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Scarface has several meanings:. In the Southern Hemisphere:. Scarface: The World is Yours is a video game based on the 1983 film. So, in the Northern Hemisphere:. Scarface is the name of the dummy used by the Batman villain The Ventriloquist. With the solstices (peaks) are used as the middle of each season, as is in Jieqi and East Asian countries, the longest day of the year occurs in the middle of summer, and conversely the shortest day of the year in the middle of winter. Scarface is a 1990s rapper who was originally a member of the Geto Boys; see Scarface (rapper). In the conventional American calendar, the following dates are considered to be halfway through a season:.
The movie was remade in 1983 starring Al Pacino; see Scarface (1983 film). See below, using solstices and equinoxes as mid-days. Scarface is a film about the mafia first made in 1932; see Scarface (1932 film). This is very close to the British & Irish definitions of seasons. Scarface is a nickname for Al Capone. The Korean, Chinese, and Japanese calendars are based on a lunisolar calendar, where the solstices and equinoxes mark the middle of each season. This definition is also followed in Australia.
Conversely, for the Southern hemisphere, meterological summer begins on December 1, autumn on March 1, winter on June 1 and spring on September 1. This definition is also followed in Denmark and former USSR. In meteorology for the Northern hemisphere, spring begins by convention on March 1, summer on June 1, autumn on September 1 and winter on December 1. The Irish calendar uses almost the same reckoning; Spring begins on February 1 / Imbolc, Summer on May 1 / Beltane, Autumn on August 1 / Lughnasadh and Winter on November 1 / Samhain.
Accordingly, midsummer and midwinter are, as their names suggest, the middle of summer and winter. In the United Kingdom, the seasons are traditionally considered to begin about seven weeks earlier: spring begins on Candlemas, summer on May Day, autumn on Lammas, and winter on All Hallows. By this reckoning, summer begins at summer solstice, winter at winter solstice, spring at the vernal equinox and autumn at the autumnal equinox. In the United States, the seasons are often considered to begin at the astronomical solstices and equinoxes: these are sometimes known as the "astronomical seasons".
The date at which each season begins depends on how it is defined. In later winter, the first faint wash of light briefly touches the horizon (for just minutes per day), and then increases in duration and pre-dawn brightness each day until sunrise in February. Eventually, for the weeks surrounding 21 December, nothing breaks the darkness. For a few more weeks, "day" is marked by decreasing periods of twilight.
Eventually, it does go below the horizon, for progressively longer and longer periods each day until, around the middle of October, it disappears for the last time. In the weeks surrounding 21 June, the sun is at its highest, and it appears to circle the sky without ever going below the horizon. The sky (as seen from Alert) has been showing twilight, or at least a pre-dawn glow on the horizon, for increasing hours each day, for more than a month before that first sliver of sun appears. However, mid-February is not first light.
For example, at the military and weather station called Alert on the northern tip of Ellesmere Island, Canada (about 450 nautical miles or 830 km from the North Pole), the sun begins to peek above the horizon in mid-February and each day it climbs a bit higher, and stays up a bit longer; by 21 March, the sun is up for 12 hours. At progressively higher latitudes, the periods of "midnight sun" (or "midday dark" for the other side of the globe) are progressively longer. What does happen is that any point north of the Arctic (or south of the Antarctic) Circle will have one period in the summer when the sun does not set, and one period in the winter when the sun does not rise. This is true only in the immediate region of the poles themselves.
A common misconception is that, within the Arctic and Antarctic Circles, the sun rises once in the spring and sets once in the fall; thus, the day and night are erroneously thought to last uninterrupted for 183 calendar days each. Curiously, a study of temperature records over the past 300 years (David Thompson, Science, April 1995) shows that the climatic seasons, and thus the seasonal year, are governed by the anomalistic year rather than the tropical year. However, many regions (famously the northern Indian Ocean) are subject to monsoon rain and wind cycles. In the tropics, there is no noticeable change in the amount of sunlight.
When it is summer in the Northern hemisphere, it is winter in the Southern hemisphere, and vice versa, and when it is spring in the Northern hemisphere it is autumn in the Southern hemisphere, and vice versa. The cycle of seasons in the polar and temperate zones of one hemisphere is opposite to that in the other. The result is that the South Pole is consistently colder during the southern winter than the North Pole during the northern winter. The North Pole is in the Arctic Ocean, and thus its temperature extremes are buffered by the presence of all that water.
For example, the South Pole is in the middle of the continent of Antarctica, and therefore a considerable distance from the moderating influence of the southern oceans. These effects vary with latitude, and with proximity to bodies of water. In the temperate and polar regions, seasons are marked by changes in the amount of sunlight, which in turn often cause cycles of dormancy in plants and hibernation in animals. Seasonal weather fluctuations also depend on factors such as proximity to oceans or other large bodies of water, currents in those oceans, El Niño/ENSO and other oceanic cycles, and prevailing winds.
2 and Month ranges of seasons (below)). At any given time, regardless of season, the northern and southern hemispheres experience opposite seasons (see Fig. This exposure alternates as the Earth revolves in its orbit. 1).
Thus, at any given time during the summer or winter, one part of the planet is more directly exposed to the rays of the Sun (see Fig. The cause of the seasons is the fact that the Earth's axis is not perpendicular to its orbital plane; it deviates by an angle of approximately 23.5 degrees of arc. . In some parts of the world, special "seasons" are loosely defined based upon natural events such as a hurricane season, tornado season, or wildfire season.
In other tropical areas a three-way division into hot, rainy and cool season is used. In some tropical and subtropical regions it is more common to speak of the rainy (or wet, or monsoon) season versus the dry season, as the amount of precipitation may vary more dramatically than the average temperature. In temperate and polar regions generally four seasons are recognised: spring, summer, autumn (fall), and winter. A season is one of the major divisions of the year, generally based on yearly periodic changes in weather.
Summer begins (November 6). Spring begins (August 7). Winter begins (May 5 or May 6). Autumn begins (February 3).
Winter begins (November 6). Autumn begins (August 7). Summer begins (May 5 or May 6). Spring begins (February 3).
Autumn (November 6). Summer (August 7). Spring (May 5 or May 6). Winter (February 3).