The Amityville Horror

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The Amityville Horror was a best-selling 1977 novel by Jay Anson. The novel is also the basis of two movies made in 1979 and 2005.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

Synopsis

Both book and film revolve around the Lutz family, who move into the Dutch Colonial home in the village of Amityville, a New York City suburb on the south shore of Long Island, New York village. Thirteen months earlier the house on 112 Ocean Avenue was the scene of a brutal mass murder. The Lutz family, having lived in the house for only 28 days, fled their house with very few belongings, claiming to have been terrorized by paranormal phenomenon.

The murders

  • This section contains information that is a part of the public record separate from specific allegations of supernatural events which form the heart of the book and movies.

Main Article: Ronald DeFeo, Jr.

On November 13, 1974, police found that all but one of the members of the family residing at 112 Oceanside Ave., the DeFeo's, had been murdered in the middle of the night. Ronald DeFeo Jr., the only surviving member, claimed that they had been murdered by the mob until he confessed to the murders.

The popular story of ensuing events is that DeFeo’s original claims were that the murders were mob-connected had changed to “hearing voices,” demonic possession, and being handed the murder weapon, a .35 calibre Marlin hunting rifle, by a “pair of black hands”. DeFeo also claimed to have seen shadow figures moving about the house during the murders. He also claimed when killing his parents the weapon made no sound when firing it. However CourtTV's account of the murder case makes no mention of these claims, implying that DeFeo in fact did not contest his confession until the trial [1]. DeFeo's attorney pursued that line of questioning during the trial, only to have it backfire on him when DeFeo testified that he had not heard any voices the night of the murders [2]. He was convicted of second degree murder and is currently serving a life sentence.

Story

  • This section contains allegations of events that support the contention that the house was actually haunted. They are part of a work of literature alleging supernatural events and have not been independently verified by impartial research.
Left to right: 112 Ocean as owned by the DeFeo & Lutz familiy, 112 Ocean in 1978, House in Toms River, New Jersey remodeled to look like 112 Ocean (was used for filming first three Amityville Horror movies), 112 Ocean as remodeled in the 1990s - note the replacement of quarter-moon window as well as the alteration of porch balustrade and the removal of latticework around porch columns.

The house on 112 Ocean Avenue remained empty for 13 months until late 1975, when George and Kathleen Lutz purchased the 2 ½ floor house. George and Kathy were married in July and had their own houses, however they wanted to start a new life with a new home, for a new marriage. Kathy had three children from a previous marriage and a black Labrador named Harry. During their first inspection of the house the realtor told them about the DeFeo murders the previous November and asked if this changed their opinion on wanting to purchase the house. After family discussions, it was agreed that it was not an issue.

They moved in on December 18, 1975. When a friend of George’s learned of the house he insisted George have the house blessed. At the time George was a non-Catholic (at the time he was a non-practising Methodist) and had no experience with what a house blessing entailed. Kathy was a non-practising Catholic at the time and explained the process. George only knew of one Catholic priest, named Father Ray, who was also a close friend, who agreed to do the house blessing.

Being an ecclesiastical judge at the local Catholic establishment, Father Ray was not in the habit of doing house-blessings but since he and George were friends, he was doing it as a favour. Father Ray arrived to do the house blessing on the day the Lutz’s were moving in and as they busily unpacked outside he went in and performed the house blessing. Much later, after fleeing, George and Kathy learned from Father Ray that when blessing a particular room on the second-storey, which would be referred to as the “sewing room” (formerly Marc and John Matthew DeFeo’s bedroom), he discovered an unnatural coldness in this room, and heard an unearthly voice telling him to “Get Out!” Startled by this, Father Ray was subsequently slapped by an unseen force. When leaving the house, Father Ray did not mention this incident to either George or Kathy, more than likely because he did not wish to cause them unnecessary concern. Instead he told them he felt uncomfortable in that room and would prefer it if nobody spent too much time in that room. Because they planned to use the room as a “sewing room” nothing else was mentioned of it, until much later after George and Kathy had fled the house.

The sensations in the house experienced by the Lutz family did not happen at an accelerated pace instantly. Occurrences were subtle and escalated as time went by. The instances of paranormal activity were later described as being “in a three-ringed circus”. Each family member would experience different things as individuals which made such a profound psychological effect that it was difficult to explain them to even other family members that lived in the house, and it was like they “were each living in a different house”.

Some of the experiences in the house for the Lutz family are as follows:

  • George would wake up around 3.15am every morning and then would go out to check the boathouse. Later it would be learned that it was the estimated time of death with the DeFeo murders.
  • Kathy would have vivid nightmares about the murders, and discovered which order the murders occurred and who was shot where. These details were later confirmed when they met with Ronald DeFeo’s defence attorney.
  • Kathy would feel a sensation as if “being embraced” in a loving manner, by an unseen force.
  • Kathy discovered a small hidden crawl space behind shelving in the basement, the walls painted red. This did not show up on the blue prints of the house. The room was referred to as “the red room”. This room had a profound effect on their dog, Harry, who refused to go near it and cowered away as if sensing something negative there.
  • There were cold spots and strange odours of scented perfume and excrement in certain areas of the house where there were no wind drafts or any piping whatsoever to explain a source.
  • The Lutz’s youngest daughter, Missy, developed an imaginary friend named “Jody” who it was later discovered was not so imaginary and who it would be discovered could change form from a little boy to a demonic pig-like creature.
  • George would be awoken by the sound of the front door slamming when there was no door slamming. He would race downstairs to see the dog sleeping soundly at the front door. Nobody else heard these sounds even though it was loud enough to wake the house.
  • George would hear what was described as a “German marching band tuning up” or what also sounded like a clock radio playing not quite on frequency. When he got downstairs the noise would stop.
  • While checking the boathouse one night, George saw a pair of “red eyes” looking at him from Missy’s bedroom window. When he raced upstairs and to her room there was no sign of this mysterious entity. Later it was theorized that it could have been “Jody”.

When it was apparent to the Lutz’s that something was wrong with their house that they could not explain rationally, it was suggested by a friend of George’s, who had had similar experiences in his house, that he and Kathy do a blessing of their own and open all the windows in the rooms and tell whatever was there to leave in the name of Jesus Christ. When taking his advice and walking around the house doing the Lord’s prayer each of the rooms, George and Kathy would hear a chorus of voices telling them “Will you please stop!”

By mid-January of 1976, and after another attempt at a house blessing by George and Kathy, they experienced what would be their final night in the house. To this day, events of this night have not been disclosed fully by any of the Lutz family, as they have described it as too frightening.

After getting in touch with Father Ray, he managed to convince George and Kathy to take some belongings and stay at Kathy’s mother’s house in Deer Park, for the time being until they sorted out what problems were in the house. On January 14, 1976, George and Kathy Lutz, with their three children and their dog, Harry, fled the house on 112 Ocean Avenue, leaving most of their possessions behind.

Criticisms

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The book and the subsequent movies were promoted as being based on a true story, and for a time Anson's word that "There is simply too much independent corroboration of their narrative to support the speculation that [the Lutzes] either imagined or fabricated these events" held. The popular consensus today, however, among researchers of the incident is that "the facts depicted in the books (and the movies to follow) were written entirely as a profit making scheme" [3].

The story started to fall apart when the Lutz's filed suit against Paul Hoffman (a writer working on an account of the hauntings), William Weber (DeFeo's Lawyer), Bernard Burton, Frederick Mars (both clairvoyants who had examined the house), Good Housekeeping, New York Sunday News and the Hearst Corporation (who had published articles related to the hauntings), alleging invasion of privacy, misappropration of names for trade purposes, and mental distress. Hoffman, Weber, and Burton immediately filed a countersuit alleging fraud and breach of contract. Eventually, the claims against the news corporations were dropped for lack of evidence, and the remainder of the case was tried by Brooklyn U.S. District Court judge Jack B. Weinstein. Weinstein dismissed the Lutz's claims, saying "it appears to me that to a large extent the book is a work of fiction, relying in a large part upon the suggestions of Mr. Weber" [4]. Weber had admitted that much of the story was created over "many bottles of wine" with the Lutz's [5].

Numerous discrepencies have emerged over the years, though the Lutz's continued claims that the book was essentially true help keep the legend alive in the public eye.

A recent view of 112 Ocean.

See Also

  • The Amityville Horror (1979 film)
  • The Amityville Horror (2005 film)

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Numerous discrepencies have emerged over the years, though the Lutz's continued claims that the book was essentially true help keep the legend alive in the public eye. His exaggerated and mournful howl of "NOOO!" also achieved notoriety. Weber had admitted that much of the story was created over "many bottles of wine" with the Lutz's [5]. With the release of Revenge of the Sith, Vader's popularity has seen an increase. Weber" [4]. [10]. Weinstein dismissed the Lutz's claims, saying "it appears to me that to a large extent the book is a work of fiction, relying in a large part upon the suggestions of Mr. One winner was a design featuring Darth Vader.

Weinstein. During a major renovation, Washington National Cathedral held a competition for children to design new gargoyles for the west towers. District Court judge Jack B. An IMDb poll on 10 November 2003[9] asked users to choose which one of a set of movie spoilers was too infamous to be considered a spoiler anymore; Vader's true identity was a clear winner, by a forty-percent margin. Eventually, the claims against the news corporations were dropped for lack of evidence, and the remainder of the case was tried by Brooklyn U.S. Vader's revelation to Luke that he is his father is one of the most famous movie plot twists of all time. Hoffman, Weber, and Burton immediately filed a countersuit alleging fraud and breach of contract. Vader's name has become a synonym for evil; for example, political strategist Lee Atwater was known as "the Darth Vader of the Republican Party." George Lucas has pointed to Vader's iconic status as a reason he made the prequel movies, since he felt the icon overshadowed the fact that Vader was intended to be a tragic character.

The story started to fall apart when the Lutz's filed suit against Paul Hoffman (a writer working on an account of the hauntings), William Weber (DeFeo's Lawyer), Bernard Burton, Frederick Mars (both clairvoyants who had examined the house), Good Housekeeping, New York Sunday News and the Hearst Corporation (who had published articles related to the hauntings), alleging invasion of privacy, misappropration of names for trade purposes, and mental distress. Another kind of tribute to Darth Vader comes from Stargate SG-1, in which there are similarities between Anubis and Vader, played for both dramatic and serious effect. The popular consensus today, however, among researchers of the incident is that "the facts depicted in the books (and the movies to follow) were written entirely as a profit making scheme" [3]. Super Show, "Darth Butch" from Neglected Mario Characters, and country singer Darth Brooks in Late Night With Conan O'Brien. The book and the subsequent movies were promoted as being based on a true story, and for a time Anson's word that "There is simply too much independent corroboration of their narrative to support the speculation that [the Lutzes] either imagined or fabricated these events" held. He has been parodied by such figures as "Dark Helmet" from Spaceballs, "Duck Vader" from Tiny Toon Adventures, "Darth Koopa" from The Super Mario Bros. On January 14, 1976, George and Kathy Lutz, with their three children and their dog, Harry, fled the house on 112 Ocean Avenue, leaving most of their possessions behind. His powerful baritone voice, coupled with his heavy breathing, is easily recognizable, and the American Film Institute's list of the greatest movie villains placed him third, after Hannibal Lecter and Norman Bates.

After getting in touch with Father Ray, he managed to convince George and Kathy to take some belongings and stay at Kathy’s mother’s house in Deer Park, for the time being until they sorted out what problems were in the house. Due to his central role, Vader has entered the public consciousness as the quintessential villain. To this day, events of this night have not been disclosed fully by any of the Lutz family, as they have described it as too frightening. Frankenstein) brings him to life still in the restraints, which Vader breaks out of. By mid-January of 1976, and after another attempt at a house blessing by George and Kathy, they experienced what would be their final night in the house. The scene in which Vader is reborn as a cyborg is compared to the the creation of the monster in the 1931 film Frankenstein—like Frankenstein, Vader lies on a table to be rebuilt, and when the task is complete, his master (like Dr. When taking his advice and walking around the house doing the Lord’s prayer each of the rooms, George and Kathy would hear a chorus of voices telling them “Will you please stop!”. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings; both Vader and the Witch-King dress in black, have a supernaturally fearsome presence and a hidden, pale form, are kept alive unnaturally, and serve at the hands of Dark Lords.

When it was apparent to the Lutz’s that something was wrong with their house that they could not explain rationally, it was suggested by a friend of George’s, who had had similar experiences in his house, that he and Kathy do a blessing of their own and open all the windows in the rooms and tell whatever was there to leave in the name of Jesus Christ. A resemblance has also been noted to the Lord of the Nazgûl, also called the Witch-King of Angmar, from J.R.R. Some of the experiences in the house for the Lutz family are as follows:. (This is further alluded in Stephen King's Dark Tower novels in which so-called "Doombots" appear that wear green hoods and iron wolf masks, much like Doom, and carry lightsabers.) Similarities have also been noted with the evil brother Hakaider, from the manga and tokusatsu series Kikaider, and the Mule, a villain in Isaac Asimov's Foundation Trilogy. Each family member would experience different things as individuals which made such a profound psychological effect that it was difficult to explain them to even other family members that lived in the house, and it was like they “were each living in a different house”. One is the classic Marvel Universe supervillain Doctor Doom. The instances of paranormal activity were later described as being “in a three-ringed circus”. As Vader fits the classic stock character of the Black Knight, some have noted that Vader bears more than a passing resemblance to other villains.

Occurrences were subtle and escalated as time went by. Lucas took the name "Anakin" from his friend and fellow film director, Ken Annakin. The sensations in the house experienced by the Lutz family did not happen at an accelerated pace instantly. Judging by the origin of the other Sith names, Vader may also possibly be a derivative of the word "invader." In the movie's novelization Darth Sidious conjures the name from the Dark Side—"Darth Vader" is supposed to mean him, supposedly a nod to his status as the Chosen One. Because they planned to use the room as a “sewing room” nothing else was mentioned of it, until much later after George and Kathy had fled the house. However, in the earliest scripts for Star Wars, the name "Darth Vader" was given to a normal Imperial general. Instead he told them he felt uncomfortable in that room and would prefer it if nobody spent too much time in that room. "Vader" is the Dutch word for "father", and the German word for "father" (Vater) is similar.

When leaving the house, Father Ray did not mention this incident to either George or Kathy, more than likely because he did not wish to cause them unnecessary concern. So it's basically Dark Father." (Rolling Stone, June 2, 2005). Much later, after fleeing, George and Kathy learned from Father Ray that when blessing a particular room on the second-storey, which would be referred to as the “sewing room” (formerly Marc and John Matthew DeFeo’s bedroom), he discovered an unnatural coldness in this room, and heard an unearthly voice telling him to “Get Out!” Startled by this, Father Ray was subsequently slapped by an unseen force. And Vader is a variation of father. Father Ray arrived to do the house blessing on the day the Lutz’s were moving in and as they busily unpacked outside he went in and performed the house blessing. In a 2005 interview, George Lucas was asked the origins of the name "Darth Vader", and replied: "Darth is a variation of dark. Being an ecclesiastical judge at the local Catholic establishment, Father Ray was not in the habit of doing house-blessings but since he and George were friends, he was doing it as a favour. The iconic breathing sound of his respirator was created by sound designer Ben Burtt, who created the sound by simply recording himself breathing into an old Dacor scuba regulator.

George only knew of one Catholic priest, named Father Ray, who was also a close friend, who agreed to do the house blessing. Vader's leitmotif is The Imperial March. Kathy was a non-practising Catholic at the time and explained the process. It also resembles a German World War II-era Stahlhelm. At the time George was a non-Catholic (at the time he was a non-practising Methodist) and had no experience with what a house blessing entailed. Vader's head gear resembles a Japanese kabuto (兜), which is consistent with the samurai-like order of the Jedi and kendo-like lightsaber duels. When a friend of George’s learned of the house he insisted George have the house blessed. This was later made permanent and incorporated in the story.

They moved in on December 18, 1975. It was initially imagined that Darth Vader would fly through space to enter the ship, necessitating a suit and breathing mask. After family discussions, it was agreed that it was not an issue. The current image of Vader was created when concept artist Ralph McQuarrie drew the opening scene where the Rebel ship Tantive IV was being boarded. During their first inspection of the house the realtor told them about the DeFeo murders the previous November and asked if this changed their opinion on wanting to purchase the house. The character of Darth Vader was not originally planned to be a suited cyborg. Kathy had three children from a previous marriage and a black Labrador named Harry. In 1978, Prowse and Jones returned as Vader in The Star Wars Holiday Special, as well as to shoot new footage that was released with the Star Wars: The Interactive Video Board Game, when it was released in 1996.

George and Kathy were married in July and had their own houses, however they wanted to start a new life with a new home, for a new marriage. Andrew Nelson has also portrayed Vader at a number of events for Lucasfilm, as well as the videogame Rebel Assault II, and in new footage filmed for the Special Edition releases of the original three Star Wars films in 1997. The house on 112 Ocean Avenue remained empty for 13 months until late 1975, when George and Kathleen Lutz purchased the 2 ½ floor house. The character of Darth Vader also involved several stunt doubles, most notably fencing instructor Bob Anderson, who handled all of Vader's fight sequences in The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi.[8] Industrial Light & Magic employee C. He was convicted of second degree murder and is currently serving a life sentence. Mat Lucas supplied the voice for Anakin in the popular animated series Star Wars: Clone Wars, as well as for the Star Wars video games that have depicted Anakin as an adult. DeFeo's attorney pursued that line of questioning during the trial, only to have it backfire on him when DeFeo testified that he had not heard any voices the night of the murders [2]. Jake Lloyd reprised his role by lending his voice to various video games that have featured the young Anakin.

However CourtTV's account of the murder case makes no mention of these claims, implying that DeFeo in fact did not contest his confession until the trial [1]. Several different actors have portrayed the character. He also claimed when killing his parents the weapon made no sound when firing it. However, perhaps in a show of foresight by Palpatine, the system is vulnerable to Force lightning, contributing to Vader's death in Return of the Jedi. DeFeo also claimed to have seen shadow figures moving about the house during the murders. In the climactic duel of The Empire Strikes Back, a blow from Luke's lightsaber appears to bounce off Vader's armor, eliciting a yell of pain from the Sith Lord. The popular story of ensuing events is that DeFeo’s original claims were that the murders were mob-connected had changed to “hearing voices,” demonic possession, and being handed the murder weapon, a .35 calibre Marlin hunting rifle, by a “pair of black hands”. Besides the life support it provides his ravaged body, Vader's armor may also offer some moderate degree of protection against lightsabers.

Ronald DeFeo Jr., the only surviving member, claimed that they had been murdered by the mob until he confessed to the murders. The armor also enables him to breathe in vacuum while protecting him from the coldness of space. On November 13, 1974, police found that all but one of the members of the family residing at 112 Oceanside Ave., the DeFeo's, had been murdered in the middle of the night. The center buckle features an audio enhancement unit built into the electromagnetic clasp. Main Article: Ronald DeFeo, Jr. On his left, he wears a respiratory sensor matrix. The Lutz family, having lived in the house for only 28 days, fled their house with very few belongings, claiming to have been terrorized by paranormal phenomenon. The one on his right featured a temperature regulation system.

Thirteen months earlier the house on 112 Ocean Avenue was the scene of a brutal mass murder. On his belt, Vader wears two small system function boxes. Both book and film revolve around the Lutz family, who move into the Dutch Colonial home in the village of Amityville, a New York City suburb on the south shore of Long Island, New York village. Upon closer examination, the chestplate has Hebrew lettering which has been translated as, "His deeds will not be forgiven, until he merits."[7]. . Three slot-like dataports offered diagnostic checks of his pulmonary, respiratory and neural systems. The novel is also the basis of two movies made in 1979 and 2005. Vader's life support system includes a chest-worn, computerized control panel unit that regulates his respiratory functions.

The Amityville Horror was a best-selling 1977 novel by Jay Anson. His famous mask and helmet, resembling the head of an ancient Sith droid, contain various vision- and auditory-enhancing equipment, as well as the respirator that causes the Dark Lord's ominous breathing sound. The Amityville Horror (2005 film). His gloves and hands are made with a unique micronized iron that can deflect anything short of a lightsaber blow. The Amityville Horror (1979 film). He wears a suit of quilted, flexible, blast-dampening, multi-ply padding, and a cloak of armor weave. Later it was theorized that it could have been “Jody”. More visible durasteel plates cover his shoulders, upper body and shins.

When he raced upstairs and to her room there was no sign of this mysterious entity. Vader's armor is built around a plastoid girdle that protects his organic and synthetic internal organs. While checking the boathouse one night, George saw a pair of “red eyes” looking at him from Missy’s bedroom window. A towering figure, the suited Darth Vader is nearly 6 feet 8 inches (2.02 meters) tall. When he got downstairs the noise would stop. As a result of his later disfigurement on Mustafar, Vader was substantially augmented with cybernetic implants: he must wear his armor at all times when he is not meditating in his pressurized containment-chamber. George would hear what was described as a “German marching band tuning up” or what also sounded like a clock radio playing not quite on frequency. Even before his transformation into Vader, Anakin was a cyborg: he had a prosthetic installed after his natural right forearm was severed while duelling with Count Dooku on Geonosis in Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones.

Nobody else heard these sounds even though it was loud enough to wake the house. However, the most widely accepted explanation for the slower combat of the original trilogy is the lack of "film magic" in the 1970s, considering Obi-Wan also fought slowly in A New Hope at age 57 despite Count Dooku fighting with intense speed in the prequels at age 80+. He would race downstairs to see the dog sleeping soundly at the front door. While most padawans were trained from early ages for at least a good 15 years, Luke started very late. George would be awoken by the sound of the front door slamming when there was no door slamming. Luke's less-developed saber skills were ostensibly a result of his minimal training. The Lutz’s youngest daughter, Missy, developed an imaginary friend named “Jody” who it was later discovered was not so imaginary and who it would be discovered could change form from a little boy to a demonic pig-like creature. This a fairly accepted explanation for the less-elaborate saber fighting in the original trilogy as compared to the prequel trilogy.

There were cold spots and strange odours of scented perfume and excrement in certain areas of the house where there were no wind drafts or any piping whatsoever to explain a source. This fighting style contrasted with Anakin's style before his disfigurement, which utilized more speed and acrobatics. This room had a profound effect on their dog, Harry, who refused to go near it and cowered away as if sensing something negative there. When striking with both hands on the grip of his lightsaber, he was able to pound his enemies with an onslaught of strong but somewhat slow strikes. The room was referred to as “the red room”. He struck to kill and used psychology and his appearance to intimidate his foes. This did not show up on the blue prints of the house. He was calm when fighting, rarely using acrobatics.

Kathy discovered a small hidden crawl space behind shelving in the basement, the walls painted red. His blows were forceful even when using only one arm to fight. Kathy would feel a sensation as if “being embraced” in a loving manner, by an unseen force. In battle, Darth Vader lacked the mobility and ease he once had, but his bionic suit gave him sheer strength. These details were later confirmed when they met with Ronald DeFeo’s defence attorney. Anakin was trained in Form V lightsaber combat by Obi-Wan, one of the greatest swordsmen in the galaxy, and quickly developed incredible skill in the form, which he retained even after his fall to the dark side. Kathy would have vivid nightmares about the murders, and discovered which order the murders occurred and who was shot where. The Expanded Universe has shown him punching through the skulls of savage animals and bludgeoning opposing Jedi to their knees with one blow.

Later it would be learned that it was the estimated time of death with the DeFeo murders. Vader also has great physical strength, which he demonstrates in his first and last appearances in the original trilogy: lifting a Rebel captain by the throat with one hand in A New Hope, and picking up the Emperor and hurling him to his death in Return of the Jedi. George would wake up around 3.15am every morning and then would go out to check the boathouse. One explanation is that Vader used the Force (because there is a Force power in Knights of the Old Republic II: The Sith Lords called Force Deflection that allows the player to block blaster bolts without a lightsaber), while an Expanded Universe novel states that Vader's right glove was indestructible. They are part of a work of literature alleging supernatural events and have not been independently verified by impartial research. In The Empire Strikes Back, Vader was able to block Han Solo's blaster bolts with his hand. This section contains allegations of events that support the contention that the house was actually haunted. [6].

This section contains information that is a part of the public record separate from specific allegations of supernatural events which form the heart of the book and movies. Vader's lack of organic hands is the direct reason he cannot create Force lightning, as Dooku and Palpatine could (Note: In the Star Wars comic book: Splinter of the mind's eye, Darth Vader can be seen using Force lightning. Had he sustained none of his injuries on Mustafar, he would have been about twice as powerful. Lucas claims that, as a masked and suited Darth Vader, Anakin has roughly 80% of the power of the Emperor. However, Lucas states that his injuries on Mustafar cost Vader much of his Force potential.

He was born with the highest known midichlorian count (a measure of Force-aptitude) in the history of the galaxy, surpassing that of both Yoda and the Emperor. All of these skills, however, are secondary to his incredible mastery of the Force. His talent with the lightsaber is legendary. Vader still possesses his former persona's amazing engineering skills, having overseen the design of the TIE/Advanced fighter and the construction of the second Death Star.

Darth Vader is a brilliant strategist and one of the greatest pilots in the galaxy. Taking the proper lessons from his loss to Kenobi, he apparently learned how to control his emotions when in combat, finding a way to call upon the power of the dark side while not being blinded by emotions run amok. He also experimented in some Form II Makashi, used by Count Dooku, as evidenced by his formal one-handed duel against Luke Skywalker on Cloud City. For the remainder of his life, he would maintain his mastery of Form V Djem So and Shien.

In his mechanical life-support suit, Darth Vader could no longer engage in the energetic acrobatics of Ataru. At that point, Anakin's fatal mistake was not in his prowess, but in his mind. But in the end of the ferocious battle on Mustafar, Anakin held the upper hand in his fighting skills until the point where Kenobi placed himself on higher, solid ground. In both cases this resulted in the detachment of his opponent's limbs.

That is to rely on Soresu entirely until there is a hole in the opponent's offensive barrage, and to immediately slash away with some broad Ataru strokes. Like his duel with Grievous, Kenobi would rely on his "wait them out" philosophy. Frustrated by his inability to break this defense, Anakin would make mistakes that he wouldn't have made had he been able to remain focused and patient. Obi-Wan was the greatest defensive master in the Order and his absolute dedication to Soresu would prove vital to his win.

Whereas Anakin's strength lay in his offensive barrage, Kenobi's resided in his defense. Though Anakin could call on the Dark Side to overpower his opponents, his mounting emotions could also distract him from executing as well as his master. Kenobi held a psychological edge since it was he who traditionally would win in their sparring days. Though younger, more athletic, and gifted with more raw Force power than Obi-Wan, he lacked the experience, calmness, and focus which his master possessed.

Anakin's fatal flaw was his rage. By defeating Dooku when Kenobi had failed twice, Anakin seemed to have proven his mastery of the Force, and established himself as one of the greatest swordsman in the Order, next to only Yoda and Mace Windu. In the rematch with Count Dooku at the Battle of Coruscant, Anakin's mastery in Djem So, combined with his young age, better physical condition, impressive strength, and considerable reserve of Force energy, enabled Anakin to tear through the precision and elegance of Makashi and break through Dooku's tenacious defense. According to Count Dooku in Revenge of the Sith novelization, Anakin's mastery of Djem So was the greatest he had ever seen in his life.

Apart from Shien, Skywalker mastered Djem So during the Clone Wars, a Form V style beyond the classic Shien. Appreciative at last of how much he had to learn, Anakin spent the next three years of the Clone Wars honing his Form V skills. No match for the seasoned focus and skills of Dooku's Form II Makashi swordplay, a style of elegance and precision, Anakin lost his right forearm and was only narrowly saved by Master Yoda at the end of Episode II. Ultimately Anakin would learn his lesson against Count Dooku at the Battle of Geonosis.

However, Anakin's frequent application of Form V, a style that tends to foster an inappropriate focus on dominating others, clouded his judgment and pulled him to the dark side of the Force frequently during his numerous battles in the Clone Wars. By the time of Attack of the Clones, Anakin began to believe he was one of the best swordsmen in the Order. With Anakin's exceptionally high concentration of midi-chlorians, he mastered Shien faster than any other Padawan in the Order. An aggresssive style which focuses on strength and lightsaber attack moves, Shien takes the defensive principles of Form III (Soresu), the style practiced by Obi-Wan Kenobi, and converts them to offensive moves.

Anakin Skywalker was trained in classic Form V (Shien) lightsaber combat. Anakin's style featured elements of many masters that made him outstandingly talented at a very young age. Through him, Anakin would inherit a rich tradition of lightsaber pedigree. Anakin Skywalker was trained by the Order's most promising Jedi Knight, Obi-Wan Kenobi.

Therefore the claim that in order to have "balance" in the Force that there should be no Sith is relatively justified based on this particular viewpoint. The presence of the Sith, it is believed, serves to once again tip the cosmic scale in favor of the dark side. Theoretically, a relatively small number of beings dedicated to pure good and service of the light side of the Force are able to balance against all the negative energy contributed by everyone else and maintain relative balance in the universe. Multiplied by the trillions of beings in the Star Wars universe, this amounts to a massive dark side shift in the cosmic balance.

They claim that the average sentient being contributes a sizable amount of negative energy to the universe throughout their lifetime by means of what we would call normal and natural emotions like anger, jealousy, etc. Instead advocates of this particular view believe that the "balance" in the Force is the balance between positive and negative energy throughout the universe. Yet another view held by only a small amount of fans claims that the idea of "balance" in the Force has nothing to do with either there being an equal number of Jedi and Sith or neccessarily just the destruction of the Sith. Indeed, at the conclusion of Episode I and Episode VI, a voice in the cheering crowd can be heard to cry out "The Son of Suns!", thus giving weight to this being a possible portion of the prophecy.

In begetting Luke and defeating the Emperor in the Return of the Jedi he is fulfilling his massianic role, but none of this would be possible or even neccessary if he had not fallen from grace and become Darth Vader.
On another level, the notion of balance and equilibrium which Skywalker was supposedly destined to restore could only exist if the force were disturbed in the first place. A quote was originally to precede the "A Long Time Ago" text:. One possible piece of evidence supporting this theory comes from an early draft of A New Hope.

However, the exact text of the prophecy is never revealed in the films, so it may not be possible to conclude that the Chosen One must be born of a virgin. It is presumed that the Chosen One of the Jedi Prophecy must be born of a virgin mother (as Anakin allegedly was), since Yoda for instance, despite his historical number of midi-chlorians, is never regarded as a candidate for the prophecy. He does it because he is redeemed by his son." Lucas gave a similar explanation in the final VHS release of the original trilogy in November 2000: "[In] Episodes IV, V and VI,...Anakin's offspring redeem him, and allow him to fulfill the Prophecy, and bring balance to the Force by doing away with the Sith, and getting rid of evil in the universe.". He becomes Darth Vader; Darth Vader does become the hero, Darth Vader does destroy the Sith; meaning himself and the Emperor.

Frequently cited as evidence for this interpretation is Yoda's warning to Obi-Wan that the prophecy "misread, could have been." In the Episode III DVD featurette "The Chosen One," Lucas summarizes as follows: "The Prophecy is that Anakin will bring balance to the Force and destroy the Sith. Adherents of this view find it particularly noteworthy that, by the end of Episode III, there is a precisely equal number of Jedi and Sith: Obi-Wan and Yoda, Sidious and Vader. In this viewpoint, the Jedi and the Sith metaphorically represent two opposing weights on a scale, with an excess of either disrupting the balance of the Force. Many fans argue that Anakin fulfilled the Jedi Prophecy by bringing a new "balance" to the Force by nearly eliminating the Jedi.

Still, Anakin's pivotal role is undisputable, ranging from his intervention in Windu and Sidious' duel in the Chancellor's office, to the enormous influence that his progeny wield in the original trilogy as well as the Expanded Universe. His role in the destruction of the Jedi was an ancillary one, as much of the plan was already underway long before Anakin's fall; indeed, it began with the invasion of Naboo, when he was only a child. In particular, Anakin's status as the Chosen One is regularly disputed. The Jedi Prophecy is a frequent source of debate among fans.

In the novel The Unifying Force of the New Jedi Order series, set 30 years after the Battle of Yavin in A New Hope, Anakin's voice would speak to his grandson, Jacen Solo, telling him to "Stand firm!" in his battle with the Supreme Overlord of the Yuuzhan Vong. Leia Organa Solo, who was initially horrified to learn that Vader was her father, eventually forgave him after learning her family's full history, and named her youngest son Anakin in remembrance of her father's redemption. Later, Vader transferred their services to Grand Admiral Thrawn. In the Thrawn trilogy, it is explained that Darth Vader was the first representative of the Empire to find the Noghri, a race with exceptional combat skills, whom he manipulated into serving as his personal commandos and revering him as their master.

Vader also makes occasional appearances in Dark Horse's Star Wars comic books set between the movies, especially Star Wars: Empire. The story also gives more insight into Vader's thoughts and ambitions, as it reveals that he knows there is some good left in him and that he wishes to heal his body through the force in an attempt to return his physical appearance to that of his former self (Anakin). In the story, Prince Xizor, leader of the crime organization Black Sun, plots to overthrow Vader as the Emperor's second in command. Vader also has a prominent role in the 1996 novel/comic/video game Shadows of the Empire, which takes place between The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi.

In The Star Wars Holiday Special, Vader searches for the Rebels responsible for the destruction of the Death Star, almost thwarting Han and Chewbacca's goal of reaching Kashyyyk in order for Chewie to reach his family for Life Day. The extent as to which these new injuries may have worsened his condition (if at all) is somewhat disputed among the Star Wars fanbase. On Mimban, Vader suffers massive injuries when he falls into a pit. Later on, in the Alan Dean Foster novel Splinter of the Mind's Eye (which takes place shortly after the events in A New Hope), Vader meets Luke for the second time, and combats him in a lightsaber duel for the first time on the planet Mimban.

In the comic book Vader's Quest, he hires bounty hunters to bring him information about the author of the destruction of the Death Star, ultimately meeting his son Luke for the very first time. Vader is expected to at least make cameo appearances in the upcoming Star Wars live-action TV series, which is slated for either a 2007 or 2008 release, and will run 100 episodes. The book Dark Lord: The Rise of Darth Vader, a sequel to Revenge of the Sith, focuses on Vader's mission to hunt down the remaining Jedi who were not killed in the Great Jedi Purge. In the young adult series The Last of The Jedi, Boba Fett, at the age of fourteen, is hired by Imperial leader Inquisitor Malorum to investigate Padmé's death at Vader's request.

The Yuuzhan-Vong are mentioned in this novel also, though not by name. The ships are also alive. The inhabitants of the planet are famous for making the fastest ships in the galaxy. In Greg Baer's novel Star Wars: Rogue Planet, Anakin Skywalker, at the age of twelve, is sent with Obi-Wan Kenobi on a mission to Zenoma Sekot.

The New Droid Army, a video game made for Game Boy Advance, also details some of Anakin's adventures during the war. Despite Anakin's periods of separation from his wife, the twins Luke and Leia are conceived during the Clone Wars. During a mission to save the Nelvaanian Braves, Anakin goes through a cave that reveals what would become of him in the future. He is later made a full-fledged Jedi Knight.

In the animated series Star Wars: Clone Wars, Anakin Skywalker goes through many battles in the war, earning him the moniker "The Hero With No Fear." One of such major events in it is his battle with Asajj Ventress on Yavin IV. During the victory celebration on the forest moon of Endor, Luke is able to see the redeemed spirit of Anakin Skywalker, standing once again with Obi-Wan and Yoda. That night, Luke burns his father's Sith armor (and whatever remains inside[5]) in the manner of a Jedi's funeral. Luke escapes with his father's body as the Death Star explodes, destroyed by the Rebel Alliance.

In his dying breaths, Anakin Skywalker is redeemed, finally admitting to Luke in his dying breaths that the good within him was not destroyed after all. Through sunken eyes, he looks up at his son and back at a lifetime of regret. Freed from the mask that had caged his head for half his life, Anakin is a sad, withered man in his mid-forties, his skin ghostly pale from not having seen natural light for more than two decades. Luke complies and, for the first time, father and son look into each other's eyes.

Moments from death, Anakin begs his son to take off his breath-mask so they see each other face-to-face. By destroying both the Emperor and himself (as Darth Vader), Anakin fulfills the prophecy that claimed he would bring balance to the Force, but he is mortally wounded by the Emperor's lightning in the process. Unable to bear the sight of his son in pain, Vader turns on his master and throws him into a deep shaft, where he explodes in a fury of dark energies. Luke writhes in agony under the Emperor's torture, begging his father for help.

Seeing that the young Jedi is a lost cause, the Emperor attacks Luke with Force lightning. As the Emperor approaches, encouraging Luke to finish Vader and take his place, Luke throws down his lightsaber, refusing to perform the killing blow. He controls his anger at the last minute, however, as he looks at Vader's cybernetic hand and then at his own; he realizes that he is perilously close to suffering his father's fate. Enraged, Luke nearly kills Vader, finally severing his father's mechanical hand.

Aboard the Death Star, Luke resists the Emperor's appeals to his anger and fear for his friends, but snaps when Vader telepathically probes his mind, learns of Leia's existence, and threatens to turn her instead. On a mission to the forest moon of Endor, he surrenders to Imperial troops and is brought to Vader. By this time, Luke has nearly completed his Jedi training, and has learned from a dying Yoda that Vader is indeed his father and that Leia is his sister. He meets with Palpatine onboard the half-constructed station to plan Luke's turn to the dark side.

In the final installment of the series, Vader is charged with overseeing the completion of the second Death Star, with Moff Jerjerrod as his immediate subordinate. Luke, although shaken by this stunning claim, refuses to join Vader and escapes. He then reveals his true identity of being Luke's father, trying to persuade Luke to join him so that they can destroy the Emperor and rule the galaxy as father and son. Vader corners and defeats Luke, cutting off his right hand.

The two duel and Luke attempts an escape from Cloud City. Luke, who by now has been trained by Yoda, arrives and finds his way to the carbonite freezing facility, where Vader is planning to freeze him for transport to the Emperor. Vader uses his influence to make a deal with Lando Calrissian to kidnap Han, Leia, and the droids, creating a trap for Luke at Cloud City. [[.

While on this pursuit, the Emperor contacts Vader via hologram, giving him a new mission to capture Luke Skywalker. After hiding in the blind spot of a Star Destroyer, the Falcon sets course to Cloud City, followed by Boba Fett, a bounty hunter hired by Vader. He leads the imperial troops on a full military assault on the rebel base hidden at the ice world of Hoth, and then pursues the escaping Millennium Falcon through an asteroid field. He has already known about Luke Skywalker, and is desperate to find him.

Vader is now at the forefront of the continuing attempt to suppress the Rebellion. His ship is sent hurtling into space, ultimately sparing his life, as the Death Star is destroyed moments later. Vader gets a lock on Luke's X-wing, noting that "the Force is strong with this one", but is distracted by Han Solo who is piloting the Millennium Falcon just in time to save Luke. During the Rebel attack on the Death Star, Vader pilots a distinctive TIE/Advanced fighter in pursuit of the Rebel X-Wing starfighters.

By putting a homing beacon on the Millennium Falcon, Vader traces Luke, Han and Leia to the rebel base at Yavin IV. As Obi-Wan sees that if he escapes with Luke and company it would be too late, he sacrifices himself by leaving himself open to Vader's attack and becomes a spirit in the Force in order to guide Luke. Vader stops Obi-Wan on his way out and engages him in a lightsaber duel. An elderly Obi-Wan, along with Luke Skywalker and Han Solo, attempt to rescue Leia during their escape from the Death Star.

He boards the Tantive IV, capturing Princess Leia and bringing her to the Death Star. Nineteen years later, Vader is sent on a mission to retrieve the stolen plans of the Death Star and locate the hidden base of the Rebel Alliance.
. [4] While Lucas justified his replacement of Sebastian Shaw with Christensen in the finale of the 2004 DVD release of Return of the Jedi with an explanation that upon his redemption Anakin reverted to his inner, uncorrupted self, Star Wars seems to also approach the question with the implication that there is no simple answer to it; as Obi-Wan tells Luke during his explanation of Vader's identity, "Many of the truths we cling to depend greatly upon our own point of view.".

The novelization of Revenge of the Sith, on the other hand, clearly makes the point that Darth Vader is Anakin Skywalker. Yoda and Obi-Wan both asserted at various times that Anakin Skywalker was destroyed and consumed by Vader when he turned to the dark side. The armored Dark Lord of the Sith seen at the end of the film is radically different from the Jedi Knight seen at the beginning physically, psychologically, and even spiritually. The events of Revenge of the Sith also had a significant effect on Anakin's identity.

Lucas claims that had Vader not been dismembered, he would have been twice as powerful as Palpatine, but that he is only 80% as powerful post-Mustafar. Although Vader remains a formidable warrior (second only to Palpatine in his dark side potential), the grave injuries he sustains during the duel with Obi-Wan greatly reduce his power with the Force; as Vader, he is a mere shadow of his former Jedi self. Overwhelmed with grief by the belief that he has killed his wife (and, presumably, his unborn child), the only thing that remains in his life is his service to his master, the new Emperor of the galaxy. (In fact, Padmé died in childbirth on Polis Massa after delivering healthy twins.) In a state of shock, Vader shakes the room with the Force, breaks his bindings on the operating table and struggles to walk under the sheer weight of his new legs.

Palpatine then tells Vader that, in his anger, he has killed his own wife. Palpatine revives Vader with extensive cybernetic enhancements, including a respirator and a fearsome breath mask. Miraculously, Vader manages to crawl up the bank away from the lava river and, through sheer will and connection to the Force, lingers on until rescued by Palpatine, who sensed Vader's impending defeat after his own duel with Yoda. As Vader tries to drag himself up the bank and away from the lava river, he suffers immolation: nearly fatal burns and extensive lung damage from inhaling superheated air.

Obi-Wan is prepared, however, and severs Vader's remaining limbs in midair, leaving him for dead on the hot sands. Vader tries to engage his master with a Force jump. Eventually, Obi-Wan jumps onto solid ground, gaining the advantage. The former partners and friends then engage in a ferocious lightsaber duel throughout the mining complex.

Suspecting betrayal, Vader angrily uses the Force to choke Padmé, leaving her unconscious on the landing platform. Obi-Wan, who had hidden himself on Padmé's ship, suddenly emerges and confronts Vader. He refuses, saying that the two of them can overthrow Palpatine and rule the galaxy together. After completing this task, he is met by Padmé, who pleads with him to flee Palpatine's grasp with her.

He is is then sent to Mustafar to assassinate the Separatist leaders. He does this without question, slaughtering venerable Jedi and children alike. Vader's first task as a Sith Lord is to assault the Jedi Temple and to kill everyone inside, even the youngling children. Without hesitation, he pledges himself to the dark side and is renamed Darth Vader.

Realizing the enormity of what he has done, Anakin is stricken with guilt, but he is too emotionally drained to resist Palpatine's offer to teach him the power of the dark side and save Padmé's life. As Windu screams in agony, Palpatine springs to life and hurls another torrent of lightning at the Jedi Master, electrocuting him before throwing him out the window to his apparent death. Anakin then severs Windu's sword hand with his own light saber. Anakin pleads with Windu to spare Palpatine's life; Windu refuses, saying that Palpatine is too dangerous to be kept alive.

Palpatine cowers, begging Anakin to save him. The attack continues unabated until Palpatine suddenly tires, giving Windu a chance to strike a death blow. The Jedi Master deflects the lightning with his lightsaber, scarring and deforming Plapatine's face into a wizened mask of wrinkled skin. Windu declares the Dark Lord under arrest, but Palpatine defiantly unleashes a torrent of Force lightning at Windu.

Anakin arrives to find Windu holding his lightsaber on a disarmed and seemingly helpless Palpatine. As Windu goes to confront Palpatine, Anakin broods over an inescapable thought: without Palpatine, he will lose the chance to save his wife. Anakin realizes that Palpatine is the Sith Lord Darth Sidious that the Council had been hunting for since the beginning of the war, and reports Palpatine's secret to Mace Windu. Ultimately, the Chancellor offers him the chance to learn the dark side of the Force, which he claims holds the power to prevent death.

Angered by the perceived snub and instructions to commit treason, Anakin loses all faith in the Council. The suspicious Council accepts him, but denies him the rank of Jedi Master, and orders him to spy on Palpatine. Palpatine, who continues to be a close friend and mentor, makes Anakin his representative on the Jedi Council. Though initially overjoyed, Anakin is plagued by prophetic visions of her death in childbirth — much like the one he had of his mother just before she died.

Back on Coruscant, Padmé tells him she is pregnant. Palpatine, though, reassures Anakin that Dooku "was too dangerous to be kept alive." After rescuing the Chancellor, Anakin finds that the flagship is in critical condition, and with some help from Obi-Wan, barely manages to safely land it on an airstrip. Anakin complies, but instantly regrets it; to kill a defenseless prisoner is not the Jedi way. Palpatine then commands Anakin to behead the stunned Count.

Dooku is continuously pushed back, taken off guard by the force behind each blow, and Anakin neatly sears off both of the Sith apprentice's hands. It is a short duel, and one which Anakin wins relatively easily. In the ensuing battle, Dooku uses the Force to choke and then fling Obi-Wan aside, forcing Anakin to face the Sith Lord alone. After having gone off to fight in the Clone Wars, Anakin and Obi-Wan return to Coruscant and board the Separatist flagship The Invisible Hand on a mission to rescue Palpatine from Count Dooku.

He is fitted with a cybernetic replacement, and then marries Padmé in a secret ceremony, with C-3PO and his counterpart, R2-D2, as witnesses. Escaping the fray with the help of the Jedi and the clone army, Anakin engages Separatist leader (and fallen Jedi) Count Dooku in a lightsaber battle, but is easily defeated by the older, more experienced warrior, who wounds him in battle, severing his lower right arm. Faced with their impending demise in a gladiatorial arena, they profess their love to one another. Anakin and Padmé learn that Obi-Wan has been taken hostage by the Geonosian-engineered Separatist droid forces, and rush to his rescue — where they are also captured.

Padmé is clearly troubled by what he has done, but, being in love with him, she is not truly repulsed, and instead tries to soothe him with sympathy. Yoda and the deceased Qui-Gon feel Anakin's Force presence turn "dark," and fear that this marks the beginning of the end for Obi-Wan's young apprentice. Seized by a blind rage, he slaughters the entire tribe of Tuskens, including the women and children. He finds her in a camp of Tusken Raiders, but is too late; battered beyond recognition, she dies in his arms.

While guarding Padmé, Anakin senses that his mother is in danger. In conversation, he reveals his affection for her, as well as his distrust of the political process and the need he perceives for there to be one strong leader. His childhood fascination with her has now become a powerful infatuation, and the two ultimately fall in love, despite her many reservations. Anakin is assigned to guard Padmé, who is now a senator of her home planet, Naboo.

Frustrated, he turns to another teacher for advice: Palpatine, who feeds the young padawan's fragile ego with assurances that he will one day be the greatest Jedi in the galaxy. His relationship with his master is complicated; although he says Obi-Wan is like a father to him, he chafes against his authority and believes he is holding him back. Because his natural abilities place him leaps and bounds above his peers, he has developed into an arrogant and socially awkward loner in his years of Jedi training. Anakin, now played by Hayden Christensen, is now a young adult and Obi-Wan's apprentice.

Palpatine, newly-elected as the Republic's Supreme Chancellor, befriends the boy, promising to "watch his career with great interest.". Later, a dying Qui-Gon, slain by Darth Maul, urges Obi-Wan to train Anakin, and the Council reluctantly approves. Ultimately, Anakin helps to win the final battle over the Trade Federation in the Battle of Naboo. This request is denied, as the Council thinks that Anakin's future is clouded by the fear and anger he exhibits from his days as a slave and his separation from his mother.

After winning Anakin's freedom, Qui-Gon brings the boy to Coruscant and requests that the Jedi Council allow him to train Anakin. Some of his incredible abilities may be attributed to this unique Force-adeptness; for instance, Qui-Gon attributes Anakin's piloting talent to the Force, which allows Anakin to "see things before they happen." Anakin forms a strong bond with Queen Padmé Amidala, whom Qui-Gon and his padawan apprentice, Obi-Wan Kenobi, are guarding. Anakin is found on Tatooine by Qui-Gon Jinn, who is convinced that he is the Chosen One foretold by prophecy to bring balance to the Force. He is also a remarkable pilot with quick reflexes.

Even at this young age, he can build or repair most things, evidenced by the creation of his own protocol droid, C-3PO, and podracer, each from salvaged parts. A child prodigy, Anakin excels at mathematics and engineering. Anakin Skywalker first appears as a kind, selfless nine-year-old boy (played by Jake Lloyd) and a slave along with his mother. Curiously, Admiral Piett survives Vader's wrath when he loses the Millennium Falcon in an asteroid field; Lucas characterizes this uncharacteristic mercy as a result of Vader's ambivalence about his son, Luke.

This fear is not unwarranted, as both Admiral Ozzel and Captain Needa die by Vader's hand in The Empire Strikes Back. Throughout the rest of the trilogy, Imperial officers universally react with fear and dread at Vader's presence. The death of Tarkin aboard the Death Star removes any apparent check on Vader's power; after this point, Vader appears to be subordinate only to the Emperor himself. [3] In A New Hope, Vader's aggressive instincts are somewhat restrained by orders to serve under Grand Moff Tarkin for that time; when Admiral Motti challenges Vader's "sad devotion" to the Force, Tarkin does not allow Vader to choke Motti to death, only long enough to make his point.

This may echo Vader's own frustration at his injuries. After his fall, Vader is viewed as a cruel and frightening figure: his signature method of imposing terror is using the Force to strangle people. Still, controversy rages over Anakin's origins, and producer Rick McCallum's recent DVD commentary has added fuel to the fire. (According to Palpatine in Revenge of the Sith, the Sith Lord Darth Plagueis learned to provoke midi-chlorians into producing life—some have viewed this as a clue to Anakin's origins.) Lucas has said that all these issues were left deliberately ambiguous, and that it has been left for the audience to decide how Anakin was created.

Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn suggests that Anakin might have been conceived by the midi-chlorians — the implication being that Anakin is a creation of the Force itself. Some viewers have drawn parallels between Anakin's origin and the New Testament stories of Jesus' conception and birth, as well as classic mythological stories. Shmi claims that there was no father and that her pregnancy with Anakin resulted from a virgin conception. Son of Shmi Skywalker, Anakin Skywalker was born in 41 BBY.

. Despite his nearly unmatchable skills as a Jedi, however, Anakin's tragic flaw — fear of loss — ultimately leads him to the dark side of the Force, transforming him into Darth Vader, Dark Lord of the Sith, in 19 BBY. He is a legend of the Clone Wars, in which he fights for the Galactic Republic and is instrumental in several important battles. Anakin becomes a highly talented Jedi Knight; a distinguished pilot and swordsman with an unprecedented level of Force power.

He is taken as a young boy in 32 BBY and trained as a Jedi. In the prequel trilogy, Anakin is believed to be the Chosen One of Jedi prophecy, destined to bring balance to the Force by destroying the Sith. Indeed, Star Wars creator George Lucas has explained that he considers Vader a victim of the saga's true villain, Palpatine. However, in Return of the Jedi and the later prequel films, his fall from grace and eventual redemption are explored in greater depth.

In the first two films released in the series, Vader is portrayed as the epitome of pure evil — a mass murderer and war criminal who holds an entire galaxy under the sway of an evil empire. Through his role as the chief protagonist of the prequel movies and chief antagonist of the original three films, Vader has become an iconic villain (more than George Lucas ever intended), and was ranked third on American Film Institute's top 50 villains of all time list.[2]. He is the husband of Padmé Amidala and the biological father of Luke Skywalker and Leia Organa. Darth Vader (41 BBY – 4 ABY), born Anakin Skywalker, is a fictional tragic hero in the Star Wars films, and ultimately the central character of the series.

Skywalker, Anakin, Vader, Darth. Star Wars Databank. Available at TheForce.net. Curtis Saxton, 1995-2005.

Star Wars Technical Commentaries, Dr. Shooting script of Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith as available at Internet Movie Script Database. Shooting script of Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi as available at Internet Movie Script Database. James Luceno, ISBN 0-756-61128-8.

Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith: The Visual Dictionary, hardcover, 2005. David West Reynolds, ISBN 0-789-48588-5. Dr. Star Wars: Attack of the Clones: The Visual Dictionary, hardcover, 2002.

David West Reynolds, ISBN 0-789-43481-4. Dr. Star Wars: The Visual Dictionary, hardcover, 1998. Vader: The Ultimate Guide, 2005.

Wiker, ISBN 0-786-91849-7. D. Bill Slavicsek, J. The Dark Side Sourcebook, Wizards of the Coast, 1st printing, 2001.

Daniel Wallace, Michael Sutfin, ISBN 0-345-44900-2. The New Essential Guide to Characters, 1st edition, 2002. Matthew Woodring Stover, George Lucas, ISBN 0-7126-8427-1. Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith Novelization, 1st edition hardcover, 2005.

Salvatore, ISBN 0-345-42882-X. A. R. Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Novelization, 2003.

Terry Brooks, George Lucas, ISBN 0-345-43411-0. Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Novelization, 1st edition paperback, 1999. It’s ridiculous to preserve the myth that it’s all done by one man." [15]. Bob worked so hard that he deserves some recognition.

It was always supposed to be a secret, but I finally told George I didn’t think it was fair any more. ^  Mark Hamill (who portrayed Luke in the original trilogy) noted in a 1983 interview in Starlog #72: "Bob Anderson was the man who actually did Vader’s fighting. (This page discusses the comon belief that the text that apears on Darth Vader's chestplate may be hebrew) [14]. ^  "Lord Vader's Chestplate", Star Wars Technical Commentaries.

[13]. ^  "Lord Vader's Injuries", Star Wars Technical Commentaries. ^ The Visual Dictionary of Star Wars, Episode III (ISBN 0756611288). Anderson, Luke specifically states that his father's body had disappeared in the same way as Yoda's and Obi Wan's.

It should also be noted that in the Jedi Academy trilogy Dark Apprentice by Kevin J. The Special Edition script refers to it as empty armor, while the original script refers to it as his father's body. The Special Edition script reference that supposedly establishes the disappearance of his body is in text of the scene where Luke cremates his father's armor. ^  According to Steve Sansweet of Lucasfilm, the Star Wars Databank entry for Vader [12], and the script for Return of the Jedi Special Edition, Anakin's body disappears at death in the same way as Obi-Wan's and Yoda's had, though some argue that the movie would have shown his disappearance explicitly if that were the case.

Only you." —Stover, Revenge of the Sith novelization. Is you. That it was all you. Only Anakin Skywalker.

That there was only you. That there was no Vader. ^  "This is how it feels to be Anakin Skywalker, forever…You remember the dragon that you brought Vader forth from your heart to slay…And there is one blazing moment in which you finally understand that there was no dragon. ^  In its appraisal of Vader's injuries, the Star Wars Technical Commentaries states: "Was the physically oppressive nature of Vader's breathing difficulties great enough to affect his disposition or add to his aggression? Perhaps it is significant that he used telekinetic strangulation more often then [sic] any other method of intimidating or killing those who frustrated him." [11].

^ "AFI's 100 Years…100 Heroes and Villains", American Film Institute, last accessed October 20, 2005. Lucas was apparently pleased with the performance by Christensen. On the other hand, Lucas has justified the change, explaining that Anakin died psychologically when he was a young man, and with him, his physical image died. They claim this would create a continuity issue, rather than solve one.

Further fan criticism includes issues some have with the general performance and appearance of Christensen in the scene, with some holding the claim that Luke would not have recognized his father as a young man. Some fans were upset by the change and criticized it for being disrespectful to Sebastian Shaw, even undermining the film's cinematic historical value. This version is considered the canonical version by Lucasfilm. ^ a Hayden Christensen only appears in the 2004 DVD release of Return of the Jedi, in which he replaces actor Sebastian Shaw in the final scene of the movie.

Star Wars creator George Lucas has admitted that the European political figure Cardinal Richelieu was the inspiration for the styling of Darth Vader. James Earl Jones - Ages 22, 41, 44, 45 (voice) (Revenge of the Sith, A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back, Return of the Jedi). David Prowse - Ages 41, 44, 45 (A New Hope, The Empire Strikes Back, Return of the Jedi). Hayden Christensen - Age 22 (Revenge of the Sith).

Sebastian Shaw - Age 45 (Return of the Jedi). Hayden Christensen - Ages 19, 22 (Attack of the Clones, Revenge of the Sith). Jake Lloyd - Age 9 (The Phantom Menace).

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