Grammy AwardGrammy Award
The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world.
Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs).
The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony.
Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys.
Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated.
Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year).
The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS.
Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:
Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:
Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards
Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:
Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997.
The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000).
Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony.
Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging.
Composing and arranging
Packaging and notes
Production and engineering
Awards by year
Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year.Grammy Awards by year
1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006
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Spoken. On December 21, 2005, the pope began wearing the camauro for his general audiences; the traditional papal hat had not been seen since the pontificate of John XXIII (1958 - 1963). Surround Sound. Pope Benedict XVI has also taken up the use of the red papal tabarro (outdoor cloak), which Pope John Paul II did not use after 1995. Rock. His house cassock (his soutane or cassock with shoulder cape) also includes the upper half-sleeves discontinued for all other clerics by the authority of Paul VI's Motu Proprio "Pontificalis Domus". Reggae. He has also worn the red satin mozzetta and its ermine-trimmed winter version that has not been seen since Pope Paul VI.
Rap. He has revived the use of the red papal buskins. R&B. During his installment address, he spoke at length about the significance of one item of vestiture: the pallium, and has reverted to an ancient form of the pallium worn by first millennium pontiffs. Production and engineering. Pope Benedict XVI has been using papal clothing which had previously fallen into disuse. Pop. The canonizations were part of a Mass that marked the conclusion of the Synod of Bishops and the Year of the Eucharist..
Polka. Peter's Square when he canonized Josef Bilczewski, Alberto Hurtado SJ and three others. Packaging and notes. Pope Benedict XVI celebrated his first Canonizations on October 23, 2005 in St. New Age. On 29 September 2005 the Congregation for the Causes of Saints issued a communiqué announcing that henceforth beatifications would be celebrated by a representative of the Pope, usually the Prefect of that Congregation. Music Video. Unlike his predecessor, Benedict XVI delegated the beatification liturgical service to a Cardinal.
Musical Show. The new Blesseds were Mother Marianne Cope and Mother Ascensión Nicol Goñi. Latin. The first beatification under the new Pope was celebrated on May 14, 2005 by José Cardinal Saraiva Martins. Jazz. . Historical. Normally the beatification process for a person does not begin until five years have passed since his or her death, but due to the popularity of John Paul II — devotees chanted "Santo subito!" meaning "Saint now!" during the late pontiff's funeral — Benedict XVI dispensed with the rule and styled the late pope with the title given to all those being scrutinized in the beatification process, Servant of God.
Gospel. On May 9, 2005, Benedict XVI began the beatification process for his immediate predecessor, John Paul II. Folk. Levada relinquished his see in San Francisco on August 17, 2005 and is expected to be made a Cardinal in a future consistory. Film/TV/Media. Though elements of the press have chosen to present Levada as a staunch conservative for his involvement with the drafting of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, his private views and public policies have not been entirely clear. Disco. On May 13, 2005, Benedict XVI appointed a non-Cardinal, William Joseph Levada, Archbishop of San Francisco in the United States of America.
Dance. Benedict's only major new appointment was that of his successor as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Country. The principal political officer, the Cardinal Secretary of State (often likened to the pope's Prime Minister), remains Angelo Cardinal Sodano, an Italian. Composing and arranging. This assured an easy transition into a new pontificate. Comedy. Since their terms had ended on the death of the previous pope, Benedict reappointed after his election all former senior officers of the Roman Curia, though most only in a provisional manner.
Classical. This has drawn a sharp criticism by Catholic gay rights advocates like journalist Andrew Sullivan, who claim that Benedict is espousing a form of fundamentalist edict and is opposed to an outside questioning of his doctrines. Children's. John Lateran basilica on June 6, 2005, Benedict remarked on the issues of same-sex marriage and abortion:. Blues. In an address to a conference of the Diocese of Rome held at St. Alternative. In the discussion with secularism and rationalism, one of Benedict's basic ideas can be found in his address on the "Crisis of Culture" in the West, a day before Pope John Paul II died, when he referred to Christianity as the Religion of the Word (in the original Greek, Logos, reason, meaning, intelligence).
Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging. He also traced the failed revolutions and violent ideologies of the 20th century to a conversion of partial points of view into absolute guides: "Absolutizing what is not absolute but relative is called totalitarianism," he said during World Youth Day. Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony. Continuing what he said in the pre-conclave Mass about what he has often referred to as the "central problem of our faith today":  the world "moving towards a dictatorship of relativism",  on June 6, 2005 he also said:. The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000). It is a message that helps to overcome what can be considered the great temptation of our time: the claim, that after the Big Bang, God withdrew from history." . Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997. speaking to him as to a friend, knowing well that the Lord really is the true friend of everyone, even of those who cannot do great things on their own...that God is working today, and that all we have to do is put ourselves at his disposal...is an extremely important message.
Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:.  He also said: "Truly we are all able, we are all called to open ourselves to this friendship with God.. Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards. For example, his address to the priests of Rome, his diocese as bishop, , to the cardinals in the pre-conclave, a key public address to the Church's top leaders , and to 150,000 people among whom were children going to their First Communion. Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:. "Friendship with Jesus Christ" is a theme of his preaching which is found in many of his homilies and his addresses. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:. After referring to John Paul II's well-known words (Do not be afraid! Open wide the doors for Christ!), Benedict XVI says:.
Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. According to commentators, during the Inaugural Mass, the core of his message, the most moving and famous part, is found in the last paragraph of his homily where he referred to both Jesus Christ and John Paul II. . The emphases of his teachings are stated in more detail in Theology of Pope Benedict XVI. The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS. As Pope, Benedict XVI's main role is to teach about the Catholic faith and the solutions to the problems of the faith, a role that he can play well being a former head of the Church's Congregation of the Faith. So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year). In a return to tradition, Benedict chose to resurrect the tradition of delegating the celebration of the beatification liturgies.
Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). However, all the cardinals had already sworn their obedience upon his election. Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated. During his inaugural Mass, the previous custom of all the cardinals submitting was replaced by having 12 people, representing cardinals, clergy, religious, a married couple and their child, and newly confirmed people, submit to him. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys. Since it is the shield and not the background which is unique to the individual Pope, various backgrounds are possible (though rarely used) for even a single shield. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. Benedict's coat of arms has officially omitted the papal tiara, traditionally appearing in the background to designate the Pope's position and replaced it with a simple mitre. However, there have been papal documents since his inauguration that have been appearing with the papal tiara present.
Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. It is notable that he has used an open popemobile, saying that he wants to be closer to the people. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony. Pope Benedict has confounded the expectations of many in the early days of his papacy by his gentle public persona and his promise to listen. The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. Peter's Square, on April 27, 2005, to explain to the world why he chose the name:. Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs). Benedict XVI used his first General Audience in St.
However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world. The choice of the regnal name Benedict (Latin "the blessed") is significant. The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). John Lateran. Best Contemporary World Music Album. (Some sources, such as the Catholic Encyclopedia and a number of church historians, additionally count Pope Stephen II, who died before being consecrated.) Then, on May 7, he was enthroned in a mass at the Basilica of St. Best Traditional World Music Album. Peters, formally becoming the 265th pope by the official Vatican reckoning.
Best World Music Album. On April 24, he was inaugurated in St. Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album. He then gave the blessing to the people. Best Spoken Comedy Album. At the balcony, Benedict's first words to the crowd, given in Italian before he gave the traditional Urbi et Orbi blessing in Latin, were:. Best Spoken Word Album. Cardinal Medina Estévez first addressed the massive crowd as "dear(est) brothers and sisters" in Italian, Spanish, French, German and English — each language receiving cheers from the international crowd — before continuing with the traditional Habemus Papam announcement in Latin.
Best Surround Sound Album. Before his first appearance at the balcony of Saint Peter's Basilica after becoming pope, he was announced by the Jorge Cardinal Medina Estévez, protodeacon of the College of Cardinals. Best Rock Album. Cardinal Ratzinger had hoped to retire peacefully and said that "At a certain point, I prayed to God 'please don't do this to me'...Evidently, this time He didn't listen to me." . Best Rock Song. Leo IX, the most important German pope of the Middle Ages, known for instituting major reforms during his pontificate. Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental. Coincidentally, April 19 is the feast of St.
Best Metal Performance. On April 19, 2005, Cardinal Ratzinger was elected as the successor to Pope John Paul II on the second day of the papal conclave after four ballots. Best Hard Rock Performance. Despite being the favourite (or perhaps because he was the favourite), it was a surprise to many that he was actually elected. Best Rock Instrumental Performance. The elections of both John Paul II and his predecessor, John Paul I had been rather unexpected. Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. Though Ratzinger was increasingly considered the front runner by much of the international media, others maintained that his election was far from certain since very few papal predictions in modern history had come true.
Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo. Piers Paul Read wrote in The Spectator on March 5, 2005:. Best Male Rock Vocal Performance. Ratzinger himself had repeatedly stated he would like to retire to a Bavarian village and dedicate himself to writing books, but more recently, he told friends he was ready to "accept any charge God placed on him.". Best Female Rock Vocal Performance. In April 2005, before his election as pope, he was identified as one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time magazine. Best Reggae Album. On the death of John Paul II, the Financial Times gave the odds of Ratzinger becoming pope as 7–1, the lead position, but close to his rivals on the liberal wing of the church.
Best Rap Album. On January 2, 2005, Time magazine quoted unnamed Vatican sources as saying that Ratzinger was a frontrunner to succeed John Paul II should the pope die or become too ill to continue as pope. Best Rap Song. A careful reading of the text will probably prove disappointing.". Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. He was quoted in the media as stating, "No great mystery is revealed; nor is the future unveiled. Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group. On June 26, 2000, following the release of the text of the prophecy, Ratzinger issued a joint statement with Cardinal Bertone that the third and final chapter of Mary's prophecy had been fulfilled in 1981 in a failed attempt on the Pope's life.
Best Male Rap Solo Performance. In 1997, Ratzinger and Capovilla publicly stated that the Third Message was not being withheld for fears it would condemn the changes of the Vatican II council. Best Female Rap Solo Performance. In October 1987 he stated that "the things contained in [the] Third Secret correspond to what has been announced in Scripture and has been said again and again in many other Marian apparitions; first of all, that of Fatima in what is already known of what its message contains, conversion and penitence are the essential conditions for salvation". Best Rap Solo Performance. A year later, the interview was re-published in The Ratzinger Report, although several statements were omitted. Best Rap Performance. In 1984, an interview with Ratzinger was published in the Pauline Sisters newsletter and states that the message deals with "dangers threatening the faith and the life of the Christian and therefore of the world", while stating that it marks the beginning of the end-times.
Best Contemporary R&B Album. He was one of seven people known to have read the actual Third Message put into writing in 1944, and the author of the Theological Commentary on the Third Message, published with the message itself in 2000. Best R&B Album. Until her death, Lúcia dos Santos, the last surviving of the three Fatima visionaries, was forbidden to discuss the Fatima revelations publicly unless given leave by Cardinal Ratzinger. Best R&B Song. In defending Dominus Iesus, Ratzinger himself has stated that his belief is that inter-faith dialogue should take place on the basis of equal human dignity, but that equality of human dignity should not imply that each side is equally correct. Best Rhythm & Blues Recording. They point out that Ratzinger has been very active in promoting inter-faith dialogue.
Best Urban/Alternative Performance. Others also maintain that single quotes from Dominus Iesus are not indicative of intolerance or an unwillingness to engage in dialogue with other faiths, and this is clear from a reading of the entire document. Best R&B Instrumental Performance. His defenders argue that it is to be expected that a leader within the Catholic Church would forcefully and explicitly argue in favor of the superiority of Catholicism over other religions. Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance. He said Turkey had always been "in permanent contrast to Europe" and that linking it to Europe would be a mistake.. Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. In an interview in 2004 for Le Figaro magazine, Ratzinger said that Turkey, a country Muslim by heritage and staunchly secularist by its state constitution, should seek its future in an association of Islamic nations rather than the European Union, which has Christian roots.
Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female. . Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. The Dalai Lama congratulated Pope Benedict XVI upon his election. Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. The World Jewish Congress "welcomed" his election to the pontificate, noted "his great sensitivity to the Jewish history and the Holocaust," and quoted the Pope in its press release:. Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical. The deliberate omission of the "filioque" clause ("and the Son") in the first paragraph  is seen as an outreach to the Greek Orthodox Church which has been in conflict with the Latin Catholic Church over its addition to the Nicene Creed for about one thousand years..
Producer of the Year, Classical. Addressing the question that one religion is as a good as another (syncretism or indifferentism), it states, "...followers of other religions can receive divine grace, it is also certain that objectively speaking they are in a gravely deficient situation in comparison with those who, in the Church, have the fullness of the means of salvation." (par.22). Producer of the Year, Non-Classical. 4). Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical. (par. Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects. This document pointed out the danger to the Church of relativistic theories which seek to justify religious pluralism by denying that God has revealed truth to humanity.
Best Engineered Album, Classical. . Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. This was misunderstood by some who mistakenly believed that the Church had previously repudiated its unique role in the world. Best Pop Instrumental Album. In 2000, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith published a document entitled Dominus Iesus, which reaffirmed the historic doctrine and mission of the Church to proclaim the Gospel. Best Pop Vocal Album. .
Best Contemporary Song. Shortly after his election, he told Francis Cardinal George, the Archbishop of Chicago, that he would attend to the matter. Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring.  His Good Friday reflections in 2005 were interpreted as strongly condemning and regretting the abuse scandals, which largely put to rest the speculation of indifference. Best Pop Instrumental Performance.  A report by the Catholic Church itself estimated that some 4,450 of the Roman Catholic clergy who served between 1950 and 2002 have faced credible accusations of abuse. Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing. In 2002, Ratzinger told the Catholic News Service that "less than one percent of priests are guilty of acts of this type."  Opponents saw this as ignoring the crimes of those who committed the abuse; others saw it as merely pointing out that this should not taint other priests who live respectable lives.
Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing. . Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. In past eras, some serious crimes by priests against sexual morality, including pedophilia, were handled by that congregation or its predecessor, the Holy Office, but this has not been true in recent years."  The promulgation of the norms by Pope John Paul II and the subsequent letter by the then Prefect of the CDF were published in 2001 in Acta Apostolicae Sedis  which, in accordance with the Code of Canon Law , is the Holy See's official journal, disseminated monthly to thousands of libraries and offices around the world. Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus. "The letter said the new norms reflected the CDF's traditional “exclusive competence” regarding delicta graviora—Latin for “graver offenses.” According to canon law experts in Rome, reserving cases of clerical sexual abuse of minors to the CDF is something new. Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.  However, the letter did not discourage victims from reporting the abuse itself to the police; the secrecy related to the internal investigation.
Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female. However, when the crime is sexual abuse of a minor, the "prescription begins to run from the day on that which the minor completes the eighteenth year of age."  Lawyers acting for two alleged victims of abuse in Texas claim that by sending the letter the cardinal conspired to obstruct justice. Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. The letter extended the prescription (statute of limitations) for these crimes to ten years. Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. As part of the implementation of the norms enacted and promulgated  on April 30, 2001 by Pope John Paul II, on May 18, 2001 Ratzinger sent a letter  to every bishop in the Catholic Church reminding them of the strict penalties facing those who revealed confidential details concerning enquiries into allegations against priests of certain grave ecclesiastical crimes, including sexual abuse, reserved to the jurisdiction of the CDF. Best Instrumental Performance. .
Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus. As Cardinal Ratzinger was Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF), the sexual abuse of minors by priests was his responsibility to investigate from 2001, when that charge was given to the CDF by Pope John Paul II. Best Performance by a Chorus. Because of these health problems, and in order to have time free to write, he had hoped to retire, but had continued at his post in obedience to the wishes of Pope John Paul II.. Best Performance by a Vocal Group. France's Philippe Cardinal Barbarin further revealed that since the first stroke, Ratzinger has suffered from a heart condition. Best Vocal Performance, Male. In May 2005, the Vatican revealed that he had subsequently suffered another mild stroke - it did not reveal when, other than that it occurred between 2003 and 2005.
Best Vocal Performance, Female. The existence of the stroke was known to the Conclave that elected him pope. Best Polka Album. In the early 1990s Ratzinger suffered a stroke, which slightly impaired his eyesight temporarily. Best Album Notes - Classical. (See also Theology of Pope Benedict XVI.). Best Album Notes. During his period in office, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith took disciplinary measures against some outspoken liberation theologians in Latin America in the 1980s.
Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package. In office, Ratzinger fulfilled his institutional role, defending and reaffirming official Catholic doctrine, including teaching on topics such as birth control, homosexuality, and inter-religious dialogue. Best Recording Package. He was promoted with the College of Cardinals to become to Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni in 1993, was made the College's vice-dean in 1998 and dean in 2002. Best Album Cover, Photography. Consequently, he resigned his post at Munich in early 1982. Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts. On November 25, 1981, Pope John Paul II named Ratzinger Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, formerly known as the Holy Office, the historical Inquisition.
Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical. Of these only he and Cardinal William Baum took part in the Conclave. Best Album Cover - Classical. By the time of the 2005 Conclave, he was one of only 14 remaining cardinals appointed by Paul VI, and one of only three of those under the age of 80. Best Album Cover. In the consistory of June 1977, he was named a cardinal by Pope Paul VI. Best New Age Album. He took as his episcopal motto Cooperatores Veritatis, co-workers of the Truth, from 3 John: 8, a choice he comments upon in his autobiographical work, Milestones.
Video of the Year. In March 1977, Ratzinger was appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising. Best Performance Music Video. Until his election as Pope, he remained one of the journal's most prolific contributors. Best Concept Music Video. Communio, now published in seventeen editions (German, English, Spanish and many others), has become a prominent journal of Catholic thought. Best Long Form Music Video. In 1972, he founded the theological journal Communio with Hans Urs von Balthasar, Henri de Lubac, Walter Kasper and others.
Best Short Form Music Video. Increasingly, his views, despite his reformist bent, contrasted with those liberal ideas gaining currency theological circles. In 1969, he returned to Bavaria, to the University of Regensburg. Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television. Ratzinger came increasingly to see these and associated developments (such as decreasing respect for authority among his students, the rise of the German gay rights movement) as related to a departure from traditional Catholic teachings. Best Musical Show Album. During this time, he distanced himself from the atmosphere of Tübingen and the Marxist leanings of the student movement of the 1960s, that in Germany quickly radicalised in the years 1967 and 1968, culminating in a series of disturbances and riots in April and May 1968. Best Salsa/Merengue Album. These sentences, however, did not appear in later editions of the book.
Best Merengue Album. He also wrote that the Church of the time was too centralized, rule-bound and overly controlled from Rome. Best Salsa Album. In his 1968 book Introduction to Christianity, he wrote that the pope has a duty to hear differing voices within the Church before making a decision, and downplayed the centrality of the papacy. Best Tejano Album. In 1966, he was appointed to a chair in dogmatic theology at the University of Tübingen, where he was a colleague of Hans Küng. Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album. (Later, as the Prefect for the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Ratzinger most clearly spelled out the Catholic Church's position on other religions in the document Dominus Iesus (2000) which also talks about the proper way to engage in ecumenical dialogue.).
Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album. He was viewed during the time of the Council as a reformer. Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album. At the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965), Ratzinger served as a peritus or theological consultant to Josef Cardinal Frings of Cologne, Germany, and has continued to defend the council, including Nostra Aetate, the document on respect of other religions and the declaration of the right to religious freedom. Best Latin Pop Album. Ratzinger became a professor at the University of Bonn in 1959; his inaugural lecture was on "The God of Faith and the God of Philosophy." In 1963, he moved to the University of Münster, where his inaugural lecture was given in a packed lecture hall, as he was already well known as a theologian. Best Latin Recording. It was completed in 1957 and he became a professor of Freising College in 1958.
Best Latin Jazz Album. His Habilitationsschrift (which qualified him for a professorship) was on Bonaventure. Best Contemporary Jazz Album. Joseph Ratzinger's dissertation (1953) was on Augustine, entitled "The People and the House of God in Augustine's Doctrine of the Church". Best Jazz Vocal Album. They were both ordained on June 29, 1951 by Michael Cardinal von Faulhaber of Munich. Best Original Jazz Composition. Following repatriation in 1945, the two brothers entered Saint Michael Seminary in Traunstein, and then studied at the Ducal Georgianum (Herzogliches Georgianum) of the Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich.
Best Jazz Fusion Performance. The family was reunited when his brother, Georg, returned after being repatriated from a prisoner-of-war camp in Italy. Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album. Ratzinger was briefly interned in an Allied prisoner-of-war camp near Ulm and was repatriated on June 19, 1945. Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group. His unit served at various posts around the city and was never sent to the front. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo. He was eventually drafted into the German army at Munich to receive basic infantry training in the nearby town of Traunstein.
Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group. After his class was released from the Corps in September 1944, Ratzinger was put to work setting up anti-tank defences in the Hungarian border area of Austria in preparation for the expected Red Army offensive. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male. In 1943, when he was 16, Ratzinger was drafted with many of his classmates into the Luftwaffenhelfer programme. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female. According to one of Ratzinger's biographers, the National Catholic Reporter correspondent John Allen, he was an unenthusiastic member who refused to attend meetings. Best Historical Album. Following his 14th birthday in 1941, Ratzinger joined the Hitler Youth, membership of which was legally required from December 1936.
Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album. Struck by the Cardinal's distinctive costume, later that day he announced he wanted to be a cardinal. Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album. At the age of five, Ratzinger was in a group of children who welcomed the visiting Cardinal Archbishop of Munich with flowers. Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album. The pope's relatives agree that his priestly vocation was apparent from boyhood. Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album. His sister, Maria Ratzinger, who never married, managed Cardinal Ratzinger's household until her death in 1991.
Best Rock Gospel Album. Pope Benedict's brother, Georg, a priest and former director of the Regensburger Domspatzen choir, is still alive. Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album. He was the third and youngest child of Joseph Ratzinger, Sr., a police officer, and Maria Ratzinger (née Peintner). Best Inspirational Performance. He was baptized the same day. Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus. Joseph Alois Ratzinger was born on 16th April, Holy Saturday, 1927 at Schulstrasse 11, his parents' home in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria.
Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female. He plays the piano and has a preference for Mozart and Beethoven. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male. He is a member of a large number of academies, such as the French Académie des sciences morales et politiques. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female. He can read ancient Greek and biblical Hebrew. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary. Benedict speaks fluently his native German, and also Italian, French, English, Spanish and Latin.
Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional. Benedict XVI's views appear to be similar to those of his predecessor in maintaining the traditional Catholic doctrines on artificial birth control, abortion, and homosexuality while promoting Catholic social teaching. Best Soul Gospel Performance. He was the public face of the church in much of the sede vacante period, although technically he ranked below the camerlengo in administrative authority during that time. Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus. As Dean of the College of Cardinals he presided over the funeral of John Paul II and also over the Mass immediately preceding the 2005 conclave in which he was elected, in which he called on the assembled cardinals to hold fast to the doctrine of the faith. Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male. Before becoming pope, Cardinal Ratzinger was already one of the most influential men in the Roman Curia, and was a close associate of the late John Paul II.
Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female. He was the first Dean of the College elected pope since Paul IV in 1555 and the first cardinal bishop elected pope since Pius VIII in 1829. Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary. In 1998, he became sub-dean of the College of Cardinals and on November 30, 2002, dean, adding also as is custom the title of Cardinal bishop of the suburbicarian diocese of Ostia. Best Gospel Performance, Traditional. He was appointed Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith by Pope John Paul II in 1981 and was also assigned the honorific title of the cardinal bishop of the suburbicarian diocese of Velletri-Segni on April 5, 1993. Best Gospel Performance. Born in Bavaria, Germany, Benedict had a distinguished career as a university theologian before being appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising by Pope Paul VI, and very shortly afterwards made a cardinal in the consistory of June 27, 1977.
Best Hawaiian Music Album. The last pope named Benedict was Benedict XV, an Italian who reigned from 1914 to 1922, during World War I. Best Native American Music Album. He is the ninth German pope, the last being the Dutch-German Adrian VI (1522–1523). Best Contemporary Folk Album. He served longer as a cardinal before being elected pope than did any pope since Benedict XIII (elected 1724). Best Traditional Folk Album. He is the oldest person to have been elected pope since Clement XII in 1730.
Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording. Pope Benedict XVI was elected pope at the age of 78. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). . Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). During his papacy, Benedict XVI has particularly emphasized what he sees as a need for Europe to return to fundamental Christian values, in response to increasing de-Christianization and secularization in many developed countries, where secular humanism is influential. Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. At the time of his election as Pope, he was Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and Dean of the College of Cardinals.
Best Disco Recording. He served as a professor at various German universities, and was a theological expert at the Second Vatican Council before becoming Archbishop of Munich and Freising. Best Electronic/Dance Album. One of the best-known theologians since the 1960s and a prolific author, he is viewed as a close conservative ally of his predecessor, Pope John Paul II. Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop"). John Lateran, on May 7, 2005. Best New Country & Western Artist. He was elected on April 19, 2005 in a papal conclave, celebrated his Papal Inauguration Mass on April 24, 2005, and took possession of his cathedral, the Basilica of St.
Best Bluegrass Album. XVI), born Joseph Alois Ratzinger on April 16, 1927 in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany, is the 265th and reigning pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, and sovereign of Vatican City State. Best Country Album. Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus PP. Best Country Song. On August 21, he led a mass at Marienfeld with about 1,000,000 youths present. Best Country & Western Single. He also spoke with representatives of the Muslim and Protestant communities of Cologne.
Best Country & Western Recording. Benedict and his immediate predecessor John Paul II are the only two popes since St Peter known to have visited a synagogue. Best Country Instrumental Performance. The Pope visited the synagogue of the Jewish community in Cologne, which is the oldest Jewish community in the world north of the Alps. Best Country Collaboration with Vocals. There he met with President Horst Köhler, Chancellor Gerhard Schröder, leader of the Opposition Angela Merkel (Who later became the first female Chancellor of Germany on November 22, 2005) and others, and visited the famous Cologne Cathedral. Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. Germany (August 18 to August 21, 2005): The Pope arrived in Germany on August 18 in order to participate in the 20th World Youth Day in Cologne.
Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental. It was his first pilgrimage outside Rome since being elected the 265th leader of the Roman Catholic Church on April 19. Best Male Country Vocal Performance. The Pope referred to Bari as a "land of meeting and dialog" with the Orthodox Church in his homily at a Mass that closed a national religious conference. Best Female Country Vocal Performance. Nicholas of Myra, a 4th-century saint who is one of the most popular in both the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches. Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices. Bari, on Italy’s Adriatic coast, is considered a “bridge” between East and West and is home to the relics of St.
Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s). Benedict made the pledge in a city closely tied to the Orthodox Church. Best Instrumental Arrangement. Italy (May 29, 2005): Pope Benedict visited the Italian port of Bari and pledged to make the reconciliation with the Eastern Orthodox Church a "fundamental" commitment of his papacy. Best Arrangement. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field).
Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field). Best Instrumental Composition. Best Spoken Comedy Album. Best Comedy Album.
Best New Classical Artist. Best Classical Crossover Album. Best Classical Album. Best Classical Contemporary Composition.
Best Chamber Music Performance. Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor). Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra). Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra).
Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra). Best Choral Performance. Best Opera Recording. Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral.
Best Classical Vocal Performance. Best Orchestral Performance. Best Spoken Word Album for Children. Best Musical Album for Children.
Best Album for Children. Best Contemporary Blues Album. Best Traditional Blues Album. Best Alternative Music Album.
Grammy Trustees Award. Grammy Tech Award. Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Grammy Legend Award.
Grammy Hall of Fame. Best New Artist. Song of the Year. Album of the Year.
Record of the Year. 1988 - Aretha. 1986 - "Freeway of Love". 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'".
1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing". 1974 - "Master of Eyes". 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water".
1971 - "Don't Play That Song". 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me". 1969 - "Chain of Fools". 1968 - "Respect".
1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water". 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In". Robinson". 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs.
1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away". 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night". 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey". Best New Age Album (2004).
Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001). Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999). Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000). Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003).
Best Instrumental Composition (1991). Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990).