Yngwie J. Malmsteen

(Redirected from Yngwie Malmsteen) Yngwie J. Malmsteen

Yngwie J. Malmsteen (born Lars Johan Yngve Lannerbäck, June 30, 1963) is a guitarist from Sweden who achieved widespread acclaim in the 1980s due to his technical proficiency and fusion of classical music elements with heavy rock guitar.

Born into a musical family in Stockholm on June 30, 1963, Malmsteen was exposed to classical music from an early age, and began playing guitar at the age of eight. Malmsteen was in his teens when he first encountered the music of the 19th-century violin virtuoso Niccolo Paganini, whom he cites as his biggest classical influence. Through his emulation of these pieces on guitar, Malmsteen developed a prodigious technical fluency. Malmsteen also cites Jimi Hendrix, Genesis, Uli Jon Roth, and Deep Purple as influences.

Yngwie's contributions to the evolution of modern rock guitar remain unique - his understanding of Paganini, Bach, et. al. is probably unparalleled in the rock world.

1980s

In late 1982 Malmsteen was brought to the USA by Mike Varney of Shrapnel Records who had heard a demo tape of Malmsteen's playing. He had brief engagements with the bands Steeler for their self-titled album of 1983, then Alcatrazz, For their debut No Parole From Rock N' Roll in 1983, plus a live album in 1984 titled Live Sentence. He left Alcatrazz in 1984 and was replaced by Steve Vai, after which he began his solo career.

Malmsteen released his first solo album "Rising Force" (winner of Guitar Player Magazine's Best Rock Album and nominated for a 1984 Grammy for Best Rock Instrumental) which achieved the impressive position of #60 on the Billboard album chart. This was followed by "Marching Out" (1985).

His third album Trilogy was released in 1986. In 1987 former Rainbow vocalist Joe Lynn Turner joined his band, and the following summer he released his fourth album Odyssey.

Odyssey would be his biggest hit album, mainly because of its first single "Heaven Tonight". Shows in Russia during the Odyssey tour were recorded, and released in 1989 as his fifth album Trial By Fire / Live In Leningrad. Not only was the concert in Leningrad the largest ever concert by a western artist in the Soviet Union, but subsequent Malmsteen record sales in Russia totalled 27 Million. Interestingly that is as many recordings as the Red Hot Chilli Peppers had sold in total by 2003, worldwide.

In late 1988, his signature series Fender Stratocaster was released, making him the second artist to have one made, after Eric Clapton.

Malmsteen's style was dubbed "Neoclassical" and it became somewhat popular during the mid 1980s, with notable contemporaries such as Paul Gilbert, Tony MacAlpine and Vinnie Moore appearing in Malmsteen's wake.

1990s

In the early 1990s he released the albums Eclipse (1990), The Yngwie Malmsteen Collection (1991), Fire and Ice (1992) and The Seventh Sign (1994).

Despite his early success, and continued success in Europe and Asia, by the early 1990s the gratuitous over-the-top stylings of 1980s heavy metal had become unfashionable in the USA. This was displaced by the Seattle grunge movement, where technical ability was replaced by basic, more emotional songs, and simpler chord progressions.

It is often argued that the grunge rock movement arose in part as a backlash to the overly technical hard rock inspired by Malmsteen and his contemporaries, which despite its often impressive technique was regarded by some as ponderous, overly complicated and for the average guitarist, frustratingly difficult to emulate.

In the 1990s, Malmsteen continued to record and release albums under the Japanese record label Pony Canyon, and maintained a devoted following in Europe and Japan, and to a lesser extent in the USA. In 2000, he once again acquired a contract with a US record label, Spitfire, and released his 1990s catalog into the US market for the first time, including what he regards as his masterpiece Concerto Suite for Electric Guitar and Orchestra, recorded with the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra in Prague.

2000s

In 2003, Malmsteen joined Joe Satriani and Steve Vai with whom he toured as part of the G3 "supergroup" web site (http://www.satriani.com/G3/).

Specialized guitar

Aside from technical prowess, distinctions of Malmsteen's guitar style include a wide, violin-like vibrato (inspired by classical violinists), almost exclusive use of Fender Stratocaster guitars, and use of minor scales and minor modes such as Phrygian, Aeolian and Harmonic Minor. Malmsteen cites the Fender Stratocaster and the single coil pickups (of which he uses his own personal custom design by Di Marzio) as a large part of his sound. Fender manufactures a Malmsteen signature model Stratocaster based accurately upon this combination.

The guitars he uses are instantly recognisable by the scalloped neck. Similar to a regular guitar neck, but with wood 'scalloped' or scooped away to form concave shaped in between the frets, of which are very large. Malmsteen coined this design from the days when he worked in a music store in Stockholm Sweden and came across a 16th century Lute with a scalloped neck using the raised wood as frets.

Criticism

Although initially regarded with respect by the musical fraternity, his technical proficiency led to a both jealousy and bitterness from less-talented performers in the musical world. His technical ability is, by any standard, remarkable.

Note that despite his impressive technique, some find Malmsteen's recordings repetitive or even boring. A review of 1988's Odyssey notes "little difference in approach from his previous output, lending credence to critics' charges that Malmsteen plays with mindless technique at the expense of substance, fire, and emotion." [1] (http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&token=&sql=10:bauk6j3h71q0)

Malmsteen has been criticized for a musical style that focuses more on showing his own technical prowess than on substance. However it should be noted that by the use of modal progressions not widely used in rock and his classical influence he was able to revolutionise rock guitar. Although the reversion to basic pentatonic and blues type riffs in modern rock is prevalent, those who still employ technical playing are playing in the genre that guitarists such as Malmsteen revolutionised. Some of the lyrics employed in some of Malmsteen's songs have been questioned as commercial or 'cheesy' but often this was just a tool for more exposure and radio play to showcase the technical mastery of his guitar playing. Perhaps some of his instrumental passages like 'Sorrow' and 'Far beyond the Sun' tracks devoid of lyrics, were his finest hour.

Discography

  • Rising Force (1984)
  • Marching Out (1985)
  • Trilogy (1986)
  • Odyssey (1988)
  • Trial By Fire: Live in Leningrad (1989)
  • Eclipse (1990)
  • Collection (1991)
  • Fire and Ice (1992)
  • The Seventh Sign (1994)
  • Magnum Opus (1995)
  • Inspiration (1996)
  • Facing the Animal (1997)
  • LIVE! (1998)
  • Concerto Suite for Electric Guitar and Orchestra in Em, Opus 1 (1998)
  • Alchemy (1999)
  • War to End All Wars (2000)
  • Concerto Suite LIVE (2002)
  • Attack!! (2002)
  • Unleash The Fury (2005)

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Perhaps some of his instrumental passages like 'Sorrow' and 'Far beyond the Sun' tracks devoid of lyrics, were his finest hour. The band also contributed one track, "I Disappear", to the Mission: Impossible II soundtrack. Some of the lyrics employed in some of Malmsteen's songs have been questioned as commercial or 'cheesy' but often this was just a tool for more exposure and radio play to showcase the technical mastery of his guitar playing. 2003-present (no albums currently recorded by this lineup). Although the reversion to basic pentatonic and blues type riffs in modern rock is prevalent, those who still employ technical playing are playing in the genre that guitarists such as Malmsteen revolutionised. Anger). Malmsteen has been criticized for a musical style that focuses more on showing his own technical prowess than on substance. However it should be noted that by the use of modal progressions not widely used in rock and his classical influence he was able to revolutionise rock guitar. 2001-2003 (St.

A review of 1988's Odyssey notes "little difference in approach from his previous output, lending credence to critics' charges that Malmsteen plays with mindless technique at the expense of substance, fire, and emotion." [1] (http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&token=&sql=10:bauk6j3h71q0). 1986-2001 (...And Justice For All, Metallica, Load, Reload, Garage Inc., S&M). Note that despite his impressive technique, some find Malmsteen's recordings repetitive or even boring. 1983-1986 (Kill 'Em All, Ride The Lightning, Master of Puppets). His technical ability is, by any standard, remarkable. Recording Lineups. Although initially regarded with respect by the musical fraternity, his technical proficiency led to a both jealousy and bitterness from less-talented performers in the musical world. None of those claims has ever been acknowledged by the other members of Metallica.

Malmsteen coined this design from the days when he worked in a music store in Stockholm Sweden and came across a 16th century Lute with a scalloped neck using the raised wood as frets. Mustaine claims to have also written parts of "Leper Messiah" (Master of Puppets) and "Dyer's Eve" (...And Justice for All). Similar to a regular guitar neck, but with wood 'scalloped' or scooped away to form concave shaped in between the frets, of which are very large. Mustaine wrote many of the lead guitar parts in several songs on Kill 'Em All, as well as some of the riffs on Ride The Lightning (such as "The Call of Ktulu"). The guitars he uses are instantly recognisable by the scalloped neck. The sole difference between this lineup and Metallica's first major lineup is Dave Mustaine as lead guitarist. Fender manufactures a Malmsteen signature model Stratocaster based accurately upon this combination. The work of this lineup is scattered throughout Metallica's early works and is very controversial.

Malmsteen cites the Fender Stratocaster and the single coil pickups (of which he uses his own personal custom design by Di Marzio) as a large part of his sound. Early Lineup 2 (various tracks and contributions in Kill 'Em All and Ride The Lightning). Aside from technical prowess, distinctions of Malmsteen's guitar style include a wide, violin-like vibrato (inspired by classical violinists), almost exclusive use of Fender Stratocaster guitars, and use of minor scales and minor modes such as Phrygian, Aeolian and Harmonic Minor. Early Lineup 1 (No Life 'Til Leather demo). In 2003, Malmsteen joined Joe Satriani and Steve Vai with whom he toured as part of the G3 "supergroup" web site (http://www.satriani.com/G3/). Early Lineups. In 2000, he once again acquired a contract with a US record label, Spitfire, and released his 1990s catalog into the US market for the first time, including what he regards as his masterpiece Concerto Suite for Electric Guitar and Orchestra, recorded with the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra in Prague. Anger, the band's sixth such award.

In the 1990s, Malmsteen continued to record and release albums under the Japanese record label Pony Canyon, and maintained a devoted following in Europe and Japan, and to a lesser extent in the USA. Nevertheless, Metallica won a Grammy in 2004 for St. It is often argued that the grunge rock movement arose in part as a backlash to the overly technical hard rock inspired by Malmsteen and his contemporaries, which despite its often impressive technique was regarded by some as ponderous, overly complicated and for the average guitarist, frustratingly difficult to emulate. Harsh criticism followed, however, for the record's underproduced sound (notably the sound of Ulrich's snare drum and Hetfield's "flexible" sense of pitch), overwrought songs, and total lack of guitar solos. This was displaced by the Seattle grunge movement, where technical ability was replaced by basic, more emotional songs, and simpler chord progressions. Metallica seemed to have recorded an intentionally "raw" and unpolished album as a response to critics' complaints that they had lost their edge. Despite his early success, and continued success in Europe and Asia, by the early 1990s the gratuitous over-the-top stylings of 1980s heavy metal had become unfashionable in the USA. The album debuted at number one on the album charts, heralded as the band's most aggressive album in over a decade.

In the early 1990s he released the albums Eclipse (1990), The Yngwie Malmsteen Collection (1991), Fire and Ice (1992) and The Seventh Sign (1994). Anger. Malmsteen's style was dubbed "Neoclassical" and it became somewhat popular during the mid 1980s, with notable contemporaries such as Paul Gilbert, Tony MacAlpine and Vinnie Moore appearing in Malmsteen's wake. In June 2003, Metallica released their eighth full-length studio album, St. In late 1988, his signature series Fender Stratocaster was released, making him the second artist to have one made, after Eric Clapton. In an interesting turn of events, Jason Newsted, who had joined Canadian heavy metal band Voivod, filled Rob's shoes playing bass for Ozzy during the Ozzfest 2003 tour (which Voivod also supported). Not only was the concert in Leningrad the largest ever concert by a western artist in the Soviet Union, but subsequent Malmsteen record sales in Russia totalled 27 Million. Interestingly that is as many recordings as the Red Hot Chilli Peppers had sold in total by 2003, worldwide. Metallica eventually found a new member in early 2003, bassist Rob Trujillo (ex-Suicidal Tendencies), who was then playing with Ozzy Osbourne's band.

Shows in Russia during the Odyssey tour were recorded, and released in 1989 as his fifth album Trial By Fire / Live In Leningrad. Longtime producer Bob Rock handled bass duties for the sessions. Odyssey would be his biggest hit album, mainly because of its first single "Heaven Tonight". Upon Hetfield's return, though, the band slowly and cautiously continued as an incomplete 3-piece throughout the writing and recording of their next album. In 1987 former Rainbow vocalist Joe Lynn Turner joined his band, and the following summer he released his fourth album Odyssey. For nearly a year the entity known as "Metallica" ceased to function in any meaningful way, and Ulrich and Hammett for the first time seriously considered the possibility that Metallica might be finished. His third album Trilogy was released in 1986. This began a low-point in recent Metallica history, as Hetfield soon entered rehab due to "alcoholism and other addictions" in July, 2001.

This was followed by "Marching Out" (1985). Before they went into the studio to record their next album in 2001, Jason Newsted left the band, ostensibly due to "the physical damage I have done to myself over the years while playing the music that I love." However, subsequent interviews with Newsted and the remaining members revealed that Newsted's desire to release and tour with his Echobrain side-project — and Hetfield's intense resistance to such an idea — was the primary cause of Newsted's departure. Malmsteen released his first solo album "Rising Force" (winner of Guitar Player Magazine's Best Rock Album and nominated for a 1984 Grammy for Best Rock Instrumental) which achieved the impressive position of #60 on the Billboard album chart. The people who support him believe that piracy and illegal file-sharing are damaging the music industry. He left Alcatrazz in 1984 and was replaced by Steve Vai, after which he began his solo career. He is posted as a symbol against illegal music on the internet and the phrase "The man who started the fight against illegal file-sharing" is used. He had brief engagements with the bands Steeler for their self-titled album of 1983, then Alcatrazz, For their debut No Parole From Rock N' Roll in 1983, plus a live album in 1984 titled Live Sentence. Still some support him when it comes to illegal music sharing, believing that he tried to do what he could to save the music industry.

In late 1982 Malmsteen was brought to the USA by Mike Varney of Shrapnel Records who had heard a demo tape of Malmsteen's playing. In particular, Lars Ulrich found himself portrayed as a greedy and pretentious rock star completely out of touch with his fans. is probably unparalleled in the rock world. Nevertheless, the controversy created a public relations nightmare. al. In 2001 Metallica and Napster agreed to an out-of-court settlement, and the band never actually sued any fans for copyright infringement. Yngwie's contributions to the evolution of modern rock guitar remain unique - his understanding of Paganini, Bach, et. The band immediately determined to sue Napster and in the process asked that 300,000 Napster users found to be trading Metallica songs be kicked off the network.

Malmsteen also cites Jimi Hendrix, Genesis, Uli Jon Roth, and Deep Purple as influences. They soon discovered that their entire catalogue was also freely available. Through his emulation of these pieces on guitar, Malmsteen developed a prodigious technical fluency. In 2000, Metallica discovered that a demo of their song "I Disappear" had been floating across the Napster file-sharing network. Malmsteen was in his teens when he first encountered the music of the 19th-century violin virtuoso Niccolo Paganini, whom he cites as his biggest classical influence. Metallica also wrote (and Kamen scored) two brand new songs for the event, "No Leaf Clover" and "− Human." The recording was eventually released as the album S&M in November 1999 on CD, VHS, and DVD. Born into a musical family in Stockholm on June 30, 1963, Malmsteen was exposed to classical music from an early age, and began playing guitar at the age of eight. Kamen and his staff composed additional orchestral material for a number of Metallica songs, and the concerts featured a collection of tracks dating as far back as Ride the Lightning.

Malmsteen (born Lars Johan Yngve Lannerbäck, June 30, 1963) is a guitarist from Sweden who achieved widespread acclaim in the 1980s due to his technical proficiency and fusion of classical music elements with heavy rock guitar. Kamen, who had previously worked with the band on "Nothing Else Matters" from The Black Album, had approached the band shortly after that collaboration with the idea of pairing Metallica's music with a symphony orchestra. Yngwie J. On April 21-22, 1999, Metallica recorded two performances with the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, then conducted by Michael Kamen. Unleash The Fury (2005). The second CD gathered together previously released covers, including the complete Garage Days Re-Revisited EP, which had at that point become a scarce collectors' item, as well as a collection of b-sides going as far back as 1984. Attack!! (2002). The first CD contained newly recorded tracks, ranging from obvious Metallica influences such as Danzig, Thin Lizzy and Sabbath to more unexpected choices such as Bob Seger and Nick Cave.

Concerto Suite LIVE (2002). In 1998 Metallica returned briefly to its role as a cover band and compiled a double CD called Garage Inc.. War to End All Wars (2000). For each disappointed headbanger that regarded Load as Metallica's worst offering, there was a new listener who had been grabbed by it and saw it as their best. Alchemy (1999). Rather than the fan base shrinking, though, it actually swelled, fueled by a turnover stratified by taste that was somewhat akin to a change in generations. Concerto Suite for Electric Guitar and Orchestra in Em, Opus 1 (1998). Metallica, according to them, was no longer playing metal.

LIVE! (1998). In spite of, or because of, these changes, Load and ReLoad spawned a plethora of radio hits, including "Fuel," "Until it Sleeps," and "The Memory Remains." Many in the band's thrash metal fanbase (some of whom vent their frustration with ill-considered and snippy comments added to this article) remained hostile and cited these songs as "proof" that the band had sold out. Facing the Animal (1997). The band members - who had recently cut their hair - were depicted wearing pimp suits, smoking cigars, and sipping brandy, sometimes wearing heavy makeup. Inspiration (1996). This perception may be due to the fact that with these albums, Metallica also reinvented their visual image: the CD booklet for Load contained many controversial photographs of the band, taken by Anton Corbijn. Magnum Opus (1995). Many of these changes had been anticipated by earlier experiments (especially on the Black Album), but listeners generally regard Load and Reload as the band's turning point.

The Seventh Sign (1994). The intricacy and intelligence of Metallica's songwriting had not been watered down, but it had been presented in a radically different - or perhaps simply radically more varied - stylistic package. Fire and Ice (1992). Hetfield's vocals took a larger role than ever before, and several songs (such as "Mama Said" and "Low Man's Lyric") showed the band's willingness to experiment with drastic stylistic changes. Collection (1991). The band's breakneck metal tempos and layered guitar compositions had largely been replaced by bluesy rock songs, full of bent notes, warm guitar tone, slide guitar, and shuffle and swing rhythms. Eclipse (1990). The resulting albums, Load (1996) and Reload (1997) represented a significant musical change for Metallica.

Trial By Fire: Live in Leningrad (1989). Ulrich and Hetfield, both of whom were very strict on Hammett and Newsted in previous endeavours, claimed to have loosened the reins somewhat. Odyssey (1988). Burnt out from almost three years of touring upon the Black Album's success, Metallica took a respite until late 1995, when they came back into the studio with a new zest for recording. Trilogy (1986). The album was a massive crossover hit, bringing Metallica firmly into the mainstream, and it was with this album that band first encountered significant accusations of having "sold out." Charges of selling out would follow Metallica throughout the 1990s. Marching Out (1985). The album featured the hits "Enter Sandman", which exemplified the radically pared-down style of songwriting across the album, and "Nothing Else Matters", a more plaintive, acoustic ballad that outraged some of their more hardcore fans.

Rising Force (1984). The album featured a black cover that evoked humorous comparisons to Spinal Tap. The record was co-produced with Bob Rock, whose resume included work on albums by such pop-metal acts as Bon Jovi and Motley Crue, to create a more commercially viable product. In 1991, the self-titled album, Metallica (popularly known as The Black Album) broadened the band's horizon again. Importantly, many writers also celebrated this album (and, by extension, Metallica itself) for the way it appeared to divorce hard rock from the blues in ways bands such as Mötley Crüe or Poison resisted.

Critics regarded ...And Justice for All as a milestone in the history of metal, noting its intense focus on topics related to personal control and independence. In 1988 they recorded ...And Justice for All, an album full of some of the band's most structurally complex music. This album continued the band's interest in recording obscure songs by relatively obscure (to American audiences) British metal and hardcore bands. Shortly thereafter Metallica released The $5.98 EP: Garage Days Re-Revisited as a preliminary effort with their new member.

As something of a psychological defense against the potentially debilitating grief that now surrounded them, the band immediately found a new bassist in Jason Newsted, formerly of Flotsam and Jetsam. After signing a major label deal with Elektra Records in 1984, Metallica went on to produce another album, Master of Puppets, released in February 1986 and regarded by many of their fans as their best work. However, on September 27th of that year, during a European leg of shows, bassist Cliff Burton was killed in a tour bus accident in Ljungby, Sweden. Metallica's formation was seen by some fans as a direct reaction to the prevalent rock and roll music of the early 1980s. Inspired by bands such as Motörhead, Diamond Head and Saxon, the so-called New Wave of British Heavy Metal, as well as hardcore punk like the Misfits and Discharge, Metallica were single-minded in their desire to break the grip of soft metal on heavy metal fans. Indeed "Fade to Black" is the first such song in a tradition of these kinds of songs that would come to include "Welcome Home (Sanitarium)" and the band's first single to receive a video, "One." The inclusion of these slower, introspective songs distinguished Metallica from most other thrash metal bands such as Anthrax, Slayer, and Megadeth.

Perhaps the most significant feature of Ride the Lightning was the inclusion of "Fade to Black," a slower, more interior song that mused on the thoughts of someone contemplating suicide, written after a series of band setbacks including the 1984 theft of the equipment used to record Kill 'Em All. A year later, the next album, Ride the Lightning, expanded and improved their form with longer songs that featured both instrumental pyrotechnics and lyrics which rose above some of the more puerile songs on Kill 'Em All. Metallica's first album, Kill 'Em All, set the template that they would follow throughout the 1980s, prominently featuring the heavy vocals and rhythm guitar of James Hetfield. Mustaine would go on to create the speed metal band Megadeth.

Shortly after arriving in New York, however, Mustaine was fired due to alcoholism and other addictions, and Kirk Hammett was drafted from Exodus to replace him. Megaforce released Metallica's first two albums. Metallica then travelled to New York in 1983 at the urging of local promoters Jon and Marsha Zazula, and after a few gigs the band signed with the Zazulas' brand new label, Megaforce Records. Upon arriving in San Francisco, the group quickly built a healthy local following in the Bay Area Thrash scene via word-of-mouth and live performances.

By this point bassist Cliff Burton had also joined Metallica, lured from his band Trauma in exchange for the other members of Metallica relocating to the San Francisco area. A few months later the band recorded a full demo, No Life Till Leather, which quickly drew attention on the underground tape trading circuit. Ulrich and Hetfield were so impressed with Mustaine's soundcheck that they immediately asked him to join. Dave Mustaine, a guitarist from the band Panic responded, and upon arrival started a sound check.

Desperate for a full-time lead guitarist, Ulrich posted an ad in the local newspapers. Guitarist Lloyd Grant was brought in to do the lead guitar solos on the track but was never a full member of the band. In early 1982, Metallica recorded "Hit the Lights" for the first Metal Massacre compilation. Quintana came up with a suggestion "Metallica," but Lars quickly suggested another and decided to use that name for the band he and James Hetfield had just started.

Metallica got its name when drummer Lars Ulrich was helping San Francisco-area metal promoter Ron Quintana pick out a name for a new magazine to promote metal and the NWOBHM (New Wave Of British Heavy Metal) bands. Bassist Ron McGovney was also an original member, and the band used a few transient guitar players, such as Brad Parker and Jef Warner, in the course of settling on a four-person lineup. Metallica was formed in Los Angeles, California in 1981 by drummer and former tennis prodigy Lars Ulrich, and guitarist and vocalist James Hetfield, who met after each had separately placed classified advertisements in the American publication The Recycler. Nevertheless, extensive and successful tours throughout 2003 and 2004 reinforced the band's reputation as a top-notch live act.

Anger, a collection of the most aggressive music they'd written in a decade, to deeply divided critical reviews and comparatively mediocre sales figures. In 2003 Metallica released St. However, Metallica's vastly increased commercial success was accompanied by stylistic changes that fostered accusations of "selling out" by some long-time fans. Accordingly, the band stood as the most commercially visible example of the metal genre for most of that decade.

After building a loyal following through its role in the development of thrash metal in the 1980s, Metallica successfully broadened its audience in the early 1990s. Metallica is an American heavy metal band active from the 1980s to the 2000s. Download sample of Nothing Else Matters from The Black Album. Download sample of Enter Sandman from The Black Album.

Download sample of One from ...And Justice for All. Download sample of Master Of Puppets from Master Of Puppets. Download sample of Fade To Black from Ride The Lightning. Download sample of Seek & Destroy from Kill 'Em All.

Cliff 'em All Release Date: December 4, 1987. 2 of One Release Date: June 20, 1989. A Year and a half in the life of Metallica Release Date: November 17, 1992. Live Shit: Binge & Purge Release Date: November 23, 1993.

Cunning Stunts Release Date: December 8, 1998. S & M Release Date: November 23, 1999. Classic Album Release Date: November 6, 2001. Some Kind of Monster Release Date: January 25, 2005 in the US/Canada; release dates differ in other countries.

Lars Ulrich. Rob Trujillo. Kirk Hammett. James Hetfield.

Lars Ulrich. Bob Rock (temporary bassist, also the band's producer). Kirk Hammett. James Hetfield.

Lars Ulrich. Jason Newsted. Kirk Hammett. James Hetfield.

Lars Ulrich. Cliff Burton. Kirk Hammett. James Hetfield.

Lars Ulrich. Cliff Burton. Dave Mustaine. James Hetfield.

Lars Ulrich. Ron McGovney. Dave Mustaine. James Hetfield.

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