Pretty Woman

For the Roy Orbison song sometimes known as "Pretty Woman", see Oh, Pretty Woman.

Pretty Woman is an American romantic comedy motion picture that was one of the top films at the box office in 1990. The winner of the Golden Globe Award and nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her lead performance as Los Angeles streetwalker Viv Ward, actress Julia Roberts achieved megastar status as a result of this film.

In a role modeled in part on real-life business financier Henry Kravis, co-star Richard Gere portrays Edward Lewis, a wealthy and ruthless businessman who makes a living as a corporate takeover specialist.

An oft-told love story about two people from opposite ends of the social spectrum who meet and fall in love, Pretty Woman is the highest-grossing romantic comedy in history.

The film also featured the song "Oh, Pretty Woman" by Roy Orbison, "King Of Wishful Thinking" by Go West, and the first major hit of the Swedish band Roxette, "It Must Have Been Love".

The movie was heavily edited into the final result which most are familiar with. It is often referred to as a story about a "hooker with a heart of gold," inferring that although she has chosen a lifestyle of prostitution, the character of Vivian is actually a good person. The original script painted her as hyper-sexual and a heavy drug user. These aspects were eventually incorperated into the character of Kit. However, scenes were filmed (but cut) that feature into these personality flaws. Notably, a moment occurs when Vivian comments that she would rather give the character of Edward speedy gratification than have to spend the night with him. ("I could just pop 'ya good and be on my way.)" Another filmed scene has her confronted by drug dealers outside of The Blue Banana only to have Edward rescue her. These were included on the 15th anniversary DVD release.

Notoriously, Roberts has commented that the body on the cover is not her own; her head was pasted on a photograph of her body double, who also appeared in the opening sequence of the film.

Primary Cast:

  • Richard Gere: Edward Lewis
  • Julia Roberts: Vivian Ward
  • Ralph Bellamy: Jim Morse
  • Jason Alexander: Phil Stuckey
  • Laura San Giacomo: Kit De Luca
  • Hector Elizondo: Barney Thompson
  • Hank Azaria: Detective (Hollywood Blvd.)

Awards:

Winner: Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Julia Roberts)

Nominated:

  • BAFTA Award for Best Picture
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy
  • Academy Award for Best Actress (Julia Roberts)
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama (Richard Gere)
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture (Hector Elizondo)
  • Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen (J.F. Lawton)

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Nominated:. The novel became a best-seller in the United States 2004 after a recommendation by TV personality Oprah Winfrey. Winner: Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Julia Roberts). Adaptations include:. Primary Cast:. The novel has been filmed more than a dozen times. Notoriously, Roberts has commented that the body on the cover is not her own; her head was pasted on a photograph of her body double, who also appeared in the opening sequence of the film. A public domain version of it is here (http://www.ccel.org/t/tolstoy/confession/confession.html).

These were included on the 15th anniversary DVD release. The Confession contains many other autobiographical insights into the themes of Anna Karenina. ("I could just pop 'ya good and be on my way.)" Another filmed scene has her confronted by drug dealers outside of The Blue Banana only to have Edward rescue her. For in the end what are we, who are convinced that suicide is obligatory and yet cannot resolve to commit it, other than the weakest, the most inconsistent and, speaking frankly, the most stupid of people, making such a song and dance with our banalities?. Notably, a moment occurs when Vivian comments that she would rather give the character of Edward speedy gratification than have to spend the night with him. There is even one passage that could possibly be interpreted as a sign of Anna's eventual redemption in Tolstoy's eyes:. However, scenes were filmed (but cut) that feature into these personality flaws. (Another theme in Anna Karenina is that the aristocratic habit of speaking in French instead of Russian is another form of society's falseness.).

These aspects were eventually incorperated into the character of Kit. 'Rien ne forme un jeune homme comme une liaison avec une femme comme il faut.'. The original script painted her as hyper-sexual and a heavy drug user. A dear old aunt of mine, the purest of creatures, with whom I lived, was always saying that she wished for nothing as much as that I would have a relationship with a married woman. It is often referred to as a story about a "hooker with a heart of gold," inferring that although she has chosen a lifestyle of prostitution, the character of Vivian is actually a good person. Tolstoy also details the acceptability of adulterous "liaisons" in aristocratic Russian society:. The movie was heavily edited into the final result which most are familiar with. Every time I tried to display my innermost desires – a wish to be morally good – I met with contempt and scorn, and as soon as I gave in to base desires I was praised and encouraged.

The film also featured the song "Oh, Pretty Woman" by Roy Orbison, "King Of Wishful Thinking" by Go West, and the first major hit of the Swedish band Roxette, "It Must Have Been Love". He describes his real-life dissatisfaction with the hypocrisy of his class:. An oft-told love story about two people from opposite ends of the social spectrum who meet and fall in love, Pretty Woman is the highest-grossing romantic comedy in history. Many of the novel's themes can be found in Tolstoy's Confession, his first-person rumination about the nature of life and faith, written just two years after the publication of Anna Karenina. In a role modeled in part on real-life business financier Henry Kravis, co-star Richard Gere portrays Edward Lewis, a wealthy and ruthless businessman who makes a living as a corporate takeover specialist. Thus scholars usually assume that Levin's thoughts reflect Tolstoy's own. The winner of the Golden Globe Award and nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her lead performance as Los Angeles streetwalker Viv Ward, actress Julia Roberts achieved megastar status as a result of this film. The character Levin is recognized as a stand-in for Tolstoy himself, whose first name in Russian is "Lev." He incorporated other details of his life into the character, such as Levin's insistence that Kitty read his journals before they marry, something Tolstoy made his own wife do.

Pretty Woman is an American romantic comedy motion picture that was one of the top films at the box office in 1990. In many ways, Anna Karenina was the most personal novel Tolstoy wrote up to that point. Lawton). But one of the most prominent themes Tolstoy expounds upon in the novel is the relationship between love and honesty, both the different varieties of them as well as the different degrees to which they coexist, and the happiness that does or doesn't result. Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen (J.F. He also draws contrasts between the peace and wholesomeness of the country and the decadence of urban society. Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture (Hector Elizondo). Tolstoy skewers religious hypocrisy and insincerity in several characters, especially Karenin, Anna's husband, and the moralizing Countess Lydia Ivanovna.

Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama (Richard Gere). Anna Karenina is filled with themes and imagery that illustrates Tolstoy's disdain of his aristocratic peers, and of a litany of human weaknesses. Academy Award for Best Actress (Julia Roberts). So by the time Anna throws herself under a train at the end of the story, Tolstoy likely did not want readers to sympathize with her supposed mistreatment, but rather to recognize that her inability to truly commit to her own happiness or self-truth led to her ignominious end. Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy. The joyous, honest and solid relationship of Levin and Kitty is continually contrasted in the novel with that of Anna and Vronsky, which is marked by constant upheaval, backbiting, and suspicion. BAFTA Award for Best Picture. Levin tries unsuccessfully to fit into high society when wooing the young Kitty Scherbatsky in Petersburg; he wins her only when he allows himself to be himself.

Hank Azaria: Detective (Hollywood Blvd.). Levin was a wealthy landowner from the provinces who could move in aristocratic circles, but who preferred to work on his estate in the country. Hector Elizondo: Barney Thompson. But the novel contains the parallel and contrasting love story of Konstantin Levin. Laura San Giacomo: Kit De Luca. A common way to interpret Anna's tragedy, then, was that she could neither be completely honest nor completely false, showing a Hamlet-like inner conflict that eventually drives her to suicide. Jason Alexander: Phil Stuckey. Unable to accept Vronsky's rebuff, and unable to return to a life she hates, she kills herself.

Ralph Bellamy: Jim Morse. But when Vronsky's love cools, Anna cannot bring herself to return to the husband she detests, even though he will not permit her to see their son until she does. Julia Roberts: Vivian Ward. By falling in love, they go beyond society's acceptance of trivial adulterous dalliances. Richard Gere: Edward Lewis. Petersburg society until she leaves her husband for the handsome and charming military officer, Count Vronsky. Anna is the jewel of St.

However, Tolstoy was both a moralist and severe critic of the excesses of his aristocratic peers, and Anna Karenina is often interpreted overall as a parable on the difficulty of being honest to oneself when the rest of society accepts falseness. The novel, set among the highest circles of Russian society, is generally thought by the casual reader to be nothing more than the story of a tragic romance. And in the joys and fears of fatherhood, Levin at last develops faith in the Christian God. Some Russian volunteers, including Vronsky, who does not plan to come back, leave to help in the Serbian revolt that has just broken out against the Turks (see also History of Serbia, 1877).

Stiva gets the job he wanted, and Karenin takes custody of Annie. Part 8 continues the story after Anna's death. (Tolstoy reportedly was inspired to write Anna Karenina by reading a newspaper report of such a death.). They plan to return to the country, but in a jealous rage Anna leaves early, and in a parallel to part 1, commits suicide by throwing herself in the path of a train.

Anna and Vronsky become increasingly bitter towards each other. Stiva, while seeking Karenin's commendation for a new job, again asks him to grant Anna a divorce; but Karenin's decisions are now governed by a "clairvoyant" – recommended by Lidia Ivanovna – who apparently counsels him to decline. In part 7, the Levins are in Moscow for Kitty's benefit as she gives birth to a son. So she writes to Karenin, and leaves with Vronsky for Moscow.

Yet again, Dolly seems unsuccessful; but when Vronsky leaves for several days of provincial elections, a combination of boredom and suspicion convinces Anna she must marry Vronsky. In part 6, Dolly visits Anna, and at Vronsky's request, she asks Anna to resume seeking a divorce from Karenin. Shortly afterward, she and Vronsky leave for the country. However, Anna manages to visit Seriozha unannounced on his birthday, but is discovered by the furious Karenin, who had told their son that his mother was dead.

Karenin is comforted – and influenced – by the strong-willed Countess Lidia Ivanovna, an enthusiast of religious and mystic ideas fashionable with the upper classes, who counsels him to keep Seriozha away from Anna. In Europe, Vronsky and Anna struggle to find friends who will accept them and pursue activities that will amuse them, but they eventually return to Russia. The couple go to him, and Kitty nurses him until he dies, while also discovering she is pregnant. A few months later, Levin learns that his brother Nikolai is dying.

In part 5, Levin and Kitty marry. Much more straightforward is Stiva's matchmaking with Levin: a meeting he arranges between Levin and Kitty results in their reconciliation and betrothal. Vronsky at first plans to flee to Tashkent, but changes his mind after seeing Anna, and they leave for Europe without obtaining a divorce after all. However, Anna recovers, having given birth to a daughter she names Annie. Stiva finds himself pleading on her behalf for Karenin to divorce.

At her bedside, Karenin forgives Vronsky, who, in remorse, attempts suicide. Again, Dolly seems to be unsuccessful, but Karenin changes his plans after hearing that Anna is dying in childbirth. Anna's brother Stiva argues against it, and persuades Karenin to speak with Dolly first. By part 4, however, Karenin is also finding the situation intolerable and begins seeking divorce.

Back in Petersburg, Karenin exasperates Anna by refusing to separate with her, and threatens not to let her see their son Seriozha ever again if she leaves or misbehaves. Dolly seems to be unsuccessful, but a chance sighting of Kitty makes Levin realize he still loves her. Part 3 examines Levin's life on his rural farming estate, a setting closely tied to Levin's spiritual thoughts and struggles. Dolly also meets Levin, and attempts to revive his feelings for Kitty. When Kitty learns that Vronsky prefers Anna over her, she travels to a resort at a German spring to recover from the shock.

Anna's anguish when Vronsky falls from a racehorse makes her feelings obvious, prompting her to confess to her husband. In part 2, Karenin scolds Anna for talking too much with Vronsky, but she returns Vronsky's affections nonetheless, and becomes pregnant with his child. Levin returns to his farm, abandoning any hope of marriage, and Anna returns to her husband Alexei Alexandrovich Karenin, a senior government official, and their son Seriozha in Petersburg. There a man commits suicide by jumping in front of a train.

Kitty turns him down, as she is expecting an offer from army officer Count Alexei Kirillovich Vronsky. Vronsky has no intention of marrying, however, and falls in love with Anna after meeting her at the Saint Petersburg railway station. Meanwhile, Stiva's childhood friend Konstantin Dmitrievich Levin, a serious young aristocratic landowner who actually lives on and manages his estate, arrives in Moscow to offer marriage to Dolly's sister Katerina Alexandrovna Shcherbatsky ("Kitty"). Anna Karenina, Stiva's sister, persuades Dolly not to leave him. Part 1 introduces Prince Stepan Arkadyevitch Oblonsky ("Stiva"), a civil servant who has been unfaithful to his wife Darya Alexandrovna ("Dolly").

The novel is in eight parts. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy's contemporary, in reviewing the book, declared it to be "flawless as a work of art". Widely regarded as a pinnacle in realist fiction, Tolstoy considered this book his first true novel. Consequently, the novel's first complete appearance was in book form.

The novel initially appeared serially in the periodical Ruskii Vestnik ("Russian Messenger"), but Tolstoy clashed with its editor Mikhail Katkov over issues that arose in the final installment. Anna Karenina (Анна Каренина) is a novel by Leo Tolstoy that was first published in 1877. 2000: A 4 part British TV adaptation directed by David Blair. 1997: The first US version to be filmed on location in Russia, directed by Bernard Rose and starring Sophie Marceau.

1985: Starring Jacqueline Bisset and Christopher Reeve, directed by Simon Langton. 1977: A 10 part British TV miniseries directed by Basil Coleman. 1967: A Russian version directed by Alexander Zarkhi. 1953: A Russian version directed by Tatyana Lukashevich.

1948: Starring Vivien Leigh and directed by Julien Duvivier. 1935: The most famous and critically acclaimed version, starring Greta Garbo and Frederic March and directed by Clarence Brown. This version featured significant changes from the novel and had two different endings, with a happy one for American audiences. 1927: An American version titled Love, starring Greta Garbo and directed by Edmund Goulding.

1915: An American version starring Danish actress Betty Nansen. 1914: A Russian adaptation directed by Vladimir Gardin.

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