Max

For other uses, see Max (disambiguation). A Max/MSP patch written and used by Autechre

Max is a graphical development environment for music and multimedia developed and maintained by San Francisco-based software company Cycling'74. It has been used for over fifteen years by composers, performers, software designers, researchers and artists interested in creating interactive software.

The Max program itself is highly modular, with most routines existing in the form of shared libraries. An API allows third-party development of new routines (called "external objects"). As a result, Max has a large userbase of programmers not affiliated with Cycling'74 who enhance the software with commercial and non-commercial extensions to the program. Because of its extensible design and graphical interface (which in a novel way represents the program structure and the GUI as presented to the user simultaneously), Max is widely regarded as the lingua franca for developing interactive music performance software.

History

Max was originally written by Miller Puckette at IRCAM in the 1980s to give composers access to an authoring system for interactive computer music. In the early 1990s a commercial version of the program (developed and extended by David Zicarelli) was released by Opcode Systems. The current commercial version of Max has been distributed by Zicarelli's company, Cycling'74, since 1999.

Max has a number of extensions and incarnations; most notably, a set of audio extensions to the software appeared in 1997. Called MSP, this "add-on" package for Max allowed for the manipulation of digital audio signals in real-time, allowing users to create their own synthesizers and effects processors (Max had previously been designed to interface with hardware synthesizers, samplers, etc. as a "control" language using MIDI or some other protocol). A second major package called Jitter was released in 2003, adding real-time video, 3-D, and matrix processing capability to the software.

In addition, a number of sibling and Max-like programs exist. IRCAM developed and maintained a concurrent version of Max for the NeXT (and later SGI and Linux), called Max/FTS (FTS standing for "Faster Than Sound", and being analogous to a forerunner to MSP enhanced by a hardware DSP board on the computer). A later version of the program was developed in Java (jMax) and is open-source. Puckette himself released an entirely re-designed program in the mid-1990s called Pd ("pure data", alternately "public domain"), which has a number of fundamental differences from the IRCAM original. Native Instruments markets a similar software called Reaktor. Reaktor is generally considered easier to use and learn than Max, albeit less powerful.

Apple has a very similar program called Quartz Composer focused on graphical compositions

Max Mathews

Max is named for Max Mathews, and can be considered a descendant of MUSIC, though its graphical nature disguises that fact. Additionally, the real-time image processing capability of Max also makes it the first MUSIC-N program capable of doing other things than music.

A large number of people use Max, even if they aren't aware of it. Max documents (called patchers) can be bundled into standalone applications and distributed free or sold commercially. In addition, Max can be used to author audio plugin software for major audio production systems.

With the increased integration of laptop computers into live music performance (in electronic music and elsewhere), Max/MSP and Max/Jitter have received quite a bit of attention as the development environment of choice for those serious about laptop music / laptop video performance.

Notable artists

  • Autechre
  • Monolake
  • Kit Clayton
  • Leafcutter John
  • Kevin Blechdom
  • Jamie Lidell
  • R. Luke DuBois / The Freight Elevator Quartet
  • Pauline Oliveros
  • Jonny Greenwood of Radiohead

Many other artists use Max/MSP/Jitter, but prefer not to mention it. For more on this subject, see this discussion on the Max/MSP mailing list.


This page about Max includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about Max
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External links for Max
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For more on this subject, see this discussion on the Max/MSP mailing list.
. Many other artists use Max/MSP/Jitter, but prefer not to mention it. ISBN: 0060955899. With the increased integration of laptop computers into live music performance (in electronic music and elsewhere), Max/MSP and Max/Jitter have received quite a bit of attention as the development environment of choice for those serious about laptop music / laptop video performance. Harper Perennial. In addition, Max can be used to author audio plugin software for major audio production systems. Strouse, Jean 2000 Morgan: American Financier.

Max documents (called patchers) can be bundled into standalone applications and distributed free or sold commercially. Pope, Dudley 2001 Harry Morgan's Way: The Biography of Sir Henry Morgan 1635-1684 House of Stratus ISBN 1842324829. A large number of people use Max, even if they aren't aware of it. ISBN 0684834308. Additionally, the real-time image processing capability of Max also makes it the first MUSIC-N program capable of doing other things than music. Scribner. Max is named for Max Mathews, and can be considered a descendant of MUSIC, though its graphical nature disguises that fact. Crawford, Donald 1997 Michael and Natasha.

Apple has a very similar program called Quartz Composer focused on graphical compositions. ISBN 0743205480. Reaktor is generally considered easier to use and learn than Max, albeit less powerful. Simon & Schuster. Native Instruments markets a similar software called Reaktor. Abella, Alex 2000 The Great American: A Novel. Puckette himself released an entirely re-designed program in the mid-1990s called Pd ("pure data", alternately "public domain"), which has a number of fundamental differences from the IRCAM original. Australia.

A later version of the program was developed in Java (jMax) and is open-source. There are also:. IRCAM developed and maintained a concurrent version of Max for the NeXT (and later SGI and Linux), called Max/FTS (FTS standing for "Faster Than Sound", and being analogous to a forerunner to MSP enhanced by a hardware DSP board on the computer). USA. In addition, a number of sibling and Max-like programs exist. An agile fast breed of horse used to rope cattle [5]. A second major package called Jitter was released in 2003, adding real-time video, 3-D, and matrix processing capability to the software.
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as a "control" language using MIDI or some other protocol). . Called MSP, this "add-on" package for Max allowed for the manipulation of digital audio signals in real-time, allowing users to create their own synthesizers and effects processors (Max had previously been designed to interface with hardware synthesizers, samplers, etc.
. Max has a number of extensions and incarnations; most notably, a set of audio extensions to the software appeared in 1997. See also Morganic or Morganatic marriage. The current commercial version of Max has been distributed by Zicarelli's company, Cycling'74, since 1999. The name, in female form Morgana, is given to a principal in the legends about King Arthur.

In the early 1990s a commercial version of the program (developed and extended by David Zicarelli) was released by Opcode Systems. Many Welsh families emigrated to Australia and the USA, thus many founding families in those countries carried the surname Morgan, which is reflected in a number of place names. Max was originally written by Miller Puckette at IRCAM in the 1980s to give composers access to an authoring system for interactive computer music. The surname Morgan is of Welsh origin, meaning "of the sea", and is a popular family name in that country. . Morgan is both a given name and a surname, as well as the name of several places. Because of its extensible design and graphical interface (which in a novel way represents the program structure and the GUI as presented to the user simultaneously), Max is widely regarded as the lingua franca for developing interactive music performance software. Morgan, Mariah Carey's Older Brother.

As a result, Max has a large userbase of programmers not affiliated with Cycling'74 who enhance the software with commercial and non-commercial extensions to the program. Ru Fe Morgan is a fictional character in the anime/manga Oh My Goddess!. An API allows third-party development of new routines (called "external objects"). Morgan Industries, one of the factions in Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri led by Nwabudike Morgan. The Max program itself is highly modular, with most routines existing in the form of shared libraries. Nwabudike Morgan, a fictional character in the computer game Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri. It has been used for over fifteen years by composers, performers, software designers, researchers and artists interested in creating interactive software. Captain Morgan, famous rum.

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