IRC-Galleria is the largest WWW-based virtual community in Finland. It was founded in December 2000 by Tomi Lintelä as a photo gallery for the Finnish users of Internet Relay Chat. As for February 2006, IRC-galleria boasts of over 302,000 registered users and over 3,600,000 images. About 85% of the users are active users who use the service on a weekly or daily basis. However, only about 20% of the users have identified themselves as actual users of IRC.
Despite all the features, IRC-Galleria is basically a photo gallery and it is not possible to have a user account without at least one accepted image. The maximum number of visible images per user is 60 (only for VIP-users), and the so-called default image must contain the face of the user.
The communication in IRC-Galleria is based on short messages, comments, each of which is associated with either a picture or a community. Each user can be a member of at most 40 communities. Some of the communities are named after IRC channels, and joining them requires IRC-based identification. Comments are only visible to those who are logged in.
IRC-Galleria is now maintained and developed by Dynamoid Oy, a company founded solely for the sake of IRC-Galleria. The service is financed with banner advertising, SMS-based services, T-shirts and optional VIP privileges which can be bought with SMS.
The unwillingness of the administrators of IRC-Galleria to exclude non-IRC-users has caused some schism, driving a few users to found their own alternative gallery services with a mandatory IRC-based registration. The administrators responded by introducing some features which aim at the minimization of the biggest problems related to the non-IRC-users.
The non-IRC-users registered in IRC-Galleria are sometimes ironically called galleriairkkaajat (gallery IRCers) due to the fact that many of them frequently refer to IRC-Galleria with the acronym IRC without necessarily even having a clue what the actual IRC is.
IRC-Galleria is now officially open for anyone who is over 12 years old and speaks Finnish.
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IRC-Galleria is now officially open for anyone who is over 12 years old and speaks Finnish. A few of them are:. The non-IRC-users registered in IRC-Galleria are sometimes ironically called galleriairkkaajat (gallery IRCers) due to the fact that many of them frequently refer to IRC-Galleria with the acronym IRC without necessarily even having a clue what the actual IRC is. As with films, the Devil (or some nearly identical character) has appeared in numerous video games. The administrators responded by introducing some features which aim at the minimization of the biggest problems related to the non-IRC-users. Among these are:. The unwillingness of the administrators of IRC-Galleria to exclude non-IRC-users has caused some schism, driving a few users to found their own alternative gallery services with a mandatory IRC-based registration. Many films and television programs have portrayed the Devil in one form or another.
The service is financed with banner advertising, SMS-based services, T-shirts and optional VIP privileges which can be bought with SMS. The Devil is a common theme in an extreme form of underground music known as Black Metal. IRC-Galleria is now maintained and developed by Dynamoid Oy, a company founded solely for the sake of IRC-Galleria. A few songs that make reference to the Devil are:. Comments are only visible to those who are logged in. Among the most famous are:. Some of the communities are named after IRC channels, and joining them requires IRC-based identification. Many writers have incorporated the character of Satan into their works.
Each user can be a member of at most 40 communities. Moreover, research into Ugaritic texts revealed that the names of the Jewish god were the same as separate gods worshipped in the same region; Yahweh is cognate to Ugaritic Yaw who is there the god of chaos, evil, and world domination. The communication in IRC-Galleria is based on short messages, comments, each of which is associated with either a picture or a community. Early Gnostics called the Demiurge Yao, the Aramaic cognate to the Tetragrammaton, YHWH (Yahweh). The maximum number of visible images per user is 60 (only for VIP-users), and the so-called default image must contain the face of the user. The medieval Cathars believed that the Old Testament Yahweh was, in fact, the devil, based partially on ethical interpretations of the Bible and partially on the beliefs of earlier gnostic sects (such as the Marcionists) who regarded the god of the Old Testament as evil or as an imperfect demiurge. Despite all the features, IRC-Galleria is basically a photo gallery and it is not possible to have a user account without at least one accepted image. Prince of Darkness and Lord of Darkness are also folkloric names, although they tend to be incorporated to Christian tradition.
However, only about 20% of the users have identified themselves as actual users of IRC. It should be noted that the name Mephistopheles is used by some people to refer to the Devil, but it is a mere folkloric custom, and has nothing to do with Christian demonology and Christian tradition. About 85% of the users are active users who use the service on a weekly or daily basis. Christian demonology, in contrast, does not have several nicknames for Satan. As for February 2006, IRC-galleria boasts of over 302,000 registered users and over 3,600,000 images. Belial is held by many to be another name for the Devil. It was founded in December 2000 by Tomi Lintelä as a photo gallery for the Finnish users of Internet Relay Chat. The Enemy, The Evil One and The Tempter are other elliptic forms to name the Devil.
IRC-Galleria is the largest WWW-based virtual community in Finland. Christian tradition differs from that of Christian demonology in that Satan, Lucifer, Leviathan and Beelzebub all are names that refer to "the Devil", and Prince of this World, The Beast and Dragon (and rarely Serpent or The Old Serpent) use to be elliptic forms to refer to him. One hypothesis is that this might have been an attempt to establish a hellish trinity with the same person, akin to the Christian Trinity of Father, Son and the Holy Spirit, but most demonologists do not carry this view. Later, for unknown reasons, Christian demonologists appeared to designate "Satan", "Lucifer", and "Beelzebub" as different entities, each with a different rank in the hellish hierarchy. Though this word, Heilel, has come to be translated as "morning-star" from the Septuagint's translation of the Scriptures, the letter ה in Hebrew often indicates singularity, much as the English "the," in which case the translation would be ה "the" ילל "yell," or "the wailing yell.".
The Hebrew Bible word which was later translated to "Lucifer" in English is הילל (transliterated HYLL). Lucifer became another name for Satan and has remained so due to Christian dogma and popular tradition. Thus, early Christian tradition interpreted the passage as a reference to the moment Satan was thrown from Heaven. While this information is available to scholars today via translated Babylonian cuneiform text taken from clay tablets, it was not as readily available at the time of the Latin translation of the Bible.
This is because the Babylonian king was considered to be of godly status and of symbolic divine parentage (Bel and Ishtar, associated with the planet Venus). Isaiah 14:1-23 is a passage largely concerned with the plight of Babylon, and its king is referred to as "morning star, son of the dawn". When the Bible was translated into Latin (the Vulgate), the name Lucifer appeared as a translation of "Morning Star", or the planet Venus, in Isaiah 14:12. Both claims are false, as the words are etymologically derived from pre-existing languages.
There are some who erroneously claim that the word 'devil' is from 'd'evil' -'of evil.' Some also believe that because the word 'evil' itself is 'live' spelt backward, the word originated through the nature of evil being "against living things," or the antithesis of life itself. However, the actual Abaddon mentioned in the Book of Revelation is the name of an angel "holding the key to the Abyss", so the original text does not originally point to Satan. Abaddon or Apollyon: Referred to in Revelation 9:11, commonly interpreted as the name of Satan in Hebrew and Greek respectively. The Beast (Book of Revelation 13:1-18) is a term John the Evangelist used to refer to a "puppet" of the dragon's (Satan); this name appears several times in the book of Revelation, and it became another nickname for Satan.
The Dragon or The Old Serpent: These epithets are used extensively in the Book of Revelation. 12:9). The Devil, diabolos: This name is ascribed to Satan at least 33 times in the Christian scriptures and indicates that Satan is an accuser or slanderer (Rev. In the Christian worldview, Satan is the adversary of both God and humanity.
1 Peter 5:8--"Your adversary the devil." By adversary is meant one who takes a stand against another. "What agreement does Christ have with Belial?". In 2 Corinthians 6:15 the Devil is referred as Belial. In John 12:31 and 14:30 Satan is called Prince of this World (Rex Mundi); this became a nickname for him.
Abrahamic religions generally regarded sin as a physical manifestation of opposition to God, and therefore evil; dissent only comes from the topic of 'where does sin come from?'. This title suggests that Satan is one who is wicked himself. 6:13; 1 John 5:19. 13:19--"Then cometh the wicked one." Matt.
The wicked one: Matt. "Lord of the Flies") has now come to be analogous to Satan. In Matthew 10:25 and 12:24, Mark 3:22, and openly in Luke 11:18-19 there is an implied connection between Satan and Beelzebub (originally a Semitic deity called Baal-zebul, one of the Baals.) Beelzebub (lit. He is continually soliciting men to sin.
The tempter: Matthew 4:3--"And when the tempter came to him." None escape his temptations. The Hebrew Bible views ha-satan as an angel ministering to the desires of God, acting as Chief Prosecutor. Zechariah 3:1--"And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and ha-satan standing at his right hand to resist him." This reading has since been erroneously interpreted by some to mean Satan, "the Devil", but such is not the case. There is no unambiguous basis for the Devil in the Torah, the Prophets, or the Writings.
The article was lost and this title became a proper name: Satan. Originally, only the epithet of "the satan" or "the adversary" was used to denote the character in the Hebrew deity's court that later became known as "the Devil". A Devil-like figure in Buddhism is Mara. Kroni, the spirit of Kali Yuga is said to be omnipresent in this age and that is why one of the reasons, followers of Ayya Vazhi, like some Hindus, believe that the current yuga, Kali Yuga is so degraded.
Eventually, the Ekam with the spirit (the spirit taken by Narayana only for incarnating in the world) of Narayana incarnates in the world as Ayya Vaikundar to destroy the final manifestaion of Kroni, Kaliyan. In response to such manifestation of evil, believers, in Ayya-Vazhi religion believe that God, as Vishnu manifests in His avatars, Rama, Krishna, to destroy evil. Kroni, according to Ayyavazhi is the primordial manifestation of evil and manifests in various forms of evil, i.e., Ravana, Duryodhana, etc., in different ages or yugas. Ayyavazhi, officially an offshoot of Hinduism, in Tamil Nadu, believes in a Satan-like figure, Kroni.
The Hebrew word for evil used above is usually translated as 'calamity', 'disaster' or 'chaos'. In fact, the Book of Isaiah, Job, Ecclesiastes, and Deuteronomy all have passages which God is credited for creating both the good and the evil of this world. There is no evidence in Torah, or in the books of the Prophets and other writings, to suggest that God created an evil being. In the epilogue Job's possessions are restored and he has a second family to "replace" the one that died.
At the conclusion of this book God appears as a whirlwind, explaining to all that divine justice is inscrutable with human intellect. The righteous man is afflicted with loss of family, property, and later, health, but he still stays faithful to God. After God points out Job's piety, ha-satan asks for permission to test the faith of Job. In essence ha-satan has no power unless humans do evil things.
In Judaism ha-satan does not make evil, rather points out to God the evil inclinations and actions of humankind. In the book of Job (Iyov), ha-satan is the title, not the proper name, of an angel submitted to God; he is the divine court's chief prosecutor. In Hebrew, the biblical word ha-satan means adversary or obstacle, or even "the prosecutor" (recognizing that God is viewed as the ultimate Judge). (For a more detailed account, see (Iblis or Shaitan.).
Allah gave them a strong warning about Iblis and the fires of Hell and asked them and their children (humankind) to stay away from the deceptions of their senses caused by the Devil. Initially, the Devil was successful in deceiving Adam, but once his intentions became clear, Adam and Eve repented to Allah and were freed from their misdeeds and forgiven. This caused him to be expelled by Allah, a fact that Iblis blamed on humanity. However, Iblis, adamant in his view that man is a worthless being, never bowed his head before any other than Allah.
Even the other angels showed a degree of suspicion when Allah informed them about the creation of man as the regent (caliph) of all things on Earth, but they ultimately prostrated before Adam to show their homage. He claimed to be superior to Adam, on the grounds that man was created of earth unlike himself. He was expelled from the grace of Allah when he failed to pay homage to Adam, the father of all mankind. The ones who succeed in this are rewarded with Paradise (jannath ul firdaus), attainable only by righteous conduct.
Thus, humankind is warned to struggle (jihad) against the mischiefs of the Shaitan and temptations he puts them in. He intends to discourage humans from obeying God. Shaitan's single enemy is humanity. Unlike the Zoroastrian beliefs, all good and bad deeds are from Allah himself and only he can save humanity from the evils of his universe and his creations.
The Qur'an does not depict Shaitan as the enemy of Allah, for Allah is supreme over all his creations and Iblis is just one of his creations. The Devil is also referred to as one of the Djinns (genies), as they are all created from the smokeless fires. After that, he will be put into the fires of Hell along with those whom he has deceived. According to the verses of the Qur’an, the Devil's mission until the Qiyamah or Resurrection Day (yaum-ul-qiyama) is to deceive Adam's children (mankind).
The primary characteristic of the Devil, besides hubris, is that he has no power other than the power to cast evil suggestions into the heart of men. According to the Qur'an, God (called Allah in Islam) created the Devil out of "smokeless fire", while he created man out of clay. In Islam the Devil is referred to as Iblis, also called the Shaitan (a word referring to evil devil-like beings). Tolkien characters Melkor and Sauron.
R. R. Lewis (The Screwtape Letters and Space Trilogy), and the J. S.
The epic poem by John Milton, Paradise Lost, has a stylized depiction of the devil that influenced C. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him." (Revelation 12:7-9). The great dragon was hurled down — that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. But he was not strong enough, and they lost their place in heaven.
Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. "And there was war in heaven. Those who see you stare at you, they ponder your fate: "Is this the man who shook the earth and made kingdoms tremble, the man who made the world a desert, who overthrew its cities and would not let his captives go home?" (Isaiah 14:9-17 - this is commonly held to be a dual prophecy about the King of Babylon and Satan). I will ascend above the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High." But you are brought down to the grave, to the depths of the pit.
How you have fallen from heaven, O morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! You said in your heart, "I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of the sacred mountain. They will all respond, they will say to you, "You also have become weak, as we are; you have become like us." All your pomp has been brought down to the grave, along with the noise of your harps; maggots are spread out beneath you and worms cover you. The grave below is all astir to meet you at your coming; it rouses the spirits of the departed to greet you — all those who were leaders in the world; it makes them rise from their thrones — all those who were kings over the nations. Commonly-quoted Bible-texts are:.
Were the craftsman's hand the rule itself engraving, he could not engrave the wood otherwise than rightly; but if the rightness of engraving be judged by another rule, then the engraving may be right or faulty." (ST I.63.1, italics added). That act alone, the rule of which is the very virtue of the agent, can never fall short of rectitude. The reason of this is, because sinning is nothing else than a deviation from that rectitude which an act ought to have; whether we speak of sin in nature, art, or morals. "An angel or any other rational creature considered in his own nature, can sin; and to whatever creature it belongs not to sin, such creature has it as a gift of grace, and not from the condition of nature.
Christianity understands the Devil in the context of the Old Testament. . All strikingly similar to the story of Ahriman. Christianity views Satan as an angel cast from heaven by God, whom was prideful, deceitful, and the temptor.
Accordingly, humans are urged to align themselves with Ohrmazd and his Yazata's ("angels") and to shun His adversary whom is the ruler of darkness and his demons, so that they may facilitate the final renovation (Frashō-kereti). In a final battle between the forces of good and evil, human souls will be judged in a fiery ordeal of molten metal where the good will pass through as if it were warm milk and those who chose evil will be purified and all will be reunited in the new perfected world. Ahura Mazda ("Wise Lord"), also later known as Ohrmazd in Middle Persian, is the God of light, or Truth, and Angra Mainyu ("Evil Spirit"), also later known as Ahriman in Middle Persian, is the primeval Spirit of darkness, or the Lie. Much like classical monotheism, Zoroastrianism has one supreme God, and an evil spirit whom chose to be evil, locked in a cosmic struggle where both are more or less evenly matched, though from the beginning Ahura Mazda's triumph is foretold; making Zoroastrianism an ethical dualism.
Some scholars believe that the notion of a central supernatural embodiment of evil, as well as the notion of angels, first arose in Western monotheism when Judaism came into contact with the Persian religion of Zoroastrianism. However, a "diva" is not a devil. In other languages devil may be derived from the same Indo-European root word for deva, which roughly translates as "angel". The term devil can refer to a greater demon in the hierarchy of Hell.
The English word devil derives from the Middle English devel, from Old English dēofol, from Latin Diábolus, from Late Greek Diabolos, meaning, slanderer, from diaballein, to slander: dia-, dia- + ballein, to hurl. In classic demonology, however, each of these alternate names refers to a specific supernatural entity, and there is significant disagreement as to whether any of these specific entities is actually evil. This entity is commonly referred to by a variety of other names, including Satan, Asmodai, Beelzebub, Lucifer and/or Mephistopheles. The Devil is the name given to a supernatural entity, who, in most Western religions, is the central embodiment of evil.
Engaging, wide-ranging and good-humored (and out-of-print for thirty years), this "classic" was re-printed in 1989. The Devil in Legend and Literature, by Maximilian Rudwin (Open Court, La Salle, Illinois, 1931, 1959) is a compendium of "the secular and sacred adventures of Satan". The following volumes are, Satan: The Early Christian Tradition, Lucifer: The Devil in the Middle Ages, and Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World. Accessible and engaging, full of photographs illustrating the text, this is the first of a four volume series on the history of the concept of the Devil.
The Devil: Perceptions of Evil from Antiquity to Primitive Christianity, by Jeffrey Burton Russell (Meridian, New York 1977) is "a history of the personification of evil" which, to make things clear, he calls "the Devil". Augustine,Hail Satan. Forsyth tells the Devil's story from the Epic of Gilgamesh through to the writings of St. The Old Enemy: Satan & the Combat Myth, by Neil Forsyth (Princeton, New Jersey 1987) seeks to show how Satan emerged from ancient mythological traditions and is best understood not as a priciple of evil, but as a narrative character in the context of "the Combat Myth".
She discusses how Satan becomes a figure that reflects our own hatreds and prejudices, and the struggle between our loving selves and our fearful, combative selves. The Origin of Satan, by Elaine Pagels (Vintage Books, New York 1995) explores the development, the "demonization" of the character of Satan against the background of the bitter struggle between the early Church and the Synagogue to be the legitimate heir of ancient Hebrew religious tradition. Tekken. Ghouls 'n Ghosts.
Ghosts 'n Goblins. Doom 3 (you don't see him, but you can hear him). Diablo II. Diablo.
Devil May Cry. The Exorcism Of Emily Rose (2005). Dominion: Prequel to the Exorcist (2005). Constantine (2005).
The Passion of the Christ (2004). Futurama periodically featured a character known as "The Robot Devil.". Little Nicky (2000). The Ninth Gate (1999).
South Park features The Devil as a recurring character in the series as well as in the film South Park: Bigger, Longer and Uncut (1999). End of Days (1999). Cow and Chicken (1997-1999) and I Am Weasel both have a character called The Red Guy, who looks very much like Satan. Brimstone featured the devil as regular character.
Devil's Advocate (1997). Tales from the Hood (1995). The Prophecy (1995). The Simpsons in the Treehouse of Horror IV short "The Devil and Homer Simpson", ironically taking the form of Ned Flanders.
Bill and Ted's Bogus Journey (1991). The Last Temptation of Christ (1988). Angel Heart (1987). Legend (1985).
Oh, God! You Devil (1984). The Devil and Max Devlin 1981. The Omen (1976). Bedazzled (1967, remade in 2000).
The Twilight Zone in such episodes as "The Howling Man" and "Printer's Devil.". Häxan (1922). Titties And Beer by Frank Zappa. Devil's Dance Floor by Flogging Molly.
Running With The Devil by Van Halen. Prince Of Darkness by Megadeth. As flittermice as Satan's spys by Darkthrone. Inno a Satana by Emperor.
Spellbound by the Devil by Dimmu Borgir. Devil's Path by Dimmu Borgir. Worship Him by Samael. Draconian Trilogy by Therion.
Lord Of The Flies by Iron Maiden. Friend of the Devil by The Grateful Dead. Lucifer Over London by Current 93. The Devil Went Down to Georgia by the Charlie Daniels Band.
Sympathy for the Devil by The Rolling Stones. N.I.B. by Black Sabbath. Devil's Trill Sonata by Giuseppe Tartini. Joost van den Vondel's Lucifer.
William Golding's The Lord of the Flies. Robert Louis Stevenson's Markheim. Fyodor Dostoevsky's Brothers Karamazov. Eoin Colfer's The Wish List.
Devils, an anthology edited by Isaac Asimov, Martin Greenburg, and Charles Waugh. Jenkins's Left Behind series. Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Piers Anthony's Incarnations of Immortality.
Anne Rice's Memnoch the Devil. Steven Vincent Benét's The Devil and Daniel Webster. Mikhail Bulgakov's The Master and Margarita. Mark Twain's The Mysterious Stranger.
Thomas Mann's Doktor Faustus. Johann Wolfgang Goethe's Faust. John Milton's Paradise Lost. Christopher Marlowe's Doctor Faustus.
Dante Alighieri's Inferno. (see avatar.) Additionally, the problem of evil is mostly explained by the concept of Karma. However, for Hindus and Vaishnavites, in particular, it is believed that Vishnu incarnates to destroy evil when evil has reached its maximum. See external site, the Hindu Answer to Question, "Is there an Evil force against God?".
In contrast to the Christian traditions and Islam, Hinduism does not recognize any central evil force or entity such as the Devil opposing God but does recognize that different beings (e.g., asuras) and entities can perform evil acts and cause suffering in the world.