A joke is a short story or short series of words spoken or communicated with the intent of being laughed at or found humorous by the listener or reader. A practical joke differs in that the humour is not verbal, but mainly visual (e.g. putting a custard pie in somebody's face).
Most jokes contain two components: joke setup (for example, "A man walks into a bar...") and a punchline, which, when juxtaposed with the setup, provides the necessary irony to elicit laughter from the audience.
Psychology of jokes
Why we laugh has been the subject of serious academic study, examples being:
Laughter, the intended human reaction to jokes, is healthful in moderation, uses the stomach muscles, and releases endorphins, natural happiness-inducing chemicals, into the bloodstream.
One of the most complete and informative books on different types of jokes and how to tell them is Isaac Asimov's Treasury of Humor, which encompasses several broad categories of humor, and gives useful tips on how to tell them, who to tell them to, and ways to change the joke to fit your audience.
Types of jokes
Jokes often depend for humour on the unexpected, the mildly taboo (which can include the distasteful or socially improper), or the playing on stereotypes and other cultural myths. Many jokes fit into more than one category.
Main article: Mathematical joke
There are numerous jokes related to mathematics. Many of them are in-jokes, but may also be understandable by laymen.
A series of them parodies mathematical/logical chains of reason.
Jokes in a certain category superficially look like math, but their essence is more akin to chemical composition.
Yo' mama jokes
Main article: The dozens. Jokes of this kind originate in the dozens, an African-American custom with West African roots in which two competitors -- usually males -- go head to head in a competition of comedic, often ribald, trash-talk. The target of the traded insults is most often the opponents' mothers, but can involve other family members as well.
Political jokes tell about politicians and heads of states. There are two large categories of this type of jokes. The first one makes fun of a negative attitude to political opponents or to politicians in general. The second one makes fun of political cliches, mottos, catch phrases or simply blunders of politicians.
A related subcategory is lawyer jokes plays on the commonly-held stereotypes about lawyers.
The following joke circulates for quite some time, with many different versions for <President> and <Other Country>.
This page about Jokes includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about Jokes
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External links for Jokes
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Images of Jokes
The following joke circulates for quite some time, with many different versions for <President> and <Other Country>. Using some of Emmerich's notes, Bill McCay wrote a series of five novels continuing the story the original creators had envisioned. A related subcategory is lawyer jokes plays on the commonly-held stereotypes about lawyers. Because of these differences, some fans of the film consider the television series as its own separate entity, rather than a proper sequel to the film. The second one makes fun of political cliches, mottos, catch phrases or simply blunders of politicians. Others are most likely just oversights. The first one makes fun of a negative attitude to political opponents or to politicians in general. Other changes have been explained as advances in technology, such as more precise "aiming" by Earth's dialling computer (to compensate for the drift of the planets in 10,000 years) that prevents the frost effect.
There are two large categories of this type of jokes. For example, it was sarcastically mentioned at one point that there is another Colonel named Jack O'Neil whose name is often mixed up with Jack O'Neill's (and who "has no sense of humor"). Political jokes tell about politicians and heads of states. Several of these differences were simply ignored by the TV series, but others have been addressed in various episodes of Stargate SG-1. The target of the traded insults is most often the opponents' mothers, but can involve other family members as well. For example, in the film:. Main article: The dozens. Jokes of this kind originate in the dozens, an African-American custom with West African roots in which two competitors -- usually males -- go head to head in a competition of comedic, often ribald, trash-talk. Also, certain details were changed.
Jokes in a certain category superficially look like math, but their essence is more akin to chemical composition. This new team introduced many new concepts to make the Stargate universe into a workable weekly science fiction show. A series of them parodies mathematical/logical chains of reason. MGM, which owned the rights, took Roland Emmerich and Dean Devlin's product and handed the reins to a new team of creators (Brad Wright and Jonathan Glassner). Many of them are in-jokes, but may also be understandable by laymen. The original film did not develop as much of the setting's depth as would be needed in a television series. There are numerous jokes related to mathematics. See Stargate SG-1 Comics for more information.
Main article: Mathematical joke. A series of comics has also been published by Avatar Press. Many jokes fit into more than one category. See the Stargate Atlantis article for more information. Jokes often depend for humour on the unexpected, the mildly taboo (which can include the distasteful or socially improper), or the playing on stereotypes and other cultural myths. The magazine also features stories based on the Stargate Atlantis series. One of the most complete and informative books on different types of jokes and how to tell them is Isaac Asimov's Treasury of Humor, which encompasses several broad categories of humor, and gives useful tips on how to tell them, who to tell them to, and ways to change the joke to fit your audience. The magazine is available in the UK.
Laughter, the intended human reaction to jokes, is healthful in moderation, uses the stomach muscles, and releases endorphins, natural happiness-inducing chemicals, into the bloodstream. The Official Stargate Magazine produced by Titan Publishing has also published a series of short stories based on the series. Why we laugh has been the subject of serious academic study, examples being:. See the Stargate Atlantis article for more information. . A series of Atlantis books is also forthcoming from Fandemonium Press. Most jokes contain two components: joke setup (for example, "A man walks into a bar...") and a punchline, which, when juxtaposed with the setup, provides the necessary irony to elicit laughter from the audience. They're not sold in bookstores in the United States due to licensing issues; however, they can be ordered from stores in the UK.
putting a custard pie in somebody's face). A series of books from Fandemonium Press is also available in the UK, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. A practical joke differs in that the humour is not verbal, but mainly visual (e.g. These books were written by Ashley McConnell and published by ROC. A joke is a short story or short series of words spoken or communicated with the intent of being laughed at or found humorous by the listener or reader. Since 1999, several novels have been released based on the Stargate SG-1 series. Yo mama's glasses are so thick, she can see the future. The Stargate SG-1 story and surrounding mythos has spawned many subsidiary productions which are often considered canon (fiction) with the occassional obvious exceptions.
Yo mama so fat, when her pager goes off, people think she's backing up. Alternatively, to study the plot in detail it would be wise to begin with the first episode "Children of the Gods" and progress from there. Yo mama so fat when she gets on the scale it says to be continued. For an overview, see List of Stargate SG-1 episodes. Yo mama so dark that she can leave fingerprints on charcoal. The show currently has 194 confirmed or aired episodes. Yo mama's so dumb when your dad said it's chilly outside, she ran out with a spoon. As of 2005, SG-1 is on its ninth season and has since been renewed for a record-breaking tenth season believed to be screened for Summer 2006.
Sigmund Freud's "Jokes and Their Relationship to the Unconscious". A number of different planets are seen throughout the series. Some aliens possess devices that can probe memories, detect lies, hold bodies in stasis, create holograms that can act as perfect avatars for the subject, and teleportation devices that can transport things here-and-there without the device itself being near. Chiefly, the Goa'uld possess massive motherships and Death Gliders, and use Ring Transporters for small-distance movement, as well as Zat guns and staff weapons for attack, however it should be noted that they did not develop this technology, as a parasitic race all of their technology has been effectivley stolen from conquered races. There exist a number of more technologically advanced races and societies on the show, who have produced a variety of highly-advanced weapons, tools, and spacecraft.
Humans from Earth are known by alien races as the Tau'ri. The Tollan hold a strict policy of not allowing other less advanced races to access their technology for fear the race will destroy themselves with it. One of these advanced human races we see repeatedly are the Tollan, a heavily advanced race SG-1 saves from the brink of destruction in first contact with them. The premise is that if Earth had not experienced the Dark Ages, it would also have developed to such advanced levels.
A few of the groups so far encountered were abandoned (usually due to a decline of easily mined naqahdah deposits) and have developed on their own to a level of technology far greater than that of contemporary Earth. Their inhabitants are often quite similar to the societies that were imported from Earth, culturally as well as technologically, with some adaptations based on their experiences with the Goa'uld. Most Goa'uld-controlled worlds remain at a lower level of technology than Earth because interference has prevented them from progressing. In the Stargate universe, the explanation for human presence on other planets is that the Goa'uld used Stargates to transport large numbers of humans to other planets for use as slaves.
Other alien races encountered are the benevolent Asgard, and the incredibly advanced Ancients, who appear mostly in their Ascended forms. These aliens often pose as gods to enslave people. The parasite acts to take over the mind of the host and use their body, often providing the body with exceptional strength and longevity. The chief alien race of SG-1 are the Goa'uld, an evil parasitic race that take humans and some other species for hosts.
While many of the planets in the Stargate universe house transplanted human populations, several alien races are also featured, and a few of them have important roles in the story. The Ori begin to make incursions into the Milky Way, with the ultimate goal of converting all humans to worshippers and wiping out the Ancients. Due to an accidental visit by Daniel Jackson and Vala Mal Doran to the Ori's home galaxy, they draw the attention of the Ori to the Milky Way. However, as they reached the peak of their enlightenment, the two groups began to differ in their moral beliefs and goals.
The Ori and The Ancients evolved from the same original race, and long ago once lived together in the same galaxy. These mortals are called Priors, and uphold a religion that worships the Ori, called Origin. One group of Ascended beings, the Ori, influence the mortal world through commanding mortals that they evolve and enhance. Furthermore, factions of Ascended beings form and certain rebels begin to take a more active role in human affairs.
It is discovered that Ba'al fled to Earth and is rebuilding his power from there, whilst many Goa'uld have totally infected The Trust. In Season 9, Jack O'Neill leaves the SGC and SG-1 is filled in by Cameron Mitchell, with Hank Landry taking control of the SGC itself. Baal has to flee under the total success of the Jaffa Rebellion. Daniel Jackson then is de-Ascended once more and arrives at the SGC.
Daniel is killed, but finds himself in the Ascended plane again (again Oma has helped him), where Anubis is finally stopped in his plans by Oma. Meanwhile, RepliCarter captures Daniel Jackson, and whilst she probes his mind for Ascended knowledge, Daniel takes control of her mind, and manages to halt all the Replicators in the galaxy long enough for the Superweapon to be realigned and fired. SG-1 and the Jaffa Rebellion get to it first and try to alter it to destroy Replicators instead. In the Season 8 finale, Anubis seeks to destroy all life in the galaxy so he can remake it as he sees fit, and he seeks to do this using the Dakara Superweapon, the most powerful piece of Ancient technology known.
A human-form-Replicator ('RepliCarter') is created in the image of Samantha Carter, who becomes the most powerful force in the galaxy. Alongside this, the Replicators escape and begin to conquer even the System Lords. He eventually comes to rule secretly over Ba'al as well. In Season 8, the System Lord Ba'al subsumes much of Anubis' power, but Anubis is discovered not to be dead due to his half-Ascended state.
In the Season 7 finale, an Ancient Outpost is located in Antarctica, and Jack O'Neill is able to use the weapon there to utterly defeat Anubis' entire fleet. Throughout Season 7, Anubis continues to wreak havoc across the galaxy whilst Daniel and the SGC search for the Lost City of the Ancients, where powerful technology will be found that can defeat Anubis. His transgression causes him to de-Ascend back to the human plane of existence, allowing him to re-join SG-1, alive again. However, Daniel is ultimately unable to stop Anubis as the other Ascended beings have a rule that interference in mortal affairs is prohibited.
Daniel promises to stop Anubis. However, in the Season 6 finale, Anubis threatens to destroy Abydos, the planet most dear to Daniel, save Earth. Occasionally, he appears to his friends to help them out, but is only visible to them alone, often causing them to think that they are hallucinating. In Season 6, his position is filled by Jonas Quinn; he is now engaged in cosmic affairs on a higher plane.
Near the end of Season 5, Daniel Jackson is killed, but Ascends with help from Oma Desala. Anubis gains great power by using Ancient technology and stealing Asgard technology. Anubis tried to do this as well, to harvest the vast knowledge and power in that plane, but was cast down again, leaving him in a dangerous half-Ascended state. The theme of Ascension is introduced, explaining that the Ancients survived extinction by ascending to a higher plane of being.
Anubis is considerably more evil than Apophis, and has much of the knowledge of the Ancients. After Apophis is conquered, another Goa'uld System Lord takes his place as the show's main villain, Anubis. SG-1 is then able to refocus its efforts on the malignant force of Apophis. The threat of these becomes so great that a final measure is taken, and, with the help of the Asgard, SG-1 manages to contain every Replicator within a time-dilation field that effectively postpones the problem of them for thousands of years.
Besides the Goa'uld, another threat arises in the early Seasons, namely a race of insentient machines called Replicators. The political powers on Earth are often at loggerheads over the Stargate, particularly after the programme is revealed to ambassadors from the main powers on Earth (France, China, Russia and Great Britain). In particular, rogue NID agents, which eventually become the elite syndicate known as The Trust, are constantly trying to steal the Stargate or use alien technology for their own means. In the background of the show, there is a constant attempt by forces on Earth to take over the Stargate Program.
It is later discovered that the Ancients were the most advanced race ever, and were the builders of the Stargates. They also meet races that have been surviving in the galaxy for millennia, such as the Nox, the Asgard, and the remnants of an extinct race that come to be known as the Ancients. SG-1 and the SGC make several alliances with other races in the galaxy, such as the Tok'ra, Goa'ulds who share their bodies with their hosts and are opposed to the System Lords, the Tollan, and other advanced human civilisations. System Lords usually have vast armies of footsoldiers, the bulk of these forces consisting of alien beings called Jaffa (although humans are sometimes used, despite their inferior size and strength of Jaffa).
All Goa'uld are parasitic beings that take control of other bodies (usually humans, whom they transported across the galaxy in the distant past). He was, however, but one of many System Lords who battle for power of the galaxy. The original villain of Stargate SG-1, Apophis, was a powerful Goa'uld System Lord who caused the Stargate program to be brought back into action when he attacked Earth at the beginning of the series. television history.
This will make Stargate the longest running science fiction television show in U.S. On October 24, 2005 Stargate SG-1 was renewed for an unprecedented tenth season. Although Richard Dean Anderson departs the show as a regular in Season 9, he appears in the first and third episodes of that season and has left the door open for future appearances. Stargate SG-1 continues to break records in terms of Nielsen Ratings for the Sci-Fi channel, while the eighth season two-part episode "Reckoning" was widely regarded by fans as one of the five best in the show's history.
TV Guide recently proposed that its popularity may be exceeding that of the Star Trek franchise. The show remains popular despite entering its ninth season on the air. Humans, as depicted in the series, are technologically behind some of the alien races the Stargate teams have met, but are rapidly gaining the ability to fight, defend, and benefit from the advances they have been exposed to in both significant and material ways. One of the most endearing qualities of Stargate SG-1 is that it takes place in the present day.
Cameron Mitchell became the new Commanding Officer of SG-1. Col. Carolyn Lam replaced Brightman and Frasier as Chief Medical Officer, and Lt. In Season 9, General Hank Landry replaced O'Neill as commander of the SGC, Dr.
O'Neill was promoted to Brigadier General and he in turn promoted Carter to Lieutenant Colonel and team leader of SG-1. Elizabeth Weir assumed temporary command of the SGC, after which she was reassigned to the Antarctic base and, subsequently, as leader of the "Atlantis" mission (depicted in Stargate Atlantis). Dr. At the end of Season 7, Hammond was promoted to Lieutenant General and reassigned to the "Office of Homeworld Security" in the Pentagon.
In later seasons, there was considerable participation in the Stargate program by civilians and non-Americans, including at least one Russian SG team. Marines. Air Force is in direct charge of the Stargate program, although from early on there was at least one SG team comprised of U.S. The U.S.
Originally led by Major General George Hammond, Stargate Command is based in the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, Colorado. For Season 6, Jackson was replaced by Jonas Quinn, an alien human, but Jackson returned to the show for Season 7. In Season 3, Carter was promoted to a Major. Daniel Jackson and Teal'c, an alien Jaffa.
The four original members of SG-1 were Colonel Jonathan "Jack" O'Neill, Captain Samantha "Sam" Carter, Dr. Three attempts were made to reverse-engineer alien technology and build starships, leading to the production of the F-302 and BC-303 models. The Stargate teams were frustrated in initial efforts to acquire advanced technology to fight the Goa'uld from more advanced species and offshoots of humanity. The primary goal of the SG teams is to travel to other worlds through the Stargate and procure alien technology to help defend Earth against the Goa'uld, a galactically dominant alien race who became aware of this planet's now relatively advanced civilization after the recovery of Earth's Stargate and the subsequent destruction of Ra, a powerful Goa'uld System Lord (the events depicted in the 1994 movie).
The very existence of the SGC and all of its activities are covert and SCI-classified ("Sensitive Compartmented Information"). The series follows the adventures of four explorers designated as SG-1, one team among fifteen, who use an alien artifact called a 'Stargate' to travel the vast distances between planets, operating under the aegis of the United States Government's secret military base, Stargate Command (the SGC). . The two shows now run in tandem, with plots that are occassionally interconnected.
A spin-off series, Stargate Atlantis, began airing in July 2004. For Season 10, Claudia Black will be added as a new regular, reprising her role as Vala Mal Doran. Davis moved into the background in the eighth season and Anderson in the ninth; the latter season added new regulars Ben Browder and Beau Bridges. Actor Corin Nemec was a regular during the 6th Season, with Michael Shanks making only a few appearances.
The cast would change in later seasons. Davis. Created by Jonathan Glassner and Brad Wright, SG-1 originally starred Richard Dean Anderson, Michael Shanks, Amanda Tapping, Christopher Judge and Don S. In July 2005, the Sci-Fi Channel renewed SG-1 for a tenth season, making it the longest-running science fiction series on American television, surpassing The X Files's 202 episodes.
Seasons six, seven, eight, and nine were aired on the Sci-Fi Channel. The first episode was broadcast on July 27, 1997 on Showtime, which aired the series' first five seasons. MGM owns and licenses the show, and it is filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Contrary to the widespread belief of those who don't watch the show, it has absolutely no connection to Star Trek.
Unlike other science fiction franchises such as Star Trek, SG-1 is set in the present day, on Earth, and primarily involves humans. Stargate SG-1 (alternately spelled Stargåte, and popularly abbreviated as SG-1) is a television series based upon the 1994 science fiction film Stargate. See List of Stargate SG-1 cast for trivia related to casting. See Stargate-Oz Quotes.
O'Neill. Throughout the show, there are many references to The Wizard of Oz, mainly stated by Col. The Air Force Association recognized Richard Dean Anderson at its 57th annual dinner on September 14, 2004 for his work as actor and executive producer of the show and "for the show's continuous positive depiction of the Air Force." . Jumper made a cameo appearance in "Lost City," the episode that was originally slated to be the show's last.
Ryan appeared in the episode "Prodigy" because of his fascination with science fiction, especially space exploration. Jumper, have appeared in the show, playing themselves. Ryan and John P. Two successive Chiefs of Staff of the USAF, Generals Michael E.
The USAF cooperates closely with the makers of the program. The recent incorporation of Ben Browder (Farscape) and the forthcoming incorporation of Claudia Black as regular characters and Lexa Doig (Andromeda) as a recurring character further cements this trend. This trend extends to Stargate Atlantis, which featured Colm Meaney (Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine) and Jewel Staite (Firefly), as well as Robert Patrick and Mitch Pileggi (both of The X-Files). These included John de Lancie (Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: Voyager), Jolene Blalock & John Billingsley (Star Trek: Enterprise), Robert Picardo (Star Trek: Voyager), Rene Auberjonois (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine) Adam Baldwin (Firefly) and Claudia Black (Farscape).
Stargate SG-1 is notable for featuring many actors from other prominent science fiction series as guest stars on its show. Antarctica appears in Stargate SG-1 in the episodes "Solitudes", "Frozen", "Lost City", and in the Stargate Atlantis premiere "Rising". There are only three episodes of the series in which Teal'c (Christopher Judge) refers to Daniel Jackson (Michael Shanks) as "Daniel" as opposed to "Daniel Jackson": "The Broca Divide", "The First Commandment", and "Forever in a Day". place names) have been made throughout the series.
Numerous references to Vancouver culture (eg. Many of the minor characters (and the extras) are Vancouverites. The show is filmed in and around Vancouver. In the film, O'Neill didn't encouter Ra until after Daniel Jackson had discovered he was an alien.
In the episode "Children of the Gods," O'Neill told General Hammond that their "first clue" Ra was an alien was the fact that his eyes glowed. However, she is much older in the opening sequence of the film, which is set in that year. In the episode "The Torment of Tantalus", it was clearly stated Catherine Langford was twenty-one in 1945, which would make her about four years old in 1928. The first time Daniel Jackson sees the Stargate is after he figures out the seven-coordinate address system, but in the TV episode "Lost City", he tells Elizabeth Weir that "I remember when we were first trying to get the Stargate to work, I would just come here, and stare at it for hours.".
Jackson's wife's name was Sha'uri, rather than Sha're. Dr. Colonel Jack O'Neill's son was named Tyler rather than Charlie. Colonel Jack O'Neill's wife/ex-wife was named Sarah rather than Sara.
Colonel Jack O'Neill's name was spelled O'Neil. A few names were spelled differently or changed, which has been a source of in-jokes and pedanticism ever since:
Ra was the last of a dying race rather than just one of many Goa'uld. Ra's species was not named, and Ra was presented as using a sort of incorporeal "possession" of a human host instead of direct biological parasitism. Archeology 101 by Martha Wells (January/February 2006, Stargate Magazine #8). Stargate SG-1: Survival of the Fittest by Sabine C Bauer (upcoming).
Stargate SG-1: Siren Song by Jaimie Duncan and Holly Scott (upcoming). Stargate SG-1: The Cost Of Honour (2 of 2) by Sally Malcolm. Stargate SG-1: City Of The Gods by Sonny Whitelaw. Stargate SG-1: A Matter Of Honour (1 of 2) by Sally Malcolm.
Stargate SG-1: Sacrifice Moon by Julie Fortune. Bauer. Stargate SG-1: Trial By Fire by Sabine C. The Morpheus Factor.
The First Amendment. The Price You Pay. Jaffa-American might be a more apt description. While an amusing bit of political correctness, it is inaccurate as Teal'c was in no way African.
Stargate SG-1 (novelization of the series' pilot, "Children of the Gods")
Stargate Atlantis (originally intended to succeed SG-1). Stargate Infinity (animated; not considered canon). UK: Sky One, Channel 4. Ireland: Sky One Ireland, RTÉ Two.
Spain: AXN (cable/satellite), TV3 (Catalonia), Canal 9 (Valencian Community), ETB2 (Basque Country). South Africa: M-Net Series (DStv). Slovakia: (JOJ TV, Markiza TV)(until season 6). Slovenia: Kanal A.
Portugal: Sic /Sic Radical. Poland: HBO and HBO 2. Netherlands: Veronica. Hungary: Tv2.
Germany: RTL II. France: M6. Czech Republic: Nova (until season 6) (Prima TV) (until season 6). Canada: Space: The Imagination Station, Citytv (and starting with Season 9 in HDTV on CITY-TV, Atlantic Satellite Network, Movie Central (English); Z Télé, TQS (French Canada).
Brazil: Fox Channel. Belgium: Kanaal 2 (Dutch Belgium), RTBF (French Belgium). Austria: ATV+. Australia: Seven Network, TV1.
United States: Showtime (until season 5), Sci Fi Channel (since season 6). Ford offered the name "Atlantica" only to be rejected by Major Sheppard ("Suspicion")). The actual name of the planet (given by the Ancients) is unknown and the human expedition team is yet to name the planet (although Lt. The Atlantis planet: Situated in the Pegasus Galaxy and location of the Atlantis Expedition.
In the alternate timeline where it is first introduced, it is called the "Beta Site.". The Alpha Site: a designation for an uninhabited world with a gate address unknown to the Goa'uld set up in case Earth (or any other human-controlled world) has to be evacuated. Orilla: The current Asgard homeworld. Langara: homeworld of Jonas Quinn.
Tollana: the second homeworld of the technologically advanced Tollan until their destruction. Destroyed by Anubis in Full Circle. Homeworld of Sha're and Skaara. Abydos: the planet visited in the original Stargate film, as well as several times during the series.
It is also holy to the Jaffa, who have made it the capital of the new Free Jaffa Nation. Dakara: Home of an Ancient superweapon. Teal'c's homeworld. Chulak: a Jaffa homeworld, formerly controlled by Apophis.