The Fugees

The Fugees are an American music group, popular during the mid-1990s, whose repertoire includes primarily hip hop, with elements of soul, and Carribean music (particularly reggae). The members of the group are leader/rapper/producer Wyclef Jean, rapper/singer Lauryn Hill, and rapper Pras Michel. Both Jean and Michel are of Haitian heritage; Hill is an African American native of South Orange, New Jersey. Deriving their name from the term "refugee", the group is noted for the integration of soul and reggae into their work, and recorded two albums--one of which, The Score, was a multi-platinum and Grammy-winning success--before going their separate ways after 1997. Hill and Jean each went on to successful solo recording careers, while Michel focused mainly on soundtrack recordings and film acting.

The trio released their first LP, Blunted on Reality, after a long period of performing, but the album failed to live up the expectations of fans who attended their concerts. Despite the relative failure of their first album, The Score became one of the biggest hits of 1996 and was one of the first hip hop albums to incorporate reggae in a major way. The Fugees were known for their unusual choice of covers and sampling sources on both albums; The Score, for example, included covers of "No Woman No Cry" (Bob Marley & the Wailers) and "Killing Me Softly (With His Song)" (Roberta Flack), which was their first and only #1 pop hit. The album also included a re-interpretation of The Delfonics' "Ready or Not Here I Come (Can't Hide From Love)" in their hit single "Ready or Not". The Fugees won two 1997 Grammy Awards: The Score won for Best Rap Album, and "Killing Me Softly With His Song" won for Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group.

After 1997, the Fugees all began solo projects: Hill started work on her critically acclaimed The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, Jean began producing for a number of artists (including Destiny's Child and Carlos Santana) and recorded his debut album The Carnival, and Michel, with Mya and Ol' Dirty Bastard, recorded the single "Ghetto Superstar" for the soundtrack to the Warren Beatty/Halle Berry film Bulworth. After each member found success in other ventures, the Fugees failed to reform. Though the Fugees remain tight-lipped about the exact reasons, most fans believe that a serious personality conflict between Hill and Jean contributed to their breakup following The Score.

In September 2004, it was announced that The Fugees have settled their differences and are currently working on a new album. They appeared onstage together at an exclusive block party in New York City that month, hosted by Dave Chappelle.

Discography

Albums

  • 1994: Blunted on Reality
  • 1996: The Score

Singles

  • 1994: "Nappy Heads" (US #49)
  • 1994: "Vocab"
  • 1995: "Fu-Gee-La" (US #29)
  • 1996: "Killing Me Softly (With His Song)" (US #1)
  • 1996: "Ready or Not"


External Links

  • Fugees Fansite (http://user.aol.com/Snicka/fugee2.htm)
  • Fugees Lyrics (http://www.lyricscafe.com/f/fugees.htm)

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. He was 61. They appeared onstage together at an exclusive block party in New York City that month, hosted by Dave Chappelle. Terry Knight (Richard Terrance Knapp) was murdered in Killeen, Texas on November 1, 2004. In September 2004, it was announced that The Fugees have settled their differences and are currently working on a new album. Grand Funk Railroad reunited again in 1997 to record a benefit album called Bosnia. Though the Fugees remain tight-lipped about the exact reasons, most fans believe that a serious personality conflict between Hill and Jean contributed to their breakup following The Score. After disbanding a second time, Farner launched a solo career as a Christian recording artist, while Brewer and Frost joined Bob Seger's Silver Bullet Band.

After each member found success in other ventures, the Fugees failed to reform. The band reunited in 1981 with the addition of Dennis Bellinger and released two failed albums. After 1997, the Fugees all began solo projects: Hill started work on her critically acclaimed The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, Jean began producing for a number of artists (including Destiny's Child and Carlos Santana) and recorded his debut album The Carnival, and Michel, with Mya and Ol' Dirty Bastard, recorded the single "Ghetto Superstar" for the soundtrack to the Warren Beatty/Halle Berry film Bulworth. Farner began a solo career, while the rest of the band became Flint after adding Billy Ellworthy. The Fugees won two 1997 Grammy Awards: The Score won for Best Rap Album, and "Killing Me Softly With His Song" won for Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group. After finishing Good Singin', Good Playin' (1976) with producer Frank Zappa, Grand Funk Railroad disbanded. The album also included a re-interpretation of The Delfonics' "Ready or Not Here I Come (Can't Hide From Love)" in their hit single "Ready or Not". After a pop-style album, All the Girls in the World Beware!!!, and a revert to "Grand Funk Railroad", the band's fortunes were at an end.

The Fugees were known for their unusual choice of covers and sampling sources on both albums; The Score, for example, included covers of "No Woman No Cry" (Bob Marley & the Wailers) and "Killing Me Softly (With His Song)" (Roberta Flack), which was their first and only #1 pop hit. This was followed by two huge hit singles, "We're an American Band" (off We're an American Band) and "The Locomotion" (written by Carole King and Gerry Goffin for Little Eva). Despite the relative failure of their first album, The Score became one of the biggest hits of 1996 and was one of the first hip hop albums to incorporate reggae in a major way. After recruiting Craig Frost (keyboards), Grand Funk Railroad released Phoenix in 1972, then shorted their name to Grand Funk. The trio released their first LP, Blunted on Reality, after a long period of performing, but the album failed to live up the expectations of fans who attended their concerts. In 1972, Grand Funk Railroad fired Knight, who sued for breach of contract, resulting in a protracted legal battle. Hill and Jean each went on to successful solo recording careers, while Michel focused mainly on soundtrack recordings and film acting. Knight launched an intense advertising campaign to promote Closer to Home, a multi-platinum, smash hit album that was slammed by virtually all music critics.

Deriving their name from the term "refugee", the group is noted for the integration of soul and reggae into their work, and recorded two albums--one of which, The Score, was a multi-platinum and Grammy-winning success--before going their separate ways after 1997. Even with critical pans and lack of radio airplay (at first), the group's first eight albums, released in three years, were successful. Both Jean and Michel are of Haitian heritage; Hill is an African American native of South Orange, New Jersey. That record still stands today. The members of the group are leader/rapper/producer Wyclef Jean, rapper/singer Lauryn Hill, and rapper Pras Michel. A year later, they went on to break The Beatles' record at Shea Stadium, selling out in just 71 hours. The Fugees are an American music group, popular during the mid-1990s, whose repertoire includes primarily hip hop, with elements of soul, and Carribean music (particularly reggae). In that same year they had a hit single "Closer To Home," a song that was closer in style to the old Terry Knight & The Pack than it was to GFR.

Fugees Lyrics (http://www.lyricscafe.com/f/fugees.htm). In 1970 they had sold more albums than any other American band. Fugees Fansite (http://user.aol.com/Snicka/fugee2.htm). After a free performance at the 1969 Atlanta Pop Festival, the band was signed by Capitol Records. 1996: "Ready or Not". Terry Knight soon became their manager and named the band after the Grand Trunk Western Railroad, a famous rail line in Michigan. 1996: "Killing Me Softly (With His Song)" (US #1). Mark Farner (vocals, guitar) and Don Brewer (drums), former members of a local band together, Terry Knight & the Pack, recruited Mel Schacher (bass) from ? & the Mysterians.

1995: "Fu-Gee-La" (US #29). In spite of near-constant critical denigration (Rolling Stone once called them the world's worst rock band), Grand Funk Railroad managed to keep a career going for several years based on constant touring, a loud, simple take on the blues-rock power trio, and strong working class appeal and managed to reach the top of the charts on several occasions. 1994: "Vocab". They are sometimes considered as the first great American Hard Rock outfit and the original "American Band", due to their hit song "We're an American Band". 1994: "Nappy Heads" (US #49). Grand Funk Railroad was an American Rock and Roll band in the 1970s, originally from Flint, Michigan. 1996: The Score. Official Site (http://www.grandfunkrailroad.com/).

1994: Blunted on Reality. Trunk of Funk - (2001). Classic Masters - (2002). Very Best Grand Funk Railroad Album Ever - (2001). Rock Champions - (2001).

Super Best - (1999). Thirty Years of Funk : 1969 - 1999 - (1999). Collectors - (1993). Heavy Hitters - (1992).

Capitol Collectors Series - (1991). The Best of Grand Funk - (1990). Hits - (1977). Grand Funk Hits - (1976).

Mark, Don and Mel : 1969 - 71 - (1972). Grand Funk / Live Album - (1970). Thirty Years of Funk : 1969 - 1999 - (1999). Bosnia - (October 1997).

Caught in the Act - (August 1975). Live Album - (November 1970). What's Funk? - (January 1983). Grand Funk Lives - (July 1981).

Good Singin', Good Playin' - (August 1976). Born To Die - (January 1976). All the Girls in the World Beware!!! - (December 1974). Shinin' On - (March 1974).

We're An American Band - (July 1973). Phoenix - (September 1972). E Pluribus Funk - (November 1971). Survival - (April 1971).

Closer To Home - (July 1970). Grand Funk (The Red Album) - (December 1969). On Time - (August 1969).

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