Tracy Chapman

Tracy Chapman on the cover of her title album

Tracy Chapman (born March 30, 1964) is an American singer-songwriter, best known for a small number of enduring hits, such as "Fast Car" and "Give Me One Reason".

Cleveland-born Chapman began playing guitar as a child, and eventually began attending Tufts University. Chapman began performing in coffeehouses and soon signed to SBK, releasing Tracy Chapman (1988). The album was critically acclaimed, and she began touring and building a fanbase. Soon after performing at Nelson Mandela's 70th birthday party, Chapman's "Fast Car" began its rise on the US charts. Album and singles sales were strong, and the album went multi-platinum, as well as winning four Grammies.

The follow-up, Crossroads (1989) was less successful. By 1992's Matters of the Heart, Chapman was playing to a small and devoted cult. To the surprise of most industry-watchers, however, Chapman's 1995 album New Beginning included the hit single "Give Me One Reason" (1995). One of her latest albums was 2000's Telling Stories. Her latest album is Let It Rain (2002).

Discography

  • Tracy Chapman (1988)
  • Crossroads (1989)
  • Matters of the Heart (1992)
  • New Beginning (1995)
  • Telling Stories (2000)
  • Let It Rain (2002)

Hit singles

  • 1988 "Fast Car" #5 UK

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Her latest album is Let It Rain (2002). Regardless of how "pure" their black metal sound is, most fans disregard the whole debate, as does Dani Filth. In his words, when asked to describe what kind of metal he thinks Cradle of Filth is, "Cradle of Filth is Cradle of Filth." Drummer Adrian Erlandsson describes Cradle of Filth as "Extreme Metal" and also disregards Cradle of Filth falling into the category of black metal due to the fact they sound nothing like bands such as Darkthrone, Immortal, Bathory, etc. One of her latest albums was 2000's Telling Stories. Comparing Cradle to most Norwegian black metal, they are completely different; this has led to them being deemed "melodic black metal," and generally the Norwegian black metal community shuns them as well as bands such as Dimmu Borgir that were brought into popularity following the pseudo-mainstream success of Cradle. To the surprise of most industry-watchers, however, Chapman's 1995 album New Beginning included the hit single "Give Me One Reason" (1995). Interestingly, it has been in hot debate since near the time Cradle of Filth became popular as to if they are true "black metal" or not. By 1992's Matters of the Heart, Chapman was playing to a small and devoted cult. Dani Filth says that it is half-way between Cruelty and the Beast and Dusk and Her Embrace.

The follow-up, Crossroads (1989) was less successful. Whilst this is for the most part true, they still have black metal undertones in their music, and after leaving Sony near the beginning of 2004, claim their most recent album Nymphetamine (released summer 2004) as their return to actual black metal. Album and singles sales were strong, and the album went multi-platinum, as well as winning four Grammies. Some claim that the band is no longer playing "true" black metal music. Soon after performing at Nelson Mandela's 70th birthday party, Chapman's "Fast Car" began its rise on the US charts. It also produced at least two videos on MTV2 - videos and MTV2 appearances being a rarity for Cradle of Filth. The album was critically acclaimed, and she began touring and building a fanbase. Though it disappointed some fans, this concept album, showing the events of the bible through the eyes of the devil, featured a 40 piece orchestra and 32 piece choir, and even more complex songs, both stylistically and lyrically.

Chapman began performing in coffeehouses and soon signed to SBK, releasing Tracy Chapman (1988). In 2003 they signed with Sony Music, and produced their fifth full-length studio album, 2003's Damnation and a Day, which was much less melodic black metal than symphonic metal with black undertones, or what is referred to as black symphonic metal. Cleveland-born Chapman began playing guitar as a child, and eventually began attending Tufts University. More line-up shifts followed. Tracy Chapman (born March 30, 1964) is an American singer-songwriter, best known for a small number of enduring hits, such as "Fast Car" and "Give Me One Reason". Besides the obvious pun, the album was a mixture of four new songs, re-recordings of three songs from The Principle of Evil Made Flesh, two instrumental tracks, and a cover of The Sisters of Mercy's "No Time To Cry." Though stylistically it is similar to Midian the album is regarded as a failure by most critics. 1988 "Fast Car" #5 UK. Following the moderate success of Midian they released a "transition mini-album," as lead singer and frontman Dani Filth later referred to it, Bitter Suites to Succubi.

Let It Rain (2002). Their music at this point was hard, but highly melodic and as usual, incredibly verbose and eloquent. Telling Stories (2000). Their style at this point was probably their most defined, with Paul Allender joining the lineup on guitars, but their music was by no means mainstream, with titles such as "Lord Abortion," and yet another cult favourite, "Her Ghost in the Fog," which was featured in the soundtrack of the movie Ginger Snaps. New Beginning (1995). Cradle produced their fourth full-length studio album the following year: Midian, named after the biblical city of monsters, was fittingly released on Hallowe'en night, October 31, 2000. Matters of the Heart (1992). One of the best-known and favourite songs the band has ever produced was the title track of the EP, "From the Cradle to Enslave.".

Crossroads (1989). The following year the band continued primarily on the touring route but did put out a DVD, PanDaemonAeon, and an accompanying EP, From the Cradle to Enslave, featuring the music from the production. Tracy Chapman (1988). As the band became known for increasingly theatrical stage shows, Cruelty and the Beast was released to even greater acclaim, though sales were poor. After further member changes, the band released Dusk and Her Embrace, a critically acclaimed album that greatly expanded the band's fanbase throughout Europe and among black metal fans elsewhere. After the band's formation and a period of rapid line-up fluctuation as four demos were recorded, Cradle of Filth signed to Cacophonous and released The Principle of Evil Made Flesh in 1994.

The set list is as follows (length: ):. It began just after Hallowe'en (October 31, 2004). Cradle of Filth's current tour is entitled "Swansong for a Nation" (US/Canada for November-December 2004). A common theme to the lyrics, music videos or album cover illustrations is moral decadence, often placed in the baroque era. Cradle of Filth succeed in combining the aforementioned arts of "higher" quality to a "lower" level such as splatter movie esthetics or banal, rude use of vocabulary.

The lyrics have certainly been influenced by the works of Marquis de Sade and they are - albeit vulgar - of a high level, considering either the use of vocabulary or expressive or poetic qualities, especially for a heavy metal band. A noteworthy feature of their music is the use of vocals as a rhythmical instrument, akin to rap music (although sounding very different): timing of syllables and usage of rhymes convey rhythm rather than melody. Characteristics of the works of Cradle of Filth include complex (and long!) song structures and orchestrations. Thus some black metal fans deem them "sell outs", while hardcore fans remain.

Most black metal fans criticise the group as coverage by Kerrang and MTV have brought them a much more mainstream and commercial image. Their music has often touched on gothic metal overtones, and has been both ridiculed and praised by critics. The group has progressed from a rawer, more traditional black metal sound to a fully orchestrated symphonic metal feel. Cradle of Filth, formed in 1991, is a conglomeration of black metal and gothic metal, although their music has been somewhat difficult to classify.

Nymphetamine Special Edition-(2005)). Mannequin (DVD) - (2003). Babylon AD (So Glad For The Madness) (DVD) - (2003). Live Bait For The Dead (Live) - (2002).

Heavy Left Handed & Candid (VHS/DVD) - (2002). Lovecraft & Witch Hearts (Compilation) - (2002). Bitter Suites To Succubi (compilation) - (2001). RareDaemonAeon (Compilation/Covers) - (2001).

PanDaemonAeon (VHS/DVD) - (1998). Sodomizing The Virgin Vamps (Total Fucking Darkness demo + live tracks) - (1997). Total Fucking Darkness (Demo) - (1993). The Black Goddess Rises (Demo) - (1992).

Orgiastic Pleasures (Demo) - (1992). Invoking the Unclean (Demo) - (1992). A Pungent And Sexual Miasma (split with Malediction) - (1992). Nymphetamine - (2004).

Damnation and a Day - (2003). Midian - (2000). From the Cradle to Enslave (EP) - (1999). Cruelty and the Beast - (1998).

Dusk and Her Embrace - (1996). V Empire or Dark Fairytales in Phallustein (EP) - (1996). The Principle of Evil Made Flesh - (1994). Mark Newby-Robson-Keyboards.

Jeff Acres-Guitars. Jared Demeter-Guitars. Dave Hirschheimer-Drums. Damien Gregori - Keyboards.

Les "Lecter" Smith - Keyboards. Benjamin Ryan - Keyboards. Robin Eaglestone - Bass. John Richard - Bass.

Nicholas Howard Barker - Drums. Was Sarginson - Drums. Darren White - Drums. Paul Ryan - Guitars.

Stuart Anstis - Guitars (1996-2000). Brian Hipp - Guitars. Gian Pyres - Guitars. James McKillboy - Guitars - (2004-).

Dave Pybus - Bass - (2002-2005) (ex-Anathema, Dreambreed). Martin Powell - Keyboards - (2000-) (ex-My Dying Bride, ex-Anathema, ex-Cryptal Darkness). Paul Allender - Guitars - (1991-1996, 2000-) (The Blood Divine). Adrian Erlandsson - Drums - (2000-) (ex-At the Gates, ex-The Haunted, Terror).

Sarah Jezebel Deva - Female Backing Vocals - (1991-). Dani Filth (Daniel Lloyd Davey) - Vocals - (1991-). The torture room in From the Cradle to Enslave music video is a homage to Terry Gilliam's movie Brazil. One highlight of their career include a show during which a man jumped on stage with an eight-inch carving knife, intending to stab Dani (spoke of briefly on the Nawrdwar interview).

Sarah Jezebel Deva, though she has been with the band since the start, has never been considered a band member. His favourite band is The Misfits. He has a long-time girlfriend (Toni) and a daughter (Luna), as well as three cats. Dani Filth's real name is Daniel Lloyd Davey.

From the Cradle to Enslave. Cruelty Brought Three Orchids. The Promise of Fever. The Forest Whispers my Name.

Nymphetamine. Her Ghost in the Fog. Funeral in Carpathia. Mannequin.

Tortured Soul Asylum. The Principle of Evil Made Flesh. Nemesis. Gilded Cunt.

Satyriasis (Intro). Time: 1991-. Status: Active. Country: Britain.

Genre: symphonic black metal, gothic metal, Vampyric Metal, extreme metal.

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