The Misfits

(Redirected from Misfits)
For the movie, see The Misfits (movie). A fictional band called The Misfits appears in the animated series Jem.

The Misfits were a punk rock band formed in 1977 in the town of Lodi, New Jersey, and led by singer Glenn Danzig (nč Anzalone).

The band's name is from The Misfits, Marilyn Monroe's last movie. The early lyrical and graphical focus was on retro (1930s-'50s) science fiction, horror films, and B-movies.

The early Misfits were often quite melodic: Danzig's voice was extremely supple, with a style rooted in Italian tenors such as Mario Lanza, and in 1950's doo wop; and with songwriting including strong pop hooks and sing-along choruses -- but grafted onto a very loud, and often cruddy-sounding punk band. (The early Misfits were, in both good and bad ways, a notably aggressive and untrained ensemble.)

By the original band's last album, Earth A.D., they had become a hardcore punk band, with Danzig's standout vocal tone floating over a torrent of thrashing guitar, bass, and drums, courtesy of Jerry, brother Doyle, and pal Robo. (Metallica covered two Misfits songs from this era, "Green Hell" and "Die Die My Darling," although some purists regard the cover version as weak and mechanical. Another Metallica cover, "Last Caress," is from the Misfits' aborted "Static Age" album session, from '78.)

"Last Caress" was a very rare track for years, and is now commonly regarded as the prototypical early-Misfits song, with blaring instruments and Danzig's melodic vocals putting the rendition somewhere on the crude median between Frank Sinatra and the Sex Pistols. The track is quite noteworthy, with aggressively sloppy punk instrumentation and a soaring, Italian-tenor vocal line. However, many other early songs are just as interesting, with the recently-released "Static Age" LP (of '78 studio sessions) filling all such accounts.

Members came and went, with bassist and co-founder Jerry Only (nč Caiafa) holding down the fort in terms of other instrumental players.

The original Misfits broke up in 1983.

The original Misfits released several 7" singles, in DIY limited-edition, that have long been considered prime collectors' items.

The band often wore ghoulish makeup when performing, and bassist Jerry Only invented a hairstyle called the devilock which is still worn by fans today.

The band plays and records today as a Jerry Only project, with rotating members.

The original Misfits' latter-day (and canonical) logo, a distinctive skull, is from a 1940s serial, the Crimson Ghost. Their later characteristic font consists of letters taken from the logo of the magazine "Famous Monsters of Filmland".

History

The earliest lineup was a trio, with Danzig singing and playing electric piano. This version didn't last long, recording one single and playing only a few gigs before the band ditched the piano (and the original drummer) and recruited a guitarist.

Many early members came and went, in shifting combination; Danzig and Only being constants.

During their original career, the Misfits were exemplary practitioners of the DIY ethic: The band (especially Danzig) booked their own shows, assembled and sold their own records, and ran their own fan club, the Fiend Club.

Like many punk bands of that time, the Misfits had brushes with the law. Danzig and guitarist Bobby Steele were jailed in the London district of Brixton for "threatening behavior" on December 2nd, 1979. Glenn's jail time would become the inspiration for the song "London Dungeon". On October 17, 1982, the band was arrested in New Orleans on the charges of grave-robbing while in search of the burial place of voodoo practitioner Marie Laveau. The Misfits denied the charges, and a witness reportedly attested that they had not even entered the cemetery gates. The band bailed themselves out of jail and skipped court to drive to their next performance in Florida.

On October 29, 1983 (see 1983 in music), Glenn Danzig broke up the band to dedicate his full attention to a new group, Samhain. Samhain later metamorphosed into Danzig.

Legal Battle

Meanwhile, Jerry Only and his brother, Misfits guitarist Doyle, played in a heavy metal band called Kryst The Conqueror with Yngwie Malmsteen vocalist Jeff Scott Soto until Only won the performing and recording rights to the Misfits in a legal battle.

In addition to the rights to the Misfits name and image, Only sought songwriting credits on much of the Misfits early material. He concedes that Danzig wrote nearly all the lyrics and much of the music, but contended that he and Doyle "wrote 25% or maybe 30% of the music," [1] (http://www.citizinemag.com/music/music-0309_jerryonly.htm) and deserved compensation.

Only gained the rights to the Misfits name and Image, and reformed the band in 1995 (1995 in music) with Doyle and newcomers Michale Graves on vocals and Dr. Chud of Sardonica on drums. The new incarnation of the Misfits released two full-length albums, American Psycho and Famous Monsters as well as a collection of rare and unreleased late Misfits tracks, until Michale Graves and Dr. Chud left the band on October 25, 2000 at a performance at the House of Blues in Orlando. Doyle took an indefinite hiatus from performing, Jerry took over lead vocals in addition to his bass duties, and recruited punk veterans Dez Cadena of Black Flag, and Marky Ramone of The Ramones to undertake a 25th Anniversary Tour.

Freed from the Misfits' contractual obligations to Universal's Geffen and Roadrunner imprints, Only and Misfits confidant John Cafiero formed Misfits Records and launched their new label with two releases, the American debut of their Japanese imitators Balzac, and a new Misfits album featuring the band's retakes on ten 50's rock classics, Project 1950. The album featured not only the punk rock all-star Misfits lineup of Only, Cadena and Ramone, but prominent appearances from 60's pop chanteuse Ronnie Spector and Blondie keyboardist Jimmy Destri.

Meanwhile Michale Graves and Dr. Chud had formed their own band, Graves, which released a single album before breaking up. As of 2004, Michale Graves currently sings in Gotham Road and is one of the forces behind www.conservativepunk.org [2] (http://www.conserativepunk.org), while Dr. Chud is pursuing a solo career.

Legacy

The influence The Misfits have had on punk rock, and rock music in general, sometimes seems disproportionate to the publicity and critical attention they have received. Myriad bands have imitated The Misfits' style, such as Blitzkid, and these bands have become known as horror punk. Psychobilly has various similarities with horror punk. A number of bands have recently surfaced which, although in some cases less obviously horror punk, are still strongly visibly and audibly influenced by The Misfits. These include, most notably, bands such as AFI, Tiger Army, Alkaline Trio and the Murderdolls. Many musical groups whose resemblance to The Misfits seems far removed also cite The Misfits as crucial influences, such as Metallica and Cradle of Filth.

Discography

  • Cough/Cool (1977) - single
  • Bullet (1978) - EP
  • Horror Business (1979) - EP
  • Night of the Living Dead (1979) - single
  • Beware (1980) - EP
  • 3 Hits From Hell (1981) - EP
  • Who Killed Marilyn? (1981) - single (though often credited as a Misfits release, this was issued as a Glenn Danzig solo release)
  • Halloween (1981) - single
  • Walk Among Us (1982) - album
  • Evilive (1982) - live fan club EP
  • Earth A.D./Wolfs Blood (1983) - album
  • Die, Die My Darling (1984) - single
  • Earth A.D. (1984) - album
  • Legacy Of Brutality (1985) - album
  • Collection I (1986) - album
  • Evilive (1987) - live album
  • Collection II (1995) - album
  • Static Age (1997) - album
  • 12 Hits From Hell (2001) - album (promo only, unreleased)
  • American Psycho (1997) - album
  • Dig Up Her Bones (1997) - single
  • Evillive II (1998) - live fan club album
  • Famous Monsters (1999) - album
  • Monster Mash (1999) - single
  • Cuts From The Crypt (1999) - album
  • Project 1950 (2003) - album

Filmography

The Misfits appeared as characters or in cameos in the following movies.

  • Animal Room (1995), as The Misfits
  • Bruiser (2000), uncredited
  • Big Money Hustlas (2000), as Misfits 1-4 (individually credited)
  • Campfire Stories (2001), as The Misfits

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The Misfits appeared as characters or in cameos in the following movies.
. Many musical groups whose resemblance to The Misfits seems far removed also cite The Misfits as crucial influences, such as Metallica and Cradle of Filth.
. These include, most notably, bands such as AFI, Tiger Army, Alkaline Trio and the Murderdolls.
. A number of bands have recently surfaced which, although in some cases less obviously horror punk, are still strongly visibly and audibly influenced by The Misfits. A paperback version of the book, released in 2003, included a handful of writings that were not offered in the initial release.

Psychobilly has various similarities with horror punk. The writings begin in the late 1980s, around the time the band started, and end in 1994. Myriad bands have imitated The Misfits' style, such as Blitzkid, and these bands have become known as horror punk. The journal pages are reproduced in color, and there is a section added at the back that has explanations and transcripts of some of the less legible pages. The influence The Misfits have had on punk rock, and rock music in general, sometimes seems disproportionate to the publicity and critical attention they have received. The book is 280 pages with a simple black cover; the pages are arranged somewhat chronologically (although Cobain generally did not date them). Chud is pursuing a solo career. In November 2002, a sampling of these writings was published as Journals.

As of 2004, Michale Graves currently sings in Gotham Road and is one of the forces behind www.conservativepunk.org [2] (http://www.conserativepunk.org), while Dr. Cobain wrote in a journal often, leaving 22 notebooks filled with his writing when he died. Chud had formed their own band, Graves, which released a single album before breaking up. Many also point out that Grohl and Novoselic have remained silent in the matter, and that they would certainly have spoken out had they believed that Kurt was murdered. Meanwhile Michale Graves and Dr. Most cite Cobain's persistent drug addiction, clinical depression, and handwritten suicide note as conclusive proof. The album featured not only the punk rock all-star Misfits lineup of Only, Cadena and Ramone, but prominent appearances from 60's pop chanteuse Ronnie Spector and Blondie keyboardist Jimmy Destri. However, while the murder theories remain popular among a core group of hardcore Nirvana fans, the official verdict of death by self-inflicted gunshot wound is still generally accepted by the public.

Freed from the Misfits' contractual obligations to Universal's Geffen and Roadrunner imprints, Only and Misfits confidant John Cafiero formed Misfits Records and launched their new label with two releases, the American debut of their Japanese imitators Balzac, and a new Misfits album featuring the band's retakes on ten 50's rock classics, Project 1950. Over the next couple of years, Halperin and Wallace collaborated with Grant to write a second book, 2004's Love and Death: The Murder of Kurt Cobain, where they claim to conclusively prove that Cobain was murdered. Doyle took an indefinite hiatus from performing, Jerry took over lead vocals in addition to his bass duties, and recruited punk veterans Dez Cadena of Black Flag, and Marky Ramone of The Ramones to undertake a 25th Anniversary Tour. On their insistence, Grant played some the tapes for the journalists to prove his claims. Chud left the band on October 25, 2000 at a performance at the House of Blues in Orlando. A notable element of the book included their discussions with Tom Grant, who had taped nearly every conversation that he had undertaken while he was under Courtney Love's employ. The new incarnation of the Misfits released two full-length albums, American Psycho and Famous Monsters as well as a collection of rare and unreleased late Misfits tracks, until Michale Graves and Dr. Their inital work, the 1999 book Who Killed Kurt Cobain? drew a similar conclusion to Broomfield's film: while there wasn't enough evidence to prove a conspiracy, there was more than enough to demand that the case be reopened.

Chud of Sardonica on drums. Journalists Ian Halperin and Max Wallace took a similar path and attempted to investigate the conspiracy for themselves. Only gained the rights to the Misfits name and Image, and reformed the band in 1995 (1995 in music) with Doyle and newcomers Michale Graves on vocals and Dr. In the end, however, Broomfield felt he hadn't uncovered enough evidence to conclude the existence of a conspiracy. He concedes that Danzig wrote nearly all the lyrics and much of the music, but contended that he and Doyle "wrote 25% or maybe 30% of the music," [1] (http://www.citizinemag.com/music/music-0309_jerryonly.htm) and deserved compensation. Broomfield titled the finished documentary Kurt & Courtney, and it was released in 1998. In addition to the rights to the Misfits name and image, Only sought songwriting credits on much of the Misfits early material. Broomfield inadvertantly captured El Duce's last interview, as he died under mysterious circumstances days later.

Meanwhile, Jerry Only and his brother, Misfits guitarist Doyle, played in a heavy metal band called Kryst The Conqueror with Yngwie Malmsteen vocalist Jeff Scott Soto until Only won the performing and recording rights to the Misfits in a legal battle. Most notably, Broomfield spoke to a man named El Duce, who claimed that Courtney had offered him $50,000 to kill Cobain, and passed a polygraph. Samhain later metamorphosed into Danzig. Filmmaker Nick Broomfield decided to investigate the story for himself, and took a film crew to visit a number of people associated with Kurt and Courtney, including Courtney's father, Kurt's aunt, and one of the couple's former nannies. On October 29, 1983 (see 1983 in music), Glenn Danzig broke up the band to dedicate his full attention to a new group, Samhain. (see website link below). The band bailed themselves out of jail and skipped court to drive to their next performance in Florida. Many, however, see Grant as an opportunist, capitalizing on Kurt's death by selling "kits" about the conspiracy via his website.

On October 17, 1982, the band was arrested in New Orleans on the charges of grave-robbing while in search of the burial place of voodoo practitioner Marie Laveau. The Misfits denied the charges, and a witness reportedly attested that they had not even entered the cemetery gates. Grant cites the official toxicology report, which claims that Kurt's heroin level was three times the lethal dosage at the time of his death, as the key piece of evidence of murder, arguing that Kurt could not have injected himself with such a dose and still be able to pull the trigger. Glenn's jail time would become the inspiration for the song "London Dungeon". Grant was hired by Courtney to find Kurt after his disappearance from rehab, and was still under her employ when Kurt's body was found. Danzig and guitarist Bobby Steele were jailed in the London district of Brixton for "threatening behavior" on December 2nd, 1979. In addition, Tom Grant, a private investigator once employed by Love, adamantly believes that Cobain's death was homicide. Like many punk bands of that time, the Misfits had brushes with the law. His ongoing documentary has been running since the week after Cobain's demise.

During their original career, the Misfits were exemplary practitioners of the DIY ethic: The band (especially Danzig) booked their own shows, assembled and sold their own records, and ran their own fan club, the Fiend Club. According to some, notably public access host Richard Lee of Seattle, Kurt Cobain was murdered. Many early members came and went, in shifting combination; Danzig and Only being constants. It showed that even in the turmoil of his final days, Kurt still had the gift for melody that he had demonstrated so many years earlier in songs like "About a Girl". This version didn't last long, recording one single and playing only a few gigs before the band ditched the piano (and the original drummer) and recruited a guitarist. But, for many, the most exciting track on the entire box was a solo demo of a song called "Do Re Mi", recorded by Cobain just a few short weeks before his death. The earliest lineup was a trio, with Danzig singing and playing electric piano. Of note to serious Nirvana fans were unfinished studio recordings of "Old Age" and "Verse Chorus Verse" (different from "Sappy") recorded during the Nevermind sessions.

Their later characteristic font consists of letters taken from the logo of the magazine "Famous Monsters of Filmland". The box set contained a vast array of early Cobain demos, rough rehearsal recordings, and live tracks recorded throughout the band's history. The original Misfits' latter-day (and canonical) logo, a distinctive skull, is from a 1940s serial, the Crimson Ghost. November of 2004 finally saw the release of the Nirvana box set, titled With the Lights Out. The band plays and records today as a Jerry Only project, with rotating members. Some have used Cobain's feeling of being "written-out" as one possible explanation for his suicide. The band often wore ghoulish makeup when performing, and bassist Jerry Only invented a hairstyle called the devilock which is still worn by fans today. For example, a 1989 performance of the song "Breed" (then titled "Immodium") was included on Wishkah, recorded a full two years before the song's release on Nevermind.

The original Misfits released several 7" singles, in DIY limited-edition, that have long been considered prime collectors' items. He had always made a point of working on new material during the tour and playing it differently every night so that by the time the tour ended they would have the songs worked out, ready to be recorded. The original Misfits broke up in 1983. It was revealed in the liner notes of the Nirvana album that Cobain was concerned that he had not been able to write anything substantial during their last tour and had little material with which to go into the studio. Members came and went, with bassist and co-founder Jerry Only (nč Caiafa) holding down the fort in terms of other instrumental players. Following its release, many long-time fans complained about the song selection, noting that the alternate version of "Been a Son" (from the Blew EP) was not the band's preferred version, and that the disc lacked songs such as "Sappy" (released as "Verse Chorus Verse") that had received significant radio airplay following Kurt's death. However, many other early songs are just as interesting, with the recently-released "Static Age" LP (of '78 studio sessions) filling all such accounts. On top of "You Know You're Right", the album contained hit singles from their three studio albums as well as several alternate mixes and recordings of familiar Nirvana songs.

The track is quite noteworthy, with aggressively sloppy punk instrumentation and a soaring, Italian-tenor vocal line. Nirvana was released on October 29, 2002. "Last Caress" was a very rare track for years, and is now commonly regarded as the prototypical early-Misfits song, with blaring instruments and Danzig's melodic vocals putting the rendition somewhere on the crude median between Frank Sinatra and the Sex Pistols. Even though the studio version turned out itself to be a rough draft with unfinished lyrics, fans and non-fans alike adored the song, leading it to become one of the most-played songs on Alternative radio in both 2002 and 2003. Another Metallica cover, "Last Caress," is from the Misfits' aborted "Static Age" album session, from '78.). As the court case neared completion in September of 2002, the entire song unexpectedly leaked, days before the announcement of the release of Nirvana. (Metallica covered two Misfits songs from this era, "Green Hell" and "Die Die My Darling," although some purists regard the cover version as weak and mechanical. For fans, the first real confirmation of its existence came in 2001 when fragments of the studio recording leaked on the Internet, sending anticipation into a fever pitch.

By the original band's last album, Earth A.D., they had become a hardcore punk band, with Danzig's standout vocal tone floating over a torrent of thrashing guitar, bass, and drums, courtesy of Jerry, brother Doyle, and pal Robo. In the years that followed, rumors of the existence of a studio version of the song perpetuated through Nirvana's fanbase, and it grew to almost mythic proportions. (The early Misfits were, in both good and bad ways, a notably aggressive and untrained ensemble.). A live rough draft version of the song performed by Nirvana at their October 23, 1993 concert at the Aragon Ballroom in Chicago surfaced in Nirvana tape-trading circles a few months later. The early Misfits were often quite melodic: Danzig's voice was extremely supple, with a style rooted in Italian tenors such as Mario Lanza, and in 1950's doo wop; and with songwriting including strong pop hooks and sing-along choruses -- but grafted onto a very loud, and often cruddy-sounding punk band. Nirvana fans' first taste of "You Know You're Right" came in early 1995 when Courtney Love played a version of the song with her band Hole on MTV Unplugged under the title "You've Got No Right". The early lyrical and graphical focus was on retro (1930s-'50s) science fiction, horror films, and B-movies. In turn, Love agreed to donate cassette demos recorded by Cobain for use on the box set.

The band's name is from The Misfits, Marilyn Monroe's last movie. After more than a year of often public and sometimes bizarre legal maneuvering, the parties settled, agreeing on the immediate release of the greatest hits package including "You Know You're Right", titled simply Nirvana. The Misfits were a punk rock band formed in 1977 in the town of Lodi, New Jersey, and led by singer Glenn Danzig (nč Anzalone). Love, however, argued that the song was more important than just a generic "rarity", and should be included on a single-disc greatest hits compilation. Campfire Stories (2001), as The Misfits. Grohl and Novoselic wanted to include the song on the box set, essentially releasing all of the rarities at one time. Big Money Hustlas (2000), as Misfits 1-4 (individually credited). Much of the legal wrangling centered on a single unreleased song, "You Know You're Right", the band's final studio recording.

Bruiser (2000), uncredited. What followed was a protracted legal battle over the ownership of Nirvana's music that lasted for more than a year. Animal Room (1995), as The Misfits. However, shortly before the release date, Courtney Love filed an injunction to stop the box set's release and sued Grohl and Novoselic, claiming that Cobain's former bandmates were hijacking Nirvana's legacy for their own personal interests. Project 1950 (2003) - album. Four years later, it was announced that the box set was complete, and would see release in September to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the release of Nevermind. Cuts From The Crypt (1999) - album. In 1997, word spread that Grohl and Novoselic were organizing a box set of Nirvana rarities.

Monster Mash (1999) - single. The live disc, a compilation of Nirvana concert recordings, finally saw release in October of 1996, titled From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah. Famous Monsters (1999) - album. However, for the two surviving band members, Grohl (now a member of the band Foo Fighters) and Novoselic (who went on to form Sweet 75 and later Eyes Adrift), sorting through the treasure trove of Nirvana recordings so soon after Kurt's passing became too emotionally overwhelming. Evillive II (1998) - live fan club album. The original intention was to release the MTV Unplugged set in a double-disc package, with a second disc of live electric material to balance the acoustic set. Dig Up Her Bones (1997) - single. Memorable footage from the video included an infamous incident with a bouncer at a Texas club in October of 1991, as well as the band's performance of "Aneurysm" donned in dresses at Rock in Rio in Brazil in January of 1993.

American Psycho (1997) - album. Cobain himself had compiled a good portion of the video, which documented much of the Nevermind tour. 12 Hits From Hell (2001) - album (promo only, unreleased). Two weeks after the release of Unplugged in New York, a video compilation of Nirvana performances, titled Live! Tonight! Sold Out!!, was released. Static Age (1997) - album. This album included guest appearances by members of the Meat Puppets and cover versions of Meat Puppets, Leadbelly, and David Bowie material. Collection II (1995) - album. The first came in November of 1994 with the release of the band's subdued and eerily morbid performance for MTV Unplugged, Unplugged in New York.

Evilive (1987) - live album. Several Nirvana albums have been released since Cobain's death. Collection I (1986) - album. A week later, on Friday, April 8, 1994, Cobain's body was discovered at his Seattle home, dead of an apparent suicide, effectively dissolving Nirvana. (Some have disputed the suicide verdict; see below.). Legacy Of Brutality (1985) - album. After less than a week in rehab, Cobain climbed over the wall of the facility and flew back to Seattle. Earth A.D. (1984) - album. An intervention was organized, and Cobain was convinced to check into rehab.

Die, Die My Darling (1984) - single. In the ensuing weeks, Cobain's heroin addiction resurfaced. Earth A.D./Wolfs Blood (1983) - album. The rest of the tour was canceled, including a planned leg in the UK. Evilive (1982) - live fan club EP. The doctor told a press conference that the singer had reacted to a combination of prescription Rohypnol and alcohol. Walk Among Us (1982) - album. On the morning of March 4th, Cobain was found unconscious by Courtney Love and rushed to the hospital.

Halloween (1981) - single. The next night's show at the same venue was canceled. Who Killed Marilyn? (1981) - single (though often credited as a Misfits release, this was issued as a Glenn Danzig solo release). Following a tour stop at Terminal Einz in Munich, Germany, on March 1st, Cobain was diagnosed with bronchitis and severe laryngitis. 3 Hits From Hell (1981) - EP. While the tour started off well, the performances gradually declined, with Kurt looking bored and distracted during the shows. Beware (1980) - EP. In early 1994, the band embarked on a European tour.

Night of the Living Dead (1979) - single. It became a hallmark moment of Nirvana's history, if not amplified by the tragedy soon to follow. Horror Business (1979) - EP. The song selection also demonstrated Cobain's broad musical interests through his choice of cover songs. Bullet (1978) - EP. The sessions revealed the depth of Cobain's songwriting, which had often been buried under the sonic fury of the band's sound. Cough/Cool (1977) - single. In November of 1993, the band decided to change direction, and sat down for an appearance on MTV Unplugged.

When the band embarked on the US In Utero tour (with Pat Smear of the punk rock band The Germs as second guitarist), its first major tour of the States since the success of "Smells Like Teen Spirit", it regularly played to half-filled arenas, stymied by the lack of tour support for Nevermind and the challenging new release. While "Heart-Shaped Box" was received warmly by alternative radio, and In Utero debuted at number one on the Billboard Album chart, the album didn't enjoy the same success as Nevermind. When asked about the edited version, Kurt noted that he could relate to the small-town residents that had no other local music stores and were forced to buy their music at Wal-Mart. Other than the inclusion of Litt's mix of "Pennyroyal Tea", however, the music on the album was identical to the wider release.

The band decided to abide by the request, and compiled a version of the album with "clean" artwork and "Rape Me" retitled "Waif Me". Giant store chain Wal-Mart refused to carry the album, citing song titles like "Rape Me" and Kurt's plastic-fetus collage on the album's artwork as too controversial for the "family-oriented" chain. With In Utero, the band also faced corporate censorship. Litt also remixed "Pennyroyal Tea", but Albini's version was used on the album.

producer Scott Litt was called in to help remix those two songs, with Cobain adding additional instrumentation and backing vocals. Longtime R.E.M. Specifically, they thought the bass levels were too low, and Cobain felt that "Heart-Shaped Box" and "All Apologies" didn't sound "perfect". While popular perception after the fact was that the band wanted this distorted masterpiece, they were actually unhappy with certain aspects of Albini's mixes.

One song on In Utero featuring long periods of shrill feedback noise was titled, ironically, "Radio Friendly Unit Shifter". (In the industry, a "radio-friendly unit shifter" describes an "ideal" album: one capable of heavy radio play and ultimately selling many copies, or "units".) However, Cobain insisted that Albini's sound was simply the one he'd always wanted Nirvana to have: a "natural" recording without layers and layers of studio trickery. Some saw bringing in Albini as a deliberate move on Nirvana's part to give the album a rawer, more unpolished sound: that the band wanted to alienate or distance some of their new "mainstream" audience who'd paid little or no attention to the alternative, obscure, or experimental bands Nirvana saw as their forebearers. The sessions with Albini were productive and notably quick: the initial version of the album was recorded and mixed in two weeks, a far cry from the months spent recording and mixing Nevermind. For 1993's In Utero, the band brought in producer Steve Albini, perhaps best known for his work on the highly influential Pixies album Surfer Rosa.

The album contained such fan favorites as "Sliver" and "Aneurysm" as well as covers of songs by The Vaselines, a band that became more popular as a result of Nirvana's covers. It is believed that they did so to circumvent bootleggers. Nirvana released Incesticide, a collection of B-sides and rarities, in December of 1992. Cobain entered the stage in a wheelchair as a practical joke, then proceeded to get up and join the rest of the band in tearing through an assortment of old and new material.

Just weeks later, Nirvana performed one of its most popular concerts, headlining at the Reading Festival. When the band began their performance, Kurt strummed the first few bars of "Rape Me", giving the MTV execs a solid shock before jumping into "Lithium". MTV was appalled at the idea of a song called "Rape Me", and eventually agreed that the band could play "Lithium" instead. MTV had wanted the band to play "Teen Spirit", but the band wanted to play a new song called "Rape Me".

Just days after Frances Bean's birth, Nirvana put on a memorable performance at the MTV Video Music Awards. Courtney gave birth to a daughter, Frances Bean, in August. In February of 1992, following an Australian tour, Cobain married Courtney Love in Hawaii. Citing exhaustion, the band decided not to undertake another US tour in support of Nevermind, instead opting to make a handful of performances later that year.

The popularity of "alternative" rock — as well as the sidelining of hair metal — is often credited to Nevermind. The highly infectious single "Smells Like Teen Spirit" received heavy airplay on MTV, inspiring a slew of imitators, bringing the grunge sound, as well as so-called alternative rock and alternative culture, into the mainstream. Nevermind was a massive, unexpected success, selling millions of copies. Later Cobain would complain in the press that Wallace had made Nevermind sound too slick, although Wallace had been his own choice and the bandmembers themselves had been involved in the mixing process.1 Wallace, however, had tempered the band's indie rock leanings, and had created a mainstream-ready rock sound that others would attempt to duplicate for the next decade.

Cobain did not want to use mixers that had worked with other bands he liked because he did not want to sound like them, so he decided to call in the guy at the bottom of the list after whose name it read 'Slayer': Andy Wallace. DGC sent them a list with possible options. After recording, Vig initially started off to mix the album as well but both Vig and Nirvana were not satisfied with their results so they decided to call in someone else to mix the album. The album was produced by Butch Vig, who had previously worked with Sonic Youth and Smashing Pumpkins.

The result, Nevermind, is now regarded as a classic. Following repeated recommendation by Sonic Youth's Kim Gordon, David Geffen signed Nirvana to DGC Records in 1990 and the band began recording their first major label album. [1] (http://www.subpop.com/scripts/main/bands_page.php?id=163) Nirvana continued touring aftwards, including a stint with Sonic Youth chronicled in the documentary 1991: The Year Punk Broke. Hardcore punks Scream.

In 1990, Buzz Osbourne of The Melvins later hooked them up with Dave Grohl, who drummed with D.C. After a few weeks with Dale Crover of The Melvins filling in, they drafted Mudhoney drummer Dan Peters, with whom they recorded the song "Sliver". During the sessions, Kurt and Krist realized that Chad wasn't quite the drummer the band needed, and he was let go after the sessions were complete. In early 1990, the band began working with producer Butch Vig on recordings for the follow-up to Bleach.

After the album's completion, Everman had a brief and contentious tenure with the band as a second guitar player, but was ousted following their first US tour. Not long after, he briefly played bass with Soundgarden, and later formed the band Mind Funk. Though he did not actually play on the album, Jason Everman was credited as playing guitar on Bleach because he put up the money for the recording sessions. Bleach was highly influenced by Cobain's then-favorite band, The Melvins, as well as the heavy dirge-rock of Mudhoney. Channing played on their first album, Bleach, released by Sub Pop records.

They worked with a series of drummers (Aaron Burckhard, Dan Peters and Dale Crover of The Melvins, who played on their first demos), before settling on Chad Channing. Both were fans of The Melvins, and both were interested in forming a band. Cobain and Krist Novoselic met in 1985. Many critics and historians hail Nirvana as the "flagship band" of "Generation X".

The group disbanded in 1994 upon the death of its leader, Kurt Cobain. Their music was an offshoot of punk and alternative rock and was labeled grunge rock by the mainstream press and media of the time. Nirvana was a popular rock band founded in 1987 in Aberdeen, Washington. See Nirvana (1960s band) for the British psychedelic rock band of the 1960s of the same name, or Nirvana (disambiguation) for other meanings..

This article is about the 1980s-1990s grunge band Nirvana. Steve Newman - Bass. Mike Dillard - Drums. John Duncan - Guitar.

Greg Hokanson - Drums. Dave Foster - Drums. Buzz Osborne - Bass. Pat Smear - guitar (1993-1994).

Dave Grohl - drums (1990-1994). Dan Peters - drums (1990). Chad Channing - drums (1988-1990). Jason Everman - guitar (1989).

Dale Crover - drums (1987-1988, 1990). Aaron Burckhard - drums (1987). Krist Novoselic - bass. Kurt Cobain - vocals, guitar.

Download sample of "Come As You Are" from Nevermind.

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