|Residence:||Palm Beach, Florida, USA|
|Height:||6'1" (185 cm)|
|Weight:||160 lbs. (72.5 kg)|
|Turned pro:||October 1994|
|Highest singles ranking:||1 (February 25, 2002)|
|Career Prize Money:||$14,815,188|
|Grand Slam Record
|Australian Open||F (2003)|
|French Open||F (2002)|
|Wimbledon||W (2000, '01)|
|U.S. Open||W (2000, '01)|
Venus Ebone Starr Williams (born June 17, 1980) is an former World No. 1 tennis champion who was born in Lynwood, California, United States. She is the daughter of Richard and Oracene Williams and the sister of another tennis champion, Serena Williams.
When the Williams sisters (who are five in total) were young, they were moved to Compton, California. There, they sometimes had to dodge bullets while practicing tennis at local public courts. Their father Richard used to take all five of his daughters to the courts in hopes that someday at least one of them would reach sporting glory and move them into a better place.
Venus as a young girl became one of California's top young tennis players, and she and her sister Serena shared the top seed as California's best young players for a long time.
Venus turned professional in the 1990s and went on to have a very lucrative tennis career. She has garnered many important championships, including two Gold medals at the Sydney Summer Olympics in 2000, the Fed Cup, the 1999 French Open doubles (with sister Serena as her partner) and 5 other doubles and 2 mixed doubles grand slams, the Oklahoma City Tennis championship, the Italian Open, and the Hamburg Open. In 2000 she won the Wimbledon championship and the U.S. Open in singles and defended both titles in 2001. In 2002 and 2003 Venus achieved five singles major finals but lost all of them to her sister Serena.
When Venus and Serena won the 1999 French Open doubles title, they became the first pair of sisters to win a doubles title in the 20th century.
In 2003, Williams played at the 2003 Wimbledon finals despite suffering an abdominal injury. She lost to her sister Serena, 6-4, 4-6, 2-6.
Williams' older sister, Yetunde Price, was killed by gunshots in the Compton area as she and a male driver passed by inside a car, on the morning of September 14, 2003.
Recently, Willams' results have steadily declined. After finishing an injury plagued 2003 season ranked 11, Williams rebounded into the top 10 for a year end #9 ranking in 2004, but for the first time since 1997, she failed to qualify for the WTA Tour's annual Year Ending Championships in Los Angeles. In 2005, Williams' ranking has fallen to #16.
Grand slam events in boldface.
Grand slam events in boldface. Doubles partner sister Serena Williams.
Doubles partner sister Serena Williams.. The state hosts the following major league teams (called the Cactus league) for spring training:. Grand slam events in boldface. Arizona is a popular location for Major League Baseball spring training. Grand slam events in boldface.. For a complete list, see List of people from Arizona.. In 2005, Williams' ranking has fallen to #16. Labor leader Cesar Estrada Chavez is from Yuma.
After finishing an injury plagued 2003 season ranked 11, Williams rebounded
into the top 10 for a year end #9 ranking in 2004, but for the first time since 1997, she
failed to qualify for the WTA Tour's annual Year Ending Championships in Los Angeles. Film director
Steven Spielberg grew up in Scottsdale, as did Wonder Woman star
Lynda Carter. Recently, Willams' results have steadily declined. From the rock and roll world, both Alice Cooper and Stevie Nicks of Fleetwood
Mac are from Phoenix; Linda Ronstadt is from Tucson. Williams' older sister, Yetunde Price, was killed by gunshots in the
Compton area as she and a male driver passed by inside a car, on the morning of September 14, 2003. Famous Arizonans also include Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, author Zane Grey, former Governor and Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt, architect Frank Lloyd
Wright, Presidential candidate (1964) and former Senator Barry
Goldwater, Presidential candidate (2000) and Senior Republican Senator John
McCain, former senator Carl Hayden and former Solicitor General Rex E.
Lee . She lost to her sister Serena, 6-4, 4-6, 2-6.
In 2003, Williams played at the 2003 Wimbledon finals despite suffering an abdominal injury. Ranked by per capita income. When Venus and Serena won the 1999 French Open doubles title, they became the first pair of sisters to win a doubles title in the 20th century. Each city named in bold has a population greater than 100,000. In 2002 and 2003 Venus achieved five singles major finals but lost all of them to her sister Serena. See: List of cities in Arizona, List of cities in Arizona (by population), List of Arizona counties. Open in singles and defended both titles in 2001. There is also a significant Mormon population.
In 2000 she won the Wimbledon championship and the U.S. Four in five Arizonans are self-described Christians, with large numbers of both Catholics and Protestants living in the state. She has garnered many important championships, including two Gold medals at the Sydney Summer Olympics in 2000, the Fed Cup, the 1999 French Open doubles (with sister Serena as her partner) and 5 other doubles and 2 mixed doubles grand slams, the Oklahoma City Tennis championship, the Italian Open, and the Hamburg Open. See also the list of Arizona Natives.. Venus turned professional in the 1990s and went on to have a very lucrative tennis career. 49.9% of the population is male, 50.1% is female. Venus as a young girl became one of California's top young tennis players, and she and her sister Serena shared the top seed as California's best young players for a long time. As of 2000, 74.1% of Arizona residents age 5 and older speak English at home and 19.5% speak Spanish. Navajo is the third most spoken language at 1.9%, followed by Other Native North American languages at 0.6% and German at 0.5%.
Their father Richard used to take all five of his daughters to the courts in hopes that someday at least one of them would reach sporting glory and move them into a better place. In 2003, for the first time, there were more Hispanic births in the state than white non-Hispanic births. There, they sometimes had to dodge bullets while practicing tennis at local public courts. Arizona is likely to become a minority-majority state by the year 2035 at the latest. When the Williams sisters (who are five in total) were young, they were moved to Compton, California. Only California has more Indians than Arizona, and Arizona has slightly more Indians than Oklahoma  (http://eire.census.gov/popest/data/states/ST-EST2002-ASRO-03.php). She is the daughter of Richard and Oracene Williams and the sister of another tennis champion, Serena Williams. 286,680 reportedly live in Arizona, this represents more than 10% of the country's total Indian population of 2,752,158.
1 tennis champion who was born in Lynwood, California, United States. According to 2003 Census esimates, Arizona has the second highest number of Native Americans of any state in the Union. Venus Ebone Starr Williams (born June 17, 1980) is an former World No. The racial breakdown of the state is as follows:. 2003: Australian Open. As of 2003, Arizona had a population of 5,580,811 according Census Bureau estimates. 2002: Wimbledon. High-tech employment was led by software and computers, with 34,314; electronics components manufacturing, 30,358; aerospace manufacturing, 25,641; architectural and engineering services, 21,378; telecommunications, 21,224; and instruments manufacturing, 13,056.
2001: Australian Open. High-tech payroll in 2001 was $2.2 billion, or 14.7 percent of the private-sector total. 2000: Summer Olympics-Sydney. In 2001, 161,166 Arizonans were employed in the high-tech sector, accounting for about 8.3 percent of total private-sector employment of more than 1.9 million. 2000: Wimbledon. Arizona lost much of its advantage as a high-technology industry leader between 1990 and 2001, according to a state Department of Commerce (http://www.commerce.state.az.us/) report. Open. The state government is the state's largest employer, while Wal-Mart is the state's largest private employer, with 17,343 employees in 2003.
1999: U.S. Copper is still produced in abundance from many giant open-pit mines and underground mines. 1999: French Open. At one point Arizona was the largest producer of cotton in the country. 1999: Hannover. Its per capita income was $27,232, 39th in the United States. Early in its history, Arizona's economy relied on the "five C's": copper, cotton, cattle, citrus and climate (i.e., tourism). 1998: Zurich. The 2003 total gross state product was $182 billion.
1998: Oklahoma City. It is rare for tornadoes to occur in Arizona. The monsoons bring lightning, thunderstorms, wind and torrentious, if usually brief, evening downpours. Monsoon season in Arizona is from the end of July through August. Extreme cold temperatures are not unknown, cold air systems from the northern states and Canada occasionally push into the state bringing temperatures below -20C ( subzero Fahrenheit) temperatures in the higher parts of the state.
However, the northern third of Arizona is a plateau at signficantly higher altitudes than the lower desert, and has an appreciably cooler climate, with cold winters and mild summers. Due to the primarily dry climate, large temperature swings often occur between day and night temperatures, with temperature swings as large as 10 C (50 F) in the summer months. The summer months of May through August bring a dry, heat ranging from 35 to 40 degrees Celsius (the high 90-100s), with occasional high temperatures exceeding 50C (125 F) have been observed in the desert area. About midway through February, the temperatures start to rise again with sunny warm days, and cool breezy nights.
November through February are the coldest months with temperatures typically ranging from 4 - 24 degrees Celsius (40-75 degrees Fahrenheit), although occasional frosts are not uncommon. Typically, from late fall to early spring, the weather is mild, averaging a minimum of 15 degrees Celsius (60 degrees Fahrenheit). In the lower elevations, the climate is primarily desert, with mild winters and hot summers. Due to its large area and variations in elevation, the state has a wide variety of climates.
Several major Hollywood films, such as U-Turn, Waiting to Exhale, and Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure have been made there (as indeed have many Westerns). Many tourist souvenirs produced in Arizona or by its residents display immediately characteristic images, such as sunsets, coyotes, and desert plants. Sedona and Tubac are known as budding artist colonies, and small arts scenes exist in the larger cities and near the state universities. The state is a recognized center of Native American art, with a number of galleries such as the Heard Museum showcasing historical and contemporary works.
Arizona has witnessed a continuous string of dancing and performing groups of many ethnicities. Nearly 2 billion years of the Earth's history has been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut through layer after layer of sediment as the Colorado Plateaus have uplifted. The canyon, created by the Colorado River cutting a channel over millions of years, is about 277 mile (446 km) long, ranges in width from 6 to 29 kilometers (4 to 18 miles) and attains a depth of more than 1,6 km (1 mile). President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of the Grand Canyon area, visiting on numerous occasions to hunt mountain lion and enjoy the breathtaking scenery.
The canyon is one of the seven natural wonders of the world and is largely contained in the Grand Canyon National Park - one of the first national parks in the United States. The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in northern Arizona. The Mogollon Rim, a 600-meters (2000-foot) escarpment, cuts across the central section of the state and marks the southwestern edge of the Colorado Plateau, where the state experienced its worst forest fire ever in 2002. More than half of the state features mountains and plateaus and contains the largest stand of Ponderosa pine in the United States.
Like other states of the Southwest, Arizona has an abundance of topographical characteristics in addition to its desert climes. Arizona gained two seats in the House of Representatives due to redistricting based on Census 2000. Hayworth (R-5), Jeff Flake (R-6), Raul Grijalva (D-7), and Jim Kolbe (R-8). Arizona's representatives in the United States House of Representatives are Rick Renzi (R-1), Trent Franks (R-2), John Shadegg (R-3), Ed Pastor (D-4), J.D.
The two Arizona US Senators are Senator John McCain (Republican) and Senator Jon Kyl (Republican). She has been governor since 2003. See:List of Arizona Governors. The current Governor of Arizona is Janet Napolitano, a Democrat. The governor may serve any number of terms, though no more than two in a row.
Arizona's executive branch is headed by a governor elected for a four-year term. However, no more than four terms may be served consecutively. Arizona state senators and representatives are elected for two year terms and there are no terms limits. The executive budget has allocated money to previously passed legislation.
Besides the money spent on state agencies, money has also been allocated for tax cuts, pay raises for government employees, and health insurance for government employees. The 2002 budget of the Arizona state legislature was $14.3 billion, while the executive budget was $13.8 billion. The majority party is the Republican party, which has held power since 1950. Arizona's legislature consists of a thirty-member Senate and a 60-member House of Representatives.
See: List of Congressmen. Arizona was admitted into the Union on February 14, 1912. The site was purchased after the war by the Maytag family, and is currently the Phoenix Zoo. Arizona was also the site of a German and Italian prisoner of war camp during WWII.
With the encouragement of Brigham Young, Mormons went to Arizona from Utah in the mid to late 1800s to the Phoenix Valley (or "Valley of the Sun"), Mesa, Tempe, Prescott, Snowflake, Heber, and many other Arizona towns to settle there. Arizona was administered as part of the Territory of New Mexico until it was organized into a separate territory on February 24, 1863. In 1853 the land below the Gila River was acquired from Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase. The United States took possession of most of Arizona at the end of the Mexican War in 1848.
All of what is now Arizona became part of Mexico's northwest frontier upon the Mexican assertion of independence from Spain in 1810. Father Kino developed a chain of missions and taught the Indians Christianity in Pimería Alta (now southern Arizona and northern Sonora) in the 1690's and early 1700's. Spain founded fortified towns (presidios) at Tubac in 1752 and Tucson in 1775. Coronado's expedition entered the area in 1540–42 during its search for Cibola. Beyond its original native inhabitants, Marcos de Niza, a Franciscan, explored the area in 1539.
USS Arizona was named in honor of this state. Three possible derivations are:. Historians disagree about the origin of the name "Arizona" and its attachment to the region. Besides the Grand Canyon, a number of other National Forests, Parks, Monuments, and Indian reservations are located in the state.
Its major cities are Phoenix, Tucson, Yuma, and Flagstaff. It is also the name of a US Battleship, the USS Arizona. It is one of the Four Corners states, south and east of the Colorado River, bordering New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California and Mexico, and touching Colorado. Arizona was the 48th state admitted to the United States and is part of the Southwest United States.
Texas Rangers in Surprise. Seattle Mariners in Peoria. San Francisco Giants in Scottsdale. San Diego Padres in Peoria.
Oakland Athletics in Phoenix. Milwaukee Brewers in Phoenix. Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in Tempe. Kansas City Royals in Surprise.
Colorado Rockies in Tucson. Chicago White Sox in Tucson. Chicago Cubs in Mesa. Arizona Diamondbacks in Tucson.
Phoenix Suns (National Basketball Association). Phoenix Mercury (Women's National Basketball Association). Phoenix Coyotes (National Hockey League). Arizona Sting (National Lacrosse League).
Arizona Rattlers (Arena Football League). Arizona Diamondbacks (Major League Baseball). Arizona Cardinals (National Football League). Arizona Music Educators Association.
Western International University. University of Phoenix. Thunderbird - The Garvin School of International Management. Southwestern College.
Prescott College. Grand Canyon University. Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. DeVry University, Phoenix.
Collins College, Tempe. American Indian College of the Assemblies of God. Northland Pioneer College. Arizona Western College.
South Mountain Community College. Mohave Community College. Cochise College. Prescott College.
Yavapai Community College. Eastern Arizona College. Pima Community College. South Mountain Community College.
Scottsdale Community College. Rio Salado Community College. Phoenix College. Paradise Valley Community College.
Mesa Community College. Glendale Community College. GateWay Community College. Estrella Mountain Community College.
Chandler-Gilbert Community College. Northern Arizona University. University of Arizona. Arizona State University.
18% No Religion. 2% Non-Christian religions. 6% Mormon. 25% Other Protestants.
4% Lutheran. 5% Methodist. 9% Baptist. 43% Protestant
31% Catholic. 80% Christian
3.1% Black. 5% American Indian. 25.3% Hispanic. 63.8% White non-Hispanic.
Lowest Point: Colorado River - 70 ft. near Flagstaff. Highest Point: Humphreys Peak - 12,633 ft. Largest City: Phoenix.
In 1736, a small silver-mining camp called "Real Arissona" by the Spanish was established near Arizonac. Nahuatl word "arizuma" ("silver bearing"). Spanish words "árida zona" ("arid zone"). As the maps were republished and circulated in Europe, the name Arizona became attached to the whole northern part of New Spain.
Later in the mid 18th century Spanish missionaries changed Father Eusebio Francisco Kino's maps of the area; they renamed the town Arizonac as Arizona. The O'odham "l" is a voiced alveolar lateral fricative, which might sound to a Spanish or English speaker like an "r" sound. Historically, it may have been "alĭ son" or even "alĭ sona". Arizonac is a small town about 12 km/eight miles south of the United States-Mexican border.
O'odham words "alĭ ṣon" ("small spring"), actually the name of a town which is called "Arizonac" in English.