Sidney Poitier

Sidney Poitier (born February 20, 1927) is an American actor. He was born in Miami, Florida and grew up on Cat Island in the Bahamas. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in the 1963 film Lilies of the Field and was the first African-American actor to win this award. He received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 2002.

His other films include:

  • The Defiant Ones, for which he won the British Academy Award for Best Actor in 1958.
  • Porgy and Bess, based on the famous opera, in the title role of Porgy along side Dorothy Dandridge as Bess. His on-screen singing voice was provided by opera singer Robert McFerrin, father of Bobby McFerrin.
  • Guess Who's Coming to Dinner, a film about an inter-racial romance and a white liberal's reaction to it
  • A Patch of Blue, about a blind white girl and a black man who is moved to help her to a better life
  • To Sir, with Love, a fact-based movie about a young teacher in an inner-city neighbourhood
  • In the Heat of the Night about a murder investigation in a small Mississippi town.

He acted in the first run of "Raisin in the Sun" on Broadway in 1959, and in its Hollywood adaptation in 1961.

In addition to authoring This Life (1980) and The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2000), Poitier has also served as the Bahamian ambassador to Japan since April of 1997.

Awards and recognition

Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album
  • Grammy Awards of 2001
    • Rick Harris, John Runnette (producers) & Sidney Poitier for The Measure of a Man
NAACP Image Award - Hall of Fame Award
  • 2001: Sidney Poitier
NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actor in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special
  • 2000: Sidney Poitier, The Simple Life of Noah Dearborn
Kennedy Center Honors
  • 1995: Sidney Poitier
AFI Life Achievement Award
  • 1992: Sidney Poitier
Golden Globe Awards: Film, Best Actor, Drama
  • 1964: Sidney Poitier, Lilies of the Field
Academy Award for Best Actor 
  • 1963: Sidney Poitier for Lilies of the Field
  • 1958: Sidney Poitier for The Defiant Ones
BAFTA Award for Best Actor
  • 1958: Foreign: Sidney Poitier for The Defiant Ones

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In addition to authoring This Life (1980) and The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2000), Poitier has also served as the Bahamian ambassador to Japan since April of 1997. Elvis Presley made only one television commercial, an ad for Southern Maid Doughnuts that ran in 1954. He acted in the first run of "Raisin in the Sun" on Broadway in 1959, and in its Hollywood adaptation in 1961. See also Elvis Presley hit singles. His other films include:. See Elvis Presley hit singles. He received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 2002. According to Allmusic.com, his best albums include:.

He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in the 1963 film Lilies of the Field and was the first African-American actor to win this award. Elvis Presley had 11 albums top the Billboard pop album charts:. He was born in Miami, Florida and grew up on Cat Island in the Bahamas. Helen Kolaoke (2002) criticizes Elvis' music saying that, "for black people Elvis more than any other performer epitomises the theft of their music and dance." Others argue that Elvis' music is not an appropriation but a proliferation of black music. (Frith 2004, p.21). Sidney Poitier (born February 20, 1927) is an American actor. Since 1962, the closest anyone has come to matching this was Madonna in the late 1980s and early 1990s, with 19 consecutive top 5 hits. 1958: Foreign: Sidney Poitier for The Defiant Ones. That is another record yet to be broken.

1958: Sidney Poitier for The Defiant Ones. All the above 24 singles also sold over 1 million copies each as well. 1963: Sidney Poitier for Lilies of the Field. These are other records set by Presley's recordings:. 1964: Sidney Poitier, Lilies of the Field. The record spent 11 weeks at the top starting on August 18, 1956. 1992: Sidney Poitier. Until the record was broken by Boyz II Men's "End of the Road" in November 1992, Elvis Presley's double-side "Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog" was the undisputed champion of singles in terms of weeks spent at number one.

1995: Sidney Poitier. During his lifetime, Elvis Presley:. 2000: Sidney Poitier, The Simple Life of Noah Dearborn. His birth certificate and tombstone both read "Aaron". 2001: Sidney Poitier. Note: The Presley family, including Elvis, spelled his middle name "Aron" throughout his life, although Elvis is said to have considered changing it to "Aaron". Rick Harris, John Runnette (producers) & Sidney Poitier for The Measure of a Man. In 1993, Presley's image appeared on a United States postage stamp.

Grammy Awards of 2001

    . He has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (1986), the Country Music Hall of Fame (1998), and the Gospel Music Hall of Fame (2001). In the Heat of the Night about a murder investigation in a small Mississippi town. Among his many accomplishments, Elvis Presley is only one of two singers (Roy Orbison being the other) to ever have two Top 5 albums on the charts simultaneously. To Sir, with Love, a fact-based movie about a young teacher in an inner-city neighbourhood. A further 16 Elvis singles are due for release. A Patch of Blue, about a blind white girl and a black man who is moved to help her to a better life. A re-release of "Jailhouse Rock" was the number one in the first chart of 2005, and "One Night" is expected to replace it on the January 16 chart (and thus becoming the 1000th UK number one).

    Guess Who's Coming to Dinner, a film about an inter-racial romance and a white liberal's reaction to it. In early 2005 in the United Kingdom, RCA began to re-issue his singles as CD-singles. His on-screen singing voice was provided by opera singer Robert McFerrin, father of Bobby McFerrin. Nearly 50 years after Presley made his first hit record and 25 years after his death, ELV1S 30 #1 Hits reached number 1 on the charts. Porgy and Bess, based on the famous opera, in the title role of Porgy along side Dorothy Dandridge as Bess. "A Little Less Conversation" (remix version) was quickly added as the album's 31st track just before its release in October 2002. The Defiant Ones, for which he won the British Academy Award for Best Actor in 1958. At about the same time, a compilation of Presley's US Number 1 hits, ELV1S 30 #1 Hits, was being prepared for release.

    The remix hit Number 1 in over 20 countries, including the United States. However, interest in his music returned during the buildup to the 2002 World Cup, when Nike used a remixed version of his "A Little Less Conversation" as the background music to a series of TV commercials featuring international soccer stars. "Elvis sightings", in which Presley is reported to have been located (frequently in mundane and out-of-the-way places, such as a supermarket in South Dakota), are common events, and one of the staples of supermarket tabloids. Connected with this is a continuing urban myth that Elvis is still alive.

    But all too often Elvis Presley's kitsch appeal and the industry which has grown up around it, chronicling his dietary and chemical predilections and the trappings of his celebrity, have tended to obscure the vibrant and vital music he made as a young man, the vocally-influential recordings of his later career, and the lasting influence both he and his music had on American popular culture. At least one modern recording artist, Elvis Costello, borrowed Presley's first name to help his fledgling career. He is still the gold standard against which modern notions of fame are measured. His image, especially his trademark forelock, is instantly recognizable.

    Now, more than 25 years after his death, Presley remains a foremost pop icon of the 20th century. Also, there are a number of Elvis impersonators worldwide. And, through his new look with black slacks and loose open-necked shirts, he created a huge demand for new lines of clothing. Presley's influence created a generation of teenagers who, for the first time, became an economic powerhouse through their spending capacity. Teenagers around the world began copying his "Ducktail" hair style, and the demand for transistor radios exploded so much so that Sony went from a small Japanese telecommunications company making radios to a giant global conglomerate.

    Presley paved the way for other American rockers whose records sold in Europe and who began to tour there. In France, singer Johnny Hallyday copied Presley in the French language, becoming a huge star in that country. Elvis Presley spawned rock and roll interest in Europe; his name was even known by people behind the then-Iron Curtain. According to popular legend, however, Elvis did not die in 1977, and may continue to be alive (see Elvis sightings).

    Numerous examinations of his death by medical personnel have not resulted in a final public cause of death; causes most often cited are polypharmacy (drug mixing) or heart disease exacerbated by his drug use. Originally buried at Forest Hill Cemetery, his tomb was eventually moved to Graceland after an attempted theft of his body. He died at his palatial home Graceland in Memphis, Tennessee in 1977 and is now buried on its grounds. He was only 42 years old. Elvis made his last live concert appearance in Indianapolis, Indiana at the Market Square Arena on June 26, 1977.

    The mid-1970s saw Elvis becoming increasingly isolated, battling an addiction to prescription drugs and the resulting toll on his appearance, health and performances. This was the last time any song by Presley hit #1 while he was still alive, although "Burning Love" got as high as #2 in September 1972. 1 on the Billboard music charts on November 1, 1969. After seven years off the top of the charts, Presley's song "Suspicious Minds" hit No.

    Her book also claimed that Elvis committed suicide, that he raped Priscilla Beaulieu and that he never loved her and was forced to marry her, and that Elvis had an incestuous affair with his mother. In her book The Intimate Life and Death of Elvis, Dee Presley, the king's stepmother, also says that Elvis had sexual encounters with men and mentions his affair with Nick Adams. That is why Parker had so much control over him." Many journalists' attempts to "out" Elvis in the past were thwarted by his manager. At that time, it could well have ruined his career.

    if Elvis didn't toe the line, he'd let it get out. He made it clear that.. Bret says Colonel Tom Parker "held secret information about a homosexual affair between Elvis and actor Nick Adams over his head like a sword. Elvis: The Hollywood Years, a 2002 biography by David Bret, claims the King was gay.

    After their divorce in 1973, Lisa lived with Priscilla. Indeed, their wedding night was the first—and only—time they were intimate; their daughter, Lisa Marie, was born exactly nine months later on February 1, 1968. Although he would spend hours alone with her in her bedroom, Priscilla wrote that Elvis never made any advances toward her. In her autobiography, Priscilla recounted how Elvis would stay up all night and sleep most of the day; if he wanted to go out, he'd rent out the venue so no fans would bother him.

    Incredibly, Elvis managed to talk Priscilla's mother and step-father into allowing the underaged girl to live with him at Graceland. Priscilla had been the step-daughter of Presley's commanding officer in Germany during his Army stint. On May 1, 1967 he married Priscilla Anne Beaulieu at the Aladdin Hotel in Las Vegas. He had a string of girlfriends, before and after he became famous, including celebrities such as Mamie Van Doren, Natalie Wood, Tuesday Weld, Cybill Shepherd, Barbra Streisand, and Ann-Margret.

    From the beginning of his career, Elvis was a sex symbol who sent legions of women swooning. In his later years, his live stage performances almost always included a rendition of "How Great Thou Art.". His three Grammy awards are all for gospel music. He recorded several gospel albums.

    Presley was deeply religious, raised in the Pentecostal faith. It was a milestone for Presley's career and his biggest audience to date. His most successful concert was the Elvis Aloha Concert in Hawaii, which was broadcast worldwide via satellite in January 1973. His 1969 return to live performances, first in Las Vegas and then across the country, was noted for the constant stream of sold-out shows, with many setting attendance records in the venues where he performed.

    With this drop-off, and in the face of the social upheaval of the 1960s and the British Invasion spearheaded by The Beatles, Presley's star faded slightly before a triumphant TV comeback special on NBC (aired on December 3, 1968) that saw him return to his rock and roll roots. The 1960s saw the quality of Presley's recorded output drop, although he was still capable of creating records equal to his best and did so on the infrequent occasions where he was presented with decent material at his movie recording sessions. For details, see the List of Elvis Presley films. Between 1956 and 1969, Presley starred in 31 films.

    Among fans, Blue Hawaii (1961) and Viva Las Vegas (1964) are highly praised. The movies Jailhouse Rock (1957), King Creole (1958), and Flaming Star (1960) are widely regarded as his best among film critics. Elvis was praised by all his directors, including the highly respected Michael Curtiz, as unfailingly polite and extremely hardworking. These were usually musicals based around Presley performances, and marked the beginning of his transition from rebellious rock and roller to all-round family entertainer.

    Beginning with Love Me Tender (opened on November 15, 1956), Presley starred in 31 motion pictures, having signed to multiple long-term contracts on the advice of his manager. While in the army, he received a black belt in karate. It has long been suspected that Elvis' draft notice was either politically instigated to shunt his "dangerous", "race-mixing" influence, or quietly encouraged by his manager in order to keep the increasingly world-wise Southern lad under his thumb. Many have since wondered why an only child – by then the sole support of his parents and grandmother – was drafted during peacetime, since his services were clearly not critical for the defense of his country.

    Ira Jones, and was honorably discharged on March 5, 1960. He served in Germany, where he drove a jeep for Sgt. On January 20, 1958 Presley received a draft notice for a 2-year tour with the United States Army. On his third and final Sullivan appearance (January 6, 1957) Sullivan bowed to pressure from moralists and ordered Presley to be filmed only from the waist up due to his customary suggestive hip movements.

    Presley had dyed his sandy blond hair jet black by the time of his second Sullivan performance on October 28 of the same year. After a string of other TV appearances, he made his first appearance on the top-rated Ed Sullivan Show on September 9, earning the show a record 52–60 million viewers (82.6% of viewership that night). His June 5, 1956 introduction of his next single, "Hound Dog", on The Milton Berle Show, scandalized the audience with his suggestive hip movements. Now recording for RCA, and under the management of (honorary) Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis entered the Billboard Hot 100 chart for the first time on February 22 with "Heartbreak Hotel" and on April 21 that year the same song hit number one.

    On January 28, 1956 Presley made his national television debut by appearing on The Dorsey Brothers Stage Show, beginning his transition to teen idol. A string of hit records followed as the public's desire for his product seemed insatiable. "Don't Be Cruel" and "Hound Dog" topped the pop, black and country charts in 1956. Over the next twenty-one years, until his death in 1977, Elvis had 146 Hot 100 hits, 112 top 40 hits, 72 top 20 hits and 40 top 10 hits; all of these are the most anyone has yet achieved.

    Unlike the previous singles, this one did chart, reaching #1 in April 1956. It was the sixth single of his career. On January 27, 1956 the single "Heartbreak Hotel" / "I Was the One" was released. Elvis signed with RCA Records on November 21, 1955.

    The phrase has been popularized and is commonly used in joking reference to many, often unimportant, events being over as if they were as popular as an Elvis concert. It was during Elvis' last appearance on the Hayride that Logan announced, "Elvis has left the building", desperate to quell the screaming teenagers trying to reach Elvis as he exited the stage. Hayride founder and producer Horace Logan had shrewdly signed Elvis to weekly appearances after noting the audience reaction to the then-unknown singer. During this period Elvis toured incessantly throughout the south and southwest, also appearing 50 times on the regional show Louisiana Hayride (his first appearance was on March 3, 1955).

    The last of the Sun singles, "I Forgot To Remember To Forget" b/w "Mystery Train", went to #1 on the Country music Singles chart. These singles garnered Elvis increasing attention both for his music and for the rioting girls that were becoming a staple of his live performances. Most of these were covers of rhythm and blues or country and western hits. Elvis recorded five singles while at Sun, all credited to Elvis Presley - The Hillbilly Cat:.

    The resulting single, backed with Elvis' hopped-up version of the country song "Blue Moon Of Kentucky", was a huge local hit in Memphis after WHBQ aired it two days later, and regular touring started to expand his fame beyond Tennessee. During a rehearsal break on July 5, 1954, Elvis started fooling around with a song called "That's All Right" and Sam hit the record button, thinking Elvis may have found his niche. Although the session did not prove fruitful, Sam put Elvis together with local musicians Scotty Moore and Bill Black to see what might develop. Sun Records founder Sam Phillips and assistant Marion Keisker heard the discs and, recognizing Presley's nascent talent, called him in June 1954 to fill in for a missing ballad singer.

    This was probably a rumor, however, since Gladys Presley's birthday was in April and he recorded the acetate three months later in July. In the summer of 1953 he paid $4 to record the first of two double-sided demo acetates at Sun Studios as a gift to his mother, singing "My Happiness" and "That's When Your Heartaches Begin", popular ballads of the time. Through his father's mother Minnie Mae, Elvis descended from King Henry II of England. Their son, also called Andrew, went to the English colonies in 1745.

    According to Morrison, records show that Andrew Presley married Elspeth Leg in Lonmay in 1713. In an as-yet-unpublished book, Morrison claims to have found that his ancestors lived in Lonmay, Aberdeenshire in the 1700s. Scottish author Allan Morrison claims that Elvis was of Scottish descent. The young Elvis took up guitar at 11 and, after high school, worked at Precision Tool Company and then drove a truck for the Crown Electric Company.

    He had a twin brother (Jesse Garon Presley) who died at birth. He was raised both in Tupelo and later in Memphis, Tennessee, where his family moved when he was 13. Presley was born poor in Tupelo, Mississippi, the son of Vernon Elvis Presley and Gladys Love Smith Presley. He started his career under the name the Hillbilly Cat and was soon nicknamed Elvis the Pelvis because of his physically exuberant performance style.

    Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), also known as The King of Rock and Roll, or as just simply The King, was an American singer who had an immeasurable effect on world culture. Download sample of "Good Rockin' Tonight". "Young and Beautiful". "You Don't Have To Say You Love Me".

    "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'". "Wooden Heart". "The Wonder of You". "Way Down".

    "Trouble". "Too Much". "(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear". "Surrender".

    "Suspicious Minds". "Stuck On You". "She's Not You". "Return To Sender".

    "Promised Land". "One Night". "My Way". "Moody Blue".

    "Mean Woman Blues". "Love Me Tender". "Kentucky Rain". "Jailhouse Rock".

    "I Want You, I Need You, I Love You". "It's Now Or Never". "It Hurts Me". "In The Ghetto".

    "I'm Yours". "Hound Dog". "(Marie's The Name) His Latest Flame". "Heartbreak Hotel".

    "Hard Headed Woman". "Good Luck Charm". "Don't Be Cruel". "Don't".

    "(You're The) Devil In Disguise". "Crying In The Chapel". "Can't Help Falling In Love". "Burning Love".

    "Blue Suede Shoes". "An American Trilogy". "Are You Lonesome Tonight?". "Always On My Mind".

    "All Shook Up". "A Little Less Conversation". "(Now and Then There's) A Fool Such As I". "A Big Hunk o' Love".

    2nd to None (2003). Elv1s: 30 #1 Hits (2002). Sunrise (1999). Walk a Mile in my Shoes: The Essential 70's Masters (1995).

    From Nashville to Memphis: The Essential 60's Masters (1993). The King of Rock n' Roll: The Complete 50's Masters (1992). The Million Dollar Quartet (1990). The Top Ten Hits (1987).

    The Sun Sessions (1976). From Elvis in Memphis (1969). Elvis (1956). Elvis Presley (1956).

    Elv1s: 30 #1 Hits (2002). Aloha from Hawaii via Satellite (1973). Elvis sings the Wonderful World of Christmas (1972). Roustabout (1965).

    Something for Everybody (1961). Blue Hawaii (1960). Blues (1960). G.I.

    Loving You (1957). Elvis' Christmas Album (1957). Elvis (1956). Elvis Presley (1956).

    Download sample of "Good Rockin' Tonight". "Return To Sender" / "Where Do You Come From" - 10/2/62. "She's Not You" / "Just Tell Her Jim Said Hello" - 7/14/62. "Good Luck Charm" / "Anything That's Part Of You" - 2/27/62.

    "Can't Help Falling In Love" / "Rock-A-Hula Baby" - 11/22/61. "His Latest Flame" / "Little Sister" - 8/8/61. "I Feel So Bad" / "Wild In The Country" - 5/2/61. "Surrender" / "Lonely Man" - 2/7/61.

    "Are You Lonesome Tonight" / "I Gotta Know" - 11/1/60. "It's Now Or Never" / "A Mess Of Blues" - 7/5/60. "Stuck On You" / "Fame And Fortune" - 3/23/60. "A Big Hunk O' Love" / "My Wish Came True" - 6/23/59.

    "A Fool Such As I" / "I Need Your Love Tonight" - 3/10/59. "One Night" / "I Got Stung" - 10/21/58. "Hard Headed Woman" / "Don't Ask Me Why" - 6/10/58. "Wear My Ring Around Your Neck" / "Doncha' Think It's Time" - 4/1/58 (the first single to debut on the chart in the top 10).

    Elvis also charted 9 consecutive #1 singles:

      . "Don't" / "I Beg Of You" - 1/7/58. "Jailhouse Rock" / "Treat Me Nice" - 9/24/57. "Teddy Bear" / "Loving You" - 6/11/57.

      "All Shook Up" / "That's When Your Heartaches Begin" - 3/22/57. "Too Much" / "Playing For Keeps" - 1/4/57. "Love Me Tender" / "Any Way You Want Me" - 9/28/56. "Don't Be Cruel" / "Hound Dog" - 7/13/56.

      "I Want You, I Need You, I Love You" / "My Baby Left Me" - 5/4/56. "Heartbreak Hotel" / "I Was the One" - released 1/27/56. release dates):

        . From 1956 to 1962 Elvis set the record with 24 consecutive top 5 hit singles (singles listed with B-side songs and original U.S.A.

        From March 1956 to November 1959, every week there was at least one Elvis song on the singles chart. (The Beatles had 34 Top 10 hits during their career.). This total is currently unchallenged; the closest competitor, Madonna, has 35. had 38 Top 10 Billboard hits.

        The total (18) is surpassed only by The Beatles, who had 20 number 1 hits. had 18 number 1 Billboard hits, including four singles in 1956 that occupied the top of the charts for a cumulative total of 25 weeks. recorded 104 singles that hit the Top 40 of the Billboard pop chart. "Mystery Train" / "I Forgot To Remember To Forget" - Released on August 6, 1955.

        "Baby Let's Play House" / "I'm Left, You're Right, She's Gone" - released April 10, 1955. "Milkcow Blues Boogie" / "You're A Heartbreaker" - released on December 28, 1954. "Good Rockin' Tonight" / "I Don't Care if the Sun Don't Shine" - released on September 25, 1954. "That's All Right" / "Blue Moon Of Kentucky" - released on July 19, 1954.

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