Snow White

Snow White (or Snow-White, and in German, Schneewittchen) is the title character of a well known fairy tale known from many places in Europe, the most known version being the one collected by the Brothers Grimm. The German version features elements such as the mirror and the seven dwarfs. In non-German versions the dwarfs are generally robbers, while the talking mirror is a dialog with the sun or moon. In a version from Albania, collected by Johann Georg von Hahn and published in Griechische und albanesische Märchen. Gesammelt, übersetz und erläutert (1864), the main character lives with 40 dragons. The sleep is caused by a ring. The start of the story also has an interesting twist in that a teacher urges the heroine to kill her own mother so that the teacher can take her place. The origin of the tale is debated; it is likely no older than the Middle Ages. Many scholars think it originated somewhere in Asia.

Story

In the traditional Brothers Grimm version of this tale, Snow White is born to a queen, who dies shortly after giving birth. The king takes a new wife who is beautiful but very proud. She possesses a magic mirror, to whom she would often ask "Mirror, mirror on the wall, who's the fairest of them all?", and to which the mirror would always reply, "You are". But one day when she asks her mirror, it responds, "Queen, you're the fairest where you are, but Snow White is more beautiful by far".

The Queen is jealous, and orders a huntsman to take Snow White into the woods to be killed. She demands that the huntsman return with Snow White's lungs and liver as proof. The huntsman takes Snow White into the forest, but finds himself unable to kill the girl. Instead, he lets her go, and brings the queen the lungs and liver of a wild boar. (In the Disney movie, these are replaced by a heart.)

Snow White discovers a tiny cottage in the forest, belonging to seven dwarfs, where she rests. Meanwhile, the Queen asks her mirror once again, "Who's the fairest of them all?", and is horrified when the mirror tells her that Snow White, who is alive and well and living with the dwarfs, is still the fairest of them all.

Three times the Queen disguises herself and visits the dwarves' cottage where Snow White is staying to try to kill her. First, disguised as a peddler, the Queen offers colorful stay-laces and laces Snow White up so tight she faints and the Queen takes her for dead. Snow White is revived by the dwarves when they loosen the laces. Next the Queen dressed as a different old woman combs her hair with a poisoned comb. Snow White again collapses, and again the dwarves save her. Lastly the Queen makes a poison apple, and in the guise of a country woman offers it to Snow White. She is hesitant, so the Queen cuts the apple in half, eats the white part -- which has no poison -- and gives the poisoned red part to Snow White. She eats the apple eagerly and immediately falls into a deep, magical sleep. When the dwarfs find her, they cannot revive her; and so they mourn and place her in a glass coffin, thinking that she has died. (The Disney version only adopts the poison apple plot, and the queen meets her demise as she is chased by the dwarves.)

Snow White in her coffin

Time passes, and a prince travels through the land and sees Snow White in her coffin. The prince is enchanted by her beauty and instantly falls in love with her. He begs the dwarfs to let him have the coffin. The prince and his men carry the coffin away, but as they go they stumble, the coffin jerks and the piece of poison apple flies out of Snow White's mouth, awakening her. The prince then declares his love and soon a wedding is planned. (In the Disney version, the cure for this deep sleep was love's first kiss. The Prince takes a revived Snow White away, and the film ends.)

The vain Queen, still believing that Snow White is dead, again asks her mirror who is fairest in the land and yet again the mirror disappoints by responding that "You, my queen, are fair; it is true. But the young queen is a thousand times fairer than you."

Not knowing that this new queen is indeed her stepdaughter, she arrives at the wedding, and her heart fills with the deepest of dread when she realizes the truth.

As punishment for her wicked ways, a pair of heated iron shoes are brought forth with tongs and placed before the Queen. She is then forced to step into the red-hot shoes and dance until she falls down dead.

Other Versions

The story in Russian writer Alexander Pushkin's 1833 poem The Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights is similar to that of Snow White, with knights replacing dwarves.

A 1916 silent film with the title Snow White was made by Famous Players-Lasky Corporation and produced by Adolph Zukor and Daniel Frohman. Directed by J. Searle Dawley, it was adapted to the screen by Jessie Graham White from his play Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. The film starred Marguerite Clark as Snow White, Creighton Hale as Prince Florimond and Dorothy Cumming as Queen Brangomar/Mary Jane.

Snow White in the Disney Cartoon.

A 1933 Betty Boop cartoon, Snow-White, was adapted from this story, as was the famous 1937 Disney animated feature, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. In the Disney version, Snow White wakes from her enchanted sleep as soon as the Prince kisses her, similar to Sleeping Beauty. That version is distinctly parodied in Coal Black and de Sebben Dwarfs.

Snow White is an important character in the Fables comic book. As presented there, she is an amalgam of the two characters that share this name---she is very touchy about her adventures with the dwarfs, is the first ex-wife of Prince Charming, and has a sister named Rose Red from whom she was estranged for some time. She was assistant mayor of Fabletown for many years, succeeding to the post after Ichabod Crane was fired for sexually harassing her. Due to Prince Charming replacing Old King Cole as mayor, as well as her giving birth to the (mostly) non-human-appearing children of Bigby (the Big Bad Wolf), she moved from the New York City Fabletown to the "Farm" upstate, where non-human-appearing Fables must live.

The story was very loosely adapted by Mercedes Lackey into her Elemental Masters novel The Serpent's Shadow, turning the main character into the Eurasian Doctor Maya Witherspoon, who must suffer the multiple stigmas of being a medically-qualified half-caste female (in other words, most of her problems stem from being not white) in turn-of-the-century London; the seven dwarves are transformed into animal avatars of various benign Hindu deities.

In 1961 the story was paradied in the film "Snow White and The Three Stooges", starring Moe Howard, Larry Fine and Joe "Curly-Joe" DeRita. This film is widely regarded by fans of the Three Stooges as their worst feature film. In the film, the dwarfs had gone on vacation and lent Moe, Larry and Curly Joe the use their cottage. The 3 are traveling entertainers, along with a young man who was born a prince, but lost his memory in a kidnapping attempt that was thwarted by the Stooges. The boy suffers amnesia and the Stooges "adopt" him and raise him to manhood. He is only shown as a boy in a flasback segment. This man ends up marrying Snow White, played by real life figure skating champion, Carol Heiss. The film is a musical and features many ice skating scenes. There are few other things that differ from the original story, such as Count Oga (villainous henchman of the evil queen), magic sword that transports the Stooges to various places and a carriage chase scene.

Snow White And Rose Red

There is another Brothers Grimm tale called Snow-White and Rose-Red which also includes a character called Snow White. However this Snow White is a completely separate character from the one found in this tale. For more information about the other Snow White, see the Snow-White and Rose-Red article. The original German names are different: Schneewittchen (the Princess) and Schneeweißchen (together with Rosenrot). There is actually no difference in the meaning, but the first name is more influenced by the dialects of Lower Germany while the second one is the Higher German version.


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There is actually no difference in the meaning, but the first name is more influenced by the dialects of Lower Germany while the second one is the Higher German version. Moreover, the "hybrid" moniker gives the SUVs it's applied to an environmentally friendly image to counter the gas-guzzling reputation of SUVs in general. The original German names are different: Schneewittchen (the Princess) and Schneeweißchen (together with Rosenrot). While some manufacturers (most notably Toyota in the Lexus RX400h) are using added power generated from the hybrid systems primarily to give vehicles added performance, these hybrid SUVs still offer equal or better fuel efficiency than their conventionally-powered counterparts. For more information about the other Snow White, see the Snow-White and Rose-Red article. A hybrid version of the Toyota Highlander is available, and a hybrid Mazda Tribute is in the pipeline. However this Snow White is a completely separate character from the one found in this tale. Shortly after the Escape Hybrid's introduction, Mercury introduced a hybrid version of its Mariner, which is a lightly restyled Ford Escape.

There is another Brothers Grimm tale called Snow-White and Rose-Red which also includes a character called Snow White. The 2005 Ford Escape Hybrid is the first hybrid SUV, with a hybrid version of the Lexus RX 400h also available. There are few other things that differ from the original story, such as Count Oga (villainous henchman of the evil queen), magic sword that transports the Stooges to various places and a carriage chase scene. For example the Hummer H1 is derived from the HMMWV developed for the US Armed Forces. The film is a musical and features many ice skating scenes. SUVs targeted for use in civilization have traditionally originated from their more rugged all terrain counterparts. This man ends up marrying Snow White, played by real life figure skating champion, Carol Heiss. Typical examples are the Land Rover, the Toyota Land Cruiser and the Lada Niva.

He is only shown as a boy in a flasback segment. Availablity of spare parts and the need to carry out repairs on the move dictate that established generic model vehicles with the bare minimum of electric and hydraulic systems predominate. The boy suffers amnesia and the Stooges "adopt" him and raise him to manhood. It should be noted that use of SUVs is much rarer outside the USA, with people in these tending to use all terrain utility vehicles without the suburban refinements common to SUVs. The 3 are traveling entertainers, along with a young man who was born a prince, but lost his memory in a kidnapping attempt that was thwarted by the Stooges. Areas such as the Australian Outback, Africa, the Middle East and most of Asia can have limited blacktop roads and require the vehicle to have increased range, storage capacity, and all terrain handling. In the film, the dwarfs had gone on vacation and lent Moe, Larry and Curly Joe the use their cottage. There are a number of places where an SUV can be of benefit to its occupants.

This film is widely regarded by fans of the Three Stooges as their worst feature film. However they are still referred to in the UK as "roll-overs" due to their propensity to roll over. In 1961 the story was paradied in the film "Snow White and The Three Stooges", starring Moe Howard, Larry Fine and Joe "Curly-Joe" DeRita. Manufacturers have added car-level bumpers to reduce "submarining" in collisions- SUVs have therefore become somewhat safer for other road users in recent years. The story was very loosely adapted by Mercedes Lackey into her Elemental Masters novel The Serpent's Shadow, turning the main character into the Eurasian Doctor Maya Witherspoon, who must suffer the multiple stigmas of being a medically-qualified half-caste female (in other words, most of her problems stem from being not white) in turn-of-the-century London; the seven dwarves are transformed into animal avatars of various benign Hindu deities. [5]. Due to Prince Charming replacing Old King Cole as mayor, as well as her giving birth to the (mostly) non-human-appearing children of Bigby (the Big Bad Wolf), she moved from the New York City Fabletown to the "Farm" upstate, where non-human-appearing Fables must live. In April 2005, William Cottrell, a 24-year-old American postgraduate student at Caltech was sentenced to more than eight years in federal prison and $3.5 million in fines for firebombing or vandalizing 125 SUVs at dealerships and a few homes in 2003.[4] Two of his associates fled the country to avoid prosecution.

She was assistant mayor of Fabletown for many years, succeeding to the post after Ichabod Crane was fired for sexually harassing her. Other points of criticism: the gadgets may become troublesome (adding to repair bills), they add to the overall weight of the vehicle, the luxury features are simply toys for the rich and provide additional opportunities for the owner to flaunt himself/herself, and – in some instances – serve as distractions to drivers and causing an accident risk. As presented there, she is an amalgam of the two characters that share this name---she is very touchy about her adventures with the dwarfs, is the first ex-wife of Prince Charming, and has a sister named Rose Red from whom she was estranged for some time. Many critics see these features as simply unnecessary for normal commuting. Snow White is an important character in the Fables comic book. In addition, some have criticized SUVs – particularly luxury-minded top-line models – because they come with electronic gadgets such as automotive navigation systems; power seats with memory settings; in-seat heaters and massage-type seat lumbar control; in-vehicle DVD players with flatscreen monitors; and vehicle stability control. That version is distinctly parodied in Coal Black and de Sebben Dwarfs. Some have gone as far as to connect recent oil crisis woes with widespread use of these vehicles.

In the Disney version, Snow White wakes from her enchanted sleep as soon as the Prince kisses her, similar to Sleeping Beauty. Others criticize SUVs for environmental reasons, pointing out that low fuel efficiency and high emissions make SUVs far less environmentally friendly than smaller cars. A 1933 Betty Boop cartoon, Snow-White, was adapted from this story, as was the famous 1937 Disney animated feature, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Some criticism of SUVs is based purely on their image as expensive, upscale status symbols for the (relatively) wealthy; and their stereotypically yuppie owners/drivers as arrogant, rude, and wasteful show-offs. The film starred Marguerite Clark as Snow White, Creighton Hale as Prince Florimond and Dorothy Cumming as Queen Brangomar/Mary Jane. For example, in braking, the high center of mass would direct an excessive weight shift to the front tyres, leading to an inefficiency of traction during braking. Searle Dawley, it was adapted to the screen by Jessie Graham White from his play Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Due to the SUV's usually high weight and high center of mass, SUVs generally perform poorly in emergency manoeuvres.

Directed by J. For instance, a 1999 Jeep Cherokee has a curb (empty) weight of 3300 lb (1500  kg), while a smaller car like the Volkswagen Golf diesel has a curb weight of 3100 lb (1400 kg). A 1916 silent film with the title Snow White was made by Famous Players-Lasky Corporation and produced by Adolph Zukor and Daniel Frohman. However sometimes, SUVs may look heavier than they actually are. The story in Russian writer Alexander Pushkin's 1833 poem The Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights is similar to that of Snow White, with knights replacing dwarves. These weights are all for vehicles fully loaded to GVWR, and most owners rarely reach full capacity. She is then forced to step into the red-hot shoes and dance until she falls down dead. For comparison, a midsize sedan such as the Honda Accord weighs 4080 lb (1851 kg) fully loaded.

As punishment for her wicked ways, a pair of heated iron shoes are brought forth with tongs and placed before the Queen. Other vehicles can weigh as much as an SUV: the Dodge Grand Caravan exceeds the 6000 lb mark by 650 lb (295 kg), and the Honda Odyssey, at 5952 lb (2700 kg), and Kia Sedona, at 5959 lb (2703 kg), are close. Not knowing that this new queen is indeed her stepdaughter, she arrives at the wedding, and her heart fills with the deepest of dread when she realizes the truth. These laws are rarely enforced for SUVs, however, since these vehicles are seen as passenger vehicles instead of commercial trucks. But the young queen is a thousand times fairer than you.". Rural bridges often have a 6000 lb (2700 kg) weight limit, and some large SUVs surpass this limit when loaded. The vain Queen, still believing that Snow White is dead, again asks her mirror who is fairest in the land and yet again the mirror disappoints by responding that "You, my queen, are fair; it is true. The high gross vehicle weight rating of some larger SUVs (including the Ford Excursion or Hummer H2) technically limits their use on certain roads.

The Prince takes a revived Snow White away, and the film ends.). Most gasoline luxury cars, limousines, SUV's, sport editions and tuned cars vary from 1L / 6KM to 1L / 12KM (±15-30 mpg). (In the Disney version, the cure for this deep sleep was love's first kiss. Average gasoline cars average from 1L / 8KM up to 1L /15KM (±20-35 mpg). The prince then declares his love and soon a wedding is planned. The smallest consumer gasoline cars average from 1 liter per 16KM up to 1 liter per 20KM (±40-50 mpg). The prince and his men carry the coffin away, but as they go they stumble, the coffin jerks and the piece of poison apple flies out of Snow White's mouth, awakening her. Luxury cars and limousines often have larger engines than SUV's.

He begs the dwarfs to let him have the coffin. Sport editions of cars and tuned cars can have really bad fuel economics. The prince is enchanted by her beauty and instantly falls in love with her. Standard cars with a diesel engine can weigh more than a regular SUV. Time passes, and a prince travels through the land and sees Snow White in her coffin. Luxury cars and mini vans can have the same or even more weight than a SUV. (The Disney version only adopts the poison apple plot, and the queen meets her demise as she is chased by the dwarves.). Although SUV's have the image of being fuel hogs, compared to sport editions of standard cars, luxury cars and mini vans the SUV's don't come out so bad.

When the dwarfs find her, they cannot revive her; and so they mourn and place her in a glass coffin, thinking that she has died. Also, bear in mind that diesel is a more polluting fuel than gasoline, so a direct comparison of gallons/liters per mile/kilometer can be misleading. She eats the apple eagerly and immediately falls into a deep, magical sleep. Note though that gasoline contains about 15% less energy than diesel fuel per unit of volume, so direct comparison of fuel economy numbers can be misleading. She is hesitant, so the Queen cuts the apple in half, eats the white part -- which has no poison -- and gives the poisoned red part to Snow White. Diesel-engined versions tend to show better fuel economy figures than gasoline-burning versions - checking a few offical figures shows that a small diesel 4x4 has better touring economy than the supercharged Mini Cooper S or many large saloon cars. Lastly the Queen makes a poison apple, and in the guise of a country woman offers it to Snow White. The low fuel economy is caused by.

Snow White again collapses, and again the dwarves save her. The more car-like SUVs tend to have a somewhat lower profile and better road performance tires, but often still have large, fuel-inefficient engines. Next the Queen dressed as a different old woman combs her hair with a poisoned comb. SUVs also often come with tires designed for off-road traction rather than low rolling resistance. Snow White is revived by the dwarves when they loosen the laces. The heavy suspension and large engines increases vehicle weight. First, disguised as a peddler, the Queen offers colorful stay-laces and laces Snow White up so tight she faints and the Queen takes her for dead. The high profile of SUVs increases wind resistance.

Three times the Queen disguises herself and visits the dwarves' cottage where Snow White is staying to try to kill her. As there is little incentive to change the design, SUVs have numerous fuel-inefficient features. Meanwhile, the Queen asks her mirror once again, "Who's the fairest of them all?", and is horrified when the mirror tells her that Snow White, who is alive and well and living with the dwarfs, is still the fairest of them all. The CAFE requirement for light trucks is an average of 20.7 mpg (US), versus 27.5 mpg (US) for passenger cars (11.4 and 8.6 L/100 km, respectively). Snow White discovers a tiny cottage in the forest, belonging to seven dwarfs, where she rests. government as light trucks, and thus are subject to the less strict light truck standard under the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations. (In the Disney movie, these are replaced by a heart.). The main reason is that SUVs are classified by the U.S.

Instead, he lets her go, and brings the queen the lungs and liver of a wild boar. SUVs are as a class much less fuel efficient than comparable passenger vehicles. The huntsman takes Snow White into the forest, but finds himself unable to kill the girl. population consumes more gasoline than in previous years. She demands that the huntsman return with Snow White's lungs and liver as proof. The recent popularity of SUVs is one reason the U.S. The Queen is jealous, and orders a huntsman to take Snow White into the woods to be killed. In Europe, from 2006 the fitting of bull bars, also known as grill guards or in Australia, roo bars, to vehicles such as 4x4s and SUVs will be illegal.

But one day when she asks her mirror, it responds, "Queen, you're the fairest where you are, but Snow White is more beautiful by far". This is one of the chief motivations for the development of side-curtain airbags in standard autos. She possesses a magic mirror, to whom she would often ask "Mirror, mirror on the wall, who's the fairest of them all?", and to which the mirror would always reply, "You are". The most notable statistic in SUV design crash incompatibility is an increase in fatalities when an SUV strikes the head of a passenger or driver in a side-impact collision. The king takes a new wife who is beautiful but very proud. These mass and design dangers are known as crash incompatibility issues in the crash testing industry, and are a topic of active research. In the traditional Brothers Grimm version of this tale, Snow White is born to a queen, who dies shortly after giving birth. The higher ride and other design characteristics of many SUVs may also lead to greater damage to smaller crash partner cars.

. The considerable weight of the larger SUVs (such as the Chevrolet Suburban and the Ford Excursion) makes collisions with other, smaller cars much less dangerous for the SUV and much more dangerous for the car. Many scholars think it originated somewhere in Asia. Also, the height of SUV headlights has been cause for complaint and distraction by drivers who find themselves dazzled at night by oncoming SUVs even when their lights are on low-beam settings. The origin of the tale is debated; it is likely no older than the Middle Ages. Of course SUV's are not alone in posing this danger, as other vehicles such as vans and minivans similarly block drivers vision. The start of the story also has an interesting twist in that a teacher urges the heroine to kill her own mother so that the teacher can take her place. This hazard is made worse by the nearly opaque window tinting which is found on the majority of SUVs currently sold.

The sleep is caused by a ring. SUVs are often taller than other passenger vehicles, thus limiting another driver's vision of traffic in front of an SUV, and contributing to possible accidents involving sudden stops. Gesammelt, übersetz und erläutert (1864), the main character lives with 40 dragons. The size and design of SUVs can often be a hazard to other drivers. In a version from Albania, collected by Johann Georg von Hahn and published in Griechische und albanesische Märchen. Aftermarket offerings also exist for interested buyers. In non-German versions the dwarfs are generally robbers, while the talking mirror is a dialog with the sun or moon. Unfortunately, those tend to be pricey options and only a fraction of SUVs have them installed.

The German version features elements such as the mirror and the seven dwarfs. This is still rather new technology and is not fool-proof. Snow White (or Snow-White, and in German, Schneewittchen) is the title character of a well known fairy tale known from many places in Europe, the most known version being the one collected by the Brothers Grimm. Quite a few manufacturers try to remedy the problem by offering rear-view cameras or simple sensors that sound the alarm if the car is about to hit something. There are numerous cases where SUV owners have accidentally backed over their children and pets, or hit cars going down the parking aisle. While it's a non-issue on the road, this makes backing out of a stall or a driveway more difficult and dangerous.

Young children and cars behind the SUV may be completely invisible. The back view is particularly restricted. Also the size and design of SUVs leads to a restricted driver's view of the area immediately surrounding the vehicle. This is in part because the collision of an SUV with a pedestrian tends to impact the chest, while the collision of a car with a pedestrian tends to impact the knees.

An SUV hitting a pedestrian is about twice as likely to kill as a car at equal speed. However it is obvious that this advantage is only relative to other vehicles, and that one higher vehicle, while affording a better view for its own driver, will tend to obscure the view for all other road users, thus decreasing general road safety, and leading to frustration in other drivers. A perceived benefit for SUV drivers is their higher seating: they have a better overview on the road, and therefore can react sooner to crossing children or incidents ahead. [3].

SUV drivers are also statistically less likely to wear their seatbelts. [1] These figures may be confounded by variables other than the vehicles' inherent safety, for example the documented tendency for SUVs to be driven more recklessly (most sensationally perhaps, the 1996 finding that SUV drivers are more likely to drive drunk [2]). In 2004, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration released figures showing that drivers of SUVs were 11 percent more likely to die in an accident than people in cars. It is clear, for example, that a tank, while "safer" for its own driver, would not contribute to public safety if driven on the highway.

It is also documented that many SUVs, while slightly reducing risk for people inside the SUV, substantially increase risk for the people outside the SUV (in other vehicles or on foot). Big and Bad, Gladwell.com. This and the massive size and weight of SUVs may lead to consumers' false perception of safety (Gladwell, 2004). That you can look down is psychologically a very powerful notion".

Rapaille, a psychological consultant to automakers (as cited in Gladwell, 2004), many consumers feel safer in SUVs simply because their ride height makes "[their passengers] higher and dominate and look down (sic). C. According to G. SUV safety concerns are compounded by a perception among some consumers that SUVs are safer for their drivers than standard autos; this perception is generally incorrect, although SUVs might provide more safety in a few situations.

Modern SUVs are usually designed to prevent rollovers on flat surfaces. This was also dramatically demonstrated in one Fifth Gear show using a Range Rover. In recent years, Consumer Reports has found a few unacceptable SUVs due to their rollover risk. The high center of gravity of SUVs makes them more prone to rollover accidents (especially if the vehicle leaves the road or in emergency manoeuvres) than lower vehicles.

In fact, the Jeep Cherokee/Liberty (1984+) and Grand Cherokee (1993+) have used unibody construction from the start, and have hardly sacrificed ruggedness or offroad prowess in the process. However, some SUVs have designs based on unibody construction: the Ford Escape/Mazda Tribute, Lexus RX 330 (Motor Trend), RX 400h, Hyundai Santa Fe, and Acura MDX are some examples. Many SUVs, on the other hand, are constructed in the traditional manner of light trucks: body-on-frame, which when negligently designed can provide a comparatively lower level of safety. The majority of modern automobiles are constructed by a method called unibody or monocoque construction, whereby a steel body shell absorbs the impacts of collisions in crumple zones.

Safety is one common point of criticism. In previous years, this deduction reached $102,000 and was the subject of much criticism. However, the cost of both SUVs and automobiles is fully deductible over future years using normal depreciation. This provides a slight tax incentive for businesses to purchase an SUV.

Small-business owners may deduct $10,610 of the cost of a passenger automobile. In the United States, the so-called "SUV subsidy" (Section 179 depreciation deduction) allows small-business owners to deduct up to $25,000 of the cost of a vehicle with a Gross vehicle weight rating of over 6000 lb (2722 kg) from their income tax calculation. The explosive growth in SUV ownership has attracted a large amount of criticism, mainly of the risks to other road users and the environment, but also on the basis that the perceived benefits to the vehicle owner are illusory or exaggerated. Therefore, most SUV's have electronics to prevent a roll over.

One reason for this was that SUVs are more than 16 times more likely to "roll over" in an accident, and this has become more publicized in recent years. In fact, SUV drivers were more likely to perish in an accident with a smaller car than is the driver of the other vehicle. The most common reason for SUV popularity cited by owners was once the incorrect assertion that they confer a major advantage in a collision with regular cars. "Betting the farm" on SUV popularity has caused General Motors to consider bankruptcy as SUVs are no longer popular vehicles to buy new.

Gas prices have now increased, leading to lower resale values for SUVs and far lower numbers of SUVs being purchased in the mid 2000s. After accounting for inflation, gas prices in the 1990s were cheaper on average than in any decade since the invention of the automobile. One argument for SUV popularity in past years was cheap gasoline. As such, newer SUVs have lower ground clearance and more comfortable suspensions.

Newer SUVs take into account the prevailing usage patterns where the SUV is not expected to ever see any significant offroad usage. In time, the public's dislike of truck-like characteristics in SUVs brought about a more-refined current crop of SUVs. Still, SUVs are, in general, more expensive than sedans. Historically, their simple designs and often outdated technology (by passenger car standards) often made the vehicles cheaper to make than comparably-priced cars.

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, vehicle manufacturers sold the image of SUVs very effectively, with per-vehicle profits substantially higher than other automobiles. Undoubtedly, though, some of their success is due to their supposed "powerful image", a substantial factor for many people who might more logically choose a more economical and cheaper car, van, station wagon, or hatchback. Critics argue that only a fraction of SUVs will be used for heavy duty work (and many SUVs have surprisingly low load capacities) that can't be done with a regular car. Additionally, most large SUVs have far greater towing capacities than conventional cars, and in the case of trailerable boats have superior abilities to launch and retrieve those boats from slippery boat ramps (and, indeed, from many places where no made ramp exists).

Owners pointed to their large, comfortable cabins (which approach the passenger and equipment-carrying capabilities of minivans), safety, and the recreational possibilities of the vehicles. SUVs became popular in US for a variety of reasons. In the mid 2000s, their popularity has waned considerably. SUVs were immensely popular in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Modified SUVs also take part in races, most famously in the Paris-Dakar Rally, and the Australian Safari. at least, many 4WD clubs have been formed for this purpose. In Australia, China, Europe, South Africa and the U.S. Some private SUV owners do indeed take their vehicles off the road to explore places otherwise unreachable by vehicle or for the sheer enjoyment of the driving.

These newer SUVs have more in common with modern mini-vans than older SUVs, as such the term SUV now follows more closely with Sport Utility Van than Sport Utility Vehicle. Consequently, more modern SUVs often come laden with luxury features and some crossover SUVs, such as the BMW X5, the Acura MDX, and the Toyota RAV4, have adopted lower ride heights and car chassis to better reflect their typical use (overwhelmingly, for normal on-road driving). However, in the last 25 years, and even more in the last decade, they have become popular with urban buyers. Descended from commercial and military vehicles such as the Jeep and Land Rover, they have been popular for many years with rural buyers due to their off-road abilities.

SUVs do look large, and their height inconveniences other drivers, and even though many SUVs are wider or longer than most other cars, they are not necessarily so. SUV's are criticized in the Netherlands for being too large as well and some environmentalists are pushing local governments to deny SUV users parking spaces. In The Netherlands they are often called "PC Hooft-tractoren" after Amsterdam's most exclusive shopping street. In Australia, particularly Victoria, they are referred to as "Toorak Tractors".

In New Zealand they are occasionally called "Fendalton tractors" or "Remuera tractors" after the higher priced suburbs in Christchurch and Auckland respectively. In the UK they are occasionally known as jeeps or Land Rovers no matter what make they actually are, although the increasing prevalence of these vehicles in recent years has decreased this colloquial usage. In southern England, SUVs, excluding farm vehicles such as Land Rovers, are often referred to in derogatory terms as "Soft-Roaders" or "Chelsea tractors", coined by London Mayor, Ken Livingstone. "Utility", or "Ute", refers to an automobile with a flatbed rear or pick-up, typically seating two passengers and is often used by tradesmen, and is typically not a 4WD vehicle.

In Australia, the automotive industry and press have recently adopted the term SUV in place of four wheel drive in the description of vehicles and market segments. distinction between cars and "light trucks" is not used. They are classified as cars in countries such as the UK where the U.S. Outside of North America and India these vehicles are known simply as four-wheel-drives often abbreviated to "4WD" or "4x4".

In countries where fuel is more expensive, buyers often opt for diesel engines, which have better fuel efficiency (and diesel fuel itself is often much cheaper). The design also allows for a large engine compartment, and many SUVs have large V-6 or V-8 engines. In higher-end models, all four wheels can provide motion ("drive"), unlike the majority of automobiles in which only the front or rear wheels provide drive. Typical to a light truck platform, SUVs have higher seating than a station wagon and a suspension designed for giving ground clearance for off-road driving.

In contrast, station wagons are typically wider than they are tall, and minivans are taller than they are wide. SUVs are typically taller, though, with a roughly square cross section. SUVs were traditionally derived from light truck platforms, but have developed to have the general shape of a station wagon. .

A new category, the crossover SUV uses car components for lighter weight and better economy. In more recent years, the term has also grown to encompass vehicles with similar size and style that are marketed as sport utility vehicles, but which do not actually incorporate substantial off-road features. A sport utility vehicle (SUV) or off-roader, known in some countries as a four wheel drive, (often abbreviated to 4WD or 4x4 - pronounced "four-by-four") or soft roaders, is a type of passenger vehicle which combines the load-hauling and passenger-carrying capacity of a large station wagon or minivan with features designed for off-road driving. high rolling resistance due to all terrain tires (even worse if low pressure is needed offroad) and high vehicle mass driving the rolling resistance where μroll stands for the rolling resistance factor and mvehicle for the vehicle mass.

wind). high crossectional area causing very high drag losses especially when driven at high speed where F stands for the force, Across for the crossectional area of the vehicle, ρair for the density of the air and vair for the relative velocity of the air (incl. high parasitic masses (compared to the average load) causing high energy demand in transitional operation (in the cities) where P stands for power, mvehicle for the vehicle mass, a for acceleration and v for the vehicle velocity.

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