Toyota Supra

The Toyota Supra was a sports car produced by Toyota. Production began in 1979. The Supra was built and designed on the legacy of Toyota's former super sports car, the 2000GT. It bore the common chassis code of "A".

Toyota Celica Supra Mk 1 (1979-1981)

Toyota Celica Supra MkI

The first generation Supra was based largely upon the Toyota Celica liftback, but was longer by 5.1 inches (doors and rear section same length as celica but rear panels differ). Most importantly, the Celica's 4-cylinder engine was replaced by an inline 6. Toyota's original plan for the Supra at this time was to make it a competitor to the very popular Datsun (now Nissan) 240Z; it, in some degree, succeded.

The 1979 (1978 Japan market) Mk 1 was originally equipped with a 110 hp (82 kW) single overhead cam inline-6 motor, the 2.6 L 4M-E (MA46 chassis code) (which was the first Toyota engine with electronic fuel injection). [1] In 1981, the Supra received the 2.8 L 5M-E, (MA47 Chassis code) making 116 hp (87 kW) and 145 ft·lbf (197 N·m) of torque. It was also available in Japan with the 2.0 L M-EU engine MA45 chassis code) and possibly the M-TEU turbo.[2]

As with all subsequent versions of the Supra, the Mk 1 was equipped with either 5 speed manual (W50) or 4 speed automatic transmission, and it also came standard with 4-wheel disc brakes, but retained the T series solid rear axle configuration of the celica in the MA45 version and a larger F series (and optional LSD) In the MA46 and MA47

1981 was the last year that a Celica Supra could be purchased equipped with an 8-track stereo. [3]

Toyota Celica Supra Mk 2 (1982-1986)

Toyota Celica Supra Mk2

Though the Celica name was still used, in its second generation the Supra stood more apart from the Celica. The Mk 2, with its all-new design, quickly became a success in the US where it was awarded the Import Car of the Year by Motor Trend. It also made Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1983 and 1984.

In the US, the engine was changed from the SOHC 2.8 L 5M-E to the DOHC 2.8 L 5M-GE. The MK2 came in 2 flavors: the P-type (Performance type) and the L-type (Luxury type). They were differentiated by the available options, tire/wheel combo, and body trim: the P-type had fiberglass fender flares over the wheel wells, while the L-type had simple smaller flares molded into the metal above the wheel wells. Typically the P-type came with either 4.10:1 or 4.30:1 rear gearing, while the L-type came with 3.727:1 rear gearing. Both were offered with either the W58 manual 5-speed transmission or the A43DL (1982 only)/A43DE (1983-1986.5) 4-speed automatic transmission. The P-type came with 14X7 wheels and 225/60/14 tires, and the L-type came with 14x5.5 wheels and 195/70/14 tires. As a complement to the superb engine, the Celica Supra's suspension was specially designed by Lotus.

Around the world, the Mk 2 came with a variety of other engines. Some models sent to countries (like Sweden, Switzerland and Australia) retained the Mk 1's 5M-E (In Australia, the only petrol available at that time was leaded), while in Japan the MK2 (MA-63) offered the option of the turbocharged SOHC M-TE engine or the 2 litre twin turbo 1G-GTE (GA61). Also in Japan, where the Mk 2 was badged the Celica XX, some came with the 2.0 L 1G-GEU, since taxes were less on lower-displacement engines. Typically, non-US 5M-GE's made around 170 hp (127 kW), while the US-market version made around 145 hp (108 kW), since the exhaust system was more restrictive to comply with emissions requirements. 1984 and 1985 US models had around 165 hp (123 kW) due to 9.2:1 compression vs the former 8.8:1.

1985 was the end of the Mk 2, but delays in the manufacture of the Mk 3 led to leftover 1985 Mk 2s being offered for sale in the first half of 1986. These were just 1985 models with minor cosmetic changes, as well as the addition of the rear-mounted third brakelight on the hatch.

A popular engine replacement for the Mk 2 is the 6M-GEU, which is a 190 hp (142 kW) 3.0 L version of the 5M-GE. This engine was never available in the Mk 2, but was offered in the JDM-only Crown and Chaser models.

Some possible chassis codes are: MA60, MA61, MA63, MA67, GA60, GA61. (After the body code L & R represented Left hand or Right hand Drive i.e., the MA61L is Left hand Drive, whereas the MA61R is Right hand Drive)

Toyota Supra Mk 3 (1986-1992)

Toyota Supra MA70

In the middle of 1986, Toyota was ready to release its next version of the Supra. The bonds between the Celica and the Supra were cut; now they were two completely different kind of models. The Celica changed to front wheel drive (FWD), while the Supra kept its rear wheel drive (RWD). Though the A60 (Mk II) and A70 (MK III) had similar designs, the engine was a more powerful version than the earlier 2.8 L and 3.0 L engine with two versions*: one with a CT-26 turbo (the 7M-GTE) and one without (the 7M-GE). The non-turbo 7M-GE models came standard with the W58 manual transmission, and the 7M-GTE came standard with the R154. Both were available with an optional automatic transmission, the A340E. During the 1989 year, the car received new tail lights, front bumper, badging and side trim amongst other features.

In 1988 the Turbo-A model was introduced, it was a special design aimed at winning the Group-A touring car championships around the world. There were only 500 Turbo-As ever made. The Turbo-A was a special 7M-GTEU with 267 PS (263 hp/196 kW), making it the fastest Japanese road car until the Nissan Skyline R32-GTR was introduced. The Turbo-A model was only produced in black, all featured leather interiors, a front intercooler inlet, were hardtops and only used MAP engine sensors. Other enhancements include higher boost (7.8psi), long lift cams, larger injectors, larger intercooler and a high flowed version of the CT26 turbocharger.

The A70 Supra was also available in two non export models in Japan, the JZA70 with a 2.5L 280 hp (209 kW) twin-turbo 1JZ-GTE , and the GA70 with a 2.0L 210 hp (157 kW) twin-turbo 1G-GTE.

The third-generation Supra represented a great deal of new technology. In 1986, Supras were already equipped with ABS, TEMS (Toyota Electronically Modulated Suspension). By 1990, airbags became standard.

The 7M-GE MA70 is capable of propelling itself 0-60 in just over 6 seconds with 6.8 psi of boost.

Some possible chassis codes are: MA70, MA71, JZA70, GA70.

Toyota Supra Mk 4 (1993-1998/2002)

Toyota Supra MkIV

With the fourth generation of the Supra, Toyota took a big leap in the direction of a more super sports car. The new Supra was redesigned from the ground up and featured two completely new engines: naturally aspirated 2JZ-GE 220hp and 210lb-ft of torque, or a twin turbocharged 2JZ-GTE making a whopping 320hp, 315 lb-ft of torque. The turbocharged variant could achieve 0–60 in 4.6 seconds and 1/4 mile in just under 13.1 seconds at over 109 mph. The stock turbos are capable of running around 400bhp with an unrestricted airflow/exhaust system and an aftermarket boost controller (commonly known as a BPU setup).

The MKIV Supra's twin turbos actually operated in sequential mode instead of parrallel mode as the "twin turbo" name usually implies. The way that the sequential mode operated was the first turbo starts spooling at low rpms & as the rpms increased, the second turbo joins in. This helped in reducing turbo lag. Most cars which are advertised as "twin turbo" operate by having the two equally sized turbos constantly running in parrallel; the turbos spool up at the same time. For this generation, the Supra received a new 6-speed Getrag transmission on the Turbo models

MKIV Supras have been modified (larger turbos running 30+ psi of boost and other, undisclosed tweaks) to produce over 1200hp and run the 1/4 mile in 7.9 seconds. The stock engines are astonishingly tough, running 600bhp+ as daily drivers without having to uprate any internal components.

In 1998, Toyota ceased to export the cars from Japan, and they stopped production altogether in 2002 due to a decline in sales. Toyota has hinted at a possible revival of the Supra in 2006/2007 pointing at different directions. There is indication that Toyota will base the future Supra on the next generation Altezza, which will be powered by a Twin-Turbocharged V6 Engine, while other speculate that the future Supra will become the next flagship model for the company, knocking the Toyota Century off the flagship spot.


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There is indication that Toyota will base the future Supra on the next generation Altezza, which will be powered by a Twin-Turbocharged V6 Engine, while other speculate that the future Supra will become the next flagship model for the company, knocking the Toyota Century off the flagship spot. Recently, he was reintroduced in commercials not as a cartoon character, but as a real-life giraffe who talks. Toyota has hinted at a possible revival of the Supra in 2006/2007 pointing at different directions. His name followed in the 1970s. In 1998, Toyota ceased to export the cars from Japan, and they stopped production altogether in 2002 due to a decline in sales. In the 1960s, Geoffrey the Giraffe, an anthropomorphic cartoon giraffe, was introduced as its mascot. The stock engines are astonishingly tough, running 600bhp+ as daily drivers without having to uprate any internal components. The "R Us" name has been imitated by many other businesses, such as Tiles R Us and Tuxedos R Us.

MKIV Supras have been modified (larger turbos running 30+ psi of boost and other, undisclosed tweaks) to produce over 1200hp and run the 1/4 mile in 7.9 seconds. A blue star was added to the logo in 1999. For this generation, the Supra received a new 6-speed Getrag transmission on the Turbo models. The "R" is the most distinctive part of the retailer's colorful kid-friendly logo. Most cars which are advertised as "twin turbo" operate by having the two equally sized turbos constantly running in parrallel; the turbos spool up at the same time. The yellow reverse "R" in quotation marks, similar to the Cyrillic "yah" (Я), imitates a small child's backward writing of "R", which is short for "are". This helped in reducing turbo lag. also owns other chains:.

The way that the sequential mode operated was the first turbo starts spooling at low rpms & as the rpms increased, the second turbo joins in. Toys "R" Us, Inc. The MKIV Supra's twin turbos actually operated in sequential mode instead of parrallel mode as the "twin turbo" name usually implies. [1]. The stock turbos are capable of running around 400bhp with an unrestricted airflow/exhaust system and an aftermarket boost controller (commonly known as a BPU setup). Approximately 3000 jobs will be eliminated as a result of the closures. The turbocharged variant could achieve 0–60 in 4.6 seconds and 1/4 mile in just under 13.1 seconds at over 109 mph. 12 more stores are to be converted to the "Babies 'R' Us" format.

The new Supra was redesigned from the ground up and featured two completely new engines: naturally aspirated 2JZ-GE 220hp and 210lb-ft of torque, or a twin turbocharged 2JZ-GTE making a whopping 320hp, 315 lb-ft of torque. On January 9, 2006, Toys "R" Us announced that 75 stores in the United States would close that year, most closing within the spring. With the fourth generation of the Supra, Toyota took a big leap in the direction of a more super sports car. Toys "R" Us is now a privately owned entity. Some possible chassis codes are: MA70, MA71, JZA70, GA70. Public stock closed for the last time at $26.74, just pennies from the 52-week high, but far short of its all time high of almost $45 in fourth-quarter 1993, and its five-year high of $31 in 2Q 2001. The 7M-GE MA70 is capable of propelling itself 0-60 in just over 6 seconds with 6.8 psi of boost. (KKR), and Vornado Realty Trust completed the $6.6 billion acquisition of the toy giant.

By 1990, airbags became standard. On July 21, 2005, a consortium of Bain Capital Partners LLC, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. In 1986, Supras were already equipped with ABS, TEMS (Toyota Electronically Modulated Suspension). Blaming market pressures (primarily competition from Wal-Mart and Target Stores), Toys "R" Us considered splitting its toys and babies businesses. The third-generation Supra represented a great deal of new technology. Eyler launched an unsuccessful (and very expensive) plan to remodel and re-launch the chain. The A70 Supra was also available in two non export models in Japan, the JZA70 with a 2.5L 280 hp (209 kW) twin-turbo 1JZ-GTE , and the GA70 with a 2.0L 210 hp (157 kW) twin-turbo 1G-GTE. In an effort to shore up their failing enterprise, the Board of Directors installed John Eyler, formally of FAO Schwarz.

Other enhancements include higher boost (7.8psi), long lift cams, larger injectors, larger intercooler and a high flowed version of the CT26 turbocharger. Nokosone’s replacement did little to help as he showed as little understanding of the Internet as the Board did. The Turbo-A model was only produced in black, all featured leather interiors, a front intercooler inlet, were hardtops and only used MAP engine sensors. After several major missteps in the marketplace, mainly precipitated by the removal of Robert Nokasone by the Board of Directors, Toys ‘R’ Us had been limping into what appeared to be oblivion. The Turbo-A was a special 7M-GTEU with 267 PS (263 hp/196 kW), making it the fastest Japanese road car until the Nissan Skyline R32-GTR was introduced. Eleven of the company's stores are in Sweden. There were only 500 Turbo-As ever made. When the banks refused to process financial transactions, Toys "R" Us finally signed the labor agreement.

In 1988 the Turbo-A model was introduced, it was a special design aimed at winning the Group-A touring car championships around the world. Later, a "worker's blockade" was established against the stores, the electric utility company of Sweden would not show up to fix electrical problems, and even the garbage trucks failed to remove the trash. During the 1989 year, the car received new tail lights, front bumper, badging and side trim amongst other features. The stores were empty, even with price reductions, thanks to strong public support. Both were available with an optional automatic transmission, the A340E. During the 1990's, when Toys "R" Us was establishing itself in Sweden, the firm did not want to enter into the standard worker's union agreement, so in 1995 the workers of Toys "R" Us went on strike. The non-turbo 7M-GE models came standard with the W58 manual transmission, and the 7M-GTE came standard with the R154. The company has since relocated to Wayne, New Jersey.

Though the A60 (Mk II) and A70 (MK III) had similar designs, the engine was a more powerful version than the earlier 2.8 L and 3.0 L engine with two versions*: one with a CT-26 turbo (the 7M-GTE) and one without (the 7M-GE). Eventually the focus of the store changed and Toys "R" Us as we know it was born. The Celica changed to front wheel drive (FWD), while the Supra kept its rear wheel drive (RWD). After adding baby toys, he got requests for more grown up toys. The bonds between the Celica and the Supra were cut; now they were two completely different kind of models. Initially founded in Washington, DC during the post-war baby boom era in 1948 as a baby furniture retailer, Charles Lazarus began receiving requests from customers for baby toys. In the middle of 1986, Toyota was ready to release its next version of the Supra. .

(After the body code L & R represented Left hand or Right hand Drive i.e., the MA61L is Left hand Drive, whereas the MA61R is Right hand Drive). The flagship store in New York City's Times Square is the largest toy store in the world, featuring a colorful ferris wheel. Some possible chassis codes are: MA60, MA61, MA63, MA67, GA60, GA61. The company operates nearly 700 stores in the United States and nearly 600 stores are operating in 29 other countries, some of them under franchises or licenses. This engine was never available in the Mk 2, but was offered in the JDM-only Crown and Chaser models. Toys "R" Us is a toy store chain based in the United States. A popular engine replacement for the Mk 2 is the 6M-GEU, which is a 190 hp (142 kW) 3.0 L version of the 5M-GE. Kois "R" Us — Fairly Odd Parents.

These were just 1985 models with minor cosmetic changes, as well as the addition of the rear-mounted third brakelight on the hatch. TVs Are Us — The Jimmy Timmy Power Hour 2: When Nerds Collide. 1985 was the end of the Mk 2, but delays in the manufacture of the Mk 3 led to leftover 1985 Mk 2s being offered for sale in the first half of 1986. Ladders "R" Us — The Jimmy Timmy Power Hour 2: When Nerds Collide. 1984 and 1985 US models had around 165 hp (123 kW) due to 9.2:1 compression vs the former 8.8:1. Toys Czar Us — Darkwing Duck. Typically, non-US 5M-GE's made around 170 hp (127 kW), while the US-market version made around 145 hp (108 kW), since the exhaust system was more restrictive to comply with emissions requirements. Toy Saurus — The Flintstones.

Also in Japan, where the Mk 2 was badged the Celica XX, some came with the 2.0 L 1G-GEU, since taxes were less on lower-displacement engines. Boys "R" Us — The Simpsons. Some models sent to countries (like Sweden, Switzerland and Australia) retained the Mk 1's 5M-E (In Australia, the only petrol available at that time was leaded), while in Japan the MK2 (MA-63) offered the option of the turbocharged SOHC M-TE engine or the 2 litre twin turbo 1G-GTE (GA61). Toykins — The Simpsons. Around the world, the Mk 2 came with a variety of other engines. J.R.R. As a complement to the superb engine, the Celica Supra's suspension was specially designed by Lotus. Toys "L" Us — The Simpsons.

The P-type came with 14X7 wheels and 225/60/14 tires, and the L-type came with 14x5.5 wheels and 195/70/14 tires. Toys "R" We — The Powerpuff Girls. Both were offered with either the W58 manual 5-speed transmission or the A43DL (1982 only)/A43DE (1983-1986.5) 4-speed automatic transmission. Toys "R" Mine — Tiny Toon Adventures. Typically the P-type came with either 4.10:1 or 4.30:1 rear gearing, while the L-type came with 3.727:1 rear gearing. The car chase scene in the movie Blues Brothers included a shopping mall chase scene which featured a Toys "R" Us at Dixie Square Mall where Jake and Elwood are being chased by the police into the main concourse of the mall. They were differentiated by the available options, tire/wheel combo, and body trim: the P-type had fiberglass fender flares over the wheel wells, while the L-type had simple smaller flares molded into the metal above the wheel wells. In addition to that, Geoffrey comes out to host the bithday parties.

The MK2 came in 2 flavors: the P-type (Performance type) and the L-type (Luxury type). The stores are basically a regular Toys "R" Us store given a complete overhaul to feature a more colorful motif, "Studio G" activity center, "Candy Spot", "Imaginarium", "Gee Baby", "The "R" ZONE", a party room to host birthday parties and an adjacent playground with the existing collection of toys and clothes. In the US, the engine was changed from the SOHC 2.8 L 5M-E to the DOHC 2.8 L 5M-GE. Most "Geoffrey" and "Geoffrey's Toys "R" Us" stores are located in the midwest. It also made Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1983 and 1984. Nintendo games accounted for most of Toys "R" Us' sales in the mid '80s. The Mk 2, with its all-new design, quickly became a success in the US where it was awarded the Import Car of the Year by Motor Trend. "I don't want to grow up, I'm a Toys 'R' Us kid!".

Though the Celica name was still used, in its second generation the Supra stood more apart from the Celica. "There's millions says Geoffery all under one roof, it's called Toys 'R' Us, Toys 'R' Us, Toys 'R' Us!". [3]. "Play More, Spend Less.". 1981 was the last year that a Celica Supra could be purchased equipped with an 8-track stereo. "The World's Greatest Toy Store.". As with all subsequent versions of the Supra, the Mk 1 was equipped with either 5 speed manual (W50) or 4 speed automatic transmission, and it also came standard with 4-wheel disc brakes, but retained the T series solid rear axle configuration of the celica in the MA45 version and a larger F series (and optional LSD) In the MA46 and MA47. "The World's Biggest Toy Store.".

It was also available in Japan with the 2.0 L M-EU engine MA45 chassis code) and possibly the M-TEU turbo.[2]. Guaranteed.". [1] In 1981, the Supra received the 2.8 L 5M-E, (MA47 Chassis code) making 116 hp (87 kW) and 145 ft·lbf (197 N·m) of torque. Bigger Selection. The 1979 (1978 Japan market) Mk 1 was originally equipped with a 110 hp (82 kW) single overhead cam inline-6 motor, the 2.6 L 4M-E (MA46 chassis code) (which was the first Toyota engine with electronic fuel injection). "Lower Prices. Toyota's original plan for the Supra at this time was to make it a competitor to the very popular Datsun (now Nissan) 240Z; it, in some degree, succeded. "Big Fun! Low Prices!".

Most importantly, the Celica's 4-cylinder engine was replaced by an inline 6. "The World's JOY Store!". The first generation Supra was based largely upon the Toyota Celica liftback, but was longer by 5.1 inches (doors and rear section same length as celica but rear panels differ). Toys "R" Us/Kids "R" Us cobranded stores. . Toys "R" Us KidsWorld - A toy superstore format introduced in 1996. It bore the common chassis code of "A". Toys "R" Us Toy Box - Introduced in 2003, this version of Toys "R" Us is found in Albertson's, Osco Drug, Jewel-Osco, and Sav-On supermarkets and drug stores.

The Supra was built and designed on the legacy of Toyota's former super sports car, the 2000GT. Mostly found in the midwest. Production began in 1979. Other features include a "Studio G" activity center. The Toyota Supra was a sports car produced by Toyota. Geoffrey's Toys "R" Us - Stores for Toys "R" Us mascot Geoffrey the Giraffe, offering toys, juvenile merchandise, and children's apparel all in one location. Babies "R" Us - Baby superstores.

Kids "R" Us is also the brand name label of kids' clothing found at the Geoffrey Stores. Most Kids "R" Us stores were cobranded with Toys "R" Us. Kids "R" Us - A store that is out of business, dealt with children's clothing.

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