The 4400

The 4400 is a science fiction program on the USA Network, Space: The Imagination Station and Sky One. It began as a miniseries of five episodes, which aired weekly from July 11 to August 8, 2004; a second season of twelve episodes began airing on June 5, 2005 and concluded on August 28, 2005. Production on thirteen new episodes for a third season has begun for a summer 2006 premiere. It was created and written by Scott Peters and René Echevarria. It stars Joel Gretsch and Jacqueline McKenzie. The theme song of the show is "A Place in Time" written by Robert Phillips & Tim Paruskewitz, performed by Amanda Abizaid. The 4400 is produced by Paramount Network Television in Association with Sky Television for Sky One, Renegade 83 and American Zoetrope for USA Network.

The series is filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

In the pilot episode, what is originally thought to be a comet deposits a group of exactly four thousand, four hundred people in the Seattle, Washington region. All of the 4,400 had disappeared at various points starting from 1941 in a beam of white light. After their return, none have aged, all are disoriented, and they remember nothing between the time of their disappearance and their return.

National Threat Assessment Command

NTAC (National Threat Assessment Command), a division of the Department of Homeland Security, is formed in response to the return of the 4400. There are a multitude of agents assigned to the case. The series mainly follows two of them, as well as their immediate superior:

  • Tom Baldwin: Baldwin's nephew is Shawn Farrell; Shawn was with Baldwin's son Kyle Baldwin during the abduction. Kyle was in a coma for three years, and after being awoken is troubled by blackouts.
  • Diana Skouris: Tom's partner. The eight-year old pre-cog Maia asks to move in with her at some point in season 1. In the first episode of season 2, Diana adopts Maia Rutledge.
  • Dennis Ryland: Baldwin's and Skouris's supervisor and director of the Seattle bureau of NTAC during season one.
  • Ryland is succeeded by Nina Jarvis in season two, but he takes his role back as a guest star on the 11th and 12th (season finale) episodes of season two.

(A real-life NTAC now exists as well; however, it is specifically part of the Secret Service division of the Department of Homeland Security, and the "C" stands for "Center" instead of "Command".)

The Returnees (The 4400)

Most have trouble trying to get their lives back on track after being separated from their world for years. More significantly, a small number of the returnees begin to manifest paranormal abilities, such as telekinesis, telepathy, precognition, and much stranger ones. In addition, one of the 4400 had become pregnant between her disapperance and return.

At the end of the first season, we learn that the 4400 were abducted, not by aliens, but by someone in Earth's future, and that they were returned in order to prevent some sort of catastrophe.

At the end of the second season, it was revealed that all 4400 had a new neurotransmitter called "promicin" in their brains; it was this which gave some of them their powers. The government, afraid of what this large group would do with such power, secretly dosed all 4400 with a promicin inhibitor. (It worked on the majority of the group, but not those who were later seen with powers.) The inhibitor caused a potentially fatal immune system condition in the returnees, forcing the government to inject all surviving returnees with replacement promicin; it is hinted that all of them will now exhibit powers.

The series follows the lives and stories of a select few of the 4400. The main characters are:

  1. Richard Tyler, disappeared May 11, 1951, at age 29, while in South Korea during the Korean War. Originally from St. Louis, MO. At the time, in a relationship with Lily Moore's grandmother, Lily Bonham. Father of Lily Moore's second daughter, Isabelle. Paranormal abilities: apparent telekinesis
  2. Lily Moore, disappeared in 1993, at age 26, from St. Louis, MO. At time of abduction, married to Brian Moore, mother to Heidi Moore. Returned pregnant, but not by Brian, rather by Richard Tyler. Paranormal abilities: None Known.
  3. Shawn Farrell, disappeared April 22, 2001, at age 17, from Highland Beach, WA. Paranormal abilities: Healer and life taker.
  4. Maia Rutledge, disappeared March 3, 1946, at age 8, from Crescent City, CA. Paranormal abilities: precognition.
  5. Jordan Collier, disappeared April 10, 2002, from Seattle, WA area, a former real estate mogul. Paranormal abilities: unknown. Possibly enhanced power of suggestion over other people, but this could just be a personality trait. Also, after being assassinated, he disappears and reappears alive at the very end of the second season finale.
  6. Isabelle Tyler-Moore, born post-return, daughter of Richard Tyler and Lily Moore. Technically not one of "The 4400" returned (she was still in the womb at the time of the count). As the only 4400 not affected by the ability-inhibitor, she provides blood used to heal Shawn Farrell and consequently all 4400s, activating their abilities. At the end of the season finale she ages considerably and shows up in Shawn's office, naked. Paranormal abilities: Telepathic communication (with Lily Moore, Richard Tyler, and Jordan Collier), mind control, materialization projection, alteration (Jordan Collier's injury, Lily Moore's first daughter's spleen) and/or acceleration of biological growth (the growth of berries in one episode and herself in the Season 2 finale), precognition (warned Lily of a bomb before it exploded), telekinesis (the bending trees in the final scene of Season 1). Note that many of these powers duplicate those from among the 4400.

Several other members of the 4400 feature in specific storylines:

  1. Carl Morrisey, disappeared February 16, 2003, from Seattle, WA. A supermarket employee (Deceased). Paranormal abilities: Enhanced reflexes and strength.
  2. Oliver Knox, disappeared August 22, 1983, from Friday Harbor, WA, a suspected serial killer. Captured and imprisoned in soundproof cell. Paranormal abilities: Mind control/suggestion via speech.
  3. Tess Doerner, disappeared April 3, 1955. A mental patient. Paranormal abilities: Ability to compel others to help her build a device, the plans for which have been planted in her head.
  4. Gary Navarro,disappeared January 5, 1973. A baseball player. Paranormal abilities: Is able to hear the thoughts of others.
  5. Trent Appelbaum, disappeared May 18, 1989. A telemarketer. Paranormal abilities: Saliva contains an agent that rapidly accelerates the metabolism of others.
  6. Orson Bailey, disappeared June 11, 1979, from Tacoma, WA. Insurance Salesman and partner in Kensington & Bailey. Paranormal abilities: Telekinesis of a magnitude to cause tremors in immediate vicinity and shatter objects (e.g. glass, bones). The ability does cause Orson to suffer nosebleeds, and he has shown an inability to control this power. He was shot during apprehension, but lived.
  7. Alana Mareva, disappeared September 5, 2001. Artist (and debatably museum director). Paranormal abilities: Ability to create an alternate reality. Given to her by the future so she can develop a relationship with Tom Baldwin to sustain him through the "coming troubles."
  8. Mary Deneville, disappeared August 4, 1999. (Deceased) Paranormal abilities: Could revive dead plants.
  9. Eric Papequash, disappeared August 5, 1955.
  10. Heather Tobey, school teacher, disappeared March 2, 1974. Paranormal abilities: Unlocked artistic potential in certain students in her classes.
  11. Jean DeLynn Baker, disappeared October 27, 1999. (Deceased) Paranormal abilities: sores on hands released plague-like disease (airborne, disappears in about half an hour, goes through biohazard gear).
  12. Edwin Mayuya, aka Edwin Musinga, doctor, disappeared February 24, 1996. Paranormal abilities: Could heal fetuses in utero (but causes progressive damage to self).
  13. Roger Wolcott, disappeared March 6, 1987. (Deceased)
  14. Sara James, disappeared November 5, 1971.
  15. Laurel Bryce, disappeared January 7, 1982.
  16. T.J. Kim, disappeared February 2, 1998. Paranormal abilities: Increases the levels of adrenaline or other hormones (causing elevated levels of rage) in males within a certain radius through sonic means.
  17. Rose Woodard, disappeared December 1,1991
  18. Matthew Lombard, disappeared May 30,1977
  19. Werner Loecher, disappeared April 19,1973
  20. Nate McCullough, disappeared September 8, 2000.

Promicin

The abilities of the 4400 derive from activating dormant neural pathways. Apparently the body produces four main neurotransmitters that control and regulate everything. Every 4400 produces a fifth neurotransmitter called Promicin that enables him or her to use parts of the cerebellum no human has ever had access to. Promicin's behavior and effect are unpredictable, potentially giving any ability.

This plot element uses the "Ten Percent Myth", which modern science has disproven.

The promicin-inhibitor would piggyback on glucose. It entered the brain through facilitated diffusion. It's a binding protein. A serum was created that contained pure promicin. This serum neutralized the charge so the inhibitor isn't able to cross membranes and can be flushed out of the body.

Episode List

Season One

Season Two

Season Three

Production of a third season is scheduled to begin in Vancouver in early 2006, and will be premiering in the summer.

Allusions to Scientology

The 4400 Center run by Jordan Collier seems intended to resemble the real-world Church of Scientology. The 4400 Center promises supernatural abilities to those who follow its training through for-pay courses, much as the Church of Scientology promises, though Scientology is not as forthcoming about its promises of supernatural powers. At least one 4400 Center attendee has had his psychological medication confiscated, much as the Church of Scientology is opposed to psychology and its medications. The 4400 Center includes technological devices strapped onto its members during courses, similar to Scientology's E-Meters. The 4400 Center targets celebrities for inclusion and promotes them through the program faster than non-celebrity members; the Church of Scientology definitely intentionally draws celebrities with its "Celebrity Centers". One former member of the 4400 Center accused it of making him take endless for-pay classes until he was bankrupted, at which point he was ejected from the program; Scientology has had similar accusations pointed at it.

Allusions to Judaeo-Christian Texts

The name of the show itself might be an allusion to the belief held by Jehovah's Witnesses that only 144,000 people will be allowed into heaven. The 4400 people who disappear do so in a rapture like fashion. The show's content has subtle Christian undertones, although not in a way that one would take it to be proselytizing. The baby Isabelle, believed by some to be the future savior of mankind, has no qualms about violently killing people who get in her way. While Isabelle might sometimes seem like a Christ-like figure, she is certainly not. In the same vein, Jordan Collier (note his initials JC), whose intentions and methods are also grey, is killed by a sniper, and after his funeral, his body miraculously disappears. He is then reborn (albeit in a currently unknown fashion).

Trivia

  • Vehicles from DaimlerChrysler's Chrysler Group, such as the Dodge Durango and Chrysler 300, appear frequently in the show being driven by members of NTAC.
  • In Australia and New Zealand the first series was shown as a miniseries of 3 episodes. The second season was aired weekly but taken off air halfway through the season, but continued to air in New Zealand.
  • Early marketing for the series included stencilled graffiti in public places across San Francisco, Houston, and Boston raising ire among residents. [1]

Broadcasters

  • Canada: Space
  • Switzerland: TSR
  • Australia: Network Ten
  • France: M6
  • Germany: ProSieben
  • United Kingdom: Sky One
  • United States: USA Network
  • The Netherlands: Talpa
  • Norway: TV3
  • Brazil: NBC's Universal Channel.
  • Turkey: CNBC-e
  • New Zealand: TV3 (New Zealand)

DVD release


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He is then reborn (albeit in a currently unknown fashion). Icing of wings, downbursts and low visibility are often major contributors to weather related crashes. In the same vein, Jordan Collier (note his initials JC), whose intentions and methods are also grey, is killed by a sniper, and after his funeral, his body miraculously disappears. Adverse weather is the third largest cause of accidents. While Isabelle might sometimes seem like a Christ-like figure, she is certainly not. After human error, mechanical failure is the biggest cause of air accidents, which sometimes also can involve a human component (ie: negligence of the airline in carrying out proper maintenance). The baby Isabelle, believed by some to be the future savior of mankind, has no qualms about violently killing people who get in her way. The majority of aircraft accidents occur due to human error, that is, an error of the pilot(s) or control tower.

The show's content has subtle Christian undertones, although not in a way that one would take it to be proselytizing. Furthermore, car crashes rarely feature outside local news whereas air crashes are reported internationally, making the risk seem greater. The 4400 people who disappear do so in a rapture like fashion. Many people have a fear of flying because the risk of death in an aircraft accident, if there is one, is extremely high. The name of the show itself might be an allusion to the belief held by Jehovah's Witnesses that only 144,000 people will be allowed into heaven. An accident while driving to the airport in a car is more likely than an accident during the flight. One former member of the 4400 Center accused it of making him take endless for-pay classes until he was bankrupted, at which point he was ejected from the program; Scientology has had similar accusations pointed at it. Statistics show that the risk of an air accident is very small.

The 4400 Center targets celebrities for inclusion and promotes them through the program faster than non-celebrity members; the Church of Scientology definitely intentionally draws celebrities with its "Celebrity Centers". With this final test, the aircraft is ready to receive the "final touchups" (internal configuration, painting, etc), and is then ready to be sent to the customer. The 4400 Center includes technological devices strapped onto its members during courses, similar to Scientology's E-Meters. When complete, an aircraft goes through a set of rigorous inspection, to search for imperfections and defects, and after being approved by the inspectors, the aircraft is tested by a pilot, in a flight test, in order to assure that the controls of the aircraft are working properly. At least one 4400 Center attendee has had his psychological medication confiscated, much as the Church of Scientology is opposed to psychology and its medications. In the case of large aircraft, production lines dedicated to the assembly of certain parts of the aircraft can exist, especially the wings and the fuselage. The 4400 Center promises supernatural abilities to those who follow its training through for-pay courses, much as the Church of Scientology promises, though Scientology is not as forthcoming about its promises of supernatural powers. The parts are sent to the main plant of the aircraft company, where the production line is located.

The 4400 Center run by Jordan Collier seems intended to resemble the real-world Church of Scientology. The production of such parts is not limited to the same city or country; in the case of large aircraft manufacturing companies, such parts can come from all over of the world. Production of a third season is scheduled to begin in Vancouver in early 2006, and will be premiering in the summer. For example, one company can be responsible for the production of the landing gear, while another one is responsible for the radar. This serum neutralized the charge so the inhibitor isn't able to cross membranes and can be flushed out of the body. However, the production of an aircraft for one company is a process that actually involves dozens, or even hundreds, of other companies and plants, that produce the parts that go into the aircraft. A serum was created that contained pure promicin. There are few companies that produce aircraft on a large scale.

It's a binding protein. For example, aircraft from Airbus need to be certified by the FAA to be flown in the United States and vice versa, aircraft of Boeing need to be approved by the JAA to be flown in the European Union. It entered the brain through facilitated diffusion. In the case of the international sales of aircraft, a license from the public agency of aviation or transports of the country where the aircraft is also to be used is necessary. The promicin-inhibitor would piggyback on glucose. In Canada, the public agency in charge and authorizing the mass production of aircraft is the Department of Transport. This plot element uses the "Ten Percent Myth", which modern science has disproven.. In the United States, this agency is the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and in the European Union, Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA).

Promicin's behavior and effect are unpredictable, potentially giving any ability. Then, the governing public agency of aviation of the country authorizes the company to begin production of the aircraft. Every 4400 produces a fifth neurotransmitter called Promicin that enables him or her to use parts of the cerebellum no human has ever had access to. The flight-tests continue until the aircraft has fulfilled all the necessary requirements. Apparently the body produces four main neurotransmitters that control and regulate everything. Representatives from an aviation governing agency often make a first flight. The abilities of the 4400 derive from activating dormant neural pathways. When the design has passed through these processes, the company constructs a limited number of these aircraft for testing on the ground.

Several other members of the 4400 feature in specific storylines:. Small models and mockups of all or certain parts of the aircraft are then tested in wind tunnels to verify the aerodynamics of the aircraft. The main characters are:. Computers are used by companies to draw, plan and do initial simulations of the aircraft. The series follows the lives and stories of a select few of the 4400. First the construction company uses a great number of drawings and equations, simulations, wind tunnel tests and experience to predict the behavior of the aircraft. (It worked on the majority of the group, but not those who were later seen with powers.) The inhibitor caused a potentially fatal immune system condition in the returnees, forcing the government to inject all surviving returnees with replacement promicin; it is hinted that all of them will now exhibit powers. During this process, the objectives and design specifications of the aircraft are established.

The government, afraid of what this large group would do with such power, secretly dosed all 4400 with a promicin inhibitor. The design and planning process, including safety tests, can last up to four years for small turboprops, and up to 12 years for aircraft with the capacity of the A380. At the end of the second season, it was revealed that all 4400 had a new neurotransmitter called "promicin" in their brains; it was this which gave some of them their powers. Most aircraft are constructed by companies with the objective of producing them in quantity for customers. At the end of the first season, we learn that the 4400 were abducted, not by aliens, but by someone in Earth's future, and that they were returned in order to prevent some sort of catastrophe. Other aviators with less knowledge make their aircraft using complete kits, with pre-manufactured parts, and assemble the aircraft themselves. In addition, one of the 4400 had become pregnant between her disapperance and return. Small aircraft can be designed and constructed at home.

More significantly, a small number of the returnees begin to manifest paranormal abilities, such as telekinesis, telepathy, precognition, and much stranger ones. The Boeing 727 was another widely used passenger aircraft, and the Boeing 747, was the biggest commercial aircraft in the world up to 2005, when it was surpassed by the Airbus A380. Most have trouble trying to get their lives back on track after being separated from their world for years. Boeing 707 would develop into the later in Boeing 737. (A real-life NTAC now exists as well; however, it is specifically part of the Secret Service division of the Department of Homeland Security, and the "C" stands for "Center" instead of "Command".). The first commercial jet, the de Havilland Comet, was introduced in 1952, and the first successful commercial jet, the Boeing 707, is still in use 50 years later. The series mainly follows two of them, as well as their immediate superior:. Aircraft, in a civil military role, continued to feed and supply Berlin in 1948, when access to railroads and roads to the city, completely surrounded by Eastern Germany, were blocked, by order of the Soviet Union.

There are a multitude of agents assigned to the case. The Boeing X-43 is an experimental scramjet with a world speed record for a jet-powered aircraft - Mach 9.6, or nearly 7,000 mph. NTAC (National Threat Assessment Command), a division of the Department of Homeland Security, is formed in response to the return of the 4400. In October 1947, Chuck Yeager, in the Bell X-1, was the first person to exceed the speed of sound. . They were also an essential part of several of the military strategies of the period, such as the German Blitzkrieg or the American and Japanese Aircraft carriers. After their return, none have aged, all are disoriented, and they remember nothing between the time of their disappearance and their return. Aircraft played a primary role in the Second World War, having a presence in all the major battles of the war, especially in the Attack on Pearl Harbor, the battles of the Pacific and D-Day.

All of the 4,400 had disappeared at various points starting from 1941 in a beam of white light. The turbine or the jet engine was in development in the 1930's, military jet aircraft began operating in the 1940's. In the pilot episode, what is originally thought to be a comet deposits a group of exactly four thousand, four hundred people in the Seattle, Washington region. The first commercial flights took place between the United States and Canada, in 1919. The series is filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Charles Lindbergh became the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in solo flight nonstop, on 20 May 1927. The 4400 is produced by Paramount Network Television in Association with Sky Television for Sky One, Renegade 83 and American Zoetrope for USA Network. After the First World War, aircraft continued to advance their technology.

The theme song of the show is "A Place in Time" written by Robert Phillips & Tim Paruskewitz, performed by Amanda Abizaid. On the side of the allies, the ace with the highest number of downed aircraft was René Fonck, of France. It stars Joel Gretsch and Jacqueline McKenzie. In the first war, great aces appeared, of which the greatest was the German Red Baron. It was created and written by Scott Peters and René Echevarria. First seen by generals and commanders as a "toy", the aircraft proved to be a machine of war capable of causing serious casualties to enemy lines. Production on thirteen new episodes for a third season has begun for a summer 2006 premiere. Wars in Europe, in particular World War I, served as initial tests for the use of the aircraft as a weapon.

It began as a miniseries of five episodes, which aired weekly from July 11 to August 8, 2004; a second season of twelve episodes began airing on June 5, 2005 and concluded on August 28, 2005. Most Brazilians, as well as admirers of Santos-Dumont, consider him to be the true inventor of the aircraft, although the very concept of the invention of the first flying machine has substantial ambiguity. The 4400 is a science fiction program on the USA Network, Space: The Imagination Station and Sky One. Though launched after the Wright Brothers' attempts, his 14-bis was the first to take off, fly, and land without the use of catapults, high winds, or other external assistance. New Zealand: TV3 (New Zealand). However, in some countries today, particularly Brazil, Alberto Santos-Dumont is considered to be the "Father of Aviation". Turkey: CNBC-e. This was later superseded by the development of ailerons, devices which performed a similar function but were attached to an otherwise rigid wing.

Brazil: NBC's Universal Channel. Strictly speaking, the Flyer's wings were not completely fixed, as it depended for stability on a flexing mechanism named wing warping. Norway: TV3. They made their first successful test flights on December 17, 1903 and by 1904 Flyer III was capable of fully controllable, stable flight for substantial periods. The Netherlands: Talpa. The Wright Brothers are commonly credited with the invention of the aircraft, but like Alexander Graham Bell's telephone, theirs was rather the first sustainable and well documented attempt. United States: USA Network. On August 28, 1903 in Hanover, the German Karl Jatho made his first flight.

United Kingdom: Sky One. In August 1892 the Avion II flew for a distance of 200 metres, and on October 14, 1897, Avion III flew a distance of more than 300 metres. Germany: ProSieben. On October 9, 1890, Ader attempted to fly the Éole, which succeeded in taking off and flying a distance of approximately 50 meters before witnesses. France: M6. Sir George Cayley, the inventor of the science of aerodynamics, was building and flying models of fixed wing aircraft as early as 1803, and he built a successful passenger-carrying glider in 1853, but it is known the first practical self-powered aeroplanes were designed and constructed by Clément Ader. Australia: Network Ten. Other aviators who had made similar flights at that time were Otto Lilienthal, Percy Pilcher and Octave Chanute.

Switzerland: TSR. Montgomery made a controlled flight in a glider. Canada: Space. On 28 August 1883, the American John J. [1]. In 1856, Frenchman Jean-Marie Le Bris made the first powered flight, by having his glider "L'Albatros artificiel" pulled by a horse on a beach. Early marketing for the series included stencilled graffiti in public places across San Francisco, Houston, and Boston raising ire among residents. In 1853, Englishman George Cayley made the first manned glider flight.

The second season was aired weekly but taken off air halfway through the season, but continued to air in New Zealand. With the first flight made by man (Francois Pilatre de Rozier and Francois d'Arlandes) in an aircraft lighter than air, a balloon, the biggest challenge became to create other craft, capable of controlled flight. In Australia and New Zealand the first series was shown as a miniseries of 3 episodes. Leonardo da Vinci drew an aircraft in the 15th century. Vehicles from DaimlerChrysler's Chrysler Group, such as the Dodge Durango and Chrysler 300, appear frequently in the show being driven by members of NTAC. Many stories from antiquity involve flight, such as the legend of Icarus. Nate McCullough, disappeared September 8, 2000. The dream of flight goes back to the days of pre-history.

Werner Loecher, disappeared April 19,1973. The X-43A set the record on 16 November 2004. Matthew Lombard, disappeared May 30,1977. The Boeing X-43 is an experimental scramjet with a world speed record for a jet-powered aircraft - Mach 9.6, or nearly 7,000 mph. Rose Woodard, disappeared December 1,1991. The last SR-71 flight was in October 2001. Paranormal abilities: Increases the levels of adrenaline or other hormones (causing elevated levels of rage) in males within a certain radius through sonic means. The SR-71's Pratt & Whitney J58 engines acted as ramjets at high-speeds (Mach 3.2).

Kim, disappeared February 2, 1998. The D-21 Tagboard was an unmanned Mach 3+ reconnaissance drone that was put into production in 1969 for spying, but due to the poor level of success and the development of better spy satellites, it was cancelled in 1971. T.J. Ramjet (and the Scramjet variant) aircraft are mostly in the experimental stage. Laurel Bryce, disappeared January 7, 1982. SpaceShipOne is the most famous current rocket aircraft that is the testbed for developing a commercial sub-orbital passenger service. Sara James, disappeared November 5, 1971. Rocket aircraft are not in common usage today, although rocket-assisted takeoffs are somewhat common for military aircraft.

(Deceased). The later North American X-15 was another important rocket plane, that broke many speed and altitude records and laid much of the groundwork for later aircraft and spacecraft design. Roger Wolcott, disappeared March 6, 1987. The first fixed wing aircraft to break the sound barrier was the rocket powered Bell X-1. Paranormal abilities: Could heal fetuses in utero (but causes progressive damage to self). Experimental rocket powered aircraft were developed by the Germans as early as World War II, although they were never mass produced by any power during that war. Edwin Mayuya, aka Edwin Musinga, doctor, disappeared February 24, 1996. It appears that supersonic aircraft will remain in use almost exclusively by militaries around the world for the foreseeable future.

(Deceased) Paranormal abilities: sores on hands released plague-like disease (airborne, disappears in about half an hour, goes through biohazard gear). Due to the high costs, limited areas of use and low demand there are no longer any supersonic aircraft in use by any major airline, and the last Concorde flight was on 26 November 2003. Jean DeLynn Baker, disappeared October 27, 1999. When approaching an area of heavier population density, supersonic aircraft are obliged to fly at subsonic speed. Paranormal abilities: Unlocked artistic potential in certain students in her classes. This limits supersonic flights to areas of minimal population density or open ocean. Heather Tobey, school teacher, disappeared March 2, 1974. Flight at supersonic speed creates more sound pollution than flight at subsonic speeds, due to the phenomenon of sonic booms.

Eric Papequash, disappeared August 5, 1955. Moreover, the design of the supersonic aircraft is substantially different to the design of sub-sonic aircraft, in order to make the transition to supersonic flight smoother and to make supersonic flight more efficient. (Deceased) Paranormal abilities: Could revive dead plants. Supersonic aircraft, such as military fighters and bombers, Concorde, and others, make use of special turbines (often utilizing afterburners), that generate the huge amounts of power for flight faster than the speed of the sound. Mary Deneville, disappeared August 4, 1999. Due to the high speeds needed for takeoff and landing, the jet aircraft makes use of flaps and leading edge devices for the control of lift and speed, and has engine reversers (or thrust reversers) (to direct the airflow forward) to slow down the aircraft upon landing, as well as the wheel brakes. Given to her by the future so she can develop a relationship with Tom Baldwin to sustain him through the "coming troubles.". Jet aircraft possess high cruising speeds (700 to 900 km/h) and high speeds for take-off and landing (150 to 250 km/h).

Paranormal abilities: Ability to create an alternate reality. Wide-body aircraft, such as the Airbus A340 and Boeing 777, can carry hundreds of passengers and several tons of cargo, and are able to travel for distances of up to 13 thousand kilometers. Artist (and debatably museum director). In the early 1950's,only a few years after the first jet to be produced in large numbers arrived, the De Havilland Comet became the world's first jet airliner. Alana Mareva, disappeared September 5, 2001. In 1943 the Messerschmitt Me 262, the first jet fighter aircraft, went into service in the German Luftwaffe. He was shot during apprehension, but lived. The first jet was the Heinkel He 178, which was tested at Germany's Marienehe Airfield in 1939.

The ability does cause Orson to suffer nosebleeds, and he has shown an inability to control this power. The jet aircraft was developed in England and Germany in 1931. glass, bones). One drawback, however, is that they are noisy; this makes jet aircraft a source of noise pollution. Paranormal abilities: Telekinesis of a magnitude to cause tremors in immediate vicinity and shatter objects (e.g. As a consequence, they have greater weight capacity and fly faster than propeller driven aircraft. Insurance Salesman and partner in Kensington & Bailey. These engines are much more powerful than a reciprocating engine.

Orson Bailey, disappeared June 11, 1979, from Tacoma, WA. Jet aircraft make use of turbines for the creation of thrust. Paranormal abilities: Saliva contains an agent that rapidly accelerates the metabolism of others. These aircraft are popular with commuter and regional airlines, as they tend to be more economical on shorter journeys. A telemarketer. Turboprop aircraft are a sort of halfway house between propeller and jet: they use a turbine engine similar to a jet to turn propellers. Trent Appelbaum, disappeared May 18, 1989. They are also the aircraft of choice for pilots who wish to own their own aircraft.

Paranormal abilities: Is able to hear the thoughts of others. However, they are significantly cheaper and much more economic than jets, and are generally the best option for people who need to transport a few passengers and/or small amounts of cargo. A baseball player. They are quiet, but they fly at lower speeds, and have lower load capacity compared to similar sized jet powered aircraft. Gary Navarro,disappeared January 5, 1973. Smaller and older propeller aircraft make use of reciprocating internal combustion engines that turn a propeller to create thrust. Paranormal abilities: Ability to compel others to help her build a device, the plans for which have been planted in her head. Any textbook claiming to be a serious work on the topic will never promote the Equal Transit-time fallacy.

A mental patient. The explanation also fails to account for aerofoils which are fully symmetrical yet still develop significant lift. Tess Doerner, disappeared April 3, 1955. Such an explanation would predict that an aircraft could not fly inverted, which is demonstrably not the case. Paranormal abilities: Mind control/suggestion via speech. It has recently been dubbed the "Equal transit-time fallacy." There is no requirement that divided parcels of air rejoin again, and in fact they do not do so. Captured and imprisoned in soundproof cell. Despite the fact that this "explanation" is probably the most common of all, it is false.

Oliver Knox, disappeared August 22, 1983, from Friday Harbor, WA, a suspected serial killer. Therefore, because of its higher speed the pressure of the air above the airfoil must be lower. Paranormal abilities: Enhanced reflexes and strength. Known as the "equal transit-time" explanation, it states that the parcels of air which are divided by an airfoil must rejoin again; because of the greater curvature (and hence longer path) of the upper surface of an aerofoil, the air going over the top must go faster in order to "catch up" with the air flowing around the bottom. A supermarket employee (Deceased). A false explanation for lift has been put forward in mainstream books, and even in scientific exhibitions. Carl Morrisey, disappeared February 16, 2003, from Seattle, WA. One of the primary goals of wing design is to devise a shape that produces the most lift while producing the least lift-induced drag.

Note that many of these powers duplicate those from among the 4400. However, most shapes will be very inefficient and create a great deal of drag. Paranormal abilities: Telepathic communication (with Lily Moore, Richard Tyler, and Jordan Collier), mind control, materialization projection, alteration (Jordan Collier's injury, Lily Moore's first daughter's spleen) and/or acceleration of biological growth (the growth of berries in one episode and herself in the Season 2 finale), precognition (warned Lily of a bomb before it exploded), telekinesis (the bending trees in the final scene of Season 1). Nearly any shape will produce lift if curved or tilted with respect to the air flow direction. At the end of the season finale she ages considerably and shows up in Shawn's office, naked. The deflection of airflow downward during the creation of lift is known as downwash. As the only 4400 not affected by the ability-inhibitor, she provides blood used to heal Shawn Farrell and consequently all 4400s, activating their abilities. The force created by this deflection of the air creates an equal and opposite force upward on the wing according to Newton's third law of motion.

Technically not one of "The 4400" returned (she was still in the womb at the time of the count). Lift is created as an airstream passes by something which deflects it downward. Isabelle Tyler-Moore, born post-return, daughter of Richard Tyler and Lily Moore. This shape, called an airfoil or aerofoil, creates lift when a wing travels through the air. Also, after being assassinated, he disappears and reappears alive at the very end of the second season finale. If a cross-section of an aircraft wing is viewed, the top of the wing can be seen to be curved, while the bottom of the wing is less curved or straight. Possibly enhanced power of suggestion over other people, but this could just be a personality trait. An aircraft flies due to the aerodynamic reactions that happen when air passes over the wing.

Paranormal abilities: unknown. For example: lifting body, canard, V-tail and flying wing. Jordan Collier, disappeared April 10, 2002, from Seattle, WA area, a former real estate mogul. Unconventional aircraft have been built in a variety of forms. Paranormal abilities: precognition. Other common parts of aircraft include trim tabs, air brakes, spoilers, winglets and canards. Maia Rutledge, disappeared March 3, 1946, at age 8, from Crescent City, CA. Conventional aircraft -- from small planes such as the Bumble Bee II and Cessna 140 to a gigantic Antonov 225 -- consist of a fuselage, one or more wings to provide the majority of lift, a tailplane for stability, and a one or more vertical surfaces at the tail for stability.

Paranormal abilities: Healer and life taker. . Shawn Farrell, disappeared April 22, 2001, at age 17, from Highland Beach, WA. Supersonic aircraft, currently only military, research and a few private aircraft, can reach speeds faster than sound. Paranormal abilities: None Known. Single-engined aircraft are capable of reaching 175 km/h or more at cruise speed. Returned pregnant, but not by Brian, rather by Richard Tyler. Commercial jet aircraft can reach up to 875 km/h, and cover one fourth of the earth's circumference in a matter of hours.

At time of abduction, married to Brian Moore, mother to Heidi Moore. The aircraft is the fastest method of transport. Louis, MO. While the vast majority of aircraft land and take off on land, some are capable of take off and landing on ice, snow and calm water. Lily Moore, disappeared in 1993, at age 26, from St. The majority of aircraft, however, also need an airport with the infrastructure to receive maintenance, restocking, refueling and for the loading and unloading of crew, cargo and/or passengers. Paranormal abilities: apparent telekinesis. Two necessities for all aircraft are air flow over the wings for lifting of the aircraft, and an open area for landing.

Father of Lily Moore's second daughter, Isabelle. There are also rare examples of aircraft which can vary the angle of incidence of their wings in flight, such the F-8 Crusader, which are also considered to be "fixed-wing". At the time, in a relationship with Lily Moore's grandmother, Lily Bonham. When the wings of these aircraft are fully swept, usually for high speed cruise, the trailing edges of their wings abut the leading edges of their tailplanes, giving an impression of a single delta wing if viewed from above or below. Louis, MO. In the early days of their development, these were termed "variable geometry" aircraft. Originally from St. It also embraces an even smaller number of aircraft, such as the General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark, Grumman F-14 Tomcat and the Panavia Tornado, which can vary the sweep angle of their wings during flight.

Richard Tyler, disappeared May 11, 1951, at age 29, while in South Korea during the Korean War. This is usually to ease stowage or facilitate transport on, for example, a vehicle trailer or the powered lift connecting the hangar deck of an aircraft carrier to its flight deck. Ryland is succeeded by Nina Jarvis in season two, but he takes his role back as a guest star on the 11th and 12th (season finale) episodes of season two. The term also embraces a minority of aircraft with folding wings that are intended to fold when on the ground. Dennis Ryland: Baldwin's and Skouris's supervisor and director of the Seattle bureau of NTAC during season one. Some aircraft use fixed wings to provide lift only part of the time and may or may not be referred to as fixed-wing. In the first episode of season 2, Diana adopts Maia Rutledge. Fixed-wing aircraft include a large range of craft from small trainers and recreational aircraft to large airliners and military cargo aircraft.

The eight-year old pre-cog Maia asks to move in with her at some point in season 1. All aircraft wings flex, and some aircraft have wings that can tilt, sweep back, or fold, but if none of these movements are used to generate lift, the wing is considered to be a "fixed-wing". Diana Skouris: Tom's partner. An aircraft is a heavier-than-air craft where movement of the wings in relation to the aircraft is not used to generate lift. Kyle was in a coma for three years, and after being awoken is troubled by blackouts. Fixed-wing aircraft is a generic term used to refer to what are more commonly known as airplanes in North American English and aeroplanes in Commonwealth English. Tom Baldwin: Baldwin's nephew is Shawn Farrell; Shawn was with Baldwin's son Kyle Baldwin during the abduction. The flaps change the profile of the wing of the aircraft, maximizing lift and control of the speed of the aircraft in air, particularly in operations of low speed - especially important in landing and take-off.

Some aircraft are equipped with special landing gear, such as pontoons or skis, to allow them to land on water, snow or ice. They usually retract during flight to reduce drag; however, on smaller aircraft the gear are often fixed. The landing gear allow the aircraft to take off and land. The rudder is located on the vertical stabilizer and controls movement around the vertical axis called yaw.

On delta-wing aircraft the ailerons and elevators are combined together to perform the same actions and are called elevons. The elevator and horizontal stabilizer may be combined into a stabilator. The elevators are located on the horizontal stabilizer to control the rotation around the lateral axis called pitch. Many larger aircraft use spoilers to achieve the same effect.

Because roll changes the direction of lift of the wings, it is the primary method of changing the direction of travel. This movement is called roll. They always act at the same time, but in inverse directions, so that the aircraft can be turned along its longitudinal axis. Ailerons are movable surfaces on the wings of the aircraft.

A rudder is attached to the vertical stabilizer. Some aircraft have two vertical stabilizers attached to the horizontal stabilizer or boom structures. The vertical stabilizer is a small vertical wing that is usually attached to the rear of the fuselage. It may be a fixed horizontal stabilizer with a movable elevator or a stabilator that rotates on a shaft to change the angle of incidence.

Most often it is configured to provide negative lift. The tailplane is a small wing that provides positive or negative lift to stabilize the aircraft in flight. A few aircraft have engines attached to the vertical or horizontal stabilizer. The engines are usually located under or on the wings or attached to the fuselage.

Aircraft use a variety of engines, including turbine, reciprocating, and radial engines. An engine (or engines): Also known as powerplants, engines serve to propel the aircraft on the ground and the air. In smaller aircraft, fuel is sometimes stored in the fuselage (or main body). Fuel is often stored in tanks in the wing.

Biplanes (two wings) or triplanes (three wings) were popular in the past, and some are still made for special purposes like aerobatics. Most aircraft are monoplanes having one wing structure for providing lift. left wing and right wing. Sometimes, the half of a wing on either side of the fuselage is referred to as a wing, e.g.

Each wing is a single structure integrated into the fuselage of the aircraft.

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