Hiroshima

Main keep of Hiroshima Castle

The city of Hiroshima (広島市; -shi) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Honshu, the largest of Japan's islands. Geographical location 34°23′07″N, 132°27′19″E (City Hall). It is most known throughout the world as the first city in history subjected to nuclear warfare.

Hiroshima gained municipality status on April 1, 1889 and was designated on April 1, 1980 by government ordinance. As of 2004, the city's mayor is Tadatoshi Akiba.

History

Atomic Bomb Dome at the Hiroshima Peace Memorial, a remnant of the city at ground zero of its nuclear bombardment

Hiroshima was founded in 1589, on the coast of the Seto Inland Sea, and became a major urban center during the Meiji period. The city is located on the broad, flat delta of the Ota River, which has 7 channel outlets dividing the city into six islands which project into Hiroshima Bay. The city is almost entirely flat and only slightly above sea level; to the northwest and northeast of the city, some hills rise to 700 feet.

Hiroshima was founded by Mori Motonari as his capital. About a half century later, after the Battle of Sekigahara, his grandson and the leader of the West Army Mori Terumoto was on the losing side. The winner Tokugawa Ieyasu deprived Mori Terumoto of most of his fiefs including Hiroshima and gave Aki province to another daimyo who had supported him.

Finally Asano was appointed the daimyo of this area and Hiroshima served as the capital of Hiroshima han during the Edo period. After the han was abolished the city became the capital of Hiroshima prefecture.

During the First Sino-Japanese War, Hiroshima emerged as a major supply and logistics base for the Japanese military. This role continued until World War II.

Atomic bombing

On August 6, 1945 the nuclear weapon Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima by the Enola Gay, a U.S. Air Force B-29 bomber which was altered specifically to hold the bomb, killing an estimated 80,000 civilians and heavily damaging the city. It was the second such device to be detonated, and the first ever to be used in military action. The American atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are commonly believed to be the major factor leading to the surrender of the Japanese government six days after the latter attack.

After the nuclear attack, Hiroshima was rebuilt as a “peace memorial city”, and the closest surviving building to the location of the bomb's detonation was designated the "Atomic Bomb Dome," a part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. The city government continues to advocate the abolition of nuclear weapons, and has advocated more broadly for world peace. They have written a letter of protest every time a nuclear weapon has been detonated anywhere in the world since 1968.

Hiroshima, following the atomic bombing

After the war

Hiroshima was rebuilt after the war, with new modern buildings rising all over the city. Several civic leaders and scholars were consulted about the rebuilding plan. In 1949, Hiroshima was proclaimed a City of Peace by the Japanese parliament, at the initiative of its mayor Shinzo Hamai (b. 1905-d. 1968). As a result, the city of Hiroshima was receiving more international attention as a desirable location for holding international conferences on peace as well as social issues. As part of that effort, the Hiroshima Interpreters' and Guide's Association (HIGA) was established in 1992 in order to facilitate translation services for conferences, and the Hiroshima Peace Institute was established in 1998 within the Hiroshima University. In 1994, the city of Hiroshima hosted the Asian Games.

Memorial cenotaph at Hiroshima Peace Park

Also, as a result of the atomic bombing, Hiroshima began to receive donations of streetcars from all over Japan. (After World War II, Japanese cities - like British ones - were anxious to get rid of their streetcar systems due to damage to the infrastructure, and so there were plenty of streetcars available to give away.) Hiroshima thus rebuilt its streetcar system along with the rest of the city, and thus Hiroshima is the only city in Japan with an extensive streetcar system (although other cities have streetcar lines). Some streetcars that survived the war - and the nuclear attack - were put back into service, and four of these are still running today. For the most part, however, Hiroshima has updated its streetcars over the years.

Folded paper cranes representing prayers for peace

Every year on August 6, the mayor of Hiroshima gives a speech called "The Peace Declaration" to commemorate the atomic bombing of the city. It has often been used as an occasion to criticize U.S. foreign policy and urge the president to visit Hiroshima. Tens of thousands of people marked the 60th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the city on August 6, 2005.

Attractions

A man prepares okonomiyaki in a restaurant in Hiroshima

Baseball fans immediately recognize the city as the home of the Hiroshima Toyo Carp. Six-time champions of Japan's Central League, the team has gone on to win the Japan Series three times.

Sanfrecce Hiroshima is the city's J. League football team.

Hiroshima's rebuilt castle (nicknamed Rijō, meaning Koi Castle) houses a museum of life in the Edo period.

Itsukushima ("Miyajima") Shrine is in the town of Miyajima, on the island of Itsukushima, across from Hiroshima. Its large red "floating" gate is one of the best known sights of Japan. Although it lies outside the city of Hiroshima, it is accessible by streetcar or railroad (and ferry) from the central train station.

Hiroshima is known for its version of okonomiyaki, called "Hiroshima-yaki" or "Hiroshima pancake." The Hiroshima version of okonomiyaki is unique for its inclusion of yakisoba noodles.

  • Hiroshima Peace Memorial
  • Hiroshima Castle
  • Shukkei Garden
  • Mitaki Temple

Wards

Hiroshima has 8 wards (ku):

  • Aki-ku
  • Asakita-ku
  • Asaminami-ku
  • Higashi-ku
  • Minami-ku
  • Naka-ku
  • Nishi-ku
  • Saeki-ku

Demographics

As of 2003, the city has an estimated population of 1,136,684 and the density of 1532.44 persons per km². The total area is 741.75 km².

Industry

Mazda Motor Company, now controlled by the Ford Motor Company, is by far Hiroshima's dominant company. Mazda makes many models in Hiroshima for worldwide export, including the popular MX-5/Miata and Mazda RX-8. The Mazda CX-7 is slated to be built here in early 2006. Other Mazda factories are in Hofu and Flat Rock, Michigan.

Sister cities

  • Chongqing, China
  • Daegu, South Korea
  • Hannover, Germany
  • Honolulu, United States
  • Montreal, Canada
  • Volgograd, Russia

Further reading

  • Pacific War Research Society, “Japan's Longest Day”, the internal Japanese account of the surrender and how it was almost thwarted by fanatic soldiers who attempted a coup against the Emperor.
  • Richard B. Frank, “Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire” (Penguin, 2001 ISBN 0141001461), a thorough analysis of all the available contemporaneous intel from the perspectives of the various participants during the last months of the war. Uses newly declassified US military intelligence records and other primary sources from many countries to make the case that bombing had a huge net saving of lives, Japanese and American, over an invasion. The author shows why the Japanese were preparing to continue the fight for an indefinite period and why they expected that a bloody defense of their main islands would lead to something less than unconditional surrender and a continuation of their existing government.
  • Robert Jungk, Children of the Ashes, 1st Eng. ed. 1961
  • Gar Alperovitz, The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb, ISBN 067976285X
  • John Hersey, Hiroshima, ISBN 0679721037

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Other Mazda factories are in Hofu and Flat Rock, Michigan. †Denotes wild-card team (since 1995).. The Mazda CX-7 is slated to be built here in early 2006. Prior to 1924, the pattern generally had been to alternate, or to make other arrangements convenient to both clubs. Mazda makes many models in Hiroshima for worldwide export, including the popular MX-5/Miata and Mazda RX-8. In 1925, Brooklyn owner Charles Ebbets convinced owners to adopt the current 2-3-2 system of scheduling World Series games (one team would host the first two games, the other team would host the next three, and the first team would host the last two if necessary; the leagues alternated which representative would host the first games), already used in the 1924 Series, as a permanent rule. Mazda Motor Company, now controlled by the Ford Motor Company, is by far Hiroshima's dominant company. The list of post-season rules evolved over time.

The total area is 741.75 km². Most importantly, the now-official (and compulsory) World's Series match was to be operated strictly by the National Commission itself, not on the whims of individual teams. As of 2003, the city has an estimated population of 1,136,684 and the density of 1532.44 persons per km². Receipts for later games were split among the two teams and the National Commission, the governing body for the sport, which was able to cover much of its annual operating expenses from World Series revenue. Hiroshima has 8 wards (ku):. This was to discourage teams from throwing early games in order to prolong the series and make more money. Hiroshima is known for its version of okonomiyaki, called "Hiroshima-yaki" or "Hiroshima pancake." The Hiroshima version of okonomiyaki is unique for its inclusion of yakisoba noodles. One rule was that player shares would come from gate receipts from the first four games only.

Although it lies outside the city of Hiroshima, it is accessible by streetcar or railroad (and ferry) from the central train station. During the winter of 1904/05, however, feeling the sting of press criticism, Brush saw the light and proposed what came to be known as the "Brush Rules", under which the series would be played over subsequent years. Its large red "floating" gate is one of the best known sights of Japan. Brush also cited the lack of rules under which the games would be played and how the money would be split. Itsukushima ("Miyajima") Shrine is in the town of Miyajima, on the island of Itsukushima, across from Hiroshima. Boston won on the last day of the season, but Brush stuck to his original decision. Hiroshima's rebuilt castle (nicknamed Rijō, meaning Koi Castle) houses a museum of life in the Edo period. At the time of the announcement, their new cross-town rivals, the Highlanders, were leading the AL.

League football team. Brush, refused to allow his team to play, citing the "inferiority" of the upstart American League. Sanfrecce Hiroshima is the city's J. The Giants' owner, John T. Six-time champions of Japan's Central League, the team has gone on to win the Japan Series three times. The 1904 Series would have been between the AL's Boston Americans and the NL's New York Giants. Baseball fans immediately recognize the city as the home of the Hiroshima Toyo Carp. It had been arranged well in advance by the owners of the respective teams, as both were league leaders by large margins.

Tens of thousands of people marked the 60th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the city on August 6, 2005. One of these series at the end of 1903 was a meeting between the two pennant winners and is known as the 1903 World Series. foreign policy and urge the president to visit Hiroshima. These series were arranged by the individual teams, not by the leagues directly, the same as the 1880s World's Series matches had been. It has often been used as an occasion to criticize U.S. After two years of bitter competition and player raiding, the National and American Leagues made peace and, as part of the accord, several pairs of teams squared off for interleague exhibition games after the 1903 regular season. Every year on August 6, the mayor of Hiroshima gives a speech called "The Peace Declaration" to commemorate the atomic bombing of the city. National League - American League.

For the most part, however, Hiroshima has updated its streetcars over the years. National League. Some streetcars that survived the war - and the nuclear attack - were put back into service, and four of these are still running today. American Association. (After World War II, Japanese cities - like British ones - were anxious to get rid of their streetcar systems due to damage to the infrastructure, and so there were plenty of streetcars available to give away.) Hiroshima thus rebuilt its streetcar system along with the rest of the city, and thus Hiroshima is the only city in Japan with an extensive streetcar system (although other cities have streetcar lines). National League vs. Also, as a result of the atomic bombing, Hiroshima began to receive donations of streetcars from all over Japan. National League.

In 1994, the city of Hiroshima hosted the Asian Games. National Association of Professional Baseball Players. As part of that effort, the Hiroshima Interpreters' and Guide's Association (HIGA) was established in 1992 in order to facilitate translation services for conferences, and the Hiroshima Peace Institute was established in 1998 within the Hiroshima University. National Association of Baseball Players (Amateur -> Professional). As a result, the city of Hiroshima was receiving more international attention as a desirable location for holding international conferences on peace as well as social issues. The following are teams that played an earlier version of the "World's Championship Series" or otherwise claimed the national championship "Pennant". 1968). World Series Cricket was a short-lived but influential cricket competition.

1905-d. The term World Series has since been appropriated by other championships, such as the College World Series, the Little League World Series, the World Series of Golf, the World Series of Poker, the World Series of Birding and the World Series of Martial Arts. In 1949, Hiroshima was proclaimed a City of Peace by the Japanese parliament, at the initiative of its mayor Shinzo Hamai (b. Commissioner Bud Selig, among others, has high hopes that this tournament could be as big as soccer's World Cup. Several civic leaders and scholars were consulted about the rebuilding plan. Many of the major baseball playing nations have committed to participating (the United States, Dominican Republic, Japan, Mexico, South Korea, etc.). Hiroshima was rebuilt after the war, with new modern buildings rising all over the city. Teams will be split into four groups of four and play a round robin schedule, with the top two teams from each group advancing to the next round.

They have written a letter of protest every time a nuclear weapon has been detonated anywhere in the world since 1968. The tournament will be held in sites around North America, Central America, and Asia. The city government continues to advocate the abolition of nuclear weapons, and has advocated more broadly for world peace. Many major leaguers have expressed interest in playing in such a competition, including Miguel Tejada of the Baltimore Orioles (Dominican Republic), Dontrelle Willis of the Florida Marlins (United States), Carlos Lee of the Milwaukee Brewers (Panama), and Andruw Jones of the Atlanta Braves (from the Dutch island of Curaçao). After the nuclear attack, Hiroshima was rebuilt as a “peace memorial city”, and the closest surviving building to the location of the bomb's detonation was designated the "Atomic Bomb Dome," a part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. In light of the International Olympic Committee recently voting baseball out of the Summer Games as a medal sport, this competition hopes to prove to the IOC that baseball is truly an international game. The American atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are commonly believed to be the major factor leading to the surrender of the Japanese government six days after the latter attack. It will be the first international baseball competition to feature Major League players.

It was the second such device to be detonated, and the first ever to be used in military action. Recently, Major League Baseball officially revealed its plans for the World Baseball Classic, to be held in March 2006. Air Force B-29 bomber which was altered specifically to hold the bomb, killing an estimated 80,000 civilians and heavily damaging the city. According to the IBAF chairman, such a move would do more for popularizing baseball around the world than any amount of money spent by the MLB for its current worldwide marketing. On August 6, 1945 the nuclear weapon Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima by the Enola Gay, a U.S. The International Baseball Federation (IBAF) has lobbied MLB to suspend play during the Summer Olympics, so that MLB players could compete for their respective national teams, and has agreed to shorten the Olympic tournament if MLB agrees to freeing its players. This role continued until World War II. At the 2004 Summer Olympics the United States was not represented at all, since its team of minor league players did not survive the qualifying rounds.

During the First Sino-Japanese War, Hiroshima emerged as a major supply and logistics base for the Japanese military. The United States sends a team of minor league players to the Summer Olympics, as it takes place during the regular Major League season. After the han was abolished the city became the capital of Hiroshima prefecture. Baseball tournaments between international teams do occur, notably at the world championships and at the Olympic Games. Finally Asano was appointed the daimyo of this area and Hiroshima served as the capital of Hiroshima han during the Edo period. In deference to any controversy, more and more the term "World Series Championship" is being used, the subtlety being that it is merely a title and not a political statement. The winner Tokugawa Ieyasu deprived Mori Terumoto of most of his fiefs including Hiroshima and gave Aki province to another daimyo who had supported him. Pappas' web page on the subject.).

About a half century later, after the Battle of Sekigahara, his grandson and the leader of the West Army Mori Terumoto was on the losing side. (For details, see Mr. Hiroshima was founded by Mori Motonari as his capital. Furthermore, investigation of the New York World for the relevant years revealed no evidence of the supposed sponsorship. The city is almost entirely flat and only slightly above sea level; to the northwest and northeast of the city, some hills rise to 700 feet. Baseball researcher Doug Pappas refutes that claim, demonstrating a linear progression from the phrase "World's Championship Series" (used to describe the 1903 series as well as some of the 19th-century postseason series) to "World's Series" (a term first used in the 1880s and which persisted for decades) to "World Series". The city is located on the broad, flat delta of the Ota River, which has 7 channel outlets dividing the city into six islands which project into Hiroshima Bay. A persistent myth is that the "World" in "World Series" came about because the New York World newspaper sponsored it.

Hiroshima was founded in 1589, on the coast of the Seto Inland Sea, and became a major urban center during the Meiji period. Attempts to pit the North American champions against champions in the Japanese or Latin American leagues in a truly meaningful way have, so far, not succeeded. . Sometimes the Japanese have gained the upper hand in those series; but since they are only exhibitions, their results cannot be regarded as conclusive. As of 2004, the city's mayor is Tadatoshi Akiba. The World Series winners have occasionally played winter exhibition series against the best players of other leagues around the world, such as Japan. Hiroshima gained municipality status on April 1, 1889 and was designated on April 1, 1980 by government ordinance. Moreover, virtually all of the best international players — from the Pacific Rim, Latin America, the Caribbean, and elsewhere — play on Major League rosters, with the notable exception of Cuban nationals.

It is most known throughout the world as the first city in history subjected to nuclear warfare. While some would contend that there is no reason to believe that the World Series winner is a significantly better team than any club team outside Major League Baseball, no challenges have been made by other leagues. Geographical location 34°23′07″N, 132°27′19″E (City Hall). At the time the term was first used, baseball at the major league level was only played in the United States. The city of Hiroshima (広島市; -shi) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Honshu, the largest of Japan's islands. The "World" appellation has stuck despite the fact that only teams in the two major leagues, which happen to cover only the United States and Canada, actually participate. John Hersey, Hiroshima, ISBN 0679721037. That rule has been in place from the beginning, to keep the games "honest".

Gar Alperovitz, The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb, ISBN 067976285X. The shares for the actual participants are limited to the gate receipts of the minimum number of games necessary to play the series. 1961. Prior to 1969, teams finishing in the first division, or top half of the leagues' standings, received such shares; today, only the teams finishing in second place in their division but not earning a wild card receive them, because there are more divisions with each having fewer teams. ed. A portion of the gate receipts from the World Series — and, from 1969 onward, the other rounds of postseason play preceding it — is used to fund a Players' Pool, from which descending shares are distributed to the World Series winner, the World Series loser, all the other teams qualifying for the playoffs which did not reach the World Series, and certain other teams which did not qualify for the playoffs, the criteria for the latter changing at various times. Robert Jungk, Children of the Ashes, 1st Eng. The designated hitter was not used at all prior to the 1975 Series, although the DH rule had been adopted by the AL in 1973.

The author shows why the Japanese were preparing to continue the fight for an indefinite period and why they expected that a bloody defense of their main islands would lead to something less than unconditional surrender and a continuation of their existing government. From 1975 through 1985, the designated hitter was used for all games in even-numbered years, and was not used in any games in odd-numbered years. Uses newly declassified US military intelligence records and other primary sources from many countries to make the case that bombing had a huge net saving of lives, Japanese and American, over an invasion. In a National League ballpark, both team's pitchers must hit. Frank, “Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire” (Penguin, 2001 ISBN 0141001461), a thorough analysis of all the available contemporaneous intel from the perspectives of the various participants during the last months of the war. In an American League ballpark, both teams use a designated hitter to hit for the pitcher. Richard B. Since 1986, the designated hitter rule has been applied based on the rules normally in effect at the home ballpark.

Pacific War Research Society, “Japan's Longest Day”, the internal Japanese account of the surrender and how it was almost thwarted by fanatic soldiers who attempted a coup against the Emperor. Starting with the 2003 World Series, the league that wins the mid-season All-Star Game has been awarded home-field advantage. Volgograd, Russia. Until 2003, the team given the home-field advantage was switched every year between the American League and the National League. Montreal, Canada. That has been the pattern since 1924, with the exception of World War II, when travel restrictions were in place. Honolulu, United States. The first two games of the series are played in the home ballpark of the team awarded home-field advantage; the next three are in the other team's ballpark, and the final two, if necessary, are back in the first team's ballpark.

Hannover, Germany. . Daegu, South Korea. The Chicago Cubs have gone the longest between titles, having last won the World Series in 1908. Chongqing, China. Of those eight teams, only three have appeared in the Series: Milwaukee, San Diego, and Houston. Saeki-ku. Eight teams, all established since 1961, have never won a World Series title: the Texas Rangers, Houston Astros, San Diego Padres, Washington Nationals, Milwaukee Brewers, Seattle Mariners, Colorado Rockies, and Tampa Bay Devil Rays.

Nishi-ku. The New York Yankees have the most World Series titles, with 26 championships through the 2005 season. Naka-ku. The modern World Series has been an annual event since 1903, with the exceptions of 1904 and 1994. Minami-ku. Baseball has employed various championship formulas since the 1850s. Higashi-ku. The Series winner is determined through a best-of-seven playoff (except in 1903, 1919, 1920 and 1921 when the winner was determined through a best-of-nine playoff) and is awarded the World Series Trophy, as well as World Series rings.

Asaminami-ku. It is played between the pennant winner of the American League and the pennant winner of the National League. Asakita-ku. The World Series is the championship series of Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada, the culmination of the sport's postseason each October. Aki-ku. Glory Fades Away: The Nineteenth Century World Series Rediscovered, Jerry Lansch, 1991. Mitaki Temple. Baseball Almanac: World Series.

Shukkei Garden. Sporting News: History of the World Series. Hiroshima Castle. World Series.com - official website. Hiroshima Peace Memorial. Darold Knowles is the only pitcher to appear in every game of a seven-game World Series (1973). Bobby Richardson is the only player from a losing team to win a Series MVP award (1960).

Reggie Jackson is the only other player to accomplish the feat (1977). Babe Ruth twice hit three home runs in one Series game (1926 and 1928). The 1976 World Series was the first Series to use the designated hitter rule. The 1971 World Series featured the first Series game scheduled under lights.

The 1970 World Series featured the first Series game on artificial turf. The 1949 World Series featured the first Series game finished under lights. The 1908 World Series holds the record for poorest attendance including the record-low 6,210 in the finale. Amazingly, that has not happened since.

The 1906 World Series featured two franchises that had never appeared in the World Series. At 82-79 (.503), the 1973 New York Mets had the lowest winning percentage of any World Series team. From 1978 to 1987, no franchise won the World Series twice, the longest such streak. From 1949 to 1966, every Series involved the Yankees, Dodgers and/or Giants.

From 1949 to 1956, every Series game was won by a team from New York City. The 1921-1922 Giants and 1975-1976 Reds are the only National League teams to win two straight World Series. The Oakland Athletics' three consecutive World Series victories from 1972 to 1974 are the most for any non-Yankees franchise. The New York Giants' four consecutive World Series appearances from 1921 to 1924 are the most for any non-Yankees franchise.

The New York Yankees have won two or more championships in seven different decades - 1920s, 1930s, 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, 1970s and 1990s. 2005 - Chicago White Sox broke their curse winning for the first time since 1917. 2004 - Boston Red Sox broke their curse winning for the first time since 1918. 1994 - World Series cancelled due to strike.

1993 - Toronto Blue Jays won on a Game 6 walk-off home run by Joe Carter. 1989 - Series interrupted by the Loma Prieta earthquake. 1988 - Los Angeles Dodgers propelled to victory by Kirk Gibson's shocking Game 1 walk-off home run. 1986 - New York Mets' elimination averted in Game 6 with the assistance of Bill Buckner's infamous error.

1985 - Kansas City Royals' elimination averted in Game 6 with the assistance of an umpire's blown call. 1980 - Philadelphia Phillies won their first championship after nearly a century in existence. 1977 - New York Yankees won on Reggie Jackson's Game 6 heroics. 1976 - Cincinnati Reds swept entire postseason.

1975 - Boston Red Sox' Carlton Fisk's riveting Game 6 walk-off home run was not enough to break their curse. 1962 - New York Yankees won a Series decided by Willie McCovey's line drive. 1960 - Pittsburgh Pirates won on Bill Mazeroski's Game 7 walk-off home run (the only Game 7 walk-off home run). 1956 - New York Yankees' championship included Don Larsen pitching the only postseason perfect game.

1954 - New York Giants won championship after Willie Mays made The Catch. Louis Cardinals won on Enos Slaughter's mad dash in Game 7. 1946 - St. 1932 - New York Yankees dominated behind Babe Ruth's Called Shot.

1923 - New York Yankees won their first championship. 1920 - Cleveland Indians' victory was punctuated by Bill Wambsganss who turned the only postseason unassisted triple play. 1919 - Cincinnati Reds' championship was tainted by the Black Sox scandal. 1908 - Chicago Cubs won their last championship to date.

1905 - New York Giants' Christy Mathewson became the first World Series hero after pitching three complete game shutouts. 1902 Pittsburgh Pirates NL, Philadelphia Athletics AL - no Series. 1901 Pittsburgh Pirates NL, Chicago White Sox AL - no Series. 1900 Brooklyn Superbas win 4, Pittsburgh Pirates win 1 - Chronicle-Telegraph Cup Series.

1899 Brooklyn Superbas - no Series. 1898 Boston Beaneaters - no Series. 1897 Baltimore Orioles win 4, Boston Beaneaters win 1 - Temple Cup Series. 1896 Baltimore Orioles win 4, Cleveland Spiders win 0 - Temple Cup Series.

1895 Cleveland Spiders win 4, Baltimore Orioles win 1 - Temple Cup Series. 1894 New York Giants win 4, Baltimore Orioles win 0 - Temple Cup Series. 1893 Boston Beaneaters - no Series. 1892 Boston Beaneaters win 5, Cleveland Spiders win 0 - split-season championship.

1891 Boston Beaneaters NL, Boston Reds AA - NL instructs Beaneaters not to play Series as leagues discuss restructuring. 1890 Brooklyn Bridegrooms NL, Louisville Colonels AA - each win 3, no resolution. 1889 New York Giants NL win 6, Brooklyn Bridegrooms AA win 3. Louis Browns AA win 2.

1888 New York Giants NL win 6, St. Louis Browns AA win 5. 1887 Detroit Wolverines NL win 10, St. Louis Browns AA win 4, Chicago White Stockings NL win 2.

1886 St. Louis Browns AA - 6 game Series, ends in dispute. 1885 Chicago White Stockings NL, St. 1884 Providence Grays NL, Metropolitan [New York] AA - 3 game series, Providence wins all 3, 60-game winner Old Hoss Radbourn pitches every inning.

1883 Boston Beaneaters NL, Philadelphia AA - Philadelphia cancels scheduled Series after losing "City Series" to Phillies. 1882 Chicago White Stockings NL, Cincinnati Reds AA - 2 game Series, each club wins 1. 1881 Chicago White Stockings. 1880 Chicago White Stockings.

1879 Providence Grays. 1878 Boston Red Caps. 1877 Boston Red Caps. 1876 Chicago White Stockings.

1875 Boston Red Stockings. 1874 Boston Red Stockings. 1873 Boston Red Stockings. 1872 Boston Red Stockings.

1871 Philadelphia Athletics. 1870 Chicago White Stockings. 1869 Brooklyn Atlantics. 1868 New York Mutuals.

1867 Morrisania Unions. 1866 Brooklyn Atlantics. 1865 Brooklyn Atlantics. 1864 Brooklyn Atlantics.

1863 Brooklyn Eckfords. 1862 Brooklyn Eckfords. 1861 Brooklyn Atlantics. 1860 Brooklyn Atlantics.

1859 Brooklyn Atlantics. 1858 New York Mutuals. 1857 Brooklyn Atlantics.

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