Grammy Award

Grammy Award

The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world.

Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs).

The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony.

Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys.

Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated.

Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year).

The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS.

Grammy Records

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:

  1. Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990)
  2. Best Instrumental Composition (1991)
  3. Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003)
  4. Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000)
  5. Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999)
  6. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001)
  7. Best New Age Album (2004)

Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:

  1. 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey"
  2. 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night"
  3. 1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away"
  4. 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs. Robinson"
  5. 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In"
  6. 1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"

Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards

Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:

  1. 1968 - "Respect"
  2. 1969 - "Chain of Fools"
  3. 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me"
  4. 1971 - "Don't Play That Song"
  5. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"
  6. 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black
  7. 1974 - "Master of Eyes"
  8. 1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing"
  9. 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'"
  10. 1986 - "Freeway of Love"
  11. 1988 - Aretha

Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997.

The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000).

Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony.

Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging.

Award categories

  • Record of the Year
  • Album of the Year
  • Song of the Year
  • Best New Artist
  • Grammy Hall of Fame
  • Grammy Legend Award
  • Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Grammy Tech Award
  • Grammy Trustees Award

Alternative

  • Best Alternative Music Album

Blues

  • Best Traditional Blues Album
  • Best Contemporary Blues Album

Children's

  • Best Album for Children
  • Best Musical Album for Children
  • Best Spoken Word Album for Children

Classical

  • Best Orchestral Performance
  • Best Classical Vocal Performance
  • Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral
  • Best Opera Recording
  • Best Choral Performance
  • Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra)
  • Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra)
  • Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra)
  • Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor)
  • Best Chamber Music Performance
  • Best Classical Contemporary Composition
  • Best Classical Album
  • Best Classical Crossover Album
  • Best New Classical Artist

Comedy

  • Best Comedy Album
  • Best Spoken Comedy Album

Composing and arranging

  • Best Instrumental Composition
  • Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field)
  • Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field)
  • Best Arrangement
  • Best Instrumental Arrangement
  • Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s)
  • Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices

Country

  • Best Female Country Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Country Vocal Performance
  • Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental
  • Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Country Collaboration with Vocals
  • Best Country Instrumental Performance
  • Best Country & Western Recording
  • Best Country & Western Single
  • Best Country Song
  • Best Country Album
  • Best Bluegrass Album
  • Best New Country & Western Artist

Dance

  • Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop")
  • Best Electronic/Dance Album

Disco

  • Best Disco Recording

Film/TV/Media

  • Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
  • Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)
  • Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)

Folk

  • Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording
  • Best Traditional Folk Album
  • Best Contemporary Folk Album
  • Best Native American Music Album
  • Best Hawaiian Music Album

Gospel

  • Best Gospel Performance
  • Best Gospel Performance, Traditional
  • Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
  • Best Inspirational Performance
  • Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album
  • Best Rock Gospel Album
  • Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album
  • Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album
  • Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album
  • Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album

Historical

  • Best Historical Album

Jazz

  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group
  • Best Jazz Instrumental Solo
  • Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group
  • Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album
  • Best Jazz Fusion Performance
  • Best Original Jazz Composition
  • Best Jazz Vocal Album
  • Best Contemporary Jazz Album
  • Best Latin Jazz Album

Latin

  • Best Latin Recording
  • Best Latin Pop Album
  • Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album
  • Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album
  • Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album
  • Best Tejano Album
  • Best Salsa Album
  • Best Merengue Album
  • Best Salsa/Merengue Album

Musical Show

  • Best Musical Show Album
  • Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television

Music Video

  • Best Short Form Music Video
  • Best Long Form Music Video
  • Best Concept Music Video
  • Best Performance Music Video
  • Video of the Year

New Age

  • Best New Age Album

Packaging and notes

  • Best Album Cover
  • Best Album Cover - Classical
  • Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical
  • Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts
  • Best Album Cover, Photography
  • Best Recording Package
  • Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package
  • Best Album Notes
  • Best Album Notes - Classical

Polka

  • Best Polka Album

Pop

  • Best Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Performance by a Vocal Group
  • Best Performance by a Chorus
  • Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus
  • Best Instrumental Performance
  • Best Female Pop Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
  • Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female
  • Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus
  • Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals
  • Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing
  • Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing
  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance
  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring
  • Best Contemporary Song
  • Best Pop Vocal Album
  • Best Pop Instrumental Album

Production and engineering

  • Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical
  • Best Engineered Album, Classical
  • Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects
  • Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Classical
  • Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical

R&B

  • Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female
  • Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
  • Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Instrumental Performance
  • Best Urban/Alternative Performance
  • Best Rhythm & Blues Recording
  • Best R&B Song
  • Best R&B Album
  • Best Contemporary R&B Album

Rap

  • Best Rap Performance
  • Best Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Female Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Male Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
  • Best Rap/Sung Collaboration
  • Best Rap Song
  • Best Rap Album

Reggae

  • Best Reggae Album

Rock

  • Best Female Rock Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Rock Vocal Performance
  • Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo
  • Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Rock Instrumental Performance
  • Best Hard Rock Performance
  • Best Metal Performance
  • Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental
  • Best Rock Song
  • Best Rock Album

Surround Sound

  • Best Surround Sound Album

Spoken

  • Best Spoken Word Album
  • Best Spoken Comedy Album

Traditional Pop

  • Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album

World

  • Best World Music Album
  • Best Traditional World Music Album
  • Best Contemporary World Music Album

Awards by year

Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year.

Grammy Awards by year
1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006



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. As of January of 2006 Americorps plans to continue to send relief to the affected areas. Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year. The crews performed a number of relief tasks free of charge for hurricane survivors in need, including but not limited to support on the Fema/Carnival Cruise Lines shelter ship, tarping damaged roofs, and debris removal. World. The crews originated from two main organizations, the National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC) and the Washington Conservation Corps (WCC). Traditional Pop. Americorps sent several crews to Texas, Mississippi, and Louisiana in response to the Gulf Storms of 2005, namely Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.

Spoken. The Red Cross also expanded their Hurricane Katrina internet "Safe List" for use by those affected by Hurricane Rita. Surround Sound. The American Red Cross continued to provide disaster relief to Hurricane Katrina affected areas, but as a result of Hurricane Rita, had to open additional shelters in other gulf states. Rock. It is their mission to provide relief support for all of the areas in Texas and Louisiana effected by the two storms and to remove obstructions that might otherwise hinder help to those affected. Reggae. [50] [51] The 1,400 Oregonian soldiers and airmen, including the 1st Batallion of the 186th Infantry which is designated a quick response unit, are joined by engineers and military police from Louisiana, a Stryker brigade from Pennsylvania, and an engineering batallion from Missouri.

Rap. Douglas Pritt of the 41st Brigade Combat Team, Oregon Army National Guard, head of Joint Task Force Rita (formally called JTF Ponchartrain). R&B. Gen. Production and engineering. On September 24, 2005, following the havoc caused by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the National Guard named Brig. Pop. Refineries directly impacted by the storm include:.

Polka. Due to the impending oil shortage and increasing gas prices, Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue declared what he termed "snow days," closing all Georgia public primary and secondary schools on September 26 and 27 to conserve fuel for buses. Packaging and notes. Some economists argue that the rebuilding effort could buoy the economy in 2006, while others argue that the energy spike could decrease consumer confidence by enough to send the economy into a full-fledged recession when combined with the Federal Reserve's recent increases in interest rates. New Age. The most pessimistic projections have GDP growth cut by 1% on an annualized basis in the United States in the second half of 2005, with as many as 500,000 people made unemployed. Music Video. With some 200,000 jobless claims attributed to Katrina, Rita could be a further drag on a weakened US economy.

Musical Show. However the oil industry escaped essentially unscathed from the storm and post-storm predictions estimated only minor price rises. Latin. With over half of Gulf production still shut down in the wake of Katrina, some economists have stated that a worst case scenario is for gasoline prices to briefly touch $5/US gallon ($1.30/L), which would be easily the highest real price for gasoline paid in the United States during the internal combustion era. Jazz. Rita's path takes it through a dense area of offshore pipelines and oil platforms, and on land to an area with large refineries. Historical. Currently, there is very little spare crude oil capacity in the United States, and the Gulf of Mexico produces some 2 million barrels per day (300,000 m³) total, as well has having some 30% of the total refining capacity of the United States, which is the world's largest consumer of gasoline and crude oil.

Gospel. The heavy concentration of oil infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico makes hurricanes of Rita's intensity very problematic. Folk. Bolivar Peninsula between Galveston and Sabine Pass had only a small ocean surge, in contrast to the eastern side of Rita's center which sent a 20 foot ocean surge through Louisiana's unprotected towns. Film/TV/Media. Rita's ocean surge was easily handled by Port Arthur's extensive levee system. Disco. This placed most of the coastal community to the left of the eye and in the least damaging hurricane quadrant.

Dance. The "Golden Triangle" area was spared a more devastating ocean surge by the redirection of Rita's path hours before landfall. Country. Those displaced by Rita were offered up to 60 days of hotel rooms, generators, chainsaws, and monetary assistance by FEMA. Composing and arranging. A mandatory evacuation was issued before Rita's landfall. Comedy. Some areas did not have power for more than six weeks.

Classical. The water treatment plant in Port Neches was heavily damaged. Children's. An enormous number of houses and businesses suffered extensive damage due to falling trees and directly from Rita's winds. Blues. In Groves, the home of Texas' Pecan Festival, an equal number of the pecan trees were leveled. Alternative. In Beaumont an estimated 25% of the trees in the heavily wooded neighborhoods were uprooted.

Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging. Texas Governor Rick Perry declared a nine county disaster area. Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony. All communities in the "Golden Triangle" formed by Beaumont, Port Arthur, and Orange sustained enormous damage from Rita's winds. The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000). [48]. Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997. [47] After water levels were lowered and an inspection was conducted by national and local experts, the dam was declared stable late on Monday, September 26, 2005.

Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:. Repairs to the dam are expected to take months to complete. Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards. As reported by the a number of news outlets, on Sunday, September 25, 2005, this discharge put lives at risk downstream and threatened a major bridge as well due to a sizable barge coming adrift. Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:. North of Houston, the 2.5 mile Lake Livingston dam sustained substantial damage from powerful waves driven by 117 mph winds [46] and had to conduct an emergency release in order to lessen pressure on the dam. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:. [45].

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. [44] Thirty one deaths have been reported in Harris County, of which all of them were indirect (mostly related to the evacuation and cleanup). . Some windows blew out of some downtown skyscrapers, and some trees and signals were down. The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS. For the most part, Houston escaped major damage, apart from extensive loss of power. So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year). [43].

Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). Around midnight, a vacant restaurant collapsed nearby, which was reportedly as a result of the fire that weakened the walls. Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated. No serious injuries were reported in the fire. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys. However, the fire department was able to fight the blaze and prevent it from spreading through the city. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. In the late evening, a fire broke out in the Strand District of Galveston, Texas, gutting several homes.

Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. [42]. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony. [40][41] Many of the passengers were mobility-impaired making escape difficult or impossible. The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. The fire started in the brake system, and the passengers' therapeutic oxygen tanks may have caused the bus to explode. Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs). Twenty three people were killed as a result of that incident.

However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world. On the morning of September 23, a bus carrying 45 nursing home evacuees from Brighton Gardens in Bellaire, Texas erupted into flames and exploded on Interstate 45 southeast of Dallas in Wilmer. The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). This poor area was just getting back of their feet after feeling Category 2 winds when Hurricane Katrina moved through the area. Best Contemporary World Music Album. Also Lauderdale County which is in east central Mississippi reported several confirmed and unconfirmed tornado touch downs in and near the cities of Marion and Meridian. Best Traditional World Music Album. There were several non-life threatening injuries.

Best World Music Album. There were also numerous mobile homes damaged at the University Hills trailer park just off the campus. Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album. MSU officials do not have specific damage assesments available; however, they do note there was significant damage to some buildings. Best Spoken Comedy Album. A tornado touched down on Mississippi State University's campus. Best Spoken Word Album. [39].

Best Surround Sound Album. Another death was reported in Wilkinson County, although it has not been confirmed if it was storm-related. Best Rock Album. Another unconfirmed tornado was reported in Bolivar County. Best Rock Song. At least 40 homes and an industrial plant were damaged from one tornado in Humphreys County in central Mississippi, in which one person was killed. Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental. Several tornadoes from Rita's outer bands affected the state.

Best Metal Performance. [38]. Best Hard Rock Performance. 250 people were rescued on Saturday, September 24. Best Rock Instrumental Performance. In Vermilion Parish south of Abbeville, rescue efforts were undertaken for up to 1,000 people stranded by local flooding. Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. [37].

Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo. Louisiana Governor Kathleen Blanco reported that 700,000 homes had lost power in 41 of the state's 64 parishes. Best Male Rock Vocal Performance. [36]. Best Female Rock Vocal Performance. It has been reported that at least 100 people needed to be rescued from rooftops, and at least 25 more remain stranded. Best Reggae Album. [35] Some people were stranded in flooded communities, and boats had to be used for rescues.

Best Rap Album. In Terrebonne Parish, virtually every levee was breached. Best Rap Song. Widespread flooding was reported in coastal parishes. Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. In Vinton, several fires were burning, the roof was torn off the town's recreation center and many homes were damaged by fallen trees. Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group. [34] Damage to the city's electrical system was so severe that authorities warned that power would not return for two weeks, if not longer.

Best Male Rap Solo Performance. There was also extensive damage to its regional airport. Best Female Rap Solo Performance. At a hotel on the Contraband Bayou, water was reportedly up to the second floor. Best Rap Solo Performance. Lake Charles experienced severe flooding, with reports of water rising 6-8 feet in areas around the lake itself. Best Rap Performance. A casino boat and several barges were floating loose in Lake Charles and damaged a bridge spanning Interstate 10 across the Calcasieu River.

Best Contemporary R&B Album. In Cameron Parish, the communities of Hackberry [33], Cameron, Creole, Grand Chenier, and Holly Beach were heavily damaged or entirely destroyed. Best R&B Album. Damage in southwestern Louisiana was extensive. Best R&B Song. [32]. Best Rhythm & Blues Recording. As of Saturday night, September 24, water from a 150-foot gap in the Industrial Canal levee had some areas of the Ninth Ward under eight feet of water.

Best Urban/Alternative Performance. Some pumping stations were abandoned. Best R&B Instrumental Performance. CDT, water had begun gushing through another leak in the patched London Avenue Canal into the surrounding Gentilly neighborhood. Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance. By approximately 5 p.m. Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. CDT on Friday.

Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female. Water in the Ninth Ward was reported to be waist-deep at 11 a.m. Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. CDT on Friday, September 23. Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. Water entered the Ninth Ward over two 32-foot (10 m) wide patches in the levee as of about 9 a.m. Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical. On Friday, September 23, the day prior to landfall, rising water due to Hurricane Rita was pouring through breaches in the patched Industrial Canal levee in New Orleans' already hard-hit Ninth Ward, as reported by the Army Corps of Engineers.

Producer of the Year, Classical. New Orleans levee system had already sustained heavy damage from Hurricane Katrina before Rita's outer bands of rain fell on the city. Producer of the Year, Non-Classical. [31]. Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical. Both were due to high surf and rip currents caused by Rita's distant waves. Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects. While the Florida Panhandle escaped most of the land effects from Rita, two deaths were reported on beaches.

Best Engineered Album, Classical. No deaths were reported in either Florida or Cuba from the initial impact. Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. [30]. Best Pop Instrumental Album. More than 2,000 National Guard troops and dozens of law enforcement officers were brought in and are on standby. Best Pop Vocal Album. Bush in four counties: Broward, Collier, Miami-Dade and Monroe.

Best Contemporary Song. A state of emergency was declared by Florida Governor Jeb Bush and a federal emergency by President George W. Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring. [29]. Best Pop Instrumental Performance. EDT on Tuesday, September 20, about 25,000 customers were without electricity in Broward and Miami-Dade counties, plus another 2,100 in the Keys. Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing. As of 8 p.m.

Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing. The Overseas Highway (US 1) connecting the islands was impassable in some sections as a result of the flooding. Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. Flooding was reported along the Florida Keys as a result of the storm surge. Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus. More than 340,000 people were under voluntary or mandatory evacuation orders in Florida and Cuba. Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. No deaths were reported in Arkansas due to Rita.

Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female. [28]. Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. Most tornadoes move northeast. Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. The tornadoes were unusual in that they moved in a northwestern direction due to the direction in which Rita was moving. Best Instrumental Performance. [27].

Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus. In addition, significant flooding has been reported in several areas. Best Performance by a Chorus. While Rita weakened to a tropical depression, the outer bands continued to spawn numerous tornadoes in Arkansas, including one in Lonoke County and another in Conway County, damaging many homes and businesses in several communities. Best Performance by a Vocal Group. poisoning, illnesses, waiting for help). Best Vocal Performance, Male. Indirect deaths indicate those caused by hurricane-related accidents (including car accidents, fires or other incidents), as well as clean-up and evacuation incidents and health issues (i.e.

Best Vocal Performance, Female. Direct deaths indicate those caused by the direct effects of the winds, flooding, tornadoes, storm surge or oceanic effects of Rita. Best Polka Album. The two Florida deaths were both in rip currents on beaches caused by Rita's distant waves. Best Album Notes - Classical. One was caused by a hurricane-related tornado in the outer bands, and three others were caused by fallen trees during the storm. Best Album Notes. Only six of them were direct deaths.

Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package. CDT on October 3 (0300 UTC October 4) stands at 119. Best Recording Package. The reported death toll as of 10 p.m. Best Album Cover, Photography. Also gas prices fell in the U.S instead of rising as feared. Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts. [9].

Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical. [8] Total damage is estimated $9.4 billion, which makes Rita the ninth costliest storm in US history. Best Album Cover - Classical. In total, it is estimated that well over 2 million customers were without electricity. Best Album Cover. [7] Calcasieu Parish, with the communities of Lake Charles, Sulphur, Westlake and Vinton also suffered heavy damage. Best New Age Album. Cameron Parish was heavily damaged, with the communities of Holly Beach, Hackberry and Cameron being essentially destroyed.

Video of the Year. However, local storm surges of 15 to 20 feet (4.5-6.1 m) in southwestern Louisiana were reported, and in from coastal parishes, damage was extensive. Best Performance Music Video. The 5 inches (130 mm) of rain expected to fall overnight in New Orleans also did not happen, and the pressure on the levee system was eased. Best Concept Music Video. The storm surge feared in Galveston did not materialize, as the city was well to the west of the storm's center; the strong winds actually flattened the surge, which was only seven feet (2 m), and the seawall was easily able to handle it. Best Long Form Music Video. The effects of Hurricane Rita were not nearly as severe as expected.

Best Short Form Music Video. Valero Energy Corp, the nation's largest refiner, stated on September 21 that Rita could have caused gasoline prices to rise well above $3 per US gallon ($0.79/L). Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television. While no potential storm path would threaten all of the capacity at once, a direct strike on Houston could disable up to 8% of the nation's refining capacity. Best Musical Show Album. The Texas Gulf Coast is home to 23% of the United States' refining capacity, and numerous offshore production platforms were in Rita's path. Best Salsa/Merengue Album. The storm threatened a large amount of oil infrastructure that was left undamaged by Katrina.

Best Merengue Album. Concerns had been raised over the state of the oil industry in response to Rita. Best Salsa Album. As part of the evacuation, Johnson Space Center in Houston handed off control of the International Space Station to their Russian counterparts. Best Tejano Album. Many motorists ran out of gas despite turning off their air conditioners in the 98 degree record temperatures. Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album. Evacuees fought traffic all day and only moved about one hundred to one-hundred and fifty miles.

Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album. The Texas Department of Transportation was unprepared to execute this in an efficient way and in many cases without a release point to the North traffic would only speed up for a short time. Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album. Contraflow lanes were instigated after it was realized that a the state's highway system had become gridlocked. Best Latin Pop Album. Distances that usually took 2-3 hours of travel time took some passengers upwards of 24 hours. Best Latin Recording. Designated evacuation routes slowed to a pace far worse than with any previous hurricane.

Best Latin Jazz Album. By the time Jefferson County began their mandatory evacuation up Highway 69, 96 and others, Houstonians had already clogged up these highway arteries to the North. Best Contemporary Jazz Album. During the Rita evacuation these preperations and their execution were overwhelmed by the enormous and unprecedented numbers of people fleeing from the Houston area prior to the residents of the "Golden Triangle". Best Jazz Vocal Album. Plans were put in place to open up these intersections. Best Original Jazz Composition. After Lili, citizens came back with complaints of long lines of cars caused by stop lights and stop signs along evacuation routes unattended by anyone from law enforcement.

Best Jazz Fusion Performance. Highway 73 between Port Arthur and Winnie was also widened to facilitate future evacuations in response to an even earlier hurricane. Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album. Officials in the "Golden Triangle" area had set up evacuation routes and a shelter system of sorts in response to the slow evacuation of residents prior to Hurricane Lili. Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group. "If you're not in the evacuation zone, follow the news," he said, advising people to use common sense. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo. After heavy traffic snarled roads leading out of town and gas shortages left numerous vehicles stranded, he backed off on this.

Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group. On Wednesday, Houston mayor Bill White urged residents to evacuate the city, telling residents, "Don't wait; the time for waiting is over," and reminding residents of the disaster in New Orleans. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male. These evacuation-destination cities included Austin, College Station, San Antonio, Dallas, Huntsville, and Lufkin, Texas. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female. Also, different zones were to be forced to go to certain cities in Texas and were not allowed to exit their designated routes except for food and gas - another feature of the evacuation plan which hoped to keep traffic and flow orderly throughout this timeframe. Best Historical Album. Officials of Harris County hoped that the designation of zones A, B, and C would be able to prevent bottlenecks leaving the area such as those seen out of New Orleans prior to Katrina and Hurricane Dennis this year.

Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album. Nonetheless, many residents remained in the county because they were either unaware of the danger of the storm or believed that it was more important to protect their belongings, particularly in the wake of looting following Hurricane Katrina. Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album. Officials in Galveston County (which includes the city of Galveston), which was devastated by the Galveston Hurricane of 1900, ordered mandatory evacuations, effective September 21 at 6 p.m., in a staggered sequence setting different zones in the area which were due to leave at different times over 24 hours, well in advance of the storm's possible landfall later in the week but not enough in advance to ensure that all residents could evacuate safely in advance of the storm. Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album. Highway 290 northwest to Bryan/College Station. Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album. [6] On September 22, Governor Perry and the Texas Department of Transportation implemented a contraflow lane reversal on Interstate 45 north towards Dallas, on Interstate 10 west towards San Antonio and U.S.

Best Rock Gospel Album. Texas Governor Rick Perry recalled all emergency personnel, including almost 1,200 Texas National Guard from Katrina recovery efforts, in anticipation of Hurricane Rita's arrival. Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album. In addition, residents of Cameron Parish, Calcasieu Parish, and parts of Jefferson Davis Parish and Vermillion Parish were told to evacuate ahead of the storm. Best Inspirational Performance. [5]. Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus. The original breaches had occurred a month earlier as a result of Hurricane Katrina.

Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female. Although Rita remained well to the south and west of New Orleans, a pre-landfall storm surge overwhelmed a levee protecting the lower 9th Ward [3], a part of a fragile and already compromised levee system as repairs continued [4] At landfall, more parts of the levee wall were breached causing major reflooding in New Orleans. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male. [2] However, as Rita developed in the Gulf of Mexico, the reopening was cancelled and a re-evacuation of the city was initiated on September 21 as the storm was initially forecast to make landfall much closer to the city. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female. Before Rita, the mayor of New Orleans, Ray Nagin, had planned to begin reopening the city after the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina on September 19. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary. Hurricane Rita was the third (now fourth) most intense hurricane on record in the Atlantic basin and the most intense hurricane on record in the Gulf of Mexico, taking over the latter record set by Hurricane Katrina only three weeks earlier.

Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional. Rita has broken multiple records, being the earliest 17th named storm, the third (now fourth) most intense storm, and quickest drop of pressure in one hour. Best Soul Gospel Performance. The Hydrometeorological Prediction Center ceased monitoring Tropical Depression Rita early on September 26. Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus. Rita's remnants -- technically an extensive low pressure area -- moved quickly out of the lower Mississippi Valley region and were absorbed by a cold front. Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male. Rita lost both hurricane and tropical storm status on the same day as its landfall.

Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female. Rita's wind field was so intense that it destroyed or disabled several weather buoys. Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary. "Rita is the strongest storm that I've ever been in," he commented. Best Gospel Performance, Traditional. Warren Madden, a Hurricane Hunter and meteorologist for The Weather Channel, recorded a peak wind gust of 235 mph (380 km/h) while in the eye of the storm. Best Gospel Performance. Col.

Best Hawaiian Music Album. Lt. Best Native American Music Album. (NASA clip depicting the history of the storm before landfall). Best Contemporary Folk Album. Hurricane Rita's rapid intensification may in part be attributed to its encounter with the Gulf Loop Current and Eddy Vortex. Best Traditional Folk Album. CDT, the advisory said that Rita's maximum sustained winds had increased to 175 mph (280 km/h) with an estimated minimum pressure of 897 mbar (hPa), (26.59 inHg).

Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording. At 10:00 p.m. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). CDT, a reconnaissance aircraft recorded a pressure reading of 899 mbar (hPa), but it was thought to actually be lower since the reading was not from the center. Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). At 6:50 p.m. Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. CDT (19:55 UTC), another update was issued, saying Rita had strengthened into a Category 5 storm with maximum wind speeds of 165 mph (265 km/h).

Best Disco Recording. Less than two hours later, at 3:55 p.m. Best Electronic/Dance Album. CDT (1815 UTC) said that Rita's maximum winds had increased to 150 mph (240 km/h) and a minimum pressure of 920 mbar (hPa). Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop"). An update issued at 2:15 p.m. Best New Country & Western Artist. Rita continued to gain strength unabated.

Best Bluegrass Album. At that advisory, Rita's maximum sustained winds increased to 140 mph (225 km/h). Best Country Album. EDT on September 21. Best Country Song. EDT on September 20 to 11 a.m. Best Country & Western Single. The National Hurricane Center's official advisories, issued every three hours, showed strengthening at every single advisory from 5 p.m.

Best Country & Western Recording. As Hurricane Rita entered the Gulf of Mexico, it rapidly increased in intensity. Best Country Instrumental Performance. The warm water in the Gulf of Mexico, which was at the time 1 °F (0.5 °C) above average, was very favorable for hurricane development. Best Country Collaboration with Vocals. Four hours later, another special update stated that Rita had reached Category 2 strength with 100 mph (160 km/h) maximum sustained winds. Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. EDT that morning showed that Rita had closed the eyewall and winds clearly reached hurricane strength.

Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental. Aerial reconnaissance data released at 9:45 a.m. Best Male Country Vocal Performance. Rita was slow to become a hurricane; discussions early on September 20 showed that wind translations to surface level were indeed at 75 mph (120 km/h), however, the lack of a complete eyewall meant that the National Hurricane Center kept Rita as a tropical storm with 70 mph (110 km/h) winds overnight. Best Female Country Vocal Performance. A mandatory evacuation had been ordered for the entire Florida Keys. Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices. It became the 17th tropical storm of the season on September 18, less than a day after forming.

Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s). A surface low formed near it, and the season's 18th tropical depression formed soon thereafter east of the Turks and Caicos Islands. Best Instrumental Arrangement. The storm formed at the tail end of an old frontal boundary, where convection and low level circulation around an upper level low steadily developed for over two days. Best Arrangement. Rita was in fact the third seventeenth storm of any season to form since naming of tropical storms began in 1950, but in the 1969 season many tropical storms went unnamed due to the lack of sophisticated forecasting systems; the seventeenth storm of 1969 was Hurricane Martha. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field). Rita's name itself is a significant indicator of the activity of the 2005 hurricane season: only once before had a name starting with 'R' been used for an Atlantic storm, in 1995 for Hurricane Roxanne.

Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field). . Best Instrumental Composition. The storm killed just 6 people but caused 113 indirect deaths; damage estimates are around $9 billion (2005 US dollars). Best Spoken Comedy Album. Post-landfall damage was extensive in the coastal areas in southwestern Louisiana and extreme southeastern Texas. Best Comedy Album. A day prior to landfall, the resultant storm surge also reopened some of the levee breaches caused by Hurricane Katrina a month earlier, and reflooded parts of New Orleans.

Best New Classical Artist. The storm first struck Florida after making an approach near Cuba and went on to strike Texas and Louisiana. Best Classical Crossover Album. It was the second-most powerful hurricane of the season (behind Hurricane Wilma) and the fourth most intense hurricane ever in the Atlantic Basin. Best Classical Album. Hurricane Rita was the seventeenth named tropical storm, tenth hurricane, fifth major hurricane, and second Category 5 hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. Best Classical Contemporary Composition. Estimated repair time: two weeks to a month.

Best Chamber Music Performance. Damage: two cooling towers and a flare stack. Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor). Valero, Port Arthur, Texas, 250,000 b/d

    . Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra). Estimated repair time: no report. Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra). Damage: no report.

    Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra). Total SA, Port Arthur, Texas, 180,000 b/d

      . Best Choral Performance. Estimated repair time: did not comment. Best Opera Recording. Damage: minor damage, cooling water-tower. Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral. Motiva Enterprises (Royal Dutch Shell & Saudi Refining), Port Arthur, Texas, 285,000 b/d
        .

        Best Classical Vocal Performance. Estimated repair time: did not comment. Best Orchestral Performance. Damage: initial assessments do not indicate significant damage. Best Spoken Word Album for Children. ExxonMobil, Beaumont, Texas 348,000 b/d

          . Best Musical Album for Children. Estimated repair time: did not comment.

          Best Album for Children. Damage: wind damage. Best Contemporary Blues Album. ConocoPhillips, Lake Charles, Louisiana, 250,000 b/d

            . Best Traditional Blues Album. Estimated repair time: did not comment. Best Alternative Music Album. Damage: minor damage, stripped away insulation from cooling towers.

            Grammy Trustees Award. Citgo Petroleum (Petroleos de Venezuela), Lake Charles, Louisiana, 310,000 b/d

              . Grammy Tech Award. Estimated repair time: no report. Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Damage: power, phones out, some wind damage; control room, admin building OK. Grammy Legend Award. Calcasieu Refining, Lake Charles, Louisiana, 32,000 barrels per day [49] (b/d)
                .

                Grammy Hall of Fame. Best New Artist. Song of the Year. Album of the Year.

                Record of the Year. 1988 - Aretha. 1986 - "Freeway of Love". 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'".

                1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing". 1974 - "Master of Eyes". 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water".

                1971 - "Don't Play That Song". 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me". 1969 - "Chain of Fools". 1968 - "Respect".

                1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water". 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In". Robinson". 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs.

                1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away". 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night". 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey". Best New Age Album (2004).

                Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001). Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999). Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000). Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003).

                Best Instrumental Composition (1991). Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990).

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