The Clash

The Clash was a British punk rock group that existed from 1976 to 1985. One of the most critically lauded bands of their period, The Clash was noted for being musically far-reaching (they incorporated reggae, roots rock, and eventually many other music styles into their repertoire), for displaying a political and lyrical sophistication that distinguished them from most of their colleagues in the punk movement, and for uncommonly intense stage performances. They are considered as one of the most influential and best-known punk acts in the world. Besides contemporary American punk outfits like Green Day, Blink 182 and The Offspring, which cite The Clash as a major influence, alternative rock seminal bands like U2, the Cure and R.E.M. borrow much from The Clash. The influence of The Clash also can be found through the 1990s British music of the Britpop movement, whose revolutionary looks and big and catchy hooks are influenced by their music.

Line up and early days

Originally composed of Joe Strummer (b. John Graham Mellor in 1952) (vocals, rhythm guitar), Mick Jones (vocals, lead guitar), Paul Simonon (b. 1955) (bass and vocals), Keith Levene (lead guitar) Terry Chimes (credited on the first LP as "Tory Crimes") (drums), the Clash formed in London in 1976 during the first wave of British punk. Keith Levene (later of Public Image Limited) was an early guitarist and songwriter with The Clash, but he never recorded with the band and left in ambiguous circumstances after 5 gigs. Strummer had previously been in the pub rock act The 101ers (his first stage name at this point was Woody Mellor, branding himself "Joe Strummer" during this period), and Jones and Simonon (briefly) in legendary proto-punk band London SS. At the behest of manager Bernie Rhodes, Jones, Levene and Simonon recruited Strummer from the 101ers ("You're all right," they told him, "but your band's crap." Rhodes then allegedly gave Strummer 48 hours to sign on, but called him wanting an answer in 24). And so the Clash—name supplied by Simonon after seeing the word in all the newspapers—came to be.

Cover of The Clash

Following the release of their first album, Chimes was replaced with longtime drummer Topper Headon (b. Nick Headon). The musically gifted Headon was planning to stay only briefly. Instead he remained with The Clash until late 1982 – present for most of the band's career.

Their first gig was in 1976 supporting The Sex Pistols, and that autumn the band were signed to CBS Records. They released their first single ("White Riot") and first album (The Clash) in 1977 to considerable success in the UK, though CBS initially declined to release either in the United States, only releasing a modified version of the first album in the US after the UK original had been a bestselling import for two years.

Initially The Clash were notable for their strident leftist political outlook and distinctive clothes that they painted with revolutionary slogans ("Sten Guns in Knightsbridge" "Under Heavy Manners"). Throughout 1977, Joe Strummer and Mick Jones were in and out of jail for a range of minor crimes, ranging from vandalism to stealing a pillowcase, while Simonon and Headon were arrested for shooting racing pigeons with an air gun.

Their next album, the Sandy Pearlman-produced Give 'Em Enough Rope, was the first to feature Topper Headon on all cuts. Pearlman was amazed by Headon's impressive timing and musical skills and thus christened him "The Human Drum Machine". 'Rope' was released in 1978 and debuted at number two on the British charts, but failed to crack the top 100 in the world's largest music market, the United States.

Politics

Cover of Give 'Em Enough Rope

Like many early punk bands, The Clash protested against the monarchy and the aristocracy in the U.K. and around the world. Unlike many early punk bands, however, The Clash rejected the overall sentiment of nihilism and anarchy. Instead, they found solidarity with a number of liberation movements going on at the time. Their politics were expressed explicity in their lyrics, in early recordings such as "White Riot," which encouraged disaffected white youths to become politically active like their black counterparts, "Career Opportunities," which expressed discontent over the lack of jobs in the U.K., and "London's Burning", which expressed punk rage, but was at the same time downright analytical.

In one instance in 1978, at a Rock Against Racism show, organized by the Anti-Nazi League, Joe Strummer wore a controversial t-shirt bearing the words "Brigate-Rosse" with the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof) insignia in the middle. He later said in an interview that he wore the shirt not to support the left-wing terrorists factions in Germany and Italy, rather to bring attention to their existence. Still, he felt bad after the show, prompting him to write the song "Tommy Gun," renouncing violence as a means of protest.

The Clash offered some support to the IRA and the PLO, and later, the Sandinista and other Marxist movements in Latin America (hence the title of their 1981 album, Sandinista!). They were involved directly with the controversial Anti-Nazi League and Rock Against Racism. By the time of the December 1979 album London Calling, the Clash (like the Dead Kennedys in the U.S.) were trying to square the circle of maintaining punk energy while developing increasingly musicianly chops. They were especially wary of their own emerging stardom: they always welcomed fans backstage after shows and showed genuine interest and compassion in their relationships with them.

The title of London Calling evokes American radio newsman Edward R. Murrow's catchphrase during World War II, and the title song announces that "...war is declared and battle come down..." It warns against expecting them to be saviours — "... now don't look to us / Phoney Beatlemania has bitten the dust..." — draws a bleak picture of the times — "The ice age is coming, the sun's zooming in / Engines stop running, the wheat is growing thin" — but calls on their listeners to come out of their drugged stupor and take up the fight without constantly looking to London, or to The Clash themselves, for cues — "Forget it, brother, we can go it alone... Quit holding out and draw another breath... I don't wanna shout / But while we were talking I saw you nodding out..." — finally asking, "After all this, won't you give me a smile?"

The Clash are generally credited with founding the roots of punk rock in liberal protest, and were known as the "Thinking Man's Yobs" by many for their politically astute take on the world.

US success

Cover of London Calling

Give 'em Enough Rope was the first Clash album to be released by a US label (though the UK release of the first album was a bestselling import in the US), and to support it the Clash went on their first tour of the US in early 1979. Their first album did not see an official release in the US until July 1979, then in a drastically revised form from the version that was released elsewhere. This included a roaring version of Bobby Fuller's I Fought The Law (originally from their Cost Of Living EP).

The band's critical and commercial breakthrough in the US came with London Calling, a double album released in January 1980 for the price of a single album (at the band's insistence). Besides straightforward punk, it featured a much wider array of styles than the earlier albums, including American-style rockabilly and reggae works that resonated with the ska movement in Britain. The album is considered a landmark, and tracks such as "Train in Vain", "Clampdown" and "London Calling" show up with regularity on rock stations to this day.

Cover of Sandinista!

The Clash followed London Calling with a triple album (released for the price of a double album) in late 1980, entitled Sandinista! (with the catalog number FSLN1, from the Spanish initials of the Sandinista political movement, Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional). The results were mixed, as the band continued their experimentation into reggae and dub ("Let's Go Crazy") and expanded into other musical styles and production techniques that included jazz ("Look Here"), hip hop ("The Magnificent Seven"), chamber music ("Rebel Waltz"), vocals by keyboard player Micky Gallagher's young son, and "Mensforth Hill," a tape loop collage similar to The Beatles Revolution No 9.

Fans were confused and sales were down, although they were better in the US than previously. Following the release of Sandinista!, The Clash went on their first world tour including venues in eastern Asia and Australia.

In 1982, The Clash returned with the best-selling of all their albums, Combat Rock. Featuring the singles "Rock the Casbah" and "Should I Stay or Should I Go?" it broke into the American Top Ten, and did the same in the UK. "Ghetto Defendant" featured Allen Ginsberg, and "Red Angel Dragnet" referenced the film Taxi Driver.

Tensions and disintegration

Cover of Combat Rock

The effects of this were not apparent externally at first with the success of Combat Rock. After that, the Clash began to slowly disintegrate. Topper Headon was fired on account of his on-going heroin addiction problem and the original drummer, Terry Chimes, was brought back into the fold for the next few tours. The key members, began to feud. Terry Chimes left the band after the 1982 Combat Rock tour, convinced the band could not continue with in-fighting and turmoil. In 1983, after an extensive search for a new drummer, Pete Howard was recruited and performed with the original line-up at several low-key US dates and before The Clash's largest audience at the US Festival in San Bernardino, California—Mick Jones's last appearance with The Clash.

In September 1983, Strummer and Simonon ousted Jones from the band, citing his problematic behaviour and divergent musical aspirations (Jones went on to found Big Audio Dynamite (BAD) with Don Letts). After a series of auditions, the band announced Nick Sheppard (23), formerly of the Bristol-based Cortinas, and Vince White (23) would be the band's new guitarists. The band played its first shows in January 1984 with a batch of new material and launched into a self-financed tour, dubbed the Out of Control tour.

Musically, the band was more than capable of re-creating—at times, bettering—the fire and intensity of the original line-up, but chemistry and trust between the old guard and the new were sometimes strained due to circumstance and unfamiliarity. Regardless, the band toured heavily over the winter and into early summer, with Strummer taking a hiatus until the fall to tend to personal matters. At a Miner's benefit show in December, he announced the band had a new record and was releasing it early in the new year.

The album's recording sessions were a shambles with manager Bernie Rhodes scrubbing Howard's considerable talent in favour of a drum machine, drastically re-engineering the songs' live arrangements, and relying on synthesizers and mob choruses. Other songs aired on the tour remain unreleased: "Ammunition", "Glue Zombie", "In the Pouring Rain".

Disillusioned with Rhodes's album, Strummer took the band busking across Northern England and Scotland, playing for free on street corners and in bars. The Clash played their final shows at European festivals in 1985, with Strummer eventually calling the band together and put The Clash down. Meanwhile, Cut the Crap was released to a generally poor reception, though it charted higher than Big Audio Dynamite's release in the USA.

Post-Clash careers

Joe Strummer acted in a few movies, recorded movie soundtracks (notably "Love Kills" for the film Sid and Nancy) and experimented with different backing bands with limited success. In 1991/92 Strummer joined The Pogues after their split-up with former frontman Shane MacGowan for a series of concerts across Europe. Finally, in the mid- to late-1990s, Strummer gathered top-flight musicians into a backing band he called The Mescaleros. Strummer signed with the California punk label Hellcat Records, and issued a stunning album co-written with Anthony Genn, called Rock Art and the X-Ray Style. A tour of England and North America soon followed; sets included several Clash-fan favourites. Genn left The Mescaleros in the middle of recording sessions for the second album, Global A Go-Go, which included violinist and guitarist Tymon Dogg, who contributed the song "Lose This Skin" to the album Sandinista! Following the release of Global A Go-Go, Joe Strummer and the Mescaleros mounted a 21-date tour of North America, Britain, and Ireland. Once again, these concerts featured Clash material ("London Calling", "Rudie Can't Fail"), as well as classic covers of reggae hits ("The Harder They Come", "A Message To You, Rudie") and regularly closed the show with a nod to the late Joey Ramone by playing The Ramones' "Blitzkrieg Bop". In December of 2002, Joe Strummer died suddenly of a heart attack at the age of 50. The Mescaleros album he was working on at the time, Streetcore, was released posthumously to critical acclaim in 2003.

Following the break up of The Clash, Paul Simonon joined a group called Havana 3AM, which recorded only one album in Japan and quickly folded. Then Simonon returned to his roots as a visual artist, mounting several art-gallery shows and contributing the cover for Mick Jones' third BAD album, which was, coincidentally, co-produced by Joe Strummer. Simonon's reluctance to play music again has largely been cited as the reason why The Clash were one of the few 1970s British punk bands that did not reform to cash in on the punk-nostalgia craze of the late 1990s. However, Mick Jones commented in the press that at the time of Strummer's death, the band was seriously considering reuniting for a tour, and that the likelihood was good of it happening.

It should be noted that the Clash were never driven entirely by money. Even at their peak, tickets to shows and the prices of souvenirs were kept reasonable. Similarly, the group accepted lower royalties from Sandinista! in order to ensure that the album would be sold the same price as a single LP.

After being fired from the band shortly after the release of Combat Rock, Topper Headon wandered aimlessly with a heroin addiction. He formed a jazz band that enjoyed a very brief life. Until the filming of Don Letts' retrospective documentary about The Clash, Westway to The World, and a subsequent presentation to Strummer, Jones, Simonon, and Headon of a Lifetime Achievement British Music Award, Headon disappeared from the music business. It should be noted that his contribution to The Clash was by no means limited to his drumming for the band--Headon also composed the piano riff for "Rock The Casbah." Now he is clean and continues to perform on gigs. It was on one of those gigs when he learned that Joe is dead. In 2003 he stated that he'll perform on tribute gigs for Joe.

Sound Sample

Sample of "London Calling", from London Calling. 30 seconds, 616 KB

Discography

Studio Albums

  1. The Clash, 1977, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #12 UK
  2. Give 'Em Enough Rope, 1978, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #2 UK, #128 US
  3. London Calling, 1979, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #9 UK, #27 US
    • Black Market Clash, 1980 (compilation of b-sides), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records
  4. Sandinista!, 1980, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #19 UK, #24 US
  5. Combat Rock, 1982, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #2 UK, #7 US
  6. Cut the Crap, 1985, CBS Records #16 UK, #88 US

Compilations

  1. The Story of the Clash, Volume 1, 1988 (compilation, greatest hits collection), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #7 UK, #142 US
  2. Clash on Broadway, 1991 (3 disc box set containing several unreleased tracks and alternate versions), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records
  3. The Singles, 1991 (singles compilation), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records
    • Super Black Market Clash, 1994 (compilation of b-sides and rarietes), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records, #74 UK
  4. From Here to Eternity: Live, 1999 (live recordings from 1978 - 1982), Epic Records #13 UK, #193 US
  5. The Essential Clash, 2003 (compilation, "essential" recordings), Epic/Legacy #18 UK, #99 US
  6. London Calling: 25th Anniversary Legacy Edition, 2004 (expanded with rehearsal tapes and making of the album DVD), Epic/Legacy #26 UK

Hit singles

  • from "The Clash"
    • 1977 "White Riot" #38 UK
  • non-album singles (added to "The Clash" US version)
    • 1977 "Complete Control" #28 UK
    • 1978 "Clash City Rockers" #35 UK
    • 1978 "(White Man) In Hammersmith Palais" #32 UK
  • from "Give 'Em Enough Rope"
    • 1978 "Tommy Gun" #19 UK
    • 1979 "English Civil War (Johnny Comes Marching Home)" #25 UK
  • non-album EP
    • 1979 "The Cost Of Living EP" (I Fought the Law/Groovy Times/Gates of the West/Capital Radio One) #22 UK
  • from "London Calling"
    • 1979 "London Calling" #11 UK
    • 1980 "Train in Vain (Stand by Me)" #23 US
  • from "Black Market Clash"
    • 1980 "Bankrobber" #12 UK
  • from "Sandinista!"
    • 1980 "The Call Up" #40 UK
    • 1981 "The Magnificent Seven" #34 UK
  • from "Combat Rock"
    • 1982 "Rock the Casbah" #30 UK, #8 US (1983 release)
    • 1982 "Should I Stay or Should I Go/Straight to Hell" #17 UK
  • from "Cut the Crap"
    • 1985 "This Is England" #24 UK
  • from "The Story of the Clash", originally on the US version of "The Clash"
    • 1988 "I Fought the Law" #29 UK
  • from "The Singles"
    • 1991 "Should I Stay or Should I Go" (re-issue) #1 UK
    • 1991 "Rock the Casbah" (re-issue) #15 UK

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30 seconds, 616 KB. The design alliance features three co-creative directors, Beyonce and Tina Knowles, and Heather Thomson Schindler. Sample of "London Calling", from London Calling. This collaboration was orchestrated by Tina and Beyonce Knowles who wanted to bring trend-setting style and a creative take on fashion to stylish women everywhere. In 2003 he stated that he'll perform on tribute gigs for Joe. The partnership will provide the infrastructure for licensing and brand management to House of Dereon. It was on one of those gigs when he learned that Joe is dead. Beyond Productions, LLC was founded in May 2004 by Tina and Beyonce Knowles, Jason and Arthur Rabin and Cory Silverstein of Wear Me Apparel/Kids Headquarters.

It should be noted that his contribution to The Clash was by no means limited to his drumming for the band--Headon also composed the piano riff for "Rock The Casbah." Now he is clean and continues to perform on gigs. Vibe Award. Until the filming of Don Letts' retrospective documentary about The Clash, Westway to The World, and a subsequent presentation to Strummer, Jones, Simonon, and Headon of a Lifetime Achievement British Music Award, Headon disappeared from the music business. Kids' Choice Awards. He formed a jazz band that enjoyed a very brief life. TRL Awards. After being fired from the band shortly after the release of Combat Rock, Topper Headon wandered aimlessly with a heroin addiction. Block Buster Entertainment Awards.

Similarly, the group accepted lower royalties from Sandinista! in order to ensure that the album would be sold the same price as a single LP. People's Choice Award. Even at their peak, tickets to shows and the prices of souvenirs were kept reasonable. Radio Music Awards. It should be noted that the Clash were never driven entirely by money. NAACP Image Awards. However, Mick Jones commented in the press that at the time of Strummer's death, the band was seriously considering reuniting for a tour, and that the likelihood was good of it happening. Soul Train Music Awards.

Simonon's reluctance to play music again has largely been cited as the reason why The Clash were one of the few 1970s British punk bands that did not reform to cash in on the punk-nostalgia craze of the late 1990s. American Music Awards. Then Simonon returned to his roots as a visual artist, mounting several art-gallery shows and contributing the cover for Mick Jones' third BAD album, which was, coincidentally, co-produced by Joe Strummer. BET Awards. Following the break up of The Clash, Paul Simonon joined a group called Havana 3AM, which recorded only one album in Japan and quickly folded. MTV Europe Music Awards. The Mescaleros album he was working on at the time, Streetcore, was released posthumously to critical acclaim in 2003. MTV Video Music Awards.

In December of 2002, Joe Strummer died suddenly of a heart attack at the age of 50. Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards. Once again, these concerts featured Clash material ("London Calling", "Rudie Can't Fail"), as well as classic covers of reggae hits ("The Harder They Come", "A Message To You, Rudie") and regularly closed the show with a nod to the late Joey Ramone by playing The Ramones' "Blitzkrieg Bop". Billboard Music Awards. Genn left The Mescaleros in the middle of recording sessions for the second album, Global A Go-Go, which included violinist and guitarist Tymon Dogg, who contributed the song "Lose This Skin" to the album Sandinista! Following the release of Global A Go-Go, Joe Strummer and the Mescaleros mounted a 21-date tour of North America, Britain, and Ireland. ASCAP Pop Music Awards. A tour of England and North America soon followed; sets included several Clash-fan favourites. Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards.

Strummer signed with the California punk label Hellcat Records, and issued a stunning album co-written with Anthony Genn, called Rock Art and the X-Ray Style. World Music Awards. In 1991/92 Strummer joined The Pogues after their split-up with former frontman Shane MacGowan for a series of concerts across Europe. Finally, in the mid- to late-1990s, Strummer gathered top-flight musicians into a backing band he called The Mescaleros. Brit Awards. Joe Strummer acted in a few movies, recorded movie soundtracks (notably "Love Kills" for the film Sid and Nancy) and experimented with different backing bands with limited success. Grammy Awards. Meanwhile, Cut the Crap was released to a generally poor reception, though it charted higher than Big Audio Dynamite's release in the USA.
.

The Clash played their final shows at European festivals in 1985, with Strummer eventually calling the band together and put The Clash down.
. Disillusioned with Rhodes's album, Strummer took the band busking across Northern England and Scotland, playing for free on street corners and in bars. The album's third US single is "Cater 2 U," while the international release is "Girl". Other songs aired on the tour remain unreleased: "Ammunition", "Glue Zombie", "In the Pouring Rain". Despite receiving worldwide mixed reviews, Destiny Fulfilled was certified 3x Platinum in early 2005. The album's recording sessions were a shambles with manager Bernie Rhodes scrubbing Howard's considerable talent in favour of a drum machine, drastically re-engineering the songs' live arrangements, and relying on synthesizers and mob choruses. and Lil Wayne quickly entered the Top 10, peaking at No.3 in February 2005 becoming the groups 10th top 10 pop hit.

At a Miner's benefit show in December, he announced the band had a new record and was releasing it early in the new year. The second single, "Soldier" featuring rappers T.I. Regardless, the band toured heavily over the winter and into early summer, with Strummer taking a hiatus until the fall to tend to personal matters. The album was released in November 2004. Musically, the band was more than capable of re-creating—at times, bettering—the fire and intensity of the original line-up, but chemistry and trust between the old guard and the new were sometimes strained due to circumstance and unfamiliarity. "Lose My Breath," the album's first single, produced by Rodney Jerkins, became the group's ninth Top 10 pop hit. The band played its first shows in January 1984 with a batch of new material and launched into a self-financed tour, dubbed the Out of Control tour. Their latest CD, Destiny Fulfilled was executive produced and co-written by all three members.

After a series of auditions, the band announced Nick Sheppard (23), formerly of the Bristol-based Cortinas, and Vince White (23) would be the band's new guitarists. and Canada later this summer. In September 1983, Strummer and Simonon ousted Jones from the band, citing his problematic behaviour and divergent musical aspirations (Jones went on to found Big Audio Dynamite (BAD) with Don Letts). An upcoming world tour, sponsored by McDonald's, "Destiny Fulfilled and I'm Lovin' It", will hit 16 countries and over 75 cities worldwide, kicking off in Hiroshima, Japan on April 9th; stops will include Australia, throughout Europe, and concluding in the U.S. In 1983, after an extensive search for a new drummer, Pete Howard was recruited and performed with the original line-up at several low-key US dates and before The Clash's largest audience at the US Festival in San Bernardino, California—Mick Jones's last appearance with The Clash. After three years apart, achieving individual success in movies, on Broadway, endorsements and with solo albums, the three women of Destiny's Child have reunited with a brand new album, Destiny Fulfilled. Terry Chimes left the band after the 1982 Combat Rock tour, convinced the band could not continue with in-fighting and turmoil. In 2004, Knowles won 5 Grammy awards for Dangerously In Love. She recently landed a role in a remake of The Pink Panther with Steve Martin.

The key members, began to feud. In September 2003, Knowles co-starred in her second feature film, The Fighting Temptations alongside Oscar winner Cuba Gooding Jr. Topper Headon was fired on account of his on-going heroin addiction problem and the original drummer, Terry Chimes, was brought back into the fold for the next few tours. Both Knowles and Jay-Z refuse to comment on the relationship. After that, the Clash began to slowly disintegrate. She's also dating Jay-Z, although their much talked about romance remains a mystery to most. The effects of this were not apparent externally at first with the success of Combat Rock. It yielded the No.1 hits "Crazy In Love" featuring hip hop superstar Jay-Z and "Baby Boy" featuring Sean Paul.

"Ghetto Defendant" featured Allen Ginsberg, and "Red Angel Dragnet" referenced the film Taxi Driver. Her 2003 solo debut, Dangerously In Love, debuted at No.1 and sold over 5 million copies worldwide. Featuring the singles "Rock the Casbah" and "Should I Stay or Should I Go?" it broke into the American Top Ten, and did the same in the UK. She recorded a single for its soundtrack called "Work It Out." However, her breakout solo success has eclipsed the other two Destiny's Child members. In 1982, The Clash returned with the best-selling of all their albums, Combat Rock. In 2002, Knowles co-starred with Mike Myers in the box-office blockbuster Austin Powers in Goldmember. Following the release of Sandinista!, The Clash went on their first world tour including venues in eastern Asia and Australia. Jason".

Fans were confused and sales were down, although they were better in the US than previously. In 2003, Rowland made her feature film debut in the box-office smash "Freddy Vs. The results were mixed, as the band continued their experimentation into reggae and dub ("Let's Go Crazy") and expanded into other musical styles and production techniques that included jazz ("Look Here"), hip hop ("The Magnificent Seven"), chamber music ("Rebel Waltz"), vocals by keyboard player Micky Gallagher's young son, and "Mensforth Hill," a tape loop collage similar to The Beatles Revolution No 9.. at No.3 on the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Album chart. The Clash followed London Calling with a triple album (released for the price of a double album) in late 1980, entitled Sandinista! (with the catalog number FSLN1, from the Spanish initials of the Sandinista political movement, Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional). and several other countries' album charts while peaking in the U.S. The album is considered a landmark, and tracks such as "Train in Vain", "Clampdown" and "London Calling" show up with regularity on rock stations to this day. The album became an international smash, hitting the No.1 slot on the U.K.

Besides straightforward punk, it featured a much wider array of styles than the earlier albums, including American-style rockabilly and reggae works that resonated with the ska movement in Britain. In October 2002, Rowland’s solo debut, Simply Deep featured the No.1 Billboard Hot 100 smash hit, "Dilemma," a Grammy-winning (Best Rap/Sung Collaboration) duet with hip-hop superstar Nelly. The band's critical and commercial breakthrough in the US came with London Calling, a double album released in January 1980 for the price of a single album (at the band's insistence). 3 on the Top Gospel Albums chart shortly after its release in January 2004.Williams also earned rave reviews after replacing Toni Braxton in the lead role of "Aida" on Broadway in November 2003. This included a roaring version of Bobby Fuller's I Fought The Law (originally from their Cost Of Living EP). 2 slot on the Top Christian Album chart and No. Their first album did not see an official release in the US until July 1979, then in a drastically revised form from the version that was released elsewhere. Her second gospel album, Do You Know reached the No.

Give 'em Enough Rope was the first Clash album to be released by a US label (though the UK release of the first album was a bestselling import in the US), and to support it the Clash went on their first tour of the US in early 1979. Williams became the first member of Destiny's Child to have a solo project released. “Heart To Yours,” a contemporary gospel collection that reached No.1 on the Top Gospel Albums chart. The Clash are generally credited with founding the roots of punk rock in liberal protest, and were known as the "Thinking Man's Yobs" by many for their politically astute take on the world. In early 2002, a remix compilation titled This Is the Remix was released to tide fans over. I don't wanna shout / But while we were talking I saw you nodding out..." — finally asking, "After all this, won't you give me a smile?". Toward the end of the year, the group released a holiday album, 8 Days of Christmas, and announced plans for a series of side projects, including solo albums from all three members (to be staggered over the next year and a half, so as to avoid competition). Quit holding out and draw another breath.. Survivor sold well — over four million copies — but not as well as its predecessor.

now don't look to us / Phoney Beatlemania has bitten the dust..." — draws a bleak picture of the times — "The ice age is coming, the sun's zooming in / Engines stop running, the wheat is growing thin" — but calls on their listeners to come out of their drugged stupor and take up the fight without constantly looking to London, or to The Clash themselves, for cues — "Forget it, brother, we can go it alone.. A cover of Andy Gibb's "Emotion" was also successful, becoming a Top 10 pop hit. Murrow's catchphrase during World War II, and the title song announces that "...war is declared and battle come down..." It warns against expecting them to be saviours — ".. It's just great to be a part of this group." Survivor — whose title was reportedly inspired by a DJ's crack about Destiny's Child members voting one another off the island, much like the popular CBS reality series Survivor — hit stores in the spring of 2001, and entered the charts at number one, selling over 663,000 copies in its first week sales (the highest ever for a girl-group.) The first two singles, "Survivor" and "Bootylicious", were predictably huge hits, with the latter becoming the group's fourth No.1 pop single. The title of London Calling evokes American radio newsman Edward R. "Everybody is singing lead on every song, and it's so great — because now Destiny's Child is at the point vocally and mentally that it should be at. They were especially wary of their own emerging stardom: they always welcomed fans backstage after shows and showed genuine interest and compassion in their relationships with them. "But everybody is a part of the music," Knowles said.

By the time of the December 1979 album London Calling, the Clash (like the Dead Kennedys in the U.S.) were trying to square the circle of maintaining punk energy while developing increasingly musicianly chops. "We're excited about the album," Knowles told MTV News shortly before the album's release. She adds,"...I got a chance to co-write and produce all of the songs." "And she did an incredible job," the group's Kelly Rowland added. They were involved directly with the controversial Anti-Nazi League and Rock Against Racism. Beyoncé had long since emerged as the group's focal point, and on the third Destiny's Child album, she assumed more control than ever before, taking a greater hand in writing the material and even producing and co-writing the entire album. The Clash offered some support to the IRA and the PLO, and later, the Sandinista and other Marxist movements in Latin America (hence the title of their 1981 album, Sandinista!). It's so empowering for a lot of people who have already heard a little bit of it.". Still, he felt bad after the show, prompting him to write the song "Tommy Gun," renouncing violence as a means of protest. We cannot wait for everybody to hear it.

He later said in an interview that he wore the shirt not to support the left-wing terrorists factions in Germany and Italy, rather to bring attention to their existence. The year 2000 was very challenging, and I know that gave Beyoncé a lot of inspiration to write songs for the album. In one instance in 1978, at a Rock Against Racism show, organized by the Anti-Nazi League, Joe Strummer wore a controversial t-shirt bearing the words "Brigate-Rosse" with the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof) insignia in the middle. While speaking with MTV.com, Rowland had this to say about the upcoming album: "I know everybody can relate to this album — it's very diverse and inspiring. Their politics were expressed explicity in their lyrics, in early recordings such as "White Riot," which encouraged disaffected white youths to become politically active like their black counterparts, "Career Opportunities," which expressed discontent over the lack of jobs in the U.K., and "London's Burning", which expressed punk rage, but was at the same time downright analytical. In the meantime, Destiny's Child won 2 Grammy awards for "Say My Name," including Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group and Best R&B Song. Instead, they found solidarity with a number of liberation movements going on at the time. Destiny's Child were now indisputable superstars, among the biggest female pop groups, and they quickly began work on a new album to capitalize on their success.

Unlike many early punk bands, however, The Clash rejected the overall sentiment of nihilism and anarchy. 1" raced up the charts and spent an astounding 11 consecutive weeks at number one. and around the world. Now reduced to a trio, Destiny's Child was tapped to record the theme song for the film version of Charlie's Angels; released as a single in October, "Independent Women, Pt. Like many early punk bands, The Clash protested against the monarchy and the aristocracy in the U.K. In the meantime, toward the end of 2000, Roberson and Luckett dropped the portion of their lawsuit aimed at Rowland and Knowles in exchange for a settlement, though they continued to pursue action against Knowles' father; as part of the agreement, both sides were prohibited from attacking each other publicly. 'Rope' was released in 1978 and debuted at number two on the British charts, but failed to crack the top 100 in the world's largest music market, the United States. This split was less controversial, while The Writing's On The Wall would eventually sell a massive 9 million copies by the end of summer.

Pearlman was amazed by Headon's impressive timing and musical skills and thus christened him "The Human Drum Machine". Farrah Franklin, who had replaced an original member just five months prior, left the group for various personal reasons. Their next album, the Sandy Pearlman-produced Give 'Em Enough Rope, was the first to feature Topper Headon on all cuts. In June 2000, the album's fourth single, "Jumpin' Jumpin'" became a Top 5 hit, however, another departure came from the ever-evolving girl-group. Throughout 1977, Joe Strummer and Mick Jones were in and out of jail for a range of minor crimes, ranging from vandalism to stealing a pillowcase, while Simonon and Headon were arrested for shooting racing pigeons with an air gun. The abrupt membership changes within the group seemed to only heighten the group's visibility, finally separating them from the endless pack of teen R&B starlets. Initially The Clash were notable for their strident leftist political outlook and distinctive clothes that they painted with revolutionary slogans ("Sten Guns in Knightsbridge" "Under Heavy Manners"). "Say My Name" was the group's most irresistible and biggest single to date, becoming the group's third No.1 single.

They released their first single ("White Riot") and first album (The Clash) in 1977 to considerable success in the UK, though CBS initially declined to release either in the United States, only releasing a modified version of the first album in the US after the UK original had been a bestselling import for two years. A war of words followed in the press; meanwhile, Destiny's Child became a pop-cultural phenomenon. Their first gig was in 1976 supporting The Sex Pistols, and that autumn the band were signed to CBS Records. Infuriated, Roberson and Luckett took legal action in March, suing both Knowles and their former bandmates for breach of partnership and fiduciary duties. Instead he remained with The Clash until late 1982 – present for most of the band's career. Buoyed by the group's breakout success, two of its original members, Letoya Luckett and LaTavia Roberson, attempted to split with manager Matthew Knowles, charging that he kept a disproportionate share of the band's profits, attempted to exert too much control, and unfairly favored his daughter and niece. While they never intended to leave the group, relations naturally grew strained, and when the video for "Say My Name" premiered in February 2000, many fans (not to mention Roberson and Luckett) were surprised to find two new members — Michelle Williams and Farrah Franklin — joining Knowles and Rowland. The musically gifted Headon was planning to stay only briefly. The second single, "Bug-a-Boo" hit the Top 40 pop charts, while its music video received heavy rotation on MTV and BET.

Nick Headon). who all give the quartet rich, varied music upon which to work their charm." Lead single "Bills, Bills, Bills" became the group's first No.1 pop hit (and second R&B No.1) in the summer of 1999, and paced by its success, the accompanying album, The Writing's on the Wall, entered the charts at No.6 upon its release on July 27, 1999. Following the release of their first album, Chimes was replaced with longtime drummer Topper Headon (b. Not only are they maturing as vocalists, they are fortunate to work with such skilled, talented producers.. And so the Clash—name supplied by Simonon after seeing the word in all the newspapers—came to be. an assured step forward for the girl group. At the behest of manager Bernie Rhodes, Jones, Levene and Simonon recruited Strummer from the 101ers ("You're all right," they told him, "but your band's crap." Rhodes then allegedly gave Strummer 48 hours to sign on, but called him wanting an answer in 24). Music critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine wrote "The Writing's On The Wall..

Strummer had previously been in the pub rock act The 101ers (his first stage name at this point was Woody Mellor, branding himself "Joe Strummer" during this period), and Jones and Simonon (briefly) in legendary proto-punk band London SS. Critics were generally positive about the album. Keith Levene (later of Public Image Limited) was an early guitarist and songwriter with The Clash, but he never recorded with the band and left in ambiguous circumstances after 5 gigs. Destiny's Child re-entered the studio quickly, bringing in an impressive lineup of talented producers, including Kevin "She'kspere" Briggs, Rodney Jerkins, Dwayne Wiggins, Chad Elliot, Daryl Simmons, and Missy Elliott. 1955) (bass and vocals), Keith Levene (lead guitar) Terry Chimes (credited on the first LP as "Tory Crimes") (drums), the Clash formed in London in 1976 during the first wave of British punk. Expectations weren't high for the group's second album, as most industry critics considered them to be another disposable R&B girl-group with one-hit wonder status. John Graham Mellor in 1952) (vocals, rhythm guitar), Mick Jones (vocals, lead guitar), Paul Simonon (b. However, follow-up singles "With Me Pt.1" (which also had two different versions) and "Get On The Bus" failed to reproduce the blockbuster success of "No, No, No." Destiny's Child eventually went Platinum after later success.

Originally composed of Joe Strummer (b. The blockbuster single sold over 1 million copies, turning the group into an instant R&B music sensation. The influence of The Clash also can be found through the 1990s British music of the Britpop movement, whose revolutionary looks and big and catchy hooks are influenced by their music. "No, No, No Pt.2" featuring The Fugees member Wyclef Jean, quickly climbed to No.1 on the Billboard R&B chart and No.3 Pop. borrow much from The Clash. "No, No, No Pt.1" and "No, No, No Pt.2" were both released simultaneously, however, Part II was considered a "remix" version of Part I. Besides contemporary American punk outfits like Green Day, Blink 182 and The Offspring, which cite The Clash as a major influence, alternative rock seminal bands like U2, the Cure and R.E.M. The album's first single, "No, No, No" featured two completely different versions of the same song.

They are considered as one of the most influential and best-known punk acts in the world. The group made their recording debut with "Killing Time," which appeared on the soundtrack for the 1997 blockbuster, Men In Black. Destiny's Child released their self-titled debut album to mixed reviews on February 17, 1998. One of the most critically lauded bands of their period, The Clash was noted for being musically far-reaching (they incorporated reggae, roots rock, and eventually many other music styles into their repertoire), for displaying a political and lyrical sophistication that distinguished them from most of their colleagues in the punk movement, and for uncommonly intense stage performances. In 1997, Destiny's Child was offered a recording contract by Columbia Records. The Clash was a British punk rock group that existed from 1976 to 1985. The quartet's lineup was finalized (for the time being) when LeToya Luckett joined in 1993, and they spent the next few years working their way up from the Houston club scene, eventually opening for popular R&B artists like SWV, Dru Hill, and Immature. 1991 "Rock the Casbah" (re-issue) #15 UK. Kelendria "Kelly" Rowland joined the group in 1992, and shortly thereafter they landed an appearance on Star Search, where they performed a rap song.

1991 "Should I Stay or Should I Go" (re-issue) #1 UK. Later Tina Knowles, Beyonce's mother took their name from a passage in the Book of Isaiah. from "The Singles"

    . Destiny's Child were formed in Houston, Texas, in 1990, when original members Beyoncé Knowles and LaTavia Roberson were just nine years old; the two met at an audition and became friends, and Knowles' father Matthew set about developing an act based on their singing and rapping, under the name GirlTyme. 1988 "I Fought the Law" #29 UK. The Grammy-winning group has sold more than 40 million records worldwide, making them the world's best-selling female pop vocal group of all time; and solo recordings, by all three members, now bring that total to over 50 million. from "The Story of the Clash", originally on the US version of "The Clash"
      . Originally a duo and later a quartet, the group is today a trio, whose members are Beyoncé Knowles, Kelly Rowland and Michelle Williams.

      1985 "This Is England" #24 UK. Destiny's Child is an American R&B and pop group. from "Cut the Crap"

        . When single and album simultaneously topped the pop charts in both the US and the UK, she became the first act to achieve this feat since Men At Work in 1983 - in the '60s and '70s, it was performed by the Beatles, Simon and Garfunkel, and Rod Stewart. 1982 "Should I Stay or Should I Go/Straight to Hell" #17 UK. Dangerously In Love went to the top of the album charts in the UK and Canada, as well as on both the American pop (Billboard 200) and R&B charts. 1982 "Rock the Casbah" #30 UK, #8 US (1983 release). With "Independent Women Part I,' Destiny's Child became the first American all-female group ever to debut at #1 on the U.K. charts.

        from "Combat Rock"

          . charts, Destiny's Child became the first American all-female group to hold that position since 1989, when the Bangles hit it with "Eternal Flame.". 1981 "The Magnificent Seven" #34 UK. When "Independent Women Part I" hit #1 on the U.K. 1980 "The Call Up" #40 UK. At the end of November 2000, during its fourth straight week at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, Destiny's Child's "Independent Women Part I" also reached the largest audience (140.4 million listeners) in the history of monitored airplay, breaking the record set in May 1999 by TLC's "No Scrubs.". from "Sandinista!"
            . In 2000, Destiny's Child had three #1 records on the Billboard Hot 100: "Bills, Bills, Bills," "Say My Name," and "Independent Women Part I.".

            1980 "Bankrobber" #12 UK. The week of October 24, 2000, Destiny's Child had two singles on the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay chart: "Independent Women Part I" at #9, reaching 65 million listeners & "Jumpin Jumpin" at #5, reaching 75 million listeners. from "Black Market Clash"

              . Nine months after its release, the album was #5 on the chart, having just experienced its best sales week ever.More than a year after the album's release, The Writing's On The Wall was still in the Top 20 (#11), selling upwards of 70,000 units per week.In the first year of its release, The Writing's On The Wall spent 47 out of 52 weeks in the Top 40 or better of the Billboard 200 Album chart. 1980 "Train in Vain (Stand by Me)" #23 US. The Writing's On The Wall debuted at #6 on the Billboard 200 Album chart. 1979 "London Calling" #11 UK. About Beyond Productions, LLC.

              from "London Calling"

                . House of Dereon; Beyonce. 1979 "The Cost Of Living EP" (I Fought the Law/Groovy Times/Gates of the West/Capital Radio One) #22 UK. Soft Sheen-Carson — Kelly. non-album EP
                  . Tommy Hilfiger — Beyoncé. 1979 "English Civil War (Johnny Comes Marching Home)" #25 UK. L'Oreal — Beyoncé.

                  1978 "Tommy Gun" #19 UK. Pepsi — Beyoncé. from "Give 'Em Enough Rope"

                    . McDonalds — Destiny's Child. 1978 "(White Man) In Hammersmith Palais" #32 UK. Dream Girls: 200? (Beyonce). 1978 "Clash City Rockers" #35 UK. The Pink Panther: 2005 (Beyoncé as Xania).

                    1977 "Complete Control" #28 UK. Jason: 2003 (Kelly as Kia). non-album singles (added to "The Clash" US version)

                      . Freddy Vs. 1977 "White Riot" #38 UK. The Fighting Temptations: 2003 (Beyoncé as Lily). from "The Clash"
                        . Austin Powers in Gold Member: 2002 (Beyoncé as Foxy Cleopatra).

                        London Calling: 25th Anniversary Legacy Edition, 2004 (expanded with rehearsal tapes and making of the album DVD), Epic/Legacy #26 UK. Carmen: A Hip Hopera: 2001 (Beyoncé as Carmen). The Essential Clash, 2003 (compilation, "essential" recordings), Epic/Legacy #18 UK, #99 US. Aida: 2003 (Michelle). From Here to Eternity: Live, 1999 (live recordings from 1978 - 1982), Epic Records #13 UK, #193 US. Coolest Collabo("Crazy in Love"): 2003 (Beyoncé). Super Black Market Clash, 1994 (compilation of b-sides and rarietes), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records, #74 UK. Favorite Singing Group: 2001.

                        The Singles, 1991 (singles compilation), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records

                          . Walk This Way Award(Best Entrance): 2005. Clash on Broadway, 1991 (3 disc box set containing several unreleased tracks and alternate versions), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records. TRL's First Lady Award: 2004 (Beyonce). The Story of the Clash, Volume 1, 1988 (compilation, greatest hits collection), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #7 UK, #142 US. Favorite Group-R&B: 2001. Cut the Crap, 1985, CBS Records #16 UK, #88 US. Favorite Group: 2001.

                          Combat Rock, 1982, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #2 UK, #7 US. Favorite Female Performer: 2004 (Beyoncé). Sandinista!, 1980, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #19 UK, #24 US. Artist of the Year-Top 40 Radio: 2004 (Beyonce). Black Market Clash, 1980 (compilation of b-sides), CBS Records CD release: Epic Records. Artist of the Year-Top 40 Pop Radio: 2001. London Calling, 1979, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #9 UK, #27 US

                            . Artist of the Year/Hip-Hop Rhythmic Radio: 2001.

                            Give 'Em Enough Rope, 1978, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #2 UK, #128 US. Entertainer of the Year: 2004 (Beyoncé). The Clash, 1977, CBS Records CD release: Epic Records #12 UK. Outstanding Duo or Group: 2001. Best R&B/Soul Album(Destiny Fulfilled): 2005. Best Female R&B/Soul Album(Dangerously in Love): 2004 (Beyoncé).

                            Award for 'Entertainer of the Year': 2001. Sammy Davis Jr. Favorite Soul/R&B Band/Duo/Group: 2002. Favorite Pop/Rock Album: 2002.

                            Favorite Soul/R&B Band/Duo/Group: 2001. Best Collaboration("Crazy in Love"): 2004 (Beyoncé). Best Female R&B Artist: 2004 (Beyoncé). Best Group: 2001.

                            Best Song of the Year("Crazy in Love"): 2003 (Beyoncé). Best R&B Award; Beyoncé: 2003. Best Female Video("Naughty Girl"): 2004 (Beyoncé). Best Choreography("Crazy in Love"): 2003 (Beyoncé).

                            Best R&B Video("Crazy in Love"): 2003 (Beyoncé). Best Female Video("Crazy in Love"): 2003 (Beyoncé). Best R&B Video("Survivor"): 2001. Best R&B Video("Say My Name"): 2000.

                            Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year:(Survivor): 2002. Best R&B/Soul Single, Group, Band or Duo("Emotion"): 2002. Best R&B/Soul Single, Group, Band or Duo("Survivor"): 2001. Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year:(The Writing's On The Wall): 2000.

                            Best R&B/Soul Single, Group, Band or Duo("Say My Name"): 2000. Best R&B/Soul Album of the Year:(Destiny's Child): 1998. Best R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist("No, No, No"): 1998. Best R&B/Soul Single, Group, Band or Duo("No, No, No"): 1998.

                            Artist Achievement Award: 2004. New R&B Artist: 2003 (Beyoncé). Hot 100 Award for Most Weeks at No.1: 2003 (Beyoncé). Hot 100 Female Artist: 2003 (Beyoncé).

                            New Female Artist: 2003 (Beyoncé). Group/Duo of the Year: 2001. Singles Artist of the Year: 2001. Top Hot Dance Maxi-Single Sales ("Independent Woman Pt.1"): 2001.

                            Top Hot Dance Maxi-Single Sales Artist: 2001. Top Hot Top 40 Artist: 2001. Top Hot 100 Artist-Duo/Group: 2001. Top Hot 100 Artist: 2001.

                            Top Pop Artist-Duo/Group: 2001. Top Pop Artist: 2001. Top Hot Dance Maxi-Single Sales Artist-Duo/Group: 2000. Top Hot Dance Maxi-Single Sales Artist: 2000.

                            Top Hot 100 Artist-Duo/Group: 2000. Top Hot 100 Artist: 2000. Top Pop Artist-Duo/Group: 2000. Top Pop Artist: 2000.

                            Song Writer of the Year: 2001 (Beyoncé). Favorite Singing Group: 2002. World's Best-Selling R&B Group: 2002. World's Best-Selling Pop Group: 2002.

                            World's Best-Selling Artist or Group: 2002. Best International Female Solo Artist: 2004 (Beyoncé). Best International Group: 2002. Best Rap/Sung Collaboration ("Crazy in Love"): 2003 (Beyoncé).

                            Best Contemporary R&B Album (Dangerously in Love): 2003 (Beyoncé). Best R&B Song ("Crazy in Love"): 2003 (Beyoncé). Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals ("The Closer I Get to You"): 2003 (Beyoncé). Best Female R&B Vocal Performance ("Dangerously in Love 2"): 2003 (Beyoncé).

                            Best Rap/Sung Collaboration ("Dilemma"): 2002 (Kelly). Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals ("Survivor"): 2001. Best R&B Song ("Say My Name"): 2000. Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals ("Say My Name"): 2000.

                            "Soldier" (2004) #3 US, #4 UK. "Lose My Breath" (2004) #3 US; #2 UK; #1 (11 weeks) World. "Emotion" (2001) #10 US; #3 UK. "Bootylicious" (2001) #1 (2 weeks) US; #2 UK; #1 World.

                            "Survivor" (2001) #2 US; #1 UK; #1 World. "Independent Women Part 1" (2000) #1 (11 weeks) US; #1 UK; #1 World. "Jumpin' Jumpin'" (2000) #3 US; #5 UK. "Say My Name" (2000) #1 (3 weeks) US; #3 UK.

                            "Bug a Boo" (1999) #33 US; #9 UK. "Bills Bills Bills" (1999) #1 (1 week) US; #6 UK. Timbaland) (1999) #15 UK. "Get on the Bus" (feat.

                            "With Me" (1998) #19 UK. "No No No" (1998) #3 US; #5 UK. "Destiny Fulfilled" (2004) #5 UK #2 US. "This Is The Remix" (2002) #25 UK.

                            "8 Days Of Christmas" (2001) #34 US. "Survivor" (2001) #1 UK #1 US. "The Writings On The Wall" (1999) #10 UK #5 US. "Destinys Child" (1998) #45 UK #67 US.

11-23-14 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php PAD File Directory Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Display all your websites in one place HereIam.tv Celebrity Homepages Charity Directory Google+ Directory Move your favorite Unsigned Artist to the Top of the List