Sewing

Turn of the century sewing in Detroit, Michigan Antique Singer sewing machine

Sewing is an ancient craft involving the stitching of cloth, leather, animal skins, furs, or other materials, using needle and thread. Its use is nearly universal among human populations and dates back to Paleolithic times (30,000 BC). Sewing predates the weaving of cloth.

Sewing is used primarily to produce clothing and household furnishings as curtains, bedclothes, upholstery, and table linens. It is also used for sails, bellows, skin boats, and other items shaped out of flexible materials such as canvas and leather.

Most sewing in the industrial world is done by machines. Pieces of a garment are often firstly tacked together. The machine has a complex set of gears and arms which pierces thread through the layers of the cloth and semi-securely interlocks the thread.

Some people sew clothes for themselves and their families. More often home sewers sew to repair clothes, such as mending a torn seam or replacing a loose button. A person who sews for a living is known as a seamstress, dressmaker, tailor, or garment worker.

"Plain" sewing is done for functional reasons: making or mending clothing or household linens. "Fancy" sewing is primarily decorative, including techniques such as shirring, embroidery, or quilting.

Sewing is the foundation for many needle arts and crafts, such as applique, canvas work, and patchwork.

General sewing methods

Machine sewing is the most popular method. Hand sewing is still done to some extent for finishing and repairing garments. Sergers are becoming more popular for home use, but are not capable of all the functions of a traditional sewing machine. Because of this, people usually purchase a traditional sewing machine first, and purchase a serger at a later date. Sergers prices typically start at two to three times the cost of a traditional sewing machine.

  • Hand-sewing: using a needle and thread with your hands to produce stitches.
  • Machine-sewing: using a machine to produce similar effects to hand-sewing, but at a much quicker speed. Sewing machines can be electrically or mechanically operated. Electric machines are by far more common.
  • Serging: trimming the edge of fabric and overcasting all in one step, sometimes with the option of stitching as well. Also used for creating artistic effects. Serging is ideal for stretchy fabrics or fabrics that should have neat edges. Virutally all commercially-sold clothing is completely made with one or more specialized industrial sergers.

General sewing applications

Almost all of these methods can be done by either hand, sewing machine, or a serger; however, the specific techniques used can be quite different. Some methods are not appropriate for some applications, even though it may be possible to replicate another method. As an extreme, you could technically duplicate serging with hand sewing, but it would take at least several hundred times as long to do the same work. Furthermore, some techniques are not possible with other methods: making an embroidery stitch called a french knot is easy by hand, but impossible by sewing machine or serger.

  • Dressmaking/Tailoring/General: general techniques to create clothing and other textile projects.
  • Mending: using general techniques and specialized methods such as darning to repair textiles.
  • Quilting: sewing together layers of fabric and/or fibrefill to make warm blankets and clothing, or used for effect. Machine quilting is most common, but quilting "purists" and traditionalists do all quilting by hand.
  • Serging: uses multiple threads to produce a stretchy and secure edge finish or seam that keeps raw edges of fabric neat. The term "serging" is commonly used to refer both to the act of sewing with a serger, and the type of effect the serger produces.
  • Embroidery or machine embroidery: artistic embellishment.

Occupations requiring sewing

  • Cobbler
  • Corsetier
  • Draper
  • Dressmaker
  • Glover
  • Hatter
  • Quilting
  • Sailmaker
  • Tailor
  • Upholsterer

Sewing tools and accessories

Sewing box (~1955) with sewing notions
  • awl
  • bobbin
  • bodkin
  • dressmaker's or tailor's shears
  • measuring tape
  • needle
  • pattern
  • pattern weights
  • pin
  • pincushion
  • rotary cutter
  • scissors
  • seam ripper
  • tailor's chalk
  • thimble
  • thread
  • tracing paper
  • tracing wheel
  • wax, often beeswax

Notions (objects sewn into garments or soft goods)

Closures:

  • buckle
  • button (buttons can be sew-through or have shanks.)
    • toggle
  • chinese frog
  • eye
  • hook
  • hook-and-loop tape (often known by brand name Velcro)
  • snap
  • zipper

Finishing and embellishment:

  • bias tape
  • elastic
  • eyelet
  • grommet
  • heading
  • interfacing
  • rivet
  • trims (fringe, beaded fringe, ribbons, lace, sequin tape)

List of stitches

  • back tack
  • backstitch
  • basting stitch (or tacking) - for temporary fixing
  • blanket stitch
  • blind stitch (or hem stitch)
  • buttonhole stitch
  • chain stitch
  • cross-stitch
  • darning stitch
  • feather stitch
  • hemming stitch
  • lockstitch
  • overlock
  • padding stitch
  • running stitch - for seams and gathering
  • sailmakers stitch
  • slip stitch - for fastening a folded edge to a flat piece of fabric, or to another folded edge
  • stretch stitch
  • straight stitch
  • topstitch
  • whipstitch (or oversewing stitch) - for protecting edges
  • zig-zag stitch

References

  • Singer: The New Sewing Essentials by The Editors of Creative Publishing International ISBN 0865733082

This page about Sewing includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about Sewing
News stories about Sewing
External links for Sewing
Videos for Sewing
Wikis about Sewing
Discussion Groups about Sewing
Blogs about Sewing
Images of Sewing

Finishing and embellishment:. In fact, he had an unpaid summer job on the lot. Closures:. Spielberg started a fanciful story of how he broke into Hollywood by sneakily squatting in an unoccupied office on the Universal Studios lot. Furthermore, some techniques are not possible with other methods: making an embroidery stitch called a french knot is easy by hand, but impossible by sewing machine or serger. In order to deflect claims of bias, the filmmaker retained Arad Communications, a crisis communications firm in Tel Aviv and consulted various sources in creating the film. As an extreme, you could technically duplicate serging with hand sewing, but it would take at least several hundred times as long to do the same work. The director's spokesman, Marvin Levy, called the report "an obvious, vicious hoax." Spielberg did release Munich, however, a highly controversial project [5] which deals with the Israeli retaliation to the massacre of the Israeli Olympic athletes during the 1972 Munich Games.

Some methods are not appropriate for some applications, even though it may be possible to replicate another method. In 2002, a rumor circulated that Spielberg was planning a film about Palestinian suffering during the Israeli/Palestinian feud. Almost all of these methods can be done by either hand, sewing machine, or a serger; however, the specific techniques used can be quite different. Spielberg's unabashed support for Israel has also put him in the hot seat. Sergers prices typically start at two to three times the cost of a traditional sewing machine. Critic Roger Ebert once stated that 'If only people could look past his popularity they would see how talented he really is.' Some of Spielberg's most famous fans include film legends Ingmar Bergman and François Truffaut. Because of this, people usually purchase a traditional sewing machine first, and purchase a serger at a later date. Such criticisms are often rejected by many knowledgable film-makers and film critics.

Sergers are becoming more popular for home use, but are not capable of all the functions of a traditional sewing machine. Through his film, Godard accused Spielberg of making a profit of tragedy while Schindler's wife lived in poverty in Argentina. Hand sewing is still done to some extent for finishing and repairing garments. Godard, who has continuously complained about the commercial nature of modern cinema held Spielberg responsible for the lack of artistic merit in mainstream cinema. Machine sewing is the most popular method. French New Wave giant Jean-Luc Godard famously and publicly slammed Spielberg at the premier of his film In Praise of Love. . A related criticism is that Spielberg's films lack depth and do not take risks, the most prominent person with this viewpoint is anti-mainstream film theorist Ray Carney.

Sewing is the foundation for many needle arts and crafts, such as applique, canvas work, and patchwork. However, both Kubrick's long-time assistant Jan Harlan and the film's original story writer Ian Watson have said that the ending is exactly what Kubrick intended. "Fancy" sewing is primarily decorative, including techniques such as shirring, embroidery, or quilting. Strangelove and A Clockwork Orange are often tinged with pessimism drew a heated debate as to whether or not Kubrick would have liked it or not. "Plain" sewing is done for functional reasons: making or mending clothing or household linens. This being a collaboration with Stanley Kubrick whose films such as Dr. A person who sews for a living is known as a seamstress, dressmaker, tailor, or garment worker. An instance often cited by science fiction fans is the ending of A.I.: Artificial Intelligence which they believed was too 'happy'.

More often home sewers sew to repair clothes, such as mending a torn seam or replacing a loose button. Another prominent criticism by several movie-goers (both professional and public) is that Spielberg's films lean towards sentimentalism at the expense of the theme of the film. Some people sew clothes for themselves and their families. In a 2005 essay titled What Is It? Glover says that Spielberg has “wafted his putrid stench upon our culture, a culture he helped homogenize and propagandize.” Among Glover’s accusations are that Spielberg purchased the Rosebud sled used in Orson Welles’ 1941 film Citizen Kane for $50,000 but refused to hire Welles to write a screenplay in the later years of his life, that he received money from the United States government to promote his personal religious and cultural beliefs, that his films do not take risks, that he exploited tragedy for personal gain in the films Schindler’s List (although Spielberg was not paid for Schindler's List) and Saving Private Ryan, and that he, as a co-owner of DreamWorks, considered building a studio on the last remaining wetland in Southern California. The machine has a complex set of gears and arms which pierces thread through the layers of the cloth and semi-securely interlocks the thread. Perhaps the most prominent critic of Steven Spielberg is American artist and actor Crispin Glover. Pieces of a garment are often firstly tacked together. Irving received a US $100 million settlement from Spielberg in their 1989 divorce.

Most sewing in the industrial world is done by machines. He has seven children—four biological: Max Spielberg (by actress Amy Irving, whom he married on 27 November 1985), Sasha, Sawyer, and Destry (by Capshaw); two adopted (Theo and Mikaela); and one stepdaughter (Jessica Capshaw). It is also used for sails, bellows, skin boats, and other items shaped out of flexible materials such as canvas and leather. Spielberg has been married to actress Kate Capshaw, whom he met when he cast her in Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom since 12 October 1991. Sewing is used primarily to produce clothing and household furnishings as curtains, bedclothes, upholstery, and table linens. When one of his projects fell through, George Lucas let him design a few animatics for several sequences in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith. Sewing predates the weaving of cloth. Following the critical and box office success of Schindler's List in 1993, Spielberg founded and continues to finance the Shoah Foundation, a non-profit organization with the goal of providing an archive for the filmed testimony of as many survivors of the Holocaust as possible, so that their stories will not be lost in the future.

Its use is nearly universal among human populations and dates back to Paleolithic times (30,000 BC). He is one of the co-founders of DreamWorks Pictures (DreamWorks SKG, with Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen providing the other letters in the company name), which has released all of his movies since Amistad in 1997. Sewing is an ancient craft involving the stitching of cloth, leather, animal skins, furs, or other materials, using needle and thread. He contributed with the project from that time to 1995 when the game was released. Singer: The New Sewing Essentials by The Editors of Creative Publishing International ISBN 0865733082. In 1989 he brought the concept of The Dig to LucasArts. zig-zag stitch. He was also, for a short time, the executive producer of the long-running medical drama ER which currently airs on NBC.

whipstitch (or oversewing stitch) - for protecting edges. He is also a lover of animated cartoons, and has produced several hit cartoons (and a few flops), including Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, Pinky and the Brain and Freakazoid!. topstitch. Spielberg has produced (without directing) a considerable number of films, including early hits for Joe Dante and Robert Zemeckis that he is often over-credited for, considered to have had more input than that of a producer, with the general public - ie; Stephen Spielberg's Back to the Future for example. straight stitch. See also: List of Steven Spielberg films. stretch stitch. In October 2005, Spielberg announced that he had been signed by Electronic Arts to direct three video game projects.

slip stitch - for fastening a folded edge to a flat piece of fabric, or to another folded edge. A 4th Jurassic Park film is in development for him to produce as well as a CGI kids-movie called Monster House, which will be co-executive produced with famed filmmaker Robert Zemeckis, marking their first collaboration together since 1990's Back to the Future Part III. sailmakers stitch. He is also an executive producer on the critically acclaimed 2005 TV miniseries Into the West, as well as co-executive producing the new Transformers live action film with Brian Goldmer, an employee of Hasbro. running stitch - for seams and gathering. Spielberg also served as the executive producer of Memoirs of a Geisha, an adaptation of the best-selling novel by Arthur Golden, a film he was previously attached to as director. padding stitch. Currently the former is under the title Abraham Lincoln Project and scheduled for release in 2007.

overlock. Also in the works are an Abraham Lincoln bio-pic starring Liam Neeson as the 16th President of the United States, and a 4th Indiana Jones film. lockstitch. None of these claims have been verified by other sources. hemming stitch. According to Jonas and Aviv, the Israeli team suffered misgivings about their assignment, two were killed, and the others were abandoned or treated badly by Mossad. feather stitch. This is Spielberg's sixth Best Director nomination.

darning stitch. On January 31, 2006, Munich received five Academy Awards nominations, including Best Picture, Film Editing, Original Music Score (by John Williams), Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Director for Spielberg. cross-stitch. The protagonist, Avner, is believed to be the invention of Jonas' source, Yuval Aviv.[4]. chain stitch. The movie is said to be an examination of the murder of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics by the Black September organization, followed by the event's aftermath in which Israel's intelligence agency hunted down and killed the perpetrators. buttonhole stitch. The screenplay for Munich was co-written by Eric Roth and Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Tony Kushner.

blind stitch (or hem stitch). [2] [3] The film received strong critical praise, but failed at the US box-office. blanket stitch. It was previously adapted into the 1986 made-for-TV movie Sword of Gideon. basting stitch (or tacking) - for temporary fixing. The book, although promoted as non-fiction, has been largely discredited by journalists. backstitch. The film is based on Vengeance: The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist Team, a book by Canadian journalist George Jonas.

back tack. Munich stands as Spielberg's second film essaying Jewish relations in the world (the first being Schindler's List). trims (fringe, beaded fringe, ribbons, lace, sequin tape). On the same day as the release of War of the Worlds, Spielberg began shooting Munich, a film about the events following the 1972 Munich Massacre. rivet. This may have been due to the negative publicity surrounding star Tom Cruise at the time of the release. interfacing. The film was a major box office success though critical opinions were mixed.

heading. War of the Worlds marked a departure from those optimistic themes; more violent alien invaders wreak havoc upon Earth. grommet. In his films E.T. and Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Spielberg portrayed alien visitors as potentially friendly for human beings willing to connect with them. eyelet. As with past Spielberg films, Industrial Light and Magic (ILM) provided the special effects. elastic. on June 29, 2005.

bias tape. A modernized adaptation of War of the Worlds, featuring Tom Cruise and Dakota Fanning, was released in the U.S. zipper. It received mixed reviews and performed relatively bad at the box office. snap. Spielberg collaborated once again with Tom Hanks along with Catherine Zeta-Jones and Stanley Tucci in The Terminal, a warm-hearted comedy about a man of Eastern European descent who is stranded in an airport after his home country suffers a civil war during his flight, essentially invalidating his passport. hook-and-loop tape (often known by brand name Velcro). A trio regarded as Spielberg's 'running-man' trilogy since it shares the common theme of a character fleeing authority.

hook. The completion of this film once again marked another conclusion to a marathon run of film-making as it closed the hectic back-to-back-to-back filmings of A.I., Minority Report and Catch Me If You Can. eye. The film is particularly known for John Williams' score and an unique title sequence. chinese frog. It also earned Christopher Walken a nomination for Best Supporting Actor. toggle. It earned significant critical acclaim and box office success.

button (buttons can be sew-through or have shanks.)

    . It is arguably his most offbeat film to date. buckle. The movie marked a turn of genre for Spielberg, who was at this point seen to be branching out to different kinds of film genres aside from the usual sci-fi fare he was known for. wax, often beeswax. The film stars Leonardo DiCaprio in the lead role, with Saving Private Ryan star Tom Hanks as the FBI agent out to catch him. tracing wheel. immediately went to work on Catch Me If You Can, a story of the daring adventures of a youthful con artist.

    tracing paper. Shortly after the release of Minority Report, Spielberg and Co. thread. [1] It is regarded as one of Spielberg's best sci-fi films by critics. thimble. Roger Ebert, who named it the best film of 2002, praised the film for its breathtaking vision of the future as well as for the way Spielberg blended CGI with live-action. tailor's chalk. In typical Spielberg fashion the film earned over $300 million dollars worldwide while earning signficant critical acclaim.

    seam ripper. The film was a futuristic homage to film noir, with its intelligent premise, thrilling chase scenes, and whodunnit structure. scissors. police captain who has been foreseen to murder a man he has not even met. rotary cutter. In 2002, Spielberg and actor Tom Cruise collaborated for the first time in the futuristic neo-noir Minority Report, which features Cruise as a D.C. pincushion. Dick about the future of crime-fighting using precognitive vision.

    pin. Following A.I., Spielberg came upon the sci-fi short story written by Philip K. pattern weights. The film failed to recoup its budget at the US box office. pattern. The legendary director Billy Wilder called A.I. "the most underrated film of the past few years". needle. The film polarized both critics and audiences, some stating that the film was overly long and a pretentious impression of Kubrick, while others believing it to be a masterpiece.

    measuring tape. It starred William Hurt, Jude Law, Frances O'Connor, and child actor Haley Joel Osment as the android boy David. dressmaker's or tailor's shears. The futuristic story of a humanoid android longing for love, A.I. featured groundbreaking visual effects and a multi-layered, allegorical storyline in keeping with Kubrick's original vision. bodkin. In 2001, Spielberg filmed fellow director and friend Stanley Kubrick's final project, A.I.: Artificial Intelligence, a project planned by the two directors for many years but which Kubrick was unable to begin during his lifetime. bobbin. The series was hailed as the greatest TV event of all time, winning a slew of awards both at the Golden Globes and the Emmys.

    awl. The ten-part HBO mini-series follows the trials and accomplishments of the 101st Airborne Division, or Easy Company, also starting from the landing in Normandy, to the Battle of the Bulge, to the capture of Hitler's Eagle's Nest in Germany itself. Upholsterer. Later on, Spielberg and Hanks, overwhelmed with the success of the film's subject, decided to team together to produce a TV mini-series based on Stephen Ambrose's historical novel, Band of Brothers. Tailor. This would also mark the first of three collaborations with star Tom Hanks. Sailmaker. By decade's end, Spielberg still remained arguably the most influential and powerful filmmaker in Hollywood.

    Quilting. The completion of this film would mark a marathon of filmmaking for Spielberg who shot The Lost World, Amistad, and Saving Private Ryan back-to-back-to-back. Hatter. Spielberg considered it one of his finest works, yet in a highly publicized "showdown", it lost the Best Picture Oscar at the 1999 Academy Awards to Shakespeare in Love. However, Spielberg would win his second Academy Award for his direction in the war epic. Glover. Miller (Tom Hanks), from the landing at Omaha Beach in Normandy to the heart of French resistance, in order to retrieve a missing private (Matt Damon), whose brothers were lost to the war. Dressmaker. The film follows a platoon of soldiers led by Capt.

    Draper. Another of Spielberg's critically acclaimed films, the World War II drama Saving Private Ryan, was released in 1998. Corsetier. It would mark Spielberg's second essay on the treatment of Blacks in American History (the first being The Color Purple in 1985). Cobbler. It did not do well at the box office however, and has been overlooked since its release. Embroidery or machine embroidery: artistic embellishment. Based on a true story about African slaves who rebelled against their captors, the film received lavish praise from the critics, but was noted for its violent massacre scenes.

    The term "serging" is commonly used to refer both to the act of sewing with a serger, and the type of effect the serger produces. Spielberg released Amistad under the banner of his new studio DreamWorks (formed with former Disney animation exec Jeffrey Katzenberg and media mogul David Geffen). Serging: uses multiple threads to produce a stretchy and secure edge finish or seam that keeps raw edges of fabric neat. If Lost World was his bid to conquer the box office, Amistad (like Schindler's List) was his bid to win over the critics come awards season. Machine quilting is most common, but quilting "purists" and traditionalists do all quilting by hand. Spielberg followed his 1993 formula of releasing a dinosaur movie followed by a historical drama by doing it again in 1997. Quilting: sewing together layers of fabric and/or fibrefill to make warm blankets and clothing, or used for effect. Fatigued by the production, he would relinquish the opportunity to direct any more Jurassic Park films.

    Mending: using general techniques and specialized methods such as darning to repair textiles. In hindsight Spielberg expressed his view that this sequel was a movie he wanted to see, but didn't necesarily want to make himself. Dressmaking/Tailoring/General: general techniques to create clothing and other textile projects. The film was critically panned, but did manage to generate nearly $230 million in domestic box office, giving it the third-highest total for 1997 behind Titanic and Men in Black. Virutally all commercially-sold clothing is completely made with one or more specialized industrial sergers. This time, he was helming the sequel to 1993's gigantic Jurassic Park, Michael Crichton's The Lost World. Serging is ideal for stretchy fabrics or fabrics that should have neat edges. Taking a four-year hiatus from directing to spend more time with his family and build his new studio DreamWorks, Spielberg found himself back in the director's chair in 1997.

    Also used for creating artistic effects. 1993 was Spielberg's biggest year with the success of Jurassic Park and Schindler's List. Serging: trimming the edge of fabric and overcasting all in one step, sometimes with the option of stitching as well. Critics on the other hand don't share Spielberg's sentiment and it is universally regarded as his finest and most mature film. Electric machines are by far more common. Though Spielberg admits it is definitely his most important film, he still holds it second to E.T. as his masterwork. Sewing machines can be electrically or mechanically operated. The picture also brought Spielberg his first Best Director and Best Picture wins at the Oscars.

    Machine-sewing: using a machine to produce similar effects to hand-sewing, but at a much quicker speed. Critics maintain that Schindler's List is the most accurate portrayal of the Holocaust, and in 1999 the American Film Institute listed it among the 10 Greatest Films ever Made (#9). Hand-sewing: using a needle and thread with your hands to produce stitches. While the film made a killing in the box office, Spielberg claimed not to have partaken in the profits, and instead used the money to set up the Shoah Foundation. Schindler's List earned Spielberg his first Academy Award for Best Director (it also won Best Picture). The screenplay, adapted from Thomas Keneally's novel, was originally in the hands of fellow director Martin Scorsese, but Spielberg negotiated with Scorsese to trade scripts (at the time, Spielberg held the script for a remake of Cape Fear).

    It was in that same year that Jurassic Park was released that Spielberg finally received the critical acclaim he had long sought for making Schindler's List (based on the true story of Oskar Schindler, a man who sacrificed himself to save 1,100 people from the wrath of the Holocaust). Spielberg has stated in interviews at the time that the Japanese Godzilla movies provided inspiration for Jurassic Park. It would eventually overtake E.T. as the all-time top grossing film - a position it held for several years (until James Cameron's Titanic). With the aid of revolutionary special effects provided by friend George Lucas' Industrial Light and Magic, the film became an instant classic.

    The adaptation muted somewhat the novel's message about the consequences of mankind tampering with nature, instead focusing on the adventure aspects of the story. In 1993, Spielberg decided to once again tackle the adventure genre, as he directed the movie version of Michael Crichton's novel Jurassic Park, about killer dinosaurs rampaging through a tropical island resort. Though Peter Pan had grown up, some were wondering if Spielberg himself ever would. The film was made for $70 million (at that time a huge amount) and made $119 million domestically, but it was not as successful as some had hoped.

    However, by the time the film began shooting, innumerable rewrites and creative changes made by the numerous major Hollywood players attached to the project resulted in a film regarded by most critics as hit-or-miss at best. Hook focused on a middle-aged Pan (played by Robin Williams), who returns to Neverland to face the title character (Captain Hook, played by Dustin Hoffman). Hart pitched an alternate idea about Peter Pan returning to Neverland as an adult, Spielberg switched gears. When writer James V.

    He had tried numerous times to film a live action version of Peter Pan without success. In many ways, a Peter Pan story directed by Steven Spielberg seemed like a forgone conclusion. After the failure of Always, Spielberg headed back to safer waters. A box office flop and victim of mixed reviews, Always stands out (or more precisely doesn't) as arguably Spielberg's most overlooked and forgotten film.

    Always marked Spielberg's first foray into the romantic genre. But when Ted falls in love with the girlfriend Pete left behind, Pete must learn to let go of her and do what's best to influence these characters as they themselves approach another potential tragedy. When killed on his last mission, he becomes something of a guardian angel for a young man named Ted. Inspired by the film A Guy Named Joe, Always is the story of Pete, a daredevil pilot who extinguishes forest fires.

    Following on the heels of his last Indiana Jones movie, he would re-unite with actor Richard Dreyfuss with Always. 1989 would mark the first year in which Spielberg would direct two movies. The development of a fourth Indiana Jones film has been promised but is still pending. Receipient of glowing reviews and big box office receipts, Spielberg, Lucas and Ford left the franchise on a high mark.

    The father-son issues in the picture are congruent with much of Spielberg's work, making this Indy film the most personal of the three. Lucas himself heralded his Indiana Jones creation as an alternative to Bond back when they first discussed films to work on together. With the inclusion of star Sean Connery, Spielberg vicariously fulfilled a lifelong dream to make a James Bond movie. After two forays into dramatic films, Spielberg returned to familiar territory by re-uniting "one last time" for another Indiana Jones film.

    The film garnered numerous praise from critics, was nominated for several Oscars, but did not attract the kind of box office power that Spielberg's films usually get. Spielberg wanted to convey a heartfelt message of innocence being shattered as a result of war, as audiences saw the transformation of Jim from sheltered taipan to a struggling and resourceful war refugee. Ballard's autobiographical novel, Empire of the Sun, which told the story of a young boy named Jim (Christian Bale) who is separated from his parents during the sacking of Shanghai in 1938, and is forced to survive through the rest of the war. The result was an adaptation of J.G.

    1987 was a time when the Chinese economy was beginning to boom, and as the Chinese gates began to open to the world, Spielberg took advantage by shooting the first American movie in Shanghai since the 1930s. However in one of the most controversial instances in the History of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Spielberg himself went without a Best Director nomination despite the multitude of nominations the picture received. It received 11 Academy Award nominations including two for Whoopi Goldberg and Oprah Winfrey. Roger Ebert entered it into his Great Films archive.

    The film was another box office smash and hailed by critics as Spielberg's successful foray into the dramatic genre. Danny Glover played the abusive patriarch. Indeed, this proved to be Spielberg's trial by fire in presenting the story of a generation of oppressed African-American women (Whoopi Goldberg and Oprah Winfrey) during depression-era America. Many critics were unsure of whether or not Spielberg could handle such serious material, as his output to that point had been viewed as "lighter" entertainment.

    In 1985, Spielberg made The Color Purple, an adaptation of Alice Walker's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel. The extreme violence and gore would also inspire the PG-13 rating the following year. It was criticized for lacking the energy of the original, as well as for its grossly inaccurate and ignorant depiction of Indian culture. Predictably the film would be another blockbuster hit though the reviews would be less positive than they were for its predesessor.

    Plagued with uncertainty for the material, the saving grace for Spielberg during the making of this film would be the meeting of his future wife Kate Capshaw, who was cast as Indiana's new love interest. As if Spielberg could use even more commercial success, his friend George Lucas immediately pulled Spielberg back in as part of their friendly agreement to make more Indiana Jones movies. This was a famously expensive failure which contributed to the video game crash of 1983. Spielberg also negotiated an unusually lucrative video game licensing deal with Atari for an E.T. video game.

    Night Skies also gave birth to Poltergeist, a film that Spielberg co-wrote , co-produced (and some people who worked on the film claim directed) and was released only a week before E.T.. E.T. originated as a sci-fi suspense thriller called Night Skies. It is considered by Spielberg to be his own personal favorite film from his works. It was also nominated for many academy awards including Best Picture and Best Director.

    E.T. went on to become the top-grossing film of all time for many years. the Extra-Terrestrial, this is the story of a boy and the alien whom he befriends (and is trying to get back "home" to outer space). One year later, Spielberg returned to his alien visitors motif with E.T. The biggest film at the box office in 1981, and recipient of numerous Oscar nominations including Best Director (Spielberg's 2nd nom) and Best Picture (2nd Spielberg film to do so), Raiders is still hailed as a landmark in action cinema.

    In 1981, Spielberg teamed up for the first time with his friend George Lucas to make Raiders of the Lost Ark, his homage to the cliffhanger serials of the Golden Age of Hollywood, with Harrison Ford (whom Lucas had previously cast in his Star Wars films) as the dashing hero Indiana Jones. What some would consider Spielberg's greatest film work was still to come, beginning in the 1980s. Expanded versions of 1941 have been shown on network television and later on Laserdisc and DVD. Desperately in need of quick redemption, Spielberg would next team with Star Wars creator George Lucas on a new action adventure film.

    Over-budget, over-long, the film flopped with both audiences and critics alike. An exercise in excess, the film provided just the ammunition cynical critics would require to take down the young director. days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, with the two top stars from Saturday Night Live, Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi, along with other all-stars. For example, Spielberg's next film was 1941, a big-budgeted World War II comedy farce set in L.A.

    The success Spielberg was beginning to enjoy, as well as his eventual tendency to make films with wide mainstream and commercial appeal, also subjected him to disdain in critical circles by film reviewers. Warner). Close Encounters of the Third Kind not only earned Spielberg his first Best Director nomination, but was nominated for six other Academy Awards, taking home Oscar in two (Cinematography -- Vilmos Zsigmond, and a Special Achievment Award for Sound Effects Editing -- Frank E. A hit at the box office, the film also garnered Spielberg his first Best Director nomination from the Academy.

    The film remains a cult sci-fi classic among its fans. Rejecting an offer to direct Jaws 2, Spielberg and actor Richard Dreyfuss re-convened to work on a pet project Spielberg had had in mind since his youth: a film about UFOs, which became Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977). He would decline offers to direct its sequel by using his new influence to pursue more personal projects. To this day, Spielberg still maintains that Jaws was the hardest film he ever had to make.

    It was also nominated for Best Picture and featured Spielberg's first of three collaborations with actor Richard Dreyfuss. Jaws won three Academy Awards (for editing, original score and sound), and grossed over USD$100 million at the box office, setting the domestic record for box office gross. The giant great white shark would lurk in wait until a mortal was foolish enough to enter the water and then he would messily devour them leaving only body fragments. Jaws, a horror film based on the Peter Benchley novel about a killer shark that attacks people off the coast of a New England isle community.

    Nevertheless his producers Richard Zanuck and David Brown were prepared to offer Spielberg a more ambitious directing assignment. Welcomed with warm reviews, the film nevertheless failed to catch on at the box office. Spielberg's debut theatrical feature film, based on the true story of a married couple who lead the Texas police on a highway chase as they embark on a journey to regain custody of their baby. Much of his early success was due to Sidney Sheinberg who is credited with discovering him; Spielberg also received an honorary degree from Brown University in 1999.

    This film, about a truck mysteriously terrorizing an average citizen, has become a cult classic, having been released on video several times over the years. 2017", Spielberg directed his first well-known feature with a 1971 TV "movie-of-the-week" entitled Duel (later released to theatres overseas and eventually in the U.S.). While working on this segment its star Joan Crawford collared a production executive and said, "Keep an eye on this kid, he's going places." After directing episodes of various TV shows, including an early Columbo TV movie and a feature-length science fiction episode of The Name of the Game written by Philip Wylie and called "L.A. (Spielberg's own production company, Amblin Entertainment, was named after this short film.) His maiden directorial work was a segment of the pilot film to Rod Serling's Night Gallery.

    He was making amateur 8mm "adventure" movies with his friends as a teenager (scenes from these amateur films have been included on the DVD edition of Saving Private Ryan), and he made his first short film for theatrical release, Amblin', in 1968 at the age of twenty one. He is known by film historians as one of the famous "film-school generation" (also known as "the movie brats" or "the New Hollywood") of the 1970s: along with fellow filmmakers (and personal friends) George Lucas, Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, John Milius, and Brian De Palma, Spielberg grew up making movies. His German last name comes from the name of the Austrian city where his Hungarian Jewish ancestors lived in 17th century: Spielberg. Spielberg was born to a Jewish American family in Cincinnati, Ohio; he was raised in the suburbs of Haddonfield, New Jersey and Scottsdale, Arizona.

    In 2001 he was given the honor of Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II. He is seen as a figure who has the influence, financial resources, and acceptance of Hollywood studio authorities to make any movie he wants to make, be it a mainstream action-adventure movie, Jurassic Park or a three-hour-long black and white drama about the Holocaust, Schindler's List. He has been nominated for seven Academy Awards for Best Director, winning two of them (Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan), and four of the films he directed were up for the Best Picture Oscar (Schindler's List won). Spielberg was number one on the list.

    In 2005, Empire magazine created a list of the 50 greatest film directors of all time. As of 2004, he has been listed in Premiere and other magazines as the most "powerful" and "influential" figure in the motion picture industry. He has directed and/or produced an astounding number of major box office hits, giving him enormous influence in Hollywood. Spielberg is the most financially successful motion picture director of all time.

    . the Extra-Terrestrial, Hook and A.I., and the challenging role of a father-figure. One consistent theme in his family friendly work is a childlike, even naïve, sense of wonderment and faith, as attested by works such as Close Encounters of the Third Kind, E.T. He is noted in recent years for his willingness to tackle emotionally powerful issues, such as the horrors of the Holocaust in Schindler's List, slavery in Amistad, hardships of war in Saving Private Ryan, and terrorism in Munich.

    Steven Allan Spielberg, KBE (born December 18, 1946) is a four time Academy Award winning American film director (three OSCARS and 1 Lifetime Achievement Award), and among the most successful filmmakers in history. Steven Spielberg Bibliography (via UC Berkeley). Spielberg sometimes employs renowned directors as actors in his films such as François Truffaut in Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Tim Robbins in War of the Worlds, Edward Burns in Saving Private Ryan, Richard Attenborough in Jurassic Park, Tim Blake Nelson in Minority Report, and Mathieu Kassovitz in Munich. Janusz Kaminski has shot every Spielberg film since Schindler's List.

    See also List of noted film producer and composer collaborations. Every Spielberg-directed film since and including The Sugarland Express, with the exception of The Color Purple and his segment of The Twilight Zone the Movie, has been scored by John Williams. He, and good friend George Lucas (net worth: $3.5 billion) are the only filmmakers on the list. In the 2005 edition of Forbes' "400 Richest People in America", his net worth is estimated at $2.7 billion, a $100 million improvement over 2004 (due mostly to his share of the DreamWorks Animation public stock offering).

    His mother, the former Leah Adler, owns a Kosher restaurant in Los Angeles, California. Steven Spielberg is recreated as a LEGO minifigure in the LEGO Studios series of sets. Spielberg is expected to make a cameo appearance in a second-season episode of Extras, the BBC comedy TV series written and directed by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant.[7]. For his work on the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation since 1994, he was awarded with the Great Cross of Merit with Star, the German version of the Great Officer's Cross, in September 1998 for "a very noticeable contribution to the issue of the Holocaust".

    According to Daily Variety, the biopic, tentatively titled Celluloid Titans, is being executive produced by Jody Brockway. The A&E Network is expected to announce that it will produce a two-hour drama about the relationship between filmmakers George Lucas and Steven Spielberg. Two years later, Spielberg became a Trustee of the University and has since tirelessly devoted himself to supporting USC. Attempted at admission to the University of Southern California's School of Cinema-Television three separate times, and the prominent school later awarded Spielberg an honorary degree in 1994.

    in Film Production and Electronic Arts with an option in Film/Video Production in 2002. He first enrolled at California State University in Long Beach in 1965, quit in 1969 to take a television director contract at Universal Studios, and much later, as a returning student, was awarded a B.A. [6]. On attending Saratoga High School, he said that it was the "worst experience" of his life and "hell on Earth".

    In the Japanese dub of Animaniacs, Spielberg was voiced by Hiroyuki Shibamoto. In some episodes, Spielberg voiced himself, and in others, veteran voice-over artist Frank Welker did Spielberg's voice. animated series Tiny Toon Adventures and Animaniacs (both of which were executive-produced by Spielberg), Spielberg was a semi-recurring character. In the Warner Bros.

    Attended Arcadia High School in Scottsdale, Arizona and graduated from Saratoga High School in Saratoga, California in 1965. Democratic Party. Supports the U.S. The asteroid 25930 Spielberg is named in his honour.

    He left school in 1969, only to return to get his "non-honorary degree" in Film in 2002. While attending college at Long Beach State in the 1960s, Spielberg was a member of Theta Chi Fraternity. Spielberg, an Eagle Scout and recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America, designed the requirements for the Boy Scout Cinematography merit badge. Steven Spielberg won Best Director and Best Picture Oscars that year.

    Eleven years later, in 1993, Steven Spielberg cast Richard Attenborough as John Hammond in Jurassic Park (his first performance in 13 years) and Ben Kingsley in Schindler's List. In 1982 Ben Kingsley won Best Actor and Richard Attenborough won Best Director for the film Gandhi, which beat Steven Spielberg's film E.T. for Best Picture. Spielberg had a cameo role as the Cook County assessor in the last minutes of the 1980 film The Blues Brothers. While the films that Steven Spielberg directed have won numerous awards, no actor or actress has won an Academy Award for a performance for one of his films.

    Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) $10,500,000 + % of gross. Jurassic Park (1993) $250,000,000 (gross and profit participations). Schindler's List (1993) $0 (Asked not to be paid). Jurassic Park III (2001) $72,000,000.

    The Sugarland Express (1974). Jaws (1975). Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977). 1941 (1979).

    Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981). the Extra-Terrestrial (1982). E.T. Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984).

    The Color Purple (1985). Empire of the Sun (1987). Always (1989). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989).

    Hook (1991). Jurassic Park (1993). Schindler's List (1993) (Academy Award, Best Director, Best Picture). Amistad (1997).

    The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997). Saving Private Ryan (1998) (Academy Award, Best Director). A.I.: Artificial Intelligence (2001). Minority Report (2002).

    Catch Me If You Can (2002). The Terminal (2004). War of the Worlds (2005). Munich (2005).

    Indiana Jones 4 (2007).

11-23-14 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php PAD File Directory Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Display all your websites in one place HereIam.tv Celebrity Homepages Charity Directory Google+ Directory Move your favorite Unsigned Artist to the Top of the List