Tamiya Corporation is a Japanese manufacturer of plastic model kits, radio controlled cars, battery- and solar-powered educational models, sailboat models, acrylic model paints, and various modelling tools and supplies. The company was founded by Shunsaku Tamiya in Shizuoka, Japan in 1958. The company has gained a reputation among hobbyists of producing models of outstanding quality and accurate scale detail.
Radio-controlled trucks and trailers
Tamiya is also known to make scale 1/14 radio controlled trucks, these are exceptions left, all build-it-yourself kits. Compared to the Scale 1/16 Wedico trucks, the 1/14 rigs are better copy's of the real rigs, as Tamiya uses ABS body shells instead of the alloy and sheet metal Wedico uses. Resulting a better detailing and scale "look" . The current truck range are the following rigs:
The truck range also includes some trailers:
The German division/importer also brought out a trailer of there own, a semi-low loader. But, to be fully correct, it is not 100% Tamiya, as it is not from Tamiya Japan.
Radio-controlled tanks (1/16 scale)
Tamiya's radio controlled tanks have options such as sound, light and optional parts to depict different variants.
The Leopard A4 and Flakpanzer Gepard are no longer produced; updated versions of the others have some technical and cosmetic innovations over the original models.
Track racing cars
Static-display scale models
Tamiya has several large regional divisions, notably in the Aliso Viejo, California home of "Tamiya USA," the North, Central and South American branch responsible for many of the company's racing developments. Tamiya USA also features a world-class racing facility which is the site of several world championship events. An assembly plant is located in the Philippines and Germany is the home of "Tamiya Europe's" operations.
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An assembly plant is located in the Philippines and Germany is the home of "Tamiya Europe's" operations. For 2008, Toyota will create a hybrid gasoline–electric Corolla. Tamiya USA also features a world-class racing facility which is the site of several world championship events. The Altis range of the Corolla is manufactured in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and Taiwan. Tamiya has several large regional divisions, notably in the Aliso Viejo, California home of "Tamiya USA," the North, Central and South American branch responsible for many of the company's racing developments. Two versions of engine are available, the 108 bhp 1.6 and the 134 bhp 1.8. The Leopard A4 and Flakpanzer Gepard are no longer produced; updated versions of the others have some technical and cosmetic innovations over the original models. In Asia (excluding Hong Kong Japan & India), the Toyota Corolla is branded as the Toyota Corolla Altis and is similar to the US-spec Corolla.
Tamiya's radio controlled tanks have options such as sound, light and optional parts to depict different variants. The Vibe, in turn, is sold with a different grille in Japan and is called the Toyota Voltz. But, to be fully correct, it is not 100% Tamiya, as it is not from Tamiya Japan. The Corolla has also spawned another multi-purpose vehicle, the Matrix, sold in Canada and the United States, and forms the basis of the Pontiac Vibe. The German division/importer also brought out a trailer of there own, a semi-low loader. The Corolla Spacio (Verso in Europe) moved on to the new platform. The truck range also includes some trailers:. The station wagon model is called the Toyota Corolla Fielder in Japan, and the five-door the Toyota Corolla Runx and Toyota Allex, launching in 2001.
The current truck range are the following rigs:. The sporty XRS model, introduced for 2004, features the high-revving 170 hp (127 kW) 127 ft·lbf (172 N·m) 2ZZ-GE engine and 6 speed manual from the Toyota Celica GT-S and Lotus Elise. Resulting a better detailing and scale "look" . The torsion bar suspension and drum brakes in the rear are anachronisms, however. Compared to the Scale 1/16 Wedico trucks, the 1/14 rigs are better copy's of the real rigs, as Tamiya uses ABS body shells instead of the alloy and sheet metal Wedico uses. This model made it to the United States in 2002. Tamiya is also known to make scale 1/14 radio controlled trucks, these are exceptions left, all build-it-yourself kits. Like the Vista, the Corolla's width is limited to 67 in (1700 mm), to avoid being in a higher tax bracket in Japan, although most of its European rivals are now wider.
. It is built on a shortened Toyota Vista platform—the Vista being a mid-sized, rather than compact, car. The company has gained a reputation among hobbyists of producing models of outstanding quality and accurate scale detail. The ninth-generation Corolla (AE120/ZZE120) appeared in August 2000 with edgier styling and a longer 102.4 in (2600 mm) wheelbase. The company was founded by Shunsaku Tamiya in Shizuoka, Japan in 1958. In 1997, the Corolla Spacio, with its body panels stamped at long-time Toyota supplier Kanto Autoworks, was introduced as a two-box minivan version and sold as the Corolla Verso in Europe and the Toyota Spacio in New Zealand. Tamiya Corporation is a Japanese manufacturer of plastic model kits, radio controlled cars, battery- and solar-powered educational models, sailboat models, acrylic model paints, and various modelling tools and supplies. As a result, a sporting model with a six-speed gearbox was offered.
Tamiya is also one of the few manufacturers of 1/100th scale aircraft. A European range had different front and rear ends (this was sold in Australia and New Zealand, too), to appeal to customers there. Most of their 1/72 scale aircraft, however, are repackaged Italeri kits. Europe (1996-2001). Their line of static model aircraft, mostly of 1/48th scale, are widely considered to be state-of-the-art. The US-market 2001 Toyota Corolla has a maximum legal carrying capacity of 850lbs. The "Military Miniatures" (MM) series of military vehicle scale models, which established 1/35 scale as the worldwide standard for the military vehicle genre. VVT-i variable valve timing was added to the engine for 2000.
The Mini 4WD and Dangun-Racer series, which are small (1/32nd scale), single-motor, free-operating electric models designed to run in competition on a special, deeply channeled track. In the US market, only sedans were offered. Leopard 2A6. A new all-aluminum engine powered all Corollas, making every car lighter than its predecessor. M26 Pershing. All North American Corollas were now built in California (by NUMMI) or Canada (by TMMC). Tiger I Early Production. USA (1998-2002).
German Tiger II - Porsche Turret. JPN-market chassis:. German Tiger II, Production Turret. The Sprinter Trueno coupé range was carried over with a facelift, while the Wagon was identical to the Corolla. Flakpanzer Gepard. This marked the beginning of the end of the Sprinter. Leopard A4. The Japanese has a version called the "Corolla GT" which is a 4-door, 165hp, 6-speed sedan.
M4 Sherman 105mm. Due to recession, Toyota ordered that Corolla development chief Takayasu Honda cuts costs, hence the carryover engineering. Pole trailer (wood/tree transport). The eighth generation (AE110/ZZE110), which shared its platform (and doors, on some models) with its predecessor, was introduced in May 1995, 1998 in Europe and North America. Tank trailer (liquid transport). Japan (1995-1999). Box trailer. This model was not as successful due to a rising yen and home-market recession, blunting demand.
Flatbed trailer. The three and five-door Corolla FX was also sold in Europe just as the Corolla, and was available mostly in normal (non-sports) specs unlike the FX range avaliable in Japan which were available in two models the SJ a 16 valve 1.6-litre 115bhp (4A-FE) and the GT a 20 Valve 1.6-litre 160bhp (Silvertop 4A-GE). this list does not contain any special chrome versions, made in limited edition. The five-door Sprinter was sold as the Corolla Sprinter in Europe, confusingly. Knight Hauler. The US-market Geo Prizm was sold as a four-door sedan. Ford Aeromax. The Corolla Levin and Sprinter Trueno were sold as two-door coupés.
Volvo FH12 globetrotter. Sprinters were available as a four-door sedan or five-door liftback, including a four-door hardtop called the Sprinter Marino (only for this generation). Mercedes 1850L. It was available as a four-door sedan, three- and five-door hatchback and a five-door station wagon. Mercedes 1838LS. This model appeared in 1992 in Japan, 1993 in Europe and 1994 in North America. Globeliner. With its 97 in (2465 mm) wheelbase, the Corolla had moved into the compact size class once occupied by the Toyota Corona and Camry.
King Hauler. The next Corolla (AE10X) was larger, heavier, and more expensive, with development chief Dr Akihiko Saito wanting to develop a 'mini-Lexus', after success with that range's flagship. It would go on to become one of the most popular R/C kits of all time and has recently been re-released. They generated 152 ft·lbf at 4,400rpm as opposed to the N/a 4A-GE's 100 ft·lbf at 4,800 rpm. The Hornet, a radio controlled buggy first released in 1984. They used the SC12 roots type supercharger and a top mounted intercooler that was fed cool air via a scoop on the bonnet. The TRF415, holder of the 2005 1/10th scale radio controlled touring car world champion title. In Japan the AE92 Levin/Trueno was also fitted with a supercharged engine and designated GT-Z.
The TRF414 radio controlled car; holder of the 2002-04 1/10th scale touring car world champion title. European-market chassis:. This complex and expensive model has since become one of the most collectable of all Tamiya R/C's. US-market chassis:. The aluminum frame, suspension, drive axle and steering were patterned after their full-sized counterparts. These two plants made 279,000 units, making a total of 4.5 million of this generation (AE90) made. Released in 1985, it had a working three-speed transmission which could be shifted via radio control, a high-torque RS-750SH motor and ultra-realistic Toyota Hilux body with camper shell and interior detail. American production of the sedan took place at NUMMI and Cambridge, Ontario.
The Bruiser 1/10th scale radio controlled pickup truck. These generations were also favored by tuners. Tamiya engineers attended actual USHRA monster truck events in order to improve the scale appearance of the TXT and duplicate full-size suspension designs. The three-door is sold as a panel van model there, called the Toyota Carri. The new truck dispensed with the Clod's four wheel steering, although the TXT includes provisions for making this upgrade. The sixth-generation five-door hatchback is still made in South Africa as an entry-level model called the Toyota Tazz. Cantillever suspension, four wheel drive, and multilink suspension allow for the massive axle articulation featured in third party kits such as the Clodzilla series. The Sprinter five-door liftback was re-badged as the Corolla in Europe, though for a period in Ireland (and possibly elsewhere) it was badged the "Sprinter GLS", unusually in cheap-looking decals instead of the metallic-coated plastic badges found on all other Toyotas of the time.
This truck, which is still in production, was designed as a factory response to aftermarket Clodbuster upgrades. It was called the All-Trac in the US and sold with the Tercel or Corolla name in some countries. The TXT-1 1/10 scale radio control monster truck released in 2002. It was sold from 1988 to 1994 and had different bodywork to other Corollas. The Clodbuster virtually spawned an aftermarket industry of its own which catered to those who wished to modify their models. The all wheel drive Sprinter Carib wagon used a solid axle rear suspension with coil springs, while the rest used struts all around. The Clodbuster 1/10th scale radio-controlled monster truck released in 1987 as the first Tamiya R/C monster truck with two drive motors, four-wheel drive and four-wheel steering. The Geo Prizm shared a slightly different body with the Japan-market Sprinter.
The original Blackfoot monster truck kit and its variations, first released in 1986 and credited with much of the hobby's growth. All Corollas were front-drive for 1987, with production beginning in May 1987. The Sand Scorcher and Rough Rider, released in 1979 and credited as the first radio controlled cars to feature a proper off-road suspension. Australian-market chassis: Similarity with the Holden Nova. US-market chassis: Also marketed by GM from 1985–1988 as Chevy Nova before becoming Geo Prizm. It was available with either SOHC or DOHC engines, the latter marketed as the FX-16.
A new Corolla FX, built at the US NUMMI plant, appeared in 1987. These AE86 models have been immortalized in the anime series Initial D, and have been also featured in the computer and video games Need for Speed: Underground 2, Gran Turismo 3 & 4, and Auto Modellista. The Sprinter sports cars, in two-door coupe and three-door liftback forms, were notable for the line's first use of pop-up headlamps, which the equivalent Corolla Levin sports models did not have. This engine was also combined with the front-drive transaxle to power the mid-engined Toyota MR-2.
It was a 1.6 L (1587 cc) I4 and produced an impressive 124 hp (92 kW), turning the Sprinter Trueno (Japan), Corolla GT Coupe (Europe) and Corolla GT-S into a popular sports car. A hot DOHC 16-valve engine, designated 4A-GE, was added in 1984 on the rear-drive cars. The five-door liftback was sold with the Corolla Seca name in Australia and the nameplate survived on successive five-door models. Although there was a five-door liftback model of the basic Corolla, the FX-based hatchback was sold alongside it.
The three- and five-door hatchbacks resembled the Corolla sedan with a truncated boot. A "short" hatchback range, called the Corolla FX in Japan and the Corolla Compact in Germany, arrived in 1984, on the front-wheel-drive platform. It was the first Corolla to top the New Zealand top-10 lists, ending Ford's dominance of that market. The front-wheel-drive wheelbase was now 95.6 in (2428 mm).
This model, from 1984, moved the Corolla into front wheel drive, except for the AE85 Corolla Levin (SR5 coupe and GT Coupe outside Japan) and AE86 Sprinter Trueno which continued on the older rear wheel drive platform, along with the three-door "liftback" (TE72), three-door van (KE70) and five-door wagon (KE70) of the previous generation, that were still being produced. The fifth generation (AE8x) is generally regarded as the finest Corolla when measured against its contemporaries, and some 3.3 million units were produced. The 1980-81 models had 4 lamps in the front in some markets, all 82-83 models have 2. In 1980, during this model's life, Corolla daily production reached an all-time high, averaging 2,346 units.
The year 1983 introduced the Corolla's first overhead cam engine, the 1.6 L (1587 cc/96 in³) 4A-C in the AE71 model range. A new 1.8 L (1770 cc/108 in³) 3T engine was optional to some markets, producing 75 hp (56 kW), whilst parts of the world retained the old 4K. This generation (apart from the wagon) got a new rear coil spring five-link rear end with panhard rod, and the wheelbase was longer at 94.5 in (2400 mm). The car were also avaliable in coupe versions (TE71 and TE72).
Equally, there was a Daihatsu Charmant variant. Although most of the fourth generation was replaced by 1984, the station wagon and van versions soldiered on into 1987. The fourth-generation model (Ke70) released in 1979 in Japan, was a boxy, rear-wheel-drive offering. US-market chassis:.
A sporty 2T-G engine was also in the lineup in the Japanese model hardtop (AKA Levin) producing 124hp with a DOHC performance head, and later models with fuel injection. The TE3x series 2T-C engines had an additional bump in horsepower thanks to their hemi-design and larger displacement (1588cc)giving the engines 75hp at the flywheel outmatching rival Datsun B210s engine output. These figures are fairly optimistic (probably tested without ancillaries such as alternators or water pumps) to make the car look good for sales, in reality most Corollas of the time produced about 30 hp (22 kW) at the wheels, which can be estimated to 45 hp (34 kW) at the flywheel. However emissions became a problem further into the 1970s, and the 4K engine in the KE5x series produced only 60 hp (45 kW), despite and increased capacity of 1290 cc.
Early Corollas in this range (KE3x) with 3K engines produced 73 hp (54 kW) from just 1166 cc. The base model cost US$2,711 in 1975, but one needed to step up to the $2,989 "deluxe" to get features comparable to the contemporary pack. They also criticized the "relatively crude rear suspension" and lack of interior space and poor fuel economy when compared to the VW Rabbit. Road & Track was critical of the 1975 Corolla, calling it "large and heavy" and "expensive" compared to the Honda Civic and Datsun B210.
USA (1974-1979). JPN-market chassis:. The KE40 series was assigned to the Sprinter variants. A three-door "liftback" (KE50) was added in 1976, along with a sporty-looking "sport coupe" body style.
A "Toyoglide" 2/3-speed automatic transmission was added as well as four-speed and for the "E/5, and "SR5" a five-speed manual transmissions. These model codes were designated "TE3x". All body styles—two- and four-door sedan (KE30), two-door hardtop (KE35) and three/five-door station wagon (KE36/KE38)—still used the 1.2 L (1166 cc/71 in³) 3K engine in certain markets, while most Japanese and American models got the stronger 1.6 L (1588 cc/96 in³) 2T engine. While there were certain fourth-generation models with a longer model life, this generation, when considered as a whole, was the longest-lived one, possibly due to the worldwide recession in the 1970s.
In addition to the Sprinter, there was a rebodied version built by Toyota affiliate Daihatsu, called the Daihatsu Charmant. The third-generation Toyota Corolla, built from 1974–81 (worldwide versions) (KE3x/KE5x), marked Toyota's greatest growth in the United States in the wake of the fuel crisis. Japan (1974-1981). * TE-27 - Hardtop Coupe, SR5.
* TE-25 - Wagon, DX. * TE-21 - Sedan, 2 Door Sedan. US-market chassis:. Corollas with this engine were designated TE21 or TE27.
A 1.6 L (1588 cc/96 in³) 102 hp (76 kW) 2T engine came in 1971, quite impressive for the time, and the sporty SR5 (aka: Levin in Japan) was introduced in 1973. The above models were available, as well as a hardtop coupe called the "SR-5". USA (1971-1974). * TE-27 - Hardtop Coupe (Levin/Trueno).
* TE-25 - Wagon, DX. * TE-21 - Sedan, 2 Door Sedan. JPN-market chassis:. The Corolla became the second-best selling car in the world that year.
There was a two and four-door sedan (KE20) available, as well as a two-door coupe (KE25), and three-door wagon (KE26). The front suspension design was improved greatly, using a swaybar, however the rear remained relatively the same. It had a longer 91.9 in (2334 mm) wheelbase, and used the 1.2 L (1166 cc/71 in³) 3K I4 which made 73 hp (54 kW). The second-generation KE2x model , launched 1970, had "coke-bottle" styling.
Japan (1969-1978). Exports to the United States began in 1968 at about US$1,700, and the car has been popular since. Toyota has been almost steadfast in facelifting each generation after two years, and replacing it with an all-new model every four years. USA (1968-1970).
The suspension in front was MacPherson struts supported by a transverse leaf spring beneath the engine crossmember, with leaf springs connected to a solid axle in back. A 4-speed manual transmission or 2 speed automatic transmission was available, and the car used rear wheel drive. Power came from either a 1.1 L (1077 cc/65 in³) OHV I4, the K, which produced 60 hp (45 kW), or the 1.2 L (1166 cc/71 in³) 3K in later models. The initial car, the KE1x series, was small, with a 90 in (2286 mm) wheelbase, and came in two- and four-door sedan (KE10 and KE11), two-door coupe (KE15), and three-door station wagon (KE16 and KE18) versions.
Eiji Toyoda, chairman of the company, said it worked hard to create popular demand, and disputes that Toyota rode a wave of private car ownership that was taking off in the mid-1960s. The Corolla was launched in Japan in October 1966. Japan (1966-1969). In Australia, the Corolla liftback (TE72) was at one point badged the T-18.
Over the years, there have been rebadged versions of the Corolla, including the 1980s’ Holden Nova of Australia, and the Sprinter-based Chevrolet Nova, Geo Prizm and Chevrolet Prizm of the United States. There have also been several spin-offs over the years, including the Corolla II hatchback, Corolla Ceres (and similar Sprinter Marino) hardtop, Corolla Levin and Sprinter Trueno sports coupes and hatchbacks, and the Corolla FX hatckback (now Corolla Runx). It was replaced in 2001 by the Toyota Allex. A slightly upmarket version is called the Toyota Sprinter, sold in the Japanese home market.
. The Corolla's chassis designation code is "E", as described in Toyota's chassis and engine codes. Corollas are currently manufactured in the United States (California), the United Kingdom, Canada (Cambridge, Ontario), India, South Africa, Brazil, Turkey and Thailand. .
Toyota has made 30 million cars under the Corolla name since its launch in 1966, making it the best selling car of all time. In 1997, the Corolla became the best selling nameplate in the world. The Toyota Corolla is a compact car produced by Toyota of Japan, known worldwide for its reliability, conventional engineering and low fuel consumption. AE-114 - AWD Sedan.
AE-110 - Sedan. AE-111 - Sedan, GT. AE95 - 4WD 5-Door Wagon with the 4A-F or 4A-FE engines. AE92 - with the 4A-F engine and the 4A-GE engine (GTi).
CE90 - with the C1 engine. EE90 - with the 2E engine. AE95 - 4WD 5-Door Wagon. AE92 - Sedan, SR5/GT-S Coupé, 2WD 5-Door Wagon.
AE-86 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door Hatchback. AE-82 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door Hatchback. AE-80 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door Hatchback. AE-86 - RWD GT-S/SR5 Coupé.
AE-84 - 4WD 5-door wagon. AE-82 - FWD Sedan, FWD 4/2-door hatchback (FX/FX16), FWD 5-door wagon. TE-55 - Liftback, SR5. TE-51 - Sport Coupe SR5.
TE-37 - Hardtop Coupe SR5,SR. TE-35 - Wagon, DX. TE-31 - Sedan, E/5,DX 2 Door Sedan, E/5,DX. TE-55 - Liftback.
TE-51 - Sport Coupe (Levin/Treuno). TE-37 - Hardtop Coupe (Levin/Trueno). TE-35 - Wagon. TE-31 - Sedan,2 Door Sedan.