Jeep CJ

The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. In fact, a variant of the CJ is still in production today under license. The last CJs, the CJ-7 and CJ-8, were replaced in 1987 by the reworked Jeep Wrangler. The CJ-7 is very popular in the sport of mud racing, both with the stock body or a fiberglass replica.

CJ-2

Although it bore the CJ name, the CJ-2 was not really available at retail. Willys produced less than three dozen CJ-2 Agrijeeps in 1944 and 1945. It was very closely-related to the Military Willys MB, using the same Willys Go Devil engine, but there were some changes. It had larger headlights, a side-mounted spare tire and opening tailgate, and an external fuel cap.

CJ-2A

Lessons learned with the CJ-2 led to the development of the first full-production CJ, the 1945-1949 CJ-2A. Like the CJ-2 and the Military version, the CJ-2A featured a split windshield. An early column shifter and full floating rear axle gave way to the more familiar floor shift T90 and semi-floating rear axle. In the end, 214,202 CJ-2A's were produced.

CJ-3A

The CJ-3A was introduced in 1949, and replaced the CJ-2A by the next year. It featured a one-piece windshield with a vent in the frame. A bare-bones Farm Jeep version was available starting in 1951 with a power takeoff. 131,843 CJ-3A's were produced before the series ended in 1953.

CJ-4

Only one CJ-4 was produced. It used the new Willys Hurricane engine and had an 81-inch wheelbase. It was a test model, but was sold to a factory employee.

CJ-3B

The CJ-3B replaced the CJ-3A in 1953, the same year Willys was sold to Kaiser. It introduced a higher grille and hood to clear the new Willys Hurricane engine. The CJ-3B was produced until 1968 with a total of 155,494 produced, although the design was licensed to a number of international manufacturers, including Mitsubishi of Japan and Mahindra of India. Mitsubishi ceased production of vehicles derived from the CJ-3B design in 1998, but Mahindra continues to produce Jeeps today.

CJ-5

The CJ-5 was influenced by new corporate owner, Kaiser, and the Korean War M38A1 Jeep. It was intended to replace the CJ-3B, but that model continued in production. The CJ-5 repeated this pattern, continuing in production for 3 decades while three newer models appeared. 603,303 CJ-5's were produced between 1954 and 1983.

In 1965, Kaiser bought the casting rights to the Buick 225CID V6 Dauntless and the CJ-5 and CJ-6 got a new engine with 155 hp supplementing the Willys Hurricane engine.

The company was sold to American Motors in 1970, and the GM engine was retired after the 1971 model year. (GM's Buick division repurchased the engine tooling in the early 1970s which served as the powerplant in several GM vehicles.) AMC began using their inline 6 engines, the 232 and 258 and offering one V8 engine - 304CID.

To accommodate the new I6 the fenders and hood were stretched 3" starting in 1972. Other minor drive train changes took place then as well.

In 1976 the tub and frame were modified slightly from earlier versions. The windshield frame also changed meaning that tops from 1955-1975 will not fit a 1976-1983 CJ-5 and vice-versa.

In the early 1980s, the CJ used a "Hurricane"-branded version of the GM Iron Duke I4.

Several special CJ-5 models were produced:

  • 1961-1963 Tuxedo Park Mark III
  • 1969 Camper
  • 1969 462
  • 1970 Renegade I
  • 1971 Renegade II
  • 1972-1983 Renegade Models - featuring a 304CID V8, alloy wheels and a limited-slip differential
  • 1972 Super Jeep
  • 1977-1983 Golden Eagle

CJ-6

The CJ-6 was simply a 20 inch longer-wheelbase (101 in) CJ-5. Introduced in 1955 as a 1956 model, the CJ-6 was never very popular in the United States. Most CJ6 models were sold to Sweden and South America. The U.S. Forest Service put a number CJ-6 Jeeps in to use. Former President Ronald Reagan owned a CJ-6 and used it on his Califorina Ranch. American sales ended in 1975. Just 50,172 had been made when the series went out of production completely in 1981. Just as in the CJ-5, the V6 and V8 engine choices appeared in 1965 and 1972.

CJ-5A and CJ-6A

From 1964-1968 Kaiser elevated the Tuxedo Park from just a trim package to a separate model for the CJ-5A and CJ-6A. A Tuxedo Park Mark IV is signified by a different prefix from a normal CJ-5 with a VIN prefix of 8322, while a normal CJ-5 VIN prefix is 8305 from 1964-1971.

CJ-7

A 1980 CJ-7 appeared in the TV series The Dukes of Hazzard.

The CJ-7 featured a longer 93.4 in wheelbase than the CJ-5. It was introduced in 1976 and 379,299 were built in 11 years of production. The CJ-7 featured a new automatic all wheel drive system called Quadra-Trac, not necessarily known for its strength, as well as a part-time two speed transfer case; an automatic transmission was also an option. Other comfort features were an optional molded hardtop, and steel doors.

CJ-8

The CJ-8 Scrambler was a pickup truck version of the CJ-7, introduced in 1981. It featured a 103 in wheelbase and a pickup bed. Only 27,792 were built in the 6 years of production.

CJ-10

The CJ-10 was a CJ-based pickup truck. Produced from 1981 through 1985, it was sold mainly as an export vehicle, though some were used by the United States Air Force for use as an aircraft pulling vehicle. They featured square headlights like the Jeep Wrangler and an unusual 9-slot grille.

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Image link. For a complete list of genera, see list of Coccinellidae genera. They featured square headlights like the Jeep Wrangler and an unusual 9-slot grille. Note that not all individuals show the number of spots suggested by their names:. Produced from 1981 through 1985, it was sold mainly as an export vehicle, though some were used by the United States Air Force for use as an aircraft pulling vehicle. Other companies using ladybirds as their corporate logo include: Ladybird Books (owned by Pearson PLC and the Ladybird range of children's clothing sold by Woolworth's in the UK. The CJ-10 was a CJ-based pickup truck. The ladybird is the symbol of the Dutch Foundation Against Senseless Violence, as you can see in the logo here.

Only 27,792 were built in the 6 years of production. In Russia a ladybird is called Божья-Коровка (God's cow) and a popular children's rhyme exists with a call to fly to the sky and bring back bread. It featured a 103 in wheelbase and a pickup bed. In central Europe, a ladybird crawling across a girl's hand is thought to mean she'll get married within the year. The CJ-8 Scrambler was a pickup truck version of the CJ-7, introduced in 1981. In Italy, it is said by some that if a Ladybird or Ladybird flies into your bedroom, it is considered good luck. Other comfort features were an optional molded hardtop, and steel doors. In parts of Northern Europe, tradition says you get a wish granted if a ladybird lands on you.

The CJ-7 featured a new automatic all wheel drive system called Quadra-Trac, not necessarily known for its strength, as well as a part-time two speed transfer case; an automatic transmission was also an option. There can, therefore, be little doubt that the esteem with which the lady-bird, or Our Lady's cow, is still regarded and is a relic of ancient beliefs. It was introduced in 1976 and 379,299 were built in 11 years of production. In this, as in other cases, the Virgin Mary has supplanted Freya, the fertility goddess of Norse mythology; so that Freyjuhaena and Frouehenge have been changed into Marienvoglein, which corresponds with Our Lady's Bird. The CJ-7 featured a longer 93.4 in wheelbase than the CJ-5. The name which the insect bears in the various languages of Europe is clearly mythic. A Tuxedo Park Mark IV is signified by a different prefix from a normal CJ-5 with a VIN prefix of 8322, while a normal CJ-5 VIN prefix is 8305 from 1964-1971. and ancient (recounted in an 1851 publication):.

From 1964-1968 Kaiser elevated the Tuxedo Park from just a trim package to a separate model for the CJ-5A and CJ-6A. The ladybird is immortalised in the children's nursery rhyme extant:. Just as in the CJ-5, the V6 and V8 engine choices appeared in 1965 and 1972. The insects had many regional names (now mostly disused) such as the lady-cow, May-bug, golden-knop, golden-bugs (Suffolk); and variations on Bishop-Barnaby (Barney, Burney) Barnabee, Burnabee, and the Bishop-that-burneth. Just 50,172 had been made when the series went out of production completely in 1981. Ladybirds are and have for very many years been favourite insects of children, who are reputed to regard them tenderly. American sales ended in 1975. In agriculture, ladybirds, like other beetles, can find protection in beetle banks.

Former President Ronald Reagan owned a CJ-6 and used it on his Califorina Ranch. Today, they are commercially available from a variety of suppliers. Forest Service put a number CJ-6 Jeeps in to use. In fact, their name is derived from "Beetle of Our Lady", recognising their role in saving crops from destruction. The U.S. Ladybirds are beneficial to organic gardeners because most species are insectivores, consuming aphids, fruit flies, thrips, and other tiny plant-sucking insects that damage crops. Most CJ6 models were sold to Sweden and South America. (Perry & Roitberg, 2005).

Introduced in 1955 as a 1956 model, the CJ-6 was never very popular in the United States. The ratio of infertile to fertile eggs increases as with scarcity of food at the time of egg laying. The CJ-6 was simply a 20 inch longer-wheelbase (101 in) CJ-5. These appear to provide a backup food source for the larvae when they hatch. Several special CJ-5 models were produced:. Ladybirds lay extra infertile eggs with the fertile eggs. In the early 1980s, the CJ used a "Hurricane"-branded version of the GM Iron Duke I4. The larvae then go into a pupal stage before becoming an adult ladybird.

The windshield frame also changed meaning that tops from 1955-1975 will not fit a 1976-1983 CJ-5 and vice-versa. Ladybirds lay eggs which hatch into a larval state. In 1976 the tub and frame were modified slightly from earlier versions. The ladybird beetle copulates for up to nine hours at a time, and males may have three 90-minute orgasms in one session. Other minor drive train changes took place then as well. This becomes quite obvious when one handles a ladybird roughly. To accommodate the new I6 the fenders and hood were stretched 3" starting in 1972. Adult ladybirds are able to reflex-bleed from their leg joints, releasing their oily yellow toxin with a strong repellent smell.

(GM's Buick division repurchased the engine tooling in the early 1970s which served as the powerplant in several GM vehicles.) AMC began using their inline 6 engines, the 232 and 258 and offering one V8 engine - 304CID. In fact, most ladybirds are indeed toxic to smaller predators, such as lizards and small birds; however, a human would have to eat several hundred ladybirds before feeling any effects. The company was sold to American Motors in 1970, and the GM engine was retired after the 1971 model year. This phenomenon is called aposematism. In 1965, Kaiser bought the casting rights to the Buick 225CID V6 Dauntless and the CJ-5 and CJ-6 got a new engine with 155 hp supplementing the Willys Hurricane engine. This defence works because most predators associate bright colours (especially orange and black or yellow and black) with poison and other unpleasant properties. 603,303 CJ-5's were produced between 1954 and 1983. Ladybirds are brightly coloured to ward away potential predators.

The CJ-5 repeated this pattern, continuing in production for 3 decades while three newer models appeared. . It was intended to replace the CJ-3B, but that model continued in production. Some people consider them to be a sign of good luck. The CJ-5 was influenced by new corporate owner, Kaiser, and the Korean War M38A1 Jeep. Because they are useful, colourful, and harmless to humans, ladybirds are typically considered cute even by people who hate most insects. Mitsubishi ceased production of vehicles derived from the CJ-3B design in 1998, but Mahindra continues to produce Jeeps today. As the family name suggests, they are usually quite round in shape.

The CJ-3B was produced until 1968 with a total of 155,494 produced, although the design was licensed to a number of international manufacturers, including Mitsubishi of Japan and Mahindra of India. Ladybirds are small insects, ranging from 1 mm to 10 mm (0.04 to 0.4 inches), and are usually yellow, orange, or red with small black spots on their carapace, with black legs, head and feelers. It introduced a higher grille and hood to clear the new Willys Hurricane engine. Ladybirds are found worldwide, with over 4,500 species described, more than 450 native to North America alone. The CJ-3B replaced the CJ-3A in 1953, the same year Willys was sold to Kaiser. The name is thought to allude to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Catholic faith. It was a test model, but was sold to a factory employee. Ladybirds (Commonwealth English), also known as ladybugs (North American English) or lady beetles (most scientists prefer this name), are a family (Coccinellidae – "little sphere") of beetles.

It used the new Willys Hurricane engine and had an 81-inch wheelbase. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. Only one CJ-4 was produced. "Ladybird mothers mitigate offspring starvation risk by laying trophic eggs". 131,843 CJ-3A's were produced before the series ended in 1953. In press. A bare-bones Farm Jeep version was available starting in 1951 with a power takeoff. Roitberg.

It featured a one-piece windshield with a vent in the frame. Perry, J.C., and B.D. The CJ-3A was introduced in 1949, and replaced the CJ-2A by the next year. Honek, Ecology of Coccinellidae (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1996). In the end, 214,202 CJ-2A's were produced. Hodek & A. An early column shifter and full floating rear axle gave way to the more familiar floor shift T90 and semi-floating rear axle. I.

Like the CJ-2 and the Military version, the CJ-2A featured a split windshield. Mealybug Ladybird, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri. Lessons learned with the CJ-2 led to the development of the first full-production CJ, the 1945-1949 CJ-2A. Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis. It had larger headlights, a side-mounted spare tire and opening tailgate, and an external fuel cap. Mexican bean beetle, Epilachna varivestis Mulsant. It was very closely-related to the Military Willys MB, using the same Willys Go Devil engine, but there were some changes. Twice-stabbed lady beetle, Chilocurus stigma.

Willys produced less than three dozen CJ-2 Agrijeeps in 1944 and 1945. Spotted lady beetle, Coleomegilla maculata. Although it bore the CJ name, the CJ-2 was not really available at retail. Thirteen-spotted lady beetle, Hippodamia tredecimpunctata. . Convergent lady beetle, Hippodamia convergens. The CJ-7 is very popular in the sport of mud racing, both with the stock body or a fiberglass replica. Two-spotted lady beetle, Adalia bipunctata.

The last CJs, the CJ-7 and CJ-8, were replaced in 1987 by the reworked Jeep Wrangler. Seven-spotted lady beetle, Coccinella septempunctata. In fact, a variant of the CJ is still in production today under license. The first CJ (the CJ-2) was introduced in 1944 by Willys, and the same basic vehicle stayed in production through 7 variants and 3 corporate parents until 1986. The Jeep CJ (or Civilian Jeep) was a commercial version of the famous Military Jeep from World War II.

1977-1983 Golden Eagle. 1972 Super Jeep. 1972-1983 Renegade Models - featuring a 304CID V8, alloy wheels and a limited-slip differential. 1971 Renegade II.

1970 Renegade I. 1969 462. 1969 Camper. 1961-1963 Tuxedo Park Mark III.

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