Saint John

Saint John commonly refers to two (perhaps three) founding Saints of Christian religious doctrine:

  • John the Baptist, also known as John of Jerusalem, who baptised Jesus at the start of Jesus' ministry.
  • John the Apostle, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus, who is traditionally (but controversially) identified with the Evangelist, below (see Authorship of the Johannine works).
    • John the Evangelist, to whom the Gospel of John is attributed, often along with 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, and Revelation. Another name given to the author of the Book of Revelation is John of Patmos.

Saint John or St. John may also refer to the following people, places, institutions or organizations:

Saints

  • Saint John Chrysostom (347-407), Archbishop of Constantinople
  • Saint John Cassian (c. 360-433)
  • Saint John I, Pope John I (523-526)
  • Saint John of Ephesus (c. 505 - c. 585)
  • Saint John Climacus (c. 579-649), also known as John of the Ladder, John Scholasticus and John Sinaites
  • Saint John of Damascus (c. 676-749), revered Father of the Church
  • Saint John of Beverley (d. 721) in Beverley, England.
  • Saint John of Rila (876 - c. 946), also known as Ivan Rilski, Bulgarian hermit
  • Saint John of Matha (1169-1218), French founder of the Trinitarian Order
  • Saint John of Nepomuk (c. 1340-1396)
  • Saint John of Capistrano (1386-1456), also known as Giovanni da Capistrano
  • Saint John Fisher (1469-1535), Bishop of Rochester, professor at Cambridge
  • Saint John of God (1495-1550)
  • Saint John of Avila (1500-1569)
  • Saint John of the Cross (1542-1591), Spanish mystic
  • Saint John Sarkander (1576-1620), Moravian priest
  • Saint John Baptist de la Salle (1651-1719), the patron saint of teachers (also known by his French name, Jean-Baptiste de la Salle)
  • Saint John Neumann (1811-1860), Bishop of Philadelphia
  • Saint John Bosco (1815-1888), also known as Giovanni Melchior Bosco

Other

  • Oliver St. John (c. 1598-1673), English statesman and judge
  • Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (1678–1751), English statesman and philosopher
  • John St. John (1833-1916), U.S. politician
  • Ian St. John, former footballer and now pundit
  • Austin St John, American actor
  • Bridget St. John, British singer
  • Kate St. John, British musician and composer
  • Spencer St. John, British Consul in Brunei (19th century)
  • Thomas St. John, U.S. Orthopaedic Surgeon

Places

Place names (including the spellings "Saint Johns" and "Saint John's")

Antigua and Barbuda

  • St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda

Canada

  • Saint John in Saint John County, New Brunswick
  • Saint John (electoral district) federal electoral district in Canada.
  • St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
  • St. Johns and Fort St-Jean, former name of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
  • St. Johns riding, a riding in North Winnipeg.
  • St. John River, eastern North America
St. John School

United Kingdom

  • St. John's, South Yorkshire, England
  • St. John's, London, England
  • St John's Wood, London, England
  • St. John's, Isle of Man

United States

  • St. John, Indiana
  • St. John, Kansas
  • St. John, Maine
  • St. John, Missouri
  • St. John, North Dakota
  • St. John, Washington
  • St. Johns, Arizona
  • St. Johns County, Florida
  • St. Johns River, Florida
  • St. Johns, Michigan
  • St. Johns, Illinois
  • Saint John, United States Virgin Islands

Other countries

  • Saint John's Island, Singapore
  • Svatý Jan pod Skalou (Saint John Under the Rock), a village in central Bohemia, Czech Republic

Organizations and institutions

  • Order of Knights of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem or Knights Hospitaller, named after Saint John of Jerusalem aka John the Baptist
  • Order of St. John, a 19th century revival of the Knights Hospitaller
  • St John Ambulance, charitable organization dedicated to medical first aid, under the direction of the Order of St. John

Church of England Schools

  • St John's Church of England School, London
  • St John's School, Billericay

Other

  • Saint John's Arms, a symbol.
  • St. John (comic book publisher).

Other disambiguation pages

  • St. John's Cathedral (disambiguation)
  • Saint John's Church (disambiguation)
  • Saint John's College (disambiguation)
  • Saint John Parish (disambiguation)
  • Saint John's University (disambiguation)

In other languages

  • Saint-Jean (disambiguation) (French)
  • San Giovanni (disambiguation) (Italian)
  • San Juan (disambiguation) (Spanish)
  • São João (disambiguation) (Portuguese)
  • St. Johann (disambiguation) (German)

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. Organotin compounds such as tributyltin oxide are biocides and need to be handled with care. John may also refer to the following people, places, institutions or organizations:. The small amount of tin that is found in canned foods is not harmful to humans. Saint John or St. See also Stannous hydroxide (Sn(OH)2), Stannic acid (Stannic Hydroxide - Sn(OH)4), Tin dioxide (Stannic Oxide - SnO2), Tin(II) oxide (Stannous Oxide - SnO), Tin(II) chloride (SnCl2), Tin(IV) chloride (SnCl4). Saint John commonly refers to two (perhaps three) founding Saints of Christian religious doctrine:. For Stannite (SnO3-) see Stannite.

Johann (disambiguation) (German). For discussion of Stannate compounds (SnO32-) see Stannate. St. 18 additional unstable isotopes are known. São João (disambiguation) (Portuguese). Tin is the element with the greatest number of stable isotopes (ten). San Juan (disambiguation) (Spanish). Secondary, or scrap, tin is also an important source of the tin.

San Giovanni (disambiguation) (Italian). The only mineral of commercial importance as a source of tin is cassiterite (SnO2), although small quantities of tin are recovered from complex sulfides such as stannite, cylindrite, frankeite, canfieldite, and teallite. Saint-Jean (disambiguation) (French). Most of the world's tin is produced from placer deposits; at least one-half comes from Southeast Asia. Saint John's University (disambiguation). This metal is a relatively scarce element with an abundance in the earth's crust of about 2 ppm, compared with 94 ppm for zinc, 63 ppm for copper, and 12 ppm for lead. Saint John Parish (disambiguation). Tin is produced by reducing the ore with coal in a reverberatory furnace.

Saint John's College (disambiguation). Nearly every continent has an important tin-mining country. Saint John's Church (disambiguation). About 35 countries mine tin throughout the world. John's Cathedral (disambiguation). Likewise, so-called "tin toys" are usually made of steel, and may or may not have a small coating of tin to inhibit rust. St. Most everyday objects that are commonly called tin, such as aluminium foil, beverage cans, and tin cans, are actually made of steel or aluminium, although tin cans do contain a small coating of tin to inhibit rust.

John (comic book publisher). In modern times, the word "tin" is often (improperly) used as a generic phrase for any silvery metal that comes in thin sheets. St. The alchemical symbol for tin is shown on the left. Saint John's Arms, a symbol. The American Heritage Dictionary speculates that the word was borrowed from a pre-Indo-European language. St John's School, Billericay. The word "tin" has cognates in many Germanic and Celtic languages.

St John's Church of England School, London. However the pure metal was not used until about 600 BC. John. Tin mining is believed to have started in Cornwall and Devon ( esp Dartmoor) in Classical times, and a thriving tin trade developed with the civilizations of the Mediterranean. St John Ambulance, charitable organization dedicated to medical first aid, under the direction of the Order of St. Because of its hardening effect on copper, tin was used in bronze implements as early as 3,500 BC. John, a 19th century revival of the Knights Hospitaller. Tin (anglo-Saxon, tin, Latin stannum) is one of the earliest metals known and was used as a component of bronze from antiquity.

Order of St. A superconducting magnet weighing only a couple of kilograms is capable of producing magnetic fields comparable to a conventional electromagnet weighing tons. John of Jerusalem or Knights Hospitaller, named after Saint John of Jerusalem aka John the Baptist. The niobium-tin compound Nb3Sn is commercially used as wires for superconducting magnets, due to the material's high critical temperature (18 K) and critical magnetic field (25 T). Order of Knights of the Hospital of St. In fact, tin was one of the first superconductors to be studied; the Meissner effect, one of the characteristic features of superconductors, was first discovered in superconducting tin crystals. Svatý Jan pod Skalou (Saint John Under the Rock), a village in central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Tin becomes a superconductor below 3.72 K.

Saint John's Island, Singapore. Other uses:. Saint John, United States Virgin Islands. The tin whistle is so called because it was first mass-produced in tin-plated steel. Johns, Illinois. One thus-derived use of the slang term "tinnie" or "tinny" means "can of beer". St. Speakers of British English call them "tins"; Americans call them "cans".

Johns, Michigan. Tin-plated steel containers are widely used for food preservation, and this forms a large part of the market for metallic tin. St. Tin bonds readily to iron, and has been used for coating lead or zinc and steel to prevent corrosion. Johns River, Florida. However, this transformation is affected by impurities such as aluminium and zinc and can be prevented from occurring through the addition of antimony or bismuth. St. It slowly changes back to the gray form when cooled, which is called the tin pest or tin disease.

Johns County, Florida. When warmed above 13.2 °C it changes into white or beta tin, which is metallic and has a tetragonal structure. St. At low temperatures it exists as gray or alpha tin, which has a cubic crystal structure similar to silicon and germanium. Johns, Arizona. Solid tin has two allotropes at normal pressure. St. Tin is malleable at ordinary temperatures but is brittle when it is heated.

John, Washington. This metal combines directly with chlorine and oxygen and displaces hydrogen from dilute acids. St. Tin can be highly polished and is used as a protective coat for other metals in order to prevent corrosion or other chemical action. John, North Dakota. SnO2, in turn, is feebly acidic and forms stannate (SnO3-2) salts with basic oxides. St. Tin forms the dioxide SnO2 when it is heated in the presence of air.

John, Missouri. Tin acts as a catalyst when oxygen is in solution and helps accelerate chemical attack. St. This metal resists corrosion from distilled sea and soft tap water, but can be attacked by strong acids, alkalis, and by acid salts. John, Maine. Tin is a malleable, ductile, highly crystalline, silvery-white metal whose crystal structure causes a strange screeching sound known as the "tin cry" when a bar of tin is bent (caused by crystals breaking). St. .

John, Kansas. Tin is obtained chiefly from the mineral cassiterite where it occurs as an oxide. St. This silvery, malleable poor metal that is not easily oxidized in air and resists corrosion is found in many alloys and is used to coat other metals to prevent corrosion. John, Indiana. Stannum) and atomic number 50. St. Tin is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Sn (L.

John's, Isle of Man. Hence one use of the slang term "tinnie" or "tinny" for a small retail package of a drug such as cannabis or for a can of beer. St. Tin foil was once a common wrapping material for foods and drugs; now replaced by the use of aluminium foil, which is commonly referred to as tin foil. St John's Wood, London, England. Although of higher melting point than a lead-tin alloy, the use of pure tin or tin alloyed with other metals in these applications is rapidly supplanting the use of the previously common lead–containing alloys in order to eliminate the problems of toxicity caused by lead. John's, London, England. Tin is also used in solders for joining pipes or electric circuits, in bearing alloys, in glass-making, and in a wide range of tin chemical applications.

St. Window glass is most often made via floating molten glass on top of molten tin (creating float glass) in order to make a flat surface (this is called the "Pilkington process"). John's, South Yorkshire, England. These coatings have been used in panel lighting and in the production of frost-free windshields. St. Electrically conductive coatings are produced when tin salts are sprayed onto glass. John River, eastern North America. The most important salt formed is tin chloride, which has found use as a reducing agent and as a mordant in the calico printing process.

St. Some important tin alloys are: bronze, bell metal, Babbitt metal, die casting alloy, pewter, phosphor bronze, soft solder, and White metal. Johns riding, a riding in North Winnipeg. St. Johns and Fort St-Jean, former name of Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec.

St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. St. Saint John (electoral district) federal electoral district in Canada.

Saint John in Saint John County, New Brunswick. John's, Antigua and Barbuda. St. Orthopaedic Surgeon.

John, U.S. Thomas St. John, British Consul in Brunei (19th century). Spencer St.

John, British musician and composer. Kate St. John, British singer. Bridget St.

Austin St John, American actor. John, former footballer and now pundit. Ian St. politician.

John (1833-1916), U.S. John St. Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (1678–1751), English statesman and philosopher. 1598-1673), English statesman and judge.

John (c. Oliver St. Saint John Bosco (1815-1888), also known as Giovanni Melchior Bosco. Saint John Neumann (1811-1860), Bishop of Philadelphia.

Saint John Baptist de la Salle (1651-1719), the patron saint of teachers (also known by his French name, Jean-Baptiste de la Salle). Saint John Sarkander (1576-1620), Moravian priest. Saint John of the Cross (1542-1591), Spanish mystic. Saint John of Avila (1500-1569).

Saint John of God (1495-1550). Saint John Fisher (1469-1535), Bishop of Rochester, professor at Cambridge. Saint John of Capistrano (1386-1456), also known as Giovanni da Capistrano. 1340-1396).

Saint John of Nepomuk (c. Saint John of Matha (1169-1218), French founder of the Trinitarian Order. 946), also known as Ivan Rilski, Bulgarian hermit. Saint John of Rila (876 - c.

721) in Beverley, England. Saint John of Beverley (d. 676-749), revered Father of the Church. Saint John of Damascus (c.

579-649), also known as John of the Ladder, John Scholasticus and John Sinaites. Saint John Climacus (c. 585). 505 - c.

Saint John of Ephesus (c. Saint John I, Pope John I (523-526). 360-433). Saint John Cassian (c.

Saint John Chrysostom (347-407), Archbishop of Constantinople. Another name given to the author of the Book of Revelation is John of Patmos. John the Evangelist, to whom the Gospel of John is attributed, often along with 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, and Revelation. John the Apostle, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus, who is traditionally (but controversially) identified with the Evangelist, below (see Authorship of the Johannine works).

    .

    John the Baptist, also known as John of Jerusalem, who baptised Jesus at the start of Jesus' ministry.

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