Saint John commonly refers to two (perhaps three) founding Saints of Christian religious doctrine:
Saint John or St. John may also refer to the following people, places, institutions or organizations:
Place names (including the spellings "Saint Johns" and "Saint John's")
Antigua and Barbuda
St. John School
Organizations and institutions
Church of England Schools
Other disambiguation pages
In other languages
This page about St John includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about St John
News stories about St John
External links for St John
Videos for St John
Wikis about St John
Discussion Groups about St John
Blogs about St John
Images of St John
. See also: List of telephone operating companies. John may also refer to the following people, places, institutions or organizations:. However, the list only includes providers of copper wires from the exchange to the user, not those who only supply "Voice over IP" or only transport voice signals between exchanges. Saint John or St. Some of them include those in the following list. Saint John commonly refers to two (perhaps three) founding Saints of Christian religious doctrine:. In some countries, many telephone operating companies (commonly abbreviated to telco) are in competition to provide telephone services.
Johann (disambiguation) (German). Bell Labs is a noted telephone equipment research laboratory, amongst its other research fields. St. As mentioned above VoIP is also used on private wireless networks which may or may not have a connection to the outside telephone network. São João (disambiguation) (Portuguese). In addition to replacing the PSTN, digital telephony is also competing with mobile phone networks by offering free or lower cost connections via WiFi hotspots. San Juan (disambiguation) (Spanish). Digital telephones use a broadband Internet connection to transmit conversations as data packets.
San Giovanni (disambiguation) (Italian). A recent Newsweek article suggested that Internet telephony may be "the next big thing." . Saint-Jean (disambiguation) (French). In Japan and Korea up to 10% of subscribers, as of January 2005, have switched from analog to digital telephone service. Saint John's University (disambiguation). Also known as Internet telephony or Voice over IP (VoIP), digital telephony is a disruptive technology that is rapidly replacing traditional telephone networks. Saint John Parish (disambiguation). These kinds of systems using VoIP are popular in hospitals and factories where the same wireless network can be used for both data and voice.
Saint John's College (disambiguation). Some kinds of cordless phones work like cellular phones but only within a small private network covering a building or group of buildings. Saint John's Church (disambiguation). There are phones that work as a cordless phone when near their corresponding base station (and sometimes other base stations) and work as a wireless phone when in other locations but for a variety of reasons did not become popular. John's Cathedral (disambiguation). Such devices tend to be bulkier than cell-based mobile phones, as they require a large antenna or dish for communicating with the satellite, but do not require ground based transmitters, making them useful for communicating from remote areas and disaster zones. St. Some mobile telephones, especially those used in remote locations, where constructing a cell network would be too unprofitable or difficult, instead communicate directly with an orbiting satellite.
John (comic book publisher). The higher frequencies also work well with various forms of multiplexing which allows more than one phone to connect to the same tower with the same set of frequencies. St. By only using enough power to connect to the "nearest" cell site phones using one cell site will cause almost no interference with phones using the same frequencies on another cell site. Saint John's Arms, a symbol. Connection distance is somewhat predictable and can be controlled by adjusting the power level. St John's School, Billericay. The higher frequencies used by cell phones have advantages over short distances.
St John's Church of England School, London. Radio frequencies are a limited, shared resource. John. When a handset gets too far from a cell site, a computer system commands the handset and a closer cell site to take up the communications on a different channel without interrupting the call. St John Ambulance, charitable organization dedicated to medical first aid, under the direction of the Order of St. Radio is used to communicate between a handset and nearby cell sites. John, a 19th century revival of the Knights Hospitaller. Most modern mobile phone systems are cell-structured.
Order of St. The range of modern cordless phones is normally on the order of a few hundred meters. John of Jerusalem or Knights Hospitaller, named after Saint John of Jerusalem aka John the Baptist. On the 2.4 GHz band, several "channels" are utilized in an attempt to guard against degradation in the quality of the voice signal due to crowding. Order of Knights of the Hospital of St. The 2.4 GHz cordless phones can interfere with certain wireless LAN protocols (802.11b/g) due to the usage of the same frequencies. Svatý Jan pod Skalou (Saint John Under the Rock), a village in central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Because of quality and range problems, these units were soon superseded by systems that used frequency modulation (FM) at higher frequency ranges (49 MHz, 900 MHz, 2.4 GHz, and 5.8 GHz).
Saint John's Island, Singapore. Initially, cordless phones used the 1.7 MHz frequency range to communicate between base and handset. Saint John, United States Virgin Islands. Thus, cordless phones typically do not function during power outages. Johns, Illinois. Because of the power required to transmit to the handset, the base station is powered with an electronic power supply. St. This permits use of the handset from any location within range of the base.
Johns, Michigan. Cordless telephones, first invented by Teri Pall in 1965, consist of a base unit that connects to the land-line system and also communicates with remote handsets by low power radio. St. The changes in terminology is partially due to providers using different terms in marketing to differentiate newer digital services from older analog systems and services of one company from another. Johns River, Florida. In the United States wireless companies tend to use the term wireless to refer to a wide range of services while the cell phone itself is called a mobile phone, mobile, PCS phone, cell phone or simply cell with the trend now moving towards mobile. St. While the term "wireless" means radio and can refer to any telephone that uses radio waves it is primarily used for cell phones.
Johns County, Florida. Digital loop carriers (DLC) are often used, placing the digital network ever closer to the customer premises, relegating the analog local loop to legacy status. St. While today the end instrument remains analog, the analog signals reaching the aggregation point (Serving Area Interface (SAI) or the central office (CO) ) are typically converted to digital signals. Johns, Arizona. Digital transmission made it possible to carry multiple digitized switched circuits on a single transmission medium (known as multiplexing). St. End-to-end analog telephone networks were first modified in the 1970s by upgrading long-haul transmission networks with SONET technology and fiber optic transmission methods.
John, Washington. The Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) has gradually evolved towards digital telephony which has improved the capacity and quality of the network. St. The first commercial transatlantic telephone call was between New York City and London and occurred on January 7, 1927. John, North Dakota. In 1926 Bell Labs and the British Post Office engineered the first two-way conversation across the Atlantic. St. The Bell System divested itself of the local telephone companies in 1984 in order to settle an antitrust suit brought against it by the United States Department of Justice.
John, Missouri. It fully or partially owned the telephone companies that provided service to about 80% of the telephones in the country and also owned Western Electric, which manufactured or purchased virtually all the equipment and supplies used by the local telephone companies. St. In the United States, the Bell System was vertically integrated. John, Maine. Operating companies often hold a national monopoly. St. The industry has divided into telephone equipment manufacturers and telephone network operators (telcos).
John, Kansas. Newer systems include IP telephony, ISDN, DSL, mobile cellular phone systems, cordless telephones, and the third generation cell phone systems that promise to include high-speed packet data transfer. St. The history of additional inventions and improvements of the electrical telephone includes the carbon microphone (later replaced by the electret microphone now used in almost all telephone transmitters), the manual switchboard, the rotary dial, the automatic telephone exchange, the computerized telephone switch, Touch Tone® dialing (DTMF), and the digitization of sound using different coding techniques including pulse code modulation or PCM (which is also used for .WAV, .AIF files and compact discs). John, Indiana. The following is a brief summary of the history of the invention of the telephone:. St. The modern telephone is the result of work done by many hands, all worthy of recognition of their addition to the field.
John's, Isle of Man. It is important to note that there is probably no single "inventor of the telephone". St. Additionally, the earliest investigators preferred publication in the popular press and demonstration to investors instead of scientific publication and demonstration to fellow scientists. St John's Wood, London, England. There was a lot of money involved, particularly in the Bell Telephone companies, and the aggressive defense of the Bell patents resulted in much confusion. John's, London, England. The very early history of the telephone is a confusing morass of claim and counterclaim, which was not clarified by the huge mass of lawsuits which hoped to resolve the patent claims of individuals.
St. Antonio Meucci, Johann Philipp Reis, and Alexander Graham Bell, amongst others, have all been credited with the invention. John's, South Yorkshire, England. The identity of the inventor of the electric telephone remains in dispute. St. Unlike a mobile phone, a cordless telephone is considered to be landline because it is only useable within a short distance of a small personal or domestic base station connected to a fixed phone line. John River, eastern North America. Cordless and mobile phones are now common in many places around the world, with mobile phones expected to gradually displace the conventional landline telephone.
St. Until relatively recently, a "telephone" generally referred only to landlines. Johns riding, a riding in North Winnipeg. Between end users, transmissions across a network may be carried by fiber optic cable, point to point microwave or satellite relay. St. There are four principal means by which an end user using a telephone handset may connect to a telephone network: a traditional fixed phone "landline", which uses dedicated physical wire connections connected to a single location; wireless and radio telephones, which use either analog or digital radio signals; satellite telephones, which utilize telecommunications satellites; and voice over internet protocol (VoIP) telephones, which use broadband internet connections. Johns and Fort St-Jean, former name of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec. .
St. Most telephones operate through transmission of electric signals over a complex telephone network which allows almost any phone user to communicate with almost any other. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. The telephone or phone (Greek: tele = far away and phone = voice) is a telecommunications device which is used to transmit and receive sound (most commonly voice and speech) across distance. St. In Unicode, telephones are depicted with the characters whose hexadecimal codes are 260E (☎), 260F (☏) and 2706 (✆), (but may not display properly in some browsers). Saint John (electoral district) federal electoral district in Canada. The folding portable phone was an intentional copy of the fictional futuristic communicators (which in use actually more closely resembled walkie-talkies, Nextel-style) used in the television show Star Trek.
Saint John in Saint John County, New Brunswick. The modern handset came into existence when a Swedish lineman tied a microphone and earphone to a stick so he could keep a hand free. John's, Antigua and Barbuda. 30 January 1877 Bell patents the electro-dynamic transmitter, receiver telephone. St. Two hours later Gray files his patent caveat. Orthopaedic Surgeon. 14 February 1876 Bell files his first patent on the telephone.
John, U.S. 1 July 1875 Bell first uses a bi-directional capable telephone (Both the transmitter and the receiver were identical membrane instruments.). Thomas St. 2 June 1875 Alexander Graham Bell first transmits voice. John, British Consul in Brunei (19th century). 1874 Gray demonstrates his liquid transmitter telephone at the Highland Park Presbyterian Church. Spencer St. July 1873 Thomas Alva Edison notes variable resistance in carbon grains due to pressure, but shelves the discovery.
John, British musician and composer. 1872 Elisha Gray founds Western Electric Manufacturing Company. Kate St. 1871 Meucci files a patent caveat (a statement of intention to patent). John, British singer. 1861 Reis manages to transfer voice electrically over a distance of 340 feet, see Reis' telephone. Bridget St. 1860 Meucci supposedly demonstrates his telephone on Staten Island.
Austin St John, American actor. 1860 Johann Philipp Reis demonstrates a make-break transmitter after the design of Bourseul. John, former footballer and now pundit. . Ian St. 1854 Meucci demonstrates an electric telephone in New York. politician. 1854 Charles Bourseul publishes a description of a make-break telephone transmitter and receiver but does not construct a working instrument.
John (1833-1916), U.S. (The demonstration involves direct electrical connections to people.). John St. 1849 Antonio Meucci, an Italian living in Havana, demonstrates a device later called a telephone. Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (1678–1751), English statesman and philosopher. 1598-1673), English statesman and judge.
John (c. Oliver St. Saint John Bosco (1815-1888), also known as Giovanni Melchior Bosco. Saint John Neumann (1811-1860), Bishop of Philadelphia.
Saint John Baptist de la Salle (1651-1719), the patron saint of teachers (also known by his French name, Jean-Baptiste de la Salle). Saint John Sarkander (1576-1620), Moravian priest. Saint John of the Cross (1542-1591), Spanish mystic. Saint John of Avila (1500-1569).
Saint John of God (1495-1550). Saint John Fisher (1469-1535), Bishop of Rochester, professor at Cambridge. Saint John of Capistrano (1386-1456), also known as Giovanni da Capistrano. 1340-1396).
Saint John of Nepomuk (c. Saint John of Matha (1169-1218), French founder of the Trinitarian Order. 946), also known as Ivan Rilski, Bulgarian hermit. Saint John of Rila (876 - c.
721) in Beverley, England. Saint John of Beverley (d. 676-749), revered Father of the Church. Saint John of Damascus (c.
579-649), also known as John of the Ladder, John Scholasticus and John Sinaites. Saint John Climacus (c. 585). 505 - c.
Saint John of Ephesus (c. Saint John I, Pope John I (523-526). 360-433). Saint John Cassian (c.
Saint John Chrysostom (347-407), Archbishop of Constantinople. Another name given to the author of the Book of Revelation is John of Patmos. John the Evangelist, to whom the Gospel of John is attributed, often along with 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, and Revelation. John the Apostle, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus, who is traditionally (but controversially) identified with the Evangelist, below (see Authorship of the Johannine works).
John the Baptist, also known as John of Jerusalem, who baptised Jesus at the start of Jesus' ministry.