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Nautica is a designer outerwear company founded by David Chu in 1983.
Since its global inception almost two decades ago, Nautica has evolved into a complete lifestyle brand. The line of products includes Nautica Sportswear, Jeans, Tailored, Swimwear, Sleepwear, Boys, a full line of accessories including Eyewear, Watches and Fragrances, and a Nautica Home Collection. It is often worn by men and women of a higher income bracket who also indulge in the wearing of brand names such as Polo Ralph Lauren and Gant USA.
The brand is now owned by the VF Corporation.
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The brand is now owned by the VF Corporation. In 1898, when New York City was consolidated into its present form, all previous town and county governments within it were abolished in favor of the present five boroughs and unified, centralized city government. It is often worn by men and women of a higher income bracket who also indulge in the wearing of brand names such as Polo Ralph Lauren and Gant USA. Towns in New York State, on the other hand, are organizationally more like New England townships. The line of products includes Nautica Sportswear, Jeans, Tailored, Swimwear, Sleepwear, Boys, a full line of accessories including Eyewear, Watches and Fragrances, and a Nautica Home Collection. Towns, which are county subdivisions in New York State with governments of their own, can also contain villages, which are roughly comparable to what is thought of as a town in most of the United States; that is, villages are small incorporated muncipalities with limited taxation powers. Since its global inception almost two decades ago, Nautica has evolved into a complete lifestyle brand. Those living outside of cities in New York State automatically live inside towns.
Nautica is a designer outerwear company founded by David Chu in 1983. In most of New York State, political subdivisions such as cities are contained within counties. See Nautica Thorn for the Hawaiian pornstar. The court system in New York is notable for its "backwards" naming: the state's trial court is called the New York Supreme Court, while the highest court in the state is the New York Court of Appeals. New York State has its counties pay a higher percentage of welfare costs than any other state and New York State is the only state which requires counties to pay a portion of Medicaid. For decades it has been the established practice for Albany to pass legislation for some meritorious project, but then mandate county and municipal government to actually pay for it.
Far from unique to New York State, and actually fairly common in English-speaking countries, public benefit corporations give the state the opportunity to carry out economic goals and infrastructure maintenance, while making risky investments that don't put the state's credit on the line. The New York Times, for instance, has come to see many of them as obsolete and wasteful, even going so far as to refer to them a shadow government. Some of New York's public benefit corporations have come under fire in recent years. The most famous examples are probably the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, which oversees New York City's subway, and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (actually a bi-state agency).
Many of New York's public services are carried out by public benefit corporations, frequently known as authorities or development corporations. Other officially incorporated governmental units are towns, cities, and villages. New York's subordinate political units are its 62 counties. New York's legislature also has more committees than any other legislature in the nation.
Pennsylvania, whose staff is the second largest, only has 2,947, and California only 2,359. New York's legislature also has more paid staff (3,428) than any other legislature in the nation. In 2004, over 17,000 bills were introduced. Of those bills, only 4 percent (693) actually became law, the lowest passing percentage in the country.
In 2002, 16,892 bills were introduced in the New York legislature, more than twice as many as in the Illinois General Assembly, whose members are the second most prolific. The state ranks at the bottom, in 42nd place, in federal spending per tax dollar. New York state receives 82 cents in services for every $1 it sends to Washington in taxes. The state has a strong imbalance of payments with the federal government.
The top zip code, 10021 on the Upper East Side, generated the most money for the 2000 presidential campaigns of both George Bush and Al Gore. Four of the top five zip codes in the nation for political contributions are in Manhattan. New York City, however, is the most important source of political fundraising in the United States. Because New York state consistently votes Democratic in national elections, many observers argue the state is insignificant in presidential contests.
Heavily populated suburban areas such as Westchester County and Long Island usually hold the power in determining state elections and tend to favor Republicans at the state level and Democrats at the federal level. However, upstate New York, especially in rural areas, is generally more conservative than the cities and tends to vote Republican. Many of the state's other urban areas, including Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, and Utica are also Democratic. New York City is a major Democratic stronghold with liberal politics.
Presidential candidate John Kerry won New York State by 18 percentage points in 2004. New York state consistently supports Democratic candidates in federal elections. From 1984 through 2004, no budget was passed on time, and for many years the legislature was unable to pass legislation for which there was supposed to be a consensus, such as reforming the so-called Rockefeller drug laws. The Assembly has long been controlled by the Democrats, the Senate has long been controlled by the Republicans, and there is little change in membership election to election.
New York's legislature is notoriously dysfunctional. Unlike most States, the New York electoral law permits electoral fusion, and New York ballots tend to have, in consequence, a larger number of parties on them, some being permanent minor parties that seek to influence the major parties and others being ephemeral parties formed to give major-party candidates an additional line on the ballot. The legislative branch is called the Legislature and consists of a Senate and an Assembly. As in all fifty states, the head of the executive branch of government is a Governor.
The Welland Canal was completed in 1833, bypassing Niagara Falls to connect Lakes Ontario and Erie. The canal opened up vast areas of New York to commerce and settlement, and enabled port cities such as Buffalo to grow and prosper. Work commenced in 1817, and the Erie Canal was finished in 1825. Governor DeWitt Clinton strongly advocated building a canal to connect the Hudson River with Lake Erie, and thus all the Great Lakes.
Lawrence River could be navigated to Lake Ontario, the way westward to the other Great Lakes was blocked by Niagara Falls, and so the only route to western New York was over land. While the St. The Hudson and Mohawk Rivers could be navigated only as far as Central New York. Transportation in western New York was difficult before canals were built in the early part of the nineteenth century.
Some purchases of Iroquois lands are the subject of numerous modern-day land claims by the individual nations of the six nations. From 1786 through 1797 several groups of wealthy land speculators entered into agreements with one another, with neighboring states, and with the Indians to obtain title to vast tracts of land in western New York. Many of them were given land grants in gratitude for their service in the Revolution. Sullivan's men returned from the campaign to Pennsylvania and New England to tell of the enormous wealth of this new territory.
After the war, many moved to Canada. Hundreds died of exposure, hunger and disease. Refugees fled to Fort Niagara, where they spent the following winter in hunger and misery. The Sullivan Expedition moved northward through the Finger Lakes and Genesee Country, burning all the Iroquois communities, destroying their crops and their orchards.
In 1779, Major General John Sullivan was sent to defeat the Iroquois. During the war, four of the Iroquois nations fought on the side of the British. Massachusetts' charter had the same provision, causing territorial disputes between the colonies and with the Iroquois. The colonial charter of New York granted unlimited westward expansion.
In colonial times, the Iroquois were prosperous, growing corn, vegetables and orchards, and keeping cows and hogs; fish and game were abundant. The Iroquois had maintained the area between Seneca and Cayuga Lakes by annual burning as a grassland prairie, abounding in wild game including grazing American Bison herds. The western part of New York had been settled by the six nations of the Iroquois Confederacy for at least 500 years before Europeans came. That every male inhabitant of full age, who shall have personally resided within one of the counties of this State for six months immediately preceding the day of election, shall, at such election, be entitled to vote for representatives of the said county in assembly; if, during the time aforesaid, he shall have been a freeholder, possessing a freehold of the value of twenty pounds, within the said county, or have rented a tenement therein of the yearly value of forty shillings, and been rated and actually paid taxes to this State: Provided always, That every person who now is a freeman of the city of Albany, or who was made a freeman of the city of New York on or before the fourteenth day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, and shall be actually and usually resident in the said cities, respectively, shall be entitled to vote for representatives in assembly within his said place of residence.
VII. On the subject of Disenfranchisement, Article VII of the new constitution had the following to say:. This apportionment was to stand unchanged until a period of seven years from the end of the Revolution had expired, whereapon a census was held to correct the apportionment. Under this constitution, the Assembly had a provision for a maximum of 70 Members, with the following apportionment:.
Slavery was legal in New York until 1827. This imbalance of power between the branches of state government kept the elite firmly in control, and disenfranchised most New Yorkers who would fight the Revolutionary War. It retained provisions from the colonial charter such as the substantial property qualification for voting, and the ability of the governor to disband the elected legislature. It called for a weak bicameral legislature and a strong executive.
This constitution was a combination document, containing its Declaration of Independence from Great Britain, and its Constitutional Law. 892-898.). Albany: Printed by Thurlow Weed, printer to the State 1642." pp. I.
(Verified from "Journals of the Provincial Congress, Provincial Convention Committee of Safety and Council of Safety of the State of New York, 1775, 1776 1777, vol. It was drafted by John Jay. It was not submitted to the people for ratification. This constitution was framed by a convention which assembled at White Plains, New York on July 10, 1776, and after repeated adjournments and changes of location, terminated its labors at Kingston, New York on Sunday evening, April 20, 1777, when the constitution was adopted with but one dissenting vote.
The New York constitution was based on its colonial charter. The original grants are in the New York state Library. The second grant was obtained by the Duke of York in July, 1674 to perfect his title. In July 1673 a Dutch fleet recaptured New York and held it until it was restored to the English by the treaty of Westminster in February, 1674.
This conquest was confirmed by the treaty of Credo, in July 1667. The Duke of York had previously purchased in 1663 the grant of Long Island and other islands on the New England coast made in 1635 to the Marl of Stirling, and in 1664 he equipped an armed expedition which took possession of New Amsterdam which was thenceforth called New York. These grants embraced all the lands between the west bank of the Connecticut River and the east bank of (the) Delaware (say) sic. We accordingly hereby charge and command your Honors whenever you shall certainly discover any Clandestine Meetings, Conventicles or machinations against our States government or that of our country that you proceed against such malignants in proportion to their crimes.".
The directors of the West India Company resented this attempt to shake their rule, and wrote their director and council at New Amsterdam: "We have already connived as much as possible at the many impertinences of some restless spirits, in the hope that they might be shamed by our discreetness and benevolence, but, perceiving that all kindnesses do not avail, we must, therefore, have recourse to God to Nature and the Law. In 1649 a convention of the settlers petitioned the "Lords States-General of the United Netherlands" to grant them "suitable burgher government," such as their High Mightinesses shall consider adapted to this province, and resembling somewhat the government of our Fatherland," with certain permanent privileges and exemptions, that they might pursue "the trade of our country, as well along the coast from Terra Nova to Cape Florida as to the West Indies and Europe, whenever our Lord God shall be pleased to permit.". The government was vested in "The United New Netherland Company," chartered in 1616, and then in "The Dutch East India Company," chartered in 1621. The Dutch, who began to establish trading-posts on the Hudson River in 1613, claimed jurisdiction over the territory between the Connecticut and the Delaware Rivers, which they called New Netherlands.
It was the 11th state to ratify the United States Constitution, on July 26, 1788. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that became the United States. Counties were also ceded to Vermont before Vermont entered the Union in 1791. Two of New York's eastern coastal counties, Cornwall and Dukes, later became parts of Massachusetts and Maine.
The territory of New York extended much farther than present-day New York State, having no official western boundary other than the Pacific Ocean. The colony, then called the Province of New York was divided into twelve counties, each of which was subdivided into towns. On November 1, 1683, the government was reorganized. The English seized the colony in 1664, renaming it New York, after the Duke of York, the future King James II.
These settlers were claiming this land theirs, marginalizing the aboriginal inhabitants who had been living there since the Pleistocene epoch. The first settlers in the area now known as the State of New York were Dutch settlers in the colony known as New Amsterdam, beginning in 1613. . New York's postal abbreviation is NY.
Due to the preponderance of the population concentrated in the southern portion around New York City, the state is often regionalized into Upstate and Downstate. It is sometimes called New York State when there is need to distinguish it from New York City, the most populous city in both the state and the nation. New York is a state in the northeastern United States. Hillary Clinton (D).
For more information on this constitution, see: New York State Constitutions. Gloucester County (Partitioned January 15, 1777 for the creation of the State of Vermont.), two. Cumberland County (Partitioned January 15, 1777 for the creation of the State of Vermont.), three. Charlotte County (Now Washington County.), four.
Tryon County (Now Montgomery County), six. The county of Richmond, two. The county of Kings, two. The county of Orange, four.
The county of Queens, four. The county of Suffolk, five. The county of Ulster, six. The county of Westchester, six.
The county of Dutchess, seven. The city and county of Albany, ten. For the city and county of New York, nine.