Grammy AwardGrammy Award
The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world.
Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs).
The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony.
Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys.
Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated.
Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year).
The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS.
Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:
Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:
Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards
Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:
Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997.
The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000).
Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony.
Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging.
Composing and arranging
Packaging and notes
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Awards by year
Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year.Grammy Awards by year
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Spoken. On March 11, 2005, media tycoon Robert Herring (who believes that stem cell research could have cured Schiavo's condition) offered $1 million (USD) to Michael Schiavo if he agreed to cede his guardianship to his wife's parents. The offer was rejected; George Felos, attorney for Michael Schiavo, described it as "offensive," adding that Michael had rejected other monetary offers, including one of $10 million (USD). Surround Sound. The Schindlers' legal fight was funded by a variety of sources on the political right.. Rock. Although the vast majority of protests were nonviolent, two of the more extreme acts included death threats aimed towards Michael Schiavo. Reggae. The case drew notable figures on both sides of the debate, as well as many pressure groups and public protesters.
Rap. A number of opinion polls were carried out, particularly on the question of federal involvement in the Terri Schiavo case, with conflicting results. R&B. The Terri Schiavo case held the attention of both American and international audiences and had major political ramifications. Production and engineering. Jay Wolfson was appointed by Florida legislature to "deduce and represent the best wishes and bests interests of Theresa Schiavo." He reported to Governor Jeb Bush that "the evidence that served as the basis for the decisions regarding Theresa Schiavo were firmly grounded within Florida statutory and case law, which clearly and unequivocally provide for the removal of artificial nutrition in cases of persistent vegetative states," and that the evidence regarding Schiavo's medical condition and intentions had been "deemed, by the trier of fact to be clear and convincing." and "The reasonable degree of medical certainty associated with her diagnosis and prognosis is very high.". Pop. In 2003, guardian ad litem Dr.
Polka. The court determined that she had made "credible and reliable" statements that she wouldn't want to be "kept alive on a machine," based on expert testimony, finding that Americans don't want to live "with no hope of improvement," and that her condition in a persistent vegetative state had "long since satisfied" the requirement that there be no hope of improvement.. Packaging and notes. During a trial in 2000, testimony was heard from witnesses on both sides to establish Schiavo's wishes regarding life support. New Age. Schiavo's husband insisted that she had expressed her wishes not to be kept on life support with no hope for improvement. Music Video. Judge Greer rejected their request..
Musical Show. This led to a challenge by Schiavo's parents, who requested a new trial about whether their daughter, as a devout Catholic, would wish to go against the Church's teaching. Latin. Pope John Paul II stated that health care providers are morally bound to provide food and water to patients in persistent vegetative states. Jazz. David Gibbs III, the lead lawyer for Terri Schiavo’s parents, supported Vatican statements which condemned her treatment as euthanasia. Historical. Michael had her gravestone read:.
Gospel. The Schindlers' attorney stated that the family was notified by fax only after the memorial service; by then, the family had already started getting calls from reporters. The ashes were interred at Sylvan Abbey Memorial Park in Clearwater, Florida. Folk. On June 20, the cremated remains of Terri Schiavo were buried. Film/TV/Media. He was under court order to provide this information to them. Disco. On May 7, Schiavo's parents made public a complaint that they hadn't been informed of when and where the ashes of their daughter had been (or were to be) buried by Michael Schiavo.
Dance. It can be heard here (Audio: MP3 Format).. Country. Father Frank Pavone, an activist with Priests for Life, delivered the homily. Composing and arranging. Her parents offered a memorial Mass for her at the Holy Name of Jesus Catholic Church in Gulfport on April 5. Comedy. Schiavo's body was cremated following the autopsy.
Classical. The manner of death will therefore be certified as undetermined.". Children's. The cause of which [sic] cannot be determined with reasonable medical certainty. Blues. Schiavo suffered severe anoxic brain injury. Alternative. Regarding the cause and manner of Schiavo’s death, Thogmartin wrote, "Mrs.
Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging. The examiners also found no evidence that Schiavo had been the victim of trauma (such as domestic violence). Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony. Although it was stated that Schiavo suffered from an eating disorder that caused a serious electrolyte disturbance, stopping her heart, the autopsy itself showed did not provide, and could not have provided, evidence to support this claim. The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000). Aside from a localized, healed inflammation, the cardiac pathologist who studied Schiavo's heart found it and the coronary vessels to be healthy. Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997. In the case of Terri Schiavo, seven of the eight neurologists who examined her in her last years stated that she met the clinical criteria for PVS; the serial CT scans, EEGs, the one MRI, and finally, the pathologic findings, were consistent with that diagnosis.
Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:. Ancillary investigations, such as CT scans, MRI, EEGs, and lately fMRI and PET scanning, may only provide support for the clinical impression—as might the pathologic findings, after death. Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards. As the condition is defined in clinical terms, it can therefore only be diagnosed in persons who, at some point, are shown to meet those clinical terms. Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:. Nelson, P.A., cautioned that "[n]europathologic examination alone of the decedent’s brain – or any brain for that matter – cannot prove or disprove a diagnosis of persistent vegetative state or minimally conscious state." The vegetative state is a behaviorally defined syndrome of complete unawareness, to self and to environment, that occurs in a person who nevertheless experiences wakefulness. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:. Stephen J.
Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. The damage was, in the words of Thogmartin, "irreversible, and no amount of therapy or treatment would have regenerated the massive loss of neurons." Dr. . There was marked damage to important relay circuits deep in the brain (the thalami)—another common pathologic hallmark of PVS. The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS. The pattern of damage to the cortex, with injury tending to worsen from the front of the cortex to the back, is also typical. So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year). Throughout the cerebral cortex, the large pyramidal neurons that comprise some 70 percent of cortical cells—critical to the functioning of the cortex—were completely lost.
Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). The neuropathologic changes in her brain were precisely of the type seen in patients who enter a PVS following cardiac arrest. Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated. Microscopic examination revealed extensive damage to nearly all brain regions, including the cerebral cortex, the thalami, the basal ganglia, the hippocampus, the cerebellum, and the midbrain. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys. The brain itself weighed 615 g, only half the weight expected for a female of her age, height, and weight. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. Examination of Schiavo’s nervous system revealed extensive injury.
Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. The official autopsy report was released on June 15, 2005. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony. Thogmartin also arranged for specialized cardiac and genetic examinations to be made. The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. Jon Thogmartin. Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs). The autopsy was lead by Dr.
However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world. The manner of death was certified as "undetermined", but acute dehydration was noted. The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). It revealed extensive brain damage and generally supported the PVS diagnosis. Best Contemporary World Music Album. The autopsy occurred on April 1, 2005. Best Traditional World Music Album. After her death, Schiavo's body was taken to the office of the medical examiner for Pinellas and Pasco counties.
Best World Music Album. The Schindler family was allowed into the room after Michael Schiavo had left.. Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album. Her parents, who had been denied access to her during her last hours, went to the hospice to visit her when they were informed she might be approaching death; they arrived half an hour after her death. Best Spoken Comedy Album. EST on Thursday, March 31, 2005, with her husband Michael at her side. Best Spoken Word Album. Terri Schiavo died at 9:05 a.m.
Best Surround Sound Album. As her tongue was too dry to receive a small piece of the host, she received under the species of wine, one drop being placed on her tongue. Best Rock Album. The Eucharist, according to the teaching of the Catholic Church, can be received under the consecrated species of either bread (referred to as the host) or wine. Best Rock Song. In accordance with the Catholic ritual of Viaticum, she received the Eucharist for the last time; it had been administered to her once through her feeding tube just before it was removed. Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental. The next day, Schiavo was given the Anointing of the Sick ("Last Rites").
Best Metal Performance. On March 26, 2005, Bob and Mary Schindler announced that their legal options had been exhausted. Best Hard Rock Performance. In jest, one official said local police discussed "...whether we had enough officers to hold off the National Guard.". Best Rock Instrumental Performance. If Bush (or the Florida Legislature) had ignored Greer's order by attempting to remove Schiavo from the hospice, a confrontation between the Pinellas Park Police Department and the FDLE agents could have ensued. Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. Governor Bush decided to obey the court order despite enormous pressure from the political right.
Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo. Once Greer was made aware of the stay, he ordered it lifted and all parties stood down. Best Male Rock Vocal Performance. While the stay was in effect, Florida Department of Law Enforcement personnel prepared to take custody of Terri and transfer her to a local hospital for reinsertion of the feeding tube. Best Female Rock Vocal Performance. The order was appealed to the 2nd DCA the following day, which resulted in an automatic stay under state law. Best Reggae Album. On March 24, 2005, Greer denied a petition for intervention by the Department of Children & Families (DCF) and signed an order forbidding the department from "taking possession of Theresa Marie Schiavo or removing her" from the hospice and directed "each and every and singular sheriff of the state of Florida" to enforce his order.
Best Rap Album. It suggested the Schiavo case offered "a great political issue" that would appeal to the party's base (core supporters) and could be used against Senator Bill Nelson, a Democrat from Florida who is up for reelection in 2006, because he had refused to co-sponsor the bill.. Best Rap Song. The memo was written by Brian Darling, the legal counsel to Florida Republican senator Mel Martinez. Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. At the same time, the so-called Schiavo memo surfaced, causing a political firestorm. Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group. Supreme Court declined to grant certiorari, effectively ending the Schindlers' legal options.
Best Male Rap Solo Performance. As in the state courts, all of the Schindlers' federal petitions and appeals were denied, and the U.S. Best Female Rap Solo Performance. EST. Best Rap Solo Performance. from his vacation in Texas in order to sign the bill into law at 1:11 a.m. Best Rap Performance. President Bush flew to Washington D.C.
Best Contemporary R&B Album. EST. Best R&B Album. The bill passed the House on March 21 at 12:41 a.m. Best R&B Song. Governor Bush and Congressional Republicans anticipated Greer's adverse ruling well before it was delivered and worked on a daily basis to find an alternative means of overturning the legal process by utilizing the authority of the United States Congress. On March 20, 2005, the Senate (with only three members present) passed their version of the resolution, followed by the House of Representatives, a private bill which came to be called the "Palm Sunday Compromise" (S-686), transferring jurisdiction of the Schiavo case to the federal courts. Best Rhythm & Blues Recording. Greer told congressional attorneys, "I have had no cogent reason why the (congressional) committee should intervene." He also stated that last-minute action by Congress does not invalidate years of court rulings. Although Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, Senator Rick Santorum, and House Majority Leader Tom DeLay, brought the possibility of sanctioning Greer on charges of contempt of Congress, Congress did not attempt to enforce the subpoenas or take any action against Greer.
Best Urban/Alternative Performance. Following Greer's order on March 18, 2005 to remove the feeding tube, Republicans in the United States Congress subpoenaed both Michael and Terri Schiavo to testify at a congressional hearing. It is contempt of Congress to prevent or discourage congressional witnesses from testifying. The purpose of the subpoenas was thus to postpone the feeding tube removal. Best R&B Instrumental Performance. The Florida Supreme Court then overturned the law as unconstitutional.. Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance. On May 5, 2004, Baird found "Terri's Law" unconstitutional, and struck it down. Bush appealed this order to the 2nd DCA, but, on May 12, they issued an "Order Relinquishing Case for Entry of Final Judgment and Order to Show Cause Why this Proceeding Should Not be Certified to the Supreme Court As Requiring Immediate Resolution." The 2nd DCA, in sending it directly to the Florida's Supreme Court, invoked "pass through" jurisdiction.. Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. On March 17, Baird denied the Schindlers the right to intervene a 2nd time, and the Schindlers, represented by the conservative American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ), appealed the right to participate in the "Terri's Law" case, with the court scheduling an oral argument  date for June 14. The Schindlers' other attorney, Pat Anderson, was concurrently challenging Michael Schiavo's right to be Terri's guardian, and, on June 16,  she made a petition for writ of Quo Warranto, a pleading that asks "by what right" someone acts in an official capacity.
Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female. They appealed, and, on February 13, the Florida Second District Court of Appeal (2nd DCA) reversed Baird's ruling, allowing them to participate. Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. Greer. Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. Douglas Baird, a Circuit Judge in the Florida 6th Circuit, the same circuit as for Judge George W. Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical. At the same time, Robert and Mary Schindler, Terri's parents attempted to intervene and participate in the "Terri's Law" case but were denied by Judge W.
Producer of the Year, Classical. Michael Schiavo opposed the Governor's intervention, and was represented, in part, by the ACLU. Producer of the Year, Non-Classical. Bush immediately ordered the feeding tube reinserted. Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical. Earlier, in October of 2003, when the Schindlers' final appeal was exhausted, the Florida Legislature passed "Terri's Law," giving Governor Jeb Bush the authority to intervene in the case. Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects. Congress made use of extraordinary measures to support the Schindlers.
Best Engineered Album, Classical. Both the state government of Florida and the U.S. Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. Many are obviously not aware of the medical exams undertaken for the 2002 trial..." . Best Pop Instrumental Album. Greer noted that "[m]ost of the doctor affidavits submitted are based on their understanding of Schiavo's condition from news reports or video clips they have seen. Best Pop Vocal Album. Both are asking for an experimental procedure."  The following day, Greer denied the first motion as well, citing that an affiant doctor for Michael cautioned that fMRI was an experimental procedure that should be conducted in an academic setting, because Schiavo had already undergone swallowing tests and failed, and because VitalStim had only been performed on patients who were not in a PVS.
Best Contemporary Song. The same declarations are being used for both motions and the motion appears to be an alternative pleading to the [previous] motion. Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring.  Judge Greer denied the second motion on March 8, saying "it has become clear that the [second] motion is part and parcel of [the previous] motion on medical evaluations. Best Pop Instrumental Performance. On February 28, the Schindlers filed a motion, asking for permission to attempt to provide Schiavo with "Food and Water by Natural Means." This second motion asked for permission to "attempt to feed" Schiavo by mouth. Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing. on Friday, March 18, 2005." .
Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing. Anderson argued that Greer did not specify "artificial nutrition and hydration" versus "oral nutrition and hydration" and stated that "the withholding of food and water...was not ordered by the Court but by Michael Schiavo."  In his order, Greer also set a time and date for the removal of the feeding tube: "1:00 p.m. Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals.   Patricia Fields Anderson, the Schindler family attorney, still held out hope "that Terri might be able to take nourishment orally, despite past findings that she is incapable."  Judge Greer formally denied the motion and ordered the "removal of nutrition and hydration from the ward" . Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus. The motion was accompanied by thirty-three affidavits from doctors in several specialties, speech pathologists and therapists, and a few neuropsychologists, all urging that new tests be undertaken. Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. On February 23, 2005, the Schindlers filed a motion for relief from judgment pending medical evaluations The Schindlers wanted Schiavo to be tested with an fMRI and given a swallowing therapy called VitalStim.
Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female. No stay was granted by the appellate courts, and on March 18, 2005, Schiavo's feeding tube was removed for a third time. Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. The Schindlers filed two motions in an effort for forestall the removal of Terri's feeding tube. Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. In addressing the issue of law surrounding the case, Wolfson concluded "that the trier of fact and the evidence that served as the basis for the decisions regarding Theresa Schiavo were firmly grounded within Florida statutory and case law, which clearly and unequivocally provide for the removal of artificial nutrition in cases of persistent vegetative states.". Best Instrumental Performance. Of suggestions that Michael Schiavo refused to relinquish his guardianship because of financial interests or to cover up previous abuse, Wolfson reported that "there is no evidence in the record to substantiate any of these perceptions or allegations.".
Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus. That the Schindlers would keep their daughter alive to the point of her "limbs being amputated," was not accurate according to Wolfson. Best Performance by a Chorus. Wolfson addressed two criticisms that media attention had affixed to the Schindlers and Michael Schiavo, respectively. Best Performance by a Vocal Group. In examining medical records and consultations surrounding the case, Wolfson concluded: "(that there is) well documented information that she is in a persistent vegetative state with no likelihood of improvement, and that the neurological and speech pathology evidence in the file support the contention that she cannot take oral nutrition or hydration and cannot consciously interact with her environment." He observed further that while there appeared to be agreement about Schiavo and PVS: "the Schindlers have adopted what appears to be a position that Theresa is not in a persistent vegetative state, and/or that they do not support the fact that such a medical state exists at all.". Best Vocal Performance, Male. His central finding was: "The GAL was not able to independently determine that there were consistent, repetitive, intentional, reproducible interactive and aware activities." He notes further, that when joined by her parents no success was gained in eliciting a repetitive or consistent response from Schiavo.
Best Vocal Performance, Female. In December, 2003, he submitted his report, referring to himself in the third person as "the GAL". Best Polka Album. Wolfson visited Schiavo at least daily over the course of a month. Best Album Notes - Classical. By the start of 2005, feeding tube removal again seemed imminent and the case again began to reach a national audience. Best Album Notes. Throughout 2004, the legal struggle continued, but it received less publicity.
Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package. Wolfson's report did not change Michael's role as Terri's legal guardian and did not otherwise obstruct him legally. Best Recording Package. Jay Wolfson, to "deduce and represent the best wishes and best interests" of Schiavo, and report them to Governor Bush. Best Album Cover, Photography. Part of the legislation required the appointment of a guardian ad litem, Dr. Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts.  She was then returned to the hospice.
Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical. She was taken to a hospital, where her feeding tube was surgically reinserted. Best Album Cover - Classical. Bush immediately sent the Florida Department of Law Enforcement to remove Schiavo from the hospice. Best Album Cover. See "Government involvement" for additional details. Best New Age Album. Within a week, the Florida legislature passed and Florida Governor Jeb Bush signed "Terri's Law", enabling Bush to intervene.
Video of the Year. On October 15, 2003, Schiavo's feeding tube was removed. Best Performance Music Video. Iyer for the January 2000 evidentiary hearing had Iyer contacted them [in 1996] as her affidavit alleges." . Best Concept Music Video. Schindler would not have subpoenaed Ms. Best Long Form Music Video. and Mrs.
Best Short Form Music Video. Schindler...It is impossible to believe that Mr. Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television. and Mrs. Best Musical Show Album. Iyer details what amounts to a 15-month cover-up [April 1995 through July 1996] which include the staff of Palm Garden of Largo Convalescent Center, the Guardian of the Person, the guardian ad litem, the medical professionals, the police and, believe it or not, Mr. Best Salsa/Merengue Album. The exhibits relied upon by them clearly demonstrate this to be true." Regarding Iyer's statements, Greer wrote that they were "incredible to say the least" and that "Ms.
Best Merengue Album. It is not even a veiled or disguised attempt. Best Salsa Album. Schindler to re-litigate the entire case. Best Tejano Album. and Mrs. Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album. On September 17, Judge George Greer denied the petition, and wrote that "the Petition is an attempt by Mr.
Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album. Iyer stated that standing orders were not to contact the Schindler family, but that she "would call them anyway." Iyer stated that she eventually called the police and was fired the next day. Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album. She stated that it was medically possible that Michael injected his wife with insulin in an attempt to kill her. Best Latin Pop Album. One of the nurses, Carla Sauer Iyer said in her affidavit that her initial training in 1996 consisted solely of the instruction, "do what Michael Schiavo tells you or you're terminated." She stated that on five different occasions, she tested Schiavo's blood sugar levels after Michael visited her, and she found that her blood sugar levels were so low it wouldn't even register a number. Best Latin Recording. At the hearing the Schindlers' counsel read into the record additional affidavits from three speech professionals and two nurses.
Best Latin Jazz Album. Gimon. Best Contemporary Jazz Album. Alexander T. Best Jazz Vocal Album. Accompanying the petition were four affidavits from members of the Schindler family and one from Dr. Best Original Jazz Composition. The petition was denied.
Best Jazz Fusion Performance. On September 11, 2003, the Schindlers petitioned the court to forestall removal of the feeding tube to provide for "eight weeks' therapy". Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album. In the fall of 2002, their first child was born. Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group. In 1995, Michael began a relationship with another woman, Jodi Centonze. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo. By the summer of 2003, Michael's pursuit of having Terri's feeding tube removed had progressed to the point where removal seemed imminent.
Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group. Pro-life groups had begun to actively come to the aid of the Schindlers and the story was receiving increasing publicity at the state level. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male. As the legal conflict escalated to the state level, the Schindlers began to use Randall Terry as their spokesman. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female. The Schindlers released an influential video of Terri and her mother in what appeared to be some form of interaction. Best Historical Album. They would do so again in 2005.
Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album. In March of 2000, the Schindlers filed a motion to permit oral feeding of Schiavo, which is not considered a life-prolonging procedure under Florida law. Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album. There were many legal conflicts over the next five years between Michael Schiavo and Terri's parents. Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album. The courts determined that Terri was in a persistent vegetative state from which she had little chance of ever recovering. Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album. In 1998, Michael requested that Terri's nutrition be withheld with the obvious intention that Terri's life should come to an end in the near future.
Best Rock Gospel Album. Terri's parents and, in several cases, medical administrative staff moved to opposed these measures and thus began a long and complicated legal struggle. Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album. He requested that treatment for infections be halted. Best Inspirational Performance. In 1994, Michael Schiavo indicated that he saw no hopes for his wife's recovery, and that she would not want to continue her life under those circumstances. Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus. The Schindler's continue to present statements to the public that question this diagnosis, but the issue has not further been addressed by the courts.
Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female. Michael fought and won a malpractice suit with a large monetary award against Terri's obstetrician based on the premise that Terri had an undiagnosed eating disorder. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male. That latter pursuit was not successful. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female. She was diagnosed as being in persistent vegetative state and was provided with standard care for such a case and was also provided with some extraordinary procedures in pursuit of a cognitive recovery. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary. She was fitted with a feeding tube for nutrition and hydration.
Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional. Terri Schiavo suffered a cardiac arrest at her home in 1990. Best Soul Gospel Performance.
Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female. In 1989, the Schiavos began visiting an obstetrician and receiving fertility services and counseling in the hopes of having a child. Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary. In Florida, she worked as an insurance claims clerk for the Prudential insurance company, and Michael was a restaurant manager. Best Gospel Performance, Traditional. Petersburg three months later. Best Gospel Performance. Schiavo's parents also moved to St.
Best Hawaiian Music Album. Petersburg, Florida, in April 1986. Best Native American Music Album. They moved to St. Best Contemporary Folk Album. They were married on November 10, 1984, at Our Lady of Good Counsel Church in Southampton, Pennsylvania. Best Traditional Folk Album. After dating for five months, the couple became engaged.
Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording. He was her first boyfriend. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). She met Michael Schiavo in 1982 in a sociology class at Bucks County Community College. Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). She went on a NutriSystem diet and lost about 55 pounds (25 kg). She may have developed an eating disorder around this time. In 1981, she graduated from Archbishop Wood Catholic High School. Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. By her senior year in high school, Schiavo was overweight, with a height of 5 feet, 3 inches (160 cm) and a weight of around 200 pounds (90 kg).
Best Disco Recording. (Bobby) and Suzanne (now Suzanne Vitadamo). Best Electronic/Dance Album. Her younger siblings were Robert Jr. Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop"). Schiavo grew up in the Huntingdon Valley area of Lower Moreland Township, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as the eldest of three children of Robert and Mary Schindler. Best New Country & Western Artist. .
Best Bluegrass Album. She died at a Pinellas Park, Florida hospice on March 31, 2005, at the age of 41. Best Country Album. Her feeding tube was removed a third and final time on March 18, 2005. Best Country Song. Despite these interventions, the courts continued to find that Schiavo was in a PVS with no hope for recovery, and would want to cease life support. Best Country & Western Single. By March 2005, the legal history around the Schiavo case included fourteen appeals and numerous motions, petitions, and hearings in the Florida courts; five suits in Federal District Court; Florida legislation struck down by the Supreme Court of Florida; a subpoena by a congressional committee in an attempt to qualify Schiavo for "witness protection"; federal legislation (Palm Sunday Compromise); and four denials of certiorari from the Supreme Court of the United States..
Best Country & Western Recording. By 2003, the matter, while still local to Florida, had received some national attention. Best Country Instrumental Performance. The courts consistently found that Schiavo was in a PVS and had made credible statements that she would not wish to be kept alive on a machine. Best Country Collaboration with Vocals. Beginning in 1998, Terri's husband and guardian Michael Schiavo petitioned the courts to remove the gastric feeding tube keeping Schiavo alive; Schiavo's parents Robert and Mary Schindler fought a series of legal battles opposing Michael. Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. Within three years, she was diagnosed as being in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) with little chance of recovery.
Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental. She remained in a coma for ten weeks. Best Male Country Vocal Performance. Schiavo experienced cardiac arrest due to a potassium imbalance and collapsed in her home in 1990, incurring massive brain damage. Best Female Country Vocal Performance. Petersburg, Florida whose medical circumstances and attendant legal battles fueled significant media attention and led to several high-profile court decisions and involvement by politicians and interest groups. Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices. Theresa Marie "Terri" Schiavo (December 3, 1963 – March 31, 2005) was a woman from St.
Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s). "Schiavo abuse claims were old," Saint Petersburg Times, June 4, 2005 link. Best Instrumental Arrangement. ^ Tisch, Chris and Krueger, Curtis. Best Arrangement. "Statement from Gloria Allred, Attorney-at-Law, Representing Robert Herring, Sr.:," Christian Wire Service, March 10, 2005 link. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field). ^ Allred, Gloria, Esq.
Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field). "Money Trail in the Schiavo Case: Bioethics for Sale?," The Daily Kos, March 22, 2005 link. Best Instrumental Composition. ^ Zúniga, Markos Moulitsas. Best Spoken Comedy Album. "A REPORT TO GOVERNOR JEB BUSH AND THE 6TH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT IN THE MATTER OF THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO," Abstract Appeal Legal Blog, December 1, 2003 link. Best Comedy Album. ^ Wolfson, Jay, DrPH, JD.
Best New Classical Artist. 6th Judicial Circuit, February 11, 2000 link. Best Classical Crossover Album. 90-2908GD-003, Fla. Best Classical Album. "IN RE: THE GUARDIANSHIP OF THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO, Incapacitated," File No. Best Classical Contemporary Composition. ^ Greer, George W., Circuit Judge.
Best Chamber Music Performance. "The Terri Schiavo Case: Vatican official enters Schiavo feeding tube fray," Saint Petersburg Times, February 26, 2005 link. Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor). ^ Moore, Waveney Ann. Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra). "Schiavo's Remains Buried Amid Acrimony: Acrimony Between Terri Schiavo's Parents and Husband Continues As Her Remains Buried in Florida," Associated Press, June 21, 2005 link. Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra). ^ Stacy, Mitch.
Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra). "Schiavo's parents planning a funeral Mass for today," Saint Petersburg Times, April 5, 2005 link. Best Choral Performance. ^ By Times Staff. Best Opera Recording. "REPORT OF AUTOPSY" for Theresa Schiavo, Case #5050439, June 13, 2005 link. Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral. ^ Thogmartin, Jon R., M.D.
Best Classical Vocal Performance. "Autopsy: No sign Schiavo was abused: Findings show woman's brain 'profoundly atrophied'," CNN, June 17, 2005 link. Best Orchestral Performance. ^ Phillips, Rich, Producer. Best Spoken Word Album for Children. "REPORT OF AUTOPSY" for Theresa Schiavo, Case #5050439, June 13, 2005 link. Best Musical Album for Children. ^ Thogmartin, Jon R., M.D.
Best Album for Children. "Attorney: Terri's husband cradled her: 'It was a very emotional moment for many of us there'," CNN, April 1, 2005 link. Best Contemporary Blues Album. ^ An Unsigned News Story. Best Traditional Blues Album. "KCBS Report: State Tried Schiavo Grab," WCBS-TV, March 26, 2005 (WCBS-TV New York, reprinting a KCBS-TV Los Angeles Story) link. Best Alternative Music Album. ^ An Unsigned "AP" News Story.
Grammy Trustees Award. "GOP memo says issue offers political rewards," The Washington Post, April 4, 2005 link. Grammy Tech Award. ^ An Unsigned News Story. Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. "Lawyers for Bush, lawmakers worked at exhausting pace on Schiavo," The Associated Press, May 24, 2005 link. Grammy Legend Award. ^ Farrington, Brendan.
Grammy Hall of Fame. "Schiavo's Feeding Tube Removed," TBO.com News, March 18, 2005 link. Best New Artist. ^ An Unsigned "AP" News Story. Song of the Year. "Schiavo's feeding tube removed despite congressional intervention," USA Today, March 18, 2005 link. Album of the Year. ^ An Unsigned "AP" News Story.
Record of the Year. "Docs Remove Terri Schiavo's Feeding Tube: Tube Was Scheduled To Be Removed Friday," CBS 2 Chicago, WBBM-TV, March 17, 2005 link. 1988 - Aretha. ^ An Unsigned News Story. 1986 - "Freeway of Love". House of Representatives, March 18, 2005 link. 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'". "SUBPOENA," Committee on Government Reform, U.S.
1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing". ^ Davis, Tom, Chairman, (for The Committee). 1974 - "Master of Eyes". MICHAEL SCHIAVO, Guardian of Theresa Schiavo, Appellee," Case Number: SC04-925, Florida Supreme Court, September 23, 2004 link. 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black. "JEB BUSH, Governor of Florida, et al., Appellants, vs. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water". ^ Pariente, Barbara, Chief Justice (for The Court).
1971 - "Don't Play That Song". "Schiavo News," Abstract Appeal Legal Web Log, June 10, 2004 link. 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me". ^ Conigliaro, Matt, Esq. 1969 - "Chain of Fools". "Order Relinquishing Case for Entry of Final Judgment and Order to Show Cause Why this Proceeding Should Not be Certified to the Supreme Court As Requiring Immediate Resolution," Case Number: 2D04-2045, Florida Second District Court of Appeal, May 12, 2004 (Pages 6 & 7 of the 7-page Brief at the link following) link. 1968 - "Respect". ^ Birkhold, James, Clerk (for The Court).
1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water". 6th Judicial Circuit, May 5, 2005 link. 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In". 03-008212-CI-20, Fla. Robinson". Jeb BUSH, Governor of the State of Florida, and Charlie Crist, Attorney General of the State of Florida, Respondents," Case No. 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs. "Michael SCHIAVO, as Guardian of the person of Theresa Marie Schiavo, Petitioner, v.
1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away". Douglas, Circuit Judge. 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night". ^ Baird, W. 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey". "News Coverage of Terri Schiavo's family's challenge to Mike Schiavo's guardianship," Purple Moose Marie Web log, June 16, 2004 link. Best New Age Album (2004). ^ Ford, Cheryl, R.N.
Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001). "Case Docket," Case Number: 2D04-1528, Florida Second District Court of Appeal, link. Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999). ^ State of Florida. Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000). "Lakeland Appeals Court holds Oral Arguments for Terri's Law," Purple Moose Marie Web log, June 14, 2004 link. Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003). ^ Anonymous.
Best Instrumental Composition (1991). Minnesota Governor's Council on Developmental Disabilities, March 17, 2004 link. Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990). "Judge Baird Again Denies Schindlers' Request To Intervene In "Terri's Law" Case," Fla. ^ Reynolds, Dave, Inclusion Daily Express. MICHAEL SCHIAVO, as Guardian of the person of THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO, Appellee," Case Number: 2D03-5200, Florida Second District Court of Appeal, February 13, 2004 link.
"ROBERT SCHINDLER and MARY SCHINDLER, parents of THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO, Appellants, v. ^ David, Charles A., Jr., Judge (for The Court). 35-E, which later was passed into Law as Florida Public Law, Chapter 2003-418, commonly known as "Terri's Law," link. House Bill No.
^ State of Florida. 6th Judicial Circuit, March 9, 2005 link. 90-2908-GD-003, Fla. ROBERT SCHINDLER and MARY SCHINDLER, Respondents," File No.
MICHAEL SCHIAVO, Petitioner, vs. "IN RE: THE GUARDIANSHIP OF THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO, Incapacitated. ^ Greer, George W., Circuit Judge. 6th Judicial Circuit, March 8, 2005 link.
90-2908-GD-003, Fla. ROBERT SCHINDLER and MARY SCHINDLER, Respondents," File No. MICHAEL SCHIAVO, Petitioner, vs. "IN RE: THE GUARDIANSHIP OF THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO, Incapacitated.
^ Greer, George W., Circuit Judge. "EMERGENCY EXPEDITED MOTION FOR PERMISSION TO PROVIDE THERESA SCHIAVO WITH FOOD AND WATER BY NATURAL MEANS," File Number: 90-2908GD-003, February 27, 2005 link. ^ Gibbs, David C., III, Esq. 6th Judicial Circuit, February 25, 2005 link.
90-2908-GD-003, Fla. ROBERT SCHINDLER and MARY SCHINDLER, Respondents," File No. MICHAEL SCHIAVO, Petitioner, vs. "IN RE: THE GUARDIANSHIP OF THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO, Incapacitated.
^ Greer, George W., Circuit Judge. "Judge Greer and Michael Schiavo: Collusive Law Breaking in Attempts to End Terri's Life," Liberty To The Captives, October 31, 2003 link. ^ Ruby, Lisa. "Too thin a line between life, death for Schiavo," Saint Petersburg Times, September 15, 2003 link.
^ Troxler, Howard. "On Face the Nation, Family Research Council's Perkins misrepresented Schindler family's 33 affidavits calling for more medical treatment for Terri Schiavo," Media Matters for America, March 28, 2005 link. ^ An Unsigned Editorial. 6th Judicial Circuit, March 9, 2005 link.
90-2908-GD-003, Fla. ROBERT SCHINDLER and MARY SCHINDLER, Respondents," File No. MICHAEL SCHIAVO, Petitioner, vs. "IN RE: THE GUARDIANSHIP OF THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO, Incapacitated.
^ Greer, George W., Circuit Judge. "RESPONDENTS' FLA.R.CIV.P.1.540(b)(5) MOTION FOR RELIEF FROM JUDGMENT PENDING CONTEMPORARY MEDICAL/PSYCHIATRIC/REHABILITATIVE EVALUATION OF THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO," File Number: 90-2908GD-003, February 23, 2005 link. ^ Gibbs, David C., III, Esq. "Transcript: Michael Schiavo on 'Nightline': Husband at the Heart of the 'Right to Die' Case Speaks to Chris Bury," ABC News, March 15, 2005 link.
^ Bury, Chris. 6th Judicial Circuit, September 17, 2003 link. 90-2908GD-003, Fla. ROBERT SCHINDLER and MARY SCHINDLER, Respondents," File No.
MICHAEL SCHIAVO, as Guardian of the person of THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO, Petitioner, v. "IN RE: THE GUARDIANSHIP OF THERESA MARIE SCHIAVO, Incapacitated. ^ Greer, George W., Circuit Judge. "Terri Schiavo case reveals the dangers of eating disorders," The Johns Hopkins Newsletter, March 24, 2005 link.
^ Nair, Sandya. "The Legacy of Terri Schiavo," Newsweek, April 4, 2005 link. ^ Campo-Flores, Arian. "RESPONDENT MICHAEL SCHIAVO'S OPPOSITION TO APPLICATION FOR INJUNCTION," Case No.: 04A-825, March 24, 2005 link.
^ Felos, George J., Esq. note: See peace symbol. Ed.