Grammy Award

Grammy Award

The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world.

Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs).

The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony.

Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys.

Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated.

Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year).

The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS.

Grammy Records

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:

  1. Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990)
  2. Best Instrumental Composition (1991)
  3. Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003)
  4. Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000)
  5. Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999)
  6. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001)
  7. Best New Age Album (2004)

Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:

  1. 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey"
  2. 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night"
  3. 1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away"
  4. 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs. Robinson"
  5. 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In"
  6. 1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"

Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards

Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:

  1. 1968 - "Respect"
  2. 1969 - "Chain of Fools"
  3. 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me"
  4. 1971 - "Don't Play That Song"
  5. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water"
  6. 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black
  7. 1974 - "Master of Eyes"
  8. 1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing"
  9. 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'"
  10. 1986 - "Freeway of Love"
  11. 1988 - Aretha

Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997.

The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000).

Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony.

Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging.

Award categories

  • Record of the Year
  • Album of the Year
  • Song of the Year
  • Best New Artist
  • Grammy Hall of Fame
  • Grammy Legend Award
  • Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Grammy Tech Award
  • Grammy Trustees Award

Alternative

  • Best Alternative Music Album

Blues

  • Best Traditional Blues Album
  • Best Contemporary Blues Album

Children's

  • Best Album for Children
  • Best Musical Album for Children
  • Best Spoken Word Album for Children

Classical

  • Best Orchestral Performance
  • Best Classical Vocal Performance
  • Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral
  • Best Opera Recording
  • Best Choral Performance
  • Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra)
  • Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra)
  • Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra)
  • Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor)
  • Best Chamber Music Performance
  • Best Classical Contemporary Composition
  • Best Classical Album
  • Best Classical Crossover Album
  • Best New Classical Artist

Comedy

  • Best Comedy Album
  • Best Spoken Comedy Album

Composing and arranging

  • Best Instrumental Composition
  • Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field)
  • Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field)
  • Best Arrangement
  • Best Instrumental Arrangement
  • Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s)
  • Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices

Country

  • Best Female Country Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Country Vocal Performance
  • Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental
  • Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Country Collaboration with Vocals
  • Best Country Instrumental Performance
  • Best Country & Western Recording
  • Best Country & Western Single
  • Best Country Song
  • Best Country Album
  • Best Bluegrass Album
  • Best New Country & Western Artist

Dance

  • Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop")
  • Best Electronic/Dance Album

Disco

  • Best Disco Recording

Film/TV/Media

  • Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media
  • Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)
  • Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field)

Folk

  • Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording
  • Best Traditional Folk Album
  • Best Contemporary Folk Album
  • Best Native American Music Album
  • Best Hawaiian Music Album

Gospel

  • Best Gospel Performance
  • Best Gospel Performance, Traditional
  • Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female
  • Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus
  • Best Inspirational Performance
  • Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album
  • Best Rock Gospel Album
  • Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album
  • Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album
  • Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album
  • Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album

Historical

  • Best Historical Album

Jazz

  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group
  • Best Jazz Instrumental Solo
  • Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group
  • Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album
  • Best Jazz Fusion Performance
  • Best Original Jazz Composition
  • Best Jazz Vocal Album
  • Best Contemporary Jazz Album
  • Best Latin Jazz Album

Latin

  • Best Latin Recording
  • Best Latin Pop Album
  • Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album
  • Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album
  • Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album
  • Best Tejano Album
  • Best Salsa Album
  • Best Merengue Album
  • Best Salsa/Merengue Album

Musical Show

  • Best Musical Show Album
  • Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television

Music Video

  • Best Short Form Music Video
  • Best Long Form Music Video
  • Best Concept Music Video
  • Best Performance Music Video
  • Video of the Year

New Age

  • Best New Age Album

Packaging and notes

  • Best Album Cover
  • Best Album Cover - Classical
  • Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical
  • Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts
  • Best Album Cover, Photography
  • Best Recording Package
  • Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package
  • Best Album Notes
  • Best Album Notes - Classical

Polka

  • Best Polka Album

Pop

  • Best Vocal Performance, Female
  • Best Vocal Performance, Male
  • Best Performance by a Vocal Group
  • Best Performance by a Chorus
  • Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus
  • Best Instrumental Performance
  • Best Female Pop Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
  • Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female
  • Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus
  • Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals
  • Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing
  • Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing
  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance
  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring
  • Best Contemporary Song
  • Best Pop Vocal Album
  • Best Pop Instrumental Album

Production and engineering

  • Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical
  • Best Engineered Album, Classical
  • Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects
  • Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Non-Classical
  • Producer of the Year, Classical
  • Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical

R&B

  • Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female
  • Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
  • Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance
  • Best R&B Instrumental Performance
  • Best Urban/Alternative Performance
  • Best Rhythm & Blues Recording
  • Best R&B Song
  • Best R&B Album
  • Best Contemporary R&B Album

Rap

  • Best Rap Performance
  • Best Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Female Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Male Rap Solo Performance
  • Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
  • Best Rap/Sung Collaboration
  • Best Rap Song
  • Best Rap Album

Reggae

  • Best Reggae Album

Rock

  • Best Female Rock Vocal Performance
  • Best Male Rock Vocal Performance
  • Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo
  • Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal
  • Best Rock Instrumental Performance
  • Best Hard Rock Performance
  • Best Metal Performance
  • Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental
  • Best Rock Song
  • Best Rock Album

Surround Sound

  • Best Surround Sound Album

Spoken

  • Best Spoken Word Album
  • Best Spoken Comedy Album

Traditional Pop

  • Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album

World

  • Best World Music Album
  • Best Traditional World Music Album
  • Best Contemporary World Music Album

Awards by year

Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year.

Grammy Awards by year
1959 | 1960 | 1961 | 1962 | 1963 | 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 | 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 | 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006



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. [22]. Years reflect the year in which the awards were presented, for music released in the previous year. One writer has referred to this as a "strategy designed to place him in the best of both worlds". World. However, Robertson has been accused by some columnists as using the apology as a tactic allowing him to make such statements while sustaining his public image to a degree. Traditional Pop. "I ask your forgiveness and the forgiveness of the people of Israel," he wrote.

Spoken. "My concern for the future safety of your nation led me to make remarks which I can now view in retrospect as inappropriate and insensitive in light of a national grief experienced because of your father's illness," said the letter. Surround Sound. In a letter dated Wednesday and marked for hand delivery to Omri Sharon, Robertson called Ariel Sharon a "kind, gracious and gentle man" who was "carrying an almost insurmountable burden of making decisions for his nation.". Rock. According to the Associated Press and the Jerusalem Post on January 12th, 2006, it was reported that Christian broadcaster Pat Robertson has sent a letter to one of Ariel Sharon's sons apologizing for suggesting that the prime minister's massive stroke was divine punishment for his withdrawal from the Gaza Strip last year. Reggae. are welcome to do business with us." [19], [20], [21].

Rap. Those that publicly support Ariel Sharon's recovery .. R&B. Those who support the statements cannot do business with us. Production and engineering. Robertson." He added that the decision would not apply to all members of the evangelical community: "We want to see who in the group supports his (Robertson's) statements. Pop. A spokesman for the Tourism Ministry commented, "We cannot accept these statements, and we will not sign any contracts with Mr.

Polka. The plan had called for Israel leasing 35 acres of land to a group of evangelicals (including Robertson) for free to create several tourist attractions and pilgrimage sites in exchange for the evangelicals raising 50 million dollars in funding. Packaging and notes. On January 11, Israel responded by announcing that Robertson would be banned from involvement in a project to build a Christian tourist attraction and pilgrimage site near the Sea of Galilee known as the Christian Heritage Center. New Age. He added, "The arrogance of the statement shocks me almost as much as the insensitivity of it." Ted Haggard, president of the National Association of Evangelicals, said that "any doctor could have predicted (Sharon's) going to have health problems" and that his illness was medical, not divine retribution.[18] The White House called Robertson's statement "wholly inappropriate and offensive." Robertson was also chastized by Israeli officials and members of the Anti-Defamation League. Music Video. For instance, Richard Land, president of the Southern Baptist Convention's Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission, said that Robertson "ought to know better" than to say such things.

Musical Show. The remarks drew criticism from all sides, even from among other evangelicals. Latin. [17]. Jazz. He also claimed former prime minister Yitzhak Rabin's 1995 assassination may have occurred for the same reason. Historical. After the story, Robertson said that Sharon's illness was possibly retribution from God for his recent drive to give more land to the Palestinians.

Gospel. The lead story on the January 5, 2006 edition of The 700 Club was Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's hospitalization for a severe stroke. Folk.
. Film/TV/Media. Maybe he can help them."[16]. Disco. If they have future problems in Dover, I recommend they call on Charles Darwin.

Dance. "God is tolerant and loving, but we can't keep sticking our finger in his eye forever. Country. In a written statement, Robertson later clarified his comments:. Composing and arranging. And if that's the case, don't ask for His help because he might not be there," he said [15]. Comedy. I'm not saying they will, but if they do, just remember, you just voted God out of your city.

Classical. "And don't wonder why He hasn't helped you when problems begin, if they begin. Children's. "I'd like to say to the good citizens of Dover: if there is a disaster in your area, don't turn to God, you just rejected Him from your city," Robertson said on his broadcast. Blues. On his November 10, 2005 broadcast of The 700 Club, Robertson told citizens of Dover, Pennsylvania that they had rejected God by voting out of office all seven members of the school board who support "intelligent design.". Alternative. When Colmes asked Robertson "Do you want him taken out?", Robertson replied "Not now, but one day, one day, one day.".

Béla Fleck has been nominated in more categories than any other musician, namely country, pop, jazz, bluegrass, classical, folk, and spoken word, as well as composition and arranging. On February 2nd edition of Hannity and Colmes, Pat Robertson once again called for Chavez's assassination. Christopher Cross (Grammy Awards of 1981) and Norah Jones (Grammy Awards of 2003) are the only artists to receive the "Big Four" (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) in a single ceremony. government at the United Nations and the Organization of American States.". The most Grammys won in a single night is eight -- a record shared by Michael Jackson (1984), and Carlos Santana (2000). government does not take the necessary steps, we will denounce the U.S. Conductor Sir Georg Solti holds the record for most Grammys won, having won a total of thirty-eight awards before his death in 1997. "If the U.S.

Soul and R&B legend Aretha Franklin has won 11 awards for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, including 8 consecutive (and the first 8 ever awarded) awards in the category:. Justice Department to investigate the matter: "My government is going to take legal action in the United States," he said in a televised speech. Legendary Opera Diva Leontyne Price has won 18 awards. On Sunday, August 28, Chávez called on the U.S. Session drummer Hal Blaine played on six consecutive records which won Record of the Year:. [14]. Metheny, as of the 2004 Grammy Awards, holds the record for Grammy wins in the most different categories:. interests.

Pat Metheny and the Pat Metheny Group have won 16 Grammys in total, including six consecutive awards for six consecutive albums. is out to kill him." However, he continued to justify his original stance on the potential threat Chávez posed to U.S. . I spoke in frustration that we should accommodate the man who thinks the U.S. The Grammys are currently broadcast on CBS. [13] Later that day, he issued a written statement in which he said, "Is it right to call for assassination? No, and I apologize for that statement. So, for example, John Lennon & Yoko Ono's album Double Fantasy was released in November, 1980, a month-and-a-half too late to qualify for the 1981 Grammys, and thus eligible for the 1982 awards (it eventually won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year). Robertson flatly denied using the word "assassinate" [12] despite video tape evidence that he did.

Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Grammys begins October 1, which results in September being considered the Christmas sales period for the music industry (in which artists generally release big albums to qualify for the next year's Grammy). On the August 24 edition of The 700 Club, Robertson asserted that he hadn't actually called for Chávez's assassination, but that there were other ways of "taking him out", such as having special forces carry out a kidnapping. Of the "big three" music awards shows, the Grammys are the highest rated. policy since an executive order against them was issued in 1976; in response, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said that "our department doesn't do that kind of thing." Bernardo Álvarez, Venezuela's ambassador to the U.S., demanded a stronger condemnation from the White House and that the United States "respect our country and its president.". In fact, many artists who are placed in high regard, artistically, by many fans and critics (such as Elvis Presley, Mariah Carey, Garth Brooks, Pink Floyd, Kenny Rogers, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Radiohead, ) have been awarded very few Grammys. a dangerous enemy to our south, controlling a huge pool of oil that could hurt us very badly." [11] Assassinations of heads of state have been against U.S. Hence, the Grammys are not taken seriously by some musicians and music fans. It's a whole lot cheaper than starting a war, and I don’t think any oil shipments will stop." Robertson also said that Chávez was "going to make Venezuela a launching pad for communist infiltration and Muslim extremism all over the continent" and called the democratically elected leader an "out-of-control dictator..

Some feel that because Grammy voters tend to vote conservatively, and are marketed to by record companies, the most widely-recognized Grammys tend to go to either well-established artists or those being hyped by the recording industry. On the day of August 22, 2005 broadcast of The 700 Club, Robertson said of Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, "I don't know about this doctrine of assassination, but if he thinks we're trying to assassinate him, I think that we really ought to go ahead and do it. The awards ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and some of the more prominent Grammys are presented in a widely-viewed televised ceremony. But if there's an erosion at home, you know, Thomas Jefferson warned about a tyranny of an oligarchy and if we surrender our democracy to the tyranny of an oligarchy, we've made a terrible mistake.". The awards are named for the trophy which the winner receives - a small gilded statuette of a gramophone, handcrafted by Billings Artworks. We won in Iraq, and we can contain that. Like the Oscars, the Grammys, which currently have 108 categories within 30 genres of music (such as pop, gospel, and rap), are voted upon by peers - voting members of the Recording Academy - rather than being based upon popularity (as with the AMAs) or sales and chart achievements (the BMAs). We won in Afghanistan.

However, the Grammys, usually held in February, (last of what are considered the "big three" music awards shows, including the BMA and AMA shows) are considered the approximate equivalent to the Oscars, in the music world. I think we're going to get Osama bin Laden. The Grammy Awards (originally the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music Awards, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, make up the rest). Robertson went on to say, "I think we're going to control al Qaeda. Best Contemporary World Music Album. The statement was made as part of a discussion about the long term future of the United States. Best Traditional World Music Album. During an interview on ABC's This Week, on April 30, 2005, Robertson was speaking about judicial activism when he said, "If you look over the course of a hundred years, I think the gradual erosion of the consensus that’s held our country together is probably more serious than a few bearded terrorists who fly into buildings." This statement prompted outcry from several September 11th support and survivor groups.

Best World Music Album. [10]. Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album. His comments drew criticism from both sides of the political spectrum. Best Spoken Comedy Album. In a 2001 interview with Wolf Blitzer, he said that the Chinese were "doing what they have to do," with regards to China's one child policy, sometimes enforced with forced abortions, though he said that he did not personally agree with the practice. Best Spoken Word Album. Lynn, progressive organizations like Media Matters for America [9] and conservative groups such as Focus on the Family have all contested Robertson's statements.

Best Surround Sound Album. Robertson has repeatedly claimed that Barry Lynn has stated that fire departments cannot put out fires in churches because it would be a violation of separation of church and state. Best Rock Album. State Department officials said they believed the comments to be in extremely bad taste, and have lodged official complaints against Robertson for his remarks. Best Rock Song. "What we need is for somebody to place a small nuke at Foggy Bottom," [8] Robertson said during his television program, referring to the location of the State Department headquarters. Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental. In interviews with the author of a book critical of the United States Department of State, Robertson made suggestions that the explosion of a nuclear weapon at State Department Headquarters would be good for the country, and repeated those comments on the air.

Best Metal Performance. On his The 700 Club television program, Pat Robertson has sharply criticized elements of the United States government and "special interest" groups that don't share his views. Best Hard Rock Performance. However, the Virginia Attorney General Mark Earley, a Republican, (whose largest campaign contributor two years earlier was Robertson himself) intervened, accepting that Robertson had made deceptive appeals but overruling the recommendation for his prosecution. Best Rock Instrumental Performance. An investigation by Virginia's Office of Consumer Affairs determined that Robertson "willfully induced contributions from the public through the use of misleading statements and other implications" and called for a criminal prosecution against Robertson in 1999. Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. After making emotional pleas in 1994 on The 700 Club for cash donations to Operation Blessing to support airlifts of refugees from Rwanda to Zaire, it was later discovered, by a reporter from The Virginian Pilot, that Operation Blessing's planes were transporting diamond-mining equipment for the Robertson-owned African Development Corporation, a venture Robertson had established in cooperation of Zaire's dictator Mobutu Sese Seko.

Best Rock Vocal Performance, Solo. Robertson has also been accused of using his tax-exempt, nonprofit organization, Operation Blessing, as a front for his own financial gain, and then using his influence in the Republican Party to cover his tracks. Best Male Rock Vocal Performance. Regarding this controversy, Richard Land, head of the Southern Baptist Convention's public policy said, "I would say that Pat Robertson is way out on his own, in a leaking life raft, on this one.". Best Female Rock Vocal Performance. According to Robertson, the Liberian gold mine Freedom Gold was intended to help pay for humanitarian and evangelical efforts in Liberia, when in fact the company was allowed to fail leaving many debts both in Liberia and in the international mining service sector. Best Reggae Album. embassy bombings.

Best Rap Album. Taylor had been at the time of Robertson's support indicted by the United Nations for war crimes, and prosecutors also said he had harbored members of Al Qaeda responsible for the 1998 U.S. Best Rap Song. State Department of giving President Bush bad advice in supporting Taylor's ouster as president, and of trying "as hard as they can to destabilize Liberia." Robertson has been criticized for failing to mention in his broadcasts his $8 million investment in a Liberian gold mine. Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. Robertson accuses the U.S. Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group. Robertson repeatedly supported former President of Liberia Charles Taylor in various episodes of his 700 Club program during the United States' involvement in the Liberian Civil War in June and July 2003.

Best Male Rap Solo Performance. Robertson stated that the acceptance of homosexuality could result in hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, terrorist bombs and "possibly a meteor." The resulting outcry prompted Robertson to return to the topic on June 24, where he quoted Revelation in an attempt to support his claims. Best Female Rap Solo Performance. On the June 8, 1998 edition of his show, Robertson denounced Orlando and Disney World for allowing a privately sponsored "Gay Days" weekend. Best Rap Solo Performance. He agreed with Falwell that the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks were caused by "pagans, abortionists, feminists, gays, lesbians, the ACLU and the People for the American Way." After public outcry regarding the dialogue, which took place only days after the attacks, Robertson stated that he had not understood what Falwell was saying during the interview, which was conducted via television monitor. Best Rap Performance. Among his more controversial statements, Robertson has described feminism as a "socialist, anti-family political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism and become lesbians." Many of Robertson's views mirror those of the evangelical activist Jerry Falwell, who has made frequent appearances on The 700 Club.

Best Contemporary R&B Album. Robertson declared that "God heard those prayers"[7], after the announced resignation of Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. Best R&B Album. In 2005, Robertson launched Operation Supreme Court Freedom, a televised nationwide 21-day prayer campaign asking people to pray for vacancies on the Supreme Court, where "black-robed tyrants have pushed a radical agenda". Best R&B Song. In 2003, Robertson called on God to prevent Hurricane Isabel from hitting Virginia Beach. Best Rhythm & Blues Recording. He made a similar claim about another destructive storm, Hurricane Felix, in 1995.

Best Urban/Alternative Performance. east coast. Best R&B Instrumental Performance. He took credit for steering the course in 1985 of Hurricane Gloria, which caused millions of dollars of destruction in many states along the U.S. Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance. Robertson claims to have used the power of prayer to steer hurricanes away from his companies' Virginia Beach, Virginia, headquarters. Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. I don't have to be nice to the spirit of the Antichrist.".

Best R&B Solo Vocal Performance, Male or Female. Nonsense. Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. On January 14, 1991, on "The 700 Club", Pat Robertson attacked a number of Protestant denominations when he declared: "You say you're supposed to be nice to the Episcopalians and the Presbyterians and the Methodists and this, that, and the other thing. Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. Robertson is outspoken in both his faith and his politics and controversies surrounding him have often made headlines:. Remixer of the Year, Non-Classical. In that year the Coalition for Jewish Concerns also expressed its gratitude to Robertson for "unwavering support for Israel" and "standing up to evil.".

Producer of the Year, Classical. In 2002, he received the State of Israel Friendship Award from the Zionist Organization of America for his consistent support for a Greater Israel. Producer of the Year, Non-Classical. While Robertson is primarily popular among Evangelical Christians, his support extends beyond the Christian community. Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical. It was sued by the Federal Election Commission "for coordinating its activities with Republican candidates for office in 1990, 1992 and 1994 and failing to report its expenditures." [5] In 1994, the Coalition was fined for "improperly [aiding] then Representative Newt Gingrich (R., Ga.) and Iran-contra figure Oliver North, who was then the Republican Senate nominee in Virginia." [6] Robertson left the Coalition in 2001. Best Engineered Recording - Special or Novel Effects. However, the organization's popularity has faded somewhat.

Best Engineered Album, Classical. It became, almost instantly, one of the most influential organizations in American politics. Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical. After his unsuccessful presidential campaign, Robertson used his campaign organization to start the Christian Coalition, a political organization which campaigned mostly for conservative candidates. Best Pop Instrumental Album. Through his charitable organization, Operation Blessing International, Robertson has spent $1.2 million on aid to refugees in Rwanda. Best Pop Vocal Album. The Secret Kingdom, Answers to 100 of Life's Most Probing Questions, and The New World Order were each in their respective year of publication the number one religious book in America.

Best Contemporary Song. Robertson's books have been very successful and well-selling. Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring. He also has interests in such diverse assets as a shuttered California refinery. Best Pop Instrumental Performance. Probably the most lucrative was the purchase of a number of FM radio stations in the 1960s (when they were viewed by most investors as worthless technology) and selling them in the 1980s for massive gains. Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra - Primarily Not Jazz or for Dancing. Robertson has made a number of shrewd business deals.

Best Performance by an Orchestra - for Dancing. The court ordered that Robertson pay a percentage of McCloskey's court costs, but not legal fees. Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. Robertson ended the lawsuit before trial, asserting that the March 8 trial date, the day of the Super Tuesday primaries, was too inconvenient. Best Contemporary Performance by a Chorus. Robertson said that he told Hasbrouck what questions to ask and reviewed the hour-long tape before deciding to sue McCloskey. Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. Hasbrouck represented himself as a reporter for "Worldwide News Service" for this interview.

Best Contemporary (R&R) Solo Vocal Performance - Male or Female. During the trial Robertson said he hired John Hasbrouck to interview McCloskey. Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. The trial found letters from Robertson's father on Senate stationery to Marine officials expressing concern with Robertson's preparedness to be a combat officer. Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. In the late 1980s, Pat Robertson sued Congressman Pete McCloskey and Representative Andrew Jacobs for libel over their statements that Robertson's father used his influence to keep his son out of combat. Best Instrumental Performance. He then returned to CBN and has remained there as a religious broadcaster, since then, even though he never renewed his ministerial credentials.

Best Performance by a Vocal Group or Chorus. He later spoke at the 1988 Republican National Convention in New Orleans and told his remaining supporters to cast their votes for Bush, who ended up winning the nomination and the election. Best Performance by a Chorus. Robertson ended his campaign before the primaries were finished; his best finish was in Washington. Best Performance by a Vocal Group. [3] Robertson did poorly in the subsequent New Hampshire primary, however [4] and was unable to be competitive once the multiple-state primaries began. Best Vocal Performance, Male. Robertson's campaign got off to a strong second-place finish in the Iowa caucus, ahead of Bush.

Best Vocal Performance, Female. (see Education and military service). Best Polka Album. Instead of fighting in the war, Robertson's primary responsibility was supplying alcoholic beverages for his officers. Best Album Notes - Classical. Other Marines in his battalion contradicted Robertson's version, claiming he had never spent a day in a combat environment. Best Album Notes. In his campaign literature, he stated he was a combat Marine who served in the Korean War.

Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package. During the presidential primary election season started in early 1988, Robertson's campaign was attacked because of a statement he had made about his military service. Best Recording Package. He also supported a constitutional amendment requiring a balanced federal budget. Best Album Cover, Photography. Among his policies, he wanted to ban pornography, reform the education system, eliminate Conrail and Amtrak, and eliminate departments such as the Department of Education and the Department of Energy. Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts. Robertson ran on a very conservative platform.

Best Album Cover - Other Than Classical. Bush was seen as a longshot. Best Album Cover - Classical. W. Best Album Cover. However, his campaign against incumbent Vice President George H. Best New Age Album. He surrendered his ministerial credentials and turned leadership of CBN over to his son, Tim.

Video of the Year. Three million responded, and by the time Robertson announced he'd be running in September 1987, he also had raised millions of dollars for his campaign fund. Best Performance Music Video. Robertson said he would only pursue the nomination if three million people signed up to volunteer for his campaign by September 1987. Best Concept Music Video. In September 1986, Robertson announced his intention to seek the Republican nomination for President of the United States. Best Long Form Music Video. The law firm, headquartered in the same building that houses Regent's law school, focuses on "pro-family, pro-liberty and pro-life" cases nationwide.

Best Short Form Music Video. He is also founder and president of the American Center for Law and Justice, a public interest law firm and education group that defends Christians whose First Amendment rights have been violated. Best Sound Track Album or Recording of Original Cast From a Motion Picture or Television. Robertson serves as its chancellor. Best Musical Show Album. It was renamed Regent University in 1989. Best Salsa/Merengue Album. Robertson founded CBN University in 1977 on CBN's Virginia Beach campus.

Best Merengue Album. It is now owned by Disney as ABC Family. Best Salsa Album. A condition of the sale was that the station would continue airing Robertson's television program The 700 Club twice a day in perpetuity, regardless of any changes of ownership. Best Tejano Album. Robertson sold the Family Channel to the News Corporation in 1997, which renamed it Fox Family. Best Latin Rock/Alternative Album. in 1990 with the Family Channel as its main subsidiary.

Best Mexican/Mexican-American Album. When the Family Channel became too profitable for Robertson to keep it under the CBN umbrella without endangering CBN's nonprofit status, he formed International Family Entertainment, Inc. Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album. In 1977, he founded the CBN Cable Network, which was renamed the CBN Family Channel in 1988 and later simply the Family Channel. Best Latin Pop Album. It is now seen in 180 countries and broadcast in 71 languages. Best Latin Recording. He started it by buying a small UHF station in nearby Portsmouth.

Best Latin Jazz Album. In 1960, Robertson established the Christian Broadcasting Network in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Best Contemporary Jazz Album. He was ordained as a minister of the Southern Baptist Convention in 1961. Best Jazz Vocal Album. Soon afterwards, he 'spoke in tongues' for the first time. Best Original Jazz Composition. In all thy ways acknowledge Him, and He shall direct thy paths", which Robertson considers to be the "guiding principle" of his life.

Best Jazz Fusion Performance. Vanderbreggen quoted Proverbs (3:5, 6), "Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album. In 1956 Robertson was "led to faith in Christ" by Dutch missionary Cornelius Vanderbreggen, who impressed Robertson both by his lifestyle and his message. Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group. After failing the bar exam[2], he shortly thereafter underwent his religious conversion and decided against pursuing a career in law and went on to earn a Master of Divinity degree from New York Theological Seminary in 1959. Best Jazz Instrumental Solo. Robertson then went on to receive a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from Yale University Law School in 1955.

Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo or Group. Robertson was promoted to First Lieutenant in 1952 upon his return to the United States. Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Male. Robertson has called these allegations "an attack by liberals to discredit me.". Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female. Paul Brosman, Jr., another veteran who had served with Robertson claimed in a deposition that Robertson had sexual relations with prostitutes and sexually harassed a cleaning girl. Best Historical Album. His time in the service was not in combat but as the "liquor officer" responsible for keeping the officers' clubs supplied with liquor, and that Robertson's father intervened to keep Robertson out of combat.

Best Gospel Choir or Chorus Album. attacked Robertson's record that he served in Korea, but that Robertson spent most of his time in an office in Japan. Best Southern, Country or Bluegrass Gospel Album. The Division was in combat in the hot and dusty, then bitterly cold portion of North Korea just above the 38th Parallel later identified as the "Punchbowl" and "Heartbreak Ridge." For that service in the Korean War, the Marine Corps awarded me three battle stars for "action against the enemy." Paul "Pete" McCloskey, Jr. Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album. We did long, grueling marches to toughen the men, plus refresher training in firearms and bayonet combat." In the same year he transferred to Korea, "I ended up at the headquarters command of the First Marine Division. Best Traditional Soul Gospel Album. Robertson served 4 months in Japan, in January 1951, "doing rehabilitation training for Marines wounded in Korea.

Best Rock Gospel Album. He graduated magna cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree and was the first person to be commissioned as a Second Lieutenant at a graduation ceremony at the university. Best Pop/Contemporary Gospel Album. He opted for the former, which allowed him to finish college under the condition that he attend OCS during the summer at Quantico, Virginia. Best Inspirational Performance. In 1948 the draft was reinstated and Robertson was given the option of joining the Marine Corps or being drafted into the army. Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus. Robertson has said, "Although I worked hard at my studies, my real major centered around lovely young ladies who attended the nearby girls schools" [1].

Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male or Female. He graduated with honors and enrolled at Washington and Lee University, where he majored in history and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, one of the most prestigious honor societies in the country, and joined Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Male. McCallie is a college preparatory school that was at the time, but is no longer, a military school. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Female. From 1944 until 1946 he attended the McCallie School in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Best Soul Gospel Performance, Contemporary. When he was twelve, Robertson was enrolled in the military preparatory McDonogh School outside Baltimore, Maryland.

Best Soul Gospel Performance, Traditional. Robertson is also related to Winston Churchill. Best Soul Gospel Performance. Robertson is proud of his family history and has traced his family to such relatives as governor of Virginia and signer of the Declaration of Independence Benjamin Harrison V, and United States presidents, William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison. Best Gospel Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus. He insisted upon being called a "religious broadcaster.". Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Male. His strong awareness for the importance of names in the creation of a public image showed itself again during his presidential run when he threatened to sue NBC news for calling him a "television evangelist", which later became "televangelist", at a time when Jimmy Swaggart and Jim Bakker were objects of scandal.

Best Gospel Vocal Performance, Female. Gordon" to be affected, so he opted for his childhood nickname "Pat". Best Gospel Performance, Contemporary. He considered "Marion" to be effeminate, and "M. Best Gospel Performance, Traditional. As he got older, Robertson thought about which first name he would like people to use. Best Gospel Performance. At a young age, Robertson was given the nickname of Pat by his six-year-old brother, Willis Robertson, Jr., who enjoyed patting him on the cheeks when he was a baby while saying "pat, pat, pat".

Best Hawaiian Music Album. Robertson, and at the time of writing (mid-2005) fourteen grandchildren. Best Native American Music Album. His family includes four children, among them Gordon P. Best Contemporary Folk Album. He married Adelia "Dede" Elmer in 1954. Best Traditional Folk Album. His parents were Absalom Willis Robertson, a conservative Democratic United States Senator, and his wife Gladys Willis Robertson.

Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording. Robertson was born in Lexington, Virginia, into a prominent political family. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). . Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (previously in the "composing and arranging" field). Christian churches do not have a national leader that represents or speaks for them, a contributing factor to Robertson's ability to claim a position as a leading Christian voice. Best Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. However, many U.S.

Best Disco Recording. As a result of his seeking political office, he no longer serves in an official role for any church. Best Electronic/Dance Album. He is a Southern Baptist and was active as an ordained minister with that denomination for many years, but holds to a Charismatic theology not traditionally common among Southern Baptists. Best Dance Recording (previously in "Pop"). Robertson is a partisan of the Republican Party and campaigned to become the party's candidate in the 1988 presidential election. Best New Country & Western Artist. Robertson's strongly conservative views have often provoked controversy, especially his statements recommending the dissolution of the barrier between church and state, the condemnation of groups he believes to be in a state of sin, and his denunciation of perceived communists or radical Islamic followers.

Best Bluegrass Album. He is the host of The 700 Club, a TV program which airs on many channels in the United States and on CBN affiliates worldwide. Best Country Album. He is the founder of numerous organizations and corporations including: the American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ), Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN), the Christian Coalition, the Flying Hospital, International Family Entertainment, Operation Blessing International Relief and Development Corporation, and Regent University. Best Country Song. Marion Gordon "Pat" Robertson (born March 22, 1930) is an influential Christian televangelist, entrepreneur, and Christian right political activist from the United States. Best Country & Western Single. 2002 State of Israel Friendship Award from the Zionist Organization of America.

Best Country & Western Recording. 2000 Cross of Nails award for his vision, inspiration, and humanitarian work with The Flying Hospital. Best Country Instrumental Performance. 1994 John Connor Humanitarian Service Award from Operation Smile International. Best Country Collaboration with Vocals. 1994 Defender of Israel Award from the Christians' Israel Public Action Campaign for those who have made major contributions in strengthening U.S.-Israel relations. Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. 1994 Omega Fellowship Award by Food for the Hungry for Operation Blessing's fight against worldwide hunger.

Best Country Performance, Duo or Group - Vocal or Instrumental. 1992 One of America's 100 Cultural Elite by Newsweek Magazine. Best Male Country Vocal Performance. 1989 Christian Broadcaster of the Year by the National Religious Broadcasters. Best Female Country Vocal Performance. 1988 Man of the Year by Students for America. Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices. 1985 National Association of United Methodist Evangelists.

Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s). 1984 Citation from the National Organization for the Advancement of Hispanics. Best Instrumental Arrangement. 1984 Man of the Year Award from the Women's National Republican Club. Best Arrangement. 1982 Humanitarian of the Year by Food for the Hungry. Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "film/TV/media" field). 1979 National Conference of Christians and Jews - Distinguished Merit Citation.

Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media (now in the "Film/TV/Media" field). 1978 Department of Justice Award from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, 25th FBI Vesper Service. Best Instrumental Composition. 1976 Faith and Freedom Award in the field of broadcasting. Best Spoken Comedy Album. 1975 The Distinguished Merit Citation from The National Conference of Christians and Jews. Best Comedy Album. Courting Disaster.

Best New Classical Artist. The Ten Offenses. Best Classical Crossover Album. Bring It On. Best Classical Album. The New World Order (1991). Best Classical Contemporary Composition. The End of the Age.

Best Chamber Music Performance. Shout it from the Housetops an autobiography. Best Small Ensemble Performance (with or without conductor). Turning Tide: The Fall of Liberalism and the Rise of Common Sense. Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (without orchestra). Beyond Reason: How Miracles can Change your Life. Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra). The Plan.

Best Classical Performance - Instrumental Soloist or Soloists (with or without orchestra). America's Dates with Destiny. Best Choral Performance. The Secret Kingdom (1982). Best Opera Recording. Answers to 200 of Life's Most Probing Questions. Best Classical Performance, Operatic or Choral. The New Millennium.

Best Classical Vocal Performance. Robertson's claims of overseas graduate study turned out to be a summer introductory course for Americans abroad. Best Orchestral Performance. Robertson claimed he was on a board of directors of a bank, when he was only actually on an advisory board. Best Spoken Word Album for Children. In a book Robertson wrote, he described himself as a "Yale-educated tax lawyer," though he had not passed the bar. Best Musical Album for Children. On different occasions, Robertson has claimed an IQ of 159, 139 and 137.

Best Album for Children. Best Contemporary Blues Album. Best Traditional Blues Album. Best Alternative Music Album.

Grammy Trustees Award. Grammy Tech Award. Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Grammy Legend Award.

Grammy Hall of Fame. Best New Artist. Song of the Year. Album of the Year.

Record of the Year. 1988 - Aretha. 1986 - "Freeway of Love". 1982 - "Hold On, I'm Comin'".

1975 - "Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing". 1974 - "Master of Eyes". 1973 - Young, Gifted, and Black. 1972 - "Bridge Over Troubled Water".

1971 - "Don't Play That Song". 1970 - "Share Your Love With Me". 1969 - "Chain of Fools". 1968 - "Respect".

1971 Simon & Garfunkel - "Bridge Over Troubled Water". 1970 5th Dimension - "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In". Robinson". 1969 Simon & Garfunkel - "Mrs.

1968 5th Dimension - "Up, Up and Away". 1967 Frank Sinatra - "Strangers in the Night". 1966 Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass - "A Taste of Honey". Best New Age Album (2004).

Best Jazz Instrumental Solo (2001). Best Rock Instrumental Performance (1999). Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group (1998, 2000). Best Contemporary Jazz Performance/Album (1993, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003).

Best Instrumental Composition (1991). Best Jazz Fusion Performance (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1990).

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