Sirius Satellite Radio

Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is a satellite radio (DARS) service in the United States that provides 68 streams (channels) of music and 55 streams of sports, news and entertainment. Music streams on Sirius carry a wide variety of music genres, broadcasting 24 hours a day, commercial free. With any Sirius-enabled radio, the user can see the artist and song information on display while listening to the stream. The streams are broadcast from three satellites in an elliptical geosynchronous orbit above North America. A subset of Sirius’ music channels are included as part of the DISH Network satellite television service. Sirius channels are identified by Arbitron with the label “XS” (e.g. “XS120”, “XS9”, “XS17”).

Sirius is based in New York City. Its business model is to provide pay-for-service radio, music channels being free of commercials, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. Subscription costs for Sirius range from $12.95/mo. to $499.99 for a lifetime subscription (of the receiver, not the subscriber). A $10 activation fee ($15 if activated by phone) is also required. Sirius currently lags behind competitor XM Satellite Radio in terms of subscribers with 3.3 million, well less than XM's current audience of more than 6 million subscribers (as of January 9, 2006). However, Sirius led the market in new satellite radio subscribers in 2005.

Sirius was previously known as CD Radio. The dog in the Sirius logo (Sirius is referred to as the "Dog Star") is unofficially named “Mongo,” a name garnered from the debut of Sirius Satellite Radio’s sponsorship on Casey Atwood’s and later Jimmy Spencer’s NASCAR entry, when the announcing cast voted on names. “Mongo” later became NASCAR driver Spencer’s nickname with the NASCAR Broadcasters in the following races.

Content

Howard Stern and other high profile content

Howard Stern Show.

A major component of Sirius’ business strategy has been to execute far-reaching and exclusive deals with big-name entertainers and personalities to create and build broadcast streams, from the ground up. Sirius has reached extensive deals with domestic diva Martha Stewart, E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt (aka Little Steven), Jimmy Buffett, and Eminem to executive produce streams on Sirius.

By far the biggest of these deals was announced on October 6, 2004 when Sirius announced that it signed a five-year, $500-million agreement with Howard Stern to move his radio show to Sirius starting on January 9, 2006. The deal, which gave Sirius exclusive rights to Stern’s radio show, also gave Stern the right to build at least two full-time programming channels. Stern stated that his move was forced by the stringent regulations of the FCC whose enforcement was intensified following the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show. Beginning with the announcement of his imminent departure, Stern began to complain of one of his employers, Infinity Broadcasting, as trying to impede the success of his departure.

In Howard Stern's first major hire for Sirius, Stern brought on board Tampa, FL based Bubba the Love Sponge, fired by Clear Channel due to a $750,000 fine proposed by the FCC Reuters, to do a show on Sirius.

In addition to the channel-programming deals, Sirius has also programmed a number of more conventional shows with well known personalities in a number of fields. These shows are hosted by personalities including skateboard legend Tony Hawk, seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong, The B-52's lead singer Fred Schneider, NBA Hall of Famer Bill Walton and longtime New York City DJ “Cousin Brucie”, who was dropped by WCBS-FM after the station changed to its format from an oldies station to a “Jack” format. Generally the personalities act as DJs hosting shows with music they personally like.

On November 18, 2004 the former COO and President of Viacom, Mel Karmazin, was named the CEO of Sirius. Stern worked under Karmazin at Infinity Radio and the two men have always had a great deal of mutual respect for each other. It was Karmazin who fiercely protected Stern in the wake of the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show (produced by MTV and aired by CBS, both co-owned with Infinity) and the FCC crackdown on shock jocks and obscenity, in general.

On October 25, 2005 Sirius announced that "E Street Radio", the exclusive channel of legendary artist Bruce Springsteen, would air from November 1, 2005 to January 31, 2006 on the Bridge - Channel 10.

Sports

NFL Radio.

Another cornerstone of Sirius’ business strategy has been to pursue exclusive sports content. Currently, Sirius has exclusive satellite radio broadcasting rights to all NFL and NBA games. Sirius also announced in December 2005 a multi-year deal with the NBA, which makes the satellite radio company the broadcaster of more live NBA games than any other radio outlet. The agreement also creates a 24-hour NBA Radio Channel, located on channel 127. NHL games will be shared with XM for the 2005–2006 season, after which XM will have exclusive broadcast rights. Starting in 2007, Sirius will have full NASCAR coverage.

Sirius also has rights to a number of major college sports conferences, including the Big Ten and the Southeastern Conference as well as schools like Notre Dame. Beginning in 2005 Sirius also has exclusive radio rights to cover the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. In August 2004, Sirius launched NFL Radio, a 24-hour radio stream dedicated exclusively to covering the NFL. Sirius has also been aggressive in creating its own in-house produced studio sports radio content.

Other content

In June 2005, Sirius signed an agreement with BBC Radio 1 in the UK to rebroadcast the station to an American audience. Sirius also has exclusive satellite radio rights to National Public Radio, carrying two separate streams. The deal with NPR was the first high-profile deal entered into by Sirius.

With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, American listeners gained five Canadian-produced stations including CBC Radio One, CBC Radio Three and Iceberg Radio in English, and Première Plus and Bandeapart in French. Iceberg Radio is programmed by Standard Broadcasting, which also provides a number of additional channels exclusive to Canada; the other four come from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

Sirius' Satellites

Sirius’ spacecraft Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 4 were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral. The first three of the series were orbited in 2000 by Proton-K Block-DM3 launch vehicles. Radiosat 4 is a ground spare, in storage at SS/Loral’s facility in Palo Alto, California. The series of satellites from which they come, the SS/Loral LS-1300, is known to have problems with their solar array cells — a similar but more severe issue affects the Boeing satellites belonging to competitor XM Radio.

Sirius Satellite in space, concept drawing.

Sirius' satellites are called Radiosat (instead of after the company name), due to there already being a previous fleet of satellites launched also named SIRIUS, launched by Sweden's NSAB (Nordiska Satellitaktiebolaget, or Nordic Satellite AB) and used for general telecommunications and satellite tv throughout Sweden and the rest of Scandinavia.

The Sirius uplink facility is located in Vernon, Sussex County, New Jersey.

Sirius does not use Geostationary satellites. Instead, its three SS/L-1300 satellites fly in geosynchronous (24-hour orbital period) inclined elliptical orbits. Sirius says the elliptical path of its satellite constellation ensures that each satellite spends about 16 hours a day over the continental United States, with at least one satellite over the country at all times. Sirius completed its three-satellite constellation on November 30, 2000. A fourth satellite will remain on the ground, ready to be launched if any of the three active satellites encounter transmission problems.

The Sirius system is similar to that of its competitor. Programs are beamed to one of the three Sirius satellites, which then transmit the signal to the ground, where your radio receiver picks up one of the channels within the signal. Signals are also beamed to ground repeaters for listeners in urban areas where the satellite signal can be interrupted.

Sirius offers car radios and home entertainment systems, as well as car and home kits for portable use. The Sirius receiver includes two parts -- the antenna module and the receiver module. The antenna module picks up signals from the ground repeaters or the satellite, amplifies the signal and filters out any interference. The signal is then passed on to the receiver module. Inside the receiver module is a chipset consisting of eight chips. The chipset converts the signals from 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) to a lower intermediate frequency. Sirius also offers an adapter that allows conventional car radios to receive satellite signals.

Receivers

SIRIUS Sportster Boombox

As of 2005, Sirius receivers are available for various new Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Infiniti, Jaguar, Jeep, Land Rover, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mercury, Mini, Nissan, Scion, Toyota, Porsche, Volkswagen, and Volvo vehicles, and the service plans on adding availability for portable use. Starting in 2006, all Rolls-Royce vehicles sold in the United States will come with a Sirius radio and lifetime subscription as standard equipment.

They also make many receivers for aftermarket installs as well, including the Sportster Replay, Starmate Replay, Sirius S50 with built in 1GB MP3 player, and the Sirius One. Sirius' hardware lineup is available at Sirius.com

Some popular radios from Sirius:

  • SIRIUS S50
  • SIRIUS Sportster Exec. Docking Station Package
  • SIRIUS Sportster Radio with Boombox Package
  • Tivoli's SIRIUS Table Radio
  • Kenwood H2EV Radio with Car and Home Kits
  • Clarion Calypso SIRIUS Radio with Car Kit
  • XACT XTR1 Radio with Car Kit

Radio stations

  • List of Sirius Satellite Radio stations
  • Official Sirius Satellite Radio Stations List, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required
  • Black and white lineup from SiriusBackstage.com, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required

Sirius in Canada

In November, 2004, a partnership between Sirius, Standard Broadcasting and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to introduce Sirius in Canada. The application was approved on June 16, 2005. The decision was appealed to the Canadian federal cabinet by a number of broadcasting, labour, and arts and culture organizations, including the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, CHUM Limited, and the National Campus and Community Radio Association. The groups objected to Sirius’ approach to and reduced levels of Canadian content and French language programming, along with the exclusion of Canadian non-commercial broadcasting. After a lengthy debate, cabinet rejected the appeals on September 9, 2005.

Sirius Canada was officially launched December 1, 2005.

Sirius Canada did not initially carry Howard Stern. Despite popular belief that Stern's broadcast was banned by the CRTC, this is not the case — Sirius Canada, in fact, voluntarily chose not to air the program at the time of its launch in Canada. A significant number of Canadians have purchased grey market subscriptions to Sirius' American service to listen to Stern, although owing to the nature of grey market economics a precise number is difficult to verify. Howard 100 News has stated on air that they estimate at least 60,000 grey market satellite subscriptions in Canada; in December, the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail reported that business analysts in Canada estimate a total of 60,000 grey market subscribers to both Sirius and XM combined. [1] (It should be noted that this figure also includes an unverified number of listeners who subscribed before the Canadian satellite radio services launched at all — the analysts' figures did not offer any estimate of how many Canadians chose a grey market subscription over Sirius Canada specifically because of Stern.)

On January 11, 2006, a Canadian writer interviewed on Stern's show announced an online petition to bring Stern to Sirius Canada.

On February 1, 2006, The Globe and Mail reported the announcement that Stern's show on Howard 100 would become available in Canada as of February 6, 2006. [2]

Sirius had previously disabled the Howard Stern channels on radios with a Canadian ESN number, even if they are subscribed to American content from an American address. Most of these radios have a 'C' suffix in the model name. For example, the Sirius ONE radio is model "SV1" in the United States, but "SV1C" in Canada. However, Sirius cannot stop grey market receivers from picking up the American programming. The blocking of the Howard Stern channels is anticipated to change once the announced return of Stern to Canada takes place.


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The blocking of the Howard Stern channels is anticipated to change once the announced return of Stern to Canada takes place. (SCI): Angeles City (Pampanga, Philippines), An San (South Korea), Huludao (China), and Phuket (Thailand). However, Sirius cannot stop grey market receivers from picking up the American programming. Las Vegas has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. For example, the Sirius ONE radio is model "SV1" in the United States, but "SV1C" in Canada. Las Vegas is frequently depicted in film and television:. Most of these radios have a 'C' suffix in the model name. However, due to illegal gambling risks, none of the major professional sports leagues have ever had a team in Las Vegas, though the possibility of relocating a team to or adding a team in Las Vegas has came up on more than one occasion.

Sirius had previously disabled the Howard Stern channels on radios with a Canadian ESN number, even if they are subscribed to American content from an American address. There are multiple sports teams: the Las Vegas Gladiators in the Arena Football League, the Las Vegas 51s, a baseball franchise in the Triple A Pacific Coast League, and the Las Vegas Wranglers of the ECHL hockey league. [2]. The Las Vegas Motor Speedway (LVMS), just north of the city hosts NASCAR and other automotive events. On February 1, 2006, The Globe and Mail reported the announcement that Stern's show on Howard 100 would become available in Canada as of February 6, 2006. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas fields Division I athletic teams and the NCAA football Las Vegas Bowl call the city home. On January 11, 2006, a Canadian writer interviewed on Stern's show announced an online petition to bring Stern to Sirius Canada. There are also many options for boating, golf, hiking, rock climbing, and parks which offer a wide range of activities.

[1] (It should be noted that this figure also includes an unverified number of listeners who subscribed before the Canadian satellite radio services launched at all — the analysts' figures did not offer any estimate of how many Canadians chose a grey market subscription over Sirius Canada specifically because of Stern.). Not having a major league sports team does not mean there is a lack of sports activities in the area. Howard 100 News has stated on air that they estimate at least 60,000 grey market satellite subscriptions in Canada; in December, the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail reported that business analysts in Canada estimate a total of 60,000 grey market subscribers to both Sirius and XM combined. The city and surrounding areas offer many attractions for both visitors and locals to enjoy. A significant number of Canadians have purchased grey market subscriptions to Sirius' American service to listen to Stern, although owing to the nature of grey market economics a precise number is difficult to verify. Union Pacific Railroad (UP) is the only class one railroad to provide rail freight service to the city. Despite popular belief that Stern's broadcast was banned by the CRTC, this is not the case — Sirius Canada, in fact, voluntarily chose not to air the program at the time of its launch in Canada. As of 2005, however, no such service has been established.

Sirius Canada did not initially carry Howard Stern. Plans to restore Los Angeles to Las Vegas Amtrak service using a Talgo train have been discussed since the Desert Wind was discontinued. Sirius Canada was officially launched December 1, 2005. Until 1997, the Amtrak Desert Wind train service ran through Las Vegas using the Union Pacific Railroad (UP) rails that run through the city; Amtrak service to Las Vegas has since been replaced by Amtrak's Thruway Motorcoach bus service. After a lengthy debate, cabinet rejected the appeals on September 9, 2005. Primary roadways into and out of Las Vegas include I-15 (north towards Salt Lake City, Utah, and south towards San Diego and Los Angeles, California, and other points in Southern California), US 93 (north towards Ely, Nevada and Jackpot, Nevada, and south towards Kingman, Arizona) and US 95 (north towards Reno and south towards Searchlight, Nevada), providing access to Interstates I-80 and I-40. The groups objected to Sirius’ approach to and reduced levels of Canadian content and French language programming, along with the exclusion of Canadian non-commercial broadcasting. Intercity bus service to Las Vegas is provided by traditional intercity bus carriers, including Greyhound; many charter services, including Green Tortoise; and several Chinatown bus lines.

The decision was appealed to the Canadian federal cabinet by a number of broadcasting, labour, and arts and culture organizations, including the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, CHUM Limited, and the National Campus and Community Radio Association. Although general aviation traffic flies into McCarran International, other airstrips are available. The application was approved on June 16, 2005. The airport also serves private aircraft, domestic and international passenger flights, and freight/cargo flights. In November, 2004, a partnership between Sirius, Standard Broadcasting and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to introduce Sirius in Canada. McCarran International Airport provides commercial flights into the Las Vegas valley. Some popular radios from Sirius:. The street numbering system is divided by the following streets:.

Sirius' hardware lineup is available at Sirius.com. The Las Vegas Monorail runs from the MGM Grand Hotel at the south end of the Strip to the Sahara Hotel at the north end of the Strip. They also make many receivers for aftermarket installs as well, including the Sportster Replay, Starmate Replay, Sirius S50 with built in 1GB MP3 player, and the Sirius One. A need for increased frequency and new routes caused by the tremendous growth in the Valley stretches the system's resources. Starting in 2006, all Rolls-Royce vehicles sold in the United States will come with a Sirius radio and lifetime subscription as standard equipment. Ridership on the system has been increasing rapidly since the summer of 2005, when a combination of high gas prices and service improvements began attracting more riders. As of 2005, Sirius receivers are available for various new Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Infiniti, Jaguar, Jeep, Land Rover, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mercury, Mini, Nissan, Scion, Toyota, Porsche, Volkswagen, and Volvo vehicles, and the service plans on adding availability for portable use. The CAT system carries approximately 175,000 people per weekday, or about 10% of the Valley's population.

Sirius also offers an adapter that allows conventional car radios to receive satellite signals. The CAT Bus is a popular means of public transportation among locals and tourists with various bus routes covering a large portion of the valley. The chipset converts the signals from 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) to a lower intermediate frequency. The pilot system is installed downtown, around the Fremont Street Experience. Inside the receiver module is a chipset consisting of eight chips. In 2004, the city partnered with Cheetah Wireless Technologies and MeshNetwork to pilot a wide area mobile broadband system. The signal is then passed on to the receiver module. It is intended to be the nation's and possibly the world's preeminent furniture wholesale showroom and marketplace, and is meant to compete with the current furniture market capital of High Point, North Carolina.

The antenna module picks up signals from the ground repeaters or the satellite, amplifies the signal and filters out any interference. In 2005, on a lot adjacent to the city's 61 ac (247,000 m²), the World Market Center opened. The Sirius receiver includes two parts -- the antenna module and the receiver module. It is expected that high rise condominium development will transform the downtown area into a vibrant urban center, and change the demographics of the Las Vegas Strip by adding residential elements to tourist areas. Sirius offers car radios and home entertainment systems, as well as car and home kits for portable use. Many large projects are planned for downtown Las Vegas as well as the Las Vegas Strip including the largest privately financed development proposed in the United States- Project City Center. Signals are also beamed to ground repeaters for listeners in urban areas where the satellite signal can be interrupted. New Condominum and hotel high rise projects have caused the entire Las Vegas skyline to change dramatically in recent years.

Programs are beamed to one of the three Sirius satellites, which then transmit the signal to the ground, where your radio receiver picks up one of the channels within the signal. A substantial increase in the number of high-rises under construction and proposed in Las Vegas began in 2003 and has continued into 2006. The Sirius system is similar to that of its competitor. Another promising sign of development has come in the form of high-rise development. A fourth satellite will remain on the ground, ready to be launched if any of the three active satellites encounter transmission problems. The IRS is expected to create a demand for additional businesses in the area, epecially in the daytime hours. Sirius completed its three-satellite constellation on November 30, 2000. The city successfully lured the Internal Revenue Service to move operations from outside the city limits to a new building downtown that opened in April 2005.

Sirius says the elliptical path of its satellite constellation ensures that each satellite spends about 16 hours a day over the continental United States, with at least one satellite over the country at all times. In the early 2000s, some promising signs emerged for downtown Las Vegas. Instead, its three SS/L-1300 satellites fly in geosynchronous (24-hour orbital period) inclined elliptical orbits. It is expected that this change will bring more tourism and business to the downtown area. Sirius does not use Geostationary satellites. The city council of Las Vegas has agreed on zoning changes on Fremont Street, which allows bars to be closer together duplicating efforts of similar cities, like the Gaslamp Quarter of San Diego. The Sirius uplink facility is located in Vernon, Sussex County, New Jersey. The $50-million Lou Ruvo Alzheimer's Institute designed by architect Frank Gehry is expected to break ground in August of 2006.[5].

Sirius' satellites are called Radiosat (instead of after the company name), due to there already being a previous fleet of satellites launched also named SIRIUS, launched by Sweden's NSAB (Nordiska Satellitaktiebolaget, or Nordic Satellite AB) and used for general telecommunications and satellite tv throughout Sweden and the rest of Scandinavia. The Newland contract calls for Dan Van Epp, Newland's regional vice president and former president of the Howard Hughes Corp., to oversee his company's work on Union Park. The series of satellites from which they come, the SS/Loral LS-1300, is known to have problems with their solar array cells — a similar but more severe issue affects the Boeing satellites belonging to competitor XM Radio. on the development of Union Park in October of 2005, San Diego-based Newland Communities was chosen by the city as the new development firm. Radiosat 4 is a ground spare, in storage at SS/Loral’s facility in Palo Alto, California. After failed negotiations with The Related Co. The first three of the series were orbited in 2000 by Proton-K Block-DM3 launch vehicles. Smith Center for the Performing Arts, a new City Hall and a possible baseball stadium.

Sirius’ spacecraft Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 4 were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral. and Mary B. Iceberg Radio is programmed by Standard Broadcasting, which also provides a number of additional channels exclusive to Canada; the other four come from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Las Vegas Mayor Oscar Goodman has announced plans for the Union Park Development which will include residential and office high-rises, The Lou Ruvo Alzheimer's Institute, an academic medical center, The Fred W. With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, American listeners gained five Canadian-produced stations including CBC Radio One, CBC Radio Three and Iceberg Radio in English, and Première Plus and Bandeapart in French. The city purchased 61 ac (247,000 m²) of property from Union Pacific Railroad during the 1990s with the goal of creating something that would draw tourists and locals to the downtown area. The deal with NPR was the first high-profile deal entered into by Sirius. As of March 2005, the property is for sale.

Sirius also has exclusive satellite radio rights to National Public Radio, carrying two separate streams. While there have been changes in ownership and management, Neonopolis has not been able to lease all the space available. In June 2005, Sirius signed an agreement with BBC Radio 1 in the UK to rebroadcast the station to an American audience. The multi-level Neonopolis, complete with food court and theaters, was built to offer more retail and services downtown. Sirius has also been aggressive in creating its own in-house produced studio sports radio content. While greatly slowing the decline, it did not stop the decline in tourism and revenue. In August 2004, Sirius launched NFL Radio, a 24-hour radio stream dedicated exclusively to covering the NFL. The Fremont Street Experience (FSE) was built in an effort to draw tourists downtown.

Beginning in 2005 Sirius also has exclusive radio rights to cover the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. With the Strip expansion in the 1990s, downtown Las Vegas began to suffer. Sirius also has rights to a number of major college sports conferences, including the Big Ten and the Southeastern Conference as well as schools like Notre Dame. Chinatown initially consisted of only one large shopping center complex, but the area was recently expanded for new shopping centers that contain various Asian businesses. Starting in 2007, Sirius will have full NASCAR coverage. As a reflection of the city's rapid growing population, the new Chinatown of Las Vegas was constructed in the early 1990s on Spring Mountain Road. NHL games will be shared with XM for the 2005–2006 season, after which XM will have exclusive broadcast rights. The urban area has grown outward so quickly that it is beginning to run into the Bureau of Land Management holdings along its edges, increasing land values enough that medium- and high-density development is beginning to occur closer to the core.

The agreement also creates a 24-hour NBA Radio Channel, located on channel 127. However, as a New York Times series on the city reported in 2004, the median price of housing in the Las Vegas Valley is now at or above the nationwide median. Sirius also announced in December 2005 a multi-year deal with the NBA, which makes the satellite radio company the broadcaster of more live NBA games than any other radio outlet. Consequently, the city has recently enjoyed an enormous boom both in population and in tourism. Currently, Sirius has exclusive satellite radio broadcasting rights to all NFL and NBA games. Having been late to develop an urban core of any substantial size, Las Vegas has retained very affordable real estate prices in comparison to nearby urban centers. Another cornerstone of Sirius’ business strategy has been to pursue exclusive sports content. The lack of any state individual or corporate income tax and very simple incorporation requirements have fostered the success of this effort.

On October 25, 2005 Sirius announced that "E Street Radio", the exclusive channel of legendary artist Bruce Springsteen, would air from November 1, 2005 to January 31, 2006 on the Bridge - Channel 10. A concerted effort has been made by city officials to diversify the Las Vegas economy from tourism by attracting light manufacturing, banking, and other commercial interests. It was Karmazin who fiercely protected Stern in the wake of the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show (produced by MTV and aired by CBS, both co-owned with Infinity) and the FCC crackdown on shock jocks and obscenity, in general. This resulted in a drop in tourism from which the downtown area is still trying to recover. Stern worked under Karmazin at Infinity Radio and the two men have always had a great deal of mutual respect for each other. When The Mirage, the first Megaresort, opened in 1989, it started a movement of people and construction away from downtown Las Vegas to the Las Vegas Strip. On November 18, 2004 the former COO and President of Viacom, Mel Karmazin, was named the CEO of Sirius. The World Market Center is an example of this.

Generally the personalities act as DJs hosting shows with music they personally like. The redevelopment listed below shows how the city is trying to diversify the local economy and revitalize the downtown area. These shows are hosted by personalities including skateboard legend Tony Hawk, seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong, The B-52's lead singer Fred Schneider, NBA Hall of Famer Bill Walton and longtime New York City DJ “Cousin Brucie”, who was dropped by WCBS-FM after the station changed to its format from an oldies station to a “Jack” format. George Federal District Courthouse, draws numerous legal service industries providing bail, marriage, divorce, tax, incorporation and other legal services. In addition to the channel-programming deals, Sirius has also programmed a number of more conventional shows with well known personalities in a number of fields. Las Vegas as the county seat and home to the Lloyd D. In Howard Stern's first major hire for Sirius, Stern brought on board Tampa, FL based Bubba the Love Sponge, fired by Clear Channel due to a $750,000 fine proposed by the FCC Reuters, to do a show on Sirius. In the 2000s retail and dining have become attractions of their own.

Beginning with the announcement of his imminent departure, Stern began to complain of one of his employers, Infinity Broadcasting, as trying to impede the success of his departure. Several companies involved in the manufacture of electronic gaming machines, such as slot machines, are located in the Las Vegas area. Stern stated that his move was forced by the stringent regulations of the FCC whose enforcement was intensified following the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show. The primary drivers of the Las Vegas economy have been the confluence of tourism, gaming, and conventions which in turn feed the retail and dining industries. The deal, which gave Sirius exclusive rights to Stern’s radio show, also gave Stern the right to build at least two full-time programming channels. As of the 2004 census estimate, the Las Vegas metropolitan area contained over 1.6 million residents, and contains the largest Hawaiian community, outside of Hawaii. By far the biggest of these deals was announced on October 6, 2004 when Sirius announced that it signed a five-year, $500-million agreement with Howard Stern to move his radio show to Sirius starting on January 9, 2006. Out of the total population, 15.4% of those under the age of 18 and 8.3% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Sirius has reached extensive deals with domestic diva Martha Stewart, E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt (aka Little Steven), Jimmy Buffett, and Eminem to executive produce streams on Sirius. 11.9% of the population and 8.6% of families are below the poverty line. A major component of Sirius’ business strategy has been to execute far-reaching and exclusive deals with big-name entertainers and personalities to create and build broadcast streams, from the ground up. The per capita income for the city is $22,060. . Males have a median income of $35,511 versus $27,554 for females. “Mongo” later became NASCAR driver Spencer’s nickname with the NASCAR Broadcasters in the following races. The median income for a household in the city is $44,069, and the median income for a family is $50,465.

The dog in the Sirius logo (Sirius is referred to as the "Dog Star") is unofficially named “Mongo,” a name garnered from the debut of Sirius Satellite Radio’s sponsorship on Casey Atwood’s and later Jimmy Spencer’s NASCAR entry, when the announcing cast voted on names. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.5 males. Sirius was previously known as CD Radio. For every 100 females there are 103.3 males. However, Sirius led the market in new satellite radio subscribers in 2005. The median age is 34 years. Sirius currently lags behind competitor XM Satellite Radio in terms of subscribers with 3.3 million, well less than XM's current audience of more than 6 million subscribers (as of January 9, 2006). In the city the population is spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who are 65 years of age or older.

A $10 activation fee ($15 if activated by phone) is also required. The average household size is 2.66 and the average family size is 3.20. to $499.99 for a lifetime subscription (of the receiver, not the subscriber). 25.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. Subscription costs for Sirius range from $12.95/mo. There are 176,750 households out of which 31.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% are married couples living together, 12.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% are non-families. Its business model is to provide pay-for-service radio, music channels being free of commercials, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. 23.61% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Sirius is based in New York City. The racial makeup of the city is 69.86% White, 10.36% African American, 0.75% Native American, 4.78% Asian, 0.45% Pacific Islander, 9.75% from other races, and 4.05% from two or more races. “XS120”, “XS9”, “XS17”). There are 190,724 housing units at an average density of 649.9/km² (1,683.3/mi²). Sirius channels are identified by Arbitron with the label “XS” (e.g. The population density is 1,630.3/km² (4,222.5/mi²). A subset of Sirius’ music channels are included as part of the DISH Network satellite television service. As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there are 478,434 people, 176,750 households, and 117,538 families residing in the city.

The streams are broadcast from three satellites in an elliptical geosynchronous orbit above North America. Although winter snow is usually visible from December to May on the mountains surrounding Las Vegas, it rarely snows in the city itself. With any Sirius-enabled radio, the user can see the artist and song information on display while listening to the stream. July through September, the Mexican Monsoon often brings enough moisture from the Gulf of California across Mexico and into the southwest to cause afternoon and evening thunderstorms. Music streams on Sirius carry a wide variety of music genres, broadcasting 24 hours a day, commercial free. Showers occur less frequently in the Spring or Autumn. Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is a satellite radio (DARS) service in the United States that provides 68 streams (channels) of music and 55 streams of sports, news and entertainment. The coldest temperature ever recorded is 8 °F set on January 25, 1937 at present-day Nellis Air Force Base.

Black and white lineup from SiriusBackstage.com, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required. Winter daytime highs are normally around 60 °F and winter nighttime lows are usually around 40 °F. Official Sirius Satellite Radio Stations List, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required. Winters are cool and windy, with the majority of Las Vegas' annual 4.49 in (114 mm) of rainfall coming from January to March. List of Sirius Satellite Radio stations. The hottest temperature ever recorded is 117 °F set twice, on July 19, 2005 at McCarran International Airport and July 24, 1942 at present-day Nellis Air Force Base. XACT XTR1 Radio with Car Kit. Highs in the 90's are common in the months of May, June, and September and temperatures normally exceed 100 °F for several days in the months of July and August, but there is very low humidity.

Clarion Calypso SIRIUS Radio with Car Kit. Las Vegas' climate is typical of the Mojave Desert, in which it is located, marked with hot summers, mild winters, abundant sunshine year-round, and very little rainfall. Kenwood H2EV Radio with Car and Home Kits. Another part of the water conservation efforts include scheduled watering groups for watering residential landscaping. Tivoli's SIRIUS Table Radio. Due to water resource issues, there is now a movement to encourage xeriscaping instead of lawns. SIRIUS Sportster Radio with Boombox Package. Within the city, however, there are a great deal of lawns, trees, and other greenery.

Docking Station Package. As befits a desert, much of the landscape is rocky and dusty. SIRIUS Sportster Exec. The city is located in an arid basin surrounded by mountains varying in color from pink to rust to gray. SIRIUS S50. The total area is 0.04% water. 293.5 km² (113.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 293.6 km² (113.4 mi²). Las Vegas is located at 36°11′39″N, 115°13′19″W (36.194168, 115.222060)GR1. Marriage licenses are filed at the Clark County Courthouse.. (Councilmembers' official city websites are also available).

A Paiute Indian reservation occupies about 1 acre (4,000 m²) in the downtown area of Las Vegas. The City Manager also maintains an intergovernmental relationships with federal, state, county and other local governments. The City Manager is responsible for the administration and the day to day operation of all of the municipal services and city departments. In the event that the Mayor cannot preside over a City Council meeting the Mayor Pro-Tem is the presiding body of the meeting until such time as the Mayor returns to his seat.

The Mayor sits as a Councilmember-At-Large and presides over all of the City Council meetings. The City of Las Vegas government operates as a council-manager government. They are also represented by advisory boards, which are appointed by and give nonbinding suggestions to the Clark County Commission. Residents of these towns cannot vote for the Mayor and City Council of Las Vegas, but they can vote for members of the Clark County Commission, which governs their areas.

These towns formed during a 1940s water dispute between the City of Las Vegas and early homeowners south of San Francisco Street, now Sahara Avenue. The largest of these towns are Paradise (188,768) between Las Vegas and Henderson(224,829), Sunrise Manor (184,801) east of Las Vegas and North Las Vegas, and Spring Valley (161,286) southwest of Las Vegas. In fact, of the nearly 1.6 million people who live in the Las Vegas valley, only 575,973 live inside Las Vegas city limits. Most of the people and businesses who call Las Vegas home actually live in neighboring unincorporated communities that have no city government or in other nearby cities, some of which are listed below.

Exceptions include cities with their own law enforcement agency; including North Las Vegas, Henderson and Boulder City. The Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department provides most law enforcement services in the city and surrounding county. Las Vegas has also benefitted from the economic woes of California, whose high-tax, high-regulation business climate has caused companies desiring or needing a West Coast presence to relocate to more business-friendly Nevada. The influx of military personnel and casino job-hunters helped start a land building boom which still goes on today.

This money came from the establishment of what is now Nellis Air Force Base. The constant stream of tourist dollars from the hotels and casinos was augmented by a new source of federal money. The increase in tourism and the legalization of gambling led to the advent of the casino-hotels for which Las Vegas is famous. Federal dollars from Hoover Dam soon converted to tourist dollars after the dam was built.

With the growth of the railroads, Las Vegas became less important, but the building of the Hoover Dam injected new blood into Las Vegas and the city has never looked back. It was a staging point for all the mines in the surrounding area, especially from the town of Bullfrog, that shipped their goods out to the country. Las Vegas started as a stopover on the pioneer trails to the west, and became a popular railroad town in the early 1900s. Major events in Las Vegas' history include:.

Las Vegas became an incorporated city on March 16, 1911 when it adopted its first charter. Las Vegas was part of Lincoln County until 1909 when it became part of the newly established Clark County. Clark's San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake City Railroad, was auctioned off in what is now downtown Las Vegas. Las Vegas was established as a railroad town on May 15, 1905, when 110 acres owned by Montana Senator William A.

A Fort was built near the current downtown area, serving as a stopover for travelers along the "Mormon Corridor" between Salt Lake and the briefly thriving Mormon colony at San Bernardino, California. On May 10, 1855, following annexation by the United States, Brigham Young assigned 30 Mormon missionaries led by William Bringhurst to the area to convert the Paiute Indian population. He was a leader of a group of scientists, scouts and observers for the United States Army Corps of Engineers. Frémont traveled into the Las Vegas Valley on May 3, 1844, while it was still part of Mexico.

John C. In the 1800s, areas of the Las Vegas Valley contained artesian wells that supported extensive green areas or Meadows (Vega in Spanish), hence the name Las Vegas. Las Vegas was given its name by Spaniards in the Antonio Armijo party, who used the water in the area while heading north and west along the Old Spanish Trail from Texas. .

The nickname favored by local government and promoters of tourism is The Entertainment Capital of the World. The city's glamorous image has made it a popular setting for films and television programs. The center of gambling in the US, Las Vegas is sometimes called Sin City due to the popularity of legalized gambling, availability of alcoholic beverages any time (like all of Nevada), various forms and degrees of adult entertainment, and legalized prostitution in nearby counties (it is illegal, though, in Las Vegas and Clark County; Nevada law prohibits prostitution in counties which have populations greater than 400,000). This 4½ mi (7¼ km) stretch of Las Vegas Boulevard is mostly outside the Las Vegas city limits, in the unincorporated town of Paradise. The name Las Vegas is often applied to the unincorporated areas of Clark County that surround the city, especially the resort areas on and near the Las Vegas Strip.

Recent figures place the population for the Las Vegas metropolitan area, which includes all of Clark County, at over 1.6 Million people (2004 [3]), and the region is the fastest growing in the United States. [2]. The city’s Planning and Development Department reported an increase of 41,126 in 2005, for a total population of 575,973. The Census Bureau's official population estimate as of 2004 was 534,847.

The 2000 census reported that the city had a population of 478,434 [1]. Las Vegas has been the county seat of Clark County since the formation of the county in 1909. Las Vegas was established in 1905, and officially became a city in 1911. The city is the largest to be founded in the 20th century, and is a major vacation, shopping, and gambling destination.

Las Vegas is the most populous city in the state of Nevada, United States.
Location of Las Vegas in Nevada. List of television shows set in Las Vegas. List of movies shot in Las Vegas.

List of movies set in Las Vegas. Las Vegas Boulevard divides the east-west streets from the Las Vegas Strip to near the Stratosphere, then Main Street becomes the dividing line from the Stratosphere to the North Las Vegas border, after which the Goldfield Street alignment officially divides east and west. Westcliff Drive, US-95 Expressway, Fremont Street and Charleston Boulevard divides the north-south block numbers from west to east. Barbara Jo (Roni) Ronemus – City Clerk.

Douglas Selby – City Manager. Steve Ross – 6th Ward Councilmember (Term Expires in 2009). Lawrence Weekly – 5th Ward Councilmember (Term Expires in 2007). Larry Brown – 4th Ward Councilmember (Term Expires in 2009).

Steve Wolfson, Esq – 2nd Ward Councilmember (Term Expires in 2009). Lois Tarkanian – 1st Ward Councilmember (Term Expires in 2007)¹. Gary Reese – Mayor Pro-Tem and 3rd Ward Councilmember (Term Expires in 2007). Goodman – Mayor and Councilmember at Large (Term Expires in 2007).

Oscar B. 100th birthday, or Centennial, of Las Vegas (May 15, 2005). Opening of the Mirage (November 22, 1989), which began the era of megaresort casinos. MGM Grand Hotel fire (November 21, 1980), the worst disaster in Nevada history.

The floods of 1955, 1984, 1999, and 2003. Atmospheric nuclear testing (1951 to 1962). Opening of Bugsy Siegel's Flamingo Hotel on what would become the Las Vegas Strip (December 26, 1946). Completion of Hoover Dam (October 9, 1936).

Legalization of gambling (March 19, 1931). Establishment of Las Vegas as a railroad town (May 15, 1905).

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