Carrie Underwood

Carrie Marie Underwood (born March 10, 1983) is an American country singer who rose to fame as the winner of the fourth season of American Idol.

Early years

Carrie Underwood was born in Muskogee, Oklahoma and raised in a farm in Checotah, Oklahoma.

At the age of 13, her manager at the time tried to get a recording contract at Capitol Records, but due to management changes at Capitol it never materialized.

Underwood graduated from Checotah High School in 2001 as salutatorian. Underwood attended Northeastern State University, where she majored in mass communication and is a member of Sigma Sigma Sigma sorority. She also competed in numerous beauty pageants at the university and was selected as Miss NSU runner-up in 2004.

Idol

Underwood's musical influences include pop, but are predominantly country; she stated during Idol auditions that her favorite singer is Martina McBride. On the April 20 elimination show, Underwood demonstrated her ability to play the guitar. She can also play piano and yodel, the latter of which was demonstrated on the Tonight Show the night after she won.

After singing Martina McBride's "Independence Day" Simon Cowell said he couldn't believe no one has discovered her yet.

On the March 22 show, after a performance of Heart's "Alone", Simon Cowell said, "Carrie, you're not just the girl to beat, you're the person to beat. I will make a prediction, not only will you win this competition, but you will sell more records than any other previous 'Idol' winner." Cowell went on to say on the March 30 show that she has the "it factor" that will make her a star.

On her last song of the night in the final two, Carrie's spectacular performance of "Angels Brought Me Here" had Simon saying, "I think you've done enough to win the competition." On May 25, 2005, she became the fourth winner of American Idol, beating Southern rocker Bo Bice, and she joins Kelly Clarkson and Clay Aiken as the only contestants who have never been one of the "bottom three" singers during any week's results. During the season, Constantine Maroulis tried to flirt with her but she refused to go out with him.

Post-Idol career

As part of her title, Underwood gained a recording contract with Arista Records; her first single, "Inside Your Heaven", was released on June 14, 2005. The single debuted at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100, with first-week sales of 170,000 copies, and briefly stopped Mariah Carey's run at #1 with "We Belong Together." One week later, runner-up, Bo Bice, released his version of the song, which debuted at #2. Underwood's version was shunned by country radio reaching a peak of #59 on the country charts. [1] The B-side is "Independence Day", a cover of the Martina McBride hit.

Some Hearts CD Cover

Underwood performed a well-received "The Star Spangled Banner" before Game 4 of the 2005 NBA Finals at the Palace of Auburn Hills in Michigan. In the same year, she starred in ads for Hershey's Chocolate. The commercials have Underwood singing Hershey jingles like the jingles for Hershey's, Kit Kat and Almond Joy. She is also wearing vintage Hershey T-shirts that feature Hershey's, Almond Joy, Kit Kat, Reeses and other chocolate brand logos. The T-Shirts are now available to buy with proofs of purchase. Underwood is also the latest spokesperson for Skechers shoes, following in the footsteps of Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera.

Underwood's second single, "Jesus, Take The Wheel" was made available for radio airplay on October 18, 2005. It received so much airplay that it debuted at #39 on the Billboard Country Chart in its first week, setting a record. It is currently ranked at #1 in its thirteenth week on that chart. The single also debuted at #48 on the Billboard Hot 100 where it currently sits at #26 after reaching a peak at #25.

Her initial album release, entitled Some Hearts, hit store shelves on November 15, 2005. [2] On that same day, she presented an award and performed "Jesus, Take The Wheel" at the 39th Country Music Association awards in New York City. When the week's sales figures were tabulated, Some Hearts entered the Billboard 200 chart with 315,000 copies sold. The large first week sales of Some Hearts made it #1 on the Billboard Top Country Albums chart and the biggest debut of any country artist since the advent of the SoundScan system in 1990.

In December 2005, Underwood was named "Oklahoman of the Year" by Oklahoma Today magazine.

On January 9th 2006, Some Hearts was certified Double Platinum by the RIAA with shipments of over 2 million units, making it the fastest-selling debut country album in the history of Nielsen SoundScan.[3]

"Don't Forget to Remember Me" was recently announced as the next single. [4]

Personal life

As of November 2005, Carrie Underwood is currently dating Northeastern State University student Chad Eagleton. Pictures of the two of them surfaced when Chad Eagelton posted pictures of him and Carrie at the Maxim after party on his Facebook account. During American Idol she dated Drake Clark, also from Northeastern State University. Carrie Underwood and Drake Clark agreed to break it off since the two were not spending enough time together.

She is a big sports fan. Her favorite sports teams are the Boston Red Sox, Dallas Cowboys, and Los Angeles Lakers.

List of Underwood's performances on American Idol

Auditions and pre-performance rounds

  • St. Louis Auditions - "I Can't Make You Love Me" (Original Artist: Bonnie Raitt)
  • Hollywood 1 - "Young Hearts (Run Free)" (O.A.: Candi Staton)"
  • Hollywood 2 - "Independence Day" (O.A.: Martina McBride)

Live performances

  • Semi-Final Performance 1 (Women Top 12) - "Could've Been" (O.A.: Tiffany)
  • Semi-Final Performance 2 (Women Top 10) - "Piece of My Heart" (O.A.: Faith Hill's version of Janis Joplin's classic)
  • Semi-Final Performance 3 (Women Top 8) - "Because You Love Me" (O.A.: Jo Dee Messina)
  • Finals Top 12 Performance (Songs of the 60's) - "When Will I Be Loved" (O.A.: The Everly Brothers)
  • Finals Top 11 Performance (Billboard #1's) - "Alone" (O.A.: Heart)
  • Finals Top 10 Performance (Songs of the 90's) - "Independence Day" (O.A.: Martina McBride)
  • Finals Top 9 Performance (Broadway Musicals) - "Hello Young Lovers" (O.A.: Johnny Mathis)
  • Finals Top 8 Performance (Songs from Contestants' Birthyear) - "Love Is a Battlefield" (O.A.: Pat Benatar)
  • Finals Top 7 Performance (70's Dance Music) - "MacArthur Park" (O.A.: Donna Summer's version of Richard Harris' hit)
  • Finals Top 6 Performance (Songs of the 21st Century) - "When God Fearin' Women Get the Blues" (O.A.: Martina McBride)
  • Finals Top 5 Performance 1 (Leiber and Stoller Songs) - "Trouble" (O.A.: Elvis Presley)
  • Finals Top 5 Performance 2 (Billboard top 40) - "Bless the Broken Road" (O.A.: Rascal Flatts' version of Marcus Hummon's "Bless the Broken Road")
  • Finals Top 4 Performance 1 (Nashville Songs) - "Sin Wagon" (O.A.: The Dixie Chicks)
  • Finals Top 4 Performance 2 (Gamble and Huff Songs) - "If You Don't Know Me by Now" (O.A.: Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes)
  • Finals Top 3 Performance 1 (Clive Davis' choice) - "Crying" (O.A.: Roy Orbison)
  • Finals Top 3 Performance 2 (Performer's choice) - "Making Love out of Nothing at All" (O.A.: Air Supply)
  • Finals Top 3 Performance 3 (Judges' choice) - "Man! I Feel Like a Woman!" (O.A.: Shania Twain)
  • Finals Top 2 Performance 1 (new song written for AI) - "Inside Your Heaven"
  • Finals Top 2 Performance 2 (favorite from season) - "Independence Day" (O.A.: Martina McBride)
  • Finals Top 2 Performance 3 (song originally written for Australian Idol) - "Angels Brought Me Here" (O.A.: Guy Sebastian)
  • Final Results Show (duet with Bo Bice) - "Up Where We Belong" (O.A.: Jennifer Warnes and Joe Cocker)
  • Final Results Show (performance with Rascal Flatts) - "Bless the Broken Road"
  • Final Results Show (post-win performance of first single) - "Inside Your Heaven"

Discography

Albums

Singles

Awards

2005 Billboard Music Awards

  • Top-Selling Hot 100 Song of the Year: "Inside Your Heaven/Independence Day," Carrie Underwood (Won)
  • Country Single Sales Artist of the Year: Carrie Underwood (Won)
  • Top-Selling Country Single of the Year: "Inside Your Heaven/Independence Day," Carrie Underwood (Won)

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2005 Billboard Music Awards. More information and the song can be found on the NPR website. Her favorite sports teams are the Boston Red Sox, Dallas Cowboys, and Los Angeles Lakers. National Public Radio interviews concerning the rediscovery of the species were conducted with residents of Brinkley, Arkansas, and then shared with musician Sufjan Stevens who used the material to write a song titled "Lord God Bird". She is a big sports fan. The Ivory-billed Woodpecker is sometimes referred to as the Grail Bird or the Lord God Bird (a name shared with the Pileated Woodpecker). Carrie Underwood and Drake Clark agreed to break it off since the two were not spending enough time together. Others have independently come to the same conclusion, and publication of independent analyses may be forthcoming...For scientists to label sight reports and questionable photographs as “proof” of such an extraordinary record is delving into “faith-based” ornithology and doing a disservice to science.[8].

During American Idol she dated Drake Clark, also from Northeastern State University. Prum, Robbins, Brett Benz, and I remain steadfast in our belief that the bird in the Luneau video is a normal Pileated Woodpecker. Pictures of the two of them surfaced when Chad Eagelton posted pictures of him and Carrie at the Maxim after party on his Facebook account. In a paper published in The Auk in January 2006, Jerome Jackson expressed skepticism of the Ivory-bill evidence:. As of November 2005, Carrie Underwood is currently dating Northeastern State University student Chad Eagleton. The Committee is waiting for unequivocal proof that the species still exists. [4]. The ABA Checklist Committee has not changed the status of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker from Code 6 (EXTINCT) to another level that would reflect a small surviving population.

"Don't Forget to Remember Me" was recently announced as the next single. On page 13 of the American Birding Association publication "Winging It" (Nov/Dec 2005), it says:. On January 9th 2006, Some Hearts was certified Double Platinum by the RIAA with shipments of over 2 million units, making it the fastest-selling debut country album in the history of Nielsen SoundScan.[3]. Prum, intrigued by some of the recordings taken in Arkansas' Big Woods, said the evidence thus far is refutable.[7]. In December 2005, Underwood was named "Oklahoman of the Year" by Oklahoma Today magazine. In December 2005, Richard Prum's position was presented this way:. The large first week sales of Some Hearts made it #1 on the Billboard Top Country Albums chart and the biggest debut of any country artist since the advent of the SoundScan system in 1990. Some skeptics, including Richard Prum, believe the video could have been of a Pileated Woodpecker [6].

When the week's sales figures were tabulated, Some Hearts entered the Billboard 200 chart with 315,000 copies sold. Cornell could not say with absolute certainty that the sounds recorded in Arkansas were made by Ivory-billeds[5]. [2] On that same day, she presented an award and performed "Jesus, Take The Wheel" at the 39th Country Music Association awards in New York City. In August 2005, despite the arguments for the existence of at least one Ivory-billed Woodpecker, questions about the evidence remained. Her initial album release, entitled Some Hearts, hit store shelves on November 15, 2005. But the thrilling new sound recordings provide clear and convincing evidence that the Ivory-billed Woodpecker is not extinct. The single also debuted at #48 on the Billboard Hot 100 where it currently sits at #26 after reaching a peak at #25. We were very skeptical of the first published reports, and thought that the previous data were not sufficient to support this startling conclusion.

It is currently ranked at #1 in its thirteenth week on that chart. Yale ornithologist Richard Prum stated:. It received so much airplay that it debuted at #39 on the Billboard Country Chart in its first week, setting a record. However, after reviewing new sound recordings from the White River of Arkansas supplied to them by the Cornell team that reported the rediscovery, they announced in August 2005 that they had concluded that the bird has indeed been rediscovered and withdrew their paper. Underwood's second single, "Jesus, Take The Wheel" was made available for radio airplay on October 18, 2005. In June 2005, ornithologists at Yale University, the University of Kansas, and Florida Gulf Coast University submitted a scientific article skeptical of the initial reports of rediscovery. Underwood is also the latest spokesperson for Skechers shoes, following in the footsteps of Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera. There are stories from when the species was more abundant of adult birds abandoning their nests and young simply because they were being watched.

The T-Shirts are now available to buy with proofs of purchase. This is exactly what birders have been encouraged not to do by experts to avoid disturbing the birds. She is also wearing vintage Hershey T-shirts that feature Hershey's, Almond Joy, Kit Kat, Reeses and other chocolate brand logos. A current concern is that many bird enthusiasts will rush to the area in an attempt to catch a glimpse of this rare bird. The commercials have Underwood singing Hershey jingles like the jingles for Hershey's, Kit Kat and Almond Joy. It describes the potential for a thinly distributed population in the area, though no birds have been located away from the primary site. In the same year, she starred in ads for Hershey's Chocolate. The report also notes that drumming consistent with that of Ivory-billed Woodpecker had been heard in the region.

Underwood performed a well-received "The Star Spangled Banner" before Game 4 of the 2005 NBA Finals at the Palace of Auburn Hills in Michigan. That same video included an earlier image of what was believed to be such a bird perching on a Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica). [1] The B-side is "Independence Day", a cover of the Martina McBride hit. A very large woodpecker was videotaped on April 25, 2004; its size, wing pattern at rest and in flight, and white plumage on its back between the wings were cited as evidence that the woodpecker sighted was an Ivory-billed Woodpecker. Underwood's version was shunned by country radio reaching a peak of #59 on the country charts. The secrecy permitted The Nature Conservancy and Cornell University to quietly buy up Ivory-billed habitat to add to the 120,000 acres (490 km²) of the Big Woods protected by the Conservancy. The single debuted at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100, with first-week sales of 170,000 copies, and briefly stopped Mariah Carey's run at #1 with "We Belong Together." One week later, runner-up, Bo Bice, released his version of the song, which debuted at #2. About fifteen sightings occurred during the period (seven of which were considered compelling enough to mention in the scientific article), possibly all of the same bird.

As part of her title, Underwood gained a recording contract with Arista Records; her first single, "Inside Your Heaven", was released on June 14, 2005. This report led to more intensive searches there and in the White River National Wildlife Refuge undertaken in deepest secrecy—for fear of a stampede of bird-watchers—by experienced observers over the next fourteen months. During the season, Constantine Maroulis tried to flirt with her but she refused to go out with him. One of the authors, who was kayaking in the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge, Monroe County, Arkansas, on February 11, 2004, reported on a website the sighting of an unusually large red-crested woodpecker. On her last song of the night in the final two, Carrie's spectacular performance of "Angels Brought Me Here" had Simon saying, "I think you've done enough to win the competition." On May 25, 2005, she became the fourth winner of American Idol, beating Southern rocker Bo Bice, and she joins Kelly Clarkson and Clay Aiken as the only contestants who have never been one of the "bottom three" singers during any week's results. A group of seventeen authors headed by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology reported the discovery of at least one Ivory-billed Woodpecker, a male, in the Big Woods area of Arkansas in 2004 and 2005, publishing the report in the journal Science on April 28, 2005. I will make a prediction, not only will you win this competition, but you will sell more records than any other previous 'Idol' winner." Cowell went on to say on the March 30 show that she has the "it factor" that will make her a star. The expedition was inconclusive, however, as it was determined that the recorded sounds were likely gunshot echoes rather than the distinctive double rap of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker [4].

On the March 22 show, after a performance of Heart's "Alone", Simon Cowell said, "Carrie, you're not just the girl to beat, you're the person to beat. The exact source of the sound was not found because of the swampy terrain, but signs of active woodpeckers were found (i.e., scaled bark and large tree cavities). After singing Martina McBride's "Independence Day" Simon Cowell said he couldn't believe no one has discovered her yet. In the afternoon of January 27, after ten days, a rapping sound similar to the "double knock" made by the Ivory-billed Woodpecker was heard and recorded. She can also play piano and yodel, the latter of which was demonstrated on the Tonight Show the night after she won. In a 2002 expedition in the forests, swamps, and bayous of the Pearl River Wildlife Management Area by Louisiana State University, biologists spent 30 days searching for the bird [3]. On the April 20 elimination show, Underwood demonstrated her ability to play the guitar. In 1999, there was an unconfirmed sighting of a pair of birds in the Pearl River region of southeast Louisiana by a forestry student, David Kulivan.

Underwood's musical influences include pop, but are predominantly country; she stated during Idol auditions that her favorite singer is Martina McBride. This assessment was later altered to "critically endangered" on the grounds that the species could still be extant [2]. She also competed in numerous beauty pageants at the university and was selected as Miss NSU runner-up in 2004. Many ornithologists believed the species had been wiped out completely, and it was assessed as "extinct" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources in 1994. Underwood attended Northeastern State University, where she majored in mass communication and is a member of Sigma Sigma Sigma sorority. bairdii), after a long interval, was in 1987; it has not been seen since. Underwood graduated from Checotah High School in 2001 as salutatorian. p.

At the age of 13, her manager at the time tried to get a recording contract at Capitol Records, but due to management changes at Capitol it never materialized. The last reported sighting of the Cuban subspecies (C. Carrie Underwood was born in Muskogee, Oklahoma and raised in a farm in Checotah, Oklahoma. The Ivory-billed Woodpecker was listed as an endangered species on March 11, 1967, though the only evidence of its existence at the time was a possible recording of its call made in East Texas. . By 1944 the last known Ivory-billed Woodpecker, a female, was gone from the cut-over tract (Smithsonian p 98). Carrie Marie Underwood (born March 10, 1983) is an American country singer who rose to fame as the winner of the fourth season of American Idol. By 1938, only 20 or so individuals remained in the wild, located in the old-growth forest called the Singer Tract in Louisiana, where logging rights were held by the Chicago Mill and Lumber Company, which brushed aside pleas from four Southern governors and the National Audubon Society that the tract be publicly purchased and set aside as a reserve.

Top-Selling Country Single of the Year: "Inside Your Heaven/Independence Day," Carrie Underwood (Won). It was given up for extinct in the 1920s, when a pair turned up in Florida, only to be shot for specimens. Country Single Sales Artist of the Year: Carrie Underwood (Won). Heavy logging activity and hunting by collectors decimated the population of Ivory-billed Woodpeckers in the late 1800s. Top-Selling Hot 100 Song of the Year: "Inside Your Heaven/Independence Day," Carrie Underwood (Won). The whole family will eventually split up in late fall or early winter. Final Results Show (post-win performance of first single) - "Inside Your Heaven". Even after the young are able to fly, the parents will continue feeding them for another two months.

Final Results Show (performance with Rascal Flatts) - "Bless the Broken Road". About five weeks after the young are born, they learn to fly. Final Results Show (duet with Bo Bice) - "Up Where We Belong" (O.A.: Jennifer Warnes and Joe Cocker). They feed the chicks for months. Finals Top 2 Performance 3 (song originally written for Australian Idol) - "Angels Brought Me Here" (O.A.: Guy Sebastian). Both parents sit on the eggs and are involved in taking care of the chicks, with the male taking sole responsibility at night. Finals Top 2 Performance 2 (favorite from season) - "Independence Day" (O.A.: Martina McBride). Usually 2 to 5 eggs are laid and incubated for 3 to 5 weeks.

Finals Top 2 Performance 1 (new song written for AI) - "Inside Your Heaven". Before they have their young, they excavate a nest in a dead or partially dead tree about 8–15 m up from the ground. Finals Top 3 Performance 3 (Judges' choice) - "Man! I Feel Like a Woman!" (O.A.: Shania Twain). These paired birds will mate every year between January and May. Finals Top 3 Performance 2 (Performer's choice) - "Making Love out of Nothing at All" (O.A.: Air Supply). Pairs are also known to travel together. Finals Top 3 Performance 1 (Clive Davis' choice) - "Crying" (O.A.: Roy Orbison). The Ivory-billed Woodpecker is thought to pair for life.

Finals Top 4 Performance 2 (Gamble and Huff Songs) - "If You Don't Know Me by Now" (O.A.: Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes). The more common Pileated Woodpecker may compete for food with this species. Finals Top 4 Performance 1 (Nashville Songs) - "Sin Wagon" (O.A.: The Dixie Chicks). Hence, they occur at low densities even in healthy populations. Finals Top 5 Performance 2 (Billboard top 40) - "Bless the Broken Road" (O.A.: Rascal Flatts' version of Marcus Hummon's "Bless the Broken Road"). Surprisingly, these birds need about 25 km² (10 square miles) per pair so they can find enough food to feed their young and themselves. Finals Top 5 Performance 1 (Leiber and Stoller Songs) - "Trouble" (O.A.: Elvis Presley). The bird uses its enormous white bill to hammer, wedge, and peel the bark off dead trees to find the insects.

Finals Top 6 Performance (Songs of the 21st Century) - "When God Fearin' Women Get the Blues" (O.A.: Martina McBride). The Ivory-billed Woodpecker feeds mainly on the larvae of wood-boring beetles, but also eats seeds, fruit, and other insects. Finals Top 7 Performance (70's Dance Music) - "MacArthur Park" (O.A.: Donna Summer's version of Richard Harris' hit). After the Civil War, the timber industry deforested millions of acres in the South, leaving only sparse isolated tracts of suitable habitat. Finals Top 8 Performance (Songs from Contestants' Birthyear) - "Love Is a Battlefield" (O.A.: Pat Benatar). At that time, the Ivory-billed Woodpecker ranged from east Texas to North Carolina, and from southern Illinois to Florida and Cuba [1]. Finals Top 9 Performance (Broadway Musicals) - "Hello Young Lovers" (O.A.: Johnny Mathis). Prior to the American Civil War, much of the Southern United States was covered in vast tracts of primeval hardwood forests that were suitable as habitat for the bird.

Finals Top 10 Performance (Songs of the 90's) - "Independence Day" (O.A.: Martina McBride). Ivory-billeds are known to prefer thick hardwood swamps and pine forests, with large amounts of dead and decaying trees. Finals Top 11 Performance (Billboard #1's) - "Alone" (O.A.: Heart). . Finals Top 12 Performance (Songs of the 60's) - "When Will I Be Loved" (O.A.: The Everly Brothers). Even if the Ivory-billed Woodpecker is not extinct, most believe that only a handful could still be living. Semi-Final Performance 3 (Women Top 8) - "Because You Love Me" (O.A.: Jo Dee Messina). The reason for the species' decline was primarily due to loss of habitat and also hunting by collectors.

Semi-Final Performance 2 (Women Top 10) - "Piece of My Heart" (O.A.: Faith Hill's version of Janis Joplin's classic). Its drum is a single or double rap, and its alarm call, a kent or hant, sounds like a toy trumpet repeated in a series or as a double note. Semi-Final Performance 1 (Women Top 12) - "Could've Been" (O.A.: Tiffany). Like all woodpeckers, it has a strong and straight chisel-like bill and a long, mobile, hard-tipped, barbed tongue. Hollywood 2 - "Independence Day" (O.A.: Martina McBride). These characteristics distinguish it from the darker-billed Pileated Woodpecker. Hollywood 1 - "Young Hearts (Run Free)" (O.A.: Candi Staton)". It has a pure white bill and displays a prominent top crest, red in the male and black in the female.

Louis Auditions - "I Can't Make You Love Me" (Original Artist: Bonnie Raitt). The bird is shiny blue-black with extensive white markings on its neck and on both the upper and lower trailing edges of its wings. St. It measures from 48 to 53 cm (19 to 21 in) in length and 450 to 570 g (1.0 to 1.25 lb) in weight, with short legs and feet ending in large, curved claws. imperialis) of western Mexico, another rare species which is very likely to be extinct. The Ivory-billed Woodpecker is the second-largest woodpecker in the world, slightly smaller than the closely related Imperial Woodpecker (C.

If its rediscovery is confirmed, this would make the Ivory-billed Woodpecker a lazarus species. However, highly compelling sightings of at least one male bird in Arkansas in 2004 and 2005 were reported in April 2005 (abstract), and audio evidence suggesting the presence of the bird has also been collected. It is officially listed as an endangered species, and until recently had widely been considered extinct. The Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) is a very large and extremely rare member of the woodpecker family, Picidae.

Scott Weidensaul, "Ghost of a chance" Smithsonian Magazine August 2005 pp 97–102. ISBN 0618456937.. The Grail Bird: Hot on the Trail of the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker, Houghton Mifflin. Gallagher, Tim (2005).

ISBN 1588341321.. In Search of the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker, Smithsonian Institution Press. Jackson, Jerome A (2004). ISBN 0374361738. (children's book).

The Race to Save the Lord God Bird, New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. (2004). Hoose, Phillip M. Press Release.

Once-thought Extinct Ivory-Billed Woodpecker Rediscovered in Arkansas. Fish and Wildlife Service (April 28, 2005). U.S. Science 308 (5727): 1460-1462. PMID 15860589.

Ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) persists in continental North America. Fitzpatrick JW, Lammertink M, Luneau MD Jr, Gallagher TW, Harrison BR, Sparling GM, Rosenberg KV, Rohrbaugh RW, Swarthout EC, Wrege PH, Swarthout SB, Dantzker MS, Charif RA, Barksdale TR, Remsen JV Jr, Simon SD, Zollner D (2005). ISBN 0395720435.. Woodpeckers: A Guide to the Woodpeckers of the World, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Nurney (1995). Christie, and D. A. Winkler, H., D.

Watchlist entry for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker, from the National Audubon Society. ISBN 0810920611. The Ivory-billed Woodpecker from the now public domain Birds of America by John James Audubon, hosted by a commercial website.

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