Jack Benny

Jack Benny (born Benjamin Kubelsky, February 14, 1894 – December 26, 1974) was a comedian, vaudeville performer, film actor, and one of the most prominent early stars of American radio and television. Often cited for his impeccable comic timing, Benny was an influential comedy innovator, a major architect of the modern forms of standup comedy and situation comedy.

Jack Benny

Early career

Benny grew up in Chicago and Waukegan, Illinois. He began studying the violin, an instrument that would become his trademark, when he was six. By fourteen he was playing in local dance bands, as well as in his high school orchestra, until he failed school and left for a career in vaudeville. In 1911, he was playing in the same theater as the young Marx Brothers, whose mother was so enchanted with Benny that she invited him to be their permanent accompanist. The plan was foiled by Benny's parents, who refused to let their son, then seventeen, go on the road, but it was the beginning of his long friendship with Zeppo Marx.

The following year, Benny formed a vaudeville musical duo with pianist Cora Salisbury. This provoked famous violinist Jan Kubelik, who thought that the young vaudeville entertainer with a similar name (Kubelsky) would damage his reputation. Finally, Bejamin Kubelsky agreed to change his name to Ben K. Benny (sometimes spelled Bennie). He also found a new pianist, Lyman Wood. He left show business briefly in 1917 to join the Navy during World War I, but even then, he often entertained the troops. One evening, he was booed by the troops, so he began telling Navy jokes on stage. He was a big hit, earning himself a reputation as a comedian as well as a musician.

After the war, Benny returned to vaudeville and changed his first name to Jack. He had several romantic encounters, including with a dancer, Mary Kelly, whose devoutly Catholic family forced her to turn down Benny's proposal because he was Jewish. In 1922, he accompanied Zeppo Marx to a Passover seder in Vancouver, where he met Sadie Marks, whom he eventually married in 1927. As Mary Livingstone, she was his collaborator throughout much of his career.

Radio

Benny had been only a minor vaudeville star, but he became an enormously successful national figure with The Jack Benny Program, a weekly radio show which ran from 1932 to 1955, and was consistantly among the most highly-rated programs during most of that run. Benny's program centered around a fictional version of himself: a successful comedian who was cheap, petty, and vain. The program introduced a stable of colorful characters who made Benny their foil. Staples on the show were Eddie Anderson, who played Benny's African-American valet, "Rochester Van Jones" (and who became nearly as popular as Benny himself); rotund announcer Don Wilson, the butt of endless "fat" jokes; Mary Livingstone, Benny's real-life wife, who played his wisecracking lady friend on the show; bandleader Phil Harris, whose tales of drinking and womanizing were risqe for the time (although in reality, the band was led by Malohn Merrick); and tenor singer Dennis Day, who portrayed a nave, sheltered young man. Other cast members included Frank Nelson and the remarkably versatile Mel Blanc, who provided several characters' voices, as well as the famous sound of Benny's aging auto, an early century Maxwell that always seemed on the verge of collapse.

The show featured sketch-like "situations" from the fictional Benny's life (Jack hosts a party, Jack and Mary go Christmas shopping, and so on), with Harris and Day providing musical interludes. The program, which had been broadcast from New York, moved to Los Angeles in 1936, and its new show-biz locale allowed for frequent guest appearances by Benny's celebrity colleagues, including Frank Sinatra, James Stewart, Barbara Stanwyck, Bing Crosby and many others. Orson Welles guest hosted several episodes when Benny was unavailable. Ronald Colman and his wife Benita appeared frequently in the 1940s as Benny's neighbors.

In the early days of radio, the airtime was owned by the sponsor, and Benny made a point of incorporating the commercials into the body of the show; the sponsors were often the butt of jokes. His sponsors included Canada Dry Ginger Ale from 1932 to 1933, Chevrolet from 1933 to 1934, General Tire in 1934, Jell-O from 1934 to 1942 (Benny is largely credited for making "Jello" a household name), Grape Nuts from 1942 to 1944, and Lucky Strike from 1944 to 1955.

Benny was notable for employing a small group of writers, most of whom stayed with him for many years. This was very much in contrast to other successful radio or television comedians, such as Bob Hope, who would change writers frequently. Historical accounts (like those by longtime Benny writer Milt Josephson) indicate that Benny's role that was essentially that of both head writer and director of his radio programs, though he was not credited in either capacity.

In 1937 Benny began his famous radio "feud" with rival comedian Fred Allen, who complained about the way Benny played violin. In fact, the two were close friends. A typical Benny and Allen episode, in this case on Fred's radio show, was a satire of "Queen for a Day" re-titled "King for a Day". In it, Allen plays host and eventually showers Benny with a ton of worthless prizes in honor of him being named King for a Day. The grand prize is a pants pressing from a local dry cleaning company. The hilarity builds as Jack's shirt is being taken off. Then, his pants are pulled off to the shock of the audience. The laughter was so loud and chaotic at the chain of events that Fred's announcer, Kenny Delmar, was cut off the air amidst the wild laughter while trying to read the credits—Fred's show had ran over-time yet again!

Benny was famous for his carefully timed pauses; one of the most famous laughs in radio came when he was accosted by a robber who demanded, "Your money or your life!" After an extended pause, the gunman reiterated the threat. Benny, ever the cheapskate, snapped, "I'm thinking it over!"

During his early radio show, Benny adopted a medley of "Yankee Doodle Boy" and "Love in Bloom" as his theme song, opening every show. The song later became the theme of his television show as well.

Television

The Jack Benny Show ran on television from October 28, 1950 to 1965. The show appeared infrequently during its first two years on TV, then ran every fourth week for the next two years. From 1955 to 1960 it appeared every other week, and from 1960 to 1965 it was seen weekly. When Benny moved to television, audiences learned that his verbal talent was matched by his assortment of facial expressions and physical gestures. The program was similar to the radio show—many radio scripts were recycled for TV—with the addition of visual gags.

CBS dropped his show in 1964, and he went to NBC in the Fall, only to be out-rated by Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. on CBS. NBC dropped his show at the end of the season, though he continued to make periodic TV specials into the 1970s.

Benny also acted in movies, including the Academy Award-winning The Hollywood Revue of 1929 and notably, Charley's Aunt (1941) and To Be or Not to Be (1942). The failure of one Benny vehicle, The Horn Blows at Midnight, became a running gag on his program.

Toward the end of his career, Benny returned to film, appearing in It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World in (1963). He also continued to perform live as a stand-up comedian. He was cast in the film version of Neil Simon's The Sunshine Boys, but was forced to give up the role (ultimately played by Benny's close friend George Burns), when he was diagnosed with terminal pancreatic cancer. He died in 1974. He was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City, California.


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He was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City, California. Berenger resides in South Carolina. He died in 1974. Berenger has six children: Patrick, Allison, Chelsea, Chloe, Shiloh and Scout. He was cast in the film version of Neil Simon's The Sunshine Boys, but was forced to give up the role (ultimately played by Benny's close friend George Burns), when he was diagnosed with terminal pancreatic cancer. Berenger has been married three times; to Barbara Wilson (1975-1985), Lisa Williams (1986-1997) and to Trish Alvaran since 1997. He also continued to perform live as a stand-up comedian. He also began a career as a producer in the 1990s.

Toward the end of his career, Benny returned to film, appearing in It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World in (1963). In more recent years, Berenger has continued to have an active acting career in film and television, although often at a supporting level. The failure of one Benny vehicle, The Horn Blows at Midnight, became a running gag on his program. Barnes in Platoon. Benny also acted in movies, including the Academy Award-winning The Hollywood Revue of 1929 and notably, Charley's Aunt (1941) and To Be or Not to Be (1942). In 1986, he received an Academy Award nomination for his portrayal of the sociopathic Sgt. NBC dropped his show at the end of the season, though he continued to make periodic TV specials into the 1970s. Berenger's film career peaked in the 1980s starting with The Big Chill (1983).

CBS dropped his show in 1964, and he went to NBC in the Fall, only to be out-rated by Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. on CBS. These early roles highlight Berenger's ability to play both villains and heroes. The program was similar to the radio show—many radio scripts were recycled for TV—with the addition of visual gags. In 1979, he had the role of Butch Cassidy in Butch and Sundance: The Early Days, a role he got in part because of his resemblance to Paul Newman, who played the character in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969). When Benny moved to television, audiences learned that his verbal talent was matched by his assortment of facial expressions and physical gestures. In 1977, Berenger had a small but noticeable role as a murderer in Looking for Mr. Goodbar. From 1955 to 1960 it appeared every other week, and from 1960 to 1965 it was seen weekly. Berenger's film debut was the lead in Rush It (1976), an independent film now mostly forgotten except for its cast members who went on to greater renown.

The show appeared infrequently during its first two years on TV, then ran every fourth week for the next two years. He worked in soap operas and had a starring role on One Life to Live. The Jack Benny Show ran on television from October 28, 1950 to 1965. He worked first in regional theatre and moved to New York City in the 1970s. The song later became the theme of his television show as well. Berenger was born Thomas Michael Moore in Chicago, Illinois. He studied journalism at the University of Missouri, but decided to seek an acting career following his graduation. During his early radio show, Benny adopted a medley of "Yankee Doodle Boy" and "Love in Bloom" as his theme song, opening every show. Tom Berenger (born May 31, 1949) is a American actor known mainly for his roles in action films.

Benny, ever the cheapskate, snapped, "I'm thinking it over!". Johnny, We Hardly Knew Ye (1977). Benny was famous for his carefully timed pauses; one of the most famous laughs in radio came when he was accosted by a robber who demanded, "Your money or your life!" After an extended pause, the gunman reiterated the threat. Flesh & Blood (1979). The laughter was so loud and chaotic at the chain of events that Fred's announcer, Kenny Delmar, was cut off the air amidst the wild laughter while trying to read the credits—Fred's show had ran over-time yet again!. If Tomorrow Comes (1986) (mini-series). Then, his pants are pulled off to the shock of the audience. The Avenging Angel (1995).

The hilarity builds as Jack's shirt is being taken off. Body Language (TV) (1995). The grand prize is a pants pressing from a local dry cleaning company. Rough Riders (1997). In it, Allen plays host and eventually showers Benny with a ton of worthless prizes in honor of him being named King for a Day. In the Company of Spies (1999). A typical Benny and Allen episode, in this case on Fred's radio show, was a satire of "Queen for a Day" re-titled "King for a Day". Johnson County War (2002) (mini-series).

In fact, the two were close friends. The Junction Boys (2002). In 1937 Benny began his famous radio "feud" with rival comedian Fred Allen, who complained about the way Benny played violin. Peacemakers (2003). Historical accounts (like those by longtime Benny writer Milt Josephson) indicate that Benny's role that was essentially that of both head writer and director of his radio programs, though he was not credited in either capacity. The Detective (2004) (mini-series). This was very much in contrast to other successful radio or television comedians, such as Bob Hope, who would change writers frequently. One Life to Live (1968).

Benny was notable for employing a small group of writers, most of whom stayed with him for many years. Rush It (1976). His sponsors included Canada Dry Ginger Ale from 1932 to 1933, Chevrolet from 1933 to 1934, General Tire in 1934, Jell-O from 1934 to 1942 (Benny is largely credited for making "Jello" a household name), Grape Nuts from 1942 to 1944, and Lucky Strike from 1944 to 1955. The Sentinel (1977). In the early days of radio, the airtime was owned by the sponsor, and Benny made a point of incorporating the commercials into the body of the show; the sponsors were often the butt of jokes. Goodbar (1977). Ronald Colman and his wife Benita appeared frequently in the 1940s as Benny's neighbors. Looking for Mr.

Orson Welles guest hosted several episodes when Benny was unavailable. In Praise of Older Women (1978). The program, which had been broadcast from New York, moved to Los Angeles in 1936, and its new show-biz locale allowed for frequent guest appearances by Benny's celebrity colleagues, including Frank Sinatra, James Stewart, Barbara Stanwyck, Bing Crosby and many others. Butch and Sundance: The Early Days (1979). The show featured sketch-like "situations" from the fictional Benny's life (Jack hosts a party, Jack and Mary go Christmas shopping, and so on), with Harris and Day providing musical interludes. The Dogs of War (1981). Other cast members included Frank Nelson and the remarkably versatile Mel Blanc, who provided several characters' voices, as well as the famous sound of Benny's aging auto, an early century Maxwell that always seemed on the verge of collapse. Oltre la porta (1982).

Staples on the show were Eddie Anderson, who played Benny's African-American valet, "Rochester Van Jones" (and who became nearly as popular as Benny himself); rotund announcer Don Wilson, the butt of endless "fat" jokes; Mary Livingstone, Benny's real-life wife, who played his wisecracking lady friend on the show; bandleader Phil Harris, whose tales of drinking and womanizing were risqe for the time (although in reality, the band was led by Malohn Merrick); and tenor singer Dennis Day, who portrayed a nave, sheltered young man. The Big Chill (1983). The program introduced a stable of colorful characters who made Benny their foil. Eddie and the Cruisers (1983). Benny's program centered around a fictional version of himself: a successful comedian who was cheap, petty, and vain. Fear City (1984). Benny had been only a minor vaudeville star, but he became an enormously successful national figure with The Jack Benny Program, a weekly radio show which ran from 1932 to 1955, and was consistantly among the most highly-rated programs during most of that run. Rustlers' Rhapsody (1985).

As Mary Livingstone, she was his collaborator throughout much of his career. Platoon (1986). In 1922, he accompanied Zeppo Marx to a Passover seder in Vancouver, where he met Sadie Marks, whom he eventually married in 1927. Someone to Watch Over Me (1987). He had several romantic encounters, including with a dancer, Mary Kelly, whose devoutly Catholic family forced her to turn down Benny's proposal because he was Jewish. Shoot to Kill (1988). After the war, Benny returned to vaudeville and changed his first name to Jack. Betrayed (1988 movie) (1988).

He was a big hit, earning himself a reputation as a comedian as well as a musician. Last Rites (1988). One evening, he was booed by the troops, so he began telling Navy jokes on stage. Major League (1989). He left show business briefly in 1917 to join the Navy during World War I, but even then, he often entertained the troops. Born on the Fourth of July (1989). He also found a new pianist, Lyman Wood. Love at Large (1990).

Benny (sometimes spelled Bennie). The Field (1990). Finally, Bejamin Kubelsky agreed to change his name to Ben K. Shattered (1991). This provoked famous violinist Jan Kubelik, who thought that the young vaudeville entertainer with a similar name (Kubelsky) would damage his reputation. At Play in the Fields of the Lord (1991). The following year, Benny formed a vaudeville musical duo with pianist Cora Salisbury. Sniper (1993).

The plan was foiled by Benny's parents, who refused to let their son, then seventeen, go on the road, but it was the beginning of his long friendship with Zeppo Marx. Sliver (1993). In 1911, he was playing in the same theater as the young Marx Brothers, whose mother was so enchanted with Benny that she invited him to be their permanent accompanist. Gettysburg (1993). By fourteen he was playing in local dance bands, as well as in his high school orchestra, until he failed school and left for a career in vaudeville. Major League II (1994). He began studying the violin, an instrument that would become his trademark, when he was six. Chasers (1994).

Benny grew up in Chicago and Waukegan, Illinois. Last of the Dogmen (1995). Jack Benny (born Benjamin Kubelsky, February 14, 1894 – December 26, 1974) was a comedian, vaudeville performer, film actor, and one of the most prominent early stars of American radio and television. Often cited for his impeccable comic timing, Benny was an influential comedy innovator, a major architect of the modern forms of standup comedy and situation comedy. The Substitute (1996). An Occasional Hell (1996). The Gingerbread Man (1998).

Shadow of Doubt (1998). A Murder of Crows (1999). One Man's Hero (1999). Diplomatic Siege (1999).

Fear of Flying (2000). Takedown (2000). Cutaway (2000). Training Day (2001).

The Hollywood Sign (2001). True Blue (2001). Watchtower (2001). D-Tox (2002).

Sniper 2 (2002).

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