, 1932-33, 1933-34, 1934-35, 1949-50, 1951-52, 1957-58, 1959-60, 1960-61, 1966-67, 1971-72, 1972-73, 1974-75, 1976-77, 1977-78, 1980-81, 1981-82, 1983-84, 1985-86, 1994-95, 1996-97, 1997-98, 2001-02, 2002-03, 2004-05.

                  Italian Championships: 28

                    .

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