Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. The county town is Stafford. Part of the National Forest lies within its borders. It adjoins the ceremonial counties of Cheshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Warwickshire, West Midlands, Worcestershire and Shropshire.
The major city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent. Lichfield is also a city but is considerably smaller. Major towns include Burton-upon-Trent, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Tamworth and Stafford itself.
Staffordshire is divided into a number of districts. These are Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Lichfield, Newcastle-under-Lyme, South Staffordshire, Stafford, Staffordshire Moorlands and Tamworth. Stoke-on-Trent is administered as a separate unitary authority.
Main article History of Staffordshire.
The historic county of Staffordshire included Wolverhampton, Walsall, and West Bromwich, these were removed in 1974 to the new county of West Midlands. The resulting administrative area of Staffordshire has a narrow southwards protrusion that runs west of West Midlands to the border of Worcestershire. Further, Stoke-on-Trent was removed in the 1990s to form a unitary authority, but is still considered part of Staffordshire for ceremonial and geographical purposes.
Historically, Staffordshire was divided into the five hundreds of Cuttlestone, Offlow, Pirehill, Seisdon and Totmonslow.
A type of bull terrier called the Staffordshire Bull Terrier was bred for hunting purposes in this county. Later, a fighting dog was created called the Staffordshire pit bull. They are known affectionately as "Staffies".
Due to Wedgewood's pottery being moved increasingly by road transport, and both the decline in mining, qarrying and farming in general, several once-busy stations were shut down. Staffordshire's railways were reduced by the Beeching report in the 1960s, and several stations, like Uttoxeter and Norton Bridge, only narrowly missed closure. Both Stone, Barlaston and Titensor, Wedgewood and Norton Bridge all closed in 2003, but may re-open due to heavy local campaigning around the town of Stone. Eturia, Longport and Kidsgrove closed in 2005, but only services to Eturia had any popular support.
The collieries handle mostly freight along with a few workers trains. Stoke-on-Trent's goods yard had closed by 2000 due to increased competition from road haulage.
Note: at both Brownhills, Oakmoor, Chedale, Caldon Lowe and Whitmore the lines are over-grown and/or the stations neglected; but they may re-open for freight trains or for use by railway enthusiasts.
Ian alan books - British railways atlas 1947, Complete atlas of railway station names (U.K., 2002 edition), Rail Atlas 1970, British railway atlas 1955. A few recent newspaper articles.
In the north and in the south the county is hilly, with wild moorlands in the far north and Cannock Chase an area of natural beauty in the south. In the middle regions the surface is low and undulating. Throughout the entire county there are vast and important coal fields. In the southern part there are also rich iron ore deposits. The largest river is the Trent. The soil is chiefly clay and agriculture was not highly developed until the mechanisation of farms.
Towns and villages
See the list of places in Staffordshire and the List of civil parishes in Staffordshire
Places of interest
This page about Staffordshire includes information from a Wikipedia article.
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See the list of places in Staffordshire and the List of civil parishes in Staffordshire. "Suburbia" Matthew Good Band. The soil is chiefly clay and agriculture was not highly developed until the mechanisation of farms. sit-coms are set in the suburbs, including the animated Family Guy and The Simpsons. The largest river is the Trent. Many U.S. In the southern part there are also rich iron ore deposits. Suburban life through the eyes of stay-at-home wives and mothers is portrayed in the ABC television series Desperate Housewives.
Throughout the entire county there are vast and important coal fields. The Australian show Kath & Kim pillories the nouveau white trash of subdivisions with exaggerated provincial accents and below-average intelligence. In the middle regions the surface is low and undulating. It was set in the fictional town of Knots Landing, California, and followed the lives of several families who lived on the suburban cul-de-sac Seaview Circle. In the north and in the south the county is hilly, with wild moorlands in the far north and Cannock Chase an area of natural beauty in the south. Knots Landing was a long-running show depicting suburban life. A few recent newspaper articles. It is set in Ramsay Street in suburban Erinsborough.
Ian alan books - British railways atlas 1947, Complete atlas of railway station names (U.K., 2002 edition), Rail Atlas 1970, British railway atlas 1955. Neighbours has been on television in Australia since 1985 and the United Kingdom from the following year. Note: at both Brownhills, Oakmoor, Chedale, Caldon Lowe and Whitmore the lines are over-grown and/or the stations neglected; but they may re-open for freight trains or for use by railway enthusiasts. On the other hand, the expected huge expansion of the town soon effectively covered the distance from the central town, and now those suburbs are completely engulfed by the main territory of the town, and other newer suburbs were created at a further distance from them. Stoke-on-Trent's goods yard had closed by 2000 due to increased competition from road haulage. Many critics have seen in this development pattern (that was circularly distributed in every direction) also a quick solution to a problem of public order (keeping the unwelcome poorest classes - together with criminals, in this way better controlled - comfortably remote from the elegant "official" town). The collieries handle mostly freight along with a few workers trains. In the illustrative case of Rome, Italy, in the 1920s and 1930s, suburbs were intentionally created ex novo in order to give lower classes a destination, in consideration of the actual and foreseen massive arrival of poor people from other areas of the country.
Eturia, Longport and Kidsgrove closed in 2005, but only services to Eturia had any popular support. The favelas of Rio de Janeiro may also be considered an example of this type of suburb. Both Stone, Barlaston and Titensor, Wedgewood and Norton Bridge all closed in 2003, but may re-open due to heavy local campaigning around the town of Stone. The occupiers of more industrialised or longer-lasting homes may refer to such suburbs as "shanty towns". Staffordshire's railways were reduced by the Beeching report in the 1960s, and several stations, like Uttoxeter and Norton Bridge, only narrowly missed closure. Often nomads settle their camps in suburbs. Due to Wedgewood's pottery being moved increasingly by road transport, and both the decline in mining, qarrying and farming in general, several once-busy stations were shut down. In some cases inhabitants just live off the waste materials produced by the city (like, increasingly, around new African towns) and usually in such situations suburbs and houses are roughly built, often not even in the traditional building materials, as seen for example in the bidonvilles.
They are known affectionately as "Staffies". It has been said that this would be sometimes a case of spontaneous or psychological apartheid. Later, a fighting dog was created called the Staffordshire pit bull. In the Third World, such slum areas are often irregularly built or managed, with individualistic, unregulated building and other forms of social or legal disorder. A type of bull terrier called the Staffordshire Bull Terrier was bred for hunting purposes in this county. An example in the developed world would be the banlieues of France, which are comparable to the inner cities of the UK and US. Historically, Staffordshire was divided into the five hundreds of Cuttlestone, Offlow, Pirehill, Seisdon and Totmonslow. In many parts of the globe, however, suburbs are economically poor areas, inhabited by people sometimes in real misery, that keep at the limit of the city borders for economic or social reasons like the impossibility of affording the (usually higher) costs of life in the town.
Further, Stoke-on-Trent was removed in the 1990s to form a unitary authority, but is still considered part of Staffordshire for ceremonial and geographical purposes. Commercial concerns tend to retard the opening of services until a large number of residents have occupied the new neighbourhood. The resulting administrative area of Staffordshire has a narrow southwards protrusion that runs west of West Midlands to the border of Worcestershire. In England this is displacing the now discredited notion of 'urban villages', but the credibility of both ideas is challenged by the increasing involvement of commercial interests in developing new hospitals, secondary schools and public transport services. The historic county of Staffordshire included Wolverhampton, Walsall, and West Bromwich, these were removed in 1974 to the new county of West Midlands. The new catchphrase is 'building sustainable communities' rather than housing estates. Main article History of Staffordshire.. Whether any society succeeds in reducing the average distance travelled by each citizen by means of such planning strategies remains to be seen.
. In the UK, the government is (2003) seeking to impose minimum densities on newly approved housing schemes in parts of southeast England. Stoke-on-Trent is administered as a separate unitary authority. This movement has resulted in both the construction of new developments that embody these principles, and renovation of areas in existing city centers for new residential and commercial activities. These are Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Lichfield, Newcastle-under-Lyme, South Staffordshire, Stafford, Staffordshire Moorlands and Tamworth. Some of these communities seek to reduce car-dependency (and thus the use of personal automobiles) wherever possible. Staffordshire is divided into a number of districts. Such communities ease traffic, since people do not need to commute as far, and may foster a better sense of community among residents.
Major towns include Burton-upon-Trent, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Tamworth and Stafford itself. This movement among city planners, builders, and architects holds that denser, more city-like communities with less rigid zoning laws and mixed-use buildings are desirable. Lichfield is also a city but is considerably smaller. A socio-political movement called "New Urbanism" or "Smart Growth" is currently in vogue in the U.S.A., Canada and northern Europe, in response to the perceived threat of "urban sprawl". The major city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent. Chesapeake, which is not part of the area name but has already surpassed Newport News in population, is growing at a rate that will probably see it also surpass Norfolk in population well before the 2010 Census. It adjoins the ceremonial counties of Cheshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Warwickshire, West Midlands, Worcestershire and Shropshire. Despite recent efforts by city leaders in Virginia Beach to create a more urban environment, the urban core of the area lies in Norfolk, which will soon become the third-largest city in the region.
Part of the National Forest lies within its borders. Although the United States Census Bureau officially calls the area the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News Metropolitan Statistical Area, in keeping with its normal practice of putting the most populous city in a metropolitan area in the lead position of its name, the naming does not reflect the actual character of the area. The county town is Stafford. In one metropolitan area, the Hampton Roads area of Virginia, the largest city is actually a suburb, namely Virginia Beach. Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. The five largest suburbs in North America, in order, are Mississauga, Ontario; Mesa, Arizona; Virginia Beach, Virginia; Surrey, British Columbia; and Laval, Quebec. Tipton Harriers. Mississauga also has a higher population than the city of Vancouver, British Columbia.
Lichfield Cricket Club. cities of Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Boston, Massachusetts; Washington DC; Nashville, Tennessee; Seattle, Washington; Portland, Oregon; New Orleans, Louisiana; Las Vegas, Nevada; Cleveland, Ohio; Atlanta, Georgia; Sacramento, California; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Miami, Florida etc. West Midland Bird Club. Mississauga is larger than the U.S. Long distance footpaths: Heart of England Way, Staffordshire Way. Mississauga is the largest suburban municipality in all of North America, with a population of 636,801 and a population density of 2125.1/km². Churnet Valley Railway . Another example is Mississauga, Ontario (a suburb of Toronto, Ontario).
Heritage railways: Chasewater Railway, Foxfield Steam Railway, Manifold Valley Railway. Louis, Missouri; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Salt Lake City, Utah, and grew at a much faster rate than even Phoenix between 1990 and 2000. Trent and Mersey Canal, Harecastle Tunnel. For example, Mesa, Arizona (a suburb of Phoenix, Arizona), is larger than St. Shropshire Union Canal. In fact, many American and Canadian suburbs are now larger than other urban population centers. Coventry Canal. It is not unusual for suburbs to house several hundred thousand people.
Caldon Canal. An example of this is Nassau County, New York on Long Island which houses some of New York City's suburbs, where population density is just as big as some of New York City's boroughs. Birmingham and Fazeley Canal. Now, partly due to increased populations in many greater metropolitan areas, suburbs can be densely populated and contain apartment buildings and townhouses, as well as office complexes, light manufacturing facilities, and shopping centers or malls. River Churnet. In North America, suburbs traditionally were residential areas with single-family homes located near shopping areas and schools, with good access to trains, freeways or other transport systems. River Blythe. By 1980 this was often perceived as undesirable, extending travel times and adding to people's sense of isolation and fear in central areas outside trading hours.
River Trent. The development of the skyscraper and the sharp inflation of downtown real estate prices also led to downtowns being more fully dedicated to businesses, thus pushing residents outside the city centre. Chasewater . (1). Tittesworth Reservoir . In the US, 1970 was the first year that more people lived in suburbs than elsewhere. Rudyard Lake. Rohnert Park, a suburb of Santa Rosa, California and San Francisco, California was originally marketed in the late 50's as "A Country Club for the middle class.".
Trentham Gardens. Many people equate suburbs with early planned cities such as Levittown, New York and Rohnert Park, California. National Memorial Arboretum . During the same period of time, African-Americans were rapidly moving north for better jobs and educational opportunities than they could get in the segregated South, and their arrival in Northern cities en masse further stimulated white suburban migration. RSPB Coombes Valley. Between 1950 and 1956 the resident population of all US suburbs increased by 46%. Hazel Slade Reserve. Returning veterans wishing to start a settled life moved en masse to the suburbs.
Cannock Chase. While suburbs had originated far earlier, the suburban population in North America exploded after World War II. Weston Park. Some social reformers attempted to combine the best of both concepts in the Garden City movement. Izaak Walton Cottage Museum. An alternative strategy is the deliberate design of "new towns" and the protection of green belts around cities. Watermill housing Brindley Water Museum, Leek. This has resulted in increased density in older suburbs and, often, the growth of lower density suburbs even further from city centers.
Cheddleton Flint Mill, watermill. Moving along with the population, many companies also located their offices and other facilities in the outer areas of the cities. Broad Eye Windmill, Stafford. Increasingly, due to the congestion and pollution experienced in many city centers (accentuated by the commuters' vehicles), more people moved out to the suburbs. Croxden Abbey. Manufacturing and commercial buildings were segregated in other areas of the city. Tutbury Castle. In the suburbs, where standalone houses are the rule, lots may be 85 feet wide by 115 feet deep, as in the Chicago suburb of Naperville, Illinois.
Tamworth Castle. For example, the lot size for a residence in Chicago, Illinois is usually 125 feet deep, while the width can vary from 14 feet wide for a row house to 45 feet wide for a large standalone house. Stafford Castle. These suburban residences are built on larger lots of land than in the urban city. Mow Cop Castle. Zoning laws also contributed to the location of residential areas outside of the city center by creating wide areas or "zones" where only residential buildings were permitted. Eccleshall Castle. This trend towards living away from towns and cities has been termed the urban exodus.
Biddulph Grange. As car ownership rose and wider roads were built, the commuting trend accelerated as in North America. Whitmore Hall. In the United Kingdom, railways stimulated the first mass exodus to the suburbs, which were described as "Metroland" around London, and were mostly characterised by semi-detached houses. Sandon Hall. The growth in the use of trains, and later automobiles and highways, increased the ease with which workers could have a job in the city while commuting in from the suburbs. Moseley Old Hall, Featherstone,_Staffordshire. This practice gave rise to the term bedroom community or dormitory, meaning that most daytime business activity took place in the city, with the working population leaving the city at night for the purpose of going home to sleep.
Madeley Old Hall. In the older cities of the northeast U.S., suburbs originally developed along train or trolley lines that could shuttle workers into and out of city centers where the jobs were located. Ford Green Hall, Smallthorne. The growth of suburbs was initially facilitated by the development of zoning laws and more effective and accessible means of transport. Festival Park. Naturally, the suburbs suffering air pollution tended to be cheaper and hence tend to be occupied by those with lower incomes. Dovecliff Hall. Suburbs with a healthier environment are often found upwind of those parts of a town or city where heavy industry was first established.
Blithfield Hall. In lowland areas, without severe geographic barriers to movement, a spacing of towns between 15 and 20 miles is therefore quite common. Shugborough Hall . In the era before motorised travel, the radius of the hinterland roughly coincided with the distance that livestock could be herded to and from a market during daylight hours. Lichfield Cathedral . That wider area may be called the hinterland of the town or a "city region". Alton Towers. The suburbs and more distinct settlements around a town or city may look towards the urban area for goods, services and employment opportunities.
Kingsley and Frognal goods depot - Closed by 1970. Many sociologists see suburbs as a post-urban area which develops in response to worsening conditions within a city with a communication and transport system which allows citizens to live outside the city while doing business inside. Stafford common- The station had closed by 1946 and the goods department closed by 2000. Outer suburbs are the postal divisions found in the outer rings of the metropolitan areas, and usually lie within the boundaries of a separate municipality, such as the City of Greater Dandenong. Florence colliery - Opened by 1970 and closed by 2000. Locals will refer to Carlton as a suburb even though it is a densely urban neighbourhood. Trentham colliery - Closed by 2000. For instance, Carlton, postcode 3053, is an inner suburb of Melbourne, even though it lies within the boundaries of the City of Melbourne.
A quarry-worker's halt was opened by 1970, but – like the quarry itself – closed by 2000. Inner suburbs are subdivisions within the denser urban areas of the cities, and correspond to what would be called neigbourhoods in North American cities. Caldon Lowe - Station closed by 1946. Suburbs there are official postal and addressing subdivisions of a city. Leek, Chedale, Trentham guardens and Brownhills - All went freight-only by 1970 and closed by 2000. The term suburb as used in Australia reflects this, and thus has an ambiguous meaning to non-Australians. Consall - Closed by 1970, but was saved by a local steam preservation movement. However, the key commercial element - commuting to work - was not really there, although it would appear during the 20th century.
It may be reopened by the preservationists that now run Consall and some nearby stations on that line. With huge expanses of land needing to be populated, lack of need for defence as well as the popularity of railroads (which grew at a swift rate) contributed to sprawling urbanism somewhat resembling suburbia. Oakmoor - Freight-only by 1970 and closed by 2000. Many characteristics of suburbia were found in Australia as early as the 19th century. Madeley - Freight-only by 1955 and closed by 2000. In New Zealand suburbs can also be inner city areas, such as Te Aro in Wellington. Littelton colliery and Hume end - Closed by 1946. For example, Wimbledon is considered a suburb of London, England.
Great Bridgeford, Whitmore and Standon moor - Both freight-only by 1955 and closed by 1970. In Britain, Ireland and New Zealand, "suburbs" are merely residential neighbourhoods outside of the city centre. It may be reopened by the Alton Towers amusment park. Colloquial usage sometimes shortens the term to "'burb" (with or without the apostrophe), and "The Burbs" first appeared as a term for the suburbs of Chicagoland. Alton (Alton towers) - Closed by 1970. This definition is evident, for example, in the title of David Rusk's book Cities Without Suburbs, which promotes metropolitan government. Coald meace works - Closed by 1900. In American English, the word "suburb" usually refers to a separate municipality or an unincorporated area outside of a central city.
The word "suburb" is derived from the Old French "sub(b)urbe" and ultimately from the Latin "suburbium," formed from "sub," meaning "under," and "urbs," meaning "city." (Note that urbs was pronounced oorps.) The first recorded usage according to the Oxford English Dictionary comes from Wyclife, in 1380, where the form "subarbis" is used. . Suburbs have typically grown in areas with an abundance of flat land near a large urban zone, usually with minimal traditions of citizens clustering together for defence behind fortified city walls, and with transport systems which allow commuting into more densely populated areas with higher levels of commerce. The presence of certain elements (whose definition varies amongst urbanists, but usually refers to some basic services and to the territorial continuity) identifies a suburb as a peripheral populated area with a certain autonomy, where the density of habitation is usually lower than in an inner city area, though state or municipal house building will often cause departures from that organic gradation.
Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. Journal of Urban Design 4 (3). "A Grotesque Measure for Marietta". & Schank, Kendra (1999).
Smith, Albert C. Slate. "Suburban Despair". 7, 2005).
Rybczynski, Witold (Nov. "Suburbia Streets" by Fast Crew. "Hey Suburbia" by Screeching Weasel. "Sound of the Suburbs" by The Members.
"Suburban Home" by The Descendents. "Greater Omaha" by Desaparecidos. "Buddha of Suburbia" by David Bowie. "Little Boxes" by Malvina Reynolds.
"Rocking The Suburbs" by Ben Folds. "Jesus of Suburbia" by Green Day. "Pleasant Valley Sunday" by The Monkees. "Subdivisions" by Rush.
"Suburbia" by the Pet Shop Boys.