Jack Benny

Jack Benny (born Benjamin Kubelsky, February 14, 1894 – December 26, 1974) was a comedian, vaudeville performer, film actor, and one of the most prominent early stars of American radio and television. Often cited for his impeccable comic timing, Benny was an influential comedy innovator, a major architect of the modern forms of standup comedy and situation comedy.

Jack Benny

Early career

Benny grew up in Chicago and Waukegan, Illinois. He began studying the violin, an instrument that would become his trademark, when he was six. By fourteen he was playing in local dance bands, as well as in his high school orchestra, until he failed school and left for a career in vaudeville. In 1911, he was playing in the same theater as the young Marx Brothers, whose mother was so enchanted with Benny that she invited him to be their permanent accompanist. The plan was foiled by Benny's parents, who refused to let their son, then seventeen, go on the road, but it was the beginning of his long friendship with Zeppo Marx.

The following year, Benny formed a vaudeville musical duo with pianist Cora Salisbury. This provoked famous violinist Jan Kubelik, who thought that the young vaudeville entertainer with a similar name (Kubelsky) would damage his reputation. Finally, Bejamin Kubelsky agreed to change his name to Ben K. Benny (sometimes spelled Bennie). He also found a new pianist, Lyman Wood. He left show business briefly in 1917 to join the Navy during World War I, but even then, he often entertained the troops. One evening, he was booed by the troops, so he began telling Navy jokes on stage. He was a big hit, earning himself a reputation as a comedian as well as a musician.

After the war, Benny returned to vaudeville and changed his first name to Jack. He had several romantic encounters, including with a dancer, Mary Kelly, whose devoutly Catholic family forced her to turn down Benny's proposal because he was Jewish. In 1922, he accompanied Zeppo Marx to a Passover seder in Vancouver, where he met Sadie Marks, whom he eventually married in 1927. As Mary Livingstone, she was his collaborator throughout much of his career.

Radio

Benny had been only a minor vaudeville star, but he became an enormously successful national figure with The Jack Benny Program, a weekly radio show which ran from 1932 to 1955, and was consistantly among the most highly-rated programs during most of that run. Benny's program centered around a fictional version of himself: a successful comedian who was cheap, petty, and vain. The program introduced a stable of colorful characters who made Benny their foil. Staples on the show were Eddie Anderson, who played Benny's African-American valet, "Rochester Van Jones" (and who became nearly as popular as Benny himself); rotund announcer Don Wilson, the butt of endless "fat" jokes; Mary Livingstone, Benny's real-life wife, who played his wisecracking lady friend on the show; bandleader Phil Harris, whose tales of drinking and womanizing were risqe for the time (although in reality, the band was led by Malohn Merrick); and tenor singer Dennis Day, who portrayed a nave, sheltered young man. Other cast members included Frank Nelson and the remarkably versatile Mel Blanc, who provided several characters' voices, as well as the famous sound of Benny's aging auto, an early century Maxwell that always seemed on the verge of collapse.

The show featured sketch-like "situations" from the fictional Benny's life (Jack hosts a party, Jack and Mary go Christmas shopping, and so on), with Harris and Day providing musical interludes. The program, which had been broadcast from New York, moved to Los Angeles in 1936, and its new show-biz locale allowed for frequent guest appearances by Benny's celebrity colleagues, including Frank Sinatra, James Stewart, Barbara Stanwyck, Bing Crosby and many others. Orson Welles guest hosted several episodes when Benny was unavailable. Ronald Colman and his wife Benita appeared frequently in the 1940s as Benny's neighbors.

In the early days of radio, the airtime was owned by the sponsor, and Benny made a point of incorporating the commercials into the body of the show; the sponsors were often the butt of jokes. His sponsors included Canada Dry Ginger Ale from 1932 to 1933, Chevrolet from 1933 to 1934, General Tire in 1934, Jell-O from 1934 to 1942 (Benny is largely credited for making "Jello" a household name), Grape Nuts from 1942 to 1944, and Lucky Strike from 1944 to 1955.

Benny was notable for employing a small group of writers, most of whom stayed with him for many years. This was very much in contrast to other successful radio or television comedians, such as Bob Hope, who would change writers frequently. Historical accounts (like those by longtime Benny writer Milt Josephson) indicate that Benny's role that was essentially that of both head writer and director of his radio programs, though he was not credited in either capacity.

In 1937 Benny began his famous radio "feud" with rival comedian Fred Allen, who complained about the way Benny played violin. In fact, the two were close friends. A typical Benny and Allen episode, in this case on Fred's radio show, was a satire of "Queen for a Day" re-titled "King for a Day". In it, Allen plays host and eventually showers Benny with a ton of worthless prizes in honor of him being named King for a Day. The grand prize is a pants pressing from a local dry cleaning company. The hilarity builds as Jack's shirt is being taken off. Then, his pants are pulled off to the shock of the audience. The laughter was so loud and chaotic at the chain of events that Fred's announcer, Kenny Delmar, was cut off the air amidst the wild laughter while trying to read the credits—Fred's show had ran over-time yet again!

Benny was famous for his carefully timed pauses; one of the most famous laughs in radio came when he was accosted by a robber who demanded, "Your money or your life!" After an extended pause, the gunman reiterated the threat. Benny, ever the cheapskate, snapped, "I'm thinking it over!"

During his early radio show, Benny adopted a medley of "Yankee Doodle Boy" and "Love in Bloom" as his theme song, opening every show. The song later became the theme of his television show as well.

Television

The Jack Benny Show ran on television from October 28, 1950 to 1965. The show appeared infrequently during its first two years on TV, then ran every fourth week for the next two years. From 1955 to 1960 it appeared every other week, and from 1960 to 1965 it was seen weekly. When Benny moved to television, audiences learned that his verbal talent was matched by his assortment of facial expressions and physical gestures. The program was similar to the radio show—many radio scripts were recycled for TV—with the addition of visual gags.

CBS dropped his show in 1964, and he went to NBC in the Fall, only to be out-rated by Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. on CBS. NBC dropped his show at the end of the season, though he continued to make periodic TV specials into the 1970s.

Benny also acted in movies, including the Academy Award-winning The Hollywood Revue of 1929 and notably, Charley's Aunt (1941) and To Be or Not to Be (1942). The failure of one Benny vehicle, The Horn Blows at Midnight, became a running gag on his program.

Toward the end of his career, Benny returned to film, appearing in It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World in (1963). He also continued to perform live as a stand-up comedian. He was cast in the film version of Neil Simon's The Sunshine Boys, but was forced to give up the role (ultimately played by Benny's close friend George Burns), when he was diagnosed with terminal pancreatic cancer. He died in 1974. He was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City, California.


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He was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery in Culver City, California. Farrell laughed off the notion and suggested that Brosnan was only joking. He died in 1974. Regardless, rumors still persist as to who will take over the role of James Bond with latest gossip in November 2004 that Brosnan is backing fellow Irishman Colin Farrell to succeed him. He was cast in the film version of Neil Simon's The Sunshine Boys, but was forced to give up the role (ultimately played by Benny's close friend George Burns), when he was diagnosed with terminal pancreatic cancer. In October 2004, however, Brosnan claimed that he was fired and that "its absolutely over". He also continued to perform live as a stand-up comedian. In September 2004 Brosnan stated that Entertainment Weekly had misquoted him and that he actually meant that he was done talking about James Bond.

Toward the end of his career, Benny returned to film, appearing in It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World in (1963). Among the reported front-runners: Australians Hugh Jackman and Eric Bana, Britons Clive Owen, James Purefoy, Jude Law, Gerard Butler, and longshot Orlando Bloom. The failure of one Benny vehicle, The Horn Blows at Midnight, became a running gag on his program. Even after the denials, in July 2004 Brosnan was quoted in Entertainment Weekly as saying "That's it, I've said all I've got to say on the world of James Bond. Bond is another lifetime behind me." As the summer of 2004 progressed, an endless stream of potential new Bonds were rumored and even falsely announced by some media as the next Bond, though EON Productions has yet to make any official announcement. Benny also acted in movies, including the Academy Award-winning The Hollywood Revue of 1929 and notably, Charley's Aunt (1941) and To Be or Not to Be (1942). After a few days, the rumour was officially denied by a range of people: by EON themselves, by Brosnan, by MGM, and even by the agent of Hugh Jackman, one of Brosnan's rumoured successors. NBC dropped his show at the end of the season, though he continued to make periodic TV specials into the 1970s. This was duly picked up by newspapers and websites across the world.

CBS dropped his show in 1964, and he went to NBC in the Fall, only to be out-rated by Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. on CBS. The Daily Mail published an article in February 2004 claiming that Brosnan had been sacked and that EON Productions were looking for a newer, younger actor, based on an un-named source within EON. The program was similar to the radio show—many radio scripts were recycled for TV—with the addition of visual gags. However, early in 2004, the media began to question whether Brosnan would be returning in the role. When Benny moved to television, audiences learned that his verbal talent was matched by his assortment of facial expressions and physical gestures. Perhaps mindful that fans and critics weren't too happy about Roger Moore playing the role well into his 50's, Brosnan had previously stated that Bond 21 would be his final outing as Bond. From 1955 to 1960 it appeared every other week, and from 1960 to 1965 it was seen weekly. James Bond Films.

The show appeared infrequently during its first two years on TV, then ran every fourth week for the next two years. For a time there was a rumor that Brosnan was forbidden by his Bond contract from appearing in a tuxedo in any non-Bond film, but this turned out to be false. The Jack Benny Show ran on television from October 28, 1950 to 1965. This request was granted, and Brosnan usually appears in two other films for every time he plays James Bond (including several that he has produced). The song later became the theme of his television show as well. Brosnan is aware of the dangers of becoming typecast as James Bond, and asked EON Productions when he took on the role to be allowed time off between films to work on another project. During his early radio show, Benny adopted a medley of "Yankee Doodle Boy" and "Love in Bloom" as his theme song, opening every show. During this time, Dalton announced he was no longer interested in playing Bond, which opened the door for Brosnan to win the role in 1994.

Benny, ever the cheapskate, snapped, "I'm thinking it over!". Legal squabbles over ownership of the Bond film franchise resulted in the 1991 Bond film being cancelled as the series went on a hiatus. Benny was famous for his carefully timed pauses; one of the most famous laughs in radio came when he was accosted by a robber who demanded, "Your money or your life!" After an extended pause, the gunman reiterated the threat. Dalton would make two critically popular but commercially disappointing Bond films. The laughter was so loud and chaotic at the chain of events that Fred's announcer, Kenny Delmar, was cut off the air amidst the wild laughter while trying to read the credits—Fred's show had ran over-time yet again!. The attendant publicity resulted in Steele receiving a last-minute renewal, and Brosnan had to back out of the role, which then went to Timothy Dalton. Then, his pants are pulled off to the shock of the audience. In 1986, following the retirement of Roger Moore as James Bond, Brosnan, whose Remington Steele series had just ended, was announced as his successor.

The hilarity builds as Jack's shirt is being taken off. Brosnan is the father of three American sons and has lived in the United States for over 20 years. The grand prize is a pants pressing from a local dry cleaning company. On September 23, 2004 Pierce Brosnan received his US Citizenship. In it, Allen plays host and eventually showers Benny with a ton of worthless prizes in honor of him being named King for a Day. As an Irish citizen he is ineligible to receive a full honour, which can only be awarded to a British subject. A typical Benny and Allen episode, in this case on Fred's radio show, was a satire of "Queen for a Day" re-titled "King for a Day". In July 2003 it was announced that he had been awarded an Honorary OBE by Queen Elizabeth II for an "outstanding contribution to the British film industry".

In fact, the two were close friends. In 2001 he married Keely Shaye Smith. In 1937 Benny began his famous radio "feud" with rival comedian Fred Allen, who complained about the way Benny played violin. Brosnan's first wife, the Australian actress Cassandra Harris, died of ovarian cancer in 1991 after 11 years of marriage. Historical accounts (like those by longtime Benny writer Milt Josephson) indicate that Benny's role that was essentially that of both head writer and director of his radio programs, though he was not credited in either capacity. In the mid-1980s, he became a star in the USA as the title character of the NBC detective series Remington Steele. This was very much in contrast to other successful radio or television comedians, such as Bob Hope, who would change writers frequently. Brosnan was born in Navan, County Meath in the Republic of Ireland, and was raised in England.

Benny was notable for employing a small group of writers, most of whom stayed with him for many years. He is credited with reviving the Bond franchise after the critically acclaimed but commercially unsuccessful films starring Timothy Dalton. His sponsors included Canada Dry Ginger Ale from 1932 to 1933, Chevrolet from 1933 to 1934, General Tire in 1934, Jell-O from 1934 to 1942 (Benny is largely credited for making "Jello" a household name), Grape Nuts from 1942 to 1944, and Lucky Strike from 1944 to 1955. He is best known for his portrayal of the James Bond character in four films: GoldenEye, Tomorrow Never Dies, The World Is Not Enough, and Die Another Day. In the early days of radio, the airtime was owned by the sponsor, and Benny made a point of incorporating the commercials into the body of the show; the sponsors were often the butt of jokes. Pierce Brendan Brosnan, OBE (born May 16, 1953) is an Irish film actor and producer. Ronald Colman and his wife Benita appeared frequently in the 1940s as Benny's neighbors. After the Sunset (2004).

Orson Welles guest hosted several episodes when Benny was unavailable. Laws of Attraction (2004). The program, which had been broadcast from New York, moved to Los Angeles in 1936, and its new show-biz locale allowed for frequent guest appearances by Benny's celebrity colleagues, including Frank Sinatra, James Stewart, Barbara Stanwyck, Bing Crosby and many others. Evelyn (2002). The show featured sketch-like "situations" from the fictional Benny's life (Jack hosts a party, Jack and Mary go Christmas shopping, and so on), with Harris and Day providing musical interludes. The Tailor of Panama (2001). Other cast members included Frank Nelson and the remarkably versatile Mel Blanc, who provided several characters' voices, as well as the famous sound of Benny's aging auto, an early century Maxwell that always seemed on the verge of collapse. The Thomas Crown Affair (1999).

Staples on the show were Eddie Anderson, who played Benny's African-American valet, "Rochester Van Jones" (and who became nearly as popular as Benny himself); rotund announcer Don Wilson, the butt of endless "fat" jokes; Mary Livingstone, Benny's real-life wife, who played his wisecracking lady friend on the show; bandleader Phil Harris, whose tales of drinking and womanizing were risqe for the time (although in reality, the band was led by Malohn Merrick); and tenor singer Dennis Day, who portrayed a nave, sheltered young man. Quest for Camelot (1998). The program introduced a stable of colorful characters who made Benny their foil. Robinson Crusoe (1997). Benny's program centered around a fictional version of himself: a successful comedian who was cheap, petty, and vain. Dante's Peak (1997). Benny had been only a minor vaudeville star, but he became an enormously successful national figure with The Jack Benny Program, a weekly radio show which ran from 1932 to 1955, and was consistantly among the most highly-rated programs during most of that run. Mars Attacks! (1996).

As Mary Livingstone, she was his collaborator throughout much of his career. The Mirror Has Two Faces (1996). In 1922, he accompanied Zeppo Marx to a Passover seder in Vancouver, where he met Sadie Marks, whom he eventually married in 1927. Love Affair (1994). He had several romantic encounters, including with a dancer, Mary Kelly, whose devoutly Catholic family forced her to turn down Benny's proposal because he was Jewish. Doubtfire (1993). After the war, Benny returned to vaudeville and changed his first name to Jack. Mrs.

He was a big hit, earning himself a reputation as a comedian as well as a musician. The Lawnmower Man (1992). One evening, he was booed by the troops, so he began telling Navy jokes on stage. Mister Johnson (1990). He left show business briefly in 1917 to join the Navy during World War I, but even then, he often entertained the troops. The Fourth Protocol (1987). He also found a new pianist, Lyman Wood. Nomads (1986).

Benny (sometimes spelled Bennie). The Long Good Friday (1980). Finally, Bejamin Kubelsky agreed to change his name to Ben K. Die Another Day — (2002). This provoked famous violinist Jan Kubelik, who thought that the young vaudeville entertainer with a similar name (Kubelsky) would damage his reputation. The World is Not Enough — (1999). The following year, Benny formed a vaudeville musical duo with pianist Cora Salisbury. Tomorrow Never Dies — (1997).

The plan was foiled by Benny's parents, who refused to let their son, then seventeen, go on the road, but it was the beginning of his long friendship with Zeppo Marx. GoldenEye — (1995). In 1911, he was playing in the same theater as the young Marx Brothers, whose mother was so enchanted with Benny that she invited him to be their permanent accompanist. By fourteen he was playing in local dance bands, as well as in his high school orchestra, until he failed school and left for a career in vaudeville. He began studying the violin, an instrument that would become his trademark, when he was six.

Benny grew up in Chicago and Waukegan, Illinois. Jack Benny (born Benjamin Kubelsky, February 14, 1894 – December 26, 1974) was a comedian, vaudeville performer, film actor, and one of the most prominent early stars of American radio and television. Often cited for his impeccable comic timing, Benny was an influential comedy innovator, a major architect of the modern forms of standup comedy and situation comedy.

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