|Residence:||Palm Beach, Florida, USA|
|Height:||6'1" (185 cm)|
|Weight:||160 lbs. (72.5 kg)|
|Turned pro:||October 1994|
|Highest singles ranking:||1 (February 25, 2002)|
|Career Prize Money:||$14,815,188|
|Grand Slam Record
|Australian Open||F (2003)|
|French Open||F (2002)|
|Wimbledon||W (2000, '01)|
|U.S. Open||W (2000, '01)|
Venus Ebone Starr Williams (born June 17, 1980) is an former World No. 1 tennis champion who was born in Lynwood, California, United States. She is the daughter of Richard and Oracene Williams and the sister of another tennis champion, Serena Williams.
When the Williams sisters (who are five in total) were young, they were moved to Compton, California. There, they sometimes had to dodge bullets while practicing tennis at local public courts. Their father Richard used to take all five of his daughters to the courts in hopes that someday at least one of them would reach sporting glory and move them into a better place.
Venus as a young girl became one of California's top young tennis players, and she and her sister Serena shared the top seed as California's best young players for a long time.
Venus turned professional in the 1990s and went on to have a very lucrative tennis career. She has garnered many important championships, including two Gold medals at the Sydney Summer Olympics in 2000, the Fed Cup, the 1999 French Open doubles (with sister Serena as her partner) and 5 other doubles and 2 mixed doubles grand slams, the Oklahoma City Tennis championship, the Italian Open, and the Hamburg Open. In 2000 she won the Wimbledon championship and the U.S. Open in singles and defended both titles in 2001. In 2002 and 2003 Venus achieved five singles major finals but lost all of them to her sister Serena.
When Venus and Serena won the 1999 French Open doubles title, they became the first pair of sisters to win a doubles title in the 20th century.
In 2003, Williams played at the 2003 Wimbledon finals despite suffering an abdominal injury. She lost to her sister Serena, 6-4, 4-6, 2-6.
Williams' older sister, Yetunde Price, was killed by gunshots in the Compton area as she and a male driver passed by inside a car, on the morning of September 14, 2003.
Recently, Willams' results have steadily declined. After finishing an injury plagued 2003 season ranked 11, Williams rebounded into the top 10 for a year end #9 ranking in 2004, but for the first time since 1997, she failed to qualify for the WTA Tour's annual Year Ending Championships in Los Angeles. In 2005, Williams' ranking has fallen to #16.
Grand slam events in boldface.
Grand slam events in boldface. Doubles partner sister Serena Williams.
Doubles partner sister Serena Williams.. Slavery and Louisiana. Grand slam events in boldface. There is now a Six Flags in New Orleans East. Grand slam events in boldface.. For almost 20 years there was only one amusement park in Louisiana, called Hamel's Amusement Park near Bossier City. In 2005, Williams' ranking has fallen to #16. They still maintain contacts with the Canary Islands, and have an annual "Caldo" festival named for a native dish.
After finishing an injury plagued 2003 season ranked 11, Williams rebounded into the top 10 for a year end #9 ranking in 2004, but for the first time since 1997, she failed to qualify for the WTA Tour's annual Year Ending Championships in Los Angeles. Many of their descendants remained insulated from the city, and continued to speak an archaic version of Spanish well into the 20th Century. Recently, Willams' results have steadily declined. Bernard Parish, in the river passes east of the city, along an old mouth of the Mississippi River which they named Terre Aux Bouefs (literally "Land of the Cows" for the cattle living there). Williams' older sister, Yetunde Price, was killed by gunshots in the Compton area as she and a male driver passed by inside a car, on the morning of September 14, 2003. They settled in what is modern-day St. She lost to her sister Serena, 6-4, 4-6, 2-6. There were intended to help guard the eastern approaches to New Orleans from invasion by the British.
In 2003, Williams played at the 2003 Wimbledon finals despite suffering an abdominal injury. The Islenos are dirrect descendants of Canary Islanders forced to migrate by the Spanish King beginning in the mid-1770s. When Venus and Serena won the 1999 French Open doubles title, they became the first pair of sisters to win a doubles title in the 20th century. There is also a distinct Spanish-descended group in Louisiana. In 2002 and 2003 Venus achieved five singles major finals but lost all of them to her sister Serena. Two separate historically Francophone communities exist in Louisiana. Open in singles and defended both titles in 2001. For schools see List of school districts in Louisiana.
In 2000 she won the Wimbledon championship and the U.S. Ranked by per capita income. She has garnered many important championships, including two Gold medals at the Sydney Summer Olympics in 2000, the Fed Cup, the 1999 French Open doubles (with sister Serena as her partner) and 5 other doubles and 2 mixed doubles grand slams, the Oklahoma City Tennis championship, the Italian Open, and the Hamburg Open. See also: List of famous people from Louisiana; List of Louisiana musicians; Music of Louisiana. Venus turned professional in the 1990s and went on to have a very lucrative tennis career. Its industrial outputs include chemical products, petroleum and coal products, food processing, transportation equipment, paper products, and tourism. Venus as a young girl became one of California's top young tennis players, and she and her sister Serena shared the top seed as California's best young players for a long time. The state's principal agricultural outputs include seafood, cotton, soybeans, cattle, sugarcane, poultry and eggs, dairy products, and rice.
Their father Richard used to take all five of his daughters to the courts in hopes that someday at least one of them would reach sporting glory and move them into a better place. Its Per Capita Personal Income was $26,312, 43rd in the nation. There, they sometimes had to dodge bullets while practicing tennis at local public courts. The total gross state product in 2003 for Louisiana was $140 billion. When the Williams sisters (who are five in total) were young, they were moved to Compton, California. Highway 90. She is the daughter of Richard and Oracene Williams and the sister of another tennis champion, Serena Williams. Also, Interstate 49 is slated to be expanded north into Arkansas and east along Interstate 10 to New Orleans, replacing part of U.S.
1 tennis champion who was born in Lynwood, California, United States. There are proposed plans to extend Interstate 69 to the Texas/Mexico border, which will go through north-eastern Louisiana. Venus Ebone Starr Williams (born June 17, 1980) is an former World No. State and Federal government efforts to halt or reverse this phenomenon are under way; others are being sought. 2003: Australian Open. Owing to the extensive flood control measures along the Mississippi river and to natural subsidence, Louisiana is now suffering the loss of coastal land area. 2002: Wimbledon. Near the coast, there are many salt domes, where salt is mined and oil is often found.
2001: Australian Open. It was originally covered by an arm of the sea, and has been built up by the silt carried down the valley by the great river. 2000: Summer Olympics-Sydney. A large part of Louisiana is the creation and product of the Mississippi River. 2000: Wimbledon. The underlying strata of the state are of Cretaceous age and are covered by alluvial deposits of Tertiary and post-Tertiary origin. Open. The state also has 1,060 square miles of land-locked bays, 1,700 square miles of inland lakes, and a river surface of over 500 square miles.
1999: U.S. Besides the navigable rivers already named (some of which are called bayous), there are the Sabine, forming the western boundary, and the Pearl, the eastern boundary, the Calcasieu, the Mermentau, the Vermilion, the Teche, the Atchafalaya, the Boeuf, the Lafourche, the Courtableau, the D'Arbonne, the Macon, the Tensas, the Amite, the Tchefuncta, the Tickfaw, the Matalbany, and a number of other streams of lesser note, constituting a natural system of navigable waterways, aggregating over 4,000 miles in length, which is unequalled in the United States and probably in the world. 1999: French Open. The elevations above sea-level range from 10 feet at the coast and swamp lands to 50 and 60 feet at the prairie and alluvial lands. In the uplands and hills the elevations rise to Mount Driskoll, the highest point in the state at only 535 feet above sea level, located in northwest Louisiana. 1999: Hannover. The uplands and contiguous hill lands have an area of more than 25,000 square miles, and they consist of prairie and woodlands. 1998: Zurich. With the maintenances of strong levees these alluvial lands would enjoy perpetual immunity from inundation.
1998: Oklahoma City. These floods, however, do not occur annually, and they may be said to be exceptional. These alluvial lands are never inundated save when breaks occur in the levees by which they are protected against the floods of the Mississippi and its tributaries. The lands along other streams present very similar features. The Mississippi flows upon a ridge formed by its own deposits, from which the lands incline toward the low swamps beyond at an average fall of six feet per mile.
The breadth of the alluvial region along the Mississippi is from 10 to 60 miles, and along the other streams it averages about 10 miles. The surface of the state may properly be divided into two parts, the uplands, and the alluvial and coast and swamp regions. The alluvial regions, including the low swamps and coast lands, cover an area of about 20,000 square miles; they lie principally along the Mississippi River, which traverses the state from north to south for a distance of about 600 miles and ultimately emptying into the Gulf of Mexico, the Red River, the Ouachita River and its branches, and other minor streams. See: List of Louisiana parishes. See: List of Louisiana Governors, Napoleon Bonaparte.
All other states use the First Past the Post electoral system to elect Senators, Representatives, and statewide officials. Therefore it is common for a Democrat to be in a runoff with a fellow Democrat or a Republican to be in a runoff with a fellow Republican. This runoff does not take into account party identification. If no candidate has more than 50% of the vote, the two candidates with the highest vote total compete in a runoff election approximately one month later.
All candidates run in an open primary on Election Day, in which multiple candidates from the same party may be on the ballot. states in using a runoff in state, local, and congressional elections. Louisiana is unique among U.S. Property, contractual, and family law are still mostly based on traditional Roman legal thinking and have little in common with English law.
While most of the differences are now found in verbiage, it is important to note that the "Civilian" tradition is still deeply rooted in all aspects of Louisiana law. Great differences still exist between Louisiana Civil Law and the Common Law found in her 49 sister states. Louisiana was never governed by the Napoleonic Code. It is important to note that the Louisiana Civil Code and the French Civil Code, often referred to as the Napoleonic Code, came into existence at roughly the same time.
Technically, it is known as "Civil Law," or the "Civilian System." It is often incorrectly referred to as the "Code Napoleon" or The Napoleonic Code. Louisiana is the only state whose legal system is based on Roman, Spanish, and French civil law as opposed to English common law. Louisiana has seven U.S. Congressmen, five of which are Republicans, two of which are Democrats. senators are Mary Landrieu (Democrat) and David Vitter (Republican).
Its governor is Kathleen Babineaux Blanco (Democrat) and its two U.S. The capital of Louisiana is Baton Rouge. throughout the rest of the war. New Orleans was captured by Federal troops on April 25, 1862. As significant portions of the population had Union sympathies, the Federal government took the unusual step of recognizing the areas of Louisiana under Federal control as a state within the Union with elected representatives who were sent to the congress in Washington, D.C.
In the American Civil War Louisiana seceded from the Union on January 26, 1861. Donaldsonville, Opelousas, and Shreveport have also briefly served as the seat of governments of Louisiana. In 1849 the capital moved from New Orleans to Baton Rouge. There are still remnants of its former status as a possession of France, including: the use of a civil law legal system, based on the Louisiana Civil Code, which is similar to (and often confused with) the Napoleonic Code (like France, and unlike the rest of the United States, which uses a common law legal system derived from England), the term "parishes" being used to describe the state's sub-divisions as opposed to "counties", etc.
The western boundary of Louisiana with Spanish Texas remained in dispute until the Adams-OnÝs Treaty in 1819, with the Sabine Free State serving as a neutral buffer zone as well as a haven for criminals. The Florida Parishes were annexed from Spanish West Florida by proclamation of President James Madison in 1810. In 1803 the United States purchased the French province of Louisiana (see Louisiana Purchase) and divided it into two territories: the Orleans Territory (which became the state of Louisiana in 1812) and the District of Louisiana (which consisted of all the land not included in Orleans Territory). In 1800 France's Napoleon Bonaparte re-acquired Louisiana from Spain in the Treaty of San Ildefonso, although this was kept secret for some two years.
During the period of Spanish rule, several thousand French-speaking refugees from the region of Acadia made their way to Louisiana following British expulsion; settling largely in the southwestern bayous, they became known as the Cajuns. The rest of Louisiana became a colony of Spain by the Treaty of Fountainebleau of 1762. Most of the territory to the east of the Mississippi was lost to Great Britain in the French and Indian War, except for the area around New Orleans and the parishes around Lake Pontchartrain. Initially Mobile, Alabama and Biloxi, Mississippi functioned as the capital of the colony; from 1722 on New Orleans fulfilled that role.
See also: French colonization of the Americas. Most of the settlement concentrated along the banks of the Mississippi and its major tributaries, with trading outposts and mission settlements in the Illinois Country, as far north as Peoria, Illinois and a number of settlements in the area around near present-day Saint Louis, Missouri. The French colony of Louisiana originally claimed a great region of land on both sides of the Mississippi River and north to Canada. The first permanent settlement was founded by Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville in 1699.
Louisiana was named by the French explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle in honour of Louis XIV in 1682. Thereafter the region was long neglected by the Spanish authorities, and the next explorers were French. Some 13 years later Hernando de Soto's expedition crossed through the region. The first European explorers to visit what is now Louisiana was a Spanish expedition in 1528 led by Panfilo de Narvßez which located the mouth of the Mississippi River.
What follows is a partial list, using current parish boundaries as rough approximations of locations. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisiana#endnote_sturdevent-67). The lasting mark of the Native Americans can be seen even today in the names used in Louisiana, such as Atchafalaya, Natchitouches (now spelled Natchitoches), Caddo, Houma, Tangipahoa, and Avoyel (Avoyelles Parish). Louisiana was long inhabited by Native American tribes before the arrival of Europeans. Today, English is by far the main language of everyday life, but traces of French survive in local dialects.
While the state has no declared "official language", its law recognizes both English and French. Among the states, Louisiana has a unique culture, owing to its French colonial heritage. The state is bordered to the west by the state of Texas, to the north by Arkansas, to the east by the state of Mississippi, and to the south by the Gulf of Mexico. postal abbreviation LA.
It uses the U.S. Louisiana (pronounced /luːˌiːzɪˈŠnə/ or /ˌluːzɪˈŠnə/) (French: Louisiane, pronounced /lwizjan/) is a Southern state of the United States of America. ^ Sturdevent, William C. (1967): Early Indian Tribes, Cultures, and Linguistic Stocks (http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/united_states/early_indian_east.jpg), Smithsonian Institution Map (Eastern United States). Many of the freed slaves in Louisiana in turn purchased their own slaves, which led to the state having one of the largest numbers of slave owning blacks in America, if not the largest.
While one would think that this would lead to a dramatic reduction in the amount of slavery in the state, this is not the case. It did, however, have one of the largest free black populations in the United States. Louisiana was a slave state. Most Acadians declined and emigrated from Canada, most of them fleeing to the South Western portion of Louisiana, centered in the region around Lafayette.
When the British won the French and Indian War, the British forced all of the citizens to take a pledge of allegiance. The ancestors of the Cajuns are the Acadians, a French-descended people of what are now New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, Canada. The ancestors of Creoles generally came to Louisiana directly from France or from the French colonies in the Caribbean and settled in New Orleans or in South Eastern Louisiana. State songs: You Are My Sunshine, Every Man a King, and Give Me Louisiana.
State food: Gumbo. State amphibian: Green Tree Frog. State crustacean : Crawfish. State insect: Honeybee.
State reptile : American Alligator. State wildflower : Louisiana Iris. State mammal : Louisiana Black Bear. State tree : Bald Cypress.
State fossil : Petrified palmwood. State flower : Magnolia. State bird : Eastern Brown Pelican. State dog : Catahoula Leopard Dog.
Bossier-Shreveport Mudbugs - CHL. Louisiana IceGators - ECHL. New Orleans Brass (1997 - 2003) - ECHL. Minor League Hockey
The Charlotte Hornets moved to New Orleans in 2002 - Now known as The New Orleans Hornets. New Orleans Jazz (1974) team moved to Salt Lake City and became the Utah Jazz in 1979. National Basketball Association:
New Orleans Pelicans (1887-1959). Houma Hawks. Baton Rouge River Bats. Alexandria Aces.
Shreveport Sports. New Orleans Zephyrs. Minor League baseball teams
Central Louisiana Warriors - SAFL. Louisiana (Houma) Blazing Bulldogs - SAFL. Hammond Headhunters - SAFL. Greater New Orleans Gladiators - SAFL.
Shreveport Steamers - SAFL. Ruston Rage - SAFL. Lafayette Bayou Bulls - SAFL. Minden RoughRiders - SAFL.
Lake Charles RiverKats - SAFL. Baton Rouge Riverboat Bandits - SAFL. Semi-Pro football Teams
Southwest Louisiana (Lake Charles) Swashbucklers - IPFL. Louisiana Bayou Beast - IPFL. Shreveport Bombers - IPFL. New Orleans Spice - NWFL.
Other football leagues
National Football League
Westminster: $28,087. Shenandoah: $29,722. Gilliam: $30,264. Eden Isle: $31,798.
Elmwood: $34,329. Oak Hills Place: $34,944. Mound: $92,200 (population 12, as of the 2000 census). Interstate 59.
Interstate 55. Interstate 49. Interstate 20. Interstate 12.
Interstate 10. The remainder of current day central and north Louisiana was home to a substantial portion of the Caddo nation. The northeastern parishes of Tensas, Madison, and East and West Carroll were occupied by the Tunica tribe. Portions of Avoyelles and Concordia parishes along the Mississippi River were home to the Avoyel, part of the Natchez nation.
The Houma tribe, was found in East and West Feliciana, and Pointe Coupee parishes; Ironically about 100 miles north of current location of the town named after them. Tammany. Helena, Tangipahoa, Washington, East and West Baton Rouge, Livingston, and St. The Bayougoula, part of the Choctaw nation, were found in points directly north of the Chitimachas, in the parishes of St.
Bernard, and Plaquemines. Charles, Jefferson, Orleans, St. John the Baptist, St.Bo St. James, St.
Martin, Terrebone, LaFourche, St. The Chitimachas occupied the southeastern parishes of Iberia, Assumption, St Mary, Lower St. The Atakapa were found in southwestern Louisiana in the parishes of Vermilion, Cameron, Lafayette, Acadia, Jefferson Davis, and Calcasieu.