Jeep CJ

The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. In fact, a variant of the CJ is still in production today under license. The last CJs, the CJ-7 and CJ-8, were replaced in 1987 by the reworked Jeep Wrangler. The CJ-7 is very popular in the sport of mud racing, both with the stock body or a fiberglass replica.

CJ-2

Although it bore the CJ name, the CJ-2 was not really available at retail. Willys produced less than three dozen CJ-2 Agrijeeps in 1944 and 1945. It was very closely-related to the Military Willys MB, using the same Willys Go Devil engine, but there were some changes. It had larger headlights, a side-mounted spare tire and opening tailgate, and an external fuel cap.

CJ-2A

Lessons learned with the CJ-2 led to the development of the first full-production CJ, the 1945-1949 CJ-2A. Like the CJ-2 and the Military version, the CJ-2A featured a split windshield. An early column shifter and full floating rear axle gave way to the more familiar floor shift T90 and semi-floating rear axle. In the end, 214,202 CJ-2A's were produced.

CJ-3A

The CJ-3A was introduced in 1949, and replaced the CJ-2A by the next year. It featured a one-piece windshield with a vent in the frame. A bare-bones Farm Jeep version was available starting in 1951 with a power takeoff. 131,843 CJ-3A's were produced before the series ended in 1953.

CJ-4

Only one CJ-4 was produced. It used the new Willys Hurricane engine and had an 81-inch wheelbase. It was a test model, but was sold to a factory employee.

CJ-3B

The CJ-3B replaced the CJ-3A in 1953, the same year Willys was sold to Kaiser. It introduced a higher grille and hood to clear the new Willys Hurricane engine. The CJ-3B was produced until 1968 with a total of 155,494 produced, although the design was licensed to a number of international manufacturers, including Mitsubishi of Japan and Mahindra of India. Mitsubishi ceased production of vehicles derived from the CJ-3B design in 1998, but Mahindra continues to produce Jeeps today.

CJ-5

The CJ-5 was influenced by new corporate owner, Kaiser, and the Korean War M38A1 Jeep. It was intended to replace the CJ-3B, but that model continued in production. The CJ-5 repeated this pattern, continuing in production for 3 decades while three newer models appeared. 603,303 CJ-5's were produced between 1954 and 1983.

In 1965, Kaiser bought the casting rights to the Buick 225CID V6 Dauntless and the CJ-5 and CJ-6 got a new engine with 155 hp supplementing the Willys Hurricane engine.

The company was sold to American Motors in 1970, and the GM engine was retired after the 1971 model year. (GM's Buick division repurchased the engine tooling in the early 1970s which served as the powerplant in several GM vehicles.) AMC began using their inline 6 engines, the 232 and 258 and offering one V8 engine - 304CID.

To accommodate the new I6 the fenders and hood were stretched 3" starting in 1972. Other minor drive train changes took place then as well.

In 1976 the tub and frame were modified slightly from earlier versions. The windshield frame also changed meaning that tops from 1955-1975 will not fit a 1976-1983 CJ-5 and vice-versa.

In the early 1980s, the CJ used a "Hurricane"-branded version of the GM Iron Duke I4.

Several special CJ-5 models were produced:

  • 1961-1963 Tuxedo Park Mark III
  • 1969 Camper
  • 1969 462
  • 1970 Renegade I
  • 1971 Renegade II
  • 1972-1983 Renegade Models - featuring a 304CID V8, alloy wheels and a limited-slip differential
  • 1972 Super Jeep
  • 1977-1983 Golden Eagle

CJ-6

The CJ-6 was simply a 20 inch longer-wheelbase (101 in) CJ-5. Introduced in 1955 as a 1956 model, the CJ-6 was never very popular in the United States. Most CJ6 models were sold to Sweden and South America. The U.S. Forest Service put a number CJ-6 Jeeps in to use. Former President Ronald Reagan owned a CJ-6 and used it on his Califorina Ranch. American sales ended in 1975. Just 50,172 had been made when the series went out of production completely in 1981. Just as in the CJ-5, the V6 and V8 engine choices appeared in 1965 and 1972.

CJ-5A and CJ-6A

From 1964-1968 Kaiser elevated the Tuxedo Park from just a trim package to a separate model for the CJ-5A and CJ-6A. A Tuxedo Park Mark IV is signified by a different prefix from a normal CJ-5 with a VIN prefix of 8322, while a normal CJ-5 VIN prefix is 8305 from 1964-1971.

CJ-7

A 1980 CJ-7 appeared in the TV series The Dukes of Hazzard.

The CJ-7 featured a longer 93.4 in wheelbase than the CJ-5. It was introduced in 1976 and 379,299 were built in 11 years of production. The CJ-7 featured a new automatic all wheel drive system called Quadra-Trac, not necessarily known for its strength, as well as a part-time two speed transfer case; an automatic transmission was also an option. Other comfort features were an optional molded hardtop, and steel doors.

CJ-8

The CJ-8 Scrambler was a pickup truck version of the CJ-7, introduced in 1981. It featured a 103 in wheelbase and a pickup bed. Only 27,792 were built in the 6 years of production.

CJ-10

The CJ-10 was a CJ-based pickup truck. Produced from 1981 through 1985, it was sold mainly as an export vehicle, though some were used by the United States Air Force for use as an aircraft pulling vehicle. They featured square headlights like the Jeep Wrangler and an unusual 9-slot grille.

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. They featured square headlights like the Jeep Wrangler and an unusual 9-slot grille. The number of contiguous configurations for one through seven blocks, counting reflections but not counting rotations is in this table:. Produced from 1981 through 1985, it was sold mainly as an export vehicle, though some were used by the United States Air Force for use as an aircraft pulling vehicle. Lego itself sells a line of sets named "Lego Studios," which contains a Lego web cam (repackaged Logitech USB Quickcam), software to record video on a computer, clear plastic rods which can be used to manipulate minifigures from off-camera, and a minifigure resembling Steven Spielberg. The CJ-10 was a CJ-based pickup truck. Several webcomics are illustrated with Lego, notably Irregular Webcomic!.

Only 27,792 were built in the 6 years of production. Director Michel Gondry filmed a live version of the video, digitized the result, and then recreated it entirely with Lego bricks. It featured a 103 in wheelbase and a pickup bed. Another notable example is the award-winning music video for the song "Fell in Love with a Girl" by the White Stripes. The CJ-8 Scrambler was a pickup truck version of the CJ-7, introduced in 1981. [2]. Other comfort features were an optional molded hardtop, and steel doors. 'Art Craziest Nation' was shown at the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, UK.

The CJ-7 featured a new automatic all wheel drive system called Quadra-Trac, not necessarily known for its strength, as well as a part-time two speed transfer case; an automatic transmission was also an option. The Little Artists have created an entire Modern Art collection in a Lego Gallery. It was introduced in 1976 and 379,299 were built in 11 years of production. Artists have also used Lego sets with one of the more notorious examples being Polish artist Zbigniew Libera's "Lego Concentration Camp," a collection of mocked-up concentration camp-themed Lego sets.[1]. The CJ-7 featured a longer 93.4 in wheelbase than the CJ-5. For example, the Monty Python and the Holy Grail Special Edition DVD contained a version of the "Camelot" musical sequence redone with Lego minifigures and accessories. A Tuxedo Park Mark IV is signified by a different prefix from a normal CJ-5 with a VIN prefix of 8322, while a normal CJ-5 VIN prefix is 8305 from 1964-1971. They usually use stop-motion animation.

From 1964-1968 Kaiser elevated the Tuxedo Park from just a trim package to a separate model for the CJ-5A and CJ-6A. Such movies are called "Lego movies", "Brickfilms", or "cinema Lego". Just as in the CJ-5, the V6 and V8 engine choices appeared in 1965 and 1972. One hobby among enthusiasts is to re-create popular scenes from famous movies, using Lego bricks for the scenery and Lego play sets as characters. Just 50,172 had been made when the series went out of production completely in 1981. Another novel application of Lego bricks is the combination of bricks and electronic components to obtain a Lego Electronic Lab Kit. American sales ended in 1975. Because of the high degree of uniformity in Lego bricks, they have also been used in fields such as computer vision, in which knowing the exact dimensions and relative positions of objects is useful for creating test data.

Former President Ronald Reagan owned a CJ-6 and used it on his Califorina Ranch. A set of software tools called LDraw or Lego Digital Designer can be used to model possible Lego creations in 3D. Forest Service put a number CJ-6 Jeeps in to use. The website theory.org.uk (by academic David Gauntlett) features Lego versions of social theorists. The U.S. Legowars, the generic term for a number of wargames (most notably Brikwars) involving Lego bricks enjoys a cult-like popularity. Most CJ6 models were sold to Sweden and South America. The site features over 2,000 photographs of Biblical scenes.

Introduced in 1955 as a 1956 model, the CJ-6 was never very popular in the United States. For example, at The Brick Testament "The Reverend" Brendan Powell Smith has built the Bible in Lego pieces. The CJ-6 was simply a 20 inch longer-wheelbase (101 in) CJ-5. Lego toys have been used in a number of unexpected ways. Several special CJ-5 models were produced:. A group which calls itself "AFOLs" (for "Adult Fans of Lego") is an important demographic for The Lego Group, which has recently begun reintroducing popular sets from previous years to appeal to this group. In the early 1980s, the CJ used a "Hurricane"-branded version of the GM Iron Duke I4. Photos of many fan creations like these can be seen at Brickshelf and at MOCpages.

The windshield frame also changed meaning that tops from 1955-1975 will not fit a 1976-1983 CJ-5 and vice-versa. One such masterpiece solves a Rubik's Cube through the use of Lego motors and cameras, a task that many humans cannot accomplish. In 1976 the tub and frame were modified slightly from earlier versions. Large mosaics, fully functional padlocks and pendulum clocks, a harpsichord and an inkjet printer (built by Google co-founder Larry Page while at the University of Michigan) have been constructed from Lego pieces. Other minor drive train changes took place then as well. Some sculptures use hundreds of thousands of pieces and weigh tens of kilograms. To accommodate the new I6 the fenders and hood were stretched 3" starting in 1972. A cult following of people who have used Lego pieces to make sculptures, very large mosaics and complex machines has developed.

(GM's Buick division repurchased the engine tooling in the early 1970s which served as the powerplant in several GM vehicles.) AMC began using their inline 6 engines, the 232 and 258 and offering one V8 engine - 304CID. The Lego Group itself has developed a form of business consultancy fostering creative thinking, called Lego Serious Play, in which team members build metaphors of their organisational experiences using Lego bricks, and work through imaginary scenarios using the visual device of the Lego constructions and by exploring possibilities in a 'serious' form of 'play'. The company was sold to American Motors in 1970, and the GM engine was retired after the 1971 model year. Lego bricks today are used for purposes beyond children's play. In 1965, Kaiser bought the casting rights to the Buick 225CID V6 Dauntless and the CJ-5 and CJ-6 got a new engine with 155 hp supplementing the Willys Hurricane engine. As of year end 2005, there are 25 LEGO Brand Retail stores in the USA, a number of stores in Europe, and a franchised LEGO store in Abu Dhabi. 603,303 CJ-5's were produced between 1954 and 1983. There are also several Lego retail stores, including at Downtown Disney in both the Disneyland and Walt Disney World Resorts and in the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota.

The CJ-5 repeated this pattern, continuing in production for 3 decades while three newer models appeared. Lego Group operates several Legoland amusement parks in Europe and California. It was intended to replace the CJ-3B, but that model continued in production. It also allows advanced participants an opportunity to modify the Lego Mindstorms platform, adding their own sensors and actuators, as well as other mechanical, electrical, electronic and software related systems. The CJ-5 was influenced by new corporate owner, Kaiser, and the Korean War M38A1 Jeep. Lego Mindstorms provides primary and secondary school aged participants of RoboCup Junior an easy and intuitive introduction to robotics. Mitsubishi ceased production of vehicles derived from the CJ-3B design in 1998, but Mahindra continues to produce Jeeps today. The international RoboCup Junior autonomous soccer competition involves extensive use of Lego Mindstorms equipment which is often pushed to its limits.

The CJ-3B was produced until 1968 with a total of 155,494 produced, although the design was licensed to a number of international manufacturers, including Mitsubishi of Japan and Mahindra of India. A related competition is FIRST Lego League for elementary and middle schools. It introduced a higher grille and hood to clear the new Willys Hurricane engine. The earliest, and likely the largest, is Botball, a national US middle- and high-school competition stemming from the MIT 6270 lego robotics tournament. The CJ-3B replaced the CJ-3A in 1953, the same year Willys was sold to Kaiser. There are several competitions which use Lego bricks and the RCX, among other microcontrollers, for robotics. It was a test model, but was sold to a factory employee. These programmable bricks are sold under the name Lego Mindstorms.

It used the new Willys Hurricane engine and had an 81-inch wheelbase. There are even special bricks, like the LEGO RCX that can be programmed with a PC to perform very complicated and useful tasks. Only one CJ-4 was produced. There are also motors, gears, lights, sensors, and cameras available to be used with Lego components. 131,843 CJ-3A's were produced before the series ended in 1953. LEGO recently announced the procurement of worldwide toy rights with the cable TV channel Nickelodeon for building sets with themes from two hit TV shows such as SpongeBob SquarePants and Avatar: The Last Airbender which will be available Summer of 2006. A bare-bones Farm Jeep version was available starting in 1951 with a power takeoff. Sets containing new pieces are released frequently.

It featured a one-piece windshield with a vent in the frame. Since it began producing plastic bricks, the Lego Group has released thousands of play sets themed around space, robots, pirates, vikings, medieval castles, dinosaurs, cities, suburbia, holiday locations, wild west, the Arctic, boats, racing cars, trains, Spider-Man, Star Wars, Harry Potter, Bionicle, and more. The CJ-3A was introduced in 1949, and replaced the CJ-2A by the next year. Annual production of Lego bricks averages approximately 20 billion (2 × 1010) per year, or about 600 pieces per second. In the end, 214,202 CJ-2A's were produced. Brick decorations and packaging is done at plants in Denmark, Switzerland, United States, South Korea and the Czech Republic. An early column shifter and full floating rear axle gave way to the more familiar floor shift T90 and semi-floating rear axle. Moulding is done at one of two plants in Denmark and Switzerland.

Like the CJ-2 and the Military version, the CJ-2A featured a split windshield. Manufacturing of Lego bricks occurs at a number of locations around the world. Lessons learned with the CJ-2 led to the development of the first full-production CJ, the 1945-1949 CJ-2A. It is thanks to this care in manufacturing that the Lego Group has maintained such a high degree of quality over the decades; this is one of the main reasons that pieces manufactured over 40 years ago still interlock neatly with pieces manufactured today. It had larger headlights, a side-mounted spare tire and opening tailgate, and an external fuel cap. According to the Lego Group, its moulding processes are so accurate that only 18 bricks out of every million fail to meet its stringent standards. It was very closely-related to the Military Willys MB, using the same Willys Go Devil engine, but there were some changes. Worn-out moulds are encased in the foundations of buildings to prevent their falling into competitors' hands.

Willys produced less than three dozen CJ-2 Agrijeeps in 1944 and 1945. Precision-machined, small-capacity moulds are used, and human inspectors meticulously check the output of the moulds, to eliminate significant variations in colour or thickness. Although it bore the CJ name, the CJ-2 was not really available at retail. Since 1963, Lego pieces are manufactured from a strong, resilient plastic known as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, or ABS. . In order for pieces to have just the right "clutch power", Lego elements are manufactured within a tolerance of 2 micrometres (0.00008 in). The CJ-7 is very popular in the sport of mud racing, both with the stock body or a fiberglass replica. They cannot be too easy to pull apart, or the result will be Lego creations that are unstable; they cannot be too difficult to pull apart, since the disassembly of one creation in order to build another is part of the Lego appeal.

The last CJs, the CJ-7 and CJ-8, were replaced in 1987 by the reworked Jeep Wrangler. When snapped together, pieces must have just the right amount of "clutch power"; they must stay together until pulled apart. In fact, a variant of the CJ is still in production today under license. Bricks, beams, axles, minifigures, and all other elements in the Lego system are manufactured to an exacting degree of tolerance. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. Retail Lego sets for young children are compatible with those made for teenagers. The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. Lego pieces from 1963 still interlock with pieces made in 2006, despite radical changes in shape and design over the years.

1977-1983 Golden Eagle. Since their introduction in 1949, Lego pieces of all varieties have been, first and foremost, part of a system. 1972 Super Jeep. Nevertheless, such corporate admonitions are frequently ignored as corporate intervention in the use of language, and the word lego is commonly used not only as a noun to refer to Lego bricks but also as a generic term referring to any kind of interlocking toy brick. 1972-1983 Renegade Models - featuring a 304CID V8, alloy wheels and a limited-slip differential. The company asserts that to protect its brand name, the word Lego must always be used as an adjective, as in "LEGO set," "LEGO products," "LEGO universe," and so forth. 1971 Renegade II. "Lego" is officially written in all uppercase letters.

1970 Renegade I. Thank you! Susan Williams, Consumer Services. 1969 462. Please always refer to our bricks as 'LEGO Bricks or Toys' and not 'LEGOS.' By doing so, you will be helping to protect and preserve a brand of which we are very proud and that stands for quality the world over. 1969 Camper. We would sincerely like your help in keeping it special. 1961-1963 Tuxedo Park Mark III. The word LEGO® is a brand name and is very special to all of us in the LEGO Group Companies.

Lego catalogues in the 1970s and 1980s contained a note that read:. The Lego Group's name has become so synonymous with its flagship toy that many use the words "Lego" (collectively) or "Legos" to refer to the bricks themselves, and even to any plastic bricks resembling Lego bricks, although the Lego Group discourages this as dilution of their trademark. Over the years many more Lego sets, series, and pieces were created, with many innovative improvements and additions, culminating in the colourful versatile building toys that we know today. It wasn't until 1958 that the modern-day brick design was developed, and it took another five years to find exactly the right material for it.

Godtfred saw the immense potential in Lego bricks to become a system for creative play, but the bricks still had some problems from a technical standpoint: their "locking" ability was limited, and they were not very versatile. It was his conversation with an overseas buyer that struck the idea of a toy system. By 1954, Christiansen's son, Godtfred, had become the junior managing director of the Lego Group. Many of the Lego Group's shipments were returned, following poor sales; it was thought that plastic toys could never replace wooden ones.

The use of plastic for toy manufacture was not highly regarded by retailers and consumers of the time. The blocks snapped together, but not so tightly that they couldn't be pulled apart. They had several round "studs" on top, and a hollow rectangular bottom. A few years later, in 1949, Lego began producing similar bricks, calling them "Automatic Binding Bricks." These bricks, manufactured from cellulose acetate, were developed in the spirit of traditional wooden blocks that could be stacked upon one another; however, these plastic bricks could be "locked" together.

Hilary Harry Fisher Page, a child psychologist. These "Kiddicraft Self-Locking Building Bricks" were designed and patented in the UK by Mr. In 1947, Ole Kirk and his son Godtfred obtained samples of interlocking plastic bricks produced by the company Kiddicraft. It should be noted, however, that the original, Greek verb "legein" actually has the meaning "put together".

The Lego Group claims that "Lego" means "I put together" or "I assemble" in Latin, though this is a rather liberal translation; the more accepted and widely used application of the word is "I read". The company name Lego was coined by Christiansen from the Danish phrase leg godt, meaning "play well". Ole Kirk started creating wooden toys in 1932, but it wasn't until 1949 that the famous plastic Lego brick was created. The Lego Group had humble beginnings in the workshop of Ole Kirk Christiansen, a poor carpenter from Billund, Denmark.

. The sets are produced by the Lego Group, a privately-held company based in Denmark. High production quality and careful attention to detail ensures that Lego pieces can fit together in myriad ways, which is one of the main reasons for the toy's success. Cars, planes, trains, buildings, castles, sculptures, ships, spaceships, and even working robots are just a few of the many things that can be made with Lego bricks.

Lego is a line of toys featuring colourful plastic bricks, gears, minifigures (also called minifigs or mini-figs), and other pieces which can be assembled to create models of almost anything imaginable. The number 102,981,504 (four more than that figure) is the number of six-piece towers (of a height of six). The figure of 102,981,500 is often given for six pieces, but it is incorrect. Six eight-stud Lego bricks of the same colour can be put together in 915,103,765 ways, and just three bricks of the same colour offer 1,560 combinations.

"Legot" (or "leegot"), plural form of "lego" (or "leego") is also used as a Finnish slang term for human teeth, because of the rectangular shape of the teeth.

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