Polo neck

An example of a classic polo neck.

A polo neck (UK) (or turtle neck in the US) is a garment—usually a sweater—with a close-fitting, round, and high collar that folds over and covers the neck. It can also refer to the style of collar itself, or be used as an adjective ("polo-necked").


History

Woman in a black polo neck.

The poloneck sweater, like most sweaters, first emerged in the 1890s as an article of sportswear. It had a varied application but was most often used for the more static players in field sports (a use preserved for the soccer goalkeeper as late as the 1950s in the UK). It was also used in some equestrian activities, though no evidence exists for its use in polo, which might otherwise have explained its name. Originally a thick woollen garment, lighter versions were designed for those who found coarser wool uncomfortable against their skin. These lighter polonecks would become popular for golf amongst both sexes by 1895. Its use by women was also extended into field sports like hockey soon after this. This use as sports wear would continue into the early 20th Century.

Workwear

Polonecks crossed over from sportswear to work wear at the turn of the century, mostly amongst menial workers and seamen. The latter use at sea also led to its adoption by Royal Navy. It was probably at this time that its unisex status as sportswear was exploited by early feminists, who would wear their Hockey sweaters as day wear.

Casual wear

Over time polonecks would become acceptable casual wear, though still usually for men only. It was in this stage that a range of light polonecks in a variety of colours began to be designed. Their adoption by Noel Coward in the 1920s turned them into a brief middle class fashion trend. Again, it was the feminists who turned these into a unisex item.

Absorbed into mainstream American fashion by the mid 20th century, the poloneck came to be viewed as an anti-tie, a smart form of dress for those who rejected formal wear.

Womens wear

Later its increasing acceptability as women's wear saw it become a fad amongst teenage girls, especially in a lightweight form that emphasised aspects of their figures. It was not long before Hollywood was also exploiting this image as part of the sweater girl look.

By the late 1950s the "tight poloneck" had been adopted as part of the preppie style amongst students, a style emphasising neatness, tidiness and grooming. This would become an important aspect of the polonecks image in America. The look would filter through to Britain and Europe in a watered down version.

In contrast, France saw the black poloneck adopted by left wing bohemians and intellectuals, and by the late 1950s their counterparts in the United States and Britain had also adopted the fashion.

Feminist wear

This trend continued into the 1960s and 1970s, with the white poloneck being briefly adopted as a corresponding item for mainstream feminists. The poloneck was generally seen as a unisex and classless garment and wearing one remained a political statement in many circles. However, the poloneck in all its forms soon became a standard wardrobe item for both sexes during this period.

As explained in the spandex fetishism article, another reason why spandex and other tight fabrics may be fetishised is that the garment forms a "second skin," acting as a fetishistic surrogate for the wearer's own skin. Wearers of skin-tight spandex garments can appear naked or coated in a shiny substance like paint. The tightness of the garments may also be seen as sexual bondage.

Polo neck with sleeves. Polo neck without sleeves.

Return to fashion

By the 1980s it was largely out of fashion, though continued to be regarded as a staple item. However the 1990s saw its return to the catwalk, and it was soon to regain its place as a popular fashion item, particularly in America and on the Continent.

See also:

  • Spandex fetishism
  • Lacoste
  • Polo Ralph Lauren
  • Preppy
  • Tennis shirt

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However the 1990s saw its return to the catwalk, and it was soon to regain its place as a popular fashion item, particularly in America and on the Continent. During his tenure at the University of Miami, Jarrett wore his father's number, 34. By the 1980s it was largely out of fashion, though continued to be regarded as a staple item. His son, Jarrett, is currently an NFL running back, trying to carry on his father's legacy. The tightness of the garments may also be seen as sexual bondage. Payton was survived by his wife Connie, son Jarrett, and daughter Brittany. Wearers of skin-tight spandex garments can appear naked or coated in a shiny substance like paint. After breaking Payton's career rushing record in 2002, Emmitt Smith tearfully paid tribute to Walter, saying that Payton had taught him how to conduct himself on and off the field.

As explained in the spandex fetishism article, another reason why spandex and other tight fabrics may be fetishised is that the garment forms a "second skin," acting as a fetishistic surrogate for the wearer's own skin. Unable to receive a liver transplant because of bile duct cancer, Payton died in his home in South Barrington, Illinois, on November 1, 1999. However, the poloneck in all its forms soon became a standard wardrobe item for both sexes during this period. He didn't let his illness slow him down as he conducted many motivational speeches and appeared on TV encouraging organ donation. The poloneck was generally seen as a unisex and classless garment and wearing one remained a political statement in many circles. Living with unbearable pain, Walter continued to live his life the way he wanted to live it. This trend continued into the 1960s and 1970s, with the white poloneck being briefly adopted as a corresponding item for mainstream feminists. In February 1999, Payton announced that he had a rare liver disease called primary sclerosing cholangitis.

In contrast, France saw the black poloneck adopted by left wing bohemians and intellectuals, and by the late 1950s their counterparts in the United States and Britain had also adopted the fashion. He also opened a restaurant and brewery in Aurora, Illinois called Walter Payton's Roundhouse Complex, which also contains a museum dedicated to Walter and his football career. The look would filter through to Britain and Europe in a watered down version. A college preparatory high school in Chicago is named after him. This would become an important aspect of the polonecks image in America. This effort, however, proved unsuccessful; the NFL instead awarded expansion franchises to Jacksonville, Florida and Charlotte, North Carolina in 1995. By the late 1950s the "tight poloneck" had been adopted as part of the preppie style amongst students, a style emphasising neatness, tidiness and grooming. Louis.

It was not long before Hollywood was also exploiting this image as part of the sweater girl look. After retirement, Payton dabbled in auto racing and was part of a group of investors that sought to bring an NFL team back to St. Later its increasing acceptability as women's wear saw it become a fad amongst teenage girls, especially in a lightweight form that emphasised aspects of their figures. This tactic was considered to be an advantage to his team, perhaps gaining a few precious inches which would add up over the course of a game. Absorbed into mainstream American fashion by the mid 20th century, the poloneck came to be viewed as an anti-tie, a smart form of dress for those who rejected formal wear. At the end of every carry, Payton would extend the ball as far forward as possible with his arms. Again, it was the feminists who turned these into a unisex item. A few times, he leaped straight over a defender who was standing straight up for a touchdown.

Their adoption by Noel Coward in the 1920s turned them into a brief middle class fashion trend. He was perhaps the most adept player at the "goal line leap" into the endzone. It was in this stage that a range of light polonecks in a variety of colours began to be designed. He could often be seen with his hand on the facemask on a pursuing tackler, a tactic which would surely draw a penalty today. Over time polonecks would become acceptable casual wear, though still usually for men only. His large leg muscles led to an unusual stiff-legged running gait, and he was not content to gain yards and run out of bounds. It was probably at this time that its unisex status as sportswear was exploited by early feminists, who would wear their Hockey sweaters as day wear. At 5'-10", Payton wasn't a large man, nor was he a "breakaway" runner, but at a concrete-like 200 pounds, Payton's forte was power and quickness.

The latter use at sea also led to its adoption by Royal Navy. Walter Payton's style of play was distinctive and memorable. Polonecks crossed over from sportswear to work wear at the turn of the century, mostly amongst menial workers and seamen. Coincidentally, Walter Payton's former teammate, Jeff Fisher, is the Titans' head coach. This use as sports wear would continue into the early 20th Century. His son Jarrett Payton, now a running back with the Tennessee Titans, gave his induction speech. Its use by women was also extended into field sports like hockey soon after this. On July 31, 1993, Payton was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

These lighter polonecks would become popular for golf amongst both sexes by 1895. While Payton only began playing football in his junior year of high school, Walter Payton retired with 16,726 yards, a total surpassed by the Dallas Cowboys' Emmitt Smith in 2002. Originally a thick woollen garment, lighter versions were designed for those who found coarser wool uncomfortable against their skin. Payton was visibly upset on the sideline about not being allowed to contribute more. It was also used in some equestrian activities, though no evidence exists for its use in polo, which might otherwise have explained its name. Some Bears fans believed that Mike Ditka insulted Payton by putting rookie phenomenon William "The Refrigerator" Perry, normally a defensive tackle, in at running back on a goal line play and giving him the ball. It had a varied application but was most often used for the more static players in field sports (a use preserved for the soccer goalkeeper as late as the 1950s in the UK). However sweet the victory was for the Chicago Bears and their fans, it turned out to be anything but sweet for Walter Payton, who rushed for only 61 yards in the game.

The poloneck sweater, like most sweaters, first emerged in the 1890s as an article of sportswear. The Bears bounced back and finished strongly, then, augmented by a song Bears members recorded called The Super Bowl Shuffle, steamrolled through the NFC playoffs, shutting out both the New York Giants and the Los Angeles Rams, and finally defeating the New England Patriots 46-10 in Super Bowl XX where they limited the Patriots to 7 yards rushing, a Super Bowl record. . In 1985, the Bears had an incredible season, going 15-1 in the regular season (with their only blemish being an embarrassing loss to the Miami Dolphins on Monday Night Football in the 13th week).
. Former Bears tight end Mike Ditka had returned to the team in 1982 as its head coach and began rebuilding it. It can also refer to the style of collar itself, or be used as an adjective ("polo-necked"). That changed in 1985.

A polo neck (UK) (or turtle neck in the US) is a garment—usually a sweater—with a close-fitting, round, and high collar that folds over and covers the neck. Although Walter Payton was a legitimate superstar and an icon in the city of Chicago, he played on some awful Bears teams. Tennis shirt. This consistency and toughness Walter exhibited was later chronicled in his autobiography, Never Die Easy. Preppy. But perhaps more important to Walter than missing that game was the fact that he wanted to serve as an example to younger football players, and that he never took a play off and went all out every play. Polo Ralph Lauren. Walter insisted that he could have played.

Lacoste. Known as a figure of resilience, Payton only missed one game in his 13 year career with the Bears which took place during the 1975-76 season, Payton's rookie season, because the Bears trainer wouldn't allow Payton to play. Spandex fetishism. In one game against the Vikings on October 21, 1979, he ran for, passed for, and caught a touchdown, a feat that has only been done by six other players, most recently LaDainian Tomlinson of the San Diego Chargers. In addition to being a Hall of Fame-caliber running back, Payton was assigned many plays as a receiver and blocker, and, later in his career, was also an emergency quarterback and punter. Payton also scored 125 career touchdowns, seventh on the all-time scoring list.

He was the NFL's Player of the Year and its Most Valuable Player in 1977. The 275 yards was an NFL single-game record until it was broken by Corey Dillon of the Cincinnati Bengals in 2001. Against the Minnesota Vikings on November 20, 1977, Walter Payton rushed for 275 yards on 40 carries while fighting a severe case of influenza. His career rushing record would stand for 18 years until surpassed by Dallas Cowboys running back Emmitt Smith in 2002.

He also broke another Jim Brown record in this game with his 59th career 100-yard performance. He earned numerous accomplishments, including his crowning achievement: breaking Jim Brown's NFL career rushing record against the New Orleans Saints at Soldier Field in Chicago on October 7, 1984. Nicknamed "Sweetness," Payton was quiet, humble, and generous off the field, but a relentless, hard-nosed competitor on it. The Bears drafted him in the first round (fourth overall) of the 1975 draft out of Jackson State University, where he was fourth in the voting for the Heisman Trophy (which was won that year by Ohio State University running back Archie Griffin, who would win it again the following year).

Payton spent his entire 13-year career (1975-1987) with the Chicago Bears. . Walter Jerry Payton (July 25, 1954- November 1, 1999) was an American football running back and is a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.

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