Sewing

Turn of the century sewing in Detroit, Michigan Antique Singer sewing machine

Sewing is an ancient craft involving the stitching of cloth, leather, animal skins, furs, or other materials, using needle and thread. Its use is nearly universal among human populations and dates back to Paleolithic times (30,000 BC). Sewing predates the weaving of cloth.

Sewing is used primarily to produce clothing and household furnishings as curtains, bedclothes, upholstery, and table linens. It is also used for sails, bellows, skin boats, and other items shaped out of flexible materials such as canvas and leather.

Most sewing in the industrial world is done by machines. Pieces of a garment are often firstly tacked together. The machine has a complex set of gears and arms which pierces thread through the layers of the cloth and semi-securely interlocks the thread.

Some people sew clothes for themselves and their families. More often home sewers sew to repair clothes, such as mending a torn seam or replacing a loose button. A person who sews for a living is known as a seamstress, dressmaker, tailor, or garment worker.

"Plain" sewing is done for functional reasons: making or mending clothing or household linens. "Fancy" sewing is primarily decorative, including techniques such as shirring, embroidery, or quilting.

Sewing is the foundation for many needle arts and crafts, such as applique, canvas work, and patchwork.

General sewing methods

Machine sewing is the most popular method. Hand sewing is still done to some extent for finishing and repairing garments. Sergers are becoming more popular for home use, but are not capable of all the functions of a traditional sewing machine. Because of this, people usually purchase a traditional sewing machine first, and purchase a serger at a later date. Sergers prices typically start at two to three times the cost of a traditional sewing machine.

  • Hand-sewing: using a needle and thread with your hands to produce stitches.
  • Machine-sewing: using a machine to produce similar effects to hand-sewing, but at a much quicker speed. Sewing machines can be electrically or mechanically operated. Electric machines are by far more common.
  • Serging: trimming the edge of fabric and overcasting all in one step, sometimes with the option of stitching as well. Also used for creating artistic effects. Serging is ideal for stretchy fabrics or fabrics that should have neat edges. Virutally all commercially-sold clothing is completely made with one or more specialized industrial sergers.

General sewing applications

Almost all of these methods can be done by either hand, sewing machine, or a serger; however, the specific techniques used can be quite different. Some methods are not appropriate for some applications, even though it may be possible to replicate another method. As an extreme, you could technically duplicate serging with hand sewing, but it would take at least several hundred times as long to do the same work. Furthermore, some techniques are not possible with other methods: making an embroidery stitch called a french knot is easy by hand, but impossible by sewing machine or serger.

  • Dressmaking/Tailoring/General: general techniques to create clothing and other textile projects.
  • Mending: using general techniques and specialized methods such as darning to repair textiles.
  • Quilting: sewing together layers of fabric and/or fibrefill to make warm blankets and clothing, or used for effect. Machine quilting is most common, but quilting "purists" and traditionalists do all quilting by hand.
  • Serging: uses multiple threads to produce a stretchy and secure edge finish or seam that keeps raw edges of fabric neat. The term "serging" is commonly used to refer both to the act of sewing with a serger, and the type of effect the serger produces.
  • Embroidery or machine embroidery: artistic embellishment.

Occupations requiring sewing

  • Cobbler
  • Corsetier
  • Draper
  • Dressmaker
  • Glover
  • Hatter
  • Quilting
  • Sailmaker
  • Tailor
  • Upholsterer

Sewing tools and accessories

Sewing box (~1955) with sewing notions
  • awl
  • bobbin
  • bodkin
  • dressmaker's or tailor's shears
  • measuring tape
  • needle
  • pattern
  • pattern weights
  • pin
  • pincushion
  • rotary cutter
  • scissors
  • seam ripper
  • tailor's chalk
  • thimble
  • thread
  • tracing paper
  • tracing wheel
  • wax, often beeswax

Notions (objects sewn into garments or soft goods)

Closures:

  • buckle
  • button (buttons can be sew-through or have shanks.)
    • toggle
  • chinese frog
  • eye
  • hook
  • hook-and-loop tape (often known by brand name Velcro)
  • snap
  • zipper

Finishing and embellishment:

  • bias tape
  • elastic
  • eyelet
  • grommet
  • heading
  • interfacing
  • rivet
  • trims (fringe, beaded fringe, ribbons, lace, sequin tape)

List of stitches

  • back tack
  • backstitch
  • basting stitch (or tacking) - for temporary fixing
  • blanket stitch
  • blind stitch (or hem stitch)
  • buttonhole stitch
  • chain stitch
  • cross-stitch
  • darning stitch
  • feather stitch
  • hemming stitch
  • lockstitch
  • overlock
  • padding stitch
  • running stitch - for seams and gathering
  • sailmakers stitch
  • slip stitch - for fastening a folded edge to a flat piece of fabric, or to another folded edge
  • stretch stitch
  • straight stitch
  • topstitch
  • whipstitch (or oversewing stitch) - for protecting edges
  • zig-zag stitch

References

  • Singer: The New Sewing Essentials by The Editors of Creative Publishing International ISBN 0865733082

This page about Sewing includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about Sewing
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Finishing and embellishment:. Stephen Hillenburg announced publicly that SpongeBob and Patrick are not gay. Closures:. It has been incorrectly reported that James Dobson, a leading figure among many conservative Christians, believes SpongeBob is homosexual or promotes a homosexual lifestyle. Furthermore, some techniques are not possible with other methods: making an embroidery stitch called a french knot is easy by hand, but impossible by sewing machine or serger. Many fans have also pointed to the fact that many more characters besides SpongeBob were featured in the commercial, and SpongeBob's appearance is only a few seconds long. As an extreme, you could technically duplicate serging with hand sewing, but it would take at least several hundred times as long to do the same work. A spokesman for the foundation suggests that anyone who thought the video promoted homosexuality "needs to visit their doctor and get their medication increased."[2].

Some methods are not appropriate for some applications, even though it may be possible to replicate another method. The video has sparked controversy because some conservative Christian groups believe that the We Are Family Foundation was using it to promote the normalization of homosexuality in American schools. Almost all of these methods can be done by either hand, sewing machine, or a serger; however, the specific techniques used can be quite different. More recently, SpongeBob was featured in the pro-tolerance "We Are Family" commercial, along with many other cartoon characters. Sergers prices typically start at two to three times the cost of a traditional sewing machine. Puff, SpongeBob's parents, Pearl/Octavious Rex, Plankton/Mama Krabs, Gary/Snellie, Plankton/Karen, Patrick/Mindy, and in many early episodes there is a slight romantic relationship between SpongeBob and Sandy, automatically disproving any rumors that Spongebob could ever be homosexual); aside from the "Rock-a-Bye Bivalve" controversy there are arguably no gay relationships at all. Because of this, people usually purchase a traditional sewing machine first, and purchase a serger at a later date. Krabs/Mrs.

Sergers are becoming more popular for home use, but are not capable of all the functions of a traditional sewing machine. Mr. Hand sewing is still done to some extent for finishing and repairing garments. There are actually many heterosexual relationships on the show (eg. Machine sewing is the most popular method. But some fans argue that SpongeBob has a human-like sexual identity, because sometimes he will panic when he's shown not wearing underwear, as if he were a human, and run back to his pineapple and hide. . In support of this statement, in early episodes it's revealed that SpongeBob reproduces by budding and making baby sponges come out of his holes; this is not so different than what real sponges do.

Sewing is the foundation for many needle arts and crafts, such as applique, canvas work, and patchwork. Stephen Hillenburg, creator of the show, states SpongeBob to be asexual, as he is a sponge. "Fancy" sewing is primarily decorative, including techniques such as shirring, embroidery, or quilting. In three episodes, SpongeBob is portrayed for brief moments in women's clothing, although it should be noted that other cartoon and slapstick characters, such as Bugs Bunny, have done the same; in this regard, SpongeBob falls squarely in the pantheon of characters who have actively gone above the limits and endured controversy as a result. "Plain" sewing is done for functional reasons: making or mending clothing or household linens. This episode was never aired in the Philippines India, Israel, and Italy because the people there may have thought the episode resembles homosexuality. A person who sews for a living is known as a seamstress, dressmaker, tailor, or garment worker. In the 2002 episode "Rock-a-Bye Bivalve", SpongeBob and Patrick adopt a baby scallop, furthering the rumours because of the implications that the two made major life decisions together, as a couple would.

More often home sewers sew to repair clothes, such as mending a torn seam or replacing a loose button. Around the beginning of the third season, SpongeBob and Patrick were frequently depicted holding hands. Some people sew clothes for themselves and their families. Notably, SpongeBob's cheerful attitude and his close friendship with Patrick led some viewers to the conclusion that the sponge was the next gay icon. The machine has a complex set of gears and arms which pierces thread through the layers of the cloth and semi-securely interlocks the thread. However, SpongeBob's popularity has made the controversy surrounding it more noticeable and of a larger scale. Pieces of a garment are often firstly tacked together. Many of its cartoons, including Ren & Stimpy, Rocko's Modern Life, The Angry Beavers, Invader Zim, and The Fairly OddParents, have sparked controversy in one way or another.

Most sewing in the industrial world is done by machines. This is not new for Nickelodeon. It is also used for sails, bellows, skin boats, and other items shaped out of flexible materials such as canvas and leather. Despite the show's popularity, SpongeBob has had to endure much controversy. Sewing is used primarily to produce clothing and household furnishings as curtains, bedclothes, upholstery, and table linens. The song can also be found on The Yellow Album. Sewing predates the weaving of cloth. A choral version was recorded for the SpongeBob Christmas special where the last words, "SquarePants", were replaced by "Christmas special".

Its use is nearly universal among human populations and dates back to Paleolithic times (30,000 BC). A cover of the song by Avril Lavigne can be found on The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie (soundtrack). Sewing is an ancient craft involving the stitching of cloth, leather, animal skins, furs, or other materials, using needle and thread. It is sung by Painty the Pirate Painting, voiced by Pat Pinney, and can be found on the soundtrack, SpongeBob SquarePants: Original Theme Highlights. Singer: The New Sewing Essentials by The Editors of Creative Publishing International ISBN 0865733082. The theme song, primarily based on the sea shanty, "Blow the Man Down", is the principal song used in the series. zig-zag stitch. SpongeBob has been picked up for a fifth season on Nickelodeon, with potential for a sixth season; new episodes will air from 2006 to 2007.

whipstitch (or oversewing stitch) - for protecting edges. Regarding the new order of SpongeBob cartoons, Cyma Zarghami, Nickelodeon’s chief executive, responded, “It just doesn’t feel like we should stop yet.” This is quite relevant, as recently the show has seen some of it's highest ratings since it's peak years in the early 2000's, and, while some more observant fans are skeptical, has returned without an excessive amount of fans believing it has "jumped the shark". topstitch. The episodes are projected to have finished airing sometime in 2007. straight stitch. The Star Online eCentral reports that Nickelodeon has ordered 20 more episodes of SpongeBob Squarepants, bringing the show’s total amount of episodes to 100. stretch stitch. Many fans are outraged, but it should be noted that the change in format is at Nickelodeon's insistence, rather than the SpongeBob creators.

slip stitch - for fastening a folded edge to a flat piece of fabric, or to another folded edge. This practice began with the airing of the episode "Selling Out" on September 23; its companion episode, "Funny Pants," premiered the following week on September 30 (Nickelodeon did air "Selling Out" and "Funny Pants" together as a rerun on October 9, 2005). sailmakers stitch. For the first time in SpongeBob's run, Nickelodeon began airing 11-minute segments of new episodes separately, spread over two weeks. running stitch - for seams and gathering. After airing three new episodes on Fridays from May 6 to May 20, Nickelodeon did not premiere any new SpongeBob episodes until September 2005. padding stitch. The first new episode of Season 4, "Fear Of A Krabby Patty/Shell Of A Man", was a huge hit with many fans who had long been bored with the show and many more faithful ones who have been waiting for new episodes for years.

overlock. So far, four new episodes and nine segments of new episodes have aired, with more upcoming including a sixth Mermaidman & Barnacle Boy. lockstitch. The new episodes began airing on May 6, 2005. hemming stitch. TV advertisements for SpongeBob's fourth season first aired publicly during the 2005 Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. feather stitch. See Controversy for more information..

darning stitch. Ironically, that movie would also be considered Rugrats' jump the shark moment by many fans.). cross-stitch. (It was around this time that the animated series which it is based on, Rugrats, was at the height of its popularity. chain stitch. The Rugrats Movie, on the other hand, earned over $100,000,000 in the United States. buttonhole stitch. As its movie only achieved over $85,000,000 in revenue in the United States, it has been assumed that the show's popularity showed something of a decline at the time of it's release.

blind stitch (or hem stitch). The president of Nickelodeon announced that the show would continue without Hillenburg featuring Paul Tibbitt as supervising producer and Derek Drymon taking over Hillenburg's spot as executive producer. blanket stitch. The show continued to gain high approval ratings despite a lack of new episodes, and many fans feared they would never air. basting stitch (or tacking) - for temporary fixing. Following this, the movie was released in November of that year. backstitch. SpongeBob Meets The Strangler/Pranks A Lot" was the last episode of this season, and aired in October of 2004.

back tack. Fans were devastated and online petitions were widely distributed to convince Nickelodeon to produce more episodes by showing continuing fan support. trims (fringe, beaded fringe, ribbons, lace, sequin tape). Due to rumors of a movie, there was high speculation that the show would be cancelled and that 2003/2004 would feature the last season of new episodes. rivet. The year also saw another low-budget show with popularity (The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius), but things changed late in the year. interfacing. The beginning of the third season produced many classic episodes and focused on the same style and animation concepts.

heading. 2002 also saw a bright side, as the first part of that year saw SpongeBob at its peak. grommet. SpongeBob, however, was the leader of all these shows and had by this time started its now famous merchandise line. eyelet. That same year, Invader Zim aired, created by comic book writer Jhonen Vasquez; it had a dark but silly sense of humor (similar to Vasquez's other comic books) that managed to attract a very loyal cult following consisting more of teens and adults than young children (though also containing a moderate amount of preteens). elastic. It focused on a sense of humor similar to SpongeBob’s, only more realistic, slightly crazier (and more suggestive to "adult" topics), and with more pop culture references; this show managed to become a hit as well and currently ranks behind SpongeBob as Nick's second most popular show.

bias tape. In 2001, The Fairly OddParents aired from the then-small Frederator company. zipper. By then it was clear to the world that SpongeBob had opened the door to many other cartoons to use more "adult" senses of humor and come from smaller companies. snap. The show began its second season in 2000 with more high-quality animation and even more popular episodes. hook-and-loop tape (often known by brand name Velcro). Many people attribute the "Fall Of Rugrats/Klasky-Csupo/Rise Of Low-Budget Cartoons" to SpongeBob.

hook. SpongeBob's signature voice (provided by Kenny) and humorous style was enjoyable to both younger and older audiences. eye. After about a year, it surpassed Rugrats as Nick's most highly rated show. chinese frog. Although it struggled in its early days, its ratings flew up. toggle. SpongeBob, with its generally lower-class animation and humor style more rooted in clever word-play and culture-references unlike the potty humor that made Rugrats so popular, was expected to be just another one of those shows.

button (buttons can be sew-through or have shanks.)

    . At this time, Rugrats was at the height of its popularity and had already outlived dozens of other lower-budget cartoons. buckle. In 1999, SpongeBob aired its first episode, "Help Wanted/Reef Blower/Tea at the Treedome", after the 1999 Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. wax, often beeswax. Krabs' line, "SpongeBoy, me Bob!." The Krusty Krab was originally spelled with the letter C rather than K, but Stephen Hillenburg thought K's were funnier. tracing wheel. Hillenburg later chose the alternative name "SpongeBob." The original name was once referenced in the show by Mr.

    tracing paper. The name "SpongeBoy" did not make it into the show since the name was already officially trademarked by Bob Burden, creator of Flaming Carrot. thread. SpongeBob used to be named SpongeBoy, and used to wear a red hat with a green base and a white business shirt with a tie. thimble. During production of the show, Hillenburg provided a concept of short comics with the same style of the show, but the characters looked different. tailor's chalk. Another crew member with previous Nickelodeon cartoon experience was former Angry Beavers story editor Merriwether Williams, who worked on that show for its first few seasons and switched to SpongeBob in July 1999.

    seam ripper. Drymon had worked with Hillenburg on Rocko's Modern Life as well, as did many SpongeBob crew members, including writer Tim Hill and voice actors Tom Kenny and Doug Lawrence. scissors. He teamed up with creative director Derek Drymon, who had worked on shows such as Doug, Action League Now!, and Hey Arnold!. rotary cutter. When Rocko's Modern Life was cancelled in 1997, Hillenburg began working on SpongeBob (although some sketches trace back to 1996). pincushion. One of the producers was Stephen Hillenburg, a cartoon worker/marine biologist who loved both his careers.

    pin. SpongeBob's history can be traced back to 1993 when Rocko's Modern Life first aired. pattern weights. LEGO recieved license to produce SpongeBob SquarePants building sets, beginning to sell them in August 2006. pattern. There were contests tied in with the movie where you could win SpongeBob-related items or a trip to the Cayman Islands. needle. In October 2004, a NASCAR Busch Series race was named The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie 300, presented by Lowe's and broadcast on TNT featuring Jimmie Johnson's #48 Lowe's stock car and Kyle Busch's #5 stock car painted for the race with the SpongeBob Movie paint schemes.

    measuring tape. Events in the past with the SpongeBob SquarePants theme include an exhibit at Underwater Adventures Aquarium in the Mall of America called SeaCrits of Bikini Bottom during the summer of 2003. dressmaker's or tailor's shears. More recently, a tie-in beverage for 7-Eleven convenience stores has been created, a pineapple-flavored Slurpee. bodkin. SpongeBob was also featured on VH1's I Love the 90s: Part Deux: 1999 as part of a commentary by Michael Ian Black. bobbin. Plankton, a character from the show.

    awl. The ransom note was signed by someone in Minneapolis, Minnesota claiming to be Sheldon J. Upholsterer. There have been kids meal tie-ins at Wendy's for SpongeBob's House Party Special in 2002 and at Burger King restaurants in 2001, 2003, and for the movie in 2004; in 2004, thieves stole nine-foot-high by nine-foot-wide SpongeBob inflatables from the Burger King restaurant franchises, demanding Krabby Patties as ransom. Tailor. The show also spawned a large and popular merchandise line at Hot Topic, Claire's, RadioShack, Target, Wal-Mart, and Toys "R" Us stores. Sailmaker. Merchandise based on the show ranges from Kraft SuperMac & Cheese, Kellogg's cereal, and video games to boxer shorts, pajamas, and t-shirts.

    Quilting. However, in a more typical Nickelodeon-style move, Avril Lavigne did the movie theme song. Hatter. Non-mainstream alternative rock bands such as Wilco, The Shins, The Flaming Lips and perhaps most notably Ween (who have contributed two original songs to the show and their 1997 classic "Ocean Man" to the movie soundtrack), as well as metal bands Pantera, Motorhead, and Twisted Sister have made appearances on the show and movies soundtracks, and classic thrash metal group Metallica even released a T-shirt featuring cartoon versions of them playing live with Spongebob & Patrick [1] (leading to as of yet unproven rumors that the band will appear on a future episode of the show). Glover. Unlike its mainstream-culture-promoting network, SpongeBob features many semi-obscure musicians who contribute to its soundtrack. Dressmaker. Fairly Oddparents), SpongeBob chooses to go for a more teen/adult friendly formula that was used in highly sucessful older Nick cartoons such as Ren and Stimpy and Rocko's Modern Life, non-human young adults in crazy, unrealistic situations, with minimal pop culture references.

    Draper. While many newer cartoons revolve around pre-adolescents with strange lives and feature massive amounts of pop-culture references (eg. Corsetier. The show also, unlike many current Nickelodeon cartoons, is not "mainstream" or "cliche". Cobbler. Its appeal to older audiences, as mentioned earlier, can be contributed to the show's crazy but witty and at times even sophisticated humor. Embroidery or machine embroidery: artistic embellishment. When naming reasons why many fans believe Nickelodeon has gone downhill in recent years, SpongeBob is often listed as an exception.

    The term "serging" is commonly used to refer both to the act of sewing with a serger, and the type of effect the serger produces. However, the characters are not immune from more adult avocations, including rock musicianship in a stadium performance reminiscent of a hard rock concert. Serging: uses multiple threads to produce a stretchy and secure edge finish or seam that keeps raw edges of fabric neat. Part of the show's appeal has to do with the childlike nature of SpongeBob and his best friend, Patrick, both of whom are idiots and display an innocence typical of human children. Machine quilting is most common, but quilting "purists" and traditionalists do all quilting by hand. The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, released on November 19, 2004, features a cameo appearance by actor David Hasselhoff, reprising his role from the Baywatch TV series. Quilting: sewing together layers of fabric and/or fibrefill to make warm blankets and clothing, or used for effect. Ren and Stimpy, among others, had followed a similar path.

    Mending: using general techniques and specialized methods such as darning to repair textiles. A certain quote by Patrick ("It's gonna rock!") has been used as a promo for rock stations. Dressmaking/Tailoring/General: general techniques to create clothing and other textile projects. SpongeBob is one cartoon in a long line of shows to put in more "adult" references, and has become so popular with the adult crowd that it has been shown on MTV and Spike TV. Virutally all commercially-sold clothing is completely made with one or more specialized industrial sergers. SpongeBob works at the Krusty Krab, a restaurant seemingly based on McDonald's or Burger King. Serging is ideal for stretchy fabrics or fabrics that should have neat edges. Aside from the many undersea puns, some common products from the surface world have somehow found their way into Bikini Bottom, such as "canned bread", roast beef, and even pizza.

    Also used for creating artistic effects. SpongeBob's telephone is shaped like a conch and referred to as a "shell phone". Serging: trimming the edge of fabric and overcasting all in one step, sometimes with the option of stitching as well. In addition to this, instead of peanut butter, SpongeBob SquarePants uses what is called in Bikini Bottom "Sea-Nut Butter". Electric machines are by far more common. Clams behave like birds, propelling themselves through the water with their shells and tweeting. Sewing machines can be electrically or mechanically operated. Jellyfish are the equivalent of bees (buzzing and stinging), but are collected or appreciated like butterflies and are used for their delicious jelly.

    Machine-sewing: using a machine to produce similar effects to hand-sewing, but at a much quicker speed. In relation to this, underwater worms bark (and act) exactly like dogs, and are kept on chains. Hand-sewing: using a needle and thread with your hands to produce stitches. SpongeBob's house-pet is a snail named Gary, who meows like a feline (though characters have shown signs of being able to understand him). The suggestion is that both the head and the pineapple have fallen from a tropical island to become underwater habitats. The main character, SpongeBob lives in a pineapple, while his neighbor Squidward lives in an Easter Island head and his other neighbor and best friend, Patrick lives under a rock.

    A flurry of bubbles accompany many actions, just to remind the viewer everything is underwater. Once, while out in the wilderness, Patrick questions how they could have a camp fire on the lagoon bottom—the fire is immediately extinguished with a sizzle. Instead of cars, the residents of Bikini Bottom drive boats (with wheels). This has a lot to do with the way underwater life and situations are represented, absurdly, as though they are almost equivalent to normal terrestrial lifestyles.

    The cartoon is designed to appeal to children as well as adults. Other shows have followed in this trend as well: The Fairly OddParents and Invader Zim took a similar role when they aired in 2001, and the former is now second only to SpongeBob in popularity. SpongeBob follows some other Nickelodeon shows that have attracted "older" followers: The Ren & Stimpy Show, Rocko's Modern Life, the Kablam! skits, Action League Now!, and The Angry Beavers. Low-budget cartoons had not garnered as much esteem as higher-rated (and higher-budgeted) shows, such as Rugrats, although when SpongeBob aired in 1999, it had obtained a substantial amount of viewers in the ratings to be considered popular, and has eventually even surpassed Rugrats in popularity, becoming more popular than that show had ever been.

    SpongeBob is the first "low budget" Nickelodeon cartoon, according to the network, to become extremely popular. . SpongeBob SquarePants officially aired on July 17 of the same year with the second episode, "Bubblestand/Ripped Pants." Most episodes take place in the town of Bikini Bottom or the surrounding lagoon floor. The pilot episode first aired in the United States on Nickelodeon after the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards on May Day (May 1), 1999.

    SpongeBob SquarePants is a comedy set under the Pacific Ocean that uses puns (including the names of certain characters), non sequiturs, double-talk, breaking of the fourth wall, some crude humor, and other such antics to entertain the audience. SpongeBob SquarePants is a popular American animated television series shown on Nickelodeon, YTV, and Nicktoons Network created by marine biologist and animator, Stephen Hillenburg. Nearly every episode contains one non-animated sequence. In "Bubble Buddy," Spongebob celebrates Leif Erikson Day, which is a real US observance held on October 9th; the narration indicated that Spongebob actually invented the day.

    Puff, who is a blowfish expanding into an air balloon. In the first series, it was possible to hear one fish scream "my legs!" in most or all episodes, usually at some point of inconsequential destruction, such as a boating school incident involving Mrs. Although the show occasionally does make reference to pop-culture, the examples are never specific. Hillenburg has said that he intends to pass that concept over to the new people in charge of the show.

    He wants his cartoon to be a timeless classic. According to the insider book SpongeBob Exposed, the creator of the show, Steve Hillenburg, said that the policy of his show is to not do jokes about or reference pop culture and current events; the show's characters are isolated from the real world. According to the Season 1 DVD, its name is Shelly. It can also be seen in the episode "Something Smells", along with many others.

    In the episode "Help Wanted", SpongeBob can be seen with a pet scallop in a cage next to his bed. The pirate in the painting saying "Are you ready kids?" - "I can't hear you" in the beginning theme sequence had a chroma key used for the moving lips. Krabs: Cancer. Mr.

    Squidward: Capricorn (on the Tropical zodiac) or Libra (stereotype: likes the finer things in life, taking it easy, wants to do no work (on the Sidereal zodiac)). In one short, Plankton is depicted as a Leo. Plankton: Leo (stereotype: diabolical and plotting), among others. SpongeBob: Sagittarius (stereotype: overly enthusiastic, optimistic, and foolish).

    Patrick: Taurus (stereotype: thick-headed). Featured characters have included:

      . It features the character Squidward explaining astrological stereotypes, through characters on the show. Astrology With Squidward is a spin-off short from SpongeBob SquarePants.

      a short playing before the theatrical release of the 2006 movie Barnyard.. The Endless Summer [3], an educational short about the effects of global warming. The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie. Sean Dempsey: Animation Director.

      Jimmy Stone: Animation Director. Andrew Overtoom: Animation Director. Tom Yasumi: Animation Director. Alan Smart: Animation Director.

      Andy Rheingold: Executive in Charge of Production. David Wigforss: Special Effects (CG visual effects animator). Nicholas Carr: Music. Jeremy Wakefield: Music.

      Steven Belfer: Music. Sage Guyton: Music. Bradley Carow: Music. Vincent Waller: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director/Technical Director (2005—).

      Mike Bell: Writer/Storyboard Director (2005—). Chris Mitchell: Writer/Storyboard Artist (1999). Steven Fonti: Writer/Storyboard Director (1999). Mark O'Hare: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director.

      Eric Wiese: Writer/Storyboard Artist. Tim Hill: Writer. Steven Banks: Head Writer (2004—). Greenblatt: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director.

      C.H. Aaron Springer: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director. Kaz: Writer/Storyboard Artist. Sam Henderson: Writer/Storyboard Director.

      Jay Lender: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director. Chuck Klein: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director. Lawrence): Writer/Story Editor. Mr.

      Doug Lawrence (a.k.a. Merriwether Williams: Story Editor/Writer. Caleb Muerer: Art Director/Storyboard Artist. Sherm Cohen: Storyboard Supervisor/Writer.

      Derek Drymon: Creative Director/Writer/Story Editor. Paul Tibbitt: Writer/Storyboard Director/Supervising Producer (2004- ). Stephen Hillenburg: Creator/Executive Producer (1999-2004; Remains Active In Production Team, But No Longer Producer Of Show). David Hasselhoff: Himself.

      Alec Baldwin: Dennis the Hitman. Scarlett Johansson: Princess Mindy. Jeffrey Tambor: King Neptune. Wilson: The Tattle-Tale Strangler, Reg, Marty, Patrick's father, others.

      Thomas F. Kevin Michael Richardson: King Neptune (voice in SpongeBob's House Party (Party Pooper Pants)). Sergio Ristie: King Neptune (SpongeBob's House Party (Party Pooper Pants)). John O'Hurley: King Neptune (Neptune's Spatula).

      John Rhys-Davies: Man Ray. Charles Nelson Reilly: The Dirty Bubble (Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy II/Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy V). Tim Conway: Barnacle Boy. Ernest Borgnine: Mermaid Man.

      Tiny Tim: Himself (Musical Performer) (Help Wanted). Clea Lewis: Additional Voices (Seasons 2-). Wilson: Additional Voices. Thomas F.

      Carlos Alazraqui: Additional Voices (Seasons 1-3). Jill Talley: Karen (Plankton's computer wife). Marion Ross: Grandma SquarePants. Brian Doyle-Murray: The Flying Dutchman.

      Stephen Hillenburg: Polly the Parrot. Paul Tibbitt: Mama Krabs (Sailor Mouth, Mid-Life Crustacean). SquarePants (No Free Rides). Lauren Tom: Mrs.

      SquarePants, Mama Krabs (Enemy In-Law-present). Sirena Irwin: Mrs. SquarePants. Poppy Puff, Mrs.

      Mary Jo Catlett: Mrs. Lori Alan: Pearl Krabs, Patrick's mother. Plankton, Larry Lobster, Fred, Tom. Lawrence): Sheldon J.

      Mr. Doug Lawrence (a.k.a. Clancy Brown: Eugene Krabs. Carolyn Lawrence: Sandy Cheeks.

      Bill Fagerbakke: Patrick Star. Rodger Bumpass: Squidward Tentacles, Mama Tentacles, the Doctorfish,. Dee Bradley Baker: Squilliam Fancyson, Various squids, customers, vendors. SquarePants, Uncle Sherm SquarePants, Grandpa SquarePants, Fred (Home Sweet Pineapple), Tom.

      Tom Kenny: SpongeBob SquarePants, Gary the Snail, French Narrator, Patchy the Pirate, Mr. Main article SpongeBob SquarePants characters.

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