Bonnaroo Music Festival

The Bonnaroo Music Festival, Bonnaroo or 'Roo for short, is an annual rock festival by Superfly Productions and AC Entertainment, first held in 2002. The festival is held on a 700 acre (2.4 km²) farm in Manchester, Tennessee, 60 miles southeast of Nashville, Tennessee. The main attractions of the festival are the multiple stages of live music, featuring mostly jam bands (categorized as progressive fusion), but also including hip hop and other alternative music. The festival also features craftsman and artisans selling unique products, several food and drink vendors, and many other activities from various sponsors. The festival is reminiscent of popular music festivals like Woodstock & Isle Of Wight Festival.

2006

The 2006 Bonnaroo Festival will be held June 16–June 18, 2006. Tickets for the 2006 Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival will go on sale Saturday, February 11, at 10:00 AM Eastern Time through Bonnaroo.com. More artists to be announced with the line up estimated to be 80 plus artists.

Lineup

Radiohead, Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers, Phil Lesh & Friends, Beck, Elvis Costello & The Imposters, Bonnie Raitt, Death Cab for Cutie, moe., Bright Eyes, The Neville Brothers, Béla Fleck & the Flecktones, Buddy Guy, Damian Marley, Ben Folds, Robert Randolph & The Family Band, Dr. John, Matisyahu, G. Love & Special Sauce, My Morning Jacket, Ricky Skaggs & Kentucky Thunder, Steel Pulse, Mike Gordon and Ramble Dove, Cat Power, Medeski Martin & Wood, Nickel Creek, Gomez, Atmosphere, Steve Earle, Blues Traveler, Amadou & Mariam, Stephen Malkmus & The Jicks, The Dresden Dolls, Son Volt, Clap Your Hands Say Yeah, Jerry Douglas, Soulive, Rusted Root, Devendra Banhart Band, Donavon Frankenreiter, Mike Doughty, Sasha, [[Grace Potter & The Nocturnals, The Magic Numbers, Bill Frisell, Seu Jorge, Bettye LaVette, Dungen, Shooter Jennings, Rebirth Brass Band, Robinella, Andrew Bird, Steel Train, Jackie Greene, DeVotchKa, Wood Brothers, dios (malos), Toubab Krewe, The Motet, Marah, I-Nine, Balkan Beat Box, Cat Empire

2005

Highlights

The festival ran from June 10-12, and more than 75,000 people were in attendance. New Line Cinema introduced a twenty-four-hour "cinema tent," showing popular and cult films. Wireless Internet access was provided by Cisco Systems. There was a "comedy tent" featuring Jim Breuer as well as some lesser-known comedians and even daily yoga classes. Unlike 2004, rain marked each day of the festival.

Ray LaMontagne released a live EP of his Bonnaroo set, appropriately titled Ray LaMontagne Live From Bonnaroo. Also, LiveBonnaroo.com made several artists' live sets available for download, including sets from The Black Crowes, My Morning Jacket and Widespread Panic.

Lineup

The Allman Brothers Band, Widespread Panic, Dave Matthews Band, Trey Anastasio, Jack Johnson, The Black Crowes, Alison Krauss, Modest Mouse, Ratdog, Herbie Hancock's Headhunters 2005, Gov't Mule, Béla Fleck Acoustic Trio, The Mars Volta, John Prine, Yonder Mountain String Band, Jurassic 5, The Word, Galactic, My Morning Jacket, Keller Williams, STS9, Earl Scruggs, Benevento-Russo Duo feat. Mike Gordon, Joss Stone, Kings of Leon, De La Soul, O.A.R., Toots and the Maytals, Umphrey's McGee, Iron & Wine, Ozomatli, Rilo Kiley, Karl Denson's Tiny Universe, Drive-By Truckers, Particle, Joanna Newsom, Peter Rowan & Crucial Reggae, Xavier Rudd, Ray LaMontagne, The Gourds, Blue Merle, Secret Machines, Saul Williams, Donna the Buffalo, Mouse on Mars, John Butler Trio, The Perceptionists, Ollabelle, Old Crow Medicine Show, RJD2, Citizen Cope, The Old '97s, Brazilian Girls, M. Ward, Madeleine Peyroux, The Frames, DJ Krush, Assembly of Dust, Amos Lee, Matisyahu, Perpetual Groove, Tea Leaf Green, Lake Trout, 22-20s Gabby La La feat. Les Claypool, Heartless Bastards, Josh Ritter, Kermit Ruffins and the Barbeque Singers, Signal Path, Keren Ann, Dr. Dog, Motion Potion, DJ Quarter-Roy, DJ Medi4, DJ Quickie Mart, Animal Liberation Orchestra, Steel Train, SIIHB's

2004

Highlights

The festival ran June 11-13, and more than 90,000 people attended. The festival was marked by torrential rains, creating an incredibly large amount of mud. Many vehicles had to be towed out of the parking area.

Lineup

Primus, The Dead, Los Lonely Boys, Calexico, mrnorth, New Monsoon, Xavier Rudd, Yonder Mountain String Band, Neko Case, The Black Keys, Simple Kid, JoJo & His Mojo Mardi Gras Band, Wilco, Ani DiFranco, North Mississippi Allstars, Patti Smith, Nellie McKay, MOFRO, Bob Dylan, String Cheese Incident, Chris Robinson & The New Earth Mud, Mike Doughty's Band, Gillian Welch, Yo La Tengo, Dave Matthews & Friends, Praxis, Vida Blue feat. The Spam Allstars, Umphrey's McGee, The X-ecutioners, Danger Mouse, Los Lobos, Hackensaw Boys, Kings of Leon, Blue Merle, Erin Mckeown, Acoustic Syndicate, Gomez, Grandaddy, Rachel Yamagata, Mindy Smith, Gov't Mule, My Morning Jacket, Del McCoury, Beth Orton, Robert Earl Keen, Iouque, Sam Bush Band, Steve Winwood, Galactic, Jem, Jazz Mandolin Project, Doc Watson, Damien Rice, Ween, Robert Randolph & The Family Band, Cut Chemist, Cut Chemist presents Funky Sole, Burning Spear, Tokyo Ska Paradise Orchestra, Leftover Salmon, Marc Ribot y Los Cubanos Protizos, Marc Broussard, deSoL, Taj Mahal, The Bad Plus, Antigone Rising, Cracker/Camper Van Beethoven, Donavon Frankenreiter, moe., Femi Kuti, Barbara Cue, Soulive, Guster, Addison Groove Project, David Byrne, Medeski Martin & Wood, SuperJam, Material, The Radiators, Trey Anastasio.

2003

Highlights

The festival ran June 13-15, and 80,000 attended. In The Bonnaroo organizers planned a festival called Bonnaroo Northeast to take place in Riverhead, Long Island, New York. This festival, as well as the Field Day Festival, another festival to take place at the same site, were cancelled, however, in the weeks leading up to the event due to concern about securing permits in time.

Lineup

The Allman Brothers Band, The Dead, Widespread Panic, Neil Young & Crazy Horse, James Brown, Ben Harper & the Innocent Criminals, Jack Johnson, moe., Galactic, The Flaming Lips, The Roots, Lucinda Williams, Béla Fleck and the Flecktones, Emmylou Harris, Medeski Martin & Wood, Sonic Youth, The Meters, Leo Kottke & Mike Gordon, Joshua Redman, Yonder Mountain String Band, Robert Randolph & the Family Band, The Wailers, Nickel Creek, G. Love and Special Sauce, Tortoise, Liz Phair, Sound Tribe Sector 9, O.A.R., North Mississippi Allstars, Warren Haynes, Keller Williams, Garage A Trois, Ben Kweller, Mix Master Mike, Ekoostik Hookah, The Polyphonic Spree, Kid Koala, Z-Trip, Particle, Michael Franti and Spearhead, Josh Wink, Antibalas Afrobeat Orchestra, The Slip, Cyro Baptista's Beat the Donkey, DJ Spooky, Jerry Joseph & The Jackmormons, Jon Cleary & the Absolute Monster Gentlemen, The New Deal, RJD2, My Morning Jacket, Topaz, phonosycograph DJ.DISK, DJ.Disk & The Filthy Ape, Vusi Mahlasela of Amandla!, Drive-By Truckers, Hackensaw Boys, Mark Farina, Robinella & the CC String Band, Buddahead, Kaki King, RAQ, Jason Mraz, The Trachtenburg Family Slideshow Players, Josh Kelley, Gavin Degraw, Indecision, Iouque, Rebirth Brass Band.

2002

Highlights

In the inagural year, the festival was held June 21-23, and more than 70,000 fans attended.

Lineup

Widespread Panic, Phil Lesh and Friends w/ very special guest Bob Weir, Galactic, Trey Anastasio, Béla Fleck & Edgar Meyer, DJ Logic, Les Claypool's Flying Frog Brigade, Amon Tobin, Old Crow Medicine Show, Soulive, Gov't Mule, Jim White, Umphrey's McGee, Gran Torino, The Big Wu, Donna the Buffalo, Acoustic Syndicate, Keller Willams Incident, Karl Denson's Tiny Universe, Ben Harper, Cut Chemist, String Cheese Incident, John Butler Trio, Robert Randolph & the Family Band, Jack Johnson, Jurassic 5, The Del Mcoury Band, Drums & Tuba, Lil' Rascals Brass Band, Disco Biscuits, LLama, Col. Bruce Hampton & The Code Talkers, Particle, Colonel Claypool's Bucket of Bernie Brains, moe., Corey Harris, Ween, North Mississippi Allstars, Vinroc, Z-Trip, Mofro, Gabe Dixon, Norah Jones, Campbell Brothers, Dottie Peoples, Blind Boys of Alabama

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Bruce Hampton & The Code Talkers, Particle, Colonel Claypool's Bucket of Bernie Brains, moe., Corey Harris, Ween, North Mississippi Allstars, Vinroc, Z-Trip, Mofro, Gabe Dixon, Norah Jones, Campbell Brothers, Dottie Peoples, Blind Boys of Alabama. . Widespread Panic, Phil Lesh and Friends w/ very special guest Bob Weir, Galactic, Trey Anastasio, Béla Fleck & Edgar Meyer, DJ Logic, Les Claypool's Flying Frog Brigade, Amon Tobin, Old Crow Medicine Show, Soulive, Gov't Mule, Jim White, Umphrey's McGee, Gran Torino, The Big Wu, Donna the Buffalo, Acoustic Syndicate, Keller Willams Incident, Karl Denson's Tiny Universe, Ben Harper, Cut Chemist, String Cheese Incident, John Butler Trio, Robert Randolph & the Family Band, Jack Johnson, Jurassic 5, The Del Mcoury Band, Drums & Tuba, Lil' Rascals Brass Band, Disco Biscuits, LLama, Col. The phrase "Fourth of July" has acquired widespread significance in American culture as a reference to the Independence Day celebration in the United States and that celebration's many cultural accoutrements. In the inagural year, the festival was held June 21-23, and more than 70,000 fans attended. July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. Love and Special Sauce, Tortoise, Liz Phair, Sound Tribe Sector 9, O.A.R., North Mississippi Allstars, Warren Haynes, Keller Williams, Garage A Trois, Ben Kweller, Mix Master Mike, Ekoostik Hookah, The Polyphonic Spree, Kid Koala, Z-Trip, Particle, Michael Franti and Spearhead, Josh Wink, Antibalas Afrobeat Orchestra, The Slip, Cyro Baptista's Beat the Donkey, DJ Spooky, Jerry Joseph & The Jackmormons, Jon Cleary & the Absolute Monster Gentlemen, The New Deal, RJD2, My Morning Jacket, Topaz, phonosycograph DJ.DISK, DJ.Disk & The Filthy Ape, Vusi Mahlasela of Amandla!, Drive-By Truckers, Hackensaw Boys, Mark Farina, Robinella & the CC String Band, Buddahead, Kaki King, RAQ, Jason Mraz, The Trachtenburg Family Slideshow Players, Josh Kelley, Gavin Degraw, Indecision, Iouque, Rebirth Brass Band. In astronomy, the approximate date of Earth's aphelion.

The Allman Brothers Band, The Dead, Widespread Panic, Neil Young & Crazy Horse, James Brown, Ben Harper & the Innocent Criminals, Jack Johnson, moe., Galactic, The Flaming Lips, The Roots, Lucinda Williams, Béla Fleck and the Flecktones, Emmylou Harris, Medeski Martin & Wood, Sonic Youth, The Meters, Leo Kottke & Mike Gordon, Joshua Redman, Yonder Mountain String Band, Robert Randolph & the Family Band, The Wailers, Nickel Creek, G. Filipino-American Friendship Day. This festival, as well as the Field Day Festival, another festival to take place at the same site, were cancelled, however, in the weeks leading up to the event due to concern about securing permits in time. United States and Denmark - Independence Day (1776). In The Bonnaroo organizers planned a festival called Bonnaroo Northeast to take place in Riverhead, Long Island, New York. 1923). The festival ran June 13-15, and 80,000 attended. 2005 - Hank Stram, American football coach (b.

The Spam Allstars, Umphrey's McGee, The X-ecutioners, Danger Mouse, Los Lobos, Hackensaw Boys, Kings of Leon, Blue Merle, Erin Mckeown, Acoustic Syndicate, Gomez, Grandaddy, Rachel Yamagata, Mindy Smith, Gov't Mule, My Morning Jacket, Del McCoury, Beth Orton, Robert Earl Keen, Iouque, Sam Bush Band, Steve Winwood, Galactic, Jem, Jazz Mandolin Project, Doc Watson, Damien Rice, Ween, Robert Randolph & The Family Band, Cut Chemist, Cut Chemist presents Funky Sole, Burning Spear, Tokyo Ska Paradise Orchestra, Leftover Salmon, Marc Ribot y Los Cubanos Protizos, Marc Broussard, deSoL, Taj Mahal, The Bad Plus, Antigone Rising, Cracker/Camper Van Beethoven, Donavon Frankenreiter, moe., Femi Kuti, Barbara Cue, Soulive, Guster, Addison Groove Project, David Byrne, Medeski Martin & Wood, SuperJam, Material, The Radiators, Trey Anastasio. 1920). Primus, The Dead, Los Lonely Boys, Calexico, mrnorth, New Monsoon, Xavier Rudd, Yonder Mountain String Band, Neko Case, The Black Keys, Simple Kid, JoJo & His Mojo Mardi Gras Band, Wilco, Ani DiFranco, North Mississippi Allstars, Patti Smith, Nellie McKay, MOFRO, Bob Dylan, String Cheese Incident, Chris Robinson & The New Earth Mud, Mike Doughty's Band, Gillian Welch, Yo La Tengo, Dave Matthews & Friends, Praxis, Vida Blue feat. 2004 - Jean-Marie Auberson, Swiss conductor (b. Many vehicles had to be towed out of the parking area. 1944). The festival was marked by torrential rains, creating an incredibly large amount of mud. 2003 - Barry White, American singer and record producer (b.

The festival ran June 11-13, and more than 90,000 people attended. 1912). Dog, Motion Potion, DJ Quarter-Roy, DJ Medi4, DJ Quickie Mart, Animal Liberation Orchestra, Steel Train, SIIHB's. Davis Jr., American general (b. Les Claypool, Heartless Bastards, Josh Ritter, Kermit Ruffins and the Barbeque Singers, Signal Path, Keren Ann, Dr. 2002 - Benjamin O. Ward, Madeleine Peyroux, The Frames, DJ Krush, Assembly of Dust, Amos Lee, Matisyahu, Perpetual Groove, Tea Leaf Green, Lake Trout, 22-20s Gabby La La feat. 1934).

Mike Gordon, Joss Stone, Kings of Leon, De La Soul, O.A.R., Toots and the Maytals, Umphrey's McGee, Iron & Wine, Ozomatli, Rilo Kiley, Karl Denson's Tiny Universe, Drive-By Truckers, Particle, Joanna Newsom, Peter Rowan & Crucial Reggae, Xavier Rudd, Ray LaMontagne, The Gourds, Blue Merle, Secret Machines, Saul Williams, Donna the Buffalo, Mouse on Mars, John Butler Trio, The Perceptionists, Ollabelle, Old Crow Medicine Show, RJD2, Citizen Cope, The Old '97s, Brazilian Girls, M. 1997 - Charles Kuralt, American television reporter (b. The Allman Brothers Band, Widespread Panic, Dave Matthews Band, Trey Anastasio, Jack Johnson, The Black Crowes, Alison Krauss, Modest Mouse, Ratdog, Herbie Hancock's Headhunters 2005, Gov't Mule, Béla Fleck Acoustic Trio, The Mars Volta, John Prine, Yonder Mountain String Band, Jurassic 5, The Word, Galactic, My Morning Jacket, Keller Williams, STS9, Earl Scruggs, Benevento-Russo Duo feat. 1919). Also, LiveBonnaroo.com made several artists' live sets available for download, including sets from The Black Crowes, My Morning Jacket and Widespread Panic. 1995 - Eva Gabor, Hungarian-born actress (b. Ray LaMontagne released a live EP of his Bonnaroo set, appropriately titled Ray LaMontagne Live From Bonnaroo. 1921).

Unlike 2004, rain marked each day of the festival. 1992 - Astor Piazzolla, Argentinian composer (b. There was a "comedy tent" featuring Jim Breuer as well as some lesser-known comedians and even daily yoga classes. 1936). Wireless Internet access was provided by Cisco Systems. Victor Chang, Australian physician (murdered) (b. New Line Cinema introduced a twenty-four-hour "cinema tent," showing popular and cult films. 1991 - Dr.

The festival ran from June 10-12, and more than 75,000 people were in attendance. 1899). Love & Special Sauce, My Morning Jacket, Ricky Skaggs & Kentucky Thunder, Steel Pulse, Mike Gordon and Ramble Dove, Cat Power, Medeski Martin & Wood, Nickel Creek, Gomez, Atmosphere, Steve Earle, Blues Traveler, Amadou & Mariam, Stephen Malkmus & The Jicks, The Dresden Dolls, Son Volt, Clap Your Hands Say Yeah, Jerry Douglas, Soulive, Rusted Root, Devendra Banhart Band, Donavon Frankenreiter, Mike Doughty, Sasha, [[Grace Potter & The Nocturnals, The Magic Numbers, Bill Frisell, Seu Jorge, Bettye LaVette, Dungen, Shooter Jennings, Rebirth Brass Band, Robinella, Andrew Bird, Steel Train, Jackie Greene, DeVotchKa, Wood Brothers, dios (malos), Toubab Krewe, The Motet, Marah, I-Nine, Balkan Beat Box, Cat Empire. 1986 - Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (b. John, Matisyahu, G. 1918). Radiohead, Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers, Phil Lesh & Friends, Beck, Elvis Costello & The Imposters, Bonnie Raitt, Death Cab for Cutie, moe., Bright Eyes, The Neville Brothers, Béla Fleck & the Flecktones, Buddy Guy, Damian Marley, Ben Folds, Robert Randolph & The Family Band, Dr. 1977 - Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (b.

More artists to be announced with the line up estimated to be 80 plus artists. 1895). Tickets for the 2006 Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival will go on sale Saturday, February 11, at 10:00 AM Eastern Time through Bonnaroo.com. 1976 - Antoni Słonimski, Polish poet and writer (b. The 2006 Bonnaroo Festival will be held June 16–June 18, 2006. 1902). The festival is reminiscent of popular music festivals like Woodstock & Isle Of Wight Festival. 1975 - Georgette Heyer, English author (b.

The festival also features craftsman and artisans selling unique products, several food and drink vendors, and many other activities from various sponsors. 1909). The main attractions of the festival are the multiple stages of live music, featuring mostly jam bands (categorized as progressive fusion), but also including hip hop and other alternative music. 1971 - August Derleth, American writer and editor (b. The festival is held on a 700 acre (2.4 km²) farm in Manchester, Tennessee, 60 miles southeast of Nashville, Tennessee. 1905). The Bonnaroo Music Festival, Bonnaroo or 'Roo for short, is an annual rock festival by Superfly Productions and AC Entertainment, first held in 2002. 1970 - Barnett Newman, American artist (b.

. 1881). Leo's Bonnaroo Survival Guide. 1941 - Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. LiveBonnaroo.com, which offers artist-approved downloads of live recordings, as well as photos and souvenirs. 1867). Bonnaroo.com, official website. 1934 - Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Polish-born scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in chemistry and physics (b.

1931 - Buddie Petit, American jazz cornetist. 1901). 1926 - Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian mountaineer (b. 1835).

1910 - Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (b. 1830). 1905 - Élisée Reclus, French geographer and anarchist (b. 1863).

1902 - Swami Vivekananda, Indian spiritual leader (b. 1843). 1901 - Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (b. 1809).

Vice President (b. 1891 - Hannibal Hamlin, U.S. 1797). 1882 - Joseph Brackett, American religious leader and composer (b.

1806). 1881 - Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1786). Marcy, American statesman (b.

1857 - William L. 1759). 1850 - William Kirby, English entomologist (b. 1768).

1848 - François-René de Chateaubriand, French writer and diplomat (b. 1758). 1831 - James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (b. 1743).

1826 - Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (b. 1735). 1826 - John Adams 2nd President of the United States (b. 1742).

1821 - Richard Cosway, English artist (b. 1715). 1787 - Charles de Rohan, prince de Soubise, Marshal of France (b. 1712).

1780 - Prince Charles of Lorraine, Austrian military leader (b. 1689). 1761 - Samuel Richardson, English writer (b. 1680).

1754 - Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist (b. 1671). 1742 - Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (b. 1623 - William Byrd, English composer.

1521). 1603 - Philippe de Monte, Flemish composer (b. 1495). 1541 - Pedro de Alvarado, Spanish explorer (b.

1187 - Raynald of Chatillon, Prince of Antioch (executed). 965 - Pope Benedict V. 1995 - María Isabel, Spanish singer. 1976 - Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer.

1974 - La'Roi Glover, American football player. 1973 - Gackt, Japanese singer. 1967 - Andy Walker, Canadian television personality. 1967 - Vinny Castilla, Mexican Major League Baseball player.

1962 - Pam Shriver, American tennis player. 1961 - Richard Garriott, English video game designer. 1951 - Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, American politician. 1948 - Tommy Körberg, Swedish singer.

1946 - Ed O'Ross, American actor. 1946 - Ron Kovic, American peace activist. 1943 - Geraldo Rivera, American reporter and talk show host. 1943 - Konrad "Conny" Bauer, German jazz trombonist.

1942 - Floyd Little, American football player. 1941 - Brian Willson, American peace activist. 1938 - Bill Withers, American singer and songwriter. 1977).

1931 - Stephen Boyd, Northern Irish actor (d. 1930 - George Steinbrenner, baseball team owner. 1929 - Bill Tuttle, baseball player. - Neil Simon, American playwright.

1927 - Gina Lollobrigida, Italian actress. 1926 - Alfredo Di Stefano, Argentinian footballer. 1924 - Eva Marie Saint, American actress. 1923 - Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor.

2003). 1921 - Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist and conductor (d. 2004). 1921 - Gerard Debreu, French-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d.

1920 - Norm Drucker, prominent National Basketball Association referee. 1920 - Leona Helmsley, American hotel operator and real estate investor. 1918 - Pauline Phillips (Abigail Van Buren), American advice columnist and twin sister to Ann Landers. 2002).

1918 - Ann Landers, American advice columnist (d. 1947). 1917 - Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1911 - Mitch Miller, American bandleader and television personality.

1910 - Gloria Stuart, American actress. 1991). 1905 - Irving Johnson, American author and adventurer (d. 1976).

1904 - Angela Baddeley, English actress (d. 1992). 1902 - George Murphy, American dancer, actor, and Senator from California (d. 1983).

1902 - Meyer Lansky, Russian-born mobster (d. this date). 1971) (see article re. 1900 - Louis Armstrong, American musician (d.

1997). Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican historian (d. 1898 - Dr. 1981).

1896 - Mao Dun, Chinese writer (d. 1970). 1883 - Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist (d. 1957).

Mayer, American film producer (d. 1882 - Louis B. 1968). Grant III, American soldier and planner (d.

1881 - Ulysses S. 1942). Cohan, American singer, dancer, composer, actor, and writer (d. 1878 - George M.

1933). 1872 - Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (d. 1906). 1847 - James Anthony Bailey, American circus impresario (d.

1926). 1854 - Victor Babeş, Romanian bacteriologist (d. 1905). 1845 - Thomas Barnardo, Irish humanitarian (d.

1864). 1826 - Stephen Foster, American songwriter (d. 1882). 1807 - Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian patriot (d.

1864). 1804 - Nathaniel Hawthorne, American writer (d. 1859). 1799 - King Oscar I of Sweden (Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte), French Napoleonic general (d.

1797). 1719 - Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (d. 1769). 1715 - Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet (d.

1772). 1694 - Louis-Claude Daquin, French composer (d. 1595). 1546 - Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (d.

1367). 1330 - Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (d. 2005 - The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1. 2004 - National Team of Greece won the EURO 2004 Cup 1-0 after the Final against Portugal.

(This was largely a symbolic event; actual construction would not start for several weeks). 2004 - The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. 2002 - A Prestige Airlines cargo Boeing 707 crashes just short of the runway in Bangui, Central African Republic killing 25. The gunman is shot and killed by a security officer.

2002 - Three people are shot at the El Al check-in booth at Los Angeles International Airport. 1998 - Lin "Spit" Newborn and Daniel Shersty are murdered by neonazis in the desert just outside Las Vegas. 1997 - NASA's Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars. 1993 - The Argentine national football team defeats mexico to win the Copa América 1993 in Guayaquil.

1987 - In France, former Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie (aka the "Butcher of Lyon") is convicted of crimes against humanity and is sentenced to life imprisonment. 1984 - NASCAR driver Richard Petty wins his 200th and final career victory at the Firecracker 400 race. 1982 - Four Iranian diplomats have been kidnapped upon Israel invasion of lebanon. 1976 - The citizens of the United States celebrate their country's bicentennial.

1976 - Israeli commandos raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing all of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by Palestinian terrorists. The act goes into effect the next year. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. 1966 - President Lyndon B.

state on August 21, 1959, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania almost ten and a half months later (see Flag Act). 1960 - Due to the post-Independence Day admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state earlier in the year, the 49-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1959 - With the admission of Alaska as the 49th U.S.

1950 - First broadcast by Radio Free Europe. 1946 - After 381 years of colonial rule, the Philippines is granted full independence by the United States. 1941 - Mass murder of Polish scientists and writers, committed by Nazi Germans in captured Polish city of Lwów. 1939 - Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, tells a crowd at Yankee Stadium that he considered himself "The luckiest man on the face of the earth" as he announces his retirement from major league baseball.

1934 - Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb. 1934 - Joe Louis wins his first professional boxing match. 1927 - First flight of the Lockheed Vega. 1918 - Bolsheviks kill Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family (Julian calendar date).

1918 - Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne. 1910 - African-American boxer Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match sparking race riots across the United States. Dole. 1894 - The short-lived Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed by Sanford B.

1881 - In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens. 1865 - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland is published. Grant after 47 days of siege. 1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Vicksburg - Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Ulysses S.

1862 - Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels. 1859 - Franco-Piedmontese War: The Battle of Magenta. 1855 - In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems titled Leaves of Grass is published. 1845 - Near Concord, Massachusetts, Henry David Thoreau embarks on a two-year experiment in simple living at Walden Pond (see Walden).

1840 - The Cunard Line's 700 ton wooden paddle steamer RMS Britannia departs from Liverpool bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia on the first transatlantic passenger cruise. 1838 - The Iowa Territory is organized. 1837 - Grand Junction Railway, world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool. 1831 - James Monroe dies on the fifty-fifth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.

1827 - Slavery is abolished in New York State. 1826 - Fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, on which John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, two of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America, died. 1817 - At Rome, New York, United States, construction on the Erie Canal begins. 1810 - The French occupy Amsterdam.

1803 - The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people. 1802 - At West Point, New York the United States Military Academy opens. 1776 - American Revolutionary War: The Continental Congress approves a Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. 1712 - 12 slaves are executed in New York for starting an uprising that killed 9 whites.

1636 - City of Providence, Rhode Island forms. 1584 - Sir Walter Ralegh first sees the coast of North Carolina. 1187 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula.

For several months it remains bright enough to be seen during the day. 1054 - A supernova is observed by the Chinese and Amerindians near the star ζ Tauri. 993 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized.

12-18-14 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php PAD File Directory Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Display all your websites in one place HereIam.tv Celebrity Homepages Charity Directory Google+ Directory Move your favorite Unsigned Artist to the Top of the List