Mickey Mantle

Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995) was an American baseball player, regarded as one of the best of all time. He played his entire professional career for the New York Yankees.

Youth

This person is a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Mickey Mantle was born in Spavinaw, Oklahoma. He was named in honor of Mickey Cochrane, the Hall of Fame catcher from the Detroit Tigers, by his father, who was an amateur player and fervent fan. Apparently his father was not aware that Cochrane's real name was Gordon. In later life, Mickey Mantle expressed great relief that his father had not known Cochrane's real first name, as he would have hated to be named Gordon. Mantle always spoke warmly of his beloved father and said he was the bravest man he ever knew. "No boy ever loved his father more," he said. Sadly, his father died of cancer at the age of 39, just as his son was starting his career. Mantle said one of the great heartaches of his life was that he never told his father he loved him.

When Mantle was four years old, the family moved to the nearby town of Commerce, Oklahoma. Mantle was an all-around athlete at Commerce High School, playing basketball and football in addition to his first love, baseball. It was his football playing that nearly ended his athletic career, and indeed his life. Kicked in the shin during a game, Mantle's leg soon became infected with osteomyelitis, a crippling disease that would have been incurable just a few years earlier. A midnight ride to Tulsa enabled Mantle to be treated with newly available penicillin, saving his leg from amputation. He would suffer from the effects of the disease for the rest of his life, and it would lead to many other injuries that hampered his accomplishments. Additionally, Mantle's osteomyelitic condition exempted him from military service, a fact which caused him to become very unpopular with fans, as his earliest days in baseball coincided with the Korean War. This unpopularity, mainly with older fans, would dramatically reverse after he finished second to Roger Maris in the pursuit of Babe Ruth's home run record in 1961. He spent the last years of his career as a wildly popular icon of the entire sport.

Playing career

"Mutt" Mantle taught his son how to be a switch-hitter. Mickey had played shortstop in the minor leagues, but on arrival at the Yankees, he became the regular right fielder (playing only a few games at shortstop and third base in 1952 to 1955). He moved to center field in 1952, replacing Joe DiMaggio, who retired at the end of the 1951 season after one year playing alongside Mantle in the Yankees outfield. He played center field until 1967, when he was moved to first base. Among Mantle's many accomplishments are all-time World Series records for home runs (18), runs scored (42), and runs batted in (40).

Mantle also hit some of the longest home runs in Major League history. On September 10, 1960, he hit a ball that cleared the right-field roof at Tiger Stadium in Detroit and, based on where it was found, was estimated years after the fact to have traveled more than 600 feet, though it probably was closer to 500 feet. Another Mantle homer at Griffith Stadium in Washington on April 17, 1953, was said to have traveled 565 feet. Years later William J. Jenkinson, who specializes on information of long distance homeruns, said that the actual distance was probably 510 feet.

In 1956, Mantle won the Hickok Belt as top professional athlete of the year. This was his "favorite summer," a year that saw him win the Triple Crown, leading the majors with a .353 batting average, 52 HR, and 130 RBI on the way to his first of three MVP awards. Though the American League Triple Crown has been won twice since then, Mantle remains the last man to win the Major League Triple Crown.

On January 16, 1961, Mantle became the highest-paid baseball player by signing a $75,000 contract. DiMaggio, Hank Greenberg and Ted Williams, who had just retired, had been paid over $100,000 in a season, and Ruth had a peak salary of $80,000. But Mantle became the highest-paid active player of his time.

Retirement

Mantle announced his retirement on March 1, 1969, and in 1974, as soon as he was eligible, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame; his uniform number 7 was retired by the Yankees. (He had briefly worn uniform number 6, as a continuation of Babe Ruth's 3, Lou Gehrig's 4, and Joe DiMaggio's 5, in 1951, but his poor performance led to his temporary demotion to a minor league in mid-season. When he returned, Bobby Brown, who had worn number 6 before Mantle, had reclaimed it, so Mantle was given number 7. Nowadays, certain future number-retiree manager Joe Torre wears 6, and the 8 belonging to catchers Bill Dickey and Yogi Berra has already been retired - Derek Jeter's 2 may very well also join the list of consecutive retired numbers.) When he retired, the Mick was third on the all-time home run list with 536.

Despite being among the best-paid players of the pre-free agency era, Mantle was a poor businessman, having made several unlucky investments. His lifestyle would be restored to one of luxury, and his hold on his fans raised to an amazing level, by his position of leadership in the sports memorabilia craze that swept the USA beginning in the 1980's. Mantle was a prize guest at any baseball card show, commanding fees far in excess of any other player for his appearances and autographs. This popularity continues long after his death, as Mantle-related items far outsell those of any other player except possibly the unmatched Babe Ruth, whose items, due to the distance of years, now exist in far smaller quantities.

Despite the failure of Mickey Mantle's Country Cookin' restaurants in the early 1970s, Mickey Mantle's Restaurant & Sports Bar opened in New York at 42 Central Park South (59th Street) in 1988. It became one of New York's most popular restaurants, and his original Yankee Stadium Monument Park plaque is displayed at the front entrance. Mantle let others run the business operations, but made frequent appearances. But his drinking led radio show host Don Imus to joke, "If you get to Mickey Mantle's restaurant after midnight, you win a free dinner if you can guess which table Mickey's under."

In 1983, Mantle and Willie Mays took jobs promoting Atlantic City casinos, and were suspended from baseball by Commissioner Bowie Kuhn. They were reinstated in 1985 by Kuhn's successor, Peter Ueberroth.

Troubled family

On December 23, 1951, he married Merlyn Johnson in their hometown of Commerce, Oklahoma; they had four sons. In an autobiography, Mantle said he married Merlyn not because he loved her, but because his domineering father told him to. While his drinking became public knowledge during his lifetime, the press kept his many marital infidelities quiet.

The couple had four children, all sons: Mickey Jr. (born in 1953), David (1955), and Billy (1957, whom Mickey named for Billy Martin, his best friend among his Yankee teammates), and Danny (1960). Like Mickey, Merlyn and the sons all became alcoholics, and Billy developed Hodgkin's disease as several previous Mantle men had. This led to him developing a dependence on prescription painkillers.

Mickey Mantle has four grandchildren. Mickey Jr. had a daughter, Mallory. David and his wife Marla have a daughter, Marilyn. Danny and his wife Kay have a son, Will, and a daughter, Chloe. Danny and Will played a father and son watching Mickey, played by Thomas Jane, hit a home run in the 2001 film 61*.

Mickey and Merlyn had been separated for 15 years when he died, but neither ever filed for divorce. Mantle lived with his agent, Greer Johnson. Johnson was taken to federal court in November 1997 by the Mantle family to stop her from auctioning many of Mantle's personal items, including a lock of hair, a neck brace and expired credit cards.

He loved cherry pie and slept with his socks on inside out. During the final years of his life, Mantle purchased a luxury condominium on Lake Oconee near Greensboro, Georgia, near Greer Johnson's home, and freqently stayed there for months at the time. He occasionally attended the local Methodist church, and sometimes ate Sunday dinner with members of the congregation. He was well-liked by the citizens of Greensboro, and seemed to like them in return. This was probably because the town respected Mantle's privacy, refusing either to talk about their famous neighbor to outsiders or to direct fans to his home. In one interview, Mickey stated that the people of Greensboro had "gone out of their way to make me feel welcome, and I've found something there I haven't enjoyed since I was a kid."

Mantle's last days

Well before he finally sought treatment for alcoholism, Mantle admitted that his hard living had hurt his playing and his family. His rationale was that the men in his family had all died young, so he expected to as well. "I'm not gonna be cheated," he'd say. As the years passed, and he realized he had outlived the men in his family -- not realizing that working in mines and inhaling lead and zinc dust aided Hodgkin's and other cancers as much as heredity did -- he frequently used a line popularized by elderly comedian George Burns: "If I'd known I was gonna live this long, I'd have taken a lot better care of myself."

Mantle's wife and sons all completed treatment for alcoholism, and told him he needed to do the same. He checked into the Betty Ford Clinic on January 7, 1994, after being told by a doctor that his liver was so badly damaged, "Your next drink could be your last."

Shortly after completing treatment, his son Billy died on March 12, at age 36, of heart trouble, brought on by years of substance abuse. Despite the fears of those who knew him, who feared that this tragedy would send him back to drinking, he remained sober. Mickey Jr. would also die of liver cancer on December 20, 2000, at age 47. Danny would later battle prostate cancer.

Mantle spoke with great remorse of his drinking in a Sports Illustrated article, "My Life In A Bottle." He said that he was telling the same old stories, and realizing how much of them involved himself and others being drunk, and he decided they weren't funny anymore. He admitted he had often been cruel and hurtful to family, friends, and fans because of his alcoholism, and sought to make amends. He became a born-again Christian due to his former teammate Bobby Richardson, an ordained Baptist minister, sharing his faith with him. After the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995, he joined with fellow Oklahoman and Yankee legend Bobby Murcer to raise money for the victims.

Mantle received a liver transplant at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, on June 8, 1995, after his liver had been damaged by years of chronic alcoholism, cirrhosis, and hepatitis C. In July, he had recovered enough to deliver a press conference at Baylor, and noted that many fans had looked to him as a role model. "This is a role model: Don't be like me," he said. He also established the Mickey Mantle Foundation to raise awareness for organ donations. Soon, he was back in the hospital, where it was found that his liver cancer spread throughout his body.

Mickey Mantle died on August 13, 1995, at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas. He was 63 years old. He was interred in the Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery in Dallas. Mantle had asked country singer Roy Clark, his good friend, to perform his favorite song "Yesterday, When I Was Young" at his funeral:

In eulogizing Mantle, Bob Costas described the legend as "a fragile hero to whom we had an emotional attachment so strong and lasting that it defied logic. In the last years of his life, Mickey Mantle, always so hard on himself, finally began to appreciate the difference between a role model and a hero. The first, he often was not. The last, he forever will be. And, in the end, people got it kid."

Honors

On Mickey Mantle Day, June 8, 1969, in addition to the retirement of his uniform number 7, Mantle was given a plaque that would hang on the center field wall at Yankee Stadium, near the monuments to Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig and Miller Huggins. The plaque was given to him by Joe DiMaggio, and Mantle then gave DiMaggio a similar plaque, telling the crowd, "His should be just a little bit higher than mine." When Yankee Stadium was reopened in 1976 following its renovation, the plaques and monuments were moved to Monument Park, behind the left-center field fence. Shortly before his death, Mantle videotaped a message to be played on Old-Timers' Day, which he was too ill to attend. He said, "When I died, I wanted on my tombstone, 'A great teammate.' But I didn't think it would be this soon." The words were indeed carved on the plaque marking his resting place at the family mausoleum in Dallas. On August 25, 1996, about a year after his death, Mantle's Monument Park plaque was replaced with a monument, bearing the words "A great teammate" and keeping a phrase that had been included on the original plaque: "A magnificent Yankee who left a legacy of unequaled courage."

Mantle and former teammate Whitey Ford were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame together in 1974, Mantle in his first year of eligibility, Ford in his second. In 1999, The Sporting News placed Mantle at number 17 on their list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players. That same year, he was one of 100 nominees for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team, and was chosen by fan balloting as one of the Team's outfielders. While most fans who remember them both tend to rate Willie Mays as a better player than Mantle, Mantle remains the most popular player of the 1950s and 1960s, even as Mays, Hank Aaron and others outlived him by many years.

In 2006, Mantle will be featured on a United States postage stamp [1]. The stamp is one of a series of four honoring Baseball Sluggers.


Present

Mickey Mantle has some decendents in Wichita, Kansas. The decendents own Campbell Castle or The Castle Inn.


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The decendents own Campbell Castle or The Castle Inn. The new Mustang was also nominated for the North American Car of the Year award for 2005 and won the Canadian Car of the Year award that year. Mickey Mantle has some decendents in Wichita, Kansas. The Mustang made Car and Driver's Ten-Best list five times: 1983, 1987, 1988, 2005 and 2006.
. On hand for the closing ceremonies was the aforementioned first production Mustang, also built at Dearborn. The stamp is one of a series of four honoring Baseball Sluggers. The last car off the Dearborn line was a bright red 2004 Mustang GT convertible.

In 2006, Mantle will be featured on a United States postage stamp [1]. With the conversion of the River Rouge Plant to F-150 trucks in Dearborn, Michigan on May 10, 2004, a plant that built Mustangs from the very beginning, production has been moved to the AutoAlliance International plant in Flat Rock, Michigan. While most fans who remember them both tend to rate Willie Mays as a better player than Mantle, Mantle remains the most popular player of the 1950s and 1960s, even as Mays, Hank Aaron and others outlived him by many years. Number one is currently on display at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan and a photo of the car can be viewed at their website. That same year, he was one of 100 nominees for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team, and was chosen by fan balloting as one of the Team's outfielders. John's, Newfoundland, Ford offered him Mustang number one million in exchange in 1966; he chose a new, made-to-order Mustang instead. In 1999, The Sporting News placed Mantle at number 17 on their list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players. Originally purchased new by Stanley Tucker, an airline pilot from St.

Mantle and former teammate Whitey Ford were elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame together in 1974, Mantle in his first year of eligibility, Ford in his second. Even the very first production Mustang is still around. On August 25, 1996, about a year after his death, Mantle's Monument Park plaque was replaced with a monument, bearing the words "A great teammate" and keeping a phrase that had been included on the original plaque: "A magnificent Yankee who left a legacy of unequaled courage.". Mechanical parts are as close as the corner auto parts store, Ford dealer or wrecking yard with most out-of-production parts available as highly accurate reproductions. He said, "When I died, I wanted on my tombstone, 'A great teammate.' But I didn't think it would be this soon." The words were indeed carved on the plaque marking his resting place at the family mausoleum in Dallas. Thanks to continued interest in the marque, restoring Mustangs is a popular hobby. Shortly before his death, Mantle videotaped a message to be played on Old-Timers' Day, which he was too ill to attend. Many view the 1964-1973 models as American automotive icons the equal of the 1955 to 1957 full-size Chevrolets and the Corvette.

The plaque was given to him by Joe DiMaggio, and Mantle then gave DiMaggio a similar plaque, telling the crowd, "His should be just a little bit higher than mine." When Yankee Stadium was reopened in 1976 following its renovation, the plaques and monuments were moved to Monument Park, behind the left-center field fence. Ford continues to sell about 150,000 Mustangs annually. On Mickey Mantle Day, June 8, 1969, in addition to the retirement of his uniform number 7, Mantle was given a plaque that would hang on the center field wall at Yankee Stadium, near the monuments to Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig and Miller Huggins. See also Motor Trend, May 2005 [1]. And, in the end, people got it kid.". More details have been leaked from Ford over the past couple of months. The last, he forever will be. Introduced at the 2005 New York International Auto Show, the GT500 will make use of a 5.4 L Modular supercharged V8 first developed for the Ford GT supercar.

The first, he often was not. Shelby and Ford will return with a Shelby-branded Mustang, the Shelby GT500, for 2007. In the last years of his life, Mickey Mantle, always so hard on himself, finally began to appreciate the difference between a role model and a hero. The 2006 model year offered a new "Pony Package" for the popular V6 models, which included upgraded suspension, Bullitt-style wheels, wider tires, unique grille treatment with road lamps, rear deck spoiler, special door striping and special Pony emblems. In eulogizing Mantle, Bob Costas described the legend as "a fragile hero to whom we had an emotional attachment so strong and lasting that it defied logic. Half of all sports cars now sold in the United States are Mustangs. Mantle had asked country singer Roy Clark, his good friend, to perform his favorite song "Yesterday, When I Was Young" at his funeral:. The new Mustang has been selling very well for Ford and as a result was exempt from the 2005 Employee Discount Pricing Program.

He was interred in the Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery in Dallas. Ford engineers designed a z-fold top that gives it a finished appearance with the top down. He was 63 years old. The 2005 Mustang convertible was designed from the ground up to deliver a more rigid body structure without additional weight. Mickey Mantle died on August 13, 1995, at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas. Shortly after its launch at the North American International Auto Show in January, Ford started production of the Mustang convertible, available with either the V6 or V8 engine. Soon, he was back in the hospital, where it was found that his liver cancer spread throughout his body. One particularly interesting feature is the optional color-changing gauges.

He also established the Mickey Mantle Foundation to raise awareness for organ donations. Modern production facilities and computer aided design have allowed the new Mustang to have 100% more structural rigidity over its predecessor, and have greatly increased build quality as well as fit and finish. "This is a role model: Don't be like me," he said. It retains the traditional but controversial live rear axle, and offers improved handling and ride. In July, he had recovered enough to deliver a press conference at Baylor, and noted that many fans had looked to him as a role model. The GT has a 300 hp (224 kW) 4.6 L 3-valve Modular V8 with variable valve timing. Mantle received a liver transplant at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, on June 8, 1995, after his liver had been damaged by years of chronic alcoholism, cirrhosis, and hepatitis C. The base Mustang uses a 210 hp (156 kW) Ford Cologne V6 engine.

Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995, he joined with fellow Oklahoman and Yankee legend Bobby Murcer to raise money for the victims. The car featured an aesthetic that Senior Vice President of Design J Mays referred to as "retro-futurism.". After the bombing of the Alfred P. Exterior styling was designed by Sid Ramnarace, drawing inspiration from 1960s Mustangs. He became a born-again Christian due to his former teammate Bobby Richardson, an ordained Baptist minister, sharing his faith with him. At the 2004 North American International Auto Show, Ford introduced a completely redesigned Mustang (code named "S-197") on an all-new D2C platform for the 2005 model year. He admitted he had often been cruel and hurtful to family, friends, and fans because of his alcoholism, and sought to make amends. It also marked the end of this design of the Mustang, as 2005 ushered in an all-new model.

Mantle spoke with great remorse of his drinking in a Sports Illustrated article, "My Life In A Bottle." He said that he was telling the same old stories, and realizing how much of them involved himself and others being drunk, and he decided they weren't funny anymore. Available in both Standard and GT editions, it consisted of 40th Anniversary badging, special metallic red paint with gold stripes, enhanced interior, and some "special" collectable items for the owner. Danny would later battle prostate cancer. In 2004, Ford produced a special 40th Anniversary Edition of the Mustang. would also die of liver cancer on December 20, 2000, at age 47. Power was a huge 390 horses (290 kW). Mickey Jr. It used a iron block 4.6 engine.

Despite the fears of those who knew him, who feared that this tragedy would send him back to drinking, he remained sober. It received a T56 transmission coupled with a supercharged DOHC V8. Shortly after completing treatment, his son Billy died on March 12, at age 36, of heart trouble, brought on by years of substance abuse. After an absence of a year, the Cobra returned, this time with vastly increased power and handling. He checked into the Betty Ford Clinic on January 7, 1994, after being told by a doctor that his liver was so badly damaged, "Your next drink could be your last.". With the end of production of the Camaro and Firebird lines in 2002, only the Mustang remains as the sole survivor of the ponycar era. Mantle's wife and sons all completed treatment for alcoholism, and told him he needed to do the same. The lone remaining 1960s muscle car marques, Mustang, Camaro and Firebird, grew in power and handling better than the cars that preceded them.

As the years passed, and he realized he had outlived the men in his family -- not realizing that working in mines and inhaling lead and zinc dust aided Hodgkin's and other cancers as much as heredity did -- he frequently used a line popularized by elderly comedian George Burns: "If I'd known I was gonna live this long, I'd have taken a lot better care of myself.". As electronic engine management and emissions technology developed, so too did performance. "I'm not gonna be cheated," he'd say. Furthermore, smoked headlights from the Cobra R and a new deck style wing replaced the old chrome look headlights and the sweeping wing. His rationale was that the men in his family had all died young, so he expected to as well. In 2001, a hood scoop, similar in design to the 35th anniversary scoops, and side scoops (nonfunctional) were added to GT models and made optional on the V6 as part of a "pony package". Well before he finally sought treatment for alcoholism, Mantle admitted that his hard living had hurt his playing and his family. 17 inch American Torque Thrust wheels reminiscent of the originals were also used on this car and made optional on GTs wrapped in 245/45ZR performance rubber by Goodyear.

In one interview, Mickey stated that the people of Greensboro had "gone out of their way to make me feel welcome, and I've found something there I haven't enjoyed since I was a kid.". More telling is the torque curve, which was vastly improved over the base GT models, 90% of its 302 lbft avaliable from 2000 RPM. This was probably because the town respected Mantle's privacy, refusing either to talk about their famous neighbor to outsiders or to direct fans to his home. Moreover, a new intake design and mufflers added put the horsepower at 265, which was later revised to 270. He was well-liked by the citizens of Greensboro, and seemed to like them in return. Many lauded the improvements and called it the best handling production Mustang ever. He occasionally attended the local Methodist church, and sometimes ate Sunday dinner with members of the congregation. The car was slightly lowered and had name brand shocks with the addition of short length subframe conncetors which improved the handling.

During the final years of his life, Mantle purchased a luxury condominium on Lake Oconee near Greensboro, Georgia, near Greer Johnson's home, and freqently stayed there for months at the time. It was reminiscent of the 1968 390 fastback model driven by Steve McQueen in the movie of the same name. He loved cherry pie and slept with his socks on inside out. In 2001, Ford offered a Special version of its GT with the "Bullitt" nameplate. Johnson was taken to federal court in November 1997 by the Mantle family to stop her from auctioning many of Mantle's personal items, including a lock of hair, a neck brace and expired credit cards. The Cobra also had side exhaust outlets and "smoked" headlights, the latter making its way onto all Mustangs the following year. Mantle lived with his agent, Greer Johnson. Minor exterior enhancements such as the addition of a front splitter and rear wing added downforce and stability at speed.

Mickey and Merlyn had been separated for 15 years when he died, but neither ever filed for divorce. It received a 6-speed transmission from Tremec, the T56, the same transmission used in the Chevrolet Corvette and Camaro and the Dodge Viper. Danny and Will played a father and son watching Mickey, played by Thomas Jane, hit a home run in the 2001 film 61*. The Cobra R utilized an iron block, claiming 385 hp (287 kW) and 385 ft·lbf (522 N·m) torque. Danny and his wife Kay have a son, Will, and a daughter, Chloe. In 1995 and 2000 the Cobra Rs had increased displacement engines (5.8 L and 5.4 L, respectively) that made these cars extremely potent track machines. David and his wife Marla have a daughter, Marilyn. The suspensions were finely tuned.

had a daughter, Mallory. Unlike the early Rs, one did not need a racing license to buy one of these race Cobras. Mickey Jr. Race cars, they were stripped of air conditioning, radios, and back seats. Mickey Mantle has four grandchildren. Special Cobra R versions were available in limited editions in 1993, 1995, and 2000. This led to him developing a dependence on prescription painkillers. The Cobra also received an independent rear suspension, which was also modular.

Like Mickey, Merlyn and the sons all became alcoholics, and Billy developed Hodgkin's disease as several previous Mantle men had. Redline was set at 7000 rpm for the DOHC Cobra. (born in 1953), David (1955), and Billy (1957, whom Mickey named for Billy Martin, his best friend among his Yankee teammates), and Danny (1960). A switch was made from "B" style heads as used in the early 32 valve DOHC Modulars to "C" heads, which added to the low end torque of the engine. The couple had four children, all sons: Mickey Jr. The Cobras received similar improvements. While his drinking became public knowledge during his lifetime, the press kept his many marital infidelities quiet. As a "modular" family, earlier 4.6 L SOHCs can swap out their heads with "Power Improved" heads as offered through the Ford Parts Catalog.

In an autobiography, Mantle said he married Merlyn not because he loved her, but because his domineering father told him to. Power came from redesigned heads and cams. On December 23, 1951, he married Merlyn Johnson in their hometown of Commerce, Oklahoma; they had four sons. These changes were incorporated into the 2001 model year Cobra. They were reinstated in 1985 by Kuhn's successor, Peter Ueberroth. As a result, the Cobra was not produced in 2000, and the company developed new parts to replace the missing power. In 1983, Mantle and Willie Mays took jobs promoting Atlantic City casinos, and were suspended from baseball by Commissioner Bowie Kuhn. There were recalls for the 1999 model year Cobras, which were given intake and exhaust improvements, putting power at 320 hp to match the original claim.

But his drinking led radio show host Don Imus to joke, "If you get to Mickey Mantle's restaurant after midnight, you win a free dinner if you can guess which table Mickey's under.". While the Cobra claimed 320 hp (239 kW), dyno runs by Car and Driver magazine and numerous buyers contradicted this claim and Ford was later proved to have misstated the power gains. Mantle let others run the business operations, but made frequent appearances. In 1999, Mustang GT's power increased to 260 hp (194 kW) at 5250 rpm and a healthy 302 ft·lbf (409 N·m) of torque at 400 rpm; redline was at 6000 rpm. It became one of New York's most popular restaurants, and his original Yankee Stadium Monument Park plaque is displayed at the front entrance. Although it was still humbled by the Corvette-engined Camaro in performance, it was more practical and sold well. Despite the failure of Mickey Mantle's Country Cookin' restaurants in the early 1970s, Mickey Mantle's Restaurant & Sports Bar opened in New York at 42 Central Park South (59th Street) in 1988. Moreover, bite was added to the Mustang's bark.

This popularity continues long after his death, as Mantle-related items far outsell those of any other player except possibly the unmatched Babe Ruth, whose items, due to the distance of years, now exist in far smaller quantities. Gone were many of the soft lines of the early SN-95s. Mantle was a prize guest at any baseball card show, commanding fees far in excess of any other player for his appearances and autographs. A model refresh dubbed "New Edge" came in 1999. His lifestyle would be restored to one of luxury, and his hold on his fans raised to an amazing level, by his position of leadership in the sports memorabilia craze that swept the USA beginning in the 1980's. This was also the last year of the "Round Body Mustang". Despite being among the best-paid players of the pre-free agency era, Mantle was a poor businessman, having made several unlucky investments. In 1998 the SOHC 4.6L V8 power was increased to 225 hp (168 kW) with a more aggressive computer and larger exhaust tail pipes.

Nowadays, certain future number-retiree manager Joe Torre wears 6, and the 8 belonging to catchers Bill Dickey and Yogi Berra has already been retired - Derek Jeter's 2 may very well also join the list of consecutive retired numbers.) When he retired, the Mick was third on the all-time home run list with 536. The Cobra version was updated that year with a 305 hp (227 kW) dual over head cam configuration of the 4.6 L V8. When he returned, Bobby Brown, who had worn number 6 before Mantle, had reclaimed it, so Mantle was given number 7. The engine has 2 valves per cylinder—one for intake and one for exhaust—and true dual exhaust. (He had briefly worn uniform number 6, as a continuation of Babe Ruth's 3, Lou Gehrig's 4, and Joe DiMaggio's 5, in 1951, but his poor performance led to his temporary demotion to a minor league in mid-season. This engine had been introduced in Lincoln models and was part of Ford's plan to "modernize" its engine lineup. Mantle announced his retirement on March 1, 1969, and in 1974, as soon as he was eligible, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame; his uniform number 7 was retired by the Yankees. In 1996, the 5.0 engine was replaced by a 215 hp (160 kW) 4.6 L SOHC "Modular" V8 engine.

But Mantle became the highest-paid active player of his time. The Mustang was named Motor Trend magazine's Car of the Year for the third time in 1994. DiMaggio, Hank Greenberg and Ted Williams, who had just retired, had been paid over $100,000 in a season, and Ruth had a peak salary of $80,000. A high-performance 240 hp (179 kW) 5.0 L engine, larger brakes, and suspension modification were available on the Cobra models. On January 16, 1961, Mantle became the highest-paid baseball player by signing a $75,000 contract. The base model came with a 3.8 L V6 engine while the GT featured the "5.0" 4.9 L V8. Though the American League Triple Crown has been won twice since then, Mantle remains the last man to win the Major League Triple Crown. It greatly revived the popularity of the brand.

This was his "favorite summer," a year that saw him win the Triple Crown, leading the majors with a .353 batting average, 52 HR, and 130 RBI on the way to his first of three MVP awards. The car remained rear-wheel drive. In 1956, Mantle won the Hickok Belt as top professional athlete of the year. The new design, code named "SN-95" by Ford, was still based on the "Fox" platform but featured dramatically new styling that incorporated some stylistic throwbacks to earlier Mustangs. Jenkinson, who specializes on information of long distance homeruns, said that the actual distance was probably 510 feet. For 1994, the Mustang underwent its first major redesign in 14 years. Years later William J. The "5.0" Mustangs, cars that gave birth to an entire aftermarket performance industry, continue to remain extremely popular today.

Another Mantle homer at Griffith Stadium in Washington on April 17, 1953, was said to have traveled 565 feet. Although this would be the last major redesign for years, popularity of the Mustang remained high due to its low cost and high performance. On September 10, 1960, he hit a ball that cleared the right-field roof at Tiger Stadium in Detroit and, based on where it was found, was estimated years after the fact to have traveled more than 600 feet, though it probably was closer to 500 feet. In 1987, the Mustang received its first stylistic redesign in eight years, incorporating both interior and exterior changes. Mantle also hit some of the longest home runs in Major League history. The high performance Mustang buyer wanted a powerful V8 under the hood and this new attitude would be reflected when the SVT team brought out the Cobra in 1993. Among Mantle's many accomplishments are all-time World Series records for home runs (18), runs scored (42), and runs batted in (40). (For the price of one SVO you could almost get two Mustang GTs powered by the equally powerful 5.0 liter engine.) However, SVT would learn its lesson.

He played center field until 1967, when he was moved to first base. Many people believe that it came down to cost. He moved to center field in 1952, replacing Joe DiMaggio, who retired at the end of the 1951 season after one year playing alongside Mantle in the Yankees outfield. But for all of its handling improvements and performance goodies it never really caught on with the Mustang crowd and was dropped after 1986. Mickey had played shortstop in the minor leagues, but on arrival at the Yankees, he became the regular right fielder (playing only a few games at shortstop and third base in 1952 to 1955). Powered by a 2.3 L turbocharged four making 175 hp (130 kW), the SVO was targeted at the European and Japanese performance cars of the day and its base price of $15,596 reflected it as well. "Mutt" Mantle taught his son how to be a switch-hitter. In 1984, Ford's in house performance team, SVT—or Special Vehicle Team, unveiled the Mustang SVO.

He spent the last years of his career as a wildly popular icon of the entire sport. Virtually all of the SSP Mustangs were of the coupe or "notchback" style cars; 5 examples made for the CHP in 1982 were of the Hatchback model. This unpopularity, mainly with older fans, would dramatically reverse after he finished second to Roger Maris in the pursuit of Babe Ruth's home run record in 1961. The small rear seat and manual transmission were generally considered ill-suited for a law enforcement vehicle. Additionally, Mantle's osteomyelitic condition exempted him from military service, a fact which caused him to become very unpopular with fans, as his earliest days in baseball coincided with the Korean War. Depending on which agency bought them, extras like rollcages (requested by Oregon State Police) and power windows (requested by New York State Police) made each SSP unique to their respective departments. He would suffer from the effects of the disease for the rest of his life, and it would lead to many other injuries that hampered his accomplishments. Some of the options that came with the car included:.

A midnight ride to Tulsa enabled Mantle to be treated with newly available penicillin, saving his leg from amputation. Nearly 15,000 of these special units were made until their discontinuation in 1993. Kicked in the shin during a game, Mantle's leg soon became infected with osteomyelitis, a crippling disease that would have been incurable just a few years earlier. Taking the Fox 5.0 Mustangs in production at the time, Ford produced the Ford Mustang SSP (Special Service Package) and modified them to suit the needs of the police and law enforcement departments. It was his football playing that nearly ended his athletic career, and indeed his life. Also in 1982, the California Highway Patrol asked Ford to produce a capable and lightweight police car due to the bulkiness of current police cars like the Ford Fairmont and LTD/Crown Victoria and the problems incurred with Camaros with their camshafts at pursuit speeds. Mantle was an all-around athlete at Commerce High School, playing basketball and football in addition to his first love, baseball. Wringing a then-respectable 157 hp (134 kW) from its "5.0" (actually 4.94 L, 302 in³) Windsor V8 and backed by a four-speed transmission, aggressive tires and stiff suspension, magazine ads of the period shouted, "The Boss Is Back." Over the years, power and torque gradually increased, peaking in 1987 at 225 hp (168 kW).

When Mantle was four years old, the family moved to the nearby town of Commerce, Oklahoma. In 1982, Ford reintroduced a high-performance Mustang GT which opened the door for an entirely new era of the muscle car. Mantle said one of the great heartaches of his life was that he never told his father he loved him. Mustang IIs were seen in the Charlie's Angels TV series — two of the angels drove a Cobra II and Mustang Ghia coupe. Sadly, his father died of cancer at the age of 39, just as his son was starting his career. This "third generation" 1979 model (based on the Fox platform) gave much to its successors for nearly the next 25 years, along with thousands of upgrades, improvements and restyling over that time. "No boy ever loved his father more," he said. However, on the momentum of the Mustang II's understated success and under the direction of Ford's new styling chief, Jack Telnack, a totally new Mustang hit the streets in 1979.

Mantle always spoke warmly of his beloved father and said he was the bravest man he ever knew. Chrysler ended production of the Barracuda and its stablemate, the Dodge Challenger in 1974 and GM nearly discontinued the Camaro and Firebird. In later life, Mickey Mantle expressed great relief that his father had not known Cochrane's real first name, as he would have hated to be named Gordon. The Arab oil embargo, skyrocketing insurance rates and aforementioned US emissions and safety standards that destroyed the straight-line performance of virtually every car of the period certainly didn't help. Apparently his father was not aware that Cochrane's real name was Gordon. Despite innovations such as rack-and-pinion steering and a separate engine subframe that greatly decreased noise, vibration, and harshness, the Mustang II never caught the public's fancy like the original had ten years prior. He was named in honor of Mickey Cochrane, the Hall of Fame catcher from the Detroit Tigers, by his father, who was an amateur player and fervent fan. It is also worth noting that four of the five years of the Mustang II are on the top-ten list of most-sold Mustangs.

Mickey Mantle was born in Spavinaw, Oklahoma. The car sold well, with sales of more than 400,000 units its first year. . Like the car that preceded it, the Mustang II had its roots in another compact, the Ford Pinto, though less so than the original car was based on the Falcon. He played his entire professional career for the New York Yankees. Since the car was never meant to have a V8 in the first place, it became a mad scramble to reengineer the car in order to reinstate the 302 in³ (4.9 L) V8 option in time for the 1975 model year. Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995) was an American baseball player, regarded as one of the best of all time. A 2.8 L V6 was the sole optional engine, meaning the popular V8 option would disappear for the first and only time in 1974, and Ford was swamped by buyer mail and criticized in the automotive press for it.

for installation in an American car. Available as a hardtop or three-door hatchback, the new car's base engine was a 2.3 L SOHC I4, the first fully metric engine built in the U.S. Though Iacocca insisted that the Mustang II be finished to quality standards unheard of in the American auto industry, the Mustang II suffered from being not only smaller than the original car, but heavier and slower as well. The 1974 introduction of the short-lived Mustang II earned Ford Motor Trend magazine's Car of the Year honors again and actually returned the car to more than a semblance of its 1964 predecessor in size, shape, and overall styling.

This was more radically different a car than anyone could have imagined in 1964, and Ford was deluged with mail from fans of the original car who demanded that the Mustang be returned to the way it was. Car companies switched from "gross" to "net" horsepower and torque ratings in 1972, making it difficult to compare horsepower and torque ratings. Both cars were excellent performers, but at nowhere near the level of the Boss cars and original Cobra Jet. Two more high-performance engines were introduced in 1972, the 351 "HO" and 351 Cobra Jet.

emission control regulations. Ironically, that very same body style that was designed for the sole purpose of big-block installation versions were limited to a maximum of 351 in³ (5.8 L) in 1972 and 1973, due almost entirely to extremely strict U.S. Knudsen's turn at the helm would see the last high-performance big-block Mustang, 1971's 375 horsepower (280 kW) 429 Super Cobra Jet. Now based on the mid-sized Ford Fairlane/Mercury Comet instead of the compact Falcon, the Mustang grew larger and heavier with each passing year, culminating with the 1971-73 models designed under the supervision of Ford's new product design manager, Semon "Bunkie" Knudsen, originally of General Motors.

Ford originally intended to call the car Trans Am, but Pontiac had beaten them to it, applying the name to a special version of the Firebird. This combination meant that the Boss 302 was good for a conservatively rated 290 horsepower (216 kW) through its four-speed manual transmission. The automotive press gushed over the result, deeming it the car "the GT-350 should have been." Boasting a graphic scheme penned by Ford designer Larry Shinoda, the "Baby Boss" was powered by an engine that was essentially a combination of the new-for-1968 302 in³ (4.9 L) V8 and topped with cylinder heads from the yet to be released new-for-1970 351 in³ (5.8 L) "Cleveland". The Boss 302 was Ford's attempt to mix the power of a musclecar with the handling prowess of a sports car.

Also available during that two-year period was another homologation special for the up-and-coming sport of Trans-American sedan racing. In the case of the latter, there simply wasn't enough room under the hood. While power steering was a "mandatory option" on the Boss 429, neither an automatic transmission nor air conditioning were available. Intentionally underrated for advantages both in racing as well as insurability at 375 hp (280 kW) and 450 ft·lbf (610 N·m) of torque even with racing touches straight from the factory such as aluminum heads with hemispherical combustion chambers and a combination of O-rings and seals in place of head gaskets, it was believed that yet another 75 to 100 hp (50 to 75 kW) was on tap once the single four-barrel carburetor and intake, restrictive factory exhaust system and engine speed governor were replaced or removed.

Only a hood scoop, 15 in (380 mm) "Magnum 500" wheels with Goodyear "Polyglas" tires and a small "BOSS 429" decal on each front fender hinted that the largest and, in racing trim, most powerful Ford V8 of all time was fitted under the hood. Available in 1969 and 1970 only, and looking like a standard Mustang SportsRoof (the new corporate name for the fastback) with the new Mach 1 musclecar version's deluxe interior, the Boss 429 sported none of the garish decals and paint schemes of the day. 1969 saw the introduction of both the car's third body style and a hand-built muscle car intended solely to satisfy the homologation rules of NASCAR, the Boss 429. A drag racer for the street bowed during the middle of the 1968 model year as the 428 Cobra Jet (7.0 L), underrated at 335 hp (250 kW) but produced 410 hp (305 kW).

The high-performance 289 option now took a supporting role on the option sheet behind a massive 320 hp (239 kW), 390 in³ (6.4 L) engine direct from the Thunderbird, which was equipped with a four-barrel carburetor. The 1967 model year would see the first of the Mustang's many major redesigns with the installation of big-block V8 engines in mind. The 1966 Mustang debuted with only moderate trim changes, and a few new options such as an automatic transmission for the "Hi-Po," new interior and exterior colors, an AM/eight-track "Stereosonic" sound system and one of the first AM/FM monaural radios available in any car. The Mustang was pitted against the Dodge Charger in the film's famous car chase through the streets of San Francisco.

The 1968 Mustang fastback gained pop culture status when it was used to great effect as Steve McQueen's car of choice in the crime thriller Bullitt. This genre of small, sporty and often powerful automobiles was unofficially dubbed the "pony car" as a tribute to the car that started it all. In 1968 American Motors (AMC) would introduce the Javelin and later, the 2-seater, high-performance AMX. Even Lincoln-Mercury joined the fray in 1967 with the introduction of an "upmarket Mustang" (and subsequent Motor Trend Car of the Year), the Mercury Cougar, using the name originally given to the Mustang during the development phase.

It took GM until the 1967 model year to counter with the Chevrolet Camaro and Pontiac Firebird. The Monza was a fine performer, but was only a six-cylinder compared to the Mustang's available eight-cylinder. As for GM, they were certain that they had a Mustang fighter in their rear-engined Corvair Monza, but sales figures didn't even come close. Though the "'Cuda" would grow into one of the most revered muscle cars of all time, it started out at first, just Plymouth Valiant with a hastily grafted fastback rear window.

Chrysler had just introduced a car only a few weeks before that would be a competitor, the Plymouth Barracuda. It was a success that left General Motors utterly flat-footed and the Chrysler Corporation only slightly less so. In its first two years of production, three Ford Motor Company plants in San Jose, Dearborn and Metuchen, New Jersey produced nearly 1.5 million Mustangs, a sales record unequalled before or since. Though Shelby's influence on the car diminished as Ford's grew, the 1965 to 1970 GT-350 and its "big-block" brother, the 1967 to 1970 GT-500 are among the most sought-after automobiles in the world; so too are the high-performance models offered over the years by other automotive tuners following in Shelby's footsteps.

Even the car's basic body structure was stiffened up front with an angled brace intended for the export models and so-called "Monte Carlo" bar triangulating the under-hood shock absorber towers. Modifications to both the street and racing versions included a side-exiting exhaust, Shelby 15 in (380 mm) magnesium wheels (though some early cars were fitted with the factory steel wheels), fiberglass hood with functional scoop, relocated front control arms to reduce understeer and neutralize handling, quicker steering, Koni shock absorbers, a Detroit Locker rear end with Ford Galaxie drum brakes, metallic brake linings at all four corners, rear-mounted battery, rear anti-sway bar with beefed-up front anti-sway bar, dash-mounted gauges, a fiberglass parcel shelf and spare tire holder where the rear seat was intended to be, and considerable engine work, boosting output to 306 hp (228 kW). These few cars were converted to street, road racing and drag trim in Shelby's plant at Los Angeles International Airport. Designated simply "GT-350", these purpose-built performance cars started as "Wimbledon White" fastbacks with black interiors shipped from the San Jose, California assembly plant and fitted with the hi-po 289, four-speed manual transmission, front disc brakes, less hood and rear seat, and identifying trim.

This was the body style that car builder and former race driver Carroll Shelby would convert, with Ford Motor Company's blessing, into a special model designed with only two things in mind, namely winning races and beating Chevrolet's Corvette. When the 1965 model year production began in September 1964, the Mustang 2+2 fastback, with its swept-back rear glass and distinctive ventilation louvers made its debut. During the car's early design phases, however, a fastback model was strongly considered. Originally, the Mustang was available as either a hardtop or convertible.

Additionally, reverse lights were added to the car in 1965. The DC generator was replaced by a new AC alternator on all Fords and the now-famous Mustang GT was introduced, available with either four-barrel engine and any body style. A 225 hp (168 kW) four-barrel 289 in³ (4.7 L) was next in line, followed by the unchanged "Hi-Po" 289. Production of the 260 in³ (4.2 L) engine ended with the close of the 1964 model year with a new, two-barrel carbureted 200 hp (149 kW) 289 in³ (4.7 L) taking its place as the base V8.

The 170 in³ (2.8 L) I6 engine made way for a new 200 in³ (3.3 L) version which had 120 hp (89 kW) at 4400 rpm and 190 ft·lbf (258 N·m) at 2400 rpm. First was an almost complete change to the engine lineup. Some major changes to the Mustang occurred at the start of 1965 model year production, a mere five months after its introduction. And though most of the mechanical parts were directly taken from the Falcon, the Mustang's body shell was completely different from the Falcon's, sporting a longer wheelbase, wider track, lower seating position and overall height and an industry first: The "torque box." This was an innovative structural system that greatly stiffened the Mustang's unitized body construction and helped contribute to its excellent handling, at least compared to other cars of the time.

Curved side glass was used as well, but at a price since the technology to produce distortion-free curved safety glass was still fairly young. As far as the design itself was concerned, Ford stylists basically threw out the company handbook on design limitations, pushing the stamping technology of the time to its limit in such design areas as the sweep of the rear lower valence and the remarkably complicated front end stampings and castings. Not only did the project wrap up in under eighteen months, it wrapped up under budget as well thanks to the decision to use as many existing mechanical parts as possible. Still, Iacocca persevered and was given the green light to produce the Mustang in mid-1962, which gave the design team only eighteen months to design and develop the car.

Because the company was still smarting financially after the demise of the Edsel Division in late 1959, upper management at Ford under Robert McNamara (later United States Secretary of Defense under Lyndon Johnson) wasn't willing to take such a major risk. Despite his repeated attempts to receive the go-ahead to produce such a car, his proposals fell on mostly deaf ears. Incredibly, no domestic manufacturer up until that time had anything remotely resembling an affordable yet youthful and sophisticated automobile aimed at this burgeoning market, and Iacocca knew it. The timing of the car's introduction coincided perfectly with the first wave of the postwar "baby boom" which was heading off to work in a strong economy.

The list would continue to grow through much of the Mustang's history, adding trim packages like the Interior Decor Group (or "pony interior") and GT package (which included disc brakes, handling package, and other items), as well as additional engine choices and convenience items. Disc brakes for the front wheels became optional later in 1965. Other options included limited-slip differential, styled wheels and wheelcovers, power steering, power brakes, air conditioning, center console, a vinyl top, various radios, a bench seat, and various other accessories. At $442.60 (not counting the mandatory four-speed transmission) it was the single most expensive Mustang option, and only 7,273 of the 680,992 Mustangs sold in 1965 were so equipped.

The HiPo engine included a handling package (stiffer springs and shock absorbers, stiffer front anti-roll bar, fast-ratio steering, and wider tires) optional on other Mustangs. Starting in June 1964, the new 271 hp (202 kW "K-code" High Performance engine became available. With the latter and four-speed manual, Road & Track recorded a 0-60 mph (0-96 km/h) time of 8.9 seconds, with the standing quarter mile in 17 seconds at 85 mph. The standard six-cylinder engine could be replaced with a 164 hp (122 kW) 260 in³ (4.2 L) for $116.00 or a 210 hp (157 kW) 289 in³ (4.7 L) V8.

The buyer could choose a four-speed manual transmission ($115.90 or $188.00 with six-cylinder or eight-cylinder engines, respectively) or three-speed Cruise-O-Matic automatic transmission ($179.80 or $189.60). The option list included several powertrain combinations. It also resulted in typical transaction prices hundreds of dollars above the base price, making the Mustang a profitable car for both dealer and manufacturer. Although Ford was not the first to offer an extensive array of options for buyers to choose from, (Pontiac being arguably the industry leader in that regard), the Mustang's optional equipment list enabled buyers to customize their cars to their tastes and budget.

Much of the appeal—and the profit—in such a low-priced car came from the options list. Manual steering, with a 27.0:1 overall ratio (five turns lock-to-lock), was light but slow; optional power steering improved that ratio to 21.7:1 (3.7 turns lock-to-lock.) Fast-ratio manual steering offered the power steering ratio without assistance, improving steering response at the cost of great steering effort. The brakes were considered a weak link, improved when front disc brakes became available. Standard brakes were 9 in (229 mm) Falcon drums with six-cylinder engines, 10 in (254 mm) with V8s.

Rear suspension was Hotchkiss drive, with a live axle on leaf springs. Like the Falcon and Fairlane, the Mustang had independent suspension in front, using a short-long-arm (SLA) arrangement with coil springs mounted above the upper arm. Shipping weight, about 2570 lb (1170 kg) with six-cylinder engine, was also similar; a full-equipped, V8 model weighed about 3000 lb (1360 kg). With an overall width of 68.2 in (1732 mm), it was 3.4 in (86 mm) narrower, although wheel track was nearly identical.

Overall length of the Mustang and Falcon was identical, at 181.6 in (4613 mm), although the Mustang's wheelbase at 108 in (2743 mm) was slightly shorter. Although the majority of Mustangs were hardtop coupes, durability problems with the new frame led to the unusual step of engineering the (necessarily less rigid) convertible first, to ensure adequate stiffness. The car had a unitized platform-type frame derived from that of the 1964 Falcon, with box-section side rails and five welded crossmembers. Much of the chassis, suspension, and drivetrain was derived from the Ford Falcon and intermediate Ford Fairlane.

For all its style and well-marketed sportiness, the Mustang was based heavily on familiar components. Looking like it cost hundreds of dollars more, with its "long hood/short deck" styling reminiscent of designs such as the Lincoln Continental and two-seat Ford Thunderbird with an intentional touch of Ferrari at the grille, the Mustang earned a number of prestigious auto industry awards and accolades its first year including Motor Trend Car of the Year, pace car duties for the 1964 Indianapolis 500 and the Tiffany Design Award for "excellence in design," the first automobile so honored. Frey and championed by Ford Division general manager Lee Iacocca, first as a two-seat mid-engined roadster then later as a four-place car, and penned by David Ash and Joseph Oros in Ford's Lincoln-Mercury Division design studios (theirs was the winning design in an intramural design contest called by Iacocca), the base, yet well-equipped Mustang hardtop with its 105 hp (78 kW), 156 ft·lbf (212 N·m) 170 in³ (2.8 L) inline six-cylinder engine and three-speed manual transmission listed for US$2,368. First conceived by Ford product manager Donald N.

. In the early years, a Mustang was a good value with a good balance of sportiness, price, and performance. The original Mustang inspired the term pony car and prompted many imitators. It was the most successful product launch in automotive history, setting off near-pandemonium at Ford dealers across the continent.

Ford introduced it to the public at the New York World's Fair on April 17, 1964, and via all three American television networks on April 19. Originally based on the Falcon, the first production Mustang, a white convertible with black interior, rolled off the assembly line in Dearborn, Michigan on March 9, 1964. The Ford Mustang is a popular American automobile. FR500C.

Team Shinoda. Steeda. Saleen. Roush Performance.

MACH 1 Special Edition — 2003–2004. Cobra R — 1993, 1995, 2000. Cobra — 1993–2004, except 2002 (Australia only) and 2000. Bullitt Mustang — 2001.

7-Up Mustang — 1990. SVO — 1984–1986. GT Enduro — 1982. M81 Mclaren.

Boss 351. Boss 429. Boss 302. Mach 1.

Shelby Mustang (GT-350 and GT-500). 2005+. 1999-2004. 1994-1998.

1987-1993. 1979-1986. 1974-1978. 1971-1973.

1969-1970. 1967-1968. 1964.5-1966. 2.3 Turbo.

2.3 OHC. Ford Essex V6 3.8/232. Modular 4.6. Straight-6.

Boss 429. 428 Super Cobra Jet. 428 Cobra Jet. 390 FE.

Boss 351. 351 Cleveland. 5.0. 351 Windsor.

BOSS 302. 302 Windsor. 289 Windsor. 15" X 7" cast aluminum wheels.

Full size spare tire. Reinforced floor pans. Single key locking doors/trunk. Relocated rear deck release.

Steering wheel, leather wrapped. Non operational courtesy lights (safety feature). Certified calibrated Police speedometer 0-160 mph. 2 Piece VASCAR speedometer cable.

130 ampere heavy duty alternator. Full instrumentation with in-dash tachometer. Heavy duty stabilizer bars, front and rear. gallons (58 L).

Fuel tank capacity - 15.4 U.S. Dual exhaust system w/stainless tips. Stainless steel factory headers. Brakes, power disc front/drum rear with rotor shields.

Auto transmission fluid cooler. 5 speed manual or 4 speed AOD transmission. Aircraft-type silicone radiator hoses and clamps. Engine oil cooler.

Forged pistons, roller cam (Hypereutectic pistons 1993). Engine, 5.0 L HO V8 with Sequential Multi-Port Injection.

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