Simon and Garfunkel

(Redirected from Simon & Garfunkel) Bridge Over Troubled Water was Simon and Garfunkel's last album; the title track was one of three number one hits in the United States but their only number one hit in the United Kingdom.

Simon and Garfunkel were a popular music duo comprised of Paul Simon and Arthur "Art" Garfunkel. Simon and Garfunkel were among the most popular recording artists of the 1960s, and are best known for their songs, "The Sound of Silence", "Mrs. Robinson" and "Bridge Over Troubled Water". They have received several Grammys and are inductees of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Early history

In 1956, Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel were juniors at Forest Hills High School in New York City who began playing together as a group called Tom and Jerry, with Simon as Jerry Landis and Garfunkel as Tom Graph — so called because he always liked to track "graph" hits on the pop charts. As seniors in 1957, they started writing their own songs in the Everly Brothers' rock and roll style. They managed to record one of their first songs, Hey, Schoolgirl, for Sid Prosen of Big Records. Released on 45 and 78 rpm records, the single — backed with "Dancin' Wild" — sold 100,000 copies, hitting #49 on the Billboard charts.



They later performed their hit on American Bandstand, right after Jerry Lee Lewis' "Great Balls of Fire".

Subsequent efforts in 1958 did not reach near their initial success, and after high school the duo split, with Simon enrolling at Queens College and Garfunkel matriculating into Columbia University.

In 1963 they found prominence as part of the same New York City folk music scene as Bob Dylan, with close harmony singing inspired by the Everly Brothers, combined with Simon's acoustic guitar playing. Simon, who had finished college but dropped out of Brooklyn Law School, had — like Garfunkel — developed an interest in the folk scene. Simon showed Garfunkel a few songs that he had written in the folk style: "Sparrow", "Bleecker Street", and "He Was My Brother" — which was later dedicated to Andrew Goodman, a friend of both Simon and Garfunkel, and a classmate of Simon's at Queen's College, who was one of three civil rights workers murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, on June 21, 1964.

These three efforts were among five original songs by Simon included on their first album for Columbia Records, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M., which initially flopped upon its release on October 19, 1964.

First breakup

Shortly after finishing recording, the duo effectively split again and Simon moved to England, where he recorded his solo The Paul Simon Song Book in May 1965. Recorded on three different dates in June and July at Levy's Studio, London, and featuring only Simon and his guitar, it is a refreshing souvenir of the early folk work of Paul Simon. The album was supposedly deleted about 1979 at Simon's request, but was re-introduced on CD with bonus tracks in 2004.

While Simon was in England that summer of 1965, radio stations around Cocoa Beach and Gainesville, Florida, began to receive requests for a song from the album Wednesday Morning, 3 A. M. called "The Sound of Silence". The song also began to receive radio airplay in Boston. Seizing the chance, the duo's U.S. producer, Tom Wilson, who had heard The Byrds' early folk records, dubbed an electric guitar and drums into "The Sound of Silence" track, and released it as a single, backed with "We've Got a Groovey Thing Goin'". The dubbing turned folk into folk-rock, the debut of a new genre for the Top 40, much to Simon's surprise.

In September 1965, Simon first learned that it had entered the pop charts while about to go on stage in a Danish folk club. It hit number 1 on the pop charts by December.

Reunification

Simon immediately returned to the United States and the group re-formed for the second time to record more tracks in a similar style, though neither approved of what Wilson had done with "The Sound of Silence."

The result was a sequence of folk-rock records, which have endured as well as any in the genre. Simon's lyrics were often insightful and picturesque, but leavened by a consistent dry humour.

On January 17, 1966, the duo released the album Sounds of Silence, which – helped by the title track's success – hit #21, while Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. was re-released and reached #30.

Among the tracks on The Paul Simon Song Book that were rerecorded with electric backing for "Sounds of Silence" were "I Am A Rock" (which as a single reached US #3 in the summer of 1966), "Leaves That Are Green", "April Come She Will", and "Kathy's Song".

Further hit singles came, including "Scarborough Fair/Canticle", based on a traditional English ballad with an original counter-melody, and "Homeward Bound" (later US #5), about life on the road while Simon was touring in England in 1965.

More tracks from The Paul Simon Song Book were included with recent compositions on their October 10, 1966 album Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme, which refined the folk-rock sound hastily released on Sounds of Silence.

In 1967, Simon and Garfunkel contributed heavily to the soundtrack to Mike Nichols' film The Graduate, which was released on January 21, 1968, and instantly rose to #1 as an album.

As their albums became progressively more adventurous, The Graduate Original Soundtrack was immediately followed in April 1968 at the top of the charts by Bookends, which dealt with increasingly complex themes of old age and loss. It features the top-25 hit singles "A Hazy Shade Of Winter", "Fakin' It", "At The Zoo", "America", and "Mrs. Robinson", the classic from the Graduate soundtrack, which became #1 as a single.

At the March 1969 Grammy Awards, "Mrs. Robinson" was named Record of the Year, while Simon was also honored with the Grammy for Best Original Score for a Motion Picture.

Second breakup

By 1969, the duo's success began to take its toll. Garfunkel had begun to pursue a career in acting, in Nichols' follow-up to The Graduate, starring as Nately in the movie version of Catch-22. This increasingly frustrated Simon when Garfunkel's leave interfered with the recording of the duo's next album, and it didn't help that Simon's part in the film had been cut before filming actually began.

The duo's deteriorating personal relationship continued into their late 1969 tour, which featured performances at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio on November 11 and Carbondale, Illinois on November 8, recordings of which are supposedly widely bootlegged. Video footage of the tour was shown on their controversial November 30 television special Songs Of America, which TV sponsors refused to endorse because of its distinct anti-Vietnam War message.

Their long-delayed final album, Bridge Over Troubled Water, was at last released on January 26, 1970. Its title track, featuring Garfunkel's soaring vocals, was a massive hit and one of the best-selling records of the decade, staying #1 on the charts for six full weeks and on the charts for far longer thereafter. The album includes three other top-twenty hits, including "El Condor Pasa" (US #18), "Cecilia" (US #4), and "The Boxer" – which, finished in 1968, hit #7 on the charts the following year – as well as a live recording of the Everly Brothers' "Bye Bye Love" from Ames, Iowa, on their 1969 tour.

At the subsequent March 1971, Grammy Awards, the album and single were named Album and Record of The Year, respectively, winning Grammys as well for Best Engineered Record, Song of The Year, Best Contemporary Song, and Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalists. Their 1972 Greatest Hits album peaked at US #5.

After the group split later in 1971, Simon went on to a very successful solo music career, recording several classic albums, including There Goes Rhymin' Simon (1973) and later on Graceland (1986). Garfunkel split his time between acting and musical releases, with various result. His most critical acclaimed album was the 1978 effort Watermark where almost all songs were written by Jimmy Webb.

Subsequent careers

The duo has reunited off and on since then, most notably for a free concert in New York's Central Park on September 19, 1981, which attracted a crowd around 500,000 people and was released on LP, CD, VHS, and DVD. The success of the 1981 concert prompted the duo to go on a world tour in 1982 (Europe & Japan) and 1983 (The U.S.), thought to be their final reunion. Their next public appearance was in 1990, when the two performed at a ceremony for their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Simon and Garfunkel were seen together in 1993 in a few of Paul Simon's shows in New York, and at charity concerts later that year.

In July 2002, Columbia Legacy released a previously unreleased live recording of a Simon and Garfunkel concert, Live In New York City, 1967. It features an almost-complete recording of a performance given by the duo at Philharmonic Hall, the Lincoln Center in New York City on January 22 1967.

On February 23, 2003, Simon and Garfunkel reunited to perform in public for the first time since 1993, singing "The Sound Of Silence" as the opening act of the Grammy Awards. Before the show, the duo was presented with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, honoring their musical contributions over the past four and a half decades.

Simon and Garfunkel held a two-month long reunion tour of the U.S. (and Toronto, Canada), running from October 16 to December 21, 2003. Entitled "Old Friends," their first tour in twenty years ran forty shows in twenty-eight cities and included surprise guests The Everly Brothers.

After that, they planned another Old Friends tour for June & July 2004 with over 25 shows, this time also in Europe.

In August 2004, they performed at the Colosseum in Rome to an audience which, according to news media reports, was probably even larger than the audience at the famous Central Park concert.

Discography

  • Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. (1964)
  • Sounds of Silence (1966)
  • Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme (1966)
  • The Graduate Original Soundtrack (1968)
  • Bookends (1968)
  • Bridge Over Troubled Water (1968)
  • Simon and Garfunkel's Greatest Hits (1972)
  • The Concert in Central Park (1982)
  • Live In New York City, 1967 (2002)
  • Old Friends: Live on Stage (2004)
  • And many other anthologies and compilations.

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In August 2004, they performed at the Colosseum in Rome to an audience which, according to news media reports, was probably even larger than the audience at the famous Central Park concert. Rod Stewart recorded his first solo album in 1969 and has worked solely as a solo artist since 1975. After that, they planned another Old Friends tour for June & July 2004 with over 25 shows, this time also in Europe. During his career, Rod Stewart has been a member of a number of groups including:. (and Toronto, Canada), running from October 16 to December 21, 2003. Entitled "Old Friends," their first tour in twenty years ran forty shows in twenty-eight cities and included surprise guests The Everly Brothers. His version of Louis Armstrong's "What a Wonderful World", featuring Stevie Wonder has made the top 20 of the world adult charts. Simon and Garfunkel held a two-month long reunion tour of the U.S. It also debuted at #1 in Canada, #3 in the UK and top ten in Australia.

Before the show, the duo was presented with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, honoring their musical contributions over the past four and a half decades. It was his first US number 1 album in 25 years selling over 200,000 albums in its first week. On February 23, 2003, Simon and Garfunkel reunited to perform in public for the first time since 1993, singing "The Sound Of Silence" as the opening act of the Grammy Awards. In late 2004, Stardust the third album in the American Songbook series was released. It features an almost-complete recording of a performance given by the duo at Philharmonic Hall, the Lincoln Center in New York City on January 22 1967. Together with Ron Wood he is still working on the album You Sing I'll Strut. In July 2002, Columbia Legacy released a previously unreleased live recording of a Simon and Garfunkel concert, Live In New York City, 1967. A Rod Stewart and the Faces best of Changing Faces reached the top 20 of the UK album charts.Five walked in to a bar a compilation box off old Faces work went in to the shops, it is worldwide regarded as a "must have" in Rock & Roll history.

Simon and Garfunkel were seen together in 1993 in a few of Paul Simon's shows in New York, and at charity concerts later that year. In 2004, Stewart is reuniting with Ron Wood for concerts of The Faces material. Their next public appearance was in 1990, when the two performed at a ceremony for their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. It is written and directed by Ben Elton, who previously created a similar production, We Will Rock You, with music by Queen. The success of the 1981 concert prompted the duo to go on a world tour in 1982 (Europe & Japan) and 1983 (The U.S.), thought to be their final reunion. A musical featuring many of Stewart's songs opened November 7, 2003 at London's Victoria Palace theatre. The duo has reunited off and on since then, most notably for a free concert in New York's Central Park on September 19, 1981, which attracted a crowd around 500,000 people and was released on LP, CD, VHS, and DVD. "Time After Time" was another top 30 track on the US adult contemporary charts.

Garfunkel split his time between acting and musical releases, with various result. His most critical acclaimed album was the 1978 effort Watermark where almost all songs were written by Jimmy Webb. "Bewitched Bothered and Bewildered", a duet with Cher went top 20 on the US adult contemporary charts and top 5 in Taiwan. After the group split later in 1971, Simon went on to a very successful solo music career, recording several classic albums, including There Goes Rhymin' Simon (1973) and later on Graceland (1986). The second album "As Time Goes By" reached #2 in the US, #4 in the UK and #1 in Canada. Their 1972 Greatest Hits album peaked at US #5. "They Can't Take That Away From Me" went top 20 on the world internet charts and top 30 on the adult contemporary charts. At the subsequent March 1971, Grammy Awards, the album and single were named Album and Record of The Year, respectively, winning Grammys as well for Best Engineered Record, Song of The Year, Best Contemporary Song, and Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalists. The track "These Foolish Things" reached #13 on the Billboard adult contemporary charts and #2 in Taiwan.

The album includes three other top-twenty hits, including "El Condor Pasa" (US #18), "Cecilia" (US #4), and "The Boxer" – which, finished in 1968, hit #7 on the charts the following year – as well as a live recording of the Everly Brothers' "Bye Bye Love" from Ames, Iowa, on their 1969 tour. The first album from the songbook series "It Had to Be You" reached #4 on the US album chart, #8 in the UK and #10 in Canada when released in late 2002. Its title track, featuring Garfunkel's soaring vocals, was a massive hit and one of the best-selling records of the decade, staying #1 on the charts for six full weeks and on the charts for far longer thereafter. These albums have been released on Clive Davis's J Records label and have seen Stewart enjoy album sales equal to the 1970s. Their long-delayed final album, Bridge Over Troubled Water, was at last released on January 26, 1970. In recent years, Stewart has concentrated on singing 1930s and 1940s pop standards from the "Great American Songbook", written by songwriters such as Irving Berlin, Cole Porter, and George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin, with great popular success but middling critical success. Video footage of the tour was shown on their controversial November 30 television special Songs Of America, which TV sponsors refused to endorse because of its distinct anti-Vietnam War message. He was later sued for divorce on the grounds of adultery.

The duo's deteriorating personal relationship continued into their late 1969 tour, which featured performances at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio on November 11 and Carbondale, Illinois on November 8, recordings of which are supposedly widely bootlegged. He was quoted as saying that he'd rather have his penis cut off than cheat on her. This increasingly frustrated Simon when Garfunkel's leave interfered with the recording of the duo's next album, and it didn't help that Simon's part in the film had been cut before filming actually began. He fathered six children. Garfunkel had begun to pursue a career in acting, in Nichols' follow-up to The Graduate, starring as Nately in the movie version of Catch-22. Stewart has been known for his liaisons with attractive women, including Britt Ekland and was later married to Alana Hamilton and Rachel Hunter. By 1969, the duo's success began to take its toll. The Story So Far: the Very Best Of a greatest hits album compiled from his time at Warner Brothers went to the top ten in the UK and reached number 1 in places like Belgium and France in 2001.

Robinson" was named Record of the Year, while Simon was also honored with the Grammy for Best Original Score for a Motion Picture. Human, his final album on the Warner Brothers label only just reached the top 50 in 2001 with the single "I Can't Deny It" going top 40 in the UK and top 20 in the adult contemporary. At the March 1969 Grammy Awards, "Mrs. Hoever, it only reached #44 on the UK album charts. Robinson", the classic from the Graduate soundtrack, which became #1 as a single. When we Were the New Boys from 1998 contained versions of Britpop acts such as Oasis and Primal Scream. It features the top-25 hit singles "A Hazy Shade Of Winter", "Fakin' It", "At The Zoo", "America", and "Mrs. ('Spanner' is the British term for what American's typically refer to as a 'wrench'.).

As their albums became progressively more adventurous, The Graduate Original Soundtrack was immediately followed in April 1968 at the top of the charts by Bookends, which dealt with increasingly complex themes of old age and loss. The latter half of the 1990s was not as commercially successful with If We Fall In Love Tonight not making much of an impression on the charts. In 1967, Simon and Garfunkel contributed heavily to the soundtrack to Mike Nichols' film The Graduate, which was released on January 21, 1968, and instantly rose to #1 as an album. In 1995, Stewart released "A Spanner in the Works" containing a cover of Tom Petty's "Leave Virginia Alone" which reached the top 10 of the adult contemporary charts. More tracks from The Paul Simon Song Book were included with recent compositions on their October 10, 1966 album Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme, which refined the folk-rock sound hastily released on Sounds of Silence. The Unplugged album reached #2 on the Billboard album charts. Further hit singles came, including "Scarborough Fair/Canticle", based on a traditional English ballad with an original counter-melody, and "Homeward Bound" (later US #5), about life on the road while Simon was touring in England in 1965. It featured an acoustic version of "Have I Told You Lately" which topped the Billboard adult contemporary chart and went top ten on the Billboard Hot 100.

Among the tracks on The Paul Simon Song Book that were rerecorded with electric backing for "Sounds of Silence" were "I Am A Rock" (which as a single reached US #3 in the summer of 1966), "Leaves That Are Green", "April Come She Will", and "Kathy's Song". Stewart reunited with Ron Wood to record an MTV Unplugged special. On January 17, 1966, the duo released the album Sounds of Silence, which – helped by the title track's success – hit #21, while Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. was re-released and reached #30. In 1993, he recorded "All For Love" with Sting and Bryan Adams for the soundtrack to the movie The Three Musketeers; the single reached #1 on the US charts. Simon's lyrics were often insightful and picturesque, but leavened by a consistent dry humour. The Vagabond Heart album continued his comeback with "Rhythm of my Heart" and "Motown Song" both reaching the top 10. The result was a sequence of folk-rock records, which have endured as well as any in the genre. This song was taken from a four CD compilation set called Storyteller.

Simon immediately returned to the United States and the group re-formed for the second time to record more tracks in a similar style, though neither approved of what Wilson had done with "The Sound of Silence.". His version of the Tom Waits song "Downtown Train" went to #2 of the US singles charts. In September 1965, Simon first learned that it had entered the pop charts while about to go on stage in a Danish folk club. It hit number 1 on the pop charts by December. "Forever Young" and "Lost in You" from that album were both significant hits on the Billboard Hot 100 and mainstream rock charts. The dubbing turned folk into folk-rock, the debut of a new genre for the Top 40, much to Simon's surprise. In 1988, he returned with Out Of Order produced by Duran Duran's Andy Taylor and by Bernard Edwards of Chic. producer, Tom Wilson, who had heard The Byrds' early folk records, dubbed an electric guitar and drums into "The Sound of Silence" track, and released it as a single, backed with "We've Got a Groovey Thing Goin'". He only had three top ten singles between 1982 and 1988 and only 1983's Camouflage album went gold in the UK.

Seizing the chance, the duo's U.S. Stewart's career then went into a relative slump. The song also began to receive radio airplay in Boston. The title song and "Young Turks" both reached top 5 of the Billboard charts with the album going platinum. While Simon was in England that summer of 1965, radio stations around Cocoa Beach and Gainesville, Florida, began to receive requests for a song from the album Wednesday Morning, 3 A. M. called "The Sound of Silence". In 1981, Stewart added elements of new wave and synth-pop to his sound for the Tonight I'm Yours album. The album was supposedly deleted about 1979 at Simon's request, but was re-introduced on CD with bonus tracks in 2004. It was to be Stewart's last number one album for 25 years.

Shortly after finishing recording, the duo effectively split again and Simon moved to England, where he recorded his solo The Paul Simon Song Book in May 1965. Recorded on three different dates in June and July at Levy's Studio, London, and featuring only Simon and his guitar, it is a refreshing souvenir of the early folk work of Paul Simon. "Do Ya Think I'm Sexy" was the lead single from 1979's Blondes Have More Fun which went to #1 on the Billboard album charts and sold 4 million albums. These three efforts were among five original songs by Simon included on their first album for Columbia Records, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M., which initially flopped upon its release on October 19, 1964. Stewart scored another US #1 single with "Do Ya Think I'm Sexy" which was a crossover hit reaching #5 on the Billboard black charts due to its disco sound. Simon showed Garfunkel a few songs that he had written in the folk style: "Sparrow", "Bleecker Street", and "He Was My Brother" — which was later dedicated to Andrew Goodman, a friend of both Simon and Garfunkel, and a classmate of Simon's at Queen's College, who was one of three civil rights workers murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, on June 21, 1964. Foot Loose and Fancy Free from 1978 continued Stewart's run of chart success again reaching #2 and featuring the same sound from A Night on the Town. Simon, who had finished college but dropped out of Brooklyn Law School, had — like Garfunkel — developed an interest in the folk scene. "The Killing of Georgie (Part 1 and 2)" about the killing of a gay man was also a top 40 hit for Stewart during 1977.

In 1963 they found prominence as part of the same New York City folk music scene as Bob Dylan, with close harmony singing inspired by the Everly Brothers, combined with Simon's acoustic guitar playing. However, it was officially credited as a number 1 in the UK even though "God Save the Queen" by the Sex Pistols is widely believed to have sold more records in that week. Subsequent efforts in 1958 did not reach near their initial success, and after high school the duo split, with Simon enrolling at Queens College and Garfunkel matriculating into Columbia University. "The First Cut is the Deepest", a cover of a Cat Stevens song, went top 30 in the US in 1977.
They later performed their hit on American Bandstand, right after Jerry Lee Lewis' "Great Balls of Fire". It quite overshadowed a greatest hits record released in 1976 that only reached #90.
. The A Night on the Town album went to #2 on the Billboard album charts and was Stewart's first album to go platinum.

Released on 45 and 78 rpm records, the single — backed with "Dancin' Wild" — sold 100,000 copies, hitting #49 on the Billboard charts. Later in 1976, Stewart topped the Billboard singles charts for eight weeks and the Australian singles charts with "Tonight's the Night" with a video featuring Britt Ekland. They managed to record one of their first songs, Hey, Schoolgirl, for Sid Prosen of Big Records. The first single "Sailing" reached the top 60 of the US charts while "This Old Heart of Mine" was also a top 100 hit in 1976, written by legendary Holland-Dozier-Holland songwriting combo of Motown fame. As seniors in 1957, they started writing their own songs in the Everly Brothers' rock and roll style. Atlantic Crossing marked both a return to form and a return to the top 10 of the Billboard album charts. In 1956, Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel were juniors at Forest Hills High School in New York City who began playing together as a group called Tom and Jerry, with Simon as Jerry Landis and Garfunkel as Tom Graph — so called because he always liked to track "graph" hits on the pop charts. He released the Atlantic Crossing album with producer Tom Dowd and the Muscle Shoals rhythm section.

They have received several Grammys and are inductees of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 1975, Rod Stewart moved to the US, applying for citizenship due to his love affair with Britt Ekland and a fight with the UK tax authorities. Robinson" and "Bridge Over Troubled Water". Smiler is generally regarded as Stewart's weakest album of the seventies. Simon and Garfunkel were among the most popular recording artists of the 1960s, and are best known for their songs, "The Sound of Silence", "Mrs. Stewart would release the Smiler album in late 1974 which proved to be a disappointment reaching only number 13 on the Billboard pop album charts with the single "Mine For Me" only reaching number 91 on the Billboard pop singles charts. Simon and Garfunkel were a popular music duo comprised of Paul Simon and Arthur "Art" Garfunkel. The band formally broke up in 1975 with Ron Wood joining the Rolling Stones as their guitar player and Stewart pursuing his solo career.

And many other anthologies and compilations. The Faces went on their final tour in 1974 to support Ooh La La and the single "Pool Hall Richard". Old Friends: Live on Stage (2004). The Faces released their final album Ooh La La which reached number one in the UK and number 21 in 1973. Live In New York City, 1967 (2002). Stewart released Never A Dull Moment in the same year reaching number two on the US album charts and number one in the UK and enjoyed further critical success. The Concert in Central Park (1982). The Faces had an extensive tour in 1972 with growing tension in the band over Stewart's solo career enjoying more success than the band's.

Simon and Garfunkel's Greatest Hits (1972). This album reached the top ten on both sides of the Atlantic on the back of the success of Every Picture Tells A Story.. Bridge Over Troubled Water (1968). top forty hit with "Stay With Me" from their third album A Nod is as Good as a Wink to a Blind Horse released in late 1971. Bookends (1968). The second Faces album "Long Player" was released in early 1971 which enjoyed greater chart success than First Step. The Faces also got their only U.S. The Graduate Original Soundtrack (1968). "Maggie May" was also named in The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll, which is one of three songs by him to appear on that list.

Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme (1966). simultainiously, a chart first, in September. Sounds of Silence (1966). and the U.K. Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. (1964). Stewart's 1971 album Every Picture Tells a Story made him a household name when the B-side of his minor hit "Reason to Believe" "Maggie May" started receiving radio play, the album and the single hit number one in both the U.S. He also launched a solo tour.

Stewart would release his second album Gasoline Alley with Martin Quittenton as his lead guitarist supplying a mandolin sound. The Faces released their debut album First Step in early 1970 with a rock and roll style similar to the Rolling Stones. While the album did better in the UK than the US, the Faces quickly earned a strong live following. Stewart also signed a solo contract - An Old Raincoat Won't Let You Down being his first solo album in 1969 - known as the Rod Stewart album in the US. Steve Jones from The Sex Pistols regards The Faces very highly and names them as a main influence on the British punk movement.

The Faces were previously The Small Faces until the departure of Steve Marriott. The US band Cactus offered Stewart a job as lead singer but he decided to join The Faces with Ron Wood who was a bass player with the Jeff Beck Group switching to guitar. The second album Beck-ola also was a hit in the middle of 1969 but the group broke up by the end of the year. In 1968, their first album Truth became a hit on both sides of the Atlantic and the group toured extensively.

Stewart then joined Jeff Beck's the Jeff Beck Group as vocalist. Shotgun Express released one single before breaking up. Shotgun Express also contained Mick Fleetwood and Peter Green who would go on to form Fleetwood Mac and Peter Mardens. Steampacket broke up in early 1966 with Stewart joining Shotgun Express as lead vocalist with Beryl Marsden.

Stewart also earned the nickname "Rod the Mod" in that period after an appearance on a BBC documentary,1965, on the Mod movement. Steampacket supported the Rolling Stones and the Walker Brothers in the northern summer of 1965 and would also record an album that would not be released until 1970 when Stewart had become well-known in musical circles. The Hoochie Coochie Men evolved into Steampacket featuring Stewart, Baldry, Julie Driscoll, Brian Auger, Mickey Waller and Rick Brown. Rod Stewart returned to London in 1964 to join Long John Baldry's Hoochie Coochie Men which recorded a single "Good Morning Little Schoolgirl" which failed to chart.

He also played the instrument on Millie Small's "My Boy Lollipop" which became a huge hit in 1964. On his return to England, he went to Birmingham to join Jimmy Powell & the Five Dimensions as a vocalist and blues harp player. The band recorded a single for Pye Records with Stewart on blues harp. He soon switched to a career in music joining folk singer Wizz Jones in the early 1960s being deported from Spain for vagrancy. based in West London.

Rod Stewart started as an apprentice soccer player with Brentford F.C.
. Although the quality of his recordings has dipped at times, he is widely recognised as among the best interpretive singers of recent decades, and has consistently been a presence in the charts since the early 1970s. He has achieved 3 US number one albums over three decades.

Over his lengthy career, Stewart has sung rock, standards, folk rock and pop and has achieved success at each. Minutes before Rod Stewart was born in Highgate, London, a German V-2 rocket hit the police station just down the street and exploded. His parents owned a newsagent's shop in North London, and the family resided above the shop. Stewart was the youngest of five children born to Robert and Elsie Stewart.

Roderick David Stewart (born January 10, 1945) is an English singer of Scottish descent. Encore: The Very Best Of 2 (2003). The Story So Far: Very Best of Rod Stewart (2002). The Very Best of Rod Stewart (2001).

Handbags & Gladrags (1995). Downtown train (1991). Storyteller - The Complete Anthology: 1964-1990 (1989). The Ballad album (1989).

The Rock Album (1989). The best of Rod Stewart (1989). Hot Rods (1980). 1 (1979).

Rod Stewart Greatest Hits Vol. Best of Rod Stewart, Volume II (1977). Best of Rod Stewart (1976). The vintage years 69 - 70 (1976).

Sing it again, Rod (1972). Compilations

    . Stardust: the Great American Songbook 3 (2004). As Time Goes By: the Great American Songbook 2 (2003).

    It Had to Be You: the Great American Songbook (2002). Human ((2001). When we Were the New Boys (1998). If we fall in love tonight (1996).

    A spanner in the works (1995). and seated (1993, live). Unplugged.. Lead vocalist (1993).

    Vagabond heart (1991). Out of order (1988). Every beat of my heart (1986). Camouflage (1984).

    Body wishes (1983). Absolutely live (1982, live). Tonight I'm yours (1981). Foolish behaviour (1980).

    Blondes have more fun (1978). Foot loose & Fancy free (1977). A night on the town (1976). Atlantic Crossing (1975).

    Smiler (1974). Never a dull moment (1972). Every picture tells a story (1971). Gasoline Alley (1970).

    An old raincoat won't ever let you down (The Rod Stewart Album) (1970). Solo albums:

      . The best of The Faces (1977). The best of The Faces - Snakes and ladders (1975).

      Coast to coast - Overtures & beginners (Live album 1974). Ooh la la (1973). A nod's as good as a wink to a blind horse (1971). Longplayer (1971).

      First Step (1970). With The Faces:

        . The best of Jeff Beck (1985). Beck Ola (1970).

        Truth (1968). With the Jeff Beck Group:

          . the Faces 1969-1975. the Jeff Beck Group 1966-1969.

          Shotgun Express 1966. the Hoochie Coochie Men later Steampacket 1964-1965;. Jimmy Powell and the Five Dimensions 1963;.

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