Super Bowl

The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy.

In professional American football, the Super Bowl is the championship game of the National Football League (NFL) in the United States. The game and its ancillary festivities constitute Super Bowl Sunday (sometimes "Super Sunday"), which over the years has almost become a de facto American national holiday.

The game began in January 1967 as the AFL-NFL World Championship Game in which the NFL championship team played against the champion of the younger, rival American Football League (AFL) for the "World Championship of Professional Football". After both leagues merged in 1970, the Super Bowl became the NFL's championship game. Since then, the game has been played annually on a Sunday following the playoffs, originally early to mid-January, then late January, and in 2002, the first Sunday in February.

The Super Bowl is one of the most-watched American television broadcasts of the year, attracting many companies to spend millions of dollars on commercials. This has caused the starting time of the game to be pushed back later and later, to ensure the Sunday night prime time audience on the East Coast. The last true day game (which ended before local sunset) of the series was Super Bowl XI in January 1977.

In addition, many popular singers and musicians have performed during the Super Bowl's pre-game and halftime ceremonies. This is the largest U.S. food consumption day next to Thanksgiving.

History

Origins

The Super Bowl was created as part of the merger agreement between the National Football League (NFL) and its rival, the American Football League (AFL). After its inception in 1920, the NFL fended off several rival leagues before the AFL began play in 1960. The intense competitive war for players and fans led to serious merger talks between the two leagues in 1966.

One of the conditions of the AFL-NFL Merger was that the winners of each league's championship game would meet in a contest to determine the "world champion of football". According to NFL Films President Steve Sabol, Then NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle wanted to call the game "The Big One". [citation needed] During the discussions to iron out the details, AFL founder and Kansas City Chiefs owner Lamar Hunt had jokingly referred to the proposed interleague championship as the "Super Bowl." Hunt thought of the name after seeing his daughter playing with a toy called a Super Ball. The ball is now on display at the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. The name was feasible because postseason college football games had long been known as "bowl games" (the term originates from the Rose Bowl Game, which was in turn named for the bowl-shaped stadium in which it is played). Hunt only meant his suggested name to be a stopgap until a better one could be found. Not having thought of one, the owners named the contest the AFL-NFL World Championship Game. Not surprisingly, fans and media tended to use the shorter, unofficial name. Starting with the third contest in January 1969, the name "Super Bowl" became official.

After the NFL's Green Bay Packers convincingly won the first two Super Bowls, some team owners feared for the future of the merger, since many doubted that AFL teams could compete with their NFL counterparts. That all changed with perhaps the biggest upset in American sports history, the AFL's New York Jets defeat of the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III in Miami. One year later, the American Football League's Kansas City Chiefs defeated the NFL Minnesota Vikings 23-7 and won Super Bowl IV in New Orleans, the last World Championship game played between the champions of two leagues.

When the NFL and AFL merged into one combined league for the 1970 season, three NFL teams joined the 10 AFL teams to form the American Football Conference (AFC), and the other 13 teams became the National Football Conference (NFC). Since then, the Super Bowl has featured the champions of the AFC and NFC. As of Super Bowl XL, former AFL teams have won 11 Super Bowls, pre-1970 NFL teams have won 23 games, and two games have been won by teams created after 1970.

The NFL commissioner at that time, Pete Rozelle, is often considered the mastermind of both the merger and the Super Bowl. His leadership guided them into the merger agreement and cemented the preeminence of the Super Bowl. The game remains his crowning achievement and was an important factor in him being selected by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most important people of the 20th century.

The winning team gets the Vince Lombardi Trophy, named for the coach of the Green Bay Packers, who won the first two Super Bowl games. Following his death in September 1970, the trophy was named the Vince Lombardi Trophy, first awarded at Super Bowl V in Miami.

Television coverage

By any measure, the Super Bowl is one of the most watched television programs of the year. The game tends to have high Nielsen television ratings which usually come in around a 40 rating and 60 share (i.e., on average, 40 percent of all U.S. households, and 60 percent of all homes tuned into television during the game). This means that on average, 80 to 90 million Americans are tuned into the Super Bowl at any given moment. It is also estimated that 130-140 million tune into some part of the game.

There is a popular urban myth regarding the Super Bowl — that the game is watched in 234 countries by 1 billion people [1], a fact unlikely to be true considering the time of the event, and the lack of popularity American Football has outside of the United States. In actual fact, Super Bowl XXXIX in 2005 was watched by 93 million viewers in total, of which 98 percent were in North America [2]. Approximately half of the remaining 2 million worldwide viewers watched from the United Kingdom. [3]

Given the immense popularity of the Super Bowl, it may be surprising to discover that videotapes of the telecasts of the first two Super Bowls are said not to exist. This is especially shocking for Super Bowl I, which was covered by both NBC and CBS. According to Sports Illustrated, the only footage of the first telecast known to exist is a two minute clip of the first game.[citation needed] From the early days of television into the 1960s, copies of TV broadcasts were routinely erased, mainly because nobody thought anyone would want to watch the same show they had just seen. Another reason was that videotape in those days was prohibitively expensive. (Merv Griffin once said that a ninety-minute blank tape cost $750. [citation needed]) According to Steve Sabol, both networks taped soap operas over the game tapes, which are presumably lost forever. [citation needed] But the NFL has put out a $1,000,000 bounty on either one of the tapes, and experts say that there is still a chance that one of the network affiliates taped the game off the live feed and saved it. [citation needed] According to NFL Films...these are the ultimate Lost Treasures. [citation needed]

The highest rated game according to Nielsen was Super Bowl XVI in 1982 which was watched in 49.1% of households (73 share) or 40,020,000 households at the time. Super Bowl XVI is #4 on Nielsen's list of top-rated programs of all time, and 3 other Super Bowls (XII, XVII, XX) made the top 10. [4] Although the proliferation of cable and satellite television has undercut broadcast ratings somewhat in recent years, the game is still so popular that a number of networks actually schedule original programming, such as independently produced halftime entertainment, during the game, simply to take advantage of a large audience already in front of the television.

Following Apple Computer's 1984 commercial introducing the Apple Macintosh computer, directed by Ridley Scott, the broadcast of the Super Bowl became the premier showcase for high concept or simply extravagantly expensive commercials. Famous commercial campaigns include the Budweiser "Bud Bowl" campaign, and the 1999 and 2000 dot-com ads. Prices have increased each year, with reports citing a record $2.5 million (US) for a 30 second spot during Super Bowl XL in 2006. Many people tune in to the Super Bowl solely to watch the very creative commercials.

In recent years, the NFL has denied the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority the opportunity to run Super Bowl ads for the city as a tourist destination. The ban includes the game, as well as the pre-game and post-game shows. Many groups are denied the chance to run Super Bowl ads on various grounds, but Las Vegas is the only city to be denied in such a fashion; the NFL has stated that it does not want the Super Bowl to be associated with the perception of Las Vegas as a gambling mecca. If the television show Las Vegas stays on the air when NBC gets their next Super Bowl Broadcast (which will be Super Bowl XLIII in 2009), they may not be allowed to promote the series during the entire block of programming. [5]

Coverage by American television networks

The television network showing the game changes from year to year. In the United States it is currently shared among three of the four major television networks: ABC, CBS, and FOX. Super Bowl XXXVIII was shown on CBS, Super Bowl XXXIX was shown on FOX, and Super Bowl XL was shown on ABC, which will be the final NFL game broadcast on that network for the foreseeable future.

With the new television contracts beginning in 2006, NBC, which last telecast Super Bowl XXXII in 1998, will take ABC's place in the network rotation starting with Super Bowl XLIII in 2009.

Entertainment

Because of the large number of viewers that the Super Bowl generates, a number of popular singers and musicians have performed during its pregame ceremonies, the halftime show, or even just singing the national anthem of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner". Super Bowl XL in 2006 featured Stevie Wonder, Joss Stone, and John Legend during the pregame ceremonies; Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin, and Dr. John performed the national anthem; and The Rolling Stones played during the halftime show.

In 2004, it was during halftime at Super Bowl XXXVIII that Janet Jackson had her now-infamous wardrobe malfunction after Justin Timberlake ripped off a piece of her top, exposing her right breast with a star-like ring surrounding the nipple. Many conspiracy theorists think that this was done intentionally to get everyone's attention, possibly so that Janet could get the attention away from her brother Michael Jackson, who was facing child molestation charges at the time. Timberlake and Jackson have maintained that the incident was unintentional, hence the term "wardrobe malfunction". It also didn't help matters that the game was airing on CBS, and their then-corporate sister company within Viacom, MTV, produced the halftime show. The NFL, embarrassed from the incident, permanently banned MTV from doing another halftime show in any capacity. This also led to the FCC cracking down on indecency and fining CBS $225,000 for the incident, as well as fining each of CBS's then twenty owned and operated stations. The following year, the NFL chose Paul McCartney to perform at halftime of Super Bowl XXXIX. True to the hopes of the NFL and the networks, McCartney turned in an enjoyable but uncontroversial performance.

Venue

The location of the Super Bowl is chosen by the NFL well in advance, usually 3 to 5 years before the game. Cities compete to host the game in a selection bidding process similar to ones used by the Olympic Games and soccer's World Cup.

Over half of the Super Bowls have been played in one of the following three cities: New Orleans, Louisiana (9 times), Miami, Florida (8 times) and the Greater Los Angeles Area (7 total, 5 times at Pasadena's Rose Bowl stadium and twice at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum). Miami has been selected to host two future games: Super Bowl XLI in 2007 and Super Bowl XLIV in 2010. After Hurricane Katrina damaged the Louisiana Superdome and the city, the game might never return to New Orleans. The last time the Los Angeles area hosted the game was Super Bowl XXVII in 1993; the area is currently not considered a possible venue after the league's two teams vacated the city in 1995: the Raiders moved back to Oakland, California, and the Rams moved to St. Louis, Missouri.

Coincidentally, no NFL team has ever played the Super Bowl on its own home turf. However, Super Bowl XIV (which involved the then-Los Angeles Rams) was played at nearby Pasadena's Rose Bowl stadium; and Super Bowl XIX (which involved the San Francisco 49ers) was played at the nearby Stanford Stadium on the Stanford University campus in Palo Alto. Neither of these stadiums has ever been a home to an NFL team.

A potential venue currently must meet these qualifications in order to be a Super Bowl host: [citation needed]

  • Average high temperature of at least 50 degrees in February
  • Stadium with greater than 70,000 seats
  • Space for 10 photo trailers and 40 television trucks
  • 600,000 square feet of exhibit space for fan events
  • Large, high-end hotel for teams and NFL
  • 50,000 square feet of space for news media ("Radio Row")
  • Enough "quality" hotel rooms within a one-hour drive for 35% of the stadium's capacity
  • Separate practice facilities for each team
  • 250 buses for NFL use
  • Three golf courses for the NFL's annual charity golf tournament

Exceptions are at the discretion of the NFL. For instance, cruise ships made up the discrepancy in hotel rooms for Jacksonville in Super Bowl XXXIX and cold-weather cities such as Minneapolis and Detroit have been awarded Super Bowls because the stadium had a roof.

The designated "home team" alternates between the NFC team in odd-numbered years (the Philadelphia Eagles in 2005), and the AFC team in even-numbered years (the Pittsburgh Steelers in 2006). The home team is given the choice of either wearing their colored jerseys or their white ones; this started with Super Bowl XIII. Prior to that, the home team always wore the dark jerseys. The Dallas Cowboys wore their rarely used blue uniform tops in Super Bowl V, and lost to the then-Baltimore Colts, which has led to the widely held belief that the Cowboys do not play well in their blue shirts. While most home teams in the Super Bowl choose to wear their colored jerseys, only the Cowboys in XIII and XXVII, the Washington Redskins in XVII, and the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XL have worn white as the home team.

Trivia

  • The Super Bowl uses Roman numerals to identify each game, rather than the year it was held. The NFL season spreads over two calendar years, so identifying the games by the year of the Super Bowl could cause some confusion. For example, the New England Patriots, winners of Super Bowl XXXIX are the champions of the 2004 NFL season, even though the championship game was played in February 2005.
  • In 1994, the 49ers became the first team to wear a throwback jersey during the Super Bowl. Since it was the league's 75th season, every team wore a throwback jersey during the season and San Francisco decided to continue to wear their jerseys all the way through the playoffs and into Super Bowl XXIX. The jerseys they wore paid tribute to the 1957 team.
  • In 2000, the St. Louis Rams were the first NFL team who plays their home games in a fully enclosed stadium, the Edward Jones Dome, to win the Super Bowl.
  • In the months leading up to Super Bowl XXX (or Super Bowl Thirty), some Internet proxy servers were blocking the web site for the upcoming event. Many proxy servers' filters were configured to block the text string "XXX" whenever occurring to prevent access to pornography. As a result, additional settings were necessary to grant exceptions for other uses of "XXX".
  • Super Bowl XXXVI was originally scheduled to be played on January 27, 2002. But the game was moved back one week to February 3, 2002 because of the September 11, 2001 attacks. This was the first Super Bowl to be played in February. With the exception of Super Bowl XXXVII on January 26, 2003, all of the succeeding Super Bowls have been scheduled for February. Also, because of the attacks, the Super Bowl is now a National Special Security Event (NSSE).
  • Super Bowl XXXVI was also the first Super Bowl to be decided by a score on the last play of the game. The winning play was a 48-yard field goal kicked by Adam Vinatieri of the New England Patriots to lift them to a 20-17 victory over the St. Louis Rams.
  • Super Bowl XXXIX was the first such game to be tied after three quarters of play.
  • The Pittsburgh Steelers were the first AFC team to ever win a Super Bowl (XL) that was broadcast on ABC (The NFC is currently 6-1). Previously, the closest an AFC team had come to winning the Super Bowl on that network was when the Buffalo Bills lost to the New York Giants 20-19 in Super Bowl XXV.
  • The NFC won 13 Super Bowls in a row from 1985 to 1997, starting with Super Bowl XIX. The AFC broke the streak in 1998 in Super Bowl XXXII when Denver beat the defending champion Packers.
  • The last Super Bowl to start at 3:30 p.m. Eastern Standard Time was Super Bowl XI which was played in Pasadena. This is also the last Super Bowl which was played outside to not end in dusk. Since the early 1980s Super Bowls have been starting at around 6 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. The kickoff has been since moved back to 6:30 p.m. Eastern starting with Super Bowl XXXVII.
  • Overall, nine teams have advanced to the Super Bowl after entering the playoffs as wild card teams (teams that entered the playoffs without winning its division). They include the Kansas City Chiefs in Super Bowl IV, the Dallas Cowboys in Super Bowl X, the Oakland Raiders in Super Bowl XV, the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XX, the Buffalo Bills in Super Bowl XXVII, the Denver Broncos in Super Bowl XXXII, the Tennessee Titans in Super Bowl XXXIV, the Baltimore Ravens in Super Bowl XXXV, and the Pittsburgh Steelers, the only sixth-seeded team to make it, in Super Bowl XL. Wild card teams are 5-4 in the Super Bowl, with the Chiefs, Raiders, Broncos, Ravens, and Steelers winning their respective games.
  • Super Bowl Indicator, an indicator based on the belief that a Super Bowl win for a team from the old AFL (AFC division) foretells a decline in the stock market for the coming year, and that a win for a team from the old NFL (NFC division) means the stock market will be up for the year. This indicator has been surprisingly accurate (around 85% correct) over the past years
  • The infamous "I'm Going to Disney World!" Advertising campaign did not take place at Super Bowl XXXIX for the first time since it started at Super Bowl XXI, although Disney did run an ad several times during the game showing several players from both teams practicing the catch-phrase.

Post-Super Bowl loss jinx

Commentators and sports analysts note a tendency for teams that have made it to the Super Bowl and lost, to collapse the following season. The season after a Super Bowl loss, a team usually returns with a losing, or mediocre at best, record. This effect can be traced to the loss of momentum a team has built up, accumulating injuries, losing successful free agents between seasons, and the aging of talented players.

There are notable exceptions to this pattern, such as the Buffalo Bills who went to the Super Bowl and lost four years in a row, from XXV to XXVIII.

The most recent is the Philadelphia Eagles, who lost Super Bowl XXXIX to the New England Patriots in the 2004 season (played on February 6, 2005), who posted a 6-10 record in the 2005 season. The most glaring example is the Oakland Raiders. Following their 48-21 loss to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in 2003, the Raiders posted a 4-12 record in the 2003 NFL season, the worst post-Super Bowl record, and as of the end of the 2005 NFL season, have not recovered.

Game history

The first Super Bowl was played in 1967, as commemorated by this stamp issued in 1999 by the United States Postal Service featuring the ticket for that first game.

Notable Super Bowl games

The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Please see discussion on the talk page.
  • Super Bowl I: In the first matchup of the AFL and NFL champions, the NFL's Green Bay Packers, led by coach Vince Lombardi and quarterback Bart Starr, defeat the Kansas City Chiefs, 35-10. The Packers outscore the Chiefs 21-0 in the second half after struggling in the first half. Only 61,946 attend the game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, making it the only non-sellout Super Bowl. The game is also notable as it was broadcast on both NBC and CBS.
  • Super Bowl III: Speaking to the press in the week before the game, New York Jets quarterback "Broadway" Joe Namath guarantees a victory over the Baltimore Colts. The Jets defeat the Colts, 16-7.
  • Super Bowl VII: Coach Don Shula and the Miami Dolphins complete the only undefeated season in NFL history, defeating the Washington Redskins 14-7.
  • Super Bowl XIII: The Pittsburgh Steelers defeat the Dallas Cowboys 35-31 in the second Super Bowl matchup between the two teams. This game decided which of these two teams would be the first NFL team to win three Super Bowls. It marks one of the Steelers' four Super Bowl titles obtained during the 1970s.
  • Super Bowl XVII: After the spending the entire game trailing the Miami Dolphins, the Washington Redskins were faced with fourth down and one to go on Miami 42 yard line. In the fourth quarter, in one of the most dramatic runs in Super Bowl history, MVP John Riggins ran for the first down, broke a tackle from Miami cornerback Don McNeal and ran 43 yards for a touchdown giving the Redskins a lead they never relinquished
  • Super Bowl XX: After the New England Patriots (in their first Super Bowl) take a 3-0 lead on a field goal, the Chicago Bears (also in their first SB) played dominant offense and defense to take the game 46-10. MVP Richard Dent led a Bears defense that limited New England to 7 rushing yards.
  • Super Bowl XXI: New York Giants quarterback Phil Simms completes 22 of 25 passing attempts, including all 10 of his attempts in the second half as New York defeats Denver 39-20. Simms is the games MVP with a Super Bowl completion record of 88.0%.
  • Super Bowl XXII: Washington Redskins after trailing 10-0 MVP quarterback Doug Williams, the first African-American quarterback to start a Superbowl, throws for 4 touchdowns in one quarter which leads to a 42 unanswered points and a rout of Denver.
  • Super Bowl XXIII: San Francisco 49ers quarterback Joe Montana leads a 92 yard fourth quarter drive, as the 49ers score the game-winning touchdown with 34 seconds left and defeat the Cincinnati Bengals 20-16.
  • Super Bowl XXIV: The San Francisco 49ers defeat the Denver Broncos 55-10, the largest margin of victory in Super Bowl history. The 55 points are the most scored by any team in a Super Bowl. As a result of this game, Joe Montana, San Francisco's quarterback became the first player to ever win three Superbowl MVPs.
  • Super Bowl XXV: As time expires, the Buffalo Bills' Scott Norwood attempts a 47-yard field goal but misses wide to the right, and the New York Giants win 20-19. A game with no turnovers by either team and only one 5 yard penalty, it remains the only Super Bowl to be decided by a single point.
  • Super Bowl XXX: The Dallas Cowboys make a record 8th Super Bowl appearance, winning 27-17 over the Pittsburgh Steelers, and become the first NFL team to win 3 Super Bowls in a 4 year span. The victory also tied the Cowboys with the San Francisco 49ers for the most Super Bowl victories (5). The Cowboys' Charles Haley became the first player to win 5 Super Bowls, after winning two with San Francisco (XXIII and XXIV) and two with Dallas (XXVII and XXVIII). Shades of Super Bowl XIII, this game decided which of these two teams would be the first to win five Super Bowls and thus be the second NFL team to do so.
  • Super Bowl XXXII: After four superbowl losses, the Denver Broncos win their first title, defeating the defending champion Green Bay Packers 31-24 and becoming the first AFC Super Bowl champion in 14 years. Denver will also win the Super Bowl XXXIII against Atlanta.
  • Super Bowl XXXIV: In a classic game, the Tennessee Titans, down 16-0 to the St. Louis Rams, rallied behind quarterback Steve McNair and running back Eddie George to tie the game at 16-16. After the Rams score a 73 yard touchdown to lead 23-16, the Titans drive, and in a close finish, wide receiver Kevin Dyson catches a short pass but is tackled by linebacker Mike Jones at the 1 yard line as he stretches for the end zone with no time left on the clock, and the Rams hold on to win 23-16.
  • Super Bowl XXXVI: Placekicker Adam Vinatieri kicks a 48-yard field goal as time expires to lift the New England Patriots to a 20-17 victory over the Rams, and the first of 3 Super Bowl wins in four years. Two years later, Vinatieri would kick another game-winning field goal at the end of Super Bowl XXXVIII to defeat the Carolina Panthers.
  • Super Bowl XXXIX: The New England Patriots win their third Super Bowl in four years when they defeat the Philadelphia Eagles 24-21 in Jacksonville, Florida. All three of New England's Super Bowl victories have been decided by three points. The Eagles had a chance to win the game on their final drive, but a New England interception ended the game.
  • Super Bowl XL: The Pittsburgh Steelers win over the Seattle Seahawks. This was the first Super Bowl appearance for the Seahawks. Firsts for the Steelers included: first AFC team to win five Super Bowls; first sixth seed to advance to the Super Bowl; first winners not to get a first down in the first quarter; and first AFC team to win a Super Bowl aired by the ABC. Ben Roethlisberger became the youngest quarterback to win a Super Bowl. Completing 9 of 21 passes for 123 yards with 2 interceptions, his passer rating (22.6) was the lowest of any winning quarterback. Steelers head coach, Bill Cowher, won his first Super Bowl.


Trends

Super Bowl wins and losses tend to cluster around a few head coaches. Vince Lombardi's Green Bay Packers won the first two. Don Shula coached two different teams: a loss with the Baltimore Colts and two wins and three losses with the Miami Dolphins. Tom Landry also coached two winners and three losers with the Dallas Cowboys. Chuck Noll won four in the 1970's with the Pittsburgh Steelers. Bill Walsh won three with the San Francisco 49ers. Joe Gibbs also won three Super Bowls with the Washington Redskins. And recently, Bill Belichick won three with the Patriots.

Don Shula, Bill Parcells, Dan Reeves, Dick Vermeil, and Mike Holmgren all took more than one team to the Super Bowl. Bud Grant coached four Vikings losses in the 1970s, Marv Levy coached four consecutive losses with the Buffalo Bills in the 1990s, and Dan Reeves coached four losses between two teams (three with the Denver Broncos and one with the Atlanta Falcons).

Super Bowl appearances

Teams with no Super Bowl appearances

  • NFL league champions prior to Super Bowl I
    • Arizona Cardinals - NFL champions in 1925 and 1947
    • Cleveland Browns - NFL championship in 1950, 1954, 1955, and 1964
      (This refers to the team that the league officially views as one continuous franchise that began in 1946 but suspended operations from 1996-1998, and resumed play in 1999.)
    • Detroit Lions - NFL championship in 1935, 1952, 1953, and 1957
  • Houston Texans
  • Jacksonville Jaguars
  • New Orleans Saints

Super Bowl winners

The Super Bowl ring and ticket for Super Bowl XI. A Super Bowl ring is given to each member of the winning team to commemorate their Super Bowl victory.

This page about NFL Super Bowl includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about NFL Super Bowl
News stories about NFL Super Bowl
External links for NFL Super Bowl
Videos for NFL Super Bowl
Wikis about NFL Super Bowl
Discussion Groups about NFL Super Bowl
Blogs about NFL Super Bowl
Images of NFL Super Bowl

Bud Grant coached four Vikings losses in the 1970s, Marv Levy coached four consecutive losses with the Buffalo Bills in the 1990s, and Dan Reeves coached four losses between two teams (three with the Denver Broncos and one with the Atlanta Falcons).
. Don Shula, Bill Parcells, Dan Reeves, Dick Vermeil, and Mike Holmgren all took more than one team to the Super Bowl. Dan Castellaneta as Genie, rather than Robin Williams.). And recently, Bill Belichick won three with the Patriots. Note: Most of the Disney Characters are voiced by their original voice actors from the movies or their voice actors for the animated series (where applicable, e.g. Joe Gibbs also won three Super Bowls with the Washington Redskins.
.

Bill Walsh won three with the San Francisco 49ers. The sequel uses a refined camera system, and includes a Drive ability that gives Sora the ability to merge with one of his party members for a short time. Chuck Noll won four in the 1970's with the Pittsburgh Steelers. There are new levels exclusive to the sequel, such as Pirates of the Caribbean's Port Royal and The Lion King's Pride Land, as well as new places to visit in old levels; those include the Underworld in the Hercules world and the palace garden in Agrabah. Tom Landry also coached two winners and three losers with the Dallas Cowboys. The Heartless are still running loose and a mysterious group, Organization XIII, is plotting against Sora. Don Shula coached two different teams: a loss with the Baltimore Colts and two wins and three losses with the Miami Dolphins. Taking place a year after Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories, Kingdom Hearts II features Sora, Donald and Goofy, as well as a new cast of characters, including King Mickey himself and familiar faces.

Vince Lombardi's Green Bay Packers won the first two. A second sequel, Kingdom Hearts II for the PlayStation 2, was officially released in Japan on 22 December 2005 and will be released in USA on 28 March 2006. Super Bowl wins and losses tend to cluster around a few head coaches. The game was released on December 7, 2004.
. These cards can be used to create new worlds, open doors, and attack Heartless. Following their 48-21 loss to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in 2003, the Raiders posted a 4-12 record in the 2003 NFL season, the worst post-Super Bowl record, and as of the end of the 2005 NFL season, have not recovered. The game abandoned the Kingdom Hearts battle system, focusing instead on card-based game play.

The most glaring example is the Oakland Raiders. As both Sora and Riku fight their ways through the castle, piecing together what is real and what is not, they are unaware that they are being targeted by a mysterious organization. The most recent is the Philadelphia Eagles, who lost Super Bowl XXXIX to the New England Patriots in the 2004 season (played on February 6, 2005), who posted a 6-10 record in the 2005 season. At the same time, Riku escapes from Kingdom Hearts and finds his own way to Castle Oblivion, where he must contend with the lingering darkness of Xehanort in his heart. There are notable exceptions to this pattern, such as the Buffalo Bills who went to the Super Bowl and lost four years in a row, from XXV to XXVIII. There, the group visits replicas of the worlds in the original game, created by Sora's memories. This effect can be traced to the loss of momentum a team has built up, accumulating injuries, losing successful free agents between seasons, and the aging of talented players. In the beginning, Sora, Donald and Goofy meet a mysterious man who leads them to Castle Oblivion, a strange castle where even memories cannot be trusted.

The season after a Super Bowl loss, a team usually returns with a losing, or mediocre at best, record. Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories, the Game Boy Advance sequel to the original game, takes place directly after the plot of Kingdom Hearts, and provides the link between Kingdom Hearts and Kingdom Hearts II. Commentators and sports analysts note a tendency for teams that have made it to the Super Bowl and lost, to collapse the following season. It is unknown how many of them have been made in Japan. While most home teams in the Super Bowl choose to wear their colored jerseys, only the Cowboys in XIII and XXVII, the Washington Redskins in XVII, and the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XL have worn white as the home team. Currently, two volumes of the English version of the manga are available. The Dallas Cowboys wore their rarely used blue uniform tops in Super Bowl V, and lost to the then-Baltimore Colts, which has led to the widely held belief that the Cowboys do not play well in their blue shirts. The manga is published in English in the United States by TOKYOPOP (ISBN 1598162179) and in English in Singapore by Chuang Yi.

Prior to that, the home team always wore the dark jerseys. There is a manga based off of the video game written and illustrated by Shiro Amano. The home team is given the choice of either wearing their colored jerseys or their white ones; this started with Super Bowl XIII. Although he apologized to Square (not yet merged with Enix at that point) in the radio interview, he firmly believed that the game did not deserve its Japanese sales or its (then) 6800 Yen price tag. The designated "home team" alternates between the NFC team in odd-numbered years (the Philadelphia Eagles in 2005), and the AFC team in even-numbered years (the Pittsburgh Steelers in 2006). He expressed disappointment because Kingdom Hearts outsold his GameCube remake of Resident Evil in Japan, believing that his game was the superior product. For instance, cruise ships made up the discrepancy in hotel rooms for Jacksonville in Super Bowl XXXIX and cold-weather cities such as Minneapolis and Detroit have been awarded Super Bowls because the stadium had a roof. Shinji Mikami, creator of Capcom's Resident Evil series, criticized Kingdom Hearts on Japanese radio in 2002.

Exceptions are at the discretion of the NFL. The developers seem to have taken these comments onboard as the sequel, Kingdom Hearts II, features an overhaul of this aspect of the series by making the ship missions much more fast paced then in the original Kingdom Hearts. A potential venue currently must meet these qualifications in order to be a Super Bowl host: [citation needed]. Another criticism levelled by reviewers and players alike revolves around the Gummi ship missions, with the main complaint being that they are not up to the same standard of play as the rest of game. Neither of these stadiums has ever been a home to an NFL team. Elements of the combat system were also criticized, particularly the use of menu-based items and magic in what was a frequently hectic real-time battle scenario, and the awkward camera angles that could occur during battle. However, Super Bowl XIV (which involved the then-Los Angeles Rams) was played at nearby Pasadena's Rose Bowl stadium; and Super Bowl XIX (which involved the San Francisco 49ers) was played at the nearby Stanford Stadium on the Stanford University campus in Palo Alto. Some Final Fantasy fans were critical of the combination of the Final Fantasy mythos and the role-playing genre with Disney characters and other elements that they considered to be for children.

Coincidentally, no NFL team has ever played the Super Bowl on its own home turf. Some also felt that, while original, the combination of Square and Disney did not work as well as it could have, with aspects of both the story and gameplay swinging between 'Disney-style' and 'Square-style', without reaching an acceptable middle ground for most of the game. Louis, Missouri. Some fans also disapproved of the casting of the voice actors for the more popular Final Fantasy characters: in particular, the casting of pop music singers Mandy Moore as Aerith Gainsborough and Lance Bass as Sephiroth. The last time the Los Angeles area hosted the game was Super Bowl XXVII in 1993; the area is currently not considered a possible venue after the league's two teams vacated the city in 1995: the Raiders moved back to Oakland, California, and the Rams moved to St. For example, several prominent characters are made much younger and do not play a major role in the story. After Hurricane Katrina damaged the Louisiana Superdome and the city, the game might never return to New Orleans. Kingdom Hearts has been criticized by some Final Fantasy fans for making poor use of the Final Fantasy characters placed in it.

Miami has been selected to host two future games: Super Bowl XLI in 2007 and Super Bowl XLIV in 2010. The emphasis on characters from later Final Fantasy installments disappointed fans; the refusal to use earlier characters stems from character designer Tetsuya Nomura's hesitation to use characters he did not design. Over half of the Super Bowls have been played in one of the following three cities: New Orleans, Louisiana (9 times), Miami, Florida (8 times) and the Greater Los Angeles Area (7 total, 5 times at Pasadena's Rose Bowl stadium and twice at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum). The names of various spells are the names of Gummi blocks, and various summons, weapons, bosses, and monsters are the names of Gummi ships blueprints. Cities compete to host the game in a selection bidding process similar to ones used by the Olympic Games and soccer's World Cup. Cure, Cura, Curaga, etc.) is also in place. The location of the Super Bowl is chosen by the NFL well in advance, usually 3 to 5 years before the game. The Final Fantasy magic naming system (ie.

True to the hopes of the NFL and the networks, McCartney turned in an enjoyable but uncontroversial performance. This and several other weapons, such as Lionheart and Save the Queen, share names with other weapons from previous entries in the Final Fantasy series. The following year, the NFL chose Paul McCartney to perform at halftime of Super Bowl XXXIX. Moogles make an appearance and help the player obtain the ultimate weapon (the aptly named Ultima Weapon). This also led to the FCC cracking down on indecency and fining CBS $225,000 for the incident, as well as fining each of CBS's then twenty owned and operated stations. The game also uses other Final Fantasy icons. The NFL, embarrassed from the incident, permanently banned MTV from doing another halftime show in any capacity. Cloud and Sephiroth make appearances, including a cutscene fight between both in Final Mix.

It also didn't help matters that the game was airing on CBS, and their then-corporate sister company within Viacom, MTV, produced the halftime show. Rikku from Final Fantasy X and Irvine Kinneas from Final Fantasy VIII were both originally set to make cameo appearances, but were replaced by Yuffie and Wakka respectively. Timberlake and Jackson have maintained that the incident was unintentional, hence the term "wardrobe malfunction". In Traverse Town, the player encounters Squall (under the alias of "Leon") from Final Fantasy VIII, as well as Aerith, Cid, and Yuffie from Final Fantasy VII. Many conspiracy theorists think that this was done intentionally to get everyone's attention, possibly so that Janet could get the attention away from her brother Michael Jackson, who was facing child molestation charges at the time. On Destiny Islands, the player meets younger versions of Tidus, Wakka (both from Final Fantasy X), and Selphie (from Final Fantasy VIII). In 2004, it was during halftime at Super Bowl XXXVIII that Janet Jackson had her now-infamous wardrobe malfunction after Justin Timberlake ripped off a piece of her top, exposing her right breast with a star-like ring surrounding the nipple. It is in these cameos that gamers base arguments on the inclusion of this game in the Final Fantasy series.

John performed the national anthem; and The Rolling Stones played during the halftime show. One of the less important quests of the game is to find the 99 lost dalmatian puppies from all over the game, while there is a statue of Lady and the Tramp in the Third District of Traverse Town. Super Bowl XL in 2006 featured Stevie Wonder, Joss Stone, and John Legend during the pregame ceremonies; Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin, and Dr. The title roles of One Hundred and One Dalmatians and Lady and the Tramp have cameo appearances in the game, too. Because of the large number of viewers that the Super Bowl generates, a number of popular singers and musicians have performed during its pregame ceremonies, the halftime show, or even just singing the national anthem of the United States, "The Star-Spangled Banner". Only the Genie and Tinkerbell summons are automatically obtained; the others must be gained by obtaining unique gems and giving them to the Fairy Godmother from Cinderella. With the new television contracts beginning in 2006, NBC, which last telecast Super Bowl XXXII in 1998, will take ABC's place in the network rotation starting with Super Bowl XLIII in 2009. The player can summon Simba from The Lion King, the Genie from Aladdin, Bambi, Dumbo, Tinkerbell from Peter Pan, and Mushu from Mulan.

Super Bowl XXXVIII was shown on CBS, Super Bowl XXXIX was shown on FOX, and Super Bowl XL was shown on ABC, which will be the final NFL game broadcast on that network for the foreseeable future. These characters replace Sora's two companions for the duration of the summon. In the United States it is currently shared among three of the four major television networks: ABC, CBS, and FOX. In addition, various Disney characters can be temporarily summoned during battle. The television network showing the game changes from year to year. For instance, Jack Skellington joins the player's party in the Nightmare Before Christmas world, but will not accompany the player elsewhere. [5]. Most worlds have a unique computer-controlled party member who can be chosen to replace Goofy or Donald in the party.

If the television show Las Vegas stays on the air when NBC gets their next Super Bowl Broadcast (which will be Super Bowl XLIII in 2009), they may not be allowed to promote the series during the entire block of programming. Goofy and Donald are the only computer-controlled characters that are usable on every world. Many groups are denied the chance to run Super Bowl ads on various grounds, but Las Vegas is the only city to be denied in such a fashion; the NFL has stated that it does not want the Super Bowl to be associated with the perception of Las Vegas as a gambling mecca. The computer controlled characters can have their behavior altered by the player, changing their item usages from "frequently" to "occasionally" for example. The ban includes the game, as well as the pre-game and post-game shows. Sora is the only character directly controlled by the player; other members in the party are computer controlled. In recent years, the NFL has denied the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority the opportunity to run Super Bowl ads for the city as a tourist destination. Several traits can also be altered further by permanent boost items or equipped item effects.

Many people tune in to the Super Bowl solely to watch the very creative commercials. Sora's stats are more customizable; the player can select what attribute to excel in and which attribute to be lacking in, such as defense, magic or strength, at the beginning of the game. Prices have increased each year, with reports citing a record $2.5 million (US) for a 30 second spot during Super Bowl XL in 2006. The main characters are Sora, Donald Duck, and Goofy. Famous commercial campaigns include the Budweiser "Bud Bowl" campaign, and the 1999 and 2000 dot-com ads. Examples such as this convey a stronger sense of nostalgia when paired with characters, settings and voice clips from popular Disney films. Following Apple Computer's 1984 commercial introducing the Apple Macintosh computer, directed by Ridley Scott, the broadcast of the Super Bowl became the premier showcase for high concept or simply extravagantly expensive commercials. For instance, when in Atlantica (The world from The Little Mermaid), the background music is a non-lyrical reinterpretation of the song 'Under the Sea'.

[4] Although the proliferation of cable and satellite television has undercut broadcast ratings somewhat in recent years, the game is still so popular that a number of networks actually schedule original programming, such as independently produced halftime entertainment, during the game, simply to take advantage of a large audience already in front of the television. While there are many original themes written specifically for the game by Shimomura, most of the soundtrack is comprised of popular melodies derived from classic disney films. Super Bowl XVI is #4 on Nielsen's list of top-rated programs of all time, and 3 other Super Bowls (XII, XVII, XX) made the top 10. Both versions of the song were composed and performed by Utada Hikaru. The highest rated game according to Nielsen was Super Bowl XVI in 1982 which was watched in 49.1% of households (73 share) or 40,020,000 households at the time. The music is composed by Yoko Shimomura, the ending credits theme and opening orchestration is by Kaoru Wada, and the main vocal theme is "Hikari" (Light) known as "Simple and Clean" in Western releases. [citation needed]. The original worlds:.

[citation needed] According to NFL Films...these are the ultimate Lost Treasures. The Disney-based worlds:. [citation needed] But the NFL has put out a $1,000,000 bounty on either one of the tapes, and experts say that there is still a chance that one of the network affiliates taped the game off the live feed and saved it. The many worlds in which the game takes place include various Disney settings (nearly all of which are part of the Disney animated features canon), as well as some original ones. [citation needed]) According to Steve Sabol, both networks taped soap operas over the game tapes, which are presumably lost forever. Other changes include new abilities, new weapons, new items, additional and recolored enemies; and gameplay tweaks to make the game easier for the player, along with two new difficulty levels. (Merv Griffin once said that a ninety-minute blank tape cost $750. The Night on the Bald Mountain track from the English version has been included as well.

Another reason was that videotape in those days was prohibitively expensive. New music was incorporated; the tracks are Disappeared and Another Side. According to Sports Illustrated, the only footage of the first telecast known to exist is a two minute clip of the first game.[citation needed] From the early days of television into the 1960s, copies of TV broadcasts were routinely erased, mainly because nobody thought anyone would want to watch the same show they had just seen. In another attempt at foreshadowing, a video called Another Side, Another Story: Deep Dive will play along with Another Side, Another Story if the player accomplishes certain tasks. This is especially shocking for Super Bowl I, which was covered by both NBC and CBS. The optional bosses first included in the English version were introduced to Japanese players for the first time, along with the "Engimatic Man", in an attempt to raise interest for the sequel. Given the immense popularity of the Super Bowl, it may be surprising to discover that videotapes of the telecasts of the first two Super Bowls are said not to exist. A gameplay tweak allows the player to skip cutscenes after seeing them once.

[3]. New scenes, clarifying certain plot points, such as Riku's journey and foreshadowing of Kingdom Hearts II, were included. Approximately half of the remaining 2 million worldwide viewers watched from the United Kingdom. Spoken dialogue was in English, with Japanese subtitles. In actual fact, Super Bowl XXXIX in 2005 was watched by 93 million viewers in total, of which 98 percent were in North America [2]. Kingdom Hearts was re-released in Japan as Kingdom Hearts: Final Mix, this version had several events and a number of gameplay tweaks that were not in the American, European and Australian releases. There is a popular urban myth regarding the Super Bowl — that the game is watched in 234 countries by 1 billion people [1], a fact unlikely to be true considering the time of the event, and the lack of popularity American Football has outside of the United States. Yoko Shimomura's arrangement of Night on Bald Mountain was set as the background music for the Chernabog boss fight, whereas the original Japanese version uses generic boss music.

It is also estimated that 130-140 million tune into some part of the game. Besides English localization, three additional optional bosses were added, notably Sephiroth. This means that on average, 80 to 90 million Americans are tuned into the Super Bowl at any given moment. The English version of Kingdom Hearts had new features that were not found in the original version of Kingdom Hearts in Japan. households, and 60 percent of all homes tuned into television during the game). Sora promises to return to Kairi once he finds a way to bring Riku out of Kingdom Hearts. The game tends to have high Nielsen television ratings which usually come in around a 40 rating and 60 share (i.e., on average, 40 percent of all U.S. Sora and Kairi's reunion is cut extremely short as they are pulled apart by the reforming Destiny Islands.

By any measure, the Super Bowl is one of the most watched television programs of the year. Before the door is locked, Riku tells Sora to take care of Kairi. Following his death in September 1970, the trophy was named the Vince Lombardi Trophy, first awarded at Super Bowl V in Miami. Using his own Keyblade, Mickey locks Kingdom Hearts from the inside, but this forces himself and Riku to stay inside. The winning team gets the Vince Lombardi Trophy, named for the coach of the Green Bay Packers, who won the first two Super Bowl games. Riku, who has regained his body, helps the others close the door on the other side, along with King Mickey Mouse. The game remains his crowning achievement and was an important factor in him being selected by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most important people of the 20th century. Sora, Donald and Goofy attempt to close the door, but their strength is not enough.

His leadership guided them into the merger agreement and cemented the preeminence of the Super Bowl. Though the light of Kingdom Hearts defeated Ansem, the door threatens to unleash millions upon millions of Heartless onto the universe. The NFL commissioner at that time, Pete Rozelle, is often considered the mastermind of both the merger and the Super Bowl. They return to lock the keyhole and later travel to Kingdom Hearts itself, facing Ansem in a climactic final battle. As of Super Bowl XL, former AFL teams have won 11 Super Bowls, pre-1970 NFL teams have won 23 games, and two games have been won by teams created after 1970. They flee Hollow Bastion in face of the immense number of Heartless pouring through the pathway to Kingdom Hearts. Since then, the Super Bowl has featured the champions of the AFC and NFC. Knowing that it was truly Sora, Kairi's light pulled him from the infinite darkness and restores Sora.

When the NFL and AFL merged into one combined league for the 1970 season, three NFL teams joined the 10 AFL teams to form the American Football Conference (AFC), and the other 13 teams became the National Football Conference (NFC). Now a Heartless, Sora scampered to Kairi's protection. One year later, the American Football League's Kansas City Chiefs defeated the NFL Minnesota Vikings 23-7 and won Super Bowl IV in New Orleans, the last World Championship game played between the champions of two leagues. However, the pathway to Kingdom Hearts was opened. That all changed with perhaps the biggest upset in American sports history, the AFL's New York Jets defeat of the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III in Miami. In order to free Kairi's heart, Sora impales himself on Ansem's Keyblade, losing his own heart while restoring Kairi and freeing the other Princesses' hearts, as the Keyblade was composed of their hearts. After the NFL's Green Bay Packers convincingly won the first two Super Bowls, some team owners feared for the future of the merger, since many doubted that AFL teams could compete with their NFL counterparts. Sora and Ansem battle, with Sora as the victor.

Starting with the third contest in January 1969, the name "Super Bowl" became official. Kairi is revealed to be a Princess of Heart, and her heart was trapped in Sora's body ever since they got separated. Not surprisingly, fans and media tended to use the shorter, unofficial name. Ansem desires to become part of what he believes to be the primordial phase of existence, the darkness that he believes to compose Kingdom Hearts. Not having thought of one, the owners named the contest the AFL-NFL World Championship Game. Only, this time, it is not truly Riku; it is actually Ansem, the scientist who was researching Heartless, occupying Riku's body. Hunt only meant his suggested name to be a stopgap until a better one could be found. Sora confronts Riku again.

The name was feasible because postseason college football games had long been known as "bowl games" (the term originates from the Rose Bowl Game, which was in turn named for the bowl-shaped stadium in which it is played). Sora's party meets and exceeds the challenge, destroying Maleficent. The ball is now on display at the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. This transformed Maleficent into a dragon that reflected the darkness in her heart. [citation needed] During the discussions to iron out the details, AFL founder and Kansas City Chiefs owner Lamar Hunt had jokingly referred to the proposed interleague championship as the "Super Bowl." Hunt thought of the name after seeing his daughter playing with a toy called a Super Ball. Sora and his teammates face and defeat Maleficent, allowing a strangely-behaved Riku to strike her with a unique type of Keyblade, one that opened hearts. According to NFL Films President Steve Sabol, Then NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle wanted to call the game "The Big One". Riku impulsively accepts.

One of the conditions of the AFL-NFL Merger was that the winners of each league's championship game would meet in a contest to determine the "world champion of football". It is during this time that a mysterious being offers him greater power with which he could use to defeat Sora. The intense competitive war for players and fans led to serious merger talks between the two leagues in 1966. Unfettered by the loss of his weapon, Sora puts his faith into his friends and wins back the Keyblade, sending Riku to run off and lick his wounds. After its inception in 1920, the NFL fended off several rival leagues before the AFL began play in 1960. Finally reaching Hollow Bastion, Maleficent's headquarters, Sora confronts Riku directly, ending with the revelation that Riku is also a Keyblade master and with the loss of Sora's own Keyblade. The Super Bowl was created as part of the merger agreement between the National Football League (NFL) and its rival, the American Football League (AFL). The goal of Maleficent and her group is to collect seven maidens of the purest heart, the "Princesses of Heart", in order to open the pathway to Kingdom Hearts, which is supposedly a repository of power and knowledge Maleficent intends to use in her plan to rule all worlds.

. Seeing Sora as apathetic towards Kairi's fate, Riku has taken reponsibility into his hands and struck a deal with Maleficent, in order to help Kairi regain her sense of self. food consumption day next to Thanksgiving. Standing in their way, however, is a cabal of Disney villains, with Maleficent as their leader and Riku as her apprentice. This is the largest U.S. Along their way, they lock "keyholes" to the heart of those worlds, preventing the Heartless from consuming their worlds. In addition, many popular singers and musicians have performed during the Super Bowl's pre-game and halftime ceremonies. In their adventure, the trio explore many Disney-themed worlds, including Aladdin's Agrabah and The Little Mermaid's Atlantica.

The last true day game (which ended before local sunset) of the series was Super Bowl XI in January 1977. From the Destiny Islands, Sora lands in Traverse Town, where he joins Goofy and Donald Duck in their quest to find King Mickey Mouse and defeat the Heartless. This has caused the starting time of the game to be pushed back later and later, to ensure the Sunday night prime time audience on the East Coast. After the battle, Sora receives his weapon, the mystical Keyblade, and sets out to defeat the Heartless and be reunited with his friends. The Super Bowl is one of the most-watched American television broadcasts of the year, attracting many companies to spend millions of dollars on commercials. When Sora finds Riku surrounded by darkness, Riku disappears and Sora has to fight the Heartless, who are being used to tear down the walls between worlds. Since then, the game has been played annually on a Sunday following the playoffs, originally early to mid-January, then late January, and in 2002, the first Sunday in February. The three friends are separated.

After both leagues merged in 1970, the Super Bowl became the NFL's championship game. The night before the voyage, a storm sweeps through the island, and evil shadow-creatures called the Heartless appear. The game began in January 1967 as the AFL-NFL World Championship Game in which the NFL championship team played against the champion of the younger, rival American Football League (AFL) for the "World Championship of Professional Football". The three children wish to leave the island that they have been confined to all their life, so they build a raft to escape. The game and its ancillary festivities constitute Super Bowl Sunday (sometimes "Super Sunday"), which over the years has almost become a de facto American national holiday. Kingdom Hearts begins on the lush, tropical islands called "Destiny Islands", home to the main characters Sora, Riku, and Kairi. In professional American football, the Super Bowl is the championship game of the National Football League (NFL) in the United States. .

New Orleans Saints. The game features real-time rendered backgrounds and scenery. Jacksonville Jaguars. Although the game's primary plotlines follow characters who were created specifically for Kingdom Hearts, characters from both companies play major roles in the game and its storyline. Houston Texans. The game combines characters and settings from Disney's animated features and films with those from Square's Final Fantasy RPG series. Detroit Lions - NFL championship in 1935, 1952, 1953, and 1957. Kingdom Hearts (Japanese: キングダムハーツ Kingudamu Hātsu) is a hybrid action/RPG that was released in 2002, which is notable for being the result of a collaboration between the video game developer and publisher Square and Disney.

Cleveland Browns - NFL championship in 1950, 1954, 1955, and 1964
(This refers to the team that the league officially views as one continuous franchise that began in 1946 but suspended operations from 1996-1998, and resumed play in 1999.). as Mickey Mouse. Arizona Cardinals - NFL champions in 1925 and 1947. Yakashi Aoyagi .. NFL league champions prior to Super Bowl I

    . as Piglet. Steelers head coach, Bill Cowher, won his first Super Bowl. Kiyoshi Komiyama ..

    Completing 9 of 21 passes for 123 yards with 2 interceptions, his passer rating (22.6) was the lowest of any winning quarterback. as Tigger. Ben Roethlisberger became the youngest quarterback to win a Super Bowl. Tesshō Genda .. Firsts for the Steelers included: first AFC team to win five Super Bowls; first sixth seed to advance to the Super Bowl; first winners not to get a first down in the first quarter; and first AFC team to win a Super Bowl aired by the ABC. as Winnie the Pooh. This was the first Super Bowl appearance for the Seahawks. Shun Yashiro ..

    Super Bowl XL: The Pittsburgh Steelers win over the Seattle Seahawks. as Wendy. The Eagles had a chance to win the game on their final drive, but a New England interception ended the game. Yuriko Fuchisaki .. All three of New England's Super Bowl victories have been decided by three points. Smee. Super Bowl XXXIX: The New England Patriots win their third Super Bowl in four years when they defeat the Philadelphia Eagles 24-21 in Jacksonville, Florida. as Mr.

    Two years later, Vinatieri would kick another game-winning field goal at the end of Super Bowl XXXVIII to defeat the Carolina Panthers. Kazuo Kumakura .. Super Bowl XXXVI: Placekicker Adam Vinatieri kicks a 48-yard field goal as time expires to lift the New England Patriots to a 20-17 victory over the Rams, and the first of 3 Super Bowl wins in four years. as Captain Hook. After the Rams score a 73 yard touchdown to lead 23-16, the Titans drive, and in a close finish, wide receiver Kevin Dyson catches a short pass but is tackled by linebacker Mike Jones at the 1 yard line as he stretches for the end zone with no time left on the clock, and the Rams hold on to win 23-16. Chikao Ohtsuka .. Louis Rams, rallied behind quarterback Steve McNair and running back Eddie George to tie the game at 16-16. as Peter Pan.

    Super Bowl XXXIV: In a classic game, the Tennessee Titans, down 16-0 to the St. Mitsuo Iwata .. Denver will also win the Super Bowl XXXIII against Atlanta. as Barrel. Super Bowl XXXII: After four superbowl losses, the Denver Broncos win their first title, defeating the defending champion Green Bay Packers 31-24 and becoming the first AFC Super Bowl champion in 14 years. Shigeo Matsuzawa .. Shades of Super Bowl XIII, this game decided which of these two teams would be the first to win five Super Bowls and thus be the second NFL team to do so. as Lock.

    The Cowboys' Charles Haley became the first player to win 5 Super Bowls, after winning two with San Francisco (XXIII and XXIV) and two with Dallas (XXVII and XXVIII). Shintaro Sono'oka .. The victory also tied the Cowboys with the San Francisco 49ers for the most Super Bowl victories (5). as Oogie Boogie. Super Bowl XXX: The Dallas Cowboys make a record 8th Super Bowl appearance, winning 27-17 over the Pittsburgh Steelers, and become the first NFL team to win 3 Super Bowls in a 4 year span. Hiroshi Hatanaka .. A game with no turnovers by either team and only one 5 yard penalty, it remains the only Super Bowl to be decided by a single point. Finklestein.

    Super Bowl XXV: As time expires, the Buffalo Bills' Scott Norwood attempts a 47-yard field goal but misses wide to the right, and the New York Giants win 20-19. as Dr. As a result of this game, Joe Montana, San Francisco's quarterback became the first player to ever win three Superbowl MVPs. Yuji Mitsuya .. The 55 points are the most scored by any team in a Super Bowl. as the Mayor. Super Bowl XXIV: The San Francisco 49ers defeat the Denver Broncos 55-10, the largest margin of victory in Super Bowl history. Toru Ohira ..

    Super Bowl XXIII: San Francisco 49ers quarterback Joe Montana leads a 92 yard fourth quarter drive, as the 49ers score the game-winning touchdown with 34 seconds left and defeat the Cincinnati Bengals 20-16. as Jack Skellington. Super Bowl XXII: Washington Redskins after trailing 10-0 MVP quarterback Doug Williams, the first African-American quarterback to start a Superbowl, throws for 4 touchdowns in one quarter which leads to a 42 unanswered points and a rout of Denver. Masachika Ichimura .. Simms is the games MVP with a Super Bowl completion record of 88.0%. as Flotsam and Jetsam. Super Bowl XXI: New York Giants quarterback Phil Simms completes 22 of 25 passing attempts, including all 10 of his attempts in the second half as New York defeats Denver 39-20. Shuichiro Moriyama ..

    MVP Richard Dent led a Bears defense that limited New England to 7 rushing yards. as Ursula. Super Bowl XX: After the New England Patriots (in their first Super Bowl) take a 3-0 lead on a field goal, the Chicago Bears (also in their first SB) played dominant offense and defense to take the game 46-10. Kujira .. In the fourth quarter, in one of the most dramatic runs in Super Bowl history, MVP John Riggins ran for the first down, broke a tackle from Miami cornerback Don McNeal and ran 43 yards for a touchdown giving the Redskins a lead they never relinquished. as King Triton. Super Bowl XVII: After the spending the entire game trailing the Miami Dolphins, the Washington Redskins were faced with fourth down and one to go on Miami 42 yard line. Taro Ishida ..

    It marks one of the Steelers' four Super Bowl titles obtained during the 1970s. as Geppetto. This game decided which of these two teams would be the first NFL team to win three Super Bowls. Kazuo Kumakura .. Super Bowl XIII: The Pittsburgh Steelers defeat the Dallas Cowboys 35-31 in the second Super Bowl matchup between the two teams. as Pinocchio, Flounder. Super Bowl VII: Coach Don Shula and the Miami Dolphins complete the only undefeated season in NFL history, defeating the Washington Redskins 14-7. Yuki Tokiwa ..

    The Jets defeat the Colts, 16-7. as Iago. Super Bowl III: Speaking to the press in the week before the game, New York Jets quarterback "Broadway" Joe Namath guarantees a victory over the Baltimore Colts. Akira Kamiya .. The game is also notable as it was broadcast on both NBC and CBS. as Jafar. Only 61,946 attend the game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, making it the only non-sellout Super Bowl. Akira Takarada ..

    The Packers outscore the Chiefs 21-0 in the second half after struggling in the first half. as Jasmine. Super Bowl I: In the first matchup of the AFL and NFL champions, the NFL's Green Bay Packers, led by coach Vince Lombardi and quarterback Bart Starr, defeat the Kansas City Chiefs, 35-10. Kaori Aso .. The infamous "I'm Going to Disney World!" Advertising campaign did not take place at Super Bowl XXXIX for the first time since it started at Super Bowl XXI, although Disney did run an ad several times during the game showing several players from both teams practicing the catch-phrase. as Aladdin. This indicator has been surprisingly accurate (around 85% correct) over the past years. Shinichiro Miki ..

    Super Bowl Indicator, an indicator based on the belief that a Super Bowl win for a team from the old AFL (AFC division) foretells a decline in the stock market for the coming year, and that a win for a team from the old NFL (NFC division) means the stock market will be up for the year. as Terk, Sally, Shock. Wild card teams are 5-4 in the Super Bowl, with the Chiefs, Raiders, Broncos, Ravens, and Steelers winning their respective games. Yuko Doi .. They include the Kansas City Chiefs in Super Bowl IV, the Dallas Cowboys in Super Bowl X, the Oakland Raiders in Super Bowl XV, the New England Patriots in Super Bowl XX, the Buffalo Bills in Super Bowl XXVII, the Denver Broncos in Super Bowl XXXII, the Tennessee Titans in Super Bowl XXXIV, the Baltimore Ravens in Super Bowl XXXV, and the Pittsburgh Steelers, the only sixth-seeded team to make it, in Super Bowl XL. as Jane Porter, Ariel. Overall, nine teams have advanced to the Super Bowl after entering the playoffs as wild card teams (teams that entered the playoffs without winning its division). Mayumi Suzuki ..

    Eastern starting with Super Bowl XXXVII. as Clayton. The kickoff has been since moved back to 6:30 p.m. Banjō Ginga .. Eastern Standard Time. as Tarzan. Since the early 1980s Super Bowls have been starting at around 6 p.m. Juurouta Kosugi ..

    This is also the last Super Bowl which was played outside to not end in dusk. as Hades. Eastern Standard Time was Super Bowl XI which was played in Pasadena. Kyusaku Shimada .. The last Super Bowl to start at 3:30 p.m. as Philoctetes (Phil). The AFC broke the streak in 1998 in Super Bowl XXXII when Denver beat the defending champion Packers. Ichiro Nagai ..

    The NFC won 13 Super Bowls in a row from 1985 to 1997, starting with Super Bowl XIX. as Hercules. Previously, the closest an AFC team had come to winning the Super Bowl on that network was when the Buffalo Bills lost to the New York Giants 20-19 in Super Bowl XXV. Yasunori Matsumoto .. The Pittsburgh Steelers were the first AFC team to ever win a Super Bowl (XL) that was broadcast on ABC (The NFC is currently 6-1). as the Doorknob. Super Bowl XXXIX was the first such game to be tied after three quarters of play. Takehiro Koyama ..

    Louis Rams. as the Queen Of Hearts. The winning play was a 48-yard field goal kicked by Adam Vinatieri of the New England Patriots to lift them to a 20-17 victory over the St. Sumie Ozawa .. Super Bowl XXXVI was also the first Super Bowl to be decided by a score on the last play of the game. as the White Rabbit. Also, because of the attacks, the Super Bowl is now a National Special Security Event (NSSE). Shigeru Ushiyama ..

    With the exception of Super Bowl XXXVII on January 26, 2003, all of the succeeding Super Bowls have been scheduled for February. as Daisy Duck and Alice. This was the first Super Bowl to be played in February. Mika Doi .. But the game was moved back one week to February 3, 2002 because of the September 11, 2001 attacks. as Minnie Mouse. Super Bowl XXXVI was originally scheduled to be played on January 27, 2002. Yuko Mizutani ..

    As a result, additional settings were necessary to grant exceptions for other uses of "XXX". as Wakka. Many proxy servers' filters were configured to block the text string "XXX" whenever occurring to prevent access to pornography. Kazuya Nakai .. In the months leading up to Super Bowl XXX (or Super Bowl Thirty), some Internet proxy servers were blocking the web site for the upcoming event. as Tidus. Louis Rams were the first NFL team who plays their home games in a fully enclosed stadium, the Edward Jones Dome, to win the Super Bowl. Masakazu Morita ..

    In 2000, the St. as Selphie. The jerseys they wore paid tribute to the 1957 team. Mayuko Aoki .. Since it was the league's 75th season, every team wore a throwback jersey during the season and San Francisco decided to continue to wear their jerseys all the way through the playoffs and into Super Bowl XXIX. as Cloud Strife. In 1994, the 49ers became the first team to wear a throwback jersey during the Super Bowl. Takahiro Sakurai ..

    For example, the New England Patriots, winners of Super Bowl XXXIX are the champions of the 2004 NFL season, even though the championship game was played in February 2005. as Aerith Gainsborough. The NFL season spreads over two calendar years, so identifying the games by the year of the Super Bowl could cause some confusion. Maaya Sakamoto .. The Super Bowl uses Roman numerals to identify each game, rather than the year it was held. as Yuffie Kisaragi. Three golf courses for the NFL's annual charity golf tournament. Yumi Kakazu ..

    250 buses for NFL use. as Squall Leonhart (Leon). Separate practice facilities for each team. Hideo Ishikawa .. Enough "quality" hotel rooms within a one-hour drive for 35% of the stadium's capacity. as Jiminy Cricket. 50,000 square feet of space for news media ("Radio Row"). Kaneta Kimotsuki ..

    Large, high-end hotel for teams and NFL. as Maleficent. 600,000 square feet of exhibit space for fan events. Toshiko Sawada .. Space for 10 photo trailers and 40 television trucks. as Ansem. Stadium with greater than 70,000 seats. Akio Otsuka ..

    Average high temperature of at least 50 degrees in February. as Kairi. Risa Uchida .. as Riku. Mamoru Miyano ..

    as Goofy. Yutaka Shimaka .. as Donald Duck, Genie, Mushu, Beast, Sebastian. Koichi Yamadera ..

    as Sora. Miyu Irino .. as Mickey Mouse. Wayne Allwine ..

    as Mushu. Mark Moseley .. as Beast. Robby Benson ..

    as Piglet. John Fiedler .. as Winnie the Pooh and Tigger. Jim Cummings ..

    as Captain Hook, Doorknob, Flotsam, Jetsam, and White Rabbit. Corey Burton .. as Peter Pan. Christopher Steele ..

    as Oogie Boogie. Ken Page .. Smee. as The Mayor, Barrel, and Mr.

    Jeff Bennett .. Finkelstein and Lock. as Dr. Jess Harnell ..

    as Sally. Rita Rudner .. as Jack Skellington. Chris Sarandon ..

    as Ursula. Pat Carroll .. as King Triton. Ken Mars ..

    as Sebastian. Kevin Michael Richardson .. as Flounder. Eli Linnetz ..

    as Ariel. Jodi Benson .. as Geppetto. Tony Pope ..

    as Pinocchio. Seth Adkins .. as Iago. Gilbert Gottfried ..

    as Jafar. Jonathan Freeman .. as Jasmine. Linda Larkin ..

    as Genie. Dan Castellaneta .. as Aladdin. Scott Weinger ..

    as Sora's mother and Shock. Kath Soucie .. as Terk. Audrey Wasilewski ..

    as Jane Porter. Naia Kelly .. as Clayton. Brian Blessed ..

    as Tarzan. Tony Goldwyn .. as Hades. James Woods ..

    as Philoctetes (Phil). Robert Costanzo .. as Hercules. Sean Astin ..

    as Alice and Wendy Darling. Kathryn Beaumont .. as Daisy Duck and Queen of Hearts. Tress MacNeille ..

    as Minnie Mouse. Russi Taylor .. as Wakka. Dee Bradley Baker ..

    as Tidus. Shaun Flemming .. as Selphie. Molly Keck ..

    as Sephiroth. James Lance Bass .. as Cloud Strife. Steve Burton ..

    as Aerith Gainsborough. Mandy Moore .. as Yuffie Kisaragi. Christy Carlson Romano ..

    as Squall Leonhart (Leon). David Boreanaz .. as Jiminy Cricket. Eddie Carroll ..

    as Maleficent. Susan Blakeslee .. as Ansem. Billy Zane ..

    as Kairi. Hayden Panettiere .. as Riku. David Gallagher ..

    as Goofy. Bill Farmer .. as Donald Duck. Tony Anselmo ..

    as Sora. Haley Joel Osment .. In the Final Mix release, an additional video, Another Side, Another Story: Deep Dive, is included if the player peforms other specific tasks. In the North American release, a bonus Kingdom Hearts II teaser titled Another Side, Another Story could be unlocked by peforming certain tasks.

    The optional boss Kurt Zisa was named after the winner of a publicity contest held by Squaresoft to promote the game. They were included in Final Mix along with another optional boss. While the Phantom and Coliseum bosses are present in the original Japanese version, the rest of the optional bosses were added later in the English version. Optional bosses in the game include Kurt Zisa, a Heartless; the Phantom, a Heartless; Ice Titan, from Hercules; Sephiroth, from Final Fantasy VII; and various Final Fantasy and Hercules characters in Coliseum matches.

    The homeland of Mickey, Donald and Goofy. Disney Castle (non-playable, not to be confused with Sleeping Beauty Castle). The World Terminus is located here, providing access to small areas of other worlds. The final battles with Ansem are fought here.

    Kingdom Hearts is near the center of this world. It is where many Heartless and evil beings reside. A large, dark world created from the assimilation of various worlds consumed in darkness. End of the World.

    This is also Maleficent's headquarters. This is the world that has been created for the Square characters as well as a sort of stand-in for the movie Beauty and the Beast as the Beast is a playable character there. Hollow Bastion. Several Final Fantasy and Disney characters reside here, including Aerith Gainsborough, Gepetto from Pinnochio, Yuffie Kisaragi, Squall Leonheart, Cid Highwind, The Fairy Godmother from Cinderella, and Merlin from The Sword in the Stone.

    A sort of "resting place" to come back to in between worlds, Traverse Town is where Sora first meets Donald and Goofy and truly starts his quest. Traverse Town. This world is home not only to Sora, Riku, and Kairi, but also Final Fantasy characters, Selphie Tilmitt, Tidus, and Wakka. This is where the Sora starts his journey, and although only accessible near the beginning and end of the game, the islands and the events in them are critical to the entire game's storyline.

    Destiny Islands. It is also one of the more important Disney-based worlds in the game, storyline-wise. Captain Hook, Peter Pan, Wendy, Smee and Tinkerbell call this world home, with Peter Pan able to join your party. The world's name is somewhat a misnomer because the action takes place on Captain Hook's ship and a minor bit in London; as such, the actual Neverland is not actually visited.

    Neverland, from Peter Pan. It features Jack Skellington, Sally, Lock, Shock, Barrel, Doctor Finklestein, Zero, the two-faced Mayor and Oogie Boogie, with Jack able to join your party. This world includes the town square, Oogie Boogie's Manor, Moonlit Hill and a graveyard. The movie's cast make their video game debut in the level.

    Halloween Town, from The Nightmare Before Christmas. This level has often been criticized by fans as a difficult level to play because the controls vary underwater. Ariel, King Triton, Ursula, Sebastian, Flounder, Flotsam and Jetsam appear in this world, with Ariel being the only female character in the game to join your party. This was a distinctive underwater level that consists of Ursula's cave, several grottos, and the city of Atlantica.

    Atlantica, from The Little Mermaid. Monstro is not a true world by Kingdom Hearts' definition, and thus does not contain a keyhole to be sealed. The infamous little wooden puppet Pinocchio and his maker Gepetto can be found here. This world brings the player through the bowels of a whale.

    Monstro, from Pinocchio. Aladdin, Abu, Jasmine, Jafar, Iago and Genie are introduced here, with Aladdin being a possible party member. This world includes Agrabah and the Cave of Wonders. Agrabah, from Aladdin.

    A variety of mini games open up as you proceed through the game. This world is unlike the others; there are no Heartless here and it takes place in the pages of a book. 100 Acre Wood, from Winnie the Pooh. This is a slightly longer world than the first, and includes Tarzan, as the first character that can be added to your party, Jane, Clayton and Several gorillas.

    Deep Jungle, from Tarzan. Phil), Cerberus, and Cloud Strife. This includes Hades, Hercules, Philoctetes (a.k.a. Olympus Coliseum, from Hercules.

    It features the Cheshire Cat, the Doorknob, Alice, The Queen of Hearts, and several cards as well as the White Rabbit. This is the first level that can be closed to the Heartless. This is a surreal level in which the player is shrunk down to a miniscule size. Wonderland, from Alice in Wonderland.

07-29-14 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php PAD File Directory Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Display all your websites in one place HereIam.tv Celebrity Homepages Charity Directory Google+ Directory Move your favorite Unsigned Artist to the Top of the List Bet Real Money Heads-Up Against Other Users