Saint John commonly refers to two (perhaps three) founding Saints of Christian religious doctrine:
Saint John or St. John may also refer to the following people, places, institutions or organizations:
Place names (including the spellings "Saint Johns" and "Saint John's")
Antigua and Barbuda
St. John School
Organizations and institutions
Church of England Schools
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. This may change, as military service has become less popular in the last few years - nowadays, a lot of people consider being an officer more of a liability than an asset. John may also refer to the following people, places, institutions or organizations:. As a rule of thumb, a significant number of senior civil servants and business leaders in Switzerland are general staff officers. Saint John or St. The ratio of professional versus militia officers is about 1:1. Saint John commonly refers to two (perhaps three) founding Saints of Christian religious doctrine:. Being a general staff officer is a prerequisite for a range of important jobs on Brigade and higher level, such as G2 (chief of intelligence) or G3 (chief of operations).
Johann (disambiguation) (German). Only 30 new trainees are selected per year and even fewer complete the demanding training. St. Future general staff officers are selected from the best company commanders and undergo battalion commander training before starting general staff training. São João (disambiguation) (Portuguese). To assure a generally high level of military leadership above the rank of first lieutenant, the Army maintains the HKA (Hoehere Kaderschule der Armee) which is responsible for an array of professionally run schools such as BUSA (Berufsunteroffiziersschule der Armee) which runs a program for professional non-commissioned officers, the MILAK (Militaerakademie) which runs a bachelor degree program for professional officers, programs for company and battalion commanders, a number of staff courses, and the General Staff and Command College (Gst S), an elite training program whose graduates leave their former branches and are inducted into the so-called General Staff Corps. San Juan (disambiguation) (Spanish). Consequently, the new system has already come under pressure and is under review.
San Giovanni (disambiguation) (Italian). In the new system, officers-to-be are selected early on from the pool of boots (based on criteria such as leadership potential but also education) and sent to officer training fairly quickly, which reduces the time these "instant officers" take to be fully trained but also means that they neither have the advantage of having been NCOs nor having had time to slowly mature as leaders. Saint-Jean (disambiguation) (French). Unfortunately, this advantage (at least from a leadership point of view) was abolished with the Army XXI reform as a concession to the Swiss economy which was increasingly unhappy about having its future leaders away for two years at a time (the time it took to become an officer until 2004). Saint John's University (disambiguation). This system ensured that all officers knew what it was like to be a grunt. Saint John Parish (disambiguation). officers who also have a civilian job - and future professional officers), five months of intensive training that emphasised small-unit and platoon-sized unit tactics.
Saint John's College (disambiguation). Instead, until 2004 officers were traditionally selected from the pool of NCOs (non-commissioned officers) and then underwent OCS (officer candidate school, which was and is open to both militia - i.e. Saint John's Church (disambiguation). In contrast to most other comparable Armies, officer candidates are not necessarily career regulars. John's Cathedral (disambiguation). Only recently have allegations been made that certain parts of the Swiss economy worked at the biddings of the Hitler regime (banks, mechanical industry, and transportation services), suggesting that not only the army, but also the economy, prevented an invasion of Switzerland. St. Those who actually served in the Swiss Army during the war never criticised this concept - even if it openly meant that the enemy could take the civilian population in the plains hostage.
John (comic book publisher). Bernard passes, because Switzerland does not possess any significant natural resources. St. The Swiss government thought that the aim of an invasion of Switzerland would be to control the economically important transport routes through the Swiss Alps, namely the Gotthard, the Simplon and Great St. Saint John's Arms, a symbol. The army would barricade itself in the mountains witihin the fortresses, which would be very difficult to take. St John's School, Billericay. It was intended that if the Axis Powers were to invade Switzerland, they would have to do so at a huge price.
St John's Church of England School, London. The concept of underground fortifications in the Alps stems from the so-called "Reduit" concept of the World War II. John. They include underground air bases which are adjacent to normal runways; the aircraft, crew and supporting material are housed in the caverns. St John Ambulance, charitable organization dedicated to medical first aid, under the direction of the Order of St. Permanent fortifications are established in the Alps, as bases from which to retake the fertile valleys after a potential invasion. John, a 19th century revival of the Knights Hospitaller. Tunnels are also primed with demolition charges to be used against invading forces.
Order of St. Moreover, tunnels and key bridges are built with tank traps. John of Jerusalem or Knights Hospitaller, named after Saint John of Jerusalem aka John the Baptist. There are also hospitals and command centres in such shelters, aimed at keeping the country running in case of emergencies. Order of Knights of the Hospital of St. There is a bed for every Swiss person in one of the many shelters. Svatý Jan pod Skalou (Saint John Under the Rock), a village in central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Swiss building codes require radiation and blast shelters to protect against bombing.
Saint John's Island, Singapore. The abuse of military rifles is extremely rare, and when it does occur, it is usually in the form of suicide. Saint John, United States Virgin Islands. The ammunition is stored in a tamper-evident sealed box that should never be opened unless ordered to do so. Johns, Illinois. 50 rounds of ammunition are issued along with the rifle for use only in wartime. St. The Swiss people are advised to keep the ammunition and the rifle in separate places, both out of reach of unauthorised users.
Johns, Michigan. However, in January 2006, the defence authorities declared that it would take 8 years to rebuild the army to be ready for a full war against a large enemy. St. In contrast, it can take several weeks to several months for a militarily-active country such as the United States to mobilise its military force. Johns River, Florida. Switzerland claims to be able to mobilise the entire population for warfare within 12 hours. St. Swiss military doctrines are arranged in peculiar ways to make this organisation effective.
Johns County, Florida. Famously, members of the armed forces keep their rifles, ammunition, and uniforms in their homes for immediate mobilisation. St. In 1993, the Swiss government ordered 34 FA-18 fighter jets from the United States of America, which were subsequently re-built in Switzerland, notably for the electronics. Johns, Arizona. For example, Switzerland uses only one rifle model, the FASS 90, and two types of ground-based anti-aircraft systems, including a Swiss-built and improved version of the Stinger (Swiss army knives are also issued, although they are neither red nor considered weapons). St. To reduce training and logistics costs, the Swiss military standardises on a few carefully selected types of weapons.
John, Washington. In this case, the compensation is paid to the employer. St. Most employers, however, continue to pay the full salary during military service. John, North Dakota. During military service, the employee is paid a compensation of 70% of his regular salary by the state. St. In general, men interrupt their work during these weeks.
John, Missouri. The successive training weeks can also be postponed, but there is limited scope. St. It is possible to postpone the initial training to finish university. John, Maine. However, the service period of non-commissioned officers and officers is significantly longer. St. Thereafter, men remain in the military until the age of 30 (or longer, if the military service is not yet completed), performing three weeks of training every year.
John, Kansas. Initial training (following regular boot camp) for members of the AAD, Switzerland's new SAS-type Special Forces unit, which is an all-volunteer professional unit with a rigorous selection process, is 18 months. St. At the age of 20, about half the service is done during an initial training period of 21 or 18 weeks, depending on the service branch, with the exception of the Grenadiers, an elite infantry unit with a 25-week boot camp. John, Indiana. Conscription occurs at the age of 19 years. St. As of January 2004, the income tax was raised to 3% by the Federal Council.
John's, Isle of Man. Those who are found unable to serve the military pay an additional 2% income tax. St. This can be on either physical or mental grounds. St John's Wood, London, England. A significant number of young men choose to avoid military service by visiting a doctor who attests to their incapability to do military service on medical grounds. John's, London, England. Entry to the civilian service is based on moral grounds and subject to a successful application.
St. This option is only available to those found to be not physically fit enough to join the armed forces. John's, South Yorkshire, England. Since 1996, Swiss citizens can apply for civilian service instead. St. For women the service is voluntary. John River, eastern North America. All able-bodied male Swiss citizens are conscripted to the armed forces.
St. The organisation is still active in antimilitaristic work and also in the anti-war movement. Johns riding, a riding in North Winnipeg. The population decided to buy the jets, although 42.9% voted against the project. St. In 1992, after the Swiss government decided to buy FA-18 jets, they collected about half a million signatures within one month for a referendum. Johns and Fort St-Jean, former name of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec. The second vote was in 1999, with 76.8% in favour.
St. The first time was in 1989, when 64.4% of the voters voted in favour of maintaining the Swiss Army. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. The Swiss have voted twice on such a referendum. St. There is an organised movement in Switzerland (Gruppe Schweiz ohne Armee; GSoA / Groupe pour une Suisse sans Armée; GSsA - Group for a Switzerland without an Army, in English) aiming at the abolition of the military. Saint John (electoral district) federal electoral district in Canada. References:.
Saint John in Saint John County, New Brunswick. Since the responsibilities of the NNSC have been much reduced over the past few years, only 5 people are still part of the Swiss delegation, located near the Korean DMZ. John's, Antigua and Barbuda. Switzerland is part of the Neutral Nation Supervisory Committee (NNSC) which was created to monitor the armistice between North and South Korea. St. The swiss soldiers were recognized among the other armies present on the field by their distinctive yellow beret. Orthopaedic Surgeon. It is interresting to note that none of the active soldiers were armed during the duration of the mission.
John, U.S. The mission was named SHQSU standing for Swiss Headquarters Support Unit to BiH. Thomas St. It's mission, part of the Swiss Peacekeeping Missions, was to provide logistic and medical support to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, OSCE. John, British Consul in Brunei (19th century). From 1999 to 2001, The Swiss Army was present in Bosnia and Herzegovina with headquarters in Sarajevo. Spencer St. However, over the years, the Swiss army has been part of several peacekeeping missions around the world.
John, British musician and composer. Switzerland being a neutral country, its army does not take part in armed conflicts in other countries. Kate St. The Swiss government did not officially confirm the existence of the report, but started a judiciary procedure for leakage of secret documents against the newspaper on 9 January 2006. John, British singer. The report described a fax sent by the Egyptian department of Foreign Affairs to the Egyptian Embassy in London, and described the existence of secret detention facilities run by the CIA in Eastern Europe. Bridget St. On 8 January 2006, the Swiss newspaper Sonntagsblick (Sunday edition of the Blick newspaper) published a secret report produced by the Swiss government using data intercepted by Onyx.
Austin St John, American actor. In a way similar to ECHELON, Onyx uses lists of keywords to filter the intercepted content for information of interest. John, former footballer and now pundit. It was completed in late 2005 and currently consists in three interception sites, all based in Switzerland. Ian St. The Onyx system was launched in 2000 in order to monitor both civil and military communications, such as telephone, fax or Internet traffic, carried by satellite. politician. The Swiss military department maintains the Onyx intelligence gathering system, similar in concept to the American ECHELON system, but at a much smaller scale.
John (1833-1916), U.S. For example, the head of the Swiss delegation at the NNSC in Korea (see below) had a rank of major general. John St. However, when Swiss Officers are involved in peacekeeping missions abroad, they often receive temporary ranks that do not exist in the Swiss Army, to put them on an equal footing with foreign officers. Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (1678–1751), English statesman and philosopher. The distinctive feature of their rank insignia are traditionally stylized edelweiss (image). 1598-1673), English statesman and judge. Officers which would have the title of general in other armies do not bear the title general (OF-8: Commandant de corps, OF-7 Divisionnaire and OF-6 Brigadier), as this title is strictly a wartime designation.
John (c. There have been four Generals in Swiss history:. Oliver St. In times of crisis or war, the Federal Assembly elects a General (OF-9) as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces (Oberbefehlshaber der Armee). Saint John Bosco (1815-1888), also known as Giovanni Melchior Bosco. The current Chief of the Armed Forces is Korpskommandant Christophe Keckeis. Saint John Neumann (1811-1860), Bishop of Philadelphia. In peacetime, the armed forces are led by the Chief of the Armed Forces (Chef der Armee), who reports to the head of the Department of Defence and to the Federal Council as a whole.
Saint John Baptist de la Salle (1651-1719), the patron saint of teachers (also known by his French name, Jean-Baptiste de la Salle). Higher staff officers:. Saint John Sarkander (1576-1620), Moravian priest. Staff officers:. Saint John of the Cross (1542-1591), Spanish mystic. Captain:. Saint John of Avila (1500-1569). Subaltern officers:.
Saint John of God (1495-1550). Non-commissioned officers:. Saint John Fisher (1469-1535), Bishop of Rochester, professor at Cambridge. Enlisted:. Saint John of Capistrano (1386-1456), also known as Giovanni da Capistrano. Rank designations in German and French with abbreviations and corresponding NATO codes:. 1340-1396). Member of the Federal Council heading the "Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports", (formerly "Federal Military Department"):.
Saint John of Nepomuk (c. Men who want to apply for service in the Swiss Guard need to have completed their basic military service in Switzerland. Saint John of Matha (1169-1218), French founder of the Trinitarian Order. Since the reforms, women can take on any position within the armed forces. 946), also known as Ivan Rilski, Bulgarian hermit. About 2,000 women already serve in the army but, until the reforms ‘’Army XXI’’, were not allowed to use weapons for purposes other than self-defence. Saint John of Rila (876 - c. Women may volunteer to serve in the armed forces and may now join all units, including combat troops.
721) in Beverley, England. The armed forces have a small nucleus of about 3,600 professional staff, half of whom are either instructors or staff officers. Saint John of Beverley (d. The rest continue to follow the traditional Swiss models of serving about three months at first and then doing three or four weeks per year until the required number of days or the age of 34 has been reached. 676-749), revered Father of the Church. Recruiting to the single-term conscripts is on a voluntary basis, but it should not exceed 20% of a year's draft. Saint John of Damascus (c. A new category of soldiers called "single-term conscripts" will discharge the total time of service of 300 days of active duty in one go.
579-649), also known as John of the Ladder, John Scholasticus and John Sinaites. For women, military service is voluntary. Saint John Climacus (c. All able-bodied Swiss males aged between 20 and 30 (in some cases longer) must serve, but about one third of them are excluded for various reasons. 585). The mandatory time of service for normal soldiers is curtailed from 300 to 260 days. 505 - c. The defence budget of currently SFr 4.3 billion ($3.1 billion) will be trimmed by SFr 300 million and some 2,000 jobs are expected to be shed between 2004 and 2011.
Saint John of Ephesus (c. Starting in January 2004, the current 524,000-strong militia will be pared down to 220,000 conscripts, including 80,000 reservists. Saint John I, Pope John I (523-526). On May 18, 2003, Swiss voters approved the military reform project "Army XXI" that will drastically reduce the size of the Swiss Army. 360-433). . Saint John Cassian (c. It is equipped with mostly modern, sophisticated, and well-maintained weapons systems and equipment.
Saint John Chrysostom (347-407), Archbishop of Constantinople. The Armed Forces of Switzerland is a unique institution somewhere between a militia and a regular army. Another name given to the author of the Book of Revelation is John of Patmos. Photographs by a member of the Swiss delegation. John the Evangelist, to whom the Gospel of John is attributed, often along with 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, and Revelation. Swiss keep watch over fragile peace, on Swissinfo. John the Apostle, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus, who is traditionally (but controversially) identified with the Evangelist, below (see Authorship of the Johannine works).
John the Baptist, also known as John of Jerusalem, who baptised Jesus at the start of Jesus' ministry. Henri Guisan (1939-1945, WW II). Ulrich Wille (1914-1918, WW I). Hans Herzog (1871-1872, Franco-Prussian War). Henri Dufour (1847-1848, Sonderbundskrieg; and 1856-57, Neuchâtel Crisis).
OF-9 General / général. OF-8 Korpskommandant (KKdt) / commandant de corps. OF-7 Divisionär (Div) / divisionnaire. OF-6 Brigadier (Br) / brigadier.
OF-5 Oberst / colonel (col). OF-4 Oberstleutnant (Oberstlt) / lieutenant-colonel (lt col). OF-3 Major (Maj) / major (maj). OF-2 Hauptmann (Hptm) / capitaine (cap).
OF-1 Oberleutnant (Oblt) / premier-lieutenant (plt). OF-1 Leutnant (Lt) / lieutenant (lt). Chefadjutant (Chefadj) / adjudant-chef (adj chef). Hauptadjutant (Hptadj) / adjudant-major (adj maj).
Stabsadjutant (Stabsadj) / adjudant d’état-major (adj EM). Adjutant Unteroffizier (Adj Uof) / adjudant sous-officier (adj sof). Hauptfeldweibel (Hptfw) / sergent-major chef (sgtm chef). Feldweibel (Fw) / sergent-major (sgtm).
Fourier (Four) / fourrier (four). Oberwachtmeister (Obwm) / sergent-chef (sgt chef). Wachtmeister (Wm) / sergent (sgt). Korporal (Kpl) / caporal (cpl).
Obergefreiter (Obgfr) / appointé-chef (app chef). Gefreiter (Gfr) / appointé (app). Soldat (Sdt) / soldat (sdt). Rekrut (Rekr) / recrue (recr).
Swiss Navy. Swiss Air Force. Army.