The Smashing Pumpkins

(Redirected from Smashing Pumpkins) The Smashing Pumpkins (circa 1995) left to right: James Iha, D'Arcy, Billy Corgan and Jimmy Chamberlin.

The Smashing Pumpkins (previously known as simply Smashing Pumpkins) were a critically and commercially successful American alternative rock band of the 1990s and early 21st century.

Less punk influenced than many of their contemporaries, their distinctive sound featured a dense, guitar-heavy sound and combined elements of heavy metal, psychedelia, power pop, acoustic music, shoegazer-style production and, in later recordings, electronica. They produced a series of critically and commercially successful records between their formation in 1988 and dissolution in 2000.

Early years: Foundation and Gish

At the age of 19, singer and guitarist Billy Corgan left his native Chicago, Illinois, moving to St. Petersburg, Florida with his Goth band The Marked. The band had limited success and quickly dissolved, and Corgan returned to Chicago, taking a job in a record store. There he met guitarist James Iha. They began writing songs with the aid of a drum machine. In 1988, Corgan met bassist D'Arcy Wretzky at another band's gig in Chicago; Wretzky would join the band shortly after; Wretsky and Iha would eventually have a personal relationship. Though they played their first gig as a duo at a Polish bar, jazz drummer Jimmy Chamberlin was brought in to the band after Cabaret Metro owner Joe Shanahan agreed to book the Pumpkins, provided they threw out the drum machine and recruited a human drummer instead.

In 1990, they released their first record, a limited edition single called "I Am One" on local Chicago label Limited Potential. The single sold out and they released another single, "Tristessa" on Sub Pop Records, after which they signed to Virgin Records. To give them indie credibility, Virgin matched the band with Sonic Youth producer Butch Vig and released their 1991 debut album Gish on Virgin subsidiary label Caroline Records. Named after actress Lillian Gish, the record fused heavy metal guitars, psychedelia and Dream pop and went on to become a minor success. During the Gish tour, Iha and Wretsky went through a messy breakup, Chamberlin became addicted to drugs and alcohol, and Corgan entered a deep depression, writing some songs for the upcoming album in the parking garage where he lived at the time.

Siamese Dream: Mainstream success

Siamese Dream, the band's 1993 release.

To counteract his depression, Corgan worked overtime, playing all of the guitar, bass and vocal tracks for the 1993 follow up album, Siamese Dream. Contemporary music press portrayed Corgan as something of a tyrant during the recording sessions, with rumors circulating that Corgan had unilaterally erased and redone guitar and bass parts previously recorded by Iha and D'arcy, claims which band members say were greatly exaggerated. Corgan went on record saying if the record didn't sell well, the band would break up. Siamese Dream sold four million copies in the US, and the videos for the songs "Today" and "Disarm" garnered the Pumpkins international attention through heavy rotation on MTV.

In 1994, Virgin released a B-sides/rarities compilation Pisces Iscariot and a concert video Vieuphoria. A CD version of Vieuphoria, entitled Earphoria was released to radio stations only. In 2002, Vieuphoria (on DVD) and Earphoria were released to the public.

Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness

Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness, the band's 1995 double CD.

Following relentless touring to support the recordings, the band took time off to write the follow up album. Corgan worked non-stop over the next year and wrote, according to statements in interviews, about 50 songs for the next album. Following this spell of concentrated creativity, the Pumpkins went back into the studio with producer Flood to work on what Corgan described as "The Wall of the '90s," a comparison with Pink Floyd's famous double concept album.

The result was Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness, a double-disc (triple on vinyl) album release featuring 28 songs and lasting over 2 hours. While the idea of an overriding concept was dropped somewhere along the way, Mellon Collie became even more successful than Siamese Dream, selling over twelve million copies worldwide. It also garnered seven 1996 Grammy Award nominations, including Album of the Year. Its hit songs included "Bullet with Butterfly Wings", "Tonight, Tonight," "1979" and "Zero." Many of the remaining songs that, for one reason or another, did not make it onto Mellon Collie were released as B-sides to the singles, eventually compiled in the now out of print The Aeroplane Flies High box set.

The band's fortunes changed significantly on July 12, 1996, when touring keyboardist Jonathan Melvoin and Chamberlin overdosed on heroin in a hotel room in New York City. Melvoin died, and Chamberlin was arrested for drug possession. Chamberlin was subsequently fired from the band.

Though the band finished the tour with another drummer and keyboardist, their profile had taken a marked downturn. Billy Corgan became something of a hate figure amongst the hard rock press following a statement in which he declared rock to be dead. He stated that Mellon Collie would be the last Pumpkins record of that type, and that rock was, for himself at least, becoming stale due to a lack of willingness to experiment from other rock artists.

Adore

Billy Corgan

Recorded following the death of Corgan's mother, 1998's Adore represented a significant change of style from the Pumpkins' previous guitar based rock, veering into electronica, trimming much of the guitar-driven sonic underpinnings and infused with a much heavier mood. The record was cut using drum machines and was distinctly experimental. Corgan also modified his public image, shedding his alternative hipster look for a dark Gothic persona, and began hanging around Marilyn Manson. Although Adore received quite favorable reviews and was nominated for Best Alternative Performance at the Grammys, the album sold only 3 million copies.

Machina

The return of a rehabilitated Jimmy Chamberlin for 2000's MACHINA/The Machines of God signaled a return to a more familiar Pumpkins sound, but failed to widely connect with fans. MACHINA also brought Corgan's desire to write a concept album to fruition.

The band's lineup changed again at this point. Bass player Wretzky departed after the recording of MACHINA/The Machines of God, and former Hole bassist Melissa Auf der Maur was recruited for the "Sacred and Profane" tour in support of the album.

Breakup

In May 2000, Billy Corgan announced the band's decision to break up at the end of that year following additional touring and recording. In a first for an established band, the group's final album, MACHINA II/The Friends & Enemies of Modern Music, was released in September 2000 in a limited pressing on vinyl with permission and instructions for free redistribution on the internet by fans. The Smashing Pumpkins' final commercial recording was a single, "Untitled".

On December 2, 2000, Smashing Pumpkins played their final concert at The Metro, the same Chicago club where their career had effectively started twelve years earlier. A DVD of the 4 hour concert is still in the works.

The Smashing Pumpkins won many awards during their careers (including two Grammy awards: Hard Rock Performance 1996 for "Bullet with Butterfly Wings", and Hard Rock Performance 1997 for "The End Is the Beginning Is the End"), headlined several major tours, appeared on a few movie soundtracks and released an impressive number of songs in a fairly short time.

Post Breakup

2001 saw the release of a posthumous greatest hits compilation, Rotten Apples (Greatest Hits), which included various singles spanning their decade long career. The now rare double disc version of the album, released as a limited edition, included a B-sides/rarities collection called Judas O. A greatest hits DVD was also released around the same time. It compiled all of the Pumpkins promo videos from Gish to MACHINA, the rare promo for "I Am One", a 15 minute short film called "Try" as well as a TV performance of "Geek U.S.A.". It also features the performance of "Fuck You (An Ode To No One)" from their final gig at the Metro. (There is one notable omission, "The End Is the Beginning Is the End", used in the Batman and Robin soundtrack. This is excluded because the rights are owned by Warner Brothers, who loaned out the band from their regular label, Virgin Records.)

Corgan and Chamberlin would reunite in 2001 as members of Corgan's next project, the shortlived Zwan. Their only album, Mary Star of the Sea, was released to mixed reviews, and after cancelling a few festival appearances Corgan announced the demise of the band in 2003.

On February 17, 2004, Billy Corgan posted a bitter message on his personal blog calling Wretzky a "mean spirited drug addict" and blaming Iha for the breakup of The Smashing Pumpkins. On June 3, 2004, he added that "the depth of my hurt [from Iha] is only matched with the depth of my gratitude".

In October, 2004, Corgan released his first book, a book of poetry entitled Blinking with Fists. He is also publicly open with his work on a new solo album, even requesting fans to attend live taping sessions.

At the same time, Jimmy Chamberlin has completed work on his first solo album, entitled The Jimmy Chamberlin Complex.

James Iha continues his work as guitarist with A Perfect Circle.

D'arcy Wretzky has not made any statements or appearances since leaving the band in 1999.

Discography

Studio Albums

EPs and B-sides

Live and compilations

In addition to official releases, there are a wide variety of bootleg and rare tracks circulating on the web. A very limited-release boxed set of rarities (fewer than 10 copies are rumored to have been produced) was distributed to friends by Corgan in 1994; known as Mashed Potatoes, this set has achieved near-legendary status among fans.

With Billy's blessing, the 5-disc set, along with many other demos, can today be downloaded on various sites throughout the web. A large fan site currently offers all of them: http://www.billy-corgan.com/downloads/mp3/mashed_potatoes/index.php .

Music videos

  • Siva from Gish
  • Rhinoceros from Gish
  • I Am One from Gish (this video was finally released in 2001 on the Greatest Hits DVD)
  • Cherub Rock from Siamese Dream
  • Today from Siamese Dream
  • Disarm from Siamese Dream
  • Rocket from Siamese Dream
  • Bullet with Butterfly Wings from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness
  • 1979 from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness
  • Zero from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness
  • Tonight, Tonight from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness
  • Thirty-Three from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness
  • The End is the Beginning is the End from Batman and Robin OST
  • Ava Adore from Adore
  • Perfect from Adore
  • The Everlasting Gaze from MACHINA/The Machines of God
  • Stand Inside Your Love from MACHINA/The Machines of God
  • Try, Try, Try from MACHINA/The Machines of God
  • Untitled from Rotten Apples

Sample

  • Download sample of "Cherub Rock" from Siamese Dream

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A large fan site currently offers all of them: http://www.billy-corgan.com/downloads/mp3/mashed_potatoes/index.php .
. With Billy's blessing, the 5-disc set, along with many other demos, can today be downloaded on various sites throughout the web. To their credit, Universal reprinted the first three albums for sale in the UK in early 2004 following the success of the Andrews/Jules cover, and these sold in astonishing numbers. A very limited-release boxed set of rarities (fewer than 10 copies are rumored to have been produced) was distributed to friends by Corgan in 1994; known as Mashed Potatoes, this set has achieved near-legendary status among fans. Adding to that criticism of the band has been the fact that over the years, branches of Universal Records have released numerous "greatest hits" collections, compilations, DVDs, and repackaged reissues of the same, at times without the band's knowledge. In addition to official releases, there are a wide variety of bootleg and rare tracks circulating on the web. The coincidental timing of the Andrews/Jules single and the release of TFF's new album prompted some critics to accuse the band of capitalizing on the single's success for profit, although TFF wrote and recorded their new album before Andrews and Jules had recorded theirs.

D'arcy Wretzky has not made any statements or appearances since leaving the band in 1999. The success of the single also led to TFF's greatest hits album, Tears Roll Down, spending eight weeks in the UK Top 40 a full twelve years after its release. James Iha continues his work as guitarist with A Perfect Circle. Despite chart-topping success in the USA, Tears For Fears have yet to reach the top spot themselves in their native country, and the cover marked "their" first Number 1. At the same time, Jimmy Chamberlin has completed work on his first solo album, entitled The Jimmy Chamberlin Complex. In 2003 the legacy of Tears For Fears re-emerged with some surprise when a haunting piano-only cover version of their debut hit "Mad World", performed by Michael Andrews and Gary Jules and featured on the soundtrack to the cult film Donnie Darko, reached the coveted UK Number 1 spot for Christmas 2003. He is also publicly open with his work on a new solo album, even requesting fans to attend live taping sessions. A tour of larger UK venues will follow in April.

In October, 2004, Corgan released his first book, a book of poetry entitled Blinking with Fists. The UK release will contain all fourteen tracks written and recorded during the ELAHE sessions. On June 3, 2004, he added that "the depth of my hurt [from Iha] is only matched with the depth of my gratitude". Everybody Loves a Happy Ending will be released in the UK and Europe in February 2005 on Gut Records. On February 17, 2004, Billy Corgan posted a bitter message on his personal blog calling Wretzky a "mean spirited drug addict" and blaming Iha for the breakup of The Smashing Pumpkins. A successful US tour followed. Their only album, Mary Star of the Sea, was released to mixed reviews, and after cancelling a few festival appearances Corgan announced the demise of the band in 2003. Indeed, one of the highest compliments paid to the album was one reviewer's comment that "John Lennon and Paul McCartney are alive and well." The twelve-track album was scheduled for release on Arista Records in late 2003, but a label switch to New Door, a new offshoot of Universal, delayed the release until September 14, 2004.

Corgan and Chamberlin would reunite in 2001 as members of Corgan's next project, the shortlived Zwan. This spirit is largely the work of co-writer and producer Charlton Pettus, who succeeded at the formidable task of melding Orzabal's lush songwriting with the live energy of Smith's Mayfield shows. This is excluded because the rights are owned by Warner Brothers, who loaned out the band from their regular label, Virgin Records.). Like their earlier work, ELAHE features TFF's hallmarks of vibrant Beatlesque melodies, solid songwriting, and turns of phrase, but the album also has a free spirit that Orzabal and Smith would have shunned in their earlier, more serious years. (There is one notable omission, "The End Is the Beginning Is the End", used in the Batman and Robin soundtrack. The ensuing album, Everybody Loves a Happy Ending, is in many ways what "The Seeds of Love" was meant to be. It also features the performance of "Fuck You (An Ode To No One)" from their final gig at the Metro. Much to their surprise, the songwriting sessions, which included Charlton Pettus, went so well that fourteen songs were written and recorded in less than six months (by contrast, the drum track alone for "Badman's Song" on "The Seeds of Love", an eight-song album, took six weeks to record.).

It compiled all of the Pumpkins promo videos from Gish to MACHINA, the rare promo for "I Am One", a 15 minute short film called "Try" as well as a TV performance of "Geek U.S.A.". The two patched up their differences and Orzabal flew to Smith's home in Los Angeles for what they assumed would be a hesitant attempt at songwriting. A greatest hits DVD was also released around the same time. In 2001, routine paperwork obligations led to Orzabal and Smith's first conversation in over a decade. The now rare double disc version of the album, released as a limited edition, included a B-sides/rarities collection called Judas O. As fate would have it, the album had the bad luck to be released on September 11, 2001, and drew little notice outside TFF's core fan base. 2001 saw the release of a posthumous greatest hits compilation, Rotten Apples (Greatest Hits), which included various singles spanning their decade long career. Where TFF's work had remained guitar-based, Tomcats Screaming Outside showcased a completely electronic style and a darker approach.

The Smashing Pumpkins won many awards during their careers (including two Grammy awards: Hard Rock Performance 1996 for "Bullet with Butterfly Wings", and Hard Rock Performance 1997 for "The End Is the Beginning Is the End"), headlined several major tours, appeared on a few movie soundtracks and released an impressive number of songs in a fairly short time. After undertaking production work for Icelandic singer/songwriter Emiliana Torrini, Orzabal reteamed with Griffiths and recorded the album Tomcats Screaming Outside, released on Eagle Records as a solo project, under his own name. A DVD of the 4 hour concert is still in the works. The dizzying array of record company mergers and acquisitions in the late 1990s eventually placed TFF's back catalogue into the Universal fold. On December 2, 2000, Smashing Pumpkins played their final concert at The Metro, the same Chicago club where their career had effectively started twelve years earlier. The remasters also had the effect of establishing TFF as definitive artists, helping them to escape the dreaded "80's band" moniker. The Smashing Pumpkins' final commercial recording was a single, "Untitled". As with Saturnine, the liner notes provided rich background and new insights even to longtime fans.

In a first for an established band, the group's final album, MACHINA II/The Friends & Enemies of Modern Music, was released in September 2000 in a limited pressing on vinyl with permission and instructions for free redistribution on the internet by fans. In 1999 Mercury Records released remastered editions of TFF's first three albums which included b-sides, remixes, and extended versions. In May 2000, Billy Corgan announced the band's decision to break up at the end of that year following additional touring and recording. The liner notes gave fans an insight into the songwriting process as well as a rare glimpse of self-deprecating humour from TFF regarding the tracks which they would rather forget. Bass player Wretzky departed after the recording of MACHINA/The Machines of God, and former Hole bassist Melissa Auf der Maur was recruited for the "Sacred and Profane" tour in support of the album. In 1996 a collection of TFF's impressive b-sides, Saturnine Martial and Lunatic, was released on Mercury. The band's lineup changed again at this point. Sony responded to the lack of commercial success by ending TFF's contract.

MACHINA also brought Corgan's desire to write a concept album to fruition. The release of Raoul was delayed for nearly a year due to a last-minute switch label from Mercury to Sony, and the ensuing confusion (Mercury had already begun promotion) did not help the album's chances either. The return of a rehabilitated Jimmy Chamberlin for 2000's MACHINA/The Machines of God signaled a return to a more familiar Pumpkins sound, but failed to widely connect with fans. A worldwide tour, which included a frenzied welcome in South and Latin America, had the effect of straining Orzabal's energies rather than supporting them. Although Adore received quite favorable reviews and was nominated for Best Alternative Performance at the Grammys, the album sold only 3 million copies. (Raoul was originally the name Orzabal's parents wanted to give him.) Although it continued TFF's legacy of outstanding songwriting, big production values, and varied influences, creating an album around the theme of exotic Spanish heritage excluded all but its main single, "God's Mistake", from any chance of commercial success. Corgan also modified his public image, shedding his alternative hipster look for a dark Gothic persona, and began hanging around Marilyn Manson. Orzabal and Griffiths released another Tears for Fears album in 1995, Raoul and the Kings of Spain, a more quiet and contemplative work that showed a new Latin music influence.

The record was cut using drum machines and was distinctly experimental. It is unfortunate that the album was received with more attention paid to what it was not - an album without Smith - than for what the album was, an immensely enjoyable blend of good songwriting and creative sampling. Recorded following the death of Corgan's mother, 1998's Adore represented a significant change of style from the Pumpkins' previous guitar based rock, veering into electronica, trimming much of the guitar-driven sonic underpinnings and infused with a much heavier mood. It yielded the radio hit "Break It Down Again" and was supported with a successful US college tour. Billy Corgan became something of a hate figure amongst the hard rock press following a statement in which he declared rock to be dead. He stated that Mellon Collie would be the last Pumpkins record of that type, and that rock was, for himself at least, becoming stale due to a lack of willingness to experiment from other rock artists. In 1993, Orzabal recorded the album Elemental in collaboration with longtime co-collaborator Alan Griffiths, and released it under the Tears for Fears moniker. Though the band finished the tour with another drummer and keyboardist, their profile had taken a marked downturn. Smith also took on the management or co-management of several independent bands and musicians.

Chamberlin was subsequently fired from the band. A second album, Aeroplane, was released in 1998, showcasing the songs written during Mayfield's club days. Melvoin died, and Chamberlin was arrested for drug possession. Eschewing major record labels, Smith formed his own label, Zerodisc, to release Mayfield's music, and was an early advocate of using the internet to share and distribute music outside the mainstream industry. The band's fortunes changed significantly on July 12, 1996, when touring keyboardist Jonathan Melvoin and Chamberlin overdosed on heroin in a hotel room in New York City. As a live band, Mayfield performed with minimal production and no commercial obligations, and Smith's sense of musicianship was rekindled for the first time since his teenage years. Its hit songs included "Bullet with Butterfly Wings", "Tonight, Tonight," "1979" and "Zero." Many of the remaining songs that, for one reason or another, did not make it onto Mellon Collie were released as B-sides to the singles, eventually compiled in the now out of print The Aeroplane Flies High box set. From 1996 to 1998 their band, Mayfield, performed occasional sets in clubs throughout Greenwich Village and SoHo including Brownie's, the Mercury Lounge, and CBGB.

It also garnered seven 1996 Grammy Award nominations, including Album of the Year. In 1995 he met local songwriter and producer Charlton Pettus. The two formed a self-described "organic" partnership, writing simple, melody-based songs and recording them at home on vintage analog equipment. While the idea of an overriding concept was dropped somewhere along the way, Mellon Collie became even more successful than Siamese Dream, selling over twelve million copies worldwide. In 1993 he recorded a lite FM album, which he himself despised, solely to fulfill his Mercury contract. The result was Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness, a double-disc (triple on vinyl) album release featuring 28 songs and lasting over 2 hours. Smith relocated to New York City and took several years to recover from the spotlight. Following this spell of concentrated creativity, the Pumpkins went back into the studio with producer Flood to work on what Corgan described as "The Wall of the '90s," a comparison with Pink Floyd's famous double concept album. The two spent much of the 90s continuing to attack each other through the media and through their music.

Corgan worked non-stop over the next year and wrote, according to statements in interviews, about 50 songs for the next album. The split was ultimately blamed on Orzabal's intricate but frustrating approach to production and Smith's distaste for the pop music world. Following relentless touring to support the recordings, the band took time off to write the follow up album. A break was almost inevitable. In 2002, Vieuphoria (on DVD) and Earphoria were released to the public. Though only in their late twenties, the two had been in the musical spotlight for nearly a decade, and as individuals they were no longer the angst-ridden teenagers they had been when they met at 13. In 1994, Virgin released a B-sides/rarities compilation Pisces Iscariot and a concert video Vieuphoria. A CD version of Vieuphoria, entitled Earphoria was released to radio stations only. After The Seeds of Love, Orzabal and Smith had an extremely acrimonious falling out.

Siamese Dream sold four million copies in the US, and the videos for the songs "Today" and "Disarm" garnered the Pumpkins international attention through heavy rotation on MTV. Another single was "Woman in Chains," on which Phil Collins played drums and Oleta Adams — whom Orzabal would guide to a successful solo career — shared vocals. Corgan went on record saying if the record didn't sell well, the band would break up. The album retained the band's epic sound while showing increasing influences ranging from jazz and blues to The Beatles, the last of which is extremely evident in the hit single "Sowing the Seeds of Love". Contemporary music press portrayed Corgan as something of a tyrant during the recording sessions, with rumors circulating that Corgan had unilaterally erased and redone guitar and bass parts previously recorded by Iha and D'arcy, claims which band members say were greatly exaggerated. It was 1989 before the group released its third album, The Seeds of Love, at a reported production cost of over a quarter-million dollars. To counteract his depression, Corgan worked overtime, playing all of the guitar, bass and vocal tracks for the 1993 follow up album, Siamese Dream. The slogan was "I Ran The World"; therefore Tears For Fears released "Everybody Wants To Run The World".

During the Gish tour, Iha and Wretsky went through a messy breakup, Chamberlin became addicted to drugs and alcohol, and Corgan entered a deep depression, writing some songs for the upcoming album in the parking garage where he lived at the time. In 1986, a slightly rewritten version of their biggest hit was recorded and released for the British fundraising initiative Sport Aid, a splinter project of Band Aid in which people took part in running races of varying length and seriousness to raise more money for African projects. Named after actress Lillian Gish, the record fused heavy metal guitars, psychedelia and Dream pop and went on to become a minor success. The album title stemmed from the B-side to "Shout", which was a song called "The Big Chair", though this song was absent from the album itself. To give them indie credibility, Virgin matched the band with Sonic Youth producer Butch Vig and released their 1991 debut album Gish on Virgin subsidiary label Caroline Records. The album was a massive success on both sides of the Atlantic and yielded the hit singles "Mothers Talk"; "Shout"; "Everybody Wants to Rule the World"; "Head Over Heels" and "I Believe". The single sold out and they released another single, "Tristessa" on Sub Pop Records, after which they signed to Virgin Records. Orzabal also took over the lion's share of lead vocal duty from Smith, who ended up with a comparative bit-part role of playing bass guitar.

In 1990, they released their first record, a limited edition single called "I Am One" on local Chicago label Limited Potential. Orzabal had been encouraged by producer Chris Hughes to pick up his guitar as he was a gifted player but wasn't using the instrument enough. Though they played their first gig as a duo at a Polish bar, jazz drummer Jimmy Chamberlin was brought in to the band after Cabaret Metro owner Joe Shanahan agreed to book the Pumpkins, provided they threw out the drum machine and recruited a human drummer instead. Their next album Songs from the Big Chair (1985) - its title inspired by the 1976 US TV mini-series Sybil - broke free from the new wave mold; featuring instead a big sound that would become the band's stylistic hallmark. In 1988, Corgan met bassist D'Arcy Wretzky at another band's gig in Chicago; Wretzky would join the band shortly after; Wretsky and Iha would eventually have a personal relationship. A previously unheard single called "The Way You Are" was released at the very beginning of 1984 to keep the band in the spotlight while they worked on the second album. They began writing songs with the aid of a drum machine. Its singles were "Mad World", "Change" and "Pale Shelter".

There he met guitarist James Iha. Their first album The Hurting (1983) featured synthesizer-based songs whose lyrics reflected Orzabal's bitter growing-up experiences with his parents. The band had limited success and quickly dissolved, and Corgan returned to Chicago, taking a job in a record store. During primal therapy, the patient is encouraged to cry, scream, and beat objects to express childhood, perinatal and prenatal feelings; hence the name "Tears for Fears," and the content of the song "Shout.". Petersburg, Florida with his Goth band The Marked. The duo's name is derived from the primal therapy treatment formed by Arthur Janov. At the age of 19, singer and guitarist Billy Corgan left his native Chicago, Illinois, moving to St. They were initially associated with new wave and the New Romantic movements, but quickly branched out into mainstream chart success.

They produced a series of critically and commercially successful records between their formation in 1988 and dissolution in 2000. Tears for Fears are a British pop band formed in the early 1980s by Roland Orzabal and Curt Smith, who emerged as a pairing from an early band in their home town of Bath. Less punk influenced than many of their contemporaries, their distinctive sound featured a dense, guitar-heavy sound and combined elements of heavy metal, psychedelia, power pop, acoustic music, shoegazer-style production and, in later recordings, electronica. 1995 "Raoul and the Kings of Spain" #31 UK. The Smashing Pumpkins (previously known as simply Smashing Pumpkins) were a critically and commercially successful American alternative rock band of the 1990s and early 21st century. 1993 "Break It Down Again" #20 UK, #25 US. Download sample of "Cherub Rock" from Siamese Dream. 1992 "Laid So Low (Tears Roll Down)" #17 UK.

Untitled from Rotten Apples. 1990 "Advice for the Young at Heart" #36 UK. Try, Try, Try from MACHINA/The Machines of God. 1989 "Woman in Chains" #26 UK, #36 US. Stand Inside Your Love from MACHINA/The Machines of God. 1989 "Sowing the Seeds of Love" #5 UK, #2 US. The Everlasting Gaze from MACHINA/The Machines of God. 1986 "Everybody Wants to Run the World" #5 UK.

Perfect from Adore. 1985 "I Believe (A Soulful Re-Recording)" #23 UK. Ava Adore from Adore. 1985 "Head over Heels" #12 UK, #3 US. The End is the Beginning is the End from Batman and Robin OST. 1985 "Everybody Wants to Rule the World" #2 UK, #1 US. Thirty-Three from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness. 1984 "Shout" #4 UK, #1 US (1985 release).

Tonight, Tonight from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness. 1984 "Mother's Talk" #14 UK, #27 US (1985 release). Zero from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness. 1983 "The Way You Are" #24 UK. 1979 from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness. 1983 "Pale Shelter" #5 UK. Bullet with Butterfly Wings from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness. 1983 "Change" #4 UK.

Rocket from Siamese Dream. 1982 "Mad World" #3 UK. Disarm from Siamese Dream. Everybody Loves a Happy Ending 2004 New Door; #46 US. Today from Siamese Dream. Saturnine Martial & Lunatic 1996 Mercury. Cherub Rock from Siamese Dream. Raoul and the Kings of Spain 1995 Epic; #79 US.

I Am One from Gish (this video was finally released in 2001 on the Greatest Hits DVD). Elemental 1993 Mercury; #5 UK, #45 US. Rhinoceros from Gish. Tears Roll Down (Greatest Hits 82-92) 1992 Fontana; #2 UK, #53 US. Siva from Gish. The Seeds of Love 1989 Fontana; #1 UK, #8 US. Songs from the Big Chair 1985 Mercury; #2 UK, #1 US.

The Hurting 1983 Mercury; #1 UK, #73 US.

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