The city of Hiroshima (広島市; -shi) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Honshu, the largest of Japan's islands. Geographical location 34°23′07″N, 132°27′19″E (City Hall). It is most known throughout the world as the first city in history subjected to nuclear warfare.
Hiroshima gained municipality status on April 1, 1889 and was designated on April 1, 1980 by government ordinance. As of 2004, the city's mayor is Tadatoshi Akiba.
HistoryAtomic Bomb Dome at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial, a remnant of the city at ground zero of its nuclear bombardment
Hiroshima was founded in 1589, on the coast of the Seto Inland Sea, and became a major urban center during the Meiji period. The city is located on the broad, flat delta of the Ota River, which has 7 channel outlets dividing the city into six islands which project into Hiroshima Bay. The city is almost entirely flat and only slightly above sea level; to the northwest and northeast of the city, some hills rise to 700 feet.
Hiroshima was founded by Mori Motonari as his capital. About a half century later, after the Battle of Sekigahara, his grandson and the leader of the West Army Mori Terumoto was on the losing side. The winner Tokugawa Ieyasu deprived Mori Terumoto of most of his fiefs including Hiroshima and gave Aki province to another daimyo who had supported him.
Finally Asano was appointed the daimyo of this area and Hiroshima served as the capital of Hiroshima han during the Edo period. After the han was abolished the city became the capital of Hiroshima prefecture.
During the First Sino-Japanese War, Hiroshima emerged as a major supply and logistics base for the Japanese military. This role continued until World War II.
On August 6, 1945 the nuclear weapon Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima by the Enola Gay, a U.S. Air Force B-29 bomber which was altered specifically to hold the bomb, killing an estimated 80,000 civilians and heavily damaging the city. It was the second such device to be detonated, and the first ever to be used in military action. The American atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are commonly believed to be the major factor leading to the surrender of the Japanese government six days after the latter attack.
After the nuclear attack, Hiroshima was rebuilt as a “peace memorial city”, and the closest surviving building to the location of the bomb's detonation was designated the "Atomic Bomb Dome," a part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. The city government continues to advocate the abolition of nuclear weapons, and has advocated more broadly for world peace. They have written a letter of protest every time a nuclear weapon has been detonated anywhere in the world since 1968.Hiroshima, following the atomic bombing
After the war
Hiroshima was rebuilt after the war, with new modern buildings rising all over the city. Several civic leaders and scholars were consulted about the rebuilding plan. In 1949, Hiroshima was proclaimed a City of Peace by the Japanese parliament, at the initiative of its mayor Shinzo Hamai (b. 1905-d. 1968). As a result, the city of Hiroshima was receiving more international attention as a desirable location for holding international conferences on peace as well as social issues. As part of that effort, the Hiroshima Interpreters' and Guide's Association (HIGA) was established in 1992 in order to facilitate translation services for conferences, and the Hiroshima Peace Institute was established in 1998 within the Hiroshima University. In 1994, the city of Hiroshima hosted the Asian Games.Memorial cenotaph at Hiroshima Peace Park
Also, as a result of the atomic bombing, Hiroshima began to receive donations of streetcars from all over Japan. (After World War II, Japanese cities - like British ones - were anxious to get rid of their streetcar systems due to damage to the infrastructure, and so there were plenty of streetcars available to give away.) Hiroshima thus rebuilt its streetcar system along with the rest of the city, and thus Hiroshima is the only city in Japan with an extensive streetcar system (although other cities have streetcar lines). Some streetcars that survived the war - and the nuclear attack - were put back into service, and four of these are still running today. For the most part, however, Hiroshima has updated its streetcars over the years.Folded paper cranes representing prayers for peace
Every year on August 6, the mayor of Hiroshima gives a speech called "The Peace Declaration" to commemorate the atomic bombing of the city. It has often been used as an occasion to criticize U.S. foreign policy and urge the president to visit Hiroshima. Tens of thousands of people marked the 60th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the city on August 6, 2005.
AttractionsA man prepares okonomiyaki in a restaurant in Hiroshima
Baseball fans immediately recognize the city as the home of the Hiroshima Toyo Carp. Six-time champions of Japan's Central League, the team has gone on to win the Japan Series three times.
Sanfrecce Hiroshima is the city's J. League football team.
Hiroshima's rebuilt castle (nicknamed Rijō, meaning Koi Castle) houses a museum of life in the Edo period.
Itsukushima ("Miyajima") Shrine is in the town of Miyajima, on the island of Itsukushima, across from Hiroshima. Its large red "floating" gate is one of the best known sights of Japan. Although it lies outside the city of Hiroshima, it is accessible by streetcar or railroad (and ferry) from the central train station.
Hiroshima is known for its version of okonomiyaki, called "Hiroshima-yaki" or "Hiroshima pancake." The Hiroshima version of okonomiyaki is unique for its inclusion of yakisoba noodles.
Hiroshima has 8 wards (ku):
As of 2003, the city has an estimated population of 1,136,684 and the density of 1532.44 persons per km². The total area is 741.75 km².
Mazda Motor Company, now controlled by the Ford Motor Company, is by far Hiroshima's dominant company. Mazda makes many models in Hiroshima for worldwide export, including the popular MX-5/Miata and Mazda RX-8. The Mazda CX-7 is slated to be built here in early 2006. Other Mazda factories are in Hofu and Flat Rock, Michigan.
This page about hiroshima includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about hiroshima
News stories about hiroshima
External links for hiroshima
Videos for hiroshima
Wikis about hiroshima
Discussion Groups about hiroshima
Blogs about hiroshima
Images of hiroshima
Other Mazda factories are in Hofu and Flat Rock, Michigan. Many followed, and as of 2005, the related titles are:. The Mazda CX-7 is slated to be built here in early 2006. After that, he was given his own series. Mazda makes many models in Hiroshima for worldwide export, including the popular MX-5/Miata and Mazda RX-8. Spider-Man first appeared in Amazing Fantasy #15. Mazda Motor Company, now controlled by the Ford Motor Company, is by far Hiroshima's dominant company. James, who is best known for his stint in the WWF as "Road Dogg".
The total area is 741.75 km². He was played by a wrestler known as Brad Armstrong (who had previously been known as "The Candyman"), the son of the legendary wrestler, "Bullet" Bob Armstrong, and brother of Total Nonstop Action Wrestling wrestler, B.G. As of 2003, the city has an estimated population of 1,136,684 and the density of 1532.44 persons per km². Marvel got the character squashed. Hiroshima has 8 wards (ku):. He used a web gun to shoot something like silly string during his entrances. Hiroshima is known for its version of okonomiyaki, called "Hiroshima-yaki" or "Hiroshima pancake." The Hiroshima version of okonomiyaki is unique for its inclusion of yakisoba noodles. In the early to mid-1990s, the wrestling organization then owned by Ted Turner, World Championship Wrestling featured a wrestler known as "Arachnaman" who wore a costume like Spider-Man's except rather than being blue and red, it was yellow and purple.
Although it lies outside the city of Hiroshima, it is accessible by streetcar or railroad (and ferry) from the central train station. See . Its large red "floating" gate is one of the best known sights of Japan. In the political sphere, David Chick used a Spider-Man outfit to obtain publicity for fathers' rights. Itsukushima ("Miyajima") Shrine is in the town of Miyajima, on the island of Itsukushima, across from Hiroshima. children dressed up as Spider-Man, making it the year's most popular costume. Hiroshima's rebuilt castle (nicknamed Rijō, meaning Koi Castle) houses a museum of life in the Edo period. On Halloween 2004, an estimated 2.15 million U.S.
League football team. It is a parody of the Billy Joel song "Piano Man", and recounts the events of the film. Sanfrecce Hiroshima is the city's J. The 2003 "Weird Al" Yankovic album Poodle Hat has a track entitled "Ode to a Superhero". Six-time champions of Japan's Central League, the team has gone on to win the Japan Series three times. For other versions, see: Spider-Man (1960s animation). Baseball fans immediately recognize the city as the home of the Hiroshima Toyo Carp. The 2002 movie features Jayce Bartok as a subway performer singing the classic song.
Tens of thousands of people marked the 60th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the city on August 6, 2005. The catchy original 1960s Spider-Man cartoon theme song has been covered and reinterpreted by numerous musical acts, including The Ramones, Moxy Fruvous (often miscredited as They Might Be Giants), and Tenacious D. foreign policy and urge the president to visit Hiroshima. Spider-Man imitators in real life include:. It has often been used as an occasion to criticize U.S. Spider-Man also appears as a boss in the video game Revenge of Shinobi. Every year on August 6, the mayor of Hiroshima gives a speech called "The Peace Declaration" to commemorate the atomic bombing of the city. As a popular franchise character, many games starring Spider-Man, based on both the comics and the movies, have been released for different platforms.
For the most part, however, Hiroshima has updated its streetcars over the years. Main article: Spider-Man (games). Some streetcars that survived the war - and the nuclear attack - were put back into service, and four of these are still running today. In 2002, the company 2MA produced the first live-action Spider-Man stunt show, staged in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. (After World War II, Japanese cities - like British ones - were anxious to get rid of their streetcar systems due to damage to the infrastructure, and so there were plenty of streetcars available to give away.) Hiroshima thus rebuilt its streetcar system along with the rest of the city, and thus Hiroshima is the only city in Japan with an extensive streetcar system (although other cities have streetcar lines).
In 1994, the city of Hiroshima hosted the Asian Games. Spider-Man has been adapted to television numerous times, through a short-lived live-action television series and several animated cartoon series. As part of that effort, the Hiroshima Interpreters' and Guide's Association (HIGA) was established in 1992 in order to facilitate translation services for conferences, and the Hiroshima Peace Institute was established in 1998 within the Hiroshima University. These include:. As a result, the city of Hiroshima was receiving more international attention as a desirable location for holding international conferences on peace as well as social issues. Other characters are spin-offs and exist in alternate versions of the Marvel Universe. 1968). Four of these actually exist in the Marvel Universe:.
1905-d. In the comics, others have used the Spider-Man identity. In 1949, Hiroshima was proclaimed a City of Peace by the Japanese parliament, at the initiative of its mayor Shinzo Hamai (b. Like Spider-Man himself, a large percentage of these villains have their origins based in storylines featuring scientific accidents or the misuse of scientific technology. Several civic leaders and scholars were consulted about the rebuilding plan. His most famous enemies include the Green Goblin, Doctor Octopus, and Venom. Hiroshima was rebuilt after the war, with new modern buildings rising all over the city. Spider-Man has one of the best-known rogues galleries (list of enemies) in comics.
They have written a letter of protest every time a nuclear weapon has been detonated anywhere in the world since 1968. Unfortunately, Spider-Man had never learned to drive a car, and crashed the car into the Hudson River soon after receiving it. The city government continues to advocate the abolition of nuclear weapons, and has advocated more broadly for world peace. In addition, the Human Torch once helped Spider-Man build a car called the Spider-Mobile which had a paint job and modifications that followed his spider motif. After the nuclear attack, Hiroshima was rebuilt as a “peace memorial city”, and the closest surviving building to the location of the bomb's detonation was designated the "Atomic Bomb Dome," a part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. He typically uses it not only for a light source, but as a way of unnerving opponents and to call attention. The American atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are commonly believed to be the major factor leading to the surrender of the Japanese government six days after the latter attack. Finally, the belt contains a strong light called a Spider Signal that creates an image of his mask when activated.
It was the second such device to be detonated, and the first ever to be used in military action. The camera also has an automatic shutter mechanism linked to an internal motion detector so it will take a picture whenever Spider-Man moves in front of the camera lens. Air Force B-29 bomber which was altered specifically to hold the bomb, killing an estimated 80,000 civilians and heavily damaging the city. It also carries his camera, which has an extended rear metal plate that allows him to use his web to position it without interfering with its functions. On August 6, 1945 the nuclear weapon Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima by the Enola Gay, a U.S. Spider-Man keeps his regular field equipment in a specially designed utility belt that contains his web fluid cartridges and his tracers. This role continued until World War II. However, he eventually learned that he could tune the tracer signal frequency to his own spider-sense for more convenient use, but the receiver is still used as a back-up and long-range measure.
During the First Sino-Japanese War, Hiroshima emerged as a major supply and logistics base for the Japanese military. Spider-Man originally used a small receiver device to follow the tracers. After the han was abolished the city became the capital of Hiroshima prefecture. While he originally threw his tracers at a target in the hopes that at least one hits, he later developed a wrist launcher which ejects tracers above the wrist while the web is fired from below to allow for more precise and reliable applications of the tracers. Finally Asano was appointed the daimyo of this area and Hiroshima served as the capital of Hiroshima han during the Edo period. The outer casing is shaped like a spider and is designed to cling to a target without attracting attention. The winner Tokugawa Ieyasu deprived Mori Terumoto of most of his fiefs including Hiroshima and gave Aki province to another daimyo who had supported him. Spider-Man has also developed small electronic "spider-tracers" which allow him to track objects or individuals.
About a half century later, after the Battle of Sekigahara, his grandson and the leader of the West Army Mori Terumoto was on the losing side. Spider-Man is now able to produce webbing without the aid of his web-shooters. Hiroshima was founded by Mori Motonari as his capital. The transformation, however, seemed to give Spider-Man organic web glands in his wrists. The city is almost entirely flat and only slightly above sea level; to the northwest and northeast of the city, some hills rise to 700 feet. The end of the situation saw the Queen presumably dead and Spider-Man reverting back to human form. The city is located on the broad, flat delta of the Ota River, which has 7 channel outlets dividing the city into six islands which project into Hiroshima Bay. During this encounter, the Queen transformed Spider-Man into a human-sized spider.
Hiroshima was founded in 1589, on the coast of the Seto Inland Sea, and became a major urban center during the Meiji period. Recently, Spider-Man and Captain America crossed paths with a villain called the Queen. . In some versions of the character (such as in the popular movie series), the character generates webs organically from his own altered spider-like biology, instead of mechanical web shooters. As of 2004, the city's mayor is Tadatoshi Akiba. The web-shooters can also be used to expel other liquids, using interchangeable cartridges, but are seldom used to do this. Hiroshima gained municipality status on April 1, 1889 and was designated on April 1, 1980 by government ordinance. In addition, Parker can modify the fluid formulation to suit particular specialized needs when called for (this explains why the webbing sometimes conducts electricity, but can also be used as an insulator).
It is most known throughout the world as the first city in history subjected to nuclear warfare. The substance is formulated to dissolve after one hour which is generally sufficient time for Spider-Man's needs while ensuring the webs he makes do not cause undue litter. Geographical location 34°23′07″N, 132°27′19″E (City Hall). However, the default meshed spray generally allows for sufficient strength while being more versatile in its use and easier to remove when desired. The city of Hiroshima (広島市; -shi) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Honshu, the largest of Japan's islands. In addition, when Spider-Man desires it, he can fire the web fluid as a straight liquid when he needs to use the substance's maximum adhesive strength. John Hersey, Hiroshima, ISBN 0679721037. He can also form crude objects with a heavy application.
Gar Alperovitz, The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb, ISBN 067976285X. He can change the setting to a wide spray to ensnare criminals, and to form protective shields or nets. 1961. Typical uses of his webs include creating long swing lines which he uses to travel through the chasms between the Manhattan high-rises. ed. The substance dries almost immediately into a strong material that can support very heavy loads: into the one-ton range. Robert Jungk, Children of the Ashes, 1st Eng. The default setting has the adhesive threaded through a special mesh to take on a spider web like design.
The author shows why the Japanese were preparing to continue the fight for an indefinite period and why they expected that a bloody defense of their main islands would lead to something less than unconditional surrender and a continuation of their existing government. The placement of the trigger and the finger pressure needed to activate it yield Spider-Man's distinctive hand gesture, with the two outer fingers extended, and the two inner fingers on the palm. Uses newly declassified US military intelligence records and other primary sources from many countries to make the case that bombing had a huge net saving of lives, Japanese and American, over an invasion. The trigger rests high in the palm and requires a double tapping from the middle and ring fingers to activate, so Peter can't accidentally fire the shooter if he makes a fist or his hand hits the trigger. Frank, “Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire” (Penguin, 2001 ISBN 0141001461), a thorough analysis of all the available contemporaneous intel from the perspectives of the various participants during the last months of the war. They are wrist mounted devices that fire a fibrous adhesive very similar to the material spiders use to construct webs. Richard B. Spider-Man's web-shooters are one of the character's most distinguishing traits.
Pacific War Research Society, “Japan's Longest Day”, the internal Japanese account of the surrender and how it was almost thwarted by fanatic soldiers who attempted a coup against the Emperor. For example, he donned a padded suit to battle Electro, and used a very short-lived armored suit in Web of Spider-Man #100. Volgograd, Russia. Every so often he will concoct a special armor or web fluid for a specific threat. Montreal, Canada. Although he is usually of limited financial means, Spider-Man has developed personal equipment that plays an important role in his superhero career. Honolulu, United States. In comics, the activation of the spider-sense is often shown by wavy lines emanating from Peter's head, with his mask occasionally being half-drawn when he is out of costume as an additional cue.
Hannover, Germany. This ability is like a spider's, as spiders can see all around them. Daegu, South Korea. Spider-Man has honed this sense to allow him to have 360 vision which ties in with the mystical totemistic side of his powers. Chongqing, China. The phrase "My spider-sense is tingling" has since become an often parodied catchphrase in American pop culture. Saeki-ku. Spider-Man approached the mannequin, believing his spider-sense to be warning him about a long-known enemy, learning only too late that it was actually warning him of the explosives as they went off almost in his face.
Nishi-ku. Octopus. Naka-ku. In one issue of "What if...?", the Punisher successfully kills Spider-Man by hiding bombs in a mannequin made to look like Dr. Minami-ku. The fact that it is nonspecific has also been used directly against Spider-Man at times. Higashi-ku. The ability to avoid Parker's spider-sense gives some supervillains an edge that Spider-Man often has trouble countering.
Asaminami-ku. Ben Reilly did not suffer from this problem as he never bonded with the symbiote. Asakita-ku. For instance if Peter were to slap or punch himself his spider-sense would not perceive the act as a threat and would not activate. Aki-ku. The spider-sense recognizes both as a part of Parker's physical body. Mitaki Temple. This is believed to have been caused by the Venom symbiote's bonding with Peter Parker.
Shukkei Garden. Additionally, the alien symbiote Venom and its offspring Carnage are not recognized by the spider-sense. Hiroshima Castle. For instance, the Green Goblin once secretly attacked him with a gas that temporarily suppressed this perceptive ability, allowing the supervillain to shadow him and learn his secret identity. Hiroshima Peace Memorial. Although his spider-sense has saved his life innumerable times, Spider-Man has learned the hard way that it can be beaten. When combined with his superhuman reflexes and agility, this makes him an extremely difficult target to shoot in combat and formidable in close quarters.
Spider-Man also uses the spider-sense as a means to time his evasive maneuvers to the point where he can avoid multiple gunshots or machine gun fire. The spider-sense not only alerts Spider-Man to threats to his physical safety, but also warns him to threats to his privacy such as being observed while changing identities. While it cannot tell him of the exact nature of the threat, it is vaguely directional and Spider-Man can judge the severity of the threat by the intensity of the tingling. A form of clairvoyance or sixth sense, it unconsciously activates and alerts him to any threat to himself, manifesting as a tingling at the back of his skull.
Spider-Man's most subtle power is his spider-sense. In the recent films, he maintains his superb intellect with a mastery of physics and a degree from Columbia University. In the comics, he has a facility for chemistry and physics, and later pursues a graduate degree in biochemistry from Empire State University. Apart from his physical abilities, Peter has prodigious aptitude in the physical sciences.
The full extent of the change has not yet been revealed - it may turn out to be even more profound. He is also much faster. His spider-sense has improved dramatically - he can now see in the dark (or very low-light) and sense vibrations transmitted over his web lines. He now has stingers that can protrude from his wrists in periods of stress.
He also gained a number of additional abilities. Unfortunately, this seems to have been a one-time occurrence - he does not have the power to heal himself (as, for example, Wolverine does). Most dramatically, his body had regenerated all damaged tissue, including an eye he had lost in a battle with Morlun. When he finally experienced this period of dormancy, in the Spider-Man: The Other storyline, Spider-Man emerged with substantial changes.
The symptoms manifested themselves because Parker was simply too stubborn to allow himself to hibernate; he finally did so as a result of a near-death experience. Spider-Man's recent intermittent black outs and loss of superpowers were the result of the involuntary attempt of his body to enter this dormant state. It was revealed in the story arc "Evolve or Die" that Spider-Man enters a state of dormancy and sheds his skin and outer tissues, just like an actual Spider, at least once in his life time. His myopia was corrected as a result of the spider bite.
He can also recover from poisons, but he is not immune to natural diseases - he has once nearly lost a confrontation with Rhino because of a bad cold. His recovery time from injury is somewhat faster than that of an ordinary human, although not nearly as fast as those with true healing factors. His bodily tissues are substantially more durable and resistant to impact or trauma than an ordinary human, making it more difficult to injure him, although he is certainly not invulnerable. This allows him to outmaneuver foes and to dodge automatic gunfire.
Another aspect of his physical prowess is his superhuman agility and amplified reflexes. Now, according to the 2005 Spider-Man handbook, he can lift 15 tons (this is in part due to the transformation to a spider by the Queen in the Avengers Dissembled event) but has been known to lift more under duress, before he found the alien symbiote), and the muscles in his legs have developed to the point where he can jump the distance of several city blocks in a single bound, or multiple stories straight up. He is super-strong, allowing him to lift objects many times his own body weight (Spider-Man says that he could barely lift a VW Beetle, which is about 800 kg. This posited explanation became crucial in his fight against the villain Electro, who used his powers of electricity to nullify Spider-Man's "sticking power." However, at another time, it was implied that his "sticking power" was somehow based on his pores actually being the important element, and Spider-Man had been momentarily subdued using a gaseous fog that supposedly "plugged" his pores.
At one point in the comic series, it was suggested that his ability to adhere to surfaces was due to the fact that he could create a field of static electricity around his body. While the exact nature of this has never been pinned down in comics (and various attempts to explain it have contradicted one another), in the live-action movies Peter is shown to have barbed hairs or bristles similar to those of real spiders which extend or retract through his skin. It follows that he can grip an object with any part of his body with this talent. With this, he is able to support something many times his own weight while clinging to a hard vertical surface such as the side of a building.
Spider-Man gained the ability to adhere to any smooth surface using any part of his body. Peter Parker became Spider-Man when he was bitten by an irradiated spider, causing a variety of changes in his body which gave him his superpowers. The suit is rumored to have a variety of optional extras as well. Recently, it has been revealed by Marvel Comics that, after the events of The Other, Iron Man is giving Spidey a new costume with a red and gold color scheme.
His costume was altered as well, incorporating aspects of the black costume (large spider chest symbol, and square patches on the gloves) with his classic red-and-blue costume. The House of M saga had Spider-Man become a famous celebrity (as Scarlet Witch used her reality warping powers to give Spider-Man the life he always wanted). He did however wear a non-living version of the black costume until the new occupant of the living costume, Venom, frightened Mary Jane so badly that she could no longer stand to see Peter in the non-living black costume. Spider-Man rejected the symbiote after finding out it was alive and trying to merge with him.
The costume turned out to be a living symbiotic creature, capable of generating its own webbing and improving most of Spider-Man's abilities. He appeared in an almost all-black costume, with a large white spider emblem on the chest and back, and with built-in webshooters on the back of his hands. The most significant alteration to Spider-Man's costume came about in the mid-1980s, after his return from the Secret Wars. The gloves had web-shooters on the outside, and the web design on the boots and gloves was partially replaced with dark blue.
Instead of a large red spider on his back, the web pattern and spider emblem were repeated there. He placed more emphasis on the spider on the chest, making it large enough to cover the entire torso. Several alterations occurred when Ben Reilly replaced Peter Parker in the role. He is sometimes depicted with "under-arm webbing" connecting his arms to his torso.
The mask has large white eyes rimmed with black that allow him to see but hide his eyes. There is a large red spider outline on his back, and a smaller black spider emblem on his chest. From the waist up, the fabric is the red-and-black web pattern, except for his back, sides, and insides of his upper arms, which are dark blue. From the waist down, it is dark blue (or sometimes even black, depending on the colorist), except for mid-calf boots with a black web pattern on a red background.
The standard costume is a form-fitting fabric covering his entire body. Although the details and proportions have changed somewhat over the years, with a few notable exceptions, Spider-Man's costume has remained fairly consistent. The last issue of "The Other" series revealed two of Spider-Man's new abilities including the ability to see in the dark and an ability to "feel" his environment as he can detect vibrations from his immediate surroundings due to his web and hairs on his arms. In a 2005 story arc spanning 12 parts, across several titles, Spider-Man finds himself cursed, killed, and eventually reborn in a metamorphic experience which "evolves" his powers, including the addition of new "stingers," as well as upgraded speed and spider-sense.
Thanks to Spider-Man's membership in the latest incarnation of the Marvel Universe superhero team the Avengers, Peter, Mary Jane and Aunt May were able to move into Tony Stark's Stark Tower. In 2004, an altercation with a former classmate turned superhuman, Charlie Weiderman, led to the destruction of both Peter's apartment and Aunt May's house. Currently, Parker works as a science teacher for his old high school while still moonlighting as a freelance photographer for the Daily Bugle. The plan was a success, and Peter battled Morlun again, and aided by the impurity in his blood, defeated the villain, which led to Morlun's apparent death at the hands of his own lackey.
After a fight between Peter and Morlun that spanned New York, wherein Morlun severely beat Peter—whose attacks had no effect on Morlun—Peter fell back onto his last plan: Morlun wanted only pure spider-blood, so Peter injected another dose of radiation into his bloodstream, attempting to 'poison' his powers. Morlun had come to New York for that reason: He feeds off the powers possessed by those connected to animal totems. Ezekiel suggested that the accident that gave Peter his abilities might not have been a fluke, and that he might have a deeper connection to a totemic spider spirit (not unlike DC's Animal Man, and his connection to "The Red"). Peter's life had begun to calm down in recent years, until a villain named Morlun, and an ally named Ezekiel (possessing the same powers as Peter) appeared.
This was called "clone deterioration", and was the final proof that Ben Reilly was the clone, and Peter was the original. Reilly was killed saving Peter's life, and shortly thereafter, his body crumbled into ashes. Norman Osborn (the original green goblin) was resurrected (in a controversial storyline itself) and revealed that he had manipulated the tests which indicated Reilly as the real Parker. For a brief stint, Ben Reilly was Spider-Man, and even defeated Venom singlehandedly.
When Ben Reilly came to New York to see Aunt May, it was revealed that he was the true Peter Parker. Miles Warren (aka the Jackal). It was revealed that the clone had survived the first "clone saga", involving Dr. In one of the most controversial stories of the 1990s, Marvel reintroduced a short-lived clone of Spider-Man, now calling himself Ben Reilly.
Ultimate Spider-Man. Television. Comics. Peter Parker/Spider-Man has many love interests in his life:.
Eventually, the two married, but the stresses of Parker's dual identity, combined with Mary Jane's tempestuous career, led to a separation, though the couple later reconciled. After years of single living, interspersed with several romantic relationships, including the cat burglar and sometime crimefighter Black Cat, Parker became serious with longtime girlfriend, Mary Jane Watson, a fashion model and actress when she returned after a lengthy absence with a newly found maturity and revealing her knowledge of Peter's secret identity since the beginning of his career. He then enrolled in the fictional Empire State University where he befriended Harry Osborn—the son of his archenemy the Green Goblin—and Gwen Stacy, with whom he would have a lengthy romance before the Goblin killed her. He continued working as a freelance photographer for the Daily Bugle and living with his elderly and somewhat fragile Aunt May until he graduated from high school.
However, as with many characters published for many years and handled by multiple creators, Spider-Man's history is convoluted. As originally conceived by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko, Peter Parker was something of an Everyman character. Shortly after the second film, the Spider-Man of the comics was captured by a supervillain named Queen and during this incident gained some "upgrades" to his powers, including not only new, organic webbing, but a spider-sense made more sensitive in ways yet to be disclosed. The first exception to this was the movie version of the story, in which his famous webbing emanates naturally from his wrists (a concept first used for the title character of Marvel's futuristic semi-spinoff Spider-Man 2099).
The instincts he learned from the spider that bit him combined with his bent for chemistry, enabled him to concoct a webslinging device that he wore on his wrists. Oddly enough, his most notable ability, that of generating webs, was not originally a superpower. His amazing abilities, combined with his natural intelligence and inclination towards science, have allowed him to emerge victorious against these odds on a great number of occasions. Spider-Man has amassed a slew of major enemies over the years, most taking a particular interest in harming the hero, and some even targeting Peter Parker himself.
This moral continues to serve as the major theme of Spider-Man's story. Although these problems have pushed him to the edge numerous times, he has always continued on as Spider-Man because of his strong belief that "with great power comes great responsibility", the immortal words which his Uncle Ben instilled in him when he was a youth. His relationships with his aunt, his co-workers, his best friends, and most importantly, his love interests, have always been hampered by his secret life as a masked super-hero. Frequently, his powers complicate his relationships (especially when he unknowingly gained the Captain Universe powers which made him irritable due to his advanced Spider-Sense, the mistakes he had made during his time as Captain Universe caused the world to hate him thus adding more pressure than he could handle), his responsibilities as a student (in the earlier stories) and his varied careers as a photographer for the Daily Bugle and as a teacher at his old high school.
Despite having amazing spider-like abilities, Spider-Man cannot solve his emotional and personal problems with his super powers. Ironically, Parker has spent much of his life working, off-and-on, as a freelance photographer for Jameson, selling photographs of himself as Spider-Man. Jonah Jameson, publisher of the Daily Bugle. He is often considered little more than a costumed menace himself, largely thanks to a smear campaign by J.
Spider-Man consistently tries to do the right thing, but is viewed with suspicion by many authority figures. Realizing that stopping the thief when he had the chance would have prevented his uncle's murder, Spider-Man devoted himself to fighting injustice, driven by the realization that "with great power there must also come great responsibility.". His legal guardian and beloved Uncle Ben was later killed by a thug that Peter had allowed to escape. In current Spider-Man continuity, he produces his webs from organic spinnerets in his wrists and no longer requires the mechanical web shooters, most likely to bring character recognition inline with fans who mainly know him from his movie incarnation.
In addition to his physical powers, Peter Parker successfully designed and utilized mechanical "web-shooters" of his own design to spin webs in a variety of ways. These powers included the ability to cling to walls and ceilings, super-human strength, and an extra-sensory "Spider Sense". The spider bite gave Parker an array of spider-like powers. When he was 15 years old, Parker attended a science exhibition where he was bitten by a spider which had been irradiated.
(Note: In virtually all retellings of his origin, Peter's eyesight really was poor and somehow got fixed by the spider bite, but this is not the case in the original comic book series.). When these glasses were broken in a schoolyard fight with Flash Thompson, he didn't bother to get new ones, since they were never really needed in the first place and only made him look awkward. In addition, Aunt May made him wear non-prescription glasses to protect his eyes, since she was worried that his constant reading would have a negative effect on his eyesight. He was often the target of jokes by more popular fellow students like Flash Thompson, the high school's star athlete, who ironically would later become Spider-Man's biggest fan and one of Peter's best friends.
The exceptionally bright Peter showed more interest in his studies, especially science, than in any kind of social life. Over time he grew to be a lonely, timid teenager. Though Peter was always loved by the aging couple, he was unpopular among those of his own age. The infant Peter Parker was left in the care of his Uncle Ben and Aunt May (Richard's older brother Benjamin Parker and his wife May Reilly Parker), who lived in the Forest Hills neighborhood of Queens, New York.
Malik found out about their plans and arranged a plane-crash that resulted in their deaths, although this retconned backstory was not known at the time of the creation of Spider Man's character. Their last assignment was the infiltration of the criminal organization of Albert Malik, the third Red Skull. (a fictional secret agency). Peter Benjamin Parker was born to Richard Parker and his wife Mary Fitzpatrick-Parker, both of whom were agents of the CIA and later of S.H.I.E.L.D.
The three comics were sold without the Comics Code approval, but met with such critical acclaim that the industry's self-censorship was undercut. Norman Osborn), Spider-Man vanquished Norman by simply showing him his sick son. Most notably, Harry Osborn started taking pills and became so ill that, when Spider-Man fought the Green Goblin (a.k.a. However, The Amazing Spider-Man #96–98 (May–July 1971) featured a story arc that showed the negative effects of drug abuse (a storyline conceived at the request of government drug-prevention authorities).
Previously, it was forbidden to depict illegal drugs, even negatively. In 1971, Spider-Man was the first comic to challenge the rigid Comics Code. Although another issue of Amazing Fantasy was in production, he says, the title was cancelled to clear a space in the limited distribution schedule for another series. He speculated that Goodman's skepticism about the feature, and a possible attempt to revitalize Amazing Fantasy, led to Spider-Man appearing there.
Murray based this on the launch pattern of several Marvel characters at the time, including Thor (in Journey into Mystery), Ant-Man (in Tales to Astonish) and a solo Human Torch feature (in Strange Tales), as well as on the production numbers for individual stories. Will Murray in Comic Book Marketplace #44, suggested that Lee originally might have been considering Spider-Man's debut for the anthology Tales of Suspense rather than Amazing Fantasy. Goodman called for a regular series for the character. The story was published in issue #15, and months later, sales figures indicated that the cover story was unexpectedly popular.
When publisher Goodman was eventually presented with the concept, he was resistant to the unorthodox ideas of a teenage hero with a troubled personal life, but allowed the character to be used as a cover story for an anthology title, Amazing Fantasy, that was already scheduled to be canceled, so there was nothing to lose. I did costume, web gimmick on wrist & spider signal. GARY - Who originated Spider-Man?
Ditko's recollections in Comic Book Artist #3 (Winter 1999) were similar. . Ditko, on first seeing those pages, commented, 'This is Joe Simon's Fly.' Steve Ditko worked up his own version of the character's costume. [Later,] Stan handed the pages over to Steve Ditko.
Jack held onto the sketches and when Stan Lee asked Jack for new ideas, Jack brought the original Spider-Man pages to Marvel Comics. I gave the Silver Spider sketches to Jack Kirby and I changed the name again, this time to The Fly. In the late 1950s, Archie Comics asked me to create a new line of superheroes. Elsewhere, Simon gave additional details:.
2. Lastly, the Spider-Man logo was redone and a dashing hyphen added. .. In this life, he became high-school student Peter Parker, who gets his spider powers after being bitten by a radioactive spider.
and completely redesigned Spider-Man's costume and equipment. ignored Kirby's pages, tossed the character's magic ring, web-pistol and goggles .. He turned Spider-Man over to Steve Ditko, who .. ..
Kirby had had him turn into...Captain America with cobwebs. But when Kirby showed Lee the sample pages, it was Lee's turn to gripe, He had been expecting a skinny young kid who is transformed into a skinny young kid with spider powers. Kirby...using parts of an old rejected superhero named Night Fighter...revamped the old Silver Spider script, including revisions suggested by Lee. Stan Lee said, 'Perfect, just what I want.' [After obtaining permission from publisher Martin Goodman,] Lee told Kirby to pencil-up an origin story.
Kirby laid out the story to Lee about the kid who finds a ring in a spiderweb, gets his powers from the ring, and goes forth to fight crime armed with The Silver Spider's old web-spinning pistol. Jack brought in the Spider-Man logo that I had loaned to him before we changed the name to The Silver Spider. .. For instance, there was no Black Magic involved at all.
[T]here were a few holes in Jack's never-dependable memory. Simon, in his 1990 autobiography, disputes this account:. So the idea was already there when I talked to Stan".1. But Joe had already moved on.
and I said Spider-Man would be a fine character to start with. I had a lot of faith in the superhero character that they could be brought back .. I believe I said this could become a thing called Spider-Man, see, a superhero character. Black Magic folded with Crestwood [Simon & Kirby's 1950s comics company] and we were left with the script.
The Silver Spider was going into a magazine called Black Magic. We had a strip called the 'The Silver Spider'. It was the last thing Joe and I had discussed. "Spider-Man was discussed between Joe [Simon] and myself.
Kirby stated in a 1982 interview in Will Eisner's Spirit Magazine that Lee had minimal involvement in the creation of the character:. Lee turned to artist Steve Ditko, who found the concept particularly appealing and developed a visual motif Lee found satisfactory. When discussing this in documentaries, he often comments, "I've told this story so many times, it may actually be true." Originally, Lee assigned Jack Kirby to illustrate the story, but after seeing sample pages, decided Kirby's style was "too 'larger than life'" for what he wanted. In the Spider-Man movie DVD extras, Stan Lee's Mutants, Monsters and Marvels and elsewhere, Lee said he was inspired by seeing a fly climb up a wall.
One influence Lee has described for the character's name is the non-superpowered pulp magazine crimefighter The Spider. Speaking in the 1980s, Stan Lee said the idea for the series sprang out of the apparent increased teenage interest in the new Marvel comic books, and that he wanted to create a character that could cater to them. Various accounts of the character's creation have been given. .
Since his debut in the 1960s Silver Age of comic books, Peter Parker has grown from a shy high school student to a troubled college undergrad and graduate student, to a married man and a professional, but the core of the character has remained the same. Marvel has published multiple ongoing comic book series featuring the character, the flagship being The Amazing Spider-Man. Through the years, he has appeared in many media, including several animated series, a daily and Sunday comic strip, and two very successful films, with a third one debuting in 2007. Spider-Man is one of the most recognizable of all superheroes.
Since his creation, his popularity has led to many of the superheroes who predated him being reworked with more complex personas. Spider-Man expanded the dramatic potential of the fantasy and superhero subgenres by having a strong focus on a younger, more troubled character and his personal struggles. He has since become one of the world's most popular characters. He first appeared in the comic book Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962), with a cover drawn by Jack Kirby and Ditko.
Spider-Man is a fictional character, the alter ego of Peter Parker and a Marvel Comics superhero created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko. Set outside the regular Marvel continuity. Spider-Man Loves Mary Jane #1— (Marvel Comics, December 2005—, sequel to Mary Jane and Mary Jane: Homecoming miniseries), written by Sean McKeever and illustrated by Takeshi Miyazawa. Marvel Adventures Spider-Man #1- (Marvel Comics/Marvel Adventures; May 2005—; continuation of Marvel Age Spider-Man), written by Sean McKeever, set during Spider-Man's high school years but not within regular Marvel continuity.
Ultimate Spider-Man #1— (Marvel Comics/Ultimate Marvel; October 2000—), written by Bendis and penciled by Mark Bagley, set in the Ultimate Marvel Universe. Part of Marvel UK's "Collector Edition" line, reprinting US stories from 2–3 years earlier. Astonishing Spider-Man #1— (Panini Comics/Marvel UK; Unknown month 1994—). This book is not one of the official Spider-Man titles but includes him as part of the current team line-up.
3), written by Brian Michael Bendis and penciled by David Finch. New Avengers #1— (Marvel Comics; January 2005—, continuation of Avengers Vol. 3 #1— (Marvel Comics; March 2004—), showcasing Spider-Man in stories by new writing talent. Spider-Man Unlimited Vol.
Currently written by Reginald Hudlin and penciled by Pat Lee. Marvel Knights Spider-Man #1— (Marvel Comics/Marvel Knights; June 2004—). Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man #1— (Marvel Comics; December 2005—), written by Peter David and penciled by Mike Wieringo. Michael Straczynski, and penciled by Michael Deodato.
Currently written by J. 2 #1–58, #500— (Marvel Comics; March 1963–November 1998, January 1999–December 2003, January 2004—). The Amazing Spider-Man #1–441, Vol. Peter's father is named Richard Parker for the same reason.
Parker. The surname Parker was chosen to honor Richard Parker, a childhood friend of Stan Lee and father to famed personal injury attorney Larry H. In May 2003, he was paid approximately $18,000 to climb the 312-foot Lloyd's of London building to promote the premiere of the movie Spider-Man on the British television channel Sky Movies. He sometimes wears a Spider-Man suit during his climbs.
Alain Robert nicknamed Spiderman, rock and urban climber who has scaled more than 70 tall buildings using his hands and feet, without using additional devices. "Spider Dan" Goodwin, who in 1981 climbed the glass of the Chicago skyscrapers the Sears Tower and the John Hancock Center using suction cups. . The studio has announced a theatrical release date of May 4, 2007.
Spider-Man 3 began production in 2005 under director Raimi. Spider-Man 2 was also the first motion picture released in the Sony Universal Media Disc format for the PlayStation Portable, being included for free with the first one million PSP systems released in the United States. The only higher single-day movie grosses were Shrek 2's $44.8 million in the first weekend of its May 2004 release and Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith's $50 million on the first day of its May 2005 release. Its first-day gross ($40.5 million) surpassed its predecessor's $39.4 million record.
It premiered in more North American movie theaters (4,152) than any previous movie. Spider-Man 2 was 2004's second-most financially successful movie and 15th-most financially successful movie of all time. Spider-Man went on to become the sixth highest-grossing film in North American history and is ranked 11th worldwide with a total take of more than $821 million internationally. box offices, it was the highest-grossing movie of the year while also opening up at a record $114.8 million.
Earning more than $403 million at U.S. Although the film adaptation took a number of liberties with the character's history and powers, most notably giving him organic web-shooters rather than mechanical ones, it was essentially true to the character and was widely embraced by the viewing public. The film featured a number of impressive CGI effects used to bring Spider-Man to life. It was directed by Sam Raimi and stars actor Tobey Maguire as Peter Parker.
Spider-Man: On May 3, 2002, the feature film Spider-Man was released. Spider-Boy of the Amalgam Universe is a merged character of the Ben Reilly Spider-Man and Superboy after all characters from Marvel Comics and DC Comics were merged due to the war between the two universes. Spider-Woman in an alternate reality, "Exiles: Legacy", issues #20–22. Mary-Jane Watson a.k.a.
Pavitr Prabhakar in the Indian adaptation of Spider-Man, Spider-Man: India. Spider-Ham, a pig in a funny animal version of the Marvel Universe. Peter Porker a.k.a. Peter Parquagh in the 1602 miniseries.
Takuya Yamashiro (山城拓也), the Spider-Man of Spider-Man (tokusatsu). Yu Komori (小森ユウ Komori Yū) in Spider-Man: The Manga. Miguel O'Hara, the Spider-Man of Marvel 2099. Spider-Girl, the daughter of Peter Parker, set in an alternate reality.
May "Mayday" Parker a.k.a. Blood Spider was an evil version of Spider-Man created by the Taskmaster and the Red Skull. She later became Spider-Woman for a time. Jonah Jameson, who assumed the role with a padded costume when Parker temporarily quit.
Mattie Franklin, the niece of J. Kraven the Hunter donned Spider-Man's costume for a short time in Kraven's Last Hunt. Ben Reilly, a clone of Parker, who also fought crime as the Scarlet Spider. This effectively makes Kitty his crimefighting partner.
This issue reveals that they spend much of their time hunting criminals to fight. Issue 66 of Ultimate X-Men showed Kitty and Spidey on a date. . Brian Michael Bendis, writer of Ultimate Spider-Man, plans to continue with Kitty as a supporting character in USM.
In Ultimate Spider-Man #87, Kitty and Peter are dating for the first time in the "real" comic. In the Ultimate Marvel continuity, Spider-Man's love interest is Kitty Pryde/Shadowcat of the X-Men after breaking up with MJ. This made MJ jealous. Later in the series, he fell in love with Indy, a girl who works for Empire 1, a news channel.
In the MTV's Spider-Man: The New Animated Series, Peter's love interest was still MJ. Lady Vermin, one of the Knights of Wundagore, has feelings for Spider-Man but he does not reciprocate. Naoko Yamada Jones who reminds Peter a lot of MJ. In the Spider-Man Unlimited animated series, Peter's Counter-Earth love interest was Dr.
Spider-Man also has feelings for the Black Cat and most fans think that she was a better love-interest for Spidey than MJ. Later in the series, Peter married MJ and found out she was a clone made by Miles Warren for Morris Bench/Hydro-Man. She then returned in the series without explanation. MJ was thrown into a portal created by the Green Goblin.
In Spider-Man: The Animated Series, Peter's love interest was Mary Jane Watson. The relationship between Spider-Man and Black Cat was short lived after Spider-Man learned that Felicia Hardy was only interested in him as Spider-Man and not Peter Parker. Black Cat. Another love interest of Spider-Man was Felicia Hardy a.k.a.
Later Peter and MJ gave birth to another child, a boy named Ben who is most likely named after Peter's Uncle Ben or Ben Reilly, Peter's clone. In the MC2 continuity, Peter and Mary Jane gave birth to their daughter, May Parker (Spider-Girl) who is named after Peter's Aunt May. After many years of dating, Peter and MJ finally got married. Like Peter, MJ lives with her aunt.
She works as an actress and a model. Before Peter, Mary Jane has also dated Flash Thompson and Harry Osborn. After Gwen Stacy, Peter's next and most well known girlfriend was Mary Jane Watson, who is also currently Peter's wife. In the House of M storyline, Gwen is still alive and married to Peter with a baby son.
Many years later, Gabriel and Sarah decided to kill Spider-Man in an attempt to seek revenge. When the twins were older, Norman told them that Spider-Man killed their mother. Gwen told Norman that she wanted Peter to be the father of the twins which was another reason why Green Goblin killed her so that he can have the twins for himself. She later gave birth to twins, Gabriel and Sarah.
The consensual encounter resulted in a pregnancy that she then hid from Peter with a trip to Europe. In the Sins Past saga, it was explained that Norman Osborn and Gwen Stacy—in a moment of weakness for both—had a romantic tryst. Many years later, the Green Goblin killed Gwen by throwing her off a bridge. Peter's first real girlfriend was Gwen Stacy.
Later, Betty Brant married Daily Bugle reporter, Ned Leeds. They dated for sometime but in the end broke up. Peter's next love interest was Daily Bugle's secretary, Betty Brant. Instead Liz married Peter's friend, Harry Osborn.
The first love-interest of Peter was Liz Allen though they never got together.