Max

For other uses, see Max (disambiguation). A Max/MSP patch written and used by Autechre

Max is a graphical development environment for music and multimedia developed and maintained by San Francisco-based software company Cycling'74. It has been used for over fifteen years by composers, performers, software designers, researchers and artists interested in creating interactive software.

The Max program itself is highly modular, with most routines existing in the form of shared libraries. An API allows third-party development of new routines (called "external objects"). As a result, Max has a large userbase of programmers not affiliated with Cycling'74 who enhance the software with commercial and non-commercial extensions to the program. Because of its extensible design and graphical interface (which in a novel way represents the program structure and the GUI as presented to the user simultaneously), Max is widely regarded as the lingua franca for developing interactive music performance software.

History

Max was originally written by Miller Puckette at IRCAM in the 1980s to give composers access to an authoring system for interactive computer music. In the early 1990s a commercial version of the program (developed and extended by David Zicarelli) was released by Opcode Systems. The current commercial version of Max has been distributed by Zicarelli's company, Cycling'74, since 1999.

Max has a number of extensions and incarnations; most notably, a set of audio extensions to the software appeared in 1997. Called MSP, this "add-on" package for Max allowed for the manipulation of digital audio signals in real-time, allowing users to create their own synthesizers and effects processors (Max had previously been designed to interface with hardware synthesizers, samplers, etc. as a "control" language using MIDI or some other protocol). A second major package called Jitter was released in 2003, adding real-time video, 3-D, and matrix processing capability to the software.

In addition, a number of sibling and Max-like programs exist. IRCAM developed and maintained a concurrent version of Max for the NeXT (and later SGI and Linux), called Max/FTS (FTS standing for "Faster Than Sound", and being analogous to a forerunner to MSP enhanced by a hardware DSP board on the computer). A later version of the program was developed in Java (jMax) and is open-source. Puckette himself released an entirely re-designed program in the mid-1990s called Pd ("pure data", alternately "public domain"), which has a number of fundamental differences from the IRCAM original. Native Instruments markets a similar software called Reaktor. Reaktor is generally considered easier to use and learn than Max, albeit less powerful.

Apple has a very similar program called Quartz Composer focused on graphical compositions

Max Mathews

Max is named for Max Mathews, and can be considered a descendant of MUSIC, though its graphical nature disguises that fact. Additionally, the real-time image processing capability of Max also makes it the first MUSIC-N program capable of doing other things than music.

A large number of people use Max, even if they aren't aware of it. Max documents (called patchers) can be bundled into standalone applications and distributed free or sold commercially. In addition, Max can be used to author audio plugin software for major audio production systems.

With the increased integration of laptop computers into live music performance (in electronic music and elsewhere), Max/MSP and Max/Jitter have received quite a bit of attention as the development environment of choice for those serious about laptop music / laptop video performance.

Notable artists

  • Autechre
  • Monolake
  • Kit Clayton
  • Leafcutter John
  • Kevin Blechdom
  • Jamie Lidell
  • R. Luke DuBois / The Freight Elevator Quartet
  • Pauline Oliveros
  • Jonny Greenwood of Radiohead

Many other artists use Max/MSP/Jitter, but prefer not to mention it. For more on this subject, see this discussion on the Max/MSP mailing list.


This page about Max includes information from a Wikipedia article.
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For more on this subject, see this discussion on the Max/MSP mailing list. . Many other artists use Max/MSP/Jitter, but prefer not to mention it. Model may have several meanings. With the increased integration of laptop computers into live music performance (in electronic music and elsewhere), Max/MSP and Max/Jitter have received quite a bit of attention as the development environment of choice for those serious about laptop music / laptop video performance. Models (band), an alternative rock group Australia. In addition, Max can be used to author audio plugin software for major audio production systems. Movement for Democracy in Liberia, MoDeL.

Max documents (called patchers) can be bundled into standalone applications and distributed free or sold commercially. Walther Model, German general in World War II. A large number of people use Max, even if they aren't aware of it. Role model, a person who serves as a behavioural or moral example to others. Additionally, the real-time image processing capability of Max also makes it the first MUSIC-N program capable of doing other things than music. Promotional model, a person who promotes a product or service. Max is named for Max Mathews, and can be considered a descendant of MUSIC, though its graphical nature disguises that fact. Supermodel, a model who attains celebrity status.

Apple has a very similar program called Quartz Composer focused on graphical compositions. a fashion model

    . Reaktor is generally considered easier to use and learn than Max, albeit less powerful. Model (person), a person whose occupation is to display products, eg. Native Instruments markets a similar software called Reaktor. Model (art), a person who poses for purposes of art, for example in art school (often known as an artist's model). Puckette himself released an entirely re-designed program in the mid-1990s called Pd ("pure data", alternately "public domain"), which has a number of fundamental differences from the IRCAM original. Scale model, a replica or prototype of an object.

    A later version of the program was developed in Java (jMax) and is open-source. Model (physical), a physical representation of an object. IRCAM developed and maintained a concurrent version of Max for the NeXT (and later SGI and Linux), called Max/FTS (FTS standing for "Faster Than Sound", and being analogous to a forerunner to MSP enhanced by a hardware DSP board on the computer). model building (particle physics). In addition, a number of sibling and Max-like programs exist. The Standard Model, the theory in particle physics which describes certain fundamental forces and particles. A second major package called Jitter was released in 2003, adding real-time video, 3-D, and matrix processing capability to the software. Solid modelling, study of unambiguous representations of the solid parts of an object.

    as a "control" language using MIDI or some other protocol). Similitude (model), in engineering, used in the scientific testing of physical models. Called MSP, this "add-on" package for Max allowed for the manipulation of digital audio signals in real-time, allowing users to create their own synthesizers and effects processors (Max had previously been designed to interface with hardware synthesizers, samplers, etc. Modeling (NLP), a process in neuro-linguistic programming. Max has a number of extensions and incarnations; most notably, a set of audio extensions to the software appeared in 1997. Model theory, study of the representation of mathematical concepts. The current commercial version of Max has been distributed by Zicarelli's company, Cycling'74, since 1999. Mental model, a person's cognitive representation of an idea or thought process.

    In the early 1990s a commercial version of the program (developed and extended by David Zicarelli) was released by Opcode Systems. Computer model, a computer program which attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system. Max was originally written by Miller Puckette at IRCAM in the 1980s to give composers access to an authoring system for interactive computer music. Model (computer games), in 3D computer graphics, the computer generated image of a character or an object. . Mathematical model. Because of its extensible design and graphical interface (which in a novel way represents the program structure and the GUI as presented to the user simultaneously), Max is widely regarded as the lingua franca for developing interactive music performance software. Model (abstract), a conceptual or theoretical representation of a phenomenon

      .

      As a result, Max has a large userbase of programmers not affiliated with Cycling'74 who enhance the software with commercial and non-commercial extensions to the program. An API allows third-party development of new routines (called "external objects"). The Max program itself is highly modular, with most routines existing in the form of shared libraries. It has been used for over fifteen years by composers, performers, software designers, researchers and artists interested in creating interactive software.

      Max is a graphical development environment for music and multimedia developed and maintained by San Francisco-based software company Cycling'74. Jonny Greenwood of Radiohead. Pauline Oliveros. Luke DuBois / The Freight Elevator Quartet.

      R. Jamie Lidell. Kevin Blechdom. Leafcutter John.

      Kit Clayton. Monolake. Autechre.

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