Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Nickname: "The City of Festivals", "The Genuine American City", "Cream City", "Brewtown/Brew City"
Motto: "'"
Official website: http://www.city.milwaukee.gov
Location


Location of Milwaukee in
Milwaukee County, Wisconsin

Government
County Milwaukee
Mayor Tom Barrett
Geographical characteristics
Area
Total 251.0 km²
Land 248.8 km²
Water 2.2 km²
Population
Total (2000) 596,974
Metro area 1,709,926
Density 2399.5/km²
Density {{{population_density_mi2}}}/mi²
Latitude {{{latitude}}}
Longitude {{{longitude}}}
Coordinates 43°03′00″ N
87°57′00″ W
Elevation m
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)

Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin, United States and the county of Milwaukee. The city's population is 592,765 (2005 estimate) with an estimated total of 1,709,926 in the Milwaukee metropolitan area (2005). The city of Milwaukee is the 22nd largest city in the United States. The city is located in the southeastern portion of the state on the western shore of Lake Michigan.

History

The Milwaukee area was originally inhabited by the Fox, Mascouten, Potawatomi, and Winnebago Indian tribes. Milwaukee received its name from the Indian word Millioke which means "The Good Land", or "gathering place by the water." French missionaries and traders passed through the area in the late 1600s and 1700s.

In 1818, Frenchman Solomon Juneau settled in the area. Juneau bought out his father-in-law's trading business, and in 1833 he founded a town on the east side of the Milwaukee River. In 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring rival towns to incorporate as the City of Milwaukee: Kilbourntown to the west, which was founded by Byron Kilbourn, and Walker's Point to the south, founded by George H. Walker. Juneau was Milwaukee's first mayor. German immigrants helped increase the city's population during the 1840s and the following decades. Milwaukee still today has a large German-American population. The liberal tradition of these peoples led to decades of socialist government in Milwaukee during the twentieth century.

From the late 19th century until the 1950s, Milwaukee, like many northern industrial cities, saw tremendous growth from immigrants from Germany, Hungary, Poland and other central European nations, as well as the northward migration of African-Americans from southern U.S. states. This helped make Milwaukee one of the 15 largest cities in the nation, and by the mid-1960s, its population reached nearly 750,000. Starting in the late 1960s, however, like many cities in the Great Lakes "rust belt," Milwaukee saw its population start to decline due to various factors, ranging from the loss of blue collar jobs to the phenomenon of "white flight." However, in recent years, the city began to make strides in improving its economy, neighborhoods, and image, resulting in the revitalization of neighborhoods such as the Third Ward, east side,and more recently, Bay View, along with attracting new businesses to its downtown area. While the city still faces a shrinking population[1], it continues to make plans for increasing its future revitalization through various projects.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 251.0 km² (96.9 square miles). 248.8 km² (96.1 square miles) of it is land and 2.2 km² (0.9 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.88% water.

Cityscape

Milwaukee lies along the shores and bluffs of Lake Michigan at the confluence of three rivers: the Menomonee, the Kinnickinnic and the Milwaukee. It is crossed by Interstate 43 and Interstate 94, which come together downtown at the Marquette Interchange.

View of the Milwaukee River from downtown.

Climate

Milwaukee's proximity to Lake Michigan causes a convection current to form mid-afternoon, resulting in the so-called lake effect, causing the temperatures to be warmer in the winter, and cooler in the summer ("cooler by the lake" is practically boilerplate language for local meteorologists during the summer). Also, the relative humidity in the summer is far higher than that of comparable cities at the same latitude, meaning that it feels hotter than it really is.

Milwaukee's all-time record high temperature is 105°F (41°C) set on July 17, 1995. The coldest temperature ever experienced by the city was -26°F (-32°C) on both January 17, 1982 and February 4, 1996. The 1982 event, also known as Cold Sunday, featured temperatures as low as -40°F (-40°C) in some of the suburbs as little as 10 miles (16km) to the north of Milwaukee, although the city itself did not approach such cold temperatures.

Demographics

In the 2000 census, over a third (38 percent) of Milwaukeeans reported that they were of German descent. Other large population groups include Polish (12.7%), Irish (10%), English (5.1%), Italian (4.4%), French (3.9%), and Hispanic origin totaled 6.3%.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there are 596,974 people, 232,188 households, and 135,133 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,399.5/km² (6,214.3 per square mile). There are 249,225 housing units at an average density of 1,001.7/km² (2,594.4 per square mile). The racial makeup of the city is 49.98% White, 37.34% African American, 0.87% Native American, 2.94% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.10% from other races, and 2.71% from two or more races. 12.00% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 232,188 households out of which 30.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% are married couples living together, 21.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% are non-families. 33.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.50 and the average family size is 3.25.

In the city the population is spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $32,216, and the median income for a family is $37,879. Males have a median income of $32,244 versus $26,013 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,181. 21.3% of the population and 17.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 31.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Transportation

Milwaukee uses the Interstate Highways for its main transportation. I-94 comes up from Chicago to enter Milwaukee continues to Madison I-43 also enters Milwaukee from the south and continues to Green Bay where it ends. Milwaukee also has many internal freeways as well. Residents may also use the Milwaukee County Transit System to get around the city as well as the county via the bus.

Economy

Although most people associate Milwaukee with beer, today companies like Miller Brewing employ less than one percent of the city's workers. Milwaukee's reputation as a blue collar town is more accurate, however, with 22 percent of the workforce involved in manufacturing — second only to San Jose, CA and far higher than the national average of 16.5%. Service and managerial jobs are the fastest growing segments of the Milwaukee economy, and healthcare makes up 27% of all service jobs in the city.

Milwaukee is headquarters to six Fortune 1000 manufacturers and six Fortune 1000 service companies. Among these are Briggs & Stratton, Harley-Davidson, Johnson Controls, Manpower Inc., Marshall & Ilsley, Northwestern Mutual, Rockwell Automation, Roundy's Supermarkets, Metavante, Kohl's, and Wisconsin Energy. The Milwaukee area ranked number five in the nation when measuring the number of Fortune 500 companies as a share of the population, just behind the number four Minneapolis-St. Paul region. Milwaukee also has a large number of financial service firms, particularly those specializing in mutual funds and transaction processing systems, and a disproportionate number of publishing and printing companies.

Culture and sports

Culture

The Milwaukee Art Museum

Milwaukee's most visually prominent cultural attraction is the Milwaukee Art Museum, especially its new $100 million wing designed by Santiago Calatrava in his first American commission. The museum includes a "brise soleil," a moving sunscreen that quite literally unfolds like the wing of a bird. The Milwaukee Public Museum, Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory and Milwaukee County Zoo are also notable public attractions.

Milwaukee is home to the Florentine Opera, the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra, the Milwaukee Ballet, Milwaukee Repertory Theatre, Skylight Opera Theatre, First Stage Children's Theater,Milwaukee Youth Theatre, and a number of other arts organizations. Additionally, Milwaukee is home to artistic performance venues such as the Marcus Center for the Performing Arts, Pabst Theatre, Riverside Theatre, and Milwaukee Theatre. The Milwaukee Youth Arts Center, a first-of-its-kind Arts-in-education facility, is a national model.

Milwaukee, "A Great Place on a Great Lake" and "Genuine American," has also advertised itself as the "City of Festivals," emphasizing an annual lakefront fair called Summerfest. Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest music festival in the world, Summerfest attracts around 900,000 visitors a year to its twelve stages. Smaller festivals througout the year celebrate the city's German, Native American, African-American, Italian, Irish, Asian, Arab, and Polish heritage.

Due in large part to its brewery history, the city has been called "the nation's watering hole" with more bars per capita than any other large city in the country (one bar for every 1600 people or approximately 375 bars, four bars for every square mile). Along the same lines, the tradition of tailgating (for almost any event, but especially Brewers games), where copious amounts of beer and other potent potables are ceremoniously consumed, is deeply engrained in culture of the city and its residents both young and old.

Although Milwaukee isn't known historically as a club scene music mecca, it does have a vibrant history of rock, blues, punk, ska, industrial music, goth and pop music bands. A range of musicians have called Milwaukee home, including Hildegarde, Woody Herman, Liberace, blues giant Hubert Sumlin, the BoDeans, Violent Femmes, Citizen King, The Gufs, The Promise Ring, Oil Tasters, Die Kruezen, Boy Dirt Car, Shiverhead, among others. Local hip-hop action includes acts like Rusty Ps and Black Elephant. Coo Coo Cal gave Milwaukee a national foothold in the hip-hop market with his hit single "My Projects". Beer City Skateboards is not only a skateboard company, but a punk rock label as well, home to DRI and Millions of Dead Cops. Venues such as Pabst Theater and The Rave bring internationally-known and critically acclaimed acts to Milwaukee every day.

Milwaukee is also home to a vibrant club scene booking regular international DJs such as Richie Hawtin, LTJ Bukem, Mark Farina, Derrick Carter and others. Milwaukee was home to a vibrant rave scene in the early Nineties, especially fostering hardcore techno, thanks to Drop Bass; but the scene moved south to Chicago after reaction by city authorities. Milwaukee was also an epicenter of the breakcore scene in early 2000s with labels like Addict Records and Zod Records.

Sports

It is also home to a number of professional sports teams including:

The Milwaukee Mile auto racing facility, the oldest active auto race track in the United States, is located on the Wisconsin State Fair Grounds in West Allis. The Mile is not far from the Pettit National Ice Center, a U.S. Olympic Team training facility for speed skating.

Previous sports teams to play in Milwaukee have included:

In addition, the Green Bay Packers played a portion of their home schedule in Milwaukee from 1933 through 1994:

The 1939 Championship between the Packers and the New York Giants was played at State Fair Park. The Packers won, 27-0.

To this day, the Packers maintain two separate season ticket plans, reflecting their time in Milwaukee: the Gold package, made up primarily of former Milwaukee season ticket holders, have a three-game package consisting of the annual Midwest Shrine preseason contest plus the second and fifth regular-season home games each year, and the Green package (made up of original Green Bay ticket holders) attend the annual Bishop's Charities preseason game and the remaining six regular-season contests.

Education

Milwaukee maintains Milwaukee Public Schools, the largest school district in Wisconsin. As of 2006, it has an enrolment of 95,600 students and employs 6,100 full-time and substitute teachers in 223 schools.

Colleges and universities

High schools

Media

Newspapers serving Milwaukee include:

Broadcast media:

Airports

Colloquialisms


This page about Milwaukee includes information from a Wikipedia article.
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Broadcast media:. The Royal Marines also there own special forces similar to that of the SAS: the SBS (Special Boat Service) or The Boat Troop; and the Mountain Troop. Newspapers serving Milwaukee include:. Navy SEALs and the British Royal Marines now serve a similar function, being a ship-based force specially trained in commando-style operations and tactics. As of 2006, it has an enrolment of 95,600 students and employs 6,100 full-time and substitute teachers in 223 schools. However the U.S. Milwaukee maintains Milwaukee Public Schools, the largest school district in Wisconsin. Eventually the Marine Corps became a separate arm in the United States, with their own equipment.

To this day, the Packers maintain two separate season ticket plans, reflecting their time in Milwaukee: the Gold package, made up primarily of former Milwaukee season ticket holders, have a three-game package consisting of the annual Midwest Shrine preseason contest plus the second and fifth regular-season home games each year, and the Green package (made up of original Green Bay ticket holders) attend the annual Bishop's Charities preseason game and the remaining six regular-season contests. Much later during the age of sail, a component of marines served a similar role, being ship-borne soldiers who were used either during boarding actions, as sharp-shooters, or in raids along the shore. The Packers won, 27-0. These were troops primarily trained in land warfare, and did not need to be skilled at handling a ship. The 1939 Championship between the Packers and the New York Giants was played at State Fair Park. During the era of the Roman empire, the naval forces included legionaries for boarding actions. In addition, the Green Bay Packers played a portion of their home schedule in Milwaukee from 1933 through 1994:. Flag Officers:.

Previous sports teams to play in Milwaukee have included:. Officers:. Olympic Team training facility for speed skating. Senior Ratings and Warrant Officers. The Mile is not far from the Pettit National Ice Center, a U.S. Ratings:. The Milwaukee Mile auto racing facility, the oldest active auto race track in the United States, is located on the Wisconsin State Fair Grounds in West Allis. For the Royal Navy the ranks are as follows (in acending order):.

It is also home to a number of professional sports teams including:. Flag Officers:. Milwaukee was also an epicenter of the breakcore scene in early 2000s with labels like Addict Records and Zod Records. Officers:. Milwaukee was home to a vibrant rave scene in the early Nineties, especially fostering hardcore techno, thanks to Drop Bass; but the scene moved south to Chicago after reaction by city authorities. Non-Commissioned Officers:. Milwaukee is also home to a vibrant club scene booking regular international DJs such as Richie Hawtin, LTJ Bukem, Mark Farina, Derrick Carter and others. Non-Commissioned Members:.

Venues such as Pabst Theater and The Rave bring internationally-known and critically acclaimed acts to Milwaukee every day. For the Canadian Navy the ranks are as follows (in acending order):. Beer City Skateboards is not only a skateboard company, but a punk rock label as well, home to DRI and Millions of Dead Cops. "Flag officers" include any rank that includes the word "admiral", and are generally in command of a battle group or similar flotilla of vessels, rather than a single vessel or aspect of a vessel. Coo Coo Cal gave Milwaukee a national foothold in the hip-hop market with his hit single "My Projects". Typical ranks for commissioned officers include the following, in ascending order:. Local hip-hop action includes acts like Rusty Ps and Black Elephant. Warrant Officers serve in more technical positions than commissioned Officers.

A range of musicians have called Milwaukee home, including Hildegarde, Woody Herman, Liberace, blues giant Hubert Sumlin, the BoDeans, Violent Femmes, Citizen King, The Gufs, The Promise Ring, Oil Tasters, Die Kruezen, Boy Dirt Car, Shiverhead, among others. The United States draws its Warrant Officers from the enlisted ranks. Although Milwaukee isn't known historically as a club scene music mecca, it does have a vibrant history of rock, blues, punk, ska, industrial music, goth and pop music bands. Warrant Officers, (WO) including Chief Warrant Officers (CWO), are senior to enlisted sailors and junior to commissioned Officers. Along the same lines, the tradition of tailgating (for almost any event, but especially Brewers games), where copious amounts of beer and other potent potables are ceremoniously consumed, is deeply engrained in culture of the city and its residents both young and old. Navy, sailors are more commony referred to by their "rating," which indicates both their rank and job specialty (for example, "BT3 Jones" for "Boiler Technician 3rd Class Jones"). Due in large part to its brewery history, the city has been called "the nation's watering hole" with more bars per capita than any other large city in the country (one bar for every 1600 people or approximately 375 bars, four bars for every square mile). Within the U.S.

Smaller festivals througout the year celebrate the city's German, Native American, African-American, Italian, Irish, Asian, Arab, and Polish heritage. Typical enlisted ranks include the following, in ascending order:. Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest music festival in the world, Summerfest attracts around 900,000 visitors a year to its twelve stages. A navy will typically have two sets of ranks, one for enlisted personnel and one for officers. Milwaukee, "A Great Place on a Great Lake" and "Genuine American," has also advertised itself as the "City of Festivals," emphasizing an annual lakefront fair called Summerfest. The largest unit size may be the whole Navy or Admiralty. The Milwaukee Youth Arts Center, a first-of-its-kind Arts-in-education facility, is a national model. Vessels may be combined into squadrons or flotillas, which may be formed into fleets.

Additionally, Milwaukee is home to artistic performance venues such as the Marcus Center for the Performing Arts, Pabst Theatre, Riverside Theatre, and Milwaukee Theatre. Naval forces are typically arranged into units based on the number of vessels included, a single vessel forming the smallest operational unit. Milwaukee is home to the Florentine Opera, the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra, the Milwaukee Ballet, Milwaukee Repertory Theatre, Skylight Opera Theatre, First Stage Children's Theater,Milwaukee Youth Theatre, and a number of other arts organizations. This allows strike groups and combat vessels to remain at sea for several months at a time. The Milwaukee Public Museum, Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory and Milwaukee County Zoo are also notable public attractions. Today, naval strike groups on longer missions are always followed by a range of support and replenishment vessels supplying them with anything from fuel and munitions, to medical treatment and postal services. The museum includes a "brise soleil," a moving sunscreen that quite literally unfolds like the wing of a bird. Also, in WWII, the engine room needed about a dozen sailors to work the many engines, however, today, only about 4-5 are needed (depending on the class of the ship).

Milwaukee's most visually prominent cultural attraction is the Milwaukee Art Museum, especially its new $100 million wing designed by Santiago Calatrava in his first American commission. However, today ships can go on very long journeys without refuling. Milwaukee also has a large number of financial service firms, particularly those specializing in mutual funds and transaction processing systems, and a disproportionate number of publishing and printing companies. In WWII, ships needed to refuel very often. Paul region. Also, the efficiency of the engines have improved a lot, in terms of fuel, and of how many sailors it takes to operate them. The Milwaukee area ranked number five in the nation when measuring the number of Fortune 500 companies as a share of the population, just behind the number four Minneapolis-St. However, today ships can easily reach 25 knots, thanks to much improved propulsion systems.

Among these are Briggs & Stratton, Harley-Davidson, Johnson Controls, Manpower Inc., Marshall & Ilsley, Northwestern Mutual, Rockwell Automation, Roundy's Supermarkets, Metavante, Kohl's, and Wisconsin Energy. The average speed was about 15-20 knots. Milwaukee is headquarters to six Fortune 1000 manufacturers and six Fortune 1000 service companies. On another note, ships of WWII were much slower than today. Service and managerial jobs are the fastest growing segments of the Milwaukee economy, and healthcare makes up 27% of all service jobs in the city. For a list of the prefixes used with ship names (HMS, USS, &c.) see ship prefix. Milwaukee's reputation as a blue collar town is more accurate, however, with 22 percent of the workforce involved in manufacturing — second only to San Jose, CA and far higher than the national average of 16.5%. Naval ship names are typically prefixed by an abbreviation indicating the national navy in which they served.

Although most people associate Milwaukee with beer, today companies like Miller Brewing employ less than one percent of the city's workers. During the age of sail, the vessel categories were divided into the ship of the line, frigate, and sloop-of-war. Residents may also use the Milwaukee County Transit System to get around the city as well as the county via the bus. There are also support and auxiliary vessels, including the minesweeper, patrol boat, and tender. Milwaukee also has many internal freeways as well. The categories are: Aircraft Carriers, Battleships, Cruisers, Destroyers,Frigates, Submarines and Amphibious assault ships. I-94 comes up from Chicago to enter Milwaukee continues to Madison I-43 also enters Milwaukee from the south and continues to Green Bay where it ends. Modern naval vessels are generally divided into seven main categories.

Milwaukee uses the Interstate Highways for its main transportation. On occasion, naval vessels have also served as troop carriers or supply ships. Out of the total population, 31.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Often, other ships which were not built specifically for warfare, such as the galleon or the armed merchant ships in World War II, did carry armaments. 21.3% of the population and 17.4% of families are below the poverty line. They were designed to withstand damage and to inflict the same, but only carried munitions and supplies for the voyage (rather than merchant cargo). The per capita income for the city is $16,181. Historically, naval vessels have been specialized ships that were primarily intended for warfare.

Males have a median income of $32,244 versus $26,013 for females.
. The median income for a household in the city is $32,216, and the median income for a family is $37,879. As the tradition evolved, the number of cannons fired became an indication of the rank of the official being saluted. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.2 males. The British, as the dominant naval power, compelled the ships of weaker nations to make the first salute. For every 100 females there are 91.6 males. When a cannon is fired, it partially disarms the ship, so firing a cannon for no combat reason showed respect and trust.

The median age is 31 years. rThe custom of firing cannon salutes originated in the British Royal Navy. In the city the population is spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older. Later ceremonies employed the casket or crematory urn. The average household size is 2.50 and the average family size is 3.25. After a solemn ceremony, the board was tilted and the body dropped into the deep. 33.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. (During the age of sail, the final stitch was placed through the nose of the victim, just to make sure they were really dead.) The body was then placed on a pivoting table attached to the outer hull, and shrouded by a national ensign.

There are 232,188 households out of which 30.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% are married couples living together, 21.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% are non-families. In the past this involved sewing the body up in a shroud that had a weight at one end, often a cannonball. 12.00% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. By ancient tradition, corpses on board naval vessels were buried at sea. The racial makeup of the city is 49.98% White, 37.34% African American, 0.87% Native American, 2.94% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.10% from other races, and 2.71% from two or more races. [3]. There are 249,225 housing units at an average density of 1,001.7/km² (2,594.4 per square mile). Australia, Canada, Spain and Norway have opened submarine service to women sailors, however.

The population density is 2,399.5/km² (6,214.3 per square mile). [2] The UK Royal Navy has similar restrictions. As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there are 596,974 people, 232,188 households, and 135,133 families residing in the city. Navy are the extended duty tours and close conditions which afford almost no privacy. Other large population groups include Polish (12.7%), Irish (10%), English (5.1%), Italian (4.4%), French (3.9%), and Hispanic origin totaled 6.3%. The major reasons cited by the U.S. In the 2000 census, over a third (38 percent) of Milwaukeeans reported that they were of German descent. submarines.

The 1982 event, also known as Cold Sunday, featured temperatures as low as -40°F (-40°C) in some of the suburbs as little as 10 miles (16km) to the north of Milwaukee, although the city itself did not approach such cold temperatures. Even today, despite their acceptance in many areas of naval service, women are still not permitted to serve on board U.S. The coldest temperature ever experienced by the city was -26°F (-32°C) on both January 17, 1982 and February 4, 1996. In spite of these views, some women did serve on board naval vessels, usually as wives of crewmembers. Milwaukee's all-time record high temperature is 105°F (41°C) set on July 17, 1995. The only women that were welcomed on board were figureheads mounted on the prow of the ship. Also, the relative humidity in the summer is far higher than that of comparable cities at the same latitude, meaning that it feels hotter than it really is. To do so would invite a terrible storm that would wreck the ship.

Milwaukee's proximity to Lake Michigan causes a convection current to form mid-afternoon, resulting in the so-called lake effect, causing the temperatures to be warmer in the winter, and cooler in the summer ("cooler by the lake" is practically boilerplate language for local meteorologists during the summer). However, it was long considered bad luck to permit women to sail on board naval vessels. It is crossed by Interstate 43 and Interstate 94, which come together downtown at the Marquette Interchange. By European tradition, ships have been referred to as a "she". Milwaukee lies along the shores and bluffs of Lake Michigan at the confluence of three rivers: the Menomonee, the Kinnickinnic and the Milwaukee. In the United States, in a tradition that dates back to the Revolutionary War, the First Navy Jack is a flag that has the words, "Don't Tread on Me" on the flat. The total area is 0.88% water. it is now used to pipe a senior officer on board the ship - anyone like the captain or more senior.

248.8 km² (96.1 square miles) of it is land and 2.2 km² (0.9 mi²) of it is water. The two tones it gives of and the number of blasts given off, signify the order given. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 251.0 km² (96.9 square miles). The piping is done by the ship's bosun and therefore is Known as the Bosun's Whistle. While the city still faces a shrinking population[1], it continues to make plans for increasing its future revitalization through various projects. This was original used to give orders on warships when shouted orders could not have been heard. Starting in the late 1960s, however, like many cities in the Great Lakes "rust belt," Milwaukee saw its population start to decline due to various factors, ranging from the loss of blue collar jobs to the phenomenon of "white flight." However, in recent years, the city began to make strides in improving its economy, neighborhoods, and image, resulting in the revitalization of neighborhoods such as the Third Ward, east side,and more recently, Bay View, along with attracting new businesses to its downtown area. Anouther important tradition is that of Piping someone aboard the ship.

This helped make Milwaukee one of the 15 largest cities in the nation, and by the mid-1960s, its population reached nearly 750,000. The bell was originally kept polished first by the ship's cook, then later by a person belonging to that division of the ship's personnel. states. They were also employed as warning devices in heavy fog, and for alarms and ceremonies. From the late 19th century until the 1950s, Milwaukee, like many northern industrial cities, saw tremendous growth from immigrants from Germany, Hungary, Poland and other central European nations, as well as the northward migration of African-Americans from southern U.S. This was historically used to mark the passage of time on board a vessel, including the duration of four-hour watches. The liberal tradition of these peoples led to decades of socialist government in Milwaukee during the twentieth century. and other nations) has been the ship's bell.

Milwaukee still today has a large German-American population. An important tradition on board British naval vessels (and later those of the U.S. German immigrants helped increase the city's population during the 1840s and the following decades. Blue water fleets may require specialized vessels, such as mine sweepers, when operating in the littoral regions along the coast. Juneau was Milwaukee's first mayor. Regional powers may maintain a "green water navy" as a means of localized force projection. Walker. By contrast a "brown water navy" operates in the coastal periphery and along inland waterways, where larger ocean-going naval vessels can not readily enter.

In 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring rival towns to incorporate as the City of Milwaukee: Kilbourntown to the west, which was founded by Byron Kilbourn, and Walker's Point to the south, founded by George H. Many are also nuclear powered to save having to refuel. Juneau bought out his father-in-law's trading business, and in 1833 he founded a town on the east side of the Milwaukee River. These are ships capable of maintaining station for long periods of time in deep ocean, and will have a long logistical tail for their support. In 1818, Frenchman Solomon Juneau settled in the area. A "blue water navy" is designed to operate far from the coastal waters of its home nation. Milwaukee received its name from the Indian word Millioke which means "The Good Land", or "gathering place by the water." French missionaries and traders passed through the area in the late 1600s and 1700s. Later these were replaced by the radio transmitter, or the flashing light when radio silence was needed.

The Milwaukee area was originally inhabited by the Fox, Mascouten, Potawatomi, and Winnebago Indian tribes. At night signal lamps could be used for a similar purpose. . Prior to the invention of radio, commands from the flag ship were communicated by means of flags. The city is located in the southeastern portion of the state on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The commander of a fleet travels in the flag ship, which is usually the most powerful vessel in the group. The city of Milwaukee is the 22nd largest city in the United States. Navy ships normally operate with a group, which may be a small squadron of comparable vessels, or a larger naval fleet of various specialized ships.

The city's population is 592,765 (2005 estimate) with an estimated total of 1,709,926 in the Milwaukee metropolitan area (2005). Nations with historically strong naval forces have found it advantageous to obtain basing rights in areas of strategic interest. Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin, United States and the county of Milwaukee. During times of war temporary bases may be constructed in closer proximity to strategic locations, as it is advantageous in terms of patrols and station-keeping.
Location of Milwaukee in
Milwaukee County, Wisconsin. The base is a port that is specialized in naval operations, and often includes housing for off-shore crew, an arsenal depot for munitions, docks for the vessels, and various repair facilities. Some Milwaukeeans use the unique expression "ainahey", short for "ain't it, hey?" to reaffirm something obvious, used in the same way as "of course", and similar to the colloquial "don'chaknow", short for "don't you know?". Historically a national navy operates from one or more bases that are maintained by the country or an ally.

It is also common for people to refer to ATMs as a "Tyme Machine," referring to the name of the dominant debit card in Wisconsin. However, a few nations that lacked a navy but were faced with an enemy that was a strong naval power, such as Rome during the Punic wars, built a powerful navy from scratch. One well known colloquialism common to Milwaukee and the surrounding area, is the word "bubbler," which refers to a drinking fountain. Nations that have a significant maritime trade economy have also had an incentive to protect their interests with a potent navy. Timmerman Airport. Historically, naval powers have been those countries that have a long coastline and a strong economy. Lawrence J. This gives the ship a tactical edge in warfare.

General Mitchell International Airport. These ships have a low radar signature and are only detectable at short distances. List of Milwaukee area radio stations. In recent times modern navies are increasingly investing in stealth ships. List of Milwaukee area television stations. The US Navy has indicated it may procure as many as 60 such vessels.[1]. Vital Source Magazine. But in recent years, faced with the new requirements, larger navies, notably the US Navy have started developing these capacities as well, by planning and constructing the Littoral Combat Ship.

UWM Post. Traditionally, this has been the main focus of some of the smaller European navies, especially the scandinavian navies, such as the Norwegian Navy and the Swedish Navy. The Leader. Since the end of the Cold war, and with the disappearance of the Cold war scenario, there has been a return of focus to ships being able to operate in more coastal environments, in support of operations such as amphibious landings, embargo enforcement, peacekeeping and coastal patrol. Marquette Tribune. The main consideration is for Carrier Battle Groups (CVBGs). Shepherd Express. One scenario that was the focus of American naval planning during the Cold War was a conflict between two modern and well equipped fleets on the high seas, the clash of the United States and the Soviet Union.

MKE (magazine). In shallow waters, the detection of submarines and mines is especially problematic. Milwaukee Magazine. The presence of land and the bottom topology of an area compress the battle space, limit the opportunities to maneuver, make it easier for an enemy to predict the location of the fleet and make the detection of enemy forces more difficult. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. This is why a navy prefers the open sea. Wisconsin Lutheran High School. There is also the concept of battle space: a zone around a naval force within which a commander is confident of detecting, tracking, engaging and destroying threats before they pose a danger.

Washington High School. Much time and effort is spent to deny the enemy the chance to detect one's forces. Vincent High School. In naval warfare, the key is to detect the enemy while avoiding detection. Thomas More. Movement is a large component of modern combat; a naval fleet can travel hundreds of kilometres in a day. South Division High School. The basic idea of all tactics (land, sea and air) is fire and movement: the fulfillment of a mission by the effective delivery of firepower resulting from scouting and the creation of good firing positions.

Rufus King High School. The presence of land, changing water depths, weather, detection and electronic warfare, the dreadful speed at which actual combat occurs and other factors — especially air power — render naval tactics truly formidable. Riverside University High School. This is not, however, the truth. Reagan College Preparatory. This assumes there is no cover, there are no civilians and the area of combat is level and flat. Pulaski High School. It is tempting to regard modern naval combat as the purest expression of tactics.

Professional Learning Institute. Many leading thinkers, however, suggest that navies are more important today than ever and may even surpass armies once again as the main measure of a nation's military might. Pius XI High School. By the late 20th century, naval power had become a major element in the military and strategic power of a country's power projection capabilities, though some would suggest its importance has declined in the wake of the development of military aviation and air power. North Division Virtual University High School. By the end of World War II, the carrier had become the dominant force of naval warfare. New School for Community Service. First at Taranto and then in Pearl Harbor, the aircraft demonstrated its ability to strike decisively at enemy ships out of sight and range of surface vessels.

Milwaukee School of Languages. A major paradigm shift in naval warfare occurred with the introduction of the aircraft carrier. Milwaukee School of Entrepreneurship. The X-craft severely damaged her and kept her in port for some months. Milwaukee Lutheran High School. The German battleship Tirpitz, a sister ship of the Bismarck, was almost put out of action by miniature submarines known as X-Craft. Milwaukee High School of the Arts. During WWII the German Navy's submarine fleet of U-boats almost starved Britain into submission, and inflicted tremendous losses on US coastal shipping.

Metropolitan High School. The first practical military submarines were developed in the late 1800s and by the end of WWI they had proved to be a powerful arm of naval warfare. Marquette University High School. A further step change in naval firepower occurred when Britain launched HMS Dreadnought, but naval tactics still emphasised the line of battle. Madison University High School. The battle between the CSS Virginia and the USS Monitor during the American civil war is often cited as the beginning of this age of maritime conflict. Rufus King International Baccalaureate High School. Another significant improvement came with the invention of the rotating turrets, which allowed the guns to be aimed independently of ship movement.

Juneau Business High School. The first armoured vessels, the French FS Gloire and British HMS Warrior, made wooden vessels obsolete. John Marshall High School. The increased mass required steam-powered engines, which resulted in an arms race between armor thickness and firepower. Hamilton High School. The next stage in the evolution of naval warfare was the introduction of metal plating along the hull sides. Divine Savior Holy Angels High School. These conflicts saw the development and refinement of tactics which came to be called the line of battle.

Custer High School. From 1695 the Royal Navy began to more successfully assert itself and throughout the eighteenth century gradually gained increasing ascendancy over the French navy, with victories in the Spanish War of Succession (1701-1714), inconclusive battles in the War of Austrian Succession (1740-1748), victories in the Seven Years War (1754-1763), a reversal during the American War of Independence (1775-1783), and consolidation into uncontested supremacy during the nineteenth century from the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Bradley (Lynde & Harry) Technology & Trade High School. England emerged as a major naval power in the mid seventeenth century in the first Anglo-Dutch war with a technical victory, but successive decisive Dutch victories in the second and third Anglo-Dutch wars confirmed the Dutch mastery of the seas during the Dutch Golden Age, which was financed largely by building the overseas Dutch empire at the expense of the Portuguese. Bay View High School. From the 1620s Dutch raiders began to seriously trouble Spanish shipping and finally the Dutch navy broke the long dominance of the Spanish in the Battle of the Downs (1639). Wisconsin Lutheran College. The repulsion of the Spanish Armada (1588) by the Anglo-Dutch fleet revolutionised naval warfare by the success of a guns only strategy, and caused a major overhaul of the Spanish navy, partly along English lines, which resulted in even greater dominance by the Spanish.

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The development of large capacity, sail-powered ships carrying cannon led to a rapid expansion of European navies, especially the Spanish and Portuguese navies, which dominated in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, and ultimately helped propel the age of exploration and colonialism. Mount Mary College. Warships were designed to carry increasing numbers of cannon, and naval tactics evolved bring a ship's firepower to bear in a broadside, with ships-of-the-line arranged in a line of battle. Milwaukee School of Engineering. The mass and deck space required to carry a large number of cannon made oar-based propulsion impossible, and ships came to rely primarily on sails. Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design. Naval warfare continued in this vein through the Middle Ages until cannon became commonplace and capable of being reloaded quickly enough to be reused in the same battle.

Milwaukee Area Technical College. In the time of Ancient Greece and the Roman empire, naval warfare centred around long, narrow vessels powered by banks of oarsmen (such as triremes and quinqueremes) designed to ram and sink enemy vessels, or come alongside the enemy vessel so its occupants could be attacked hand-to-hand. Medical College of Wisconsin. Prior to the introduction of the cannon, and ships with sufficient capacity to carry the large guns, naval warfare primarily involved ramming and boarding actions. Marquette University. Naval warfare first developed whenever humankind conducted fighting from water-borne vessels. Cardinal Stritch University. .

Alverno College.
. Milwaukee County Stadium, 1953-1994. This is not the case for every navy, however: some are just for defence such as Japan's navy, part of the JDF (Japanese Defence Force). Marquette Stadium, 1952. The strategic task of the navy also may incorporate of nuclear deterance by use of nuclear missiles. Wisconsin State Fair Park, 1934-51. The strategic defensive purpose of a Navy is to frustrate sea-borne projection-of-force by enemies.

Borchert Field, 1933. The strategic offensive role of a Navy is projection-of-force into areas beyond a country's shores (for example, to protect sea-lanes, ferry troops, or attack other navies, ports, or shore installations). Milwaukee Wave United (Outdoor Soccer) 2003 - They only played one season. It includes operations conducted by surface vessels, and Amphibious (ships), submarine vessels, and seaborne aviation, as well as ancillary support, communications, training, and other fields; recent developments have included space-related operations. Milwaukee Rampage (Outdoor Soccer) 1994 - 2002. A navy (often Navy) is the branch of a country's military forces principally designated for naval warfare and amphibious warfare (marines) namely lake- or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions. Milwaukee Mustangs (American football—Arena Football League), played at the Bradley Center from 1994 to 2001. Aubrey–Maturin series by Patrick O'Brian.

Milwaukee Does (Basketball—Women's Pro Basketball League), played at MECCA Arena from 1978 to 1980. Forester. The Milwaukee Braves won the National League pennant in 1957 and 1958, and won the World Series in 1957. S. Milwaukee Braves (Baseball—MLB), played at Milwaukee County Stadium from 1953-1965. Hornblower series by C. Louis. Tom Clancy, The Hunt for Red October.

Milwaukee Hawks (Basketball—NBA) played at the Milwaukee Arena from 1951 to 1955 before moving to St. Fiction:

    . Milwaukee Brewers (Baseball—Minor League Baseball), member of the American Association from 1902 through 1952, played at Borchert Field. Starr, Chester G., The Influence of Sea Power on Ancient History, 1989, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-505666-3. Milwaukee Badgers (American football—NFL), played from 1922 to 1926. Mahan, Alfred Thayer, The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783, 1918, Little Brown, Boston. Cellular Arena. Corbett, Sir Julian, Some Principles of Maritime Strategy, 1911.

    Milwaukee Wave (Indoor Soccer) playing at the U.S. Non-fiction:

      . Milwaukee Admirals (Ice hockey) playing at the Bradley Center. The position is currently vacant. Milwaukee Bucks (Basketball—NBA) playing at the Bradley Center. Admiral of the Fleet - only used in times of war. Milwaukee Brewers (Baseball—MLB) playing at Miller Park. Admiral.

      Average July high/low temperatures: 79°F/62°F (26°C/17°C). Vice-Admiral. Average January high/low temperatures: 26°F/11°F (-3°C/-12°C). Rear-Admiral. Commodore. Captain.

      Commander. Lieutenant-Commander. Lieutenant. Sub-Lieutenant.

      Midshipman. Warrant Officer. Warrant Officer 2. Chief Petty Officer.

      Petty Officer. Leading Rate. Able Rate. Ordinary Rate.

      Admiral. Vice Admiral. Rear Admiral. Commodore.

      Captain. Commander. Lietenant Commander. Lieutenant.

      Sub-Lieutenant. Acting Sub-Lieutenant. Naval Cadet. Chief Petty Officer 1st Class (CPO1).

      Chief Petty Officer 2nd Class (CPO2). Petty Officer 1st Class (PO1). Petty Officer 2nd Class (PO2). Master Seaman (MS).

      Leading Seaman (LS). Able Seaman (AB). Ordinary Seaman (OS). Fleet Admiral or Admiral of the Fleet.

      Admiral. Vice Admiral. Rear Admiral / Rear Admiral (upper half). Commodore / Flotilla Admiral / Rear Admiral (lower half).

      Captain / Warship Captain. Commander / Frigate Captain. Lieutenant Commander / Corvette Captain. Lieutenant / Warship Lieutenant / Lieutenant Captain.

      Sub Lieutenant / Lieutenant Junior Grade / Frigate Lieutenant. Ensign / Corvette Lieutenant. They have not yet received their commission. Midshipmen are officers in training, such as at the US Naval Academy.

      Chief Petty Officer. Petty Officer (Petty Officers (PO) and Chief Petty Officers (CPO) are equivalent to Non-Commissioned Officers, or NCOs, in other services). Seaman.

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