Mickey Mantle

Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995) was an American baseball player, regarded as one of the best of all time. He played his entire professional career for the New York Yankees.

Youth

This person is a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Mickey Mantle was born in Spavinaw, Oklahoma. He was named in honor of Mickey Cochrane, the Hall of Fame catcher from the Detroit Tigers, by his father, who was an amateur player and fervent fan. Apparently his father was not aware that Cochrane's real name was Gordon. In later life, Mickey Mantle expressed great relief that his father had not known Cochrane's real first name, as he would have hated to be named Gordon. Mantle always spoke warmly of his beloved father and said he was the bravest man he ever knew. "No boy ever loved his father more," he said. Sadly, his father died of cancer at the age of 39, just as his son was starting his career. Mantle said one of the great heartaches of his life was that he never told his father he loved him.

When Mantle was four years old, the family moved to the nearby town of Commerce, Oklahoma. Mantle was an all-around athlete at Commerce High School, playing basketball and football in addition to his first love, baseball. It was his football playing that nearly ended his athletic career, and indeed his life. Kicked in the shin during a game, Mantle's leg soon became infected with osteomyelitis, a crippling disease that would have been incurable just a few years earlier. A midnight ride to Tulsa enabled Mantle to be treated with newly available penicillin, saving his leg from amputation. He would suffer from the effects of the disease for the rest of his life, and it would lead to many other injuries that hampered his accomplishments. Additionally, Mantle's osteomyelitic condition exempted him from military service, a fact which caused him to become very unpopular with fans, as his earliest days in baseball coincided with the Korean War. This unpopularity, mainly with older fans, would dramatically reverse after he finished second to Roger Maris in the pursuit of Babe Ruth's home run record in 1961. He spent the last years of his career as a wildly popular icon of the entire sport.

Playing career

"Mutt" Mantle taught his son how to be a switch-hitter. Mickey had played shortstop in the minor leagues, but on arrival at the Yankees, he became the regular right fielder (playing only a few games at shortstop and third base in 1952 to 1955). He moved to center field in 1952, replacing Joe DiMaggio, who retired at the end of the 1951 season after one year playing alongside Mantle in the Yankees outfield. He played center field until 1967, when he was moved to first base. Among Mantle's many accomplishments are all-time World Series records for home runs (18), runs scored (42), and runs batted in (40).

Mantle also hit some of the longest home runs in Major League history. On September 10, 1960, he hit a ball that cleared the right-field roof at Tiger Stadium in Detroit and, based on where it was found, was estimated years after the fact to have traveled more than 600 feet, though it probably was closer to 500 feet. Another Mantle homer at Griffith Stadium in Washington on April 17, 1953, was said to have traveled 565 feet. Years later William J. Jenkinson, who specializes on information of long distance homeruns, said that the actual distance was probably 510 feet.

In 1956, Mantle won the Hickok Belt as top professional athlete of the year. This was his "favorite summer," a year that saw him win the Triple Crown, leading the majors with a .353 batting average, 52 HR, and 130 RBI on the way to his first of three MVP awards. Though the American League Triple Crown has been won twice since then, Mantle remains the last man to win the Major League Triple Crown.

On January 16, 1961, Mantle became the highest-paid baseball player by signing a $75,000 contract. DiMaggio, Hank Greenberg and Ted Williams, who had just retired, had been paid over $100,000 in a season, and Ruth had a peak salary of $80,000. But Mantle became the highest-paid active player of his time.

Retirement

Mantle announced his retirement on March 1, 1969, and in 1974, as soon as he was eligible, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame; his uniform number 7 was retired by the Yankees. (He had briefly worn uniform number 6, as a continuation of Babe Ruth's 3, Lou Gehrig's 4, and Joe DiMaggio's 5, in 1951, but his poor performance led to his temporary demotion to a minor league in mid-season. When he returned, Bobby Brown, who had worn number 6 before Mantle, had reclaimed it, so Mantle was given number 7. Nowadays, certain future number-retiree manager Joe Torre wears 6, and the 8 belonging to catchers Bill Dickey and Yogi Berra has already been retired - Derek Jeter's 2 may very well also join the list of consecutive retired numbers.) When he retired, the Mick was third on the all-time home run list with 536.

Despite being among the best-paid players of the pre-free agency era, Mantle was a poor businessman, having made several unlucky investments. His lifestyle would be restored to one of luxury, and his hold on his fans raised to an amazing level, by his position of leadership in the sports memorabilia craze that swept the USA beginning in the 1980's. Mantle was a prize guest at any baseball card show, commanding fees far in excess of any other player for his appearances and autographs. This popularity continues long after his death, as Mantle-related items far outsell those of any other player except possibly the unmatched Babe Ruth, whose items, due to the distance of years, now exist in far smaller quantities.

Despite the failure of Mickey Mantle's Country Cookin' restaurants in the early 1970s, Mickey Mantle's Restaurant & Sports Bar opened in New York at 42 Central Park South (59th Street) in 1988. It became one of New York's most popular restaurants, and his original Yankee Stadium Monument Park plaque is displayed at the front entrance. Mantle let others run the business operations, but made frequent appearances. But his drinking led radio show host Don Imus to joke, "If you get to Mickey Mantle's restaurant after midnight, you win a free dinner if you can guess which table Mickey's under."

In 1983, Mantle and Willie Mays took jobs promoting Atlantic City casinos, and were suspended from baseball by Commissioner Bowie Kuhn. They were reinstated in 1985 by Kuhn's successor, Peter Ueberroth.

Troubled family

On December 23, 1951, he married Merlyn Johnson in their hometown of Commerce, Oklahoma; they had four sons. In an autobiography, Mantle said he married Merlyn not because he loved her, but because his domineering father told him to. While his drinking became public knowledge during his lifetime, the press kept his many marital infidelities quiet.

The couple had four children, all sons: Mickey Jr. (born in 1953), David (1955), and Billy (1957, whom Mickey named for Billy Martin, his best friend among his Yankee teammates), and Danny (1960). Like Mickey, Merlyn and the sons all became alcoholics, and Billy developed Hodgkin's disease as several previous Mantle men had. This led to him developing a dependence on prescription painkillers.

Mickey Mantle has four grandchildren. Mickey Jr. had a daughter, Mallory. David and his wife Marla have a daughter, Marilyn. Danny and his wife Kay have a son, Will, and a daughter, Chloe. Danny and Will played a father and son watching Mickey, played by Thomas Jane, hit a home run in the 2001 film 61*.

Mickey and Merlyn had been separated for 15 years when he died, but neither ever filed for divorce. Mantle lived with his agent, Greer Johnson. Johnson was taken to federal court in November 1997 by the Mantle family to stop her from auctioning many of Mantle's personal items, including a lock of hair, a neck brace and expired credit cards.

He loved cherry pie and slept with his socks on inside out. During the final years of his life, Mantle purchased a luxury condominium on Lake Oconee near Greensboro, Georgia, near Greer Johnson's home, and freqently stayed there for months at the time. He occasionally attended the local Methodist church, and sometimes ate Sunday dinner with members of the congregation. He was well-liked by the citizens of Greensboro, and seemed to like them in return. This was probably because the town respected Mantle's privacy, refusing either to talk about their famous neighbor to outsiders or to direct fans to his home. In one interview, Mickey stated that the people of Greensboro had "gone out of their way to make me feel welcome, and I've found something there I haven't enjoyed since I was a kid."

Mantle's last days

Well before he finally sought treatment for alcoholism, Mantle admitted that his hard living had hurt his playing and his family. His rationale was that the men in his family had all died young, so he expected to as well. "I'm not gonna be cheated," he'd say. As the years passed, and he realized he had outlived the men in his family -- not realizing that working in mines and inhaling lead and zinc dust aided Hodgkin's and other cancers as much as heredity did -- he frequently used a line popularized by elderly comedian George Burns: "If I'd known I was gonna live this long, I'd have taken a lot better care of myself."

Mantle's wife and sons all completed treatment for alcoholism, and told him he needed to do the same. He checked into the Betty Ford Clinic on January 7, 1994, after being told by a doctor that his liver was so badly damaged, "Your next drink could be your last."

Shortly after completing treatment, his son Billy died on March 12, at age 36, of heart trouble, brought on by years of substance abuse. Despite the fears of those who knew him, who feared that this tragedy would send him back to drinking, he remained sober. Mickey Jr. would also die of liver cancer on December 20, 2000, at age 47. Danny would later battle prostate cancer.

Mantle spoke with great remorse of his drinking in a Sports Illustrated article, "My Life In A Bottle." He said that he was telling the same old stories, and realizing how much of them involved himself and others being drunk, and he decided they weren't funny anymore. He admitted he had often been cruel and hurtful to family, friends, and fans because of his alcoholism, and sought to make amends. He became a born-again Christian due to his former teammate Bobby Richardson, an ordained Baptist minister, sharing his faith with him. After the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995, he joined with fellow Oklahoman and Yankee legend Bobby Murcer to raise money for the victims.

Mantle received a liver transplant at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, on June 8, 1995, after his liver had been damaged by years of chronic alcoholism, cirrhosis, and hepatitis C. In July, he had recovered enough to deliver a press conference at Baylor, and noted that many fans had looked to him as a role model. "This is a role model: Don't be like me," he said. He also established the Mickey Mantle Foundation to raise awareness for organ donations. Soon, he was back in the hospital, where it was found that his liver cancer spread throughout his body.

Mickey Mantle died on August 13, 1995, at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas. He was 63 years old. He was interred in the Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery in Dallas. Mantle had asked country singer Roy Clark, his good friend, to perform his favorite song "Yesterday, When I Was Young" at his funeral:

In eulogizing Mantle, Bob Costas described the legend as "a fragile hero to whom we had an emotional attachment so strong and lasting that it defied logic. In the last years of his life, Mickey Mantle, always so hard on himself, finally began to appreciate the difference between a role model and a hero. The first, he often was not. The last, he forever will be. And, in the end, people got it kid."

Honors

On Mickey Mantle Day, June 8, 1969, in addition to the retirement of his uniform number 7, Mantle was given a plaque that would hang on the center field wall at Yankee Stadium, near the monuments to Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig and Miller Huggins. The plaque was given to him by Joe DiMaggio, and Mantle then gave DiMaggio a similar plaque, telling the crowd, "His should be just a little bit higher than mine." When Yankee Stadium was reopened in 1976 following its renovation, the plaques and monuments were moved to Monument Park, behind the left-center field fence. Shortly before his death, Mantle videotaped a message to be played on Old-Timers' Day, which he was too ill to attend. He said, "When I died, I wanted on my tombstone, 'A great teammate.' But I didn't think it would be this soon." The words were indeed carved on the plaque marking his resting place at the family mausoleum in Dallas. On August 25, 1996, about a year after his death, Mantle's Monument Park plaque was replaced with a monument, bearing the words "A great teammate" and keeping a phrase that had been included on the original plaque: "A magnificent Yankee who left a legacy of unequaled courage."

Mantle and former teammate Whitey Ford were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame together in 1974, Mantle in his first year of eligibility, Ford in his second. In 1999, The Sporting News placed Mantle at number 17 on their list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players. That same year, he was one of 100 nominees for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team, and was chosen by fan balloting as one of the Team's outfielders. While most fans who remember them both tend to rate Willie Mays as a better player than Mantle, Mantle remains the most popular player of the 1950s and 1960s, even as Mays, Hank Aaron and others outlived him by many years.

In 2006, Mantle will be featured on a United States postage stamp [1]. The stamp is one of a series of four honoring Baseball Sluggers.


Present

Mickey Mantle has some decendents in Wichita, Kansas. The decendents own Campbell Castle or The Castle Inn.


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The decendents own Campbell Castle or The Castle Inn. In a protracted case in the 1970s, Disney sued underground cartoonist Dan O'Neill for his comic book Air Pirates, even going so far as to request the court press criminal charges. Mickey Mantle has some decendents in Wichita, Kansas. Disney chose not to sue Paul Krassner for publishing Wally Wood's illustration of The Disneyland Memorial Orgy in the underground newspaper The Realist in 1967, and didn't pursue legal redress until a bootleg blacklight poster appeared.
. The Walt Disney Company has become well known for protecting its trademark on the Mickey Mouse character, whose likeness is so closely associated with the company, with particular zeal. The stamp is one of a series of four honoring Baseball Sluggers. Whether or not a particular Disney cartoon goes into the public domain, the characters themselves will remain protected as trademarks from unauthorized use.

In 2006, Mantle will be featured on a United States postage stamp [1]. In fact, the Mickey Mouse character, like all major Disney characters, is protected as a trademark, which like all trademarks lasts in perpetuity as long as it continues to be used commercially by its owner. While most fans who remember them both tend to rate Willie Mays as a better player than Mantle, Mantle remains the most popular player of the 1950s and 1960s, even as Mays, Hank Aaron and others outlived him by many years. Many people have believed erroneously that the Mickey Mouse character is protected only by copyright. That same year, he was one of 100 nominees for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team, and was chosen by fan balloting as one of the Team's outfielders. In 1935, Romanian authorities banned Mickey Mouse films from cinemas after they feared that children would be scared to see a ten-foot mouse in the movie theatre. In 1999, The Sporting News placed Mantle at number 17 on their list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players. It's ruining hockey.".

Mantle and former teammate Whitey Ford were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame together in 1974, Mantle in his first year of eligibility, Ford in his second. In 1984, just after a game in which Wayne Gretzky's Edmonton Oilers beat the New Jersey Devils 13-4, Gretzky is quoted as saying to a reporter, "They're putting a Mickey Mouse operation on the ice. On August 25, 1996, about a year after his death, Mantle's Monument Park plaque was replaced with a monument, bearing the words "A great teammate" and keeping a phrase that had been included on the original plaque: "A magnificent Yankee who left a legacy of unequaled courage.". In the 1996 Warner Brothers film Space Jam, Bugs Bunny derogatorily referred to Daffy Duck's idea for the name of their basketball team ("the Ducks", as in the Mighty Ducks) as a "Mickey Mouse organization.". He said, "When I died, I wanted on my tombstone, 'A great teammate.' But I didn't think it would be this soon." The words were indeed carved on the plaque marking his resting place at the family mausoleum in Dallas. It is common for residents of the state of Florida, home of Walt Disney World Resort, to refer to him as "Mickey Rat". Shortly before his death, Mantle videotaped a message to be played on Old-Timers' Day, which he was too ill to attend. "Mickey Mouse money" is a derogatory term for foreign currency, often used by Americans to describe indigenous currency in a foreign country in which they are traveling.

The plaque was given to him by Joe DiMaggio, and Mantle then gave DiMaggio a similar plaque, telling the crowd, "His should be just a little bit higher than mine." When Yankee Stadium was reopened in 1976 following its renovation, the plaques and monuments were moved to Monument Park, behind the left-center field fence. In Finland, the software company Microsoft is often derogatorily called "Mikkisofta" ("Mickey Software"). On Mickey Mantle Day, June 8, 1969, in addition to the retirement of his uniform number 7, Mantle was given a plaque that would hang on the center field wall at Yankee Stadium, near the monuments to Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig and Miller Huggins. Musicians often referred to a score that directly follows each action on screen as "Mickey Mousing.". And, in the end, people got it kid.". "Mickey Mouse" is a slang expression meaning small-time, amateurish or trivial. The last, he forever will be. A similar phenomenon occurs in the parliament elections in Finland and Sweden, although Finns and Swedes usually write Donald Duck or Donald Duck Party as a protest vote as Donald is more popular than Mickey in these countries.

The first, he often was not. presidential elections. In the last years of his life, Mickey Mantle, always so hard on himself, finally began to appreciate the difference between a role model and a hero. (Other popular selections include Donald Duck and Bugs Bunny.) This phenomenon has the humorous effect of causing Mickey Mouse to be a minor but perennial contestor of nearly all U.S. In eulogizing Mantle, Bob Costas described the legend as "a fragile hero to whom we had an emotional attachment so strong and lasting that it defied logic. Cartoon characters are typically chosen for this purpose; as Mickey Mouse is the most well-known and well-recognized character in America, his name is frequently selected for this purpose. Mantle had asked country singer Roy Clark, his good friend, to perform his favorite song "Yesterday, When I Was Young" at his funeral:. Since most states' electoral systems do not provide for blank balloting or a choice of "None of the Above", most protest votes take the form of a clearly non-serious candidate's name entered as a write-in vote.

He was interred in the Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery in Dallas. In the United States, protest votes are often made in order to indicate dissatisfaction with the slate of electors presented on a particular ballot, or to highlight the inadequacies of a particular voting procedure. He was 63 years old. Les Perkins did the voice of Mickey in the TV special Down and Out with Donald Duck released in 1987. Mickey Mantle died on August 13, 1995, at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas. Allwine is, incidentally, married to Russi Taylor, the current voice of Minnie Mouse. Soon, he was back in the hospital, where it was found that his liver cancer spread throughout his body. 1983's Mickey's Christmas Carol marked the debut of Wayne Allwine as Mickey Mouse, who is the current voice actor.

He also established the Mickey Mantle Foundation to raise awareness for organ donations. (Both Disney's and Macdonald's voices can be heard on the final soundtrack.) Macdonald voiced Mickey in the remainder of the theatrical shorts, and for various television and publicity projects up until his retirement in the mid-1970s, although Walt voiced Mickey again for the introductions of the original 1954-1959 "Mickey Mouse Club" TV series and the "Fourth Anniversary Show" episode of the "Disneyland" TV series aired on 9/11/58. "This is a role model: Don't be like me," he said. (Carl Stalling and Clarence Nash allegedly did some uncredited ADR for Mickey in a few early shorts as well.) However, by 1947, Disney was becoming too busy with running the studio to do regular voicework (and it is "speculated" his cigarette habit had damaged his voice over the years), and during the recording of the Mickey and the Beanstalk section of Fun and Fancy Free, Mickey's voice was handed over to veteran Disney musician and actor Jim Macdonald. In July, he had recovered enough to deliver a press conference at Baylor, and noted that many fans had looked to him as a role model. From his first speaking role in The Karnival Kid onward, Mickey was voiced by Walt Disney himself, a task Disney took great personal pride in. Mantle received a liver transplant at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, on June 8, 1995, after his liver had been damaged by years of chronic alcoholism, cirrhosis, and hepatitis C. A large part of Mickey's screen persona is his famously shy, falsetto voice.

Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995, he joined with fellow Oklahoman and Yankee legend Bobby Murcer to raise money for the victims. He remains playable until he revives Sora, as a boss fight cannot be finished with Mickey. After the bombing of the Alfred P. In Kingdom Hearts II, Mickey becomes playable in certain boss battles, after Sora is defeated. He became a born-again Christian due to his former teammate Bobby Richardson, an ordained Baptist minister, sharing his faith with him. He returns in the Game Boy Advance sequel, Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories, in which used the Dark Corridor to enter Castle Oblivion so he could help Riku in finding his way through the basements. He admitted he had often been cruel and hurtful to family, friends, and fans because of his alcoholism, and sought to make amends. Mickey only appeared briefly near the end, revealing he managed to get into the World of Darkness using the Dark Corridor entrance in Traverse Town to obtain the Keyblade located there.

Mantle spoke with great remorse of his drinking in a Sports Illustrated article, "My Life In A Bottle." He said that he was telling the same old stories, and realizing how much of them involved himself and others being drunk, and he decided they weren't funny anymore. However, he left his castle at the beginning of the game with instructions for Goofy and Donald to find and protect the one chosen by the Keyblade (Sora). Danny would later battle prostate cancer. Donald Duck is his Court Wizard, while Goofy is the head of the King's royal guard. would also die of liver cancer on December 20, 2000, at age 47. In Disney Interactive and Square Enix's Kingdom Hearts video game series, King Mickey Mouse presided over Disney Castle alongside Queen Minnie Mouse. Mickey Jr. Other video games released in this period were Disney's Magical Mirror and Disney's Hide & Sneak for Nintendo Gamecube.

Despite the fears of those who knew him, who feared that this tragedy would send him back to drinking, he remained sober. In the 2000s, Disney's Magical Quest came out on Game Boy Advance, as well as Disney's Magical Quest 2 and Disney's Magical Quest 3. Shortly after completing treatment, his son Billy died on March 12, at age 36, of heart trouble, brought on by years of substance abuse. He appeared in other video games prior to and after Kingdom Hearts, such as Mickey Mousecapade, Mickey Mania, Mickey's Ultimate Challenge, Disney's Magical Quest Starring Mickey Mouse, Castle of Illusion Starring Mickey Mouse, World of Illusion Starring Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck, Great Circus Mystery, Mickey's Dangerous Chase and Mickey Mouse: Magic Wands. He checked into the Betty Ford Clinic on January 7, 1994, after being told by a doctor that his liver was so badly damaged, "Your next drink could be your last.". Mickey was the Grand Marshal of the Tournament of Roses Parade on New Year's Day 2005. Mantle's wife and sons all completed treatment for alcoholism, and told him he needed to do the same. Many television programs have centered around Mickey, such as the recent shows Mickey Mouse Works (1999 - 2000) and Disney's House of Mouse (2001 - 2003).

As the years passed, and he realized he had outlived the men in his family -- not realizing that working in mines and inhaling lead and zinc dust aided Hodgkin's and other cancers as much as heredity did -- he frequently used a line popularized by elderly comedian George Burns: "If I'd known I was gonna live this long, I'd have taken a lot better care of myself.". He has yet to appear in an original Disney film that wasn't based on classical works. "I'm not gonna be cheated," he'd say. His most recent theatrical cartoon was 1995's short Runaway Brain, while in 2004 he appeared in the made-for-video features The Three Musketeers and the computer-animated Mickey's Twice Upon a Christmas. His rationale was that the men in his family had all died young, so he expected to as well. Only three people have regularly provided the voice for Mickey (not including theme park attractions and parades): Walt Disney from 1928 to 1947, James Macdonald from 1948 to 1983, and currently, Wayne Allwine, who first voiced the Mouse in Mickey's Christmas Carol in 1983. Well before he finally sought treatment for alcoholism, Mantle admitted that his hard living had hurt his playing and his family. Warner and Disney signed an agreement stating that each character had exactly the same amount of screen time, right down to the semi-second.

In one interview, Mickey stated that the people of Greensboro had "gone out of their way to make me feel welcome, and I've found something there I haven't enjoyed since I was a kid.". But in 1988, in a historic moment in motion picture history, the two rivals finally shared screen time in the Robert Zemeckis film Who Framed Roger Rabbit. This was probably because the town respected Mantle's privacy, refusing either to talk about their famous neighbor to outsiders or to direct fans to his home. Throughout the decades, Mickey Mouse competed with Warner Bros.' Bugs Bunny for animated popularity. He was well-liked by the citizens of Greensboro, and seemed to like them in return. The star is located on 6925 Hollywood Blvd. He occasionally attended the local Methodist church, and sometimes ate Sunday dinner with members of the congregation. On November 18, 1978, in honor of his 50th anniversary, he became the first cartoon character to have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

During the final years of his life, Mantle purchased a luxury condominium on Lake Oconee near Greensboro, Georgia, near Greer Johnson's home, and freqently stayed there for months at the time. For many years, Mickey Mouse has served as the mascot for The Walt Disney Company, alongside Jiminy Cricket and Tinkerbell. He loved cherry pie and slept with his socks on inside out. He has also starred in two half-hour theatrical featurettes, Mickey's Christmas Carol (1983, screened in front of a re-issue of The Rescuers) and The Prince and the Pauper (1990, screened in front of The Rescuers Down Under). Johnson was taken to federal court in November 1997 by the Mantle family to stop her from auctioning many of Mantle's personal items, including a lock of hair, a neck brace and expired credit cards. Mickey has only starred in two feature films: the "Sorcerer's Apprentence" segment in "Fantasia", and the "Mickey and the Beanstalk" segment of Fun and Fancy Free (1947). Mantle lived with his agent, Greer Johnson. In 1929, Disney created the original Mickey Mouse Club for fans of his character and cartoons, which later formed the basis for a popular 1950's television show (with follow-ups of the same name in 1977 and 1989).

Mickey and Merlyn had been separated for 15 years when he died, but neither ever filed for divorce. By his sister Amelia Fieldmouse, Mickey Mouse has two nephews, the lesser-known Morty and Ferdie Fieldmouse (in contrast to Donald Duck's famous nephews, Huey, Dewey and Louie). Danny and Will played a father and son watching Mickey, played by Thomas Jane, hit a home run in the 2001 film 61*. Mickey's most well known supporting characters are his girlfriend, Minnie Mouse; his dog, Pluto; and his best friends, Goofy and Donald Duck. Danny and his wife Kay have a son, Will, and a daughter, Chloe. Since 1950 the most popular version of Mickey has been that of Italian creator Romano Scarpa, who has further developed Gottfredson's characters and has added many of his own. David and his wife Marla have a daughter, Marilyn. From 1930 until 1950, though the numbers of the comic creators that worked on Mickey increased, the most popular version (considered the "classic" version today) was that of Floyd Gottfredson, who developed Mickey's character, adopted characters from the cartoons, and created many others.

had a daughter, Mallory. Mickey would not return to theatres until 1983, with the release of "Mickey's Christmas Carol". Mickey Jr. Throughout the 40s, Mickey made fewer and fewer films, until his last film "The Simple Things" in 1953. Mickey Mantle has four grandchildren. Probably his best film appearance was the popular segment "The Sorcerer's Apprentence" in Disney's "Fantasia" (1940). This led to him developing a dependence on prescription painkillers. "Thru the Mirror" (1936), "Mickey's Rival" (1936), "The Brave Little Tailor" (1938), and "The Nifty Nineties" (1941) are all good examples of Mickey at his best.

Like Mickey, Merlyn and the sons all became alcoholics, and Billy developed Hodgkin's disease as several previous Mantle men had. Once in a while, the Disney Studio would find a perfect vehicle for Mickey. (born in 1953), David (1955), and Billy (1957, whom Mickey named for Billy Martin, his best friend among his Yankee teammates), and Danny (1960). The studio realized that while Mickey Mouse is a very appealing character, he is not all that funny. The couple had four children, all sons: Mickey Jr. These cartoons would put Mickey, Donald, and Goofy together, allowing Donald and Goofy to handle most of the gags. While his drinking became public knowledge during his lifetime, the press kept his many marital infidelities quiet. "Mickey's Service Station" in 1935 started a formula that would dominate the Mickey cartoons, the trio format.

In an autobiography, Mantle said he married Merlyn not because he loved her, but because his domineering father told him to. The Disney studio had a hard time coming up with stories for Mickey. On December 23, 1951, he married Merlyn Johnson in their hometown of Commerce, Oklahoma; they had four sons. "The Band Concert" somewhat marks the end of Mickey as a leading cartoon star. They were reinstated in 1985 by Kuhn's successor, Peter Ueberroth. Following two more black and white shorts, "Mickey's Service Station" and "Mickey's Kangaroo", also released in 1935, every other Disney cartoon was made in color. In 1983, Mantle and Willie Mays took jobs promoting Atlantic City casinos, and were suspended from baseball by Commissioner Bowie Kuhn. Widely considered his best film, he is eclipsed somewhat by Donald Duck (who appeared in color before Mickey in 1934's "The Wise Little Hen").

But his drinking led radio show host Don Imus to joke, "If you get to Mickey Mantle's restaurant after midnight, you win a free dinner if you can guess which table Mickey's under.". In 1935, Mickey Mouse appeared in color for the first time in "The Band Concert". Mantle let others run the business operations, but made frequent appearances. As the series became more popular, Disney decided to change his best-known character into a well meaning everyman, and creating mischief was thereafter left to other characters. It became one of New York's most popular restaurants, and his original Yankee Stadium Monument Park plaque is displayed at the front entrance. In his earliest cartoons Mickey was often mischievous and the cartoons sometimes used outhouse humor. Despite the failure of Mickey Mantle's Country Cookin' restaurants in the early 1970s, Mickey Mantle's Restaurant & Sports Bar opened in New York at 42 Central Park South (59th Street) in 1988. This adventurous version of Mickey would continue to appear in comic strips and later comic books throughout the 20th and into the 21st century.

This popularity continues long after his death, as Mantle-related items far outsell those of any other player except possibly the unmatched Babe Ruth, whose items, due to the distance of years, now exist in far smaller quantities. While Disney and his cartoon shorts would continue to focus on comedy, the comic strip effectively combined comedy and adventure. Mantle was a prize guest at any baseball card show, commanding fees far in excess of any other player for his appearances and autographs. Starting with these two early comic strip stories, Mickey's versions in animation and comics are considered to have diverged from each other. His lifestyle would be restored to one of luxury, and his hold on his fans raised to an amazing level, by his position of leadership in the sports memorabilia craze that swept the USA beginning in the 1980's. Slicker and the Egg Robbers, first printed between September 22 and December 26, 1930, which introduced Marcus Mouse and his wife as Minnie's parents. Despite being among the best-paid players of the pre-free agency era, Mantle was a poor businessman, having made several unlucky investments. The story was followed by Mr.

Nowadays, certain future number-retiree manager Joe Torre wears 6, and the 8 belonging to catchers Bill Dickey and Yogi Berra has already been retired - Derek Jeter's 2 may very well also join the list of consecutive retired numbers.) When he retired, the Mick was third on the all-time home run list with 536. This story would bring the first comic strip appearances of Clarabelle Cow, Horace Horsecollar and Black Pete as well as the debuts of corrupted lawyer Sylvester Shyster and Minnie's uncle Mortimer Mouse. When he returned, Bobby Brown, who had worn number 6 before Mantle, had reclaimed it, so Mantle was given number 7. This early adventure contributed to the extension of the comic strip cast which by this point only included Mickey and Minnie. (He had briefly worn uniform number 6, as a continuation of Babe Ruth's 3, Lou Gehrig's 4, and Joe DiMaggio's 5, in 1951, but his poor performance led to his temporary demotion to a minor league in mid-season. The storyline was completed on September 20, 1930 and was later reprinted in comic book form as Mickey Mouse in Death Valley. Mantle announced his retirement on March 1, 1969, and in 1974, as soon as he was eligible, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame; his uniform number 7 was retired by the Yankees. Floyd at first had to work on the continuation of a storyline which his predecessors had started on April 1, 1930.

But Mantle became the highest-paid active player of his time. Floyd accepted and ended up holding this "temporary" assignment from May 5, 1930 to November 15, 1975. DiMaggio, Hank Greenberg and Ted Williams, who had just retired, had been paid over $100,000 in a season, and Ruth had a peak salary of $80,000. Walt had to assure Floyd that the assignment was only temporary and that he would eventually return to animation. On January 16, 1961, Mantle became the highest-paid baseball player by signing a $75,000 contract. At the time Floyd was reportedly eager to work in animation and somewhat reluctant to accept his new assignment. Though the American League Triple Crown has been won twice since then, Mantle remains the last man to win the Major League Triple Crown. For uncertain reasons he chose Floyd Gottfredson, a recently hired employee.

This was his "favorite summer," a year that saw him win the Triple Crown, leading the majors with a .353 batting average, 52 HR, and 130 RBI on the way to his first of three MVP awards. Walt proceeded to search for a replacement to Smith among the remaining staff of the Studio. In 1956, Mantle won the Hickok Belt as top professional athlete of the year. Another reason might be that Walt Disney was a very impossible man, and Win Smith got sick of this lack of freedom to create in. Jenkinson, who specializes on information of long distance homeruns, said that the actual distance was probably 510 feet. This became evident by his sudden resignation. Years later William J. Win Smith was apparently discontent at having to script, draw, and ink a series by himself.

Another Mantle homer at Griffith Stadium in Washington on April 17, 1953, was said to have traveled 565 feet. However, Walt's focus had always been in animation and Smith was soon assigned with the scripting as well. On September 10, 1960, he hit a ball that cleared the right-field roof at Tiger Stadium in Detroit and, based on where it was found, was estimated years after the fact to have traveled more than 600 feet, though it probably was closer to 500 feet. At first Walt was content to continue scripting it and assigning the art to Win Smith. Mantle also hit some of the longest home runs in Major League history. But back in early 1930, Walt had another matter to attend to: the creation of the comic strip after Iwerks' departure. Among Mantle's many accomplishments are all-time World Series records for home runs (18), runs scored (42), and runs batted in (40). Mickey continued to appear regularly in animated shorts until 1943 and again from 1946 to 1953.

He played center field until 1967, when he was moved to first base. In any case, Walt and his remaining staff continued the production of the Mickey series. He moved to center field in 1952, replacing Joe DiMaggio, who retired at the end of the 1951 season after one year playing alongside Mantle in the Yankees outfield. Later Disney Company reissues of the early cartoons tend to credit Walt Disney alone. Mickey had played shortstop in the minor leagues, but on arrival at the Yankees, he became the regular right fielder (playing only a few games at shortstop and third base in 1952 to 1955). It has been pointed that advertising for the early Mickey Mouse cartoons credit them as "A Walt Disney Comic, drawn by Ub Iwerks". "Mutt" Mantle taught his son how to be a switch-hitter. Consequently some animation historians have suggested that Iwerks should be considered the actual creator of Mickey Mouse.

He spent the last years of his career as a wildly popular icon of the entire sport. Walt Disney has been credited for the inspiration to create Mickey, but Iwerks was the one to design the character and the first few Mickey Mouse cartoons were mostly or entirely drawn by Iwerks. This unpopularity, mainly with older fans, would dramatically reverse after he finished second to Roger Maris in the pursuit of Babe Ruth's home run record in 1961. The latter lost the man responsible for his original design and for the direction and/or animation of several of the shorts released till this point, and some would argue Mickey's creator. Additionally, Mantle's osteomyelitic condition exempted him from military service, a fact which caused him to become very unpopular with fans, as his earliest days in baseball coincided with the Korean War. The former lost the man who served as his closest colleague and confidant since 1919. He would suffer from the effects of the disease for the rest of his life, and it would lead to many other injuries that hampered his accomplishments. His departure is considered to mark a turning point to the careers of both Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse.

A midnight ride to Tulsa enabled Mantle to be treated with newly available penicillin, saving his leg from amputation. The result of his early efforts was the Flip the Frog series. Kicked in the shin during a game, Mantle's leg soon became infected with osteomyelitis, a crippling disease that would have been incurable just a few years earlier. Shortly before its release, Iwerks had left the Studio in an attempt to create his own. It was his football playing that nearly ended his athletic career, and indeed his life. The short is considered significant for being the last Mickey short to be animated by Ub Iwerks. Mantle was an all-around athlete at Commerce High School, playing basketball and football in addition to his first love, baseball. This is considered to be his last non-anthropomorphic appearance.

When Mantle was four years old, the family moved to the nearby town of Commerce, Oklahoma. The rhea of the original short was replaced by Horace Horsecollar. Mantle said one of the great heartaches of his life was that he never told his father he loved him. This would become a recurring feature of the character. Sadly, his father died of cancer at the age of 39, just as his son was starting his career. For the first time in a Mickey short, Pete was depicted as having a peg-leg. "No boy ever loved his father more," he said. The rival suitor to Mickey is again Pete though using the alias Peg-Leg Pedro.

Mantle always spoke warmly of his beloved father and said he was the bravest man he ever knew. The latter is again Minnie. In later life, Mickey Mantle expressed great relief that his father had not known Cochrane's real first name, as he would have hated to be named Gordon. Mickey was again cast as a lonely traveler who walks into the local tavern and starts flirting with its dancer. Apparently his father was not aware that Cochrane's real name was Gordon. But it is considered to be more or less a remake of The Gallopin' Gaucho set in Mexico instead of Argentina. He was named in honor of Mickey Cochrane, the Hall of Fame catcher from the Detroit Tigers, by his father, who was an amateur player and fervent fan. As the title implies the short was intended as a Western movie parody.

Mickey Mantle was born in Spavinaw, Oklahoma. They were followed by Cactus Kid, first released on April 11, 1930. . 2. He played his entire professional career for the New York Yankees. It is only notable for Mickey's emotional renditions of the finale to the William Tell Overture, Robert Schumann's Träumerei (Reverie), and Franz Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody No. Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995) was an American baseball player, regarded as one of the best of all time. Both titles give an accurate enough description of the short which has Mickey performing a violin solo.

The second was originally released on March 14, 1930 under the title Fiddlin' Around but has since been renamed to Just Mickey. Their rendition of the Poet and Peasant is humorous enough; but it has been noted that several of the gags featured were repeated from previous shorts. The only recurring characters among its members were Clarabelle as a flutist and Horace as a drummer. It featured Mickey conducting an orchestra.

The first of them was The Barnyard Concert, first released on March 3, 1930. Meanwhile in animation, two more Mickey shorts had been released. The strips first released between January 13 and March 31, 1930 have been occasionally reprinted in comic book form under the collective title "Lost on a Desert Island". Minnie soon became the first addition to the cast.

The first week or so of the strip featured a loose adaptation of Plane Crazy. The comical plot was credited to Walt Disney himself, art to Ub Iwerks and inking to Win Smith. Walt accepted and Mickey made his first comic strip appearance on January 13, 1930. So Walt Disney was approached by King Features Syndicate with the offer to licence Mickey and his supporting characters for use in a comic strip.

By this point Mickey had appeared in fifteen commercially successful animated shorts and was easily recognized by the public. The tunes vary from the previously mentioned "Yankee Doodle" and "Turkey in the Straw" to "Auld Lang Syne", "The Blue Danube", and Aloha `Oe. During the rest of the short, various jungle animals dance to Mickey's tunes. Mickey proceeds to play music to calm them down.

But the later proves to be problematic soon after Mickey finds himself standing in between of a lion and a bear. He rides on an elephant and is armed with a shotgun. Mickey is seen in a safari somewhere in Africa. The twelfth and last Mickey short released during the year was Jungle Rhythm, first released on November 15, 1929.

Otherwise it is only notable as the first of Mickey's adventures at sea. Mickey was depicted acting much like a lifeguard during the short. Minnie cheers up and the short ends. Soon seals, walruses, penguins, pelicans, and other water birds start dancing to Mickey's tune.

Mickey starts singing the tune of Rocked in the Cradle of the Deep in an apparent effort to cheer her up. He manages to rescue her and return her to the shore but Minnie is still visibly shaken from the experience. Mickey proceeds to place it into the water and then rows the boat forward until he reaches Minnie. He lifts it to discover an amorous couple who were using the boat as their cover from prying eyes.

Mickey discovers a rowboat placed upside-down on the beach. She panicks and seems to start drowning. They are at first singing and dancing at the shore but at some point Minnie is swept by a wave into the sea. Mickey and Minnie are featured spending a day at the beach.

Another Mickey short was released in between them: Wild Waves, first released on August 15, 1929. Consequently both shorts have been considered among the highlights of their respective series and animated classics. The result is often described as surreal and at points impressive. A series of creative and rather morbid gags provide comedic elements.

Both feature elements generally found in horror fiction and particularly in horror films effectively combined with music and dance. The short is clearly similar to The Skeleton Dance, first released on August 22, 1929, which was the first short of the Silly Symphonies series. The finale has a terrified Mickey crashing through a window to escape. At some point, Mickey attempts to escape but any room he attempts to enter contains more skeletons.

Skeletons are seen dancing to Mickey's tune. Mickey is surprised but clearly too scared to argue with it. The figure of the Grim Reaper orders him to play music to entertain them. Mickey has entered a haunted house.

At this point, Mickey finds out that the house is indeed inhabited — by ghosts in skeleton form. Mickey is somewhat unnerved and his encounters with bats and large spiders only increase his growing fear. The door suddenly shuts behind him and seems to be locked. He soon discovers an apparently deserted house and proceeds to enter it.

Mickey is naturally seeking a refuge for himself. Mickey is seen caught up in a storm with an umbrella serving as his only protection from the rain. The short begins at night time. This was not the case however with the next Mickey short to be released: Haunted House, first released on August 1, 1929.

Many of the following ones can better be described as animated song and dance shows with little to no plot. The preceding shorts already featured their share of song and dance numbers as part of their comedic plots. This short is considered to be representative of a change of focus early in the series. The soundtrack of the film reportedly contained elements of both ragtime and Dixieland jazz.

The former plays the piano and the later the xylophone. Mickey and his friend Horace Horsecollar, the later in his first anthropomorphic appearance, are cast as the sole two performers of "Mickey's Big Road Show". This film followed the originals in having minimal plot and focusing on musical performances. Both musical films featured Al Jolson as their star and had proved commercially successful.

The title was probably intended to be reminiscent of both The Jazz Singer, and also The Singing Fool, first released on September 19, 1928. The ninth Mickey short to be released that year was The Jazz Fool, first released on July 5, 1929. Finally, animation historians have pointed that it seems to be the first song with original lyrics created by Walt's studio. The music to the song was written by Carl Stalling and the lyrics by Walt Disney.

For another this would serve as the new theme song for the series. For one thing "the guy they call little Mickey Mouse" for the first time addresses an audience to explain that he has "Got a sweetie" who is "Neither fat nor skinny" and proudly proclaims that "She's my little Minnie Mouse". This humorous little song is considered to have a historical importance of its own. It has Mickey singing Minnie's Yoo Hoo for the first time.

But the short is more notable for Mickey's main act. She would be a recurring character early in Mickey's comic strip series. A female pig singing opera is considered to be Patricia Pig making her only animated appearance. The short featured a barnyard show including various numbers.

It was soon followed by Mickey's Follies, first released on June 26, 1929. Clarabelle has another brief appearance as a cow running out of its way. At some point Mickey loses control of the locomotive. His only passenger seems to be Minnie, cast as a fiddle player for this short.

As the title implies, Mickey is depicted as the engineer in charge of an unusually anthropomorphic locomotive. This following Mickey short to be released was Mickey's Choo Choo, first released on June 20, 1929. This marks the finale of the short. He only manages to draw the attention of two alley cats who decide to join him and then that of an irate neighbour of Minnie who starts throwing things at these three annoyances in an attempt to silence them.

Mickey apparently attempts to draw Minnie's attention by playing guitar singing outside her window. The short ends at night time. Having purchased one of Mickey's hot dogs, she is surprised to see it run away. The third was Mickey's recurring love interest: Minnie Mouse "the Shimmy Dancer" of the carnival.

A barker at the carnival, he briefly gets into an argument with Mickey. The second was Kat Nipp, making his third and last appearance. The first of them was Clarabelle Cow in a cameo. Three other recurring characters of the series also appear.

Much of the humor in this short came from the interaction between Mickey and his hot dogs, with the latter tending to act like actual dogs in relation to their owner/trainer. The short featured Mickey selling hot dogs at a carnival. Mickey's first spoken words were "Hot Dogs!". This short was The Karnival Kid, first released on May 23, 1929.

But he would not actually speak until his ninth appearance. During his first eight appearances Mickey would whistle, laugh, cry and otherwise vocally express himself. Though depicted as non-anthropomorphic animals during this short, later that same year both would become as anthropomorphic as their former owners. Minnie's cow is considered to be Clarabelle Cow making her second appearance, and Mickey's plow horse is considered to be Horace Horsecollar making his debut.

Curiously the short is considered mainly notable for the livestock it featured. In the finale, Mickey resorts to using a pig as a plough. By the time the horse calms down again, the plough has been broken. At some point the horse is stung by a bee, panics and starts galloping.

Minnie's reply to this sign of affection is knocking his head with the bucket. Mickey eventually manages to present Minnie with a full bucket of milk and proceeds to kiss her. Mickey does not seem pleased and replies by rolling up its muzzle with its own tongue. As he does, the cow starts licking him in an apparent sign of affection.

She has Mickey milk the cow for her. Then Minnie comes along with her cow. He is first seen with his horse while ploughing a field. As the title implies he was depicted as a farmer alongside Minnie.

Mickey returned to civilian life with The Plow Boy, first released on May 9, 1929. In any case both wars were still within living memory of the audiences at the time of release and so it is possible that the details mentioned were intended as recognizable references to both of them. The victory of the mice is celebrated in the tune of "Battle Cry of Freedom", known to have been popular among the forces of the United States during the same conflict. The song is known to have been popular among the forces of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.

On the other hand, the mice are marching in battle to the tune of "Dixie", a song written in 1859. The short did not clearly identify the war it depicted; but it has been noted that the cats are depicted as wearing military helmets similar to those used by the German Empire during World War I. However modern viewers have often pointed to this scene as being the most memorable of the short. The physical examination scene has since often been edited out as being somewhat disturbing.

This short is notable as the first to depict Mickey as a soldier and the first to place him in combat. Mickey is hailed as a hero by his fellow soldiers and then the short ends. Mickey's combat efforts are comical in depiction but prove effective enough in forcing the enemy to retreat. After passing the examination, he is given a machine gun and is sent to battle.

This scene depicts Mickey becoming the subject of physical and emotional abuse. Before joining the army, Mickey has to pass a physical examination. Pete was depicted as a leading soldier of the former army and Mickey as a conscript of the latter one. As the title implies it featured a battle between an invading army of cats and an army of mice trying to defend their homes and farms.

It was The Barnyard Battle, first released on April 25, 1929. The next Mickey short to be released is also considered unusual. On another note, it has been commented that since this short was released during the Prohibition era, the alcoholic beverages would probably have been products of bootlegging. The set standard both before and after this short was to depict them as having the size of a rather short human being.

This short is unusual in depicting Mickey and Minnie as having the size and partly the behavior of regular mice. Among them are Mickey and Minnie, who proceed to turn this gathering into a party. In his absence an army of mice invade his house in search of food. Then he leaves his house to go hunting.

He is seen getting drunk on alcoholic beverages. Kat Nipp makes his second appearance, though his name is given as "Tom Cat" (this describes his being a tom cat, and the character should not be confused with the co-star of the Tom and Jerry series). It was essentially a remake of one of the Alice Comedies, Alice Rattled by Rats, which had been first released on January 15, 1926. When the Cat's Away, first released on April 11, 1929, would be the third Mickey short to be released that year.

Supposedly one reason for adding the white gloves was to allow audiences to distinguish the characters' hands when they appeared against their bodies, as both were black (Mickey did not appear in color until The Band Concert in 1935). Mickey can be seen wearing them in most of his subsequent appearances. More notably this short introduced Mickey's gloves. The musical pieces accompanying them notably included "Yankee Doodle" and Georges Bizet's Carmen.

This short featured no dialogue and consequently its humor relies in a long series of visual gags. This would be his debut; he would appear in two more shorts during the year as a minor antagonist. The only other recurring character to appear in the short is known as Kat Nipp (apparently a play on the word catnip). Instead, a poster of her can be seen which introduces her as a member of the Yankee Doodle Girls, apparently a group of female performers.

Minnie did not appear in person in this short. Acts include his impersonation of a snake charmer, his dressing in drag and performing a belly dance, his caricature of a Hasidic Jew and, for the finale, a piano performance. Mickey performs a vaudeville show all by himself. It cast Mickey as the owner of a small theater (or opera house according to the title).

The Opry House, first released on March 28, 1929, would be the second short released during the year. "Ever wonder why we always wear these white gloves?" - Various characters (with minor variations). It has been commented, however, that this only serves to add to the audiences' empathy for the character. In his sadness and crying over his failure, Mickey appears unusually emotional and vulnerable.

In addition, Mickey was not depicted as a hero but as a rather ineffective young suitor. It is also an unusual appearance of the Pete; previously depicted as a menacing villain, he is portrayed here as a well-mannered gentleman. It is notable for featuring Mickey turned down by Minnie in favor of Pete. This short was the first to feature its three main characters as parts of a love-triangle.

In the finale Mickey is reduced to crying on the floor. As a result, she leaves Mickey and resumes dancing with Pete. Minnie is visibly disgusted by this attempt at deception. Pete soon discovers Mickey's trick and points it out to Minnie.

She accepts and is surprised to find his dancing skills to have apparently improved. That apparently helps him to be "light on his feet" and he proceeds to ask Minnie for another dance. Mickey then attempts to solve his problem by placing a balloon in his shorts. She instead accepts that of Pete, who proves to be a better dancing partner.

She consequently turns down his invitation for a second dance. They are later seen dancing together, but Mickey proves to be a rather clumsy dancer as he repeatedly steps on Minnie's feet. She resorts to accepting Mickey's invitation. Minnie initially chooses Pete to drive her to the dance but the automobile unexpectedly breaks down.

Mickey turns up in his horse-cart while Pete in a newly purchased automobile. The latter two and their vehicles are first seen arriving at Minnie's house in an attempt to pick her up for the dance. The barn dance of the title is the occasion which brings together Minnie and her two suitors: Mickey and Pete. It was directed by Walt Disney with Ub Iwerks as the head animator.

The Barn Dance, first released on March 14, 1929, would be the first of twelve Mickey shorts released during that year. It was The Barn Dance. A fourth Mickey short was also put into production. Walt Disney soon worked on adding sound to both Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gaucho (which had originally been silent releases) and their new release added to Mickey's success and popularity.

As a result Mickey would soon become the most prominent animated character of the time. Most other cartoon studios were still producing silent products and so were unable to effectively act as competition to Disney. Walt Disney apparently intended to take advantage of this new trend and, arguably, managed to succeed. Within a year of its success, most United States movie theaters had installed sound film equipment.

The first feature-length movie with dialogue sequences, The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson, was released on October 6, 1927. Sound films were still considered innovative. Audiences at the time of Steamboat Willie's release were reportedly impressed by its use of sound for comedic purposes. This served as the final scene of this short.

A parrot attempts to make fun of him but is then thrown to the river by Mickey. Mickey is reduced to peeling potatoes for the rest of the trip. Captain Pete is eventually disturbed by all this noise and places Mickey back to work. Later audiences have often described those scenes as humorously exaggerated examples of animal cruelty.

Through the rest of the short, Mickey uses various other animals as musical instruments. Consequently Mickey and Minnie use its tail to turn it into a phonograph which is playing the tune. A goat which was among the animals transported on the steamboat proceeds to eat the sheet music. Minnie accidentally drops her sheet music for the popular folk song "Turkey in the Straw".

Mickey manages to pick her up from the river shore. She was apparently supposed to be their only passenger but was late to board. Almost as soon as they leave, Minnie arrives. They soon have to stop for cargo to be transferred on board.

Then Pete arrives to take over piloting and angrily throws him out of the boat's bridge. At first he is seen piloting the steamboat while whistling. The script had Mickey serving aboard Steamboat Willie under Captain Pete. Walt Disney himself acted as voice actor for both Mickey and Minnie.

This role has been variously attributed to Wilfred Jackson, Carl Stalling and Bert Lewis, but identification remains uncertain. Animation historians have long debated who had served as the composer for the film's original music. Steamboat Willie was, however, the first sound cartoon to achieve wide recognition. This series was distriubuted by Pathé and produced by Paul Terry.

As a matter of fact, Disney got the idea of making a sound cartoon after watching an Aesop's Film Fable cartoon entitled Dinner Time. The cartoon is often listed in history books as being the first animated film ever to feature a synchronized sound, music, and dialogue track, but Fleischer Studios, headed by brothers Dave and Max Fleischer had already released some sound cartoons using the DeForest system in the mid-1920s. Despite the fact this was not the first Mickey cartoon made or released, it is still considered by some as Mickey Mouse's true debut. This short was intended as a parody of Buster Keaton's Steamboat Bill Jr., first released on May 12 of the same year.

Iwerks again served as the head animator, assisted by Johnny Cannon, Les Clark, Wilfred Jackson and Dick Lundy. It was co-directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. Steamboat Willie was first released on November 18, 1928. The result of his contemplations would be the third Mickey short to be produced, the second to be released and the first to really draw the attention of the audiences: Steamboat Willie.

Walt would soon start to contemplate ways to distinguish the Mickey Mouse series from his previous work and that of his rivals. Reportedly Mickey was at first thought to be much too similar to Oswald and this resulted in the apparent lack of interest in him. It would be first released on December 30, 1928, following the release of another Mickey short. At the time of its original production though, Walt again failed to find a distributor.

Consequently the short is arguably of some historical significance. Modern audiences have commented that all three characters seem to be coming out of rough, lower class backgrounds that little resemble their later versions. Based on Mickey and Minnie acting as strangers to each other before the finale, it was presumably intended to feature their original acquaintance to each other as well. This short marks the first encounter between Mickey and Black Pete, a character already established as an antagonist in both the Alice Comedies and the Oswald series.

In later interviews, Iwerks would comment that Mickey as featured in The Gallopin' Gaucho was intended to be a swashbuckler, an adventurer modeled after Fairbanks himself. The finale of the short has Mickey and Minnie riding the rhea into the distance. Mickey emerges the victor of this joust. He soon catches up to his rival and they proceed to fight with swords.

Mickey gives chase on his rhea. At some point Pete proceeds in kidnapping Minnie and attempts to escape on his horse. Both customers soon begin to flirt with Minnie and to rival one another. Also present at the establishment are Black Pete (later renamed Peg Leg Pete, or just Pete), a wanted outlaw and fellow customer for the time being, and Minnie Mouse, the barmaid and dancer of the establishment, at the time performing a tango.

He apparently just wants to relax with some drinking and tobacco smoking. Mickey proceeds to enter the establishment and take a seat. He soon encounters "Cantina Argentina," apparently serving as the local bar and restaurant. He is first seen riding on a Rhea, instead of a horse as would be expected (or an ostrich as often reported).

The gaucho of the title was Mickey himself. Following the original film, the events of the short take place in the Pampas of Argentina. The short was intended as a parody of Douglas Fairbanks's The Gaucho, a film first released on November 21, 1927. The Gallopin' Gaucho was again co-directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, with the latter serving as the sole animator in this case.

Though understandably disappointed, Walt went on to produce a second Mickey short: The Gallopin' Gaucho. At the time of its first release, however, Plane Crazy apparently failed to impress audiences, and to add insult to injury, Walt could not find a distributor. Modern audiences have occasionally commented on this version of Mickey as being somewhat more complex and consequently more interesting than his later self. Mickey as portrayed in Plane Crazy was mischievous, amorous, and has often been described as a rogue.

A non-anthropomorphic cow that briefly becomes a passenger in the aircraft is believed to be Clarabelle Cow making her debut. This becomes the beginning of an out-of-control flight that results in a series of humorous situations and eventually in the crash-landing of the aircraft. While distracted by her, Mickey loses control of the plane. Minnie then parachutes out of the plane.

After building his own aircraft, he proceeds to ask Minnie to join him for its first flight, during which he repeatedly and unsuccessfully attempts to kiss her, eventually resorting to force. Mickey is apparently trying to become an aviator in emulation of Charles Lindbergh. The plot of Plane Crazy was fairly simple. This short would be the last they animated under this somewhat awkward situation.

Hugh Harman and Rudolf Ising also assisting Disney during 1928 and 1929; these two had already signed their contracts with Charles Mintz, but he was still in the process of forming his new studio and so for the time being they were still employed by Disney. He left Disney in 1930 in order to form his own studio and introduced Flip the Frog in the first sound cartoon made in color. In fact, Ub Iwerks was the main animator for every Disney short released in 1928 and 1929. Iwerks was also the main animator for this short, and reportedly spent six weeks working on it.

The short was co-directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. Mickey and Minnie Mouse (Mickey's girlfriend) debuted in the cartoon short Plane Crazy, first released on May 15, 1928. We wanted something appealing, and we thought of a tiny bit of a mouse that would have something of the wistfulness of Chaplin — a little fellow trying to do the best he could." "When people laugh at Mickey Mouse, it's because he's so human; and that is the secret of his popularity." "I only hope that we don't lose sight of one thing — that it was all started by a mouse." — Walt Disney. I think we are rather indebted to Charlie Chaplin for the idea.

"We felt that the public, and especially the children, like animals that are cute and little. It has been suggested that Walt Disney was influenced by an actual mouse that he almost tamed by feeding it crumbs on his desk at the Laugh-O-Gram Studio. The name Mortimer would later be used for a character in a Mickey cartoon. He wanted to name his new creation Mortimer Mouse, but his wife Lillian Marie Bounds thought the name was too pretentious, so he changed it to Mickey Mouse.

He had visions of a mouse in the back of his head (he had previously made silent cartoon shorts with animated mice). One day, during a train ride, Walt desperately wanted to come up with a money-making character to replace the one he lost, Oswald. In order for Walt and his older brother and business partner Roy to keep their company active, new characters had to be created to star in their subsequent animated shorts. One lesson Disney learned from the experience was to thereafter always make sure that he owned all rights to the characters produced by his company.

The new Disney Studio initially consisted of Iwerks and a loyal apprentice artist, Les Clark. Disney was dismayed at the betrayal by his staff but determined to restart from scratch. Angrily, Disney refused the deal and returned to California to produce the final Oswald cartoons he contractually owed Mintz. Mintz owned Oswald and thought he had Disney over a barrel.

In reply, Mintz announced he had hired the bulk of Disney's staff but that Disney could keep doing the Oswald series as long as he agreed to a budget cut and went on the payroll. However, Disney received an unpleasant surprise when he asked Mintz for a larger budget for his popular Oswald series. In fact, Mickey closely resembled Oswald in his early appearances. Oswald had also been created by Ub Iwerks with limited input from Walt Disney for Charles Mintz of Universal Studios.

Mickey was created by Ub Iwerks as a replacement for Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, an earlier star created by the Disney studio. Andy Warhol's portrait The Art of Mickey Mouse used Warhol's famous pop art techniques on the classic mouse. The Mickey icon, a three-circle silhouette of Mickey's head, serves as the logo for most of Disney's subsidiaries which contain the name 'Disney'. When one sees Mickey Mouse, they see happiness.".

President Jimmy Carter once said; "Mickey Mouse is the symbol of goodwill, surpassing all languages and cultures. They both started off mischievous, but as they grew older preferred to step out of the spotlight and observe others work their magic. It was said by Lillian Disney, his wife, that over the years, Mickey and Walt grew together and were mirrors of each other's personality. He is the symbol for The Walt Disney Company and, in many ways, Walt Disney himself.

For others, he represents happiness and innocence. For some, he symbolizes the country's cultural imperialism, the spread of its culture to other places in the world. Mickey Mouse may be the most recognized symbol of America, except for the flag. .

Mickey has been voiced since 1983 by Wayne Allwine, MacDonald's former apprentice. Walt Disney himself voiced Mickey Mouse from 1928 until 1946, when sound effects man Jim MacDonald took over the role. Created in 1928 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, the mouse has evolved from being simply a character in animated cartoons and comic strips to become one of the most recognizable symbols in the world. Mickey Mouse (born November 18, 1928) is a comic animal cartoon character who has become a symbol for The Walt Disney Company.

1995: Runaway Brain. 1990: The Prince and the Pauper. 1988: Who Framed Roger Rabbit (cameo). 1983: Mickey's Christmas Carol.

1955: The Mickey Mouse Club. 1953: The Simple Things. 1948: Mickey and the Seal. 1947: Mickey and the Beanstalk segment of Fun and Fancy Free.

1946: Mickey's Delayed Date. 1942: Symphony Hour. 1942: Mickey's Birthday Party. 1941: The Little Whirlwind.

1940: The Sorcerer's Apprentice segment of Fantasia. 1939: The Pointer. 1938: Brave Little Tailor. 1938: Mickey's Trailer.

1937: Lonesome Ghosts. 1936: Thru the Mirror. 1935: The Band Concert. 1935: Mickey's Service Station.

1934: The Orphan's Benefit. 1933: The Mad Doctor. 1932: The Grocery Boy. 1931: Mickey's Orphans.

1930: The Chain Gang. 1929: Haunted House. 1929: The Karnival Kid. 1928: Steamboat Willie.

1928: Plane Crazy.

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