IRC-Galleria

IRC-Galleria Website

IRC-Galleria is the largest WWW-based virtual community in Finland. It was founded in December 2000 by Tomi Lintelä as a photo gallery for the Finnish users of Internet Relay Chat. As for February 2006, IRC-galleria boasts of over 302,000 registered users and over 3,600,000 images. About 85% of the users are active users who use the service on a weekly or daily basis. However, only about 20% of the users have identified themselves as actual users of IRC.

Technology

Despite all the features, IRC-Galleria is basically a photo gallery and it is not possible to have a user account without at least one accepted image. The maximum number of visible images per user is 60 (only for VIP-users), and the so-called default image must contain the face of the user.

The communication in IRC-Galleria is based on short messages, comments, each of which is associated with either a picture or a community. Each user can be a member of at most 40 communities. Some of the communities are named after IRC channels, and joining them requires IRC-based identification. Comments are only visible to those who are logged in.

IRC-Galleria is now maintained and developed by Dynamoid Oy, a company founded solely for the sake of IRC-Galleria. The service is financed with banner advertising, SMS-based services, T-shirts and optional VIP privileges which can be bought with SMS.

Problems

The unwillingness of the administrators of IRC-Galleria to exclude non-IRC-users has caused some schism, driving a few users to found their own alternative gallery services with a mandatory IRC-based registration. The administrators responded by introducing some features which aim at the minimization of the biggest problems related to the non-IRC-users.

The non-IRC-users registered in IRC-Galleria are sometimes ironically called galleriairkkaajat (gallery IRCers) due to the fact that many of them frequently refer to IRC-Galleria with the acronym IRC without necessarily even having a clue what the actual IRC is.

IRC-Galleria is now officially open for anyone who is over 12 years old and speaks Finnish.


This page about irc-galleria includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about irc-galleria
News stories about irc-galleria
External links for irc-galleria
Videos for irc-galleria
Wikis about irc-galleria
Discussion Groups about irc-galleria
Blogs about irc-galleria
Images of irc-galleria

IRC-Galleria is now officially open for anyone who is over 12 years old and speaks Finnish. 6, 478-485(Jun 1994)). The non-IRC-users registered in IRC-Galleria are sometimes ironically called galleriairkkaajat (gallery IRCers) due to the fact that many of them frequently refer to IRC-Galleria with the acronym IRC without necessarily even having a clue what the actual IRC is. (Translated from Atomnaya Energiya; 76: No. The administrators responded by introducing some features which aim at the minimization of the biggest problems related to the non-IRC-users. al, Atomic Energy, 1994, 76(6), 442-448. The unwillingness of the administrators of IRC-Galleria to exclude non-IRC-users has caused some schism, driving a few users to found their own alternative gallery services with a mandatory IRC-based registration. et.

The service is financed with banner advertising, SMS-based services, T-shirts and optional VIP privileges which can be bought with SMS. Torgov, V.G. ; Tatarchuk, V.V. ; Druzhinina, I.A. ; Korda, T.M. IRC-Galleria is now maintained and developed by Dynamoid Oy, a company founded solely for the sake of IRC-Galleria. So far neither a pilot plant or full scale plant has been constructed to recover palladium, rhodium or ruthenium from nuclear wastes created by the use of nuclear fuel. Comments are only visible to those who are logged in. This extraction operates by a solvation mechanism. Some of the communities are named after IRC channels, and joining them requires IRC-based identification. In this solvent extraction system the hydrocarbons of the diesel act as the diluent while the dialkyl sulfides act as the extractant.

Each user can be a member of at most 40 communities. This has been proposed as a means of separating the fission product palladium from PUREX raffinate which comes from used nuclear fuel. The communication in IRC-Galleria is based on short messages, comments, each of which is associated with either a picture or a community. Bad quality (high sulfur) diesel fuel has been used as a palladium extraction agent for the liquid-liquid extraction of this metal from nitric acid mixtures. The maximum number of visible images per user is 60 (only for VIP-users), and the so-called default image must contain the face of the user. This is the first time a maker has competed for the overall prize with a Diesel-fueled vehicle. Despite all the features, IRC-Galleria is basically a photo gallery and it is not possible to have a user account without at least one accepted image. Audi will fight for the overall win at the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 2006 with the Diesel-powered R10.

However, only about 20% of the users have identified themselves as actual users of IRC. Westport claims to have invented a process called Westport-Cycle [5] with comparable efficiency using natural gas and petrodiesel. About 85% of the users are active users who use the service on a weekly or daily basis. That car and a later Cummins Diesel Special are on display at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame Museum[4]. As for February 2006, IRC-galleria boasts of over 302,000 registered users and over 3,600,000 images. The following year Dave Evans drove his Cummins Diesel Special to a nonstop finish in the Indianapolis 500, the first time a car had completed the race without a pit stop. It was founded in December 2000 by Tomi Lintelä as a photo gallery for the Finnish users of Internet Relay Chat. This feat helped to prove the usefulness of the internal combustion engine.

IRC-Galleria is the largest WWW-based virtual community in Finland. The trip was from Indianapolis to New York City - a distance of nearly 800 miles (1300 km). The very first diesel-engine automobile trip was completed on January 6, 1930. In 1931, Walter Lees and Fredrick Brossy set the nonstop flight record flying a Bellanca powered by a Packard Diesel for 84h 32m. Woolson was fitted to a Stinson X7654, and in 1929 it was flown 1000 km non-stop from Detroit to Langley, Virginia (near Washington, D.C.).

A Packard diesel motor designed by L.M. Packard diesel motors were used in aircraft as early as 1927, and Charles Lindbergh flew a Stinson SM1B with a Packard Diesel in 1928. Diesel engines are used in cars, trucks, motorcycles, boats and locomotives. Rudolf Diesel originally designed the diesel engine to use coal dust as a fuel, but oil proved more effective.

Diesel is used in diesel engines, a type of internal combustion engine. In India, taxes on diesel fuel are lower than on gasoline as majority of the transportation, that transports grains and other essential commodities across the country, runs on diesel. The term DERV (short for "diesel engined road vehicle") is also used in the UK as a synonym for diesel fuel. Diesel fuel, or Marked Gas Oil is dyed green in the Republic of Ireland.

Also, in the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland it is known as red diesel, and is also used by agricultural vehicles. This untaxed diesel is also dyed red for identification purposes, and should a person be found to be using this untaxed diesel fuel for a typically taxed purpose (such as "over-the-road", or driving use), the user can be fined $10,000 USD on the spot. Similarly, "untaxed" diesel is available in the United States, which is available for use primarily in agricultural applications such as for tractor fuel. In Europe, the United States and Canada, taxes on diesel fuel are higher than on heating oil due to the fuel tax, and in those areas, heating oil is marked with fuel dyes and trace chemicals to prevent and detect tax fraud.

Diesel fuel is very similar to heating oil which is used in central heating. Due to the purity of the source, it has a higher quality than petrodiesel. Paraffin biodiesel also exists. However, biodiesel has combustion properties very similar to regular diesel, including combustion energy and cetane ratings.

Chemically, most biodiesel consists of alkyl (usually methyl) esters instead of the alkanes and aromatic hydrocarbons of petroleum derived diesel. A small percentage of biodiesel can be used as an additive in low-sulfur formulations of diesel to increase the lubricating ability that is lost when the sulfur is removed. There have been reports that a diesel-biodiesel mix results in lower emissions than either can achieve alone. This can be overcome by using a biodiesel/petrodiesel blend, or by installing a small heater in your fuel system, but this is only nessecary during the colder months.

Biodiesel has a lower gel point than regular diesel, but is comparable to diesel #2. It can also be mixed with petrodiesel in any amount in modern engines, though when first using it , the solvent properties of the fuel tend to clear out all the garbage that has built up from the petrodiesel and can clog fuel filters. Biodiesel is a non-fossil fuel alternative to petrodiesel. Biodiesel can be obtained from vegetable oil and animal fats (bio-lipids, using transesterification).

Such synthetic diesel has 30% less particulate emissions than conventional diesel (US- California) [3]. Synthetic diesel may also be produced out of natural gas in the GTL process. [2] Other attempts use enzymatic processes and are also economic in case of high oil prices. After purification the so called Fischer Tropsch process is used to produce synthetic diesel.

Wood, straw, corn, garbage, and sewage-sludge may be dried and gasified. C10H22 to C15H32. Petroleum derived diesel is composed of about 75% saturated hydrocarbons (primarily paraffins including n, iso, and cycloparaffins), and 25% aromatic hydrocarbons (including naphthalenes and alkylbenzenes).[1] The average chemical formula for common diesel fuel is C12H26, ranging from approx. In the maritime field various grades of diesel fuel are used.

Diesel contains approximately 18% more energy per unit of volume than gasoline, which, along with the greater efficiency of diesel engines, contributes to fuel economy (distance traveled per volume of fuel consumed). Biodiesel is an effective lubricity additive. However, lowering sulfur also reduces the lubricity of the fuel, meaning that additives must be put into the fuel to help lubricate engines. It prevents the use of catalytic diesel particulate filters to control diesel particulate emissions, as well as more advanced technologies, such as nitrogen oxide (NOx) adsorbers (still under development), to reduce emissions.

High levels of sulfur in diesel are harmful for the environment. diesel fuel typically also has a lower cetane number (a measure of ignition quality) than European diesel, resulting in worse cold weather performance and some increase in emissions. U.S. In contrast, the United States has long had "dirtier" diesel, although more stringent emission standards have been adopted with the transition to ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) occurring in 2006 (see also diesel exhaust).

In Europe, emission standards and preferential taxation have both forced oil refineries to dramatically reduce the level of sulfur in diesel fuels. Diesel fuel, however, often contains higher quantities of sulfur. Diesel is generally simpler to refine than gasoline and often costs less (although price fluctuations often mean that the inverse is true; for example, the cost of diesel traditionally rises during colder months as demand for heating oil, which is refined much the same way, rises). When burnt diesel typically releases about 147,000 British thermal units (BTU) per US gal (40.9 megajoules (MJ) per liter), whereas gasoline releases 125,000 BTUs per US gal (34.8 MJ/l), also about 15% less.

Diesel typically weighs about 7.1 pounds (lb) per US gallon (gal) (850 grams per liter (g/l)), whereas gasoline weighs about 6.0 lb per US gal (720 g/l), or about 15% less. Petro Diesel is considered to be a fuel oil and is about 18% denser than gasoline. As a hydrocarbon mixture, it is obtained in the fractional distillation of crude oil between 250 °C and 350 °C at atmospheric pressure. Diesel is produced from petroleum, and is sometimes called petrodiesel (or, less seriously, dinodiesel) when there is a need to distinguish it from diesel obtained from other sources.

. The term typically refers to fuel that has been processed from petroleum, but increasingly, alternatives such as biodiesel or biomass to liquid (BTL) or gas to liquid (GTL) diesel that are not derived from petroleum are being developed. Diesel or Diesel fuel is a specific fractional distillate of fuel oil (mostly petroleum) that is used as fuel in a diesel engine invented by German engineer Rudolf Diesel. URL accessed on December 5, 2005..

^  http://www.westport.com/expertise/westport_cycle.php. URL accessed on December 5, 2005.. ^  Indianapolis Motor Speedway. URL accessed on December 5, 2005..

^  SYNTHETIC DIESEL FUEL. URL accessed on December 5, 2005.. ^  http://www.fas.usda.gov/pecad/highlights/2005/01/btl0104/syntheticdiesel.htm. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.

Atlanta, GA: U.S. Toxicological profile for fuel oils. 1995. ^ Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR).

04-01-15 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Google+ Directory