Ducati Motor Holding

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Ducati Motor Holding (NYSE: DMH) is an Italian motorcycle manufacturer located in Bologna.

Ducati motorcycles have long been known for their excellence in design and performance. From the first post-war bicycle-like low-displacement motorbikes Ducati has grown over the years into a racing giant that is consistently competitive in both the racing arena and the world motorcycle marketplace.

In the 1960s, Ducati earned its place in motorcycling history by producing the fastest 250cc road bike available, the Mach 1. In the 1970s Ducati began producing large-displacement L-twin motorcycles and in 1973 released a L-twin with the trademark desmodromic valve design. In 1985, Cagiva bought Ducati. In 1996, Texas Pacific Group bought 51% of the company for $325 million and renamed the company Ducati Motor SpA. In December 2005 Ducati went back into Italian hands with the sale of Texas Pacific's stake to Investindustrial Holdings, the investment fund of Carlo and Andrea Bonomi. Ducati is best known for high performance motorcycles characterized by trellis-style frames and large capacity four-stroke, 90-degree L-twin engines featuring a desmodromic valve design. Modern Ducatis remain among the dominant performance motorcycles available today despite the aging technology of Desmo engine, which is nearing its 50th year in production. (Desmodromic valves are those which are positively closed by a leverage system, rather than relying on the more conventional springs to close the valves). While most other manufacturers have adopted wet-clutches (with the spinning parts bathed in oil) Ducati uses dry clutches in most of its motorcycles. This eliminates the power loss from oil viscosity drag on the engine even though the engagement may not be as smooth as the oiled versions. Although the exorbitant cost of servicing the Ducati's finicky engine can shock some owners, most will still agree that the improved ride quality, performance, and styling of Ducatis is worth the extra cost.

Product History

The chief designer of Ducati motorcycles was the late Fabio Taglioni (1920-2001). He introduced the Pantah 500 in 1979; its engine was updated in the 1990s in the supersport series. [1] In 1993, Miguel Angel Galuzzi introduced the Ducati Monster, a naked bike with exposed trellis and engine. Today the Monster accounts for almost half of the company's worldwide sales. The Monster, which has been out since 1994, has undergone the most changed of any motorcycle that Ducati has ever produced. After more than a decade of manufacturing, Ducati continues to create innovative changes to this classic motorcycle.

In 1995, the company introduced the Ducati 916 model designed by Massimo Tamburini, a water-cooled version that allowed for higher output levels and a striking new bodywork that featured aggressive lines, underseat exhausts, and a single-sided swingarm. Ducati has since ceased production of what many called the bike of the 1990s, supplanting it with the 749 and 999. Ducati now manufactures several lines of motorcycles, from the nakeds Ducati Monster, to the supersport 600, 750, 900 Sport and Supersport, superbike 749 and 999, adventure-tourer Multistrada 600 and 1000 and tourer ST3S.

Racing History

The company has enjoyed nine World Superbike championships in recent years. The company also races its motorcycles in MotoGP where it returns from a hiatus of over 30 years.


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The company also races its motorcycles in MotoGP where it returns from a hiatus of over 30 years. (For details, please see Islamic calendar.) All future dates listed below are only estimates:. The company has enjoyed nine World Superbike championships in recent years. Furthermore, the method used to determine when each Islamic month begins varies from country to country. Ducati now manufactures several lines of motorcycles, from the nakeds Ducati Monster, to the supersport 600, 750, 900 Sport and Supersport, superbike 749 and 999, adventure-tourer Multistrada 600 and 1000 and tourer ST3S. While Ashurah is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar, the date on the Western calendar (the Gregorian calendar) varies from year to year due to differences between the two calendars, since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar. Ducati has since ceased production of what many called the bike of the 1990s, supplanting it with the 749 and 999. Some scholars, however, suggest that this day is the tenth most important day that God has blessed Muslims with; hence the name Ashurah.

In 1995, the company introduced the Ducati 916 model designed by Massimo Tamburini, a water-cooled version that allowed for higher output levels and a striking new bodywork that featured aggressive lines, underseat exhausts, and a single-sided swingarm. The general consensus is that the day is the tenth day of the month of Muharram. After more than a decade of manufacturing, Ducati continues to create innovative changes to this classic motorcycle. In his book Ghuniyatut Talibin, Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani writes that the Islamic scholars have a difference of opinion as to why this day is known as Ashurah. The Monster, which has been out since 1994, has undergone the most changed of any motorcycle that Ducati has ever produced. The word Ashurah is Arabic for tenth. Today the Monster accounts for almost half of the company's worldwide sales. The 2004 (1425 AH) Shi'a pilgrimage to Karbala, the first since Saddam Hussein was removed from power in Iraq, was marred by bomb attacks, which killed and wounded hundreds despite tight security.

[1] In 1993, Miguel Angel Galuzzi introduced the Ducati Monster, a naked bike with exposed trellis and engine. [3]. He introduced the Pantah 500 in 1979; its engine was updated in the 1990s in the supersport series. Recently, Pakistan, Iraq and Afghanistan have all seen suicide Sunni bombers killing Shiite mourners. The chief designer of Ducati motorcycles was the late Fabio Taglioni (1920-2001). In countries that have significant populations of both sects, there is often violence during the holiday. . The Sunni and Shi'a schism is highlighted by the difference in celebrations by Sunni and Shia Muslims.

Although the exorbitant cost of servicing the Ducati's finicky engine can shock some owners, most will still agree that the improved ride quality, performance, and styling of Ducatis is worth the extra cost. Hence, Sunni practices commemorating Ashurah generally do not involve Hussein or his death and consist mainly of fasting and prayers. This eliminates the power loss from oil viscosity drag on the engine even though the engagement may not be as smooth as the oiled versions. While Sunnis generally consider the martyrdom of Hussein to be an unfortunate event and one of great historical importance, they do not ascribe religious significance to it as the Shi'a do. While most other manufacturers have adopted wet-clutches (with the spinning parts bathed in oil) Ducati uses dry clutches in most of its motorcycles. The day carries considerably less significance for Sunnis than it does for Shi'as. (Desmodromic valves are those which are positively closed by a leverage system, rather than relying on the more conventional springs to close the valves). Today,Sunnis regard fasting on the 10th of Muharram as a recommended, though not obligatory, act.

Modern Ducatis remain among the dominant performance motorcycles available today despite the aging technology of Desmo engine, which is nearing its 50th year in production. They remember the day when Children of Israel were liberated from the slavery of Egyptians. Ducati is best known for high performance motorcycles characterized by trellis-style frames and large capacity four-stroke, 90-degree L-twin engines featuring a desmodromic valve design. According to Sunni tradition, when the Prophet led his followers to Medina, he found the Jews of that area fasting on the day of Ashurah in rememberance of Moses. In December 2005 Ducati went back into Italian hands with the sale of Texas Pacific's stake to Investindustrial Holdings, the investment fund of Carlo and Andrea Bonomi. Sunnis also commemorate Ashurah, but for different reasons. In 1996, Texas Pacific Group bought 51% of the company for $325 million and renamed the company Ducati Motor SpA. Many of the events associated with Ashurah are held in special congregation halls known as "Hussainia".

In 1985, Cagiva bought Ducati. [2]. In the 1970s Ducati began producing large-displacement L-twin motorcycles and in 1973 released a L-twin with the trademark desmodromic valve design. [1] The practice is not universal - many Shia enact the ritual by beating their chests symbolically. In the 1960s, Ducati earned its place in motorcycling history by producing the fastest 250cc road bike available, the Mach 1. Some Shia celebrate Ashurah with a traditional flagellation ritual called zanjeer zani or zanjeer matam, involving the use of a zanjeer (a chain with a set of curved knives at the end). From the first post-war bicycle-like low-displacement motorbikes Ducati has grown over the years into a racing giant that is consistently competitive in both the racing arena and the world motorcycle marketplace. The Iranian Revolution and social and political change and the anti-government uprising of the 1990s.

Ducati motorcycles have long been known for their excellence in design and performance. In neighboring Iran, the festival became a major political symbol during the Islamic Revolution, as also occurred in the Lebanese Civil War, and in Bahrain during the History of Bahrain. Ducati Motor Holding (NYSE: DMH) is an Italian motorcycle manufacturer located in Bologna. The regime of Saddam Hussein saw this as a potential threat and banned Ashurah commemorations for many years. Hussein's martyrdom is widely interpreted by Shi'a as a symbol of the struggle against injustice, tyranny, and oppression. This is intended to connect them with Hussein's suffering and death.

Shi'as also express mourning by thumping their chests. Many Shi'a make pilgrimages on Ashurah to the Mashhad al-Hussein, the shrine in Karbala, Iraq that is traditionally held to be Husayn's tomb. This day is of particular significance to Shi'a Muslims, who consider Hussein the third Imam and a rightful successor of Muhammad. .

The word ashurah means simply tenth in Arabic; hence the festival's name, literally translated, means "the tenth day". It was adopted by Muslims as a recommended fast in respect to the tribulations of Musa (Moses). Ashurah corresponds to the Jewish Yom Kippur, which was held by the Jews of Medina. Ashurah is also commemorated by Muslims as the traditional date on which Noah's ark came to rest, the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was born and the Ka'ba was built in Mecca.

It is a day for mourning. It commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad at the Battle of Karbala in the year 61 AH (AD 680). The Day of Āshūrāh, sometimes spelled Aashurah, ‘Ashurah, Ashoura or Aashoorah (Arabic: عاشوراء, ʿĀšūrāʾ), is on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar and marks the climax of the Festival of Muharram but not the Islamic month. 2010: December 16.

2009: January 7, then December 27. 2008: January 19. 2007: January 29. 2006: February 9.

2005: February 19. 2004: March 2. 2003: March 13.

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