See Nautica Thorn for the Hawaiian pornstar
Nautica is a designer outerwear company founded by David Chu in 1983.
Since its global inception almost two decades ago, Nautica has evolved into a complete lifestyle brand. The line of products includes Nautica Sportswear, Jeans, Tailored, Swimwear, Sleepwear, Boys, a full line of accessories including Eyewear, Watches and Fragrances, and a Nautica Home Collection. It is often worn by men and women of a higher income bracket who also indulge in the wearing of brand names such as Polo Ralph Lauren and Gant USA.
The brand is now owned by the VF Corporation.
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The brand is now owned by the VF Corporation. The categories are named for cities and areas associated with each design:. It is often worn by men and women of a higher income bracket who also indulge in the wearing of brand names such as Polo Ralph Lauren and Gant USA. Carpet dealers have developed a classification for Persian carpets based on design, type of fabric, and weaving technique. The line of products includes Nautica Sportswear, Jeans, Tailored, Swimwear, Sleepwear, Boys, a full line of accessories including Eyewear, Watches and Fragrances, and a Nautica Home Collection. The influence of Persian carpets is readily apparent in his carpet designs. Since its global inception almost two decades ago, Nautica has evolved into a complete lifestyle brand. A fine and well-known example of the later was purchased by the Victoria and Albert Museum under the guidance of William Morris.
Nautica is a designer outerwear company founded by David Chu in 1983. She identified their unique structure and named it the "vase technique." Carpet types in this group include garden carpets (ornamented with formal gardens and water channels) and the ogival lattice carpets. See Nautica Thorn for the Hawaiian pornstar. The seven classes of Kerman carpet were defined by May Beattie. They are characterized by a red field with scrolling vine ornament and palmettes with dark green or blue borders. The Herat carpets, or ones of similar design created in Lahore and Agra, India, are the most numerous in Western collections.
One carpet, for example, is known to have been sold in Germany for $20,000 in 1969. The Kashan rugs are among the most valuable in existence. Most famously, for the three silk hunting carpet masterpieces depicting mounted hunters and animal prey (currently in the collections of the Vienna Museum of Applied Arts (aka the MAK), the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and the Stockholm Museum). Kashan is known for its silk carpet production.
Perhaps the most well-known of the Tabriz works are the twin Ardabil carpets most likely made for the shrine at Ardabil (today in the collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and the Los Angeles County Museum). The majority of carpets from Tabriz have a central medallion and quartered corner medallions superimposed over a field of scrolling vine ornament, sometimes punctuated with mounted hunters, single animals, or animal combat scenes. The major classical centers of carpet production in Persia were in Tabriz (1500-1550), Kashan (1525-1650), Herat (1525-1650), and Kerman (1600-1650). Also see: Knots per sq cm).
When comparing carpets the only way to definitively identify the knot used is to splay open the pile by bending the rug against itself and looking at the base of the knot. Today, it is common to see carpets woven in both Turkey and Iran using either of the two knot styles. However, given that a well made and taken care of carpet in either style can easily last several hundred years this is usually disregarded. It is also common to see Anatolian rugs identified as longer lasting, which they probably are.
The result of these factors has concequently created the ancient and international reputation of the 'persian carpet' in terms of quality. The traditional Anatolian style also reduces the number of Knots per sq cm. Ultimately, this process of 'double knotting' in traditional Anatolian/Turkish carpets results in a slightly more block like image when compared to the traditional 'single knotted' Persian carpet. This means that for every 'vertical strand' of thread in a carpet, an Anatolian carpet has two loops as opposed to the one loop for the various Persian rugs that use a Persian 'single' knot.
Typically, a traditional Persian carpet is tied with a singe looping knot (Persian or Senneh Knot), meanwhile the traditional Anatolian carpet is tied with a double looping knot (Turkish or Ghiordes Knot). The difference between Anatolian (Turkish) and Persian rugs is today largely one of tradition. Many fine pieces of the Persian carpet are to be found in The Carpet Museum of Iran in Tehran. Although carpet production has mostly become mechanized today, the traditional hand woven rugs are still widely found all around the world, and usually have higher prices than their machine woven counterparts.
According to this theory the art of carpet-weaving is at least 3500 years old. Most experts believe that the Pazyryk carpet is a late achievement of at least one thousand years of technique evolution and history. The advanced weaving technique used in the Pazyryk carpet indicates a long history of evolution and experience in this art. This carpet is 1.83×2 meters and has 36 symmetrical knots per cm².
Radiocarbon testing revealed that Pazyryk carpet was woven in the 5th century BC. It was discovered in the grave of a Scythian prince by a group of Russian archaeologists under the supervision of Sergei Ivanovich Rudenko. In a unique archaeological excavation in 1949 however, the exceptional Pazyryk carpet was discovered among the ices of Pazyryk Valley, in Altai Mountains in Siberia. These pieces attracted the attention of researchers earlier this century, and now they are kept in the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art in Istanbul and the Mowlana Museum in Konya.
Among the oldest pieces discovered are those found in Eastern Turkestan, dating back to the third to fifth centuries AD, and also some of the hand-weavings of the Seljuks of Asia Minor on exhibit in Ala’edin Mosque in Konya and Ashrafoghlu Mosque in Beyshehir, Turkey. Such fragments do not help very much in recognizing the carpet-weaving characteristics of pre-Seljuk period (13th and 14th centuries AD) in Persia. What has remained from early times as evidence of carpet-weaving is nothing more than a few pieces of worn-out rugs. Therefore archaeologists are not able to make any particularly useful discoveries during archaeological excavations, save for special circumstances.
With the passage of time, the materials used in carpets, including wool and cotton, decay. . The majority of these carpets are wool, but several silk examples produced in Kashan survive. Still, some show figures engaged either in the hunt or feasting scenes.
This is because Islam, the dominant religion in that part of the world, forbids their depiction. Common motifs include scrolling vine networks, arabesques, palmettes, cloud bands, medallions, and overlapping geometric compartments rather than animals and humans. There is much variety among classical Persian carpets of the 16th and 17th century. However, painted depictions prove a longer history of production.
The earliest surviving corpus of Persian carpets come from the Safavid dynasty (1501-1736) in the 16th century. Carpet-weaving is undoubtedly one of the most distinguished manifestations of Persian culture and art, and dates back to the Bronze Age. The Persian rug is an essential part of Persian (Iranian) art and culture.