Grammy Award

Grammy Award

The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world.

Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs).

The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony.

Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys.

Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated.

Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year).

The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS.

Grammy Records

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:

  1. Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990)
  2. Best Instrumental Composition (1991)
  3. Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003)
  4. Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000)
  5. Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999)
  6. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001)
  7. Best New Age Album (2004)

Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:

  1. 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey"
  2. 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night"
  3. 1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away"
  4. 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs. Robinson"
  5. 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In"
  6. 1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"

Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards

Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:

  1. 1968 - "Respect"
  2. 1969 - "Chain of Fools"
  3. 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me"
  4. 1971 - "Don't Play That Song"
  5. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"
  6. 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black
  7. 1974 - "Master of Eyes"
  8. 1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing"
  9. 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'"
  10. 1986 - "Freeway of Love"
  11. 1988 - Aretha

Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997.

The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000).

Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony.

Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging.

Award categories

  • Record of the Year
  • Album of the Year
  • Song of the Year
  • Best New Artist
  • Grammy Hall of Fame
  • Grammy Legend Award
  • Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Grammy Tech Award
  • Grammy Trustees Award

Alternative

  • Best Alternative Music Album

Blues

  • Best Traditional Blues Album
  • Best Contemporary Blues Album

Children's

  • Best Album for Children
  • Best Musical Album for Children
  • Best Spoken Word Album for Children

Classical

  • Best Orchestral Performance
  • Best Classical Vocal Performance
  • Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral
  • Best Opera Recording
  • Best Choral Performance
  • Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra)
  • Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra)
  • Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra)
  • Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor)
  • Best Chamber Music Performance
  • Best Classical Contemporary Composition
  • Best Classical Album
  • Best Classical Crossover Album
  • Best New Classical Artist

Comedy

  • Best Comedy Album
  • Best Spoken Comedy Album

Composing and arranging

  • Best Instrumental Composition
  • Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field)
  • Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field)
  • Best Arrangement
  • Best Instrumental Arrangement
  • Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s)
  • Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices

Country

  • Best Female Country Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Country Vocal Performance
  • Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental
  • Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Country Collaboration with Vocals
  • Best Country Instrumental Performance
  • Best Country & Western Recording
  • Best Country & Western Single
  • Best Country Song
  • Best Country Album
  • Best Bluegrass Album
  • Best New Country & Western Artist

Dance

  • Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop")
  • Best Electronic/Dance Album

Disco

  • Best Disco Recording

Film/TV/Media

  • Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
  • Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)
  • Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)

Folk

  • Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording
  • Best Traditional Folk Album
  • Best Contemporary Folk Album
  • Best Native American Music Album
  • Best Hawaiian Music Album

Gospel

  • Best Gospel Performance
  • Best Gospel Performance, Traditional
  • Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
  • Best Inspirational Performance
  • Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album
  • Best Rock Gospel Album
  • Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album
  • Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album
  • Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album
  • Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album

Historical

  • Best Historical Album

Jazz

  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group
  • Best Jazz Instrumental Solo
  • Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group
  • Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album
  • Best Jazz Fusion Performance
  • Best Original Jazz Composition
  • Best Jazz Vocal Album
  • Best Contemporary Jazz Album
  • Best Latin Jazz Album

Latin

  • Best Latin Recording
  • Best Latin Pop Album
  • Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album
  • Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album
  • Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album
  • Best Tejano Album
  • Best Salsa Album
  • Best Merengue Album
  • Best Salsa/Merengue Album

Musical Show

  • Best Musical Show Album
  • Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television

Music Video

  • Best Short Form Music Video
  • Best Long Form Music Video
  • Best Concept Music Video
  • Best Performance Music Video
  • Video of the Year

New Age

  • Best New Age Album

Packaging and notes

  • Best Album Cover
  • Best Album Cover - Classical
  • Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical
  • Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts
  • Best Album Cover, Photography
  • Best Recording Package
  • Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package
  • Best Album Notes
  • Best Album Notes - Classical

Polka

  • Best Polka Album

Pop

  • Best Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Performance by a Vocal Group
  • Best Performance by a Chorus
  • Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus
  • Best Instrumental Performance
  • Best Female Pop Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
  • Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female
  • Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus
  • Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals
  • Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing
  • Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing
  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance
  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring
  • Best Contemporary Song
  • Best Pop Vocal Album
  • Best Pop Instrumental Album

Production and engineering

  • Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical
  • Best Engineered Album, Classical
  • Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects
  • Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Classical
  • Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical

R&B

  • Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female
  • Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
  • Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Instrumental Performance
  • Best Urban/Alternative Performance
  • Best Rhythm & Blues Recording
  • Best R&B Song
  • Best R&B Album
  • Best Contemporary R&B Album

Rap

  • Best Rap Performance
  • Best Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Female Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Male Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
  • Best Rap/Sung Collaboration
  • Best Rap Song
  • Best Rap Album

Reggae

  • Best Reggae Album

Rock

  • Best Female Rock Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Rock Vocal Performance
  • Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo
  • Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Rock Instrumental Performance
  • Best Hard Rock Performance
  • Best Metal Performance
  • Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental
  • Best Rock Song
  • Best Rock Album

Surround Sound

  • Best Surround Sound Album

Spoken

  • Best Spoken Word Album
  • Best Spoken Comedy Album

Traditional Pop

  • Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album

World

  • Best World Music Album
  • Best Traditional World Music Album
  • Best Contemporary World Music Album

Awards by year

Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year.

Grammy Awards by year
1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006



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. His Auschwitz scene was therefore filmed outside the near-symmetrical entrance, with scenery added to make it look like the real thing. Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year. However, permission was denied to Steven Spielberg for Schindler's List. World. The Polish film directors Andrzej Munk and Andrzej Wajda were both given permission to film in Auschwitz for the films Pasażerka and Krajobraz Po Bitwie respectively. Traditional Pop. Most media outlets now show awareness of the offence this may cause, and try to avoid using such expressions (or issue an apology after using them, see for example the recent note in The Guardian).

Spoken. Recently the Polish media and the foreign ministry of Poland have voiced objections to the use of the expression "Polish death camp" in relation to Auschwitz, as they feel that phrase might misleadingly suggest that Poles (rather than Germans) perpetrated the Holocaust. Surround Sound. In short, all of the denier's blustering about the 'Four Million Variant' is a specious attempt to envelope the reader into their web of deceit, and it can be discarded after the most rudimentary examination of published histories."[2]. Rock. If they can't keep their numbers straight, their reasoning goes, how can we say that their evidence for the Holocaust is credible? One must wonder which historians they speak of, as most have been remarkably consistent in their estimates of a million or so dead. Reggae. They hope to discredit historians by making them seem inconsistent.

Rap. Holocaust deniers have attempted to use this change as propaganda, in the words of Nizkor: "Deniers often use the 'Four Million Variant' as a stepping stone to leap from an apparent contradiction to the idea that the Holocaust was a hoax, again perpetrated by a conspiracy. R&B. After the collapse of the Communist government, the plaque was removed and the official death toll given as 1.1 million. Production and engineering. This number was never taken seriously by Western historians, and was never used in any of the calculations of the death toll at Auschwitz (which have generally remained consistently around 1-1.5 million for the last sixty years) or for the total deaths in the Holocaust as a whole. Pop. For many years, a memorial plaque placed at the camp by the Soviet authorities and the Polish communist government stated that 4 million people had been murdered at Auschwitz.

Polka. "27 January 2005, the sixtieth anniversary of the liberation of Nazi Germany's death camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, where a combined total of up to 1.5 million Jews, Roma, Poles, Russians and prisoners of various other nationalities, and homosexuals, were murdered, is not only a major occasion for European citizens to remember and condemn the enormous horror and tragedy of the Holocaust, but also for addressing the disturbing rise in anti-semitism, and especially anti‑semitic incidents, in Europe, and for learning anew the wider lessons about the dangers of victimising people on the basis of race, ethnic origin, religion, social classification, politics or sexual orientation.". Packaging and notes. The European Parliament marked the anniversary of the camp's liberation in 2005 with a minute of silence and the passage of this resolution:. New Age. In 1996, Germany made 27 January, the day of the liberation of Auschwitz, the official day for the commemoration of the victims of 'National Socialism'. Music Video. See Auschwitz cross for more details.

Musical Show. Following an agreement between the Polish Catholic Church and the Polish government, the smaller crosses were removed in 1999 but the large papal one remains. Latin. In 1998, after further calls to remove the cross, some 300 smaller crosses were erected by local activists near the large one, leading to further protests and heated exchanges. Jazz. The Catholic Church told the Carmelites to move by 1989, but they stayed on until 1993, leaving the large cross behind. Historical. Some Catholics have pointed out that the people killed in Auschwitz I were mainly Polish Catholics.

Gospel. This led to protests by Jewish groups, who said that mostly Jews were killed at Auschwitz and demanded that religious symbols be kept away from the site. Folk. One year later the Carmelites erected the 8 metre (26 ft) tall cross from the 1979 mass near their site, just outside block 11 and barely visible from within the camp. Film/TV/Media. After some Jewish groups called for the removal of the convent, representatives of the Catholic Church agreed in 1987. Disco. Carmelite nuns opened a convent near Auschwitz I in 1984.

Dance. A short while later, a Star of David appeared at the site, leading to a proliferation of religious symbols there; eventually they were removed. Country. After the pope had announced that Edith Stein would be beatified, some Catholics erected a cross near bunker 2 of Auschwitz II where she had been gassed. Composing and arranging. In 1979, the newly elected Polish Pope John Paul II celebrated Mass on the grounds of Auschwitz II to some 500,000 people. Comedy. The Auschwitz concentration camp is part of the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

Classical. Auschwitz II and the remains of the gas chambers there are also open to the public. Children's. However, in most cases the departure from the historical truth is minor, and is clearly labelled. Blues. Today, the Auschwitz I museum site combines elements from several periods into a single complex: for example the gas chamber at Auschwitz I (which did not exist by the war's end) was restored and the fence was moved (because of building being done after the war but before the establishment of the museum). Alternative. The Polish government then decided to restore Auschwitz I and turn it into a museum honouring the victims of nazism; Auschwitz II, where buildings were prone to decay, was preserved but not restored.

Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging. The Buna Werke were taken over by the Polish government and became the foundation for the chemical industry of the region. Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony. After the war, the camp served as a prison of the NKVD through most of 1945 and then remained in a state of disrepair for several years. The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000). This number has met with "significant, though not complete" agreement among scholars.^ . Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997. A larger study started around the same time by Franciszek Piper used time tables of train arrivals combined with deportation records to calculate 1.1 million Jewish deaths and 140,000-150,000 Polish victims, along with 23,000 Roma.

Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:. In 1983, French scholar George Wellers was one of the first to use Nazi data on deportations to estimate the number killed at Auschwitz, arriving at 1.613 million dead, including 1.44 million Jews and 146,000 Poles. Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards. Though this number, and a higher total of 4 million, was used by Soviet and Polish authorities, it was never taken seriously by Western scholars, who generally supported numbers of around 1-2 million. Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:. Early efforts to count the number of dead relied on the testimony of witnesses, especially Nazi Rudolf Hoess, who gave the number of dead at 2.5-3 million. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:. Since the Nazis attempted to destroy the evidence of the mass murder at Auschwitz, the exact number of victims is impossible to fix with certainty.

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. Soviet POWs were accused of collaborating with the Germans and were either executed or sent to gulags in the Soviet Union. . 'Liberation' was not necessarily the end of the ordeal for many prisoners. The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS. Those too weak or sick to walk were left behind; about 7,500 prisoners were liberated by the 322nd Infantry unit of the Red Army on January 27, 1945. So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year). On January 17, 1945 Nazi personnel started to evacuate the facility; most of the prisoners were marched West.

Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). The gas chambers of Birkenau were blown up by the Germans in November 1944 in an attempt to hide their crimes from the advancing Soviet troops. Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated. The debate over what could have been done, or what should have been attempted even if success was unlikely, has continued heatedly ever since. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys. One bomb accidentally fell into the camp and killed some prisoners. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. Later several nearby military targets were bombed.

Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. At one point Winston Churchill ordered that such a plan be prepared, but he was told that bombing the camp would most likely kill prisoners without disrupting the killing operation, and that bombing the railway lines was not technically feasible. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony. Starting with a plea from the Slovakian rabbi Weissmandl in May 1944, there was a growing campaign to convince the Allies to bomb Auschwitz or the railway lines leading to it. The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. (In fact, it was not until the 1970s that these photographs of Auschwitz were looked at carefully.). Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs). Detailed air reconnaissance photographs of the camp were taken accidentally during 1944 by aircraft seeking to photograph nearby military-industrial targets, but no effort was made to analyse them.

However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world. This changed with receipt of the very detailed report of two escaped prisoners, Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler, which finally convinced most Allied leaders of the truth about Auschwitz in the middle of 1944. The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). Some information regarding Auschwitz reached the Allies during 1941-1944, such as the reports of Witold Pilecki and Jerzy Tabeau, but the claims of mass killings were generally dismissed as exaggerated. Best Contemporary World Music Album. Female subcamps were constructed at Budy , Plawy, Zabrze, Gleiwitz I, II, III, Rajsko and at Lichtenwerden. Best Traditional World Music Album. The largest subcamps were built at Trzebinia, Bleechammer and Althammer.

Best World Music Album. In regular intervals, doctors from Auschwitz II would visit the work camps and select the weak and sick for the gas chambers of Birkenau. Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album. It was associated with the synthetic rubber and liquid fuel plant Buna-Werke owned by IG Farben. Best Spoken Comedy Album. The largest work camp was Auschwitz III Monowitz, starting operations in May 1942. Best Spoken Word Album. The surrounding satellite work camps were closely connected to German industry and were associated with arms factories, foundries and mines.

Best Surround Sound Album. Many of the inmates enslaved here survived less than a year due to their harsh with duck head living conditions. Best Rock Album. The prisoners then attempted a mass escape, but nearly all of the 250 were killed soon after. Best Rock Song. Female prisoners had smuggled in explosives from a weapons factory, and crematorium IV was partly destroyed by an explosion. Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental. On October 7, 1944, the Jewish Sonderkommandos (those prisoners kept separate from the main camp and involved in the operation of the gas chambers and crematoria) staged an uprising.

Best Metal Performance. On 10 October, eight hundred Roma children were systematically killed at Birkenau. Best Hard Rock Performance. They were gassed in July 1944. Best Rock Instrumental Performance. Many Roma had been imprisoned in a special section of the camp, mostly in family units. Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. [1].

Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo. When the crematoria could not keep up, bodies were burned in open pits. Best Male Rock Vocal Performance. Between May and July 1944, about 438,000 Jews from Hungary were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau and the most were killed there. Best Female Rock Vocal Performance. The largest group of Jews deported to Auschwitz came from Hungary after Germany took control of its former ally in March 1944. Best Reggae Album. Jews from many countries were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau to be killed: 300,000 from Poland, 69,000 from France, 60,000 from the Netherlands, 55,000 from Greece, 46,000 from Moravia, 25,000 from Belgium, as well as tens of thousands of Jews from other countries.

Best Rap Album. An oven room, where selected camp prisoners called Sonderkommandos took out the dead bodies and burned them, was part of the same building. Best Rap Song. Gas chambers in crematoria IV and V were above ground and Zyklon B was poured through the special windows in the walls. Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. Once the victims were sealed shut in the chamber, the toxic agent Zyklon B was discharged from openings in the ceiling. Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group. The victims were ordered to strip naked and leave their belongings in the undressing room in a location that they could subsequently remember, before being led to the adjacent gas chamber.

Best Male Rap Solo Performance. To avoid mass panic, the victims were told that they were going there for showering; to reinforce this impression, shower heads were fitted in the gas chamber, though never connected to a water supply. Best Female Rap Solo Performance. Two of the crematoria (Krema II and Krema III) each had an underground undressing room and the underground gas chamber, capable of holding thousands of people. Best Rap Solo Performance. Those selected for extermination were sent to any of four massive gas chamber/crematorium complexes, all at the edge of the camp. Best Rap Performance. Items such as banknotes, coins, jewellery, precious metals and diamonds were removed from "Canada" and shipped off to the Reichsbank.

Best Contemporary R&B Album. In another section known as "Canada" (so named because Germans believed that Canada was a land of vast riches), the belongings of the arriving victims were sorted and stored, to be transferred to the German government. Best R&B Album. One section of the camp was reserved for female prisoners. Best R&B Song. Those arriving prisoners who survived the initial selection would go on to spend some time in quarantine quarters and eventually work on the camp's maintenance or expansion or be sent to one of the surrounding satellite work camps. Best Rhythm & Blues Recording. Young children were taken from their mothers and placed with older women to be gassed, along with the sick, weak and old.

Best Urban/Alternative Performance. At other times, the Nazis would perform "selections", often administered by Josef Mengele, to the end of choosing whom to kill right away and whom to imprison as labour force or use for medical experiments. Best R&B Instrumental Performance. At times, the whole transport would be sent to its death immediately. Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance. From 1944 railway tracks extended into the camp itself; before that, arriving prisoners were marched from the Auschwitz railway station to the camp. Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. Most people arrived at the camp by rail, often after horrifying trips in cattle cars lasting several days.

Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female. Large-scale extermination started in Spring 1942. Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. For this purpose, the camp was equipped with four crematoria with gas chambers; each gas chamber was designed to hold up to 2,500 people at one time. Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. The camp's main purpose, however, was not internment with forced labour (as Auschwitz I & III) but rather extermination. Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical. The camp held up to 100,000 prisoners at one time.

Producer of the Year, Classical. Fields as well as the camp itself were surrounded with barbed, electrified wire (which was used by some of the inmates to commit suicide). Producer of the Year, Non-Classical. The camp was about 2.5 kilometres by 2 kilometres (1½ mi by 1¼ mi) large and was divided into several sections, each of which was separated into fields. Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical. The camp was designed, according to the Bauhaus concept of functionalism and construction started in 1941, as part of the Final Solution (Endlösung). Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects. The camp is located in Brzezinka (Birkenau), about 3 kilometres (1.8 mi) from Auschwitz I.

Best Engineered Album, Classical. It was the site of the imprisonment of hundreds of thousands, and the killings of over one million people, mainly Jews. Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. Auschwitz II (Birkenau) is the camp that many people know simply as "Auschwitz". Best Pop Instrumental Album. It was staffed by women specifically selected for the purpose, and by some volunteers from the female prisoners most of whom were raped by the Nazis. Best Pop Vocal Album. The camp brothel, established in the summer of 1943 on Himmler's order, was located in block 24 and was used to reward privileged prisoners.

Best Contemporary Song. Prisoners in the camp hospital who were not quick to recover were regularly killed by a lethal injection of phenol. Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring. Josef Mengele experimented on twins in the same complex. Best Pop Instrumental Performance. Dr. Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing. Carl Clauberg conducted sterilization experiments on Jewish women in block 10 of Auschwitz I, with the aim of developing a simple injection method to be used on the Slavic people.

Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing. Dr. Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. From April 1943 to May 1944, the gynecologist Prof. Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus. The first women arrived in the camp on March 26, 1942. Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. This gas chamber operated from 1941 to 1942 and was then converted into an air-raid shelter.

Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female. The tests deemed successful, a gas chamber and crematorium were constructed by converting a bunker. Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. The substance producing the highly-lethal cyanide gas was sold under the trade name Zyklon B, originally for use as a pesticide used to kill lice. Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. The first experiment was on 3 September, 1941, and it killed 600 Soviet POWs. Best Instrumental Performance. In September 1941, the SS conducted poison gas tests in block 11, killing 850 Poles and Russians using cyanide.

Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus. Others were executed by shooting, hanging or starving. Best Performance by a Chorus. Some prisoners had to spend several days in tiny cells too small to sit down. Best Performance by a Vocal Group. Block 11 of Auschwitz I was the "prison within the prison", where violations of the numerous rules were punished. Best Vocal Performance, Male. The harsh work requirements, combined with poor nutrition and hygiene, led to high death rates among the prisoners.

Best Vocal Performance, Female. All inmates had to work; except in the associated arms factories, Sundays were reserved for cleaning and showering and there were no work assignments. Best Polka Album. The various classes of prisoners were distinguishable by special marks on their clothes; Jews were generally treated the worst. Best Album Notes - Classical. The SS selected some prisoners, often German criminals, as specially privileged supervisors of the other inmates (so-called: kapo). Best Album Notes. Contrary to what is depicted in several films, the majority of the Jews were imprisoned in the Auschwitz II camp, and did not pass under this sign.

Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package. The camp's prisoners who left the camp during the day for construction or farm labour were made to march through the gate at the sounds of an orchestra. Best Recording Package. The entrance to Auschwitz I was (and still is) marked with the cynical sign "Arbeit macht frei", "Work (shall) make (you) free" (or "work liberates"). Best Album Cover, Photography. At any time, the camp held between 13,000 and 16,000 inmates; in 1942 the number reached 20,000. Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts. Jews were sent to the camp as well, beginning with the very first shipment (from Tarnów).

Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical. Common German criminals, "anti-social elements" and 48 German homosexuals were also imprisoned there. Best Album Cover - Classical. The camp was initially used for interning Polish intellectuals and resistance movement members, then also for Soviet Prisoners of War. Best Album Cover. A group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów became the first residents of Auschwitz on June 14th that year. Best New Age Album. It was founded on May 20, 1940, on the basis of an old Polish brick army barracks.

Video of the Year. Auschwitz I served as the administrative center for the whole complex. Best Performance Music Video. . Best Concept Music Video. A common punishment for escape attempts was death by starvation; the families of successful escapees were sometimes arrested and interned in Auschwitz and prominently displayed to deter others. Best Long Form Music Video. About 700 prisoners attempted to escape from the Auschwitz camps during the years of their operation, with about 300 attempts successful.

Best Short Form Music Video. Chief of the women's field was handled by Johanna Langefeld, Maria Mandel and last by Elisabeth Volkenrath. Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television. He was hanged in 1947 in front of the entrance to the crematorium of Auschwitz I. Best Musical Show Album. Höß provided a detailed description of the camp's workings during his interrogations after the war and also in his autobiography. Best Salsa/Merengue Album. The commandants of the camp were the SS-Obersturmbannführers Rudolf Höß (sometimes transliterated in English as "Hoess") until Summer 1943, and later Arthur Liebehenschel and Richard Baer.

Best Merengue Album. Like all Nazi concentration camps, the Auschwitz camps were operated by Heinrich Himmler's SS. Best Salsa Album. The exact number of people killed in the camps is not known, but most modern estimates are around 1.1-1.5 million. Best Tejano Album. See List of subcamps of Auschwitz for others. Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album. The three main camps were:.

Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album. The camps were a major element in the perpetration of the Holocaust, killing around 1.1-1.5 million people, of whom over 90% were Jews. Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album. Beginning in 1940, Nazi Germany built several concentration camps and an extermination camp in the area, which at the time had been annexed by Nazi Germany. Best Latin Pop Album. The name is derived from the German name for the nearby Polish town of Oświęcim (pronounced [oʃˈventʃiːm]), situated about 60 kilometres (37 mi) southwest of Kraków. Best Latin Recording. Auschwitz is the name loosely used to identify the largest Nazi extermination camp along with two main German concentration camps and 45-50 sub-camps.

Best Latin Jazz Album. Indiana University Press, 1998, pp 60-70. Best Contemporary Jazz Album. Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp. Best Jazz Vocal Album. ^ Yisrael Gutman, Michael Berenbaum, Raul Hilberg, Franciszek Piper, Yehuda Baur. Best Original Jazz Composition. Auschwitz III (Monowitz), which served as a labor camp for the IG Farben company.

Best Jazz Fusion Performance. Auschwitz II (Birkenau), an extermination camp and the site of the deaths of roughly 1.1 million Jews, 75,000 Poles, and some 19,000 Roma. Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album. Auschwitz I, the original concentration camp which served as the administrative centre for the whole complex, and was the site of the deaths of roughly 70,000 people, mostly Poles and Soviet Prisoners of War. Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo.

Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female. Best Historical Album.

Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album. Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album. Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album. Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album.

Best Rock Gospel Album. Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album. Best Inspirational Performance. Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus.

Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary.

Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional. Best Soul Gospel Performance. Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus. Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male.

Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female. Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary. Best Gospel Performance, Traditional. Best Gospel Performance.

Best Hawaiian Music Album. Best Native American Music Album. Best Contemporary Folk Album. Best Traditional Folk Album.

Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.

Best Disco Recording. Best Electronic/Dance Album. Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop"). Best New Country & Western Artist.

Best Bluegrass Album. Best Country Album. Best Country Song. Best Country & Western Single.

Best Country & Western Recording. Best Country Instrumental Performance. Best Country Collaboration with Vocals. Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.

Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental. Best Male Country Vocal Performance. Best Female Country Vocal Performance. Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices.

Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s). Best Instrumental Arrangement. Best Arrangement. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field).

Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field). Best Instrumental Composition. Best Spoken Comedy Album. Best Comedy Album.

Best New Classical Artist. Best Classical Crossover Album. Best Classical Album. Best Classical Contemporary Composition.

Best Chamber Music Performance. Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor). Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra). Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra).

Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra). Best Choral Performance. Best Opera Recording. Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral.

Best Classical Vocal Performance. Best Orchestral Performance. Best Spoken Word Album for Children. Best Musical Album for Children.

Best Album for Children. Best Contemporary Blues Album. Best Traditional Blues Album. Best Alternative Music Album.

Grammy Trustees Award. Grammy Tech Award. Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Grammy Legend Award.

Grammy Hall of Fame. Best New Artist. Song of the Year. Album of the Year.

Record of the Year. 1988 - Aretha. 1986 - "Freeway of Love". 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'".

1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing". 1974 - "Master of Eyes". 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water".

1971 - "Don't Play That Song". 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me". 1969 - "Chain of Fools". 1968 - "Respect".

1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water". 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In". Robinson". 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs.

1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away". 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night". 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey". Best New Age Album (2004).

Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001). Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999). Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000). Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003).

Best Instrumental Composition (1991). Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990).

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