Grammy Award

Grammy Award

The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world.

Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs).

The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony.

Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys.

Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated.

Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year).

The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS.

Grammy Records

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:

  1. Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990)
  2. Best Instrumental Composition (1991)
  3. Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003)
  4. Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000)
  5. Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999)
  6. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001)
  7. Best New Age Album (2004)

Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:

  1. 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey"
  2. 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night"
  3. 1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away"
  4. 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs. Robinson"
  5. 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In"
  6. 1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"

Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards

Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:

  1. 1968 - "Respect"
  2. 1969 - "Chain of Fools"
  3. 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me"
  4. 1971 - "Don't Play That Song"
  5. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"
  6. 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black
  7. 1974 - "Master of Eyes"
  8. 1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing"
  9. 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'"
  10. 1986 - "Freeway of Love"
  11. 1988 - Aretha

Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997.

The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000).

Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony.

Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging.

Award categories

  • Record of the Year
  • Album of the Year
  • Song of the Year
  • Best New Artist
  • Grammy Hall of Fame
  • Grammy Legend Award
  • Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Grammy Tech Award
  • Grammy Trustees Award

Alternative

  • Best Alternative Music Album

Blues

  • Best Traditional Blues Album
  • Best Contemporary Blues Album

Children's

  • Best Album for Children
  • Best Musical Album for Children
  • Best Spoken Word Album for Children

Classical

  • Best Orchestral Performance
  • Best Classical Vocal Performance
  • Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral
  • Best Opera Recording
  • Best Choral Performance
  • Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra)
  • Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra)
  • Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra)
  • Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor)
  • Best Chamber Music Performance
  • Best Classical Contemporary Composition
  • Best Classical Album
  • Best Classical Crossover Album
  • Best New Classical Artist

Comedy

  • Best Comedy Album
  • Best Spoken Comedy Album

Composing and arranging

  • Best Instrumental Composition
  • Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field)
  • Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field)
  • Best Arrangement
  • Best Instrumental Arrangement
  • Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s)
  • Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices

Country

  • Best Female Country Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Country Vocal Performance
  • Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental
  • Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Country Collaboration with Vocals
  • Best Country Instrumental Performance
  • Best Country & Western Recording
  • Best Country & Western Single
  • Best Country Song
  • Best Country Album
  • Best Bluegrass Album
  • Best New Country & Western Artist

Dance

  • Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop")
  • Best Electronic/Dance Album

Disco

  • Best Disco Recording

Film/TV/Media

  • Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
  • Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)
  • Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)

Folk

  • Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording
  • Best Traditional Folk Album
  • Best Contemporary Folk Album
  • Best Native American Music Album
  • Best Hawaiian Music Album

Gospel

  • Best Gospel Performance
  • Best Gospel Performance, Traditional
  • Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
  • Best Inspirational Performance
  • Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album
  • Best Rock Gospel Album
  • Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album
  • Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album
  • Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album
  • Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album

Historical

  • Best Historical Album

Jazz

  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group
  • Best Jazz Instrumental Solo
  • Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group
  • Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album
  • Best Jazz Fusion Performance
  • Best Original Jazz Composition
  • Best Jazz Vocal Album
  • Best Contemporary Jazz Album
  • Best Latin Jazz Album

Latin

  • Best Latin Recording
  • Best Latin Pop Album
  • Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album
  • Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album
  • Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album
  • Best Tejano Album
  • Best Salsa Album
  • Best Merengue Album
  • Best Salsa/Merengue Album

Musical Show

  • Best Musical Show Album
  • Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television

Music Video

  • Best Short Form Music Video
  • Best Long Form Music Video
  • Best Concept Music Video
  • Best Performance Music Video
  • Video of the Year

New Age

  • Best New Age Album

Packaging and notes

  • Best Album Cover
  • Best Album Cover - Classical
  • Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical
  • Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts
  • Best Album Cover, Photography
  • Best Recording Package
  • Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package
  • Best Album Notes
  • Best Album Notes - Classical

Polka

  • Best Polka Album

Pop

  • Best Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Performance by a Vocal Group
  • Best Performance by a Chorus
  • Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus
  • Best Instrumental Performance
  • Best Female Pop Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
  • Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female
  • Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus
  • Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals
  • Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing
  • Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing
  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance
  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring
  • Best Contemporary Song
  • Best Pop Vocal Album
  • Best Pop Instrumental Album

Production and engineering

  • Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical
  • Best Engineered Album, Classical
  • Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects
  • Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Classical
  • Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical

R&B

  • Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female
  • Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
  • Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Instrumental Performance
  • Best Urban/Alternative Performance
  • Best Rhythm & Blues Recording
  • Best R&B Song
  • Best R&B Album
  • Best Contemporary R&B Album

Rap

  • Best Rap Performance
  • Best Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Female Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Male Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
  • Best Rap/Sung Collaboration
  • Best Rap Song
  • Best Rap Album

Reggae

  • Best Reggae Album

Rock

  • Best Female Rock Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Rock Vocal Performance
  • Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo
  • Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Rock Instrumental Performance
  • Best Hard Rock Performance
  • Best Metal Performance
  • Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental
  • Best Rock Song
  • Best Rock Album

Surround Sound

  • Best Surround Sound Album

Spoken

  • Best Spoken Word Album
  • Best Spoken Comedy Album

Traditional Pop

  • Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album

World

  • Best World Music Album
  • Best Traditional World Music Album
  • Best Contemporary World Music Album

Awards by year

Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year.

Grammy Awards by year
1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006



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. The Vatican (which has its own country code, .va) has an official website, radio station, and satellite TV channels. Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year. The reason for this is that this enables mail to be sent directly to the Vatican - otherwise it would go through the postal systems of other countries, which would cause a delay in shipment to the Vatican. World. People sending mail to the Vatican are adivsed to not write anything other than Vatican City State for the destination on the envelope. Traditional Pop. A bit of conventional wisdom in Rome is that international mail dropped in a mailbox in the Vatican will reach its destination more quickly than one dropped only a few hundred metres away in an Italian mailbox.

Spoken. The City is served by an independent, modern telephone system and post office. Surround Sound. A newspaper, L'Osservatore Romano, publishes daily in Italian, weekly in English, Spanish, French, German, and Portuguese, and monthly in Polish. Rock. The railway is used only to transport freight. Reggae. There is one heliport and a 852 m (932 yd) standard gauge (1435 mm) railway that connects to Italy's network at Rome's Saint Peter's station.

Rap. The Vatican City has no airports. R&B. Normally, for civil offenses the Italian courts will handle the disposition of these cases. Production and engineering. The perpetrators, who are also visitors, are rarely caught, with 90% of crimes remaining unsolved. Pop. Each year, hundreds of tourists fall victim to pickpockets and purse snatchers.

Polka. In his 2002 report to the pontifical court, Chief Prosecutor Nicola Picardi quoted statistics of 87.2% for civil offences, and 133.6% for penal offences. Packaging and notes. As a result of the Vatican having a small resident population, but millions of visitors every year, the state has the highest per capita crime rate of any nation on earth, more than twenty times higher than Italy. New Age. The Pope leads weekly mass and other services, and appears on religious holidays such as Easter. Music Video. Tourism is an important factor in the daily life of the Vatican.

Musical Show. Citizenship can be achieved by stable residence and by holding an office or job within the city. Latin. Clothes that show the legs above the knees are strictly banned. Jazz. Men, and especially women, must adhere to strict dress codes. Historical. Many workers in the Vatican City live outside its walls, including the Swiss Guard and embassy personnel.

Gospel. A minority are senior Catholic clergy; the remainder are members of religious orders. Folk. The permanent population of the Vatican City is predominately male, although two orders of nuns live in the Vatican. Film/TV/Media. The Vatican Library and the collections of the Vatican Museums are of the highest historical, scientific and cultural importance. Disco. Peter's Basilica and the Sistine Chapel are home to some of the most beautiful art in the world, which includes works by artists such as Botticelli, Bernini and Michelangelo.

Dance. Buildings such as St. Country. The Vatican City is itself of great cultural significance. Composing and arranging. Due to the very limited territory of the Vatican state, foreign embassies to the Holy See are located in the Italian part of Rome; Italy actually hosts its own Embassy of Italy. Comedy. However, it is the Holy See that is the legal body that conducts diplomatic relations for the Vatican City in addition to the Holy See's usual diplomacy, entering into international agreements and both receives and sends diplomatic representatives.

Classical. Providing a territorial identity for the Holy See, the State of the Vatican City is a recognized national territory under international law. Children's. Most Italians employed in the Vatican do not have Vatican citizenship. Blues. Nearly all these people were dual citizens, retaining citizenship of their own countries while working at the Vatican. Alternative. At the end of 2003, 552 persons held Vatican citizenship, of whom 61 were cardinals, 346 were other clergy, 101 members of the Pontifical Swiss Guard and 44 were other lay persons.

Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging. A separate Vatican City citizenship exists, enabling Vatican officials to travel on Vatican passports, and giving them diplomatic status in countries to which they are accredited. Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony. German is the official language of the Swiss Guard. The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000). Italian and, to a lesser extent, other languages are generally used for most conversations, publications, and broadcasts. Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997. The official language is Latin, the lingua franca of the Roman Empire, which has remained in use in the Roman Catholic Church.

Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:. There are also about 3,000 lay workers who comprise the majority of the Vatican work force, but who reside outside the Vatican. Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards. The Vatican citizenry consists mainly of clergy, including high dignitaries, priests, nuns, as well as the famous Swiss Guard, a volunteer military force. Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:. Almost all of Vatican City's 921 citizens live inside the Vatican's walls. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:. It has its own bank, Vatican Bank.

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. Vatican City has used the Euro as its currency since January 1, 2002. . The incomes and living standards of lay workers are comparable to, or somewhat better than, those of counterparts who work in the city of Rome. The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS. This unique, non-commercial economy is also supported financially by contributions (known as Peter's Pence) from Catholics throughout the world, the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and the sale of publications. So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year). Industries: printing and production of few mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities.

Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). Budget: Revenues (2003) $252 million; expenditures (2003) $264 million. Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated. There are some local features, principally mists and dews, caused by the anomalous bulk of St Peter's Basilica, the elevation, the fountains and the size of the large paved square. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys. Its climate is clearly mostly the same as Rome's; a temperate, Mediterranean climate with mild, rainy winters from September to mid-May and hot, dry summers from May to August. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. It is the smallest sovereign state in the world at 0.44 km² (108.7 acres).

Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. Peter's Basilica, where the correct border is just outside the ellipse formed by Bernini's colonnade. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony. Peter's Square in front of the St. The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. The situation is more complex at the famous St. Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs). Its borders (3.2km in total, all with Italy) closely follow the city wall constructed to protect the Pope from outside attack.

However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world. The Vatican City, one of the European microstates, is situated on the Vatican Hill in the north-western part of Rome, several hundred metres west of the Tiber river, on the latter's right bank. The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). It is published by Catholic laymen but carries official information. Best Contemporary World Music Album. L'Osservatore Romano is the semi-official newspaper, published daily in Italian, and weekly in English, Spanish, Portuguese, German, and French (plus a monthly edition in Polish). Best Traditional World Music Album. Radio Vatican, the official radio station, is one of the most influential in Europe.

Best World Music Album. The Vatican also issues its own coins and stamps and controls its own Internet domain (.va). Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album. Vatican City has its own post office, commissary (supermarket), bank (the automatic teller machines are the only ones in the world to use Latin), railway station, electricity generating plant, and publishing house. Best Spoken Comedy Album. The legal system is based on canon, or ecclesiastical, law; if canon law is not applicable, special laws of the territory apply, often modelled on Italian provisions. Best Spoken Word Album. The judicial functions are handled by three tribunals — the Apostolic Signatura, the Sacra Rota Romana, and the Apostolic Penitentiary, which are also the judicial arm of the Holy See (see below).

Best Surround Sound Album. Members are cardinals appointed by the pope for terms of five years. Best Rock Album. Legislative power is vested in the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, led by a President. Best Rock Song. They are not really an army of the Vatican City State so much as a police force and the personal bodyguard of the Pope. Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental. The Vatican City maintains a modern security corps, the famous Swiss Guards, a voluntary military force drawn from male Swiss citizens.

Best Metal Performance. The Governor of Vatican City, sometime known as the President of Vatican City, has duties similar to those of a mayor or city executive, concentrating on material questions concerning the state's territory, including local security, but excluding external relations. Best Hard Rock Performance. All decisions of these commissions must be approved by the College of Cardinals. Best Rock Instrumental Performance. During a sede vacante (papal vacancy), the Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church, former Secretary of State, and former President of the Pontifical Commission form a commission that performs some of the functions of the head of state; while another made up of the Chamberlain and three cardinals (one being chosen by lot every three days from each order of cardinals), performs other functions of the head of state. Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. These, like all other officials, are appointed by the Pope and can be dismissed by him at any time.

Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo. As noted, the principal figures are the Secretary of State, the President of the Pontifical Commission for the Vatican City State, and the Governor of Vatican City. Best Male Rock Vocal Performance. For historical reasons, the government of Vatican City has a unique structure. Best Female Rock Vocal Performance. In 1984, a new concordat between the Holy See and Italy modified certain provisions of the earlier treaty, including the position of Catholicism as the Italian state religion. Best Reggae Album. The Lateran is on one of the seven hills of Rome, the Caelian.

Best Rap Album. The cathedra (official seat) of the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, is in the Lateran basilica, Rome's cathedral. Best Rap Song. This situation was resolved on February 11, 1929 under the premiership of Mussolini by the three Lateran treaties, which established the independent State of the Vatican City and granted Catholicism special status in Italy. Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. During this period it became fashionable to speak of the Pope as a "prisoner". Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group. Other states maintained international recognition of the Holy See as a sovereign entity, and in practice Italy made no attempt to interfere with the Holy See.

Best Male Rap Solo Performance. The popes were left between 1870 and 1929 in a situation somewhat like that of the last emperor of China, undisturbed in their palace, but with no official status recognized by the Italian State. Best Female Rap Solo Performance. In 1870, the Pope's holdings were left in an uncertain situation when Rome itself was annexed by the Piedmontese after a nominal resistance of the papal forces. Best Rap Solo Performance. For much of this time the Vatican was not the habitual residence of the Popes, but rather the Lateran Palace, and in recent centuries, the Quirinal Palace, while the residence from 1309-1377 was at Avignon in France. Best Rap Performance. Popes in their secular role gradually came to govern neighbouring regions and, through the Papal States, ruled a large portion of the Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid 19th century, when most of the territory of the Papal States was seized by the newly created Kingdom of Italy.

Best Contemporary R&B Album. In 326 the first church, Constantine's basilica, was built over the site of the tomb of Saint Peter, who was buried in a common cemetery on the spot, and from then on the area started to become more populated, but mostly only by dwelling houses connected with the activity of St Peter's. Best R&B Album. It is supposed that this originally uninhabited part of Rome (the ager vaticanus) had always been considered sacred, or at least not available for habitation, even before the arrival of Christianity. Best R&B Song. Sodano and Szoka served in their respective roles under Pope John Paul II and were then reappointed to those same roles by his successor. Best Rhythm & Blues Recording. Edmund Cardinal Szoka serves as both the President of the Pontifical Commission and Governor, born an American of Polish descent.

Best Urban/Alternative Performance. Angelo Cardinal Sodano of Italy is the Secretary of State. Best R&B Instrumental Performance. The current pope is Benedict XVI, born Joseph Ratzinger in Germany. Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance. His principal subordinate government officials are the Secretary of State, the President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, and the Governor of Vatican City. Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. The sovereign is elected for a life term in conclave by cardinals under the age of 80.

Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female. This is a non-hereditary elective monarchy with a sovereign who exercises absolute authority, that is to say supreme legislative, executive and judicial power not only over Vatican City State but also constituting the Holy See. Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. The Head of State is the Pope, who as the supreme executive, legislative, and judicial authority is also the Head of Government. Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. Peter's Square is ordinarily policed jointly by both. Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical. St.

Producer of the Year, Classical. Castelgandolfo and the named basilicas are patrolled internally by police agents of the Vatican City State and not by Italian police. Producer of the Year, Non-Classical. Mary Major and of St Paul Outside the Walls, and a number of other buildings in Rome. Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical. These include the papal summer residence of Castelgandolfo in the nearby hills, the Lateran Basilica, the basilicas of St. Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects. Although technically not included within the territory of the Vatican City State, according to the Lateran Treaties, certain properties of the Holy See, although not being part of the territory of the City State, have an extraterritorial status similar to that of foreign embassies.

Best Engineered Album, Classical. Peter's Square, which it was not possible to isolate from the rest of Rome and therefore a largely imaginary border with Italy runs along the outer limit of the square where it touches on Piazza Pio XII and Via Paolo VI. Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. The territory included St. Best Pop Instrumental Album. For some tracts of the frontier there was no wall, but the line of certain buildings supplied part of the boundary, and for a small part of the frontier a modern wall was constructed. Best Pop Vocal Album. When the 1929 Lateran Treaty that gave the state its present form was being prepared, the fact that a good part of the proposed territory was all but enclosed by this loop led to the present territorial definition being adopted.

Best Contemporary Song. It was thus an outcrop of the city and was protected by being included in a loop of the city wall. Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring. The area was never fully incorporated into the urban conglomeration of Rome until the last century, being separated from the city by the river Tiber. Best Pop Instrumental Performance. Peter's Basilica, the residence of the popes called the Apostolic Palace, with its Sistine Chapel, and museums were built, along with various other buildings. Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing. It is part of the Mons Vaticanus, and of the adjacent former Vatican Fields upon which St.

Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing. The placename is ancient and predates Christianity, coming from the Latin Mons Vaticanus, Vatican Hill. Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. . Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus. Thus, although the principal ecclesiastical seat of the Holy See (Saint John Lateran) is located in Rome itself, the Vatican City can be said to be the governmental capital of the Roman Catholic Church of both East and West. Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. It is the sovereign territory of the Holy See and the location of the Apostolic Palace—the Pope's official residence—and the Roman Curia.

Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female. It is the smallest independent nation state in the world in terms of area and population (that is, if that of the Knights of Malta is not counted as a country). Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. Since it is governed by the Bishop of Rome (aka the Pope), its government can be described as ecclesiastical and the highest state functionaries are in fact clergymen. Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. The entire country is about 0.2 square miles. Best Instrumental Performance. Vatican City — formally State of the Vatican City, or Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano, Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae) — is a tiny sovereign state whose territory consists of a landlocked enclave within the city of Rome, Italy.

Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus. Best Performance by a Chorus. Best Performance by a Vocal Group. Best Vocal Performance, Male.

Best Vocal Performance, Female. Best Polka Album. Best Album Notes - Classical. Best Album Notes.

Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package. Best Recording Package. Best Album Cover, Photography. Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts.

Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical. Best Album Cover - Classical. Best Album Cover. Best New Age Album.

Video of the Year. Best Performance Music Video. Best Concept Music Video. Best Long Form Music Video.

Best Short Form Music Video. Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television. Best Musical Show Album. Best Salsa/Merengue Album.

Best Merengue Album. Best Salsa Album. Best Tejano Album. Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album.

Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album. Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album. Best Latin Pop Album. Best Latin Recording.

Best Latin Jazz Album. Best Contemporary Jazz Album. Best Jazz Vocal Album. Best Original Jazz Composition.

Best Jazz Fusion Performance. Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album. Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo.

Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female. Best Historical Album.

Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album. Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album. Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album. Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album.

Best Rock Gospel Album. Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album. Best Inspirational Performance. Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus.

Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary.

Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional. Best Soul Gospel Performance. Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus. Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male.

Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female. Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary. Best Gospel Performance, Traditional. Best Gospel Performance.

Best Hawaiian Music Album. Best Native American Music Album. Best Contemporary Folk Album. Best Traditional Folk Album.

Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.

Best Disco Recording. Best Electronic/Dance Album. Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop"). Best New Country & Western Artist.

Best Bluegrass Album. Best Country Album. Best Country Song. Best Country & Western Single.

Best Country & Western Recording. Best Country Instrumental Performance. Best Country Collaboration with Vocals. Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.

Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental. Best Male Country Vocal Performance. Best Female Country Vocal Performance. Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices.

Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s). Best Instrumental Arrangement. Best Arrangement. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field).

Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field). Best Instrumental Composition. Best Spoken Comedy Album. Best Comedy Album.

Best New Classical Artist. Best Classical Crossover Album. Best Classical Album. Best Classical Contemporary Composition.

Best Chamber Music Performance. Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor). Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra). Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra).

Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra). Best Choral Performance. Best Opera Recording. Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral.

Best Classical Vocal Performance. Best Orchestral Performance. Best Spoken Word Album for Children. Best Musical Album for Children.

Best Album for Children. Best Contemporary Blues Album. Best Traditional Blues Album. Best Alternative Music Album.

Grammy Trustees Award. Grammy Tech Award. Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Grammy Legend Award.

Grammy Hall of Fame. Best New Artist. Song of the Year. Album of the Year.

Record of the Year. 1988 - Aretha. 1986 - "Freeway of Love". 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'".

1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing". 1974 - "Master of Eyes". 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water".

1971 - "Don't Play That Song". 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me". 1969 - "Chain of Fools". 1968 - "Respect".

1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water". 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In". Robinson". 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs.

1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away". 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night". 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey". Best New Age Album (2004).

Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001). Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999). Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000). Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003).

Best Instrumental Composition (1991). Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990).

09-19-14 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php PAD File Directory Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Display all your websites in one place HereIam.tv Celebrity Homepages Charity Directory Google+ Directory Move your favorite Unsigned Artist to the Top of the List