Shannyn Sossamon, born Shannon Marie Kahoolani Sossamon to Sherry Sossamon and Todd Lindberg on October 3, 1979 in Honolulu, Hawaii, is an American musician and film/music video actress. She is of French, Native Hawaiian, Dutch, Irish, Filipino and German descent. Though born in Hawaii, she grew up in Reno, Nevada. After her high school graduation, Sossamon moved to Los Angeles where she pursued a career in dance. While she attended Dance Unlimited, Sossamon appeared in television commercials and had DJ gigs in local clubs. In 1999, Sossamon was discovered by casting director Francine Maisler, while helping a friend DJ at Gwyneth Paltrow's birthday party.
Her first role was the female lead in A Knight's Tale. Reportedly close friends with Heath Ledger, she also appeared alongside him in 2003 in The Order, and appeared in music videos for Mick Jagger and KoЯn. Sossamon continues to DJ weekly at a Los Angeles club, but spends most of her time filming.
She has 3 tattoos, including one, on her back shoulder. It's a 'S' with a flower.
Sossamon was dating Dallas Clayton, a kick boxing instructor in 2002/2003 and gave birth to a son on May 29, 2003, named Audio Science Clayton.
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. A recently proposed theory suggests that some earthquakes may occur in a sort of earthquake storm, where one earthquake will trigger a series of earthquakes each triggered by the previous shifts on the fault lines, similar to aftershocks, but occurring years later. Sossamon was dating Dallas Clayton, a kick boxing instructor in 2002/2003 and gave birth to a son on May 29, 2003, named Audio Science Clayton. These oscillations of the earth are either due to the deformation of the Earth by tide caused by the Moon or the Sun, or other phenomena. It's a 'S' with a flower. Another type of movement of the Earth is observed by terrestrial spectroscopy. She has 3 tattoos, including one, on her back shoulder. Earthquakes such as these, that are caused by human activity, are referred to by the term induced seismicity.
Sossamon continues to DJ weekly at a Los Angeles club, but spends most of her time filming. Thus scientists have been able to monitor, using the tools of seismology, nuclear weapons tests performed by governments that were not disclosing information about these tests along normal channels. Reportedly close friends with Heath Ledger, she also appeared alongside him in 2003 in The Order, and appeared in music videos for Mick Jagger and KoЯn. Finally, ground shaking can also result from the detonation of explosives. Her first role was the female lead in A Knight's Tale. Earthquakes have also been known to be caused by the removal of natural gas from subsurface deposits, for instance in the northern Netherlands. In 1999, Sossamon was discovered by casting director Francine Maisler, while helping a friend DJ at Gwyneth Paltrow's birthday party. Such earthquakes occur because the strength of the Earth's crust can be modified by fluid pressure.
While she attended Dance Unlimited, Sossamon appeared in television commercials and had DJ gigs in local clubs. at certain geothermal power plants and at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal). After her high school graduation, Sossamon moved to Los Angeles where she pursued a career in dance. A rare few earthquakes have been associated with the build-up of large masses of water behind dams, such as the Kariba Dam in Zambia, Africa, and with the injection or extraction of fluids into the Earth's crust (e.g. Though born in Hawaii, she grew up in Reno, Nevada. Some earthquakes are also caused by the movement of magma in volcanoes, and such quakes can be an early warning of volcanic eruptions. She is of French, Native Hawaiian, Dutch, Irish, Filipino and German descent. Deep focus earthquakes, at depths of 100's km, are possibly generated as subducted lithospheric material catastrophically undergoes a phase transition since at the pressures and temperatures present at such depth elastic strain cannot be supported.
Shannyn Sossamon, born Shannon Marie Kahoolani Sossamon to Sherry Sossamon and Todd Lindberg on October 3, 1979 in Honolulu, Hawaii, is an American musician and film/music video actress. Eventually when enough stress accumulates, the plates move, causing an earthquake. Daft Punk. Where these plates meet stress accumulates. Goo Goo Dolls - 'Dizzy' (1999). The Earth is made up of tectonic plates driven by the heat in the Earth's mantle and core. Cher - 'Strong Enough' (1999). Most earthquakes are powered by the release of the elastic strain that accumulate over time, typically, at the boundaries of the plates that make up the Earth's lithosphere via a process called Elastic-rebound theory.
DJ Quik. For example it has been calculated that the average recurrence for the United Kingdom can be described as follows:. Korn - 'Make Me Bad' (1999). Larger earthquakes occur less frequently than smaller earthquakes, the relationship being exponential, ie roughly ten times as many earthquakes larger than 4 occur in a particular time period than earthquakes larger than magnitude 5. Mick Jagger - 'God Gave Me Everything' (2001). As a result the moment magnitude (MW) scale was introduced by Hiroo Kanamori, which is comparable to the other magnitude scales but will not saturate at higher values. Pepsi. The values of moments for different earthquakes ranges over several order of magnitude.
Oldsmobile. The seismic moment is calculated from seismograms but can also by obtained from geologic estimates of the size of the fault rupture and the displacement. Kodak. Seismologists now favor a measure called the seismic moment, related to the concept of moment in physics, to measure the size of a seismic source. Kmart. They are still useful however as they can be rapidly calculated, there are catalogues of them dating back many years and are they are familiar to the public. GAP:Khaki Swing. However as each is also based on the measurement of one part of the seismogram they do not measure the overall power of the source and can suffer from saturation at higher magnitude values (larger events fail to produce higher magnitude values).These scales are also empirical and as such there is no physical meaning to the values.
GAP:Denim:Boys Who Scratch (2001). Each of these is scaled to gives values similar to the values given by the Richter scale. Trophy presenter. Other more recent Magnitude measurements include: body wave magnitude (mb), surface wave magnitude (Ms) and duration magnitude (MD). Mr.Show - Episode "Peanut Butter, Eggs, and Dice" (1997) ... It is obtained by measuring the maximum amplitude of a recording on a Wood-Anderson torsion seismometer (or one calibrated to it) at a distance of 600km from the earthquake. Mr.Show - Episode "Flat Top Tony and the Purple Canoes" (1997). This is known as the “Richter scale”, “Richter Magnitude” or “Local Magnitude” (ML).
Law and Order : SVU - Episode "Doubt" (2004) as Myra Denen. Richter devised a simple numerical scale (which he called the magnitude) to describe the relative sizes of earthquakes in Southern California. Undiscovered (2005). In the 1930s, a California seismologist named Charles F. I Hate You (2005). The first attempt to qualitatively define one value to describe the size of earthquakes was the magnitude scale (the name being taking from similar formed scales used on the brightness of stars). Chasing Ghosts (2005). If you feel an earthquake in the US you can report the effects to the USGS.
Devour (2005). For some tasks related to engineering and local planning it is still useful for the very same reasons and thus still collected. The Order (2003). The problem with these scales is the measurement is subjective, often based on the worst damage in an area and influenced by local effects like site conditions that make it a poor measure for the relative size of different events in different places. Wholey Moses (2003). No structural damage. The Rules of Attraction (2002). Damage is slight in poorly built buildings.
40 Days and 40 Nights (2002). Trees and bushes shake. A Knight's Tale (2001). Plaster in walls might crack. She bought all her friends boxer shorts. Furniture moves. GAP gave her $200 in clothing tokens for doing a Denim ad. Pictures fall off walls.
Josh Hartnett approved her casting for 40 days & 40 nights. Objects fall from shelves. She had 5 auditions for A Knight's Tale, beating Kate Hudson for the role of Jocelyn. People have trouble walking. Her maternal grandmother is Hawaiian Filipino, and her maternal grandfather is English and German. Everyone feels movement. The 'y' in her name was an adolescent addition in 1995. The value 6 (normally denoted "VI") in the MM scale for example is:.
These assign a numeric value (different for each scale) to a location based on the size of the shaking experienced there. In the United States the Mercalli (or Modified Mercalli, MM) scale is commonly used, while Japan (shindo) and the EU (European Macroseismic Scale) each have their own scales. The first method of quantifying earthquakes was intensity scales. Earthquakes that occur below sea level and have large vertical displacements can give rise to tsunamis, either as a direct result of the deformation of the sea bed due to the earthquake or as a result of submarine landslips or "slides" directly or indirectly triggered by it.
Just as a large loudspeaker can produce a greater volume of sound than a smaller one, large faults are capable of higher magnitude earthquakes than smaller faults are. The total size of the fault that slips, the rupture zone, can be as large as 1000 km, for the biggest earthquakes. The location on the surface directly above the hypocenter is known as the "epicenter". That point is called its "focus" or "hypocenter" and usually proves to be the point at which the fault slip was initiated.
Using such ground motion records from around the world it is possible to identify a point from which the earthquake's seismic waves appear to originate. The Rayleigh waves from the Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake of 2004 caused ground motion of over 1 cm even at the seismometers that were located far from it, although this displacement was abnormally large. Ground motions caused by very distant earthquakes are called teleseisms. The power of an earthquake is distributed over a significant area, but in the case of large earthquakes, it can spread over the entire planet.
While almost all earthquakes have aftershocks, foreshocks are far less common occurring in only about 10% of events. Most large earthquakes are accompanied by other, smaller ones, that can occur either before or after the principal quake — these are known as foreshocks or aftershocks, respectively. S-waves (secondary or shear waves) and the two types of surfaces waves (Love waves and Rayleigh waves) are responsible for the shaking hazard. There are four types of seismic waves that are all generated simultaneously and can be felt on the ground.
In a particular earthquake, any of these agents of damage can dominate, and historically each has caused major damage and great loss of life, but for most of the earthquakes shaking is the dominant and most widespread cause of damage. liquefaction, landslide), and fire or a release of hazardous materials. Large earthquakes can cause serious destruction and massive loss of life through a variety of agents of damage, including fault rupture, vibratory ground motion (i.e., shaking), inundation (e.g., tsunami, seiche, dam failure), various kinds of permanent ground failure (e.g. Some deep earthquakes may be due to the transition of olivine to spinel, which is more stable in the deep mantle.
At subduction zones where plates descend into the mantle, earthquakes have been recorded to a depth of 600 km, although these deep earthquakes are caused by different mechanisms than the more common shallow events. Where the crust is thicker and colder they will occur at greater depths and the opposite in areas that are hot. Most earthquakes occur in narrow regions around plate boundaries down to depths of a few tens of kilometres where the crust is rigid enough to support the elastic strain. Large numbers of earthquakes occur on a daily basis on Earth, but the majority of them are detected only by seismometers and cause no damage .
. Seismic waves including some strong enough to be felt by humans can also be caused by explosions (chemical or nuclear), landslides, and collapse of old mine shafts, though these sources are not strictly earthquakes. Most earthquakes are tectonic, but they also occur in volcanic regions and as the result of a number of anthropogenic sources, such as reservoir induced seismicity, mining and the removal or injection of fluids into the crust. Earthquakes related to plate tectonics are called tectonic earthquakes.
Events located at plate boundaries are called interplate earthquakes; the less frequent events that occur in the interior of the lithospheric plates are called intraplate earthquakes (see, for example, New Madrid Seismic Zone). The highest stress (and possible weakest zones) are most often found at the boundaries of the tectonic plates and hence these locations are where the majority of earthquakes occur. Earthquakes occur where the stress resulting from the differential motion of these plates exceeds the strength of the crust. The Earth's lithosphere is a patch work of plates in slow but constant motion (see plate tectonics).
The word earthquake is also widely used to indicate the source region itself. Earthquakes typically result from the movement of faults, planar zones of deformation within the Earth's upper crust. Earthquakes result from the dynamic release of elastic strain energy that radiates seismic waves. An earthquake is a sudden and sometimes catastrophic movement of a part of the Earth's surface.
Lake Tanganyika earthquake (2005). Many more at risk from the Kashmiri winter. Killed over 79,000 people. Kashmir earthquake (2005).
Fukuoka earthquake (2005). Sumatran Earthquake (2005). Triggered a tsunami which caused nearly 300,000 deaths spanning several countries. Epicenter off the coast of the Indonesian island Sumatra.
One of the largest earthquakes ever recorded at 9.0. Indian Ocean Earthquake (2004). Chuetsu Earthquake (2004). Not large (6.0), but the most anticipated and intensely instrumented earthquake ever recorded and likely to offer insights into predicting future earthquakes elsewhere on similar slip-strike fault structures.
Parkfield, California earthquake (2004). Bam Earthquake (2003). Dudley Earthquake (2002). Gujarat Earthquake (2001).
Nisqually Earthquake (2001). Chi-Chi earthquake (1999). Düzce earthquake (1999). İzmit earthquake (1999) Killed over 17,000 in northwestern Turkey.
Killed over 6,400 people in and around Kobe, Japan. Great Hanshin earthquake (1995). Damage showed seismic resistance deficiencies in modern low-rise apartment construction. Northridge, California earthquake (1994).
Revealed necessity of accelerated seismic retrofit of road and bridge structures. Severely affecting Santa Cruz, San Francisco and Oakland in California. Loma Prieta earthquake (1989). Killed over 25,000.
Armenian earthquake (1988). Whittier Narrows earthquake (1987). 8.1 on the Richter Scale, killed over 6,500 people (though it is believed as many as 30,000 may have died, due to missing people never reappearing.). Great Mexican Earthquake (1985).
The official death toll was 255,000, but many experts believe that two or three times that number died. The most destructive earthquake of modern times. Tangshan earthquake (1976). Caused great and unexpected destruction of freeway bridges and flyways in the San Fernando Valley, leading to the first major seismic retrofits of these types of structures, but not at a sufficient pace to avoid the next California freeway collapse in 1989.
Sylmar earthquake (1971). Caused a landslide that buried the town of Yungay, Peru; killed over 40,000 people. Ancash earthquake (1970). Good Friday Earthquake (1964) Alaskan earthquake.
Biggest earthquake ever recorded, 9.5 on Moment magnitude scale. Great Chilean Earthquake (1960). Kamchatka earthquakes (1952 and 1737). On the Japanese island of Honshu, killing over 140,000 in Tokyo and environs.
Great Kanto earthquake (1923). San Francisco Earthquake (1906). Largest earthquake in the Southeast and killed 100. Charleston earthquake (1886).
Fort Tejon Earthquake (1857). New Madrid Earthquake (1811). Lisbon earthquake (1755). Kamchatka earthquakes (1737 and 1952).
Cascadia Earthquake (1700). Deadliest known earthquake in history, estimated to have killed 830,000 in China. Shaanxi Earthquake (1556). San Andreas Fault.
New Madrid Fault Zone. North Anatolian Fault Zone. Hayward Fault Zone. Calaveras Fault.
Alpine Fault. Earthquake prediction. Seismic retrofit. Household seismic safety.
Emergency preparedness. an earthquake of 5.6 or larger every 100 years. an earthquake of 4.7 or larger every 10 years. an earthquake of 3.7 or larger every 1 year.