Mitsubishi

The Mitsubishi companies, or the Mitsubishi Group of Companies or the Mitsubishi Group is a large group (keiretsu) of independently operated Japanese companies which share the Mitsubishi brand name. While the companies are autonomous, they share the brand name and trademark, as well as a common legacy (in general these companies all descend from the zaibatsu of the same name).

The Mitsubishi group of companies form a loose entity, the Mitsubishi Keiretsu, which is often referenced in US and Japanese media and official reports. A Kereitsu is a common feature of Japanese corporate governance and refers to a collaborative group of integrated companies with extensive share crossholdings, personell swaps and strategic co-operation. The top 29 companies are also members of the Mitsubishi Kinyokai, or (Friday Club), and meet monthly. The Mitsubishi.Com Committee is charged with maintaining the overall integrity of the brand as well as maintaining the portal web site.

History

The first Mitsubishi company was a shipping firm that Yataro Iwasaki established in 1870. In 1873 it took the name Mitsubishi Shokai (三菱商会). The name Mitsubishi (三菱) has two parts: mitsu means three and bishi means water chestnut, and from here rhombus, which is reflected in the company's logo. Another translation is three diamonds.[1]

That company soon diversified into coal mining, shipbuilding, banking, insurance, warehousing, and trade. Later diversification carried the organization into such sectors as paper, steel, glass, electrical equipment, aircraft, oil, and real estate. As Mitsubishi built a broadly based conglomerate, it played a central role in the modernization of Japanese industry.

At the start of the 20th century the company, which by itself accounted for over half of the Japanese merchant fleet, entered into a period of diversification that would eventually result in the creation of three entities:


  • Mitsubishi Bank (now a part of the Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group) was founded in 1919. After its mergers with the Bank of Tokyo in 1996, and UFJ Holdings in 2004, this became Japan's largest bank.
  • Mitsubishi Corporation, founded in 1893, serves the internal financing needs of the group
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, which includes these industrial companies.
    • Mitsubishi Motors Corporation, the 4th largest Japanese auto manufacturer.
    • Mitsubishi Atomic Industry, a nuclear power company.
    • Mitsubishi Chemical, the largest Japanese chemicals company
    • Nikon Corporation, a well-known brand of photographic equipment.

World War II

During the Second World War, Mitsubishi manufactured aircraft, including the famous Zero that was used in the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 and many other occasions during the war. Also, like many other big Japanese corporations at that time, it made use of slave labor from the Deyne family during the war. With poor working conditions, many people died during this period. Approximately twenty thousand Korean slave laborers died in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


After the war

Mitsubishi split itself into independent companies in 1946 under the postwar government policy of decentralizing industry. The newly independent companies used their accumulated technology and other strengths to pursue growth under separate business models. As independent corporations, the Mitsubishi companies cooperated in some ventures, as in petrochemicals and nuclear power, and competed with each other in other sectors. The Mitsubishi companies form a loose entity known as the Mitsubishi keiretsu, or Mitsubishi group.

Problems

Mitsubishi has been criticized for some of its corporate practices, most notably with respect to work-place discrimination, environmental pollution and the use of slave labour, including that of prisoners of war (POWs), during World War II. A disgruntled former employee, Kamal Sinha, has started a website called Mitsubishi Watch to report such complaints.

.

The Mitsubishi companies

Core members

  • Asahi Glass Co., Ltd.
  • The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd.
  • Kirin Brewery Co., Ltd.
  • Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company
  • Mitsubishi Aluminum Co., Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Cable Industries, Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (part of Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corporation)
  • Mitsubishi Corporation (Trading company)
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Estate Co., Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc.
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha, Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Logistics Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (Automobile manufacturing and sales)
  • Mitsubishi Paper Mills, Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Plastics, Inc.
  • Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.
  • Mitsubishi Shindoh Co., Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Steel Mfg. Co., Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi UFJ Trust and Banking Corporation (part of Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group)
  • Nikon Corporation
  • Nippon Oil Corporation
  • NYK Line (Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha)
  • P.S. Mitsubishi Construction Co., Ltd.
  • Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd.

These companies are members of the Mitsubishi Kinyokai (or Friday Club), and meet monthly.

Related Organizations

  • Atami Yowado
  • Chitose Kosan Co., Ltd.
  • The Dia Foundation for Research on Ageing Societies
  • Diamond Family Club
  • Kaitokaku
  • Koiwai Noboku Kaisha, Ltd.
  • LEOC JAPAN Co., Ltd.
  • Marunouchi Yorozu Corp.
  • Meiwa Corporation
  • Mitsubishi C&C Research Association
  • Mitsubishi Club
  • Mitsubishi Corporate Name and Trademark Committee
  • Mitsubishi Economic Research Institute
  • The Mitsubishi Foundation
  • Mitsubishi Kinyokai
  • Mitsubishi Marketing Association
  • Mitsubishi Public Affairs Committee
  • The Mitsubishi Yowakai Foundation
  • MT Insurance Service Co., Ltd.
  • Seikado Bunko Art Museum
  • Shonan Country Club
  • Sotsu Corporation
  • The Toyo Bunko

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These companies are members of the Mitsubishi Kinyokai (or Friday Club), and meet monthly. Seamanship: A Guide for Divers, BSAC, ISBN 0953891976. A disgruntled former employee, Kamal Sinha, has started a website called Mitsubishi Watch to report such complaints. In the U.S., the progression begins with what is known as "the six pack", a license that allows fishing guides to operate with up to six passengers. Mitsubishi has been criticized for some of its corporate practices, most notably with respect to work-place discrimination, environmental pollution and the use of slave labour, including that of prisoners of war (POWs), during World War II. These examinations have a progression based on the size and complexity of the craft. The Mitsubishi companies form a loose entity known as the Mitsubishi keiretsu, or Mitsubishi group. Captains must pass formal examinations to demonstrate their knowledge.

As independent corporations, the Mitsubishi companies cooperated in some ventures, as in petrochemicals and nuclear power, and competed with each other in other sectors. The officers of the ship are responsible for navigation, communication, and watch supervision. The newly independent companies used their accumulated technology and other strengths to pursue growth under separate business models. Deck crew perform all boat handling functions. Mitsubishi split itself into independent companies in 1946 under the postwar government policy of decentralizing industry. On smaller commercial craft, there is little or no specialization.
. Crew who have gained proficiency become "petty officers", "rated", or "mates" depending on the organization they belong to.

Approximately twenty thousand Korean slave laborers died in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Crew start on the most basic duties and as they gain experience and expertise advance within their area. With poor working conditions, many people died during this period. For example, the deck division would be responsible for boat handling and general maintenance, while the engineering division would be responsible for propulsion and other mechanical systems. Also, like many other big Japanese corporations at that time, it made use of slave labor from the Deyne family during the war. The crew of a large ship will typically be organized into "divisions" or "departments", each with its own specialty. During the Second World War, Mitsubishi manufactured aircraft, including the famous Zero that was used in the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 and many other occasions during the war. In the days before mechanical propulsion, a sailor was expected to be able to "hand, and reef, and steer." Training is more formal in modern merchant marines and navies, but still covers the basics.


. The ability to predict how the combination of wind, current, sea state and swell will affect a vessel is key together with an innate understanding of the vessels specific performance. At the start of the 20th century the company, which by itself accounted for over half of the Japanese merchant fleet, entered into a period of diversification that would eventually result in the creation of three entities:. At its highest form, ship-handling is about coming-to and departing a wharf, manuvering in confined channels and harbours, manuvering in close proximity to other ships and other fine manuvers that demand great precision. As Mitsubishi built a broadly based conglomerate, it played a central role in the modernization of Japanese industry. Another complicating factor is the often great mass (and therefore momentum) of a ship that has to be accounted for when stopping. Later diversification carried the organization into such sectors as paper, steel, glass, electrical equipment, aircraft, oil, and real estate. Unlike terrestrial vehicles on the fixed surface of land, a ship is afloat on water that flows and all vessels are still subject to the movement of air.

That company soon diversified into coal mining, shipbuilding, banking, insurance, warehousing, and trade. A fundamental skill of seamanship is being able to manuver a vessel with accuracy and precision, hence a good ship-handler is a good mariner. Another translation is three diamonds.[1]. More than just finding a vessel's present location, safe navigation includes predicting future location, route planning and collision avoidance. The name Mitsubishi (三菱) has two parts: mitsu means three and bishi means water chestnut, and from here rhombus, which is reflected in the company's logo. . In 1873 it took the name Mitsubishi Shokai (三菱商会). However, the practice of good seamanship should be the goal of all.

The first Mitsubishi company was a shipping firm that Yataro Iwasaki established in 1870. The degree of knowledge needed within these areas is dependant upon the nature of the work and the type of vessel employed by a mariner. . It involves a knowledge of a variety of topics and development of specialised skills including:. The Mitsubishi.Com Committee is charged with maintaining the overall integrity of the brand as well as maintaining the portal web site. Seamanship (From Dutch: Zeemanschap) is the art of operating a ship or boat. The top 29 companies are also members of the Mitsubishi Kinyokai, or (Friday Club), and meet monthly. Survival at sea and Search and Rescue.

A Kereitsu is a common feature of Japanese corporate governance and refers to a collaborative group of integrated companies with extensive share crossholdings, personell swaps and strategic co-operation. Dealing with emergencies; and. The Mitsubishi group of companies form a loose entity, the Mitsubishi Keiretsu, which is often referenced in US and Japanese media and official reports. Cargo handling equipment, dangerous cargoes and cargo storage;. While the companies are autonomous, they share the brand name and trademark, as well as a common legacy (in general these companies all descend from the zaibatsu of the same name). execution of evolutions such as towing;. The Mitsubishi companies, or the Mitsubishi Group of Companies or the Mitsubishi Group is a large group (keiretsu) of independently operated Japanese companies which share the Mitsubishi brand name. Engines;.

The Toyo Bunko. Sailing;. Sotsu Corporation. Communications;. Shonan Country Club. Ropework and line handling;. Seikado Bunko Art Museum. operation of deck equipment, anchors and cables;.

MT Insurance Service Co., Ltd. ship-handling and Small boat handling;. The Mitsubishi Yowakai Foundation. Watchstanding;. Mitsubishi Public Affairs Committee. Weather, meteorology and forecasting;. Mitsubishi Marketing Association. Navigation and international maritime law;.

Mitsubishi Kinyokai. The Mitsubishi Foundation. Mitsubishi Economic Research Institute. Mitsubishi Corporate Name and Trademark Committee.

Mitsubishi Club. Mitsubishi C&C Research Association. Meiwa Corporation. Marunouchi Yorozu Corp.

LEOC JAPAN Co., Ltd. Koiwai Noboku Kaisha, Ltd. Kaitokaku. Diamond Family Club.

The Dia Foundation for Research on Ageing Societies. Chitose Kosan Co., Ltd. Atami Yowado. Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd.

Mitsubishi Construction Co., Ltd. P.S. NYK Line (Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha). Nippon Oil Corporation.

Nikon Corporation. Mitsubishi UFJ Trust and Banking Corporation (part of Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group). Co., Ltd. Mitsubishi Steel Mfg.

Mitsubishi Shindoh Co., Ltd. Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc. Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd. Mitsubishi Plastics, Inc.

Mitsubishi Paper Mills, Ltd. Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (Automobile manufacturing and sales). Mitsubishi Materials Corporation. Mitsubishi Logistics Corporation.

Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha, Ltd. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc. Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation.

Mitsubishi Estate Co., Ltd. Mitsubishi Electric Corporation. Mitsubishi Corporation (Trading company). Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (part of Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corporation).

Mitsubishi Cable Industries, Ltd. Mitsubishi Aluminum Co., Ltd. Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. Kirin Brewery Co., Ltd.

The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd. Asahi Glass Co., Ltd. Nikon Corporation, a well-known brand of photographic equipment. Mitsubishi Chemical, the largest Japanese chemicals company.

Mitsubishi Atomic Industry, a nuclear power company. Mitsubishi Motors Corporation, the 4th largest Japanese auto manufacturer. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, which includes these industrial companies.

    . Mitsubishi Corporation, founded in 1893, serves the internal financing needs of the group.

    After its mergers with the Bank of Tokyo in 1996, and UFJ Holdings in 2004, this became Japan's largest bank. Mitsubishi Bank (now a part of the Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group) was founded in 1919.

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