The Nightmare Before Christmas

Tim Burton's The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) is a stop-action animated musical film about the inhabitants of Halloween Town who take over Christmas one year, directed by stop-motion animator Henry Selick. The film is loosely based on drawings and a poem by Tim Burton, and he served as co-producer. He did not direct the film as is sometimes believed, but he was still heavily involved.

The film was released by Touchstone Pictures, a film studio owned by the Walt Disney Company, after the main Walt Disney Pictures division balked at some of the darker content.

Synopsis

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

The film centers around Jack Skellington, the much adored leader of Halloween Town. Although Jack is loved and respected by the townspeople, he feels that there is something unknown to him that is missing from his life. One day while wandering in the woods with his dog zero, Jack discovers a circle of trees unlike anything that he has seen before. Each tree has a door on it representing a different holiday. When Jack opens the Christmas door he is sucked into the wonderful world of Christmas Town. Jack is mesmerized by the color and cheerfulness of the holiday, and realizes that this is exactly what he has been searching for.

When Jack returns to Halloween Town he locks himself in his home and performs countless experiments to try and better understand Christmas Town. Soon Jack calls a meeting in Town Hall and reveals his plans to takeover Christmas. All of the townspeople pitch in to create their own twisted version of the holiday. Sally, a close friend and admirer of Jack, tries to warn him that she thinks it is a bad idea to take over something he knows nothing about, but Jack is too wrapped in his fantasies to listen.

In order to successfully take over Christmas, Jack enlists the help of a trio of misfits named Lock, Shock, and Barrel to kidnap Santa Claus. The children take him to a villainous monster named Oogie Boogie.

On Christmas Eve, Jack embarks on his makeshift sleigh flanked by skeleton reindeers and his ghost dog, Zero. Jack's scary and sometimes dangerous presents put the people in the real world in a panic and they begin to call the police with reports of attacking Christmas toys and an imposter Santa Claus. In not too long, Jack is targeted by the military and shot down. At the same time, Sally goes to try and rescue Santa Claus but is captured by Oogie Boogie and the two are in risk of their lives.

When Jack finds himself and his sleigh crashed in a graveyard and his vision of Christmas wrecked, he realizes that he is the Pumpkin King and that he should stick to what he knows best, namely Halloween. In order to salvage Christmas Jack hurries back to Halloween Town and confronts Oogie Boogie. After Jack destroys Oogie, revealing him to be nothing more that a burlap monster full of bugs, Santa Claus hurries to deliver the correct presents and save Christmas. Once Santa has delivered all the presents he brings the Christmas spirit to Halloween Town, including snow, and the citizens are amazed by the new sensations.

Finally, Sally reveals her true feelings to Jack and in the end of the movie the two begin a relationship.

Legacy

When the movie originally was released it failed to live up to expectations and was considered a flop. However, when it was released on video a new audience began to discover it and slowly it began to grow a cult following. The same studio that produced Nightmare later created another stop motion movie based on the Roald Dahl book, James and the Giant Peach (1996), though it did not receive the same amount of success.

In 2005, Tim Burton returned to the media of stop motion with his new film, Corpse Bride.

Merchandising

Currently, 'Nightmare Before Christmas' has become one of the most sucessful franchises in terms of selling merchandise, and the film has developed a group of very dedicated collectors. Much of the original merchandise has become highly collectible and rare. In the past few years many retail stores like Hot Topic have obtained the rights to sell products and have flooded the market with what some believe to be cheap and uninspired merchandise.

Technical data

  • Title: The Nightmare Before Christmas
  • Directed by: Henry Selick
  • Written by: Caroline Thompson and Michael McDowell
  • Music by: Danny Elfman
  • Released on: October 13, 1993
  • American picture
  • Specifications: Technicolor, 35 mm 1.66:1 (colours, Dolby digital sound)
  • Genre: animation, fantasy, satire, musical
  • Runtime: 76 minutes
  • MPAA rating: PG

Starfield Creations

Cast (voices)

  • Chris Sarandon: Jack Skellington (speaking)
  • Danny Elfman: Jack Skellington (singing), Barrel, The Clown with the tearawayface
  • Catherine O'Hara: Sally, Shock
  • William Hickey: Dr. Finklestein
  • Glenn Shadix: Mayor
  • Paul Reubens: Lock
  • Ken Page: Oogie Boogie

On the soundtrack album, Patrick Stewart voices the opening narrative poem. A second poem, also read by Stewart, is included before the "End Credits" music; in this passage, Santa Claus describes a visit he made to Halloween Town many years after the events of the film.

Haunted Mansion Holiday

For the past five years, the Disneyland and Tokyo Disneyland in California and Japan have received a Nightmare Before Christmas themed overlay, called Haunted Mansion Holiday, for their Haunted Mansion attractions. The attractions are closed in October each year for themes to be completely overhauled, and open until January of the next year. The attraction generally has a one night opening event each year that includes special guests, a dinner, special merchandise, and a ride through the attraction, although the Happiest Celebration on Earth halted that in Disneyland in 2005. Starting in 2001, the ride has included a score that was written specifically for the ride by film composer Danny Elfman. There has been a great deal of speculation recently that 2006 will be last year for the event, allegedly at Tim Burton's request.

Video games

A video game based on the original movie was released in 2005. The Nightmare Before Christmas: Oogie's Revenge is an action/adventure game developed by Capcom from Japan for the PlayStation 2 and Xbox systems. Intended to be a sequel to the movie, the game features the return of all the well-known characters in a new and arguably darker story with upgraded versions of the movie's songs. In the story, Jack leaves Halloween Town to satisfy his curiosity, but during his absence, Oogie Boogie is reconstructed and by the time Jack returns he has taken over Halloween Town and tricked its people into thinking Jack has abandoned them. Now Jack has to stop Oogie Boogie's evil plans as he attempts to take over the other holiday worlds, and the 'real' world. The game features controls similar to Devil May Cry. The game features a weapon known as a 'Soul Robber'. In the game you get other costumes such as "Pumpkin King," and "Santa Jack".


A GBA game, "The Nightmare Before Christmas: The Pumpkin King" came out in fall 2005. The opposite of the Playstation and Xbox versions, the GBA game works as a prequel to the movie. The Pumpkin King is a side-scrolling action platformer in which you'll control Jack Skellington and use a number of different weapons to fight enemies and traverse obstacles. The side-scrolling adventure game centers around the first time Jack faced off against his nemesis, Oogie Boogie, to eventually become the Pumpkin King. The game's plot will kick off with the invasion of some unusual bugs in Halloween Town. Jack soon discovers that these nasty insects are under the control of Oogie Boogie, who's looking to take over Halloween himself. With these creepy wheels set in motion, it will be up to Jack and his friends--including characters such as Zero, Sally, Dr. Finklestein, and others--to both stop Oogie and save Halloween.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

Halloween Town also appears as one of the worlds in the Square Enix/Disney Kingdom Hearts video game series (in fact, it was the movie's first official video game appearance). In this game, Jack tries to create an artificial heart so he can control the Heartless for use in his "Heartless Halloween," but the plan goes awry when Oogie Boogie (who was one of the Disney villains allied with Maleficent) steals the heart, ingests it, and tries to use it to control the Heartless for his own purposes. Jack then teams up with Sora and the others to stop Oogie Boogie's plans. Jack can also join Sora's party whenever they are in Halloween Town. Kingdom Hearts II follows the movie plot, where Jack tries to take over Santa Claus' place on Christmas.

Trading Card Game

Sometime during 2005, a card game, titled The Nightmare Before Christmas TCG, was released. Released were starter decks and a base set. In March 2006, there will be a new set, called Christmas Town, and a Tournament Kit released.


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In March 2006, there will be a new set, called Christmas Town, and a Tournament Kit released. During the time when her daughter is with Hades, Demeter becomes depressed and causes winter. Released were starter decks and a base set. However, Hades tricked Persephone into eating the food of the dead so Zeus decreeded Persephone would spend six months with Demeter and six months with Hades. Sometime during 2005, a card game, titled The Nightmare Before Christmas TCG, was released. Zeus ordered Hades to return her to Demeter, the goddess of the earth and her mother. Kingdom Hearts II follows the movie plot, where Jack tries to take over Santa Claus' place on Christmas. In Greek mythology, Hades kidnapped Persephone to be his wife.

Jack can also join Sora's party whenever they are in Halloween Town. In addition to this, novels such as Ethan Frome also use a winter setting to mirror the bleak, frozen feelings that the characters harbor. Jack then teams up with Sora and the others to stop Oogie Boogie's plans. There are many films in which a winter setting plays an important role, Fargo being an example. In this game, Jack tries to create an artificial heart so he can control the Heartless for use in his "Heartless Halloween," but the plan goes awry when Oogie Boogie (who was one of the Disney villains allied with Maleficent) steals the heart, ingests it, and tries to use it to control the Heartless for his own purposes. Other uses of winter in the graphic arts occur in Winsor McCay's Little Nemo in Slumberland. Halloween Town also appears as one of the worlds in the Square Enix/Disney Kingdom Hearts video game series (in fact, it was the movie's first official video game appearance). The land of Frigia is also featured in the serial Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe.

Finklestein, and others--to both stop Oogie and save Halloween. In Alex Raymond's comic strip, Flash Gordon, there is a land called Frigia, where it is always winter. With these creepy wheels set in motion, it will be up to Jack and his friends--including characters such as Zero, Sally, Dr. LeGuin's novel The Left Hand of Darkness is set on a planet named Winter. Jack soon discovers that these nasty insects are under the control of Oogie Boogie, who's looking to take over Halloween himself. Ursula K. The game's plot will kick off with the invasion of some unusual bugs in Halloween Town. Winter is one movement in Vivaldi's "The Four Seasons;" and there are many examples of four paintings, all showing the same scene in different seasons.

The side-scrolling adventure game centers around the first time Jack faced off against his nemesis, Oogie Boogie, to eventually become the Pumpkin King. Lewis's The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, where it was always winter but never Christmas. The Pumpkin King is a side-scrolling action platformer in which you'll control Jack Skellington and use a number of different weapons to fight enemies and traverse obstacles. S. The opposite of the Playstation and Xbox versions, the GBA game works as a prequel to the movie. Some use winter to suggest death, as in Robert Frost's "Stopping by the Woods on a Snowy Evening." Some use it to suggest the absence of hope, as in C.
A GBA game, "The Nightmare Before Christmas: The Pumpkin King" came out in fall 2005. Winter is highly symbolic of many things to many people and has been used to represent various things by artists in all media.

In the game you get other costumes such as "Pumpkin King," and "Santa Jack". Although causes include genetic disposition and stress, the prevailing environmental influence is decreased exposure to light due to winter weather patterns. The game features a weapon known as a 'Soul Robber'. Symptoms include sleeping more, tiredness, depression, and physical aches. The game features controls similar to Devil May Cry. The severest cases of this type of depression is diagnosed as seasonal affective disorder (SAD). Now Jack has to stop Oogie Boogie's evil plans as he attempts to take over the other holiday worlds, and the 'real' world. Around winter months, a gloominess, called "winter blues" or "February blahs" or "Holiday depression"-- during November and December in the northern hemisphere-- is informally noted amongst people.

In the story, Jack leaves Halloween Town to satisfy his curiosity, but during his absence, Oogie Boogie is reconstructed and by the time Jack returns he has taken over Halloween Town and tricked its people into thinking Jack has abandoned them. Passing seasons change the habits and moods of people. Intended to be a sequel to the movie, the game features the return of all the well-known characters in a new and arguably darker story with upgraded versions of the movie's songs. Larger plants, particularly deciduous trees, usually let their upper part die, but their roots are still protected by the snow layer. The Nightmare Before Christmas: Oogie's Revenge is an action/adventure game developed by Capcom from Japan for the PlayStation 2 and Xbox systems. As for perennial plants, many small ones profit from the insulating effects of snow by being buried in it. A video game based on the original movie was released in 2005. Annual plants never survive the winter.

There has been a great deal of speculation recently that 2006 will be last year for the event, allegedly at Tim Burton's request. To survive the harshness of winter, many animals have developed different behavioral and morphological adaptations:. Starting in 2001, the ride has included a score that was written specifically for the ride by film composer Danny Elfman. This effect is compounded by the larger distance that the light must travel through the atmosphere, allowing it to filter more of this already limited heat. The attraction generally has a one night opening event each year that includes special guests, a dinner, special merchandise, and a ride through the attraction, although the Happiest Celebration on Earth halted that in Disneyland in 2005. In regions experiencing winter, the same amount of solar radiation is spread out over a larger area. The attractions are closed in October each year for themes to be completely overhauled, and open until January of the next year. During winter in either hemisphere, the radiation from the Sun hits that hemisphere at an oblique angle.

For the past five years, the Disneyland and Tokyo Disneyland in California and Japan have received a Nightmare Before Christmas themed overlay, called Haunted Mansion Holiday, for their Haunted Mansion attractions. When it is winter in the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern Hemisphere faces the Sun more directly and thus experiences warmer temperatures than the Northern Hemisphere. A second poem, also read by Stewart, is included before the "End Credits" music; in this passage, Santa Claus describes a visit he made to Halloween Town many years after the events of the film. It is this variation that primarily brings about the seasons. On the soundtrack album, Patrick Stewart voices the opening narrative poem. The planet is tilted at an angle of 23°27' (23 degrees 27 minutes) to the plane of its orbit, and this causes different latitudes on the Earth to directly face the Sun as the Earth moves through its orbit. Starfield Creations. For example, winter occurs in the Northern Hemisphere when the Earth is closest to the Sun.

In the past few years many retail stores like Hot Topic have obtained the rights to sell products and have flooded the market with what some believe to be cheap and uninspired merchandise. The popular belief that winter is caused by the Earth moving away from the Sun in its orbit is not true. Much of the original merchandise has become highly collectible and rare. Our planet remains tilted on its axis, and this has a dramatic effect on the weather. Currently, 'Nightmare Before Christmas' has become one of the most sucessful franchises in terms of selling merchandise, and the film has developed a group of very dedicated collectors. Elsewhere, in Chinese astronomy (and other East Asian calenders), winter is taken to commence on or around November 7, with the Jiéqì known as (立冬 lì dōng, literally "establishment of winter".). In 2005, Tim Burton returned to the media of stop motion with his new film, Corpse Bride. However, in the United Kingdom and Ireland the winter solstice is traditionally considered as midwinter, the winter season beginning November 1 on All Hallows or Samhain.

The same studio that produced Nightmare later created another stop motion movie based on the Roald Dahl book, James and the Giant Peach (1996), though it did not receive the same amount of success. In meteorology, it is by convention counted instead as the whole months of June, July and August in the Southern Hemisphere and December, January and February in the Northern Hemisphere. However, when it was released on video a new audience began to discover it and slowly it began to grow a cult following. Astronomically, it starts with the winter solstice (around December 21 in the Northern Hemisphere and June 21 in the Southern Hemisphere), and ends with the spring equinox (around March 21 in the Northern Hemisphere and September 23 in the Southern Hemisphere). When the movie originally was released it failed to live up to expectations and was considered a flop. A rare meteorological phenomenon encountered during winter is ice fog, which is composed of ice crystals suspended in the air and happening only at very low temperatures (at least 10 degrees below zero Fahrenheit). Finally, Sally reveals her true feelings to Jack and in the end of the movie the two begin a relationship. Blizzards often develop and cause many transportation delays.

Once Santa has delivered all the presents he brings the Christmas spirit to Halloween Town, including snow, and the citizens are amazed by the new sensations. Outside the equatorial areas, winter is cold and (particularly in the Northern Hemisphere) snowy. After Jack destroys Oogie, revealing him to be nothing more that a burlap monster full of bugs, Santa Claus hurries to deliver the correct presents and save Christmas. Measured astronomically, winter begins on the shortest day of the year, and each day of winter has more sunlight than the previous one. In order to salvage Christmas Jack hurries back to Halloween Town and confronts Oogie Boogie. Nighttime predominates the winter season, and in some regions it has the highest rate of precipitation as well as prolonged dampness due to permanent snow cover in such areas. When Jack finds himself and his sleigh crashed in a graveyard and his vision of Christmas wrecked, he realizes that he is the Pumpkin King and that he should stick to what he knows best, namely Halloween. Meteorological winter is the season having the shortest days (which vary greatly according to latitude) and the lowest temperatures.

At the same time, Sally goes to try and rescue Santa Claus but is captured by Oogie Boogie and the two are in risk of their lives. . In not too long, Jack is targeted by the military and shot down. However, many cultures in Europe consider winter to begin in November. Jack's scary and sometimes dangerous presents put the people in the real world in a panic and they begin to call the police with reports of attacking Christmas toys and an imposter Santa Claus. Contemporary meteorology takes winter to be the months of December, January, and February in the Northern Hemisphere and June, July, and August in the Southern Hemisphere. On Christmas Eve, Jack embarks on his makeshift sleigh flanked by skeleton reindeers and his ghost dog, Zero. Depending on place and culture, what is considered to be the start and end of winter vary.

The children take him to a villainous monster named Oogie Boogie. In areas farther from the equator, winter is often marked by snow. In order to successfully take over Christmas, Jack enlists the help of a trio of misfits named Lock, Shock, and Barrel to kidnap Santa Claus. It is the season with the shortest days and the lowest temperatures. Sally, a close friend and admirer of Jack, tries to warn him that she thinks it is a bad idea to take over something he knows nothing about, but Jack is too wrapped in his fantasies to listen. Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. All of the townspeople pitch in to create their own twisted version of the holiday. Most notorious however was an unofficial strike by gravediggers.

Soon Jack calls a meeting in Town Hall and reveals his plans to takeover Christmas. Lorry drivers, train drivers, nurses, most public sector employees, refuse collectors, and workers at Ford Motors all went on strike. When Jack returns to Halloween Town he locks himself in his home and performs countless experiments to try and better understand Christmas Town. The Winter of Discontent is the name for the British winter of 1978-79, during which there were widespread strikes. Jack is mesmerized by the color and cheerfulness of the holiday, and realizes that this is exactly what he has been searching for. Russian Winters of 1812/13 and 1941/42. When Jack opens the Christmas door he is sucked into the wonderful world of Christmas Town. Mice and voles typically live under the snow layer.

Each tree has a door on it representing a different holiday. Snow also affects the ways animals behave, as many take advantage of the insulating properties of snow by burrowing in it. One day while wandering in the woods with his dog zero, Jack discovers a circle of trees unlike anything that he has seen before. The heavier winter coat made this season a favorite for trappers who sought more profitable skins. Although Jack is loved and respected by the townspeople, he feels that there is something unknown to him that is missing from his life. The coat is then shed following the winter season to allow better cooling. The film centers around Jack Skellington, the much adored leader of Halloween Town. This improves the heat-retention qualities of the fur.

. Some fur-coated mammals grow a heavier fur coat during the winter. The film was released by Touchstone Pictures, a film studio owned by the Walt Disney Company, after the main Walt Disney Pictures division balked at some of the darker content. Examples are the ptarmigan, the arctic fox, the weasel, the white-tailed jack rabbit or the mountain hare. He did not direct the film as is sometimes believed, but he was still heavily involved. The color of the fur or plumage are changed to white in order to be confused with snow and thus, to retain their cryptic coloration year round. The film is loosely based on drawings and a poem by Tim Burton, and he served as co-producer. Resistance is observed when an animal endures winter, but changes in ways such as color and musculature.

Tim Burton's The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) is a stop-action animated musical film about the inhabitants of Halloween Town who take over Christmas one year, directed by stop-motion animator Henry Selick. This is the case of squirrels, beavers, skunks, badgers and raccoons. Ken Page: Oogie Boogie. Some animals store food for the winter and live upon it instead of hibernating completely. Paul Reubens: Lock. For example, gophers, bears, frogs, snakes or bats hibernate. Glenn Shadix: Mayor. These animals "sleep" during winter and only come out as warm weather returns.

Finklestein. Hibernation is a state of reduced metabolic activity during the winter. William Hickey: Dr. the cardinal do not migrate. Catherine O'Hara: Sally, Shock. However some birds, i.e. Danny Elfman: Jack Skellington (singing), Barrel, The Clown with the tearawayface. Migration is a common effect of winter upon animals, affecting basically birds.

Chris Sarandon: Jack Skellington (speaking). Ice Sculpture - elaborate sculptures are carved out of blocks of ice. MPAA rating: PG. Ice diving - a type of penetration diving where the dive takes place under ice. Runtime: 76 minutes. Ice fishing - the sport of catching fish with lines and hooks through an opening in the ice on a frozen body of water. Genre: animation, fantasy, satire, musical. Ice boating - a means of travel in a specialized boat similar in appearance to a sailboat but fitted with skis or runners (skates) and designed to run over ice instead of (liquid) water.

Specifications: Technicolor, 35 mm 1.66:1 (colours, Dolby digital sound). Ice Skating - a means of traveling on ice with skates, narrow (and sometimes parabolic) blade-like devices moulded into special boots (or, more primitively, without boots, tied to regular footwear). American picture. Snowman building - creating a man-like model out of snow. Released on: October 13, 1993. Snowshoeing - a means of travel in which one is able to walk on top of the snow by increasing the surface area of their feet. Music by: Danny Elfman. Snowboarding - an increasingly common sport where participants strap a composite board to their feet and slide down a snow-covered mountain.

Written by: Caroline Thompson and Michael McDowell. Snowball fight - a physical game in which snowballs are thrown with the intention of hitting someone else. Directed by: Henry Selick. Sledding - a downhill activity where the user uses a sled to glide down the hill. Title: The Nightmare Before Christmas. Skiing - the activity of gliding over snow using what is now fiberglass planks called skis that are strapped to the skiers' feet with ski bindings. Bobsledding - a winter sport in which teams make timed runs down narrow, twisting, banked purpose-built iced tracks in a gravity-powered, steerable sled.

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