Polo neck

An example of a classic polo neck.

A polo neck (UK) (or turtle neck in the US) is a garment—usually a sweater—with a close-fitting, round, and high collar that folds over and covers the neck. It can also refer to the style of collar itself, or be used as an adjective ("polo-necked").


History

Woman in a black polo neck.

The poloneck sweater, like most sweaters, first emerged in the 1890s as an article of sportswear. It had a varied application but was most often used for the more static players in field sports (a use preserved for the soccer goalkeeper as late as the 1950s in the UK). It was also used in some equestrian activities, though no evidence exists for its use in polo, which might otherwise have explained its name. Originally a thick woollen garment, lighter versions were designed for those who found coarser wool uncomfortable against their skin. These lighter polonecks would become popular for golf amongst both sexes by 1895. Its use by women was also extended into field sports like hockey soon after this. This use as sports wear would continue into the early 20th Century.

Workwear

Polonecks crossed over from sportswear to work wear at the turn of the century, mostly amongst menial workers and seamen. The latter use at sea also led to its adoption by Royal Navy. It was probably at this time that its unisex status as sportswear was exploited by early feminists, who would wear their Hockey sweaters as day wear.

Casual wear

Over time polonecks would become acceptable casual wear, though still usually for men only. It was in this stage that a range of light polonecks in a variety of colours began to be designed. Their adoption by Noel Coward in the 1920s turned them into a brief middle class fashion trend. Again, it was the feminists who turned these into a unisex item.

Absorbed into mainstream American fashion by the mid 20th century, the poloneck came to be viewed as an anti-tie, a smart form of dress for those who rejected formal wear.

Womens wear

Later its increasing acceptability as women's wear saw it become a fad amongst teenage girls, especially in a lightweight form that emphasised aspects of their figures. It was not long before Hollywood was also exploiting this image as part of the sweater girl look.

By the late 1950s the "tight poloneck" had been adopted as part of the preppie style amongst students, a style emphasising neatness, tidiness and grooming. This would become an important aspect of the polonecks image in America. The look would filter through to Britain and Europe in a watered down version.

In contrast, France saw the black poloneck adopted by left wing bohemians and intellectuals, and by the late 1950s their counterparts in the United States and Britain had also adopted the fashion.

Feminist wear

This trend continued into the 1960s and 1970s, with the white poloneck being briefly adopted as a corresponding item for mainstream feminists. The poloneck was generally seen as a unisex and classless garment and wearing one remained a political statement in many circles. However, the poloneck in all its forms soon became a standard wardrobe item for both sexes during this period.

As explained in the spandex fetishism article, another reason why spandex and other tight fabrics may be fetishised is that the garment forms a "second skin," acting as a fetishistic surrogate for the wearer's own skin. Wearers of skin-tight spandex garments can appear naked or coated in a shiny substance like paint. The tightness of the garments may also be seen as sexual bondage.

Polo neck with sleeves. Polo neck without sleeves.

Return to fashion

By the 1980s it was largely out of fashion, though continued to be regarded as a staple item. However the 1990s saw its return to the catwalk, and it was soon to regain its place as a popular fashion item, particularly in America and on the Continent.

See also:

  • Spandex fetishism
  • Lacoste
  • Polo Ralph Lauren
  • Preppy
  • Tennis shirt

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However the 1990s saw its return to the catwalk, and it was soon to regain its place as a popular fashion item, particularly in America and on the Continent. Upper Deck recently announced a World of Warcraft TCG, based on the popular MMORPG. By the 1980s it was largely out of fashion, though continued to be regarded as a staple item. It has also released many non-game oriented sports-based and multimedia companion trading card sets. The tightness of the garments may also be seen as sexual bondage. In October of 2005, UDE introduced a Trading Card Game based on Nickelodeon's new Avatar: The Last Airbender series. Wearers of skin-tight spandex garments can appear naked or coated in a shiny substance like paint. The company's division, Upper Deck Entertainment, produces cards from the English versions of the Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card Game licensed from Konami, the Winx Club Trading Card Game for girls, along with the Marvel Trading Card Game and the DC Comics Trading Card Game using their proprietary VS System.

As explained in the spandex fetishism article, another reason why spandex and other tight fabrics may be fetishised is that the garment forms a "second skin," acting as a fetishistic surrogate for the wearer's own skin. In view of the series' success the company has released a 2005-06 series. However, the poloneck in all its forms soon became a standard wardrobe item for both sexes during this period. Sold for $500 per pack, some of these cards sell for thousands of dollars on eBay [1]. The poloneck was generally seen as a unisex and classless garment and wearing one remained a political statement in many circles. Since its earliest days, Upper Deck has gained a reputation for quality made trading cards and also as an innovator of security measures to prevent counterfeiting of its products. This trend continued into the 1960s and 1970s, with the white poloneck being briefly adopted as a corresponding item for mainstream feminists. In July 2005 Upper Deck won the liquidation auction of former competitor Fleer-SkyBox International's brand name, assets and model business as well as the Fleer Collectibles die-cast business assets.

In contrast, France saw the black poloneck adopted by left wing bohemians and intellectuals, and by the late 1950s their counterparts in the United States and Britain had also adopted the fashion. In 1996, it expanded its racing line when it absorbed Maxx. The look would filter through to Britain and Europe in a watered down version. In 1995, the company produced its first racing product. This would become an important aspect of the polonecks image in America. The company also obtained licenses from the National Football League and the National Basketball Association in 1990, making the Upper Deck Company the first trading card company in 10 years to be licensed by all four leagues. By the late 1950s the "tight poloneck" had been adopted as part of the preppie style amongst students, a style emphasising neatness, tidiness and grooming. On March 20, 1990, The Upper Deck Company was granted licenses by the National Hockey League and National Hockey League Players Association to produce hockey cards.

It was not long before Hollywood was also exploiting this image as part of the sweater girl look. The 1990 set included the industry's first randomly inserted personally autographed and numbered cards of sports superstars. Later its increasing acceptability as women's wear saw it become a fad amongst teenage girls, especially in a lightweight form that emphasised aspects of their figures. The Upper Deck Company sold out its baseball cards midway through this inaugural year, then pre-sold its entire 1990 baseball stock before the year began. Absorbed into mainstream American fashion by the mid 20th century, the poloneck came to be viewed as an anti-tie, a smart form of dress for those who rejected formal wear. The first case of Upper Deck Baseball Cards was delivered February 28, 1989, to George Moore of Tulsa's Baseball Card Store in Tulsa, OK. Again, it was the feminists who turned these into a unisex item. On December 23, 1988, Upper Deck was granted a license by Major League Baseball to produce baseball cards.

Their adoption by Noel Coward in the 1920s turned them into a brief middle class fashion trend. . It was in this stage that a range of light polonecks in a variety of colours began to be designed. The company has exclusive agreements to produce memorabilia with such sports superstars as Michael Jordan (who is also on the board of directors), Kobe Bryant, Tiger Woods, and Ken Griffey Jr. Over time polonecks would become acceptable casual wear, though still usually for men only. It is a private company. It was probably at this time that its unisex status as sportswear was exploited by early feminists, who would wear their Hockey sweaters as day wear. Upper Deck Company, LLC (colloquially as "Upper Deck," Upper Deck Authenticated, Ltd. in the UK, ) founded in 1988 is a company primarily known for producing trading cards.

The latter use at sea also led to its adoption by Royal Navy. Polonecks crossed over from sportswear to work wear at the turn of the century, mostly amongst menial workers and seamen. This use as sports wear would continue into the early 20th Century. Its use by women was also extended into field sports like hockey soon after this.

These lighter polonecks would become popular for golf amongst both sexes by 1895. Originally a thick woollen garment, lighter versions were designed for those who found coarser wool uncomfortable against their skin. It was also used in some equestrian activities, though no evidence exists for its use in polo, which might otherwise have explained its name. It had a varied application but was most often used for the more static players in field sports (a use preserved for the soccer goalkeeper as late as the 1950s in the UK).

The poloneck sweater, like most sweaters, first emerged in the 1890s as an article of sportswear. .
. It can also refer to the style of collar itself, or be used as an adjective ("polo-necked").

A polo neck (UK) (or turtle neck in the US) is a garment—usually a sweater—with a close-fitting, round, and high collar that folds over and covers the neck. Tennis shirt. Preppy. Polo Ralph Lauren.

Lacoste. Spandex fetishism.

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