Steven Spielberg

Steven Spielberg

Steven Allan Spielberg (born on December 18, 1946 in Cincinnati, Ohio but raised in the suburbs of Haddonfield, New Jersey and Scottsdale, Arizona), is an American film director whose films range from science fiction to historical drama to horror. He is noted in recent years for his willingness to tackle emotionally powerful issues, such as the horrors of the Holocaust in Schindler's List, the inhumanity of slavery in Amistad, and the hardships of war in Saving Private Ryan. One consistent theme in his work is a childlike, even naïve sense of wonderment and faith, as attested by works like Close Encounters of the Third Kind, E.T., Hook and A.I..

The director, the man

Spielberg is the most financially successful motion picture director of all time. He has helmed an astounding number of feature films that have become enormous box-office hits, and this has given him enormous influence in Hollywood. As of 2004, he has been listed in Premiere and other magazines as the most "powerful" and influential figure in the motion picture industry. He is seen as a figure who has the influence, financial resources, and acceptance of Hollywood studio authorities to make any movie he wants to make, be it a mainstream action-adventure movie (Jurassic Park) or a three-hour-long black and white drama about a controversial historical subject (Schindler's List).

His beginnings

Spielberg is known by film historians as one of the famous "movie brats" of the 1970s: along with fellow filmmakers (and personal friends) George Lucas, Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, John Milius, and Brian De Palma, Spielberg grew up making movies. He was making amateur 8mm "adventure" movies with his friends as a teenager (scenes from these amateur films have been included on the DVD edition of Saving Private Ryan), and he made his first short film for theatrical release, Amblin', in 1968 at the age of twenty one. (Spielberg's own production company, Amblin Entertainment, was named after this short film.) His maiden directorial work was a segment of the pilot film to Rod Serling's Night Gallery. While working on this segment its star Joan Crawford collared a production executive and said, "Keep an eye on this kid, he's going places." After directing episodes of various TV shows, including some early Columbo TV movies, Spielberg directed his first well-known feature with a 1971 TV "movie-of-the-week" entitled Duel (later released to theatres overseas and eventually in the U.S.). This film, about a truck mysteriously terrorizing an average citizen, has become a cult classic, having been released on video several times over the years.

Move to theatrical films

Spielberg's debut theatrical feature film, The Sugarland Express (takes place and filmed on location in Sugar Land, Texas and is about a husband and wife attempting to escape the law), won him critical praise and enough studio backing to be chosen as the director of a summer movie that would secure him a place in the history of motion pictures: Jaws, a horror film based on the Peter Benchley novel about encounters with a killer shark. Jaws won four Academy Awards (for editing and sound), and grossed over US$100 million at the box office, setting the domestic record for box office gross.

In 1976, Spielberg was asked by Alexander Salkind to direct Superman, but decided instead to expand on a pet project he had on his mind since his youth: a film about UFOs, which became Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977). The film remains a cult sci-fi classic among its fans.

The success Spielberg was beginning to enjoy, as well as his eventual tendency to make films with wide mainstream and commercial appeal, also subjected him to disdain in critical circles by film reviewers. For example, Spielberg's next film was 1941, a big-budgeted World War II comedy farce set in L.A. days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, with the two top stars from Saturday Night Live, Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi, along with other all-stars. Although the film did make a small profit, it is considered by some to be Spielberg's first flop, although today it is also considered a cult classic. An expanded version has been shown on network television and later on Laserdisc and DVD.

Spielberg at his pinnacle

But what some would consider Spielberg's greatest film work was still to come, beginning in the 1980s. In 1981, Spielberg teamed up for the first time with his friend George Lucas to make Raiders of the Lost Ark, his homage to the cliffhanger serials of the Golden Age of Hollywood, with Harrison Ford (whom Lucas directed in Star Wars) as the dashing hero Indiana Jones. Raiders itself spawned two sequels, also directed by Spielberg and executive produced by Lucas.

One year later, Spielberg returned to his alien visitors motif with E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, a Disney-inspired story of a boy and the alien whom he befriends (and is trying to get back "home" to outer space). E.T. went on to become the top-grossing film of all time for many years.

When E.T. was released, Steven Spielberg, a Porsche 928 aficionado, had his car's moon-roof button re-designed with the movie's logo as both a gag for passengers, and a tribute to the movie's success. Despite their enormous appeal, few film scholars and critics place such Spielberg films as Raiders or E.T. in the same class as The Godfather, Citizen Kane, or many other classics of the cinema.

In 1985, Spielberg made The Color Purple, an adaptation of Alice Walker's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel. Many critics were unsure of whether or not Spielberg could handle such serious material, as his output to that point had been viewed as "lighter" entertainment. The film was released to great acclaim and proved Spielberg's ability as a serious, dramatic filmmaker. It received 11 Academy Award nominations in 1986, but Spielberg was snubbed in the Best Director category, which sent shockwaves through Hollywood. However, Spielberg was awarded the Directors Guild Award for his work on the film.

Although nominated throughout his career for an Academy Award, the gold statuette had long eluded Spielberg, although in 1986 he was awarded The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award for his work as a creative producer up to that point.

Spielberg had tried numerous times to film a live-action version of Peter Pan without success. He eventually decided to create his own take on the Pan legend in 1991. Hook focused on a middle-aged Pan (played by Robin Williams), who returns to Neverland to face the title character (Captain Hook, played by Dustin Hoffman). The over-budget film was not a box-office success.

In 1993, Spielberg decided to once again tackle the adventure genre, as he released the movie version of Michael Crichton's novel Jurassic Park, about killer dinosaurs rampaging through a tropical island resort. It would eventually overtake E.T. as the all-time top grossing film for several years (until James Cameron's Titanic).

It was in that same year that Spielberg finally won the critical acclaim he had long sought for making Schindler's List (based on a novel about a man who sacrificed everything to save thousands of people from the wrath of the Holocaust). That film earned him his first regular Academy Award for Best Director (it also won Best Picture).

Another of Spielberg's most critically acclaimed films, Saving Private Ryan, was released in 1998. Spielberg considered it one of his finest works, yet in a highly publicized "showdown", it lost the Best Picture Oscar at the 1999 Academy Awards to Shakespeare in Love.

Into a new century

In 2001, Spielberg filmed fellow director and friend Stanley Kubrick's final project, A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, a project planned for many years but which Kubrick was unable to finish during his lifetime. The futuristic story of a humanoid android longing for love, A.I. featured groundbreaking visual effects, but unfortunately was not the blockbuster film Spielberg had hoped for. The film drew mixed reviews.

In recent years, Spielberg has gained increased popularity through Minority Report (2002), starring Tom Cruise as a futuristic cop on the run from his own future; and Catch Me If You Can (also in 2002), a story about a con-man (with Leonardo di Caprio and Tom Hanks). Spielberg used Hanks again in 2004 for The Terminal, the story of an East European traveller living in an airport terminal.

As of 2004, he has won two Academy Awards for Best Director, one for Schindler's List and another for Saving Private Ryan.

In August 2004, Spielberg's newest project, a modernized adaptation of War of the Worlds was greenlit. Production started in October 2004 and is currently set for release on June 29, 2005. This movie will also feature Tom Cruise in a leading role. Industrial Light and Magic (ILM) will provide the special effects.

As of March 2005, Spielberg is slated to direct the Untitled 1972 Munich Olympics Project, formerly known as Vengeance. This film is written by Pulitzer Prize winning playwright Tony Kushner.

Films by Spielberg

  • War of the Worlds (2005)
  • The Terminal (2004)
  • Catch Me If You Can (2002)
  • Minority Report (2002)
  • A.I.: Artificial Intelligence (2001)
  • Saving Private Ryan (1998) (Academy Award, Best Director)
  • The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997)
  • Amistad (1997)
  • Schindler's List (1993) (Academy Award, Best Director, Best Picture)
  • Jurassic Park (1993)
  • Hook (1991)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989)
  • Always (1989)
  • Empire of the Sun (1987)
  • The Color Purple (1985)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984)
  • E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982)
  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
  • 1941 (1979)
  • Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977)
  • Jaws (1975)
  • The Sugarland Express (1974)

See also: List of Spielberg films

Side projects

Spielberg has produced (without directing) a considerable number of films, and can be credited with launching the career of Robert Zemeckis. He is also a lover of animated cartoons, and has produced several hit cartoons (and a few flops), including Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, and Freakazoid.

He was also, for a short time, the executive producer of the long-running medical drama ER which currently airs on NBC.

He is one of the co-founders of Dreamworks Pictures (Dreamworks SKG, with Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen providing the other letters in the company name), which has released all of his movies since Amistad in 1997.

Following the critical and box office success of Schindler's List in 1993, Spielberg founded and continues to finance the Shoah Project, a non-profit organization with the goal of providing an archive for the filmed testimony of as many survivors of the Holocaust as possible, so that their stories will not be lost in the future.

Personal

Spielberg is married to actress Kate Capshaw, whom he cast in Indiana Jones and the Temple Of Doom. He has seven children—four biological: Max Spielberg (from his former marriage to actress Amy Irving), Sasha, Sawyer, and Destry Spielberg (from his current marriage to Capshaw); two adopted (Theo and Mikaela Spielberg); and one stepdaughter (Jessica Capshaw).

Trivia

  • While the films that Steven Spielberg directed have won numerous awards, no actor or actress has won an Academy Award for a performance for one of his films.
  • Spielberg had a cameo role as the Cook County assessor in the last minutes of the 1980 film The Blues Brothers.
  • In 1982 Ben Kingsley won Best Actor and Richard Attenborough won Best Director for the film Gandhi, which beat Steven Spielberg's film E.T. for Best Picture. Eleven years later, in 1993, Steven Spielberg cast Richard Attenborough as the grandfather in Jurassic Park (his first performance in 13 years) and Ben Kingsley in Schindler's List. Steven Spielberg won Best Director and Best Picture Oscars that year.
  • Spielberg, an Eagle Scout, designed the requirements for the Boy Scout Cinematography merit badge.
  • The asteroid 25930 Spielberg is named in his honour.
  • Supports the Democratic Party of United States.
  • He went to Saratoga High School and quipped that it was the "worst experience" of his life and "hell on Earth". [1] (http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro/05.29.97/spielberg-9722.html)
  • In 2002 Spielberg was awarded a B.A. in Film Production and Electronic Arts with an option in Film/Video Production from California State University, Long Beach. He first enrolled at Long Beach State in 1965.
  • The A&E Network is expected to announce that it will produce a two-hour drama about the relationship between filmmakers George Lucas and Steven Spielberg. According to Daily Variety, the biopic, tentatively titled Celluloid Titans, is being executive produced by Jody Brockway.
  • For his work on the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation since 1994, he was awarded with the Great Cross of Merit with Star, the German version of the Great Officer's Cross, in September 1998 for "a very noticeable contribution to the issue of the Holocaust".

Urban legends

Spielberg started a fanciful story of how he broke into Hollywood by sneakily squatting in an unoccupied office on the Universal Studios lot. In fact, he had an unpaid summer job on the lot.


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Spielberg started a fanciful story of how he broke into Hollywood by sneakily squatting in an unoccupied office on the Universal Studios lot. In fact, he had an unpaid summer job on the lot. It replayed memorable moments from season one as well as gave viewers a preview of the season finale. He has seven children—four biological: Max Spielberg (from his former marriage to actress Amy Irving), Sasha, Sawyer, and Destry Spielberg (from his current marriage to Capshaw); two adopted (Theo and Mikaela Spielberg); and one stepdaughter (Jessica Capshaw). The episode was interestingly enough not narrated by Brenda Strong. Spielberg is married to actress Kate Capshaw, whom he cast in Indiana Jones and the Temple Of Doom. 1 On April 24, 2005 a special episode aired called "Desperate Housewives: Sorting Out the Dirty Laundry". Following the critical and box office success of Schindler's List in 1993, Spielberg founded and continues to finance the Shoah Project, a non-profit organization with the goal of providing an archive for the filmed testimony of as many survivors of the Holocaust as possible, so that their stories will not be lost in the future. Main article: Desperate Housewives episodes (Season 1).

He is one of the co-founders of Dreamworks Pictures (Dreamworks SKG, with Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen providing the other letters in the company name), which has released all of his movies since Amistad in 1997. Note: Before Episode 3, Penny's name was Daisy. He was also, for a short time, the executive producer of the long-running medical drama ER which currently airs on NBC. At least once every episode, the 'surviving' housewives (Mary Alice was one of the group before her suicide) meet and discuss over either coffee or poker the events in the current storyline. He is also a lover of animated cartoons, and has produced several hit cartoons (and a few flops), including Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, and Freakazoid. The show also follows the mystery of why Mary Alice took her own life and precisely who Mike Delfino really is. Spielberg has produced (without directing) a considerable number of films, and can be credited with launching the career of Robert Zemeckis. The story is unraveled through her four friends and neighbors.

See also: List of Spielberg films. Mary Alice's suicide left behind a puzzle involving her husband Paul, son Zack, and a mysterious toy chest. This film is written by Pulitzer Prize winning playwright Tony Kushner. The show begins with the suicide of Mary Alice Young, who narrates the episodes from beyond the grave. As of March 2005, Spielberg is slated to direct the Untitled 1972 Munich Olympics Project, formerly known as Vengeance. Tagline: Everyone has a little dirty laundry.. Industrial Light and Magic (ILM) will provide the special effects. Though it is not uncommon for soap opera characters to make melodramatically questionable decisions, in the first season of "Housewives" almost every character (including children) has arguably committed a major crime.

This movie will also feature Tom Cruise in a leading role. The show has come under critical fire by religious and conservative groups due to what some consider the seeming lack of morality amongst the characters. Production started in October 2004 and is currently set for release on June 29, 2005. Nicolette Sheridan was also nominated for Best Supporting Actress in a Television Series - Musical or Comedy. In August 2004, Spielberg's newest project, a modernized adaptation of War of the Worlds was greenlit. On January 16, 2005, it won that top honor, and star Teri Hatcher won the Golden Globe for Best Actress in a Television Series - Musical or Comedy (Felicity Huffman and Marcia Cross were nominated as well). As of 2004, he has won two Academy Awards for Best Director, one for Schindler's List and another for Saving Private Ryan. In its first season out, Desperate Housewives was nominated for five Golden Globe Awards, including the Golden Globe for Best Television Series - Musical or Comedy.

Spielberg used Hanks again in 2004 for The Terminal, the story of an East European traveller living in an airport terminal. Phil and Oprah. The show has been credited with almost single-handedly (along with Lost) reviving the long-dormant fortunes of ABC, whose last major ratings hit had been Who Wants to Be a Millionaire. In recent years, Spielberg has gained increased popularity through Minority Report (2002), starring Tom Cruise as a futuristic cop on the run from his own future; and Catch Me If You Can (also in 2002), a story about a con-man (with Leonardo di Caprio and Tom Hanks). The series was unique in that it rocketed to the top of the ratings from the premiere episode, and immediately the term "desperate housewives" became a cultural phenomenon, warranting "the real desperate housewives" features in magazines and such TV shows as Dr. The film drew mixed reviews. Cherry initially pitched the series to HBO, CBS, NBC, Fox, Showtime, and Lifetime; but all turned it down for one reason or another. The futuristic story of a humanoid android longing for love, A.I. featured groundbreaking visual effects, but unfortunately was not the blockbuster film Spielberg had hoped for. The tone and style of the series combine elements of drama, comedy, mystery, satire, and soap opera.

In 2001, Spielberg filmed fellow director and friend Stanley Kubrick's final project, A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, a project planned for many years but which Kubrick was unable to finish during his lifetime. Set on Wisteria Lane in the fictional town of Fairview, the series tracks the lives of four housewives, following their domestic struggles while several mysteries unfold in the background. Spielberg considered it one of his finest works, yet in a highly publicized "showdown", it lost the Best Picture Oscar at the 1999 Academy Awards to Shakespeare in Love. Desperate Housewives is an American television series, created by Marc Cherry, that began airing on ABC in 2004. Another of Spielberg's most critically acclaimed films, Saving Private Ryan, was released in 1998. Portugal: May 22, 2005 on SIC. It was in that same year that Spielberg finally won the critical acclaim he had long sought for making Schindler's List (based on a novel about a man who sacrificed everything to save thousands of people from the wrath of the Holocaust). That film earned him his first regular Academy Award for Best Director (it also won Best Picture). Hong Kong: May 12, 2005 on TVB Pearl.

It would eventually overtake E.T. as the all-time top grossing film for several years (until James Cameron's Titanic). However, it was initially broadcasted in Sony Entertainment Television several months ago. In 1993, Spielberg decided to once again tackle the adventure genre, as he released the movie version of Michael Crichton's novel Jurassic Park, about killer dinosaurs rampaging through a tropical island resort. Mexico: May 3, 2005 on Canal 7 (VHF). The over-budget film was not a box-office success. Germany: April 12, 2005 on PRO 7 (free-to-air, dubbed in German). Hook focused on a middle-aged Pan (played by Robin Williams), who returns to Neverland to face the title character (Captain Hook, played by Dustin Hoffman). Switzerland: April 11, 2005 on SF DRS.

He eventually decided to create his own take on the Pan legend in 1991. Sweden: March 29, 2005 on Kanal 5. Spielberg had tried numerous times to film a live-action version of Peter Pan without success. Spain: March 3, 2005 on FOX. Thalberg Memorial Award for his work as a creative producer up to that point. Denmark: March 2, 2005 on TV2. Although nominated throughout his career for an Academy Award, the gold statuette had long eluded Spielberg, although in 1986 he was awarded The Irving G. Netherlands: March 1, 2005 on Net 5.

However, Spielberg was awarded the Directors Guild Award for his work on the film. Turkey: February 28, 2005 on CNBC-é. It received 11 Academy Award nominations in 1986, but Spielberg was snubbed in the Best Director category, which sent shockwaves through Hollywood. Italy: February 22, 2005 on FOX Life. The film was released to great acclaim and proved Spielberg's ability as a serious, dramatic filmmaker. Croatia: February 17, 2005 on Nova TV. Many critics were unsure of whether or not Spielberg could handle such serious material, as his output to that point had been viewed as "lighter" entertainment. Singapore: January 31, 2005 on MediaCorp TV Channel 5.

In 1985, Spielberg made The Color Purple, an adaptation of Alice Walker's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel. This registered 2.5 million viewers, one of the highest for a premiere in Australian history. Despite their enormous appeal, few film scholars and critics place such Spielberg films as Raiders or E.T. in the same class as The Godfather, Citizen Kane, or many other classics of the cinema. Australia: January 31, 2005 on the Seven Network. When E.T. was released, Steven Spielberg, a Porsche 928 aficionado, had his car's moon-roof button re-designed with the movie's logo as both a gag for passengers, and a tribute to the movie's success. Belgium: January 21, 2005 on één. E.T. went on to become the top-grossing film of all time for many years. United Kingdom: January 5, 2005 on Channel 4 (each episode followed by a première of the next on E4 - which therefore did not initially screen episode 1, but re-ran episodes 1 and 2 later in the first week).

the Extra-Terrestrial, a Disney-inspired story of a boy and the alien whom he befriends (and is trying to get back "home" to outer space). Ireland: January 4, 2005 on RTE2. One year later, Spielberg returned to his alien visitors motif with E.T. Brazil: November 4, 2004 on Sony Entertainment Television. Raiders itself spawned two sequels, also directed by Spielberg and executive produced by Lucas. Germany: October 14, 2004 on Premiere (German pay TV, undubbed original version). In 1981, Spielberg teamed up for the first time with his friend George Lucas to make Raiders of the Lost Ark, his homage to the cliffhanger serials of the Golden Age of Hollywood, with Harrison Ford (whom Lucas directed in Star Wars) as the dashing hero Indiana Jones. United States and Canada: October 3, 2004 on ABC (US) and CTV (Canada).

But what some would consider Spielberg's greatest film work was still to come, beginning in the 1980s. Theme music composer: Danny Elfman. An expanded version has been shown on network television and later on Laserdisc and DVD. Producer: Touchstone Television. Although the film did make a small profit, it is considered by some to be Spielberg's first flop, although today it is also considered a cult classic. He also said that the cast is expendable and at any time a character can die without the actor knowing. days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, with the two top stars from Saturday Night Live, Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi, along with other all-stars. Steven Culp confirmed on the Tonight Show with Jay Leno, he would not return at all next year and that his character really is dead.

For example, Spielberg's next film was 1941, a big-budgeted World War II comedy farce set in L.A. [1] (http://terraservice.net/image.aspx?T=4&S=8&Z=11&X=7519&Y=75568&W=2). The success Spielberg was beginning to enjoy, as well as his eventual tendency to make films with wide mainstream and commercial appeal, also subjected him to disdain in critical circles by film reviewers. An aerial photograph of the set is available from Microsoft TerraServer. The film remains a cult sci-fi classic among its fans. It includes the houses used in The Munsters and the 1989 film The Burbs. In 1976, Spielberg was asked by Alexander Salkind to direct Superman, but decided instead to expand on a pet project he had on his mind since his youth: a film about UFOs, which became Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977). The show's set is on the Universal Studios backlot and has been used for decades in many TV and movie productions to represent a typical American suburban neighborhood.

Jaws won four Academy Awards (for editing and sound), and grossed over US$100 million at the box office, setting the domestic record for box office gross. On April 22, Touchstone announced Mehcad Brooks would also join as Woodard's son. Spielberg's debut theatrical feature film, The Sugarland Express (takes place and filmed on location in Sugar Land, Texas and is about a husband and wife attempting to escape the law), won him critical praise and enough studio backing to be chosen as the director of a summer movie that would secure him a place in the history of motion pictures: Jaws, a horror film based on the Peter Benchley novel about encounters with a killer shark. On April 13, 2005, Touchstone Television announced Alfre Woodard would join the Desperate Housewives cast starting from the second season as the first African-American 'wife' on the street. This film, about a truck mysteriously terrorizing an average citizen, has become a cult classic, having been released on video several times over the years. Various sources on the Internet and in the press have stated that the likes of Madonna, Britney Spears, Oprah Winfrey and Miranda Richardson (Richardson, in fact was considered, but declined the role of an English nanny) have expressed interest in guest starring on the show, however, it is unlikely they will ever get the opportunity as the producers do not want big names to distract the viewer from the plot. While working on this segment its star Joan Crawford collared a production executive and said, "Keep an eye on this kid, he's going places." After directing episodes of various TV shows, including some early Columbo TV movies, Spielberg directed his first well-known feature with a 1971 TV "movie-of-the-week" entitled Duel (later released to theatres overseas and eventually in the U.S.). Every episode title in the first season references a song title, many of them by Stephen Sondheim: they include Every Day a Little Death and The Ladies Who Lunch.

He was making amateur 8mm "adventure" movies with his friends as a teenager (scenes from these amateur films have been included on the DVD edition of Saving Private Ryan), and he made his first short film for theatrical release, Amblin', in 1968 at the age of twenty one. (Spielberg's own production company, Amblin Entertainment, was named after this short film.) His maiden directorial work was a segment of the pilot film to Rod Serling's Night Gallery. Opening credits contain references to famous pieces of art, including American Gothic and The Arnolfini Portrait. Spielberg is known by film historians as one of the famous "movie brats" of the 1970s: along with fellow filmmakers (and personal friends) George Lucas, Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, John Milius, and Brian De Palma, Spielberg grew up making movies. Lee was replaced, of course, by Brenda Strong for the series; both had played regular roles as dead people before, Strong on Everwood and Lee on Twin Peaks. He is seen as a figure who has the influence, financial resources, and acceptance of Hollywood studio authorities to make any movie he wants to make, be it a mainstream action-adventure movie (Jurassic Park) or a three-hour-long black and white drama about a controversial historical subject (Schindler's List). In the original pilot, Mary Alice Young was played by Sheryl Lee; Gardener John Rowland by Kyle Searles; and Rex Van De Kamp by Michael Reilly Burke. As of 2004, he has been listed in Premiere and other magazines as the most "powerful" and influential figure in the motion picture industry. Ryan O'Neal - Rodney Scavo (1 Episode).

Spielberg is the most financially successful motion picture director of all time. He has helmed an astounding number of feature films that have become enormous box-office hits, and this has given him enormous influence in Hollywood. Rick Ravanello - Bill Cunningham (1 Episode). One consistent theme in his work is a childlike, even naïve sense of wonderment and faith, as attested by works like Close Encounters of the Third Kind, E.T., Hook and A.I.. Marlee Matlin - Alisha Stevens (1 Episode). He is noted in recent years for his willingness to tackle emotionally powerful issues, such as the horrors of the Holocaust in Schindler's List, the inhumanity of slavery in Amistad, and the hardships of war in Saving Private Ryan. Kathryn Joosten - Karen McCluskey (2 Episodes). Steven Allan Spielberg (born on December 18, 1946 in Cincinnati, Ohio but raised in the suburbs of Haddonfield, New Jersey and Scottsdale, Arizona), is an American film director whose films range from science fiction to historical drama to horror. Bob Newhart - Morty (2 Episodes).

For his work on the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation since 1994, he was awarded with the Great Cross of Merit with Star, the German version of the Great Officer's Cross, in September 1998 for "a very noticeable contribution to the issue of the Holocaust". Heather Stephens - Kendra Taylor (2 Episodes). According to Daily Variety, the biopic, tentatively titled Celluloid Titans, is being executive produced by Jody Brockway. Sharon Lawrence - Maisy Gibbons (3 Episodes). The A&E Network is expected to announce that it will produce a two-hour drama about the relationship between filmmakers George Lucas and Steven Spielberg. Marla Sokoloff - Claire (3 Episodes). He first enrolled at Long Beach State in 1965. Emily Christine - Ashley Bukowski (3 Episodes).

in Film Production and Electronic Arts with an option in Film/Video Production from California State University, Long Beach. Richard Burgi - Karl Mayer (3 Episodes). In 2002 Spielberg was awarded a B.A. Albert Goldfine (4 Episodes). [1] (http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro/05.29.97/spielberg-9722.html). Sam Lloyd - Dr. He went to Saratoga High School and quipped that it was the "worst experience" of his life and "hell on Earth". Melinda McGraw - Annabel Foster (4 Episodes).

Supports the Democratic Party of United States. Lesley Ann Warren - Sophie Bremmer (4 Episodes). The asteroid 25930 Spielberg is named in his honour. Bob Gunton - Noah Taylor (5 Episodes). Spielberg, an Eagle Scout, designed the requirements for the Boy Scout Cinematography merit badge. Ryan Carnes - Justin (5 Episodes). Steven Spielberg won Best Director and Best Picture Oscars that year. Lupe Ontiveros - Juanita Solis (6 Episodes).

Eleven years later, in 1993, Steven Spielberg cast Richard Attenborough as the grandfather in Jurassic Park (his first performance in 13 years) and Ben Kingsley in Schindler's List. Lucille Soong - Yao Lin (7 Episodes). In 1982 Ben Kingsley won Best Actor and Richard Attenborough won Best Director for the film Gandhi, which beat Steven Spielberg's film E.T. for Best Picture. Richard Roundtree - Jerry Shaw (7 Episodes). Spielberg had a cameo role as the Cook County assessor in the last minutes of the 1980 film The Blues Brothers. Christine Estabrook - Martha Huber (9 Episodes). While the films that Steven Spielberg directed have won numerous awards, no actor or actress has won an Academy Award for a performance for one of his films. Joy Lauren - Danielle Van De Kamp (9 Episodes).

The Sugarland Express (1974). Harriet Sansom Harris - Felicia Tilman (10 Episodes). Jaws (1975). Shawn Pyfrom - Andrew Van De Kamp (12 Episodes). Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977). Brent Kinsman - Preston Scavo (24 Episodes). 1941 (1979). Shane Kinsman - Porter Scavo (24 Episodes).

Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981). Zane Huett - Parker Scavo (24 Episodes). the Extra-Terrestrial (1982). Steven Culp - Rex Van De Kamp (Season 1). E.T. James Denton - Mike Delfino. Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984). Brenda Strong - Mary Alice Young/Angela Forrest.

The Color Purple (1985). Cody Kasch - Zach Young. Empire of the Sun (1987). Jesse Metcalfe - John Rowland. Always (1989). Andrea Bowen - Julie Mayer. Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989). Mark Moses - Paul Young.

Hook (1991). Ricardo Chavira - Carlos Solis. Jurassic Park (1993). Doug Savant - Tom Scavo. Schindler's List (1993) (Academy Award, Best Director, Best Picture). Roger Bart - George Williams. Amistad (1997). Mehcad Brooks - Matthew Applewhite.

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997). Alfre Woodard - Betty Applewhite. Saving Private Ryan (1998) (Academy Award, Best Director). Nicolette Sheridan - Edie Britt. A.I.: Artificial Intelligence (2001). Eva Longoria - Gabrielle Solis. Minority Report (2002). Marcia Cross - Bree Van De Kamp.

Catch Me If You Can (2002). Felicity Huffman - Lynette Scavo. The Terminal (2004). Teri Hatcher - Susan Mayer. War of the Worlds (2005). He was beaten up by Carlos Solis on suspicion of having an affair with Gabrielle. Justin: John's roommate, he has been having a sexual relationship with Andrew Van De Kamp, and he - at least - has developed emotional feelings.

Martha has a sister, Felicia Tilman, who coincidentally knew Mary Alice and was very suspicious of Paul Young. She was killed by Paul Young in the first season. Martha Huber: a nosy neighbor who sent Mary Alice Young the blackmail note which led to her suicide, which was discovered by her after hearing a shot from her kitchen. She was arrested during season one and her "little black book" with all the names of her clients was publicly exposed.

Maisy Gibbons: a woman who was found to be selling sex to various men around the neighborhood, including Rex Van De Kamp. But she was attacked with a hockey stick courtesy of Zach and it is unknown what condition she is in. She had been entrusted with Zach's care after she blackmailed Paul Young into giving him up. She was originally working in Utah with Mary Alice Young when she was a nurse by the name of Angela Forrest, she came to Fairview to find out what happened to her sister, and ends up exposing Zach Young to the truth about himself that Paul has kept hidden from him.

Felicia Tilman: Martha Huber's sister, she always hated Martha. She appears in the last episode of season one. Dierdre Taylor: Mike Delfino's ex-girlfriend who was on drugs, Zach's real mother and the woman Mary Alice killed and stuffed inside a toy chest. However, she was fired by Lynette after it was found out she was sexually exciting her husband.

Claire: a nanny who was hired by Lynette to help her take care of her kids. She gets the promotion of Vice President which Tom was eyeing. Annabel Foster: Tom Scavo's ex-fiancee, Lynette is extremely jealous of her and has been doing anything she can to break her up from Tom. He is now responsible for the death of Rex Van De Kamp through his tampering with Rex's prescription drugs, though some speculate that the so-called "death" may have been a stunt pulled of by Rex himself.

It had been found out that he is obsessed with Bree, as can be noted by the scene showing him watching survielence footage of her, and had been doing anything in his power to destroy the Van De Kamps' already rocky marriage. Rex immediately took offence to his advances on his wife and it culminated with him being pushed into a pool at Carlos Solis's going-away party. He returned after a short absence and started to lust after Bree. Things were going extremely well until Bree shot off his toe (by accident) with a gun that was given to her as a gift by George.

George Williams: The Van De Kamp family pharmacist, who started to have a sexual relationship with Bree after she found out that Rex was having an extra-marital affair with Maisy Gibbons. Carlos found out that John was the one having the affair with Gabrielle at the end of season one, Carlos promised John that he "would kill him". However after Carlos abused Gabrielle, she came running right back into his arms. John also had a relationship with Danielle Van De Kamp, until Bree asked him to be brutally honest with her.

He proposed to her, but Gabrielle, who was threatened with legal proceedings by his parents, talked him out of it. John was then convinced that the connection between Gabrielle and him meant a lot more than just sex. John Rowland: Gabrielle and Carlos's (former) 18 year old gardener, he was having an affair with Gabrielle until Juanita discovered their secret. Mike is possibly Zach Young's biological father. There is also a possibility that the corrupt cop could be Zach's biological father however either way this has not yet been revealed.

Delfino was at one point convicted of dealing drugs and committing manslaughter when he accidentally killed a corrupt cop who was forcing Dierdre to have sex with him to keep quiet about her drug addiction (Dierdre, not Mike, was the drug dealer). It was discovered that the toy chest that was dug up from the Young family pool contained the remains of Dierdre. Mike Delfino: a man who posed as the friendly neighborhood plumber, but who was actually working to find his former girlfriend (Dierdre Taylor) who had been missing for years and whose father, Noah, was dying. In the pilot episode, Martha Huber mentions Edie has a son but he is never seen or mentioned again in season 1, however it was recently confirmed that he will appear in season 2.

It was found out that even after all this time she was still interested in trying to move in on Mike. Edie Britt: a serial divorcee, man-hungry real estate agent who tried to steal Mike away when not having sex with someone else. He is suspected to have a future role on the show in the field of carpentry, as a side plot to Mike Delfino's plumbing business. Matthew Applewhite: Matthew is Betty's only child, and struggles under her extreme religious views and her over-protectiveness.

Betty Applewhite: The first African-American housewife joined the series as a recurring guest in the final episode of season one, and will join as part of the main cast in season two. She is a single mother, with strong religious beliefs. There is a possibility that Zach's biological father is Mike Delfino, however Mike was not aware that Dierdre had a son until the season one finale. Zach has been commonly referred to in many forums now as "Zana." Zach is the biological son of Dierdre Taylor, who was killed by Mary Alice while attempting to take her child back after recovering from drug addiction. However, later it was discovered that Zach's original name was "Dana".

Early in season one Zach was disturbed with visions of killing his younger sister, Dana. This innocent infatuation turned into a strong obsession, and he was dumped by Julie. Zach eventually got her to agree to let him stay in her bedroom after he had escaped from a juvenile rehabilitation center. Zach Young/Dana: The mentally unstable son of Paul, he found love in the form of Julie Mayer who befriended him.

It was believed that Mike wanted to kill him to get revenge for Dierdre, however, Mike spared him. He also had been drugging his son with tranquilizers to keep him from seeing Felicia Tillman. He helped his wife dispose of Dierdre Taylor's body after Mary Alice killed her. When he found out it was his neighbour Martha Huber, he strangled her and dumped the body, but he also put Martha Huber's bracelet and ring in Mike Delfino's garage to try and frame him.

Paul Young: The widower of Mary Alice, who tried to find out exactly what caused her death and who sent the note to her. Witnessed by a Zach as a small child. Also Mary Alice is the murderer of Dierdre Taylor (when Dierdre returned several years later and demanded the child back) whom she stabbed in the chest, before cutting her body up and stuffing her in a toy chest. Huber to avenge his wife's death.

Later Paul Young killed Mrs. After receiving this note, Mary Alice killed herself. Huber who in turn writes the blackmail note which gets sent to Mary Alice. Mary Alice was scared the police might find out that she had "Dana" in her possession, so she moved to Fairview where she re-named the baby Zach and changed her name to Mary Alice Young (to try and avoid being traced). In a flashback we see Felicia Tillman explaining the whole story to Mrs.

Deirde sold the baby to her in order to feed her drug habit. One of her patients at the rehabilition clinic was a drug-addict (Dierdre Taylor) who gave birth to a baby boy named "Dana". Her real name is Angela Forrest and she worked with Martha Huber's sister Felicia Tillman at a rehabilitation clinic in Utah several years ago. Mary Alice Young/Angela Forrest: The deceased wife of Paul Young, who one day decided to end her life by committing suicide, narrates the show from beyond the grave.

Before dying Juanita told a nurse of Gabrielle's infidelity; however, the nurse couldn't hear her because she was wearing headphones and listening to loud music. She remained in a coma for five months before awakening, only to fall to her death down a flight of stairs at the hospital. Juanita Solis: the deceased nosy mother of Carlos, who was convinced that Gabrielle was cheating on him with another man, she had obtained photographic evidence of the affair moments before being accidentally run over by Andrew Van De Kamp. Gabrielle originally refused to get him off doing extra time after finding out it was him who messed with her birth control, but then she decided to blackmail him into taking complete care of the baby in exchange for her testimony.

Due to apparent financial difficulties, Carlos took a plea bargain which forces him to serve eight months in jail; separately, he was going to be tried in two hate crimes against two gay men (the family cable guy & Justin) whom he thought were having affairs with Gabrielle. Carlos wants to begin a family, so much so that he secretly replaced his wife's birth control pillswith M&Ms since Gabrielle is against the idea of getting pregnant. Carlos Solis: the husband of Gabrielle who has some trouble with the law and a very meddling mother. She almost left Carlos after finding out the truth about her birth control pills, but she eventually decided to blackmail him into taking complete care of the baby in return for her testimony.

Towards the end of season one, Gabrielle learns she's pregnant and that her husband has been replacing her birth control pills with sugar pills. She absolutely despises Carlos' mother Juanita. She questions her relation ship with Carlos, commenting once that she loved him, and all her teenage fantasies had been fulfilled, yet she still wasn't happy. Gabrielle Solis: a former model who married her husband Carlos for money, but found satisfaction with her teenage gardener John Rowland.

Danielle Van De Kamp: seemingly the most normal member of the family, 15-year-old daughter Danielle was the head of her school's abstinence club, but Bree discovered she had planned to give up her virginity to her ex-boyfriend, John Rowland, in order to lure him back to her. After using his sexuality to manipulate his way out of a juvenile delinquent boot camp, Andrew vowed to play the perfect son for his mother until the day he gets his revenge and destroys her world. It has also been revealed that he is gay (or bisexual) following his 'escapades' with John Rowland's roommate Justin. He was expelled from school for smoking marijuana on school grounds and was involved in a hit-and-run while under the influence that landed Juanita Solis in the hospital.

Andrew Van De Kamp: the highly troubled and possibly sociopathic 16-year-old son of Bree Van De Kamp. Creator Marc Cherry has stated that Rex is truly dead, however Marcia Cross has stated that Rex is dead, at least to Bree. Rex's "death" may or may not be completely as it seems. As a result, Rex appears to die, due to a heart failure on the season finale, convinced by the doctor that Bree altered his diet and killed him.

However, because his pharmacist was in love with Bree and jealous of their marriage, Rex was not receiving the proper medication to prevent further heart complications. Rex had a near-fatal heart attack. He also wanted to divorce Bree because he could no longer "live in this detergent commercial" and because of his inability to ask his wife to dominate him. Rex Van De Kamp: the doctor husband of Bree, it was found out that he had an extra-marital affair with local homemaker/prostitute Maisy Gibbons.

At the end of Season One, she reconciled with Rex over what happened with their family before he died. She was fiercely determined to save her marriage and would do anything to protect her family, as evidenced by her cover-up of son Andrew's hit-and-run. Bree is obsessively concerned with perfection, keeping up appearances, as shown when Rex claimed "I find it bizarre that your hair never moves from its place," and showing as little emotion as possible, much to the displeasure of her family. Bree Mason Van De Kamp: described as "Martha Stewart on steroids," Bree is a deeply religious WASP, ultra-conservative ex-young Republican control freak who was trapped in a sterile marriage with Rex, her fed-up husband, and her rebellious children.

Penny Scavo: A baby girl, 18 months old. After the twins put gum in his hair, Lynette shaved his head and used Parker to get into a yoga class by pretending he was afflicted with cancer. Parker Scavo: The third son of the Scavos. They repeatedly misbehave and drive Lynette to distraction.

Preston and Porter Scavo: The Scavos' twin boys. He seems to genuinely care about Lynette, being prepared to discuss family matters with her if she feels that they need to. Tom decides to become a house-husband after he loses his promotion to Annabel and subsequently quits his job. Tom has been keeping a secret from his wife that only his father, Rodney Scavo, knows about.

Tom Scavo: Lynette's husband, who is frequently out of town. However, this pushes her to the limit as the children become more and more badly behaved. She was hit by her mother, and refuses to spank her own children as a result. This ties to her desire to keep her family together, to the extent that she asks Tom's boss not to promote him, so that he won't take trips away.

Her husband, Tom, has been working with his ex-fiancee, Annabel; Lynette will do anything to keep them apart. Lynette Lindquist Scavo: an ex-career woman, now mother to three boys (two of whom are twins) and a baby girl. Considered to have been a corporate "shark", she has declined the option to go back to work, but misses it. Shes gets engaged in the episode "Sunday In the Park With George" after reconciling with ex-boyfriend Morty. Sophie Bremmer: Susan's meddling mother, who came to stay with her after she had exaggerated that her boyfriend Morty was abusing her.

Karl is somewhat jealous of Mike, and actually asks to get back together with Susan. Susan also discovers that he flirted with Edie whilst they were married. Karl Mayer: Susan's no-good ex-husband, Susan divorced him after he left her for his secretary, Brandi. She was briefly romantically involved with Zach Young, but came to find him disturbing and broke up with him.

She also helped to care for her mother after her divorce. Julie Mayer: Susan's 14 year old daughter, who usually helps her deal with problems regarding her love life. She also has a long-running competitveness with Edie Britt. Susan is also a neighborhood gossip and busy-body as she hired a private investigator to uncover the dark secrets of the Youngs and Mike Delfino.

She dislikes Zach, and worries about the threat he poses to her daughter, describing him as 'rampage-crazy' (whilst admitting that she herself is 'adorable-crazy'). She is particularly suspicious of Paul Young. She is naturally inquisitive, and is perhaps the driving force behind the housewives' efforts to discover the truth about Mary-Alice. She sees Mike as an opportunity to find a better life than the one she has been living.

After a difficult break-up with Karl, her ex-husband, she sufferred from depression for a long time, and was essentially cared for by her daughter, Julie. Susan Mayer: an attractive but annoyingly self-righteous single mother, dating Mike Delfino, the handsome plumber who has just moved in across the street.

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