Soloflex

Soloflex refers to an exercise machine and the company created in 1978 by Jerry Wilson which makes the machine. The machine was the first of its kind.

Soloflex also makes the Rockit and adjustable dumbbells.

Soloflex, the company has been involved in a major lawsuit over the similarly named Bowflex exercise machine which they have claimed damaged their marketing both through "copycat" advertising and later through a major product recall[1]. The case was settled out of court with an 8 million dollar cash payment to Soloflex [2].

Soloflex machines use an elastic element to provide resistance which means that force increases further into the exercise. This has been considered to be a disadvantage by serious weight trainers who have stated that it reduces the efficiency of the exercise provided.


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This has been considered to be a disadvantage by serious weight trainers who have stated that it reduces the efficiency of the exercise provided. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 90: 225-242. Soloflex machines use an elastic element to provide resistance which means that force increases further into the exercise. Evaluation of water quality projects in the Lake Tahoe Basin. The case was settled out of court with an 8 million dollar cash payment to Soloflex [2]. Grismer, 2004. Soloflex, the company has been involved in a major lawsuit over the similarly named Bowflex exercise machine which they have claimed damaged their marketing both through "copycat" advertising and later through a major product recall[1]. E.

Soloflex also makes the Rockit and adjustable dumbbells. Schuster, S., and M. The machine was the first of its kind. 9: 30-38. Soloflex refers to an exercise machine and the company created in 1978 by Jerry Wilson which makes the machine. Symp. Soc.

Fish. Am. The mysids and lake trout of Lake Tahoe: A 25-year history of changes in the fertility, plankton, and fishery of an alpine lake. Levitan, 1991.

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Fish. Can.J. Decadal, interannual, and seasonal variability in enrichment bioassays at Lake Tahoe, California-Nevada, USA. 1993.

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Byron, E. The North Shore features the Cal Neva Resort (once owned by Frank Sinatra) which has a marked state line running through it (even through its swimming pool). The Reno/Tahoe International Airport in Reno, Nevada and the Chevrolet Tahoe SUV were named after the lake. The lake level is controlled by a dam at the lake's only outlet, the Truckee River, at Tahoe City.

Although Lake Tahoe is a natural lake, it is also used for water storage by the Truckee-Carson Irrigation District (TCID).
. See also: List of Tahoe Casinos. In the town of Stateline, near Heavenly Valley, there are myriads of enormous casinos filled all year long.

Gambling is legal on the Nevada side of the lake, the resort area of Lake Tahoe attracts all kinds of fun seekers, year round. One of the most famous of Tahoe's trails is the Tahoe Rim Trail, a 165 mile trail that circumnavigates the lake. They range in size, length, difficulty, and popularity. There are hundreds of hiking/mountain biking trails all around the lake.

List of Lake Tahoe Cruise Ships:. List of Tahoe Marinas:. Lake Tahoe also has its own Coast Guard. There are lakefront restaurants all over the Lake, most equipped with docks and Buoys (See the restaurants section) There are all sorts of boating events, such as sailboat racing, firework shows over the lake, guided cruises, and more.

Boating, the primary activity in Tahoe in the summer, is known worldwide. The two cities most identified with the Lake Tahoe tourist area are South Lake Tahoe, California and the smaller Stateline, Nevada; smaller centers on the northern shoreline include Tahoe City and Kings Beach. During the summer, the lake is popular for water sports and beach activities. There is also Cross Country Skiing, Snowmobile riding, and Snowshoeing.

Snow tubing is popular among people who are interested in alternative sports. Many ski areas in Tahoe also have Snow tubing, such as Squaw Valley. Some, such as Granlibakken are equipped with rope tows to help sledders get up the hill. Scattered throughout Tahoe are public and private sled parks.

Some of the major ski areas in Tahoe include:. It gets more snow than anywhere in the United States and more than 99% of the world. Lake Tahoe, in addition to its panaramic beauty, is well known for its blizzards. During ski season, thousands of people from all over California, including Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area, flock to the slopes for some of the best skiing in the world.

Much of the area surrounding Lake Tahoe is devoted to the tourism industry and there many restaurants, ski slopes and casinos catering to visitors. This data set, together with more recently acquired data on urban runoff water quality, is being used by the Lahontan Regional Water Quality Control Board to develop a program (mandated by the Clean Water Act) to limit the flux of nutrients and fine sediment to the Lake. The LTIMP is a cooperative program with support from 12 federal and state agencies with interests in the Tahoe Basin. The objectives of the LTIMP are to acquire and disseminate the water quality information necessary to support science-based environmental planning and decision making in the basin.

Since 1980, the Lake Tahoe Interagency Monitoring Program (LTIMP) has been measuring stream discharge and concentrations of nutrients and sediment in up to 10 tributary streams in the Lake Tahoe Basin, California-Nevada. Many residents are enraged by the laws that they have passed, especialy those in the Tahoe Lakefront Homeowners Association. Currently, the Tahoe Regional Planning Agency is regulating construction along the shoreline (and has won two Federal Supreme Court battles over recent decisions). Construction activities had been linked to a 'clouding' of the amazingly blue waters of the Lake.

Until recently construction on the banks of the Lake had been, more or less, under the control of wealthy real estate developers. Lake Tahoe has suffered from much use. Since the 1970s, the cladoceran populations have somewhat recovered, but not to former levels. The shrimp provide a food resource for salmon and trout, but also compete with juvenile fish for zooplankton.

The shrimp began feeding on the Lake’s cladocerans (Daphnia and Bosmina), and their populations virtually disappeared by 1971. In 1963-65, opossum shrimp (Mysis relicta) were introduced to enhance the food supply for the introduced kokanee salmon (Onchorhynchus nerka). Since the 1960s, the Lake’s food web and zooplankton populations have undergone major changes. The warming trend is reducing the frequency of deep mixing in the lake, and may have important effects on water clarity and nutrient cycling.

Both of these factors are associated with global warming. The warming is caused primarily by increasing air temperatures, and secondarily by increasing downward long-wave radiation. Analysis of the temperature records in Lake Tahoe has shown that the lake warmed (between 1969 and 2002) at an average rate of 0.015 degrees C per year. Dissolved oxygen is relatively high from top to bottom.

Since 1970, it has mixed to a depth of at least 400 m a total of 6 or 7 times. Lake Tahoe never freezes. Because the volume of the lake is so large (156 km3) and its hydraulic residence time so long (about 650 years), its eutrophication may be essentially irreversible. Now, after a half-century of accelerated nitrogen input (much of it from direct atmospheric deposition), the lake is phosphorus-limited.

Until the early 1980s, nutrient limitation studies showed that primary productivity in the lake was nitrogen-limited. Fine sediment, much of it resulting from land disturbance in the basin, accounts for about half of the loss in clarity. In spite of land-use planning and export of treated sewage effluent from the basin, the lake is becoming increasingly eutrophic (richer in nutrients), with primary productivity increasing by more than 5% annually, and clarity decreasing at an average rate of 0.25 meters per year. Since the 1980s, development has slowed somewhat due to land use controls.

From 1960 to 1980, the permanent resident population increased from about 10,000 to greater than 50,000, and the summer population grew from about 10,000 to about 90,000. The post-World War II population and building boom, followed by construction of gambling casinos in the Nevada part of the basin during the mid-1950’s, and completion of the interstate highway links for the 1960 Squaw Valley Olympics, resulted in a dramatic increase in development within the basin. During the first half of this century, development around the lake consisted of a few vacation homes. Public appreciation of the Tahoe basin grew, and during the 1912, 1913, and 1918 Congressional sessions, unsuccessful efforts were made to designate the basin as a national park.

In 1864, Tahoe City was founded as a resort community for Virginia City, the first recognition of the basin’s potential as a destination resort area. The logging was so extensive that almost all of the native forest was cut. From 1858 until about 1890, logging in the basin supplied large timbers to shore up the underground workings of the Comstock mines. European civilization first made its mark in the Lake Tahoe basin with the 1858 discovery of the Comstock Lode, a silver deposit just 15 miles (24 km) to the east in Virginia City, Nevada.

Upon discovery of gold in the South Fork of the American River in 1848, thousands of west-bound gold seekers passed near the basin on their way to the gold fields. Putting the state line right through the middle of the lake and then at 39 degrees north latitude, the stateline obliques southeasterly torwards the Colorado River. The compromise to partition Tahoe with 2/3 to California and 1/3 to Nevada was reached when California became a state. It wasn’t until 1945 that it was finally and officially named Lake Tahoe.

department of interior first introduced the name Tahoe which continued a debate about naming the lake, in which both names were used until well into the next decade. In 1862 the U.S. In 1853 William Eddy, the surveyor general of California, identified Tahoe as Lake Bigler, in honor of California’s governor. After arriving at Sutter's Fort he designated it Lake Bonpland, in honor of the French explorer and botanist Aimé Jacques Alexandre Bonpland.

On February 14, 1844, while searching for the Bonaventura river he first sighted the lake from Red Lake Peak in what is now the Carson Pass. It was Fremont's 2nd exploratory expedition. Frémont and Kit Carson were the first non-indigenous people to see Lake Tahoe. John C.

Lt. The area around Lake Tahoe was originally inhabited by the Washoe tribe of Native Americans. The Pleistocene (Ice Age) molded the basin to its current form followed by drainage from ice and snow which filled the lake. Pluto formed a dam on the north side.

Eruptions from the extinct volcano Mt. Tahoe’s history began 2-3 million years ago when the faults that created the Carson Range simultaneously molded the Tahoe Basin. The lake's position is 39°N, 120°W. Tahoe City, California is located on the lake's northwest shore.

The south shore is dominated by the lake's largest city, South Lake Tahoe, California, which neighbors Stateline, Nevada. The basin soils (in the <2mm fraction) are generally 65-85% sand (0.05-2.0 mm). Cryopsamments, Cryumbrepts, rockland, rock outcrops and rubble and stoney colluvium account for over 70% of the land area in the basin (see USA soil taxonomy). Some of the valley bottoms and lower hillslopes are mantled with glacial moraines, or glacial outwash material derived from the parent rock.

Soils of the basin are derived primarily from andesitic volcanic rocks and granodiorite, with minor areas of metamorphic rock. Ceanothus is capable of fixing nitrogen, but mountain alder (Alnus tenuifolia), which grows along many of the basin’s streams, springs and seeps, fixes far greater quantities, and contributes measurably to nitrate-N concentrations in some small streams. The basin also contains significant areas of wet meadows and riparian areas, dry meadows, brush fields (with Arctostaphylos and Ceanothus) and rock outcrop areas, especially at higher elevations. magnifica).

murrayana), white fir (Abies concolor), and red fir (A. Jeffreyi), lodgepole pine (P. Vegetation in the basin is dominated by a mixed conifer forest of Jeffrey pine (P. As the climate in the northern Sierra warms, hydrologists anticipate that an increasing fraction of the precipitation in basin will fall as rain rather than snow.

In some years, summertime monsoonal storms from the Great Basin bring intense rainfall, especially to high elevations on the east side of the basin. There is a pronounced annual runoff of snowmelt in late spring and early summer, the timing of which varies from year to year. Most of the precipitation falls as snow between November and April, although rainstorms combined with rapid snowmelt account for the largest floods. Mean annual precipitation ranges from over 140 cm/yr in watersheds on the west side of the basin to about 67 cm/yr near the lake on the east side of the basin.

Many streams flow into Lake Tahoe, but the lake is drained only by the Truckee River, which flows northeast through Reno, Nevada and into Pyramid Lake in Nevada. Modern Lake Tahoe was shaped and landscaped by the scouring glaciers during the Ice Age (the Great Ice Age began a million or more years ago). Snowmelt filled the southern and lowest part of the basin, forming the ancestral Lake Tahoe, with rain and runoff adding additional water. Some of the highest peaks of the Lake Tahoe Basin that formed during this process were Freel Peak at 10,891 ft (3,320 m), Monument Peak at 10,067 ft (3,068 m) (the present Heavenly Valley Ski Area), Pyramid Peak at 9,983 ft (3,043 m) (in the Desolation Wilderness), and Mount Tallac at 9,735 ft (2,967 m).

Down-dropped blocks created the Lake Tahoe Basin in between. Uplifted blocks created the Carson Range on the east and the Sierra Nevada on the west. A geologic block fault is a fracture in the Earth's crust causing blocks of land to move up or down. The Lake Tahoe Basin was formed by geologic block (normal) faulting about 2 to 3 million years ago.

Lake Tahoe is about 22 mi (35 km) long and 12 mi (19 km) wide and has 72 mi (116 km) of shoreline and a surface area of 191 square miles or 495 square kilometers. Nevada seems to have been less active, or less successful, in its conservation efforts. Although for much of Tahoe's circumference, highways run within sight of the lake shore, some important parts of the California shoreline now lie within state parks or are protected by the United States Forest Service. Only Oregon's Crater Lake is deeper at 1930 feet (588 m).

mi./497 km²) ¹, and highest (6229 feet/1898 m) lakes in the United States. Lake Tahoe is one of the deepest (1645 feet/501 m), largest (192 sq. . The area is home to a number of ski resorts.

Approximately two-thirds of the shoreline is in California. Lake Tahoe is a freshwater lake in the Sierra Nevada, on the border between California and Nevada, near Carson City. While relatively large, Lake Tahoe is only a fraction of the size of the Great Lakes, which dwarf all other lakes in the U.S. Dixie.

M.S. Tahoe Queen. Tahoe Gal. Tahoe City Marina.

Sierra Boat Company. Homewood High and Dry Marina. Rose. Mount Rose: a medium sized ski area north-east of the Lake, atop Mt.

Homewood Ski Resort|Homewood: a medium sized ski area on the west shore. Donner Ski Ranch: a very small ski area on Donner Pass. Sugar Bowl Ski Resort|Sugar Bowl: a medium sized ski area in Donner Pass. Boreal Ski Resort|Boreal: a small ski area on Donner Pass.

Sierra-at-Tahoe: a small south shore ski area. Kirkwood Ski Resort|Kirkwood: a south shore ski area which gets more snow than any other ski area in Tahoe. Northstar-at-Tahoe: a popular north shore ski area. Diamond Peak: a small ski area located in Incline Village, NV.

Alpine Meadows: a medium sized ski area on the north shore only a few miles from Squaw Valley. Squaw Valley: the second largest ski area, known for its hosting of the 1960 Winter Olympics, located near Tahoe City. Heavenly Valley: the largest Ski area at Tahoe, located near Stateline, Nevada.

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