Toyota Hi-Lux

A Toyota Hi-Lux.

The Toyota Hi-Lux is a compact pickup truck built and marketed by the Toyota Motor Corporation. The Hi-Lux name was adopted as a replacement for the Stout in 1969, and remains in use worldwide. In the United States, the Hi-Lux name was retired in 1976 in favor of Truck or Compact Truck, and this name was replaced by Tacoma in 1995. One popular option package, SR5, also became synonymous with the truck, even though it was used on other Toyota models as well.

Please note, as the Hi-Lux name was dropped in the US in 1976, any details listed here purporting to relate to the Hi-Lux from that date may not be entirely correct when applied the the vehicle which continues to be marketed by Toyota as the Hi-Lux throughout the rest of the world. The product lines for the US and elsewhere diverged at that point and in many cases on a year for year basis the vehicles sold in the US only resemble the true Hi-Lux, with major mechanical/chassis differences.


1935

The original Toyota pickup was the 1935 G1. It shared many components with the company's A1 car, and was a 1.5 ton stake-bed commercial truck.

1947

After World War II, Toyota returned with a compact pickup truck, the Toyopet Model SB. This was the true ancestor of the Hi-Lux, and remained in production from 1947 through 1963.

Engine:

  • 995 cc I4, 27 hp (20 kW)

1964

Toyota entered the American market with the 1964 introduction of the Stout. It was larger than the similar Datsun and Mazda compact trucks, and looked like a Chevrolet C/K.

Engine:

  • 1964-1968 - 1.9 L (1897 cc) 3R I4, 85 hp (63 kW)

1969

The Hi-Lux name was coined in 1969, but it was a highly-luxurious vehicle only when compared to the Stout. The only body style was a regular cab short bed and all were rear wheel drive. It used a typical truck setup of A-arms and coil springs in front and a live axle with leaf springs in back. A 4-speed manual transmission was standard.

Engine:

  • 1969 - 1.9 L (1897 cc) 3R I4, 85 hp (63 kW)
  • 1970-1971 - 1.9 L (1858 cc) 8R SOHC I4, 97 hp (72 kW)
  • 1972 - 2.0 L (1968 cc) 18R SOHC I4, 108 hp (81 kW)

1973

In the middle of 1972, the 1973 Hi-Lux was released. A more-comfortable interior was specified along with exterior updates. A 7.5 ft (2.3 m) "long bed" was optional for the first time.

Engine:

  • 1973-1974 - 2.0 L (1968 cc) 18R SOHC I4, 108 hp (81 kW)

1975

The truck was radically redesigned in 1975. Larger and more luxurious in every way, the truck also introduced the 20R engine and SR5 upscale trim package. A 5-speed manual transmission was optional. The Hi-Lux name was dropped in America in favor of "Truck" the next year.

Engine:

  • 1975-1978 - 2.2 L (2189 cc) 20R SOHC I4, 96 hp (72 kW)

1979

The next generation appeared in 1979. This time, the SR5 package included an updated torsion bar suspension as well as the usual trim upgrades.

Another important addition was the a four wheel drive model. It used solid axles and leaf springs front and rear and skid plates to protect the transfer case and fuel tank.

Engine:

  • 1979-1980 - 2.0 L (2189 cc) 20R SOHC I4, 96 hp (72 kW)
  • 1981-1983 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R SOHC I4, 96 hp (72 kW) at 4800 RPM and 129 ft.lbf (174 Nm) at 2800 RPM
  • 1981-1983 2.2 L L Diesel I4, 62 hp (46.2 kW) at 4200 RPM and 93 ft.lbf (126 Nm) (SR5 long bed only)

1981

The 1981 model year saw a vehicle development deal between Toyota and Winnebago (primarily) and two other aftermarket customizers. Toyota was attempting to enter the SUV market. The vehicles which resulted from this collaboration were the Toyota Trekker, Toyota Wolverine, and the Toyota Blazer. All 3 employed the Toyota Hi-Lux 4x4 RV cab and chassis, and an all-fiberglass rear section. There were at least 1,500 Trekkers and a much smaller, unknown number of the other two models sold in North America. Research and development work on the Trekker lead to the development of the Toyota 4Runner (called the Toyota Surf outside North America), which was released in 1984.

1984

The big news for the 1984 redesign was the introduction of the Xtracab two-row extended cab option. The next year saw the introduction of an optional fuel injected engine, the 22R-E, and a turbocharged option, the 22R-TE. The solid front axle was swapped out for an independent front suspension/ torsion bar setup in the 4x4 model in 1986, and optional automatic locking front hubs and an electronic transfer case was added as well. A V6 engine was introduced in 1988.

Engines:

  • 1984-1988 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R SOHC I4, 96 hp (72 kW) at 4800 RPM and 129 ft.lbf (174 Nm) at 2800 RPM
  • 1984-1986 2.2 L L Diesel I4, 62 hp (46.2 kW) at 4200 RPM and 93 ft.lbf (126 Nm) (SR5 long bed only)
  • 1985-1988 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R-E SOHC FI I4, 105 hp (78 kW) at 4800 RPM and 137 ft.lbf (185 Nm) at 2800 RPM
  • 1985-1987 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R-TE SOHC FI turbo I4, 135 hp (101 kW) at 4800 RPM and 173 ft.lbf (234 Nm) at 2800 RPM
  • 1988 - 3.0 L 3VZ-E V6, 150 hp (112 kW)

1989

The next redesign, in 1989, saw a longer-wheelbase option, 122 in (309.9 cm) versus 103 in (261.6 cm) for the regular wheelbase. The V6 Xtracab SR5 earned Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year award that year. Production began at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, California in 1991.

Engines:

  • 1989-1988 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R-E SOHC FI I4, 105 hp (78 kW) at 4800 RPM and 137 ft.lbf (185 Nm) at 2800 RPM
  • 1989 - 3.0 L 3VZ-E V6, 150 hp (112 kW)

1995

Part-way through 1995, Toyota introduced the new Tacoma in the United States. The origins of its name are supposedly unknown...

This, the ninth generation of compact pickup trucks from Toyota, was radically updated, with a new frame and body, new suspension, and new engines. All versions now featured coil springs in front with a live axle and leaf springs in back.

The Tacoma was restyled in 1998 when the front fascia and the frame were the primary changes as well as the addition of new badging. It was also restyled in 2001 when a new double cab (crew cab) option was added, and a flashy S-Runner was offered as well.

Engines:

  • 1995-2004 2.4 L (2438 cc) 2RZ-E 16-valve DOHC I4, 142 hp (106 kW) (4x2)
  • 1995-2004 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-E 16-valve DOHC I4, 150 hp (112 kW) (4x4)
  • 1995-2004 3.4 L 5VZ-FE 24-valve DOHC V6, 190 hp (142 kW)

2005

The Tacoma/Hi-Lux was updated in 2005.

This new version won the Canadian Car of the Year Best New Pick-up award and was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year for 2005.

Engines (markets):

  • 2005 2.0 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC I4 (South Africa)
  • 2005 2.5 L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, 102 hp - 120 hp (Asia, Europe, South Africa, South America)
  • 2005 2.7 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC I4, 164 hp (Australia, South Africa, USA)
  • 2005 3.0 L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, 163 hp (Asia, South Africa, South America)
  • 2005 4.0 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC V6, 238 hp - 245 hp (Australia, South Africa, USA)

Reputation

The Toyota Hi-Lux has gained a reputation for exceptional sturdiness and reliability, even during sustained heavy use. This was only compounded when on the third series (programme five) of the revamped BBC motoring show Top Gear, a 13-year old Toyota Hi-Lux with 190,000 miles on the clock, was subjected to a number of extraordinary survival tests, which included driving it into a tree, tying it up to a jetty and letting it be washed out to sea by the incoming tide, dropping a caravan on it, setting the cab on fire, and placing it at the top of a 240-foot block of flats that was subsequently destroyed by a controlled demolition. Amazingly, although it was now suffering from severe structural (there was already significant body corrosion when it was purchased) and fire damage, the truck was still running after being repaired only with typical tools and equipment that would be found in a car's toolbox, such as spanners (wrenches), motor oil and a monkey wrench. These trucks have also been known to clock up more than 300,000 miles with regular maintenance.


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These trucks have also been known to clock up more than 300,000 miles with regular maintenance. However, in New York City, lines on the New York City Subway have been referred to as "trains". Amazingly, although it was now suffering from severe structural (there was already significant body corrosion when it was purchased) and fire damage, the truck was still running after being repaired only with typical tools and equipment that would be found in a car's toolbox, such as spanners (wrenches), motor oil and a monkey wrench. The term rapid transit is used for public transport such as commuter trains, metro and light rail. This was only compounded when on the third series (programme five) of the revamped BBC motoring show Top Gear, a 13-year old Toyota Hi-Lux with 190,000 miles on the clock, was subjected to a number of extraordinary survival tests, which included driving it into a tree, tying it up to a jetty and letting it be washed out to sea by the incoming tide, dropping a caravan on it, setting the cab on fire, and placing it at the top of a 240-foot block of flats that was subsequently destroyed by a controlled demolition. Maglev trains and monorails represent minor technologies in the train field. The Toyota Hi-Lux has gained a reputation for exceptional sturdiness and reliability, even during sustained heavy use. They may also be called a trolley.

Engines (markets):. These are often protected with crossing gates. This new version won the Canadian Car of the Year Best New Pick-up award and was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year for 2005. The term light rail is sometimes used for a modern tram, but it may also mean an intermediate form between a tram and a train, similar to metro except that it may have level crossings. The Tacoma/Hi-Lux was updated in 2005. In some countries such as the United Kingdom the distinction between a tramway and a railway is precise and defined in law. Engines:. A light one- or two-car rail vehicle running through the streets is not called a train but a tram, trolley, light rail vehicle or streetcar, but the distinction is not always strict.

It was also restyled in 2001 when a new double cab (crew cab) option was added, and a flashy S-Runner was offered as well. They can accelerate and decelerate faster than heavier, long-distance trains. The Tacoma was restyled in 1998 when the front fascia and the frame were the primary changes as well as the addition of new badging. Usually they run in tunnels in the city center and sometimes on elevated structures in the outer parts of the city. All versions now featured coil springs in front with a live axle and leaf springs in back. The trains are electrically powered, usually by third rail, and their railroads are separate from other traffic, without level crossings. This, the ninth generation of compact pickup trucks from Toyota, was radically updated, with a new frame and body, new suspension, and new engines. Large cities often have a metro system, also called underground, subway or tube.

The origins of its name are supposedly unknown... Abuse is punished by a fine. Part-way through 1995, Toyota introduced the new Tacoma in the United States. Passenger trains usually have emergency brake handles (or a "communication cord") that the public can operate. Engines:. Double deck high speed and sleeper trains are becoming more common in Europe. Production began at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, California in 1991. Some countries have some double-decked passenger trains for use in conurbations.

The V6 Xtracab SR5 earned Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year award that year. Some carriages may be laid out to have more standing room than seats, or to facilitate the carrying of prams, cycles or wheelchairs. The next redesign, in 1989, saw a longer-wheelbase option, 122 in (309.9 cm) versus 103 in (261.6 cm) for the regular wheelbase. For shorter distances many cities have networks of commuter trains, serving the city and its suburbs. Engines:. For trains connecting cities, we can distinguish inter-city trains, which do not halt at small stations, and trains that serve all stations, usually known as local trains or "stoppers" (and sometimes an intermediate kind, see also limited-stop). A V6 engine was introduced in 1988. Tilting is a system where the passenger cars automatically lean into curves, reducing the centrifugal forces acting on passengers and permitting higher speeds on curves in the track with greater passenger comfort.

The solid front axle was swapped out for an independent front suspension/ torsion bar setup in the 4x4 model in 1986, and optional automatic locking front hubs and an electronic transfer case was added as well. Very fast trains sometimes tilt, like the Pendolino or Talgo. The next year saw the introduction of an optional fuel injected engine, the 22R-E, and a turbocharged option, the 22R-TE. Very long distance trains such as those on the Trans-Siberian railway are usually not high-speed. The big news for the 1984 redesign was the introduction of the Xtracab two-row extended cab option. Long-distance trains, sometimes crossing several countries, may have a dining or restaurant car; they may also have sleeping cars, but not in the case of high-speed rail, these arrive at their destination before the night falls and are in competition with airplanes in speed. Research and development work on the Trekker lead to the development of the Toyota 4Runner (called the Toyota Surf outside North America), which was released in 1984. Passenger trains travel between stations; the distance between stations may vary from under 1 km to much more.

There were at least 1,500 Trekkers and a much smaller, unknown number of the other two models sold in North America. Passenger trains have Passenger cars. All 3 employed the Toyota Hi-Lux 4x4 RV cab and chassis, and an all-fiberglass rear section. Electric trains receive their current via overhead lines or through a third rail electric system. The vehicles which resulted from this collaboration were the Toyota Trekker, Toyota Wolverine, and the Toyota Blazer. Since the cost per mile of construction is much higher, electric traction is less favored on long-distance lines. Toyota was attempting to enter the SUV market. Electric traction offers a lower cost per mile of train operation but at a very high initial cost, which can only be justified on high traffic lines.

The 1981 model year saw a vehicle development deal between Toyota and Winnebago (primarily) and two other aftermarket customizers. Historic steam trains still run in many other countries, for the leisure and enthusiast market. Engine:. A few countries, most notably the People's Republic of China where coal is in cheap and plentiful supply, still use steam locomotives, but this is being gradually phased out. It used solid axles and leaf springs front and rear and skid plates to protect the transfer case and fuel tank. Most countries had replaced steam locomotives for day-to-day use by the 1970s. Another important addition was the a four wheel drive model. From the 1920s onwards they began to be replaced by less labor intensive and cleaner (but more expensive) diesel locomotives and electric locomotives, while at about the same time self-propelled multiple unit vehicles of either power system became much more common in passenger service.

This time, the SR5 package included an updated torsion bar suspension as well as the usual trim upgrades. The first trains were rope-hauled, gravity powered or pulled by horses, but from the early 19th century almost all were powered by steam locomotives. The next generation appeared in 1979. A single uncoupled rail vehicle is not technically a train, but is usually referred to as such for signaling reasons. Engine:. Special trains are also used for track maintenance; in some places, this is called maintenance of way. The Hi-Lux name was dropped in America in favor of "Truck" the next year. Such mixed trains became rare in many countries, but were commonplace on the first 19th-century railroads.

A 5-speed manual transmission was optional. Transportation in Mauritania. Larger and more luxurious in every way, the truck also introduced the 20R engine and SR5 upscale trim package. Trains can also be mixed, hauling both passengers and freight, see e.g. The truck was radically redesigned in 1975. Where the second locomotive is attached temporarily to assist a train up steep banks (or down them by providing breaking power) it is referred to as 'banking'. Engine:. This practice typically being used when there are no reversing facilities available.

A 7.5 ft (2.3 m) "long bed" was optional for the first time. A train with a locomotive attached each end is described as 'top and tailed'. A more-comfortable interior was specified along with exterior updates. In the United Kingdom, a train hauled by two locomotives is said to be "double-headed", and in Canada and the United States it is quite common for a long freight train to be headed by three, four, or even five locomotives. In the middle of 1972, the 1973 Hi-Lux was released. Freight trains comprise wagons or trucks rather than carriages, though some parcel and mail trains (especially Travelling Post Offices) are outwardly more like passenger trains. Engine:. In many parts of the world, particularly Japan and Europe, high-speed rail is utilized extensively for passenger travel.

A 4-speed manual transmission was standard. Alternatively, a train may consist entirely of passenger carrying coaches, some or all of which are powered as a "multiple unit". It used a typical truck setup of A-arms and coil springs in front and a live axle with leaf springs in back. A passenger train may consist of one or several locomotives, and one or more coaches. The only body style was a regular cab short bed and all were rear wheel drive. Special kinds of trains running on corresponding special 'railways' are atmospheric railways, monorails, high-speed railways, Dinky Trains, maglev, rubber-tired underground, funicular and cog railways. The Hi-Lux name was coined in 1969, but it was a highly-luxurious vehicle only when compared to the Stout. Trains can also be hauled by horses, pulled by a cable, or run downhill by gravity.

Engine:. A train can consist of a combination of a locomotive and attached railroad cars, or a self-propelled multiple unit (or occasionally a single powered coach, called a railcar). It was larger than the similar Datsun and Mazda compact trucks, and looked like a Chevrolet C/K. There are various types of trains designed for particular purposes. Toyota entered the American market with the 1964 introduction of the Stout. . Engine:. In American railway terminology, and increasingly in the United Kingdom, a consist is used to describe the group of rail vehicles which make up a train.

This was the true ancestor of the Hi-Lux, and remained in production from 1947 through 1963. Historically the steam engine was the dominant form of locomotive power, and other sources of power (such as horses, rope, gravitiy, pneumatics, or gas turbines) are possible as well. After World War II, Toyota returned with a compact pickup truck, the Toyopet Model SB. Power is usually derived from diesel engines or from electricity supplied by trackside systems. It shared many components with the company's A1 car, and was a 1.5 ton stake-bed commercial truck. Propulsion for the train is typically provided by a separate locomotive, or from individual motors in self-propelled multiple units. The original Toyota pickup was the 1935 G1. The guideway (permanent way) usually consists of conventional rail tracks, but might also be monorail or maglev.

. In rail transport, a train consists of a single or several connected rail vehicles that are capable of being moved together along a guideway to transport freight or passengers from one place to another along a planned route.
. The product lines for the US and elsewhere diverged at that point and in many cases on a year for year basis the vehicles sold in the US only resemble the true Hi-Lux, with major mechanical/chassis differences. Please note, as the Hi-Lux name was dropped in the US in 1976, any details listed here purporting to relate to the Hi-Lux from that date may not be entirely correct when applied the the vehicle which continues to be marketed by Toyota as the Hi-Lux throughout the rest of the world.

One popular option package, SR5, also became synonymous with the truck, even though it was used on other Toyota models as well. In the United States, the Hi-Lux name was retired in 1976 in favor of Truck or Compact Truck, and this name was replaced by Tacoma in 1995. The Hi-Lux name was adopted as a replacement for the Stout in 1969, and remains in use worldwide. The Toyota Hi-Lux is a compact pickup truck built and marketed by the Toyota Motor Corporation.

2005 4.0 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC V6, 238 hp - 245 hp (Australia, South Africa, USA). 2005 3.0 L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, 163 hp (Asia, South Africa, South America). 2005 2.7 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC I4, 164 hp (Australia, South Africa, USA). 2005 2.5 L diesel D-4D DOHC I4, 102 hp - 120 hp (Asia, Europe, South Africa, South America).

2005 2.0 L gasoline VVT-i DOHC I4 (South Africa). 1995-2004 3.4 L 5VZ-FE 24-valve DOHC V6, 190 hp (142 kW). 1995-2004 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-E 16-valve DOHC I4, 150 hp (112 kW) (4x4). 1995-2004 2.4 L (2438 cc) 2RZ-E 16-valve DOHC I4, 142 hp (106 kW) (4x2).

1989 - 3.0 L 3VZ-E V6, 150 hp (112 kW). 1989-1988 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R-E SOHC FI I4, 105 hp (78 kW) at 4800 RPM and 137 ft.lbf (185 Nm) at 2800 RPM. 1988 - 3.0 L 3VZ-E V6, 150 hp (112 kW). 1985-1987 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R-TE SOHC FI turbo I4, 135 hp (101 kW) at 4800 RPM and 173 ft.lbf (234 Nm) at 2800 RPM.

1985-1988 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R-E SOHC FI I4, 105 hp (78 kW) at 4800 RPM and 137 ft.lbf (185 Nm) at 2800 RPM. 1984-1986 2.2 L L Diesel I4, 62 hp (46.2 kW) at 4200 RPM and 93 ft.lbf (126 Nm) (SR5 long bed only). 1984-1988 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R SOHC I4, 96 hp (72 kW) at 4800 RPM and 129 ft.lbf (174 Nm) at 2800 RPM. 1981-1983 2.2 L L Diesel I4, 62 hp (46.2 kW) at 4200 RPM and 93 ft.lbf (126 Nm) (SR5 long bed only).

1981-1983 - 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R SOHC I4, 96 hp (72 kW) at 4800 RPM and 129 ft.lbf (174 Nm) at 2800 RPM. 1979-1980 - 2.0 L (2189 cc) 20R SOHC I4, 96 hp (72 kW). 1975-1978 - 2.2 L (2189 cc) 20R SOHC I4, 96 hp (72 kW). 1973-1974 - 2.0 L (1968 cc) 18R SOHC I4, 108 hp (81 kW).

1972 - 2.0 L (1968 cc) 18R SOHC I4, 108 hp (81 kW). 1970-1971 - 1.9 L (1858 cc) 8R SOHC I4, 97 hp (72 kW). 1969 - 1.9 L (1897 cc) 3R I4, 85 hp (63 kW). 1964-1968 - 1.9 L (1897 cc) 3R I4, 85 hp (63 kW).

995 cc I4, 27 hp (20 kW).

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