Scarface has several meanings:
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Scarface has several meanings:. Skiboards tend to vibrate when skiing on the flat bottom part of the ski and thus it is necessary to ski on the edge of the ski in order to decrease the vibration and have more control of the ski. Scarface: The World is Yours is a video game based on the 1983 film. The Line ski company has manufactured ski boards since the mid 1990s and is credited with the creation of the first modern, twin tip ski board. Scarface is the name of the dummy used by the Batman villain The Ventriloquist. The Bigfoot ski was popular during the late 80s and early 90s. Scarface is a 1990s rapper who was originally a member of the Geto Boys; see Scarface (rapper). Before this time period the Bigfoot ski company produced a short, foot shaped ski called the Bigfoot.
The movie was remade in 1983 starring Al Pacino; see Scarface (1983 film). The Snowblade name was originally marketed by ski company Salomon during a short ski fad in the mid 1990s. Scarface is a film about the mafia first made in 1932; see Scarface (1932 film). Skiboard bindings are mounted closer to the center of the ski, typically do not have a DIN style binding, and require an ankle leash due to the absence of a braking system. Scarface is a nickname for Al Capone. Skiboards, often incorrectly called snowblades, are short skis, typically 90-130cm, marketed towards children, teens, and adults as a fun, accessory snow toy. Long and wide skis, with bindings attaching at the toe.
Skis for ski jumping. This is also the model used by military forces trained to fight in winter conditions, and the most closely related to the historical ski. These are characteristically quite wide, and with cable bindings to provide general sturdyness, and to better extract ones feet from deep snowbanks, in case it should be impossible to reach the bindings by hand. Skis for mountain/backcountry/cross-country free range skiing which are designed for skiing on unbroken snow, where an established track is lacking.
Skating is also the technique used in biathlons. Skating skis are shorter than classical skis and do not need grip wax. There are two major techniques, classical (traditional striding) and freestyle or skating which was developed in the 1980s. Some waxless models may have patterns on the bottom to increase the friction when the ski slides backward.
The ski bases are waxed to reduce friction during forward motion, and kick wax can also be applied to get adhesion when going uphill. There are three binding systems currently used, Rottefella's NNN and Salomon's SNS profil and SNS pilot. The boots attach to the bindings at the toes only. Cross-country skis are very light and narrow, and usually have quite straight edges, though some newer skis have slight sidecut.
The fact that the foot is only attached to the ski at the toes, means that specialised more flexible ski boots are used, and a specific turning technique involving pushing one foot forward and lifting the heel of the other foot is used. It was pioneered by Sondre Norheim of Telemark, Norway. The Telemark ski was the first ski with an inwards-turned waist which made it much easier for skiers to turn. A downhill or touring ski, where the binding attaches only at the toe.
Telemark ski. Due to its extra width and flotation in deep snow enthusiasts claim it superior as a powder ski. The monoski is produced by only half a dozen companies world-wide in limited quantities. More common in use during a brief boom in the 80s today the monoski is used by only a few thousand enthusiasts world-wide.
The monoski is a single, double-width ski that attaches by a common DIN binding interface to modern front entry boots. The ski is used with alpine touring boots which are hard but lighter than downhill skiing boots. For skiing downhill the bindings are locked. For climbing of steep slopes, skins (originally made from the fur of seals, but now made of synthetic materials) can be attached at the base of the ski and the binding opened at the heel.
Like the backcountry ski it is designed for unbroken snow. This type of ski is ususally a modified light-weight downhill ski with an alpine touring binding. Alpine ski touring ski. The first company to successfully market a twin-tip ski was Salomon, with their 1080 ski.
The first twin-tip ski was the K2 Poacher, but they did not sell well. Line Skis, started by Jason Levinthal, is the first company to market only twin-tip skis. Once considered a passing fad, twin-tip skis have become a staple ski in the product line of all major ski-producing companies worldwide, with a few speciailizing in only twin tips. In the past five years twin tips have become popular among youth skiers, ages 14-21.
The popularity explosion of twin-tip skis created a push for the inclusion of more terrain park elements at ski areas across the globe. Bindings are typically mounted closer to the center of the ski to facilitate the balance of fore and aft pressure, while skiing backwards or "switch", bindings are built lower to the ski for easy rail sliding. Twin-tip skis are generally wider at the tip, tail, and underfoot and constructed of softer materials to cushion landings. The turned-up tail allows less application of aft pressure on the ski, causing it to release from a turn earlier than a non-twin-tip ski.
Twin-tip skis make it easier to ski with one's back facing downhill, allowing reversed take-offs and landings when performing aerial maneuvers. Twin-tip skis, also known as "freestyle skis", are skis with turned-up ends at both the front and rear. The ski is turned by applying a mixture of pressure, rotation and edge angle. Modern bindings utilize a DIN spring system to minimize the amount of force applied to joints such as the knee during backward twisting falls.
As a safety feature, it is spring-loaded, detaching the ski from the foot in case excessive force is applied. The ski binding anchors the foot firmly to the ski at heel and toe. Such skis were once termed carving skis, or shaped skis or parabolic skis to differentiate them from the more traditional straighter skis, but nearly all modern skis have this more pronounced shape now. Faced by competition from snowboarding, during the 1990s this shaping of the ski became significantly more pronounced to make it both easier for skiers to carve turns, and to dramatically increase the turning sensation experienced.
By setting the ski at an angle so that the edge cuts into the snow, the ski will follow the arc and hence turn the skier, a practice known as carving a turn. Most varieties of skis have a metal edge running the length of the sides that once sharpened allow the ski to grip more effectively on hard packed snow and ice. Downhill skis are "shaped" (when viewed from above or below, the center or "waist" is narrower than the tip or tail, and the cut from tip through waist to tail follows either a parabolic curve, or an arc, on either side of the ski) to promote easy turning. Many types of skis exist, all designed for use different situations, of which the following are a selection.
Second, it forces the consumer to purchase both skis and bindings from the same manufacturer, increasing profits. First, they often use a railroad track style design, to allow the toe and heel pieces to slide, which in turn allows the ski to flex deeply, without a flat-spot underfoot, caused by the presence of a binding. Beginning in the early 2000's, many ski manufaturers began designing their skis and bindings together, creating an 'integrated binding system.' These systems serve two purposes. The user is attached by bindings which in turn hold the ski boots.
Most skis are long and thin, pointed and curved upwards at the front to prevent it from digging into the snow. They are now usually made from a complex assembly of components including glass fiber, Kevlar, Titanium or composite materials, though many may still contain a wooden core. Skis were originally wooden planks made from a single piece of wood. .
Ski wax is used to increase the freezing point of water on the base of the ski, easing the creation of the water layer. This is why if there is freezing rain that freezes to the bottom of the ski (perhaps when carrying the ski), when set down on the snow, won't glide until the ice wears off or is knocked off. This creates a very thin layer of water directly under the ski upon which the ski glides. Snow skis glide on snow because downward pressure, as well as heat from surface friction, melts the snow directly under the ski.
Also, a ski may denote a similar device used for other purposes than skiing, e.g., for steering snowmobiles. Originally intended as an aid to travel in snowy regions, they are now primarily used for recreational and sporting purposes. A ski is a long flat device worn on the feet designed to help the wearer slide over snow.