The Fugees

The Fugees are an American music group, popular during the mid-1990s, whose repertoire includes primarily hip hop, with elements of soul, and Carribean music (particularly reggae). The members of the group are leader/rapper/producer Wyclef Jean, rapper/singer Lauryn Hill, and rapper Pras Michel. Both Jean and Michel are of Haitian heritage; Hill is an African American native of South Orange, New Jersey. Deriving their name from the term "refugee", the group is noted for the integration of soul and reggae into their work, and recorded two albums--one of which, The Score, was a multi-platinum and Grammy-winning success--before going their separate ways after 1997. Hill and Jean each went on to successful solo recording careers, while Michel focused mainly on soundtrack recordings and film acting.

The trio released their first LP, Blunted on Reality, after a long period of performing, but the album failed to live up the expectations of fans who attended their concerts. Despite the relative failure of their first album, The Score became one of the biggest hits of 1996 and was one of the first hip hop albums to incorporate reggae in a major way. The Fugees were known for their unusual choice of covers and sampling sources on both albums; The Score, for example, included covers of "No Woman No Cry" (Bob Marley & the Wailers) and "Killing Me Softly (With His Song)" (Roberta Flack), which was their first and only #1 pop hit. The album also included a re-interpretation of The Delfonics' "Ready or Not Here I Come (Can't Hide From Love)" in their hit single "Ready or Not". The Fugees won two 1997 Grammy Awards: The Score won for Best Rap Album, and "Killing Me Softly With His Song" won for Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group.

After 1997, the Fugees all began solo projects: Hill started work on her critically acclaimed The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, Jean began producing for a number of artists (including Destiny's Child and Carlos Santana) and recorded his debut album The Carnival, and Michel, with Mya and Ol' Dirty Bastard, recorded the single "Ghetto Superstar" for the soundtrack to the Warren Beatty/Halle Berry film Bulworth. After each member found success in other ventures, the Fugees failed to reform. Though the Fugees remain tight-lipped about the exact reasons, most fans believe that a serious personality conflict between Hill and Jean contributed to their breakup following The Score.

In September 2004, it was announced that The Fugees have settled their differences and are currently working on a new album. They appeared onstage together at an exclusive block party in New York City that month, hosted by Dave Chappelle.

Discography

Albums

  • 1994: Blunted on Reality
  • 1996: The Score

Singles

  • 1994: "Nappy Heads" (US #49)
  • 1994: "Vocab"
  • 1995: "Fu-Gee-La" (US #29)
  • 1996: "Killing Me Softly (With His Song)" (US #1)
  • 1996: "Ready or Not"


External Links

  • Fugees Fansite (http://user.aol.com/Snicka/fugee2.htm)
  • Fugees Lyrics (http://www.lyricscafe.com/f/fugees.htm)

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. Through his work is widely influential, it eventually became a neo-soul cliche to cite Gaye, Stevie Wonder, or Donny Hathaway as an influence, regardless of whether or not the citing artists' music actually reflected the qualities and creatvity inherent in Gaye's work. They appeared onstage together at an exclusive block party in New York City that month, hosted by Dave Chappelle. In addition, Gaye's music was often used as one of the reference point for what became known as nu soul or neo soul in the late-1990s: a nostalgic-based sound that seeks to duplicate a 1970s soul music feel, while adding hip hop and contemporary R&B elements to the mix. In September 2004, it was announced that The Fugees have settled their differences and are currently working on a new album. As noted, Gaye helped gave rise to the "singer/soulwriter" in Black music. Though the Fugees remain tight-lipped about the exact reasons, most fans believe that a serious personality conflict between Hill and Jean contributed to their breakup following The Score. The "What's Going On" cover also featured Marvin Gaye's only daughter, Nona Gaye, a successful singer and actress in her own right.

After each member found success in other ventures, the Fugees failed to reform. Diddy, ?uestlove, Britney Spears, and Gwen Stefani[3] (http://www.aaaw.org/press/pr_10_22_01.html). After 1997, the Fugees all began solo projects: Hill started work on her critically acclaimed The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, Jean began producing for a number of artists (including Destiny's Child and Carlos Santana) and recorded his debut album The Carnival, and Michel, with Mya and Ol' Dirty Bastard, recorded the single "Ghetto Superstar" for the soundtrack to the Warren Beatty/Halle Berry film Bulworth. Blige, Bono, Destiny's Child, Fred Durst of Limp Bizkit, Nelly Furtado, Alicia Keys, Aaron Lewis, Nas, *NSYNC, P. The Fugees won two 1997 Grammy Awards: The Score won for Best Rap Album, and "Killing Me Softly With His Song" won for Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group. The single, which was also a reaction to the September 11, 2001 tragedy, featured contributions from a plethora of stars, including Christina Aguilera, Mary J. The album also included a re-interpretation of The Delfonics' "Ready or Not Here I Come (Can't Hide From Love)" in their hit single "Ready or Not". Two years later, in October 2001, an all-star cover of "What's Going On", produced by Jermaine Dupri, was issued as a benefit single for Artists Against AIDS Worldwide.

The Fugees were known for their unusual choice of covers and sampling sources on both albums; The Score, for example, included covers of "No Woman No Cry" (Bob Marley & the Wailers) and "Killing Me Softly (With His Song)" (Roberta Flack), which was their first and only #1 pop hit. In 1999, the R&B world paid its respects to Gaye in a tribute album, Marvin Is 60. Despite the relative failure of their first album, The Score became one of the biggest hits of 1996 and was one of the first hip hop albums to incorporate reggae in a major way. Marvin Gaye was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987. The trio released their first LP, Blunted on Reality, after a long period of performing, but the album failed to live up the expectations of fans who attended their concerts. Former Motown alum Diana Ross also paid tribute with her Top 10 pop single "Missing You" around the same time. Hill and Jean each went on to successful solo recording careers, while Michel focused mainly on soundtrack recordings and film acting. A year after his death, The Commodores made reference to Gaye's death in their 1985 song "Night Shift".

Deriving their name from the term "refugee", the group is noted for the integration of soul and reggae into their work, and recorded two albums--one of which, The Score, was a multi-platinum and Grammy-winning success--before going their separate ways after 1997. In 1983, the British group Spandau Ballet recorded the single "True" as a partial tribute to both Gaye and the Motown sound he helped establish. Both Jean and Michel are of Haitian heritage; Hill is an African American native of South Orange, New Jersey. Even before Gaye died, there had already been tributes to the singer. The members of the group are leader/rapper/producer Wyclef Jean, rapper/singer Lauryn Hill, and rapper Pras Michel. died of pneumonia in 1998. The Fugees are an American music group, popular during the mid-1990s, whose repertoire includes primarily hip hop, with elements of soul, and Carribean music (particularly reggae). Marvin Gay, Sr.

Fugees Lyrics (http://www.lyricscafe.com/f/fugees.htm). After some posthumous releases cemented his memory in the popular consciousness, Gaye was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987. Fugees Fansite (http://user.aol.com/Snicka/fugee2.htm). kill him instead of having to commit suicide. 1996: "Ready or Not". On April 1, 1984, one day before his forty-fifth birthday, Gaye was shot and killed by his father in an argument, becoming a famous victim of filicide. Gaye's relatives claimed that he had purposely pushed his father to the edge so that he could have Marvin, Sr. 1996: "Killing Me Softly (With His Song)" (US #1). He threatened to commit suicide several times after numerous bitter arguments with his father, Marvin, Sr.

1995: "Fu-Gee-La" (US #29). Gaye's refound fame pushed him even deeper into drug addiction and he attempted to isolate himself by moving into his parent's house. 1994: "Vocab". Midnight Love included "Sexual Healing", one of Gaye's most famous songs, and his final big hit. 1994: "Nappy Heads" (US #49). He negotiated a release from the label and signed with Columbia Records in 1982 and released Midnight Love the same year. 1996: The Score. When Motown issued the album in 1981, Gaye was livid: he accused Motown of editing and remixing the album without his consent, altering the album art he requested, and removing the question mark from the title (rendering the intended irony imperceptable).

1994: Blunted on Reality. In Europe, Gaye began working on In Our Lifetime?, a complex and deeply personal record. Tax problems and drug addictions haunted him, and after failing to get Motown labelmate Smokey Robinson to loan him money to take care of the tax issues, Gaye was forced to move to Amsterdam, Netherlands in 1981. After a failed single and a rapidly failing new marriage to a teenage girl, Gaye moved to Hawaii. The result was 1978's Here, My Dear, a deeply personal album that so clearly detailed the sour points of Gaye's former marriage that Anna Gordy considered suing him for invading her privacy.

As part of the divorce settlement, Gaye agreed to record a new album and remit a portion of the royalties to Anna as alimony. Gaye released I Want You by himself as his marriage finally ended in 1975. Gaye refused to sing if he couldn't smoke in the studio, and the duets album was recorded by overdubing Ross and Gaye at separate studio session dates. Gaye, a longtime marijuana user, refused to put out his joints out for the pregnant Ross, who immediately complained to Berry Gordy about the issue.

Gaye teamed up with Diana Ross for Diana & Martin, an album of duets that began recording in 1971, while Ross was pregnant with her first child, Rhonda. 1973's Let's Get It On was a sexually and romantically charged album that was very successful on the charts and remains "a record unparalleled in its sheer sensuality and carnal energy." [2] (http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:4sj20r8ac48n). It has been called "the most important and passionate record to come out of soul music, delivered by one of its finest voices." [1] (http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:ui6xlfwe5cqu~T1). What's Going On became one of the most memorable soul albums of all time, and, based upon its themes, the concept album became the next new frontier for soul music.

Gordy eventually gave in, certain that the record would flop; What's Going On ended up having three Top Ten singles. Gaye stood his ground; he wanted to be able to express himself, and not Gordy's or Motown's version of himself, on record. He considered the record far too political and unfamiliar in sound to be commercially successful. When Gaye delivered the album and single for release, Berry Gordy refused to release the album.

The partygoers are portrayed by Mel Farr and Lem Barney of the Detroit Lions, whose acquantances Gaye had made during his short-lived football career. On the finished track, as Gaye musically ponders on the state of the world, a party can be heard going on in the background, from which Gaye's voice is purposefully detached. Four Tops member Renaldo "Obie" Benson and songwriter Al Clevland wrote an initial rough version of the song, which Gaye took and collaborated with them to finish. The album's first single, also titled "What's Going On", addressed the political and social troubles of the world in a soulful, introspective way, contrasting to the more dramatic socially concious records made by Sly & the Family Stone and The Temptations over the previous three years.

Gaye was inspired to write about the war by his brother, Frankie Gay, who had just returned from the front lines. The record was among the first soul records to place emphasis on political and social concerns such as environmentalism, political corruption, drug abuse, and the Vietnam War. What's Going On was a politically-charged and deeply personal Motown album, notable for including elements of jazz and classical music. As a result, he began recording the tracks that would eventually comprise his best-known work, What's Going On, handling all of his own production and most of his own songwriting.

He tried various spirit-lifting diversions, including a short-lived attempt at a football career with the Detroit Lions, but continued to feel pain with no form of self-expression. Gaye subsequently went into self-seclusion, and did not record or perform for nearly two years. Tammi Terrell died of brain cancer on March 17, 1970. Meanwhile, Gaye's marriage was crumbling and he continued to feel irrelevant, singing endlessly about love while popular music underwent a revolution and began addressing social and political issues.

Terrell's illness began a depression in Gaye; when his Norman Whitfield-produced "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" hit #1 on the US pop charts for seven weeks in 1968/1969 and became the biggest seling single in Motown history to that point, he refused to acknowledge his success, feeling that it was undeserved. By the time on the final Gaye/Terrell album, Easy, in 1969, Terrell's vocals were performed mostly by Valerie Simpson. Half of the songs on You're All I Need were actual Gaye/Terrell duets, but the other half were Terrell solo songs with Gaye's vocals overdubbed onto them. Motown decided to try and carry on with the Gaye/Terrell recordings, issuing the You're All I Need album in 1968, which featured the hits "Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing" and "You're All I Need to Get By".

She was later diagnosed with a brain tumor, and her health continued to deterirate. On October 14, 1967, Terrell collapsed into Gaye's arms onstage while they were performing at the Hampden-Sydney College homecoming in Virginia. Real life couple Nickolas Ashford and Valerie Simpson provided the writing and production for the Gaye/Terrell records; while Gaye and Terrell themselves were not lovers, they convincingly portrayed lovers on record. Terrell and Gaye in particular had a good rapport, and their first album together, 1967's United, birthed the massive hits "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" and "Your Precious Love".

A number of Gaye's hit singles for Motown were duets with female artists such as Mary Wells, Kim Weston and Tammi Terrell; the first Gaye/Wells album, 1964's Together, was Gaye's first charting album. He wanted instead to be a pop singer in the vein of Nat King Cole or Frank Sinatra, but settled for a blend of the styles of those artists and performers such as Jackie Wilson and his role model Sam Cooke. "Pride and Joy" (1963) became a smash hit, but Gaye was discontented with the role he felt Motown Records kept him locked in, as a romantic balladeer and crooner, aiming always for chart success in the singles market. 1963's "Hitch Hike" and "Can I Get a Witness" were also minor hits.

The single was written by Smokey Robinson, who created the title as a sly reference to the sometimes moody Gaye. Marvin Gaye's first three Motown singles were all unsuccessful; he fnally scored a minor hit with his fourth attempt, "Stubborn Kind of Fellow", in 1962. Not only part of the Motown family, he also became part of the Gordy family when he married Berry Gorsy's sister Anna in 1961. Popular and well-liked around Motown, Gaye already carried himself in a sophisiticated, gentleman-like manner, and had little need of training from Motown's in-house Artist Development director Miss Maxine Powell.

2", and co-wrote Marth & the Vandellas' 1964 hit "Dancing in the Street" and The Marvelettes' 1965 hit "Beechwood 4-5789". Most notably, he is the drummer on Little Stevie Wonder's 1963 #1 hit "Fingertips--Pt. As a session drummer and part-time songwriter, Gaye worked with The Miracles, The Contours, Martha & the Vandellas, and other Motown acts. of Motown Records.

After a concert in Detroit, Michigan, Gaye was recruited for a solo career by Berry Gordy, Jr. "Mama Loocie", relased in 1959 on Chess Records, was Gaye's first single with the Moonglows. With Bo Diddley, The Rainbows released a single, "Wyatt Earp" in 1958 on Okeh, and were then recruited by Harvey Fuqua to become The Moonglows. After high school, Gaye joined the United States Air Force and then, after being discharged, joined several doo wop groups, settling on The Rainbows, a popular local group in D.C.

Gaye got his start singing in the church choir, later learning to play the piano and drums to escape from his physically abusive father. The church has very strict codes of conduct and does not celebrate any holidays. Gaye was born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. (He later added the "e" to imitate Sam Cooke, who did the same) in Washington, D.C., the son of the Reverend Marvin Gay, Sr., an ordained minister in the House of God, a conservative Christian sect which takes some elements of Pentecostalism and Orthodox Judaism. Kelly.

This achievement would pave the way for the successes of later self-sufficient singer-songwriter-producers in Black music, such as Michael Jackson, Luther Vandross, Babyface, and R. Subsequent releases proved that Gaye, who had been a part-time songwriter for Motown artists during his early years with the label, could write and produce his own singles without having to rely on the Motown system. Gaye forced Motown to release his 1971 album What's Going On, which is today hailed as one of the best soul albums of all time. Along with Stevie Wonder, Gaye is notable for fighting the hitmaking but creatively restrictive Motown record-making process, in which performers and songwriters/record producers were generally kept in separate camps.

His best records are still highly regarded, and he is often cited as one of the finest singers of his era. Marvin Gaye (Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr.) (April 2, 1939 - April 1, 1984) was an African American pop, soul and R&B singer who gained international fame during the 1960s and 1970s as an artist on the Motown label. New York/Philadelphia: Basic Civitas. ISBN 0-465-01769-X. Mercy, Mercy Me: The Art, Loves, and Demons of Marvin Gaye.

Dyson, Michael Eric (2004). New York: Harmony Books. The Top 100 Rock 'n' Roll Albums of All Time. Gambaccini, Paul (1987).

ISBN 030681191X. Cambridge, Mass: Da Capo Press. Divided Soul: The Life of Marvin Gaye. Ritz, David (1986).

ISBN 037-550062-6. New York: Random House. Motown : Music, Money, Sex, and Power. Posner, Gerald (2002).

Detroit Free Press. Marvin Gaye: a life marked by complexity (http://www.freep.com/motownat40/archives/040884mo.htm). Kim (April 8, 1984). Heron, W.

1973: "Stop, Look, Listen (To Your Heart)". 1973: "You're a Special Part of Me". 1970: "The Onion Song" (actually performed by Gaye and Valerie Simpson). 1969: "Good Lovin' Ain't Easy to Coem By".

1968: "Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing". 1968: "You're All I Need to Get By". 1967: "Your Precious Love". 1967: "Ain't No Mountain High Enough".

1966: "It Takes Two". 1982: "Sexual Healing". 1977: "Got To Give It Up". 1976: "I Want You".

1974: "Distant Lover". 1973: "Let's Get It On". 1972: "Trouble Man". 1971: "Inner City Blues (Make Me Wanna Holler)".

1971: "Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)". 1971: "What's Going On". 1969: "Too Busy Thinking About My Baby". 1968: "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" (US #1).

1965: "Ain't That Peculiar". 1964: "How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved By You)". 1963: "Pride & Joy". 1963: "Can I Get a Witness".

1973: Diana & Marvin. 1969: Easy. 1968: You're All I Need. 1967: United.

1964: Together. 1982: Midnight Love. 1981: In Our Lifetime. 1978: Here, My Dear.

1977: Live at the London Palladium. 1976: I Want You. 1974: Marvin Gaye Live!. 1973: Let's Get It On.

1972: Trouble Man (soundtrack). 1971: What's Going On. 1970: That's The Way Love Is. 1969: Marvin Gaye & His Girls.

1969: M.P.G.. 1968: In the Groove (reissued in 1969 as I Heard It Through the Grapevine). 1966: The Moods of Marvin Gaye. 1965: A Tribute To The Great Nat "King" Cole.

1965: How Sweet It Is To Be Loved By You. 1964: When I'm Alone I Cry. 1964: Hello Broadway. 1963: Recorded Live on Stage.

1963: That Stubborn Kinda Fellow. 1961: The Soulful Moods of Marvin Gaye.

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