Jeep CJ

The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. In fact, a variant of the CJ is still in production today under license. The last CJs, the CJ-7 and CJ-8, were replaced in 1987 by the reworked Jeep Wrangler. The CJ-7 is very popular in the sport of mud racing, both with the stock body or a fiberglass replica.

CJ-2

Although it bore the CJ name, the CJ-2 was not really available at retail. Willys produced less than three dozen CJ-2 Agrijeeps in 1944 and 1945. It was very closely-related to the Military Willys MB, using the same Willys Go Devil engine, but there were some changes. It had larger headlights, a side-mounted spare tire and opening tailgate, and an external fuel cap.

CJ-2A

Lessons learned with the CJ-2 led to the development of the first full-production CJ, the 1945-1949 CJ-2A. Like the CJ-2 and the Military version, the CJ-2A featured a split windshield. An early column shifter and full floating rear axle gave way to the more familiar floor shift T90 and semi-floating rear axle. In the end, 214,202 CJ-2A's were produced.

CJ-3A

The CJ-3A was introduced in 1949, and replaced the CJ-2A by the next year. It featured a one-piece windshield with a vent in the frame. A bare-bones Farm Jeep version was available starting in 1951 with a power takeoff. 131,843 CJ-3A's were produced before the series ended in 1953.

CJ-4

Only one CJ-4 was produced. It used the new Willys Hurricane engine and had an 81-inch wheelbase. It was a test model, but was sold to a factory employee.

CJ-3B

The CJ-3B replaced the CJ-3A in 1953, the same year Willys was sold to Kaiser. It introduced a higher grille and hood to clear the new Willys Hurricane engine. The CJ-3B was produced until 1968 with a total of 155,494 produced, although the design was licensed to a number of international manufacturers, including Mitsubishi of Japan and Mahindra of India. Mitsubishi ceased production of vehicles derived from the CJ-3B design in 1998, but Mahindra continues to produce Jeeps today.

CJ-5

The CJ-5 was influenced by new corporate owner, Kaiser, and the Korean War M38A1 Jeep. It was intended to replace the CJ-3B, but that model continued in production. The CJ-5 repeated this pattern, continuing in production for 3 decades while three newer models appeared. 603,303 CJ-5's were produced between 1954 and 1983.

In 1965, Kaiser bought the casting rights to the Buick 225CID V6 Dauntless and the CJ-5 and CJ-6 got a new engine with 155 hp supplementing the Willys Hurricane engine.

The company was sold to American Motors in 1970, and the GM engine was retired after the 1971 model year. (GM's Buick division repurchased the engine tooling in the early 1970s which served as the powerplant in several GM vehicles.) AMC began using their inline 6 engines, the 232 and 258 and offering one V8 engine - 304CID.

To accommodate the new I6 the fenders and hood were stretched 3" starting in 1972. Other minor drive train changes took place then as well.

In 1976 the tub and frame were modified slightly from earlier versions. The windshield frame also changed meaning that tops from 1955-1975 will not fit a 1976-1983 CJ-5 and vice-versa.

In the early 1980s, the CJ used a "Hurricane"-branded version of the GM Iron Duke I4.

Several special CJ-5 models were produced:

  • 1961-1963 Tuxedo Park Mark III
  • 1969 Camper
  • 1969 462
  • 1970 Renegade I
  • 1971 Renegade II
  • 1972-1983 Renegade Models - featuring a 304CID V8, alloy wheels and a limited-slip differential
  • 1972 Super Jeep
  • 1977-1983 Golden Eagle

CJ-6

The CJ-6 was simply a 20 inch longer-wheelbase (101 in) CJ-5. Introduced in 1955 as a 1956 model, the CJ-6 was never very popular in the United States. Most CJ6 models were sold to Sweden and South America. The U.S. Forest Service put a number CJ-6 Jeeps in to use. Former President Ronald Reagan owned a CJ-6 and used it on his Califorina Ranch. American sales ended in 1975. Just 50,172 had been made when the series went out of production completely in 1981. Just as in the CJ-5, the V6 and V8 engine choices appeared in 1965 and 1972.

CJ-5A and CJ-6A

From 1964-1968 Kaiser elevated the Tuxedo Park from just a trim package to a separate model for the CJ-5A and CJ-6A. A Tuxedo Park Mark IV is signified by a different prefix from a normal CJ-5 with a VIN prefix of 8322, while a normal CJ-5 VIN prefix is 8305 from 1964-1971.

CJ-7

A 1980 CJ-7 appeared in the TV series The Dukes of Hazzard.

The CJ-7 featured a longer 93.4 in wheelbase than the CJ-5. It was introduced in 1976 and 379,299 were built in 11 years of production. The CJ-7 featured a new automatic all wheel drive system called Quadra-Trac, not necessarily known for its strength, as well as a part-time two speed transfer case; an automatic transmission was also an option. Other comfort features were an optional molded hardtop, and steel doors.

CJ-8

The CJ-8 Scrambler was a pickup truck version of the CJ-7, introduced in 1981. It featured a 103 in wheelbase and a pickup bed. Only 27,792 were built in the 6 years of production.

CJ-10

The CJ-10 was a CJ-based pickup truck. Produced from 1981 through 1985, it was sold mainly as an export vehicle, though some were used by the United States Air Force for use as an aircraft pulling vehicle. They featured square headlights like the Jeep Wrangler and an unusual 9-slot grille.

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Image link. This method is said to be used by some ranchers in the Western part of the United States. They featured square headlights like the Jeep Wrangler and an unusual 9-slot grille. The clothes may then be rinsed and dried. Produced from 1981 through 1985, it was sold mainly as an export vehicle, though some were used by the United States Air Force for use as an aircraft pulling vehicle. If clothes are put in a water-tight container, with soap or detergent, and the container is placed in the trunk of a car or the bed of a pick-up truck, a few hours of stop-and-start driving or a stretch of bumpy road will agitate nicely. The CJ-10 was a CJ-based pickup truck. Alternatively, one can use a car as agitator.

Only 27,792 were built in the 6 years of production. Those without home machines or access to laundry rooms must either wash their clothes by hand or visit a commercial laundromat. It featured a 103 in wheelbase and a pickup bed. Usually the machines are set to run only when coins in appropriate amounts are inserted in a coin-slot. The CJ-8 Scrambler was a pickup truck version of the CJ-7, introduced in 1981. Apartment buildings and dormitories often have laundry rooms, where residents share washing machines and dryers. Other comfort features were an optional molded hardtop, and steel doors. Washing machines and dryers are now fixtures in homes around the world.

The CJ-7 featured a new automatic all wheel drive system called Quadra-Trac, not necessarily known for its strength, as well as a part-time two speed transfer case; an automatic transmission was also an option. Dryers were also spinning perforated tubs, but they blew heated air rather than water. It was introduced in 1976 and 379,299 were built in 11 years of production. Laundry drying was also mechanized, with dryers. The CJ-7 featured a longer 93.4 in wheelbase than the CJ-5. Later the mangle too was electrically powered, then replaced by a perforated double tub, which spun out the excess water in a spin cycle. A Tuxedo Park Mark IV is signified by a different prefix from a normal CJ-5 with a VIN prefix of 8322, while a normal CJ-5 VIN prefix is 8305 from 1964-1971. The earliest machines were simply a tub on legs, with a hand-operated mangle on top.

From 1964-1968 Kaiser elevated the Tuxedo Park from just a trim package to a separate model for the CJ-5A and CJ-6A. Typically, these machines used an electrically-powered agitator to replace tedious hand rubbing against a washboard. Just as in the CJ-5, the V6 and V8 engine choices appeared in 1965 and 1972. In the early 20th century inventors further mechanized the laundry process with various washing machines. Just 50,172 had been made when the series went out of production completely in 1981. The mangle was much quicker than hand twisting. American sales ended in 1975. A laundry-worker took sopping wet clothing and cranked it through the mangle, compressing the cloth and expelling the excess water.

Former President Ronald Reagan owned a CJ-6 and used it on his Califorina Ranch. First came the mangle (wringer US), in the 18th century -- two long rollers in a frame and a crank to revolve them. Forest Service put a number CJ-6 Jeeps in to use. The Industrial Revolution completely transformed laundry technology. The U.S. Then they were hung up on poles or clotheslines to dry, or sometimes just spread out on clean grass. Most CJ6 models were sold to Sweden and South America. Once clean, the clothes were wrung out -- twisted to remove most of the water.

Introduced in 1955 as a 1956 model, the CJ-6 was never very popular in the United States. The washboard, a corrugated slab of a hard material such as metal, replaced rocks as a surface for loosening soil. The CJ-6 was simply a 20 inch longer-wheelbase (101 in) CJ-5. Sometimes large metal cauldrons were filled with fresh water and heated over a fire; boiling water was even more effective than cold in removing dirt. Several special CJ-5 models were produced:. When no streams were available, laundry was done in water-tight vats or vessels. In the early 1980s, the CJ used a "Hurricane"-branded version of the GM Iron Duke I4. However, modern washing machines typically use powdered or liquid laundry detergent in place of soap.

The windshield frame also changed meaning that tops from 1955-1975 will not fit a 1976-1983 CJ-5 and vice-versa. Soap, a compound made from lye (from wood-ash) and fat, is an ancient and very common laundry aid. In 1976 the tub and frame were modified slightly from earlier versions. Various chemicals may be used increase the solvent power of water, such as the compounds in soaproot or yucca-root used by Native American tribes. Other minor drive train changes took place then as well. Agitation helps remove the dirt, so the laundry is often rubbed, twisted, or slapped against flat rocks. To accommodate the new I6 the fenders and hood were stretched 3" starting in 1972. Laundry may still be done this way in some less industrialized areas and rural regions.

(GM's Buick division repurchased the engine tooling in the early 1970s which served as the powerplant in several GM vehicles.) AMC began using their inline 6 engines, the 232 and 258 and offering one V8 engine - 304CID. Laundry was probably first done by immersing cloth in streams and letting the stream carry away the materials causing stains and smells. The company was sold to American Motors in 1970, and the GM engine was retired after the 1971 model year. . In 1965, Kaiser bought the casting rights to the Buick 225CID V6 Dauntless and the CJ-5 and CJ-6 got a new engine with 155 hp supplementing the Willys Hurricane engine.
. 603,303 CJ-5's were produced between 1954 and 1983. Laundry can be:.

The CJ-5 repeated this pattern, continuing in production for 3 decades while three newer models appeared. the room of a house in which this is done. It was intended to replace the CJ-3B, but that model continued in production. the act of washing clothing and textiles. The CJ-5 was influenced by new corporate owner, Kaiser, and the Korean War M38A1 Jeep. items of clothing and other textiles that require washing. Mitsubishi ceased production of vehicles derived from the CJ-3B design in 1998, but Mahindra continues to produce Jeeps today.

The CJ-3B was produced until 1968 with a total of 155,494 produced, although the design was licensed to a number of international manufacturers, including Mitsubishi of Japan and Mahindra of India. It introduced a higher grille and hood to clear the new Willys Hurricane engine. The CJ-3B replaced the CJ-3A in 1953, the same year Willys was sold to Kaiser. It was a test model, but was sold to a factory employee.

It used the new Willys Hurricane engine and had an 81-inch wheelbase. Only one CJ-4 was produced. 131,843 CJ-3A's were produced before the series ended in 1953. A bare-bones Farm Jeep version was available starting in 1951 with a power takeoff.

It featured a one-piece windshield with a vent in the frame. The CJ-3A was introduced in 1949, and replaced the CJ-2A by the next year. In the end, 214,202 CJ-2A's were produced. An early column shifter and full floating rear axle gave way to the more familiar floor shift T90 and semi-floating rear axle.

Like the CJ-2 and the Military version, the CJ-2A featured a split windshield. Lessons learned with the CJ-2 led to the development of the first full-production CJ, the 1945-1949 CJ-2A. It had larger headlights, a side-mounted spare tire and opening tailgate, and an external fuel cap. It was very closely-related to the Military Willys MB, using the same Willys Go Devil engine, but there were some changes.

Willys produced less than three dozen CJ-2 Agrijeeps in 1944 and 1945. Although it bore the CJ name, the CJ-2 was not really available at retail. . The CJ-7 is very popular in the sport of mud racing, both with the stock body or a fiberglass replica.

The last CJs, the CJ-7 and CJ-8, were replaced in 1987 by the reworked Jeep Wrangler. In fact, a variant of the CJ is still in production today under license. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II.

1977-1983 Golden Eagle. 1972 Super Jeep. 1972-1983 Renegade Models - featuring a 304CID V8, alloy wheels and a limited-slip differential. 1971 Renegade II.

1970 Renegade I. 1969 462. 1969 Camper. 1961-1963 Tuxedo Park Mark III.

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