Snow White

Snow White (or Snow-White, and in German, Schneewittchen) is the title character of a well known fairy tale known from many places in Europe, the most known version being the one collected by the Brothers Grimm. The German version features elements such as the mirror and the seven dwarfs. In non-German versions the dwarfs are generally robbers, while the talking mirror is a dialog with the sun or moon. In a version from Albania, collected by Johann Georg von Hahn and published in Griechische und albanesische Märchen. Gesammelt, übersetz und erläutert (1864), the main character lives with 40 dragons. The sleep is caused by a ring. The start of the story also has an interesting twist in that a teacher urges the heroine to kill her own mother so that the teacher can take her place. The origin of the tale is debated; it is likely no older than the Middle Ages. Many scholars think it originated somewhere in Asia.

Story

In the traditional Brothers Grimm version of this tale, Snow White is born to a queen, who dies shortly after giving birth. The king takes a new wife who is beautiful but very proud. She possesses a magic mirror, to whom she would often ask "Mirror, mirror on the wall, who's the fairest of them all?", and to which the mirror would always reply, "You are". But one day when she asks her mirror, it responds, "Queen, you're the fairest where you are, but Snow White is more beautiful by far".

The Queen is jealous, and orders a huntsman to take Snow White into the woods to be killed. She demands that the huntsman return with Snow White's lungs and liver as proof. The huntsman takes Snow White into the forest, but finds himself unable to kill the girl. Instead, he lets her go, and brings the queen the lungs and liver of a wild boar. (In the Disney movie, these are replaced by a heart.)

Snow White discovers a tiny cottage in the forest, belonging to seven dwarfs, where she rests. Meanwhile, the Queen asks her mirror once again, "Who's the fairest of them all?", and is horrified when the mirror tells her that Snow White, who is alive and well and living with the dwarfs, is still the fairest of them all.

Three times the Queen disguises herself and visits the dwarves' cottage where Snow White is staying to try to kill her. First, disguised as a peddler, the Queen offers colorful stay-laces and laces Snow White up so tight she faints and the Queen takes her for dead. Snow White is revived by the dwarves when they loosen the laces. Next the Queen dressed as a different old woman combs her hair with a poisoned comb. Snow White again collapses, and again the dwarves save her. Lastly the Queen makes a poison apple, and in the guise of a country woman offers it to Snow White. She is hesitant, so the Queen cuts the apple in half, eats the white part -- which has no poison -- and gives the poisoned red part to Snow White. She eats the apple eagerly and immediately falls into a deep, magical sleep. When the dwarfs find her, they cannot revive her; and so they mourn and place her in a glass coffin, thinking that she has died. (The Disney version only adopts the poison apple plot, and the queen meets her demise as she is chased by the dwarves.)

Snow White in her coffin

Time passes, and a prince travels through the land and sees Snow White in her coffin. The prince is enchanted by her beauty and instantly falls in love with her. He begs the dwarfs to let him have the coffin. The prince and his men carry the coffin away, but as they go they stumble, the coffin jerks and the piece of poison apple flies out of Snow White's mouth, awakening her. The prince then declares his love and soon a wedding is planned. (In the Disney version, the cure for this deep sleep was love's first kiss. The Prince takes a revived Snow White away, and the film ends.)

The vain Queen, still believing that Snow White is dead, again asks her mirror who is fairest in the land and yet again the mirror disappoints by responding that "You, my queen, are fair; it is true. But the young queen is a thousand times fairer than you."

Not knowing that this new queen is indeed her stepdaughter, she arrives at the wedding, and her heart fills with the deepest of dread when she realizes the truth.

As punishment for her wicked ways, a pair of heated iron shoes are brought forth with tongs and placed before the Queen. She is then forced to step into the red-hot shoes and dance until she falls down dead.

Other Versions

The story in Russian writer Alexander Pushkin's 1833 poem The Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights is similar to that of Snow White, with knights replacing dwarves.

A 1916 silent film with the title Snow White was made by Famous Players-Lasky Corporation and produced by Adolph Zukor and Daniel Frohman. Directed by J. Searle Dawley, it was adapted to the screen by Jessie Graham White from his play Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. The film starred Marguerite Clark as Snow White, Creighton Hale as Prince Florimond and Dorothy Cumming as Queen Brangomar/Mary Jane.

Snow White in the Disney Cartoon.

A 1933 Betty Boop cartoon, Snow-White, was adapted from this story, as was the famous 1937 Disney animated feature, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. In the Disney version, Snow White wakes from her enchanted sleep as soon as the Prince kisses her, similar to Sleeping Beauty. That version is distinctly parodied in Coal Black and de Sebben Dwarfs.

Snow White is an important character in the Fables comic book. As presented there, she is an amalgam of the two characters that share this name---she is very touchy about her adventures with the dwarfs, is the first ex-wife of Prince Charming, and has a sister named Rose Red from whom she was estranged for some time. She was assistant mayor of Fabletown for many years, succeeding to the post after Ichabod Crane was fired for sexually harassing her. Due to Prince Charming replacing Old King Cole as mayor, as well as her giving birth to the (mostly) non-human-appearing children of Bigby (the Big Bad Wolf), she moved from the New York City Fabletown to the "Farm" upstate, where non-human-appearing Fables must live.

The story was very loosely adapted by Mercedes Lackey into her Elemental Masters novel The Serpent's Shadow, turning the main character into the Eurasian Doctor Maya Witherspoon, who must suffer the multiple stigmas of being a medically-qualified half-caste female (in other words, most of her problems stem from being not white) in turn-of-the-century London; the seven dwarves are transformed into animal avatars of various benign Hindu deities.

In 1961 the story was paradied in the film "Snow White and The Three Stooges", starring Moe Howard, Larry Fine and Joe "Curly-Joe" DeRita. This film is widely regarded by fans of the Three Stooges as their worst feature film. In the film, the dwarfs had gone on vacation and lent Moe, Larry and Curly Joe the use their cottage. The 3 are traveling entertainers, along with a young man who was born a prince, but lost his memory in a kidnapping attempt that was thwarted by the Stooges. The boy suffers amnesia and the Stooges "adopt" him and raise him to manhood. He is only shown as a boy in a flasback segment. This man ends up marrying Snow White, played by real life figure skating champion, Carol Heiss. The film is a musical and features many ice skating scenes. There are few other things that differ from the original story, such as Count Oga (villainous henchman of the evil queen), magic sword that transports the Stooges to various places and a carriage chase scene.

Snow White And Rose Red

There is another Brothers Grimm tale called Snow-White and Rose-Red which also includes a character called Snow White. However this Snow White is a completely separate character from the one found in this tale. For more information about the other Snow White, see the Snow-White and Rose-Red article. The original German names are different: Schneewittchen (the Princess) and Schneeweißchen (together with Rosenrot). There is actually no difference in the meaning, but the first name is more influenced by the dialects of Lower Germany while the second one is the Higher German version.


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There is actually no difference in the meaning, but the first name is more influenced by the dialects of Lower Germany while the second one is the Higher German version. Organizational theorists such as Margaret Wheatley have also described the workings of organizational systems in new contexts, such as quantum physics, chaos theory, and the self-organization of systems. The original German names are different: Schneewittchen (the Princess) and Schneeweißchen (together with Rosenrot). This is a basis of systemic coaching. For more information about the other Snow White, see the Snow-White and Rose-Red article. Such people consider the potential consequences of their decisions on other parts of larger systems. However this Snow White is a completely separate character from the one found in this tale. Some people can think globally while acting locally.

There is another Brothers Grimm tale called Snow-White and Rose-Red which also includes a character called Snow White. Systems thinking is a leadership competency. There are few other things that differ from the original story, such as Count Oga (villainous henchman of the evil queen), magic sword that transports the Stooges to various places and a carriage chase scene. Organizational development theorist Peter Senge developed the notion of organizations as systems in his book The Fifth Discipline. The film is a musical and features many ice skating scenes. In operations research and organizational development (OD), organizations are viewed as human systems (conceptual systems) of interacting components such as sub-systems, processes and organizational structures. This man ends up marrying Snow White, played by real life figure skating champion, Carol Heiss. System can also be used referring to a framework, be it software or hardware, designed to allow software to run, see platform.

He is only shown as a boy in a flasback segment. This still fits with the definition of components which are connected together (in this case in order to facilitate the flow of information). The boy suffers amnesia and the Stooges "adopt" him and raise him to manhood. Again, an example will illustrate: There are systems of counting, as with Roman numerals, and various systems for filing papers, or catalogues, and various library systems, of which the Dewey Decimal System is an example. The 3 are traveling entertainers, along with a young man who was born a prince, but lost his memory in a kidnapping attempt that was thwarted by the Stooges. In computer science and information science, system could also be a method or an algorithm. In the film, the dwarfs had gone on vacation and lent Moe, Larry and Curly Joe the use their cottage. See system (thermodynamics).

This film is widely regarded by fans of the Three Stooges as their worst feature film. Thermodynamic systems may be: open, closed, and isolated. In 1961 the story was paradied in the film "Snow White and The Three Stooges", starring Moe Howard, Larry Fine and Joe "Curly-Joe" DeRita. Human systems may be comprised of smaller groups or sub-systems that may strive to accomplish their own goals at the expense of other living systems or other human systems. The story was very loosely adapted by Mercedes Lackey into her Elemental Masters novel The Serpent's Shadow, turning the main character into the Eurasian Doctor Maya Witherspoon, who must suffer the multiple stigmas of being a medically-qualified half-caste female (in other words, most of her problems stem from being not white) in turn-of-the-century London; the seven dwarves are transformed into animal avatars of various benign Hindu deities. Human systems are people that attempt to accomplish goals together. Due to Prince Charming replacing Old King Cole as mayor, as well as her giving birth to the (mostly) non-human-appearing children of Bigby (the Big Bad Wolf), she moved from the New York City Fabletown to the "Farm" upstate, where non-human-appearing Fables must live. Living systems interact with inanimate elements of its environment.

She was assistant mayor of Fabletown for many years, succeeding to the post after Ichabod Crane was fired for sexually harassing her. Living systems can refer to parts of a living organism, members of a group of organisms, or groups of organisms that interact with other groups of organisms. As presented there, she is an amalgam of the two characters that share this name---she is very touchy about her adventures with the dwarfs, is the first ex-wife of Prince Charming, and has a sister named Rose Red from whom she was estranged for some time. Conceptual systems generally exist to aid in the accomplishment of specific goals or may be used to model physical systems. Snow White is an important character in the Fables comic book. Conceptual systems are made up of ideas. That version is distinctly parodied in Coal Black and de Sebben Dwarfs. Physical systems are systems of matter and energy.

In the Disney version, Snow White wakes from her enchanted sleep as soon as the Prince kisses her, similar to Sleeping Beauty. Dynamic systems have components or flows or both, that change over time. A 1933 Betty Boop cartoon, Snow-White, was adapted from this story, as was the famous 1937 Disney animated feature, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. However it is also an open system, because it depends on outside factors and the prisoners and wardens do go outside. The film starred Marguerite Clark as Snow White, Creighton Hale as Prince Florimond and Dorothy Cumming as Queen Brangomar/Mary Jane. For example a prison is a closed system because the prisoners can't get out, and the wardens spend most of their time at the prison. Searle Dawley, it was adapted to the screen by Jessie Graham White from his play Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. In practice many things are a mixture of the two.

Directed by J. A closed system is self-contained: outside events can have no influence upon the system. A 1916 silent film with the title Snow White was made by Famous Players-Lasky Corporation and produced by Adolph Zukor and Daniel Frohman. Open systems can be influenced by events outside the declared boundaries of a system. The story in Russian writer Alexander Pushkin's 1833 poem The Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights is similar to that of Snow White, with knights replacing dwarves. A number of material points considered simultaneously is called a system of material points, or briefly a system, if some common principle may be said to govern the collection. She is then forced to step into the red-hot shoes and dance until she falls down dead. It might be supposed that there can be an infinite regression or progression of such systems, but in a finite world, all things come to an end (perhaps at the level of quarks, leptons, and photons at one end and the Universe at the other).

As punishment for her wicked ways, a pair of heated iron shoes are brought forth with tongs and placed before the Queen. Describing this thing makes up information, and defines a system. Not knowing that this new queen is indeed her stepdaughter, she arrives at the wedding, and her heart fills with the deepest of dread when she realizes the truth. The cup has a certain shape and a handle, it is made of non-porous material and so on, and it is put together in such a way as to provide a useful function. But the young queen is a thousand times fairer than you.". For example, a cup is an object, but it is also a system for holding hot or cold liquid, or other material. The vain Queen, still believing that Snow White is dead, again asks her mirror who is fairest in the land and yet again the mirror disappoints by responding that "You, my queen, are fair; it is true. In addition, all so-called "things"— namely objects— are actually systems.

The Prince takes a revived Snow White away, and the film ends.). The entire body is also referred to as a system in terms of physiology. (In the Disney version, the cure for this deep sleep was love's first kiss. In the human body, such systems are referred to as the nervous system, the circulatory system, the digestive system, the reproductive system, and the respiratory system. The prince then declares his love and soon a wedding is planned. For example, the solar system of nine planets orbiting the sun. The prince and his men carry the coffin away, but as they go they stumble, the coffin jerks and the piece of poison apple flies out of Snow White's mouth, awakening her. In the natural world, one would declare that there are systems.

He begs the dwarfs to let him have the coffin. Going to the doctor is a process, but health care is a system. The prince is enchanted by her beauty and instantly falls in love with her. For example, a pulley is a machine, but an elevator, which incorporates pulleys (amongst other components), is a system. Time passes, and a prince travels through the land and sees Snow White in her coffin. Depending on the type of system, a system can often be distinguished from individual (simple) machines, elements or processes of that system by the number, arrangements and complexity of those elements. (The Disney version only adopts the poison apple plot, and the queen meets her demise as she is chased by the dwarves.). An engineering example of a system is often a circuit or a physical series (but such a system does not have to physically exist).

When the dwarfs find her, they cannot revive her; and so they mourn and place her in a glass coffin, thinking that she has died. (It is tempting to say that systems enable "things" to be done— but that is confusing in this context). She eats the apple eagerly and immediately falls into a deep, magical sleep. Systems enable "activities" to be performed. She is hesitant, so the Queen cuts the apple in half, eats the white part -- which has no poison -- and gives the poisoned red part to Snow White. At arbritary boundaries, a collection of interrelated components (or, subsystems) may be declared a system and may further be abstracted to be declared a component of a larger system. Lastly the Queen makes a poison apple, and in the guise of a country woman offers it to Snow White. .

Snow White again collapses, and again the dwarves save her. A sub-system is a system which is a proper subset of another system. Next the Queen dressed as a different old woman combs her hair with a poisoned comb. Cladistics is a system for classifying evolutionary relationships among living things based on derived similarity. Snow White is revived by the dwarves when they loosen the laces. Grammar is a system which governs language usage (in this case, the grammatical elements are the system elements). First, disguised as a peddler, the Queen offers colorful stay-laces and laces Snow White up so tight she faints and the Queen takes her for dead. Laws are a system which governs human social behavior.

Three times the Queen disguises herself and visits the dwarves' cottage where Snow White is staying to try to kill her. A system may be a set of rules for governing behavior or organisation. Meanwhile, the Queen asks her mirror once again, "Who's the fairest of them all?", and is horrified when the mirror tells her that Snow White, who is alive and well and living with the dwarfs, is still the fairest of them all. The term is often used to describe a set of entities which 'act' on each other, and for which a mathematical model or a logical model may be constructed encompassing the elements and their allowed actions. Snow White discovers a tiny cottage in the forest, belonging to seven dwarfs, where she rests. A system typically consists of components (or elements) which interface in order to facilitate the 'flow' of information, matter or energy. (In the Disney movie, these are replaced by a heart.). From the Latin and Greek, the term system meant to combine, to set up, to place together.

Instead, he lets her go, and brings the queen the lungs and liver of a wild boar. It is generally recognized that while any element of a system need not have a (direct) relationship with any other particular element of a system, any element which has no relationship with any other element of a system, cannot be a part of that system. The huntsman takes Snow White into the forest, but finds himself unable to kill the girl. That is, each element is seen to be related to other elements of and/or the whole system. She demands that the huntsman return with Snow White's lungs and liver as proof. A system is an assemblage of related elements comprising a whole, such that each element may be seen to be a part of that whole in some sense. The Queen is jealous, and orders a huntsman to take Snow White into the woods to be killed.

But one day when she asks her mirror, it responds, "Queen, you're the fairest where you are, but Snow White is more beautiful by far". She possesses a magic mirror, to whom she would often ask "Mirror, mirror on the wall, who's the fairest of them all?", and to which the mirror would always reply, "You are". The king takes a new wife who is beautiful but very proud. In the traditional Brothers Grimm version of this tale, Snow White is born to a queen, who dies shortly after giving birth.

. Many scholars think it originated somewhere in Asia. The origin of the tale is debated; it is likely no older than the Middle Ages. The start of the story also has an interesting twist in that a teacher urges the heroine to kill her own mother so that the teacher can take her place.

The sleep is caused by a ring. Gesammelt, übersetz und erläutert (1864), the main character lives with 40 dragons. In a version from Albania, collected by Johann Georg von Hahn and published in Griechische und albanesische Märchen. In non-German versions the dwarfs are generally robbers, while the talking mirror is a dialog with the sun or moon.

The German version features elements such as the mirror and the seven dwarfs. Snow White (or Snow-White, and in German, Schneewittchen) is the title character of a well known fairy tale known from many places in Europe, the most known version being the one collected by the Brothers Grimm.

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