SewingTurn of the century sewing in Detroit, Michigan Antique Singer sewing machine
Sewing is an ancient craft involving the stitching of cloth, leather, animal skins, furs, or other materials, using needle and thread. Its use is nearly universal among human populations and dates back to Paleolithic times (30,000 BC). Sewing predates the weaving of cloth.
Sewing is used primarily to produce clothing and household furnishings as curtains, bedclothes, upholstery, and table linens. It is also used for sails, bellows, skin boats, and other items shaped out of flexible materials such as canvas and leather.
Most sewing in the industrial world is done by machines. Pieces of a garment are often firstly tacked together. The machine has a complex set of gears and arms which pierces thread through the layers of the cloth and semi-securely interlocks the thread.
Some people sew clothes for themselves and their families. More often home sewers sew to repair clothes, such as mending a torn seam or replacing a loose button. A person who sews for a living is known as a seamstress, dressmaker, tailor, or garment worker.
"Plain" sewing is done for functional reasons: making or mending clothing or household linens. "Fancy" sewing is primarily decorative, including techniques such as shirring, embroidery, or quilting.
Sewing is the foundation for many needle arts and crafts, such as applique, canvas work, and patchwork.
General sewing methods
Machine sewing is the most popular method. Hand sewing is still done to some extent for finishing and repairing garments. Sergers are becoming more popular for home use, but are not capable of all the functions of a traditional sewing machine. Because of this, people usually purchase a traditional sewing machine first, and purchase a serger at a later date. Sergers prices typically start at two to three times the cost of a traditional sewing machine.
General sewing applications
Almost all of these methods can be done by either hand, sewing machine, or a serger; however, the specific techniques used can be quite different. Some methods are not appropriate for some applications, even though it may be possible to replicate another method. As an extreme, you could technically duplicate serging with hand sewing, but it would take at least several hundred times as long to do the same work. Furthermore, some techniques are not possible with other methods: making an embroidery stitch called a french knot is easy by hand, but impossible by sewing machine or serger.
Occupations requiring sewing
Sewing tools and accessoriesSewing box (~1955) with sewing notions
Notions (objects sewn into garments or soft goods)
Finishing and embellishment:
List of stitches
This page about Sewing includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about Sewing
News stories about Sewing
External links for Sewing
Videos for Sewing
Wikis about Sewing
Discussion Groups about Sewing
Blogs about Sewing
Images of Sewing
Finishing and embellishment:. [e] also released as an EP backed by "Rag Doll" (Garfunkel solo) and "You're Kind" (Simon solo). Closures:. [d] B-side by Paul Sheldon. Furthermore, some techniques are not possible with other methods: making an embroidery stitch called a french knot is easy by hand, but impossible by sewing machine or serger. [c] B-side by Ronnie Lawrence. As an extreme, you could technically duplicate serging with hand sewing, but it would take at least several hundred times as long to do the same work. [b] UK release.
Some methods are not appropriate for some applications, even though it may be possible to replicate another method. [a] as Tom & Jerry. Almost all of these methods can be done by either hand, sewing machine, or a serger; however, the specific techniques used can be quite different. It featured a "new" studio duo song, "Citizen of the Planet", ironically the only song from the rejected 1983 reunion album that did not originally feature Garfunkel's vocal participation. Sergers prices typically start at two to three times the cost of a traditional sewing machine. A live CD and DVD from their "Old Friends" tour was released in late 2004. Because of this, people usually purchase a traditional sewing machine first, and purchase a serger at a later date. In July 2004, they completed the tour with a flourish, with a finale at the Colosseum in Rome before an audience which, according to news media reports, was probably even larger than the audience at the famous Central Park concert.
Sergers are becoming more popular for home use, but are not capable of all the functions of a traditional sewing machine. The success of the first Old Friends tour led to an encore in June and July 2004 with over 25 shows, this time also in Europe. Hand sewing is still done to some extent for finishing and repairing garments. Entitled "Old Friends," their first tour in over twenty years included forty shows in twenty-eight cities and featured special guests The Everly Brothers. Machine sewing is the most popular method. Soon, Simon and Garfunkel launched a two-month long reunion tour of the United States (and Toronto, Canada), which ran from October 16 to December 21, 2003. . The good feelings generated by their appearance on the Grammys led to another thaw in their relationship.
Sewing is the foundation for many needle arts and crafts, such as applique, canvas work, and patchwork. Before the show, the duo was presented with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, honoring their musical contributions over the past four and a half decades. "Fancy" sewing is primarily decorative, including techniques such as shirring, embroidery, or quilting. On February 23, 2003, Simon and Garfunkel reunited to perform in public for the first time since 1993, singing "The Sound Of Silence" as the opening act of the Grammy Awards. "Plain" sewing is done for functional reasons: making or mending clothing or household linens. It features an almost-complete recording of a performance given by the duo at Philharmonic Hall, the Lincoln Center in New York City on January 22, 1967. A person who sews for a living is known as a seamstress, dressmaker, tailor, or garment worker. In July 2002, Columbia Legacy issued a previously unreleased live recording of a Simon and Garfunkel concert, Live In New York City, 1967.
More often home sewers sew to repair clothes, such as mending a torn seam or replacing a loose button. Later the same year they did some charity concerts, like for the Bridge School Concerts. Some people sew clothes for themselves and their families. Simon and Garfunkel appeared together in 1993 for 21 sold out concerts in New York, with half of the show being Paul Simon solo with a band and the other half Simon and Garfunkel. The machine has a complex set of gears and arms which pierces thread through the layers of the cloth and semi-securely interlocks the thread. Their next public appearance was in 1990, when the two performed at a ceremony for their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Pieces of a garment are often firstly tacked together. The solo album Hearts and Bones was the result, and a long period of estrangement for the duo followed.
Most sewing in the industrial world is done by machines. Alas, creative differences (coupled with the record company's negative reaction to the decidedly un-Simon-and-Garfunkel-like album) led Simon to remove Garfunkel's vocals and rework the songs himself. It is also used for sails, bellows, skin boats, and other items shaped out of flexible materials such as canvas and leather. Simon and Garfunkel even completed their first new studio album in more than a decade, entitled Think Too Much, featuring some songs previewed on their recent jaunt. Sewing is used primarily to produce clothing and household furnishings as curtains, bedclothes, upholstery, and table linens. and Canada). Sewing predates the weaving of cloth. The success of the 1981 concert prompted the duo to go on a world tour in 1982 (Europe and Japan) and 1983 (The U.S.
Its use is nearly universal among human populations and dates back to Paleolithic times (30,000 BC). The duo has reunited off and on since then, most notably for a free concert in New York's Central Park on September 19, 1981, which attracted a crowd of around 500,000 people and was televised and subsequently released on LP, CD, VHS, LD, and DVD. Sewing is an ancient craft involving the stitching of cloth, leather, animal skins, furs, or other materials, using needle and thread. The song made the top ten and appeared on both of their solo albums released that year. Singer: The New Sewing Essentials by The Editors of Creative Publishing International ISBN 0865733082. That fall also saw the release of their first new single since the breakup, "My Little Town". zig-zag stitch. Several still photos were shown during the show of the pair visiting their childhood neighborhood in Queens in New York City.
whipstitch (or oversewing stitch) - for protecting edges. They performed "The Boxer" and "Scarborough Fair" together. topstitch. On October 18, 1975 the duo made an appearance on NBC's Saturday Night Live. straight stitch. Simon and Garfunkel's first reunion since their second breakup was at a June 1972 benefit concert at Madison Square Garden for presidential candidate George McGovern. stretch stitch. His most critical acclaimed album was the 1978 effort Watermark, almost all of the songs for which were penned by acclaimed songwriter Jimmy Webb.
slip stitch - for fastening a folded edge to a flat piece of fabric, or to another folded edge. Garfunkel split his time between acting and recording solo and collaboration albums, to mixed reviews. sailmakers stitch. Simon continued writing and went on to a very successful solo music career, recording several classic albums, including There Goes Rhymin' Simon (1973), Still Crazy After All These Years (1975), and his most highly celebrated solo album, Graceland (1986). running stitch - for seams and gathering. The duo finally split in 1970 to much chagrin but little surprise, and the two men went their separate ways. padding stitch. Their 1972 Greatest Hits album peaked at #5 on US charts.
overlock. At the subsequent March 1971, Grammy Awards, the album and single were named Album and Record of The Year, respectively, and also won the awards for Best Engineered Record, Best Contemporary Song, Song of the Year, and Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalists. lockstitch. The album includes three other top-twenty hits: "El Condor Pasa" (US #18), "Cecilia" (US #4), and "The Boxer" – which, finished in 1968, hit #7 on the charts the following year – as well as a live recording of the Everly Brothers' "Bye Bye, Love" from a 1969 tour concert in Ames, Iowa. hemming stitch. Its title track, featuring Garfunkel's soaring vocals, was a massive hit and one of the best-selling records of the decade, staying #1 on the charts for six weeks and on the charts for far longer. feather stitch. Their long-delayed final album, Bridge Over Troubled Water, was at last released on January 26, 1970.
darning stitch. Video footage of the tour was shown on their controversial November 30 television special Songs Of America, which TV sponsors refused to endorse because of its distinct anti-Vietnam War message. cross-stitch. The duo's deteriorating personal relationship continued into their late 1969 tour, which featured performances at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio on November 11 and Carbondale, Illinois on November 8, recordings of which are supposedly widely bootlegged. chain stitch. Garfunkel's filming leave conflicted with and subsequently delayed the recording of the duo's next album, and to add insult to injury, the part in the film which had initially been promised to Simon was completely cut from the script. buttonhole stitch. Garfunkel had begun to pursue a career in acting and was featured in the role of Nately in Nichols's film adaptation of the novel Catch-22.
blind stitch (or hem stitch). By 1969, the duo's success began to take its toll. blanket stitch. Robinson" was named Record of the Year, while Simon was also honored with the Grammy for Best Original Score for a Motion Picture. basting stitch (or tacking) - for temporary fixing. At the March 1969 Grammy Awards, "Mrs. backstitch. Robinson", the classic from the Graduate soundtrack, which became #1 as a single.
back tack. It features the top-25 hit singles "A Hazy Shade Of Winter", "Fakin' It", "At The Zoo", "America", and a full version of "Mrs. trims (fringe, beaded fringe, ribbons, lace, sequin tape). As their albums became progressively more adventurous, The Graduate Original Soundtrack was immediately followed in March 1968 at the top of the charts by Bookends, which dealt with increasingly complex themes of old age and loss. rivet. The album was also one of the first soundtracks ever to feature contemporary pop hits. interfacing. Robinson'!" Thereafter, the two were linked--although Simon had only partially completed the song when the Graduate Soundtrack was released.
heading. Roosevelt." Seeing an opportunity to further market the film, Nichols blurted out something to the effect of, "What do you mean, he [Simon] isn't sure? It's 'Mrs. grommet. Robinson" (which happened to be the same name as one of the film's main characters), although he reported that Simon also sometimes used the name "Mrs. eyelet. According to Nichols, Garfunkel had mentioned to him that Simon was writing a song in which he mentioned a "Mrs. elastic. That same year, Simon and Garfunkel contributed heavily to the soundtrack to Mike Nichols' film The Graduate, which was released on January 21, 1968, and instantly rose to #1 as an album.
bias tape. Soon afterwards, Pickwick withdrew The Hit Sound of Simon & Garfunkel from the market. zipper. Simon & Garfunkel then sued Pickwick because the company was presenting the music as recently-recorded material, not as songs written and released over five years earlier. snap. This album consisted of ten tracks recorded from the late 1950s and early 1960s while the duo still called themselves Tom & Jerry, including their hit "Hey, Schoolgirl," and its B-side, "Dancin' Wild". hook-and-loop tape (often known by brand name Velcro). In early 1967, Pickwick Records, which had a reputation as a low-quality label, decided that it would capitalize on the duo's newfound fame by releasing an album entitled The Hit Sound of Simon & Garfunkel.
hook. More tracks from The Paul Simon Song Book were included with recent compositions on their October 10, 1966 album Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme, which refined the folk-rock sound hastily released on Sounds of Silence. eye. Other evidence, however, has surfaced indicating that it was actually written at the now-disused Ditton railway station. chinese frog. The song is reputed to have been written on a platform at Widnes railway station, and has been commemorated as such with a plaque. toggle. Further hit singles came, including "Scarborough Fair/Canticle", based on a traditional English ballad with an original counter-melody, and "Homeward Bound" (later US #5), about life on the road while Simon was touring in England in 1965.
button (buttons can be sew-through or have shanks.)
tracing paper. Simon immediately returned to the United States and the group re-formed for the second time to record more tracks in a similar style, though neither approved of what Wilson had done with "The Sound of Silence.". thread. The song hit number 1 on the pop charts by that December. thimble. In September 1965, Simon first learned that it had entered the pop charts while he was about to go on stage in a Danish folk club. tailor's chalk. The dubbing turned folk into folk-rock, the debut of a new genre for the Top 40, much to Simon's surprise.
seam ripper. producer, Tom Wilson, who had heard The Byrds' early folk records, dubbed electric guitars, bass and drums into original "The Sound of Silence" track, and released it as a single, backed with "We've Got a Groovy Thing Goin'". scissors. Seizing the chance, the duo's U.S. rotary cutter. The song also began to receive radio airplay in Boston. pincushion. M. called "The Sound of Silence".
pin. While Simon was in England that summer of 1965, radio stations around Cocoa Beach and Gainesville, Florida, began to receive requests for a song from the album Wednesday Morning, 3 A. pattern weights. During this period in London he also collaborated on a number of songs with Bruce Woodley of The Seekers, including "Red Rubber Ball," later a US #2 hit for The Cyrkle, Simon's first charting record outside of his collaboration with Garfunkel. pattern. The album was supposedly deleted about 1979 at Simon's request, but was re-introduced on CD with bonus tracks in 2004. needle. Recorded on three different dates in June and July at Levy's Studio, London, and featuring only Simon and his guitar, it is a refreshing souvenir of the early folk work of Paul Simon.
measuring tape. Shortly after finishing recording, the duo effectively split and Simon moved to England, where he recorded his solo The Paul Simon Song Book in May 1965. dressmaker's or tailor's shears. These three efforts were among five original songs by Simon included on their first album for Columbia Records, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M., which initially flopped upon its release on October 19, 1964. bodkin. Simon showed Garfunkel a few songs that he had written in the folk style: "Sparrow", "Bleecker Street", and "He Was My Brother" — which was later dedicated to Andrew Goodman, a friend of both Simon and Garfunkel, and a classmate of Simon's at Queens College, who was one of three civil rights workers murdered in Neshoba County, Mississippi, on June 21, 1964. bobbin. Simon, who had finished college but dropped out of Brooklyn Law School, had — like Garfunkel — developed an interest in the folk scene.
awl. In 1963 they found prominence as part of the same New York City folk music scene as Bob Dylan, with close harmony singing inspired by the Everly Brothers, combined with Simon's acoustic guitar playing. Upholsterer. Subsequent efforts in 1958 did not reach near their initial success, and after high school the duo went to separate colleges, with Simon enrolling at Queens College and Garfunkel at Columbia University. Tailor. They later performed their hit on American Bandstand, right after Jerry Lee Lewis' "Great Balls of Fire". Sailmaker. Both Simon and Garfunkel have acknowledged the tremendous impact of The Everly Brothers on their style, and many of their early songs (including "Hey, Schoolgirl") bear the mark of this influence.
Quilting. Released on 45 and 78 rpm records, the song - backed with "Dancin' Wild" - sold 100,000 copies, hitting #49 on the Billboard charts. Hatter. They began writing their own songs in 1957 as high school seniors, and soon after made their first professional recording, "Hey, Schoolgirl", for Sid Prosen of Big Records. Glover. Close friends since childhood, they began performing together in their junior year as Tom and Jerry, with Simon as Jerry Landis and Garfunkel as Tom Graph (so called because he was fond of tracking ["graphing"] hits on the pop charts). Dressmaker. Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel grew up in the same Forest Hills neighborhood just blocks away from one another and were classmates and at Forest Hills High School in New York City.
Draper. . Corsetier. They have received several Grammys and are inductees of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Cobbler. Robinson" and "Bridge Over Troubled Water". Embroidery or machine embroidery: artistic embellishment. Simon and Garfunkel were among the most popular recording artists of the 1960s, and are best known for their songs "The Sound of Silence", "Mrs.
The term "serging" is commonly used to refer both to the act of sewing with a serger, and the type of effect the serger produces. Simon and Garfunkel are an American popular music duo comprising Paul Simon and Arthur "Art" Garfunkel. Serging: uses multiple threads to produce a stretchy and secure edge finish or seam that keeps raw edges of fabric neat. And many other anthologies and compilations. Machine quilting is most common, but quilting "purists" and traditionalists do all quilting by hand. Old Friends: Live on Stage (2004). Quilting: sewing together layers of fabric and/or fibrefill to make warm blankets and clothing, or used for effect. The Essential Simon and Garfunkel (2003).
Mending: using general techniques and specialized methods such as darning to repair textiles. Live From New York City, 1967 (2002). Dressmaking/Tailoring/General: general techniques to create clothing and other textile projects. The Columbia Studio Recordings (1964-1970) (2001). Virutally all commercially-sold clothing is completely made with one or more specialized industrial sergers. The Best of Simon and Garfunkel (1999). Serging is ideal for stretchy fabrics or fabrics that should have neat edges. Old Friends (1997).
Also used for creating artistic effects. The Concert in Central Park (1982). Serging: trimming the edge of fabric and overcasting all in one step, sometimes with the option of stitching as well. Simon and Garfunkel's Greatest Hits (1972). Electric machines are by far more common. Bridge Over Troubled Water (1970). Sewing machines can be electrically or mechanically operated. Bookends (1968).
Machine-sewing: using a machine to produce similar effects to hand-sewing, but at a much quicker speed. The Graduate Original Soundtrack (1967). Hand-sewing: using a needle and thread with your hands to produce stitches. Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme (1966). Sounds of Silence (1966). Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. (1964).