Ducati Motor HoldingDucati logo all black
Ducati Motor Holding (NYSE: DMH) is an Italian motorcycle manufacturer located in Bologna.
Ducati motorcycles have long been known for their excellence in design and performance. From the first post-war bicycle-like low-displacement motorbikes Ducati has grown over the years into a racing giant that is consistently competitive in both the racing arena and the world motorcycle marketplace.
In the 1960s, Ducati earned its place in motorcycling history by producing the fastest 250cc road bike available, the Mach 1. In the 1970s Ducati began producing large-displacement L-twin motorcycles and in 1973 released a L-twin with the trademark desmodromic valve design. In 1985, Cagiva bought Ducati. In 1996, Texas Pacific Group bought 51% of the company for $325 million and renamed the company Ducati Motor SpA. In December 2005 Ducati went back into Italian hands with the sale of Texas Pacific's stake to Investindustrial Holdings, the investment fund of Carlo and Andrea Bonomi. Ducati is best known for high performance motorcycles characterized by trellis-style frames and large capacity four-stroke, 90-degree L-twin engines featuring a desmodromic valve design. Modern Ducatis remain among the dominant performance motorcycles available today despite the aging technology of Desmo engine, which is nearing its 50th year in production. (Desmodromic valves are those which are positively closed by a leverage system, rather than relying on the more conventional springs to close the valves). While most other manufacturers have adopted wet-clutches (with the spinning parts bathed in oil) Ducati uses dry clutches in most of its motorcycles. This eliminates the power loss from oil viscosity drag on the engine even though the engagement may not be as smooth as the oiled versions. Although the exorbitant cost of servicing the Ducati's finicky engine can shock some owners, most will still agree that the improved ride quality, performance, and styling of Ducatis is worth the extra cost.
The chief designer of Ducati motorcycles was the late Fabio Taglioni (1920-2001). He introduced the Pantah 500 in 1979; its engine was updated in the 1990s in the supersport series.  In 1993, Miguel Angel Galuzzi introduced the Ducati Monster, a naked bike with exposed trellis and engine. Today the Monster accounts for almost half of the company's worldwide sales. The Monster, which has been out since 1994, has undergone the most changed of any motorcycle that Ducati has ever produced. After more than a decade of manufacturing, Ducati continues to create innovative changes to this classic motorcycle.
In 1995, the company introduced the Ducati 916 model designed by Massimo Tamburini, a water-cooled version that allowed for higher output levels and a striking new bodywork that featured aggressive lines, underseat exhausts, and a single-sided swingarm. Ducati has since ceased production of what many called the bike of the 1990s, supplanting it with the 749 and 999. Ducati now manufactures several lines of motorcycles, from the nakeds Ducati Monster, to the supersport 600, 750, 900 Sport and Supersport, superbike 749 and 999, adventure-tourer Multistrada 600 and 1000 and tourer ST3S.
The company has enjoyed nine World Superbike championships in recent years. The company also races its motorcycles in MotoGP where it returns from a hiatus of over 30 years.
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The company also races its motorcycles in MotoGP where it returns from a hiatus of over 30 years. In the song "Internet Going Nutz", Texas rapper Paul Wall sings: "So I log on to the Facebook, I'm tryin' to find me a good look I'm lookin for a lil' one night love, I throw the bait and they bite the hook.". The company has enjoyed nine World Superbike championships in recent years. Facebook has also been mentioned in other songs. Ducati now manufactures several lines of motorcycles, from the nakeds Ducati Monster, to the supersport 600, 750, 900 Sport and Supersport, superbike 749 and 999, adventure-tourer Multistrada 600 and 1000 and tourer ST3S. In early 2006 a group of students at Cambridge University produced "The Facebook Song". Ducati has since ceased production of what many called the bike of the 1990s, supplanting it with the 749 and 999. In 2005 Nsami wrote and performed "Facebook Livin".
In 1995, the company introduced the Ducati 916 model designed by Massimo Tamburini, a water-cooled version that allowed for higher output levels and a striking new bodywork that featured aggressive lines, underseat exhausts, and a single-sided swingarm. Various songs have been written about Facebook. After more than a decade of manufacturing, Ducati continues to create innovative changes to this classic motorcycle. According to Facebook spokesperson Chris Hughes, "In the past, we have removed profiles as soon as we were made aware of the student's death, but we are now re-evaluating the policy in light of numerous requests to the contrary from users." . The Monster, which has been out since 1994, has undergone the most changed of any motorcycle that Ducati has ever produced. This particular phenomenon has been documented at a number of schools, including Louisiana State University, University of Wisconsin, University of Texas, Western Illinois University, University of Missouri, Kansas City, Tufts University, University of Virginia, and Boston University. Today the Monster accounts for almost half of the company's worldwide sales. Generally, students will leave messages of sadness, grief or hope on the Wall of the individual, transforming its role into one of a public book of condolences.
 In 1993, Miguel Angel Galuzzi introduced the Ducati Monster, a naked bike with exposed trellis and engine. This particular phenomenon is nameless, though it may be referred to as digital mourning. He introduced the Pantah 500 in 1979; its engine was updated in the 1990s in the supersport series. A notable ancillary effect of social networking websites, particularly Facebook, is the abilitiy for participants to mourn publicly for a passed individual. The chief designer of Ducati motorcycles was the late Fabio Taglioni (1920-2001). At East Lansing High School, MI, many students were threatened with disciplinary action for joining a Facebook group about how much they hate the principal. Other schools, such as The Bullis School, MD, have threatened students with suspension for simply being members of the site under the Bullis School's name.. . Some schools have even gone as far as to suspend students that are members of Facebook hate groups towards peers or staff members.
Although the exorbitant cost of servicing the Ducati's finicky engine can shock some owners, most will still agree that the improved ride quality, performance, and styling of Ducatis is worth the extra cost. Many highschools across the United States have blocked access to Facebook on all school computers after students have started anti-school groups like the notorious School Sucks group. This eliminates the power loss from oil viscosity drag on the engine even though the engagement may not be as smooth as the oiled versions. The site forces use of UNM credentials (e.g., NetID or email address) for non-UNM business.". While most other manufacturers have adopted wet-clutches (with the spinning parts bathed in oil) Ducati uses dry clutches in most of its motorcycles. The site is in violation of UNM's Acceptable Computer Use Policy for abusing computing resources (e.g., spamming, trademark infringement, etc.). (Desmodromic valves are those which are positively closed by a leverage system, rather than relying on the more conventional springs to close the valves). UNM, in a message to students who tried to access the site from the UNM network, wrote, "This site is temporarily unavailable while UNM and the site owners work out procedural issues.
Modern Ducatis remain among the dominant performance motorcycles available today despite the aging technology of Desmo engine, which is nearing its 50th year in production.  After a UNM user signed into Facebook from off campus, a message from Facebook said, "We are working with the UNM administration to lift the block and have explained that it was instituted based on erroneous information, but they have not yet committed to restore your access.". Ducati is best known for high performance motorcycles characterized by trellis-style frames and large capacity four-stroke, 90-degree L-twin engines featuring a desmodromic valve design. The University of New Mexico in October 2005 blocked access to Facebook from UNM campus computers and networks, citing unsolicited e-mails and a similar site called UNM Facebook. In December 2005 Ducati went back into Italian hands with the sale of Texas Pacific's stake to Investindustrial Holdings, the investment fund of Carlo and Andrea Bonomi. . In 1996, Texas Pacific Group bought 51% of the company for $325 million and renamed the company Ducati Motor SpA. A counter-activist group called Pro-Test has warned students not to support the lab's construction on Facebook as they believe ALF is monitoring the site.
In 1985, Cagiva bought Ducati. Militant members of the Animal Liberation Front in Britain appear to have threatened students at Oxford who support the university's proposed South Parks laboratory saying they are legitimate targets for attack. In the 1970s Ducati began producing large-displacement L-twin motorcycles and in 1973 released a L-twin with the trademark desmodromic valve design. . In the 1960s, Ducati earned its place in motorcycling history by producing the fastest 250cc road bike available, the Mach 1. publically displayed the profiles of students at Yale who had made comments about homosexuality in an effort to show evidence of homophobia at the school. From the first post-war bicycle-like low-displacement motorbikes Ducati has grown over the years into a racing giant that is consistently competitive in both the racing arena and the world motorcycle marketplace. A group calling itself Performing Politics, Inc.
Ducati motorcycles have long been known for their excellence in design and performance. . Ducati Motor Holding (NYSE: DMH) is an Italian motorcycle manufacturer located in Bologna. Students who are related to politicians or other public figures have had screenshots of their profiles or photo albulms taken and shared in an attempt to embarrass their relatives. . Whether or not this practice is common is unknown, but students looking for jobs should be aware that information posted on Facebook is potentially accessible to employers with faculty or alumni accounts.
It has been rumored that employers are looking at Facebook profiles of prospective employees or interns. . The police found only cake, no alcohol, and later claimed the dorm raid had been triggered by a noise complaint.  In one case at George Washington University, shown at CakeParty.org, students advertised their party and were raided by campus police.
In response to the monitoring, some students have begun to submit "red herring" party listings. For example:. Students who violate these policies may be discovered through photographs of illicit drinking behavior, membership in drinking-related groups, or party information posted on the Facebook website. It has become increasingly common for colleges and universities to use Facebook to investigate underage drinking and violations of dry campus policies.
There is also some concern over the privacy agreement. Some theories have been written about the possible misuse of Facebook . Recently there have been some worries of the use of Facebook as a means of surveillance and data mining. Although this practice is against Facebook policy (as the Facebook FAQ says, "Dude, everyone knows that you aren't Paris Hilton") and requests for name changes must be approved by Facebook staff, new fake profiles continue to be created.
As a result, littering Facebook's database are profiles for real-life historical figures, celebrities, and campus personalities such as football coaches, university presidents, athletics mascots, and even inanimate objects such as beer. Since registration is open to all email addresses within a specific domain name (@school.edu), students with access to more than one such email address may take advantage of the situation to create fake profiles. Perhaps in response to this phenomenon, Facebook's "How do you know this person?" feature, introduced in December 2005, presents users with the option, "I don't even know this person." If this option is selected, the software replies, "Then why are you friends with them?" and presents the user with the option of removing them as a friend. Facebook has since placed a limit on how many friends a user may request at a time.
Students have also created programs which spam others with friendship requests. Charlie Rosenbury's list of friends was lowered by Facebook staff to 4,000 . Since then, Facebook staff have cracked down on those who collected too many friends, saying that Facebook "was not designed to do complex manipulations with exceedingly long lists of friends" and that the addition of users that one doesn't know as 'friends' "creates an unrealistic aberration in the real life social network that makes the site less useful for regular users" . Newsweek called Charlie Rosenbury, the University of Missouri student who amassed over 70,000 friends, the site's celebrity .
With many users having friend counts of over 500, it is possible that the user does not know all of his or her "friends," let alone has met them all in person. Users often boast of their "friend" count, with special emphasis going to the number of friends at other universities. Another criticism, which many claim as their reason for not using it, is its tendency to become a popularity contest. Furthermore, there are still many bugs in the coding that have caused minor problems for some users.
Problems with maintenance have been an issue as many new accounts are made each day causing heavy traffic for the servers. Facebook has stated on its website that security purposes prevent them from allowing outsiders to see one's profile. Facebook has been criticized for not allowing users to view profiles of people at other colleges who have not already listed them as a friend (or "poked" them). Also provided are current trends: the fastest rising and falling items on the lists.
Movies, Music, Television, Books, Hometowns, etc.) for both the user's school and other institutions or the Facebook community in general. The page displays Top Ten lists for various sections of the profile (e.g. The "Pulse" page provides statistics and trends (much like Google's Zeitgeist), updated daily, regarding members of the website. The website also generates revenue from mainstream advertisers who are interested in targeting college students, such as Apple Computer.
All features are free, except for public announcements, which are a type of advertising students can purchase on Facebook. Tagged users also have the option of "untagging" themselves from pictures. This allows one to view all the pictures on Facebook of a particular person, regardless of who uploaded them. Users can "tag" or list who is in each photo with tags, tying photos to account holders or applying other tags of their choosing.
Users can upload apparently unlimited numbers of photos to their Facebook accounts and sort them in named albums. Another feature is the My Photos page. Now, users have the ability to create new posts on others' walls, and the wall owner is able to remove unwanted posts. However, in late 2005, the "wall" was changed to a message board format, and users no longer edit it as before.
Initially, if one had his "wall" enabled, his friends could edit the wall as they chose, and walls were not divided into separate entries. Unlike poking and messaging which are completely private, visible to only the sender and designated receiver, walls are visible to every person who has access to that person's profile. In addition to sending messages and poking other, people can also write on the "walls" of others' Facebooks to convey messages to their friends. Although it is not possible to view the profiles of non-mutual friends from other schools, they can still be messaged or poked.
While it is sometimes used as a playful way to flirt on Facebook when a user develops an interest in another's picture or the information that he or she provides, it is most often used as a joke amongst mutual friends, since those who are already acquainted with each other have more efficient ways, such as Facebook's internal private messaging system, to make contact. While the creators of Facebook maintain that there is no actual intended purpose for implementing the "poking" option, it is often used simply to gain the attention of the person who is poked. The "poke" feature simply sends the text, "You have been poked," and provides an option to poke back. Facebook also allows users to send private messages and “pokes” to other users.
A user who creates a party listing can also invite friends from other schools. Groups made by a user are limited to membership within the user's school; however, some advertisers can create groups that have membership from all campuses. Like the groups feature, the party listing has also been used for jokes, although fraternities often announce parties through this. Facebook also includes a feature that allows users to list parties, invite users and receive RSVPs.
These groups range from online mirrors of real campus organizations, such as fraternities and sororities, sports, and recognized clubs, to common interest groups (such as people from the same area code or people who attended a public school), to joke groups. Members may also create and join groups. These individuals' Facebook pictures are also shown on the page according to the first point in time that the user has indicated he or she knew the friend. For each year, the timeline presents the people that the user had social contact with, through courses, clubs, residences, etc, and also groups them according to information that the user specifies, such as different courses or clubs.
The "Social Timeline" feature uses the information provided through friend details to construct a complete social timeline for the user. Until they are confirmed, these details are visible only to the user who submits them; once confirmed, they are visible to anyone who views either user's friend list. Users are given the option of confirming or editing friend details about them submitted by other users. Most of these options are customizable; for example, a user who knows a particular friend through an organization can also specify what the name of the organization was and the time period that they knew each other through that group.
For each friend, a user has the option of selecting how they know the individual, including these options:. It may have been removed for anti-spam purposes as the site no longer has direct email links within the user profiles and instead shows email addresses as graphics that are not clickable links. This feature was removed without explanation in mid 2004. One of the early features of service was the ability for a user to download a csv or vCard file of that user's friends.
These details can then be confirmed by the other person. On December 21, 2005, a feature was introduced that allows users to select how they met the people on their friends list, such as "Went to school together", "From an organization or team", or "We dated". Users can then search for other users and request an acknowledgment that they are "friends." A count of one's friends and the ability to browse a list of friends is available on each user's profile. Each user is given a "wall" on their profile, for public peer-to-peer messaging.
A user may only view the profiles of users at his or her institution, although mutual friends from different schools may access each other's profiles. The profiles of users from each institution included in the network are stored on a unique subdomain, which limits profile viewing. Also, one may choose to use the site's search feature. By clicking on profile entries, such as favorite music, current residence, or high school, a user can browse through a list of users with the same entry although coding problems may sometimes search the keyword within people's entire profiles.
Information that the user may display include:. Personal information is voluntarily supplied by the user, and access to it can be restricted, as can access to the user's wall, whose entries are also deletable by the user. Like other social networking websites, Facebook allows users to create an online profile and upload a user picture. On December 21, 2005, Facebook added two new features: a page showing the latest trends and most popular listings, called "Pulse," and the ability for a user to state how he or she is friends with someone, called "Friend Details." Only a few weeks later, January 13, 2006 marked the introduction of the "Social Timeline" feature, which utilizes Friend Details information from users to construct a complete chronology of a particular user's social setting.
Also in the autumn of that year, Facebook users were presented with the option of listing their "Favorite TV Shows.". On October 27, 2005, the "My Photos" feature came into existence, allowing users to post pictures in photo albums for friends to view. Individuals could also list the courses that they were taking for the first time that month, and the Wall feature appeared. (Previously it had not been uncommon to see references to the site as "TheStalkerbook."  ) That autumn, many students who until then had refused to join the Facebook for this reason finally relented primarily because the groups feature made the Facebook a component of nearly all student groups, both official and unofficial.
One Saturday in September 2004, the Groups feature was introduced and rapidly gained popularity, practically revolutionizing the way people used the Facebook, which until then had frequently been seen as a way for singles to meet or, as some cynics claimed, stalk one another. In the spring of 2004, users were able to designate themselves as alumni for the first time, and users were also given the option of listing their summer plans. Originally, a user's profile consisted of little more than a picture that could be uploaded and a few fields of biographical information and favorites that could be filled in. The expansion of Facebook to colleges and high schools has been accompanied by a gradual increase in the number of features the site provides to its users.
. As of December 2005, the network had expanded to include 2,000+ college and 25,000+ high school institutions across the United States, Canada, Mexico, the UK, Australia, New Zealand and Ireland, including more than 11 million users worldwide. On December 11, 2005, Facebook expanded further, adding universities in Australia and New Zealand. Virgin Islands.
In addition, Facebook expanded to 21 universities in the United Kingdom, and added the entire Instituto Tecnologico system in Mexico, the entire University of Puerto Rico system in Puerto Rico and the entire University of the Virgin Islands system in the U.S. By October 2005, Facebook had nearly completed its expansion to smaller universities and junior colleges throughout the United States and Canada. So far, high school Facebook has failed to achieve the same popularity as the college version. Although high school students could only join via an invitation for the first weeks, by September 17, an invitation was no longer necessary for most schools.
On September 2, 2005, deeming it the "next logical thing" to do, Zuckerberg launched a high school version of Facebook, which is kept totally separate from the college version. Zuckerberg has since added more universities to Facebook (with an emphasis on forgotten schools in Canada as well as in the United States), but unlike in the past, the new schools are no longer publicized on the front page. Also included in the move was a site overhaul, making profile pages more "user-friendly," according to Zuckerberg. In late August 2005, it was announced on the main website that the domain name facebook.com was acquired from Aboutface Corporation, and the website moved domains and dropped the "the" from the site name effective August 23, 2005.
In late 2004, the owners of the website ConnectU (Divya Narendra, Cameron Winklevoss, and Tyler Winklevoss), another social networking website targeted towards college students, filed a lawsuit against Facebook, alleging that Zuckerberg had stolen source code intended for their website while in their employ  . Simultaneously, several competitor sites appeared attempting to capture some of the limelight. Stories about Facebook became commonplace in online and print media. The pair soon moved to Palo Alto, California, established an office and recruited a staff of eight, including Sean Parker and Matt Cohler.
As the website’s popularity rose and advertising revenue grew, Moskovitz and Zuckerberg left Harvard to run Facebook fulltime. In November 2004, the number of registered users exceeded one million. Facebook was launched second to CampusNetwork, the world's first college-focused social network, but took off much more quickly and gained higher saturation at member schools. It became something of a network phenomenon, spreading rapidly to other schools, despite some competition from similar, local websites.
Louis to register. The website then expanded to allow students from Cornell University, Columbia University, Stanford University, Georgetown University, Yale University, MIT, other Ivy League colleges, the University of Virginia, the Georgia Institute of Technology, Northwestern University, Carnegie Mellon University, UC Berkeley, and University of Chicago, and Washington University in St. Facebook was founded as Thefacebook in February 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Saverin, Chris Hughes, and Dustin Moskovitz at Harvard College, where the photographic book of the freshman class that is distributed to all incoming students is popularly known as the "Face Book." The website spread across the Harvard campus and within a few weeks, over half the undergraduate population had registered. .
The name of the site is based on the paper facebooks that many colleges give to incoming students, faculty, and staff depicting members of the campus community. The viewing of detailed profile data is restricted to users from the same school or confirmed friends, though one can change their personal options regarding this. Users create personal profiles, typically containing photos and lists of interests, exchange private or public messages, and join groups of friends. The site is free to users and is financed by advertising.
Facebook is also available at 25,000+ American high schools. Anyone with access to a valid e-mail address from 2,000+ universities can register for and access the site, a group that includes students, alumni, faculty, and staff, although the vast majority of Facebook’s users are students. As of December 2005, it has the largest number of registered users among college-focused sites (at over six million US college student accounts created). The site has some similarities to MySpace, but differs in account availability, user control of display content, real-world identity, and overall neatness of appearance.
Facebook, formerly known as thefacebook, is a social networking service for high school, college, and university communities, primarily in English-speaking countries. Accessed December 9, 2005. Facebook can hurt employment chances Red and Black. ^ Morgan, Lauren.
. In February 2006 The Daily Orange reported about another Syracuse University incident involving four SU students being placed on disciplinary probation after creating a group entitled "Clearly [instructor's first name] doesn't know what she's doing ever."  Students that had created a similar group about a professor at the University of Louisville help lead to the dismissal of their targeted instructor, and were not punished. . The university denied the allegations and stated their own peace officers would have handled the case in any event.
In January 2006 Syracuse University's student newspaper, The Daily Orange, featured an article about a student who claimed Syracuse City Police personally warned him in advance about having a party he had listed on Facebook. . These images, as well as the "Interested in: Men" detail, were determined to be a violation of the Christian school's Community Covenant. In January 2006, John Brown University expelled a gay student after he mistakenly posted pictures (taken before attending the school) of himself dressed in drag under "public" privacy settings.
. In December 2005, University of Rochester security alerted the Rochester Police Department of a sodomy charge when illicit photographs were shared in one student's public folder. . University officials were said to be looking into the matter, however nothing has since become of this inquiry.
There was an uploaded picture depicting a female duct taped to a chair drinking an alcoholic beverage, however the identity of the girl was never confirmed as Brooke Moody (the recently elected officer). In November 2005, the student newspaper of the University of Missouri, The Maneater, ran an article concerning the content of the student body vice president-elect's Facebook profile. . Students used the message board of a Facebook group to share class information without authorization from the professor.
In November 2005, Kansas State University authorities announced that they were using Facebook to investigate a possible violation of the school's honor code potentially involving over 100 students. . As of November 2005, two students have been charged with criminal trespass for their involvement. In October 2005, Penn State University police used Facebook to track down students who rushed the field after the October 8 Ohio State game.
. Later in the election, election results were temporarily withheld from the public while the student court heard cases concerning the Facebook content of one of the slates. In October 2005, at the University of Missouri, Facebook content and postings caused various fines to be levied in the presidential election of the Missouri Students Association (student body government). .
The University of California, Berkeley has also experienced similar problems. Though candidates were forbidden from campaigning before a certain date, many Facebook advocacy groups appeared before that date. In October 2005, University of Pennsylvania freshmen student government election results were delayed due to early campaigning violations on Facebook. .
and needs to be eliminated", were judged to be in violation of the college's code of conduct. These comments, including the statement that the officer "loves to antagonize students . In October 2005, sophomore (at a two year school) Cameron Walker was expelled from Fisher College in Boston for comments about a campus police officer made on Facebook. .
In March 2005, the United States Secret Service met with a University of Oklahoma freshman after he posted to the Facebook: “We could all donate a dollar and raise millions of dollars to hire an assassin to kill the president and replace him with a monkey.” The investigation began after a fellow OU student alerted the Secret Service to the threat. . Also in 2005 Calvin College has had reports of using Facebook in order to find students involved in the breaking of rules in the student handbook (mainly alcohol uses). .
In 2005, Emory University charged members of the Facebook group "Dobbs 2nd Alcoholics" with conduct code violations and also investigated the group "Woodruff=Wasted". . The pictures, taken in one of NKU's dormitories, proved that the students were in violation of the university's dry campus policy. In November 2005, four students at Northern Kentucky University were fined for posting pictures of a drinking party on Facebook.
In October 2005, the campus police of Berry College used Facebook to break up a freshman party on campus (where alcohol was being consumed), when a student invited the chief of police of the campus to join the party by way of Facebook. (Deletes them as friend). I don't even know this person. We dated.
We hooked up. Met randomly. Through Facebook. Through a friend.
In my family. Traveled together. Went to school together. From a summer / study abroad program.
Took a course together. From an organization or team. Worked together. Lived together.
"About Me": A short description of the user. Favorite Quotes. Favorite Books. Favorite Movies.
Favorite TV Shows. Favorite Music. Interests. Intended vote (Available prior to the 2004 Presidential Election).
Political Views. Sexual Orientation ("Interested in"). Relationship Status. High School.
Hometown and State. Birthday. Concentration. Gender.