Jack Benny

Jack Benny (born Benjamin Kubelsky, February 14, 1894 – December 26, 1974) was a comedian, vaudeville performer, film actor, and one of the most prominent early stars of American radio and television. Often cited for his impeccable comic timing, Benny was an influential comedy innovator, a major architect of the modern forms of standup comedy and situation comedy.

Jack Benny

Early career

Benny grew up in Chicago and Waukegan, Illinois. He began studying the violin, an instrument that would become his trademark, when he was six. By fourteen he was playing in local dance bands, as well as in his high school orchestra, until he failed school and left for a career in vaudeville. In 1911, he was playing in the same theater as the young Marx Brothers, whose mother was so enchanted with Benny that she invited him to be their permanent accompanist. The plan was foiled by Benny's parents, who refused to let their son, then seventeen, go on the road, but it was the beginning of his long friendship with Zeppo Marx.

The following year, Benny formed a vaudeville musical duo with pianist Cora Salisbury. This provoked famous violinist Jan Kubelik, who thought that the young vaudeville entertainer with a similar name (Kubelsky) would damage his reputation. Finally, Bejamin Kubelsky agreed to change his name to Ben K. Benny (sometimes spelled Bennie). He also found a new pianist, Lyman Wood. He left show business briefly in 1917 to join the Navy during World War I, but even then, he often entertained the troops. One evening, he was booed by the troops, so he began telling Navy jokes on stage. He was a big hit, earning himself a reputation as a comedian as well as a musician.

After the war, Benny returned to vaudeville and changed his first name to Jack. He had several romantic encounters, including with a dancer, Mary Kelly, whose devoutly Catholic family forced her to turn down Benny's proposal because he was Jewish. In 1922, he accompanied Zeppo Marx to a Passover seder in Vancouver, where he met Sadie Marks, whom he eventually married in 1927. As Mary Livingstone, she was his collaborator throughout much of his career.

Radio

Benny had been only a minor vaudeville star, but he became an enormously successful national figure with The Jack Benny Program, a weekly radio show which ran from 1932 to 1955, and was consistantly among the most highly-rated programs during most of that run. Benny's program centered around a fictional version of himself: a successful comedian who was cheap, petty, and vain. The program introduced a stable of colorful characters who made Benny their foil. Staples on the show were Eddie Anderson, who played Benny's African-American valet, "Rochester Van Jones" (and who became nearly as popular as Benny himself); rotund announcer Don Wilson, the butt of endless "fat" jokes; Mary Livingstone, Benny's real-life wife, who played his wisecracking lady friend on the show; bandleader Phil Harris, whose tales of drinking and womanizing were risqe for the time (although in reality, the band was led by Malohn Merrick); and tenor singer Dennis Day, who portrayed a nave, sheltered young man. Other cast members included Frank Nelson and the remarkably versatile Mel Blanc, who provided several characters' voices, as well as the famous sound of Benny's aging auto, an early century Maxwell that always seemed on the verge of collapse.

The show featured sketch-like "situations" from the fictional Benny's life (Jack hosts a party, Jack and Mary go Christmas shopping, and so on), with Harris and Day providing musical interludes. The program, which had been broadcast from New York, moved to Los Angeles in 1936, and its new show-biz locale allowed for frequent guest appearances by Benny's celebrity colleagues, including Frank Sinatra, James Stewart, Barbara Stanwyck, Bing Crosby and many others. Orson Welles guest hosted several episodes when Benny was unavailable. Ronald Colman and his wife Benita appeared frequently in the 1940s as Benny's neighbors.

In the early days of radio, the airtime was owned by the sponsor, and Benny made a point of incorporating the commercials into the body of the show; the sponsors were often the butt of jokes. His sponsors included Canada Dry Ginger Ale from 1932 to 1933, Chevrolet from 1933 to 1934, General Tire in 1934, Jell-O from 1934 to 1942 (Benny is largely credited for making "Jello" a household name), Grape Nuts from 1942 to 1944, and Lucky Strike from 1944 to 1955.

Benny was notable for employing a small group of writers, most of whom stayed with him for many years. This was very much in contrast to other successful radio or television comedians, such as Bob Hope, who would change writers frequently. Historical accounts (like those by longtime Benny writer Milt Josephson) indicate that Benny's role that was essentially that of both head writer and director of his radio programs, though he was not credited in either capacity.

In 1937 Benny began his famous radio "feud" with rival comedian Fred Allen, who complained about the way Benny played violin. In fact, the two were close friends. A typical Benny and Allen episode, in this case on Fred's radio show, was a satire of "Queen for a Day" re-titled "King for a Day". In it, Allen plays host and eventually showers Benny with a ton of worthless prizes in honor of him being named King for a Day. The grand prize is a pants pressing from a local dry cleaning company. The hilarity builds as Jack's shirt is being taken off. Then, his pants are pulled off to the shock of the audience. The laughter was so loud and chaotic at the chain of events that Fred's announcer, Kenny Delmar, was cut off the air amidst the wild laughter while trying to read the credits—Fred's show had ran over-time yet again!

Benny was famous for his carefully timed pauses; one of the most famous laughs in radio came when he was accosted by a robber who demanded, "Your money or your life!" After an extended pause, the gunman reiterated the threat. Benny, ever the cheapskate, snapped, "I'm thinking it over!"

During his early radio show, Benny adopted a medley of "Yankee Doodle Boy" and "Love in Bloom" as his theme song, opening every show. The song later became the theme of his television show as well.

Television

The Jack Benny Show ran on television from October 28, 1950 to 1965. The show appeared infrequently during its first two years on TV, then ran every fourth week for the next two years. From 1955 to 1960 it appeared every other week, and from 1960 to 1965 it was seen weekly. When Benny moved to television, audiences learned that his verbal talent was matched by his assortment of facial expressions and physical gestures. The program was similar to the radio show—many radio scripts were recycled for TV—with the addition of visual gags.

CBS dropped his show in 1964, and he went to NBC in the Fall, only to be out-rated by Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. on CBS. NBC dropped his show at the end of the season, though he continued to make periodic TV specials into the 1970s.

Benny also acted in movies, including the Academy Award-winning The Hollywood Revue of 1929 and notably, Charley's Aunt (1941) and To Be or Not to Be (1942). The failure of one Benny vehicle, The Horn Blows at Midnight, became a running gag on his program.

Toward the end of his career, Benny returned to film, appearing in It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World in (1963). He also continued to perform live as a stand-up comedian. He was cast in the film version of Neil Simon's The Sunshine Boys, but was forced to give up the role (ultimately played by Benny's close friend George Burns), when he was diagnosed with terminal pancreatic cancer. He died in 1974. He was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City, California.


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He was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City, California. Buscemi also wrote, directed, and starred in the film Trees Lounge in 1996. He died in 1974. He had previously been involved in the series, as he directed a popular episode of the HBO series several years ago. He was cast in the film version of Neil Simon's The Sunshine Boys, but was forced to give up the role (ultimately played by Benny's close friend George Burns), when he was diagnosed with terminal pancreatic cancer. In 2004, Buscemi joined the cast of The Sopranos as Tony Soprano's cousin and childhood friend, Tony Blundetto. He also continued to perform live as a stand-up comedian. He avoided the cameras and did all the work anonymously.

Toward the end of his career, Benny returned to film, appearing in It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World in (1963). The day after 9/11 he went to his old fire station to volunteer, working twelve hour shifts at ground zero for a week searching for survivors. The failure of one Benny vehicle, The Horn Blows at Midnight, became a running gag on his program. Buscemi was a New York City firefighter from 1980 to 1984. Benny also acted in movies, including the Academy Award-winning The Hollywood Revue of 1929 and notably, Charley's Aunt (1941) and To Be or Not to Be (1942). He also occasionally appears in films by the Coen Brothers. NBC dropped his show at the end of the season, though he continued to make periodic TV specials into the 1970s. Quentin Tarantino uses Buscemi (sometimes uncredited) in nearly all his movies.

CBS dropped his show in 1964, and he went to NBC in the Fall, only to be out-rated by Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. on CBS. The characters that Steve Buscemi chooses to play are generally neurotic and paranoid. The program was similar to the radio show—many radio scripts were recycled for TV—with the addition of visual gags. Although usually a supporting actor, he has had critical success as a lead actor, particularly his role as Seymour in Ghost World. When Benny moved to television, audiences learned that his verbal talent was matched by his assortment of facial expressions and physical gestures. Pink in Reservoir Dogs, Rockhound in Armageddon, Donny in The Big Lebowski, and Carl Showalter in Fargo (movie). From 1955 to 1960 it appeared every other week, and from 1960 to 1965 it was seen weekly. Buscemi's memorable roles include Mr.

The show appeared infrequently during its first two years on TV, then ran every fourth week for the next two years. He is an associate member of the experimental theater company The Wooster Group. The Jack Benny Show ran on television from October 28, 1950 to 1965. Steve Buscemi (born December 13, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American film and stage character actor. His first lead role was opposite Richard Ganoug in Parting Glances (1986). The song later became the theme of his television show as well. Home on the Range (2004). During his early radio show, Benny adopted a medley of "Yankee Doodle Boy" and "Love in Bloom" as his theme song, opening every show. Big Fish (2003).

Benny, ever the cheapskate, snapped, "I'm thinking it over!". Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over (2003). Benny was famous for his carefully timed pauses; one of the most famous laughs in radio came when he was accosted by a robber who demanded, "Your money or your life!" After an extended pause, the gunman reiterated the threat. Spy Kids 2: Island Of Lost Dreams (2002). The laughter was so loud and chaotic at the chain of events that Fred's announcer, Kenny Delmar, was cut off the air amidst the wild laughter while trying to read the credits—Fred's show had ran over-time yet again!. The Laramie Project (2002). Then, his pants are pulled off to the shock of the audience. Deeds (2002).

The hilarity builds as Jack's shirt is being taken off. Mr. The grand prize is a pants pressing from a local dry cleaning company. Monsters, Inc. (2001). In it, Allen plays host and eventually showers Benny with a ton of worthless prizes in honor of him being named King for a Day. Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within (2001). A typical Benny and Allen episode, in this case on Fred's radio show, was a satire of "Queen for a Day" re-titled "King for a Day". Ghost World (2000).

In fact, the two were close friends. Big Daddy (1999). In 1937 Benny began his famous radio "feud" with rival comedian Fred Allen, who complained about the way Benny played violin. Armageddon (1998). Historical accounts (like those by longtime Benny writer Milt Josephson) indicate that Benny's role that was essentially that of both head writer and director of his radio programs, though he was not credited in either capacity. The Big Lebowski (1998). This was very much in contrast to other successful radio or television comedians, such as Bob Hope, who would change writers frequently. Con Air (1997).

Benny was notable for employing a small group of writers, most of whom stayed with him for many years. Trees Lounge (1996). His sponsors included Canada Dry Ginger Ale from 1932 to 1933, Chevrolet from 1933 to 1934, General Tire in 1934, Jell-O from 1934 to 1942 (Benny is largely credited for making "Jello" a household name), Grape Nuts from 1942 to 1944, and Lucky Strike from 1944 to 1955. Escape from L.A. (1996). In the early days of radio, the airtime was owned by the sponsor, and Benny made a point of incorporating the commercials into the body of the show; the sponsors were often the butt of jokes. Fargo (1996). Ronald Colman and his wife Benita appeared frequently in the 1940s as Benny's neighbors. Desperado (1995).

Orson Welles guest hosted several episodes when Benny was unavailable. Things to Do in Denver When You're Dead (1995). The program, which had been broadcast from New York, moved to Los Angeles in 1936, and its new show-biz locale allowed for frequent guest appearances by Benny's celebrity colleagues, including Frank Sinatra, James Stewart, Barbara Stanwyck, Bing Crosby and many others. Living In Oblivion (1995). The show featured sketch-like "situations" from the fictional Benny's life (Jack hosts a party, Jack and Mary go Christmas shopping, and so on), with Harris and Day providing musical interludes. Billy Madison (1995). Other cast members included Frank Nelson and the remarkably versatile Mel Blanc, who provided several characters' voices, as well as the famous sound of Benny's aging auto, an early century Maxwell that always seemed on the verge of collapse. Pulp Fiction (1994).

Staples on the show were Eddie Anderson, who played Benny's African-American valet, "Rochester Van Jones" (and who became nearly as popular as Benny himself); rotund announcer Don Wilson, the butt of endless "fat" jokes; Mary Livingstone, Benny's real-life wife, who played his wisecracking lady friend on the show; bandleader Phil Harris, whose tales of drinking and womanizing were risqe for the time (although in reality, the band was led by Malohn Merrick); and tenor singer Dennis Day, who portrayed a nave, sheltered young man. Airheads (1994). The program introduced a stable of colorful characters who made Benny their foil. The Hudsucker Proxy (1994). Benny's program centered around a fictional version of himself: a successful comedian who was cheap, petty, and vain. Rising Sun (1993). Benny had been only a minor vaudeville star, but he became an enormously successful national figure with The Jack Benny Program, a weekly radio show which ran from 1932 to 1955, and was consistantly among the most highly-rated programs during most of that run. Reservoir Dogs (1992).

As Mary Livingstone, she was his collaborator throughout much of his career. Barton Fink (1991). In 1922, he accompanied Zeppo Marx to a Passover seder in Vancouver, where he met Sadie Marks, whom he eventually married in 1927. Miller's Crossing (1990). He had several romantic encounters, including with a dancer, Mary Kelly, whose devoutly Catholic family forced her to turn down Benny's proposal because he was Jewish. King of New York (1990). After the war, Benny returned to vaudeville and changed his first name to Jack. Tales from the Darkside: The Movie (1990).

He was a big hit, earning himself a reputation as a comedian as well as a musician. Mystery Train (1989). One evening, he was booed by the troops, so he began telling Navy jokes on stage. Slaves of New York (1989). He left show business briefly in 1917 to join the Navy during World War I, but even then, he often entertained the troops. Parting Glances (1986). He also found a new pianist, Lyman Wood.

Benny (sometimes spelled Bennie). Finally, Bejamin Kubelsky agreed to change his name to Ben K. This provoked famous violinist Jan Kubelik, who thought that the young vaudeville entertainer with a similar name (Kubelsky) would damage his reputation. The following year, Benny formed a vaudeville musical duo with pianist Cora Salisbury.

The plan was foiled by Benny's parents, who refused to let their son, then seventeen, go on the road, but it was the beginning of his long friendship with Zeppo Marx. In 1911, he was playing in the same theater as the young Marx Brothers, whose mother was so enchanted with Benny that she invited him to be their permanent accompanist. By fourteen he was playing in local dance bands, as well as in his high school orchestra, until he failed school and left for a career in vaudeville. He began studying the violin, an instrument that would become his trademark, when he was six.

Benny grew up in Chicago and Waukegan, Illinois. Jack Benny (born Benjamin Kubelsky, February 14, 1894 – December 26, 1974) was a comedian, vaudeville performer, film actor, and one of the most prominent early stars of American radio and television. Often cited for his impeccable comic timing, Benny was an influential comedy innovator, a major architect of the modern forms of standup comedy and situation comedy.

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