Sirius Satellite Radio

Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is a satellite radio (DARS) service in the United States that provides 68 streams (channels) of music and 55 streams of sports, news and entertainment. Music streams on Sirius carry a wide variety of music genres, broadcasting 24 hours a day, commercial free. With any Sirius-enabled radio, the user can see the artist and song information on display while listening to the stream. The streams are broadcast from three satellites in an elliptical geosynchronous orbit above North America. A subset of Sirius’ music channels are included as part of the DISH Network satellite television service. Sirius channels are identified by Arbitron with the label “XS” (e.g. “XS120”, “XS9”, “XS17”).

Sirius is based in New York City. Its business model is to provide pay-for-service radio, music channels being free of commercials, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. Subscription costs for Sirius range from $12.95/mo. to $499.99 for a lifetime subscription (of the receiver, not the subscriber). A $10 activation fee ($15 if activated by phone) is also required. Sirius currently lags behind competitor XM Satellite Radio in terms of subscribers with 3.3 million, well less than XM's current audience of more than 6 million subscribers (as of January 9, 2006). However, Sirius led the market in new satellite radio subscribers in 2005.

Sirius was previously known as CD Radio. The dog in the Sirius logo (Sirius is referred to as the "Dog Star") is unofficially named “Mongo,” a name garnered from the debut of Sirius Satellite Radio’s sponsorship on Casey Atwood’s and later Jimmy Spencer’s NASCAR entry, when the announcing cast voted on names. “Mongo” later became NASCAR driver Spencer’s nickname with the NASCAR Broadcasters in the following races.

Content

Howard Stern and other high profile content

Howard Stern Show.

A major component of Sirius’ business strategy has been to execute far-reaching and exclusive deals with big-name entertainers and personalities to create and build broadcast streams, from the ground up. Sirius has reached extensive deals with domestic diva Martha Stewart, E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt (aka Little Steven), Jimmy Buffett, and Eminem to executive produce streams on Sirius.

By far the biggest of these deals was announced on October 6, 2004 when Sirius announced that it signed a five-year, $500-million agreement with Howard Stern to move his radio show to Sirius starting on January 9, 2006. The deal, which gave Sirius exclusive rights to Stern’s radio show, also gave Stern the right to build at least two full-time programming channels. Stern stated that his move was forced by the stringent regulations of the FCC whose enforcement was intensified following the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show. Beginning with the announcement of his imminent departure, Stern began to complain of one of his employers, Infinity Broadcasting, as trying to impede the success of his departure.

In Howard Stern's first major hire for Sirius, Stern brought on board Tampa, FL based Bubba the Love Sponge, fired by Clear Channel due to a $750,000 fine proposed by the FCC Reuters, to do a show on Sirius.

In addition to the channel-programming deals, Sirius has also programmed a number of more conventional shows with well known personalities in a number of fields. These shows are hosted by personalities including skateboard legend Tony Hawk, seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong, The B-52's lead singer Fred Schneider, NBA Hall of Famer Bill Walton and longtime New York City DJ “Cousin Brucie”, who was dropped by WCBS-FM after the station changed to its format from an oldies station to a “Jack” format. Generally the personalities act as DJs hosting shows with music they personally like.

On November 18, 2004 the former COO and President of Viacom, Mel Karmazin, was named the CEO of Sirius. Stern worked under Karmazin at Infinity Radio and the two men have always had a great deal of mutual respect for each other. It was Karmazin who fiercely protected Stern in the wake of the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show (produced by MTV and aired by CBS, both co-owned with Infinity) and the FCC crackdown on shock jocks and obscenity, in general.

On October 25, 2005 Sirius announced that "E Street Radio", the exclusive channel of legendary artist Bruce Springsteen, would air from November 1, 2005 to January 31, 2006 on the Bridge - Channel 10.

Sports

NFL Radio.

Another cornerstone of Sirius’ business strategy has been to pursue exclusive sports content. Currently, Sirius has exclusive satellite radio broadcasting rights to all NFL and NBA games. Sirius also announced in December 2005 a multi-year deal with the NBA, which makes the satellite radio company the broadcaster of more live NBA games than any other radio outlet. The agreement also creates a 24-hour NBA Radio Channel, located on channel 127. NHL games will be shared with XM for the 2005–2006 season, after which XM will have exclusive broadcast rights. Starting in 2007, Sirius will have full NASCAR coverage.

Sirius also has rights to a number of major college sports conferences, including the Big Ten and the Southeastern Conference as well as schools like Notre Dame. Beginning in 2005 Sirius also has exclusive radio rights to cover the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. In August 2004, Sirius launched NFL Radio, a 24-hour radio stream dedicated exclusively to covering the NFL. Sirius has also been aggressive in creating its own in-house produced studio sports radio content.

Other content

In June 2005, Sirius signed an agreement with BBC Radio 1 in the UK to rebroadcast the station to an American audience. Sirius also has exclusive satellite radio rights to National Public Radio, carrying two separate streams. The deal with NPR was the first high-profile deal entered into by Sirius.

With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, American listeners gained five Canadian-produced stations including CBC Radio One, CBC Radio Three and Iceberg Radio in English, and Première Plus and Bandeapart in French. Iceberg Radio is programmed by Standard Broadcasting, which also provides a number of additional channels exclusive to Canada; the other four come from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

Sirius' Satellites

Sirius’ spacecraft Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 4 were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral. The first three of the series were orbited in 2000 by Proton-K Block-DM3 launch vehicles. Radiosat 4 is a ground spare, in storage at SS/Loral’s facility in Palo Alto, California. The series of satellites from which they come, the SS/Loral LS-1300, is known to have problems with their solar array cells — a similar but more severe issue affects the Boeing satellites belonging to competitor XM Radio.

Sirius Satellite in space, concept drawing.

Sirius' satellites are called Radiosat (instead of after the company name), due to there already being a previous fleet of satellites launched also named SIRIUS, launched by Sweden's NSAB (Nordiska Satellitaktiebolaget, or Nordic Satellite AB) and used for general telecommunications and satellite tv throughout Sweden and the rest of Scandinavia.

The Sirius uplink facility is located in Vernon, Sussex County, New Jersey.

Sirius does not use Geostationary satellites. Instead, its three SS/L-1300 satellites fly in geosynchronous (24-hour orbital period) inclined elliptical orbits. Sirius says the elliptical path of its satellite constellation ensures that each satellite spends about 16 hours a day over the continental United States, with at least one satellite over the country at all times. Sirius completed its three-satellite constellation on November 30, 2000. A fourth satellite will remain on the ground, ready to be launched if any of the three active satellites encounter transmission problems.

The Sirius system is similar to that of its competitor. Programs are beamed to one of the three Sirius satellites, which then transmit the signal to the ground, where your radio receiver picks up one of the channels within the signal. Signals are also beamed to ground repeaters for listeners in urban areas where the satellite signal can be interrupted.

Sirius offers car radios and home entertainment systems, as well as car and home kits for portable use. The Sirius receiver includes two parts -- the antenna module and the receiver module. The antenna module picks up signals from the ground repeaters or the satellite, amplifies the signal and filters out any interference. The signal is then passed on to the receiver module. Inside the receiver module is a chipset consisting of eight chips. The chipset converts the signals from 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) to a lower intermediate frequency. Sirius also offers an adapter that allows conventional car radios to receive satellite signals.

Receivers

SIRIUS Sportster Boombox

As of 2005, Sirius receivers are available for various new Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Infiniti, Jaguar, Jeep, Land Rover, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mercury, Mini, Nissan, Scion, Toyota, Porsche, Volkswagen, and Volvo vehicles, and the service plans on adding availability for portable use. Starting in 2006, all Rolls-Royce vehicles sold in the United States will come with a Sirius radio and lifetime subscription as standard equipment.

They also make many receivers for aftermarket installs as well, including the Sportster Replay, Starmate Replay, Sirius S50 with built in 1GB MP3 player, and the Sirius One. Sirius' hardware lineup is available at Sirius.com

Some popular radios from Sirius:

  • SIRIUS S50
  • SIRIUS Sportster Exec. Docking Station Package
  • SIRIUS Sportster Radio with Boombox Package
  • Tivoli's SIRIUS Table Radio
  • Kenwood H2EV Radio with Car and Home Kits
  • Clarion Calypso SIRIUS Radio with Car Kit
  • XACT XTR1 Radio with Car Kit

Radio stations

  • List of Sirius Satellite Radio stations
  • Official Sirius Satellite Radio Stations List, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required
  • Black and white lineup from SiriusBackstage.com, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required

Sirius in Canada

In November, 2004, a partnership between Sirius, Standard Broadcasting and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to introduce Sirius in Canada. The application was approved on June 16, 2005. The decision was appealed to the Canadian federal cabinet by a number of broadcasting, labour, and arts and culture organizations, including the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, CHUM Limited, and the National Campus and Community Radio Association. The groups objected to Sirius’ approach to and reduced levels of Canadian content and French language programming, along with the exclusion of Canadian non-commercial broadcasting. After a lengthy debate, cabinet rejected the appeals on September 9, 2005.

Sirius Canada was officially launched December 1, 2005.

Sirius Canada did not initially carry Howard Stern. Despite popular belief that Stern's broadcast was banned by the CRTC, this is not the case — Sirius Canada, in fact, voluntarily chose not to air the program at the time of its launch in Canada. A significant number of Canadians have purchased grey market subscriptions to Sirius' American service to listen to Stern, although owing to the nature of grey market economics a precise number is difficult to verify. Howard 100 News has stated on air that they estimate at least 60,000 grey market satellite subscriptions in Canada; in December, the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail reported that business analysts in Canada estimate a total of 60,000 grey market subscribers to both Sirius and XM combined. [1] (It should be noted that this figure also includes an unverified number of listeners who subscribed before the Canadian satellite radio services launched at all — the analysts' figures did not offer any estimate of how many Canadians chose a grey market subscription over Sirius Canada specifically because of Stern.)

On January 11, 2006, a Canadian writer interviewed on Stern's show announced an online petition to bring Stern to Sirius Canada.

On February 1, 2006, The Globe and Mail reported the announcement that Stern's show on Howard 100 would become available in Canada as of February 6, 2006. [2]

Sirius had previously disabled the Howard Stern channels on radios with a Canadian ESN number, even if they are subscribed to American content from an American address. Most of these radios have a 'C' suffix in the model name. For example, the Sirius ONE radio is model "SV1" in the United States, but "SV1C" in Canada. However, Sirius cannot stop grey market receivers from picking up the American programming. The blocking of the Howard Stern channels is anticipated to change once the announced return of Stern to Canada takes place.


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The blocking of the Howard Stern channels is anticipated to change once the announced return of Stern to Canada takes place.
. However, Sirius cannot stop grey market receivers from picking up the American programming. During the 19th century Chinese and Italian inmigrants came to the country to work on the construction of the railroad system as well. For example, the Sirius ONE radio is model "SV1" in the United States, but "SV1C" in Canada. The Atlantic coast, meanwhile, was populated with African slaves in the 17th and 18th centuries, altough most Caribbean Costa Ricans of African ascent descend from Jamaican workers brought in during the 19th century to work in the construction of railways connecting the urban populations of the Central Plateau to the port of Limon on the Caribbean coast. Most of these radios have a 'C' suffix in the model name. However, the indigenous people have influenced modern Costa Rican culture to a relatively small degree, as most of the Indians died from disease and mistreatment by the Spaniards.

Sirius had previously disabled the Howard Stern channels on radios with a Canadian ESN number, even if they are subscribed to American content from an American address. The center and southern portions of the country had Chibcha influences. [2]. The northwest of the country, Nicoya, was the southernmost point of Nahuatl cultural influence when the Spanish conquerors (conquistadores) came in the 16th century. On February 1, 2006, The Globe and Mail reported the announcement that Stern's show on Howard 100 would become available in Canada as of February 6, 2006. Costa Rica was the point where the Mesoamerican and South American native cultures met. On January 11, 2006, a Canadian writer interviewed on Stern's show announced an online petition to bring Stern to Sirius Canada. Costa Rica boasts a varied history.

[1] (It should be noted that this figure also includes an unverified number of listeners who subscribed before the Canadian satellite radio services launched at all — the analysts' figures did not offer any estimate of how many Canadians chose a grey market subscription over Sirius Canada specifically because of Stern.). Their spoken accent is rather closer to certain areas of Colombia than its Central American counterparts. Howard 100 News has stated on air that they estimate at least 60,000 grey market satellite subscriptions in Canada; in December, the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail reported that business analysts in Canada estimate a total of 60,000 grey market subscribers to both Sirius and XM combined. Costa Rican traditions and culture tend to retain a strong degree of Spanish influence. A significant number of Canadians have purchased grey market subscriptions to Sirius' American service to listen to Stern, although owing to the nature of grey market economics a precise number is difficult to verify. It encapsulates the pervading ideology of living in peace in a calm, unflustered manner, appreciating a life surrounded by nature and family and friends. Despite popular belief that Stern's broadcast was banned by the CRTC, this is not the case — Sirius Canada, in fact, voluntarily chose not to air the program at the time of its launch in Canada. The phrase "Pura Vida" (literally pure life) is a motto ubiquitous in Costa Rica.

Sirius Canada did not initially carry Howard Stern. Visitors from the United States are often referred to as gringos, which is virtually always congenial in nature. Sirius Canada was officially launched December 1, 2005. The tico ideal is that of a very friendly, helpful, laid back, unhurried, educated and environmentally aware people, with little worry for deadlines or the "normal" stresses of United States life. After a lengthy debate, cabinet rejected the appeals on September 9, 2005. 'momentico' instead of 'momentito'). The groups objected to Sirius’ approach to and reduced levels of Canadian content and French language programming, along with the exclusion of Canadian non-commercial broadcasting. "Tico" comes from the locally popular usage of "tico" diminutive suffixes (eg.

The decision was appealed to the Canadian federal cabinet by a number of broadcasting, labour, and arts and culture organizations, including the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, CHUM Limited, and the National Campus and Community Radio Association. The locals refer to themselves as tico, maje or mae (sort of "man", actually maje means "dumb") idiom in a very popular and "only with close friends" way, or tica (female). The application was approved on June 16, 2005.
. In November, 2004, a partnership between Sirius, Standard Broadcasting and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to introduce Sirius in Canada. [4] In addition there are many Americans who either come to retire or move to the country to live. Some popular radios from Sirius:. Another one percent is ethnically Chinese.

Sirius' hardware lineup is available at Sirius.com. Altogether, Costa Ricans of mestizo and European descent account for a combined 94 percent (the vast majority being of Spanish decent). They also make many receivers for aftermarket installs as well, including the Sportster Replay, Starmate Replay, Sirius S50 with built in 1GB MP3 player, and the Sirius One. Descendants of black 19th-century Jamaican immigrant workers constitute an English-speaking minority and at three percent of the population number about 96,000. Starting in 2006, all Rolls-Royce vehicles sold in the United States will come with a Sirius radio and lifetime subscription as standard equipment. In Guanacaste Province, most of the population descends from a mix of the Chorotega Indians, Bantu Africans and Spaniards. As of 2005, Sirius receivers are available for various new Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Infiniti, Jaguar, Jeep, Land Rover, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mercury, Mini, Nissan, Scion, Toyota, Porsche, Volkswagen, and Volvo vehicles, and the service plans on adding availability for portable use. The pure indigenous population today numbers about 29,000, less than one percent of the population.

Sirius also offers an adapter that allows conventional car radios to receive satellite signals. Costa Rica has a population of 4,016,173 persons (July 2005 est.) In the central part of the country, most people are of European descent but some are also mestizos (to varying degrees).[3] Because of little intermarriage, most of the population today retain European complexions. The chipset converts the signals from 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) to a lower intermediate frequency.
. Inside the receiver module is a chipset consisting of eight chips.
. The signal is then passed on to the receiver module. Also see:.

The antenna module picks up signals from the ground repeaters or the satellite, amplifies the signal and filters out any interference. The entity entrusted to do genetic and biochemical prospection on Costa Rica's biological wealth is the INBIO (Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad), and it is allowed to collect royalties on any biological discoveries of medical importance. The Sirius receiver includes two parts -- the antenna module and the receiver module. Costa Rica as a whole has about 850 species of birds. Sirius offers car radios and home entertainment systems, as well as car and home kits for portable use. Over 400 types of bird can be found here, as well as over 100 species of mammal. Signals are also beamed to ground repeaters for listeners in urban areas where the satellite signal can be interrupted. The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve hosts 2,000 plant species including numerous orchids.

Programs are beamed to one of the three Sirius satellites, which then transmit the signal to the ground, where your radio receiver picks up one of the channels within the signal. Giant leatherback, hawksbill, and loggerhead turtles also nest here. The Sirius system is similar to that of its competitor. is considered the most important nesting site for this specie. A fourth satellite will remain on the ground, ready to be launched if any of the three active satellites encounter transmission problems. Tortuguero National Park (the name Tortuguero can be translated as turtle catcher or turtle hunter) is home to spider, howler and White-throated Capuchin monkeys, the Three-toed sloth, 320 species of birds (including eight species of parrots), a variety of reptiles, but is mostly recognized for the annual nesting of the endangered green turtle. Sirius completed its three-satellite constellation on November 30, 2000. One national park that is internationally renowned among ecologists for its biodiversity (including big cats and tapirs) and where visitors can expect to see an abundance of wildlife is the Corcovado National Park.

Sirius says the elliptical path of its satellite constellation ensures that each satellite spends about 16 hours a day over the continental United States, with at least one satellite over the country at all times. Over 25% of Costa Rica is composed of protected forests and reserves. Instead, its three SS/L-1300 satellites fly in geosynchronous (24-hour orbital period) inclined elliptical orbits. Costa Rica has no military or navy, but an abundance of wildlife; it has been said that the soldiers are the leaf cutter ants, the pilots are the macaws and the navy ships are the whales. Sirius does not use Geostationary satellites. While the country has only about 0.1% of the world's land mass, it contains 5% of the world's biodiversity. The Sirius uplink facility is located in Vernon, Sussex County, New Jersey. Costa Rica is home to a rich variety of plants and animals.

Sirius' satellites are called Radiosat (instead of after the company name), due to there already being a previous fleet of satellites launched also named SIRIUS, launched by Sweden's NSAB (Nordiska Satellitaktiebolaget, or Nordic Satellite AB) and used for general telecommunications and satellite tv throughout Sweden and the rest of Scandinavia. For instance, during the Cold War Costa Rica was the first Central American country to have diplomatic ties with the Soviet Union as a way to boost its coffee exports, to the dismay of the Nixon administration. The series of satellites from which they come, the SS/Loral LS-1300, is known to have problems with their solar array cells — a similar but more severe issue affects the Boeing satellites belonging to competitor XM Radio. Nevertheless, economic pragmatism may prevail over ideology. Radiosat 4 is a ground spare, in storage at SS/Loral’s facility in Palo Alto, California. Costa Rica's main foreign policy objective is to foster human rights and sustainable development as a way to secure stability and growth. The first three of the series were orbited in 2000 by Proton-K Block-DM3 launch vehicles. Costa Rica is currently a member of the Cairns Group, an alliance of countries opposed to agricultural subsidies in the first world.

Sirius’ spacecraft Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 4 were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral. Costa Rica has no embassy in Cuba, but does have an embassy in Israel, and has diplomatic relations with the Republic of China in Taiwan, not the People's Republic of China. Iceberg Radio is programmed by Standard Broadcasting, which also provides a number of additional channels exclusive to Canada; the other four come from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. instead set up such a center in El Salvador, a country alleged to have a tradition of human rights equivocacy. With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, American listeners gained five Canadian-produced stations including CBC Radio One, CBC Radio Three and Iceberg Radio in English, and Première Plus and Bandeapart in French. The U.S. The deal with NPR was the first high-profile deal entered into by Sirius. offers to set up a security training center in the country on the grounds that a country with no army could not harbor a center with possible military purposes.

Sirius also has exclusive satellite radio rights to National Public Radio, carrying two separate streams. Costa Rica is a member of the International Criminal Court and rejected U.S. In June 2005, Sirius signed an agreement with BBC Radio 1 in the UK to rebroadcast the station to an American audience. While Costa Rica is not expected to join the tide of new left-leaning governments in Latin America its foreign policy does not always line up with the interests of the USA. Sirius has also been aggressive in creating its own in-house produced studio sports radio content. dollar; currently about 600 to the euro. In August 2004, Sirius launched NFL Radio, a 24-hour radio stream dedicated exclusively to covering the NFL. The unit of currency is the colón (CRC), which trades around 500 to the U.S.

Beginning in 2005 Sirius also has exclusive radio rights to cover the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. Economic growth stood at 4.2%, nevertheless the country faced high inflation (14%) and a trade deficit of 5.2%. Sirius also has rights to a number of major college sports conferences, including the Big Ten and the Southeastern Conference as well as schools like Notre Dame. For the fiscal year 2005 the country showed a government deficit of 2.1%, internal revenue increased an 18%, exports increased a 12.8% and the number of visiting tourists increased a 19%, reaching 1.5 million people. Starting in 2007, Sirius will have full NASCAR coverage. Trade with South East Asia and Russia has boomed during 2004 and 2005, and the country is expected to obtain full Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) membership by 2007 (the country became an observer in 2004). NHL games will be shared with XM for the 2005–2006 season, after which XM will have exclusive broadcast rights. Several global high tech corporations have already started developing in the area exporting goods including chip manufacturer Intel and pharmaceutical companies such as Procter & Gamble and Glaxo Smith Kline.

The agreement also creates a 24-hour NBA Radio Channel, located on channel 127. Relatively high levels of education among its residents make the country an attractive investing location. Sirius also announced in December 2005 a multi-year deal with the NBA, which makes the satellite radio company the broadcaster of more live NBA games than any other radio outlet. The central government offers tax exemptions for those who are willing to invest in the country. Currently, Sirius has exclusive satellite radio broadcasting rights to all NFL and NBA games. The economy has been expanding for Costa Rica in part because the Government had implemented a seven year plan of expansion in the high tech industry. Another cornerstone of Sirius’ business strategy has been to pursue exclusive sports content. Costa Rica's location in the Central American isthmus provides easy access to American markets as it has the same time zone as the central part of the United States and direct ocean access to Europe and Asia.

On October 25, 2005 Sirius announced that "E Street Radio", the exclusive channel of legendary artist Bruce Springsteen, would air from November 1, 2005 to January 31, 2006 on the Bridge - Channel 10. Costa Rica's economy is mostly based on agriculture (coffee, bananas, pineapples, ornamentals), but in recent times ecotourism, electronics, financial outsourcing and software develoment are rapidly expanding sources of business. It was Karmazin who fiercely protected Stern in the wake of the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show (produced by MTV and aired by CBS, both co-owned with Infinity) and the FCC crackdown on shock jocks and obscenity, in general. Costa Rica consists of seven provinces:. Stern worked under Karmazin at Infinity Radio and the two men have always had a great deal of mutual respect for each other. See also: Military of Costa Rica. On November 18, 2004 the former COO and President of Viacom, Mel Karmazin, was named the CEO of Sirius. Costa Rica has no military by constitution but maintains domestic Police and armed National Guard forces for internal security.

Generally the personalities act as DJs hosting shows with music they personally like. Autonomous state agencies enjoy considerable operational independence; they include the telecommunications and electrical power monopoly, the nationalized commercial banks, the state insurance monopoly, and the social security agency. These shows are hosted by personalities including skateboard legend Tony Hawk, seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong, The B-52's lead singer Fred Schneider, NBA Hall of Famer Bill Walton and longtime New York City DJ “Cousin Brucie”, who was dropped by WCBS-FM after the station changed to its format from an oldies station to a “Jack” format. There are no provincial legislatures. In addition to the channel-programming deals, Sirius has also programmed a number of more conventional shows with well known personalities in a number of fields. Governors appointed by the president head the country's seven provinces, but they exercise little power. In Howard Stern's first major hire for Sirius, Stern brought on board Tampa, FL based Bubba the Love Sponge, fired by Clear Channel due to a $750,000 fine proposed by the FCC Reuters, to do a show on Sirius. Costa Rica uses a form of proportional representation to elect its national legislative body.

Beginning with the announcement of his imminent departure, Stern began to complain of one of his employers, Infinity Broadcasting, as trying to impede the success of his departure. Arias is promoter of free trade and supports the free trade agreement with the United States which is the source of a great controversy that might develop in protests around the country in the upcoming months. Stern stated that his move was forced by the stringent regulations of the FCC whose enforcement was intensified following the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show. In April 2003 the prohibition was officially recognized, in a highly polemic resolution, as anti-constitutional allowing Óscar Arias (Nobel Peace Prize, 1987) to run for President a second time in the upcoming 2006 elections. The deal, which gave Sirius exclusive rights to Stern’s radio show, also gave Stern the right to build at least two full-time programming channels. An amendment to the constitution to allow second presidential terms was proposed and also the constitutionality of the prohibition against a second presidential term has been challenged in the courts. By far the biggest of these deals was announced on October 6, 2004 when Sirius announced that it signed a five-year, $500-million agreement with Howard Stern to move his radio show to Sirius starting on January 9, 2006. A constitutional amendment approved in 1969 limited presidents and deputies to one term, although a deputy may run again for an Assembly seat after sitting out a term.

Sirius has reached extensive deals with domestic diva Martha Stewart, E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt (aka Little Steven), Jimmy Buffett, and Eminem to executive produce streams on Sirius. The president and 57 Legislative Assembly deputies are elected for 4-year terms. A major component of Sirius’ business strategy has been to execute far-reaching and exclusive deals with big-name entertainers and personalities to create and build broadcast streams, from the ground up. There also are two vice presidents and a 15-member cabinet that includes one of the vice presidents. . Executive responsibilities are vested in a president, who is the country's center of power. “Mongo” later became NASCAR driver Spencer’s nickname with the NASCAR Broadcasters in the following races. It is seen as one of the most stable countries in Latin America.

The dog in the Sirius logo (Sirius is referred to as the "Dog Star") is unofficially named “Mongo,” a name garnered from the debut of Sirius Satellite Radio’s sponsorship on Casey Atwood’s and later Jimmy Spencer’s NASCAR entry, when the announcing cast voted on names. Costa Rica is a democratic republic with a strong constitution. Sirius was previously known as CD Radio. Costa Rica protects over 25% of its national territory within national parks. However, Sirius led the market in new satellite radio subscribers in 2005. The country is highly recognized and praised for its national park system: a developed and progressive system which stresses ecotourism. Sirius currently lags behind competitor XM Satellite Radio in terms of subscribers with 3.3 million, well less than XM's current audience of more than 6 million subscribers (as of January 9, 2006). The largest lake in Costa Rica is Lake Arenal.

A $10 activation fee ($15 if activated by phone) is also required. Cocos Island stands out because of its distance from continental landmass (24 km² [9.25 mi²], 500 km [310 mi] from Puntarenas coast), but Calero Island is the biggest island of the country (151.6 km² [58.5 mi²]). to $499.99 for a lifetime subscription (of the receiver, not the subscriber). Costa Rica also comprises several islands. Subscription costs for Sirius range from $12.95/mo. The highest volcano in the country is the Irazú Volcano (3,431 m or 11,257 feet). Its business model is to provide pay-for-service radio, music channels being free of commercials, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. The highest point in the country is Cerro Chirripo, with 3,810 metres (12,500 ft), the second highest peak in Central America, after Volcan Tajumulco in Guatemala.

Sirius is based in New York City. state of West Virginia and about half the size of Ireland. “XS120”, “XS9”, “XS17”). In total, Costa Rica comprises 51,100 km² (19,730 mi²), of which 50,610 km² (19,540 mi²) is land and 440 km² (170 mi²) is water, making it slightly smaller than the U.S. Sirius channels are identified by Arbitron with the label “XS” (e.g. Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua to the north (309 km [192 mi] of border) and Panama to the south-southeast (639 km [397 mi] of border). A subset of Sirius’ music channels are included as part of the DISH Network satellite television service. It borders both the Caribbean Sea (to the east) and the North Pacific Ocean (to the west), with a total of 1,290 km (802 mi) of coastline (212km [132 mi] on the Caribbean coast and 1,016 km [631 mi] on the Pacific).

The streams are broadcast from three satellites in an elliptical geosynchronous orbit above North America. Costa Rica is located on the Central American isthmus, 10° North of the equator and 84° West of the Prime Meridian. With any Sirius-enabled radio, the user can see the artist and song information on display while listening to the stream. Land ownership is widespread and Electronics is a rapidly expanding industry. Music streams on Sirius carry a wide variety of music genres, broadcasting 24 hours a day, commercial free. Costa Rica (Spanish for "Rich Coast"), although still a largely agricultural country, has achieved a relatively high standard of living. Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is a satellite radio (DARS) service in the United States that provides 68 streams (channels) of music and 55 streams of sports, news and entertainment. In 1949, José Figueres Ferrer abolished the army; and since then Costa Rica has been one of the few countries to operate within the democratic system without the assistance of a military.

Black and white lineup from SiriusBackstage.com, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required. Since the late 19th century only two brief periods of violence have marred its democratic development. Official Sirius Satellite Radio Stations List, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required. Costa Rica has avoided the violence that has plagued Central America; it is seen as an example of political stability in the region, and is referred to as the "Switzerland of the Americas". List of Sirius Satellite Radio stations. From the 1840s on, Costa Rica was an independent nation. XACT XTR1 Radio with Car Kit. In 1824, the capital moved to San José.

Clarion Calypso SIRIUS Radio with Car Kit. After briefly joining the Mexican Empire of Agustín de Iturbide (see: History of Mexico and Mexican Empire), Costa Rica became a state in the United Provinces of Central America (see: History of Central America) from 1823 to 1839. Kenwood H2EV Radio with Car and Home Kits. The provincial capital was in Cartago. Tivoli's SIRIUS Table Radio. Costa Rica was then the southernmost province in the Spanish territory of New Spain. SIRIUS Sportster Radio with Boombox Package. The native people of the Mayans and Aztecs were conquered by Spain in the 16th century.

Docking Station Package. These groups are also believed to have created the Stone spheres of Costa Rica, between 200 BC and AD 1600. SIRIUS Sportster Exec. This has recently been redefined to include the Isthmo-Colombian area, defined by the presence of groups that spoke Chibchan languages. SIRIUS S50. In Pre-Columbian times the Native Americans in what is now Costa Rica were part of the Intermediate Area located between the Mesoamerican and Andean cultural regions. .

Costa Rica was the first country in the world to constitutionally abolish its army. The Republic of Costa Rica is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the south-southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east.
September 15, 1821.
 - Date.

Debi Nova, singer. Maribel Guardia, singer, actress, model. Chavela Vargas, singer. National hero.

Juan Santamaría. Olympic gold medallist. Claudia Poll. Clodomiro Picado Twight, Toxicologist.

Franklin Chang Díaz, Astronaut. José Figueres Ferrer, National caudillo and President of the Republic (1948–1949, 1953–1958, and 1970–1974. Óscar Arias Sánchez, Nobel Peace Prize winner (1987) and President of the Republic (1986–1990). Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad [2].

List of birds of Costa Rica. Wildlife of Costa Rica. San José (Capital)(political and economical center of Costa Rica, see image below). Puntarenas (along most of the Pacific coast, with a large bulge in the south-west and a smaller one at the northern end at both sides of the Golfo de Nicoya, where the homonymous capital is located).

Limón (caribbean coast, agricultural and eco-tourism area). Heredia (central; north of capital, manufacturing and core of Costa Rica's IT industry). Guanacaste (north-west, important touristic and agricultural area). Cartago (former Costa Rican Provicial capital during colonial times).

Alajuela (central; north of capital San José, agriculture and industrial manufacturing).

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